JP5685688B2 - Hydroponics equipment - Google Patents

Hydroponics equipment Download PDF

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JP5685688B2
JP5685688B2 JP2009164238A JP2009164238A JP5685688B2 JP 5685688 B2 JP5685688 B2 JP 5685688B2 JP 2009164238 A JP2009164238 A JP 2009164238A JP 2009164238 A JP2009164238 A JP 2009164238A JP 5685688 B2 JP5685688 B2 JP 5685688B2
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bowl
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周作 原
周作 原
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原 治子
原 治子
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本発明は、無栄養の淡水に植物生育に必須の人工栄養素を配した培養液で植物を育成する養液栽培に関するものであり、栽培培地の関係から特に水耕栽培と称せられるものに関するものである。ここで使用する肥料は一般に養液栽培で広く使用されている市販の硝酸カルシュウムと、微量要素にまでわたるそれ以外の植物に必要なすべての栄養素を配した市販の配合肥料とを、低濃度での混合によって作られる培養液を用いた。これらの事は野菜の水耕栽培として非特許文献1に詳しくのべられている。 培地は本来水だけで良いが、植物が根を張り自身を支持し、根に対する太陽光線を遮蔽する必要からロックウールとハイドロボールの混合培地を用いた。  The present invention relates to hydroponics that grows plants with a culture solution in which artificial nutrients essential for plant growth are arranged in non-nutritive fresh water, and particularly relates to what is referred to as hydroponics because of the culture medium. is there. The fertilizer used here is a low-concentration of commercially available calcium nitrate, which is widely used in hydroponics, and a commercially available fertilizer with all the nutrients necessary for other plants down to trace elements. A culture solution prepared by mixing the above was used. These things are described in detail in Non-Patent Document 1 as hydroponics of vegetables. The medium is essentially water only, but a mixed medium of rock wool and hydroball was used because the plant rooted and supported itself and shielded sunlight from the root.
公開実用新案広報 昭60−168363  Public Utility Model Publicity Sho 60-168363 公開実用新案広報 平1−167154  Public Utility Model Public Relations 1-167154 公開特許公報 特開平10−150870  Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-150870
発明が解決しょうとする課題Problems to be solved by the invention
従来からの鉢花の栽培では、植木鉢内に根から植物が吸収する栄養分を潤沢に含んだ土壌を培養土して用いてこれに草花苗などを植え付け、生産栽培においては施設の内外において、その時の環境や植物の生長に併せて毎日の潅水が必要でこの作業によって発育を促し、必要に応じて肥料などを追加補充して開花を維持促進させるが、通常の消費的観賞栽培に至ってもこの潅水作業は1日たりとも手抜きすることは出来ない。
しかし本願の水耕方式を用いると生産栽培では、植物の発育に必須の栄養分をあらかじめ必要割合で溶解した培養液を循環しながら掛け流しをしている栽培ベッド上の一定型となる鉢座に植栽した水耕システム鉢を載置してやりさえすれば、毎日の潅水や施肥に煩わせられずに土耕鉢栽培よりも省力的に遥かに旺盛な発育開花させる事が出来るし、消費者の手に渡ってからの観賞栽培も、貯水ボトルを組み合わせた栽培装置に乗せ替えて水耕栽培を続けることが出来るので、植物にとってショックとなる移植過程が無くて、順調に発育を継続させ、植物による水の消費量を目で確かめながら何日目かに一回の培養液の補充と言う単純な作業だけで、プロの園芸家に負けない立派な植物を育てて開花させ、心ゆくまで楽しむことかできる。 培養液は大量生産栽培でも、消費者の手に渡ってからの観賞栽培に於いても全く同じものを同じ手法で調製して対応する。すなわち低濃度での混合作業の原則さえ守られれば女性や子供でも容易に取り扱える技術に変換することが出来る。
In conventional pot flower cultivation, soil containing abundant nutrients absorbed by roots in plant pots is cultured and used to plant flower seedlings, etc. Daily irrigation is necessary in conjunction with the environment and plant growth, and this work encourages growth and supplements with fertilizer as necessary to maintain and promote flowering. Irrigation work cannot be cut out even for one day.
However, when using the hydroponic method of the present application, in production cultivation, the potted bed becomes a fixed type on the cultivation bed that is being circulated while circulating the culture solution in which nutrients essential for plant growth are dissolved in a necessary proportion in advance. As long as the planted hydroponic pots are placed, it is possible to make the flowering grow much more labor-saving than soil-cultivated pots without being bothered by daily irrigation and fertilization. Ornamental cultivation after handing over can be continued with hydroponics by switching to a cultivation device combined with a water storage bottle, so there is no transplanting process that is a shock to the plant, and growth continues smoothly. By just checking the amount of water consumed by the eye and replenishing the culture solution once in a few days, you can grow and blossom a splendid plant that can not be beaten by a professional gardener and enjoy it to your heart's content. I can do it. The same culture medium can be prepared by the same method in both mass production cultivation and ornamental cultivation after reaching the hands of consumers. In other words, it can be converted to a technology that can be easily handled by women and children as long as the principle of mixing at low concentrations is observed.
課題を解決するための手段Means for solving the problem
上記で述べた本願の生産栽培における著しい省力的生産設備は、工場の屋根に使用される幅26センチ、長さ4mの鉄芯入りの硬質塩化ビニール製の大型雨樋(現実には松下電工製)を、栽培施設の中段に緩傾斜状に設けて大量花鉢生産ベッドとし、この樋内に同じく硬質塩化ビニール製の長尺シートで後述する水耕栽培鉢の鉢底が挿入して収まる窪み状の多数の鉢座を2列に成型したものを樋底内面に接着し、樋の両端には水の「止まり」板を接着するが、下流端の止まり板には穴をあけて水密状に排水エルボを装着する。この排水エルボには貯水タンクに落水させるための排水配管として設ける。 一方貯水タンク内の培養液は、マグネットポンプなどで生産ベッドの上流側に循環的に連続して送水され、ベッド上に並んで配置された多数の花鉢の底側面から培養液は鉢内培地に吸収されて、培地全体を毛管作用的に浸潤して植物の発育を支える。  The remarkable labor-saving production facility in the production and cultivation of the present application described above is a large rain gutter made of hard vinyl chloride with a core of 26 cm in width and 4 m in length used for the roof of a factory (actually made by Matsushita Electric Works) ) Is placed in the middle of the cultivation facility in a slanted shape to create a large-scale flower pot production bed, and the pot bottom of the hydroponics pot described later with a long sheet of hard vinyl chloride is inserted into this basket A large number of shaped bowls are molded in two rows, and glued to the inner surface of the bottom of the bowl, and a “stop” plate of water is glued to both ends of the bowl. Attach a drain elbow. This drainage elbow is provided as a drainage pipe for dropping water into the water storage tank. On the other hand, the culture solution in the water storage tank is circulated continuously to the upstream side of the production bed with a magnet pump or the like, and the culture solution is supplied from the bottom side of many flower pots arranged side by side on the bed. Absorbed into the entire medium, capillarally infiltrate the whole medium to support plant growth.
このように省力的に大量生産された花鉢は、流通を通じて販売されて消費者の手に渡ってからも、水耕栽培方式はそのまま受け継がれて、消費者が花鉢購入時に取得することとなる開花始めの「花鉢」「給水ボトル」及びこれらの「受け皿」などの水耕3点セットと1号と2号とに分割された肥料を入手することとなり、2種類の肥料の希釈と混合を説明書通りに丁寧に実行すれば、一度も発育に支障をもたらす事無く順調にすこぶる好調に発育を継続させる事が出来る。なおついでながら鉢および受け皿の材質は高密度の発泡スチロールであるが、梱包材料に多用されている低密度のものに比べて著しく耐候性が高くて強度や軽さや成型のし易さなど本願発明の材料としては申し分がない。  The flower pots that are mass-produced labor-saving in this way are sold through distribution and passed to the consumer's hands. As a result, you will get a fertilizer divided into No. 1 and No. 2 and a hydroponic three-piece set such as “flower pot”, “water bottle” and these “receiving trays”. If the mixing is carried out carefully according to the instructions, the growth can be continued smoothly and smoothly without causing any problems. In addition, the material of the bowl and the saucer is a high-density foamed polystyrene, but it has significantly higher weather resistance than the low-density ones often used for packing materials, and the strength, lightness, and ease of molding of the present invention. The material is perfect.
発明の効果Effect of the invention
多くの草花などの鉢植え栽培において、本願発明による水耕栽培システムの効果は極めて顕著であるが、ここに一例としてペチュニアによる比較栽培試験のデーターを図1として掲げるが、ここで供したのは後述の図11に掲げた二つのシステム鉢1を載置する受皿46に一つの給水ボトル51を配した本願の消費者対応タイプの水耕セットである。
4月5日に播種して育苗した苗を5月12日に、ロックウールとハイドロボールを容量で半々に混和した培地を本願の鉢に約1リットル入れた2鉢を標準仕様として受け皿の両側に載置し、この受け皿の中央部には培養液で満たした給水ボトルを上下逆転して立てたもので、比較栽培試験用として2セット(4鉢)準備して水耕システム鉢区とし、これに対して同等容量の土壌が入る素焼きの植木鉢4個を土耕素焼鉢区として通常栽培の対照区として設け、それぞれには同じ程度に発育した苗を植え付けて日中は日当り100%の屋上に置いて試験栽培をスタートさせた。水耕試験区は先述の完全培養液を供して給水ボトルの液が亡くなる迄の通常は4〜10日目毎にに補充し、一方の土耕素焼鉢区には十分で正常の肥料成分を含む有機質肥料と化成肥料を含む培養土を供し、この土耕区への潅水は毎日夕方に鉢底の穴から余水が滴り落ちるまで十分にジョウロで行った。
発育程度を検証するのに累積開花数をもって行い、調査の都度開花している花を摘花してその数量を調べた。グラフ図によると、6月11日より7月上旬頃までは両区の差異は殆どなかったが、それ以後は本願の水耕システム鉢区が俄然発育開花を増大せしめて行き、最終調査日の8月26日には土耕区の142花に対して水耕区は544花と3.8倍にも達した。土耕区は初期に分岐してた蔓が長々と伸びているだけあるのに対して、水耕区の蔓は太くて各葉の付け根より沢山の分岐が生じて花を着けてまだまだ旺盛な発育をする様相を呈していた。このような発育差の傾向は他の草花に関しても同様に見られた。この事を考察すると、土耕区では毎日夕方一回の潅水では給水された時には用土は満水状態となるものの、時間経過とともに次第に用土中の水分は失われてゆき、次回夕方の潅水時には植物体にはしおれなどの異常は見られないものの植物は生理的に可成りの水分不足状態となっているものと考えられる。すなわち鉢植え土耕の土中水分の状態はグラフとして表現したとすると、毎日豊水と水不足ぎみ状態を繰り返すのこぎり刃状のカーブを描いている事となるが、これに対して水耕区の水分は常に植物に必要な横一線状の一様な豊水状態で経過することとなるから、水耕区は植物の発育に衰えを知らない結果をもたらすからであろうと推察される。
In pot planting such as many flowers, the effect of the hydroponics system according to the present invention is extremely remarkable, but here, as an example, data of a comparative cultivation test by Petunia is listed as FIG. It is a hydroponic set of the consumer correspondence type of this application which arranged one water supply bottle 51 in the saucer 46 which mounts the two system bowls 1 hung up in FIG.
The seedlings that were sown and raised on April 5th were placed on both sides of the saucer on May 12th, with 2 bowls containing approximately 1 liter of medium mixed with rock wool and hydroball in half in a volume as the standard specification. The water supply bottle filled with the culture solution is placed upside down in the center of the saucer, and 2 sets (4 pots) are prepared for the comparative cultivation test as a hydroponic system bowl. On the other hand, four unglazed flower pots that contain the same amount of soil are set up as soil-cultivated pot pots as control plots for normal cultivation, and each is planted with seedlings that have grown to the same extent. Test cultivation was started. The hydroponic test section is usually replenished every 4 to 10 days until the water in the water bottle is lost by supplying the complete culture solution described above. Culture soil containing organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer was provided, and irrigation to this soil cultivation area was carried out sufficiently on the water every evening until spilled water dripped from the bottom of the pot bottom.
In order to verify the degree of growth, the cumulative number of flowers was used. According to the graph, there was almost no difference between the two districts from June 11 to early July, but after that, the hydroponic system Hachi-ku of this application increased the sudden growth and flowering, and the final survey date On August 26, the hydroponic territory reached 544 times with 544 flowers compared to 142 cultivated in the soil. In the soil cultivation area, the vines that diverged in the early days were growing long, whereas in the hydroponics area, the vines were thicker, with many branches branching from the roots of the leaves, and still flowering. It seemed like a healthy development. This tendency of developmental difference was also observed for other flowers. Considering this fact, in the soil cultivated area, when the water is supplied once in the evening every day, the soil will be full when the water is supplied, but the water in the soil will gradually be lost over time. Although there are no abnormalities such as wilting, the plants are considered to be physiologically reasonably water deficient. In other words, if the state of moisture in the soil of potted soil is expressed as a graph, it will be a sawtooth-shaped curve that repeats daily water-filled and water-poor conditions, whereas the water in the hydroponic zone is It is inferred that the hydroponic zone will bring about an unprecedented result in the growth of the plant, since it always passes in the uniform horizontal water supply necessary for the plant.
発明を実施するための最良の形態および手法BEST MODE FOR CARRYING OUT THE INVENTION
以下図面にもとずいて詳しく説明する。本願発明のシステム鉢1を斜め下方より見上げたものが図2であり、その下方側面が円弧状2になている場合と、直線平面状3となっているのと2通りの形状となている。そして円弧状となっている側には必ず鉢底のアーチ状の底網4の開口部が位置するようになっている。この底網4は4ミリ角目の硬質プラスチックで形成されていて、アーチの高さは鉢底より45ミリにもなって平常水位のほぼ2倍近く高くなっていて、根に対する空気接触は申し分無く良好である。
この底網4の効用は、鉢内に入れた培地5の崩落を防ぎながら落下を遮断して同時に水と空気とは良く通すから、図3の鉢底部の設置状況を示す断面図の水位線の位置まで水を入れてもそれより上部の根と培地25は空気によく触れるから、根腐れを起こすこと無く培養液を存分に吸収して根は健全な発育を全うすることが出来る。鉢底網4は図3に示すように底網挿入溝5に嵌め込まれるが、底網4のアーチの両端は上側より鉢1の駆体によって押さえられるから溝から抜け出すことなくしっかりと鉢底に固定される。なお底網4を鉢1にセットする時は真横から溝5に添って挿入する。しかし特開平10−150870ではその隔壁9の保持機構が明確に記述されいおらずまた文献図1や図2および図12と図13では、本願での底網4を挿入する底網挿入溝5のような表現が無い。これでは通気通水性の隔壁9は正確に保持されないし、文献で切欠溝11が上下方向に貫通されているとの3頁左32行目の記述は不可解であり不明瞭である。一方公開実用新案公報平1−167154でも網篭5を栽培鉢1に対して固定的に設定するのでなければ、岩綿6と粘土焼結粒7を配合した培地を入れたり植物を植え付けたりする際の動揺で培地が網篭5内に侵入したり、網篭5が姿勢を変えたり培地のなかを浮き上がったりするから、イラスト絵には描けても実際には使い物にならない。
上記したように本願システム鉢1の側方底が円弧状2と直線平面状3との異なった形状をしているのに対応して、後述する動水鉢座18の形状も円弧と直線平面状となっていて、大量生産栽培においてアーチ状底網4が培養液の流れに添うようにしたものであり、作業者が鉢1のアーチ状の底網4を誤って流路に直角なるように置いて培養液の流れを混乱させて草花の斉一な発育を妨害することが無いように、この栽培床には最初から流れに直角方向には置けない構造としている。図4はその水耕栽培装置の全体概要であり、栽培床6は一方向に緩傾斜となる水路を形成しており、上流側に供給された培養液7は栽培床6上に配列された培地を満たして植栽されたシステム鉢1の底を浸潤させながらアーチ内下を乱れを起こすことなく率直に流下し、最下端の止水板8に取り付けた排水エルボ9から貯留タンク10へ落下して貯えられる。この培養液7はマグネットポンプ11などで再び連続して汲み上げられ、送水管12を介して栽培床6の上流側に送られて培養液7の循環が繰り返される。図中で13は栽培床を支える架台であり、14はその下のコンクリートブロック製の基礎であり15は地面である。
This will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 2 shows the system bowl 1 of the present invention as viewed obliquely from below, and the lower side surface has an arc shape 2 and the linear plane shape 3 has two shapes. Yes. And the opening part of the arch-shaped bottom net | network 4 of a bowl bottom is surely located by the side which has become circular arc shape. This bottom mesh 4 is made of 4mm square hard plastic, the arch height is 45mm from the bottom of the bowl, almost twice the normal water level, and the air contact with the root is perfect. Good without.
The effect of the bottom mesh 4 is that the fall of the medium 5 placed in the pot is prevented while blocking the fall and at the same time water and air are passed well. Therefore, the water level line in the sectional view showing the installation state of the pot bottom in FIG. Even if water is added up to the position, the upper roots and the medium 25 are well in contact with air, so that the roots can achieve healthy growth by fully absorbing the culture without causing root rot. As shown in FIG. 3, the bottom mesh 4 is fitted into the bottom mesh insertion groove 5, but both ends of the arch of the bottom mesh 4 are pressed from above by the body of the pot 1, so that the bottom of the bottom mesh 4 is firmly attached to the bottom of the bowl without coming out of the groove. Fixed. When the bottom net 4 is set in the bowl 1, it is inserted along the groove 5 from the side. However, in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-150870, the holding mechanism for the partition wall 9 is not clearly described, and in FIGS. 1, 2, 12, and 13, the bottom mesh insertion groove 5 for inserting the bottom mesh 4 in this application is used. There is no such expression. In this case, the air-permeable partition wall 9 is not accurately held, and the description on the third page, left line 32, that the notch groove 11 is vertically penetrated in the literature is incomprehensible and unclear. On the other hand, in Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 1-167154, unless the net cage 5 is fixedly set to the cultivation pot 1, a medium containing rock wool 6 and clay sintered grains 7 is added or a plant is planted. Because the medium intrudes into the net cage 5 due to the shaking at the time, the net cage 5 changes its posture or floats up in the medium, even if it can be drawn on an illustration, it is not actually useful.
Corresponding to the fact that the lateral bottom of the system bowl 1 of the present application has a different shape of the circular arc shape 2 and the linear flat shape 3 as described above, the shape of the water basin seat 18 to be described later is also an arc and a linear flat shape. In the mass production cultivation, the arched bottom net 4 is adapted to follow the flow of the culture solution so that the operator mistakenly puts the arched bottom net 4 of the pot 1 at right angles to the flow path. In order to avoid disrupting the flow of the culture and disturbing the uniform growth of the flowers, this cultivation bed has a structure that cannot be placed perpendicular to the flow from the beginning. FIG. 4 is an overall outline of the hydroponic cultivation apparatus, where the cultivation bed 6 forms a water channel that is gently inclined in one direction, and the culture solution 7 supplied upstream is arranged on the cultivation bed 6. While infiltrating the bottom of the system pot 1 planted with the medium filled, it flowed straight down without disturbing the inside of the arch, and dropped to the storage tank 10 from the drain elbow 9 attached to the water stop plate 8 at the bottom end. And stored. This culture solution 7 is continuously pumped up again by a magnet pump 11 or the like, sent to the upstream side of the cultivation bed 6 through the water supply pipe 12, and the circulation of the culture solution 7 is repeated. In the figure, 13 is a frame for supporting the cultivation floor, 14 is a foundation made of a concrete block below, and 15 is the ground.
図5は栽培床の構成を示すが、工場の屋根などに使用される鉄芯入りで幅26センチの大型雨樋16を緩傾斜に設置し、この樋中に左右2流路となり各流路には図示するように一定間隔の窪地となる動水鉢座18を設けるがこの動水鉢座18は左右の流路で互い違いにとなっていて植え付けられた各鉢の植物への採光十分にし、かつ左右の流路水が独立して流れるように樋16の全長にわたって流路仕切り19を設けた中敷成型シート20を嵌め込んで接着剤やコーキング剤で固定する。大型雨樋16は輸送の関係で通常4mが定尺であるから中敷成型シート20も4mを定尺とするが、それ以上の長い栽培床6としたい場合には雨樋16側での部品として“つなぎ”が準備されていることから接着剤を用いて幾らでも長い栽培床6を構築することが出来る。そしてこの内部上面に敷かれる中敷成型シート20は平面の硬質塩化ビニールのロールシートから加熱した二つの成型ローラーにょつて容易に成型加工することが出来る。図中A−B線の断面は栽培床6のトンネル被覆断面の図6として掲げているが、トンネル被覆に関しての詳細は後述するので、ここでは動水鉢座18とそれが無い鉢間平面部21における浅い溝水路22の水位の状態を比較して見て頂きたい。本願での特色は動水鉢座18の部分で流水は峰状になったその上を培養液7が淀んだり溢れたりすることなく一気にが流下することであり、普通一般の常識での水路では開渠式の場合は溝状に窪んだ通路を指す。しかし本願で鉢1を据え付ける部分となる動水鉢座18に於ける峰水路23は正に凸部の上を培養液が流下している。この現象を支えるのは図6で示すように、両側から挟んで装填されているシステム鉢1の下部の培地25が水に浸っていて潜在的な水位を構成していることに依る。すなわち鉢間平面部21に於ける浅い溝水路22に続いて動水鉢座18に於ける峰水路23はほとんど同じ水位でつながって峰部をも続いて培養液7が勢い良く流下してエアレーション効果を完璧に果たし、根に著しい活力を与える。そして培地の一方であるロックウールは親水性で濡れやすく鉢1内では毛管作用が良く働いて培養液7は、鉢1内を満たした培地25の全体から上表面にまで十分に達するから、鉢1に植栽された植物17は極めて旺盛な発育を全うすることが出来る。水路における鉢1のこのような独特な構成は特開平10−150870公報には見られないものである。
なお図−6の24は一般にはアングルと称されている鋼鉄の等辺山形鋼であり、適当な間隔で立てられた門型架台13の間を繋ぎながら栽培床6を受け支えるレールの役目を果たしている。
FIG. 5 shows the structure of the cultivation floor. A large rain gutter 16 having a width of 26 centimeters, which is used for a factory roof, etc., is installed at a gentle slope. As shown in the figure, a water basin 18 is provided as depressions with a constant interval, but the water basin 18 is staggered in the left and right flow paths so that the plants in each pot planted are well-lighted, and An insole molded sheet 20 provided with a channel partition 19 is fitted over the entire length of the ridge 16 so that the left and right channel water flows independently, and is fixed with an adhesive or a caulking agent. The large rain gutter 16 is usually 4 m long for transportation, so the insole molded sheet 20 is also 4 m long, but if you want a longer cultivation floor 6, the parts on the rain gutter 16 side Since “connecting” is prepared, it is possible to construct an arbitrarily long cultivation bed 6 using an adhesive. The insole molding sheet 20 laid on the inner upper surface can be easily molded by two molding rollers heated from a flat hard vinyl chloride roll sheet. The cross section taken along the line A-B in the figure is shown as FIG. 6 of the cross section of the tunnel covering of the cultivation floor 6, but details regarding the tunnel cover will be described later. Compare the water level of the shallow ditch channel 22 at. The feature of the present application is that the flowing water is ridged in the portion of the water basin 18, and the culture solution 7 flows down at once without stagnation or overflowing. In the case of a saddle type, it refers to a channel recessed in a groove shape. However, the culture liquid is flowing down on the ridge water channel 23 in the dynamic water basin 18 which is a part where the pot 1 is installed in the present application. As shown in FIG. 6, this phenomenon is supported by the fact that the medium 25 at the bottom of the system bowl 1 loaded with being sandwiched from both sides is immersed in water to constitute a potential water level. That is, the shallow water channel 22 in the flat plate portion 21 and the ridge water channel 23 in the water basin 18 are connected at almost the same water level, and the culture solution 7 flows down continually through the ridge, thereby aeration effect. To achieve the perfect vitality of the roots. Since rock wool, which is one of the medium, is hydrophilic and easily wetted, the capillary action works well in the pot 1 and the culture solution 7 reaches the upper surface from the whole medium 25 filled in the pot 1 to the upper surface. The plant 17 planted in 1 can achieve very vigorous growth. Such a unique configuration of the pot 1 in the water channel is not found in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-150870.
6 in FIG. 6 is a steel equilateral angle steel generally called an angle, and serves as a rail that supports and supports the cultivation floor 6 while connecting the gate-type mounts 13 set up at appropriate intervals. Yes.
このように樋16上をシステム鉢1が2列で配列された栽培床6の温度環境はとてもコントロールし易い要件を備えている。すなわち図−5の大型雨樋16の縁に適当な間隔でトンネル被覆用のビアノ線支柱立穴26に、図6のようにトンネル栽培用ピアノ線支柱27を立て、その外側を透明プラスチックフイルム28で被覆する。そのフイルムの裾は、電線の屋内配線をするときに壁や柱に使用するケーシング棒(市販品ではモールと称する)29の身の部分を小ねじで大型雨樋16の両縁の膨らみ部に取り付け、その上からフイルムの裾をあてがい、更にその上からケーシング棒29の蓋を当てて押し込んでフイルムを気密状に取り付けて固定する。こうすることによつて長い樋16上に透明フイルムによる細長いトンネル栽培施設を容易に作ることが出来るので、一方の端から冷気を吹き込んでやれば栽培床6の相当の長さを局所的に冷房栽培施設として活用することが出来る。このような事は大量生産的に展開する特開平10−150870では何も述べられていない。
冷気の造成には専用の農業用の冷房機もあるが、家電として大量生産されて普及している家庭用エアコンからのダクトを用いた利用が簡易で比較的安価に局所冷房の目的を逹する。高温な夏日にこのような局所冷房の効果を更に向上するにはこの装置を有するハウスやガラス室などの屋根上には半遮光ネットを張ったり、その内部には更にミスト冷房装置を取り付けて冷房に対する負荷を極力軽減してやれば効果的である。このような栽培施設は実際には平坦地で2度目の夏越しで苦労するシクラメンの中小規模栽培に好影響をもたらすし、その他にはプリムラの夏越しにも期待がもたれる。すなわち大規模農家ではシクラメンの夏越しは高冷地農家と契約して大型トラックで大量の栽培鉢を運ぶリレー栽培の実現に頼っているから、専ら中小規模農家対策としての冷房意義が大きい。
Thus, the temperature environment of the cultivation floor 6 in which the system pots 1 are arranged in two rows on the straw 16 has a requirement that it is very easy to control. That is, a piano wire column 27 for tunnel cultivation is erected at the edge of the large rain gutter 16 shown in FIG. Cover with. The hem of the film is a bulge on both sides of the large rain gutter 16 with a small screw on the body part of a casing rod 29 (called a mall in the commercial product) used for walls and pillars when wiring the wires indoors. Attach the hem of the film from above, and then apply the lid of the casing rod 29 and push it in from above to fix the film in an airtight manner. By doing this, a long and narrow tunnel cultivation facility with a transparent film can be easily formed on the long ridge 16, so that if the cold air is blown from one end, a considerable length of the cultivation floor 6 is locally cooled. It can be used as a cultivation facility. Such a thing is not described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-150870 which is developed in mass production.
There is a dedicated agricultural air conditioner for creating cold air, but the use of ducts from home air conditioners, which are mass-produced as household appliances and are widely used, is simple and relatively inexpensive, deceiving the purpose of local cooling . In order to further improve the effect of such local cooling on hot summer days, a semi-light-shielding net is stretched on the roof of the house or glass room having this device, and a mist cooling device is further installed inside. It is effective to reduce the load on cooling as much as possible. Such a cultivation facility actually has a positive impact on medium and small-scale cultivation of cyclamen, which is difficult for the second summer over flat land, and there are other expectations over the summer of Primula. In other words, for large-scale farmers, cyclamen over the summer depends on the realization of relay cultivation that contracts with high-cold region farmers and transports a large amount of cultivation pots by large trucks, so cooling is significant as a measure for small and medium-sized farmers.
植物の形態は様々であるが、基本的には花を支える花梗や主茎は自力でしっかり立ち上がっているものであるが、例えばクレマチス、グロリオーサ、アサガオなどの蔓性植物では何らかの形にまとわりつかせなければ観賞に堪えられない。江戸時代の昔から行われてきた方法として“あんどん仕立て”の技法があり、あんどん仕立ての朝顔鉢を行商している浮世絵が残っている。それは細竹数本を鉢内の土壌に突き刺して立て、その上方2〜3段箇所を竹ヒゴや針金等を渡してくくり付けてあんどん形状の絡ませ台を設けて蔓性植物を誘引していた。この場合土壌が柔らかかったり、用土量が少ない小鉢のときにはあんどん支柱が不安定で傾いたり倒れたりするものであるから土壌を培地とするあんどん仕立てとする場合にはある程度以上の用土量がある中鉢以上が使用された。
本願の水耕システム鉢は小〜中鉢程度とさほど大きい鉢ではなく、また培地は綿状のロックウールに粘土を粒状にして焼いたハイドロボールとの混合物であって軽量であり、その培地は支柱の支えとしての強固性にも劣ることから“あんどん仕立て”には特別な工夫を必要とした。
図7は本願あんどん仕立ての取り付け構造を示す斜視図であるが、鉢内構成がよく見えるように鉢の一部を欠載してある。そして通常培地は鉢内を充満しているものであるが、これを描くと構造が見えなくなるので培地は一部を象徴的に描くに止めた。他の各図も同じである。また図8は鉢中の本願あんどん仕立の下部の一部を示すシステム鉢1の平面図であり、特に本願あんどん仕立て構築物最下端の口の字ワッカ30の構成が重要である。すなわち口の字ワッカ30はステンレスの薄板等を鉢1内の中段4カ所にある三日月状の平面段31にぴったり合って乗せられるサイズに切り抜き、その4隅に4ミリ径の穴をあける。この穴に4ミリ径で長さ20ミリ程度の木ねじを通しておく。次いで市販のトンネル栽培用支柱(長さ1m、外径6ミリ、内径4ミリ)を半分の50センチに切りそろえてあんどん仕立て支柱32とし、その一端から5ミリ処と、そこから16センチ間隔のところと、更に28センチ間隔の処にマークをつけ、その3か所に1,5ミリの横穴32を貫通させる。この場合の横穴は全て同じ向きとして揃えておき準備段階を終える。
ついで組み立て段階では先ずねじ部をステンレス薄板を貫通させ立ち上がらせた木ねじ部に接着剤を塗布し、このねじ部にあんどん仕立支柱32の横穴が開いていない側を接着剤を塗布した木ねじの上から、かぶせるようにして立てるのであるが、図7のように鉢内側壁の傾きに添うように上開きとし、同時に1,5ミリの小穴が全てその場所における鉢上縁と平行するように設定する。文章にすると長々となるが熟練すればほぼ一動作で取り付けを完了させられる。この後は横穴33に三段となる径1ミリのあんどん用ピアノ線34を通して張れば接着剤の硬化とともに完成である。ピアノ線34の両端末は電線突き合せ接続子35内を相互に突き合せて専用ペンチでかしめてやれば円形の輪として完成させられる。なお36は鉢の下部側壁、37は鉢底である。
口の字ワッカ30はステンレス製の場合を述べたが、これを硬質プラスチック製とすれば木ねじの部分までを一度に成型して作ることが出来るから、いっそう安価に大量生産できて資材部品として容易に調達することが可能となる。
このように一度あんどん状に組み立てると意外なほど強固になって簡単には倒れたり捩じれたりすることは起こらない。このあんどん仕立て支柱32は蔓性植物苗を植え込むときに鉢1内に一緒にセットして茎葉が伸びるにつれて巻き付かせて行く。
There are various forms of plants, but basically the flower stems and main stems that support the flowers are standing firmly by themselves, but for example, vines such as clematis, gloriosa, morning glory, etc. must be clung to some form. If you can not stand the appreciation. One of the methods that has been used since the Edo period is the “andon tailoring” technique, and there are still ukiyo-e that sell android bowls tailored for andon. It stabbed several thin bamboo sticks into the soil in the pot, and handed bamboo chin, wire, etc. to the upper two or three steps, and provided an entangled pedestal to attract vine plants. In this case, when the soil is soft or the amount of soil is small, the support is unstable and tilts or falls. Was used.
The hydroponic system bowl of the present application is not a small to medium pot, and the medium is a mixture of hydroballs made of cotton-like rock wool and clay baked, and the medium is lightweight. Because it is inferior in solidity as a support for "andon tailoring", special ingenuity was required.
FIG. 7 is a perspective view showing a mounting structure tailored to the present application, but a part of the bowl is omitted so that the internal structure of the bowl can be clearly seen. And usually the medium is filled with the pot, but when drawing this, the structure becomes invisible, so the medium was only partly drawn symbolically. The other figures are the same. FIG. 8 is a plan view of the system bowl 1 showing a part of the lower part of the present andoron tailoring in the bowl, and particularly the configuration of the mouthpiece 30 of the bottom end of the present andon tailoring structure is important. That is, the mouthpiece 30 is cut into a size that allows a stainless steel plate or the like to be placed on the crescent-shaped flat step 31 in the middle four positions in the bowl 1 and has a 4 mm diameter hole at its four corners. A wood screw with a diameter of 4 mm and a length of about 20 mm is passed through this hole. Next, commercially available struts for tunnel cultivation (length 1m, outer diameter 6mm, inner diameter 4mm) are cut into half 50cm to make the more and more tailored strut 32, 5mm from one end and 16cm intervals from there. Then, marks are placed at intervals of 28 centimeters, and 1.5 mm horizontal holes 32 are passed through the three places. In this case, the horizontal holes are all aligned in the same direction, and the preparation stage is completed.
Next, in the assembly stage, first, an adhesive is applied to the wood screw portion where the screw portion penetrates the stainless steel plate and is raised. , But set up so that the small holes of 1,5 mm are all parallel to the upper edge of the bowl at that location, as shown in FIG. . It takes a long time to write a sentence, but if you are skilled, you can complete the installation with almost one action. After that, if the piano wire 34 having a diameter of 1 mm and three steps in the horizontal hole 33 is stretched, the adhesive is cured and completed. Both ends of the piano wire 34 are completed as a circular ring if they are brought into contact with each other in the electric wire butt connector 35 and caulked with dedicated pliers. Reference numeral 36 denotes a lower side wall of the bowl, and 37 denotes a bowl bottom.
The mouthpiece 30 is made of stainless steel, but if it is made of hard plastic, it can be made by molding up to the wood screw at the same time. Can be procured.
Once assembled in this way, it becomes surprisingly strong and will not easily fall over or twist. These android tailors 32 are set together in the pot 1 when the vine plant seedling is planted, and are wound around as the foliage grows.
一般の植物は主幹があって立ち上がり、これの各葉の付け根から小枝が一次分枝して矢張り立ち上がってきて、花は主幹を含めてそれらの先端に開花してくるものが多い。草姿は主幹が強いか分枝した小枝が強いかと言うことと更に二次分枝や三次分枝の如何などで決まってくる。
カーネーションやゴデチアなどは一次分枝の先端に開花するが、細長く伸びた枝先に可成り大きく重い花を咲かせる。この草姿は“ほうき”を逆さまに立てたような叢生と言われるもので、品種改良が進み花が大きくなった割には茎が剛直でないために開花茎の支えを必要とする。
図9はこのような叢生的草花を支える支柱であり、本願叢生仕立ての取り付け構造を示す斜視図である。径6ミリ長さ2〜3センチの短いステンレスパイプ38の下端は鉢縁の高さと一致する処で仮支え状に保持し、太いステンレスの針金39を1本と、やや太いステンレスの針金40を4本とを下から差し込んで半田やろう付け溶接して固定する。太い針金39の下端は鉢底に達する長さで切断し、底網4の頂部と同高となる図の位置でループ状に曲げ加工41してアーチ状の底網4の目の中に突き立てるが、ループ加工部があるためにその位置の一定の深さで立ち上がり前後左右には動かない。一方やや太い針金40は水平に各々が直角となるように開張し、先端がシステム鉢の上端角内側となる位置で下向きに培地25の中へと曲げてつっかえ棒とする。この構成によって支柱下部はびくともしない構成を作り上げる。
更に短いステンレスパイプ38の上側には、やや細い15〜28センチ長のステンレスの針金42を図では7本であるが4〜8本を上記と同様に溶接して固定する。使用時には図のように斜め上方に開張し、その先端部は小さいループ状の曲げ加工43を施しそのループの中へ叢生支え用ピアノ線44を通して細い電線突き合せ接続子35で輪状なるようにかしめる。ピアノ線は植物の性状に併せて輪の大きさを変えたり、針金42ノ長さを調節して輪を2段式としてもよい。ここで針金にステンレスのものを使用するのは錆びないことも重要であるがそれとともに堅さも鉄のものより大であることと、ステンレスパイプと同質であることから半田などによる溶接が容易である事にもよる。
A typical plant has a main trunk and rises, and the twigs are primarily branched from the roots of these leaves, and arrows rise up. Many flowers bloom at their tips including the main trunk. The grass shape is determined by whether the main trunk is strong or the branch twig is strong, and whether it is a secondary branch or a tertiary branch.
Carnations and godets bloom at the tip of the primary branch, but they grow fairly large and heavy flowers at the end of the elongated branches. This grass shape is said to be a crowd of upside-down “brooms”, and as the varieties have improved and the flowers have grown, the stems are not rigid and require the support of flowering stems.
FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing a support structure for supporting such a crowded flower, and an attachment structure for tailoring this crowd. The lower end of a short stainless steel pipe 38 having a diameter of 6 mm and a length of 2 to 3 centimeters is held in a temporary support shape where it matches the height of the bowl edge, and one thick stainless steel wire 39 and a slightly thick stainless steel wire 40 are provided. 4 pieces are inserted from below and fixed by soldering or brazing. The lower end of the thick wire 39 is cut to a length that reaches the bottom of the bowl, and is bent into a loop 41 at the position shown in the figure that is the same height as the top of the bottom mesh 4 and thrust into the eye of the arch-shaped bottom mesh 4. However, since there is a loop processing part, it does not move left and right before and after standing up at a certain depth at that position. On the other hand, the slightly thick wires 40 are horizontally spread at right angles and bent downward into the medium 25 at a position where the tip is inside the upper end angle of the system bowl to form a stick. With this structure, a structure in which the lower part of the column is not fluttering is created.
Further, on the upper side of the short stainless steel pipe 38, a slightly thin stainless steel wire 42 having a length of 15 to 28 centimeters, which is seven in the drawing, is fixed by welding in the same manner as described above. At the time of use, as shown in the figure, it is opened obliquely upward, and the tip part is subjected to a small loop-shaped bending process 43, and into the loop through a crowded support piano wire 44, it is formed into a ring shape with a thin wire butt connector 35. Close. The piano wire may have a two-stage ring by changing the size of the ring according to the nature of the plant, or by adjusting the length of the wire 42. It is important to use stainless steel for the wire here, but it is also important that it does not rust, but at the same time, the hardness is greater than that of iron and because it is the same quality as the stainless steel pipe, it is easy to weld with solder etc. It depends on things.
植物の種類の中にはあまり側枝を出さずに一本の主幹だけが上へと高く伸びて行くものがある。代表的なものとしてはデルヒニュウム、ヒマワリなどがあり本来は切り花としての大きい需要がある。このような植物の茎はしっかりしているものの本願のように柔らかいロックウール主体の培地では真っすぐに支えてやれなくなる。そこでどうしてもしっかりした直立形の支柱を添えてやる必要が生じる。図10は本願直立一本仕立て柱の斜視図である。
下部の構造は図−9と全く同じでびくともしないが、その上部は、直径6ミリの長いステンレスパイプ45で直立してあるだけであるが、雨水の浸入を防いだり外観を良くするために頂部には目立たない蓋栓をはめる。このパイプの長さは植物の種類にもよるが25〜40センチ程度であり、最終成長予定高さの1/3から長くとも1/2までとして、後は植物が自力で立つ姿とするのが好ましい。すなわち支柱への誘引箇所は2〜3段程度が手頃である。
Some types of plants do not have too many side branches and only one main trunk grows upward. Typical ones are delhinium and sunflower, which are originally in great demand as cut flowers. Although such a plant stem is solid, it cannot be supported straight by a soft rock wool-based medium as in the present application. Therefore, it is necessary to attach a solid upright support post. FIG. 10 is a perspective view of an upright single tailored column.
The structure of the lower part is exactly the same as Figure-9, but the upper part is only upright with a long stainless steel pipe 45 with a diameter of 6 mm, but the top part is to prevent rainwater from entering and improve the appearance. Put an inconspicuous lid stopper on. The length of this pipe is about 25 to 40 centimeters, depending on the type of plant, but it should be 1/3 to 1/2 at most of the planned final growth height. Is preferred. In other words, the number of attracting points to the column is reasonable about 2-3.
本願による水耕システム鉢1によつて育てられた花鉢の最終需要者は消費者である。このことから水耕栽培で生産された花鉢はそのまま消費者の手に渡った後も素晴らしい発育をする水耕形式がそのまま引き継がれなければならない。
土耕栽培の鉢花では潅水は欠かすことの出来ない毎日の作業であり、施肥はその量と質に関しては誰もが悩む処である。本願はこの厄介な毎日の水やり作業の省力と施肥の悩みを培養液の作成と自動補給で一気に解決することが出来るのである。
植物がどれだけの水分と栄養分を欲しているかはプロの園芸家ですら正確に知ることは出来ない。しかし消費者の手に渡ってからの水耕花鉢は必要な水量の自動給水であり、その植物が消費しただけの水量は減水量のかたちで表示されるからその分を超える培養液でボトル51が満水となるように補給すればよく、栄養素については常時最適な種類を適量配合で供給する事となるから、この事についての悩みは全く生じない。そして根に対する酸素の供給も大きいアーチ状の底網4から十分に供給されるからこれも全く問題とはならない。生産栽培床と消費者の手に渡ってからの違いは、培養液が流動しているか否かの違いだけであり、受け皿の導水路水深はわずか27ミリの浅い水位である事から空気中の酸素は根およびその周辺の培地に含まれる培養液に十分に供給される。このことは図−1の成果を見れば明らかであるし、消費者の手に渡ってからの評判も非常によい。
The final consumer of flower pots grown by the hydroponic system pot 1 according to the present application is the consumer. For this reason, the flower pots produced by hydroponics must be inherited in the form of hydroponics that allows them to grow wonderfully even after they reach the hands of consumers.
Irrigation is an indispensable daily work for potted flowers in soil cultivation, and fertilization is a place where everyone is worried about the quantity and quality. The present application can solve the troublesome labor of daily watering and the trouble of fertilization at once by making the culture solution and automatically supplying it.
Even a professional gardener cannot know exactly how much moisture and nutrients a plant wants. However, the hydroponic flower pot after reaching the consumer's hand is an automatic water supply of the required amount of water, and the amount of water consumed by the plant is displayed in the form of reduced water, so the culture solution exceeding that amount is bottled It is only necessary to replenish 51 so that the water is full, and since the optimum type of nutrient is always supplied in an appropriate amount, there is no problem with this. Since oxygen is sufficiently supplied to the roots from the large arched bottom net 4, this is not a problem at all. The only difference between the production cultivation floor and the consumer is the difference in whether or not the culture fluid is flowing, and the depth of the water channel of the saucer is only 27 mm, which is a shallow water level. Oxygen is sufficiently supplied to the culture medium contained in the root and its surrounding medium. This is clear from the results shown in Fig. 1, and the reputation from the consumer's hands is very good.
最後は水耕鉢1一個に対する培養液を供給する給水ボトル51の容量関係であるが、図11は受皿46上で一つの給水ボトルで二つの鉢1を養って行く消費者標準タイプを示した。この様式で殆どの草花はうまく栽培できるが、なお発育旺盛で独立単独鉢として観賞したい場合や給水間隔を空けたい時などでは図12のように1鉢1対1ボトル52とすれば培養液は消費者標準の2倍となり、更に図13のように給水ボトル52を2個に増設すれば消費者標準の4倍の培養液量となる。発育最盛期のデルヒニュウムは正に4倍量の培養液を必要とした。
図11は消費者対応の標準構成として、二つの鉢1、受皿46、給水ボトル51の3点セットとして本願の要点を示した。47は受皿46の靜水鉢座47であり、大量生産栽培床6における動水鉢座18と同じように、鉢1の下方の形状である円弧状側面2と直線平面状側面3に対応するように受皿46にも円弧形状と直線平面形状を有する。すなはち給水ボトル51からの培養液7は導水溝48を介して底網4の開口部分が常にそこに当面して液7の給水を円滑に受けられるようにしている。このことは公開実用新案公報平1−167154や公開特許公報特開平10−150870には記述されていない本願の特色である。この図11において受皿46の中央部分にある給水ボトル座50に対し培養液7で満たした給水ボトル51をセッテイングするのであるが、まず蓋52をしめ、蓋52中央にある二つのボトル給水孔53を二本の指で塞いで上下逆転させて給水ボトル座50に嵌め込む。この座50は二段になっており、ボトル51は中段のボトル受段49で止められて培養液7は中段の高さに至るまで排出されるが、水面がボトル給水孔53に達すると大気の圧力が働いてボトル51内培養液は宙吊りとなって給水が止まる。このようにして植栽植物17が必要として吸水した分だけが補給されるのでボトル内の減水量を見てその都度満水となるように培養液を補充してやればよい。ボトル51は相当量の貯水が出来るので毎日の潅水作業から省力でき、水やりや施肥作業を単純化させて老人や女性や子供でも扱える簡易な方法とした。
このようにして本願水耕システム鉢1はその独特な形状により、大型雨樋を利用した鉢花の大量生産栽培を支え、この栽培方式は列状にトンネル被覆を可能とすることから局所的な冷房などを行えて高度な栽培環境を整えられる。また本願のように比較的小さい鉢容量であっても、あんどん仕立てや、叢生仕立てや、直立一本仕立てに対応しての鉢物による支柱問題を解決させ、同時に給水容量を必要に応じて増加する事によって、小さい鉢花から長大に成長する鉢花に至るまで一つの水耕システム鉢1によって充足させることが出来る。この様な事は公開実用新案公報昭60−168363、公開実用新案公報平1−167154、公開特許公報特開平10−150870などの特許文献に見当たらず、本願の特徴を示すものである。
The last is the capacity relationship of the water supply bottle 51 that supplies the culture solution to one hydroponic pot 1, but FIG. 11 shows a consumer standard type that feeds two pots 1 with one water supply bottle on the tray 46. . Most of the flowers can be cultivated well in this manner, but if you want to enjoy the growth as a stand-alone stand-alone pot, or if you want to keep the water supply interval, the culture solution will be 1 bottle 1 to 1 bottle 52 as shown in FIG. When the number of water supply bottles 52 is increased to two as shown in FIG. 13, the amount of the culture solution is four times that of the consumer standard. The heyday of delhinium necessitated exactly 4 times the amount of culture.
FIG. 11 shows the main points of the present application as a three-piece set of two bowls 1, a tray 46, and a water bottle 51 as a standard configuration for consumers. 47 is a water basin 47 of the saucer 46, and corresponds to the arc-shaped side surface 2 and the straight planar side surface 3, which are the shapes below the basin 1, in the same manner as the moving water basin 18 in the mass production cultivation floor 6. The saucer 46 also has an arc shape and a linear planar shape. That is, the culture solution 7 from the water supply bottle 51 is configured so that the opening portion of the bottom net 4 is always brought into contact therewith via the water guide groove 48 so that the water 7 can be smoothly supplied. This is a feature of the present application which is not described in the Published Utility Model Publication No. 1-167154 and the Published Patent Publication No. 10-150870. In FIG. 11, the water supply bottle 51 filled with the culture solution 7 is set to the water supply bottle seat 50 in the central portion of the tray 46. First, the lid 52 is closed, and the two bottle water supply holes 53 in the center of the lid 52 are set. Is closed with two fingers and turned upside down and fitted into the water supply bottle seat 50. The seat 50 has two stages, and the bottle 51 is stopped by the middle bottle receiving stage 49 and the culture solution 7 is discharged until reaching the middle level. When the water surface reaches the bottle water supply hole 53, the atmosphere is discharged. Thus, the culture solution in the bottle 51 is suspended in the air and the water supply is stopped. In this way, only the amount of water that the planting plant 17 needs to absorb is replenished, so the culture solution may be replenished so that the amount of water in the bottle is filled and the water is filled each time. Since the bottle 51 can store a considerable amount of water, it can save labor from daily irrigation work, simplify the watering and fertilization work, and is a simple method that can be handled by elderly people, women and children.
Thus, the hydroponics system pot 1 of the present application supports the mass production cultivation of potted flowers using large rain gutters due to its unique shape, and this cultivation method enables local tunnel covering in a row. It can be used for air conditioning, etc., and an advanced cultivation environment can be prepared. Moreover, even if the pot capacity is relatively small as in the present application, it solves the strut problem due to pots corresponding to andon tailoring, crowding tailoring, and upright single tailoring, and at the same time increases the water supply capacity as necessary By one thing, it can be filled with one hydroponic system pot 1 from a small pot flower to a pot flower that grows to a long size. This is not found in patent documents such as the published utility model publication No. 60-168363, the published utility model publication No. 1-167154, and the published patent publication No. 10-150870, and shows the characteristics of the present application.
ペチュニアの累積開花数  Cumulative number of petunias 下方から見た水耕システム鉢  Hydroponic system bowl seen from below 鉢底部設置状況を示す断面図  Sectional view showing the installation status of the pot bottom 水耕装置の全体概要  Overview of hydroponic equipment 栽培床の構成とシステム鉢の対応  Correspondence of composition of cultivation floor and system bowl トンネル状被覆の断面図  Cross section of tunnel covering 本願あんどん仕立ての取り付け構造を示す斜視図  Perspective view showing the mounting structure for tailoring this application 鉢中の本願あんどん仕立ての下部の一部を示すシステム鉢の平面図  Plan view of the system bowl showing a part of the lower part of the andon tailoring in the bowl 本願叢生仕立の取り付け構造を示す斜視図  Perspective view showing the mounting structure for tailoring this application 本願直立一本仕立て柱の斜視図  Perspective view of one tailored column 2鉢1ボトルの消費者標準形受皿に載置した3点セット  3-piece set placed on a standard consumer tray with 2 bottles and 1 bottle 1鉢1ボトルの消費者2倍量形受皿  One bowl and one bottle of consumer double-size tray 1鉢2ボトルの消費者4倍量形受皿  One bowl, two bottles of consumer quadruple tray
1,水耕システム鉢
2,円弧状側面
3,直線平面状側面
4,底網
5,底網挿入溝
6,栽培床
7,培養液
8,止水板
9,排水エルボ
10,貯留タンク
11,マグネットポンプ
12,送水管
13,栽培床の架台
14,架台の基礎
15,地面
16,大型雨樋
17,植栽植物
18,動水鉢座
19,流路仕切り
20,中敷き成型シート
21,鉢間平面部
22,溝水路
23,峰水路
24,架台上接続レール
25,培地
26,トンネル被覆ピアノ線支柱立穴
27,トンネル用ピアノ線支柱
28,透明プラスチックフイルム
29,電線ケーシング棒
30,口の字ワッカ
31,三日月状の平面段
32,あんどん仕立て支柱
33,横穴
34,あんどん用ピアノ線
35,電線突き合せ接続子
36,鉢下部側壁
37,鉢底
38,短いステンレスパイプ
39,太いステンレスの針金
40,やや太いステンレスの針金
41,ループ状曲げ加工部
42,やや細いステンレスの針金
43,小さいループ状の曲げ加工部
44,叢生支え用ピアノ線
45,長いステンレスパイプ
46,受皿
47,靜水鉢座
48,導水溝
49,ボトル受段
50,給水ボトル座
51,給水ボトル
52,ボトル蓋
53,ボトル給水孔
54,転倒防止の受皿突起
1, Hydroponic system bowl 2, Arc-shaped side 3, Straight flat side 4, Bottom net 5, Bottom net insertion groove 6, Cultivation floor 7, Culture solution 8, Water stop plate 9, Drainage elbow 10, Storage tank 11, Magnet pump 12, water pipe 13, cultivation bed frame 14, frame foundation 15, ground 16, large rain gutter 17, planting plant 18, water basin 19, channel partition 20, insole molding sheet 21, interplanar plane Part 22, groove channel 23, peak channel 24, on-mounting rail 25, medium 26, tunnel-covered piano wire support column 27, tunnel piano wire support column 28, transparent plastic film 29, electric wire casing rod 30, mouthpiece 31, crescent-shaped plane step 32, andon tailoring column 33, side hole 34, andon piano wire 35, wire butt connector 36, bowl lower side wall 37, bowl bottom 38, short stainless steel pipe 39, thick Tenless wire 40, slightly thick stainless steel wire 41, loop-shaped bending portion 42, slightly thin stainless steel wire 43, small loop-shaped bending portion 44, crowding support piano wire 45, long stainless steel pipe 46, saucer 47, Water pot seat 48, water guide groove 49, bottle receiving stage 50, water supply bottle seat 51, water supply bottle 52, bottle lid 53, bottle water supply hole 54, and a tray receiving protrusion for preventing overturning

Claims (1)

  1. 水耕システム鉢と、前記水耕システム鉢底部が嵌入する窪地で構成された鉢座を備えた栽培床とを備える水耕栽培装置であって、
    前記水耕システム鉢は、鉢体底部を横方向に貫通すると共に上下方向中途部まで培養液に浸漬される通路を形成する底網開口部と、前記底網開口部に前記鉢体内に充填される培地が侵入するのを防止する通気性及び通水性を備えた底網を有し、
    前記栽培床は、前記鉢座に培養液を供給する溝水路と、前記鉢座内に溝水路に連続するように設けられ、前記底網開口部内に配置されるリブ状の峰水路とを備えることを特徴とする、水耕栽培装置
    A hydroponic cultivation apparatus comprising a hydroponic system pot and a cultivation floor comprising a pot seat composed of a depression into which the hydroponic system pot bottom fits,
    The hydroponic system pot is filled in the pot body in a bottom net opening that forms a passage that penetrates the bottom of the pot body in the lateral direction and is immersed in the culture solution up to a midway in the vertical direction, and the bottom net opening. Having a bottom net with air permeability and water permeability to prevent the invasion of the culture medium,
    The cultivation floor includes a ditch water channel that supplies a culture solution to the pot seat, and a rib-shaped ridge water channel that is provided in the pot seat so as to be continuous with the ditch water channel and is disposed in the bottom net opening. A hydroponics apparatus characterized by that .
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