JP5664974B2 - Solar cell panel and exterior structure using the same - Google Patents

Solar cell panel and exterior structure using the same Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5664974B2
JP5664974B2 JP2011109292A JP2011109292A JP5664974B2 JP 5664974 B2 JP5664974 B2 JP 5664974B2 JP 2011109292 A JP2011109292 A JP 2011109292A JP 2011109292 A JP2011109292 A JP 2011109292A JP 5664974 B2 JP5664974 B2 JP 5664974B2
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panel
solar cell
plate
molding
support
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JP2012241322A (en
Inventor
雅浩 田村
雅浩 田村
朝倉 大輔
大輔 朝倉
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元旦ビューティ工業株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Description

  The present invention reduces the load on the foundation and existing roof (existing housing) at the time of new construction, and reduces the cost by making the panel with a simple configuration, and lays the solar cell panel on the exterior surface easily and inexpensively. The present invention relates to a solar cell panel that can be used and an exterior structure using the same.

In recent years, the social importance of solar cell systems has been widely recognized. However, in order to actually introduce a solar cell system, for example, a method of integrating a solar cell panel into a roof material itself, and a roof surface A method of fixing a mounting member such as a support base and assembling a solar cell panel thereon is known.
The method of integrating a thin film silicon solar cell typified by amorphous silicon into the roof material itself does not have strength by itself, so it is integrated with the exterior material and constructed in the same manner as the exterior material. The technology to manufacture the material and the technology to manufacture the solar cell panel are necessary, and it is not suitable for any base, and it is necessary to make the base structure in accordance with it to lay the integrated exterior material As a result, it was expensive.
On the other hand, the method of assembling the solar cell panel by fixing the support frame to the roof surface is a structure in which the solar cell panel is installed on the existing roof by assembling the support frame in a frame shape. In many cases, the number of points increases, and it takes time and effort to manage the members, and the overall weight of the support frame and the solar cell panel is a heavy burden on the structure (frame or existing building).

  In recent years, solar cells have been developed that are lightweight and flexible modules like the thin film silicon solar cells described above, and that can be handled in the same way as a thick sheet or in the same way as a normal metal plate. However, since the amount of power generation has been increased, there is a demand for a device that can be easily applied (installed) to various existing roofs.

  Therefore, the present invention reduces the load on the base and the existing roof (existing housing) at the time of new installation, reduces the cost by making the panel with a simple configuration, and lays the solar cell panel on the exterior surface easily and inexpensively. For the purpose.

The present invention has been proposed in view of the above, and includes a panel body provided with a solar energy conversion module in the face plate portion, and provided with a molding portion at least on the opposite side edge of the face plate portion, and attached to the molding portion of the panel body. A solar cell panel comprising a mounting member, wherein the molded part of the panel body has a folded part folded to the back side, and the mounting member includes a support part for supporting the molded part of the panel body; A reinforcing member having a fixing part to the base, supporting the face plate part of the panel body from the back side , and having an upward convex receiving part, a grounding surface part to the base, and a vertical part connecting them. It is arranged so as to straddle between the parts, and the back side of each facing molding part of the panel body is supported by the support part of the mounting member and the molding part is engaged with the mounting member and integrated. Characteristic solar panel It relates.

  Furthermore, the present invention also proposes an exterior structure using a solar cell panel, wherein the solar cell panel is laid so as to be convex upward with respect to the base surface.

The solar cell panel of the present invention has a structure in which a mounting member is integrated with a panel body provided with a solar energy conversion module in a face plate portion, and does not require a support frame as in the prior art and is also an integrated mounting member. It can be installed and installed very easily simply by fixing to the roof base, and can be installed on any base roof, such as a vertical surface.
Therefore, the solar cell panel of the present invention reduces the load on the foundation and the existing roof (existing housing) at the time of new installation, reduces the cost by making the panel with a simple configuration, and makes the solar cell panel inexpensive and simple. Can be laid on the exterior surface.
In addition, while supporting the face plate portion of the panel main body from the back surface side, a reinforcing material having an upwardly projecting support portion, a grounding surface portion to the base, and a vertical surface portion connecting them is disposed so as to straddle between the molding portions. Therefore, the face plate portion can be stably maintained in a curved shape.

  Furthermore, in the exterior structure using the solar cell panel of the present invention, since the solar cell panel is laid so as to be convex upward with respect to the base surface, an exterior structure with high cross-sectional performance can be obtained. And it can apply easily irrespective of a new installation or the existing roof, and since it contributes greatly to introduction of a solar cell, the burden of the existing electric power company can be prevented.

(A) An enlarged sectional view showing an embodiment of the solar cell panel of the present invention, (b) An enlarged sectional view showing a panel main body used, (c) An enlarged front view of an attaching member used, (d) An enlarged plane thereof FIG. 4E is an enlarged side view thereof. (A) The top view which abbreviate | omits and shows a part of the length direction of the panel main body which comprises a solar cell panel, (b) The sectional view, (c) The side sectional view in the edge part, (d) The A- A sectional side view taken along line A, (e) a sectional side view taken along line BB, (f) a sectional view showing part C in an enlarged manner, and (g) a sectional view showing part D in an enlarged manner, (h) FIG. 3 is a rear view showing the whole by reducing the back side. (A) The top view which abbreviate | omits a part of the length direction of the panel main body before assembling | attaching to a solar cell panel, (b) The sectional view, (c) The side sectional view in the edge part, (d) The C It is a sectional side view in the -C line, (e) The sectional side view which expands and shows the A section, (f) The sectional view which expands and shows the B section. (A) The side view of the used reinforcing member, (b) The front view, (c) The top view, (d) The whole expanded view which reduced it.

  The solar cell panel of the present invention includes a panel main body provided with a solar energy conversion module (hereinafter referred to as a solar cell) in a face plate portion, and provided with a molding portion at least on a side edge facing the face plate portion, and a molding portion of the panel main body. And an attachment member to be attached.

  The configuration and shape of the solar cell are not particularly limited, and any type of solar cell such as polycrystal, single crystal, and amorphous silicon, compound, and organic may be used. For example, a thin-film silicon solar cell using amorphous silicon or microcrystalline silicon that has been recently proposed can be easily mass-produced, and can be a lightweight and flexible module (having flexibility).

As described above, the panel body has a configuration in which a solar cell is provided in the face plate portion, and a molding portion is provided on at least the opposite side edge of the face plate portion, and other configurations are not particularly limited.
For example, the solar cell may be directly integrated on the surface side of a metal plate material having a flexible plate thickness, and the opposite side edges may be processed to form a molded portion, or the illustrated embodiment described later. The structure in which the solar cell is integrated on the surface of the waterproof sheet material as described above may be further integrated on the surface of the metal plate material, and the opposing side edges may be processed to form a molded part. In addition, the face plate portion may be formed by being curved upward and convex before laying, but is often formed in a substantially flat shape before laying so as to be compatible with various specifications. This face plate portion is assembled with an attachment member so as to be curved upwardly at least in a laid state, and the cross-sectional performance can be improved.

The molded part of the panel body has a structure having a folded part that is folded from the face plate part to the back side, and a locking part that further extends the folded part inward as in the illustrated embodiment described later. By providing it, it may be formed in a substantially U-shaped cross section, but is not particularly limited to this, and it is sufficient that this molded portion engages with an attachment member described later. Here, the term “inside” means that the panel main body is mainly composed of a solar energy conversion module, so that the center direction of the face plate portion is referred to as “inside” and the direction away from it is referred to as “outside”. In short, this locking portion is provided on the back side of the face plate portion, but is provided so as to extend toward the center of the solar energy conversion module, that is, inward.
The folded portion may be formed by being folded substantially vertically as shown in the illustrated embodiment to be described later, or may be formed by being folded in an inclined manner.
The locking portion may be formed in a substantially horizontal inward piece as shown in the illustrated embodiment described later, and particularly if it is engaged with an engaging portion of a mounting member described later. It is not limited.

The mounting member includes a support portion that supports the molding portion of the panel body and a fixing portion to the base, and further engages a locking portion of the panel body as in the illustrated embodiment described later. By providing the engaging portion to be formed, it may be formed in a substantially two-shaped cross section, but is not particularly limited to this, and the attachment member only needs to be engaged with the molding portion. Here, “outside” refers to the direction opposite to the “inside” and refers to the direction away from the face plate.
The attachment member may be a thread member or a piece member. In the latter case, a plurality of attachment members may be attached at appropriate intervals along the side edge of the panel body as in the illustrated embodiment described later.
The said support part should just support the back surface side of the shaping | molding part of the said panel main body. In addition, although this support part is along the back surface side with the fold-down part which is often formed in the edge part of the faceplate part which is often formed in the substantially flat shape as mentioned above, and is substantially perpendicular. In order to improve the cross-sectional performance, the support portion may be formed in an inclined shape (inclined upward from a substantially horizontal shape) for the purpose of curving the face plate portion in an upward convex shape as in the illustrated embodiment described later. In a state before laying, the support portion may be formed slightly upward from the substantially parallel shape with respect to the substantially horizontal fixed portion.
The attachment member (engagement portion thereof) may be anything that engages the molding portion (locking portion thereof) of the panel body, and is formed in an engagement groove shape facing outward as in the illustrated embodiment described later. However, the present invention is not particularly limited to this.

  As a base (base roof) to which the mounting member is attached, it may be anything that has characteristics as a roof such as strength and rain finish, and does not ask for a new roof or an existing roof. It is not limited.

  And the solar cell panel of the present invention comprises the panel main body and the mounting member having the above-described configuration, and supports the back surface side of each molding portion facing the panel main body on the support portion of the mounting member and the molding portion as the mounting member. Engage and integrate. Therefore, unlike the prior art, it can be installed easily by simply fixing the integrated mounting member to the roof base without requiring a support frame, and can be installed on any base roof, for example, a vertical surface. Is possible. Therefore, the solar cell panel of the present invention can be easily applied (installed) to various roofs, whether newly installed or existing, and greatly contributes to the introduction of solar cells into ordinary houses.

Further, a reinforcing material may be provided on the back surface side of the face plate portion of the panel body, and a resistance to the depression on the back surface side due to the positive load acting on the face plate portion acts and the deformation can be suppressed. .
As the reinforcing material, a material that supports the face plate portion of the panel body from the back surface side and has an upward convex receiving / supporting portion is used, and both end edges are between the molded portions of the panel body as in the illustrated embodiment described later. It is desirable that the face plate portion can be maintained in a curved shape by being disposed so as to straddle.

Furthermore, the exterior structure of this invention lays | lays the said solar cell panel so that it may become convex upwards with respect to a base surface.
The ground surface may be a new roof or an existing roof as long as it has characteristics such as strength and rain performance as described above.

  And the exterior structure using the solar cell panel of the present invention makes a great contribution to the introduction of solar cells, and it is possible to return (sell) surplus power consumed in ordinary households to the power company, which is particularly large. In the summer season when power consumption is expected, it will contribute greatly to reducing the burden on power companies.

  A solar cell panel 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention shown in FIG. 1A includes a panel main body 10 shown in FIGS. 1B, 2 and 3 and attachments shown in FIGS. 1C to 1E. The panel body 10 includes the solar cell 1A on the face plate portion 11 and the molding portion 12 is provided on at least the opposite side edge of the face plate portion 11, and the mounting member 2 includes the panel body. It is the structure attached to 10 shaping | molding parts 12. FIG. 2 (b), 2 (f) and FIGS. 3 (b) to 3 (f), the broken line indicated by reference numeral 5 indicates the light receiving surface.

  As shown in FIGS. 2A and 3A, the panel body 10 of the illustrated embodiment has a solar cell 1A, which is a thin film silicon solar cell having flexibility, on the surface of a waterproof sheet material 1B made of synthetic resin. The integrated part is further integrated with the surface of the metal plate 1C, and the opposite side edges (= side edges along the length direction) are processed to form the molded part 12.

As shown in FIG. 1B and the like, the molded portion 12 of the panel body 10 includes a folded portion 121 that is folded substantially vertically from the face plate portion 11 to the back surface side, and an inner portion (face plate portion). 11) and a locking portion 122 which is a substantially horizontal inwardly extending piece, and is formed in a substantially U-shaped cross section.
In addition, the side edge along the short side direction has a configuration in which only a folded portion 13 is formed by simply folding the edge of the face plate portion 11 downward as shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 1C to 1E, the mounting member 2 includes a substantially right-angled (L-shaped) support portion 21 that supports the molding portion 12 of the panel body 10, and the panel body 10. An engaging groove-shaped engaging portion 22 facing outward that engages the stop portion 122, and a fixing portion 23 to the base 4 that extends to the outside of the engaging portion 22. A plurality of attachment members 2 are attached at appropriate intervals along the side edge of the panel body 10. In addition, a hole 231 through which a fixing tool such as a screw is inserted is provided substantially at the center of the fixing portion 23. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1A, the mounting member mounting members 2 and 2 of the adjacent solar cell panels 1 and 1 are disposed so as to communicate with each other through the holes 231 and 231 and tightened with the upward connecting bolt 1d. Although it is connected by the nut 1e, it may be fixed (fixed) to the base roof from above with screws or the like as described above.

The support portion 21 of the mounting member 2 in the illustrated embodiment does not face a substantially horizontal shape as shown in FIG. 1 (c), but is inclined slightly upward. When the molding part 12 of the panel body 10 is supported, the face plate part 11 of the panel body 10 is forcibly curved upwardly as shown in FIG. 1A and FIG. Can be improved.
When the support portion 21 of the mounting member 2 is substantially horizontal, the face plate portion 11 of the panel body 10 in which the molding portion 12 is supported by the support portion 21 is the same as before the arrangement shown in FIG. Formed substantially horizontally.

  As a base (base roof) 4 to which the mounting member 2 is attached, it is not shown in a specific configuration, but only shown by a broken line, but as described above, as a roof of strength, rain performance, etc. As long as it has the above characteristics, there is no limitation on the form or the like, regardless of whether it is a new roof or an existing roof.

Moreover, the reinforcing material 3 is arranged on the back surface side of the face plate portion 11 of the panel body 10 shown in FIG. 1 (b), which serves as a resistance against the face plate portion 11 being dented to the back surface side and suppresses deformation thereof. ing.
Specifically, as shown in FIGS. 4A to 4C, the reinforcing member 3 includes a support portion 31 that supports the face plate portion 11 of the panel body 10 from the back surface side, a grounding surface portion 32 to the base 4, and It is a frame material having a substantially U-shaped cross section provided with connecting vertical surface portions 33, and both end edges in the length direction are receiving portions 34 that support the molded portion 12 of the panel body 10 from the back surface side.
Reference numeral 341 indicates a screw, and a locking portion (inward facing piece) 122 of the molding portion 12 is provided along the back surface side of the receiving portion 34, and is fixed by screwing from the back surface side.
Further, an elastic adhesive layer 311 having a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer on one side of the foam rubber is attached near the center of the support portion 31 to adhere to the back surface of the face plate portion 11 and to reduce the impact applied to the face plate portion 11. To play a role.

  Further, since the support portion 31 of the reinforcing member 3 supports the face plate portion 11 of the panel body 10 from the back side, in this embodiment, as described above, the face plate portion 11 curved upwardly in a convex shape is used. Accordingly, the support portion 31 is formed in an arch shape protruding upward. Therefore, the curved face plate portion 11 is more stably maintained by bonding the support portion 31 to the face plate portion 11 of the panel body 10.

FIG. 4 (d) shows a developed view of the reinforcing member 3 before processing, and each reference numeral, for example, (31) indicates a portion that becomes the receiving portion 31 after processing into a predetermined shape. . In this embodiment, the reinforcing material 3 having such a simple configuration is arranged in four rows in the length direction of the panel body 10 as shown in FIG. 2 (h). One point is also shown in FIG. 2 (a). The position which has arrange | positioned the reinforcing material 3 is shown with the chain line.
Therefore, since the AA line in FIG. 2 and the one-dot chain line coincide with each other, FIG. 2D showing a cross section along the AA line shows the reinforcement of the above configuration on the back side of the panel body 10. The state where the material 3 is arranged is shown.

As described above, the solar cell panel of the present invention includes the panel body 10 and the mounting member 2 having the above-described configuration, and supports the back surface side of each molding portion 12 facing the panel body 10 to the support portion 21 of the mounting member 2. The engaging portion 121 is engaged with the engaging portion 22 and integrated.
Therefore, it can be installed and installed very easily by simply fixing the integrated mounting member 2 to the roof base 4 without requiring a conventional support frame, and can be installed on any base roof 4 such as a vertical surface. Is possible. Therefore, the solar cell panel 1 of the present invention can be easily applied to various roofs regardless of whether the solar cell panel 1 is newly installed or existing, and greatly contributes to the introduction of solar cells.

  In particular, in this embodiment, the reinforcing member 3 including the receiving portion 31 that supports the face plate portion 11 of the panel body 10 from the back surface side and the grounding surface portion 32 to the base 4 is integrated on the back surface side of the panel body 10. Therefore, since it becomes resistance with respect to the back surface side that the positive load to the faceplate part 11 acts, the deformation | transformation can be suppressed.

  Further, the support portion 21 of the mounting member 2 in the illustrated embodiment is not inclined in the substantially horizontal shape as described above, but is formed to be inclined slightly upward. When the molding part 12 of the panel main body 10 is supported, the face plate part 11 of the panel main body 10 is forcibly curved in a convex shape upward, and the cross-sectional performance can be improved. Moreover, since it curves upwardly in a convex shape, rainwater or the like does not stay on the surface, and rainwater can flow down easily.

  And the exterior structure using the solar cell panel 1 of such a configuration can be easily applied regardless of whether it is a new installation or an existing roof, and contributes greatly to the introduction of solar cells. By providing (selling) power to the power company, it contributes greatly to reducing the burden on the power company, especially in the summer when high power consumption is expected.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Solar cell panel 10 Panel main body 101 Cable 102 Terminal box 1A Solar cell 1B Waterproof sheet 1C Metal plate material 1d Connection bolt 1e Tightening nut 11 Face plate part 12 Molding part 121 Folding part 122 Locking part 2 Mounting member 21 Support part 22 Engagement Part 23 Fixing part 231 Hole 3 Reinforcing material 31 Supporting part 311 Elastic adhesive layer 32 Grounding surface part 33 Vertical surface part 34 Receiving part 341 Screw 4 Base (base roof)
5 Photosensitive surface

Claims (2)

  1. A solar panel comprising a panel main body provided with a solar energy conversion module in the face plate portion, provided with a molding portion at least on the opposite side edge of the face plate portion, and an attachment member attached to the molding portion of the panel main body,
    The molded part of the panel body has a folded part folded to the back side,
    The attachment member has a support part that supports the molding part of the panel body, and a fixing part to the base,
    A reinforcing material having a face plate part of the panel main body from the back side and having a support part protruding upward, a grounding surface part to the base, and a vertical surface part connecting them is arranged so as to straddle between the molded parts. A solar cell panel, wherein a back surface side of each of the facing molding parts of the main body is supported by a support part of an attachment member, and the molding part is engaged with the attachment member to be integrated.
  2. An exterior structure using a solar cell panel, wherein the solar cell panel according to claim 1 is laid so as to be convex upward with respect to a base surface .
JP2011109292A 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Solar cell panel and exterior structure using the same Active JP5664974B2 (en)

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JP2011109292A JP5664974B2 (en) 2011-05-16 2011-05-16 Solar cell panel and exterior structure using the same

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JP2012241322A JP2012241322A (en) 2012-12-10
JP5664974B2 true JP5664974B2 (en) 2015-02-04

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Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10169133A (en) * 1996-12-13 1998-06-23 Sekisui House Ltd Solar cell unit
JP3397659B2 (en) * 1997-10-30 2003-04-21 キヤノン株式会社 Photovoltaic roof and construction method
JPH11204819A (en) * 1998-01-07 1999-07-30 Canon Inc Solar energy generator
JP3940944B2 (en) * 1999-10-07 2007-07-04 富士電機ホールディングス株式会社 Installation method of solar cell module
JP4178066B2 (en) * 2003-03-31 2008-11-12 三晃金属工業株式会社 Architectural plate with solar cell and solar cell device
JP4365449B2 (en) * 2009-05-01 2009-11-18 株式会社屋根技術研究所 Solar cell module construction method

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