JP5658549B2 - Substrate processing method and substrate processing apparatus - Google Patents

Substrate processing method and substrate processing apparatus Download PDF

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JP5658549B2
JP5658549B2 JP2010277996A JP2010277996A JP5658549B2 JP 5658549 B2 JP5658549 B2 JP 5658549B2 JP 2010277996 A JP2010277996 A JP 2010277996A JP 2010277996 A JP2010277996 A JP 2010277996A JP 5658549 B2 JP5658549 B2 JP 5658549B2
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liquid
substrate
intrusion prevention
pattern
unit
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JP2012129294A (en
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宮 勝彦
勝彦 宮
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株式会社Screenホールディングス
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  The present invention includes a semiconductor substrate, a glass substrate for photomask, a glass substrate for liquid crystal display, a glass substrate for plasma display, a substrate for FED (Field Emission Display), a substrate for optical disk, a substrate for magnetic disk, a substrate for magneto-optical disk, etc. The present invention relates to a substrate processing method and a substrate processing apparatus for performing a cleaning process on various substrates (hereinafter simply referred to as “substrates”).
  The manufacturing process of electronic components such as a semiconductor device and a liquid crystal display device includes a process of forming a fine pattern by repeatedly performing processes such as film formation and etching on the surface of the substrate. Here, in order to perform fine processing satisfactorily, it is necessary to keep the substrate surface clean, and a cleaning process is performed on the substrate surface as necessary.
  For example, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 1, a brush is brought into contact with the surface of a rotating substrate to remove contaminants such as particles (hereinafter referred to as “particles”) on the surface of the substrate. Moreover, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 2, a substrate is immersed in a cleaning solution stored in a cleaning tank, and ultrasonic waves are applied to the cleaning solution to remove particles and the like. Further, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 3, pure water and nitrogen gas are mixed in a two-fluid nozzle to generate pure water droplets, and particles are removed by colliding the droplets with a substrate. Yes.
  In the apparatus described in Patent Document 4, a liquid such as deionized water (hereinafter referred to as “DIW”) is supplied to the surface of the substrate, and after freezing it, it is thawed with a rinse solution The substrate surface is cleaned by removing the substrate.
JP 2009-49432 A (FIG. 1) Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 64-18229 (FIG. 1) JP 2004-349501 A (FIG. 1) JP 2008-71875 A (FIG. 7)
  Patterns made of fine irregularities formed on electronic components such as semiconductor devices and liquid crystal display devices are further refined, and the structure itself is made three-dimensional and so minute and complicated. Has a shape. This tendency is particularly remarkable for patterns used for individual semiconductors such as transistors and capacitors.
  As the pattern becomes finer and the structure becomes more complex in this way, the area where the bottom surface of the convex portion of the pattern comes into contact with the substrate is reduced, and the adhesive force between the convex portion of the pattern and the substrate is reduced. . Accordingly, there is a high possibility that the convex portion of the pattern collapses and peels even with a small external force, and the shape of the concave portion is deformed (hereinafter, these are collectively referred to as “damage” to the pattern).
  Further, what is currently considered as a problem in manufacturing semiconductor devices, liquid crystal display devices, etc. is a portion where no pattern is formed, for example, a portion between individual semiconductors (hereinafter referred to as “outside pattern region”). It is required to remove the particles and the like in this portion without damaging the pattern formed on the substrate.
  When the conventional cleaning method disclosed in Patent Document 1 is applied to a substrate on which such a fine pattern is formed, the brush that is in contact with the substrate surface is in direct contact with the pattern for cleaning. Therefore, an external force in a direction parallel to the surface of the substrate may be applied to the pattern to cause damage to the pattern.
  In addition, with respect to the conventional techniques disclosed in Patent Document 2 and Patent Document 3, there is a risk of damage to the pattern due to ultrasonic vibrations or impact force of liquid droplets colliding with the substrate. For these, it is possible to suppress damage by reducing the vibration energy of ultrasonic vibrations and droplets, but at the same time the energy to remove particles etc. will be insufficient, and eventually the particles cannot be removed. become.
  Further, when the conventional technique disclosed in Patent Document 4 is applied, it is described between adjacent convex parts spaced apart by a minute interval due to the fluidity of DIW, the inside of a three-dimensional cylindrical shape, etc. (hereinafter referred to as “pattern gap”). And the vicinity of the outer edge of the pattern (hereinafter, the pattern gap excluding the upper surface of the pattern and the vicinity of the outer edge of the pattern are collectively referred to as “the vicinity of the pattern”), and the DIW including that part is frozen. And cleaning is performed. In this prior art, particles are removed by using a force generated when DIW expands as ice, and this force works equally on the pattern.
  That is, a force acting in a direction parallel to the main surface of the substrate is applied to the entire pattern, and a force to push the pattern gap outward is applied to the pattern gap. This force may cause damage such as collapse or peeling of the convex portion of the pattern and deformation of the concave portion.
  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and a substrate processing method and a substrate processing apparatus capable of cleaning an area outside a pattern excluding the vicinity of the pattern without damaging a fine and complicated pattern. The purpose is to provide.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention is capable of forming an intrusion prevention liquid supply step for supplying an intrusion prevention liquid to a substrate on which a pattern is formed, and forming a solidified body on the substrate to which the intrusion prevention liquid is supplied. A coagulation target liquid supplying step for supplying the coagulation target liquid; a coagulation step for coagulating the coagulation target liquid; and a removal step for removing the coagulation target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid. It is a substance with a low freezing point, and it remains in the vicinity of the pattern and prevents the liquid to be solidified from entering the vicinity of the pattern. In the solidification process, the substrate supplied in the order of the intrusion prevention liquid and the liquid to be solidified is to be solidified. Cooling below the freezing point of the liquid and above the freezing point of the intrusion prevention liquid, the intrusion prevention liquid remains in a liquid state and solidifies the solidification target liquid .
The present invention also provides an intrusion prevention liquid supply means for supplying an intrusion prevention liquid to a substrate on which a pattern is formed, and a coagulation target liquid capable of forming a solidified body on the substrate to which the intrusion prevention liquid is supplied. A coagulation target liquid supply means, a coagulation means for coagulating the coagulation target liquid, and a removal means for removing the coagulation target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid, the intrusion prevention liquid having a freezing point lower than the freezing point of the coagulation target liquid And the coagulation target liquid is prevented from remaining in the vicinity of the pattern and entering the vicinity of the pattern, and the coagulation means sets the substrate supplied in the order of the intrusion prevention liquid and the coagulation target liquid below the freezing point of the coagulation target liquid and Cooling above the freezing point of the intrusion prevention liquid, the intrusion prevention liquid remains in a liquid state and solidifies the liquid to be solidified .
  In the invention configured as described above (substrate processing method and substrate processing apparatus), the intrusion prevention liquid is left in the vicinity of the pattern of the substrate on which the pattern is formed to form a region where the solidification target liquid does not enter, and only the solidification target liquid is formed. The substrate is solidified and cleaned. As a result, damage to the pattern is prevented, and particles and the like attached to the region on the substrate excluding the vicinity of the pattern are removed.
  That is, an intrusion prevention liquid having a freezing point lower than the freezing point of the liquid to be solidified is used, and is cooled below the freezing point of the liquid to be solidified and above the freezing point of the intrusion prevention liquid to solidify only the liquid to be solidified. To be left. As a result, it is possible to prevent the external force from being transmitted directly to the pattern by receiving the force caused by the solidification target liquid to solidify and volume expansion, prevent damage to the pattern, and prevent the substrate from being near the pattern. Particles and the like can be removed from the area.
  In the solidification target liquid supply step, the solidification target liquid can be supplied to the substrate to which the intrusion prevention liquid is attached, and the intrusion prevention liquid other than the vicinity of the pattern can be removed.
  In the invention configured as described above, by only supplying the solidification target liquid onto the substrate, the intrusion prevention liquid adhering to the substrate is left only in the vicinity of the pattern, and other portions are pushed away by the flow of the solidification target liquid. Can be removed.
  Further, the intrusion prevention liquid can be a substance that is insoluble in the coagulation target liquid.
  In the invention thus configured, the intrusion prevention liquid is mixed with the coagulation target liquid after the intrusion prevention liquid existing outside the pattern is removed by the coagulation target liquid and the coagulation target liquid is solidified. The area of the intrusion prevention liquid present in the vicinity is not reduced or mixed with the liquid to be solidified, so that the freezing point of that area does not increase. Accordingly, the area where the liquid state should be originally maintained is reduced or does not coagulate to that area, and the pattern is protected from the external force due to the coagulation target liquid coagulating and volume expanding.
  Further, when the intrusion prevention liquid is a substance that is insoluble in the liquid to be coagulated, it further includes a rinsing step for supplying a rinsing liquid to the substrate, and the removing step is a substance that is soluble in the rinsing liquid and is formed on the substrate. It is also possible to have a replacement step of replacing the remaining intrusion prevention liquid or supplying a replacement liquid that is mixed with the intrusion prevention liquid and becomes soluble in the rinsing liquid.
  In the invention configured as described above, the intrusion prevention liquid remaining in the vicinity of the pattern is replaced, or the intrusion prevention liquid and the substitution liquid are mixed to facilitate dissolution in the rinsing liquid, and the intrusion prevention liquid is removed in the subsequent rinsing step. It can be easily removed.
  According to this invention, the intrusion preventing liquid having a freezing point different from the freezing point of the solidification target liquid remaining in the vicinity of the pattern can clean the area of the substrate other than the vicinity of the pattern without damaging the pattern. That is, by allowing the intrusion prevention liquid to remain in the vicinity of the pattern and coagulating only the liquid to be solidified, the force generated by the solidification of the liquid to be solidified and volume expansion is received by the liquid intrusion prevention liquid, and the external force is directly applied to the pattern. Prevent transmission. Thereby, the area outside the pattern can be cleaned while preventing damage to the pattern.
It is a front view which shows schematic structure of the substrate processing apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is arrow sectional drawing along the B1-B1 line | wire of FIG. It is the side view seen from arrow B2 of FIG. It is a figure which shows the whole structure of the processing unit concerning 1st embodiment. It is a figure which shows the structure of the board | substrate holding means in the processing unit of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the coagulation target liquid supply means, the substitution means, and the removal means in the processing unit of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the 1st DIW supply part in the coagulation object liquid supply means of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the 2nd DIW supply part in the removal means of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the substitution liquid supply part in the substitution means of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the intrusion prevention liquid supply means in the processing unit of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the penetration prevention liquid supply part in the penetration prevention liquid supply means d of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the solidification means in the processing unit of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the nitrogen gas supply part for solidification in the solidification means of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the rinse means and drying gas supply means in the processing unit of FIG. It is a flowchart which shows operation | movement of the substrate processing apparatus in 1st embodiment. It is a schematic diagram which shows the state after completion | finish of an intrusion prevention liquid supply process. It is a schematic diagram which shows the state after completion | finish of a coagulation target liquid supply process.
  In the following description, a substrate means a semiconductor substrate, a glass substrate for photomask, a glass substrate for liquid crystal display, a glass substrate for plasma display, a substrate for FED (Field Emission Display), a substrate for optical disk, a substrate for magnetic disk, and a magneto-optical substrate. Various substrates such as disk substrates.
  In the following description, a substrate on which a circuit pattern or the like (hereinafter referred to as “pattern”) is formed only on one main surface will be used as an example. Here, the main surface on which the circuit pattern or the like is formed is referred to as “front surface”, and the main surface on which the circuit pattern or the like on the opposite side is not formed is referred to as “back surface”. Further, the surface of the substrate directed downward is referred to as “lower surface”, and the surface of the substrate directed upward is referred to as “upper surface”. In the following description, the upper surface is the surface.
  In addition, the influence of the convex portion of the pattern having a fine concavo-convex shape collapsing / peeling or the shape of the concave portion being deformed is collectively referred to as “damage” to the pattern. In addition, between adjacent convex portions spaced apart by a minute interval, the inside of a three-dimensional cylindrical shape, or the like is referred to as “pattern gap”, and the vicinity of the pattern gap and the outer edge of the pattern are collectively referred to as “pattern vicinity”. However, the upper surface of the convex portion of the pattern is not included in the vicinity of the pattern. Further, a region other than the vicinity of the pattern and where no pattern is formed (for example, a portion between individual semiconductors) is referred to as an “outside pattern region”.
  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings, taking a substrate processing apparatus used for processing a semiconductor substrate as an example. The present invention is not limited to the processing of semiconductor substrates, and can be applied to processing of various substrates such as glass substrates for liquid crystal displays.
<First embodiment>
1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 3 are diagrams showing a schematic configuration of a substrate processing apparatus 9 according to the present invention. 1 is a front view of the substrate processing apparatus 9, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line B1-B1 of the substrate processing apparatus 9 of FIG. FIG. 3 is a side view of the substrate processing apparatus 9 of FIG. 1 viewed from the arrow B2 side. This apparatus is used for a cleaning process for removing contaminants such as particles (hereinafter referred to as “particles”) adhering to a substrate W such as a semiconductor substrate (hereinafter simply referred to as “substrate W”). This is a single wafer processing apparatus.
  In each figure, in order to clarify the directional relationship, a coordinate system in which the Z axis is the vertical direction and the XY plane is the horizontal plane is appropriately attached. Also, in each coordinate system, the direction in which the tip of the arrow faces is the + (plus) direction, and the opposite direction is the-(minus) direction.
  The substrate processing apparatus 9 takes out an unprocessed substrate W from the opener 94 on which a FOUP (Front Open Unified Pod) 949 containing, for example, 25 substrates W is placed, and the FOUP 949 on the opener 94, and after the processing is completed An indexer unit 93 for storing W in the FOUP 949, a shuttle 95 for transferring the substrate W between the indexer unit 93 and the center robot 96, and a processing for storing the substrate W in the center robot 96 for cleaning. The unit 91 includes a fluid box 92 that accommodates a pipe for liquid or gas supplied to the processing unit 91, an on-off valve, and the like.
  First, these planar arrangements will be described with reference to FIG. A plurality of (three in this embodiment) openers 94 are arranged at one end (left end in FIG. 2) of the substrate processing apparatus 9. An indexer unit 93 is arranged adjacent to the right side (+ Y side) of the opener 94 in FIG. A shuttle 95 is arranged near the center of the indexer unit 93 in the X direction and adjacent to the right side (+ Y side) of the indexer unit in FIG. 2, and on the right side (+ Y side) of the shuttle 95 in FIG. Center robot 96 is arranged so as to line up in the + Y direction. Thus, the indexer unit 93, the shuttle 95, and the center robot 96 are arranged in two orthogonal lines.
  A processing unit 91 and a fluid box 92 are arranged on the upper side (−X side) and the lower side (+ X side) in FIG. 2 of the shuttle 95 and the center robot 96 arranged in the + Y direction. That is, the fluid box 92 and the processing unit are adjacent to the upper side (−X side) or the lower side (+ X side) of the shuttle 95 and the center robot 96 in FIG. 2 and adjacent to the right side (+ Y side) of the indexer unit 93 in FIG. 91, the processing unit 91, and the fluid box 92 are arranged in this order.
  An operation unit 971 of a control unit 97 described later is installed on the side surface of the indexer unit 93 on the + X side (lower side in FIG. 2) (see FIG. 1).
  Next, the opener 94 will be described. The opener 94 is disposed so as to face the mounting surface 941 on which the FOUP 949 is mounted, and the front surface of the FOUP 949 (the right side (+ Y side) surface of the FOUP 949 in FIGS. 1 and 2). And an opening / closing mechanism 943 (see FIG. 3) for opening and closing a portion (not shown).
  The FOUP 949 carried in from the outside of the substrate processing apparatus 9 by an automatic conveyance vehicle or the like is placed on the placement surface 941 of the opener 94, and the lid is released by the opening / closing mechanism 943. As a result, an indexer robot 931 of the indexer unit 93 described later can carry out the substrate W in the FOUP 949, and conversely, carry in the substrate W into the FOUP 949.
  Next, the indexer unit 93 will be described. In the indexer unit 93, the substrates W before the processing step are taken out one by one from the FOUP 949, the substrates W after the processing step are accommodated one by one in the FOUP 949, and the substrates W are transferred to the shuttle 95 in the Z-axis direction. An indexer robot 931 having two sets of hands 933 arranged above and below is provided. The indexer robot 931 can move horizontally in the X-axis direction, can move up and down in the Z-axis direction, and can rotate about the Z-axis.
  Next, the shuttle 95 will be described. The shuttle 95 is in the vicinity of the peripheral edge on the upper side (−X side) and the lower side (+ X side) in FIG. 2 of the substrate W and does not interfere with the hand 933 of the indexer robot 931 and the hand 961 of the center robot 96 described later. Two sets of hands 951 arranged vertically in the Z-axis direction and a horizontal movement mechanism (not shown) for horizontally moving the two sets of hands 951 in the Y-axis direction are provided.
  The shuttle 95 is configured such that the substrate W can be transferred between both the indexer robot 931 and the center robot 96. That is, when the hand 951 is moved to the left side (−Y side) in FIG. 2 by a horizontal movement mechanism (not shown), the substrate W can be transferred to and from the hand 951 of the indexer robot 931. When moving to the right side (+ Y side), the substrate W can be delivered to and from the hand 961 of the center robot 96.
  Next, the center robot 96 will be described. The center robot 96 holds the substrates W one by one, and transfers the substrates W to and from the shuttle 95 or the processing unit 91. Two sets of hands 961 arranged vertically in the Z-axis direction and the vertical direction A lifting shaft 963 that extends in the (Z-axis direction) and serves as a vertical movement axis of the hand 961, a lifting mechanism 965 that moves the hand 961 up and down, and a rotating mechanism 967 that rotates the hand 961 around the Z axis. Is provided. The center robot 96 is movable up and down along the lifting shaft 963 in the Z-axis direction, and the hand can be rotated around the Z-axis by a rotating mechanism 967.
  Note that an opening through which the hand 961 of the center robot 96 is extended and the substrate W is carried into or out of the processing unit 91 is formed on a side wall, which will be described later, of the processing unit 91 facing the center robot 96. Is provided. In addition, when the center robot 96 does not deliver the processing unit 91 and the substrate W, a shutter 911 is provided for closing the opening and maintaining the cleanliness of the atmosphere inside the processing unit 91.
  As shown in FIG. 1, the processing unit 91 and the fluid box 92 are stacked in two upper and lower stages. Therefore, the substrate processing apparatus 9 in this embodiment includes eight processing units 91 and eight fluid boxes 92, respectively.
  Next, a procedure for transporting the substrate W by the indexer robot 931, the shuttle 95, and the center robot 96 will be described. The FOUP 949 carried in from the outside of the substrate processing apparatus 9 by an automatic conveyance vehicle or the like is placed on the placement surface 941 of the opener 94, and the lid is released by the opening / closing mechanism 943. The indexer robot 931 takes out one substrate W from the predetermined position of the FOUP 949 with the lower hand 933. Thereafter, the indexer robot 931 moves in front of the shuttle 95 (near the center in the X-axis direction of the indexer unit 93 in FIG. 2). At the same time, the shuttle 95 moves the lower hand 951 to the indexer unit 93 side (left side (-Y side in FIG. 2)).
  The indexer robot 931 that has moved in front of the shuttle 95 transfers the substrate W held by the lower hand 933 to the lower hand 951 of the shuttle 95. Thereafter, the shuttle 95 moves the lower hand 951 to the center robot 96 side (the right side (+ Y side in FIG. 2)). Further, the center robot 96 moves to a position where the hand 961 is directed to the shuttle 95.
  Thereafter, the center robot 96 takes out the substrate W held by the lower hand 951 of the shuttle 95 by the lower hand 961 and moves the hand 961 to one of the shutters 911 of the eight processing units 91. To do. Thereafter, the shutter 911 is released, the center robot 96 extends the lower hand 961 and carries the substrate W into the processing unit 91, and cleaning processing of the substrate W in the processing unit 91 is started.
  The substrate W that has been processed in the processing unit 91 is unloaded by the upper hand 961 of the center robot 96, and then the upper hand 961 of the center robot 96, contrary to the case of transporting the unprocessed substrate W, The upper hand 951 of the shuttle 95 and the upper hand 933 of the indexer robot 931 are transferred in this order, and are finally accommodated in a predetermined position of the FOUP 949.
  Next, the configuration of the processing unit 91 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of the processing unit 91. Here, since the eight processing units 91 in the present embodiment have the same configuration, the processing unit 91 indicated by the arrow B3 in FIG. 2 (the processing unit 91 on the lower left side in FIG. 1) will be described as a representative.
  The processing unit 91 holds the substrate W having a pattern formed on the surface thereof substantially horizontally, accommodates the rotating substrate holding means 11 and the substrate holding means 11 therein, and scatters from the substrate holding means 11 and the substrate W. A waste liquid collecting means 21 that receives and exhausts an object and the like and a surface Wf of the substrate W held by the substrate holding means 11 are arranged to face each other, and a space above the substrate surface Wf is blocked from the outside air. Atmosphere blocking means 23.
  Further, the processing unit 91 includes an intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31 for supplying an intrusion prevention liquid for remaining in the vicinity of the pattern formed on the surface Wf of the substrate W, and a solidification target for supplying the solidification target liquid to the surface of the substrate W. The liquid supply means 43, the coagulation means 35 for supplying a low-temperature coagulation gas to the solidification target liquid on the surface Wf of the substrate W, and the solidification target liquid on the substrate surface Wf for supplying the removal liquid Removing means 45 to be removed, replacing means 47 for supplying a replacement liquid for replacing the intrusion preventing liquid remaining in the vicinity of the pattern, rinsing means 51 for supplying a rinsing liquid toward the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb, Based on a drying gas supply means 55 for supplying a drying gas toward the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb to block the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb from the outside air, and a cleaning program described later. And a control unit 97 which controls operation of each section of the substrate processing apparatus 9, a.
  In this embodiment, HFE is used as an intrusion prevention liquid, deionized water (hereinafter referred to as “DIW”) is used as a coagulation target liquid, a removal liquid and a rinsing liquid, and isopropyl alcohol (Isopropyl) is used as a replacement liquid. alcohol, hereinafter referred to as “IPA”). In the present embodiment, nitrogen gas is used as the coagulation gas and the drying gas.
Here, HFE refers to a liquid mainly composed of hydrofluoroether. As “HFE”, for example, HFE of the brand name Novec (registered trademark) manufactured by Sumitomo 3M Limited can be used. Specifically, as HFE, for example, chemical formula: C 4 F 9 OCH 3 , chemical formula: C 4 F 9 OC 2 H 5 , chemical formula: C 6 F 13 OCH 3 , chemical formula: C 3 HF 6 -CH (CH 3 ) O—C 3 HF 6 , chemical formula: C 2 HF 4 OCH 3 (freezing point: − (minus) 38 ° C. (Celsius) or lower) and the like can be used. These HFEs may be diluted.
  Further, the processing unit 91 includes a hollow side wall 901 having a substantially prismatic shape, an upper base member 902 and a lower base member 903 that are fixed substantially horizontally to the side wall 901 and partition the space in the processing unit 91, and the side wall 901. An upper space 905 above the upper base member 902, a processing space 904 inside the side wall 901, below the upper base member 902, and above the lower base member 903; A lower space 906 inside the side wall 901 and below the lower base member 903. In the present embodiment, the side wall 901 has a substantially prismatic shape, but the shape of the side wall is not limited thereto, and may be a substantially cylindrical shape or other shapes.
  On the side of the side wall 901 facing the center robot 96, an opening through which the center robot can load or unload the substrate W into the processing unit 91 and the opening inside the processing unit 91 are closed. A shutter 911 for maintaining cleanliness is provided.
  The upper base member 902 is fixed substantially horizontally above the side wall 901 (upper side in FIG. 4), and partitions the upper space 905 and the processing space 904 that are internal spaces of the processing unit 91. Near the center of the upper base member 902, an atmosphere introduction path 907 that communicates from the lower surface of the upper base member 902 to the upper end of the processing unit 91 is provided. A fan filter unit 908 that supplies a clean atmosphere to the processing space 904 is provided near the upper end of the atmosphere introduction path 907. The fan filter unit 908 installed in the atmosphere introduction path 907 in the upper space 905 takes in the atmosphere from above the processing unit 91 and collects particulates and the like in the atmosphere with a built-in HEPA filter or the like, and then performs processing below. A cleaned atmosphere is supplied into the space 904.
  The lower base member 903 is fixed substantially horizontally in the middle of the side wall 901 (lower side in FIG. 4), and partitions the processing space 904 that is the space inside the processing unit 91 and the lower space 906. . The lower base member 903 is provided with a plurality of exhaust ports 909, and each exhaust port 909 is connected to an exhaust system (not shown) and exhausts the atmosphere in the processing space 904 to the outside.
  Here, a clean atmosphere is maintained in the processing space 904, and the substrate W is cleaned. The upper space 905 and the lower space 906 are spaces in which drive sources and the like for driving each member installed in the processing space 904 are disposed.
  The atmosphere supplied into the processing space 904 through the fan filter unit 908 flows from the upper side to the lower side of the processing space 904, and is finally discharged out of the processing space 904 from the exhaust port 909. As a result, fine liquid fine particles and the like generated in each process of processing the substrate W to be described later are moved downward by the airflow flowing from the top to the bottom in the processing space 904 and discharged from the exhaust port 909. Therefore, these fine particles can be prevented from adhering to each member in the substrate W and the processing space 904.
  Next, the configuration of the substrate holding means 11, the drainage collecting means 21, and the atmosphere blocking means 23 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of the substrate holding means 11, the drainage collecting means 21, and the atmosphere blocking means 23.
  First, the substrate holding means 11 will be described. The base unit 111 of the substrate holding means 11 is fixed on the lower base member 903, and a disk-shaped spin base 113 having an opening at the center is provided substantially horizontally above the base unit 111 so as to be rotatable. It is supported. At the center of the lower surface of the spin base 113, the upper end of the central shaft 117 is fixed by a fastening component such as a screw. In addition, a plurality of substrate holding members 115 for holding the periphery of the substrate W are erected in the vicinity of the periphery of the spin base 113. Three or more substrate holding members 115 may be provided in order to securely hold the circular substrate W, and are arranged at equiangular intervals along the periphery of the spin base 113. Each of the substrate holding members 115 includes a substrate support portion that supports the peripheral portion of the substrate W from below, and a substrate holding portion that holds the substrate W by pressing the outer peripheral end surface of the substrate W supported by the substrate support portion. I have.
  Each substrate holding member 115 is connected to an air cylinder in the substrate holding member driving mechanism 119 via a known link mechanism, a swinging member, or the like. The substrate holding member driving mechanism 119 is installed below the spin base 113 and inside the base unit 111. The substrate holding member drive mechanism 119 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. In response to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding unit 11, the air cylinder of the substrate holding member driving mechanism 119 expands and contracts, so that each substrate holding member 115 presses the outer peripheral end surface of the substrate W. The “closed state” is switched between the “closed state” and the “open state” in which the substrate holding portion is separated from the outer peripheral end surface of the substrate W. In addition to the air cylinder, a known drive source such as a motor or a solenoid can be used as a drive source for the substrate holding member 115.
  When the substrate W is delivered to the spin base 113, each substrate holding member 115 is opened, and when performing a cleaning process or the like on the substrate W, each substrate holding member 115 is closed. And When each substrate holding member 115 is in the closed state, each substrate holding member 115 holds the peripheral edge of the substrate W, and the substrate W is held in a substantially horizontal posture at a predetermined interval from the spin base 113. As a result, the substrate W is held with the front surface Wf facing upward and the back surface Wb facing downward. In this embodiment, a fine pattern is formed on the surface Wf of the substrate W, and the surface Wf is a pattern formation surface.
  In addition, a rotation shaft of a substrate rotation mechanism 121 including a motor is connected to the central shaft 117 of the substrate holding means 11. The substrate rotation mechanism 121 is installed on the lower base member 903 and inside the base unit 111. The substrate rotation mechanism 121 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the substrate rotation mechanism 121 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding unit 11, the spin base 113 fixed to the central shaft 117 rotates about the rotation central axis A1.
  From the upper surface of the spin base 113 to the lower space 906 through the central axis 117, a communicating hollow portion is formed so that a lower first supply pipe and a lower second supply pipe described later can be inserted. Yes.
  Next, the drainage collecting means 21 will be described. A substantially annular cup 210 is provided around the substrate holding means 11 and above the lower base member 903 so as to surround the periphery of the substrate W held by the substrate holding means 11. The cup 210 has a substantially rotationally symmetric shape with respect to the rotation center axis A1 so as to be able to collect the liquid scattered from the substrate holding means 11 and the substrate W. In the drawing, the cup 210 has a cross-sectional shape for explanation.
  The cup 210 includes an inner component member 211, an intermediate component member 213, and an outer component member 215 that can be moved up and down independently of each other. As shown in FIG. 5, the intermediate component member 213 and the outer component member 215 are stacked on the inner component member 211. The inner component member 211, the middle component member 213, and the outer component member 215 are respectively connected to a guard lifting mechanism 217 that is provided in the lower space 906 and is configured by a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a ball screw. Further, the guard lifting mechanism 217 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the guard elevating mechanism 217 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drainage collecting means 21, the inner component member 211, the middle component member 213, and the outer component member 215 are each independently or a plurality of members. Move in the vertical direction along the rotation center axis A1.
  The inner component member 211 is provided with three collection grooves for guiding the liquid collected by the inner component member 211, the middle component member 213, and the outer component member 215 to the drainage treatment system through different paths. Yes. Each collection groove is provided in a substantially concentric shape with the rotation center axis A1 as the center, and a pipe connected to a drainage treatment system (not shown) is connected to each collection groove.
  The cup 210 is used by combining the positions of the inner component member 211, the middle component member 213, and the outer component member 215 in the vertical direction. For example, the home position in which all of the inner component member 211, the middle component member 213, and the outer component member 215 are in the lower position, and the inner component member 211 and the middle component member 213 are in the lower position, and only the outer component member 215 is in the upper position. Outer collection position, middle collection position in which inner component member 211 is in the lower position and middle component member 213 and outer component member 215 are in the upper position, and inner component member 211, middle component member 213, and outer component member 215 It is an internal collection position where everything is in the upper position.
  The home position is a position taken when the center robot 96 carries the substrate W into and out of the processing unit 91. The outer collection position is a position where the liquid received by the outer component member 215 is collected and guided to the outer collection groove, and the intermediate collection position is a position where the liquid received by the middle component member 213 is guided to the intermediate collection groove. In addition, the internal collection position is a position for guiding the liquid received by the internal component 211 to the internal collection groove.
  By using the drainage collecting means 21 having such a configuration, the respective positions of the inner component member 211, the middle component member 213, and the outer component member 215 are changed according to the liquid used in the process, and collected separately. By separating each liquid and discharging it to a corresponding drainage processing system, it becomes possible to separate and process a plurality of liquids that are dangerous to reuse or mix.
  Next, the atmosphere blocking means 23 will be described. A blocking member 231 that is a substrate facing member of the atmosphere blocking means 23 is formed in a disk shape having an opening at the center. The lower surface of the blocking member 231 is a substrate facing surface that faces the surface Wf of the substrate W substantially in parallel, and is formed to have a size equal to or larger than the diameter of the substrate W. The blocking member 231 is supported substantially horizontally so as to be rotatable below a support shaft 233 having a hollow inside and a substantially cylindrical shape.
  The upper end portion of the support shaft 233 is fixed to the lower surface of the blocking member rotating mechanism 235 that rotates the blocking member 231. The blocking member rotation mechanism 235 includes, for example, a hollow motor 237 and a hollow shaft 239. One end (the upper end in FIG. 5) of the hollow shaft 239 is connected to the rotating shaft of the hollow motor 237, and the other end (the lower end in FIG. 5) is connected to the upper surface of the blocking member 231 through the support shaft 233. The blocking member rotating mechanism 235 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the blocking member rotation mechanism 235 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the atmosphere blocking means 23, the blocking member 231 is rotated around the vertical axis passing through the center of the support shaft 233. The blocking member rotating mechanism 235 is configured to rotate the blocking member 231 in the same rotational direction as the substrate W and at substantially the same rotational speed in accordance with the rotation of the substrate W held by the substrate holding unit 11.
  The hollow motor 237 and the hollow shaft 239 are inserted so that an upper first supply pipe and an upper second supply pipe, which will be described later, can be inserted from the upper surface of the blocking member rotating mechanism 235 to the opening of the central portion of the blocking member 231. A communicating hollow portion including the internal space is formed.
  One end of the arm 241 is connected to one side surface (left side surface in FIG. 5) of the blocking member rotation mechanism 235, and the other end of the arm 241 is connected to the vicinity of the upper end of the vertical shaft 243 in FIG. The vertical shaft 243 is outside the circumferential direction of the cup 210 of the drainage collecting means 21 and is attached to a cylindrical base member 245 fixed on the lower base member 903 so as to be movable up and down. A blocking member elevating mechanism 247 configured by a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a ball screw is connected to the vertical shaft 243 through the base member 245.
  The blocking member elevating mechanism 247 is provided in the lower space 906. Further, the blocking member lifting mechanism 247 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the blocking member elevating mechanism 247 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the atmosphere blocking means 23, the blocking member 231 approaches the spin base 113 and is separated away.
  That is, the control unit 97 controls the operation of the blocking member elevating mechanism 247 to raise the blocking member 231 to a separation position above the substrate holding means 11 when the substrate W is loaded into and unloaded from the processing unit 91. On the other hand, when performing the rinsing process described later on the substrate W, drying the substrate W, or the like, the blocking position 231 is set to a position close to the surface Wf of the substrate W held by the substrate holding unit 11. To lower.
  Next, the configuration of the coagulation target liquid supply means 43, the removal means 45, and the replacement means 47 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of the coagulation target liquid supply means 43, the removal means 45, and the replacement means 47.
  The nozzle 411 that supplies the solidification target liquid, the removal liquid, or the replacement liquid to the surface Wf of the substrate W is supported by the nozzle driving mechanism 413 installed on the lower surface of the upper base member 902 so as to be able to move up and down. The base member 415 of the nozzle driving mechanism 413 is fixed so as to extend downward on the lower surface of the upper base member 902 and outside the atmosphere introduction path 907.
  Below the base member 415, a turning vertical shaft 417 is held vertically and rotatably. Note that the base member 415 is formed in a hollow, substantially cylindrical shape for connecting the swing vertical shaft 417 to the vertical drive unit 421 and the swing drive unit 419 described later. One end of an arm 423 is coupled to the lower surface of the turning vertical axis 417, and a nozzle 411 is attached to the other end of the arm 423.
  The swivel vertical axis 417 is connected through the base member 415 to a vertical drive unit 421 configured with a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a ball screw, and a swing drive unit 419 configured with a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a gear. Has been. Further, the vertical drive unit 421 and the turning drive unit 419 are electrically connected to the control unit 97. The vertical drive unit 421 and the turning drive unit 419 are disposed in the upper space 905.
  When the vertical drive unit 421 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the nozzle drive mechanism 413, the turning vertical axis 417 moves up and down, and the nozzle 411 attached to the arm 423 moves up and down. Further, when the turning drive unit 419 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the nozzle drive mechanism 413, the turning vertical axis 417 rotates around the rotation center axis A4, and the arm 423 is turned, thereby turning the arm 423. The nozzle 411 attached to is swung.
  The nozzle 411 is connected to the collective pipe 449 and the first DIW supply unit 433, the second DIW supply unit 453, and the replacement liquid supply unit 473 via pipes 435, 455, and 475, respectively.
  An on-off valve 437 is inserted in the pipe 435, and the on-off valve 437 is normally closed. The on-off valve 437 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. Then, when the on-off valve 437 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation target liquid supply means 43, the coagulation target liquid is pressure-fed from the first DIW supply unit 433 to the nozzle 411 through the pipe 435 and the collective pipe 449. . The first DIW supply unit 433 may be provided inside the substrate processing apparatus 9 or may be provided outside.
  An open / close valve 457 is inserted in the pipe 455, and the open / close valve 457 is normally closed. The on-off valve 457 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. Then, when the opening / closing valve 457 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the removing unit 45, the removal liquid is pressure-fed from the second DIW supply unit 453 to the nozzle 411 through the pipe 455 and the collecting pipe 449. The second DIW supply unit 453 may be provided inside the substrate processing apparatus 9 or may be provided outside.
  An open / close valve 477 is inserted in the pipe 475, and the open / close valve 477 is normally closed. The on-off valve 477 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the opening / closing valve 477 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the removing unit 47, the replacement liquid is pressure-fed from the replacement liquid supply unit 473 to the nozzle 411 through the pipe 475 and the collecting pipe 449. The replacement liquid supply unit 473 may be provided inside or outside the substrate processing apparatus 9.
  FIG. 7 shows the configuration of the first DIW supply unit 433. The first DIW supply unit 433 includes a DIW tank 441 that stores DIW, a pump 443 that pumps DIW from the DIW tank 441, and a temperature adjustment unit 445 that adjusts the temperature of the DIW. The pump 443 connected to the DIW tank 441 is pressurized to supply DIW to the temperature adjustment unit 445. The DIW supplied to the temperature adjustment unit 445 via the pump 443 is adjusted to a predetermined temperature in the temperature adjustment unit 445 and supplied to the nozzle 411 via the pipe 435 and the collective pipe 449.
  Here, the temperature adjustment unit 445 may use a known temperature adjustment means such as a temperature adjustment device using a Peltier element or a heat exchanger using a refrigerant. Alternatively, the DIW tank 441 may not be provided in the first DIW supply unit 433, and DIW may be directly supplied from the factory utility side. Note that the pump 443 of the first DIW supply unit 433 always operates from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  The first DIW supply unit 433, the pipe 435, the collective pipe 449, the on-off valve 437, the nozzle 411 and the nozzle drive mechanism 413 constitute the coagulation target liquid supply means 43.
  FIG. 8 shows the configuration of the second DIW supply unit 453. The second DIW supply unit 453 includes a DIW tank 461 that stores DIW, a pump 463 that pumps DIW from the DIW tank 461, and a temperature adjustment unit 465 that adjusts the temperature of the DIW. The pump 463 connected to the DIW tank 461 pressurizes DIW and sends it to the temperature adjustment unit 465. The DIW supplied to the temperature adjustment unit 465 via the pump 463 is adjusted to a predetermined temperature by the temperature adjustment unit 465 and supplied to the nozzle 411 via the pipe 455.
  Here, the temperature adjustment unit 465 may be a known temperature adjustment means such as a temperature adjustment device using a Peltier element or a heat exchanger using a refrigerant. Further, the DIW tank 461 may not be provided in the second DIW supply unit 453, and DIW may be directly supplied from the factory utility side. Note that the pump 463 of the second DIW supply unit 453 is always operating from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  The second DIW supply unit 453, the pipe 455, the collective pipe 449, the on-off valve 457, the nozzle 411, and the nozzle driving mechanism 413 constitute the removing unit 45.
  FIG. 9 shows the configuration of the replacement liquid supply unit 473. The replacement liquid supply unit 473 includes an IPA tank 481 that stores IPA, a pump 483 that pumps IPA from the IPA tank 481, and a temperature adjustment unit 485 that adjusts the temperature of the IPA. A pump 487 connected to the IPA tank 481 is pressurized and sent to the temperature adjustment unit 485. The IPA supplied to the temperature adjustment unit 485 via the pump 487 is adjusted to a predetermined temperature in the temperature adjustment unit 485 and supplied to the nozzle 411 via the pipe 475 and the collective pipe 489.
  Here, the temperature adjustment unit 485 can use a known temperature adjustment means such as a temperature adjustment device using a Peltier element or a heat exchanger using a refrigerant. Further, the IPA tank 481 may not be provided in the replacement liquid supply unit 473, and IPA may be directly supplied from the factory utility side. The pump 483 of the replacement liquid supply unit 473 is always operating from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  The replacement liquid supply unit 473, the pipe 475, the collective pipe 489, the on-off valve 477, the nozzle 411 and the nozzle drive mechanism 413 constitute the replacement liquid supply means 47.
  Next, the configuration of the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31. The nozzle 311 for supplying the removal liquid to the substrate W is supported by a nozzle driving mechanism 313 installed on the lower surface of the upper base member 902 so as to be able to move up and down. The base member 315 of the nozzle drive mechanism 313 is fixed so as to extend downward on the lower surface of the upper base member 902 and outside the atmosphere introduction path 907.
  Below the base member 315, a turning vertical shaft 317 is held vertically and rotatably. Note that the base member 315 is formed in a hollow, substantially cylindrical shape for connecting a swing vertical shaft 317, a vertical drive unit 321 and a swing drive unit 319 described later. One end of an arm 323 is coupled to the lower surface of the turning vertical axis 317, and a nozzle 311 is attached to the other end of the arm 323.
  The swing vertical shaft 317 is connected through the base member 315 to a vertical drive unit 321 configured with a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a ball screw, and a swing drive unit 319 configured with a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a gear. Has been. Further, the vertical drive unit 321 and the turning drive unit 319 are electrically connected to the control unit 97. The vertical drive unit 321 and the turning drive unit 319 are disposed in the upper space 905.
  When the vertical drive unit 321 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31, the turning vertical shaft 317 moves up and down, and the nozzle 311 attached to the arm 323 moves up and down. Further, when the turning drive unit 319 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31, the turning vertical shaft 317 rotates around the rotation center axis A2, and the arm 323 turns, The nozzle 311 attached to the arm 323 is swung.
  The nozzle 311 is connected to the intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 333 via a pipe 335. The intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 333 may be provided inside the substrate processing apparatus 9 or may be provided outside.
  FIG. 11 shows the configuration of the intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 333. The intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 333 includes an intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 that stores the intrusion prevention liquid, a pump 343 that pumps intrusion prevention liquid from the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341, and a temperature adjustment unit 345 that adjusts the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid. Is done.
  The pump 343 connected to the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 by pressure connects the intrusion prevention liquid and sends it out through the pipe 335. A pipe 336 is further connected to the side where the pump 343 inserted in the pipe 335 sends out the intrusion prevention liquid, and the path through which the intrusion prevention liquid is sent is branched into two. The pipe 335 is connected to the nozzle 311, and the other pipe 336 is connected to the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341. An open / close valve 337 is inserted in the pipe 335, and an open / close valve 338 is inserted in the pipe 336. The open / close valve 337 is normally closed and the open / close valve 338 is always open.
  The on-off valves 337 and 338 are electrically connected to the control unit 97. Then, when the on-off valve 337 is opened and the on-off valve 338 is closed by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31, the intrusion prevention liquid adjusted to a predetermined temperature is supplied from the intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 333. It is supplied to the nozzle 311 via the pipe 335.
  Further, when the on-off valve 337 is closed and the on-off valve 338 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31, the intrusion prevention liquid sent from the pump 343 passes through the pipe 336 again and the intrusion prevention liquid tank Return to 341. Thereby, the intrusion prevention liquid in the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 is agitated, and the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid in the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 is made uniform. The pump 343 always operates from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  The intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 is provided with a temperature adjustment unit 345, and the heat exchange pipe 347 extending from the temperature adjustment unit 345 is immersed in the intrusion prevention liquid in the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341. Water is circulated inside the heat exchange pipe 347, and the temperature of the water circulating inside the heat exchange pipe 347 is adjusted by the temperature adjustment unit 345. The water flowing inside the heat exchange pipe 347 exchanges heat with the intrusion prevention liquid in the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 to adjust the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid.
  Here, the on-off valves 337 and 338 are configured such that the opened and closed states are opposite to each other. That is, when the intrusion prevention liquid is discharged from the nozzle 311 to the substrate surface Wf, the on-off valve 337 is opened, and the on-off valve 338 is closed. On the other hand, when the intrusion prevention liquid is not discharged from the nozzle 311 to the substrate surface Wf, the on-off valve 337 is closed, and sometimes the on-off valve 338 is opened.
  When the intrusion prevention liquid is not discharged from the nozzle 311 to the substrate surface Wf, the intrusion prevention liquid sent from the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 by the pump 343 is returned to the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 through the pipe 336, thereby entering. The intrusion prevention liquid in the prevention liquid tank 341 is agitated. Thereby, the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid in the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 can be made uniform.
  The method of adjusting the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid is not limited to the above-described method, and a method of adjusting the temperature of the wall surface of the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 itself or a unit of a Peltier element is immersed in place of the heat exchange pipe 347. A known temperature adjusting method such as a temperature adjusting method can be used.
  Further, the method for making the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid in the intrusion prevention liquid tank 341 uniform is not limited to the above-described method, and a method of circulating an intrusion prevention liquid by providing a separate circulation pump, or an intrusion prevention liquid tank A known method such as a method of providing a propeller for stirring in 341 can be used.
  Next, the configuration of the coagulation means 35 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of the solidifying means 35. The nozzle 351 that supplies the gas for solidification to the substrate W is supported by a nozzle drive mechanism 353 installed on the lower surface of the upper base member 902 so as to be able to move up and down and turn. The base member 355 of the nozzle drive mechanism 353 is fixed so as to extend to the lower surface of the upper base member 902 and to the outside of the atmosphere introduction path 907.
  Below the base member 355, a turning vertical shaft 357 is held vertically and rotatably. The base member 355 is formed in a hollow, substantially cylindrical shape for connecting a swing vertical shaft 357, a vertical drive unit 361 and a swing drive unit 359, which will be described later. The turning vertical axis 357 is supported so as to be movable up and down and rotatable with respect to the base member 355. One end of an arm 363 is coupled to the lower surface of the turning vertical axis 357, and a nozzle 351 is attached to the other end of the arm 363.
  The swing vertical shaft 357 is connected through the base member 355 to a vertical drive unit 361 configured with a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a ball screw, and a swing drive unit 359 configured with a known drive mechanism such as a motor and a gear. Has been. Further, the vertical drive unit 361 and the turning drive unit 359 are electrically connected to the control unit 97. The vertical drive unit 361 and the turning drive unit 359 are disposed in the upper space 905.
  When the vertical drive unit 361 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidifying means 35, the turning vertical shaft 357 moves up and down, and the nozzle 351 attached to the arm 363 moves up and down. Further, when the turning drive unit 359 is driven by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidifying means 35, the turning vertical shaft 357 rotates around the central axis A3, and the arm 363 turns to attach to the arm 363. The nozzle 351 is swung.
  The nozzle 351 is connected to a solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 via a pipe 375. The solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. The coagulation nitrogen gas supply unit 373 supplies nitrogen gas having a temperature lower than the freezing point of the coagulation target liquid to the nozzle 351 through the pipe 375 in accordance with an operation command from the control unit 97. Further, the solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 may be provided inside or outside the substrate processing apparatus 9.
  FIG. 13 shows the configuration of the solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373. The solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 supplies the nitrogen gas to the gas cooling unit 611 from the gas cooling unit 611 that cools the nitrogen gas using the cold heat of liquid nitrogen, the liquid nitrogen tank 613 that stores liquid nitrogen, and the liquid nitrogen tank 613. A pump 615 that stores nitrogen gas, a pump 621 that supplies nitrogen gas from the nitrogen gas tank 619 to the gas cooling unit 611, and a mass flow that controls the flow rate of nitrogen gas supplied from the nitrogen gas tank 619 to the gas cooling unit 611 The controller 625 is configured.
  The container 627 of the gas cooling unit 611 has a tank shape so that liquid nitrogen can be stored therein, and a material that can withstand the temperature of liquid nitrogen (− (minus) 195.8 ° C. (Celsius)), for example, It is made of glass, quartz or HDPE (High Density Polyethylene). In addition, you may employ | adopt the double structure which covers the container 627 with a heat insulation container. In this case, the heat insulating container is formed of a highly heat insulating material such as a foamable resin or PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) in order to suppress heat transfer between the external atmosphere and the container 627. It is preferable to do this.
  The container 627 is connected to the liquid nitrogen tank 613 via a pipe 617, and a pump 615 is inserted in the pipe 617. The pump 615 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. A liquid level sensor (not shown) is provided in the container 627 and is electrically connected to the control unit 97. The control unit 97 keeps the amount of liquid nitrogen stored in the container 627 constant by controlling the operation of the pump 615 based on the value detected by the liquid level sensor.
  Inside the container 627, a coiled heat exchange pipe 629 formed of a metal tube such as stainless steel or copper is provided as a gas transmission path, and is immersed in liquid nitrogen stored in the container 627. One end of the heat exchange pipe 629 (the side protruding to the right from the upper side of the side wall of the container 627 in FIG. 13) is connected to a nitrogen gas tank 619 via a pipe 623, and a pump 621 is connected to the pipe 623. The mass flow controller 625 is inserted between the pump 621 and the container 627.
  The mass flow controller 625 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. The other end of the heat exchange pipe 629 (the side protruding above the container 627 in FIG. 13) is connected to the nozzle 351 through a pipe 375. The pump 621 always operates from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  When the mass flow controller 625 is opened to a predetermined flow rate by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidifying means 35, nitrogen gas is supplied from the nitrogen gas tank 619 to the heat exchange pipe 629 in the gas cooling unit 611, and nitrogen is supplied. While the gas passes through the heat exchange pipe 629, it is cooled by the cold heat of liquid nitrogen stored in the container 627. Nitrogen gas cooled while passing through the heat exchange pipe 629 is supplied to the nozzle 351 through the pipe 375.
  Note that a minute space is provided between the other end of the heat exchange pipe 629 (the side protruding above the container 627 in FIG. 13) and the container 627, and the space inside the container 627 leads to the exhaust pipe 631. It forms a continuous distribution channel. The liquid nitrogen stored in the container 627 is vaporized by cooling the nitrogen gas flowing in the heat exchange pipe 629, and the vaporized nitrogen gas passes through this flow path and is exhausted through an exhaust pipe 631 (not shown). Discharged into the grid.
  In this embodiment, nitrogen gas is used as the coagulation gas. However, the coagulation gas is not limited to nitrogen gas, and other gases such as dry air, ozone gas, and argon gas can be used. The means for cooling the coagulation gas is not limited to liquid nitrogen, and a low-temperature liquid such as liquid helium can be used, and it is also possible to electrically cool using a Peltier element. .
  Further, the liquid nitrogen tank 613 and the nitrogen gas tank 619 may not be provided in the solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373, and liquid nitrogen and nitrogen gas may be supplied from the factory utility side. The solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 may be provided inside or outside the substrate processing apparatus 9.
  Next, the structure of the rinse means 51 and the drying gas supply means 55 will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 14 is a schematic diagram showing the configuration of the rinsing means 51 and the drying gas supply means 55. The rinsing means 51 supplies a rinsing liquid toward the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb, and the drying gas supply means 55 supplies a drying gas toward the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb.
  First, the pipe line configuration on the substrate surface Wf side will be described. The upper first supply pipe 271 is inserted into the hollow portion that communicates from the upper surface of the blocking member rotating mechanism 235 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 to the opening of the central portion of the blocking member 231, and the upper first supply pipe The upper second supply pipe 273 is inserted into the 271 to form a so-called double pipe structure. The lower ends of the upper first supply pipe 271 and the upper second supply pipe 273 are extended to the opening of the blocking member 231, and a nozzle 275 is provided at the tip of the upper second supply pipe 273.
  Next, the pipe line configuration on the substrate rear surface Wb side will be described. The lower first supply pipe 281 is inserted into the communication space from the upper surface of the spin base 113 of the substrate holding means 11 to the lower space 906 through the central axis 117 and the lower first supply pipe. A lower second supply pipe 283 is inserted through 281 to form a so-called double pipe structure. Upper ends of the lower first supply pipe 281 and the lower second supply pipe 283 are extended to the opening of the spin base 113, and a nozzle 291 is provided at the tip of the lower second supply pipe 283. .
  Next, the rinsing means 51 will be described. The rinsing means 51 supplies the rinsing liquid from the third DIW supply unit 513, which is a rinsing liquid supply source, to the substrate front surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb, respectively. One end of a main pipe 515 is connected to a third DIW supply unit 513 having a DIW tank, a temperature adjustment unit, and a pump (not shown). The other end of the main pipe 515 branches to an upper branch pipe 517 and a lower branch pipe 521, the upper branch pipe 517 is connected to the upper second supply pipe 273, and the lower branch pipe 521 is connected to the lower second supply pipe 283, respectively. The pipeline is connected. The pump of the third DIW supply unit 513 is always operating from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  An open / close valve 515 is inserted in the upper branch pipe 517. The on-off valve 515 is always closed. The on-off valve 515 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the opening / closing valve 515 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the rinsing means 51, the rinsing liquid from the third DIW supply unit 513 passes through the main pipe 515, the upper branch pipe 517, and the upper second supply pipe 273 from the nozzle 275. Supplied to the substrate surface Wf.
  An open / close valve 523 is inserted in the lower branch pipe 521. The on-off valve 523 is always closed. The on-off valve 523 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. When the on-off valve 523 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the rinsing means 51, the rinsing liquid is supplied from the third DIW supply unit 513 to the nozzle through the main pipe 515, the lower branch pipe 521 and the lower second supply pipe 283. 291 to the substrate back surface Wb.
  This third DIW supply section 513, main pipe 515, upper branch pipe 517, lower branch pipe 521, on-off valve 519, on-off valve 523, upper second supply pipe 273, lower second supply pipe 283, nozzle 275, and The nozzle 291 constitutes the rinsing means 51. The third DIW supply unit 513 may be provided inside the substrate processing apparatus 9 or may be provided outside.
  Next, the drying gas supply means 55 will be described. The drying gas supply means 55 supplies the drying nitrogen gas to the substrate front surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb from the drying nitrogen gas supply unit 553 that is a supply source of the drying gas. One end of a main pipe 555 is connected to a drying nitrogen gas supply unit 553 having a nitrogen gas tank and a pump (not shown). The other end of the main pipe 555 branches into an upper branch pipe 557 and a lower branch pipe 561, the upper branch pipe 557 is connected to the upper first supply pipe 271 and the lower branch pipe is connected to the lower first supply pipe 281. Road connection. Further, the pump of the drying nitrogen gas supply unit 553 is always operating from the time when the substrate processing apparatus 9 is activated.
  A mass flow controller 559 is inserted in the upper branch pipe 557. The mass flow controller 559 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. Then, when the mass flow controller 559 is opened by the operation command from the control unit 97 to the drying gas supply means 55 so that the flow rate becomes a predetermined flow rate, normal temperature nitrogen gas is supplied to the main pipe 555, the upper branch pipe 557, and the upper first supply. It is supplied to the substrate surface Wf via the tube 271.
  A mass flow controller 563 is inserted in the lower branch pipe 561. The mass flow controller 563 is electrically connected to the control unit 97. Then, when the mass flow controller 563 is opened by the operation command from the control unit 97 to the drying gas supply means 55 so that the flow rate becomes a predetermined flow rate, nitrogen gas at room temperature is supplied to the main pipe 555, the lower branch pipe 561, and the lower side It is supplied to the substrate back surface Wb through one supply pipe 281.
  The drying nitrogen gas supply unit 553, the main pipe 555, the upper branch pipe 557, the lower branch pipe 561, the mass flow controller 559, the mass flow controller 563, the upper first supply pipe 271 and the lower first supply pipe 281 are for drying. The gas supply means 55 is comprised. Note that the drying nitrogen gas supply unit 553 may be provided inside or outside the substrate processing apparatus 9.
  The control unit 97 is a CPU that performs various arithmetic processes, a ROM that is a read-only memory that stores basic programs, a RAM that is a readable and writable memory that stores various information, and a magnet that stores control software and data. Have a disc. In the magnetic disk, the cleaning conditions corresponding to the substrate W are stored in advance as a cleaning program (also called a recipe). The CPU reads the contents into the RAM, and the CPU executes the substrate according to the contents of the cleaning program read into the RAM. Each part of the processing device 9 is controlled. The control unit 97 is connected to an operation unit 971 (see FIG. 1) used for creating / changing a cleaning program and selecting a desired one from a plurality of cleaning programs.
  Next, the cleaning processing operation in the substrate processing apparatus 9 configured as described above will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 15 is a flowchart showing the overall operation of the substrate processing apparatus 9. Unless otherwise specified in the following description, the atmosphere blocking unit 23 is configured to rotate at substantially the same rotational speed in the direction in which the substrate rotating mechanism 121 of the substrate holding unit 11 rotates the spin base 113 when the blocking member 231 is in the facing position. It is assumed that the blocking member 231 is rotated.
  First, a cleaning program corresponding to a predetermined substrate W is selected by the operation unit 971 and executed. Thereafter, in preparation for carrying the substrate W into the processing unit 91, the following operation is performed according to an operation command from the control unit 97.
  That is, the atmosphere blocking unit 23 stops the rotation of the blocking member 231, and the substrate holding unit 11 stops the rotation of the spin base 113. The atmosphere blocking unit 23 moves the blocking member 231 to the separated position, and the substrate holding unit 11 positions the spin base 113 to a position suitable for delivery of the substrate W. Further, the drainage collecting means 21 positions the cup 210 at the home position. After the spin base 113 is positioned at a position suitable for delivery of the substrate W, the substrate holding means 11 is brought into the substrate holding member 115 open state.
  Further, the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31 is the retreat position of the nozzle 311, the coagulation means 35 is the nozzle 351, and the coagulation target liquid supply means 43 is the retreat position (position where each nozzle is outside the circumferential direction of the cup 210). Move to. Further, the on-off valves 337, 437, 457, 477, 519 and 523 are closed, and the on-off valve 338 is closed. Further, the mass flow controllers 559, 563, and 625 are set to a flow rate 0 (zero).
  After the preparation for carrying the substrate W into the processing unit 91 is completed, a substrate carrying-in step (step S101) for carrying the unprocessed substrate W into the processing unit 91 is performed. That is, the indexer robot 931 takes out the substrate W at a predetermined position of the FOUP 949 on the opener 94 with the lower hand 933 and places it on the lower hand 951 of the shuttle 95. Thereafter, the lower hand 951 of the shuttle 95 is moved toward the center robot 96, and the center robot 96 picks up the substrate W on the lower hand 951 of the shuttle 95 with the lower hand 961.
  Thereafter, the shutter 911 of the processing unit 91 is opened, the center robot 96 extends the lower hand 961 into the processing unit 91, and the substrate W is placed on the substrate support portion of the substrate holding member 115 of the substrate holding means 11. Put. When the loading of the substrate W into the processing unit 91 is completed, the center robot 96 contracts the lower hand 961 and puts it out of the processing unit 91, and the shutter 911 is closed.
  When an unprocessed substrate W is carried into the processing unit 91 and placed on the substrate support portion of the substrate holding member 115, a substrate holding member driving mechanism is operated by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11. 119 closes the substrate holding member 115.
  Next, an intrusion prevention liquid supply step (step S102) for supplying an intrusion prevention liquid is performed on the substrate surface Wf. First, in response to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 starts rotation of the spin base 113 and maintains it during the intrusion prevention liquid supply process. Further, the cup 210 is positioned at the middle collection position by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drainage collecting means 21. Note that the blocking member 231 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 remains in the separated position.
  The number of rotations of the substrate W in the intrusion prevention liquid supply step is preferably 300 to 500 rpm so that the intrusion prevention liquid supplied to the substrate surface Wf can diffuse over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. In the following description, it is assumed that the rotation speed of the substrate W in the intrusion prevention liquid supply step is 300 rpm.
  Further, the nozzle drive mechanism 313 positions the nozzle 311 above the center of the substrate surface Wf according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 31. After the positioning of the nozzle 311 is completed, the on-off valve 337 is opened and the on-off valve 338 is closed by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31. As a result, the intrusion prevention liquid is supplied from the intrusion prevention liquid supply unit 333 through the pipe 335 to the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf from the nozzle 311.
  The intrusion prevention liquid is cooled to − (minus) 10 ° C. (degrees Celsius) to 5 ° C. (degrees Celsius) in order to cool the substrate W and reduce the time required for the solidification of the liquid to be solidified in the solidification step described later. It is preferable. In the following description, it is assumed that the temperature of the intrusion prevention liquid is 0.5 ° C. (Celsius).
  The intrusion prevention liquid supplied near the center of the substrate surface Wf flows from the center of the substrate W toward the peripheral edge of the substrate W by the centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the substrate W, and diffuses over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. . As the intrusion prevention liquid flows, the intrusion prevention liquid penetrates into the gaps of the pattern formed on the substrate surface Wf.
  After the intrusion prevention liquid diffuses over the entire surface Wf of the substrate, the on / off valve 337 is closed and the on / off valve 338 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31. Further, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the intrusion prevention liquid supply means 31, the nozzle drive mechanism 313 positions the nozzle 311 to a retracted position (a position where the nozzle 311 is outside the circumferential direction of the cup 210).
  Next, a coagulation target liquid supply step (step S103) for supplying the coagulation target liquid to the substrate surface Wf to which the intrusion prevention liquid is attached is performed. First, the cup 210 is positioned at the external collection position by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drainage collecting means 21. The rotation of the substrate W is maintained at the same rotational speed as that in the intrusion prevention liquid supplying process. Note that the blocking member 231 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 remains in the separated position.
  Further, the nozzle drive mechanism 413 positions the nozzle 411 above the center of the substrate surface Wf by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation target liquid supply means 43. After the positioning of the nozzle 411 is completed, the on-off valve 437 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation target liquid supply means 43. Thereby, the coagulation target liquid is supplied from the first DIW supply unit 433 to the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf from the nozzle 411 via the pipe 435 and the collecting pipe 449.
  It should be noted that the liquid to be coagulated is 0 ° C. (Celsius) so as to shorten the time required for coagulation in the coagulation process described later, and to prevent evaporation and collapse of the pattern before being coagulated in the coagulation process due to the high temperature. ) To 5 ° C. (degrees Celsius). In the following description, it is assumed that the temperature of the coagulation target liquid is 0.5 ° C. (Celsius).
  The liquid to be solidified supplied to the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf is the intrusion prevention liquid attached to the substrate surface Wf from the center of the substrate W toward the peripheral edge of the substrate W due to the centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the substrate W. It flows while eliminating. However, the pattern formed on the substrate surface Wf is fine, and the liquid to be solidified cannot easily enter a minute region in the vicinity of the pattern including the inside of the pattern gap (hereinafter referred to as “pattern vicinity”). . Further, since the intrusion prevention liquid is insoluble in the liquid to be coagulated, it is further difficult to enter. Therefore, in the solidification target liquid supply step, a liquid layer of the solidification target liquid is formed on the substrate surface Wf while the intrusion prevention liquid remains in the vicinity of the pattern formed on the substrate surface Wf.
  Here, the state of the substrate surface Wf in the solidification target liquid supplying step will be described with reference to FIGS. FIG. 16 is a schematic diagram showing the state of the substrate surface Wf after the end of the intrusion prevention liquid supply step, and FIG. 17 is a schematic view showing the state of the substrate surface Wf after the end of the solidification target liquid supply step.
  In the intrusion prevention liquid supply step, the intrusion prevention liquid 983 supplied to the substrate surface Wf is inside the pattern gap between adjacent convex portions of the pattern 981 having a group of fine uneven shapes as shown in FIG. Invade until.
  Thereafter, the intrusion prevention liquid 983 remaining on the substrate surface Wf is washed away by the solidification target liquid 985 supplied on the substrate surface Wf in the solidification target liquid supply step. However, as described above, since the intrusion prevention liquid 983 remains in the vicinity of the convex portion of the pattern 981, the state shown in FIG. 17 is obtained when the coagulation target liquid supply process is completed.
  That is, the intrusion prevention liquid 983 remains inside the gap of the pattern 981 formed on the substrate surface Wf and in the vicinity of the side wall of the outermost convex portion, and other portions (the substrate surface where the pattern is not formed or the convexity of the pattern). A liquid film of the coagulation target liquid 985 is formed on the part upper surface and the like. Here, “near the pattern” in the present embodiment indicates an area where the intrusion prevention liquid 983 indicated by reference numeral 987 in FIG. 17 remains, and “outside pattern” indicates an intrusion indicated by reference numeral 989 in FIG. The prevention liquid 983 is removed by the coagulation target liquid 985, and an area where the coagulation target liquid 985 is in contact with the substrate surface Wf is shown.
  Here, the boundary between the pattern vicinity 987 and the out-of-pattern region 989 is determined by the supply time and flow rate of the coagulation target liquid 985 supplied in the coagulation target liquid supply step, the number of rotations of the substrate W, and the like. , The pattern vicinity 987 can be widened and the pattern outside area 989 can be narrowed, or the pattern vicinity 987 can be narrowed and the pattern outside area 989 can be widened. The width of these areas is appropriately determined based on the strength of the pattern, the range of the non-pattern area 989 to be cleaned, and the like.
  Returning to FIG. After the liquid layer of the solidification target liquid is formed on the substrate surface, the on-off valve 437 is closed by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidification target liquid supply means 43. Further, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation target liquid supply means 43, the nozzle drive mechanism 413 positions the nozzle 411 to the retracted position (position where the nozzle 411 is disengaged in the circumferential direction outside the cup 210).
  Next, a coagulation step (step S104) for coagulating the liquid film of the liquid to be coagulated formed on the substrate surface is performed. First, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 changes the rotation speed of the spin base 113 and maintains it during the solidification process. The rotation speed of the substrate W in the coagulation step is desirably rotated at a rotation speed of 30 to 100 rpm so that the liquid film of the liquid to be solidified formed on the substrate surface Wf can be uniformly solidified. In the following description, it is assumed that the rotation speed of the substrate W in the solidification process is 60 rpm. Further, the cup 210 is positioned at the internal collection position by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drainage collecting means 21. Note that the blocking member 231 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 remains in the separated position.
  Further, the nozzle drive mechanism 353 positions the nozzle 351 above the center of the substrate surface Wf in accordance with an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidifying means 35. After the positioning of the nozzle 353 is completed, the coagulation adjusted to a temperature lower than the freezing point (0 ° C. (degrees Celsius)) of the liquid to be solidified from the solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 by the operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidifying means 35. The working gas is supplied from the nozzle 351 to the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf via the pipe 375.
  The temperature of the coagulation gas is preferably as low as possible in order to reduce the temperature of the solidification target liquid as much as possible to improve the removal rate of particles and the like. However, in order to perform freezing and cleaning while maintaining the intrusion prevention liquid as a liquid, the temperature of the coagulation target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid is set to the freezing point of HFE (the one with the highest freezing point, − (minus) 38 ° C. (Celsius). ) Do not cool to lower temperatures.
  However, as will be described later, the coagulation gas is discharged from the nozzle 351 moving on the surface Wf of the rotating substrate W from above the vicinity of the center of the substrate W to above the end thereof, and solidifies on the substrate W and the substrate surface Wf. In order to cool the target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid, the amount of cooling heat supplied per unit area on the substrate W is limited. Moreover, it is preferable that the temperature is adjusted to −50 ° C. to − (minus) 190 ° C. (degrees Celsius) in consideration of the efficiency of cooling the liquid and solid with gas and the endothermic heat from the atmosphere. In the following description, it is assumed that the temperature of the coagulation gas is adjusted to − (minus) 190 ° C. (Celsius).
  After the discharge of the coagulation gas from the nozzle 351, the nozzle drive mechanism 353 causes the nozzle 351 to move from the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf to the vicinity of the peripheral portion of the substrate surface Wf by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation means 35. Turn to the sky. In this way, by rotating the nozzle 351 from the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf to the vicinity of the peripheral edge while rotating the substrate W, it becomes possible to blow the coagulation gas over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. It is possible to form a solidified body of the liquid to be solidified uniformly over the entire surface of Wf.
  The volume of DIW, which is the coagulation target liquid, increases in volume by solidifying into ice (when water at 0 ° C (degrees Celsius) becomes ice at 0 ° C (degrees Celsius), the volume increases approximately 1.1 times. To do). Accordingly, the DIW that has entered between the substrate surface Wf and the particles or the like solidifies and expands, whereby the particles or the like are separated from the substrate surface Wf by a minute distance. As a result, the adhesion force between the substrate surface Wf and the particles or the like is reduced, and further, the particles or the like are detached from the substrate W. Further, by expanding in a direction parallel to the substrate surface Wf, particles and the like fixed to the substrate are peeled off. As a result, the solidified body of the liquid to be solidified is removed and particles and the like are also removed together by a removing process described later.
  The expansion of the volume due to the solidification of the liquid to be solidified occurs over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. However, since the intrusion prevention liquid remains in the liquid state in the vicinity of the pattern, the liquid to be solidified is solidified. Damage to the pattern is prevented without being affected by the force caused by the expansion of the pattern. That is, the force due to volume expansion is received by the liquid and does not directly affect the pattern itself. Accordingly, damage such as collapse or peeling of the pattern protrusion does not occur.
  The swivel movement of the nozzle 351 not only moves once from the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf to the vicinity of the periphery of the substrate surface Wf, but also repeats the movement from the vicinity of the center to the vicinity of the periphery several times. The reciprocating motion may be performed between the sky near the center and the sky near the periphery.
  After the solidified body of the solidification target liquid is formed on the entire surface of the substrate Wf, the supply of nitrogen gas from the solidification nitrogen gas supply unit 373 is stopped by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidification means 35. Further, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation means 35, the nozzle drive mechanism 353 positions the nozzle 351 to the retracted position (position where the nozzle 351 is disengaged in the circumferential direction outside the cup 210).
  Next, a removing step (step S105) is performed to remove the solidified body of the liquid to be solidified formed on the substrate surface Wf. First, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 changes the rotation speed of the spin base 113 and maintains it during the removal process.
  The number of rotations of the substrate W in the removing process is such that the removal liquid supplied to the substrate surface Wf can diffuse over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf and particles detached from the substrate surface Wf due to the flow of diffusing the substrate surface Wf. It is preferable to set it as 1500-2500 rpm so that can be swept away. In the following description, it is assumed that the rotation speed of the substrate W in the removing step is 2000 rpm. Note that the cup 210 remains in the internal collection position, and the blocking member 231 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 remains in the separated position.
  Further, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the removing unit 45, the nozzle driving mechanism 413 positions the nozzle 411 in the sky near the center of the substrate surface Wf. After the positioning of the nozzle 411 is completed, the on-off valve 457 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the removing unit 45. As a result, the removal liquid is supplied from the second DIW supply unit 453 to the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf from the nozzle 411 via the pipe 455 and the collecting pipe 449.
  The removal liquid supplied to the substrate surface Wf shortens the time for melting the solidified body of the solidification target liquid formed on the surface Wf of the substrate W, and the solidification body of the solidification target liquid that has not been completely melted is contained in the removal liquid. The temperature is preferably adjusted to 50 ° C. (Celsius) to 90 ° C. (Celsius) in order to prevent floating and colliding with the pattern to cause damage. In the following description, it is assumed that 80 ° C. (Celsius) DIW is supplied as the removal liquid.
  The removal liquid supplied near the center of the substrate surface Wf flows from the center of the substrate surface Wf toward the peripheral edge of the substrate surface Wf due to the centrifugal force accompanying the rotation of the substrate W, and diffuses over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. It is scattered outside the substrate, collected by the drainage collecting means 21, and drained. The removal liquid diffused on the substrate surface Wf rapidly thaws the solidified body of the liquid to be solidified formed on the substrate surface Wf, and removes particles and the like detached from the substrate surface Wf by the flow.
  After the solidified body of the solidification target liquid is removed from the substrate surface Wf, the on-off valve 457 is closed by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the solidification target liquid supply means 43. Further, in accordance with an operation command from the control unit 97 to the removing unit 45, the nozzle driving mechanism 413 positions the nozzle 411 to a retracted position (a position where the nozzle 411 is removed from the outer side in the circumferential direction of the cup 210).
  Next, a replacement step (step S106) is performed in which the intrusion prevention liquid remaining in the vicinity of the pattern is replaced with a replacement liquid. First, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 changes the rotation speed of the spin base 113 and maintains it during the replacement process.
  The number of rotations of the substrate W in the replacement step is preferably 300 to 1500 rpm so that the replacement liquid supplied to the substrate surface Wf can diffuse over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. In the following description, it is assumed that the rotation speed of the substrate W in the intrusion prevention liquid supply step is 1000 rpm. Note that the cup 210 remains in the internal collection position, and the blocking member 231 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 remains in the separated position.
  Further, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the replacement unit 47, the nozzle drive mechanism 413 positions the nozzle 411 above the center of the substrate surface Wf. After the positioning of the nozzle 411 is completed, the on-off valve 477 is opened by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the replacement means 47. Accordingly, the replacement liquid is supplied from the replacement liquid supply unit 473 to the vicinity of the center of the substrate surface Wf from the nozzle 411 via the pipe 475 and the collecting pipe 449.
  The substitution liquid supplied near the center of the substrate surface Wf flows from the center of the substrate surface Wf toward the peripheral edge of the substrate surface Wf by the centrifugal force accompanying the rotation of the substrate W, and diffuses over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf. The replacement liquid diffused on the substrate surface Wf is replaced with the intrusion prevention liquid remaining in the vicinity of the pattern or mixed with the intrusion prevention liquid. Since the replacement liquid or the mixture of the replacement liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid is easily mixed with the rinse liquid, the replacement liquid in the vicinity of the pattern or the mixed liquid of the intrusion prevention liquid and the replacement liquid is removed by the rinse liquid in the rinsing process described later. .
  After the intrusion prevention liquid remaining in the vicinity of the pattern is replaced with the replacement liquid or mixed with the replacement liquid, the on-off valve 477 is closed by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the coagulation target liquid supply means 43. Further, the nozzle drive mechanism 413 positions the nozzle 411 to the retracted position (position where the nozzle 411 is disengaged from the outer side in the circumferential direction of the cup 210) according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the replacement unit 47.
  Next, a rinse process is performed (step S107). In response to an operation instruction from the control unit 97 to the atmosphere blocking means 23, the blocking member lifting mechanism 247 moves the blocking member 231 to the opposite position. Further, according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 changes the rotation speed of the spin base 113 and maintains it during the rinsing process. Note that the cup 210 remains in the internal collection position.
  The number of rotations of the substrate W in the rinsing process is such that the rinsing liquid supplied to the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb can be diffused over the entire surface of the substrate surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb, and the substrate surface Wf is diffused. It is preferable to set it as 300-1000 rpm so that the substitution liquid remaining on the surface Wf and the liquid mixture of IPA and an intrusion prevention liquid can be removed. Below, the rotation speed of the board | substrate W in a rinse process is demonstrated as 800 rpm.
  After the blocking member 231 is positioned at the facing position, the opening / closing valve 519 and the opening / closing valve 523 are opened by an operation instruction from the control unit 97 to the rinsing means 51.
  As a result, the rinsing liquid from the third DIW supply unit 513 passes from the nozzle 275 to the substrate surface Wf via the main pipe 515, the upper branch pipe 517, and the upper second supply pipe 273, and the main pipe 515 and the lower branch pipe. 521 and the lower second supply pipe 283 to be supplied from the nozzle 291 to the substrate back surface Wb. The rinsing liquid supplied near the center of each of the substrate front surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb flows in the direction of the substrate periphery due to the centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the substrate W, and finally scatters from the substrate periphery to the outside of the substrate W. It is collected and drained by the drainage collecting means 21.
  The rinsing liquid also plays a role of removing DIW and the like scattered on the back surface Wb portion of the substrate W in each of the preceding steps, and particles adhering to the substrate W attached to the substrate W. .
  After the rinsing process, the on / off valve 519 and the on / off valve 523 are closed by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the rinsing means 51.
  Next, a drying process for drying the substrate W is performed (step S108). In response to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drying gas supply means 55, the mass flow controller 559 and the mass flow controller 563 are opened so as to have a predetermined flow rate. Note that the blocking member 231 of the atmosphere blocking means 23 remains at the facing position, and the cup 210 remains at the internal collection position.
  As a result, room temperature drying nitrogen gas from the drying nitrogen gas supply unit 553 is supplied to the substrate surface Wf via the main pipe 555, the upper branch pipe 557, and the upper first supply pipe 271, and also to the main pipe 555, It is supplied to the substrate back surface Wb through the side branch pipe 561 and the lower first supply pipe 281. The drying nitrogen gas fills the space between the lower surface of the blocking member 231 positioned at the opposite position and the substrate surface Wf, and also fills the space between the upper surface of the spin base 113 and the substrate back surface Wb. This prevents the substrate front surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb from coming into contact with the outside air.
  After the substrate W is shut off from the outside air, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 changes the rotation speed of the spin base 113 according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding means 11 and maintains it during the drying process. The number of rotations of the substrate W in the drying step is preferably set to 1500 to 3000 rpm so that the rinse liquid remaining on the substrate front surface Wf and the substrate back surface Wb can be shaken out of the substrate W by centrifugal force. Below, the rotation speed of the board | substrate W in a drying process is demonstrated as 2000 rpm.
  After the drying of the substrate W is completed, the mass flow controller 559 and the mass flow controller 563 are set to a flow rate 0 (zero) according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drying gas supply means 55. Further, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 stops the rotation of the spin base 113 in accordance with an operation command from the control unit 97. Further, the blocking member rotating mechanism 235 stops the rotation of the blocking member 231 according to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the atmosphere blocking means 23. Further, the cup 210 is positioned at the home position by an operation command from the control unit 97 to the drainage collecting means 21. After the rotation of the spin base 113 is stopped, the substrate rotation mechanism 121 positions the spin base 113 at a position suitable for delivery of the substrate W by an operation command from the control unit 97. Further, in response to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the atmosphere blocking means 23, the blocking member elevating mechanism 247 moves the blocking member 231 to the separated position.
  Finally, a substrate unloading process for unloading the substrate W from the processing unit 91 is performed (step S109). After the substrate holding unit 11 is positioned at a position suitable for delivery of the substrate W, the substrate holding member drive mechanism 119 opens the substrate holding member 115 and supports the substrate in response to an operation command from the control unit 97 to the substrate holding unit 11. Place on top of the part.
  Thereafter, the shutter 911 is opened, and the center robot 96 extends the upper hand 961 into the processing unit 91, carries the substrate W out of the processing unit 91, and transfers it to the upper hand 951 of the shuttle 95. Thereafter, the shuttle 95 moves the upper hand 951 toward the indexer unit 93.
  Then, the indexer robot 931 takes out the substrate W held by the upper hand 951 of the shuttle 95 with the upper hand 933 and carries it into a predetermined position of the FOUP 949, and a series of processing ends.
  As described above, in this embodiment, since the intrusion prevention liquid remains in the vicinity of the pattern in a liquid state, the force due to the solidification of the liquid to be solidified and the expansion of the volume is reduced, and the pattern is damaged. Is prevented. That is, the force due to volume expansion is received by the liquid and does not directly affect the pattern itself. Accordingly, since no force is applied to the pattern itself, damage such as collapse or peeling of the pattern convex portion does not occur, and the force generated by the volume expansion of DIW acts effectively on the outside region of the pattern other than the vicinity of the pattern. It becomes possible to wash.
In the first embodiment, HFE is used as the intrusion prevention liquid. However, other liquids may be used as long as the liquid is insoluble in the liquid to be solidified and has a freezing point lower than the freezing point of the liquid to be solidified. Can also be used. For example, o-xylene (1,2-dimethylbenzene) (chemical formula: C 8 H 10. Freezing point:-(minus) 25.2 ° C. (degrees Celsius)), m-xylene (1,3-dimethylbenzene) (chemical formula: C 8 H 10 .Freezing point:-(minus) 48.9 ° C. (Celsius)), trichloromethane (chemical formula: CHCl 3. Freezing point:-(minus) 63.5 ° C. (Celsius)), tetrachlorethylene (Chemical formula: CCl 2 = CCl Freezing point: − (minus) 22.2 ° C. (Celsius)) and the like. These substances may be diluted.
Moreover, it is also possible to use a liquid that is soluble in the coagulation target liquid and has a freezing point lower than the freezing point of the coagulation target liquid as the intrusion prevention liquid. For example, isopropyl alcohol (chemical formula: C 3 H 8 O. freezing point: − (minus) 90 ° C. (Celsius)), ethyl alcohol (chemical formula: C 2 H 5 OH. Freezing point: − (minus) 114 ° C. (Celsius)), Methyl alcohol (chemical formula: CH 3 OH; freezing point: − (minus) 98 ° C. (Celsius)). These substances may be diluted.
  When a substance soluble in the coagulation target liquid is used as the intrusion prevention liquid, the time required for the coagulation target liquid supply process is shortened and the next coagulation process is performed before the liquid is completely removed from the vicinity of the pattern. It is sufficient to proceed and coagulate the coagulation target liquid. In addition, when the coagulation target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid are mixed in the vicinity of the pattern, the solidification point of the coagulation target liquid is lowered, and the mixture of the coagulation target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid in the vicinity of the pattern remains after the coagulation process is completed. The liquid state is maintained, and damage to the pattern can be prevented.
  Further, when an intrusion prevention liquid that is soluble in the coagulation target liquid is used, it is not necessary to replace the intrusion prevention liquid after the removal step, so that it is not necessary to perform the replacement step (step S106). Therefore, the processing time is shortened and the apparatus itself has a simpler configuration.
  In the first embodiment, IPA is used as the replacement liquid. However, it is soluble in the rinsing liquid and can be replaced with the intrusion prevention liquid or mixed with the intrusion prevention liquid and easily mixed with the rinsing liquid. Other materials can be used. For example, ethyl alcohol or methyl alcohol can be used. These liquids may be diluted.
<Others>
The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment, and various modifications other than those described above can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention. For example, in each of the above embodiments, DIW is supplied to the substrate surface Wf as the coagulation target liquid, but the coagulation target liquid is not limited to DIW, and pure water, ultrapure water, hydrogen water, carbonated water Etc., and even liquids such as SC1 can be used.
  In each of the above embodiments, DIW is supplied as a removing liquid to the substrate surface Wf. However, the removing liquid is not limited to DIW, and pure water, ultrapure water, hydrogen water, carbonated water, etc. Furthermore, even liquid such as SC1 can be used.
  Moreover, in each said embodiment, although the coagulation object liquid and the removal liquid are made into the same DIW, it is also possible to set it as a respectively different liquid.
9 Substrate processing apparatus 11 Substrate holding means 21 Drainage collecting means 23 Atmosphere blocking means 31 Intrusion prevention liquid supply means 35 Coagulation means 43 Coagulation target liquid supply means 45 Removal means 51 Rinse means 55 Drying gas supply means 91 Processing unit 92 Fluid Box 93 Indexer unit 94 Opener 95 Shutter 96 Center robot 97 Control unit 113 Spin base 115 Substrate holding member 119 Substrate holding member driving mechanism 121 Substrate rotating mechanism 210 Cup 211 Inner component 213 Medium component 215 Outer component 217 Guard lifting mechanism 231 Block member 233 Support shaft 235 Block member rotation mechanism 241 Arm 243 Vertical shaft 245 Base member 247 Block member lifting mechanism 271 Upper first supply pipe 273 Upper second supply pipe 281 Lower first supply pipe 283 Lower second supply pipe 313 Slurry drive mechanism 331 Intrusion prevention liquid supply means 353 Nozzle drive mechanism 371 Coagulation nitrogen gas supply means 413 Nozzle drive mechanism 553 Drying nitrogen gas supply section 738 Substrate holding member drive mechanism 901 Side wall 902 Upper base member 903 Lower base member 904 Processing Space 905 Upper space 906 Lower space 907 Atmosphere introduction path 908 Fan filter unit 909 Exhaust port 911 Shutter 931 Indexer robot 997 Control unit W Substrate Wb Substrate rear surface Wf Substrate surface

Claims (5)

  1. With respect to the substrate on which a pattern is formed, a penetration preventing liquid supplying step of supplying a penetration preventing liquid, to the substrate on which the anti-intrusion liquid is supplied, coagulating object liquid supply capable of forming coagulating object liquid coagulation body A solidifying step for solidifying the liquid to be solidified; and a removing step for removing the liquid to be solidified and the intrusion prevention liquid, wherein the intrusion prevention liquid has a freezing point lower than the freezing point of the liquid to be solidified. The substrate that is a substance and remains in the vicinity of the pattern and prevents the coagulation target liquid from entering the vicinity of the pattern, and the coagulation step is supplied in the order of the intrusion prevention liquid and the coagulation target liquid. The substrate processing method of coagulating the liquid to be solidified while cooling the liquid to be below the freezing point of the solidification target liquid and above the solidification point of the penetration preventing liquid .
  2. The substrate processing method according to claim 1,
    The solidification target liquid supply step is a substrate processing method in which the solidification target liquid is supplied to the substrate to which the intrusion prevention liquid is attached, and the intrusion prevention liquid other than the vicinity of the pattern is removed.
  3. A substrate processing method according to claim 2, wherein
    The substrate processing method, wherein the intrusion prevention liquid is a substance insoluble in the coagulation target liquid.
  4. The substrate processing method according to claim 3,
    A rinsing step of supplying a rinsing liquid to the substrate;
    The removal step is a substance that is soluble in the rinsing liquid and replaces the intrusion prevention liquid remaining on the substrate, or is mixed with the intrusion prevention liquid to become soluble in the rinsing liquid. The substrate processing method which has the substitution process which supplies.
  5. With respect to the substrate on which a pattern is formed, and the invasion preventing liquid supply means for supplying an intrusion preventing liquid, to the substrate on which the anti-intrusion liquid is supplied, coagulating object liquid supply capable of forming coagulating object liquid coagulation body A supply means; a coagulation means for coagulating the coagulation target liquid; and a removal means for removing the coagulation target liquid and the intrusion prevention liquid, wherein the intrusion prevention liquid has a freezing point lower than the freezing point of the coagulation target liquid. The substrate that is a substance and remains in the vicinity of the pattern and prevents the liquid to be solidified from entering the vicinity of the pattern, and the solidification means receives the supply of the intrusion prevention liquid and the liquid to be solidified in this order. The substrate processing apparatus that cools the solidification target liquid below the freezing point and above the solidification point of the intrusion prevention liquid, and solidifies the solidification target liquid while the intrusion prevention liquid remains liquid .
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