JP5635922B2 - Filter material for air filter and method for producing the same - Google Patents

Filter material for air filter and method for producing the same Download PDF

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JP5635922B2
JP5635922B2 JP2011021515A JP2011021515A JP5635922B2 JP 5635922 B2 JP5635922 B2 JP 5635922B2 JP 2011021515 A JP2011021515 A JP 2011021515A JP 2011021515 A JP2011021515 A JP 2011021515A JP 5635922 B2 JP5635922 B2 JP 5635922B2
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filter medium
water repellent
filter
synthetic resin
water
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JP2012161706A (en
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栄子 目黒
栄子 目黒
智彦 楚山
智彦 楚山
信之 坂爪
信之 坂爪
英紀 岡地
英紀 岡地
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北越紀州製紙株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to air filter media used for semiconductors, liquid crystals, bio / food industry related clean rooms, clean benches, building air conditioning air filters, air cleaning applications, and the like.

  Conventionally, a collection technique using an air filter has been used to efficiently collect submicron or micron particles in the air. Air filters are roughly classified into coarse dust filters, medium performance filters, HEPA filters, ULPA filters, and the like, depending on the target particle size and dust removal efficiency. Most of these air filters use non-woven fabric, woven fabric, mat-like fiber layer air filter media, especially non-woven glass fiber air filter media for medium performance filters, HEPA filters, and ULPA filters. Is widely used. Generally, this glass fiber is formed into a sheet by a wet papermaking method and formed as a filter medium.

  As a manufacturing method by a wet papermaking method, for example, a method is known in which glass fibers constituting a filter medium are dispersed in water using a dispersing machine such as a pulper, and this slurry is formed into a sheet by a papermaking machine. Here, since the glass fiber has almost no self-adhesive property, in most cases, a synthetic resin binder is used in order to give the strength required when using the filter medium. Generally, a synthetic resin binder in the form of an aqueous solution or an aqueous emulsion is added to the filter medium by dipping or spraying. At the same time, a water repellent is used to impart practically necessary water repellency to the filter medium.

  Here, the water repellency in the present invention is defined by the measuring method of MIL-STD-282. By imparting water repellency to the filter medium, for example, it is possible to prevent penetration of a sealing agent or hot melt used when the filter medium is processed into an air filter unit. Even when water is applied to the surface of the filter medium or condensation occurs due to a temperature change, the filter medium can be used as it is. Further, in an environment where many sea salt particles are present, a filter medium having high water repellency is required to prevent deliquescence of collected salt.

  In the MIL spec, the water repellency required for the HEPA filter medium is defined as a water column height of 508 mm or more. However, not all HEPA filter media comply with this standard, and appropriate water repellency is set depending on the use situation. In addition, there is no provision regarding water repellency for the medium-performance filter medium used for the primary filter and building air conditioning, but water repellency is required for the above reasons.

  As a method of imparting water repellency to the filter medium for air filters mainly composed of glass fibers, a water-repellent agent such as a silicone resin, a fluororesin and a silicone resin is first attached to the fiber sheet on a wet papermaking glass fiber sheet, and then A method in which a synthetic resin binder is adhered and dried is proposed (for example, Patent Documents 1 and 2). However, in this method, since the outermost surface of the filter medium is covered with a synthetic resin binder film, the water repellent is covered with the synthetic resin binder film, and the effect of the attached water repellent cannot be sufficiently obtained. was there.

  As another water repellent application method, a method of applying a mixed liquid of a synthetic resin binder and a water repellent (for example, silicone resin, fluororesin, paraffin wax or alkyl ketene dimer) to a glass fiber sheet has been proposed ( For example, see Patent Documents 3 to 4). However, in this method, the water repellent adheres to the surface of the filter medium together with the synthetic resin binder, and is partially covered with the binder film. As a result, the presence of the water repellent on the outermost surface of the filter medium is reduced and the effect of the adhering water repellent is weakened. Therefore, in order to maintain water repellency, it is necessary to increase the amount of the water repellent added in the mixed solution. However, if the amount of the water repellent added is increased, the water repellent component is added to the synthetic resin binder and the glass fiber. Since the adhesiveness is inhibited, there is a problem that the strength of the filter medium is lowered. Further, there is a problem that the cost increases when the amount of the water repellent used is increased.

  As another method for imparting water repellency, there has been proposed a method in which a glass fiber surface is spray-treated with an organosilane having a hydrolyzable group on a glass fiber sheet to which fibers are bonded with a synthetic resin binder (for example, Patent Document 5). With this method, high water repellency can be obtained. However, since the surface of the filter medium is covered with an inorganic binder, there is a problem that the filter medium becomes brittle with respect to cracks during processing.

  As described above, the conventional method of applying a water repellent cannot sufficiently exert the effect of the water repellent, and in order to obtain high water repellency, a large amount of water repellent must be used. As a result, there was a problem that the strength was lowered. In addition, the amount of chemicals used has increased, resulting in a problem of increased costs. As described above, a filter medium having high water repellency while maintaining high strength and processing characteristics has not been obtained yet.

JP-A-2-41499 JP-A-2-175997 International Publication No. 02/16005 Pamphlet International Publication No. 97/04851 Pamphlet JP 7-328355 A

  An object of the present invention is to provide an air filter medium having a high water repellency and high strength while minimizing the amount of water repellent used in a filter medium mainly composed of glass fibers.

  As a result of intensive studies, the inventors of the present invention have found that, in a filter medium for air filters mainly composed of glass fibers, a filter medium in which the entanglement points between the glass fibers are bonded with a synthetic resin binder, the outermost surface of the filter medium for air filters is used. Focusing on the experimental results that the distribution of the water repellent component greatly affects the water repellency, the present invention has been achieved.

  That is, the filter medium for an air filter according to the present invention is a filter medium in which a slurry in which glass fibers constituting the filter medium are dispersed is wet paper obtained by a wet papermaking method, and an entanglement point between the glass fibers is bonded with a synthetic resin binder. The water-repellent agent is uniformly attached in a semi-dry state in which 15 to 67.5% by mass of water is left in the filter medium without completely drying after attaching the synthetic resin binder to the surface of the glass fiber. This is a filter medium for an air filter. The “uniform adhesion” in the present invention means that the water absorption is almost the same at any point on the surface of the filter medium and there is no variation.

  Furthermore, the present invention includes a step of forming wet paper by wet papermaking a slurry in which raw material fibers mainly composed of glass fibers are dispersed, and controlling moisture after forming a synthetic resin binder on the wet paper. After making the water dry semi-dry state, attach a water repellent and then dry it, or after drying the wet paper and forming a synthetic resin binder, control the water and control the water. It is related with the manufacturing method of the filter material for air filters characterized by having the process of making a remaining semi-dry state, attaching a water repellent, and drying it after that.

  According to the present invention, in a filter medium mainly composed of glass fiber, a water repellent agent is uniformly attached on the outermost surface of the glass fiber filter medium, thereby obtaining a filter medium for air filter having high water repellency and high strength. Can do. Furthermore, according to the present invention, the amount of the water repellent used can be reduced and the cost can be reduced as compared with the conventional water repellent application method.

  In the present invention, after the synthetic resin binder is attached to the filter medium for the air filter, after pre-drying to dry to a semi-dry state leaving moisture, the water repellent liquid is attached by a spray method or the like and then completely dried. Thus, a water repellent is added.

  In the present invention, what is important for uniformly attaching the water repellent to the outermost surface of the filter medium is the dry state of the synthetic resin binder before the water repellent is attached. That is, it is necessary to attach the water repellent liquid in a semi-dried state after the synthetic resin binder is attached. The semi-dry state in the present invention refers to a state suitable for uniformly attaching the water repellent to the outermost surface of the filter medium. Specifically, it is necessary to make the sheet moisture after adhering the synthetic resin binder 15 to 67.5% by mass. The sheet moisture content is more preferably 20 to 65 mass%, and further preferably 20 to 60 mass%. When the sheet moisture is less than 15% by mass, the synthetic resin binder film is hydrophobic, so that the water repellent liquid sprayed on the surface of the filter medium is repelled and cannot be uniformly attached on the outermost surface of the filter medium. . Further, if the sheet moisture after adhering to the synthetic resin binder is higher than 67.5% by mass, the surface of the sheet is roughened when sprayed with the water repellent agent, not only the appearance as a filter medium is deteriorated but also the strength is adversely affected. Because it ends up.

  As the pre-drying temperature for adjusting the sheet moisture after the synthetic resin binder is attached, there are a drying method by wind and a drying method by heat, but pre-drying by heat is preferable because of easy control of the sheet moisture. More preferably, the preliminary drying temperature by heat is 80 to 150 ° C. If the pre-drying temperature is less than 80 ° C., it takes too much time to reach the target sheet moisture, and if the pre-drying temperature is higher than 150 ° C., it is difficult to adjust the target sheet moisture.

  As a drying method, various methods such as an air drying method, a hot air method, an infrared method, a Yankee dryer, and a multi-cylinder dryer can be used.

  In the present invention, in order to make the adhesion of the water repellent more uniform, a very small amount of a surfactant that does not affect the properties of the filter medium is added to the synthetic resin binder, thereby interfacial tension of the binder film. To increase wettability, or to add a very small amount of surfactant to the water repellent solution so as not to affect the physical properties of the filter agent to reduce the surface tension of the spray liquid and make it easier to wet Can also be used.

  As a method for applying the water repellent, the spray method is particularly preferable, but the method is not particularly limited as long as it is a method according to the effect of the spray method. Examples of the water repellent application method other than the spray method include a size press, a blade coater, and a bar coater.

  The water repellent spray liquid concentration is preferably 0.05 to 0.50 mass%. If the water repellent spray solution concentration is less than 0.05% by mass, the concentration is too low and a large amount of water repellent solution must be sprayed, which makes the surface of the sheet rough. On the other hand, when the content is higher than 0.50% by mass, it is difficult to spray uniformly on the surface of the filter medium because the amount of the water repellent liquid used is small, and as a result, uniform water repellency cannot be obtained. More preferably, it is 0.10-0.30 mass%.

  Examples of the water repellent used in the present invention include fluororesins, silicones, paraffin wax, or rosin, alkyl ketene dimer, alkenyl succinic anhydride known as sizing chemicals for papermaking. However, it is not limited to this.

The glass fiber used as the main fiber in the present invention can be freely selected from ultrafine glass fibers and chopped glass fibers having various fiber diameters and fiber lengths according to the required filtration performance and other physical properties. it can. In addition, for the purpose of preventing contamination of the semiconductor process, low boron glass fiber or silica glass fiber can also be used. Further, natural fibers, organic synthetic fibers, organic binder fibers, etc. may be blended in the glass fibers as secondary materials. The glass fiber as the main fiber is contained in the fiber in an amount of 60 to 100% by mass, preferably 65 to 100% by mass, and more preferably 70 to 100% by mass.
Moreover, as an average fiber diameter of a main fiber, 3.0 micrometers or less are preferable, More preferably, it is 0.1-3.0 micrometers. Moreover, the fiber diameter of the fiber as the auxiliary material is preferably 15 μm or less.

  Examples of the method for producing the wet paper of the present invention include a method by which the air filter medium of the present invention can be obtained by the following production method. That is, the glass fibers constituting the filter medium are dispersed in water using a dispersing machine such as a pulper, and the resulting slurry is wet-made by a paper machine to obtain a wet paper. In the raw material fiber dispersion step, the pH is preferably acidic or neutral, and specifically in the range of pH 1.5 to 8. In order to improve the dispersibility, it is preferable to use a method of adjusting the pH within a range of 2 to 4 with acidic sulfuric acid. Moreover, you may use surfactant, such as a dispersing agent, in neutrality, ie, the range of pH 6-8. Next, the method for adhering the synthetic resin binder is not particularly limited, but a method of immersing the aforementioned wet paper or the dry paper once dried with the aforementioned wet paper in the synthetic resin binder liquid, or a raw material slurry in advance. And a method of mixing a synthetic resin binder. Next, this sheet is pre-dried, and the water content is adjusted to an arbitrary amount of water to make it a semi-dry state. The semi-dried sheet moisture content may be 15 to 67.5% by mass, preferably 20 to 65% by mass, and more preferably 20 to 60% by mass. Then, a water repellent liquid is sprayed to give a water repellent and dry completely.

  In the present invention, the entanglement points between the glass fibers are bonded with a synthetic resin binder. Here, the entanglement point is an intersection of glass fibers. The synthetic resin binder used in the present invention may be, for example, acrylic latex, NBR latex, vinyl acetate latex, olefin latex, or a combination of two or more. Moreover, the filter medium for air filters of this invention can also be used by adding other chemical | medical agents, such as a flame retardant, to a synthetic resin binder in the range which does not inhibit the performance as needed.

  It is desirable that the drying after the water repellent liquid adheres be 80 to 220 ° C. If it is less than 80 ° C., sufficient water repellency cannot be obtained. On the other hand, when the temperature is 220 ° C. or higher, the components of the synthetic resin binder start to be decomposed, and sufficient strength as a filter material for an air filter cannot be obtained. Furthermore, it is preferable to set it as 100-180 degreeC.

[Example 1]
After disaggregating 95% by mass of ultrafine borosilicate glass fiber having an average fiber diameter of 3 μm or less and 5% by mass of chopped glass fiber having an average fiber diameter of 6 μm at a concentration of 0.5% by mass using acidic water of pH 3.5 with a table disintegrator. Then, paper was made with a hand-making machine to obtain wet paper. Next, after the binder liquid composition was impregnated with acrylic latex (trade name: Boncoat AN-155, manufacturer: DIC Corporation), preliminary drying was performed to adjust the water content in the filter medium to 20% by mass. Next, the fluorine-based water repellent (trade name: Lightguard FRG-1, manufacturer: Kyoeisha Chemical Co., Ltd.) is used as a water repellent spray liquid concentration of 0.2% by mass, and the amount of water repellent attached to the filter medium is completely eliminated. The wet weight is applied to the wet paper so that the dry weight becomes 0.4% by mass, and then dried at 130 ° C., the basis weight is 71.2 g / m 2 , and the binder composition solid content adhesion amount including the water repellent is 5.7%. A filter medium was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Example 2]
In Example 1, a binder containing a water repellent and a basis weight of 70.5 g / m 2 in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 50% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium having a solid content adhesion amount of 5.6% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Example 3]
In Example 1, a binder containing a water repellent and a basis weight of 71.0 g / m 2 in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 65% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium with a composition solid content of 5.5% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Example 4]
In Example 1, a binder containing a water repellent and a basis weight of 72.0 g / m 2 in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 60% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium having a composition solid content adhesion amount of 5.8% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Example 5]
In Example 1, a binder containing a water repellent and a basis weight of 70.0 g / m 2 in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 15% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium having a composition solid content adhesion amount of 5.2% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Example 6]
In Example 1, a basis weight of 71.4 g / m 2 and a water repellent were added in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 67.5% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium having a solid content adhesion amount of 5.6% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Comparative Example 1]
In Example 1, a binder containing a water repellent and a basis weight of 71.1 g / m 2 in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 10% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium having a composition solid content adhesion of 5.3% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Comparative Example 2]
In Example 1, a binder containing a water repellent and a basis weight of 72.0 g / m 2 in the same manner as in Example 1 except that the moisture in the filter medium was adjusted to 70% by mass by preliminary drying after impregnation with the synthetic resin binder. A filter medium having a composition solid content adhesion amount of 5.8% was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

[Comparative Example 3]
After disaggregating 95% by mass of ultrafine borosilicate glass fiber having an average fiber diameter of 3 μm or less and 5% by mass of chopped glass fiber having an average fiber diameter of 6 μm at a concentration of 0.5% by mass using acidic water of pH 3.5 with a table disintegrator. Then, paper was made with a hand-making machine to obtain a wet paper. Next, the binder liquid composition is solid acrylic latex (trade name: Boncoat AN-155, manufacturer: DIC Corporation) and fluorine-based water repellent (trade name: Lightguard FRG-1, manufacturer: Kyoeisha Chemical Co., Ltd.). Wet paper is impregnated into the binder liquid using the binder liquid mixed so as to have a fraction ratio of 100/10, the basis weight is 75.4 g / m 2 , and the binder composition solid content adhesion amount including the water repellent is 5.9%. Filter medium was obtained. The filter performance as shown in Table 1 below was obtained.

(1) Pressure loss Using a self-manufactured device, the pressure loss was measured with a micro differential pressure gauge when air was passed through a filter paper having an effective area of 100 cm 2 at a surface wind speed of 5.3 cm / sec.
(2) DOP transmittance DOP collection efficiency when air containing polydisperse DOP particles generated by a Ruskin nozzle is passed through a filter paper with an effective area of 100 cm 2 at a surface wind speed of 5.3 cm / sec. Measurement was performed using a particle counter.
(3) Combustible material 925 ± 25 ° C., heated in an electric furnace for 10 minutes, and obtained as a percentage by dividing the weight difference before and after heating by the weight before heating.
(4) PF value The PF value, which is an index of the filter performance of the filter paper, was obtained from the following equation based on the measurements of (1) and (2). The higher the PF value, the higher the collection efficiency with the same pressure loss.
(5) Tensile strength Measured according to JIS8113 (6) Water repellency Measured according to MIL-STD-282.
(7) Water repellent adhesion amount (outgas generation rate)
A so-called dynamic headspace method was used. Using a generated gas concentration introducing device (MSTD-258 manufactured by GL Sciences Inc.), about 0.2 g of a sample was heated at 100 ° C. for 30 minutes in a 99.999% inert He gas stream (flow rate 50 ml / min), The outgas generated from the sample was collected and concentrated with an adsorbent (TENAX TA), and the gas re-desorbed at 270 ° C. was narrowed with the cryofocus unit, and then the sample band was narrowed. QP5050A) and measured. TC-1 (manufactured by GL Sciences; 0.25 mm × 60 m, membrane pressure 0.25 μm) was used as the capillary column. The ionization method of the mass spectrometer apparatus is an electron impact method (ionization voltage 70 eV). The outgas generation amount of the water repellent-derived component at this time was determined, and the water repellent adhesion amounts of the respective Examples and Comparative Examples were compared with each other.
(8) Evaluation of water repellent uniformity on the surface of the filter medium About 0.3 g of ethanol was dropped on 10 positions on the surface of the filter medium, and the difference in the penetration was visually evaluated. Evaluation criteria are shown below.
○: Penetration at almost all locations almost simultaneously Δ: Time of soaking at several locations is shifted ×: Penetration time at each point varies (9) Appearance of filter media Appearance The appearance of the finished filter media was visually evaluated. Evaluation criteria are shown below.
○: No problem △: The filter medium surface is slightly rough ×: The filter medium surface is rough

Comparative Example 1 is a result when the moisture after preliminary drying is 10% by mass. According to it, compared with Examples 1-6, since the amount of water repellent adhering amount is almost equal, the distribution of the water repellent adhering to the filter medium is mottled, so the water repellency is slightly lower than 20%. It was a result. Comparative Example 2 is the result when the moisture after preliminary drying was 70% by mass. According to this, the water repellency distribution on the filter medium was uniform, and the water repellency value was also the same as in Examples 1-6. However, the appearance of the finished filter medium was poor and the tensile strength was low. Comparative Example 3 is the result of adhering a mixture of a synthetic resin binder and a water repellent. According to this, in order to obtain the water repellency equivalent to that of Examples 1 to 6, the amount of adhesion was required twice or more, so that the tensile strength was also low.

  The filter medium for air filter of the present invention is used as an air filter for clean rooms and clean benches for semiconductors, liquid crystals, biotechnology, medicine, food industry, etc., and for air filters for air conditioning, air filters for air purifiers, etc. It can be used for industrial air filters suitable for collecting particles in gas.

Claims (4)

  1.   In the filter medium for air filter mainly composed of glass fiber, in the filter medium in which the entanglement points of the glass fibers are bonded with a synthetic resin binder, without completely drying after attaching the synthetic resin binder to the surface of the glass fiber, A filter medium for an air filter, wherein a water repellent agent is uniformly attached in a semi-dried state in which 15 to 67.5 mass% of moisture is left in the filter medium.
  2.   The filter medium for an air filter according to claim 1, wherein a water repellent is attached by a spray method.
  3. A process of forming wet paper by wet papermaking a slurry in which raw fibers mainly composed of glass fiber are dispersed, and a semi-dry process in which moisture is controlled after the synthetic resin binder is adhered and formed on the wet paper. a state, is coated with a water repellent agent, then, has a more Engineering drying, air filter, characterized in that the semi-dry state is in a state of leaving from 15 to 67.5 wt% of water in the medium A method for producing a filter medium.
  4. The method for producing a filter medium for an air filter according to claim 3, wherein the water repellent is adhered by a spray method.
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CN106345182B (en) * 2013-04-15 2019-01-22 北越株式会社 Filter material for air filters, its manufacturing method and the air filter for having it
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