JP5630511B2 - Organic electroluminescent element material, organic electroluminescent element, display device and lighting device - Google Patents

Organic electroluminescent element material, organic electroluminescent element, display device and lighting device Download PDF

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JP5630511B2
JP5630511B2 JP2013021024A JP2013021024A JP5630511B2 JP 5630511 B2 JP5630511 B2 JP 5630511B2 JP 2013021024 A JP2013021024 A JP 2013021024A JP 2013021024 A JP2013021024 A JP 2013021024A JP 5630511 B2 JP5630511 B2 JP 5630511B2
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池水 大
大 池水
西関 雅人
雅人 西関
押山 智寛
智寛 押山
加藤 栄作
栄作 加藤
北 弘志
弘志 北
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コニカミノルタ株式会社
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  The present invention relates to an organic electroluminescence element material, an organic electroluminescence element, a display device, and a lighting device.

  Conventionally, as a light-emitting electronic display device, there is an electroluminescence display (hereinafter referred to as ELD). Examples of the constituent elements of ELD include inorganic electroluminescent elements and organic electroluminescent elements (hereinafter also referred to as organic EL elements).

  Inorganic electroluminescent elements have been used as planar light sources, but an alternating high voltage is required to drive the light emitting elements. An organic EL device has a structure in which a light emitting layer containing a compound that emits light is sandwiched between a cathode and an anode, injects electrons and holes into the light emitting layer, and recombines them to generate excitons (exciton). It is an element that emits light by using light emission (fluorescence / phosphorescence) when this exciton is deactivated, and can emit light at a voltage of several volts to several tens of volts, and is also self-luminous. In addition, it is attracting attention from the viewpoints of space saving, portability and the like because it is a thin film type complete solid element with a wide viewing angle and high visibility.

  However, in organic EL elements for practical use in the future, development of organic EL elements that emit light efficiently and with high luminance with lower power consumption is desired.

  In Japanese Patent No. 3093796, a small amount of a phosphor is doped into a stilbene derivative, a distyrylarylene derivative or a tristyrylarylene derivative to achieve an improvement in light emission luminance and a longer device lifetime. Further, an element having an organic light-emitting layer in which an 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum complex is used as a host compound and a small amount of phosphor is doped thereto (for example, JP-A 63-264692), and an 8-hydroxyquinoline aluminum complex is used as a host compound. For example, an element having an organic light emitting layer doped with a quinacridone dye (for example, JP-A-3-255190) is known.

  As described above, when light emission from excited singlet is used, the generation ratio of singlet excitons and triplet excitons is 1: 3, and thus the generation probability of luminescent excited species is 25%. Since the efficiency is about 20%, the limit of the external extraction quantum efficiency (ηext) is set to 5%.

  However, since Princeton University reported on an organic EL device using phosphorescence emission from an excited triplet (MA Baldoet al., Nature, 395, 151-154 (1998)), Research on materials that exhibit phosphorescence has become active.

  For example, M.M. A. Baldo et al. , Nature, 403, 17, 750-753 (2000), US Pat. No. 6,097,147, and the like.

  When the excited triplet is used, the upper limit of the internal quantum efficiency is 100%. In principle, the luminous efficiency is four times that of the excited singlet. Therefore, it is attracting attention as a lighting application.

  For example, S.M. Lamansky et al. , J .; Am. Chem. Soc. , 123, 4304 (2001), etc., many compounds are being studied for synthesis centering on heavy metal complexes such as iridium complexes.

  In addition, the aforementioned M.I. A. Baldo et al. , Nature, 403, 17, 750-753 (2000), studies have been made using tris (2-phenylpyridine) iridium as a dopant.

In addition, M.M. E. Thompson et al., In The 10th International Works on Inorganic and Organic Electroluminescence (EL'00, Hamamatsu), used L 2 Ir (acac), for example, (ppy) 2 Ir (acac), a. 0 g, Tetsuo Tsutsui, etc., also The10th InternationalWorkshop on Inorganic and OrganicElectroluminescence (EL'00 , Hamamatsu), the dopant as tris (2-(p-tolyl) pyridine) iridium (Ir (ptpy) 3), tris (benzo [h ] Quinoline) Iridium (Ir (bzq) 3 ) and the like are being investigated (note that these metal complexes are generally called orthometalated iridium complexes).

  The S. Lamansky et al. , J .; Am. Chem. Soc. , 123, 4304 (2001) and Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2001-247859, etc., attempts have been made to form devices using various iridium complexes.

  In order to obtain high luminous efficiency, in the 10th International Works on Inorganic and Organic Electroluminescence (EL'00, Hamamatsu), Ikai et al. Uses a hole transporting compound as a host of a phosphorescent compound.

  In addition, M.M. E. Thompson et al. Use various electron transporting materials as a host of phosphorescent compounds, doped with a novel iridium complex.

  Orthometalated complexes in which the central metal is platinum instead of iridium are also attracting attention. With respect to this type of complex, many examples are known in which ligands are characterized.

  In either case, the light emission brightness and light emission efficiency of the light emitting device are greatly improved compared to conventional devices because the emitted light is derived from phosphorescence. There was a problem that it was lower than the conventional element.

  As described above, it is difficult for phosphorescent highly efficient light-emitting materials to shorten the light emission wavelength and improve the light emission lifetime of the device, and the performance that can withstand practical use cannot be sufficiently achieved.

  In addition, regarding wavelength shortening, introduction of an electron withdrawing group such as a fluorine atom, trifluoromethyl group, cyano group or the like into phenylpyridine as a substituent, and picolinic acid or a pyrazabole-based ligand as a ligand. Although it is known to introduce, with these ligands, the emission wavelength of the luminescent material is shortened to achieve blue color, and while achieving a highly efficient device, the light emission lifetime of the device is greatly deteriorated, There was a need to improve the trade-off.

  As blue phosphorescent materials, metal complexes containing imidazolinium carbene are known (see, for example, Patent Documents 1, 2, and 3). However, in the device using the carbene-containing metal complex disclosed here for the light emitting layer, the emission wavelength is sufficient as blue, but there is still room for improvement in the light emission efficiency, and is the device life insufficient? Or not mentioned.

  Furthermore, recently, examples of metal complexes using imidazolinium carbene have been disclosed (see, for example, Patent Documents 4 and 5). Here, although the emission wavelength, the drive characteristics of the device, the external quantum efficiency, and the chromaticity are shown, the lifetime of the light-emitting device is not particularly mentioned.

International Publication No. 05/019373 Pamphlet US Patent Publication No. 2005-0260441 US Pat. No. 7,154,114 International Publication No. 06/056418 Pamphlet International Publication No. 07/055187 Pamphlet

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide an organic EL element material having a controlled emission wavelength, high emission efficiency, and a long emission lifetime, and an organic EL element using the same An illumination device and a display device are provided.

  The above-mentioned problem can be solved by the following constitution. In particular, in the present invention, a compound represented by the following general formula (1) is used.

  1. An organic electroluminescence element material, which is a metal complex represented by the following general formula (1).

In the formula, R 1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

R 4 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group having two or more substituents .

  Z1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered hydrocarbon ring or heterocyclic ring.

A represents CR 2 or N, and R 2 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

B represents CR 3 or N, and R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

X 1 -L 1 -X 2 is represented by the following general formula (7) .

  m1 represents an integer of 1 or 2, m2 represents an integer of 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 3.

The central metal M 1 represents iridium or platinum.

  2. An organic electroluminescence element material, which is a metal complex represented by the following general formula (2).

In the formula, R 1 , R 2 and R 3 each represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

  Z1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered hydrocarbon ring or heterocyclic ring.

Z2 represents a hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group, R 5 is sterically parameter value (Es value) represents -0.5 following substituents. R 6 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 . m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

The central metal M 1 represents Ir.

  3. 3. The organic electroluminescence element material according to 2, wherein the general formula (2) is a metal complex represented by the following general formula (3).

In the formula, R 1 , R 2 and R 3 each represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

Z2 represents a hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group, R 5 is sterically parameter value (Es value) represents -0.5 following substituents.

R 6 represents a hydrogen atom, a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 . m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

The central metal M 1 represents Ir.

  4). 4. The organic electroluminescence element material according to 3, wherein the general formula (3) is a metal complex represented by the following general formula (4).

In the formula, R 1 , R 2 and R 3 represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group or a heterocyclic group. n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

R 5 represents a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less.

R 6 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a halogen atom, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, or a heterocyclic group. n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 . m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

The central metal M 1 represents Ir.

  5. 5. The organic electroluminescence element material according to 4, wherein the general formula (4) is a metal complex represented by the following general formula (5).

In the formula, R 1 , R 2 and R 3 represent a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group or a heterocyclic group. n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

R 6 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, or a heterocyclic group. n2 represents an integer of 1 to 3.

R 5 and R 7 each represent a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less.

X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 . m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

The central metal M 1 represents Ir.

6). The organic electroluminescence device material according to any one of the 1 to 5, characterized in that the X 1 -L 1 -X 2 is represented by the following general formula (6).

Wherein, Z3, Z4 is R 8, R 9 represents a hydrocarbon ring or a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclic ring each represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n4 and n5 represent an integer of 1 to 4. R 10 represents a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less.

A represents CR 1a or N, and R 1a represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

7). The organic electroluminescence device material according to the 6, characterized in that the X 1 -L 1 -X 2 is represented by the following general formula (7).

In the formula, R 8 and R 9 each represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n4 and n5 represent an integer of 1 to 4. R 10 represents a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less. R 12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and n6 represents an integer of 1 or 2.

8). The organic electroluminescent device material as described in 7 above, wherein the X 1 -L 1 -X 2 is represented by the following general formula (8).

In formula, R < 8 >, R < 9 > represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent. n4 represents an integer of 1 to 4, and n5 represents an integer of 1 to 3. R 10 and R 11 represent a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less. R 12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and n6 represents an integer of 1 to 2.

  9. In the general formulas (1) to (5), m2 is 0, The organic electroluminescence element material according to any one of 1 to 8, wherein m2 is 0.

  10. In the general formulas (1) to (5), m2 is 1. The organic electroluminescent element material according to any one of 1 to 8, wherein m2 is 1.

  11. In any one of the above formulas (2) to (8), the substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less is an electron donating group. The organic electroluminescent element material as described.

  12 12. The organic electroluminescence element material according to any one of 1 to 11, wherein the first emission wavelength is in the range of 400 to 500 nm.

  13. 9. The organic electroluminescence device as described in any one of 2 to 8 above, which contains a polymer having a metal complex represented by any one of the general formulas (2) to (5) as a partial structure. material.

  14 14. An organic electroluminescence device comprising the organic electroluminescence device material according to any one of 1 to 13 above.

  15. 15. The organic electroluminescence device as described in 14 above, wherein the organic electroluminescence device comprises a light emitting layer as a constituent layer, and the light emitting layer contains the organic electroluminescence device material.

  16. 16. The luminescent layer according to 15, wherein the luminescent layer contains a carboline derivative or a derivative having a ring structure in which at least one carbon atom of a hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom. Organic electroluminescence element.

  17. It has a hole blocking layer as a constituent layer, and the hole blocking layer has a ring structure in which at least one of carbon atoms of a carboline derivative or a hydrocarbon ring constituting a carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom 17. The organic electroluminescence device according to any one of 14 to 16, wherein the organic electroluminescence device comprises a derivative.

18. 18. A display device comprising the organic electroluminescence element according to any one of 14 to 17 above.

19. 18. An illuminating device comprising the organic electroluminescent element according to any one of 14 to 17 above.

  According to the present invention, an organic EL element material having a controlled emission wavelength, high emission efficiency, and a long emission lifetime, an organic EL element using the same, an illumination device, and a display device can be provided.

It is the schematic diagram which showed an example of the display apparatus comprised from an organic EL element. 4 is a schematic diagram of a display unit A. FIG. It is a schematic diagram of a pixel. It is a schematic diagram of a passive matrix type full color display device. It is the schematic of an illuminating device. It is a schematic diagram of an illuminating device.

  In the organic EL element material of the present invention, the molecular design of the organic EL element material useful for the organic EL element has been successfully achieved by the constitution defined in any one of claims 1-7.

  In addition, by using the organic EL element material, it was possible to provide an organic EL element, an illumination device, and a display device that have a light emission wavelength controlled, a high light emission efficiency, and a long light emission lifetime.

  Hereinafter, details of each component according to the present invention will be sequentially described.

  The metal complex which concerns on the organic EL element material of this invention is demonstrated.

  As a result of intensive studies on the above problems, the present inventors have found that the metal complexes represented by the general formula (1), (2), (3), (4) or the general formula (5) are organic It has been found that the organic EL element included as the EL element material greatly improves the light emission efficiency and the light emission lifetime.

  The present inventors took a carbene derivative as an example, and the stability of the complex greatly depends on the substitution position and type of the substituent on the carbene derivative which is the mother nucleus, or the influence of a ligand other than the carbene. Has been found to have a significant effect on the light emission lifetime.

  The present inventors have a specific ring structure of the metal complex according to the present invention (having a 1,3-diazole skeleton because it has a nitrogen atom at positions 1 and 3 in the 5-membered ring structure, provided that Substituents having specific steric or electronic parameters for A, B in formula (1) can form imidazole rings, triazole rings, tetrazole rings, etc.), heterocycles, aromatic heterocycles Or by introducing an aromatic hydrocarbon ring group, a conventional blue metal complex, particularly an organic EL element produced using an organic EL element material whose emission wavelength is controlled to the short wavelength side only by an electron withdrawing group It has been found that the light emission lifetime, which has been a problem, is greatly improved, and the light emission efficiency and the light emission lifetime can both be achieved.

  In addition, it was found that by specifying the substitution position, size, and electronic properties of the aromatic cyclic substituent as in the present invention, the lifetime of a blue light emitting device with excellent color purity can be further extended. Succeeded in greatly improving the light emission life of EL elements.

  The concept of the present invention will be described by taking an example of introducing an aromatic hydrocarbon ring such as a phenyl group at the N-position of 1-phenylimidazoles by taking 1,3-diphenylimidazolinium carbene as an example.

  In other words, it is known that introducing a phenyl group at the N-position of 1-phenylimidazole to form a carbene precursor is also difficult in terms of synthesis compared to the case of introducing a linear alkyl group at the N-position. It has been. In particular, it is known that introduction of an asymmetric aryl group is more difficult, and there are few synthesis examples.

  Furthermore, the luminous efficiency of the element containing the metal complex having these 1,3-diphenylimidazolinium carbenes is insufficient.

  This suggests that the conjugated system is not cleaved even though the phenyl group on the N-position is through a nitrogen atom, and for example, even when compared with an N-methyl imidazolinium carbene. It can be explained that the existence probability of the vibration level due to rotation is remarkably increased. This suggests that the MLCT property is lowered and the light emission efficiency is lowered. This assumption is also supported by molecular orbital calculations by GAUSSIAN.

As a result of intensive studies, the inventors have introduced a cyclic substituent having a bulky substituent at the ortho position at the N-position of 1,3-diphenylimidazolinium carbene. 2) Improve quantum efficiency by the effect of 1) 3) Protect the N-position that is susceptible to oxidation with a bulky substituent In this way, the stability of the molecule is greatly improved. Further, by combining the size of the substituted atom and the electronic effect, it is possible to achieve both a short wave and a long life.

  The above effects have been found and the present invention has been completed.

  Moreover, even if it is a ligand which has a mother nucleus based on this invention, the light emission wavelength of a metal complex is made into a desired area | region by introduce | transducing as a substituent the auxiliary | assistant ligand to combine and a substituent itself long wave. Can be controlled. Therefore, the molecular design for imparting the function of controlling the emission wavelength of the metal complex to a long wave region (green to red) is represented by the general formulas (1), (2), (3), (4) according to the present invention. Alternatively, the general formula (5) can be used as a starting point for the basic skeleton design.

(Ligand)
For example, when the metal complex according to the present invention is described in the above general formula (1), when m1> m2, the partial structure shown in parentheses having m1 or a partial structure represented by a tautomer thereof is mainly used. A partial structure shown in parentheses having m2 or a partial structure represented by a tautomer thereof is called a sub-ligand. The opposite is true when m1 <m2.

  In the present invention, as represented by the general formula (1), the metal complex is composed of a combination of a main ligand or a tautomer thereof and a subligand or a tautomer thereof, As will be described later, in the case of m2 = 0, that is, all of the ligands of the metal complex may be composed only of a partial structure represented by the main ligand or a tautomer thereof.

  Furthermore, as a so-called ligand used for forming a conventionally known metal complex, the trader may have a well-known ligand (also referred to as a coordination compound) as a ligand as necessary.

  From the viewpoint of preferably obtaining the effects described in the present invention, the type of ligand in the complex is preferably composed of 1 to 2 types, and more preferably 1 type.

  As a ligand used in a conventionally known metal complex, there are various known ligands. For example, “Photochemistry and Photophysics of Coordination Compounds” Springer-Verlag H. Published by Yersin, 1987, “Organometallic Chemistry-Fundamentals and Applications-” Liu Huabosha, Akio Yamamoto, published by 1982, etc. (for example, halogen ligands (preferably chlorine ligands), Nitrogen heterocyclic ligands (for example, bipyridyl, phenanthroline, etc.) and diketone ligands).

(Transition metal element of group 8-10 of the periodic table)
The metal used for forming the metal complex represented by the general formula (1), (2), (3), (4) or the general formula (5) according to the present invention is 8 to 10 in the periodic table. Group transition metal elements (also simply referred to as transition metals) are used, among which iridium and platinum are preferable transition metal elements.

  Furthermore, by using such an organic EL element material, it was possible to provide an organic EL element, an illuminating device, and a display device that have a light emission wavelength controlled, a high light emission efficiency, and a long light emission lifetime.

  Hereinafter, details of each component according to the present invention will be sequentially described.

  The metal complex which is the organic EL element material of the present invention will be described.

  As the metal complex-containing layer represented by the general formula (1), (2), (3), (4) or the general formula (5) according to the present invention, a light emitting layer and / or an electron blocking layer are preferable. In addition, when it is contained in the light emitting layer, by using it as a light emitting dopant in the light emitting layer, the efficiency of external extraction quantum efficiency of the organic EL device of the present invention can be increased (high luminance) and the light emission life can be extended. be able to.

  Here, the metal complex represented by the general formula (1), (2), (3), (4) or the general formula (5) according to the present invention will be described.

<< Metal Complex Represented by General Formula (1) >>
The metal complex represented by the general formula (1) according to the present invention will be described.

In the general formula (1), R 1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (1), the substituent represented by R 1 is an alkyl group (for example, methyl group, ethyl group, propyl group, isopropyl group, tert-butyl group, pentyl group, hexyl group, octyl group, dodecyl group). , Tridecyl group, tetradecyl group, pentadecyl group etc.), cycloalkyl group (eg cyclopentyl group, cyclohexyl group etc.), alkenyl group (eg vinyl group, allyl group etc.), alkynyl group (eg ethynyl group, propargyl group etc.) ), Aromatic hydrocarbon ring group (also referred to as aromatic carbocyclic group, aryl group, etc., for example, phenyl group, p-chlorophenyl group, mesityl group, tolyl group, xylyl group, naphthyl group, anthryl group, azulenyl group, acenaphthenyl group) Group, fluorenyl group, phenanthryl group, indenyl group, pyrenyl group, biphenylyl Group), aromatic heterocyclic group (for example, pyridyl group, pyrimidinyl group, furyl group, pyrrolyl group, imidazolyl group, benzoimidazolyl group, pyrazolyl group, pyrazinyl group, triazolyl group (for example, 1,2,4-triazole-1) -Yl group, 1,2,3-triazol-1-yl group, etc.), oxazolyl group, benzoxazolyl group, thiazolyl group, isoxazolyl group, isothiazolyl group, furazanyl group, thienyl group, quinolyl group, benzofuryl group, dibenzo Furyl group, benzothienyl group, dibenzothienyl group, indolyl group, carbazolyl group, carbolinyl group, diazacarbazolyl group (indicating that one of the carbon atoms constituting the carboline ring of the carbolinyl group is replaced by a nitrogen atom) Quinoxalinyl group, pyridazinyl group, triazinyl group, Zolinyl group, phthalazinyl group, etc.), heterocyclic group (eg, pyrrolidyl group, imidazolidyl group, morpholyl group, oxazolidyl group, etc.), alkoxy group (eg, methoxy group, ethoxy group, propyloxy group, pentyloxy group, hexyloxy group) Octyloxy group, dodecyloxy group, etc.), cycloalkoxy group (eg, cyclopentyloxy group, cyclohexyloxy group etc.), aryloxy group (eg, phenoxy group, naphthyloxy group etc.), alkylthio group (eg, methylthio group, etc.) Ethylthio group, propylthio group, pentylthio group, hexylthio group, octylthio group, dodecylthio group, etc.), cycloalkylthio group (eg, cyclopentylthio group, cyclohexylthio group, etc.), arylthio group (eg, phenylthio group, naphthylthio group, etc.) Group), alkoxycarbonyl group (eg, methyloxycarbonyl group, ethyloxycarbonyl group, butyloxycarbonyl group, octyloxycarbonyl group, dodecyloxycarbonyl group, etc.), aryloxycarbonyl group (eg, phenyloxycarbonyl group, naphthyl) Oxycarbonyl group, etc.), sulfamoyl group (for example, aminosulfonyl group, methylaminosulfonyl group, dimethylaminosulfonyl group, butylaminosulfonyl group, hexylaminosulfonyl group, cyclohexylaminosulfonyl group, octylaminosulfonyl group, dodecylaminosulfonyl group, Phenylaminosulfonyl group, naphthylaminosulfonyl group, 2-pyridylaminosulfonyl group, etc.), acyl groups (eg, acetyl group, ethylcarbonyl group, propylene group) Carbonyl group, pentylcarbonyl group, cyclohexylcarbonyl group, octylcarbonyl group, 2-ethylhexylcarbonyl group, dodecylcarbonyl group, phenylcarbonyl group, naphthylcarbonyl group, pyridylcarbonyl group, etc.), acyloxy groups (for example, acetyloxy group, ethyl group) Carbonyloxy group, butylcarbonyloxy group, octylcarbonyloxy group, dodecylcarbonyloxy group, phenylcarbonyloxy group, etc.), amide group (eg, methylcarbonylamino group, ethylcarbonylamino group, dimethylcarbonylamino group, propylcarbonylamino group) , Pentylcarbonylamino group, cyclohexylcarbonylamino group, 2-ethylhexylcarbonylamino group, octylcarbonylamino group, dodecylcarbonyl Mino group, phenylcarbonylamino group, naphthylcarbonylamino group, etc.), carbamoyl group (for example, aminocarbonyl group, methylaminocarbonyl group, dimethylaminocarbonyl group, propylaminocarbonyl group, pentylaminocarbonyl group, cyclohexylaminocarbonyl group, octyl) Aminocarbonyl group, 2-ethylhexylaminocarbonyl group, dodecylaminocarbonyl group, phenylaminocarbonyl group, naphthylaminocarbonyl group, 2-pyridylaminocarbonyl group, etc.), ureido group (for example, methylureido group, ethylureido group, pentylureido group) Cyclohexylureido group, octylureido group, dodecylureido group, phenylureido group, naphthylureido group, 2-pyridylaminoureido group, etc.), sulfi Alkyl group (eg, methylsulfinyl group, ethylsulfinyl group, butylsulfinyl group, cyclohexylsulfinyl group, 2-ethylhexylsulfinyl group, dodecylsulfinyl group, phenylsulfinyl group, naphthylsulfinyl group, 2-pyridylsulfinyl group) (For example, methylsulfonyl group, ethylsulfonyl group, butylsulfonyl group, cyclohexylsulfonyl group, 2-ethylhexylsulfonyl group, dodecylsulfonyl group, etc.), arylsulfonyl group or heteroarylsulfonyl group (for example, phenylsulfonyl group, naphthylsulfonyl group, 2-pyridylsulfonyl group, etc.), amino group (for example, amino group, ethylamino group, dimethylamino group, butylamino group, cyclopentylamino group, 2- Ethylhexylamino group, dodecylamino group, anilino group, naphthylamino group, 2-pyridylamino group, etc.), halogen atom (eg fluorine atom, chlorine atom, bromine atom etc.), fluorinated hydrocarbon group (eg fluoromethyl group, Trifluoromethyl group, pentafluoroethyl group, pentafluorophenyl group, etc.), cyano group, nitro group, hydroxy group, mercapto group, silyl group (for example, trimethylsilyl group, triisopropylsilyl group, triphenylsilyl group, phenyldiethylsilyl) Group) and the like. These substituents may be further substituted with the above substituents.

A plurality of these substituents may be bonded to each other to form a ring, and when a plurality of R 1 are present, each R 1 may be the same or different and are connected to each other to form a ring. May be formed.

  In general formula (1), n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (1), R 4 represents a hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group.

In the general formula (1), examples of the hydrocarbon ring group represented by R 4 include a non-aromatic hydrocarbon ring group and an aromatic hydrocarbon ring group, and examples of the non-aromatic hydrocarbon ring group include cyclopropyl. Group, cyclopentyl group, cyclohexyl group and the like. These groups may be unsubstituted or may have the above-described substituent.

Examples of the aromatic hydrocarbon ring group (also referred to as aromatic hydrocarbon group, aryl group, etc.) include, for example, phenyl group, p-chlorophenyl group, mesityl group, tolyl group, xylyl group, naphthyl group, anthryl group, azulenyl. Group, acenaphthenyl group, fluorenyl group, phenanthryl group, indenyl group, pyrenyl group, biphenylyl group and the like. These groups may be unsubstituted or may have the substituent described in R 1 above.

In the general formula (1), examples of the heterocyclic group represented by R 4 include a non-aromatic heterocyclic group and an aromatic heterocyclic group. Examples of the non-aromatic heterocyclic group include an epoxy ring, Aziridine ring, thiirane ring, oxetane ring, azetidine ring, thietane ring, tetrahydrofuran ring, dioxolane ring, pyrrolidine ring, pyrazolidine ring, imidazolidine ring, oxazolidine ring, tetrahydrothiophene ring, sulfolane ring, thiazolidine ring, ε-caprolactone ring, ε -Caprolactam ring, piperidine ring, hexahydropyridazine ring, hexahydropyrimidine ring, piperazine ring, morpholine ring, tetrahydropyran ring, 1,3-dioxane ring, 1,4-dioxane ring, trioxane ring, tetrahydrothiopyran ring, thio Morpholine ring, thiomorpholine-1,1-dioxy De ring, pyranose ring, a diazabicyclo [2,2,2] - may be a group derived from octane ring.

These groups may further have the substituent described in R 1 above.

  Examples of the aromatic heterocyclic group include pyridyl group, pyrimidinyl group, furyl group, pyrrolyl group, imidazolyl group, benzoimidazolyl group, pyrazolyl group, pyrazinyl group, triazolyl group (for example, 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl). Group, 1,2,3-triazol-1-yl group, etc.), oxazolyl group, benzoxazolyl group, thiazolyl group, isoxazolyl group, isothiazolyl group, furazanyl group, thienyl group, quinolyl group, benzofuryl group, dibenzofuryl group , Benzothienyl group, dibenzothienyl group, indolyl group, carbazolyl group, carbolinyl group, diazacarbazolyl group (indicating that one of the carbon atoms constituting the carboline ring of the carbolinyl group is replaced by a nitrogen atom), quinoxalinyl Group, pyridazinyl group, triazinyl group, key Zoriniru group, phthalazinyl group, and the like.

These groups may further have the substituent described in R 1 above.

  In the general formula (1), Z1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered hydrocarbon ring group or heterocyclic group.

In the general formula (1), the hydrocarbon ring group represented by Z1 has the same meaning as the hydrocarbon ring group in R 4 described above.

In the general formula (1), the heterocyclic group represented by Z1 has the same meaning as the heterocyclic group in R 4 described above.

In the general formula (1), A represents CR 2 or N, and R 2 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (1), substituents represented by R 2 are the same as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

In the general formula (1), B represents CR 3 or N, and R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (1), the substituent represented by R 3 has the same meaning as the substituent described in R 1 in the general formula (1).

In the general formula (1), the substituents represented by R 2 and R 3 may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (1), X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 .

In the general formula (1), specific examples of the bidentate ligand represented by X 1 -L 1 -X 2 include phenylpyridine, phenylpyrazole, phenylimidazole, phenyltriazole, phenyltetrazole, pyrazabol, acetylacetone, Examples include picolinic acid.

In the general formula (1), M 1 is a transition metal element of Group 8 to Group 10 (also referred to simply as a transition metal) in the periodic table, and among them, iridium and platinum are preferable transition metal elements.

  In the general formula (1), m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

<< Metal Complex Represented by General Formula (2) >>
The metal complex represented by the general formula (2) according to the present invention will be described.

In the general formula (2), R 1 , R 2 and R 3 represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (2), the substituent represented by R 1, R 2, R 3 has the same meaning as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

  In the general formula (2), n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (2), the substituents represented by R 2 and R 3 may be linked to each other to form a ring.

  In the general formula (2), Z1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group, and has the same definition as Z1 in the general formula (1).

  In the general formula (2), Z2 represents a hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group.

  In the general formula (2), the hydrocarbon ring group represented by Z2 has the same meaning as the description of the hydrocarbon ring group in Z1.

  In the general formula (2), the heterocyclic group represented by Z2 has the same meaning as the description of the heterocyclic group in Z1.

In the general formula (2), R 5 represents a substituent, and the substituent is an atom adjacent to the atom at the bonding site between the hydrocarbon ring group or heterocyclic group formed by Z 2 and the nitrogen atom. The steric parameter value (Es value) bonded is −0.5 or less, and among them, an electron donating group is preferable.

  Hereinafter, the three-dimensional parameter value (Es value) will be described.

(3D parameter value (Es value))
In the present invention, the Es value is a steric parameter derived from chemical reactivity. The smaller this value, the more sterically bulky substituent can be said.

  In general, in ester hydrolysis under acidic conditions, it is known that the influence of substituents on the progress of the reaction may only be considered as steric hindrance. The Es value is obtained by quantifying the steric hindrance.

The Es value of the substituent X is represented by the following chemical reaction formula: X—CH 2 COORX + H 2 O → X—CH 2 COOH + RXOH
The reaction rate constant kX for hydrolyzing an α-monosubstituted acetic acid ester derived from α-monosubstituted acetic acid in which one hydrogen atom of the methyl group of acetic acid is substituted with the substituent X represented by the formula And the following chemical reaction formula CH 3 COORY + H 2 O → CH 3 COOH + RYOH
(RX is the same as RY), which is obtained from the reaction rate constant kH when the acetate corresponding to the α-monosubstituted acetate described above is hydrolyzed under acidic conditions.

Es = log (kX / kH)
The reaction rate decreases due to the steric hindrance of the substituent X, and as a result, kX <kH, so the Es value is usually negative. When the Es value is actually obtained, the above two reaction rate constants kX and kH are obtained and calculated by the above formula.

  Specific examples of Es values are given by Unger, S. et al. H. Hansch, C .; , Prog. Phys. Org. Chem. 12, 91 (1976). In addition, “Structure-activity relationship of drugs” (Chemical domain extra number 122, Nankodo) and “American Chemical Society Professional Book, 'Exploring QSAR' p.81 Table 3-3” also have specific numerical values. is there. Next, a part is shown in Table 1.

  Here, it should be noted that the Es value as defined in this specification is not defined by defining that of a methyl group as 0, but by assuming that a hydrogen atom is 0, and an Es value where a methyl group is 0. Minus 1.24.

  The Es value according to the present invention is −0.5 or less. Preferably it is -7.0--0.6. Most preferably, it is -7.0 to -1.0.

  Here, in the present invention, when a steric parameter value (Es value) is -0.5 or less, for example, when a keto-enol tautomer may exist in Z, the keto moiety is an enol isomer. Es value is converted. Even when other tautomerism exists, the Es value is converted by the same conversion method. Furthermore, the substituent having an Es value of −0.5 or less is preferably an electron-donating substituent in terms of electronic effect.

(Electron donating group (electron donating substituent))
In the present invention, the electron-donating substituent is a substituent having a negative Hammett σp value as described below, and such a substituent has an electron on the bonding atom side compared to a hydrogen atom. Easy to give.

  Specific examples of the substituent exhibiting an electron donating property include a hydroxy group, an alkoxy group (for example, methoxy group), an acetyloxy group, an amino group, a dimethylamino group, an acetylamino group, and an alkyl group (for example, methyl group, ethyl group). Group, propyl group, t-butyl group and the like) and aryl group (for example, phenyl group, mesityl group and the like). For the Hammett σp value, for example, the following documents can be referred to.

  The Hammett σp value according to the present invention refers to Hammett's substituent constant σp. Hammett's σp value is a substituent constant determined by Hammett et al. From the electronic effect of the substituent on the hydrolysis of ethyl benzoate. “Structure-activity relationship of drugs” (Nanedo: 1979), “Substituent Constants”. For Correlation Analysis in Chemistry and Biology "(C. Hansch and A. Leo, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1979) can be cited.

In the general formula (2), R 6 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General Formula (2), the substituent represented by R 6 has the same meaning as the substituent described in R 1 in General Formula (1).

  In general formula (2), n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (2), X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 .

In the general formula (2), specific examples of the bidentate ligand represented by X 1 -L 1 -X 2 include phenylpyridine, phenylpyrazole, phenylimidazole, phenyltriazole, phenyltetrazole, pyrazabol, acetylacetone, Examples include picolinic acid.

In the general formula (2), M 1 is a transition metal element of Group 8 to Group 10 (also simply referred to as a transition metal) in the periodic table, and among them, iridium and platinum are preferable transition metal elements.

  In the general formula (2), m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

<< Metal Complex Represented by General Formula (3) >>
The metal complex represented by the general formula (3) according to the present invention will be described.

In the general formula (3), R 1 , R 2 and R 3 each represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (3), substituents represented by R 1, R 2, R 3 has the same meaning as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

  In general formula (3), n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (3), the substituents represented by R 2 and R 3 may be connected to each other to form a ring.

  In the general formula (3), Z2 represents a hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group.

  In the general formula (3), the hydrocarbon ring group represented by Z2 has the same meaning as the description of the hydrocarbon ring group in the general formula (2).

  In the general formula (3), the heterocyclic group represented by Z2 has the same meaning as the description of the heterocyclic group in the general formula (2).

In General Formula (3), the substituent represented by R 5 and having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less is synonymous with the substituent represented by R 5 in General Formula (2). is there.

In the general formula (3), R 6 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General Formula (3), the substituent represented by R 6 has the same meaning as the substituent described in R 1 in General Formula (1).

  In the general formula (3), n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In General Formula (3), X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom, or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 .

In the general formula (3), specific examples of the bidentate ligand represented by X 1 -L 1 -X 2 include phenylpyridine, phenylpyrazole, phenylimidazole, phenyltriazole, phenyltetrazole, pyrazabol, acetylacetone, Examples include picolinic acid.

In the general formula (3), M 1 is a transition metal element of group 8 to group 10 (also simply referred to as a transition metal) in the periodic table, and among them, iridium and platinum are preferable transition metal elements.

  In the general formula (3), m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

<< Metal Complex Represented by Formula (4) >>
The metal complex represented by the general formula (4) according to the present invention will be described.

In the general formula (4), R 1, R 2, R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (4), the substituent represented by R 1, R 2, R 3 has the same meaning as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

  In general formula (4), n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (4), the substituents represented by R 2 and R 3 may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In General Formula (4), the substituent represented by R 5 and having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less is synonymous with the substituent represented by R 5 in General Formula (2). is there.

In the general formula (4), R 6 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General Formula (4), the substituent represented by R 6 has the same meaning as the substituent described in R 1 in General Formula (1).

  In general formula (4), n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (4), X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 .

In the general formula (4), specific examples of the bidentate ligand represented by X 1 -L 1 -X 2 include phenylpyridine, phenylpyrazole, phenylimidazole, phenyltriazole, phenyltetrazole, pyrazabol, acetylacetone, Examples include picolinic acid.

In the general formula (4), M 1 is a transition metal element of Group 8 to Group 10 (also simply referred to as a transition metal) in the periodic table, and among them, iridium and platinum are preferable transition metal elements.

  In the general formula (4), m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

<< Metal Complex Represented by Formula (5) >>
The metal complex represented by the general formula (4) according to the present invention will be described.

In the general formula (5), R 1, R 2, R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (5), the substituent represented by R 1, R 2, R 3 has the same meaning as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

  In general formula (5), n1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (5), the substituents represented by R 2 and R 3 may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (5), the substituent represented by R 5 and R 7 and having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less is the substituent represented by R 5 in the general formula (2). It is synonymous with. In this case, it is preferable that R 5 and R 7 are simultaneously an electron donating group.

In the general formula (5), R 6 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (5), the substituent represented by R 6 has the same meaning as the substituent described in R 1 in the general formula (1).

  In general formula (5), n2 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

In the general formula (5), X 1 -L 1 -X 2 represents a bidentate ligand, and X 1 and X 2 each independently represent a carbon atom, a nitrogen atom or an oxygen atom.

L 1 represents an atomic group forming a bidentate ligand together with X 1 and X 2 .

In the general formula (5), specific examples of the bidentate ligand represented by X 1 -L 1 -X 2 include phenylpyridine, phenylpyrazole, phenylimidazole, phenyltriazole, phenyltetrazole, pyrazabol, acetylacetone, Examples include picolinic acid.

In the general formula (5), M 1 is a transition metal element of group 8 to group 10 (also simply referred to as a transition metal) in the periodic table, and among them, iridium and platinum are preferable transition metal elements.

  In the general formula (5), m1 represents an integer of 1, 2 or 3, m2 represents an integer of 0, 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 2 or 3.

"X 1 -L 1 -X 2 of the general formula (6)"
For X 1 -L 1 -X 2 of the general formula (6) according to the present invention will be described.

  In the general formula (6), Z3 and Z4 each represent a 5-membered or 6-membered hydrocarbon ring or heterocyclic ring.

In the general formula (6), the hydrocarbon ring or heterocyclic ring represented by Z3 and Z4 has the same meaning as the description of R 4 in the general formula (1).

In General formula (6), R < 8 >, R < 9 > represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General formula (6), the substituent represented by R < 8 >, R < 9 > is synonymous with the substituent as described in R < 1 > in General formula (1).

  In General formula (6), n4 and n5 represent the integer of 1-4.

In General Formula (6), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 8 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be linked to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (6), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 9 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (6), R 8 and R 9 may be linked to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (6), R 10 represents a substituent.

In the general formula (6), the substituent represented by R 10 has the same meaning as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

In the general formula (6), ACR 1a or N is represented, and CR 1a represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General formula (6), the substituent represented by CR 1a is synonymous with the substituent described in R 1 in General Formula (1).

In the general formula (6), when CR 1a has a plurality of substituents, each substituent may be the same or different, and may be linked to each other to form a ring.

"X 1 -L 1 -X 2 of the general formula (7)"
For X 1 -L 1 -X 2 of the general formula (7) according to the present invention will be described.

In the general formula (7), R 8, R 9 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General formula (7), the substituent represented by R < 8 >, R < 9 > is synonymous with the substituent as described in R < 1 > in General formula (1).

  In General formula (7), n4 and n5 represent the integer of 1-4.

In General Formula (7), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 8 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (7), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 9 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In general formula (7), R 8 and R 9 may be linked to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (7), R 10 represents a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less.

In General Formula (7), the substituent represented by R 10 and having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less is synonymous with the substituent represented by R 5 in General Formula (2). is there. In this case, R 10 is preferably an electron donating group.

In the general formula (7), R 12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General formula (7), the substituent represented by R < 12 > is synonymous with the substituent as described in R < 1 > in General formula (1).

  In general formula (7), n6 represents an integer of 1 to 2.

In the general formula (7), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 12 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be connected to each other to form a ring.

"X 1 -L 1 -X 2 of the general formula (8)"
For X 1 -L 1 -X 2 of the general formula (7) according to the present invention will be described.

In General formula (8), R < 8 >, R < 9 > represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In General formula (8), the substituent represented by R < 8 >, R < 9 > is synonymous with the substituent as described in R < 1 > in General formula (1).

  In general formula (8), n4 represents an integer of 1 to 4.

  In general formula (8), n5 represents an integer of 1 to 3.

In the general formula (8), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 8 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be linked to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (8), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 9 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (8), R 8 and R 9 may be connected to each other to form a ring.

In the general formula (8), R 10 and R 11 represent a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less.

In General Formula (8), the substituent represented by R 10 and R 11 and having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less is the substituent represented by R 5 in General Formula (2). It is synonymous with. In this case, both R 10 and R 11 are preferably electron donating groups.

In the general formula (8), the substituents represented by R 10 and R 11 and having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less may be the same or different.

In the general formula (8), R 12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.

In the general formula (8), substituents represented by R 12 has the same meaning as the substituents described for R 1 in the general formula (1).

  In general formula (8), n6 represents an integer of 1 to 2.

In the general formula (8), when a plurality of substituents are present in R 12 , each substituent may be the same or different, and may be linked to each other to form a ring.

<< Emission wavelength of the metal complex represented by the general formulas (1) to (5) >>
The first emission wavelength of each metal complex represented by the general formulas (1) to (5) according to the present invention is preferably in the range of 400 nm to 500 nm.

  Here, the first emission wavelength refers to the shortest component of the emitted light that can be excited by the absorption wavelength of the metal complex, and the first emission wavelength is obtained by measurement using a fluorometer. I can do it.

<< Polymer containing any one of the general formulas (1) to (5) as a partial structure >>
In the present invention, a polymer having a metal complex represented by any one of the above general formulas (1) to (5) as a partial structure (also referred to as a polymer) is used as the organic EL element material of the present invention. Can do.

  Hereinafter, the metal complex represented by the general formula (1), (2), (3), (4) or the general formula (5) according to the present invention, and the general formula (1), (2), (3 ), (4) or specific examples of the polymer having a metal complex represented by the general formula (5) as a partial structure, these compounds may further have a substituent. It is not limited to.

  These metal complexes are described in, for example, Organic Letter, vol. 16, 2579-2581 (2001), Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 30, No. 8, 1685-1687 (1991), J. Am. Am. Chem. Soc. , 123, 4304 (2001), Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 40, No. 7, 1704-1711 (2001), Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 41, No. 12, 3055-3066 (2002), NewJournal. of Chemistry. 26, 1171 (2002), European Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 4, pages 695-709 (2004), and further by referring to methods such as references described in these documents. .

  Although the synthesis example of the metal complex based on this invention is shown below, this invention is not limited to these.

  << Synthesis of Exemplary Compound 121 >>

Step 1: Synthesis of Complex A 1) To a solution of 18 g (0.06861 mol) of 2-phenyl- (2,4,6-trimethylphenyl) -1H-imidazole in 350 ml of 2-ethoxyethanol under a nitrogen atmosphere, Iridium chloride trihydrate, 8.1 g (0.02297 mol) and 100 ml of water were added, and the mixture was refluxed for 5 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction solution was cooled, 500 ml of methanol was added, and the precipitated crystals were collected by filtration. The obtained crystals were further washed with methanol and dried to obtain 15.2 g (yield: 88.4%) of Complex A.

Step 2: Synthesis of Exemplified Compound 121 6.0 g (0.003998 mol) of Complex A and 1.85 g (0.008396 mol) of silver trifluoroacetate obtained in Step 1 were bubbled with nitrogen in 500 ml of methylene chloride. The mixture was refluxed for 1 hour.

  After cooling the reaction solution, the salt was filtered off, the filtrate was concentrated, 500 ml of tetrahydrofuran was added, 3.2 g (0.007996 mol) of carbene precursor and 1.35 g of tert-butoxy potassium were added, and the mixture was refluxed for 5 hours. . After cooling the reaction solution, the insoluble material was filtered off and the filtrate was concentrated. The obtained residue was separated and produced by silica gel column chromatography (hexane / tetrahydrofuran) to obtain 5.33 g (65.0%) of Exemplary Compound 121.

  The above synthesis method is an example and is not limited thereto. For example, various compounds can be synthesized by changing the solvent to be used to a polar solvent having a high boiling point such as phenyl acetate, changing the amount of the reaction substrate, or changing the reaction temperature.

In addition, the emission wavelength in the solution of the exemplary compound 121 was 463 nm (the emission wavelength was measured in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran).
In the present invention, the emission wavelength of the exemplified compound was measured as follows. First, an absorption spectrum of the exemplary compound is measured, and an absorption maximum wavelength in the range of 300 nm to 350 nm is set as excitation light.

  Using the set excitation light, the emission wavelength is measured with a fluorometer F-4500 (manufactured by Hitachi, Ltd.) while performing nitrogen bubbling.

  In addition, although there is no restriction | limiting in the solvent which can be used, 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, a dichloromethane, etc. are used preferably from a soluble viewpoint of a compound.

The concentration at the time of measurement is preferably sufficiently diluted, and specifically, it is preferably measured in the range of 10 −6 mol / l to 10 −4 mol / l.

  Moreover, there is no restriction | limiting in particular as temperature at the time of measurement, However, Generally, it is preferable that temperature setting of the range of room temperature-77K is performed.

<< Application of organic EL element materials to organic EL elements >>
When producing the organic EL element of the present invention using the organic EL element material of the present invention, the organic EL element of the present invention is formed on the light emitting layer or the electron blocking layer in the constituent layers (details will be described later) of the organic EL element. It is preferable to use a material. Moreover, it is preferably used as the following light emitting dopant in the light emitting layer.

(Light emitting host and light emitting dopant)
The mixing ratio of the light-emitting dopant to the light-emitting host that is the host compound that is the main component in the light-emitting layer is preferably adjusted to a range of 0.1% by mass to less than 30% by mass.

  However, the light-emitting dopant may be a mixture of a plurality of types of compounds, and the partner to be mixed may be a phosphorescent dopant or a fluorescent dopant having a different structure, other metal complexes or other structures.

  Here, the dopant (phosphorescent dopant, fluorescent dopant, etc.) that may be used in combination with the metal complex used as the light emitting dopant will be described. Luminescent dopants are roughly classified into two types: fluorescent dopants that emit fluorescence and phosphorescent dopants that emit phosphorescence.

  Typical examples of the former (fluorescent dopant) include coumarin dyes, pyran dyes, cyanine dyes, croconium dyes, squalium dyes, oxobenzanthracene dyes, fluorescein dyes, rhodamine dyes, pyrylium dyes, Examples include perylene dyes, stilbene dyes, polythiophene dyes, and rare earth complex phosphors.

  A typical example of the latter (phosphorescent dopant) is preferably a complex compound containing a transition metal element of Group 8, 9, or 10 in the periodic table, and more preferably an iridium compound or an osmium compound. Of these, iridium compounds are most preferred.

  Specifically, it is a compound described in the following patent publications.

  WO 00/70655 pamphlet, JP 2002-280178, JP 2001-181616, JP 2002-280179, JP 2001-181617, JP 2002-280180, JP 2001-247859, JP 2002-299060, JP 2001-313178, JP 2002-302671, JP 2001-345183, JP 2002-324679, International Publication No. 02/15645 pamphlet, JP 2002-332291 A, JP 2002-50484 A, JP 2002-332292 A, JP 2002-83684 A, JP 2002-540572 A, JP 2002-2002 A. No. 117978, JP 20 JP-A-2-338588, JP-A-2002-170684, JP-A-2002-352960, WO01 / 93642, JP-A-2002-50483, JP-A-2002-1000047, JP-A-2002. No. -173744, JP-A No. 2002-359082, JP-A No. 2002-17584, JP-A No. 2002-363552, JP-A No. 2002-184582, JP-A No. 2003-7469, JP-T-2002-525808. Gazette, JP2003-7471, JP2002-525833, JP2003-31366, JP2002-226495, JP2002-234894, JP2002-2335076 JP 2002-241751 A JP 2001-319779, JP 2001-319780, JP 2002-62824, JP 2002-1000047, JP 2002-203679, JP 2002-343572, JP 2002-203678 gazette etc.

  Some specific examples are shown below.

(Light emitting host)
The host compound used in the present invention represents a compound having a phosphorescence quantum yield of phosphorescence emission of less than 0.01 at room temperature (25 ° C.) among compounds contained in the light emitting layer.

  The light-emitting host used in the present invention is not particularly limited in terms of structure, but is typically a carbazole derivative, a triarylamine derivative, an aromatic borane derivative, a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic compound, a thiophene derivative, a furan derivative, an oligoarylene. Examples thereof include compounds having a basic skeleton such as compounds, or carboline derivatives and derivatives having a ring structure in which at least one carbon atom of a hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom. Among these, carbazole derivatives, carboline derivatives, and derivatives having a ring structure in which at least one carbon atom of the hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom are preferably used.

  Specific examples are given below, but the present invention is not limited thereto. These compounds are also preferably used as hole blocking materials.

  In the light emitting layer according to the present invention, a plurality of known host compounds may be used in combination as a host compound. By using a plurality of types of host compounds, it is possible to adjust the movement of charges, and the organic EL element can be made highly efficient. As these known host compounds, compounds having a hole transporting ability and an electron transporting ability, preventing the emission of longer wavelengths, and having a high Tg (glass transition temperature) are preferable.

  The light emitting host used in the present invention may be a low molecular compound, a high molecular compound having a repeating unit, or a low molecular compound having a polymerizable group such as a vinyl group or an epoxy group (evaporation polymerizable light emitting host). .

  As the light-emitting host, a compound that has a hole transporting ability and an electron transporting ability, prevents an increase in the wavelength of light emission, and has a high Tg (glass transition temperature) is preferable.

  As specific examples of the light-emitting host, compounds described in the following documents are suitable. For example, Japanese Patent Laid-Open Nos. 2001-257076, 2002-308855, 2001-313179, 2002-319491, 2001-357777, 2002-334786, JP2002-8860, JP2002-334787, JP2002-15871, JP2002-334788, JP2002-43056, JP2002-334789, JP JP 2002-75645 A, JP 2002-338579 A, JP 2002-105445 A, JP 2002-343568 A, JP 2002-141173 A, JP 2002-352957 A, JP 2002-2002 A. No. 203683, JP-A-2002-3632 7, JP 2002-231453, JP 2003-3165, JP 2002-234888, JP 2003-27048, JP 2002-255934, JP 2002-286061. JP, JP-A-2002-280183, JP-A-2002-299060, JP-A-2002-302516, JP-A-2002-305083, JP-A-2002-305084, JP-A-2002-308837, etc. .

  The light emitting layer may further contain a host compound having a fluorescence maximum wavelength as a host compound. In this case, the energy transfer from the other host compound and the phosphorescent compound to the fluorescent compound allows electroluminescence as an organic EL element to be emitted from the other host compound having a fluorescence maximum wavelength. A host compound having a fluorescence maximum wavelength is preferably a compound having a high fluorescence quantum yield in a solution state.

  Here, the fluorescence quantum yield is preferably 10% or more, particularly preferably 30% or more. Specific host compounds having a maximum fluorescence wavelength include coumarin dyes, pyran dyes, cyanine dyes, croconium dyes, squalium dyes, oxobenzanthracene dyes, fluorescein dyes, rhodamine dyes, and pyrylium dyes. Perylene dyes, stilbene dyes, polythiophene dyes, and the like. The fluorescence quantum yield can be measured by the method described in 362 (1992, Maruzen) of Spectroscopic II of the Fourth Edition Experimental Chemistry Course 7.

  Next, a configuration of a typical organic EL element will be described.

<< Constituent layers of organic EL elements >>
The constituent layers of the organic EL element of the present invention will be described.

  Although the preferable specific example of the layer structure of the organic EL element of this invention is shown below, this invention is not limited to these.

(I) Anode / hole transport layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode (ii) Anode / electron blocking layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode (iii) Anode / Hole transport layer / electron blocking layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode (iv) Anode / hole transport layer / electron blocking layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode ( v) Anode / hole transport layer / electron blocking layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode buffer layer / cathode (vi) Anode / anode buffer layer / hole transport layer / electron blocking layer / light emitting layer / Hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode buffer layer / cathode (vii) Anode / anode buffer layer / hole transport layer / electron blocking layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode buffer layer / cathode

《Blocking layer (electron blocking layer, hole blocking layer)》
The blocking layer (for example, electron blocking layer, hole blocking layer) according to the present invention will be described.

  In the present invention, the organic EL device material of the present invention is preferably used for a hole blocking layer, an electron blocking layer, and the like, and particularly preferably used for a hole blocking layer.

  When the organic EL device material of the present invention is contained in the hole blocking layer and the electron blocking layer, the organic EL device material of the present invention described in any one of claims 1 to 7 is added to the hole blocking layer or It may be contained in a state of 100% by mass as a layer constituent component such as an electron blocking layer, or may be mixed with other organic compounds.

  The thickness of the blocking layer according to the present invention is preferably 3 nm to 100 nm, and more preferably 5 nm to 30 nm.

《Hole blocking layer》
The hole blocking layer has the function of an electron transport layer in a broad sense, and is made of a material that has a function of transporting electrons but has a very small ability to transport holes, and blocks holes while transporting electrons. Thus, the probability of recombination of electrons and holes can be improved.

  Examples of the hole blocking layer include, for example, JP-A Nos. 11-204258 and 11-204359, and “Organic EL elements and the forefront of industrialization” (published by NTT Corporation on November 30, 1998). Can be applied as the hole blocking layer according to the present invention. Moreover, the structure of the electron carrying layer mentioned later can be used as a hole-blocking layer concerning this invention as needed.

  The organic EL device of the present invention has a hole blocking layer as a constituent layer, and at least one of the carbon atoms of the hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline derivative or the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is a nitrogen atom. It is preferable to contain a derivative having a substituted ring structure.

《Electron blocking layer》
On the other hand, the electron blocking layer has a function of a hole transport layer in a broad sense, and is made of a material that has a function of transporting holes and has an extremely small ability to transport electrons, and transports electrons while transporting holes. By blocking, the recombination probability of electrons and holes can be improved. Moreover, the structure of the positive hole transport layer mentioned later can be used as an electron blocking layer as needed.

  In the present invention, the organic EL device material of the present invention is preferably used for the adjacent layer adjacent to the light emitting layer, that is, the hole blocking layer and the electron blocking layer, and particularly preferably used for the electron blocking layer.

《Hole transport layer》
The hole transport layer includes a material having a function of transporting holes, and in a broad sense, a hole injection layer and an electron blocking layer are also included in the hole transport layer. The hole transport layer can be provided as a single layer or a plurality of layers.

  The hole transport material is not particularly limited, and is conventionally used as a hole charge injection / transport material in a photoconductive material, or used for a hole injection layer or a hole transport layer of an organic EL device. Any one of known ones can be selected and used.

  The hole transport material has one of hole injection or transport and electron barrier properties, and may be either organic or inorganic.

  For example, triazole derivatives, oxadiazole derivatives, imidazole derivatives, polyarylalkane derivatives, pyrazoline derivatives and pyrazolone derivatives, phenylenediamine derivatives, arylamine derivatives, amino-substituted chalcone derivatives, oxazole derivatives, styrylanthracene derivatives, fluorenone derivatives, hydrazone derivatives, Examples thereof include stilbene derivatives, silazane derivatives, aniline copolymers, and conductive polymer oligomers, particularly thiophene oligomers.

  The above-mentioned materials can be used as the hole transport material, but it is preferable to use a porphyrin compound, an aromatic tertiary amine compound and a styrylamine compound, particularly an aromatic tertiary amine compound.

  Representative examples of aromatic tertiary amine compounds and styrylamine compounds include N, N, N ′, N′-tetraphenyl-4,4′-diaminophenyl; N, N′-diphenyl-N, N′— Bis (3-methylphenyl)-[1,1′-biphenyl] -4,4′-diamine (TPD); 2,2-bis (4-di-p-tolylaminophenyl) propane; 1,1-bis (4-di-p-tolylaminophenyl) cyclohexane; N, N, N ′, N′-tetra-p-tolyl-4,4′-diaminobiphenyl; 1,1-bis (4-di-p-tolyl) Aminophenyl) -4-phenylcyclohexane; bis (4-dimethylamino-2-methylphenyl) phenylmethane; bis (4-di-p-tolylaminophenyl) phenylmethane; N, N'-diphenyl-N, N ' − (4-methoxyphenyl) -4,4'-diaminobiphenyl; N, N, N ', N'-tetraphenyl-4,4'-diaminodiphenyl ether; 4,4'-bis (diphenylamino) quadriphenyl; N, N, N-tri (p-tolyl) amine; 4- (di-p-tolylamino) -4 '-[4- (di-p-tolylamino) styryl] stilbene; 4-N, N-diphenylamino- (2-diphenylvinyl) benzene; 3-methoxy-4′-N, N-diphenylaminostilbenzene; N-phenylcarbazole, as well as two of those described in US Pat. No. 5,061,569 Having a condensed aromatic ring in the molecule, for example, 4,4'-bis [N- (1-naphthyl) -N-phenylamino] biphenyl (NPD), JP-A-4-3086 4,4 ′, 4′-tris [N- (3-methylphenyl) -N-phenylamino] triphenylamine in which three triphenylamine units described in Japanese Patent No. 8 are linked in a starburst type ( MTDATA) and the like.

  Furthermore, a polymer material in which these materials are introduced into a polymer chain or these materials are used as a polymer main chain can also be used. In addition, inorganic compounds such as p-type-Si and p-type-SiC can also be used as the hole injection material and the hole transport material.

  This hole transport layer can be formed by thinning the hole transport material by a known method such as a vacuum deposition method, a spin coating method, a casting method, an ink jet method, or an LB method. Although there is no restriction | limiting in particular about the film thickness of a positive hole transport layer, Usually, it is about 5 nm-5000 nm. The hole transport layer may have a single layer structure composed of one or more of the above materials.

《Electron transport layer》
The electron transport layer is made of a material having a function of transporting electrons, and in a broad sense, an electron injection layer and a hole blocking layer are also included in the electron transport layer. The electron transport layer can be provided with a single layer or a plurality of layers.

  Conventionally, in the case of a single-layer electron transport layer and a plurality of layers, the following materials are used as the electron transport material (also serving as a hole blocking material) used for the electron transport layer adjacent to the cathode side with respect to the light emitting layer. Are known.

  Further, the electron transport layer only needs to have a function of transmitting electrons injected from the cathode to the light emitting layer, and any material can be selected and used from conventionally known compounds.

  Examples of materials used for this electron transport layer (hereinafter referred to as electron transport materials) include heterocyclic tetracarboxylic acid anhydrides such as nitro-substituted fluorene derivatives, diphenylquinone derivatives, thiopyran dioxide derivatives, naphthalene perylene, carbodiimides, Fluorenylidenemethane derivative, anthraquinodimethane and anthrone derivative, oxadiazole derivative, carboline derivative, or a ring in which at least one carbon atom of the hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom Examples thereof include derivatives having a structure. Furthermore, in the above oxadiazole derivative, a thiadiazole derivative in which the oxygen atom of the oxadiazole ring is substituted with a sulfur atom, or a quinoxaline derivative having a quinoxaline ring known as an electron-withdrawing group can also be used as an electron transport material.

  Furthermore, a polymer material in which these materials are introduced into a polymer chain or these materials are used as a polymer main chain can also be used.

  Also, metal complexes of 8-quinolinol derivatives such as tris (8-quinolinol) aluminum (Alq), tris (5,7-dichloro-8-quinolinol) aluminum, tris (5,7-dibromo-8-quinolinol) aluminum, Tris (2-methyl-8-quinolinol) aluminum, tris (5-methyl-8-quinolinol) aluminum, bis (8-quinolinol) zinc (Znq), etc., and the central metals of these metal complexes are In, Mg, Cu , Ca, Sn, Ga, or Pb can also be used as an electron transport material. In addition, metal-free or metal phthalocyanine, or those having terminal ends substituted with an alkyl group or a sulfonic acid group can be preferably used as the electron transport material. In addition, the distyrylpyrazine derivative exemplified as the material of the light emitting layer can also be used as an electron transport material, and an inorganic semiconductor such as n-type-Si, n-type-SiC, etc. as in the case of the hole injection layer and the hole transport layer. Can also be used as an electron transporting material.

  This electron transport layer can be formed by thinning the electron transport material by a known method such as a vacuum deposition method, a spin coating method, a casting method, an ink jet method, or an LB method. Although there is no restriction | limiting in particular about the film thickness of an electron carrying layer, Usually, it is about 5 nm-5000 nm. This electron transport layer may have a single layer structure composed of one or more of the above materials.

  Next, an injection layer used as a constituent layer of the organic EL element of the present invention will be described.

<< Injection layer >>: Electron injection layer, hole injection layer The injection layer is provided as necessary, and there are an electron injection layer and a hole injection layer, and as described above, between the anode and the light emitting layer or the hole transport layer, and the cathode. You may exist between a light emitting layer or an electron carrying layer.

  An injection layer is a layer provided between an electrode and an organic layer in order to lower drive voltage and improve light emission luminance. “Organic EL element and its forefront of industrialization (issued by NTT Corporation on November 30, 1998)” 2 of Chapter 2, “Electrode Materials” (pages 123 to 166) in detail, and includes a hole injection layer (anode buffer layer) and an electron injection layer (cathode buffer layer).

  Details of the anode buffer layer (hole injection layer) are also described in JP-A-9-45479, JP-A-9-260062, JP-A-8-288069 and the like, and a specific example is represented by copper phthalocyanine. Phthalocyanine buffer layers, oxide buffer layers typified by vanadium oxide, amorphous carbon buffer layers, polymer buffer layers using conductive polymers such as polyaniline (emeraldine) and polythiophene, and the like.

  The details of the cathode buffer layer (electron injection layer) are described in JP-A-6-325871, JP-A-9-17574, JP-A-10-74586, and the like. Specifically, strontium, aluminum, etc. Examples include a metal buffer layer represented by an alkali metal compound buffer layer represented by lithium fluoride, an alkaline earth metal compound buffer layer represented by magnesium fluoride, and an oxide buffer layer represented by aluminum oxide.

  The buffer layer (injection layer) is preferably a very thin film, and the film thickness is preferably in the range of 0.1 nm to 100 nm, although it depends on the material.

  This injection layer can be formed by thinning the above material by a known method such as a vacuum deposition method, a spin coating method, a casting method, an ink jet method, or an LB method. Although there is no restriction | limiting in particular about the film thickness of an injection | pouring layer, Usually, it is about 5 nm-5000 nm. The injection layer may have a single layer structure composed of one or more of the above materials.

"anode"
As the anode according to the organic EL device of the present invention, an electrode having a work function (4 eV or more) metal, alloy, electrically conductive compound and a mixture thereof as an electrode material is preferably used. Specific examples of such electrode substances include metals such as Au, and conductive transparent materials such as CuI, indium tin oxide (ITO), SnO 2 , and ZnO. Alternatively, an amorphous material such as IDIXO (In 2 O 3 —ZnO) capable of forming a transparent conductive film may be used. For the anode, these electrode materials may be formed into a thin film by a method such as vapor deposition or sputtering, and a pattern having a desired shape may be formed by a photolithography method, or when pattern accuracy is not so high (about 100 μm or more) A pattern may be formed through a mask having a desired shape at the time of vapor deposition or sputtering of the electrode material. When light emission is extracted from the anode, it is desirable that the transmittance be greater than 10%, and the sheet resistance as the anode is preferably several hundred Ω / □ or less. Further, although the film thickness depends on the material, it is usually selected in the range of 10 nm to 1000 nm, preferably 10 nm to 200 nm.

"cathode"
On the other hand, as the cathode according to the present invention, a cathode having a work function (4 eV or less) metal (referred to as an electron injecting metal), an alloy, an electrically conductive compound, and a mixture thereof is used. Specific examples of such electrode materials include sodium, sodium-potassium alloy, magnesium, lithium, magnesium / copper mixture, magnesium / silver mixture, magnesium / aluminum mixture, magnesium / indium mixture, aluminum / aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) Mixtures, indium, lithium / aluminum mixtures, rare earth metals and the like. Among these, from the point of durability against electron injection and oxidation, etc., a mixture of an electron injecting metal and a second metal which is a stable metal having a larger work function than this, for example, a magnesium / silver mixture, Magnesium / aluminum mixtures, magnesium / indium mixtures, aluminum / aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ) mixtures, lithium / aluminum mixtures, aluminum and the like are preferred. The cathode can be produced by forming a thin film of these electrode materials by a method such as vapor deposition or sputtering. The sheet resistance as the cathode is preferably several hundred Ω / □ or less, and the film thickness is usually selected in the range of 10 nm to 1000 nm, preferably 50 nm to 200 nm. In order to transmit light, if either one of the anode or the cathode of the organic EL element is transparent or translucent, the light emission luminance is improved, which is convenient.

<< Substrate (also referred to as substrate, substrate, support, etc.) >>
The substrate of the organic EL device of the present invention is not particularly limited as to the type of glass, plastic and the like, and is not particularly limited as long as it is transparent. Examples of the substrate preferably used include glass and quartz. And a light transmissive resin film. A particularly preferable substrate is a resin film that can give flexibility to the organic EL element.

  Examples of the resin film include polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene naphthalate (PEN), polyethersulfone (PES), polyetherimide, polyetheretherketone, polyphenylene sulfide, polyarylate, polyimide, polycarbonate (PC), and cellulose. Examples include films made of triacetate (TAC), cellulose acetate propionate (CAP), and the like.

An inorganic or organic film or a hybrid film of both may be formed on the surface of the resin film, and the water vapor permeability (25 ± 0.5 ° C., A high barrier film having a relative humidity (90 ± 2)% RH) of 0.01 g / (m 2 · 24 h) or less is preferable.

  The external extraction efficiency at room temperature of light emission of the organic EL device of the present invention is preferably 1% or more, more preferably 2% or more.

  Here, the external extraction quantum efficiency (%) = the number of photons emitted to the outside of the organic EL element / the number of electrons sent to the organic EL element × 100.

  Further, a hue improving filter such as a color filter may be used in combination.

  When used in lighting applications, a film (such as an antiglare film) that has been roughened to reduce unevenness in light emission can be used in combination.

  When used as a multicolor display device, it is composed of at least two types of organic EL elements having different light emission maximum wavelengths. A suitable example for producing an organic EL element will be described.

<< Method for producing organic EL element >>
As an example of the method for producing the organic EL device of the present invention, a method for producing an organic EL device comprising an anode / hole injection layer / hole transport layer / light emitting layer / hole blocking layer / electron transport layer / cathode buffer layer / cathode. Will be described.

  First, a thin film made of a desired electrode material, for example, an anode material is formed on a suitable substrate by a method such as vapor deposition or sputtering so as to have a film thickness of 1 μm or less, preferably 10 nm to 200 nm, thereby producing an anode. . Next, a thin film containing an organic compound such as a hole injection layer, a hole transport layer, a light emitting layer, a hole blocking layer, or an electron transport layer, which is an element material, is formed thereon.

As a method for thinning a thin film containing an organic compound, there are a spin coating method, a casting method, an ink jet method, a vapor deposition method, a printing method, and the like, but a homogeneous film is easily obtained and pinholes are not easily generated. In view of the above, the vacuum deposition method or the spin coating method is particularly preferable. Further, a different film forming method may be applied for each layer. When a vapor deposition method is employed for film formation, the vapor deposition conditions vary depending on the type of compound used, but generally a boat heating temperature of 50 ° C. to 450 ° C., a vacuum degree of 10 −6 Pa to 10 −2 Pa, and a vapor deposition rate of 0. It is desirable to select appropriately within the range of 0.01 nm / second to 50 nm / second, substrate temperature of −50 ° C. to 300 ° C., and film thickness of 0.1 μm to 5 μm.

  After forming these layers, a thin film made of a cathode material is formed thereon by a method such as vapor deposition or sputtering so as to have a thickness of 1 μm or less, preferably in the range of 50 nm to 200 nm, and a cathode is provided. Thus, a desired organic EL element can be obtained. The organic EL device is preferably manufactured from the hole injection layer to the cathode consistently by a single vacuum, but may be taken out halfway and subjected to different film forming methods. At that time, it is necessary to consider that the work is performed in a dry inert gas atmosphere.

<Display device>
The display device of the present invention will be described. The display device of the present invention has the organic EL element.

  Although the display device of the present invention may be single color or multicolor, the multicolor display device will be described here. In the case of a multicolor display device, a shadow mask is provided only at the time of forming a light emitting layer, and a film can be formed on one surface by vapor deposition, casting, spin coating, ink jet, printing, or the like.

  When patterning is performed only on the light-emitting layer, the method is not limited, but a vapor deposition method, an inkjet method, and a printing method are preferable. In the case of using a vapor deposition method, patterning using a shadow mask is preferable.

  Moreover, it is also possible to reverse the production order to produce the cathode, the electron transport layer, the hole blocking layer, the light emitting layer, the hole transport layer, and the anode in this order.

  When a DC voltage is applied to the multicolor display device thus obtained, light emission can be observed by applying a voltage of about 2 to 40 V with the positive polarity of the anode and the negative polarity of the cathode. Further, even when a voltage is applied with the opposite polarity, no current flows and no light emission occurs. Further, when an AC voltage is applied, light is emitted only when the anode is in the + state and the cathode is in the-state. The alternating current waveform to be applied may be arbitrary.

  The multicolor display device can be used as a display device, a display, and various light emission sources. In a display device or display, full-color display is possible by using three types of organic EL elements of blue, red, and green light emission.

  Examples of the display device and display include a television, a personal computer, a mobile device, an AV device, a character broadcast display, and an information display in an automobile. In particular, it may be used as a display device for reproducing still images and moving images, and the driving method when used as a display device for reproducing moving images may be either a simple matrix (passive matrix) method or an active matrix method.

  Light sources include home lighting, interior lighting, clock and liquid crystal backlights, billboard advertisements, traffic lights, light sources for optical storage media, light sources for electrophotographic copying machines, light sources for optical communication processors, light sources for optical sensors, etc. For example, it is not limited to this.

《Lighting device》
The lighting device of the present invention will be described. The illuminating device of this invention has the said organic EL element.

  The organic EL element of the present invention may be used as an organic EL element having a resonator structure. The purpose of use of the organic EL element having such a resonator structure is as follows. The light source of a machine, the light source of an optical communication processing machine, the light source of a photosensor, etc. are mentioned, However, It is not limited to these. Moreover, you may use for the said use by making a laser oscillation.

  Further, the organic EL element of the present invention may be used as a kind of lamp for illumination or exposure light source, a projection device for projecting an image, or a display for directly viewing a still image or a moving image. It may be used as a device (display). The driving method when used as a display device for moving image reproduction may be either a simple matrix (passive matrix) method or an active matrix method. Alternatively, a full-color display device can be manufactured by using two or more organic EL elements of the present invention having different emission colors.

  Hereinafter, an example of a display device having the organic EL element of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 1 is a schematic view showing an example of a display device composed of organic EL elements. It is a schematic diagram of a display such as a mobile phone that displays image information by light emission of an organic EL element.

  The display 1 includes a display unit A having a plurality of pixels, a control unit B that performs image scanning of the display unit A based on image information, and the like.

  The control unit B is electrically connected to the display unit A, and sends a scanning signal and an image data signal to each of a plurality of pixels based on image information from the outside, and the pixels for each scanning line respond to the image data signal by the scanning signal. The image information is sequentially emitted to scan the image and display the image information on the display unit A.

  FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the display unit A.

  The display unit A includes a wiring unit including a plurality of scanning lines 5 and data lines 6, a plurality of pixels 3 and the like on a substrate. The main members of the display unit A will be described below.

  In the figure, the light emitted from the pixel 3 is extracted in the direction of the white arrow (downward).

  The scanning line 5 and the plurality of data lines 6 in the wiring portion are each made of a conductive material, and the scanning lines 5 and the data lines 6 are orthogonal to each other in a grid pattern and are connected to the pixels 3 at the orthogonal positions (details are illustrated). Not)

  When a scanning signal is applied from the scanning line 5, the pixel 3 receives an image data signal from the data line 6 and emits light according to the received image data.

  Full-color display is possible by appropriately arranging pixels in the red region, the green region, and the blue region on the same substrate.

  Next, the light emission process of the pixel will be described.

  FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a pixel.

  The pixel includes an organic EL element 10, a switching transistor 11, a driving transistor 12, a capacitor 13, and the like. A full color display can be performed by using red, green, and blue light emitting organic EL elements as the organic EL elements 10 in a plurality of pixels, and juxtaposing them on the same substrate.

  In FIG. 3, an image data signal is applied from the control unit B to the drain of the switching transistor 11 through the data line 6. When a scanning signal is applied from the control unit B to the gate of the switching transistor 11 via the scanning line 5, the driving of the switching transistor 11 is turned on, and the image data signal applied to the drain is supplied to the capacitor 13 and the driving transistor 12. Is transmitted to the gate.

  By transmitting the image data signal, the capacitor 13 is charged according to the potential of the image data signal, and the drive of the drive transistor 12 is turned on. The drive transistor 12 has a drain connected to the power supply line 7 and a source connected to the electrode of the organic EL element 10, and the power supply line 7 connects to the organic EL element 10 according to the potential of the image data signal applied to the gate. Current is supplied.

  When the scanning signal is moved to the next scanning line 5 by the sequential scanning of the control unit B, the driving of the switching transistor 11 is turned off. However, even if the driving of the switching transistor 11 is turned off, the capacitor 13 maintains the potential of the charged image data signal, so that the driving of the driving transistor 12 is kept on and the next scanning signal is applied. Until then, the light emission of the organic EL element 10 continues. When the scanning signal is next applied by sequential scanning, the driving transistor 12 is driven according to the potential of the next image data signal synchronized with the scanning signal, and the organic EL element 10 emits light.

  That is, the light emission of the organic EL element 10 is performed by providing the switching transistor 11 and the drive transistor 12 which are active elements with respect to the organic EL element 10 of each of the plurality of pixels, and the light emission of the organic EL element 10 of each of the plurality of pixels 3. It is carried out. Such a light emitting method is called an active matrix method.

  Here, the light emission of the organic EL element 10 may be light emission of a plurality of gradations by a multi-value image data signal having a plurality of gradation potentials, or by turning on / off a predetermined light emission amount by a binary image data signal. Good. The potential of the capacitor 13 may be maintained until the next scanning signal is applied, or may be discharged immediately before the next scanning signal is applied.

  In the present invention, not only the active matrix method described above, but also a passive matrix light emission drive in which the organic EL element emits light according to the data signal only when the scanning signal is scanned.

  FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of a passive matrix display device. In FIG. 4, a plurality of scanning lines 5 and a plurality of image data lines 6 are provided in a lattice shape so as to face each other with the pixel 3 interposed therebetween.

  When the scanning signal of the scanning line 5 is applied by sequential scanning, the pixels 3 connected to the applied scanning line 5 emit light according to the image data signal.

  In the passive matrix system, the pixel 3 has no active element, and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

  The organic EL material of the present invention can be applied as an illumination device to an organic EL element that emits substantially white light. A plurality of light emitting colors are simultaneously emitted by a plurality of light emitting materials to obtain white light emission by color mixing. The combination of a plurality of emission colors may include three emission maximum wavelengths of the three primary colors of blue, green, and blue, or two using the relationship of complementary colors such as blue and yellow, blue green and orange, etc. The thing containing the light emission maximum wavelength may be used.

  In addition, a combination of light emitting materials for obtaining a plurality of emission colors is a combination of a plurality of phosphorescent or fluorescent materials, a light emitting material that emits fluorescence or phosphorescence, and light from the light emitting material as excitation light. Any of those combined with a dye material that emits light may be used, but in the white organic EL device according to the present invention, only a combination of a plurality of light-emitting dopants may be mixed. It is only necessary to provide a mask only when forming a light emitting layer, a hole transport layer, an electron transport layer, etc., and simply arrange them separately by coating with the mask. Since other layers are common, patterning of the mask or the like is not necessary. In addition, for example, an electrode film can be formed by a vapor deposition method, a cast method, a spin coating method, an ink jet method, a printing method, or the like, and productivity is also improved. According to this method, unlike a white organic EL device in which light emitting elements of a plurality of colors are arranged in parallel in an array, the elements themselves are luminescent white.

  There is no restriction | limiting in particular as a luminescent material used for a light emitting layer, For example, if it is a backlight in a liquid crystal display element, the metal complex which concerns on this invention so that it may suit the wavelength range corresponding to CF (color filter) characteristic, Any one of known luminescent materials may be selected and combined to whiten.

  As described above, the white light emitting organic EL element according to the present invention is used as a kind of lamp such as household illumination, interior lighting, and exposure light source as various light emitting light sources and lighting devices in addition to the display device and display. It is also useful for display devices such as backlights for liquid crystal display devices.

  Others such as backlights for watches, signboard advertisements, traffic lights, light sources for optical storage media, light sources for electrophotographic copying machines, light sources for optical communication processors, light sources for optical sensors, etc. There are a wide range of uses such as household appliances.

  EXAMPLES Hereinafter, although an Example demonstrates this invention, this invention is not limited to these. In addition, the structure of the compound used for an Example is shown below.

Example 1
<< Production of Organic EL Element 1-1 >>
After patterning on a substrate (made by NH Techno Glass Co., Ltd .: NA-45) having a 150 nm ITO film formed on glass as an anode, the transparent support substrate provided with this ITO transparent electrode was ultrasonically cleaned with iso-propyl alcohol. Then, it was dried with dry nitrogen gas, and UV ozone cleaning was performed for 5 minutes.

The transparent support substrate is fixed to a substrate holder of a commercially available vacuum deposition apparatus, while α-NPD, H4, Ir-12, BCP, and Alq 3 are placed in five tantalum resistance heating boats, respectively. (Vacuum chamber).

  Further, lithium fluoride was placed in a resistance heating boat made of tantalum, and aluminum was placed in a resistance heating boat made of tungsten, and attached to the second vacuum tank of the vacuum evaporation apparatus.

First, after reducing the pressure of the first vacuum tank to 4 × 10 −4 Pa, the current heating boat containing α-NPD was energized and heated, and transparent at a deposition rate of 0.1 nm / second to 0.2 nm / second. It vapor-deposited so that it might become a film thickness of 20 nm on the support substrate, and provided the positive hole injection / transport layer.

  Further, the heating boat containing H4 and the boat containing Ir-12 are energized independently to adjust the deposition rate of H4 as a light emitting host and Ir-12 as a light emitting dopant to 100: 6. And it vapor-deposited so that it might become a film thickness of 30 nm, and provided the light emitting layer.

  Next, the heating boat containing BCP was energized and heated to provide a 10 nm thick hole blocking layer at a deposition rate of 0.1 nm / sec to 0.2 nm / sec.

Further, the heating boat containing Alq 3 was heated by energization to provide an electron transport layer having a film thickness of 20 nm at a deposition rate of 0.1 nm / second to 0.2 nm / second.

  Next, after the element deposited up to the electron transport layer was transferred to the second vacuum chamber while being vacuumed, it was remotely controlled from the outside of the apparatus so that a stainless steel rectangular perforated mask was placed on the electron transport layer. Installed.

After depressurizing the second vacuum tank to 2 × 10 −4 Pa, a cathode buffer layer having a film thickness of 0.5 nm was formed at a deposition rate of 0.01 nm / second to 0.02 nm / second by energizing a boat containing lithium fluoride. Then, a boat containing aluminum was energized, a cathode having a film thickness of 150 nm was attached at a deposition rate of 1 nm / second to 2 nm / second, and an organic EL device 1-1 was produced.

<< Production of Organic EL Elements 1-2 to 1-32 >>
In the production of the organic EL element 1-1, organic EL elements 1-2 to 1-32 were produced in the same manner except that the light emitting host, the light emitting dopant, and the hole blocking material were changed as shown in Table 2.

<< Evaluation of organic EL elements >>
When evaluating the obtained organic EL elements 1-1 to 1-32, the non-light-emitting surface of each organic EL element after production is covered with a glass case, and a glass substrate having a thickness of 300 μm is used as a sealing substrate. An epoxy-based photo-curing adhesive (Lux Track LC0629B manufactured by Toagosei Co., Ltd.) is applied as a sealing material in the periphery, and this is placed on the cathode to be in close contact with the transparent support substrate and irradiated with UV light from the glass substrate side. Then, it was cured and sealed, and an illumination device as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 was formed and evaluated.

  FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the lighting device, and the organic EL element 101 is covered with a glass cover 102 (in addition, the sealing operation with the glass cover is performed in a nitrogen atmosphere without bringing the organic EL element 101 into contact with the atmosphere. (In a high purity nitrogen gas atmosphere with a purity of 99.999% or more). 6 shows a cross-sectional view of the lighting device. In FIG. 6, reference numeral 105 denotes a cathode, 106 denotes an organic EL layer, and 107 denotes a glass substrate with a transparent electrode. The glass cover 102 is filled with nitrogen gas 108 and a water catching agent 109 is provided.

(External quantum efficiency)
By lighting the organic EL element under a constant current condition of room temperature (about 23 ° C. to 25 ° C.) and 2.5 mA / cm 2 , and measuring the light emission luminance (L) [cd / m 2 ] immediately after the start of lighting. The external extraction quantum efficiency (η) was calculated. Here, CS-1000 (manufactured by Konica Minolta Sensing) was used for measurement of light emission luminance. The external extraction quantum efficiency was expressed as a relative value with the organic EL element 1-1 as 100.

(Luminescent life)
The organic EL element was continuously lit at a constant current of 2.5 mA / cm 2 at room temperature, and the time (τ 1/2 ) required to reach half the initial luminance was measured. The light emission lifetime was expressed as a relative value at which the organic EL element 1-1 was set to 100.

(Luminescent color)
The organic EL device was visually evaluated for the luminescent color when the organic EL device was continuously lit under a constant current condition of 2.5 mA / cm 2 at room temperature.

  The obtained results are shown in Table 2.

  From Table 2, it is clear that the organic EL device produced using the metal complex according to the present invention can achieve higher luminous efficiency and longer lifetime than the organic EL device of the comparative example.

  In addition, it can be seen that the blue purity is higher than that of the organic EL element of the comparative example and is useful as a blue light emitting element. Furthermore, by using a carboline derivative or a derivative having a ring structure in which at least one carbon atom of the hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is further substituted with a nitrogen atom in the light emitting layer or the hole blocking layer. Furthermore, the effect of the present invention was improved.

Example 2
<< Preparation of Organic EL Element 2-1 >>
An anode of indium tin oxide (ITO, indium / tin = 95/5 molar ratio) was formed on a glass support substrate of 25 mm × 25 mm × 0.5 mm by a sputtering method using a direct current power (thickness: 200 nm). The surface resistance of this anode was 10Ω / □.

  Polyvinylcarbazole (hole transporting binder polymer) / Ir-13 (blue light-emitting orthometalated complex) / 2- (4-biphenylyl) -5- (4-t-butylphenyl) -1, A dichloroethane solution in which 3,4-oxadiazol (electron transport material) = 200/2/50 mass ratio was dissolved was applied by a spin coater to obtain a light emitting layer having a thickness of 100 nm.

  A patterned mask (a mask with a light emitting area of 5 mm × 5 mm) is placed on the organic compound layer, and 0.5 nm of lithium fluoride is deposited as a cathode buffer layer and 150 nm of aluminum is deposited as a cathode in a deposition apparatus. A cathode was provided to produce a blue-emitting organic EL element 2-1.

<< Production of Organic EL Elements 2-2 to 2-9 >>
In the production of the organic EL element 2-1, organic EL elements 2-2 to 2-9 were produced in the same manner except that the luminescent dopant was changed as shown in Table 3.

<< Evaluation of organic EL elements >>
When evaluating the obtained organic EL elements 2-1 to 2-9, the non-light-emitting surface of each organic EL element after production was covered with a glass case, and a glass substrate having a thickness of 300 μm was used as a sealing substrate. An epoxy-based photo-curing adhesive (Lux Track LC0629B manufactured by Toagosei Co., Ltd.) is applied as a sealing material in the periphery, and this is placed on the cathode to be in close contact with the transparent support substrate and irradiated with UV light from the glass substrate side. Then, it was cured and sealed, and an illumination device as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 was formed and evaluated.

  Subsequently, the luminance and luminous efficiency were measured as follows.

(Luminance, luminous efficiency)
Using a source measure unit 2400 manufactured by Toyo Technica, a direct current voltage is applied to an organic EL element to emit light, and a light emission luminance (cd / m 2 ) and 2.5 mA / cm when a direct current voltage of 10 V is applied. Luminous efficiency (lm / W) when a current of 2 was passed was measured. The obtained results are shown in Table 3.

  From Table 3, it is clear that the organic EL device produced using the metal complex according to the present invention can achieve high luminous efficiency and high luminance as compared with the organic EL device of the comparative example.

Example 3
<Production of full-color display device>
(Production of blue light emitting element)
The organic EL element 1-31 of Example 1 was used as a blue light-emitting organic EL element.

(Production of green light emitting element)
A green light emitting device was produced in the same manner as in the organic EL device 1-2 of Example 1 except that Ir-13 was changed to Ir-1, and this was used as a green light emitting organic EL device.

(Production of red light emitting element)
A red light emitting device was produced in the same manner as in the organic EL device 1-2 of Example 1 except that Ir-13 was changed to Ir-9, and this was used as a red light emitting organic EL device.

  The red, green, and blue light-emitting organic EL elements produced above were juxtaposed on the same substrate to produce an active matrix type full-color display device having a configuration as shown in FIG. In FIG. 2, only the schematic diagram of the display part A of the produced display device is shown.

  That is, a plurality of pixels 3 (light emission color is a red region pixel, a green region pixel, a blue region pixel, etc.) juxtaposed with a wiring portion including a plurality of scanning lines 5 and data lines 6 on the same substrate. The scanning lines 5 and the plurality of data lines 6 in the wiring portion are each made of a conductive material, and the scanning lines 5 and the data lines 6 are orthogonal to each other in a lattice shape and are connected to the pixels 3 at the orthogonal positions (for details, see FIG. Not shown).

  The plurality of pixels 3 are driven by an active matrix system provided with an organic EL element corresponding to each emission color, a switching transistor as an active element, and a driving transistor, and a scanning signal is applied from a scanning line 5. The image data signal is received from the data line 6 and light is emitted according to the received image data. In this way, a full color display device was manufactured by appropriately juxtaposing red, green, and blue pixels.

  It has been found that when this full-color display device is driven, a high-brightness, high durability, and clear full-color moving image display can be obtained.

Example 4
<< Preparation of white light emitting element and white lighting device >>
The electrode of the transparent electrode substrate of Example 1 was patterned to 20 mm × 20 mm, and α-NPD was formed as a hole injection / transport layer with a thickness of 25 nm on the same as in Example 1 and further contained H1. In addition, the heating boat, the boat containing the exemplary compound 121 and the boat containing Ir-9 were energized independently, and the deposition rate of H1 as the light emitting host and the exemplary compound 121 and Ir-9 as the light emitting dopant was 100. : Adjusted to 5: 0.6, vapor-deposited to a thickness of 30 nm to provide a light emitting layer.

Next, BCP was deposited to a thickness of 10 nm to provide a hole blocking layer. Furthermore, it was deposited Alq 3 at 40nm an electron transporting layer.

  Next, as in Example 1, a square perforated mask having the same shape as the transparent electrode made of stainless steel was placed on the electron injection layer, and lithium fluoride 0.5 nm was used as the cathode buffer layer and aluminum 150 nm was used as the cathode. Evaporated film was formed.

  This element was provided with a sealing can having the same method and the same structure as in Example 1, and a flat lamp as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 was produced. When this flat lamp was energized, almost white light was obtained, and it was found that it could be used as a lighting device.

Example 5
<< Preparation of Organic EL Element 5-1 >>: On a substrate (NA-45 manufactured by NH Techno Glass Co., Ltd.) formed by depositing 100 nm of ITO (indium tin oxide) on a glass substrate of 100 mm × 100 mm × 1.1 mm as an anode of the present invention. After patterning, the transparent support substrate provided with the ITO transparent electrode was ultrasonically cleaned with isopropyl alcohol, dried with dry nitrogen gas, and subjected to UV ozone cleaning for 5 minutes.

  On this transparent support substrate, a solution obtained by diluting poly (3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) -polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT / PSS, Bayer, Baytron P Al 4083) to 70% by mass with pure water at 3000 rpm for 30 seconds. After film formation by spin coating, the film was dried at 200 ° C. for 1 hour to provide a hole injection / transport layer having a thickness of 30 nm.

  On this hole injection / transport layer, a solution prepared by dissolving 30 mg of Exemplified Compound P-1 in 3 ml of toluene was formed by spin coating under conditions of 1000 rpm and 30 seconds, and vacuum dried at 60 ° C. for 1 hour. A light emitting layer having a thickness of 80 nm was obtained.

This is attached to a vacuum deposition apparatus, then the vacuum chamber is decompressed to 4 × 10 −4 Pa, 10 nm of calcium is deposited as the cathode buffer layer, and 110 nm of aluminum is deposited as the cathode to form the cathode, and the organic EL element 5-1 is formed. Produced.

<< Preparation of Organic El Element 5-2 to 5-17 >>: In the Preparation of Organic EL Element 5-1 of the Present Invention, Exemplified Compound P-1 used for preparation of the light emitting layer is represented by P-2, 3, 7, 8 Organic EL elements 5-2 to 5-17 were produced in exactly the same manner except that they were changed to 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 22, 24, 25, 29, and 30, respectively.

<< Preparation of Organic EL Element 5-18 >>: Comparative Example Except that the organic EL element 5-1 was prepared in the same manner except that 3 ml of the exemplified compound P-1 solution was replaced with the solution described in [A] below. Organic EL element 5-18 was produced.

  [A]: A solution in which 30 mg of polyvinylcarbazole (PVCz) and 1.5 mg of Ir-13 (blue light-emitting orthometalated complex) are dissolved in 3 ml of toluene

<< Evaluation of Organic EL Elements 5-1 to 5-18 >>
When evaluating the obtained organic EL elements 5-1 to 5-18, the non-light-emitting surface of each organic EL element after fabrication was covered with a glass case, and a glass substrate having a thickness of 300 μm was used as a sealing substrate. An epoxy-based photo-curing adhesive (Lux Track LC0629B manufactured by Toagosei Co., Ltd.) is applied as a sealing material in the periphery, and this is placed on the cathode to be in close contact with the transparent support substrate and irradiated with UV light from the glass substrate side. Then, it was cured and sealed, and an illumination device as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 was formed and evaluated.

  Next, external extraction quantum efficiency and emission lifetime were measured as follows.

《External extraction quantum efficiency》
The organic EL device was measured for external extraction quantum efficiency (%) when a constant current of 2.5 mA / cm 2 was applied at 23 ° C. in a dry nitrogen gas atmosphere. For the measurement, a spectral radiance meter CS-1000 (manufactured by Konica Minolta Co., Ltd.) was used.

<Luminescent life>
When driving at a constant current of 2.5 mA / cm 2 in a dry nitrogen gas atmosphere at 23 ° C., the time required for the luminance to drop to half of the luminance immediately after the start of light emission (initial luminance) was measured. Was used as an index of life as half-life time (τ 1/2 ).

  Similarly, a spectral radiance meter CS-1000 (manufactured by Konica Minolta Co., Ltd.) was used for the measurement.

  The measurement results of the external extraction quantum efficiency and the light emission lifetime of the organic EL elements 5-1 to 5-18 were subjected to relative evaluation with the organic EL element 5-18 as 100.

  The results obtained are shown in Table 4 below.

  From Table 4, it was found that by using the polymer compound of the present invention for the light emitting layer, the external extraction quantum efficiency was significantly improved and the power consumption was suppressed. It was also found that the light emission life was improved.

  In addition, green light emission was obtained from the device (5-16) using the compound P-29 of the present invention, and red light emission was obtained from the device (5-17) using the compound P-30 of the present invention. . All other organic EL elements emitted blue or blue-green light.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Display 3 Pixel 5 Scan line 6 Data line 7 Power supply line 10 Organic EL element 11 Switching transistor 12 Drive transistor 13 Capacitor A Display part B Control part 102 Glass cover 105 Cathode 106 Organic EL layer 107 Glass substrate with a transparent electrode 108 Nitrogen gas 109 Water catcher

Claims (12)

  1. An organic electroluminescence element material, which is a metal complex represented by the following general formula (1).
    (In the formula, R 1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent. N1 represents an integer of 1 to 4.
    R 4 represents an aromatic hydrocarbon ring group or a heterocyclic group having two or more substituents .
    Z1 represents a 5-membered or 6-membered hydrocarbon ring or heterocyclic ring.
    A represents CR 2 or N, and R 2 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.
    B represents CR 3 or N, and R 3 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent.
    X 1 -L 1 -X 2 is represented by the following general formula (7).
    m1 represents an integer of 1 or 2, m2 represents an integer of 1 or 2, and m1 + m2 is 3.
    The central metal M 1 represents iridium or platinum. )
    (Wherein R 8 and R 9 each represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent. N4 and n5 each represent an integer of 1 to 4. R 10 represents a substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of −0.5 or less. R 12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and n6 represents an integer of 1 or 2.)
  2. The organic electroluminescence device material according to claim 1, wherein X 1 -L 1 -X 2 is characterized by being represented by the following general formula (8).
    (In the formula, R 8 and R 9 represent a hydrogen atom or a substituent. N4 represents an integer of 1 to 4, n5 represents an integer of 1 to 3. R 10 and R 11 represent steric parameter values (Es values). Represents a substituent of −0.5 or less, R 12 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent, and n6 represents an integer of 1 to 2.
  3.   In the said General formula (1), m2 is 1, The organic electroluminescent element material of Claim 1 or 2 characterized by the above-mentioned.
  4.   In the general formula (7) or (8), the substituent having a steric parameter value (Es value) of -0.5 or less is an electron donating group. Luminescence element material.
  5.   5. The organic electroluminescence element material according to claim 1, wherein the first emission wavelength is in a range of 400 to 500 nm.
  6.   The organic electroluminescent element material according to claim 1, comprising a polymer having a metal complex represented by the general formula (1) as a partial structure.
  7.   An organic electroluminescent element comprising the organic electroluminescent element material according to claim 1.
  8.   The organic electroluminescent element which has a light emitting layer as a structure layer, The said organic electroluminescent element material is contained in this light emitting layer, The organic electroluminescent element of Claim 7 characterized by the above-mentioned.
  9.   9. The luminescent layer contains a carboline derivative or a derivative having a ring structure in which at least one carbon atom of a hydrocarbon ring constituting the carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom. The organic electroluminescent element of description.
  10.   It has a hole blocking layer as a constituent layer, and the hole blocking layer has a ring structure in which at least one of carbon atoms of a carboline derivative or a hydrocarbon ring constituting a carboline ring of the carboline derivative is substituted with a nitrogen atom The organic electroluminescent element according to claim 7, further comprising a derivative.
  11.   A display device comprising the organic electroluminescence element according to claim 7.
  12.   It has an organic electroluminescent element of any one of Claims 7-10, The illuminating device characterized by the above-mentioned.
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