JP5624913B2 - Fixing member and image forming apparatus having the same - Google Patents

Fixing member and image forming apparatus having the same Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5624913B2
JP5624913B2 JP2011040493A JP2011040493A JP5624913B2 JP 5624913 B2 JP5624913 B2 JP 5624913B2 JP 2011040493 A JP2011040493 A JP 2011040493A JP 2011040493 A JP2011040493 A JP 2011040493A JP 5624913 B2 JP5624913 B2 JP 5624913B2
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fixing
pressure
mode
cam
roller
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JP2012177789A (en
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雅和 上原
雅和 上原
丸田 正晃
正晃 丸田
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京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03GELECTROGRAPHY; ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY; MAGNETOGRAPHY
    • G03G15/00Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern
    • G03G15/20Apparatus for electrographic processes using a charge pattern for fixing, e.g. by using heat

Description

  The present invention relates to a fixing device including a mechanism for switching a pressing force (fixing pressure) of a pressure member to a heating member, and an image forming apparatus including the fixing device.

  In an image forming apparatus such as a copying machine or a printer that forms an image on a recording material such as paper by an electrophotographic method, a toner is developed by developing an electrostatic latent image formed on an image carrier such as a photosensitive drum by a developing device. An image is visualized and the toner image is transferred onto a recording material. Then, the recording material onto which the toner image has been transferred is conveyed to a fixing device, heated and pressurized by the fixing device, and after being fixed on the toner image, it is discharged out of the apparatus, thereby performing a series of image forming operations. Is completed.

  By the way, a fixing device provided in such an image forming apparatus may employ a heating roller method and a fixing belt method as a fixing method. For example, fixing devices employing a heating roller method are heated in contact with each other and rotated. A heating roller as a member and a pressure roller as a pressure member are provided, and a predetermined fixing pressure (nip pressure) is secured between the two by pressing the pressure roller against the heating roller.

  For example, when an envelope is passed through such a fixing device, the envelope is made by folding and bonding the paper, so that it is thicker than normal paper, which passes through the fixing nip of the heating roller and pressure roller. When this occurs, distortion and wrinkles due to this are likely to occur.

  Therefore, in Patent Document 1, a heating roller is rotatably supported at a longitudinal intermediate portion of a pressure arm that rotates about a fulcrum at one end, and the heating roller is used as a pressure roller on the other end side of the pressure arm. A configuration has been proposed in which a spring to be pressed is provided and a rotatable cam member is disposed on the opposite side of the pressing arm. According to this, when passing plain paper having a relatively small thickness, the cam member is separated from the pressure arm, and the heating roller is pressed against the pressure roller with a strong force by the biasing force of the spring, so that large fixing is performed. When a nip pressure is generated and an envelope or the like is passed through, the fixing nip pressure can be lowered by rotating the cam member and pressing the pressure arm in a direction to reduce the urging force of the spring.

  In Patent Document 2, the fixing nip pressure is changed by changing the length of a spring that presses a pressure roller (pressure roller) by a heating roller (heat roller) by sliding a tapered slider or rotating a cam. A configuration is proposed.

JP 2007-079160 A JP-A-2-254480

  However, according to the configurations proposed in Patent Documents 1 and 2, since a single spring (spring) is used as a means for applying the fixing nip pressure, the fixing roller and the pressure roller are thermally expanded and removed. Since the spring (spring) is compressed when the diameter increases, the urging force thereof becomes larger than the set value, and the fixing nip pressure becomes too large, so that there is a problem that wrinkles are likely to occur on the envelope or the like.

  Further, in the configurations proposed in Patent Patent Nos. 1 and 2, since it is necessary to obtain a required fixing nip pressure by a single spring (spring), the urging force (spring constant) of this spring (spring) is relatively low. When passing through envelopes, etc., it is necessary to rotate the cam against the large biasing force (spring force) of the spring (spring). There is also a problem that a large power is required as a driving source for rotationally driving the cam.

  SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The present invention has been made in view of the above-described problems, and an object of the present invention is a fixing device capable of preventing the generation of wrinkles such as envelopes without causing deterioration in durability, and an image forming apparatus provided with the same. Is to provide.

  In order to achieve the above object, according to the first aspect of the present invention, the recording material onto which the toner image has been transferred is passed through a fixing nip formed by a heating member and a pressure member that are in contact with each other, whereby the toner image is transferred. A supporting member that rotates around one end in a fixing device that can be fixed on the recording material by heating and pressurizing, and can select a high pressure mode with a high fixing pressure or a low pressure mode with a low fixing pressure as a fixing mode. The heating member or the pressurizing member is supported in the longitudinal direction intermediate portion, the first and second urging members are disposed on the other end side of the supporting member, and the first urging member is disposed on the supporting member. The second urging member is selectively brought into contact with the support member by a switching mechanism, and the second urging member is brought into contact with the support member in the high pressure mode. Time It is characterized by being configured so as to separate the second biasing member from the support member.

  According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the invention, the switching mechanism includes a rotatable cam member with which one end of the second urging member abuts, and a driving unit that rotates the cam member. It is characterized by comprising.

  According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided the sensor according to the first or second aspect, wherein the sensor detects the rotational position of the cam member and detects whether the high pressure mode or the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode. It is characterized by that.

  According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the third aspect of the present invention, the cam member, a shaft to which the cam member is bound, and an actuator that acts on the sensor are integrally formed.

  According to a fifth aspect of the invention, in the invention according to any one of the first to fourth aspects, when the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode, if the jam of the recording material occurs, the fixing mode is switched to the low pressure mode. Features.

According to a sixth aspect of the invention, in the fifth aspect of the invention, the recording material passes through the registration roller and the registration sensor is turned on, then passes through the fixing nip, and the recording material is switched from OFF to ON. The switching from the high pressure mode to the low pressure mode is performed only when a jam of the recording material is detected during
In the invention according to any one of claims 1 to 3, the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode.

  An image forming apparatus according to a seventh aspect includes the fixing device according to any one of the first to sixth aspects.

  According to the first and second aspects of the present invention, the first biasing member is always in contact with the support member to be used for forming the fixing nip, and the second biasing member is selected as the support member according to the fixing mode. The second biasing member is separated from the support member in the low pressure mode in which thick paper such as an envelope is passed through, so that the cam member is not loaded and a relatively thin recording material such as plain paper is used. Since only the urging force (reaction force) of the second urging member acts on the cam member during the high-pressure mode for passing paper, the sliding resistance during rotation of the cam member can be kept small. For this reason, the wear of the cam member is suppressed and the durability thereof is enhanced, and the drive source that rotationally drives the cam member does not require a large amount of power, so that the drive source can be reduced in size. Further, in the low pressure mode, the fixing pressure can be kept low only by the first urging force, thereby preventing wrinkles such as envelopes.

  According to the third aspect of the present invention, it is possible to determine which one of the high pressure mode and the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode by detecting the rotational position of the cam member by the sensor.

  According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, since the cam member, the shaft to which the cam member is attached, and the actuator acting on the sensor are integrally formed, the number of parts and the number of assembling steps can be reduced, and the cost can be reduced. .

  According to the fifth aspect of the invention, when the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode and the fixing pressure is set high, if the recording material is jammed, the fixing mode is switched to the low pressure mode to lower the fixing pressure. Therefore, the jammed recording material can be easily removed.

  According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, the high pressure mode is changed to the low pressure mode only when the jam of the recording material existing between the registration sensor ON and the fixing sensor OFF, that is, between the registration roller and the fixing nip is detected. Thus, the recording material sandwiched between the fixing nips of the fixing device can be removed reliably and easily.

  According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, the toner image is securely fixed to the thick paper such as an envelope without deteriorating the durability of the fixing device, and the high-quality image is stabilized. Can be obtained.

1 is a cross-sectional view of an image forming apparatus according to the present invention. 1 is a perspective view of a fixing device according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. (A) is a perspective view showing the state of the main part of the fixing device according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention in a high-pressure mode, and (b) is a perspective view of a detection part in the high-pressure mode (enlarged detail of part A in FIG. 2). Figure). FIG. 3 is a side view showing a state in the high-pressure mode of the main part of the fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention. (A) is a perspective view showing a state of the main part of the fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention in a low pressure mode, and (b) is a perspective view of a detection unit in the low pressure mode. FIG. 3 is a side view showing a state of the main part of the fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention in a low pressure mode. FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a fixing device according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention. FIG. 7B is a perspective view showing a state of the main part of the fixing device according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention in a high pressure mode, and FIG. FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a state of a main part of the fixing device according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention in a low pressure mode, and FIG. 5B is a perspective view of a detection unit in the low pressure mode. FIG. 6 is a side view showing a state in a low pressure mode of a main part of a fixing device according to a second embodiment of the present invention.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[Image forming apparatus]
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of an image forming apparatus according to the present invention. The illustrated image forming apparatus 1 is a laser printer, and an image forming unit 2 is disposed above the inside of the apparatus main body 1A. A sheet storage unit 3 is disposed in the lower half of the sheet.

  The image forming unit 2 forms an image by an electrophotographic method. The image forming unit 2 is a photosensitive drum 4 as a rotatable image carrier, a charger 5 disposed around the photosensitive drum 4, a developing device 6, and the like. In addition to the transfer roller 7 and the cleaning device 8, the developing device 6 is provided with a toner hopper 9 for supplying toner as a developer. A laser scanner unit (LSU) 10 that is an optical scanning device is disposed beside the image forming unit 2.

The paper storage unit 3 includes detachable upper and lower two-stage paper feed cassettes 11 and 12 in which a plurality of paper sheets as recording materials are stacked and accommodated, and in the vicinity of each of the paper feed cassettes 11 and 12, A pick roller 13 for sequentially taking out the paper in each of the paper feed cassettes 11 and 12 from the upper one, a feed roller 14 for feeding out the taken paper one by one and a retard roller 15 are provided. In the apparatus main body 1A, a first transport path S1 from the paper storage unit 3 to the image forming unit 2 and a second transport path S2 from the image forming unit 2 to the paper discharge tray 16 are disposed. The registration roller 17 and the transfer roller 7 are provided in the path S1, and the fixing device 18, the conveyance roller 19, and the paper discharge roller 20 according to the present invention are provided in the second conveyance path S2. Details of the configuration of the fixing device 18 will be described later.

  Next, an image forming operation of the image forming apparatus 1 configured as described above will be described.

  When the image forming operation is started, in the image forming unit 2, the photosensitive drum 4 is rotationally driven in a direction indicated by an arrow (clockwise) in FIG. Uniformly charged. When a laser beam based on an electrical signal transmitted from a personal computer or the like is output from the laser scanner unit 10 and the surface of the photosensitive drum 4 is exposed and scanned, an electrostatic latent image corresponding to image information is formed on the photosensitive drum 4. Is formed. The electrostatic latent image formed on the photosensitive drum 4 is developed by the developing device 6 using toner as a developer to be visualized as a toner image.

  By the way, when cassette feeding is performed, the paper stored in, for example, the upper paper feeding cassette 11 of the paper storage unit 3 is picked up from the uppermost one by the pick roller 13 and is fed by the feed roller 14 and the retard roller 15. The sheets are separated one by one and conveyed to the registration roller 17 through the first conveyance path S1. In the registration roller 17, after the paper is temporarily in a standby state, the paper is supplied to the image forming unit 2 at a predetermined timing synchronized with the toner image on the photosensitive drum 4.

  In the image forming unit 2, the sheet supplied to the nip between the photosensitive drum 4 and the transfer roller 7 is conveyed while being pressed against the photosensitive drum 4 by the transfer roller 7, so that the surface of the photosensitive drum 4 is conveyed. The upper toner image is transferred. Then, the sheet on which the toner image is transferred is conveyed to the fixing device 18 and is heated and pressurized in the process of passing through the nip of the fixing device 18 to receive the fixing of the toner image. The toner remaining on the surface of the photosensitive drum 4 (transfer residual toner) after the transfer of the toner image onto the paper is removed by the cleaning device 8, and the photosensitive drum 4 whose surface has been cleaned is prepared for the next image forming operation.

  Thus, the sheet on which the toner image is fixed on the surface by the fixing device 18 is conveyed toward the sheet discharge roller 20 by the conveyance roller 19 through the second conveyance path S2, and to the sheet discharge tray 16 by the sheet discharge roller 20. This completes a series of image forming operations.

[Fixing device]
Next, an embodiment of the fixing device 18 according to the present invention will be described.

<Embodiment 1>
2 is a perspective view of the fixing device according to the first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 3A is a perspective view of the main part of the fixing device in the high-pressure mode, and FIG. 3B is a perspective view of the detection unit in the high-pressure mode. FIG. 4 is a side view of the main part of the fixing device in the high pressure mode, FIG. 5A is a perspective view of the main part of the fixing device in the low pressure mode, and FIG. FIG. 6 is a side view of the main part of the fixing device in the low pressure mode.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the fixing device 18 includes a heating roller 21 that is a heating member that rotates in contact with each other and a pressure roller 22 that is a pressure member, and the cylindrical heating roller 21 includes a heating roller 21. A fixing heater (not shown) is arranged. A pressure roller 22 is pressed against the heating roller 21 from below to form a predetermined fixing nip with the heating roller 21.

  That is, the pressure roller 22 is rotatably supported at the middle in the longitudinal direction of the pressure arm 24 that is a support member at both left and right axial ends of the rotation shaft 23 that communicates with the shaft center. As shown in FIG. 4, the left and right pressurizing arms 24 are supported by a support shaft 25 so that one end in the longitudinal direction is pivotable up and down. A first spring 26 and a second spring 27, which are two urging members, are arranged in a vertical state. Here, the left and right first springs 26 are compressed between the fixed frame 28 and the pressurizing arms 24, and the first springs 26 are always in contact with the pressurizing arms 24. 4 is urged counterclockwise in FIG. 4 about the support shaft 25 to press the pressure roller 22 against the heating roller 21 with a predetermined force. On the other hand, the left and right second springs 27 selectively abut on the left and right pressure arms 24 as will be described later.

  By the way, in the fixing device 18 according to the present embodiment, a high pressure mode with a high fixing pressure and a low pressure mode with a low fixing pressure are set as a fixing mode, and fixing when these high pressure mode or low pressure mode is selected. The pressure is changed by the switching mechanism shown below.

  That is, the lower ends of the left and right second springs 27 are in contact with the outer circumferences of the left and right cam members 30 that are bonded to both ends of the shaft 29 in the axial direction. 27 selectively contacts each pressure arm 24. Here, each cam member 30 is formed in an elliptical shape as shown in FIG. 4, and an engagement recess 30 a is formed on the outer periphery of the portion where the height from the shaft center (rotation center) of the shaft 29 is the lowest. The height of the outer periphery of the opposite side is set higher than the height of the engaging recess 30a.

  As shown in FIG. 2, a motor 31 that is a rotational drive source of the cam member 30 is disposed on one cam member 30 side (left side in FIG. 2), and an output shaft (motor shaft) of the motor 31 is provided. ) 31a is connected to the shaft 29 via the reduction gear train G. Further, the position of the cam member 30 (that is, the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode or the low pressure mode is selected) at the end of the shaft 29 on the side where the other cam member 30 is attached (the right side in the figure). Is provided. As shown in FIG. 4B, the detection unit 32 includes an actuator 33 fixed to the shaft 29 and a light transmission type PI sensor 34 arranged on the fixed side. In the present embodiment, the shaft 29, the cam member 30, and the actuator 33 are integrally formed, thereby reducing the number of parts and the number of assembly steps, thereby reducing the cost.

  Thus, when plain paper having a relatively small thickness is passed through the fixing device 18 configured as described above, the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode and the fixing pressure is set high.

  That is, when the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode, as shown in FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, the portion where the height from the rotation center of the cam member 30 is directly above and the height is low, and the engagement recess 30a is formed. The second spring 27 whose lower end is in contact with the outer periphery of the cam member 30 is pushed up by the cam member 30 and is in contact with the pressure arm 24 to be compressed. Therefore, in this high pressure mode, as shown in FIG. 4, urging forces F1 and F2 are applied to the end of the pressure arm 24 by the first spring 26 and the second spring 27, respectively. The shaft 25 is biased counterclockwise in FIG. For this reason, the pressure roller 22 supported by the pressure arm 24 is pressed against the heating roller 21 with a relatively large force P1, and the pressure of the fixing nip (fixing pressure) formed between the pressure roller 22 and the heating roller 21 is fixed. ) Is set relatively high, and the toner image carried on the plain paper passing through the fixing nip is heated and pressurized and fixed on the plain paper. At this time, in the detection unit 32, as shown in FIG. 3B, the actuator 33 is in a position that does not block the light from the light emitting unit of the PI sensor 34, and the PI sensor 34 receives the light from the light emitting unit by the light receiving unit. By receiving light, it is detected that the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode.

  On the other hand, when thick paper such as an envelope is passed through the fixing device 18, the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode and the fixing pressure is set low.

  That is, when the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode, the motor 31 is driven, and the rotation of the output shaft (motor shaft) 31a is transmitted to the shaft 29 while being decelerated through the reduction gear train G. The left and right cam members 30 attached to this half-rotate from the state of the high pressure mode shown in FIGS. 3 and 4, and the engaging recess 30a formed at a low height of the cam member 30 is directly above. To position. Then, the second spring 27 whose lower end is in contact with the cam member 30 is separated from the pressure arm 24, and only the first spring 26 is in contact with the pressure arm.

  Therefore, in this low pressure mode, as shown in FIG. 6, only the urging force F <b> 1 acts on the end of the pressure arm 24 by the first spring 26, and the pressure arm 24 is centered on the support shaft 25 in FIG. 6. It is urged counterclockwise. For this reason, the pressure roller 22 supported by the pressure arm 24 is pressed against the heating roller 21 with a relatively small force P2 (<P1), and the fixing nip formed between the pressure roller 22 and the heating roller 21 is pressed. The pressure (fixing pressure) is set relatively low, and the toner image carried on the thick paper such as an envelope passing through the fixing nip is heated and pressurized to be fixed on the thick paper, thereby preventing the wrinkle of the thick paper. . At this time, in the detection unit 32, as shown in FIG. 5B, the actuator 33 is in a position where the light from the light emitting unit of the PI sensor 34 is blocked, and the PI sensor 34 receives the light from the light emitting unit by the light receiving unit. By not, it is detected that the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode.

  As described above, in the present embodiment, the first spring 26 is always in contact with the pressure arm 24 to be used for forming the fixing nip, and the second spring 27 is selectively applied to the pressure arm 24 according to the fixing mode. The second spring 27 is separated from the pressurizing arm 24 in a low pressure mode in which a thick paper such as an envelope is passed through, so that the cam member 30 is not loaded and a relatively thin recording material such as plain paper is used. Since only the urging force (reaction force) of the second spring 27 acts on the cam member 30 in the high-pressure mode for passing paper, the sliding resistance during rotation of the cam member 30 can be kept small. For this reason, the wear of the cam member 30 is suppressed and its durability is enhanced, and the motor 31 that rotationally drives the cam member 30 does not require a large amount of power, so that the motor 31 can be downsized. . In the low pressure mode, the fixing pressure can be kept low only by the urging force of the first spring 26, so that wrinkles such as envelopes can be prevented.

  By the way, in the fixing device 18 according to the present embodiment, when the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode and the fixing pressure is set high, if the recording material is jammed, the fixing mode is switched to the low pressure mode. Is trying to lower. Specifically, switching from the high-pressure mode to the low-pressure mode is only performed when a paper jam is detected between the registration sensor ON (not shown) and the fixing sensor (not shown) detecting the paper and switching from OFF to ON. Like to do. Therefore, only the recording material jammed at the fixing nip of the fixing device 18 can be surely and easily removed. The fixing sensor detects whether or not a sheet exists in the fixing nip. The fixing sensor is turned on when no sheet is present in the fixing nip and is turned off when a sheet is present.

<Embodiment 2>
Next, a fixing device according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  7 is a perspective view of the fixing device according to the second embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 8A is a perspective view of the main part of the fixing device in the high-pressure mode, and FIG. 8B is a perspective view of the detection unit in the high-pressure mode. FIG. 9 is an enlarged detailed view of a portion B in FIG. 7, FIG. 9A is a perspective view of the main part of the fixing device in the low pressure mode, FIG. 9B is a perspective view of the detecting portion in the low pressure mode, and FIG. It is a side view of the main part of the fixing device in the mode.

  In the first embodiment, the example in which the fixing mode is automatically switched has been described. However, in the present embodiment, the fixing mode is manually switched. 7 to 10, the same elements as those shown in FIGS. 1 to 6 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the repetitive description thereof will be omitted below.

  In the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7, an operation lever 35 for manually switching the operation mode is provided so as to be rotatable about a support shaft 36. A sector gear 37 is integrally formed. The sector gear 37 meshes with a gear 38 that is bound to one end of the shaft 29.

  Thus, when a relatively thin plain paper is passed through the fixing device 18, the high-pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode, and when this fixing mode is selected, FIGS. As shown in FIG. 2, the second spring 27 in which the portion where the height from the rotation center of the cam member 30 is high is located directly above and the portion where the height is low is located directly below, and the lower end is in contact with the outer periphery of the cam member 30. Is pushed up by the cam member 30 and pressed against the pressure arm 24 to be compressed. Therefore, in this high pressure mode, as shown in FIG. 8, the urging forces F1 and F2 are applied to the end of the pressure arm 24 by the first spring 26 and the second spring 27, respectively. The shaft 25 is biased counterclockwise in FIG. For this reason, the pressure roller 22 supported by the pressure arm 24 is pressed against the heating roller 21 with a relatively large force P1, and the pressure of the fixing nip (fixing pressure) formed between the pressure roller 22 and the heating roller 21 is fixed. ) Is set relatively high, and the toner image carried on the plain paper passing through the fixing nip is heated and pressurized and fixed on the plain paper. At this time, in the detection unit 32, as shown in FIG. 8B, the actuator 33 is in a position that does not block the light from the light emitting unit of the PI sensor 34, and the PI sensor 34 receives the light from the light emitting unit by the light receiving unit. By detecting this, it is detected that the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode.

  On the other hand, when thick paper such as an envelope is passed through the fixing device 18, the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode. When this low pressure mode is selected, the operation lever 35 is centered on the support shaft 36 as shown in FIG. Manually turn in the direction of the arrow. Then, the section gear 37 formed integrally with the tip of the operation lever 35 also rotates about the support shaft 36, and the gear 38 and the shaft 29 meshing with this rotate half-rotate integrally. When the shaft 29 rotates halfway in this way, the left and right cam members 30 attached to the shaft 29 also rotate halfway, and as shown in FIGS. Therefore, the second spring 27 whose lower end is in contact with the cam member 30 is separated from the pressure arm 24, and only the first spring 26 is in contact with the pressure arm 24.

  Therefore, in this low pressure mode, as shown in FIG. 10, only the urging force F1 is applied to the end of the pressure arm 24 by the first spring 26, and the pressure arm 24 is centered on the support shaft 25 as shown in FIG. Is biased counterclockwise. For this reason, the pressure roller 22 supported by the pressure arm 24 is pressed against the heating roller 21 with a relatively small force P2 (<P1), and the fixing nip formed between the pressure roller 22 and the heating roller 21 is pressed. The pressure (fixing pressure) is set relatively low, and the toner image carried on the thick paper such as an envelope passing through the fixing nip is heated and pressurized to be fixed on the thick paper, thereby preventing the wrinkle of the thick paper. . At this time, in the detection unit 32, as shown in FIG. 9B, the actuator 33 is in a position to block the light from the light emitting unit of the PI sensor 34, and the PI sensor 34 receives the light from the light emitting unit by the light receiving unit. By not, it is detected that the low pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode.

  As described above, also in the present embodiment, as in the first embodiment, the first spring 26 is always in contact with the pressure arm 24 to be used for forming a fixing nip, and the second spring 27 is in the fixing mode. In response to the pressure arm 24, the second spring 27 is separated from the pressure arm 24 in the low pressure mode in which the paper is selectively brought into contact with the pressure arm 24 and passes thick paper such as an envelope. In the high pressure mode in which a relatively thin recording material such as plain paper is passed, only the urging force (reaction force) of the second spring 27 acts on the cam member 30, so that the sliding resistance when the cam member 30 rotates is reduced. Can be kept small. For this reason, the wear of the cam member 30 is suppressed, and its durability is enhanced. Further, since the sector gear 37 is formed integrally with the operation lever 35, the number of parts is reduced and the cost can be reduced.

  In the above embodiment, the pressure roller 22 is supported by the pressure arm 24 and the pressure roller 22 is pressed against the heating roller 21. However, the heating roller 21 is supported by the pressure arm 24. It is also possible to employ a configuration in which the heating roller 21 is pressed against the pressure roller 22.

  Although the present invention has been described with respect to a fixing device employing a heating roller system as a fixing system and a monochrome laser printer equipped with the fixing apparatus, the present invention employs a fixing belt system as a fixing system. Of course, the present invention can be similarly applied to a fixing device and monochrome and color image forming apparatuses including the fixing device.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Image forming apparatus 1A Image forming apparatus main body 2 Image forming part 3 Paper storage part 4 Photosensitive drum 5 Charging device 6 Developing device 7 Transfer roller 8 Cleaning device 9 Toner hopper 10 Laser scanner unit (LSU)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11, 12 Paper feed cassette 13 Pick roller 14 Feed roller 15 Retard roller 16 Paper discharge tray 17 Registration roller 18 Fixing device 19 Carrying roller 20 Paper discharge roller 21 Heating roller (heating member)
22 Pressure roller (pressure member)
23 Rotating shaft of pressure roller 24 Pressure arm (supporting member)
25 Supporting shaft of pressure arm 26 First spring (first biasing member)
27 Second spring (second biasing member)
28 Fixed frame 29 Shaft 30 Cam member 30a Engaging recess of cam member 31 Motor 31a Motor output shaft (motor shaft)
32 Detection unit 33 Actuator 34 PI sensor 35 Operation lever 36 Support lever support shaft 37 Sector gear 38 Gear G Reduction gear train S1 First transport path S2 Second transport path

Claims (6)

An apparatus that heats and pressurizes the toner image and fixes it onto the recording material by passing the recording material onto which the toner image has been transferred through a fixing nip formed by a heating member and a pressure member that are in contact with each other. In the fixing device capable of selecting a high pressure mode with a high fixing pressure or a low pressure mode with a low fixing pressure as a fixing mode,
The heating member or the pressurizing member is supported at a longitudinal intermediate portion of a support member that rotates about one end, and first and second urging members are disposed on the other end side of the support member. One end of one biasing member is always in contact with the support member and the other end is in contact with the fixed frame, and the second biasing member is selectively contacted with the support member by a switching mechanism. A second urging member is brought into contact with the support member, and the second urging member is configured to be separated from the support member in the low pressure mode;
A rotatable cam that is disposed on the lower side of the second urging member so that the other end of the second urging member is in contact with the other end opposite to the support member. A fixing device comprising: a member; and a driving means for rotating the cam member.
  The fixing device according to claim 1, further comprising a sensor that detects a rotational position of the cam member and detects whether a high pressure mode or a low pressure mode is selected as a fixing mode.   3. The fixing device according to claim 2, wherein the cam member, a shaft to which the cam member is bound, and an actuator that acts on the sensor are integrally formed.   4. The fixing device according to claim 1, wherein when the recording material is jammed when the high pressure mode is selected as the fixing mode, the fixing mode is switched to the low pressure mode.   Only when a jam of the recording material is detected after the recording material passes the registration roller and the registration sensor is turned on until the recording material passes the fixing nip and the fixing sensor is switched from OFF to ON. 5. The fixing device according to claim 4, wherein switching from the high pressure mode to the low pressure mode is performed. An image forming apparatus comprising the fixing device according to claim 1.
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JP6541022B2 (en) 2015-03-17 2019-07-10 富士ゼロックス株式会社 Fixing device, image forming device, pressing device, and pressing device
JP6638200B2 (en) * 2015-03-19 2020-01-29 富士ゼロックス株式会社 Fixing device, image forming device, pressure device, and pressing device
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JP6471719B2 (en) * 2016-04-18 2019-02-20 京セラドキュメントソリューションズ株式会社 Fixing apparatus and image forming apparatus
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CN111231287B (en) * 2020-01-17 2021-12-10 大连理工大学 Method for designing shape of rubber winding forming compression roller

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