JP5587485B1 - Damper set - Google Patents

Damper set Download PDF

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JP5587485B1
JP5587485B1 JP2013241771A JP2013241771A JP5587485B1 JP 5587485 B1 JP5587485 B1 JP 5587485B1 JP 2013241771 A JP2013241771 A JP 2013241771A JP 2013241771 A JP2013241771 A JP 2013241771A JP 5587485 B1 JP5587485 B1 JP 5587485B1
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damper
attenuation
plane
contact
damping
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JP2015102123A (en
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孝典 佐藤
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孝典 佐藤
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【課題】構造物に作用する振動の大きさに対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収することのできるダンパーセットを提供する。
【解決手段】構造物に導入されるダンパーセット1に関する。本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備える。第1部材及び第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、第1減衰部及び第2減衰部の何れか一方又は両方が、第1部材又は第2部材の平滑度を向上させた摩擦平面との異種材料接触状態で、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものである。
【選択図】図1
A damper set capable of absorbing vibrations acting on a structure in a stepwise manner according to the displacement corresponding to the magnitude of vibrations acting on the structure.
The present invention relates to a damper set 1 introduced into a structure. The damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied includes a first member provided with a first attenuation part and a second member provided with a second attenuation part. Either one or both of the first member and the second member are fixed to a part of the structure, and either one or both of the first attenuation portion and the second attenuation portion are the first member or the second member. In a state of contact with different materials with the friction plane that has improved the smoothness of the member, vibrations acting on the structure are generated by swinging while forming a metal flow site inside the friction plane without forming an interface. Attenuating step by step according to the displacement.
[Selection] Figure 1

Description

本発明は、構造物に導入されるダンパーセットに関する。   The present invention relates to a damper set introduced into a structure.
従来より、大地震等の大きな振動エネルギーを効率良く吸収し、建築物の構造部材の損傷を防止することを目的として、特許文献1に開示される制震機構が提案されている。   Conventionally, a damping mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 has been proposed for the purpose of efficiently absorbing large vibration energy such as a large earthquake and preventing damage to structural members of a building.
特許文献1に開示される制震機構は、一対の枠部材の折れ曲り材が略X形状となるように、摩擦ダンパーを介して連結されることによって制震機構が構成され、これら枠部材の上下の連結プレートが土台や梁に固定され、直材が柱に固定されるものである。これにより、特許文献1に開示される制震機構は、大地震等が発生したときに、その振動エネルギーを摩擦ダンパーで吸収するとともに、柱の引き抜けやめり込みを防止するものとなる。   The vibration control mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 is configured by connecting the friction members via a friction damper so that the bent members of the pair of frame members have a substantially X shape. The upper and lower connecting plates are fixed to the base and the beam, and the direct material is fixed to the column. Thereby, the seismic control mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 absorbs the vibration energy by the friction damper when a large earthquake or the like occurs, and prevents the column from being pulled out or pulled in.
特開2001−336303号公報JP 2001-336303 A
しかし、特許文献1に開示される制震機構は、一対の折れ曲り材の枠部材を用いるものであり、これら一対の枠部材に作用する押圧力によって、摩擦ダンパーの摩擦抵抗を利用するものであることから、これら一対の枠部材に作用する押圧力が不十分となる場合に、振動エネルギーを十分に吸収することができず、建築物が倒壊するおそれがあるという問題点があった。   However, the vibration control mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 uses a pair of bent member frame members, and uses the frictional resistance of the friction damper by the pressing force acting on the pair of frame members. For this reason, when the pressing force acting on the pair of frame members becomes insufficient, there is a problem that vibration energy cannot be sufficiently absorbed and the building may collapse.
また、特許文献1に開示される制震機構は、一対の折れ曲り材の枠部材に作用する押圧力を利用するものであることから、建築物にブレース材を設けないものとする場合に適用することができないものとなり、大地震等による振動エネルギーを十分に吸収することができず、建築物が倒壊するおそれがあるという問題点があった。   Moreover, since the seismic control mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 uses a pressing force acting on a frame member of a pair of bent members, it is applied when a brace member is not provided in a building. There was a problem that the building could not be able to be absorbed, vibration energy due to a large earthquake or the like could not be sufficiently absorbed, and the building could collapse.
さらに、特許文献1に開示される制震機構は、建築物にブレース材を設けるものとした場合であっても、ブレース材を設けた位置に限定して適用されるものとなることから、振動エネルギーを十分に吸収することができず、建築物が倒壊するおそれがあるという問題点があった。   Furthermore, the vibration control mechanism disclosed in Patent Document 1 is applied only to the position where the brace material is provided, even when the brace material is provided in the building. There was a problem that energy could not be absorbed sufficiently and the building could collapse.
そこで、本発明は、上述した問題点に鑑みて案出されたものであり、その目的とするところは、構造物に作用する振動の大きさに対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収することのできるダンパーセットを提供することにある。   Accordingly, the present invention has been devised in view of the above-described problems, and the object of the present invention is to make vibrations acting on the structure corresponding to the magnitude of vibrations acting on the structure. An object of the present invention is to provide a damper set capable of absorbing in stages according to displacement.
第1発明に係るダンパーセットは、構造物に導入されるダンパーセットであって、第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材は、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方に、面内方向に所定の長さで延びる大長孔が形成されるとともに、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか他方に、前記大長孔よりも短い所定の長さで延びる小長孔が形成されて、締結部材よりも径大に形成されて前記小長孔に嵌合される嵌合材と、前記大長孔、前記小長孔及び前記嵌合材に挿通される締結部材とを有して、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであることを特徴とする。 A damper set according to a first aspect of the present invention is a damper set that is introduced into a structure, and includes a first member provided with a first attenuation portion and a second member provided with a second attenuation portion . In the member and the second member, either one of the first member and the second member is formed with a long hole extending in a predetermined length in the in-plane direction, and the first member and the second member. One of the members is formed with a small long hole extending at a predetermined length shorter than the large long hole, and is formed with a diameter larger than the fastening member and fitted into the small long hole. And a fastening member inserted through the large and small holes, the small and long holes, and the fitting material, and either one or both of the first member and the second member are part of a structure. In a state where the first and second damping parts are fixed to each other, the vibration acting on the structure is applied to the displacement. And characterized in that the stepwise attenuation Te.
第2発明に係るダンパーセットは、構造物に導入されるダンパーセットであって、第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部の何れか一方又は両方が、前記第1部材又は前記第2部材の平滑度を向上させた摩擦平面との異種材料接触状態で、界面を形成させることなく、前記摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであることを特徴とする。 A damper set according to a second aspect of the present invention is a damper set that is introduced into a structure, and includes a first member provided with a first attenuation portion and a second member provided with a second attenuation portion . Either or both of the member and the second member are fixed to a part of the structure , and either one or both of the first attenuation portion and the second attenuation portion are the first member or The first member is oscillated while forming a portion where the metal flows inside the friction plane without forming an interface in a different material contact state with the friction plane having improved smoothness of the second member . The attenuating part and the second attenuating part attenuate the vibration acting on the structure stepwise according to the displacement.
第3発明に係るダンパーセットが設けられた制震構造は、構造物に導入されるダンパーセットが設けられた制震構造であって、第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであり、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方は、構造物の壁枠に取り付けられるとともに、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか他方は、構造物の面材に取り付けられて、 前記面材は、分割面材の上端部及び下端部の何れか一方並びに両側端部が枠材に固定されて、前記壁枠の内側で複数の前記分割面材を幅方向に前記枠材を介して連結させて設けられるとともに、構造物に作用する振動を前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部で減衰させるときに生じる前記面材の面内方向の変位を吸収するものとして、前記面材の両側部と前記壁枠とを離間させて間隙部を形成させるものであることを特徴とする。 The damping structure provided with the damper set according to the third invention is a damping structure provided with a damper set to be introduced into the structure , the first member provided with the first damping part, and the second damping A second member provided with a portion, and either or both of the first member and the second member are fixed to a part of the structure, the first attenuation portion and the second attenuation The portion attenuates the vibration acting on the structure stepwise according to the displacement, and either the first member or the second member is attached to the wall frame of the structure, and Either one of the first member and the second member is attached to the face material of the structure, and the face material is either one of the upper end portion and the lower end portion of the divided face material, and both end portions are frame materials. A plurality of the divided surface members are fixed in the width direction inside the wall frame. As it absorbs the displacement in the in-plane direction of the face material that occurs when the vibration acting on the structure is attenuated by the first attenuation part and the second attenuation part while being connected via a material, A gap portion is formed by separating both side portions of the face material and the wall frame.
第4発明に係るダンパーセットは、構造物に導入されるダンパーセットであって、第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、面内方向で互いに位置をずらして設けられて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであり、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方は、面内方向に突出して設けられる突出部と、前記突出部の側方に設けられる補助部とを有し、前記突出部を変形させることで構造物に作用する振動を減衰させるときに、前記突出部を前記補助部に当接させて前記突出部を所定の振動減衰性能を維持した状態で変形させることができるように、前記突出部と前記補助部とを当接させる当接面が湾曲して形成されることを特徴とする。 A damper set according to a fourth aspect of the present invention is a damper set that is introduced into a structure, and includes a first member provided with a first attenuation portion and a second member provided with a second attenuation portion. Either one or both of the member and the second member is fixed to a part of the structure, and the first attenuation portion and the second attenuation portion are provided with their positions shifted in the in-plane direction. In addition, the vibration acting on the structure is attenuated stepwise according to the displacement, and either one of the first member and the second member is provided with a protruding portion provided to protrude in the in-plane direction, An auxiliary portion provided on a side of the protruding portion, and when the vibration acting on the structure is attenuated by deforming the protruding portion, the protruding portion is brought into contact with the auxiliary portion and the protruding portion Deforming the part while maintaining the specified vibration damping performance Possible way, contact surface for contact between said projecting portion and the auxiliary section is being formed curved.
第1発明〜第発明によれば、構造物に小振動が作用したときに、第1減衰部及び第2減衰部の何れか一方が、小長孔の範囲で褶動するとともに、構造物に大振動が作用したときに、第1減衰部及び第2減衰部の何れか他方が、大長孔の範囲で褶動することから、構造物に作用する振動の大きさに効率的に対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。 According to 1st invention- 4th invention, when a small vibration acts on a structure, either one of a 1st attenuation | damping part and a 2nd attenuation | damping part swings in the range of a small long hole, and a structure When a large vibration is applied to the structure, either the first damping part or the second damping part swings in the range of the large and long hole, so it can efficiently cope with the magnitude of the vibration acting on the structure. Thus, vibrations acting on the structure can be absorbed stepwise according to the displacement.
特に、第2発明によれば、第1部材と第2部材とが褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動することから、界面を形成した摩擦抵抗と比較して、著しく高い摩擦係数を得ることができる。このとき、第2発明によれば、構造物に作用する振動に対する吸収性能を著しく向上させて、構造物の倒壊や面材の崩落等を確実に防止することが可能となる。   In particular, according to the second invention, when the first member and the second member are oscillated, the metal member is oscillated without forming an interface, while forming a portion where the metal flows inside the friction plane. A significantly higher coefficient of friction can be obtained compared to the frictional resistance that forms the interface. At this time, according to the second invention, it is possible to remarkably improve the absorption performance with respect to vibrations acting on the structure, and to reliably prevent the structure from collapsing and the face material from collapsing.
本発明を適用したダンパーセットが面材に取り付けられた状態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the state by which the damper set to which this invention was applied was attached to the face material. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. (a)は、本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態を示す側面図であり、(b)は、その正面図であり、(c)は、その平面図である。(A) is a side view which shows 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied, (b) is the front view, (c) is the top view. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの相対移動を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the relative movement of the damper set to which this invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの振動吸収履歴を示すグラフである。It is a graph which shows the vibration absorption history of the damper set to which the present invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態の第1変形例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the 1st modification of 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. (a)は、本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態の第1変形例を示す側面図であり、(b)は、その正面図であり、(c)は、その平面図である。(A) is a side view which shows the 1st modification of 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied, (b) is the front view, (c) is the top view. . 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態の第1変形例を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the 1st modification of 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第1実施形態の第1変形例における2枚のプレートを示す側面図である。It is a side view which shows two plates in the 1st modification of 1st Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第2実施形態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows 2nd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. (a)は、本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第2実施形態を示す側面図であり、(b)は、その正面図であり、(c)は、その平面図である。(A) is a side view which shows 2nd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied, (b) is the front view, (c) is the top view. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第2実施形態を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows 2nd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第2実施形態の第1変形例を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows the 1st modification of 2nd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. (a)は、本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第2実施形態の第1変形例を示す側面図であり、(b)は、その正面図であり、(c)は、その平面図である。(A) is a side view which shows the 1st modification of 2nd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied, (b) is the front view, (c) is the top view. . 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第2実施形態の第1変形例を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows the 1st modification of 2nd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットがブレースに取り付けられた状態を示す正面図である。It is a front view which shows the state in which the damper set to which this invention was applied was attached to the brace. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第3実施形態を示す斜視図である。It is a perspective view which shows 3rd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied. (a)は、本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第3実施形態を示す側面図であり、(b)は、その正面図であり、(c)は、その平面図である。(A) is a side view which shows 3rd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied, (b) is the front view, (c) is the top view. 本発明を適用したダンパーセットの第3実施形態を示す分解斜視図である。It is a disassembled perspective view which shows 3rd Embodiment of the damper set to which this invention is applied.
以下、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1を実施するための形態について、図面を参照しながら詳細に説明する。   Hereinafter, an embodiment for implementing a damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、図1に示すように、構造物に導入されるものであり、例えば、第1実施形態において、構造物の壁部8に導入されるものである。   As shown in FIG. 1, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is introduced into a structure. For example, in the first embodiment, the damper set 1 is introduced into a wall 8 of the structure.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態において、壁部8に設けられる壁枠6と、壁枠6に設けられる面材7との間に設けられる。   The damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is provided between a wall frame 6 provided on the wall portion 8 and a face member 7 provided on the wall frame 6 in the first embodiment.
壁枠6は、構造物の構造耐力の基礎となる構造部材等として構築される。壁枠6は、例えば、構造物の横方向に所定の間隔で離間させて設けられる複数の柱材61と、構造物の縦方向に所定の間隔で離間させて設けられる複数の梁材62とを備え、複数の柱材61と、複数の梁材62とが、構造物の壁部8を略矩形状に開口させるようにして組み合わされる。   The wall frame 6 is constructed as a structural member or the like that serves as a basis for the structural strength of the structure. The wall frame 6 includes, for example, a plurality of column members 61 provided at predetermined intervals in the lateral direction of the structure, and a plurality of beam members 62 provided at predetermined intervals in the vertical direction of the structure. The plurality of column members 61 and the plurality of beam members 62 are combined so as to open the wall portion 8 of the structure in a substantially rectangular shape.
面材7は、例えば、構造物の構造耐力を負担しないガラス壁のカーテンウォールとして構築される。面材7は、これに限らず、構造物の構造耐力の基礎となる構造部材として構築されてもよい。面材7は、略矩形状に開口された壁枠6の内側で、構造物の横方向が面材7の幅方向となるようにして、複数の分割面材71等を幅方向に連結させて設けられる。   The face material 7 is constructed, for example, as a glass wall curtain wall that does not bear the structural strength of the structure. The face material 7 is not limited to this, and may be constructed as a structural member that is the basis of the structural yield strength of the structure. The face member 7 is connected to a plurality of divided face members 71 and the like in the width direction so that the lateral direction of the structure is the width direction of the face member 7 inside the wall frame 6 opened in a substantially rectangular shape. Provided.
分割面材71は、複数の略矩形状の複層ガラス、鋼板又はシャッター等が用いられる。分割面材71は、下端部71a及び両側端部71cが面材7の枠材72で固定されることで、隣り合う分割面材71と幅方向に連結されるものとなる。分割面材71は、これに限らず、上端部71b及び両側端部71cが面材7の枠材72によって3辺固定とされてもよい。   A plurality of substantially rectangular double glazings, steel plates, shutters, or the like are used for the divided surface material 71. The divided surface material 71 is connected to the adjacent divided surface material 71 in the width direction by fixing the lower end portion 71 a and both side end portions 71 c with the frame material 72 of the surface material 7. The divided surface material 71 is not limited to this, and the upper end 71 b and both side end portions 71 c may be fixed to three sides by the frame material 72 of the surface material 7.
枠材72は、所定の固定強度QFIXで複数の分割面材71を連結するものであり、構造物に地震や風等による振動が作用した場合に、隣り合う分割面材71が互いに離間することのないように、相対変位を抑制するものとなる。枠材72は、隣り合う複数の分割面材71の間で、隣り合う分割面材71を所定の固定強度QFIXで連結するものとなり、複数の分割面材71を幅方向に一体化させた面材7が構築されるものとなる。 The frame material 72 connects a plurality of divided surface materials 71 with a predetermined fixed strength Q FIX , and when the structure is subjected to vibrations such as earthquakes and winds, the adjacent divided surface materials 71 are separated from each other. In order to prevent this, the relative displacement is suppressed. The frame member 72 connects the adjacent divided surface members 71 with a predetermined fixing strength Q FIX between the adjacent divided surface members 71, and integrates the plurality of divided surface members 71 in the width direction. The face material 7 is constructed.
面材7は、構造物に地震や風等による振動が作用して、隣り合う分割面材71が上下方向に相対移動しようとすることで、隣り合う分割面材71から枠材72に幅方向で異なる大きさのせん断力が作用する。このとき、枠材72は、異なる大きさのせん断力が幅方向の両側で作用して、枠材72の幅方向に傾斜して浮き上がる変位を生じさせようとするものとなるが、枠材72が傾斜して変位することを防止するものとして、図示しないアンカー部材で固定される。   The face material 7 is subjected to vibrations caused by earthquakes, winds, or the like on the structure, and the adjacent divided face material 71 tries to move relatively in the vertical direction, so that the width direction from the adjacent divided face material 71 to the frame material 72 is increased. A different amount of shearing force is applied. At this time, in the frame member 72, shear forces of different sizes act on both sides in the width direction, and the frame member 72 tries to generate a displacement that is inclined and floats in the width direction. In order to prevent the displacement of the tilting, it is fixed by an anchor member (not shown).
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態において、構造物の一部となる壁枠6に取り付けられる第2部材3と、構造物の面材7に取り付けられる第1部材2とを備える。本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、これに限らず、第2部材3が面材7に取り付けられるとともに、第1部材2が壁枠6に取り付けられてもよい。   In the first embodiment, a damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied includes a second member 3 attached to a wall frame 6 that is a part of a structure, and a first member 2 attached to a face member 7 of the structure. Prepare. The damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is not limited thereto, and the second member 3 may be attached to the face member 7 and the first member 2 may be attached to the wall frame 6.
第1部材2は、図2に示すように、鉄板、鋼板等が用いられる。第2部材3は、ステンレス板、アルミニウム板、真鍮板等が用いられる。第1部材2及び第2部材3は、ステンレス板、アルミニウム板、真鍮板等が第1部材2に、鉄板、鋼板等が第2部材3に用いられてもよい。   As shown in FIG. 2, the first member 2 is an iron plate, a steel plate, or the like. As the second member 3, a stainless plate, an aluminum plate, a brass plate, or the like is used. As the first member 2 and the second member 3, a stainless plate, an aluminum plate, a brass plate, or the like may be used for the first member 2, and an iron plate, a steel plate, or the like may be used for the second member 3.
第1部材2は、図3に示すように、面材7の分割面材71の正面部71d及び背面部71eの何れか一方又は両方に、シリコンシーラントやシリコン製の両面テープ等で取り付けられる。第2部材3は、第1部材2に挟み込まれた状態で、第1部材2に当接させて設けられる。   As shown in FIG. 3, the first member 2 is attached to one or both of the front part 71d and the rear part 71e of the divided face material 71 of the face material 7 with a silicon sealant, a double-sided tape made of silicon, or the like. The second member 3 is provided in contact with the first member 2 while being sandwiched between the first members 2.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図4に示すように、面材7の正面側及び背面側に皿バネ41、ワッシャー42を介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定されるものとなる。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、異種材料接触状態で褶動して、面材7を面内方向に変位させるものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 4, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fixed by a fastening member 43 with a disc spring 41 and a washer 42 interposed between the front side and the back side of the face member 7. It becomes. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are oscillated in contact with different materials to displace the face material 7 in the in-plane direction.
ここで、異種材料接触状態とは、鉄材、鋼材とステンレス材とが接触する異種金属接触状態や、鉄材、鋼材とアルミニウムとが接触する異種金属接触状態、鉄材、鋼材と真鍮材とが接触する異種金属接触状態、鉄材、鋼材と金属粉を含有する樹脂材とが接触する異種材料接触状態、又は、鉄材、鋼材と金属粉を含有しない樹脂材とが接触する異種材料接触状態等をいう。   Here, the dissimilar material contact state refers to a dissimilar metal contact state in which iron material, steel material and stainless steel material contact, a dissimilar metal contact state in which iron material, steel material and aluminum material contact, or iron material, steel material and brass material contact. It refers to a dissimilar metal contact state, a dissimilar material contact state in which an iron material, steel material and a resin material containing metal powder are in contact, or a dissimilar material contact state in which an iron material, steel material and a resin material not containing metal powder are in contact.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、面内方向に所定の長さで延びる大長孔20が、第1部材2に形成されるとともに、大長孔20よりも短い所定の長さで延びる小長孔30が、第2部材3に形成される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、これに限らず、大長孔20よりも短い小長孔30が第1部材2に形成されるとともに、第2部材3に大長孔20が形成されてもよい。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are formed with a long hole 20 extending in a predetermined length in the in-plane direction in the first member 2 and having a predetermined length shorter than the large hole 20. A small elongated hole 30 is formed in the second member 3. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are not limited to this, and a small long hole 30 shorter than the large long hole 20 is formed in the first member 2, and the large long hole 20 is formed in the second member 3. May be.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図3に示すように、互いに面接触した状態で、大長孔20と小長孔30とに締結部材43を挿通させて固定される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、大長孔20及び小長孔30で面材7の幅方向に相対移動するものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 3, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fixed by inserting a fastening member 43 through the large hole 20 and the small hole 30 while being in surface contact with each other. The first member 2 and the second member 3 move relative to each other in the width direction of the face member 7 through the large and small holes 20 and 30.
第1部材2は、図3(a)に示すように、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21とワッシャー42とが面当接されることによって第1減衰部25が設けられる。第2部材3は、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22と第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とが面当接されることによって第2減衰部35が設けられる。   As shown in FIG. 3A, the first member 2 is provided with a first damping portion 25 when the first front side friction plane 21 and the washer 42 of the first member 2 are in surface contact. The second member 3 is provided with a second attenuating portion 35 by the surface contact between the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 and the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図5に示すように、構造物に風荷重等が作用して、小振動を引き起こすときに、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に相対移動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用して、大振動を引き起こすときに、大長孔20が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に相対移動する。   As shown in FIG. 5, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are face materials within a range in which a small long hole 30 is formed when a wind load or the like acts on a structure to cause a small vibration. 7 moves relative to the width direction. Further, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are arranged in the width direction of the face material 7 within a range in which the large long hole 20 is formed when an earthquake load or the like acts on the structure to cause a large vibration. Move relative.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21とワッシャー42とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗が、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22と第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗よりも大きいものに設定される。このとき、第1減衰部25よりも第2減衰部35の方が、各々の接触面で褶動容易となるように設定される。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are configured such that the frictional resistance of the contact surface where the first front side friction plane 21 of the first member 2 and the washer 42 are in surface contact is the first back side friction plane of the first member 2. 22 and the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 are set to be larger than the frictional resistance of the contact surface in contact with the surface. At this time, the second attenuating portion 35 is set to be easier to swing at each contact surface than the first attenuating portion 25.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図5(a)〜(c)に示すように、構造物に風荷重等が作用したときに、褶動容易に設定された第2減衰部35が、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に褶動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図5(d)、(e)に示すように、構造物に地震荷重等が作用したときに、小長孔30の端部に締結部材43が接触するものとなることで、大長孔20が形成された範囲で第1減衰部25が面材7の幅方向に褶動する。   As shown in FIGS. 5A to 5C, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are configured so that the second damping portion 35 is set so as to easily swing when a wind load or the like acts on the structure. However, it swings in the width direction of the face material 7 within the range in which the small long holes 30 are formed. Further, as shown in FIGS. 5D and 5E, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fastened to the end of the small slot 30 when an earthquake load or the like is applied to the structure. When 43 comes into contact, the first attenuation portion 25 swings in the width direction of the face material 7 within the range in which the large elongated hole 20 is formed.
第1減衰部25は、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21又はワッシャー42の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化されたものとなる。第1減衰部25は、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21又はワッシャー42の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   The first damping portion 25 improves the smoothness of the first front friction plane 21 of the first member 2 or the friction plane of the washer 42, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in contact with different materials. When moving, aluminum or the like partially melts into the iron material, steel material or the like between the iron plate, steel plate or the like and the aluminum plate or the like, and the respective metal particles are integrated. The first damping portion 25 improves the smoothness of the first front friction plane 21 of the first member 2 or the friction plane of the washer 42, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in contact with different materials. When it moves, it does not form an interface, but it swings while forming a portion where metal flows inside the friction plane, and the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated.
なお、第2減衰部35は、第1減衰部25よりも褶動容易となるように設定された範囲で、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又は第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化されるものとされてもよい。このとき、第2減衰部35は、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又は第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   In addition, the 2nd damping part 35 is the range set so that it might be rocked more easily than the 1st damping part 25, The 2nd friction plane 22 of the 1st back side friction plane 22 of the 1st member 2, or the 2nd member 3 By improving the smoothness of 31, when the first member 2 and the second member 3 are swung in contact with different materials, aluminum or the like is an iron or steel material between the iron plate, the steel plate or the like and the aluminum plate or the like. Or the like, and the respective metal particles may be integrated. At this time, the second damping portion 35 improves the smoothness of the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 or the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are improved. When the oscillating material is in contact with different materials, the material is oscillated while forming a metal flow part inside the friction plane without forming an interface, and the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated. Become.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に小振動が作用したときに、第2減衰部35が小長孔30の範囲で褶動するとともに、構造物に大振動が作用したときに、第1減衰部25が大長孔20の範囲で褶動することから、図6に示すように、構造物に作用する振動の大きさに効率的に対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。   In the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied, when the small vibration acts on the structure, the second damping portion 35 swings in the range of the small long hole 30 and when the large vibration acts on the structure, Since the first attenuating portion 25 swings in the range of the large elongated hole 20, as shown in FIG. 6, the vibration acting on the structure is efficiently matched with the magnitude of the vibration acting on the structure. It is possible to absorb in steps according to the displacement.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1部材2と第2部材3とが褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動することから、界面を形成した摩擦抵抗と比較して、著しく高い摩擦係数を得ることができる。このとき、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に作用する振動に対する吸収性能を著しく向上させて、構造物の倒壊や面材7の崩落等を確実に防止することが可能となる。   When the first member 2 and the second member 3 are swung, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is swung while forming a metal flow portion inside the friction plane without forming an interface. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a remarkably high coefficient of friction as compared with the frictional resistance that forms the interface. At this time, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied can remarkably improve the absorption performance against vibrations acting on the structure, and can surely prevent the structure from collapsing and the face material 7 from collapsing.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態において、図3に示すように、第1減衰部25及び第2減衰部35が、面材7の面外方向で互いに重ね合わされて設けられるものである。   In the first embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is provided such that the first attenuation portion 25 and the second attenuation portion 35 are overlapped with each other in the out-of-plane direction of the face material 7 as shown in FIG. Is.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態の第1変形例において、図7〜図10に示すように、第1部材2と第2部材3とが、面材7の正面側及び背面側に嵌合材44及びプレート45を介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定されて、異種材料接触状態で褶動して、面材7を面内方向に変位させるものとなる。   In the first modification of the first embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is such that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are arranged on the front side of the face member 7 as shown in FIGS. In a state where the fitting material 44 and the plate 45 are interposed on the back surface side, the fixing member 43 is fixed, and the surface material 7 is displaced in the in-plane direction by swinging in a different material contact state.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、面内方向に所定の長さで延びる大長孔20が、第2部材3に形成されるとともに、大長孔20よりも短い所定の長さで延びる小長孔30が、第1部材2に形成される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、これに限らず、大長孔20よりも短い小長孔30が第1部材2に形成されるとともに、第2部材3に大長孔20が形成されてもよい。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are formed with a long hole 20 extending in a predetermined length in the in-plane direction in the second member 3 and having a predetermined length shorter than the large hole 20. A small elongated hole 30 is formed in the first member 2. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are not limited to this, and a small long hole 30 shorter than the large long hole 20 is formed in the first member 2, and the large long hole 20 is formed in the second member 3. May be.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図9に示すように、互いに面接触した状態で、小長孔30とプレート45の貫通孔に嵌合材44を嵌合させて、大長孔20と小長孔30とに締結部材43を挿通させて固定される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、大長孔20及び小長孔30で面材7の幅方向に相対移動するものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 9, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fitted in the small elongated hole 30 and the through hole of the plate 45 with the fitting material 44 in a state of being in surface contact with each other, thereby The fastening member 43 is inserted into and fixed to the small holes 20 and 30. The first member 2 and the second member 3 move relative to each other in the width direction of the face member 7 through the large and small holes 20 and 30.
第1部材2は、図8(a)に示すように、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22とプレート45とが面当接されることによって第1減衰部25が設けられる。第2部材3は、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とプレート45とが面当接されることによって第2減衰部35が設けられる。   As shown in FIG. 8A, the first member 2 is provided with the first damping portion 25 by the surface contact between the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 and the plate 45. The second member 3 is provided with the second damping portion 35 by the surface contact between the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 and the plate 45.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に風荷重等が作用して、小振動を引き起こすときに、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に相対移動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用して、大振動を引き起こすときに、大長孔20が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に相対移動する。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 move relative to each other in the width direction of the face material 7 within a range in which the small long holes 30 are formed when a wind load or the like acts on the structure to cause a small vibration. To do. Further, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are arranged in the width direction of the face material 7 within a range in which the large long hole 20 is formed when an earthquake load or the like acts on the structure to cause a large vibration. Move relative.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22とプレート45とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗が、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とプレート45とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗よりも小さいものに設定される。このとき、第2減衰部35よりも第1減衰部25の方が、各々の接触面で褶動容易となるように設定される。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are such that the frictional resistance of the contact surface where the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 and the plate 45 are in surface contact with each other is the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3. It is set to be smaller than the frictional resistance of the contact surface where the plate 45 and the plate 45 are in surface contact. At this time, the first attenuation unit 25 is set to be easier to swing on each contact surface than the second attenuation unit 35.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に風荷重等が作用したときに、褶動容易に設定された第1減衰部25が、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に褶動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用したときに、小長孔30の端部に嵌合材44が接触するものとなることで、大長孔20が形成された範囲で第2減衰部35が面材7の幅方向に褶動する。   When the first member 2 and the second member 3 are subjected to wind load or the like on the structure, the first attenuating portion 25 that is set so as to be easily oscillated is within the range in which the small long holes 30 are formed. It swings in the width direction of the material 7. Further, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are configured such that when the seismic load or the like is applied to the structure, the fitting member 44 comes into contact with the end of the small long hole 30, thereby The second attenuating portion 35 swings in the width direction of the face material 7 in the range where 20 is formed.
第2減衰部35は、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化するものとなる。第2減衰部35は、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   The second attenuating portion 35 improves the smoothness of the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 or the friction plane of the plate 45, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 swing in a different material contact state. When this is done, aluminum or the like partially melts between the iron plate, the steel plate or the like and the aluminum plate or the like, so that the respective metal particles are integrated. The second attenuating portion 35 improves the smoothness of the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 or the friction plane of the plate 45, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 swing in a different material contact state. In this case, the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated by forming a portion where the metal flows inside the friction plane without forming an interface.
なお、第1減衰部25は、第2減衰部35よりも褶動容易となるように設定された範囲で、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化するものとされてもよい。このとき、第1減衰部25は、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   In addition, the 1st attenuation | damping part 25 is the range set so that it might be peristated more easily than the 2nd attenuation | damping part 35, and the smoothness of the 1st back side friction plane 22 of the 1st member 2 or the friction plane of the plate 45 is set. By improving, when the 1st member 2 and the 2nd member 3 peristate in a dissimilar-materials contact state, aluminum etc. partially to an iron material, a steel material, etc. between an iron plate, a steel plate, etc. and an aluminum plate etc. It melts and each metal particle may be integrated. At this time, the first damping portion 25 improves the smoothness of the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 or the friction plane of the plate 45, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in contact with different materials. When swinging in a state, it does not form an interface, but swings while forming a portion where the metal flows inside the friction plane, and the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1部材2と第2部材3とが褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動することから、界面を形成した摩擦抵抗と比較して、著しく高い摩擦係数を得ることができる。このとき、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に作用する振動に対する吸収性能を著しく向上させて、構造物の倒壊や面材7の崩落等を確実に防止することが可能となる。   When the first member 2 and the second member 3 are swung, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is swung while forming a metal flow portion inside the friction plane without forming an interface. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a remarkably high coefficient of friction as compared with the frictional resistance that forms the interface. At this time, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied can remarkably improve the absorption performance against vibrations acting on the structure, and can surely prevent the structure from collapsing and the face material 7 from collapsing.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に小振動が作用したときに、第1減衰部25が小長孔30の範囲で褶動するとともに、構造物に大振動が作用したときに、第2減衰部35が大長孔20の範囲で褶動することから、図6に示すように、構造物に作用する振動の大きさに効率的に対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。   In the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied, when the small vibration acts on the structure, the first damping portion 25 swings in the range of the small long hole 30 and when the large vibration acts on the structure, Since the second attenuating portion 35 swings in the range of the large slot 20, as shown in FIG. 6, the vibration acting on the structure is efficiently matched to the magnitude of the vibration acting on the structure. It is possible to absorb in steps according to the displacement.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態の第1変形例において、図9に示すように、第1部材2と第2部材3とが、面材7の正面側及び背面側に嵌合材44を介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定される部位だけでなく、面材7の正面側及び背面側に皿バネ41のみを介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定される部位が設けられる。このとき、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、嵌合材44を介在させた部位と、皿バネ41のみを介在させた部位とで、各々の摩擦減衰性能を異ならせて、構造物に作用する多様な振動の大きさに対応することで、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて多段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。   In the first modification of the first embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is such that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are arranged on the front side and the back side of the face member 7 as shown in FIG. In the state where the fitting material 44 is interposed, not only the portion fixed by the fastening member 43 but also the fastening member 43 is fixed in a state where only the disc spring 41 is interposed on the front side and the back side of the face material 7. Are provided. At this time, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied acts on the structure by making the friction damping performance different between the part where the fitting material 44 is interposed and the part where only the disc spring 41 is interposed. By responding to various vibration magnitudes, it is possible to absorb the vibration acting on the structure in a multi-step manner according to the displacement.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第2実施形態において、図11〜図13に示すように、第1減衰部25と第2減衰部35とが、面材7の面内方向で互いに位置をずらして設けられるものである。   In the second embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is such that, as shown in FIGS. 11 to 13, the first attenuation portion 25 and the second attenuation portion 35 are positioned in the in-plane direction of the face material 7. It is provided by shifting.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図12に示すように、面材7の正面側及び背面側にプレート45、皿バネ41を介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定されるものとなる。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、異種材料接触状態で褶動して、面材7を面内方向に変位させるものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 12, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fixed by a fastening member 43 with a plate 45 and a disc spring 41 interposed between the front side and the back side of the face material 7. It becomes. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are oscillated in contact with different materials to displace the face material 7 in the in-plane direction.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、面内方向に所定の長さで延びる大長孔20が、第1部材2に形成されるとともに、大長孔20よりも短い所定の長さで延びる小長孔30が、第2部材3に形成される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、これに限らず、大長孔20よりも短い小長孔30が第1部材2に形成されるとともに、第2部材3に大長孔20が形成されてもよい。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are formed with a long hole 20 extending in a predetermined length in the in-plane direction in the first member 2 and having a predetermined length shorter than the large hole 20. A small elongated hole 30 is formed in the second member 3. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are not limited to this, and a small long hole 30 shorter than the large long hole 20 is formed in the first member 2, and the large long hole 20 is formed in the second member 3. May be.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図13に示すように、互いに面接触した状態で、大長孔20と小長孔30とに締結部材43を挿通させて固定される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、大長孔20及び小長孔30で面材7の幅方向に相対移動するものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 13, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fixed by inserting a fastening member 43 through the large hole 20 and the small hole 30 while being in surface contact with each other. The first member 2 and the second member 3 move relative to each other in the width direction of the face member 7 through the large and small holes 20 and 30.
第1部材2は、図12(a)に示すように、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21とプレート45とが面当接されることによって第1減衰部25が設けられる。第2部材3は、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22と第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とが面当接されることによって第2減衰部35が設けられる。   As shown in FIG. 12A, the first member 2 is provided with a first damping portion 25 when the first front-side friction plane 21 of the first member 2 and the plate 45 are in surface contact with each other. The second member 3 is provided with a second attenuating portion 35 by the surface contact between the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 and the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に風荷重等が作用して、小振動を引き起こすときに、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に相対移動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用して、大振動を引き起こすときに、大長孔20が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に相対移動する。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 move relative to each other in the width direction of the face material 7 within a range in which the small long holes 30 are formed when a wind load or the like acts on the structure to cause a small vibration. To do. Further, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are arranged in the width direction of the face material 7 within a range in which the large long hole 20 is formed when an earthquake load or the like acts on the structure to cause a large vibration. Move relative.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21とプレート45とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗が、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22と第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗よりも大きいものに設定される。このとき、第1減衰部25よりも第2減衰部35の方が、各々の接触面で褶動容易となるように設定される。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are configured such that the frictional resistance of the contact surface where the first front-side friction plane 21 of the first member 2 and the plate 45 come into surface contact is the first back-side friction plane of the first member 2. 22 and the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 are set to be larger than the frictional resistance of the contact surface in contact with the surface. At this time, the second attenuating portion 35 is set to be easier to swing at each contact surface than the first attenuating portion 25.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に風荷重等が作用したときに、褶動容易に設定された第2減衰部35が、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、面材7の幅方向に褶動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用したときに、小長孔30の端部に締結部材43が接触して、大長孔20が形成された範囲で第1減衰部25が面材7の幅方向に褶動する。   When the first member 2 and the second member 3 are subjected to a wind load or the like on the structure, the second damping portion 35 set so as to be easily oscillated is within the range in which the small long holes 30 are formed. It swings in the width direction of the material 7. Further, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are formed such that when the seismic load or the like is applied to the structure, the fastening member 43 comes into contact with the end of the small long hole 30 and the large long hole 20 is formed. The first damping portion 25 swings in the width direction of the face material 7 within the range.
第1減衰部25は、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化されたものとなる。第1減衰部25は、第1部材2の第1表側摩擦平面21又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   The first damping portion 25 improves the smoothness of the first front friction plane 21 of the first member 2 or the friction plane of the plate 45 so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in contact with different materials. When moving, aluminum or the like partially melts into the iron material, steel material or the like between the iron plate, steel plate or the like and the aluminum plate or the like, and the respective metal particles are integrated. The first damping portion 25 improves the smoothness of the first front friction plane 21 of the first member 2 or the friction plane of the plate 45 so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in contact with different materials. When it moves, it does not form an interface, but it swings while forming a portion where metal flows inside the friction plane, and the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated.
なお、第2減衰部35は、第1減衰部25よりも褶動容易となるように設定された範囲で、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又は第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化されるものとされてもよい。このとき、第2減衰部35は、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又は第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   In addition, the 2nd damping part 35 is the range set so that it might be rocked more easily than the 1st damping part 25, The 2nd friction plane 22 of the 1st back side friction plane 22 of the 1st member 2, or the 2nd member 3 By improving the smoothness of 31, when the first member 2 and the second member 3 are swung in contact with different materials, aluminum or the like is an iron or steel material between the iron plate, the steel plate or the like and the aluminum plate or the like. Or the like, and the respective metal particles may be integrated. At this time, the second damping portion 35 improves the smoothness of the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 or the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are improved. When the oscillating material is in contact with different materials, the material is oscillated while forming a metal flow part inside the friction plane without forming an interface, and the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated. Become.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に小振動が作用したときに、第2減衰部35が小長孔30の範囲で褶動するとともに、構造物に大振動が作用したときに、第1減衰部25が大長孔20の範囲で褶動することから、図6に示すように、構造物に作用する振動の大きさに効率的に対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。   In the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied, when the small vibration acts on the structure, the second damping portion 35 swings in the range of the small long hole 30 and when the large vibration acts on the structure, Since the first attenuating portion 25 swings in the range of the large elongated hole 20, as shown in FIG. 6, the vibration acting on the structure is efficiently matched with the magnitude of the vibration acting on the structure. It is possible to absorb in steps according to the displacement.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1部材2と第2部材3とが褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動することから、界面を形成した摩擦抵抗と比較して、著しく高い摩擦係数を得ることができる。このとき、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に作用する振動に対する吸収性能を著しく向上させて、構造物の倒壊や面材7の崩落等を確実に防止することが可能となる。   When the first member 2 and the second member 3 are swung, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is swung while forming a metal flow portion inside the friction plane without forming an interface. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a remarkably high coefficient of friction as compared with the frictional resistance that forms the interface. At this time, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied can remarkably improve the absorption performance against vibrations acting on the structure, and can surely prevent the structure from collapsing and the face material 7 from collapsing.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第2実施形態の第1変形例において、図14〜図16に示すように、第2部材3に設けられる第2減衰部35として、面材7の面内方向に突出して設けられる突出部51と、突出部51の側方に設けられる一対の補助部52とを有する。本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、これに限らず、突出部51と一対の補助部52とが第1部材2に形成されてもよい。   In the first modification of the second embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is a surface of the face material 7 as the second attenuation portion 35 provided in the second member 3 as shown in FIGS. It has the protrusion part 51 which protrudes and is provided in an inward direction, and a pair of auxiliary | assistant part 52 provided in the side of the protrusion part 51. FIG. The damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is not limited thereto, and the protruding portion 51 and the pair of auxiliary portions 52 may be formed on the first member 2.
突出部51は、先端部51aが壁枠6に締結部材43で固定される。突出部51は、図15に示すように、構造物に地震や風等による振動が作用して面材7が面内方向に変位するときに、幅方向に傾斜して当接面51bを補助部52に当接させながら変形するものとなる。   The protruding portion 51 is fixed to the wall frame 6 with a fastening member 43 at the tip 51a. As shown in FIG. 15, the protrusion 51 is inclined in the width direction to assist the contact surface 51 b when the surface material 7 is displaced in the in-plane direction due to vibration caused by an earthquake or wind on the structure. It is deformed while abutting against the portion 52.
突出部51は、面材7の幅方向の変形量が大きくなるにつれて、突出部51の板厚tと鋼材の降伏点強度σyとから算出されるモーメント耐力Mpが低下するものとなるように、突出部51の幅Bが設定される。なお、モーメント耐力Mpは、Mp=t×B2/4×σyで算出されるものであり、突出部51の高さ方向で基端部51cから離間するにしたがって、モーメント耐力Mpが低下するものとなるように突出部51の幅Bが設定されることで、突出部51の当接面51bが所定の曲率で湾曲するように設定されるものとなる。 As the amount of deformation in the width direction of the face member 7 increases, the protrusion 51 has a moment resistance Mp calculated from the plate thickness t of the protrusion 51 and the yield strength σ y of the steel. The width B of the protrusion 51 is set. Note that moment capacity Mp is what is calculated by Mp = t × B 2/4 × σ y, as the distance from the proximal end portion 51c in the height direction of the projections 51, moment capacity Mp decreases By setting the width B of the projecting portion 51 so as to be the same, the contact surface 51b of the projecting portion 51 is set to be curved with a predetermined curvature.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第2実施形態の第1変形例において、補助部52及び突出部51の当接面51bが所定の曲率で湾曲するように設定されることで、突出部51のモーメント耐力Mpを低下させることができ、構造物に作用する振動による荷重Qをバイリニアとしながら突出部51の先端部51aの安定した変位量を確保して、突出部51を所定の振動減衰性能を維持した状態で変形させることができるものとなる。   In the first modification of the second embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is set so that the contact surfaces 51b of the auxiliary portion 52 and the protruding portion 51 are curved with a predetermined curvature. The moment proof stress Mp of 51 can be reduced, and a stable displacement amount of the tip 51a of the protrusion 51 is ensured while the load Q caused by vibration acting on the structure is bilinear, and the protrusion 51 is attenuated by a predetermined vibration. It can be deformed while maintaining the performance.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第2実施形態の第1変形例において、突出部51の先端部51aと基端部51cとを幅方向に相対的に安定して変位させて、突出部51を所定の振動減衰性能を維持した状態で変形させるものとなる。これにより、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に作用する振動を補助部52及び突出部51に効率的に吸収させて、構造物の倒壊や分割面材71の崩落等を確実に防止することが可能となる。   The damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is, in the first modification of the second embodiment, the tip 51a and the base end 51c of the protrusion 51 are relatively stably displaced in the width direction, and the protrusion 51 is deformed while maintaining a predetermined vibration damping performance. Thereby, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied efficiently absorbs the vibration acting on the structure by the auxiliary portion 52 and the protruding portion 51, and reliably prevents the structure from collapsing or the divided surface material 71 from collapsing. It becomes possible to prevent.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態、第2実施形態において、図1に示すように、枠材72による分割面材71の固定強度QFIXよりも、構造物に作用する振動によって変位するときの降伏強度Qyの方が小さいものとなる。これにより、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、複数の分割面材71を枠材72に固定した状態で、複数の分割面材71を一体化させた面材7を変位させて、構造物に作用する振動を確実に減衰させることが可能となる。 In the first embodiment and the second embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is a vibration that acts on the structure rather than the fixed strength Q FIX of the divided surface material 71 by the frame material 72 as shown in FIG. It becomes the smaller yield strength Q y when displaced by. As a result, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is structured by displacing the face material 7 in which the plurality of divided surface materials 71 are integrated in a state where the plurality of divided surface materials 71 are fixed to the frame material 72. It is possible to reliably attenuate the vibration acting on the.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1実施形態、第2実施形態において、面材7の幅方向の両側部で壁枠6と離間させて間隙部10を形成させるものである。本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、複数の分割面材71を一体化させた面材7を変位させて、構造物に作用する振動を減衰させるときに生じる面材7の面内方向の変位が間隙部10で吸収される。   In the first embodiment and the second embodiment, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is such that the gap portion 10 is formed by being separated from the wall frame 6 at both sides in the width direction of the face member 7. The damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is a displacement in the in-plane direction of the face material 7 that occurs when the face material 7 in which the plurality of divided face materials 71 are integrated is displaced to attenuate the vibration acting on the structure. Is absorbed by the gap 10.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第3実施形態において、図17に示すように、構造物の一部となる壁枠6に傾斜して設けられるブレース9に取り付けられる。ブレース9は、壁枠6の下側の斜材に設けられる第2部材3と、壁枠6の上側の斜材に設けられる第1部材2とを備える。   In the third embodiment, a damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is attached to a brace 9 provided to be inclined on a wall frame 6 that is a part of a structure, as shown in FIG. The brace 9 includes a second member 3 provided on the diagonal material on the lower side of the wall frame 6 and a first member 2 provided on the diagonal material on the upper side of the wall frame 6.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第3実施形態において、図18〜図20に示すように、第1部材2と第2部材3とが、斜材の正面側及び背面側に嵌合材44及びプレート45を介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定されて、異種材料接触状態で褶動して、壁部8の面内方向に変位させるものとなる。   As shown in FIGS. 18 to 20, in the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied, as shown in FIGS. 18 to 20, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are fitted on the front side and the back side of the diagonal material. In the state where 44 and the plate 45 are interposed, it is fixed by the fastening member 43, and is oscillated in a contact state with a different material to be displaced in the in-plane direction of the wall portion 8.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、面内方向に所定の長さで延びる大長孔20が、第2部材3に形成されるとともに、大長孔20よりも短い所定の長さで延びる小長孔30が、第1部材2に形成される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、これに限らず、大長孔20よりも短い小長孔30が第1部材2に形成されるとともに、第2部材3に大長孔20が形成されてもよい。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are formed with a long hole 20 extending in a predetermined length in the in-plane direction in the second member 3 and having a predetermined length shorter than the large hole 20. A small elongated hole 30 is formed in the first member 2. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are not limited to this, and a small long hole 30 shorter than the large long hole 20 is formed in the first member 2, and the large long hole 20 is formed in the second member 3. May be.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、図20に示すように、互いに面接触した状態で、小長孔30に嵌合材44を嵌合させて、大長孔20と小長孔30とに締結部材43を挿通させて固定される。第1部材2と第2部材3とは、大長孔20及び小長孔30で壁部8の面内方向に相対移動するものとなる。   As shown in FIG. 20, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in surface contact with each other, the fitting member 44 is fitted into the small long hole 30, and the large long hole 20 and the small long hole 30. The fastening member 43 is inserted into and fixed. The first member 2 and the second member 3 are relatively moved in the in-plane direction of the wall portion 8 through the large and small holes 20 and 30.
第1部材2は、図19(a)に示すように、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22とプレート45とが面当接されることによって第1減衰部25が設けられる。第2部材3は、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とプレート45とが面当接されることによって第2減衰部35が設けられる。   As shown in FIG. 19A, the first member 2 is provided with the first damping portion 25 by the surface contact between the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 and the plate 45. The second member 3 is provided with the second damping portion 35 by the surface contact between the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 and the plate 45.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に風荷重等が作用して、小振動を引き起こすときに、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、壁部8の面内方向に相対移動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用して、大振動を引き起こすときに、大長孔20が形成された範囲で、壁部8の面内方向に相対移動する。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are relative to each other in the in-plane direction of the wall portion 8 within a range where the small long holes 30 are formed when a wind load or the like acts on the structure to cause a small vibration. Moving. In addition, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in the in-plane direction of the wall portion 8 within the range in which the large hole 20 is formed when an earthquake load or the like acts on the structure to cause a large vibration. Move relative to.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22とプレート45とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗が、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31とプレート45とが面当接される接触面の摩擦抵抗よりも小さいものに設定される。このとき、第2減衰部35よりも第1減衰部25の方が、各々の接触面で褶動容易となるように設定される。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are such that the frictional resistance of the contact surface where the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 and the plate 45 are in surface contact with each other is the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3. It is set to be smaller than the frictional resistance of the contact surface where the plate 45 and the plate 45 are in surface contact. At this time, the first attenuation unit 25 is set to be easier to swing on each contact surface than the second attenuation unit 35.
第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に風荷重等が作用したときに、褶動容易に設定された第1減衰部25が、小長孔30が形成された範囲で、壁部8の面内方向に褶動する。また、第1部材2と第2部材3とは、構造物に地震荷重等が作用したときに、小長孔30の端部に嵌合材44が接触するものとなることで、大長孔20が形成された範囲で第2減衰部35が壁部8の面内方向に褶動する。   The first member 2 and the second member 3 are configured so that the first damping portion 25 that is set to be easily oscillated when a wind load or the like is applied to the structure is within the range in which the small long holes 30 are formed. It swings in the in-plane direction of the part 8. Further, the first member 2 and the second member 3 are configured such that when the seismic load or the like is applied to the structure, the fitting member 44 comes into contact with the end of the small long hole 30, thereby The second attenuating portion 35 swings in the in-plane direction of the wall portion 8 in the range where 20 is formed.
第2減衰部35は、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化するものとなる。第2減衰部35は、第2部材3の第2摩擦平面31又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   The second attenuating portion 35 improves the smoothness of the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 or the friction plane of the plate 45, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 swing in a different material contact state. When this is done, aluminum or the like partially melts between the iron plate, the steel plate or the like and the aluminum plate or the like, so that the respective metal particles are integrated. The second attenuating portion 35 improves the smoothness of the second friction plane 31 of the second member 3 or the friction plane of the plate 45, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 swing in a different material contact state. In this case, the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated by forming a portion where the metal flows inside the friction plane without forming an interface.
なお、第1減衰部25は、第2減衰部35よりも褶動容易となるように設定された範囲で、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、鉄板、鋼板等とアルミニウム板等との間でアルミニウム等が鉄材、鋼材等に部分的に溶け込んで、各々の金属粒子が一体化するものとされてもよい。このとき、第1減衰部25は、第1部材2の第1裏側摩擦平面22又はプレート45の摩擦平面の平滑度を向上させることで、第1部材2と第2部材3とが異種材料接触状態で褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、構造物に作用する振動を摩擦減衰させるものとなる。   In addition, the 1st attenuation | damping part 25 is the range set so that it might be peristated more easily than the 2nd attenuation | damping part 35, and the smoothness of the 1st back side friction plane 22 of the 1st member 2 or the friction plane of the plate 45 is set. By improving, when the 1st member 2 and the 2nd member 3 peristate in a dissimilar-materials contact state, aluminum etc. partially to an iron material, a steel material, etc. between an iron plate, a steel plate, etc. and an aluminum plate etc. It melts and each metal particle may be integrated. At this time, the first damping portion 25 improves the smoothness of the first back side friction plane 22 of the first member 2 or the friction plane of the plate 45, so that the first member 2 and the second member 3 are in contact with different materials. When swinging in a state, it does not form an interface, but swings while forming a portion where the metal flows inside the friction plane, and the vibration acting on the structure is frictionally attenuated.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第1部材2と第2部材3とが褶動するときに、界面を形成させることなく、摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動することから、界面を形成した摩擦抵抗と比較して、著しく高い摩擦係数を得ることができる。このとき、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に作用する振動に対する吸収性能を著しく向上させて、構造物の倒壊や面材7の崩落等を確実に防止することが可能となる。   When the first member 2 and the second member 3 are swung, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is swung while forming a metal flow portion inside the friction plane without forming an interface. Therefore, it is possible to obtain a remarkably high coefficient of friction as compared with the frictional resistance that forms the interface. At this time, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied can remarkably improve the absorption performance against vibrations acting on the structure, and can surely prevent the structure from collapsing and the face material 7 from collapsing.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に小振動が作用したときに、第1減衰部25が小長孔30の範囲で褶動するとともに、構造物に大振動が作用したときに、第2減衰部35が大長孔20の範囲で褶動することから、図6に示すように、構造物に作用する振動の大きさに効率的に対応させて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。   In the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied, when the small vibration acts on the structure, the first damping portion 25 swings in the range of the small long hole 30 and when the large vibration acts on the structure, Since the second attenuating portion 35 swings in the range of the large slot 20, as shown in FIG. 6, the vibration acting on the structure is efficiently matched to the magnitude of the vibration acting on the structure. It is possible to absorb in steps according to the displacement.
本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、第3実施形態において、図20に示すように、第1部材2と第2部材3とが、斜材の正面側及び背面側に嵌合材44を介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定される部位だけでなく、斜材の正面側及び背面側に皿バネ41のみを介在させた状態で、締結部材43で固定される部位が設けられる。このとき、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、嵌合材44を介在させた部位と、皿バネ41のみを介在させた部位とで、各々の摩擦減衰性能を異ならせて、構造物に作用する多様な振動の大きさに対応することで、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて多段階的に吸収させることが可能となる。   In the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied, in the third embodiment, as shown in FIG. 20, the first member 2 and the second member 3 interpose the fitting material 44 on the front side and the back side of the diagonal material. In this state, not only a portion fixed by the fastening member 43 but also a portion fixed by the fastening member 43 in a state where only the disc spring 41 is interposed on the front side and the back side of the diagonal member. At this time, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied acts on the structure by making the friction damping performance different between the part where the fitting material 44 is interposed and the part where only the disc spring 41 is interposed. By responding to various vibration magnitudes, it is possible to absorb the vibration acting on the structure in a multi-step manner according to the displacement.
以上、本発明の実施形態の例について詳細に説明したが、上述した実施形態は、何れも本発明を実施するにあたっての具体化の例を示したものに過ぎず、これらによって本発明の技術的範囲が限定的に解釈されてはならないものである。   As mentioned above, although the example of embodiment of this invention was demonstrated in detail, all the embodiment mentioned above showed only the example of actualization in implementing this invention, and these are the technical aspects of this invention. The range should not be construed as limiting.
例えば、本発明を適用したダンパーセット1は、構造物に作用する風荷重等や地震荷重等に対して、第1部材2と第2部材3との摩擦減衰で振動を吸収させる摩擦ダンパーに限られず、粘弾性変形によって振動を吸収させる粘弾性ダンパーが用いられてもよい。その粘弾性ダンパーとは、例えば、摩擦ダンパーの滑り面に粘弾性体シート等を挟んだ構成である。   For example, the damper set 1 to which the present invention is applied is limited to a friction damper that absorbs vibration by friction damping between the first member 2 and the second member 3 with respect to wind load or seismic load acting on a structure. Instead, a viscoelastic damper that absorbs vibration by viscoelastic deformation may be used. The viscoelastic damper is, for example, a structure in which a viscoelastic sheet is sandwiched between sliding surfaces of a friction damper.
1 :ダンパーセット
10 :間隙部
2 :第1部材
20 :大長孔
21 :第1表側摩擦平面
22 :第1裏側摩擦平面
25 :第1減衰部
3 :第2部材
30 :小長孔
31 :第2摩擦平面
35 :第2減衰部
41 :皿バネ
42 :ワッシャー
43 :締結部材
44 :嵌合材
45 :プレート
51 :突出部
51a :先端部
51b :当接面
51c :基端部
52 :補助部
6 :壁枠
61 :柱材
62 :梁材
7 :面材
71 :分割面材
71a :下端部
71b :上端部
71c :両側端部
71d :正面部
71e :背面部
72 :枠材
8 :壁部
9 :ブレース
1: Damper set 10: Gap 2: First member 20: Large slot 21: First front friction plane 22: First back friction plane 25: First damping section 3: Second member 30: Small slot 31: 2nd friction plane 35: 2nd damping part 41: Belleville spring 42: Washer 43: Fastening member 44: Fitting material 45: Plate 51: Projection part 51a: Tip part 51b: Contact surface 51c: Base end part 52: Auxiliary Part 6: Wall frame 61: Column material 62: Beam material 7: Face material 71: Divided surface material 71a: Lower end portion 71b: Upper end portion 71c: Both end portions 71d: Front portion 71e: Back portion 72: Frame member 8: Wall Part 9: Brace

Claims (4)

  1. 構造物に導入されるダンパーセットであって、
    第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材は、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方に、面内方向に所定の長さで延びる大長孔が形成されるとともに、前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか他方に、前記大長孔よりも短い所定の長さで延びる小長孔が形成されて、締結部材よりも径大に形成されて前記小長孔に嵌合される嵌合材と、前記大長孔、前記小長孔及び前記嵌合材に挿通される締結部材とを有して、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであること
    を特徴とするダンパーセット。
    A damper set to be introduced into the structure,
    A first member provided with a first attenuation part, and a second member provided with a second attenuation part,
    In the first member and the second member, a large elongated hole extending in a predetermined length in an in-plane direction is formed in one of the first member and the second member, and the first member and the second member A small long hole extending at a predetermined length shorter than the large long hole is formed in either one of the second members, and is formed larger in diameter than the fastening member and fitted into the small long hole. A fitting member, and a fastening member inserted through the large elongated hole, the small elongated hole and the fitting material,
    Either one or both of the first member and the second member are fixed to a part of the structure, and the first damping unit and the second damping unit vibrate the vibration acting on the structure. A damper set characterized by being attenuated in stages according to the displacement.
  2. 構造物に導入されるダンパーセットであって、
    第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部の何れか一方又は両方が、前記第1部材又は前記第2部材の平滑度を向上させた摩擦平面との異種材料接触状態で、界面を形成させることなく、前記摩擦平面の内部で金属流動する部位を形成させながら褶動して、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであること
    を特徴とするダンパーセット。
    A damper set to be introduced into the structure,
    A first member provided with a first attenuation part, and a second member provided with a second attenuation part,
    Either one or both of the first member and the second member is fixed to a part of a structure, and either one or both of the first attenuation unit and the second attenuation unit is the first member. In a dissimilar material contact state with the friction plane that has improved the smoothness of one member or the second member, without forming an interface, peristate while forming a portion of metal flow inside the friction plane, The damper set according to claim 1, wherein the first damping part and the second damping part attenuate the vibration acting on the structure in a stepwise manner according to the displacement.
  3. 構造物に導入されるダンパーセットが設けられた制震構造であって、
    第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであり、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方は、構造物の壁枠に取り付けられるとともに、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか他方は、構造物の面材に取り付けられて、
    前記面材は、分割面材の上端部及び下端部の何れか一方並びに両側端部が枠材に固定されて、前記壁枠の内側で複数の前記分割面材を幅方向に前記枠材を介して連結させて設けられるとともに、構造物に作用する振動を前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部で減衰させるときに生じる前記面材の面内方向の変位を吸収するものとして、前記面材の両側部と前記壁枠とを離間させて間隙部を形成させるものであること
    を特徴とするダンパーセットが設けられた制震構造
    It is a seismic control structure with a damper set to be introduced into the structure ,
    A first member provided with a first attenuation part, and a second member provided with a second attenuation part,
    Either one or both of the first member and the second member are fixed to a part of the structure, and the first damping unit and the second damping unit vibrate the vibration acting on the structure. It attenuates in stages according to the displacement,
    Either one of the first member and the second member is attached to a wall frame of a structure,
    Either one of the first member and the second member is attached to the face material of the structure,
    The face material is formed by fixing one of the upper end portion and the lower end portion of the divided face material, and both end portions thereof to the frame material, and the plurality of divided face materials in the width direction inside the wall frame. The surface is configured to absorb the displacement in the in-plane direction of the face material generated when the vibration acting on the structure is attenuated by the first attenuation part and the second attenuation part. A damping structure provided with a damper set, wherein a gap portion is formed by separating both side portions of the material and the wall frame.
  4. 構造物に導入されるダンパーセットであって、
    第1減衰部が設けられる第1部材と、第2減衰部が設けられる第2部材とを備え、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方又は両方は、構造物の一部に固定された状態で、前記第1減衰部及び前記第2減衰部が、面内方向で互いに位置をずらして設けられて、構造物に作用する振動をその変位に応じて段階的に減衰させるものであり、
    前記第1部材及び前記第2部材の何れか一方は、面内方向に突出して設けられる突出部と、前記突出部の側方に設けられる補助部とを有し、前記突出部を変形させることで構造物に作用する振動を減衰させるときに、前記突出部を前記補助部に当接させて前記突出部を所定の振動減衰性能を維持した状態で変形させることができるように、前記突出部と前記補助部とを当接させる当接面が湾曲して形成されること
    を特徴とするダンパーセット。
    A damper set to be introduced into the structure,
    A first member provided with a first attenuation part, and a second member provided with a second attenuation part,
    One or both of the first member and the second member are fixed to a part of the structure, and the first attenuation portion and the second attenuation portion are displaced from each other in the in-plane direction. Is provided to attenuate the vibration acting on the structure stepwise according to the displacement,
    Either one of the first member and the second member has a protrusion provided to protrude in an in-plane direction, and an auxiliary part provided on a side of the protrusion, and deforms the protrusion. When the vibration acting on the structure is damped, the protrusion can be deformed in a state in which the protrusion is brought into contact with the auxiliary portion and the predetermined vibration attenuation performance is maintained. The damper set is characterized in that a contact surface for contacting the auxiliary portion with the curved portion is curved.
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110528741A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-12-03 辰航新材料科技有限公司 A kind of high-intensitive glaze aluminium board of curtain wall

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JP5985778B1 (en) * 2016-04-28 2016-09-06 アイディールブレーン株式会社 Joint structure between members and joint structure between beam and column

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JPH0734161U (en) * 1993-12-03 1995-06-23 株式会社熊谷組 Vibration control device
JP2011214309A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-27 Ohbayashi Corp Vibration control structure of joint
JP2012102880A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-05-31 Ohbayashi Corp Friction damper
JP2013189830A (en) * 2012-03-15 2013-09-26 Kajima Corp Variably rigid frame with damper function

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0734161U (en) * 1993-12-03 1995-06-23 株式会社熊谷組 Vibration control device
JP2011214309A (en) * 2010-03-31 2011-10-27 Ohbayashi Corp Vibration control structure of joint
JP2012102880A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-05-31 Ohbayashi Corp Friction damper
JP2013189830A (en) * 2012-03-15 2013-09-26 Kajima Corp Variably rigid frame with damper function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110528741A (en) * 2019-07-23 2019-12-03 辰航新材料科技有限公司 A kind of high-intensitive glaze aluminium board of curtain wall

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