JP5547383B2 - Balcony unit and unit building including balcony unit - Google Patents

Balcony unit and unit building including balcony unit Download PDF

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JP5547383B2
JP5547383B2 JP2008178188A JP2008178188A JP5547383B2 JP 5547383 B2 JP5547383 B2 JP 5547383B2 JP 2008178188 A JP2008178188 A JP 2008178188A JP 2008178188 A JP2008178188 A JP 2008178188A JP 5547383 B2 JP5547383 B2 JP 5547383B2
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building unit
floor building
balcony
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JP2010018964A (en
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政利 野畑
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Sekisui Chemical Co Ltd
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本発明は、建物ユニットを組み合わせて構成するユニット建物のバルコニー装置に係り、特に、下階建物ユニットの上部に構築されるバルコニー装置と、このバルコニー装置を備えるユニット建物に関する。   The present invention relates to a balcony device of a unit building configured by combining building units, and more particularly, to a balcony device constructed on an upper part of a lower floor building unit and a unit building including the balcony device.

従来、この種のバルコニー装置として、特許文献1に記載のバルコニー床パネルの固定構造およびユニット建物がある。この公報に記載のバルコニー床パネルの固定構造は、複数の床小梁と、この床小梁の上に配置された複数の根太を介して、又は床小梁の上に直接設置された床板とを有するバルコニー床パネルを、天井フレームに固定するバルコニー床パネルの固定構造であって、天井フレームに内側に向けて突出部を設けるとともに、床小梁の端部を前記突出部に固定している。
特開2004−150083号公報
Conventionally, as this type of balcony device, there is a balcony floor panel fixing structure and a unit building described in Patent Document 1. The fixed structure of the balcony floor panel described in this publication includes a plurality of floor beams and a floor plate directly installed on the floor beams through a plurality of joists disposed on the floor beams. A balcony floor panel fixing structure for fixing a balcony floor panel having a ceiling frame to a ceiling frame, wherein the ceiling frame is provided with a projecting portion facing inward, and an end portion of the floor beam is secured to the projecting portion. .
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2004-150083

ところで、前記構造のバルコニー床パネルの固定構造は、バルコニー床パネルを天井フレームに容易に組み付けることができるという作用効果を奏するものであるが、複数の床小梁を備える構造であるため、構成が複雑で施工が煩雑となっている。また、下階建物ユニットの上部全面にバルコニー床を固定するものであり、面積の大きい下階建物ユニットの上部に面積の小さい上階建物ユニットを載置し、上階建物ユニットが載置されない下階建物ユニットの上部に、面積の小さいバルコニーを構築する場合には、上梁間に架設された複数本の床小梁上に多数の根太材を固定し、多数の根太材の上に床仕上げ材として野地板を固定している。そして、床小梁の下方には、木製の天井根太が架設されている。このように、面積の小さいバルコニーを構築するときには床小梁、根太材で下地を組み、その上に野地板を固定するため、部品点数が多く構成が複雑となり、施工が煩雑となり、重量が増大するという問題点があった。   By the way, the balcony floor panel fixing structure having the above structure has an effect that the balcony floor panel can be easily assembled to the ceiling frame. However, the structure is provided with a plurality of floor beams. It is complicated and complicated. In addition, the balcony floor is fixed to the entire upper surface of the lower-floor building unit. The upper-floor building unit with a smaller area is placed on the upper part of the lower-floor building unit with a larger area, and the upper-floor building unit is not placed. When building a small-sized balcony on the upper part of the floor building unit, a large number of joists are fixed on the multiple floor beams installed between the upper beams, and the floor finish is placed on the many joists. As the field plate is fixed. A wooden ceiling joist is installed under the floor beam. In this way, when constructing a balcony with a small area, the ground is assembled with floor beams and joists, and the field board is fixed on it, so the number of parts is complicated, the construction becomes complicated, the construction becomes complicated, and the weight increases. There was a problem of doing.

本発明は、このような問題に鑑みてなされたものであって、その目的とするところは、床面積の異なる建物ユニットを組立て、床面積の大きい建物ユニットの上部に床面積の小さい上階建物ユニットを載置し、下階建物ユニットの上部の上階建物ユニットが載置されない部分に構築する場合に、部品点数を低減して構成を簡単にできると共に軽量化でき、施工が容易なバルコニー装置を提供することにある。また、このようなバルコニー装置を備えるユニット建物を提供することにある。   The present invention has been made in view of such problems, and the object of the present invention is to assemble a building unit having a different floor area, and an upper floor building having a small floor area above the building unit having a large floor area. A balcony device that can be easily constructed and reduced in the number of parts when the unit is placed and built in a part where the upper-floor building unit above the lower-floor building unit is not placed. Is to provide. Moreover, it is providing the unit building provided with such a balcony apparatus.

前記目的を達成すべく、本発明に係るバルコニー装置は、下階建物ユニットと、該下階建物ユニットより床面積が小さく該下階建物ユニットの上部に載置される上階建物ユニットとから構成されるユニット建物の、前記下階建物ユニットの前記上階建物ユニットが載置されない上部に構築されるバルコニー装置であって、該バルコニー装置は、前記下階建物ユニットの上部で前記上階建物ユニットに近接して軒元側に架設される第1の梁材と、前記下階建物ユニットの上部軒先側に載置される第2の梁材と、前記第1の梁材と第2の梁材との間に架設される根太材により床面が形成され、前記根太材は、前記下階建物ユニットの上梁の上面より下方に下げた状態で固定されるものであり、前記第1の梁材は、該梁材の両端部の連結部が突出部を有し、該突出部は断面U字状の突出部であり前記上梁の上面に固定されることを特徴とする。 In order to achieve the above object, a balcony device according to the present invention includes a lower-floor building unit and an upper-floor building unit that has a floor area smaller than that of the lower-floor building unit and is placed on top of the lower-floor building unit. A balcony device constructed on the upper part of the lower floor building unit where the upper floor building unit is not placed, wherein the balcony device is located above the lower floor building unit. A first beam member erected near the eaves side, a second beam member placed on the upper eaves side of the lower floor building unit, the first beam member and the second beam A floor surface is formed by a joist laid between the two members, and the joist is fixed in a state of being lowered below the upper surface of the upper beam of the lower floor building unit , As for the beam material, the connection part of both ends of the beam material is the protruding part. Has, projecting portion, characterized in that it is fixed to the upper surface of the upper beam is U-shaped section of the protrusion.

前記のごとく構成された本発明のバルコニー装置は、下階建物ユニットの上部に、これより床面積の小さい上階建物ユニットを載置し、上階建物ユニットの載置されない下階建物ユニットの上部にバルコニー装置を構築する際、軒元側に架設された第1の梁材と、軒先側に載置される第2の梁材と、これらの梁材間に架設される根太材により床面が形成されるため、従来のこの種のバルコニー装置と比較して床小梁等の部材の点数を削減することができ、施工も容易となるとともに、軽量化を達成できる。   The balcony device of the present invention configured as described above has an upper floor building unit with a smaller floor area placed on the upper part of the lower floor building unit, and an upper part of the lower floor building unit on which the upper floor building unit is not placed. When building a balcony device, the floor surface is composed of a first beam member installed on the eaves side, a second beam member mounted on the eaves side, and a joist member installed between these beam members. Therefore, the number of members such as a floor beam can be reduced as compared with a conventional balcony device of this type, the construction can be facilitated, and the weight can be reduced.

また、本発明のバルコニー装置は、その床面に加わる荷重を複数の根太材で受け、複数の根太材は2本の平行状態に配置された第1の梁材と第2の梁材で支持される。そして、軒元側の第1の梁材は下階建物ユニットの上梁で支持され、建物ユニットを構成する4本の柱で分担され、軒先側の第2の梁材は同様に下階建物ユニットを構成する軒先側の上梁と柱で分担される。この結果、従来のこの種のバルコニー装置と比較してバルコニー床固定荷重を軽減することができる。   Moreover, the balcony apparatus of this invention receives the load added to the floor surface with a plurality of joists, and the plural joists are supported by two first and second beams arranged in parallel. Is done. The first beam on the eaves side is supported by the upper beam of the lower floor building unit, and is shared by the four pillars that make up the building unit. The second beam on the eaves side is also the lower floor building. It is shared by the upper beams and pillars that make up the unit. As a result, the balcony floor fixing load can be reduced as compared with the conventional balcony device of this type.

また、本発明に係るバルコニー装置の好ましい具体的な態様としては、前記上階建物ユニットは、その長辺方向の一辺が前記下階建物ユニットの長辺方向の一辺と同じに設定され、その短辺方向の一辺が前記下階建物ユニットの短辺方向の一辺より短く設定され、前記バルコニー装置は、前記下階建物ユニットの短辺方向の前記上階建物ユニットが載置されない上部に構築されることを特徴としている。   Moreover, as a preferable specific aspect of the balcony device according to the present invention, the upper floor building unit is configured such that one side in the long side direction is set to be the same as one side in the long side direction of the lower floor building unit. One side is set shorter than one side in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit, and the balcony device is constructed on the upper part where the upper floor building unit in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit is not placed. It is characterized by that.

この構成によれば、下階建物ユニットの長辺方向と、上階建物ユニットの長辺方向が一致し、バルコニー装置は上階建物ユニットの短辺方向に構築されるため、バルコニー装置の荷重は下階建物ユニットに均等に分担され、ユニット建物におけるバルコニー装置の構造が安定する。   According to this configuration, the long side direction of the lower floor building unit and the long side direction of the upper floor building unit match, and the balcony device is constructed in the short side direction of the upper floor building unit. It is equally distributed to the lower-floor building units, and the structure of the balcony device in the unit building is stabilized.

本発明に係るバルコニー装置を備えるユニット建物は、前記したバルコニー装置を備え、下階建物ユニット及び上階建物ユニットを組立てて構成されることを特徴とする。このように構成されたユニット建物では、床面積の大きい下階建物ユニットの上部に床面積の小さい上階建物ユニットを載置したユニット建物において、上階建物ユニットが載置されない下階建物ユニットの上部に、構成が簡単なバルコニー装置を容易な施工で構築することができる。   A unit building including a balcony device according to the present invention includes the above-described balcony device, and is configured by assembling a lower-floor building unit and an upper-floor building unit. In a unit building configured in this way, in a unit building in which an upper-floor building unit with a small floor area is placed on top of a lower-floor building unit with a large floor area, the upper-floor building unit is not placed. On the top, a balcony device with a simple configuration can be constructed with easy construction.

本発明のバルコニー装置は、構成を簡単にでき、軽量化できると共に、下階建物ユニットの上部に容易に施工することができる。また、床面積の大きい下階建物ユニットの上に床面積の小さい上階建物ユニットを載置固定したユニット建物において、上階建物ユニットの載置されない部分に2階用のバルコニー装置を構築することができる。   The balcony device of the present invention can be simplified in configuration, can be reduced in weight, and can be easily installed on the upper part of the lower floor building unit. In addition, in a unit building in which an upper floor building unit with a small floor area is placed and fixed on a lower floor building unit with a large floor area, a balcony device for the second floor is constructed in a portion where the upper floor building unit is not placed. Can do.

以下、本発明に係るバルコニー装置の一実施形態を図面に基づき詳細に説明する。図1は、本実施形態に係るバルコニー装置を模式的に示す要部斜視図、図2は図1の上階建物ユニットを省略したバルコニー装置の展開斜視図、図3は図2の軒元梁、根太受け梁、根太の固定状態を示す要部斜視図、図4は図2の根太の長手方向に沿う要部断面図、図5は図2の根太と直交する方向に沿う要部断面図である。   Hereinafter, an embodiment of a balcony device according to the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. 1 is a perspective view of a main part schematically showing a balcony device according to the present embodiment, FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the balcony device in which the upper floor building unit of FIG. 1 is omitted, and FIG. 3 is an eaves beam of FIG. FIG. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the longitudinal direction of the joist of FIG. 2, and FIG. 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken along the direction orthogonal to the joist of FIG. It is.

図1〜5において、ユニット建物1は複数の建物ユニットとして、下階の建物ユニット2、及び上階の建物ユニット3を組立てて2階建てに構成したものであり、本実施形態のバルコニー装置5は、ユニット建物1の2階部分に構築されるものである。バルコニー装置5は、下階建物ユニット2と、下階建物ユニット2より床面積が小さく、下階建物ユニット2の上部に載置される上階建物ユニット3とから構成されるユニット建物1の、下階建物ユニット2の上階建物ユニット3が載置されない上部(2階部分)に構築され、上階建物ユニット3から入ることができるバルコニー装置である。   1 to 5, a unit building 1 is configured by assembling a lower-floor building unit 2 and an upper-floor building unit 3 as a plurality of building units into a two-story structure, and the balcony device 5 of the present embodiment. Is constructed on the second floor of the unit building 1. The balcony device 5 includes a unit building 1 composed of a lower-floor building unit 2 and an upper-floor building unit 3 having a floor area smaller than that of the lower-floor building unit 2 and placed on top of the lower-floor building unit 2. This is a balcony device that is constructed in the upper part (second floor part) where the upper floor building unit 3 is not placed and can enter from the upper floor building unit 3.

下階建物ユニット2は、鋼製の構造材を溶接で直方体状に接合して形成したボックスラーメン構造のものであり、長辺方向の下梁2a、2a、短辺方向の下梁2b、2b、4本の柱2c、2c、2d、2d、長辺方向の上梁2e、2e、短辺方向の上梁2f、2fとから直方体状に形成される。そして、下階建物ユニット2には、図4に示されるように、天井根太2gが上梁2e、2e間に架設されている。また、上階建物ユニット3は、同様に鋼製の構造材を直方体状に接合して形成したものであり、長辺方向の下梁3a、3a、短辺方向の下梁3b、3b、4本の柱3c、3c、3d、3d、長辺方向の上梁3e、3e、短辺方向の上梁3f、3fとから直方体状に形成される。   The lower-floor building unit 2 has a box ramen structure formed by welding steel structural members into a rectangular parallelepiped shape by welding. The lower beams 2a and 2a in the long side direction, and the lower beams 2b and 2b in the short side direction The four pillars 2c, 2c, 2d, and 2d, the upper beams 2e and 2e in the long side direction, and the upper beams 2f and 2f in the short side direction are formed in a rectangular parallelepiped shape. And in the lower-floor building unit 2, as shown in FIG. 4, a ceiling joist 2g is installed between the upper beams 2e and 2e. Similarly, the upper-floor building unit 3 is formed by joining steel structural members in a rectangular parallelepiped shape. The lower beams 3a and 3a in the long side direction and the lower beams 3b, 3b, 4 and 4 in the short side direction are formed. The pillars 3c, 3c, 3d, 3d, the upper beams 3e, 3e in the long side direction, and the upper beams 3f, 3f in the short side direction are formed in a rectangular parallelepiped shape.

そして、上階建物ユニット3は、その長辺方向の一辺が下階建物ユニット2の長辺方向の一辺と同じに設定され、上階建物ユニット3の下梁3a、3a、上梁3e、3eと、下階建物ユニット2の下梁2a、2a、上梁3e、3eが同じ長さに設定されている。また、上階建物ユニット3は、その短辺方向の一辺が下階建物ユニット2の短辺方向の一辺より短く設定され、下階建物ユニット3の床面積より小さく設定されている。なお、両建物ユニットとも、床梁や天井梁は図示を省略している。   And the upper floor building unit 3 has one side in the long side direction set to be the same as one side in the long side direction of the lower floor building unit 2, and the lower beam 3a, 3a, upper beam 3e, 3e of the upper floor building unit 3. The lower beams 2a and 2a and the upper beams 3e and 3e of the lower floor building unit 2 are set to the same length. The upper floor building unit 3 is set so that one side in the short side direction is shorter than one side in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit 2 and smaller than the floor area of the lower floor building unit 3. In both building units, floor beams and ceiling beams are not shown.

そして、ユニット建物1は、下階建物ユニット2の短辺方向の上梁2f、2f上に、上階建物ユニット3の短辺方向の下梁3b、3bが位置し、下階建物ユニットの柱2c、2c上に上階建物ユニットの柱3c、3cが載置され、上階建物ユニットの柱3d、3dは下階建物ユニットの上梁2f、2fの中程に位置している。このように、ユニット建物1は、下階建物ユニット2の上部に、上階建物ユニット3の載置されない空間が形成され、バルコニー装置5は、下階建物ユニット2の短辺方向の上階建物ユニット3が載置されない上部の空間に構築される。   In the unit building 1, the lower beams 3b and 3b in the short side direction of the upper floor building unit 3 are located on the upper beams 2f and 2f in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit 2, and the columns of the lower floor building unit The pillars 3c and 3c of the upper floor building unit are placed on 2c and 2c, and the pillars 3d and 3d of the upper floor building unit are located in the middle of the upper beams 2f and 2f of the lower floor building unit. Thus, in the unit building 1, a space in which the upper floor building unit 3 is not placed is formed above the lower floor building unit 2, and the balcony device 5 is an upper floor building in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit 2. It is constructed in the upper space where the unit 3 is not placed.

バルコニー装置5は、下階建物ユニット2の上部で上階建物ユニット3に近接して軒元側に架設された第1の梁材である軒元梁10と、下階建物ユニット3の上部の軒先側に載置固定される第2の梁材である根太受け梁20と、軒元梁10と根太受け梁20との間に架設される複数の根太30、30…により床面6が形成され、この床面上に野地板31が載置固定されて構成される。根太30、30…の軒先部分は段差30aがつけられ、この部分に雨樋(図示せず)が付設される。   The balcony device 5 includes an eaves beam 10 which is a first beam material erected on the eaves side near the upper floor building unit 3 in the upper part of the lower floor building unit 2, and an upper part of the lower floor building unit 3. The floor surface 6 is formed by the joist receiving beam 20 which is the second beam material placed and fixed on the eaves end side, and a plurality of joists 30, 30... Installed between the eaves original beam 10 and the joist receiving beam 20. The base plate 31 is placed and fixed on the floor surface. The eaves portion of the joists 30, 30... Is provided with a step 30a, and a rain gutter (not shown) is attached to this portion.

軒元梁10は、例えば鋼製の角パイプ材で形成され、下階建物ユニット2の長辺方向に沿って上梁2f、2f間に架け渡される長さを有しており、両端部には下階建物ユニット2の短辺方向の上梁2f、2fに連結固定される連結部11、11が溶接により形成されている。この連結部11は、角パイプの両端部に溶接された鋼板11aと、この鋼板に溶接された断面U字状の突出部11bから構成され、突出部にはボルトを貫通させる固定孔11cが形成されている。連結部11に合わせて上梁2f、2fには、補強用のスチフナーが溶接され、軒元梁10は上梁2f、2fにボルトナット12で固定される。そして、軒元梁10には、根太30、30…の軒元側の端部を固定する断面L字状の根太固定部13、13…が溶接されている。   The eaves beam 10 is formed of, for example, a steel square pipe material, and has a length that spans between the upper beams 2f and 2f along the long side direction of the lower-floor building unit 2. Are connected to the upper beams 2f and 2f in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit 2 by connecting portions 11 and 11 formed by welding. The connecting portion 11 is composed of a steel plate 11a welded to both ends of the square pipe, and a U-shaped protruding portion 11b welded to the steel plate, and a fixing hole 11c through which the bolt passes is formed in the protruding portion. Has been. Stiffeners for reinforcement are welded to the upper beams 2f and 2f in accordance with the connecting portion 11, and the eaves beam 10 is fixed to the upper beams 2f and 2f with bolts and nuts 12. The eaves beam 10 is welded with joist fixing portions 13, 13... Having an L-shaped cross section for fixing the end portions of the joists 30, 30.

軒先側の根太受け梁20は、例えば鋼板を水平部21と垂直部22と水平部23とを連続して直角に折り曲げて形成した断面が略Z字に近い形状をしている。この根太受け梁20は、上方の水平部21を下階建物ユニット2の上梁2eの上面に接合させてボルトナット25で固定され、垂直部22が上梁2eの内側に下方に延出し、下方の水平部23で複数の根太30、30…の軒先側の端部を受けるものである。このため、根太30、30…の下面は上梁2eの上面より下方に位置し、根太は上梁2eより下方に下げた状態で軒元梁10と根太受け梁20との間に固定されている。そして、垂直部22と下方の水平部23を貫通するビス26で木製の根太30を根太受け梁20に固定するものである。 The eaves-side joist receiving beam 20 has, for example, a substantially Z-shaped cross section formed by continuously bending a horizontal portion 21, a vertical portion 22, and a horizontal portion 23 of a steel plate at a right angle. This joist receiving beam 20 has an upper horizontal portion 21 joined to the upper surface of the upper beam 2e of the lower floor building unit 2 and fixed by a bolt and nut 25, and a vertical portion 22 extends downward to the inside of the upper beam 2e. The lower horizontal portion 23 receives the ends of the plurality of joists 30, 30. Therefore, the bottom surfaces of the joists 30, 30... Are positioned below the upper surface of the upper beam 2e, and the joists are fixed between the eaves beam 10 and the joist receiving beam 20 in a state of being lowered below the upper beam 2e. Yes. The wooden joist 30 is fixed to the joist receiving beam 20 with a screw 26 penetrating the vertical portion 22 and the lower horizontal portion 23.

このように、下階建物ユニット2の上部で、上階建物ユニット3が載置されない空間に、軒元梁10と根太受け梁20を2本を平行に載置して下階建物ユニット2に固定し、これらの梁材10、20で複数の根太30、30…を固定し床面6を構成する。そして、このように形成された床面6上に野地板31を固定し、バルコニー装置5を構築している。さらに、野地板31の周囲に、図1に示される手摺り7が設置され、下階建物ユニット2の構造材に固定され、バルコニー装置5が構築される。なお、ユニット建物1を構成する建物ユニットの個数は、図示に例に限定されるものではない。   Thus, in the upper part of the lower-floor building unit 2, the eaves beam 10 and the joist receiving beam 20 are placed in parallel in the lower-floor building unit 2 in the space where the upper-floor building unit 3 is not placed. A plurality of joists 30, 30... Are fixed by these beam members 10, 20 to constitute the floor surface 6. And the field board 31 is fixed on the floor surface 6 formed in this way, and the balcony apparatus 5 is constructed | assembled. Further, the handrail 7 shown in FIG. 1 is installed around the field board 31 and fixed to the structural material of the lower-floor building unit 2 to construct the balcony device 5. The number of building units constituting the unit building 1 is not limited to the example illustrated.

前記の如く構成された本実施形態のバルコニー装置5の施工動作について以下に説明する。ユニット建物1は図示されていない基礎上に、床面積の大きい下階建物ユニット2が載置されアンカーボルトとナット等の締結手段により固定され、この上に床面積の小さい上階建物ユニット3が載置され、ボルトナット等により固定される。このように組立てられたユニット建物1は、上階建物ユニット3の床面積が下階建物ユニットの床面積より小さいため、下階建物ユニット2の上部の2階部分にバルコニー装置5を構築するスペースが形成される。   The construction operation of the balcony device 5 of the present embodiment configured as described above will be described below. In the unit building 1, a lower floor building unit 2 having a large floor area is placed on a foundation (not shown) and fixed by fastening means such as anchor bolts and nuts, and an upper floor building unit 3 having a small floor area is placed thereon. It is placed and fixed with bolts and nuts. In the unit building 1 assembled in this way, the floor area of the upper-floor building unit 3 is smaller than the floor area of the lower-floor building unit. Is formed.

組立てられたユニット建物1の2階部分のスペースに、バルコニー装置5の床面6を形成する。先ず、例えば地上面で、床面6を構成する軒元梁10と、軒先側の根太受け梁20と、複数の根太30、30…を組立てて、組立体を形成する。すなわち、軒元梁10と根太受け梁20とを平行状態に配置し、軒元梁10の根太固定部13に根太30の一端を釘やビス14で固定する。また、根太30の他端を根太受け梁20に釘やビス26で固定する。この動作を繰り返し、複数の根太30、30…を軒元梁10と根太受け梁20との間に架け渡して固定し、床面6を構成するはしご状の組立体を形成する。   A floor surface 6 of the balcony device 5 is formed in a space on the second floor portion of the assembled unit building 1. First, for example, on the ground surface, the eaves beam 10 constituting the floor surface 6, the joist receiving beam 20 on the eave tip side, and the plurality of joists 30, 30... Are assembled to form an assembly. That is, the eaves beam 10 and the joist receiving beam 20 are arranged in parallel, and one end of the joist 30 is fixed to the joist fixing part 13 of the eaves beam 10 with a nail or a screw 14. Further, the other end of the joist 30 is fixed to the joist receiving beam 20 with a nail or a screw 26. This operation is repeated, and a plurality of joists 30, 30... Are bridged and fixed between the eaves beam 10 and the joist receiving beam 20, and a ladder-like assembly constituting the floor surface 6 is formed.

このように組立てられた組立体を上階建物ユニット3の載置されない下階建物ユニット2の上部に載置する。すなわち、上階建物ユニット3の長辺方向の下梁3aに近接して軒元梁10を平行になるように載置し、下階建物ユニット2の軒先側の上梁2eに沿って根太受け梁20を平行になるように載置する。   The assembly thus assembled is placed on the upper part of the lower floor building unit 2 where the upper floor building unit 3 is not placed. That is, the eaves beam 10 is placed so as to be parallel to the lower beam 3 a in the long side direction of the upper floor building unit 3, and the joist is received along the upper beam 2 e on the eaves side of the lower floor building unit 2. The beam 20 is placed so as to be parallel.

そして、組立体を構成する軒元梁10の両端の連結部11を、下階建物ユニット2の短辺方向の上梁2f、2fにボルトナット12で固定する。また、根太受け梁20の上方の水平部21を下階建物ユニット2の上梁2e上にボルトナット25で固定する。このようにして、バルコニー装置5の床面6を下階建物ユニット2の上部に形成し、形成された床面6上に野地板31を固定する。なお、野地板31は予め組立体上に固定しておき、下階建物ユニット2上に固定するようにしてもよい。   And the connection part 11 of the both ends of the eaves beam 10 which comprises an assembly is fixed to the upper beams 2f and 2f of the short side direction of the lower floor building unit 2 with the bolt nut 12. FIG. Further, the horizontal portion 21 above the joist receiving beam 20 is fixed on the upper beam 2e of the lower floor building unit 2 with bolts and nuts 25. Thus, the floor surface 6 of the balcony apparatus 5 is formed in the upper part of the lower floor building unit 2, and the field board 31 is fixed on the floor surface 6 formed. The base plate 31 may be fixed on the assembly in advance and fixed on the lower floor building unit 2.

このように、バルコニー装置5を構成する床面6は、従来のバルコニー装置のように根太材を支持する床小梁が不要となるため、部品点数を低減することができる。また、従来のように床小梁が無く、軒元梁10と根太受け梁20とにより根太30、30…を支持するため床面6を下げることができ、上階の建物ユニット3からバルコニー装置5に出るときに、跨ぐ高さを低くして居住性を高めることができる。   Thus, since the floor surface 6 which comprises the balcony apparatus 5 does not need the floor beam which supports a joist like the conventional balcony apparatus, it can reduce a number of parts. Further, since there is no floor beam as in the prior art, the floor surface 6 can be lowered to support the joists 30, 30,... By the eaves beam 10 and the joist receiving beam 20, and the balcony unit can be lowered from the building unit 3 on the upper floor. When going to 5, it is possible to improve the comfortability by lowering the stride height.

このあと、野地板31が固定されて形成された床面6の周囲に、図1に二点鎖線で示す手摺り7を設置し、手摺り7の下部を下階建物ユニット2の構造材である、柱や上梁等に固定すると共に、手摺り7の上部を上階建物ユニット3の壁面に固定する。   Thereafter, a handrail 7 shown by a two-dot chain line in FIG. 1 is installed around the floor surface 6 formed by fixing the field board 31, and the lower part of the handrail 7 is made of the structural material of the lower-floor building unit 2. While fixing to a certain pillar, upper beam, etc., the upper part of the handrail 7 is fixed to the wall surface of the upper-floor building unit 3.

このように、バルコニー装置5の施工にあたっては、下階建物ユニット2の上部で上階建物ユニット3の載置されない空間に、2本の梁材、すなわち、軒元側の軒元梁10と、軒先側の根太受け梁20との間に複数の根太30、30…を固定したはしご状の組立体を載置し、軒元梁10をボルトナット12で固定し、根太受け梁20をボルトナット25で固定するため、施工が簡略化される。   Thus, in the construction of the balcony device 5, in the space where the upper-floor building unit 3 is not placed on the upper part of the lower-floor building unit 2, two beams, that is, the eaves-end beam 10 on the eaves side, A ladder-like assembly in which a plurality of joists 30, 30... Are fixed is placed between the eaves-side joist receiving beams 20, the eaves beam 10 is fixed with bolt nuts 12, and the joist receiving beams 20 are bolt nuts. Since it fixes with 25, construction is simplified.

従来のバルコニー装置では、複数の床小梁と、この床小梁の上に配置された複数の根太を介して、又は床小梁の上に直接設置された床板とを有するバルコニー床パネルを、天井フレームに固定するものであり、図6(a)に示されるように、その床面に加わる荷重を複数の根太を介して床小梁で受ける、あるいは床小梁で直接受け、床小梁は長辺方向の2本の上梁で支持され、2本の上梁は4本の柱で支持される。このように多数の長尺の床小梁で受けるため、バルコニー床固定荷重が増大する。   In a conventional balcony device, a balcony floor panel having a plurality of floor beams and a floor plate installed directly on or above the floor beams, or a plurality of joists placed on the floor beams, As shown in FIG. 6 (a), the load applied to the floor surface is received by a floor beam through a plurality of joists, or directly received by a floor beam, as shown in FIG. 6 (a). Is supported by two upper beams in the long side direction, and the two upper beams are supported by four columns. Thus, since it receives with many elongate floor beams, a balcony floor fixed load increases.

これに対し、前記のように構成された本実施形態のバルコニー装置5は、図6(b)に示されるように、その床面に加わる荷重を複数の根太30、30…で受け、複数の根太は2本の平行状態に配置された軒元梁10と根太受け梁20で支持される。そして、軒元側の軒元梁10は下階建物ユニット2の上梁2f、2fで支持され、下階建物ユニット2を構成する4本の柱2c、2c、2d、2dで分担され、軒先側の根太受け梁20は同様に下階建物ユニット2を構成する軒先側の上梁2eと柱2d、2dで分担される。この結果、従来のこの種のバルコニー装置と比較してバルコニー床固定荷重を軽減することができる。   On the other hand, the balcony device 5 of the present embodiment configured as described above receives a load applied to the floor surface with a plurality of joists 30, 30... As shown in FIG. The joist is supported by two eaves beams 10 and joist receiving beams 20 arranged in parallel. The eaves-end beam 10 on the eaves side is supported by the upper beams 2f, 2f of the lower-floor building unit 2, and is shared by the four pillars 2c, 2c, 2d, 2d constituting the lower-floor building unit 2. Similarly, the side joist receiving beam 20 is shared by the eaves side upper beam 2e and the pillars 2d, 2d constituting the lower floor building unit 2. As a result, the balcony floor fixing load can be reduced as compared with the conventional balcony device of this type.

以上、本発明の実施形態について詳述したが、本発明は、前記の実施形態に限定されるものではなく、特許請求の範囲に記載された本発明の精神を逸脱しない範囲で、種々の設計変更を行うことができるものである。例えば、前記の実施形態では、2階建てのユニット建物の例を示したが、3階建てのユニット建物の3階部分にバルコニー装置を構築することができ、同様に、2階部分と3階部分の両方に構築することもできる。   Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiments, and various designs can be made without departing from the spirit of the present invention described in the claims. It can be changed. For example, in the above-described embodiment, an example of a two-story unit building is shown. However, a balcony device can be constructed on the third floor part of a three-story unit building. You can also build on both parts.

前記の実施形態では、バルコニー装置の床面を構成する第1の梁材と第2の梁材とを根太材で連結して固定した組立体を、下階建物ユニットの上部の上階建物ユニットが載置されないスペースに載置して固定する例を示したが、第1の梁材と第2の梁材をそれぞれ下階建物ユニットに固定し、このあと根太材で第1の梁材と第2の梁材とを連結してバルコニー装置の床面を形成するようにしてもよい。   In the above embodiment, the upper floor building unit above the lower floor building unit is formed by connecting and fixing the first beam material and the second beam material constituting the floor surface of the balcony device with joists. In the example shown, the first beam member and the second beam member are fixed to the lower-floor building unit respectively, and then the first beam member and the joist member are fixed. You may make it form the floor surface of a balcony apparatus by connecting with a 2nd beam material.

本発明の活用例として、このバルコニー装置を用いて住宅や他の構造物の2階部分、あるいは3階以上の部分にバルコニーを構築でき、しかも構成が簡単で、施工の容易なバルコニー装置を構築できる。   As an application example of the present invention, this balcony device can be used to construct a balcony on the second floor of a house or other structure, or on the third floor or higher, and it is simple in construction and can be easily constructed. it can.

本発明に係るバルコニー装置の一実施形態を模式的に示す要部斜視図。The principal part perspective view which shows typically one Embodiment of the balcony apparatus which concerns on this invention. 図1の上階建物ユニットを省略したバルコニー装置の展開斜視図。The expansion | deployment perspective view of the balcony apparatus which abbreviate | omitted the upper floor building unit of FIG. 図2の軒元梁、根太受け梁、根太の固定状態を示す要部斜視図。The principal part perspective view which shows the fixed state of the eaves original beam of FIG. 2, a joist receiving beam, and a joist. 図2の根太の長手方向に沿う要部断面図。FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a main part along the longitudinal direction of the joist in FIG. 2. 図2の根太と直交する方向に沿う要部断面図。FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a main part along a direction orthogonal to the joist in FIG. 2. 従来のバルコニー装置と本発明に係るバルコニー装置の床鉛直荷重の建物ユニットへの流れを示す模式図。The schematic diagram which shows the flow to the building unit of the floor vertical load of the conventional balcony apparatus and the balcony apparatus which concerns on this invention.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1:ユニット建物、2:下階建物ユニット、2a、2b:下梁、2c、2d:柱、2e、2f:上梁、3:上階建物ユニット、3a、3b:下梁、3c、3d:柱、3e、3f:上梁、5:バルコニー装置、6:床面、7:手摺り、10:軒元梁(第1の梁材)、20:根太受け梁(第2の梁材)、30:根太(根太材)、31:野地板   1: Unit building, 2: Lower floor building unit, 2a, 2b: Lower beam, 2c, 2d: Column, 2e, 2f: Upper beam, 3: Upper floor building unit, 3a, 3b: Lower beam, 3c, 3d: Pillar, 3e, 3f: upper beam, 5: balcony device, 6: floor surface, 7: handrail, 10: eaves beam (first beam material), 20: joist receiving beam (second beam material), 30: joist (Jewel lumber), 31: field board

Claims (7)

下階建物ユニットと、該下階建物ユニットより床面積が小さく該下階建物ユニットの上部に載置される上階建物ユニットとから構成されるユニット建物の、前記下階建物ユニットの前記上階建物ユニットが載置されない上部に構築されるバルコニー装置であって、
該バルコニー装置は、前記下階建物ユニットの上部で前記上階建物ユニットに近接して軒元側に架設される第1の梁材と、前記下階建物ユニットの上部軒先側に載置される第2の梁材と、前記第1の梁材と第2の梁材との間に架設される根太材により床面が形成され、前記根太材は、前記下階建物ユニットの上梁の上面より下方に下げた状態で固定されるものであり、
前記第1の梁材は、該梁材の両端部の連結部が突出部を有し、該突出部は断面U字状の突出部であり前記上梁の上面に固定されることを特徴とするバルコニー装置。
The upper floor of the lower floor building unit of a unit building composed of a lower floor building unit and an upper floor building unit that has a floor area smaller than the lower floor building unit and is placed on top of the lower floor building unit A balcony device built on top where no building unit is placed,
The balcony device is placed on the upper eaves side of the lower floor building unit, and a first beam member constructed on the eaves side in the vicinity of the upper floor building unit in the upper part of the lower floor building unit. A floor surface is formed by a second beam member and a joist member installed between the first beam member and the second beam member, and the joist member is an upper surface of the upper beam of the lower building unit. It is fixed in a state where it is lowered downward ,
In the first beam member, a connecting portion at both ends of the beam member has a protruding portion, and the protruding portion is a protruding portion having a U-shaped cross section, and is fixed to the upper surface of the upper beam. Balcony equipment to do.
下階建物ユニットと、該下階建物ユニットより床面積が小さく該下階建物ユニットの上部に載置される上階建物ユニットとから構成されるユニット建物の、前記下階建物ユニットの前記上階建物ユニットが載置されない上部に構築されるバルコニー装置であって、
該バルコニー装置は、前記下階建物ユニットの上部で前記上階建物ユニットに近接して軒元側に架設される第1の梁材と、前記下階建物ユニットの上部軒先側に載置される第2の梁材と、前記第1の梁材と第2の梁材との間に架設される根太材により床面が形成され、前記根太材は、前記下階建物ユニットの上梁の上面より下方に下げた状態で固定されるものであり、
前記第2の梁材は、水平部と垂直部と水平部とを連続して直角に折り曲げて形成した断面が略Z字に近い形状であることを特徴とするバルコニー装置。
The upper floor of the lower floor building unit of a unit building composed of a lower floor building unit and an upper floor building unit that has a floor area smaller than the lower floor building unit and is placed on top of the lower floor building unit A balcony device built on top where no building unit is placed,
The balcony device is placed on the upper eaves side of the lower floor building unit, and a first beam member constructed on the eaves side in the vicinity of the upper floor building unit in the upper part of the lower floor building unit. A floor surface is formed by a second beam member and a joist member installed between the first beam member and the second beam member, and the joist member is an upper surface of the upper beam of the lower building unit. It is fixed in a state where it is lowered downward ,
Said second beam member, the balcony unit cross section formed by bending at a right angle continuously a horizontal part and a vertical part and a horizontal portion, characterized in shape der Rukoto close to substantially Z-shaped.
前記第2の梁材は、前記垂直部が前記下階建物ユニットの上梁の内側に下方に延出することを特徴とする請求項に記載のバルコニー装置。 The balcony apparatus according to claim 2 , wherein the second beam member has the vertical portion extending downwardly inside the upper beam of the lower-floor building unit. 前記第2の梁材は、前記上方の水平部を前記下階建物ユニットの上梁の上面に固定されることを特徴とする請求項2又は3に記載のバルコニー装置。 The balcony apparatus according to claim 2 or 3 , wherein the second beam member has the upper horizontal portion fixed to the upper surface of the upper beam of the lower floor building unit. 前記第2の梁材は、前記下方の水平部で前記根太材の端部を受けることを特徴とする請求項のいずれかに記載のバルコニー装置。 The balcony apparatus according to any one of claims 2 to 4 , wherein the second beam member receives an end portion of the joist member at the lower horizontal portion. 前記上階建物ユニットは、その長辺方向の一辺が前記下階建物ユニットの長辺方向の一辺と同じに設定され、その短辺方向の一辺が前記下階建物ユニットの短辺方向の一辺より短く設定され、
前記バルコニー装置は、前記下階建物ユニットの短辺方向の前記上階建物ユニットが載置されない上部に構築されることを特徴とする請求項1〜のいずれかに記載のバルコニー装置。
The upper floor building unit is set so that one side in the long side direction is the same as one side in the long side direction of the lower floor building unit, and one side in the short side direction is shorter than one side in the short side direction of the lower floor building unit. Set short,
The balcony apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 5 , wherein the balcony apparatus is constructed on an upper part where the upper-floor building unit in the short side direction of the lower-floor building unit is not placed.
請求項1〜のいずれかに記載のバルコニー装置を備えることを特徴とするバルコニー装置を備えるユニット建物。 Unit building including a balcony apparatus characterized in that it comprises a balcony according to any one of claims 1-6.
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