JP5543223B2 - Lighting device - Google Patents

Lighting device Download PDF

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JP5543223B2
JP5543223B2 JP2010001772A JP2010001772A JP5543223B2 JP 5543223 B2 JP5543223 B2 JP 5543223B2 JP 2010001772 A JP2010001772 A JP 2010001772A JP 2010001772 A JP2010001772 A JP 2010001772A JP 5543223 B2 JP5543223 B2 JP 5543223B2
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phosphor
light
excitation light
light source
irradiation range
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JP2011142000A (en
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周一 田谷
森久 吉野
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スタンレー電気株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S41/00Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps
    • F21S41/10Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source
    • F21S41/14Illuminating devices specially adapted for vehicle exteriors, e.g. headlamps characterised by the light source characterised by the type of light source
    • F21S41/16Laser light sources

Description

  The present invention relates to a light source device and an illumination device.

  An illumination device that uses a semiconductor light emitting element such as an LED or a semiconductor laser as an excitation source to excite a phosphor and uses it as a light source has been put to practical use. A method of making the temperature variable has been proposed. That is, in Patent Document 1, white LEDs, green LEDs, red LEDs, and other LEDs having different emission colors are prepared, and the color of the lighting device is changed by changing the luminous flux ratio of each color LED by controlling the drive current with a circuit. The temperature is variable.

JP 2002-270889 A

  As described above, in the above-described conventional technology, as a method for controlling the emission color of the illumination light source, a method has been proposed in which a plurality of LED elements having different emission colors are prepared and the drive current is controlled. Since a plurality of circuits for driving the light emitting element, the cooling unit, and the semiconductor light emitting element are required, there are problems such as an increase in the size of the apparatus and an increase in cost.

  An object of the present invention is to provide a light source device and an illumination device capable of controlling the emission color (chromaticity) of an illumination light source without causing problems such as an increase in size and cost of the device. It is said.

In order to achieve the above object, the invention according to claim 1 is excited by a semiconductor laser that emits light of a predetermined wavelength in a wavelength region from ultraviolet light to visible light, and excitation light from the semiconductor laser. A phosphor portion in which at least two types of phosphor regions emitting fluorescence having a wavelength longer than the emission wavelength of the semiconductor laser are periodically arranged alternately and having the same size, and light reflected by the phosphor portion An incident lens, and the excitation light passes through the at least two types of phosphor regions.
Control means for moving and controlling the irradiation range of the excitation light from the semiconductor laser to the phosphor part to selectively excite the light , wherein the irradiation range includes the phosphor region and
Or the same size, a lighting device according to claim small size der Rukoto than that.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the lighting device according to the first aspect , the phosphor regions are separated by a partition.

According to a third aspect of the present invention, in the illuminating device according to the first or second aspect, the control means includes a simple convex mirror or a reflecting portion made of a concave mirror, and a driving means for mechanically driving the reflecting portion. has the door, by the drive means to mechanically drive the reflective portion, and characterized in that the irradiation Han Han circumference of the excitation light to the phosphor area variable.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the light source device according to the first or second aspect, the control means is a digital micromirror device having a large number of micromirror surfaces, and the phosphor is formed by the digital micromirror device. is characterized in that the irradiation Han Han circumference of the excitation light to the region to the variable.

According to claim 1 to the fourth aspect of the present invention, a semiconductor laser emitting a predetermined light wavelength of the wavelength region of from ultraviolet light to visible light, the semiconductor is excited by the excitation light from the semiconductor laser A phosphor portion in which at least two types of phosphor regions emitting fluorescence having a wavelength longer than the emission wavelength of the laser are periodically and alternately arranged with the same size, and light reflected by the phosphor portion is incident And the excitation light selectively selects the at least two types of phosphor regions.
And a control unit that moves and controls the irradiation range of the excitation light from the semiconductor laser to the phosphor part to be excited , the irradiation range being the same size as the phosphor region
Is either smaller size der Runode than, or large-sized devices, without causing problems such as cost increase, it is possible to control the emission color of the illumination light source (chromaticity).

It is a figure which shows the structural example of the light source device of this invention, and an illuminating device. It is a figure which shows the structural example of a fluorescent substance part. It is a figure which shows a mode that a reflection mechanism is driven and the irradiation range of the excitation light from a solid light source is controlled. It is a figure which shows a mode that a reflection mechanism is driven and the irradiation range of the excitation light from a solid light source is controlled. It is a figure which shows a mode that a reflection mechanism is driven and the irradiation range of the excitation light from a solid light source is controlled. It is a figure which shows roughly the irradiation range of excitation light as shown in FIG.3, FIG.4, FIG.5. It is a figure which shows the structure which fixes a reflection mechanism and a solid light source, and moves a fluorescent substance part with a piezoelectric element. It is a figure which shows the other structural example of the illuminating device using the light source device of FIG.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

  The light source device of the present invention includes a solid-state light source that emits light having a predetermined wavelength in a wavelength region from ultraviolet light to visible light, and an excitation wavelength from the solid-state light source that is longer than the emission wavelength of the solid-state light source. Control for moving and controlling the relative positions of a phosphor portion in which at least two types of phosphor regions emitting fluorescence of a wavelength are alternately arranged, and excitation light from the solid-state light source and the phosphor portion And a means. The phosphor region is a region having a phosphor layer. When an adjustment layer or the like for adjusting the light transmittance or reflectance is provided corresponding to the phosphor layer, the phosphor region is combined with the phosphor layer. , Including these. In the following, for the sake of convenience, the same reference numerals are assigned to the phosphor layers and the corresponding phosphor regions.

  1, FIG. 2 (a), (b) is a figure which shows the structural example of the light source device of this invention, and an illuminating device. 1 is an overall view, and FIGS. 2A and 2B are a front view and a plan view, respectively, of a phosphor portion. In the configuration examples of FIGS. 1, 2A, and 2B, the light source device emits light of a predetermined wavelength in a wavelength region from ultraviolet light to visible light, and the solid light source 5 At least two types of phosphor regions (phosphor layers) that are excited by excitation light from the light source and emit fluorescence having a wavelength longer than the emission wavelength of the solid-state light source 5 are arranged alternately and alternately (phosphor layers are Phosphor portions 12 (which are periodically arranged alternately as cells), and a reflection mechanism 16 serving as a control means for moving and controlling the relative position between the excitation light from the solid-state light source 5 and the phosphor portions 12. I have.

  Here, the phosphor portion 12 is excited by excitation light from the solid light source 5 and emits at least two types of phosphor layers that emit fluorescence having a wavelength longer than the emission wavelength of the solid light source 5 (FIGS. 2A and 2B). ), The two types of phosphor layer cells 2a, 2b) and the surface of the phosphor layer (for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a, 2b) opposite to the surface on which the excitation light is incident. And a substrate 6 provided on the substrate.

  At least two types of phosphor layers (for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b) are separated by a partition 10. That is, in order to accurately control the chromaticity, it is desirable that only a specific phosphor layer emits light. However, since the phosphor diffuses the excitation light, the propagation of the excitation light in the lateral direction becomes a problem. In order to solve this, the phosphor layer cells 2 a and 2 b are optically separated by the partition 10, thereby suppressing the color mixture of the fluorescence.

  In the configuration examples of FIGS. 1, 2A, and 2B, the phosphor layer (two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b in the examples of FIGS. 2A and 2B) is formed on the substrate 6. It is provided above. Further, at least a surface of the substrate 6 on the phosphor layer (for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b) side is provided with excitation light from the solid light source 5 and a phosphor layer (for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b). ) To reflect the fluorescence from. That is, in the configuration examples of FIGS. 1, 2A, and 2B, the side on which the excitation light from the solid light source 5 is incident on the surface of the phosphor layer (for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b). A method of taking out light such as fluorescence using reflection by a reflection surface provided on the opposite side of the surface (hereinafter referred to as a reflection method) is employed.

  Further, the phosphor layer (for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b) does not substantially contain a resin component (specifically, a resin component usually used for forming the phosphor layer is fluorescent). In order to realize such a phosphor layer, phosphor powder is dispersed in glass, and a luminescent center ion is added to the glass matrix. Examples thereof include glass phosphors, phosphor single crystals and phosphor polycrystals (hereinafter referred to as phosphor ceramics). The phosphor ceramic is a lump of phosphor that is formed by firing a material into an arbitrary shape before firing in the phosphor manufacturing process. Phosphor ceramics may use an organic substance as a binder in the molding process during the manufacturing process. However, an organic resin component is included in the fired phosphor ceramic because a degreasing process is provided after molding to burn off the organic components. Remains only 5 wt% or less. Therefore, since the phosphor layer mentioned here does not contain a resin component substantially and is composed only of an inorganic substance, discoloration due to heat does not occur and high brightness can be achieved. . In addition, glass or ceramics made of only an inorganic substance generally has a higher thermal conductivity than a resin, and thus is advantageous in heat dissipation from the phosphor layer to the substrate 6.

  When the solid light source 5 emits blue light, for example, each of the two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b specifically includes, for example, a cell containing a yellow phosphor, an orange phosphor Can be used. In this case, in the present invention, as described later, for example, in order to obtain white light having a high color temperature as illumination light, the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor is selectively selected as a solid light source by the reflection mechanism 16 as the control means. In order to obtain white light having a low color temperature as illumination light, the orange phosphor enters simultaneously with the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor by the reflection mechanism 16 as a control means. The cell can also be excited by blue light from the solid light source 5.

  The substrate 6 also serves as a reflection surface for light (light emission (fluorescence) from the phosphor layer excited by excitation light from the solid light source 5 and light from the solid light source 5 not absorbed by the phosphor layer). And the role of dissipating the heat dissipated from the phosphor layer to the outside and the role of the support substrate of the phosphor layer. For this reason, high light reflection characteristics, heat transfer characteristics, and workability are required. The substrate 6 can be a metal substrate, oxide ceramics such as alumina, or non-oxide ceramics such as aluminum nitride, but a metal substrate having particularly high light reflection characteristics, heat transfer characteristics, and workability is used. Is desirable.

  Next, the light source device of FIG. 1, FIG. 2 (a), (b) is demonstrated in detail.

  In the light source device shown in FIGS. 1, 2A and 2B, the solid-state light source 5 can be a light emitting diode or a semiconductor laser having a light emission wavelength from ultraviolet light to visible light (for example, blue light). .

More specifically, the solid-state light source 5 may be, for example, a light emitting diode or semiconductor laser that emits near-ultraviolet light having an emission wavelength of about 380 nm using an InGaN-based material. In this case, the phosphor of the phosphor layer 2 is excited by ultraviolet light having a wavelength of about 380 nm to about 400 nm. For example, the red phosphor has CaAlSiN 3 : Eu 2+ , Ca 2 Si 5 N 8. : Eu 2+ , La 2 O 2 S: Eu 3+ , KSiF 6 : Mn 4+ , KTiF 6 : Mn 4+ can be used, and (Si, Al) 6 (O, N) 8 : Eu 2+ , BaMgAl 10 O 17 : Eu 2+ , Mn 2+ , (Ba, Sr) 2 SiO 4 : Eu 2+, etc. can be used, and (Sr, Ca, Ba, Mg) 10 (PO 4) 6 C l2: Eu 2+ , BaMgAl 10 O 17: Eu 2+, LaAl (Si, Al) 6 (N, O) 10: Ce 3+ and the like can be used.

The solid light source 5 may be, for example, a light emitting diode or a semiconductor laser that emits blue light having a light emission wavelength of about 460 nm using a GaN-based material. In this case, the phosphor of the phosphor layer is excited by blue light having a wavelength of about 440 nm to about 470 nm. For example, the red phosphor has CaAlSiN 3 : Eu 2+ , Ca 2 Si 5 N 8 : Eu 2+ , KSiF 6 : Mn 4+ , KTiF 6 : Mn 4+, and the like can be used. For the green phosphor, Y 3 (Ga, Al) 5 O 12 : Ce 3+ , Ca 3 Sc 2 Si 3 O 12 : Ce 3+ , CaSc 2 O 4 : Eu 2+ , (Ba, Sr) 2 SiO 4 : Eu 2+ , Ba 3 Si 6 O 12 N 2 : Eu 2+ , (Si, Al) 6 (O, N) 8 : Eu 2+ Etc. can be used. Moreover, as what is excited by blue light with a wavelength of about 440 nm to about 470 nm, for example, Y 3 Al 5 O 12 : Ce 3+ (YAG), (Sr, Ba) 2 SiO 4 : Eu 2+ , Ca x (Si , Al) 12 (O, N) 16 : Eu 2+ , and orange phosphors such as Ca x (Si, Al) 12 (O, N) 16 : Eu 2+ can be used.

As the phosphor layer, those obtained by dispersing these phosphor powders in glass, glass phosphors obtained by adding luminescent center ions to a glass matrix, phosphor ceramics that do not include a binding member such as a resin, and the like are used. it can. As a specific example of the phosphor powder dispersed in glass, the phosphor powder having the composition listed above is contained in a glass containing components such as P 2 O 3 , SiO 2 , B 2 O 3 , and Al 2 O 3. Are dispersed. Examples of glass phosphors in which a luminescent center ion is added to a glass matrix include Ca—Si—Al—O—N and Y—Si—Al—O—N systems in which Ce 3+ or Eu 2+ is added as an activator. Examples thereof include oxynitride glass phosphors. Examples of the phosphor ceramic include a sintered body having a phosphor composition having the composition listed above and substantially not including a resin component.

As described above, in the phosphor portion 12 of FIGS. 2A and 2B, each of the two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b specifically includes, for example, a cell containing a yellow phosphor, A cell containing an orange phosphor can be used. In this case, the phosphor part 12 is produced as follows, for example. Here, Y 3 Al 5 O 12 : Ce 3+ is used as the yellow phosphor, and Ca x (Si, Al) 12 (O, N) 16 : Eu 2+ is used as the orange phosphor. First, these phosphors are heated and solidified together with powders of glass materials P 2 O 3 , SiO 2 , B 2 O 3 , and Al 2 O 3 . The solidified fluorescent glass is cut into a predetermined size using an apparatus such as a diamond cutter or a laser scribe. On the other hand, an aluminum nitride substrate 6 having a high cooling efficiency is prepared, an aluminum lattice rib structure is brazed, and the brazed substrate 6 is coated with silver by plating. The phosphor-containing glass prepared earlier is adhered and fixed in a lattice shape. In this case, aluminum nitride is used for the substrate 6 and aluminum is used for the lattice-like rib structure. However, other materials may be used as long as the materials have high thermal conductivity. Alternatively, a silicon substrate may be masked, etched with hydrofluoric acid or the like, and processed into a lattice shape. In addition, if a ceramic lattice structure that can withstand high temperature treatment is used, the phosphor portion 12 can be produced by placing phosphor powder and glass material inside the lattice and heating.

  In the above example, aluminum nitride is used for the substrate 6. However, as the substrate 6, generally, a metal substrate, oxide ceramics, non-oxide ceramics, or the like can be used, and particularly high light reflection characteristics and heat transfer characteristics. It is desirable to use a metal substrate having both workability. As the metal, simple substances such as Al, Cu, Ti, Si, Ag, Au, Ni, Mo, W, Fe, Pd, and alloys containing them can be used. Further, the surface of the substrate 6 may be coated for the purpose of preventing reflection and corrosion. Further, the phosphor generates heat when converting light, and the phosphor has a characteristic of temperature quenching in which the conversion efficiency decreases as the ambient temperature rises. In order to prevent a decrease in the luminous efficiency of the phosphor layer, it is necessary to cool the phosphor layer more actively. For this reason, a cooling mechanism is preferably provided on the back surface of the phosphor layer. Specifically, as a cooling mechanism, the substrate 6 may be provided with a heat radiating fin on the back surface of the substrate 6, may be air-cooled using a fan or the like, or is cooled using a thermoelectric element such as a Peltier element. You may do it. As described above, the cooling mechanism is provided to enhance the heat dissipation of the substrate 6, and the heat generation from the phosphor layer is radiated from the back surface, thereby preventing the conversion efficiency of the phosphor layer from being lowered. That is, high luminance can be achieved.

  By the way, in the example of FIG. 1, FIG. 2 (a), (b), the reflection mechanism 16 is used as a control means which carries out movement control of the relative position of the excitation light from the solid light source 5, and the fluorescent substance part 12, As a result, the chromaticity (light emission color) can be made variable without using a plurality of excitation light sources and control circuits, so that the apparatus can be downsized and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 1, by combining the light source device and the optical system (lens system) 20, the light emitted from the light source device is passed through the optical system (lens system) 20 as illumination light. ), An illumination device can be configured. In this illumination device, the illumination color (chromaticity) of illumination light can be made variable by making the chromaticity variable by the reflection mechanism 16.

Here, as the reflection mechanism 16 as a control means for moving and controlling the relative position between the excitation light from the solid-state light source 5 and the phosphor portion 12, a reflection portion composed of a simple convex mirror or a concave mirror, and the reflection portion as a machine. Having at least one of the irradiation range and intensity distribution of the excitation light to the phosphor region by mechanically driving the reflecting portion by the driving unit. It can be made variable (the irradiation angle of the excitation light can be controlled (changed)). In addition, an actuator, a motor, etc. can be used as a drive means which drives a reflection part mechanically.

Alternatively, as the reflection mechanism 16 as the control means for moving and controlling the relative position between the excitation light from the solid light source 5 and the phosphor portion 12, a digital micromirror device having a large number of arrayed micromirror surfaces is used. At least one of the irradiation range and intensity distribution of the excitation light to the phosphor region can be made variable by the digital micromirror device (the irradiation angle of the excitation light can be controlled (changed)). When using a digital micromirror device, more precise movement control can be performed.

  3, 4, and 5 show phosphor portions 12 in FIGS. 2 (a) and 2 (b). Each of the two types of phosphor layer cells 2 a and 2 b includes a cell containing a yellow phosphor and orange fluorescence. Is fixed at the focal position of the optical system, and the blue semiconductor laser as the solid light source 5 and the digital micromirror device as the reflection mechanism 16 are arranged at a position where the phosphor portion 12 can be irradiated. FIG. 6 is a diagram showing a state in which the digital micromirror device as the reflection mechanism 16 is driven to control the irradiation range of excitation light (blue light) from the solid light source 5. 3, 4, and 5, the hatched portion E is an irradiation range (pound-patterned irradiation range pattern) of excitation light (blue light) from the solid-state light source 5. The child-shaped irradiation range pattern can be easily formed with a digital micromirror device.

  In FIG. 3, in order to obtain white light with a high color temperature, the position of the irradiation range E is controlled so that the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor becomes the irradiation range E of the excitation light (blue light). In this case, the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor is selectively excited by excitation light (blue light). In FIG. 4, in order to obtain white light having a lower color temperature than in the case of FIG. 3, the cell 2 b containing the orange phosphor is in the irradiation range E such that the excitation light (blue light) irradiation range E is reached. The position is controlled, and in this case, the cell 2b containing the orange phosphor is selectively excited by excitation light (blue light). Further, in FIG. 5, in order to obtain white light having a color temperature between FIG. 3 and FIG. 4, a part of the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor and a part of the cell 2b containing the orange phosphor At the same time, the position of the irradiation range E is controlled so as to be the irradiation range E of the excitation light (blue light). In this case, a part of the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor and the cell 2b containing the orange phosphor. Some are simultaneously excited by excitation light (blue light). FIG. 6 is a diagram schematically showing an irradiation range E of excitation light (blue light) as shown in FIGS. Referring to FIG. 6, the irradiation range E is set to the same size as the phosphor layer cell 2a or 2b or a size smaller than that. In this case, by driving the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, a digital micromirror device) and controlling the movement of the irradiation range E up and down, left and right, only the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor as shown in FIG. Or selectively excite only the cell 2b containing the orange phosphor as shown in FIG. 4, or a part of the cell 2a containing the yellow phosphor and the orange fluorescence as shown in FIG. The color temperature (chromaticity) of white light can be changed to a desired one by simultaneously exciting a part of the cell 2b containing the body.

  In the above example, the movement control of the irradiation range E is performed by the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, a digital micromirror device). However, the excitation from the solid light source 5 is performed without using the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, the digital micromirror device). It is also possible to control the movement of the irradiation range E by changing the direction of the solid light source 5 or the like by directly irradiating the phosphor portion 12 with light. However, it is preferable to drive and control the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, a digital micromirror device) rather than changing the direction of the solid light source 5 because the movement control of the irradiation range E can be performed with higher accuracy and accuracy.

  Further, in the above-described example, the chromaticity is made variable by performing the movement control of the irradiation range, but the movement of the irradiation range is not controlled (that is, the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, the digital micromirror device)) or the solid light source 5. The same effect can be obtained by moving the phosphor portion 12 using a driving mechanism such as a piezoelectric element. That is, the chromaticity can be made variable.

  FIG. 7 shows a configuration in which the reflecting mechanism 16 (for example, a digital micromirror device) and the solid light source 5 are fixed and the phosphor portion 12 is moved in the direction of arrow A by the piezoelectric element 22. In this manner, the relative position between the excitation light from the solid light source 5 and the phosphor portion 12 can also be moved and controlled by moving the phosphor portion 12 in the direction of arrow A by the piezoelectric element 22. The degree can be made variable. In FIG. 7, the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, a digital micromirror device) is provided. However, in the configuration in which the phosphor portion 12 is moved in the direction of arrow A by the piezoelectric element 22, the reflection mechanism 16 (for example, A digital micromirror device is not necessarily required.

  In the example of FIG. 7, the piezoelectric element 22 is used as a control means for moving and controlling the relative position between the excitation light from the solid light source 5 and the phosphor portion 12, thereby making the chromaticity variable. Since this can be realized without using a plurality of excitation light sources and control circuits, the apparatus can be downsized and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 7, by combining the light source device and the optical system (lens system) 20, the light emitted from the light source device is passed through the optical system (lens system) 20 as illumination light. ), A lighting device can be configured, and in this lighting device, the illumination color (chromaticity) of the illumination light can be made variable by making the chromaticity variable by driving the piezoelectric element 22.

  Further, in each of the above-described configuration examples (configuration examples in FIGS. 1 and 7), the solid-state light source 5 is disposed in the phosphor portion 12 (more precisely, for example, two types of phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b arranged alternately). In order to effectively introduce the excitation light from the light, an optical lens may be disposed on the front surface of the phosphor portion 12.

  Further, in the light source device and the illumination device shown in FIGS. 1 and 7, a highly reflective member (substrate 6) is disposed on the back surface of the phosphor region (the phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b in the configurations shown in FIGS. 1 and 7). By doing so, the excitation light and the fluorescence can be effectively guided to the optical system (lens system) 20. In addition, each phosphor region (each phosphor layer cell 2a, 2b) is partitioned by a highly reflective member (partition 10), so that the phosphor region excited from the phosphor region (phosphor layer cell) is another phosphor region. It is possible to prevent the excitation light from leaking to the (phosphor layer cell), and to improve the excitation efficiency and the color mixture of the emission colors.

  Further, by providing a light extraction structure on the surface of the phosphor region (the phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b in the configuration of FIGS. 1 and 7), the phosphor region (phosphor layer cells 2a and 2b) is caused by the difference in refractive index. The light confined in the inside can be extracted efficiently. As a light extraction structure, a method of forming an array of protrusions on the surface is conceivable. In particular, when a micro-structure having a conical shape or a quadrangle-like shape is used, light extraction in the front direction is improved.

  FIG. 8 is a diagram showing another configuration example of an illumination device using, for example, the light source device of FIG. The illuminating device of FIG. 8 includes a case 33 that forms an outline of the illuminating device, a light source device (an illuminating device including an optical system (lens system) 20) stored in the case 33, and a light source device (an optical system (lens system)). And a zoom lens system 31 that irradiates light from a lighting device including 20) forward with a predetermined light distribution characteristic. As described above, in the configuration of FIGS. 1 and 7, the light distribution (wide angle, narrow angle, etc.) can be varied by using the zoom lens system 31. In particular, when an electric zoom lens system is used, the light distribution can be varied by remote control.

  As described above, according to the present invention, since the light source device and the illumination device that can change the chromaticity can be realized without using a plurality of excitation light sources and control circuits, the device can be downsized and the manufacturing cost can be reduced.

  In addition, by using the light source device and the illumination device of the present invention for an automotive illumination device (specifically, for example, an automotive headlamp or an auxiliary headlamp), an optimum illumination according to weather conditions and ambient environment changes is achieved. It becomes possible to change to the emission color. By changing the illumination color in this way, the visibility is improved, the oncoming vehicle, the pedestrian, and the obstacle can be easily found, and the driver's fatigue can be reduced. In addition, for general lighting, optimum lighting can be obtained by automatically changing the color scheme of the exhibition lighting according to changes in seasons and the like.

The present invention can be used for automobile lighting devices, general lighting, and the like.

2 phosphor layer 5 solid light source 6 substrate 12 phosphor portion 16 reflection mechanism 20 optical system (lens system)
22 Piezoelectric elements

Claims (4)

  1. A semiconductor laser for emitting a predetermined light wavelength of the wavelength region of from ultraviolet light to visible light, at least to emit fluorescence of a longer wavelength than the emission wavelength of the excited the semiconductor laser by the excitation light from the semiconductor laser A phosphor portion in which two types of phosphor regions are periodically and alternately arranged with equal size, and a lens on which light reflected by the phosphor portion is incident,
    Said semiconductor laser wherein the excitation light to selectively excite the at least two types of phosphor areas
    Irradiation and control means for controlling the movement irradiation range for the phosphor portion of the excitation light from Heather
    A light device,
    The irradiation range, or the same size as that of the phosphor region, the illumination device comprising a small size der Rukoto than that.
  2. The lighting device according to claim 1, wherein the phosphor region is separated by a partition.
  3. 3. The illumination device according to claim 1, wherein the control unit includes a reflection unit made of a simple convex mirror or a concave mirror and a drive unit that mechanically drives the reflection unit. parts by mechanically driving the illumination device, characterized in that the variable <br/> varying the irradiation range of the excitation light to the phosphor area.
  4. A lighting device according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the control means is a digital micromirror device having a large number of fine mirror, the irradiation range of the excitation light to the phosphor area by the digital micromirror device A lighting device characterized by being variable.
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