JP5515659B2 - Non-contact power transmission device - Google Patents

Non-contact power transmission device Download PDF

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JP5515659B2
JP5515659B2 JP2009259773A JP2009259773A JP5515659B2 JP 5515659 B2 JP5515659 B2 JP 5515659B2 JP 2009259773 A JP2009259773 A JP 2009259773A JP 2009259773 A JP2009259773 A JP 2009259773A JP 5515659 B2 JP5515659 B2 JP 5515659B2
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coil
secondary
primary
load
impedance
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JP2010158151A (en
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慎平 迫田
定典 鈴木
和良 高田
健一 中田
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株式会社豊田自動織機
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Description

  The present invention relates to a contactless power transmission device, and more particularly to a resonance type contactless power transmission device.

  As shown in FIG. 6, it is introduced that two copper wire coils 51 and 52 are arranged in a separated state, and electric power is transmitted from one copper wire coil 51 to the other copper wire coil 52 by electromagnetic field resonance. (For example, see Non-Patent Document 1 and Patent Document 1). Specifically, the magnetic field generated by the primary coil 54 connected to the AC power source 53 is enhanced by magnetic field resonance by the copper wire coils 51 and 52, and the magnetic field near the copper wire coil 52 enhanced by the secondary coil 55 is used. Electric power is extracted using electromagnetic induction and supplied to the load 56. And when the copper wire coils 51 and 52 of radius 30cm are arrange | positioned 2 m apart, it has been confirmed that the 60W electric lamp as the load 56 can be lighted.

International Patent Publication WO / 2007/008646 A2

NIKKEI ELECTRONICS 2007.12.3 pages 117-128

  In this resonance type non-contact power transmission device, in order to efficiently supply the power of the AC power source to the load, it is necessary to efficiently supply the power from the AC power source to the resonance system. If the load to which power is supplied from the resonance-type non-contact power transmission device does not vary, the resonance impedance of the resonance system and the output impedance of the AC power supply (high-frequency power supply) are It can always be in a matching state. However, in the resonance type non-contact power transmission device, the input impedance at the resonance frequency changes with respect to the load variation. For this reason, the matching between the AC power supply and the input impedance is shifted with respect to the fluctuating load, and it becomes difficult to efficiently supply power from the AC power supply to the resonance system.

The output impedance varies depending on the AC power supply used. Also in this case, it is necessary to appropriately adjust the input impedance of the resonance system depending on the power source used.
The present invention has been made in view of the above-described conventional problems, and an object thereof is to provide a non-contact power transmission apparatus including means for adjusting the input impedance of a resonance system. The present invention is based on the knowledge found by the inventors that the input impedance of the resonance system can be adjusted only by adjusting the impedance of the primary coil.

In order to achieve the above object, according to the first aspect of the present invention, a primary coil to which an AC voltage is applied from an AC power source, a primary side resonance coil, a secondary side resonance coil, and a load are connected. A non-contact power transmission device including a resonance system having a secondary coil, wherein the impedance of the primary coil or the secondary coil can be changed, and the primary coil or 2 corresponds to the load variation. The impedance of the next coil is set to an appropriate impedance . Here, the “AC power supply” means a power supply that outputs an AC voltage, and includes an output that converts a DC input from a DC power supply into an AC.

In order to efficiently supply the power of the AC power source to the load in the resonance type non-contact power transmission device, it is necessary to efficiently supply the power from the AC power source to the resonance system . In here, the "input impedance of the resonance system" refers to the impedance of the entire resonance system including the load measured at both ends of the primary coil.

In this invention, by changing the impedance of the primary coil or the secondary coil in response to variation of the load, it is possible to adjust the input impedance of the resonant system without changing the resonance frequency to the appropriate value. And it becomes possible to perform matching with a primary coil and AC power supply. Therefore, the reflected power between the AC power source and the primary coil is reduced, and power can be efficiently supplied from the AC power source to the resonance system.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, in the first aspect of the present invention, a plurality of primary coils or secondary coils having different impedances are provided as the primary coil or the secondary coil to cope with fluctuations in the load. The most suitable primary coil or secondary coil is selected and used. In the present invention, when the load fluctuates, an optimal primary coil or secondary coil is selected from a plurality of primary coils or secondary coils and used.

The invention described in claim 3 is the invention described in claim 2 , wherein a plurality of primary coils or secondary coils having different winding diameters are provided as the primary coil or the secondary coil. In the present invention, a plurality of primary coils or secondary coils having different winding diameters are prepared, and the optimum primary coil or secondary coil with respect to load fluctuations is selected, so that the matching state with the AC power supply can be simplified. Can keep.

According to a fourth aspect of the present invention, in the second or third aspect of the present invention, a load detection unit that detects the load and a plurality of primary coils based on a detection result of the load detection unit. And switching means for selectively switching one of the two to be connected to the AC power source. In the present invention, the load value is detected directly or indirectly by the load detecting means. Then, based on the detection result of the load detection means, the switching means switches to a state where an appropriate primary coil corresponding to the load is connected to the AC power supply.

  According to the present invention, the input impedance of the resonance system can be adjusted.

The block diagram of the non-contact electric power transmission apparatus of 1st Embodiment. The schematic diagram which shows the relationship between a charging device and a moving body. The graph which shows the relationship between the fluctuation | variation of load, and input impedance. The block diagram of the non-contact electric power transmission apparatus of 2nd Embodiment. The schematic diagram which shows the relationship between a charging device and a moving body. The block diagram of the non-contact electric power transmission apparatus of a prior art.

(First embodiment)
Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
As shown in FIG. 1, the contactless power transmission device 10 includes a resonance system 12 that transmits power supplied from an AC power supply 11 in a contactless manner. The resonance system 12 includes a primary coil 13 connected to the AC power supply 11, a primary side resonance coil 14, a secondary side resonance coil 15, and a secondary coil 16. The secondary coil 16 is connected to a load 17. Assume that the impedance of the load 17 changes. A capacitor C is connected to the primary side resonance coil 14 and the secondary side resonance coil 15. The AC power supply 11 is a power supply that outputs an AC voltage. The frequency of the output AC voltage of the AC power supply 11 can be freely changed.

  The primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15 and the secondary coil 16 are formed of electric wires. For the electric wire constituting the coil, for example, an insulated vinyl-coated wire is used. The winding diameter and the number of turns of the coil are appropriately set according to the magnitude of power to be transmitted. In this embodiment, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15, and the secondary coil 16 are formed in the same winding diameter. The number of turns of the primary resonance coil 14 and the secondary resonance coil 15 is the same.

  As the primary coil 13, a plurality of, for example, three primary coils 13a, 13b, and 13c having different impedances are provided. In this embodiment, the primary coil 13 is provided with a plurality of primary coils 13a, 13b, 13c having different winding diameters. One primary coil 13a among the plurality of primary coils 13a, 13b, and 13c is formed to have the same winding diameter as the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15, and the secondary coil 16, and the other 1 As the secondary coils 13b and 13c, a primary coil 13b having a larger winding diameter than the primary resonance coil 14 and the like and a small primary coil 13c are provided.

  Each primary coil 13a, 13b, 13c is configured to be selectively connectable to the AC power source 11 one by one via the changeover switch SW. In FIG. 1, a changeover switch SW indicates a contact of a relay. In FIG. 1, the contact of the relay is shown as a contact type, but a contactless relay using a semiconductor element may be used. When the load 17 changes, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 changes. The changeover switch SW is adapted to be switched to a state in which the primary coil having the optimum impedance among the plurality of primary coils 13 a to 13 c is connected to the AC power supply 11 in response to the variation of the load 17. That is, the non-contact power transmission device 10 is configured such that the impedance of the primary coil 13 can be changed, and the impedance of the primary coil 13 is set (changed) to an appropriate impedance corresponding to the fluctuation of the load 17. It has become. The appropriate impedance of the primary coil 13 is an impedance at which the power supplied from the AC power supply 11 to the resonance system 12 is maximized. Usually, the difference between the output impedance of the AC power supply 11 and the input impedance of the resonance system 12 is the difference. The smallest one.

  In this embodiment, the non-contact power transmission device 10 is applied to a system that performs non-contact charging on a secondary battery mounted on a mobile body (for example, a vehicle) 18. As shown in FIG. 2, the secondary resonance coil 15 and the secondary coil 16 are mounted on the moving body 18. The secondary coil 16 is connected to a secondary battery (battery) 19 as a load through a rectifier circuit 25. Further, the AC power source 11, the primary coil 13, and the primary side resonance coil 14 constitute a charging device 20 that charges the secondary battery 19 in a non-contact state.

  The AC power supply 11 is configured to output an AC of a predetermined frequency under the control of the control unit 21. The charging device 20 includes impedance measuring means 22 that can measure the input impedance in the resonance system 12. When the load 17 fluctuates, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 fluctuates. Therefore, the impedance measuring means indirectly detects the load, and the impedance measuring means constitutes the load detecting means. The control unit 21 includes a CPU 23 and a memory 24, and an alternating current is output to the optimal primary coil among the primary coils 13 a to 13 c by using the changeover switch SW based on the measurement result of the impedance measuring unit 22. A control program for switching to a state is stored.

  A general battery charging method for an electric vehicle is charged in three modes. First, the battery is charged to a predetermined voltage or higher in a constant power mode (CP mode). Next, constant current charging is performed in the first constant current mode (first CC mode), and finally constant current charging is performed in the second constant current mode (second CC mode) at a current lower than that in the first constant current mode. Battery energy is charged through a three-stage mode. Since the impedance of the battery varies depending on the state of charge, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 also varies depending on the state of charge of the battery. Therefore, three primary coils 13a to 13c having different impedances are prepared, and the control unit 21 sets the changeover switch SW so that the input impedance of the resonance system 12 becomes an appropriate value based on the measurement result of the impedance measuring means 22. It is designed to switch.

Next, the operation of the non-contact power transmission apparatus 10 configured as described above will be described.
When an AC voltage is applied from the AC power source 11 to the primary coil 13 at the resonance frequency of the resonance system 12, a magnetic field is generated in the primary coil 13. This magnetic field is enhanced by magnetic field resonance by the primary side resonance coil 14 and the secondary side resonance coil 15, and electric power is generated from the magnetic field near the enhanced secondary side resonance coil 15 using the electromagnetic induction by the secondary coil 16. It is taken out and supplied to the load 17. When the value of the load 17 changes in a state where AC is output from the AC power supply 11 at the resonance frequency of the resonance system 12, the appropriate value of the input impedance also changes as shown in FIG.

  FIG. 3 shows that the primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15, and the secondary coil 16 have a primary diameter when the winding diameter is about 300 mm and the resonance frequency is 2.6 MHz. The relationship between the input impedance Z and the AC frequency when the resistance value of the load 17 of the coil 13 is changed to 25Ω, 50Ω, and 67Ω is shown.

  At the time of charging the secondary battery 19, charging is started in a state where the moving body 18 is stopped at a predetermined position near the charging device 20. The control unit 21 switches the changeover switch so that the input impedance of the resonance system 12 becomes an appropriate value based on the measurement result of the impedance measurement means 22 in a state where the AC power is output from the AC power supply 11 at the resonance frequency of the resonance system 12. Switch SW. Therefore, even if the input impedance of the resonance system 12 varies depending on the state of charge of the secondary battery 19, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 is adjusted to an appropriate value. Then, charging is performed in an appropriate charging mode depending on the charging state of the secondary battery 19. Therefore, the secondary battery 19 is efficiently charged with the power of the AC power supply 11.

According to this embodiment, the following effects can be obtained.
(1) The non-contact power transmission apparatus 10 is connected to a primary coil 13 to which an AC voltage is applied from an AC power source 11, a primary side resonance coil 14, a secondary side resonance coil 15, and a load 17. A resonance system 12 having a secondary coil 16 is provided, and the input impedance of the resonance system 12 can be adjusted. Therefore, matching between the primary coil 13 and the AC power source 11 can be performed, and reflected power between the AC power source 11 and the primary coil 13 is reduced. Therefore, power can be efficiently supplied from the AC power supply 11 to the resonance system 12.

  (2) The impedance of the primary coil 13 is configured to be changeable, and the impedance of the primary coil 13 is set to an appropriate impedance corresponding to the fluctuation of the load 17. Therefore, by changing the impedance of the primary coil 13 in response to the fluctuation of the load 17, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 can be adjusted to an appropriate value without changing the resonance frequency, and the load fluctuates. However, power can be efficiently supplied from the AC power supply 11 to the resonance system 12.

  (3) A plurality of primary coils 13 a to 13 c having different impedances are provided as the primary coil 13, and an optimum primary coil corresponding to the variation of the load 17 is selected and used. Therefore, even if the load 17 fluctuates, the optimum primary coil is selected from the plurality of primary coils 13a to 13c and used, so that power can be easily and efficiently supplied to the resonance system 12.

  (4) As the primary coil 13, a plurality of primary coils 13a to 13c having different winding diameters are provided. Therefore, by preparing a plurality of primary coils 13 a to 13 c having different winding diameters and selecting an optimal primary coil with respect to fluctuations in the load 17, the matching state with the AC power source 11 can be easily maintained.

  (5) The non-contact power transmission device 10 includes an impedance measuring unit 22 that detects the input impedance of the resonance system 12 and one of the primary coils 13 a to 13 c based on the detection result of the impedance measuring unit 22. Switching means (selection switch SW) for selectively switching so as to be connected to the AC power supply 11 is provided. Therefore, a change in the load 17 provided on the output side of the non-contact power transmission apparatus 10 can be detected on the input side of the non-contact power transmission apparatus 10, and an appropriate primary coil 13 corresponding to the load 17 is provided in the AC power source 11. The configuration for switching to the state connected to is simplified.

  (6) The non-contact power transmission device 10 is applied to a system that performs non-contact charging on the secondary battery 19 mounted on the moving body 18. The AC power source 11, the primary coil 13, the primary resonance coil 14, and the impedance measuring means 22 are provided in a charging device 20 that charges the secondary battery 19 in a non-contact state. Therefore, when charging, the load detecting means for detecting the load state of the secondary battery 19 can be provided in the charging device 20 provided at a predetermined position without providing on the moving body 18 side, and the configuration is simplified.

  (7) As a plurality of primary coils 13a to 13c having different impedances constituting the primary coil 13, an appropriate input impedance corresponding to the load of the secondary battery 19 in a plurality of charging modes at the time of charging by the charging device 20 is obtained. Thus, a coil that can be adjusted without changing the resonance frequency of the resonance system 12 is provided. Therefore, the non-contact charging of the secondary battery 19 can be performed easily and efficiently.

  (8) A capacitor C is connected to the primary side resonance coil 14 and the secondary side resonance coil 15. Therefore, the resonance frequency can be lowered without increasing the number of turns of the primary resonance coil 14 and the secondary resonance coil 15. Moreover, if the resonance frequency is the same, the primary side resonance coil 14 and the secondary side resonance coil 15 can be reduced in size compared with the case where the capacitor C is not connected.

  (9) Since a plurality of primary coils 13 are provided, the scale on the secondary side can be reduced as compared with the case where a plurality of secondary coils 16 are provided. Therefore, when the secondary side is mounted on the moving body, it is easy to secure a space for mounting the secondary side component and the degree of freedom of the mounting position is increased.

(Second Embodiment)
Next, a second embodiment will be described with reference to FIGS. This embodiment is greatly different from the first embodiment in that the impedance of the secondary coil 16 can be changed instead of changing the impedance of the primary coil 13. The same parts as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is omitted.

As shown in FIG. 4, the primary coil 13 is connected to the AC power supply 11 without passing through the changeover switch SW.
As the secondary coil 16, a plurality of, for example, three secondary coils 16a, 16b, and 16c having different impedances are provided. In this embodiment, a plurality of secondary coils 16a, 16b, and 16c having different winding diameters are provided as the secondary coil 16. One secondary coil 16a among the plurality of secondary coils 16a, 16b, and 16c is formed to have the same winding diameter as the primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, and the secondary side resonance coil 15, and the other two coils. As the secondary coils 16b and 16c, a secondary coil 16b having a larger winding diameter than the primary resonance coil 14 and the like and a small secondary coil 16c are provided.

  Each of the secondary coils 16a, 16b, and 16c is configured to be selectively connectable to the load 17 one by one through the changeover switch SW. When the load 17 changes, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 changes. The changeover switch SW is adapted to be switched to a state in which the secondary coil having the optimum impedance among the plurality of secondary coils 16 a to 16 c is connected to the load 17 in response to the fluctuation of the load 17. That is, the non-contact power transmission apparatus is configured such that the impedance of the secondary coil 16 can be changed, and the impedance of the secondary coil 16 is set (changed) to an appropriate impedance corresponding to the fluctuation of the load 17. ing. The appropriate impedance of the secondary coil 16 refers to an impedance that minimizes a mismatch between the input impedance of the resonance system and the impedance of the AC power supply 11. For example, the output impedance of the AC power supply 11 and the resonance system 12 are usually used. This is the one with the smallest difference from the input impedance.

  When the contactless power transmission device 10 is applied to a system that performs contactless charging with respect to a secondary battery mounted on a moving body (for example, a vehicle) 18, as shown in FIG. It is connected to the rectifier circuit 25 via the changeover switch SW. In addition, the moving body 18 is provided with a switching control unit 26 that controls the switching switch SW so that the input impedance of the resonance system 12 becomes an appropriate value based on the measurement result of the impedance measuring means 22. . The switching control unit 26 can obtain the measurement result of the impedance measuring means 22 wirelessly from the control unit 21 of the charging device 20.

  When charging the secondary battery 19, the control unit 21 wirelessly transmits the measurement result of the impedance measuring unit 22 to the switching control unit 26 in a state where alternating current is output from the alternating current power supply 11 at the resonance frequency of the resonance system 12. . Based on the obtained measurement result, the switching control unit 26 switches the selector switch SW so that the input impedance of the resonance system 12 becomes an appropriate value.

Therefore, according to the second embodiment, the following effects can be obtained in addition to the same effects as (1), (6) and (8) of the first embodiment.
(10) The impedance of the secondary coil 16 is configured to be changeable, and the impedance of the secondary coil 16 is set to an appropriate impedance corresponding to the variation of the load 17. Therefore, by changing the impedance of the secondary coil 16 in response to the fluctuation of the load 17, the input impedance of the resonance system 12 can be adjusted to an appropriate value without changing the resonance frequency, and the load fluctuates. However, power can be efficiently supplied from the AC power supply 11 to the resonance system 12.

  (11) A plurality of secondary coils 16 a to 16 c having different impedances are provided as the secondary coil 16, and an optimal secondary coil corresponding to the variation of the load 17 is selected and used. Therefore, even if the load 17 fluctuates, the optimum secondary coil is selected from the plurality of secondary coils 16a to 16c and used, so that power can be easily and efficiently supplied to the resonance system 12.

  (12) As the secondary coil 16, a plurality of secondary coils 16a to 16c having different winding diameters are provided. Therefore, by preparing a plurality of secondary coils 16 a to 16 c having different winding diameters and selecting an optimal secondary coil for the fluctuation of the load 17, the matching state with the AC power source 11 can be easily maintained.

  (13) The non-contact power transmission device 10 includes an impedance measuring unit 22 that detects the input impedance of the resonance system 12 and one of the secondary coils 16 a to 16 c based on the detection result of the impedance measuring unit 22. Switching means (selection switch SW) for selectively switching so as to be connected to the load 17 is provided. Therefore, the configuration for switching the appropriate secondary coil 16 corresponding to the change of the load 17 provided on the output side of the non-contact power transmission apparatus 10 to the state connected to the load 17 is simplified.

  (14) As the plurality of secondary coils 16a to 16c having different impedances constituting the secondary coil 16, the input impedance is appropriate for the load of the secondary battery 19 in the plurality of charging modes during charging by the charging device 20. Thus, a coil that can be adjusted without changing the resonance frequency of the resonance system 12 is provided. Therefore, the non-contact charging of the secondary battery 19 can be performed easily and efficiently.

The embodiment is not limited to the above, and may be embodied as follows, for example.
○ As a plurality of primary coils 13a to 13c and secondary coils 16a to 16c having different impedances, instead of providing coils having different winding diameters, coils having different winding numbers, or coils having different winding diameters and winding numbers may be provided. Good.

  O The structure which sets the impedance of the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 to an appropriate impedance corresponding to the fluctuation | variation of the load 17 is from the some primary coil 13a-13c or the secondary coils 16a-16c from which impedance differs. It is not restricted to the structure which selects and uses the primary coil or secondary coil of optimal impedance. For example, the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 is formed to be deformable, and the impedance of the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 needs to be changed due to the fluctuation of the load 17 connected to the secondary coil 16. In this case, the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 may be deformed to change the impedance of the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16. For example, the impedance may be changed by deforming the circular primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 into an elliptical shape or a crowbar shape.

  The capacitor C connected to the primary resonance coil 14 and the secondary resonance coil 15 may be omitted. However, the configuration in which the capacitor C is connected can lower the resonance frequency compared to the case where the capacitor C is omitted. Further, if the resonance frequency is the same, the primary-side resonance coil 14 and the secondary-side resonance coil 15 can be downsized as compared with the case where the capacitor C is omitted.

  (Circle) the charging method when the charging device 20 charges the secondary battery 19 is not restricted to the method performed in three modes, a constant power mode, a 1st constant current mode, and a 2nd constant current mode. For example, charging may be performed in three modes of constant power mode, first constant voltage mode and second constant voltage mode, or charging may be performed in constant voltage mode and constant current mode after constant power mode. Good. In addition, the constant voltage mode and the constant current mode may be set to three times or more instead of twice, or may be set once.

  ○ When the non-contact power transmission device 10 is applied to the charging device 20 of the secondary battery 19, the rated capacity differs in place of charging the mobile body 18 equipped with a battery having the same rated capacity as the secondary battery 19. You may apply when charging with respect to the secondary battery 19 of the mobile body 18 carrying a battery. In this case, instead of the configuration in which the charging is performed in the three modes as described above, a plurality of primary coils having an appropriate impedance when charging a battery with different rated capacities is provided, corresponding to the rated capacity of the battery. A primary coil having an impedance is selectively used. In this configuration, the impedance of the primary coil 13 is not changed during charging, but a primary coil having an appropriate impedance is connected to the AC power supply 11 before charging is started.

  The method for detecting the load is not limited to the method for indirectly detecting the load by measuring the input impedance of the resonance system 12, but the resistance value of the load may be directly detected. In this case, the detection data detected by the detection means is transmitted to the control unit 21 by radio, for example.

  ○ The non-contact power transmission device 10 supplies power not only to the charging device 20 but also to a plurality of electric devices having different load values when an electric device whose load fluctuates in stages during use is used as a load. You may apply to an apparatus.

  ○ When the contactless power transmission device 10 uses an electric device whose load fluctuates step by step as the load is used, when the load fluctuates in advance, instead of detecting the load value by the load detecting means In addition, the impedance of the primary coil 13 may be changed by the elapsed time from the start of load driving (at the start of power transmission of the non-contact power transmission device 10).

  ○ It is limited to a configuration in which the input impedance is changed by changing the impedance of the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 so that the input impedance of the resonance system 12 and the output impedance of the AC power supply 11 are matched in accordance with the fluctuation of the load. Instead, a configuration corresponding to a case where the power supply device is changed may be employed. For example, when a power supply device having an output impedance different from that of the previous power supply device is used, the impedance of the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 is changed to match the input impedance of the resonance system 12.

  O It is good also as a structure which adjusts impedance by seeing the magnitude | size of reflected electric power, not only the structure which adjusts impedance corresponding to the fluctuation | variation of a load or a change of a power supply device. For example, a reflected power detection unit that detects reflected power in the AC power supply 11 may be provided, and impedance adjustment may be performed so that the reflected power is equal to or lower than a preset threshold value.

The number of primary coils 13a to 13c or secondary coils 16a to 16c constituting the primary coil 13 or the secondary coil 16 is not limited to three, and may be two or four or more.
The outer shape of the primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15 and the secondary coil 16 is not limited to a circle, but may be, for example, a polygon such as a rectangle, a hexagon, or a triangle, or an ellipse. It may be shaped.

The outer shape of the primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15, and the secondary coil 16 is not limited to a substantially bilaterally symmetric shape, and may be an asymmetric shape.
The electric wire is not limited to a general copper wire having a circular cross section, and may be a plate-like copper wire having a rectangular cross section.

○ The material of the electric wire is not limited to copper, and for example, aluminum or silver may be used.
(Circle) the primary side resonance coil 14 and the secondary side resonance coil 15 are good not only as the coil by which the electric wire was wound by the cylinder shape but the shape by which the electric wire was wound on one plane, for example.

The coil may have a configuration in which an electric wire is tightly wound and an adjacent winding portion comes into contact, or a configuration in which an electric wire is wound with a space between winding portions so that the winding portion does not come into contact.
The primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15, and the secondary coil 16 do not have to be formed with the same diameter. For example, the primary resonance coil 14 and the secondary resonance coil 15 may have the same diameter, and the primary coil 13 and the secondary coil 16 may have different diameters.

  The primary coil 13, the primary side resonance coil 14, the secondary side resonance coil 15 and the secondary coil 16 may be formed with a wiring pattern provided on the substrate instead of being formed with electric wires. In particular, in the case of a plurality of primary coils 13a to 13c having different winding diameters, they can be efficiently manufactured in a manufacturing process for manufacturing a general printed wiring board.

The following technical idea (invention) can be understood from the embodiment.
(1) before SL secondary side resonance coil and the secondary coil power of the secondary coil while being mounted on a mobile is used to charge the secondary battery as a load, said AC power source, the primary coil And the primary resonance coil constitutes a charging device that charges the secondary battery in a non-contact state, and the load detection means detects the load based on the value of the input impedance of the pre-resonance system. .

(2) a load detecting means for detecting a pre-Symbol load, connects one of the plurality of secondary coils based on a detection result of the load detection means directly or via a rectifier circuit to the load Switching means for selectively switching.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Non-contact electric power transmission apparatus, 11 ... AC power supply, 12 ... Resonance system, 13, 13a, 13b, 13c ... Primary coil, 14 ... Primary side resonance coil, 15 ... Secondary side resonance coil, 16, 16a, 16b, 16c ... secondary coil, 17 ... load, 19 ... secondary battery as load, 22 ... impedance measuring means as load detecting means, SW ... changeover switch as switching means.

Claims (4)

  1. A non-contact power transmission device including a resonance system having a primary coil to which an AC voltage is applied from an AC power source, a primary side resonance coil, a secondary side resonance coil, and a secondary coil to which a load is connected. And
    The impedance of the primary coil or the secondary coil is configured to be changeable, and the impedance of the primary coil or the secondary coil is set to an appropriate impedance corresponding to the load variation. Power transmission device.
  2. Claims impedance as the primary coil or secondary coil is provided is different from the plurality of primary coil or secondary coil, the optimal primary coil or secondary coil is selected and used in response to variation of the load Item 2. The non-contact power transmission device according to Item 1 .
  3. The non-contact power transmission device according to claim 2 , wherein a plurality of primary coils or secondary coils having different winding diameters are provided as the primary coil or the secondary coil.
  4. Load detecting means for detecting the load, and switching means for selectively switching one of the plurality of primary coils to be connected to the AC power source based on a detection result of the load detecting means. The non-contact electric power transmission apparatus of Claim 2 or Claim 3 provided.
JP2009259773A 2008-12-01 2009-11-13 Non-contact power transmission device Expired - Fee Related JP5515659B2 (en)

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