JP5462229B2 - Charger - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP5462229B2
JP5462229B2 JP2011223280A JP2011223280A JP5462229B2 JP 5462229 B2 JP5462229 B2 JP 5462229B2 JP 2011223280 A JP2011223280 A JP 2011223280A JP 2011223280 A JP2011223280 A JP 2011223280A JP 5462229 B2 JP5462229 B2 JP 5462229B2
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Japan
Prior art keywords
core frame
outer housing
mounted
surface
charging device
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JP2013085367A (en
JP2013085367A5 (en
Inventor
光治 濱田
立春 太麻
英幸 柳瀬
善昭 矢野
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日産自動車株式会社
近江産業株式会社
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Priority to JP2011223280A priority Critical patent/JP5462229B2/en
Publication of JP2013085367A publication Critical patent/JP2013085367A/en
Publication of JP2013085367A5 publication Critical patent/JP2013085367A5/ja
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/42Methods or arrangements for servicing or maintenance of secondary cells or secondary half-cells
    • H01M10/46Accumulators structurally combined with charging apparatus
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/02Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters
    • H02J7/022Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from ac mains by converters characterised by the type of converter

Description

  The present invention relates to a charging device that is preferably applied when charging a battery mounted on an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle.

  A charging device is known that includes an electric circuit including a power supply system that supplies power to a power supply battery inside the display window of the housing and / or behind the operation panel (paragraph of Patent Document 1). 0017 and FIGS.

JP-A-11-266509

  However, the conventional charging device has a problem that the maintenance workability of the equipment inside the housing including the electric circuit is poor.

  The problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide a charging device excellent in maintenance workability.

According to the present invention, the casing of the charging device is configured such that a bottom portion is fixed to an installation location, a part of the power conversion device is mounted on one side, and the power is provided on the other side facing the one side. A core frame on which another part of the conversion device is mounted, and an outer housing mounted so as to sandwich the core frame from both the one surface and the other surface, and the outer housing includes: A first outer housing having a horizontal cross section formed in a U shape including a curve and mounted from one surface of the core frame, and a second outer formed in a flat plate shape and mounted from the other surface of the core frame The first outer housing and the second outer housing are fixed by a detachable fastening means, and each of the first outer housing and the core frame is included. And a plurality of pairs of rails that engage with each other such that the first outer housing slides in a direction perpendicular to the surface of the core frame. The above-mentioned problems are solved by configuring such that one surface of the angle member provided on the first outer housing is placed on one surface of the angle member provided on the core frame .

  According to the present invention, if the outer housing is removed from either one of the both sides of the core frame, the power conversion device can be maintained and inspected, so that a charging device excellent in maintenance workability can be provided.

It is an electric circuit diagram showing a charging system to which an embodiment of the present invention is applied. It is a block diagram which shows the apparatus which comprises the charging system of FIG. 1, and the flow of its electric power. It is a figure which shows the mounting structure to the core frame of the power converter device which comprises the charging device of FIG. It is a whole perspective view which shows the housing | casing of the charging device which concerns on one embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which decomposes | disassembles and shows the housing | casing of FIG. It is sectional drawing which follows the VI-VI line of FIG. FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view of the outer housing of FIG. 5 viewed from the back side. It is a perspective view which expands and shows the VIII-VIII part of FIG. It is a perspective view which expands and shows the IX-IX part of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the state which attached the heat sink to the core frame of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows the state which mounted the power converter device in the core frame of FIG. 5 from the front side. It is a perspective view which shows the state which mounted the power converter device in the core frame of FIG. 5 from the back side. It is sectional drawing which follows the XII-XII line | wire of FIG.

<Outline of charging system 1>
First, an outline of a charging system to which an embodiment of the present invention is applied will be described with reference to FIG. The charging system 1 of this example is applied when charging a secondary battery 6 mounted on an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle, and converts power of three-phase AC power supplied from a three-phase AC power source 2. This is a system in which the circuit 3 directly converts it into single-phase AC power, boosts or steps it down to an appropriate voltage by the transformer 4, converts it to DC power by the rectifier 5, and charges the secondary battery 6. In addition, 7 is a smoothing circuit, 11 is a power supply breaker for turning on and off the three-phase AC power supply 2, and 12 is a charging gun.

  In the charging system 1 of this example, harmonics are attenuated as noise countermeasures in each phase of the output lines (indicated by R phase, S phase, and T phase) supplied with three-phase AC power from the three-phase AC power source 2. A filter circuit 8 is provided. The filter circuit 8 of this example includes three filter reactors 81 connected to the phases R, S, and T, and six filter capacitors 82L and 82R connected between the phases R, S, and T. The filter capacitors 82L and 82R are composed of, for example, six filter capacitors 821 to 836.

  In the charging system 1 of this example, three-phase AC power is supplied to the power conversion circuit 3 via the filter circuit 8 and is converted into single-phase AC power. The power conversion circuit 3 of this example includes six bidirectional switching elements 31 (311 to 316) arranged in a matrix corresponding to the R phase, S phase, and T phase, and is also referred to as a matrix converter. Hereinafter, a single bidirectional switching element will be collectively described using reference numeral 31, while a specific element of the six bidirectional switching elements as illustrated in FIG. 1 will be described using 311 to 316. explain.

  Each of the bidirectional switching elements 31 of the present example is configured by an IGBT module in which an IGBT which is a semiconductor switching element is combined with a free wheel diode and connected in antiparallel. Note that the configuration of one bidirectional switching element 31 is not limited to that shown in the figure, but may be a configuration in which, for example, two reverse blocking IGBT elements are connected in antiparallel.

  Each of the bidirectional switching elements 31 includes an input side and an output of the bidirectional switching element 31 in order to protect the bidirectional switching element 31 from a surge voltage generated by the ON / OFF operation of the bidirectional switching element 31. On the side, a snubber circuit 32 (321 to 326) in which one snubber capacitor 327 (see the circuit diagram at the lower right in the figure) and three diodes are combined is provided. Hereinafter, reference numeral 32 is used to collectively refer to one snubber circuit, and 321 to 326 are used to indicate a specific snubber circuit among the six snubber circuits as shown in FIG.

  The charging system 1 of this example includes a matrix converter control circuit 9 for ON / OFF control of each of the bidirectional switching elements 31 of the power conversion circuit 3. The matrix converter control circuit 9 inputs the voltage value supplied from the three-phase AC power source 2, the DC current value currently being output, and the target current command value, and based on these, the respective gate signals of the bidirectional switching element 31 are supplied. By controlling and adjusting the single-phase AC power output to the transformer 4, DC power that matches the target is obtained.

  The transformer 4 boosts or lowers the voltage of the single-phase AC power converted by the power conversion circuit 3 to a predetermined value. The rectifier 5 includes, for example, four rectifier diodes 51 to 54, and converts the regulated single-phase AC power into DC power. Further, the smoothing circuit 7 includes a coil 71 and a capacitor 72, and smoothes the pulsating flow included in the rectified direct current to a state closer to direct current. The charging gun 12 is connected to the charging inlet (not shown) of the automobile to be charged with the DC power smoothed by the smoothing circuit 7, and supplies power from here.

  As shown in FIG. 2, the charging system 1 of this example configured as described above converts the three-phase AC power supplied from the three-phase AC power source 2 through the power breaker 11 and the filter reactor 81. 3, the matrix converter control circuit 9 controls the power conversion circuit 3 to directly convert it into single-phase AC power, and after adjusting the voltage to an appropriate voltage by the transformer 4, it is converted to DC power by the rectifier 5. The Then, the DC power smoothed by the smoothing circuit 7 is supplied to the secondary battery 6 through the charging gun 12, whereby the secondary battery 6 is charged. In addition, the charging system 1 mentioned above is an example, and the charging device according to the present invention is not limited to the charging system 1 having the illustrated configuration.

《Charger unit arrangement》
Next, an arrangement configuration of the charging device 1A including devices from the power breaker 11 to the charging gun 12 in FIG. 2 will be described with reference to FIGS. The same components as those in FIGS. 1 and 2 are denoted by the same reference numerals to indicate the corresponding relationship.

  The charging device 1A of this example has the power supply breaker 11, the filter reactor 81, the power conversion circuit 3, the matrix converter control circuit 9, the transformer 4, the rectifier 5 and the smoothing circuit 7 shown in FIG. A cable 12 a having a charging gun 12 attached to the tip is pulled out from the housing 13. Devices mounted in the housing 13 are also referred to as power conversion devices.

  The casing 13 is attached to the core frame 14 so that the bottom portion 141 is fixed to the installation location of the charging device 1A and the above-described power conversion device is mounted, and the core frame 14 is sandwiched from both sides. An outer housing 15. In addition, the both surfaces of the core frame 14 refer to the front and back in the illustrated example. The surface accessed by the user when the charging device 1A is installed is the front, and the opposite side (back) is the back. Mounting the outer housing 15 so as to sandwich the frame 14 is an essential matter of the present invention, and is not limited to the front surface and the back surface, and may be the left and right side surfaces.

  The core frame 14 includes a base plate 141 that constitutes a bottom portion that is fixed to a place where the charging device 1A is installed by a fixing means such as an anchor bolt, and a core frame main body 142 that is bent in a U shape in a horizontal section. As shown, the core frame main body 142 is fixed to the base plate 141. FIG. 6 shows the state of the horizontal cross section of the core frame main body 142, FIG. 8 shows the base plate 141, and FIG. 9 shows the top of the core frame main body 142.

  As shown in FIG. 8, the base plate 141 includes a base plate main body 141a that is fixed to an installation location with an anchor bolt or the like, and a bracket 141b that is fixed to the base plate main body 141a by welding or the like, and the core frame main body 142 is attached to the bracket 141b. Is fixed with bolts. As a result, the core frame main body 142 stands upright at the installation location and is firmly fixed. A pipe 143 is provided through the top of the core frame main body 142, and lifting devices 144 are provided at both ends. As will be described later, since power conversion devices are attached to the core frame 14 and become heavy, when the charging device 1A is transported to the installation location and installed, the crane device is hooked on the lifting device 144 and installed. You can work.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the outer housing 15 includes a first outer housing 15 a that is mounted on the core frame 14 from the front side, and a second outer housing 15 b that is mounted on the core frame 14 from the back side. Including. As shown in the drawing, the first outer housing 15a of the present example includes a side plate bent so as to have a U-shape including a gentle curve in a horizontal section, and a top plate, and the side plate and the top plate are welded. It is fixed with etc. As shown in FIG. 4, the front side plate is provided with an operation panel 151 for a user to access when performing a charging operation and a gun pocket 152 for storing the charging gun 12 when not in use. ing.

  The second outer housing 15b of this example is formed in a flat plate as shown in FIG. 5, and a through hole 153 in which a fan 16 described later is mounted, and a heat sink mounted in the power conversion circuit 3 and the rectifier 5 are out of the casing. A through hole 154 is provided for exposure. Then, as shown in FIG. 6, the first outer housing 15a and the second outer housing 15b are attached to the core frame 14 by fixing their joint portions using bolts, screws or the like.

  In this example, the first outer housing 15a is formed in a U-shaped cross section and the second outer housing 15b is formed in a flat plate. However, the outer housing 15 according to the present invention is not limited to such a shape, and both 15a 15b may be formed in a U-shaped cross section.

  The first outer housing 15a is slidably attached to the core frame main body 142 by a rail mechanism. That is, as shown in FIG. 5, three L-shaped angles are fixed on both side surfaces of the core frame main body 142 in the vertical direction, while the inner side surface of the first outer housing 15 a is also vertically fixed. Three L-shaped angles are fixed apart. Then, the L-shaped angle on the core frame side and the L-shaped angle on the first outer housing side are engaged as shown in FIG. Accordingly, the first outer housing 15a can slide in the front-rear direction with respect to the core frame main body 142, and workability when the first outer housing 15a is mounted or removed is improved.

  In addition, since the pipe 143 to which the lifting device 144 described above is attached is provided through the first outer housing 15a and the core frame main body 142, the outer housing 15 and the core frame main body 142 are thereby moved in the vertical direction and the front-rear direction. Fixed. On the other hand, the first outer housing 15a or the second outer housing 15b can be easily removed from the core frame main body 142 by removing the pipe 143 and removing the bolts or the like for fixing the first outer housing 15a and the second outer housing 15b. Can do.

  Next, the power conversion device mounted on the core frame main body 142 will be described. 3 shows the mounting structure of the power conversion device on the core frame main body 142 in a vertical cross section, FIG. 6 shows the mounting structure of the power conversion device on the core frame main body 142 in a horizontal cross section, and FIGS. 11A and 11B all show the mounting structure. Indicates the mounting status of the equipment.

  As shown in the horizontal sectional view of FIG. 6, two spaces A and B partitioned by the core frame main body 142 exist inside the housing 13. That is, there are two spaces, a space A surrounded by a U-shaped cross section of the core frame main body 142 and a space B behind the space A. In this example, when a power conversion device is mounted on the core frame main body 142, a device that generates heat is mounted in a space A surrounded by a U-shaped cross section. That is, since the devices that generate heat among the power conversion devices shown in FIG. 2 are the power conversion circuit 3, the rectifier 5, and the transformer 4, these are mounted on the space A side. At the same time, the fan 16 is provided in the through hole 153 provided in the first outer housing 15a shown in FIG. 5, and the cooling air is sucked and introduced into the space A as shown in FIG.

  On the other hand, the remaining devices in FIG. 2 can be mounted in the remaining spaces A and B, but in this example, the power flow shown in FIG. 2 is as much as possible when mounting the power conversion device in the core frame main body 142. Lay out the equipment along the line. That is, if the power supply breaker 11, the filter reactor 81, the power conversion circuit 3, the matrix converter control circuit 9, the transformer 4, the rectifier 5 and the smoothing circuit 7 can be arranged in this order, there is an imbalance between the phases due to inductance between wires and noise. It is suppressed and the power conversion efficiency is improved.

  For this reason, in this example, the layout is as shown in FIG. 3 and FIGS. 11A and 11B. That is, as shown in FIG. 3, the three-phase AC power source 2 such as a commercial power source is drawn from the base plate 141 of the core frame 14 and connected to the power source breaker 11 mounted on the top of the space A. Then, the wiring from the power supply breaker 11 is inserted through the through hole 146 opened in the core frame main body 142 and connected to the filter reactor 81 mounted on the uppermost portion of the space B.

  The wiring from the filter reactor 81 is connected to the power conversion circuit 3 mounted in the next stage of the space A through the through hole 146 similarly opened in the core frame main body 142. The matrix converter control circuit 9 is mounted in the space B on the back surface of the power conversion circuit 3, and the control wiring from the matrix converter control circuit 9 is inserted through the through-hole 146 opened in the core frame main body 142. Connect to.

  Originally, it is preferable to mount the transformer 4 in the next stage of the power conversion circuit in the space A. However, since the transformer 4 is heavy, in this example, the space A is considered in consideration of the stability of the charging device 1A. It is mounted at the bottom of. Accordingly, the wiring from the power conversion circuit 3 is connected to the transformer 4 mounted at the bottom of the space A, and the wiring from the transformer 4 is connected to the rectifier 5 mounted at the next stage of the power conversion circuit 3 in the space A. Connecting. The wiring from the rectifier 5 is connected to the smoothing circuit 7 that is mounted at the bottom of the space B through the through hole 146 provided in the core frame main body 142. The cable 12a to which the charging gun 12 is attached is pulled out from an appropriate location of the first outer housing 15a. FIG. 11A shows the state of mounting on the core frame main body 142 from the front side, and FIG. 11B shows the same from the back side.

  FIG. 10 shows a state in which the heat sink 10 attached to the power conversion circuit 3 and the rectifier 5 is attached to the flange of the core frame main body 142. The power conversion circuit 3 and the rectifier 5 are mounted on the back side of the heat sink 10. By fixing the heat sink 10 to the flange of the core frame main body 142, the heat sink 10 having high rigidity becomes a structure constituting the core frame main body 142, so that the rigidity of the core frame main body 142 itself is improved.

According to the above embodiment, it has the following effects.
1) In this example, the casing 13 of the charging device 1A is sandwiched between the core frame main body 142 on which the base plate 141 at the bottom is fixed and the power conversion device is mounted, and the core frame main body 142 from both sides. Since the outer housings 15a and 15b are detachably attached to the first and second outer housings 15a and 15b, the first outer housing 15a is removed from the core frame main body 142, and as shown in FIG. The converter control circuit 9 or the smoothing circuit 7 can be serviced. Further, if the second outer housing 15b is removed from the core frame main body 142, the power breaker 11, the power conversion circuit 3, the rectifier 5 or the transformer 4 mounted in the space A can be maintained and inspected as shown in FIG. 11B. Thus, the charging device 1A of this example is excellent in maintenance workability, and at the same time, the degree of freedom in design of the outer housing 15 is improved, and the charging device itself can be made compact.

  2) In this example, since the first outer housing 15a and the core frame main body 142 are configured to be slidable by engaging the L-shaped angles 145 and 155, the first outer housing 15a is attached to and detached from the core frame main body 142. Workability including positioning at the time is greatly improved.

  3) In this example, the core frame main body 142 is formed so that the horizontal cross section is U-shaped, and power conversion devices are mounted on both sides thereof, so that the integration rate is improved and the wiring length connecting the devices is shortened. can do.

  4) In this example, the through-hole 146 is opened in the core frame main body 142 and the wiring connecting the power conversion devices is inserted, so that the wiring length can be further shortened.

  5) In this example, the core frame main body 142 is formed so that the horizontal cross section is U-shaped, and the power conversion circuit 3, the transformer 4 and the rectifier 5 with heat generation are placed in the space A surrounded by the U-shaped cross section. The cooling air is introduced into the space A by the fan 16. Since the space A is surrounded by a U-shaped cross section, it is excellent in air permeability even if it is as it is, and it is possible to suppress the accumulation of hot air. However, since the fan 16 is further provided in this example, the space A as shown in FIG. The air introduced from the uppermost part of the gas flows downward toward the lower part of the space A surrounded by the U-shaped cross section of the core frame main body 142 without diffusing. Thereby, the apparatus accompanied with heat_generation | fever can be cooled. In addition, the heat conversion circuit 3 and the rectifier 5 that particularly generate heat are provided with a heat sink 10, and the heat sink 10 is exposed to the outside through the through hole 154 of the second outer housing 15b, so that the cooling performance can be further improved. .

  6) In this example, as shown in FIG. 3, the power supply breaker 11, the power conversion circuit 3, the rectifier 5 and the transformer 4 are arranged in this order, so that the wiring lengths between the power conversion devices are as uniform as possible. The electric power flows in the theoretical circuit of the charging device 1A shown in FIG. 3 and the actual circuit shown in FIG. As a result, power conversion efficiency can be increased.

  The power breaker, the filter reactor 81, the power conversion circuit 3, the matrix converter control circuit 9, the transformer 4, the rectifier 5 and the smoothing circuit 7 correspond to the power conversion device according to the present invention, and the L-shaped angles 145 and 155 are the present invention. The transformer 4 corresponds to a voltage conversion circuit according to the present invention, and the rectifier 5 corresponds to a rectifier circuit according to the present invention.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Charging system 1A ... Charging apparatus 2 ... Three-phase alternating current power supply 3 ... Power conversion circuit 31, 311 to 316 ... Bidirectional switching element 32, 321-326 ... Snubber circuit 327 ... Snubber capacitor 4 ... Transformer 5 ... Rectifier 6 ... Two Secondary battery 7 ... Smoothing circuit 8 ... Filter circuit 81 ... Filter reactor 82L, 82R, 821-826, 831-836 ... Filter capacitor 9 ... Matrix converter control circuit 10 ... Heat sink 11 ... Power breaker 12 ... Charging gun 13 ... Housing 14 ... Core frame 141 ... Base plate 142 ... Core frame body 143 ... Pipe 144 ... Lifting device 145 ... L-shaped angle 146 ... Through hole 15 ... Outer housing 15a ... First outer housing 15b ... Second outer housing 151 ... Operation panel 152 ... Gun Pocket 153,1 4 ... through holes 155 ... L-shaped angle 16 ... fan

Claims (4)

  1. A charging device equipped with a power conversion device that converts commercial power into DC power,
    A bottom part is fixed to the installation location of the charging device, a part of the power conversion device is mounted on one surface, and another part of the power conversion device is mounted on the other surface opposite to the one surface. A core frame on which the device is mounted;
    An outer housing attached to the core frame so as to sandwich the core frame from both the one surface and the other surface ;
    The outer housing is
    A first outer housing having a horizontal cross section formed in a U shape including a curve and mounted from one surface of the core frame, and a second outer formed in a flat plate shape and mounted from the other surface of the core frame Including a housing,
    The first outer housing and the second outer housing are fixed by a detachable fastening means,
    Each of said first Autahaujin grayed and the core frame, the slidable rail mechanism is provided to engage with each other,
    The rail mechanism, as the first Autahaujin grayed slides with respect to the direction perpendicular to the surface of the core frame, seen including a plurality of pairs of angle members which engage with each other, provided on the first outer housing The charging device in which one surface of the angle member is placed on one surface of the angle member provided on the core frame .
  2. The charging device according to claim 1, wherein the core frame includes a base plate fixed to the installation location, and a core frame main body fixed to the base plate and mounted with the power converter.
  3. The charging device according to claim 2 , wherein a lifting device capable of lifting at least the core frame is fixed to a top portion of the core frame main body.
  4. The first outer housing, and an operation panel that displays an input or control state operation command of the charging device, and cancer pocket for accommodating the charging cancer, in any one of claims 1 to 3 is provided The charging device described.
JP2011223280A 2011-10-07 2011-10-07 Charger Active JP5462229B2 (en)

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JP2011223280A JP5462229B2 (en) 2011-10-07 2011-10-07 Charger

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2011223280A JP5462229B2 (en) 2011-10-07 2011-10-07 Charger
PCT/JP2012/073923 WO2013051390A1 (en) 2011-10-07 2012-09-19 Charging device

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JP2013085367A JP2013085367A (en) 2013-05-09
JP2013085367A5 JP2013085367A5 (en) 2013-10-03
JP5462229B2 true JP5462229B2 (en) 2014-04-02

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TW201800284A (en) * 2016-06-21 2018-01-01 飛宏科技股份有限公司 Automatic lifting charging device with flooding detection

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JP2544567Y2 (en) * 1986-06-26 1997-08-20 パイオニア株式会社 Front panel positioning mechanism
JP3442649B2 (en) * 1998-03-16 2003-09-02 パーク二四株式会社 Electric vehicle charging device
JP2001178001A (en) * 1999-12-16 2001-06-29 Toyota Autom Loom Works Ltd Charging apparatus for vehicle
JP5453041B2 (en) * 2009-10-13 2014-03-26 パナソニック株式会社 Electric vehicle charging station

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