JP5413937B2 - Electro-optical device and electronic apparatus - Google Patents

Electro-optical device and electronic apparatus Download PDF

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JP5413937B2
JP5413937B2 JP2006264488A JP2006264488A JP5413937B2 JP 5413937 B2 JP5413937 B2 JP 5413937B2 JP 2006264488 A JP2006264488 A JP 2006264488A JP 2006264488 A JP2006264488 A JP 2006264488A JP 5413937 B2 JP5413937 B2 JP 5413937B2
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liquid crystal
surface
light
touch panel
electro
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JP2008083491A (en
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章二 日向
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株式会社ジャパンディスプレイ
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  The present invention relates to an electro-optical device such as a liquid crystal device. The present invention also relates to an electronic apparatus using an electro-optical device.

  At present, in various electronic devices such as a mobile phone and a portable information terminal, for example, as a display unit for visually displaying various information related to the electronic device, an electric device such as a liquid crystal device or an EL (Electro luminessence) device is used. Optical devices are widely used. These electro-optical devices may be provided with a position input device such as a touch panel. These electro-optical devices and position input devices are generally configured using a translucent substrate on which a conductive pattern made of a transparent conductive film, a metal film, or the like is formed.

  2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, as a position input device used for an electro-optical device, a configuration in which electrodes are provided on both surfaces of a substrate is known (for example, see Patent Document 1). This position input device is provided to face a display surface of an electro-optical device such as a liquid crystal device, and can detect a position touched by an input means such as a finger within the display surface.

JP-A-9-212302 (second page, FIG. 1)

  Here, if a liquid crystal device that is an electro-optical device is configured using the position input device disclosed in Patent Document 1, the liquid crystal device has a configuration shown in FIG. In FIG. 12, a liquid crystal device 201 has a configuration in which a liquid crystal panel 202 that is an electro-optical panel constituting a display unit, a touch panel 203 that is a position input device, and a protective plate 204 that protects the touch panel 203 are planarly stacked. ing. In FIG. 12, the side on which the arrow Z0 is drawn is the side on which the display of the liquid crystal device 201 is observed. The liquid crystal panel 202, the touch panel 203, and the protective plate 204 are supported by a housing (not shown) to constitute the liquid crystal device 201. When the liquid crystal panel 202, the touch panel 203, and the protective plate 204 are supported by the casing in this manner, generally, there is an air layer between the liquid crystal panel 202 and the touch panel 203 and between the touch panel 203 and the protective plate 204. It becomes a state.

  The liquid crystal device 201 performs display using external light L0 such as room light or illumination light L1 from an illumination device or the like. For example, in the case of performing display using the external light L0 in FIG. 12, the external light L0 enters the liquid crystal device 201 from the observation side on which the arrow Z0 is drawn, and the protective plate 204, the touch panel 203, and the liquid crystal panel 202 Pass in order. On the other hand, when displaying using the illumination light L1, light L1 emitted from an illumination device (not shown) enters the liquid crystal device 201 from the side on which the arrow Z1 is drawn, and the liquid crystal panel 202, the touch panel 203, and the protective plate 204. Pass in the order of.

As described above, since there is an air layer between the liquid crystal panel 202 and the touch panel 203 and between the touch panel 203 and the protection plate 204, the external light L 0 or the illumination light L 1 is applied to the surface of the protection plate 204, the touch panel 203. It reflects as indicated by an arrow L R at the surface and the surface of each of the liquid crystal panel 202. As the light is reflected in this manner, the loss of light when passing through the liquid crystal device 201 increases, and the optical characteristics of the liquid crystal device 201 may be deteriorated.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and in an electro-optical device having a configuration in which a touch panel and an electro-optical panel are stacked in a plane, light is transmitted through the touch panel and the electro-optical panel. An object of the present invention is to improve the optical characteristics of the electro-optical device by reducing the loss of light at the time.

A first electro-optical device according to the present invention includes (1) a substrate and an electrode formed on at least one surface of the substrate, and the position is input within a planar region on any surface of the substrate. A position input device, (2) a protective plate provided facing the surface on the position input side of the position input device, (3) provided on the opposite side of the position input side of the substrate, and provided with a polarizing layer, And (4) a protection plate , comprising: an electro-optical panel that performs display using polarized light that transmits through the polarizing layer and polarized light that does not transmit; and an antireflection layer formed by laminating films made of materials having different refractive indexes. All surfaces of the surface facing the position input device, the surface facing the protection plate of the position input device, the surface facing the position input device of the electro-optical panel, and the surface facing the electro-optical panel of the position input device Antireflection without having an air layer between the surface and the surface Layer is provided.

  In the above configuration, the position input device is an input device including electrodes on one or both surfaces of a light-transmitting substrate. As such a position input device having electrodes on one or both sides of a substrate, for example, there is a capacitive touch panel. A capacitive touch panel with electrodes on both sides of the substrate is positioned based on the change in capacitance formed between the electrode provided on the front surface of the substrate and the electrode provided on the back surface of the substrate. It is to detect. In this capacitive touch panel, when an input means (for example, a finger or a pen) touches an electrode provided on the surface of the substrate or the input means approaches the electrode, an electrode provided on the surface of the substrate The lines of electric force between the electrodes provided on the back surface of the substrate are absorbed by the input means, and the capacitance is reduced. An input position can be detected by detecting a change in current due to the decrease in capacitance using, for example, a position detection unit.

  The electro-optical panel is a panel structure that can change an optical output state by controlling an electrical input condition. The electro-optical panel is a panel structure including an electro-optical material such as liquid crystal, and realizes display using the electro-optical action of the electro-optical material. This electro-optical panel is formed by arranging an electro-optical material on a substrate made of glass or the like, or encapsulating an electro-optical material between a pair of substrates. If, for example, liquid crystal is used as the electro-optical material, a liquid crystal panel as an electro-optical panel is configured.

  The polarizing layer is used as a component of an electro-optical device that performs display using light as described above. This polarizing layer is an optical member having a characteristic of transmitting only a specific polarization component with respect to light incident on the polarizing layer (so-called polarization characteristics). In the electro-optical device, when the light transmitted through the electro-optical panel or the light emitted from the electro-optical panel passes through the polarizing layer, the passage of light is restricted by the polarization characteristics of the polarizing layer, and the display is performed by the restricted light. Is done.

  The antireflection layer is a film-like member formed by laminating materials having different refractive indexes, for example, a metal oxide having a high refractive index or a compound having a low refractive index. This antireflection layer has a function of canceling light reflected at the interface of the substrate or the like. This antireflection layer can be provided by laminating a plurality of films directly on the surface of a substrate or the like, or a transparent material made of TAC (Triacetylcellulose) or PET (polyethylene terephthalate). It can also be provided by attaching a film formed with a plurality of films having different refractive indexes on the surface of the optical film to the surface of a substrate or the like.

  By the way, in the conventional electro-optical device, as shown in FIG. 12, an electro-optical panel 202, a touch panel 203 which is a position input device, and a protective plate 204 are arranged in a planar manner. A space is provided between the electro-optical panel 202 and the touch panel 203 and between the protective plate 204 and the touch panel 203. This space is an air layer having the same atmosphere as the outside. By providing this air layer, interference fringes (so-called Newton rings) are prevented from occurring between the elements.

  However, when the air layer as described above is provided, the external light L0 is present at the interface between the air layer and the electro-optical panel 202, the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 203, and the interface between the air layer and the protective plate 204. Alternatively, the illumination light L1 is reflected and a loss occurs in the light transmitted through the liquid crystal device 201. As a result, the optical characteristics of the liquid crystal device 201 may be degraded. Note that the amount of light reflected at each interface is substantially constant with respect to the light incident on each interface. For example, each interface reflects about 4% of the light that passes through the interface.

On the other hand, in the first electro-optical device according to the present invention, the surface of the protective plate facing the position input device, the surface of the position input device facing the protective plate, and the surface of the electro-optical panel facing the position input device. In addition, an antireflection layer is provided on the surfaces of all surfaces of the position input device facing the electro-optic panel without having an air layer between the surfaces. Thereby, it can suppress that light reflects in the surface of a protection board, the surface of a position input device, and the surface of an electro-optical panel. As a result, loss of light transmitted through the protective plate, the position input device, and the electro-optical panel can be reduced, so that the display appearance of the electro-optical device can be improved.

Next, an electronic apparatus according to the invention includes the electro-optical device having the above-described configuration. Electro-optical device according to the present invention, during the position input device and the electro-optical panel, and by providing the anti-reflection layer on all respective opposing faces between the protective plate and the position input device, and the air layer and the electro-optical panel And the amount of light reflected at the interface between the air layer and the position input device can be reduced. As a result, the display appearance of the electro-optical device can be improved . What follow, even in an electronic device according to the present invention configured using the electro-optical device, it is possible to improve the appearance of the display.

(First embodiment of electro-optical device)
Hereinafter, a liquid crystal device will be described as an example of an electro-optical device according to the present invention. In addition, embodiment described below is an example of this invention, Comprising: This invention is not limited. In the following description, reference will be made to the drawings as necessary. In this drawing, in order to clearly show important constituent elements among the structure composed of a plurality of constituent elements, the relative dimensions different from actual ones are shown. Is shown.

  FIG. 1 shows a cross-sectional structure of an embodiment of a liquid crystal device as an electro-optical device according to the invention. FIG. 2 shows a cross-sectional structure of the position input device constituting the liquid crystal device of FIG. In FIG. 1, the liquid crystal device 1 includes a liquid crystal panel 2 as an electro-optical panel, a touch panel 3 as a position input device, and an illumination device 4. In the liquid crystal device 1, the side on which the arrow Z0 is drawn is the observation side.

  First, the liquid crystal panel 2 will be described. The liquid crystal panel 2 has a first substrate 5 and a second substrate 6 opposite to the first substrate 5, and these are formed by a square or rectangular frame-shaped sealing material (not shown) as viewed from the observation side on which the arrow Z 0 is drawn. The substrate 5 and the substrate 6 are bonded together. A gap, a so-called cell gap, is formed between the first substrate 5 and the second substrate 6, and liquid crystal as an electro-optical material is enclosed therein to form a liquid crystal layer.

  The first substrate 5 includes a first light-transmitting substrate 5a that is rectangular or square as viewed from the observation side indicated by the arrow Z0. The first translucent substrate 5a is made of, for example, translucent glass, translucent plastic, or the like. A polarizing plate 7a as a polarizing layer is attached to the outer surface of the first light transmitting substrate 5a (that is, the side on which the arrow Z1 is drawn). If necessary, other appropriate optical elements such as a retardation plate may be used in addition to the polarizing plate 7a.

  The second substrate 6 facing the first substrate 5 has a second transparent substrate 6a that is rectangular or square when viewed from the observation direction indicated by the arrow Z0. The second translucent substrate 6a is made of, for example, translucent glass, translucent plastic, or the like. A polarizing plate 7b as a polarizing layer is attached to the outer surface (that is, the side on which the arrow Z0 is drawn) of the second translucent substrate 6a. If necessary, other appropriate optical elements such as a retardation plate may be used in addition to the polarizing plate 7b. Although not shown in detail, electrodes for applying an electric field to the liquid crystal layer are provided on the mutually opposing surfaces of the first light-transmissive substrate 5a and the second light-transmissive substrate 6a constituting the liquid crystal panel 2. Is provided.

  The liquid crystal panel 2 can be configured in any display mode. For example, in terms of a liquid crystal driving method, either a simple matrix method or an active matrix method may be used. In terms of the type of liquid crystal mode, a TN (Twisted Nematic) mode, an STN (Super Twisted Nematic) mode, a VA (Vertical Alignment) mode, and other arbitrary liquid crystal modes can be used. As for the daylighting method, any of a reflection type, a transmission type, and a transflective type for both transmission and reflection may be used.

  The reflection type is a method in which external light such as sunlight or room light is reflected inside the liquid crystal panel 2 and used for display. The transmission type is a method for performing display using light transmitted through the liquid crystal panel 2. The transflective type is a method that can selectively perform both reflective display and transmissive display. In this embodiment, since the illumination device 4 is provided as a backlight, a transmissive type or a transflective type is adopted as the daylighting method.

  The simple matrix method is a matrix method in which each pixel does not have an active element, the intersection between the scanning electrode and the data electrode corresponds to a pixel or a dot, and a drive signal is directly applied. As the liquid crystal mode corresponding to this method, TN, STN, and vertical alignment mode are used. Next, in the active matrix method, an active element is provided for each pixel or dot, the active element is turned on in the writing period and the data voltage is written, and the active element is turned off in other periods. Is a matrix method. Active elements used in this method include a three-terminal type and a two-terminal type. An example of the three-terminal active element is a TFT (Thin Film Transistor) element. An example of a two-terminal active element is a TFD (Thin Film Diode) element.

  In the liquid crystal panel 2 as described above, when color display is performed, a color filter is provided on the first substrate 5 or the second substrate 6. The color filter is a filter that selectively transmits light in a specific wavelength range. Specifically, R (red), G (green), and B (blue) one color at a time corresponding to each dot on the first substrate 5 or the second substrate 6, for example, a predetermined arrangement, for example, a stripe arrangement, delta Arrange in an array or mosaic array.

  The first translucent substrate 5a constituting the first substrate 5 has an overhanging portion 8 that projects to the outside of the second substrate 6 that is a counter substrate. A driving IC 9 is mounted on the surface of the projecting portion 8 on the second substrate 6 side by, for example, a COG (Chip On Glass) technique using an ACF (Anisotropic Conductive Film) 11. The driving IC 9 drives the liquid crystal panel 2 by outputting scanning signals and data signals to the electrodes in the liquid crystal panel 2.

  An external connection terminal 12 is formed at the end of the overhang portion 8. A plurality of the external connection terminals 12 are formed at intervals from each other in the direction perpendicular to the paper surface (that is, the row direction X). These external connection terminals 12 are connected to input terminals of the driving IC 9, for example, input bumps. Further, the wiring board 13 is connected to these external connection terminals 12 by, for example, the ACF 11. As the wiring board 13, for example, an FPC (Flexible Printed Circuit) board which is a flexible board can be used. For the connection between the wiring board 13 and the external connection terminal 12, a conductive connection method such as soldering or heat sealing can be used.

  Wirings 14 are formed on the liquid crystal layer side of the overhang portion 8. A plurality of the wires 14 are formed at intervals from each other in the direction perpendicular to the paper surface (that is, the row direction X). These wirings 14 are connected to output terminals of the driving IC 9, for example, output bumps. Further, these wirings 14 extend toward the inside of the liquid crystal panel 2, that is, toward the liquid crystal layer, and are connected to the scanning electrodes and the data electrodes in the case of a simple matrix system. Further, in the case of the active matrix system, it is connected to an active element such as a TFD element or a TFT element and an electrode.

  Next, the illuminating device 4 includes an LED (Light Emitting Diode) 15 as a light source, and a light guide plate 16 that introduces light from the LED 15 into the interior and emits the light as planar light toward the liquid crystal panel 2. In the present embodiment, the illumination device 4 is disposed on the back side of the liquid crystal panel 2 as viewed from the observation side indicated by the arrow Z0 (that is, the side on which the arrow Z1 is drawn) and functions as a backlight.

  The light guide plate 16 includes a light incident surface 16a that is a surface facing the LED 15, and a light emitting surface 16b that is a plane adjacent to the light incident surface 16a. The light incident surface 16 a is a surface for introducing light from the LED 15 into the light guide plate 16. The light exit surface 16b is a surface that emits light from the light incident surface 16a as planar light. An optical sheet (not shown) such as a reflection sheet, a diffusion sheet, or a prism sheet can be attached to the light emitting surface 16b and the opposite surface as necessary. The light guide plate 16 can be formed by resin molding using a light-transmitting resin such as acrylic or polycarbonate as a material.

  Next, the touch panel 3 is provided on the observation side on which the arrow Z0 of the liquid crystal panel 2 is drawn. As shown in FIG. 2, the touch panel 3 includes a translucent substrate 20 and a plurality of first electrodes 21 provided on a first surface (surface opposite to the liquid crystal panel 2) S <b> 1 of the translucent substrate 20. And a plurality of second electrodes 22 provided on the second surface (surface on the liquid crystal panel 2 side) S2 of the translucent substrate 20. In the touch panel 3, the first surface S1 side of the substrate 20 is a position input side.

  The translucent substrate 20 is formed in a rectangle or a square when viewed from the observation direction indicated by the arrow Z0. The translucent substrate 20 is formed of, for example, translucent glass or translucent plastic. The first electrode 21 and the second electrode 22 can be formed using a light-transmitting conductive material, for example, ITO (Indium Tin Oxide).

  Each of the first electrodes 21 is formed in a strip shape extending in the column direction Y (that is, the horizontal direction in the figure). A plurality of the strip-shaped first electrodes 21 are provided at intervals in the row direction X (that is, the direction perpendicular to the drawing in the drawing). A wiring board 23a is connected to an end of the surface on the position input side of the touch panel 3 (specifically, a right end in FIG. 2). One end of the wiring board 23 a is electrically connected to each first electrode 21. The other end of the wiring board 23a is connected to an external control circuit such as a position detection circuit (not shown), and signals are input or output between the control circuit and the first electrode 21.

  Each of the second electrodes 22 is formed in a strip shape extending in the row direction X. A plurality of the strip-shaped second electrodes 22 are provided in the column direction Y with an interval. A wiring board 23b is connected to an end portion (specifically, a right end portion in FIG. 2) on the surface opposite to the position input side of the touch panel 3. One end of the wiring board 23 b is electrically connected to each second electrode 22. The other end of the wiring board 23b is connected to an external control circuit, such as a position detection circuit (not shown), and a signal is input or output between the control circuit and the second electrode 22.

  On the first surface S <b> 1 of the translucent substrate 20, a resin film 24 as a protective layer is provided so as to cover the plurality of first electrodes 21. A resin film 24 as a protective layer is also provided on the second surface S <b> 2 of the translucent substrate 20 so as to cover the plurality of second electrodes 22. These resin films 24 can be formed using a light-transmitting photosensitive resin such as an acrylic resin. The resin film 24 can be formed using the same material as the elements formed in the liquid crystal panel 2 of FIG. 1, such as an overlayer or a spacer (not shown). Further, in the present embodiment, the resin film 24 of FIG. 2 is provided on the first surface S1 and the second surface S2 of the translucent substrate 20, but instead, on the first surface S1 or the second surface S2. It can also be provided on either one of the surfaces S2.

  In the case of the surface of the touch panel 3, when the resin film 24 is provided, the surface of the resin film 24 is the surface of the touch panel 3. When the resin film 24 is not provided, the surface of the substrate 20 and the electrodes 21 and 22 is the surface of the touch panel 3. In addition, when an appropriate optical film is provided on the resin film 24 as necessary, the surface of the optical film is the surface of the touch panel 3.

  In FIG. 1, an adhesive 18 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3 on the position input side. The adhesive 18 contains moisture and ionic components. Therefore, if the adhesive 18 is directly provided on the first surface S1 and the first electrode 21 of the substrate 20, the moisture and ionic components cause The first electrode 21 may be corroded. An antireflection film 26 is attached to the surface of the touch panel 3 opposite to the position input side using an adhesive. If the antireflection film 26 is provided directly on the second surface S1 of the substrate 20 and the second electrode 22, the second electrode 22 may also be corroded by moisture or ionic components contained in the adhesive. In the present embodiment, by providing the resin film 24 on the first surface S <b> 1 and the second surface S <b> 2 of the substrate 20, the adhesive does not directly touch the first electrode 21 and the second electrode 22. As a result, the electrodes 21 and 22 can be prevented from being corroded by moisture or the like contained in the adhesive.

  The touch panel 3 according to the present embodiment has an input such as a finger or a pen on the basis of a change in capacitance formed between the first electrode 21 and the second electrode 22 provided on both surfaces of the translucent substrate 20. This is a so-called capacitive touch panel that detects a position touched by the means 25 (hereinafter referred to as an input position). The principle of detecting the input position on the touch panel 3 is as follows. In FIG. 2, a pulse signal is applied to the first electrode 21. When nothing is touching the first electrode 21 in the portion indicated by the arrow Z2, electric lines of force are formed between the first electrode 21 and the second electrode 22 to form the capacitance C1. In this state, as indicated by the arrow Z3 in FIG. 2, when the input means 25 touches the first electrode 21, the electric lines of force between the first electrode 21 and the second electrode 22 are absorbed by the input means 25. As a result, the capacitance C1 decreases to C2 (C2 <C1). In this way, the input position can be detected by detecting the current change caused by the decrease in the capacitance C1 to C2.

  Returning to FIG. 1, a protective plate 17 is attached to the position input side (arrow Z <b> 0 side) of the touch panel 3 with an adhesive 18. The protective plate 17 is provided so as to cover the surface on the position input side of the touch panel 3, and protects the first surface S1 of the translucent substrate 20 and the first electrode 21 (see FIG. 2) provided thereon. Can do. The protective plate 17 can be formed using a translucent resin such as PMMA (polymethyl methacrylate), polycarbonate, or the like. As the adhesive 18, for example, PSA (Pressure Sensitive Adhesive) can be used. This PSA is an adhesive that is cured by applying pressure in a room temperature atmosphere.

  A frame pattern 19 is formed in the peripheral region on the surface of the protective plate 17 on the side facing the touch panel 3. The frame pattern 19 is formed in a frame shape when viewed in plan from the side on which the arrow Z0 is drawn. The frame pattern 19 is used, for example, as a frame that defines the display area of the liquid crystal device 1 or as a light shielding frame that shields light used for display from leaking outside. The frame pattern 19 can be provided by printing using a black pigment, dye or the like.

  An antireflection film 26 as an antireflection layer is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3 facing the liquid crystal panel 2 (the surface on the arrow Z1 side). An antireflection film 26 is also provided on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 facing the touch panel 3 (the surface on the arrow Z0 side). That is, a pair of antireflection films 26 are provided oppositely between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2.

Hereinafter, the antireflection film 26 will be described in detail. Figure 3 is a portion indicated by an arrow Z C of FIG. 1, i.e., shows an enlarged cross-sectional structure of the antireflection film 26. The antireflection film 26 is configured by laminating materials having different refractive indexes, for example, a metal oxide having a high refractive index or a compound having a low refractive index. Specifically, as shown in FIG. 3, for example, on the surface of a translucent film 27 made of TAC (Triacetylcellulose), it is made of SiO 2 (silicon dioxide) which is a material having a low refractive index. The film 28 and the film 29 made of TiO 2 (titanium dioxide) which is a material having a high refractive index are alternately stacked. In the antireflection film 26 having such a structure, when light is transmitted, it occurs at the interface between the translucent film 27 and the SiO 2 film 28 as the base material and at the interface between the SiO 2 film 28 and the TiO 2 film 29. The reflected light can be attenuated by utilizing the interference of the reflected light. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 1, if this antireflection film 26 is provided at the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3 and the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 2, the light reflectance at those interfaces can be lowered.

In the present embodiment, the antireflection film 26 is a film-like member formed using the translucent film 27 as a base material, and the film-like member is bonded to the surface of the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 using an adhesive, for example. It is pasted on the surface. Therefore, the antireflection film 26 is provided without an air layer between the surface of the touch panel 3 or the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2. The antireflection film 26 can also be provided by directly laminating SiO 2 or TiO 2 on each surface by, for example, sputtering. In addition, as a material having a high refractive index, Al 2 O 2 (alumina oxide), SnO 2 (tin oxide), or the like can be used instead of TiO 2 . Further, MgF 2 (magnesium fluoride) or the like can be used as a low refractive index material instead of SiO 2 .

  Next, a process of manufacturing the liquid crystal device 1 of FIG. 1 will be described with reference to FIG. First, in FIG. 4A, the adhesive 18 is applied to the surface of the resin film 24 provided on the position input side of the touch panel 3. Next, the protection plate 17 in a state where the frame pattern 19 is printed is adhered to the touch panel 3 using an adhesive 18 in FIG. Specifically, after the protective plate 17 is set at a predetermined position with respect to the touch panel 3, the protective plate 17 is pressed against the adhesive 18 with a predetermined pressure (that is, pressurized). By this pressurization, the adhesive 18 is cured and the protective film 17 is bonded to the touch panel 3.

  Next, in FIG. 4C, an antireflection film 26 is attached to the surface of the resin film 24 provided on the side opposite to the position input side of the touch panel 3. Further, an antireflection film 26 is attached on the polarizing plate 7b of the liquid crystal panel 2 (that is, on the display surface of the liquid crystal panel 2). Next, in FIG. 4D, the touch panel 3 on which the protective plate 17 and the antireflection film 26 are mounted, the liquid crystal panel 2 on which the antireflection film 26 is mounted, and the lighting device 4 are, for example, a casing (not shown). ) Etc. to assemble the liquid crystal device 1. At this time, the antireflection film 26 provided on the touch panel 3 and the antireflection film 26 provided on the liquid crystal panel 2 are assembled so as to face each other at a predetermined interval. The liquid crystal device 1 shown in FIG. 1 is completed through the above steps.

  Since the liquid crystal device 1 of the present embodiment is configured as described above, in the case of performing reflective display, external light L0 such as sunlight or room light is transmitted through the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 in FIG. It is introduced into the liquid crystal panel 2. On the other hand, in the case of performing transmissive display, first, light emitted from the LED 15 is introduced into the light guide plate 16 through the light incident surface 16 a that is the side end surface of the light guide plate 16. The introduced light travels inside the light guide plate 16, and then is emitted as the planar light L <b> 1 from the light emitting surface 16 b that is a plane adjacent to the side end surface, and is supplied to the liquid crystal panel 2.

  As described above, while the external light L0 or the illumination light L1 is supplied to the liquid crystal panel 2, the voltage applied to the liquid crystal layer in the liquid crystal panel 2 is controlled for each pixel, and the orientation of the liquid crystal molecules is controlled for each pixel. Is done. The light L0 or L1 supplied to the liquid crystal panel 2 is modulated for each pixel by the action of the liquid crystal molecules whose orientation is controlled in this way. When this modulated light passes through the polarizing plate 7b, the passage is restricted for each pixel by the polarization characteristics of the polarizing plate 7b, and an image such as a letter, number, figure, etc. is displayed, which is visible from the direction of the arrow Z0. Is done.

  By the way, in the conventional liquid crystal device, as shown in FIG. 12, a liquid crystal panel 202, a touch panel 203, and a protective plate 204 are arranged in a planar manner. A space is provided between the liquid crystal panel 202 and the touch panel 203 and between the protective plate 204 and the touch panel 203. This space is an air layer having the same atmosphere as the outside. By providing this air layer, interference fringes (so-called Newton rings) are prevented from occurring between the elements.

However, when there is an air layer as described above, a part of the external light L0 is present at the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 202, the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 203, and the interface between the air layer and the protective plate 204. or a part of the illumination light L1 is reflected as indicated by the short arrows L R. As a result, a loss occurs in the light transmitted through the liquid crystal device 201, and the optical characteristics of the liquid crystal device 201 may be deteriorated. The amount of light L R reflected at the interface to light L0 or L1 incident on each interface is approximately constant. For example, about 4% of the light L R of the light L0 or L1 is incident on the interface is reflected at each interface.

In contrast, in the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 1, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3 facing the liquid crystal panel 2 without having an air layer. Also, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 facing the touch panel 3 without having an air layer. As described above, if the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2, the function of the antireflection film 26 prevents light from being reflected on the surface of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2. Can do. For example, it is possible to prevent light L R reflected at each interface pasted antireflection film 26, approximately 0.3% of the light L0 or L1 through the interface.

  In the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment, the opposing surfaces of the protection plate 17 and the touch panel 3 are bonded using the adhesive 18. By doing so, the air layer between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 can be eliminated, and thus light can be prevented from being reflected at the interface between the protective plate 17 and the air layer and at the interface between the touch panel 3 and the air layer. .

  As described above, light is reflected on the surface of the protective film 17, the surface of the touch panel 3, and the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 by providing the antireflection film 26 and bonding the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 using the adhesive 18. This is prevented or suppressed, and the loss of the external light L0 or the illumination light L1 that passes through the protective plate 17, the touch panel 3, and the liquid crystal panel 2 can be reduced. As a result, the display appearance of the liquid crystal device 1 can be improved.

  The protective plate 17 and the adhesive 18 or the touch panel 3 and the adhesive 18 may not have the same refractive index. However, since the adhesive 18 is closer to the refractive index of the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 than the air layer, reflection of light on the surface of each member can be effectively suppressed. In particular, in this embodiment, PSA which is an acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive is used as the adhesive 18. Since this PSA has substantially the same refractive index as PMMA which is the material of the protective plate 17 and the translucent substrate 20 which constitutes the touch panel 3, it can more reliably prevent light from being reflected.

(Second embodiment of electro-optical device)
Next, another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the previous embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the protective plate and the touch panel are bonded together using an adhesive. In addition, an antireflection layer is provided between the touch panel and the liquid crystal panel. On the other hand, in this embodiment, an antireflection film is provided between the protective plate and the touch panel, and the liquid crystal panel and the touch panel are bonded together using an adhesive. That is, the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment has a configuration in which the surface to be bonded with an adhesive and the surface to which the antireflection film is bonded are interchanged with respect to the liquid crystal device of FIG. The description of this embodiment is also given by exemplifying a liquid crystal device, and the same elements as those of the embodiment of FIG.

  FIG. 5 shows a cross-sectional structure of the liquid crystal device 31 according to this embodiment. The liquid crystal device 31 includes the liquid crystal panel 2, the touch panel 3, and the lighting device 4. The configurations of the liquid crystal panel 2, the touch panel 3, and the lighting device 4 can be the same as those shown in FIG.

  In FIG. 5, the liquid crystal panel 2 is attached to the opposite side (arrow Z <b> 1 side) of the position input side of the touch panel 3 with an adhesive 18. For example, PSA can be used as the adhesive 18.

  On the surface of the touch panel 3 on the position input side (arrow Z0 side), an antireflection film 26 as an antireflection layer is provided. An antireflection film 26 is also provided on the surface of the protective plate 17 on the side facing the touch panel 3 (arrow Z1 side). In other words, a pair of antireflection films 26 are provided between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 so as to face each other with a space therebetween. As shown in FIG. 3, these antireflection films 26 are film-like members formed using a translucent film 27 as a base material. In FIG. 5, the antireflection film 26 is attached to the surface of the resin film 24 of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the protective plate 17 using, for example, an adhesive. By sticking the antireflection film 26 in this way, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the protective plate 17 without having an air layer between the surface.

As described above, in the liquid crystal device 31 of the present embodiment, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface facing the protective plate 17 of the touch panel 3 without having an air layer between the surface. In addition, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the protective plate 17 facing the touch panel 3 without having an air layer between the surface and the surface. Thus, if the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the protection plate 17, the function of the antireflection film 26 prevents light from being reflected on the surface of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the protection plate 17. Can do. For example, it is possible to prevent light L R reflected at each interface pasted antireflection film 26, approximately 0.3% of the light L0 or L1 through the interface.

  In the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment, the mutually facing surfaces of the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 are bonded together using the adhesive 18. In this way, since the air layer between the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 can be eliminated, it is possible to prevent light from being reflected at the interface between the liquid crystal panel 2 and the air layer and at the interface between the touch panel 3 and the air layer. .

  As described above, in the liquid crystal device 31 of the present embodiment in which the antireflection film 26 is provided between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 are bonded using the adhesive 18, the protective plate is used. 17, the loss of the external light L0 or the illumination light L1 that passes through the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 can be reduced, and therefore, the display appearance of the liquid crystal device 31 can be improved.

(Third embodiment of electro-optical device)
Next, still another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention will be described with reference to FIG. In the previous embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the protective plate and the touch panel are bonded together using an adhesive, and an antireflection layer is provided between the touch panel and the liquid crystal panel. On the other hand, in this embodiment, it is set as the structure which provides an antireflection film in both between a protective plate and a touchscreen, and between a touchscreen and a liquid crystal panel. That is, the liquid crystal device according to the present embodiment has a configuration in which an antireflection film is used instead of the adhesive in the liquid crystal device of FIG. The description of this embodiment is also given by exemplifying a liquid crystal device, and the same elements as those of the embodiment of FIG.

  FIG. 6 shows a cross-sectional structure of the liquid crystal device 41 according to this embodiment. The liquid crystal device 41 includes the liquid crystal panel 2, the touch panel 3, and the illumination device 4. The configurations of the liquid crystal panel 2, the touch panel 3, and the lighting device 4 can be the same as those shown in FIG.

  In FIG. 6, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the protective plate 17 on the side facing the touch panel 3 (arrow Z1 side). An antireflection film 26 is also provided on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 on the side facing the touch panel 3 (arrow Z0 side). An antireflection film 26 is also provided on the surface on the position input side of the touch panel 3 and the surface on the opposite side. Accordingly, a pair of antireflection films 26 are provided between the touch panel 3 and the protective plate 17 and between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2, respectively.

  As shown in FIG. 3, these antireflection films 26 are film-like members formed using a translucent film 27 as a base material. In FIG. 6, the antireflection film 26 is formed by using, for example, an adhesive, the surface of the touch panel 3 (namely, the surface of the resin film 24), the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 (namely, the surface of the polarizing plate 7 b), and the protective plate 17. It is affixed to the surface. By sticking the antireflection film 26 in this way, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3, the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2, and the surface of the protective plate 17 without having an air layer.

As described above, in the liquid crystal device 41 of the present embodiment, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the protective plate 17 facing the touch panel 3 without having an air layer between the surface. Also, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 facing the touch panel 3 without having an air layer between the surface and the surface. Further, the antireflection film 26 is provided on the position input side of the touch panel 3 and the surface on the opposite side without having an air layer between the surfaces. Thus, if the antireflection film 26 is provided on the surface of the touch panel 3, the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2, and the surface of the protective plate 17, it is possible to suppress the reflection of light on each surface by the function of the antireflection film 26. . For example, it is possible to prevent light L R reflected at each interface pasted antireflection film 26, about 0.3% of the light L0 or L1 through the interface. As a result, the loss of the external light L0 or the illumination light L1 when passing through the protective plate 17, the touch panel 3, and the liquid crystal panel 2 can be reduced, so that the display appearance of the liquid crystal device 31 can be improved.

  Note that the liquid crystal device 41 of this embodiment may have a greater light loss than the liquid crystal device 1 having the configuration shown in FIG. 1 and the liquid crystal device 31 having the configuration shown in FIG. Specifically, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1 or FIG. 2, when light lost between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 is considered, 0.3% of light is emitted. Since the light is reflected at the interface between the two locations, a total of 0.6% of the light is lost. On the other hand, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 6, considering the light lost between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2, 0.3% of the light is at four interfaces. In total, about 1.2% of light is lost.

  However, in order to manufacture the liquid crystal device 1 of FIG. 1 and the liquid crystal device 31 of FIG. 5, it is necessary to perform an operation of bonding the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 or the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 using the adhesive 18. is there. This bonding operation is a difficult operation, and there is a possibility that the yield may be deteriorated in manufacturing the liquid crystal device. On the other hand, since the liquid crystal device 41 of FIG. 6 is configured without using the adhesive 18 (see FIG. 1), it is easier to manufacture than the liquid crystal device 1 of FIG. 1 and the liquid crystal device 31 of FIG. And can improve the yield.

(Embodiment 4 of electro-optical device)
Next, still another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention will be described with reference to FIG. In each embodiment shown in FIG. 1 to FIG. 6, light loss is prevented by preventing reflection of light on the surface of a touch panel or the like using an antireflection film. On the other hand, in this embodiment, it is set as the structure which provides a polarizing layer in the position facing the surface of the position input side of a touch panel. The description of this embodiment is also given by exemplifying a liquid crystal device. The same elements as those of the embodiments of FIGS. 1 to 5 are denoted by the same reference numerals, and the description thereof is omitted.

  FIG. 7 shows a cross-sectional structure of the liquid crystal device 51 according to this embodiment. The liquid crystal device 51 includes a liquid crystal panel 52, the touch panel 3, and the lighting device 4. The liquid crystal panel 52 has the same configuration as that of the liquid crystal panel 2 shown in FIG. Moreover, the structure of the touch panel 3 and the illuminating device 4 can be made the same as what is shown in FIG.

  In FIG. 7, the polarizing plate 7 b is attached to the position input side (arrow Z 0 side) surface of the touch panel 3, that is, the surface of the resin film 24. On the other hand, the liquid crystal panel 52 including the first substrate 5, the second substrate 6, the other polarizing plate 7 a, and the like is provided on the opposite side of the substrate 20 from the position input side. That is, the liquid crystal panel 52 and the position-input-side polarizing plate 7b are provided in a state of being separated in position. This polarizing plate 7b is the same as the polarizing plate 7b provided on the surface of the liquid crystal device 1 in FIG. 1 on the side facing the touch panel 3 of the liquid crystal panel 2, and has the same function. Therefore, a polarizing layer is not provided on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 52 in FIG.

  The polarizing plate 7 b is an element necessary when the liquid crystal panel 52 that performs display using light performs display, and is usually an element that is provided along with the liquid crystal panel 52. The polarizing plate 7b is an optical member having a characteristic of transmitting only a specific polarization component with respect to light incident on the polarizing plate 7b (so-called polarization characteristic). In the liquid crystal device 51, when the light transmitted through the liquid crystal panel 52 passes through the polarizing plate 7b, the passage of light is restricted by the polarization characteristics of the polarizing plate 7b, and display is performed by the restricted light. In such a polarizing plate 7b, since the passage of light is restricted, a part of the light incident on the polarizing plate 7b is lost. For example, when the external light L0 enters the polarizing plate 7b, a part of the light is lost when the external light L0 passes through the polarizing plate 7b, and the other part of the external light L0 passes through the polarizing plate 7b. Can do. For example, about 42% of the external light L0 can pass through the polarizing plate 7b.

  A protective plate 17 is attached to the position input side of the touch panel 3 with an adhesive 18. Since the polarizing plate 7 b is provided on the position input side of the touch panel 3, the protective plate 17 is bonded to the polarizing plate 7 b by the adhesive 18.

As described above, in the conventional liquid crystal device 201 illustrated in FIG. 12, the external light L 0 is present at the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 202, the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 203, and the interface between the air layer and the protective plate 204. Alternatively, since the illumination light L1 is reflected, loss of the light occurs when the light passes through the liquid crystal device 201. For example, about 4% of the light L0 or L1 incident on the interface is reflected at each interface. In this case, since the surface opposite the touch panel 203 of the liquid crystal panel 202 is polarizing layer 205b is provided, the light L R reflected at the interface between the interface and the air layer between the air layer and the touch panel 203 and the protective plate 204 outside This is about 4% of the light L0.

On the other hand, in the liquid crystal device of the present embodiment, as shown in FIG. 7, the polarizing plate 7b is provided on the side where the arrow Z0, which is the position input side of the touch panel 3, is drawn. In the liquid crystal device 51 having this configuration, the external light L0 (thick arrow in FIG. 7) is transmitted through the polarizing plate 7b before entering the touch panel 3 from the position input side. Since the light L0 incident on the polarizing plate 7b loses part of the light when passing through the polarizing plate 7b, the light L0 ′ (thin arrow in FIG. 1) after passing through the polarizing plate 7b is the polarizing plate 7b. The amount of light is reduced as compared with the light L0 incident on. Accordingly, the light L 0 ′ whose amount of light has decreased passes through the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 2 or the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3. Thus, if the amount of light L0 ′ that passes through decreases, the amount of light reflected at each interface also decreases relatively. For example, 42% of the light L0 with respect to the external light L0 'will be about 1.6% of the light L R is the about 4% is reflected at each interface. Thus, in the liquid crystal device 51, the amount of light reflected at the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3 is reduced, so that the appearance of the display of the liquid crystal device 51 can be improved. it can.

  In addition, since the protective plate 17 and the polarizing plate 7 b are bonded together by the adhesive 18, no air layer is formed between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3. Therefore, it is possible to prevent light from being reflected on the surface between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3.

(Modification)
In the embodiment of FIG. 7, the antireflection film 26 shown in FIG. 3 may be attached to the surface of the touch panel 3 facing the liquid crystal panel 52 and the surface of the liquid crystal panel 52 facing the touch panel 3. By so doing, it is possible to prevent light from being reflected at the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3 and the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 52, so that the loss of light can be more reliably reduced.

  In FIG. 7, the protective plate 17 and the polarizing plate 7 b are bonded together using an adhesive 18. However, instead of the adhesive 18, an antireflection film may be provided. Specifically, the antireflection film 26 shown in FIG. 3 can be attached to the surface of the protective plate 17 facing the polarizing plate 7b and the surface of the polarizing plate 7b facing the protective plate 17 respectively.

(Fifth embodiment of electro-optical device)
Next, still another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention will be described with reference to FIG. In each embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 to 7, PSA (pressure sensitive adhesive) is used as an adhesive for bonding the touch panel and the protective plate and an adhesive for bonding the touch panel and the electro-optical panel. On the other hand, in this embodiment, as an adhesive for bonding the touch panel and the protective plate, and an adhesive for bonding the touch panel and the electro-optical panel, an adhesive that cures by ultraviolet rays (hereinafter referred to as UV adhesive). ). The description of this embodiment is also given by exemplifying a liquid crystal device, and the same elements as those of the embodiments of FIGS. 1 to 7 are denoted by the same reference numerals and description thereof is omitted.

  FIG. 8 shows a cross-sectional structure of the liquid crystal device 61 according to this embodiment. The liquid crystal device 61 includes the liquid crystal panel 2, the touch panel 3, and the lighting device 4. The configurations of the liquid crystal panel 2, the touch panel 3, and the lighting device 4 can be the same as those shown in FIG.

  In FIG. 8, the protective plate 17 is attached to the position input side (arrow Z 0 side) surface of the touch panel 3 with a UV adhesive 68. The liquid crystal panel 2 is attached to the surface of the touch panel 3 opposite to the position input side (arrow Z1 side) with a UV adhesive 68. The UV adhesive 68 is an adhesive that cures when irradiated with ultraviolet rays. For example, RTV (room-temperature vulcanization) that is a silicon resin can be used.

  In addition, the UV adhesive 68 in the present embodiment is a UV adhesive that also has moisture curable property or anaerobic curable property. Hygroscopic curability is a property that cures by using moisture in the air as a catalyst. Moreover, anaerobic sclerosis | hardenability is a property hardened | cured by interrupting | blocking air. In addition, although the part shown with the fine oblique line in the both ends of the UV adhesive 68 has shown the part which is hard to be exposed to light, the detail about this part is mentioned later.

  In the case of assembling the liquid crystal device 61 using the UV adhesive 68, first, the UV adhesive 68 is applied to the surface of the protective plate 17 or the surface of the touch panel 3 (that is, the surface of the resin film 24). The protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 are overlapped with each other with 68 interposed therebetween. Similarly, a UV adhesive 68 is applied to the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 or the surface of the touch panel 3, and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 are overlapped with the UV adhesive 68 interposed therebetween. In these cases, they are overlapped in a state where the alignment is performed in advance between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and between the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3.

  In this way, the UV adhesive 68 is cured by irradiating the UV adhesive 68 with ultraviolet rays in the state of being superposed on the configuration shown in FIG. 8, and the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 are bonded together. The liquid crystal device 61 is completed.

As described above, in the present embodiment, the protection plate 17 and the touch panel 3, and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 are bonded using the UV adhesive 68. The use of UV adhesive 68, it is possible to easily bond between elements only by irradiation with ultraviolet L u to the adhesive 68.

In the case where the UV adhesive 68 is used in the liquid crystal device 61 of the present embodiment, the ultraviolet light Lu is irradiated in a state where the protective plate 17, the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 are overlapped, and therefore the ultraviolet light Lu is emitted from the liquid crystal device. It can be considered that it is blocked by the members constituting 61. For example, there is a possibility that the UV adhesive 68 (the portion indicated by the fine slanted lines in FIG. 8) in the region T that overlaps the frame pattern 19 provided on the protective plate 17 will not be cured. Moreover, since PMMA which is a material of the protective plate 17 is a material which does not easily transmit ultraviolet rays, it is considered that the UV adhesive 68 is difficult to be cured.

In the present embodiment, since the adhesive having both moisture absorption and anaerobic curing properties is used as the UV adhesive 68, even if the ultraviolet ray Lu is restricted or blocked by the protective plate 17 or the frame pattern 19, the UV is removed. The adhesive 68 can be cured. As a result, the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 can be securely bonded.

(Modification)
When the UV adhesive 68 having hygroscopicity or anaerobic curability is used as in the above embodiment, Pt (platinum) can be used as a catalyst for promoting the curing of the UV adhesive 68. This Pt can be mixed in, for example, the UV adhesive 68, or can be applied to the surface of the protective plate 17 in contact with the UV adhesive 68 or the surface of the touch panel 3 in contact with the UV adhesive 68. . Further, Pt may be included in the material of the frame pattern 19, and Pt may be provided simultaneously with the frame pattern 19 when the frame pattern 19 is printed on the protection plate 17.

  In the embodiment of FIG. 8, an adhesive that is cured by visible light (hereinafter referred to as a visible light adhesive) can be used in place of the UV adhesive 68. As described above, PMMA, which is a material for the protective plate 17, is a material that is difficult to transmit ultraviolet rays. However, since PMMA can sufficiently transmit visible light, if a visible light adhesive is used as the adhesive 68, the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 and the touch panel 3 can be reliably bonded.

(First Embodiment of Electronic Device)
Hereinafter, embodiments of an electronic apparatus according to the present invention will be described. In addition, this embodiment shows an example of this invention and this invention is not limited to this embodiment.

  FIG. 9 shows an embodiment of an electronic apparatus according to the invention. The electronic device shown here includes a liquid crystal device 101 and a control circuit 102 that controls the liquid crystal device 101. The control circuit 102 includes a display information output source 106, a display information processing circuit 107, a power supply circuit 108, and a timing generator 109. The liquid crystal device 101 includes a liquid crystal panel 103, a drive circuit 104, and a touch panel 105.

  The display information output source 106 includes a memory such as a RAM (Random Access Memory), a storage unit such as various disks, a tuning circuit that tunes and outputs a digital image signal, and various clock signals generated by the timing generator 109. The display information processing circuit 107 is supplied with display information such as an image signal in a predetermined format.

  Next, the display information processing circuit 107 includes a number of well-known circuits such as an amplification / inversion circuit, a rotation circuit, a gamma correction circuit, a clamp circuit, and the like, executes processing of input display information, and outputs an image signal. It is supplied to the drive circuit 104 together with the clock signal CLK. Here, the drive circuit 104 is a generic term for an inspection circuit and the like together with a scanning line drive circuit and a data line drive circuit. The power supply circuit 108 supplies a predetermined power supply voltage to each of the above components.

The liquid crystal device 101 can be configured using, for example, the liquid crystal device 1 shown in FIG. 1, the liquid crystal device 31 shown in FIG. 5, the liquid crystal device 41 shown in FIG. 6, or the liquid crystal device 51 shown in FIG. The liquid crystal devices 1, 31, 41 according to the present invention provide an interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 2 by providing an antireflection film 26 between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 or between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3. and it is possible to reduce the amount of light L R reflected at the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3, as a result, it is possible to improve the appearance of the display of the liquid crystal device. Further, in the liquid crystal device 51 of FIG. 7, the polarizing plate 7 b is provided to face the position input side surface of the touch panel 3, thereby reflecting at the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 52 and the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3. the amount of light L R that can be reduced. With the above effects, the appearance of the display of the liquid crystal devices 1, 31, 41, 51 can be improved. Therefore, even in an electronic apparatus according to the present invention configured using these liquid crystal devices, the appearance of the display can be improved.

(Second Embodiment of Electronic Device)
FIG. 10 shows a mobile phone which is another embodiment of the electronic apparatus according to the invention. A cellular phone 110 shown here includes a main body 111 and a display body 112 that can be opened and closed with respect to the main body 111. A display device 113 configured by a liquid crystal device is disposed inside the display body 112, and various displays relating to telephone communication can be visually recognized on the display screen 114 of the display body 112. Operation buttons 115 are arranged on the main body 111.

  A speaker (not shown) is disposed inside the receiver unit 116 provided at the upper part of the display body unit 112. In addition, a microphone (not shown) is incorporated in the transmitter 117 provided at the lower end of the main body 111. A control unit for controlling the operation of the display device 113 is stored inside the main body unit 111 or the display body unit 112 as a part of the control unit that controls the entire mobile phone or separately from the control unit. The

The display device 113 can be configured using, for example, the liquid crystal device 1 shown in FIG. 1, the liquid crystal device 31 shown in FIG. 5, the liquid crystal device 41 shown in FIG. 6, or the liquid crystal device 51 shown in FIG. The liquid crystal devices 1, 31, 41 according to the present invention provide an interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 2 by providing an antireflection film 26 between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 2 or between the protective plate 17 and the touch panel 3. , and it is possible to reduce the amount of light L R reflected at the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3, as a result, it is possible to improve the appearance of the display of the liquid crystal device. In the liquid crystal device 51, the light reflected at the interface between the air layer and the liquid crystal panel 52 and the interface between the air layer and the touch panel 3 is provided by providing the polarizing plate 7 b so as to face the surface on the position input side of the touch panel 3. The amount of LR can be reduced. With the above effects, the appearance of the display of the liquid crystal devices 1, 31, 41, 51 can be improved. Therefore, even in an electronic apparatus according to the present invention configured using these liquid crystal devices, the appearance of the display can be improved.

  In addition to the mobile phone described above, the electronic device includes a personal computer, a liquid crystal television, a viewfinder type or a monitor direct-view type video tape recorder, a car navigation device, a pager, an electronic notebook, a calculator, a word processor, Examples include workstations, video phones, and POS terminals.

(Experimental example)
With respect to the electro-optical device according to the present invention, display experiments were performed using four types of liquid crystal devices having different configurations in which the polarizing layer was provided, and the appearance of each liquid crystal device was compared. FIG. 11 is a diagram showing a light loss state in the liquid crystal device used in this experiment. The electro-optical device according to the present invention has a configuration in which a protective plate is provided on the position input side of the position input device. However, since this experimental example is for comparing the influence of the polarizing layer on the appearance of the electro-optical device, as shown in FIG. 11, the experiment is performed on the electro-optical device having a configuration excluding the protective plate.

  11A shows a configuration corresponding to a state in which an antireflection film is not provided on the position input side of the touch panel 3 in the liquid crystal device 31 shown in FIG. 5, that is, a polarizing plate on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2 facing the touch panel 3. 7b is shown, and the polarizing plate 7b and the touch panel 3 are bonded together with an adhesive 18. FIG. 11B shows a configuration corresponding to the conventional liquid crystal device 201 shown in FIG. 12, that is, a polarizing plate 7 b is placed on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 202 facing the touch panel 203. The structure which provided the air layer in is shown. FIG. 11C shows a configuration corresponding to a modification of the liquid crystal device 51 shown in FIG. 7, that is, the polarizing plate 7 b is placed on the position input side of the touch panel 3, and the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 52 are bonded to the adhesive 18. The structure bonded together using is shown. In this experimental example, the liquid crystal device is denoted by reference numeral 81. FIG. 11D shows a configuration corresponding to the liquid crystal device 51 shown in FIG. 7, that is, the polarizing plate 7 b is placed on the position input side of the touch panel 3, and an air layer is formed between the touch panel 3 and the liquid crystal panel 52. The provided structure is shown.

  The optical appearance of the display of the liquid crystal device was compared with respect to the liquid crystal device having the configuration shown in FIGS. 11 (a) to 11 (d). In this experiment, a reflective display that performs display using light L0 incident from the position input side of the touch panel 3 and a transmissive type that performs display using light L1 incident from the opposite side of the liquid crystal panel 2 or 52 to the touch panel 3 are used. This was done for each of the displays. In FIG. 11, the light L0 before passing through the polarizing plate 7b and the light L1 before passing through the polarizing plate 7a are indicated by thick lines, and the light L0 ′ or L1 after passing through these polarizing plates. 'Is indicated by a thin line.

  From the result of this experiment, in the case of the reflective display, the liquid crystal device with the least loss of light and the best appearance of the display is the liquid crystal device 31 in FIG. 11A and the liquid crystal device 81 in FIG. Next, it was found that the liquid crystal device 51 in FIG. 11D and the liquid crystal device with the most loss of light and the best display appearance was the liquid crystal device 201 in FIG.

  When performing reflective display, the liquid crystal device 31 shown in FIG. 11A and the liquid crystal device 81 shown in FIG. 11C lose substantially the same amount of light. In the liquid crystal device 31 of FIG. 11A and the liquid crystal device 81 of FIG. 11C, the interface on which the light L0 is reflected is only the surface on the position input side of the touch panel 3, and the light L0 after passing through the polarizing plate 7b. 'Can pass through the liquid crystal panel 2 without reflection.

Next, in the liquid crystal device 201 of FIG. 11B, the light L0 is reflected at the three interfaces of the surface on both sides of the touch panel 203 and the surface of the polarizing plate 7b. In the liquid crystal device 201 of this configuration, about 4% of the light L R of the incident light L0 is lost by reflection, about 42% of the light after its loss through the polarizing plate 7b at each interface.

Next, in the liquid crystal device 51 of FIG. 11D, the light L0 is reflected on the surface of the polarizing plate 7b, and then the light L0 ′ that has passed through the polarizing plate 7b is reflected on the surface of the touch panel 3 and the surface of the liquid crystal panel 2. To do. In the liquid crystal device 51, there are three interfaces where light is reflected, similar to the liquid crystal device 201 in FIG. 11B, and light passing through the two interfaces is light L0 ′ after passing through the polarizing plate 7b. . The light LR ′ reflected at these two interfaces is about 4% of the light L0 ′, ie about 1.6% of the incident light L0. Therefore, it can be said that the liquid crystal device 51 in FIG. 11D has less light loss than the liquid crystal device 201 in FIG. From the above, in the reflective display, it was found that the difference in the appearance of display is large depending on the position where the polarizing plate 7b is provided.

  Next, in the case of the transmissive display, the liquid crystal device with the least amount of light loss and the best appearance is the liquid crystal device 31 in FIG. 11A and the liquid crystal device 81 in FIG. It has been found that the liquid crystal devices having the largest display quality and the best display are the liquid crystal device 201 in FIG. 11B and the liquid crystal device 51 in FIG. When performing transmissive display, the liquid crystal device 31 shown in FIG. 11A and the liquid crystal device 81 shown in FIG. 11C lose substantially the same amount of light. In any configuration of the liquid crystal device 31 in FIG. 11A and the liquid crystal device 81 in FIG. 11C, the light L1 is reflected only on the surface of the polarizing plate 7a and passes through the polarizing plate 7a and the polarizing plate 7b. Is reflected on the surface of the touch panel 3 on the position input side.

Next, in the liquid crystal device 201 of FIG. 11B, the light L1 is reflected on the surface of the polarizing plate 7a, and the light L1 ′ is reflected on the surface of the polarizing plate 7b and both surfaces of the touch panel 3. In the liquid crystal device 51 of FIG. 11D, the light L1 is reflected on the surface of the polarizing plate 7a, and the light L1 ′ is reflected on the surface of the liquid crystal panel 52, the surface of the touch panel 3, and the surface of the polarizing plate 7b. In both the liquid crystal device 201 of FIG. 11B and the liquid crystal device 51 of FIG. 11D, there are four interfaces where light is reflected, and the amount of light loss is substantially the same. Note that strictly speaking, although the light after passing through the front of light passing through the polarizing plate 7b is the ratio of the reflected light L R is different from a lot of light in the light L1 'is already polarizer 7a loss and is the difference between the subsequent reflected light L R is said to be very small. From the above, in the case of the transmissive display, it was found that the loss of light due to the reflection at the interface greatly affects the appearance of the display, but the influence by the position where the polarizing plate 7b is provided is small.

1 is a cross-sectional view showing an embodiment of an electro-optical device according to the invention. It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of the touch panel of FIG. It is sectional drawing which expands and shows the layer structure of the antireflection film of FIG. FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a manufacturing process of the electro-optical device in FIG. 1. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing still another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing still another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing still another embodiment of the electro-optical device according to the invention. It is a block diagram which shows one Embodiment of the electronic device which concerns on this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the mobile telephone which is other Embodiment of the electronic device which concerns on this invention. It is sectional drawing which shows the experiment example of the electro-optical apparatus which concerns on this invention. It is sectional drawing which shows the conventional electro-optical apparatus.

Explanation of symbols

1, 31, 41, 51, 61. Liquid crystal device (electro-optical device),
2,52. 2. liquid crystal panel (electro-optic panel), Touch panel (position input device),
4). 4. lighting device; First substrate, 5a. 5. first translucent substrate; A second substrate,
6a. 2nd translucent board | substrate, 7a, 7b. Polarizing plate (polarizing layer), 8. Overhang,
15. LED, 16. Light guide plate, 16a. Light incident surface, 16b. Light exit surface,
17. Protective plate, 18. Adhesive, 19. Frame pattern, 20. Translucent substrate,
21. First electrode, 22. A second electrode, 23a, 23b. Wiring board,
24. Resin film (protective layer), 25. Input means, 26. Antireflection film (antireflection layer),
27. Light-transmitting film, 28. SiO 2 film, 29. TiO 2 film,
68. 101. UV adhesive, visible light adhesive Liquid crystal device (electro-optical device),
102. Control circuit, 103. Liquid crystal panel, 104. Drive circuit,
105. Touch panel, 110. Mobile phone (electronic device), 111. Body part,
112. Display body part, 113. Display device, 114. Display screen, L0. External light,
L1. Illumination light, L R. Reflected light, L u . UV, S1. A first surface of the translucent substrate;
S2. The second surface of the translucent substrate,

Claims (3)

  1. A position input device comprising a substrate and an electrode formed on at least one surface of the substrate, and a position input device for inputting a position within a planar region of any surface of the substrate;
    A protective plate provided facing the surface on the position input side of the position input device;
    An electro-optical panel that is provided on the opposite side of the substrate from the position input side, includes a polarizing layer, and performs display with polarized light that is transmitted through the polarizing layer and polarized light that is not transmitted;
    An antireflection layer formed by laminating films made of materials having different refractive indexes;
    Have
    The surface facing the protective plate of the position input equipment surface and the position input device facing the protective plate, wherein the electro-electro-optical panel said position input equipment opposing surfaces and the position input device of a surface facing the optical panel, on the surface of all aspects of the anti-reflection layer is Ru provided without having an air layer between the surface,
    Electro-optic device.
  2. The antireflection layer is formed by alternately laminating a first film having a higher refractive index than the other made of the two types of materials having different refractive indexes and a second film having a lower refractive index than the other. The electro-optical device according to claim 1.
  3. An electronic apparatus comprising the electro-optical device according to claim 1.
JP2006264488A 2006-09-28 2006-09-28 Electro-optical device and electronic apparatus Expired - Fee Related JP5413937B2 (en)

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