JP5404553B2 - Rotating electric machine - Google Patents

Rotating electric machine Download PDF

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JP5404553B2
JP5404553B2 JP2010175361A JP2010175361A JP5404553B2 JP 5404553 B2 JP5404553 B2 JP 5404553B2 JP 2010175361 A JP2010175361 A JP 2010175361A JP 2010175361 A JP2010175361 A JP 2010175361A JP 5404553 B2 JP5404553 B2 JP 5404553B2
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frame
rotor
groove
air guide
rib
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JP2012039694A (en
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雅夫 秋吉
智範 山本
裕敬 木俣
志郎 飯塚
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三菱電機株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a rotating electrical machine having a cooling fan that rotates integrally with a rotor.

  Conventionally, in order to cool a frame that supports a rotor, a vehicular AC generator in which a cooling fan that rotates integrally with the rotor is covered with a frame and cooling air generated by the rotation of the cooling fan is passed through the frame is known. ing. In a conventional automotive alternator, a suction window that faces the cooling fan in the axial direction of the rotor and a discharge window that is located radially outside the cooling fan are provided in the frame. Cooling air generated by the rotation of the cooling fan is sucked into the generator through the suction window and discharged out of the generator through the discharge window.

  Conventionally, in order to suppress noise caused by the cooling fan, the vehicle AC has been provided with irregularities on the side surfaces in the circumferential direction of the plurality of spokes defining the suction window to suppress pressure fluctuation between the cooling fan and the frame. A generator has been proposed (see, for example, Patent Document 1).

JP 2007-60875 A

  However, in the conventional vehicle alternator, since the unevenness is provided on the side surface in the circumferential direction of each spoke, the resistance of the spoke to the cooling air passing through the suction window is increased by the unevenness. In addition, the cooling air hitting each spoke is easily separated from the spoke on the back surface of the spoke due to the unevenness of the spoke, and sufficient heat exchange cannot be performed between the cooling air and the spoke. For this reason, the conventional vehicle AC generator cannot improve the cooling performance of the frame.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a rotating electrical machine capable of improving the cooling performance of the frame.

  A rotating electrical machine according to the present invention is provided in a rotating electrical machine main body having a rotor rotated about an axis, and a stator disposed at a position radially outside the rotor, a frame that supports the rotating electrical machine main body, and the rotor. And a cooling fan that generates cooling air by being rotated integrally with the rotor, and the frame includes a plurality of ribs that are spaced apart from each other at positions radially outside the cooling fan. The frame is formed with exhaust ports that are partitioned by ribs and allow cooling air to pass therethrough, and a plurality of air guide grooves along the circumferential direction of the frame are provided on the surface of the rib on the cooling fan side. ing.

  In the rotating electrical machine according to the present invention, the ribs of the frame are spaced apart from each other at positions radially outside the cooling fan, and a plurality of wind guides along the circumferential direction of the frame are formed on the surface of the rib on the cooling fan side. Since the groove is provided, the cooling air sent radially outward from the cooling fan can be guided in the circumferential direction of the frame by the guide of the air guide groove. Since the speed of the cooling air from the cooling fan is larger in the circumferential direction component than in the radial direction component, the cooling air is guided to the circumferential direction of the frame, so that it is difficult to peel off from the rib. Moreover, the surface area in the inner surface of a rib can also be increased by providing an air guide groove in the rib. Thereby, the amount of heat exchange between the cooling air and the frame can be increased, and the cooling performance of the frame can be improved.

It is sectional drawing which shows the vehicle alternator by Embodiment 1 of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the front side frame when it sees from the outer side of the case of FIG. It is a perspective view which shows a cooling fan and a front side frame when it sees from the inner side of the case of FIG. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the principal part of the cooling fan of FIG. 1, and a front side frame. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the principal part of the alternating current generator for vehicles by Embodiment 2 of this invention. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the principal part of the alternating current generator for vehicles by Embodiment 3 of this invention. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the principal part of the other example of the alternating current generator for vehicles by Embodiment 3 of this invention. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the principal part of the alternating current generator for vehicles by Embodiment 4 of this invention. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the principal part of the alternating current generator for vehicles by Embodiment 5 of this invention. It is a sectional side view which shows the alternating current generator motor for vehicles by Embodiment 6 of this invention. It is a perspective view which shows the rotor of FIG.

Embodiment 1 FIG.
1 is a cross-sectional view showing an automotive alternator according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. In the figure, a vehicular AC generator (rotary electric machine) 1 includes a rotor 2 that is rotated about an axis, a cylindrical stator 3 that is disposed at a radially outer position of the rotor 2 and surrounds the outer periphery of the rotor 2. , A case 4 that supports the rotor 2 and the stator 3, a cooling fan 5 that is provided in the rotor 2 and generates cooling air by being rotated integrally with the rotor 2, and provided in the case 4, And a brush device 6 for supplying power. The rotor 2 and the stator 3 constitute a generator main body (rotary electric machine main body).

  The rotor 2 includes a rotating shaft 7 disposed on the axis of the rotor 2 and a rotor body 8 provided in the rotating shaft 7 and accommodated in the case 4. The rotor body 8 includes a field coil 9 that generates a magnetic flux by power supply from the brush device 6, and a pole core 10 that is provided with the field coil 9 and has a magnetic pole formed by the magnetic flux generated by the field coil 9. ing.

  The stator 3 is fixed in the case 4. The stator 3 is provided in the cylindrical stator core 11 surrounding the rotor body 8 and the stator core 11, and the AC electromotive force is generated by changing the magnetic flux from the field coil 9 as the rotor 2 rotates. And a stator coil 12 for generating The case 4 is provided with a rectifier that rectifies an alternating current generated in the stator 3 into a direct current, a voltage regulator that adjusts the magnitude of the alternating voltage generated in the stator 3, and the like.

  The case 4 includes an aluminum front side frame 13 and a rear side frame 14 each having a substantially bowl shape. The front side frame 13 and the rear side frame 14 are fixed to each other by a plurality of bolts (not shown) in a state where the respective openings are aligned. Each of the front side frame 13 and the rear side frame 14 faces the rotor 2 and the stator 3 in the axial direction of the rotor 2.

  The rotating shaft 7 passes through the center of each of the front side frame 13 and the rear side frame 14. The rotating shaft 7 is rotatably supported on each of the front side frame 13 and the rear side frame 14 via a bearing 15.

  The cooling fans 5 are respectively fixed to both end faces in the axial direction of the rotor body 8. Accordingly, the cooling fan 5 fixed to one end face of the rotor body 8 is covered with the front side frame 13, and the cooling fan 5 fixed to the other end face of the rotor body 8 is covered with the rear side frame 14.

  The brush device 6 includes a pair of slip rings 16 fixed to a rear portion of the rotating shaft 7 and a pair of brushes 17 provided in the case 4 and individually contacting each slip ring 16. . When the rotating shaft 7 is rotating, each slip ring 16 rotates about the axis of the rotating shaft 7 while sliding on each brush 17.

  A pulley 18 around which a transmission belt (not shown) for transmitting power is wound is fixed to an end portion of the rotating shaft 7 protruding from the front frame 13 to the outside of the case 4.

  FIG. 2 is a perspective view showing the front side frame 13 when viewed from the outside of the case 4 of FIG. FIG. 3 is a perspective view showing the cooling fan 5 and the front side frame 13 when viewed from the inside of the case 4 of FIG. In the figure, the front side frame 13 is arranged with an annular outer frame portion 19 arranged coaxially with the rotor 2, and is arranged coaxially with the outer frame portion 19, and more in the axial direction of the rotor 2 than the outer frame portion 19. A ring-shaped intermediate frame portion 20 arranged at a position away from 8, a through hole 21 through which the rotation shaft 7 is passed, a boss portion 22 arranged at a position inside the intermediate frame portion 20, and the intermediate frame A plurality of spokes 23 connected between the portion 20 and the boss portion 22 and a plurality of ribs 24 connected between the outer frame portion 19 and the intermediate frame portion 20 are provided.

  The front side frame 13 is fixed to the rear side frame 14 with the outer frame portion 19 in contact with the rear side frame 14. As shown in FIG. 3, a step portion 19 a into which the stator core 11 is fitted is provided on the inner peripheral portion of the outer frame portion 19.

  Each spoke 23 is disposed at a position facing the cooling fan 5 in the axial direction of the rotor 2. Further, the spokes 23 are arranged along the radial direction of the front side frame 13 and are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13. As a result, a plurality of air inlets 25 partitioned by the spokes 23 are formed at positions between the intermediate frame portion 20 and the boss portion 22 in the front side frame 13.

  Each rib 24 is disposed at a radially outer position of the cooling fan 5. Further, the ribs 24 are arranged at intervals in the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13. Accordingly, a plurality of exhaust ports 26 partitioned by the ribs 24 are formed at positions between the outer frame portion 19 and the intermediate frame portion 20 in the front side frame 13.

  Cooling air generated by the rotation of the cooling fan 5 is sent from the outside of the case 4 into the case 4 through each intake port 25. The cooling air sent into the case 4 through each intake port 25 flows to the outside in the radial direction of the front side frame 13 in the case 4, and is then discharged out of the case 4 through each exhaust port 26. The cooling air flows while contacting the front side frame 13, thereby exchanging heat with the front side frame 13. The front side frame 13 is cooled by heat exchange with the cooling air.

  The speed of the cooling air at the radially outer position of the cooling fan 5 depends not only on the radial component of the front frame 13 (radial component) but also on the circumferential direction of the front frame 13 due to the rotation of the cooling fan 5. The component (circumferential component) is also included. The circumferential component of the speed of the cooling air is often larger than the radial component of the speed of the cooling air because the influence of the rotational energy received from the cooling fan 5 is large.

  On the surface of each rib 24 on the cooling fan 5 side (inner surface of each rib 24), a plurality of air guide grooves 27 along the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13 are provided side by side in the axial direction of the rotor 2. The cooling air sent from the cooling fan 5 to the outside in the radial direction is guided to the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13 while being guided by the air guide grooves 27, and then is discharged out of the case 4 through the exhaust ports 26. The

  FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing the main parts of the cooling fan 5 and the front side frame 13 of FIG. A part of the inner surface of each rib 24 is an axis parallel surface perpendicular to a straight line along the radial direction of the front side frame 13. Each air guide groove 27 is provided on the axially parallel surface of the rib 24.

  The inner surface of each air guide groove 27 is constituted by a pair of groove side surfaces 27 a and 27 b that form lines along the length direction of the air guide groove 27 by intersecting at the lower end in the depth direction of the air guide groove 27. . The groove side surfaces 27 a and 27 b are inclined in directions opposite to each other with respect to a plane perpendicular to a straight line along the width direction of the air guide groove 27. Thereby, the width dimension of each air guide groove 27 (that is, the distance between the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b) continuously decreases from the upper end in the depth direction to the lower end in the depth direction of the air guide groove 27. ing. In other words, the cross-sectional shape in each air guide groove 27 is a line segment connecting the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b along the width direction of the air guide groove 27 at the upper end in the depth direction of the air guide groove 27, with the bottom side being a guide. It is a triangle whose apex is the point where the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b intersect at the lower end in the depth direction of the air groove 27.

  In this example, the air guide grooves 27 are arranged without gaps, and as shown in FIG. 4, the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b are alternately continuous. That is, the shape of the rib 24 on the side of the cooling fan 5 is a sawtooth shape.

  Here, when the distance between the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b is reduced, the resistance to the cooling air is increased, so that the cooling air is less likely to flow through the air guide groove 27. As a result, the flow velocity of the cooling air flowing through each of the air guide grooves 27 decreases, and the amount of heat exchange between the cooling air and the ribs 24 decreases. For this reason, in order to suppress a decrease in the amount of heat exchange between the cooling air and the ribs 24, the angle θ formed by the groove side surface 27a and the groove side surface 27b is desirably 30 degrees or more.

  Next, a method for manufacturing the front side frame 13 will be described. First, a substantially shaped frame is formed by casting such as sand mold casting or aluminum die casting. That is, molten metal (in this example, molten aluminum) is poured into a mold in which two split molds having a plane perpendicular to the axis of the frame as a split surface are combined, and each split mold is removed after the metal is solidified. Then, a frame having a general shape is molded.

  Thereafter, the inner surface of the substantially shaped frame is cut by, for example, a lathe to form a plurality of air guide grooves 27 on the inner surface of the frame. Thereby, the front side frame 13 is completed.

  In such a vehicular AC generator, the ribs 24 of the front side frame 13 are spaced apart from each other at positions radially outside the cooling fan 5, and the surface of the rib 24 on the cooling fan 5 side has a front surface. Since a plurality of air guide grooves 27 are provided along the circumferential direction of the side frame 13, the cooling air sent from the cooling fan 5 to the outside in the radial direction is guided by the air guide grooves 27 to surround the front side frame 13. Can lead to the direction. Since the speed of the cooling air from the cooling fan 5 is larger in the circumferential direction component than the radial direction component, the cooling air is guided to the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13, so that it is difficult for the ribs 24 to peel off. Further, by providing each air guide groove 27 on the rib 24, the surface area on the inner surface of each rib 24 can also be increased. Thereby, the heat exchange amount between the cooling air and the front side frame 13 can be increased, and the cooling performance of the front side frame 13 can be improved.

  In the above example, the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b intersect so that the apex is formed at the lower end in the depth direction of the air guide groove 27 in the cross section of the air guide groove 27. It is good also considering the part where each groove | channel side surface 27a, 27b cross | intersects in a vertical direction lower part as a curved surface. In this way, it is possible to reduce the area where the distance between the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b becomes small at the lower end in the depth direction of the air guide groove 27, and to reduce the speed of the cooling air flowing in the air guide groove 27. Can be further suppressed.

Embodiment 2. FIG.
In Embodiment 1, the cross-sectional shape in the air guide groove 27 is a triangle, but the cross-sectional shape in the air guide groove 27 may be a square.

  That is, FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a main part of an automotive alternator according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention. In the drawing, the inner surface of each air guide groove 27 is constituted by a pair of groove side surfaces 27 a and 27 b that face each other in the width direction of the air guide groove 27, and a groove bottom surface 27 c that is located at the lower end in the depth direction of the air guide groove 27. Has been. The groove side surfaces 27 a and 27 b are surfaces perpendicular to the axis of the rotor 2, and the groove bottom surface 27 c is a surface along the axis of the rotor 2. That is, the cross-sectional shape of each air guide groove 27 is a quadrangle (rectangle). The air guide grooves 27 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the axial direction of the rotor 2.

  Here, when the depth dimension d of the air guide groove 27 is increased, the surface area of the inner surface of the rib 24 can be increased. However, the depth dimension d of the air guide groove 27 is larger than the width dimension w of the air guide groove 27. If it becomes extremely large, the resistance to the cooling air becomes large, and the cooling air becomes difficult to flow in the air guide groove 27. Therefore, in order to make the cooling air easily flow in the air guide groove 27, the ratio (w / d) of the width dimension w of the air guide groove 27 and the depth dimension d of the air guide groove 27 is 1/4 or more. Is desirable. Other configurations are the same as those in the first embodiment.

  Even in such a configuration, the cooling air can be guided to the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13 by the respective air guide grooves 27, so that the cooling air can be made difficult to peel from the rib 24 and the rib 24 The surface area of the inner surface can be increased. Therefore, the cooling performance of the front side frame 13 can be improved.

  Further, since the cross-sectional shape in the air guide groove 27 is a quadrangle, the surface area on the inner surface of the rib 24 can be further increased as compared with the case where the cross-sectional shape in the air guide groove 27 is a triangle.

  In the above example, apexes are formed at the intersections of the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b and the groove bottom surface 27c in the cross section of the air guide groove 27, but the groove side surfaces 27a and 27b and the groove bottom surface 27c intersect. The part may be a curved surface. If it does in this way, the resistance with respect to a cooling wind can be reduced in the corner of the depth direction lower end part of the wind guide groove 27, and the fall of the speed of the cooling wind which flows through the inside of the wind guide groove 27 can further be suppressed. .

Embodiment 3 FIG.
In Embodiment 2, the cross-sectional shape in the air guide groove 27 is a square, but the cross-sectional shape in the air guide groove 27 may be a semicircular shape.

  That is, FIG. 6 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a main part of an automotive alternator according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention. In the figure, the cross-sectional shape of the inner surface of each air guide groove 27 is an arc shape. In this example, the cross-sectional shape of the inner surface of each air guide groove 27 is a semicircle (center angle is 180 degrees). Thus, when the diameter of the circle forming the arc of the inner surface of the air guide groove 27 is L, the surface area of the inner surface of the rib 24 is (π) compared to the case where the air guide groove 27 is not provided on the inner surface of the rib 24. XL / 2-L). The air guide grooves 27 are arranged at predetermined intervals in the axial direction of the rotor 2. Other configurations are the same as those of the second embodiment.

  Even in such a configuration, the cooling air can be guided to the circumferential direction of the front side frame 13 by the respective air guide grooves 27, so that the cooling air can be made difficult to peel from the rib 24 and the rib 24 The surface area of the inner surface can be increased. Therefore, the cooling performance of the front side frame 13 can be improved. Moreover, since the cross-sectional shape of the inner surface of the air guide groove 27 is an arc, the entire inner surface of the air guide groove 27 can be made smooth. Thereby, the resistance with respect to the cooling air can be further reduced, and the decrease in the speed of the cooling air flowing through the air guide groove 27 can be further suppressed.

  In the above example, the air guide grooves 27 are arranged at predetermined intervals, but as shown in FIG. 7, the air guide grooves 27 may be arranged side by side without any gap.

Embodiment 4 FIG.
FIG. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a main part of an automotive alternator according to Embodiment 4 of the present invention. In the figure, a part of the inner surface of each rib 24 is an axially inclined surface that is inclined with respect to the axis of the rotor 2 in a direction away from the axis of the rotor 2 as it approaches the stator 3. Each air guide groove 27 is provided on the axially inclined surface of the rib 24.

  The inner surface of each air guide groove 27 is configured by a first groove side surface 27 a perpendicular to the axis of the rotor 2 and a second groove side surface 27 b along the axis of the rotor 2. Therefore, when the axial inclined surface of the rib 24 is viewed along the axial direction of the rotor 2, each air guide groove 27 is formed in the rib 24 so that the entire inner surface of each air guide groove 27 can be seen without being hidden. . In this example, the width dimension w1 of the first groove side surface 27a is smaller than the width dimension w2 of the second groove side surface 27b. Further, the air guide grooves 27 are arranged side by side on the axially inclined surface of the rib 24 without a gap. Thereby, the shape of the portion on the cooling fan 5 side of the rib 24 has a stepped shape due to the first groove side surface 27a and the second groove side surface 27b being alternately continued. Other configurations are the same as those in the first embodiment.

  Next, a method for manufacturing the front side frame 13 will be described. First, molten metal (molten aluminum in this example) is poured into a mold in which two divided molds having a plane perpendicular to the axis of the frame as divided surfaces are combined. Thereafter, the front side frame 13 is molded in a state where the air guide grooves 27 are formed on the inner surfaces of the ribs 24 by the metal solidifying in the mold. That is, each air guide groove 27 is formed simultaneously with the casting of the front side frame 13. Thereafter, the front-side frame 13 is completed by removing each of the split molds in a direction perpendicular to the split surface.

  In this example, each wind guide groove 27 is formed on the axially inclined surface of the rib 24, and when the axially inclined surface of the rib 24 is viewed along the axial direction of the rotor 2, the respective wind guide grooves 27 do not overlap each other. Since all the inner surfaces of the air guide grooves 27 can be seen without being hidden, even if the air guide grooves 27 are formed on the inner surface of the rib 24 by casting, the split mold is removed when the split mold is removed. Is not caught in each air guide groove 27.

  In such a vehicular AC generator, the surface of the rib 24 on the cooling fan 5 side includes an axially inclined surface that is inclined with respect to the axis of the rotor 2 in a direction away from the axis of the rotor 2 as it approaches the stator 3. Since the air guide groove 27 is provided on the axially inclined surface of the rib 24, the surface area of the inner surface of the rib 24 can be further increased. Thereby, the cooling performance of the front side frame 13 can be further improved. Further, since the air guide grooves 27 can be arranged so that the air guide grooves 27 do not overlap with each other when the axially inclined surface of the rib 24 is viewed along the axial direction of the rotor 2, Even if each of the air guide grooves 27 is formed by casting, the split mold can be removed without being caught by the air guide grooves 27. Accordingly, the air guide grooves 27 can be molded together at the time of casting the front side frame 13, and the trouble of providing the air guide grooves 27 on the inner surface of the rib 24 by cutting process different from casting can be eliminated. . Thereby, manufacture of the front side frame 13 can be made easy.

  Further, the inner surface of each air guide groove 27 is constituted by a first groove side surface 27a perpendicular to the axis of the rotor 2 and a second groove side surface 27b along the axis of the rotor 2, and the first groove side Since the side surface 27a and the second groove side surface 27b are alternately continuous, the shape of the portion of the rib 24 on the cooling fan 5 side is stepped, so that the cooling performance of the front side frame 13 is improved. Can do. Further, when the front side frame 13 is cast, the air guide grooves 27 can be molded together, and it is not necessary to perform cutting work to form the air guide grooves 27 on the inner surface of the rib 24. 13 can be easily manufactured.

  In the above example, the apex is formed at the intersection of the first groove side surface 27a and the second groove side surface 27b in the cross section of the air guide groove 27. However, the first groove side surface 27a and the second groove side surface 27b A portion where the groove side surface 27b intersects may be a curved surface.

  Further, the position of the inclined shaft surface on the inner surface of the rib 24 may be made different according to the amount of cooling air from the cooling fan 5. Here, the cooling air sent radially outward from the cooling fan 5 flows closer to the stator 3 as the air volume increases. Therefore, when the amount of cooling air flowing by the cooling fan 5 is large, the position of the axially inclined surface of the rib 24 is set close to the stator 3, and when the amount of cooling air flowing by the cooling fan 5 is small, the rib 24 The position of the inclined shaft surface may be a position away from the stator 3.

Embodiment 5 FIG.
FIG. 9 is a schematic cross-sectional view showing a main part of an automotive alternator according to Embodiment 5 of the present invention. A plurality of narrow grooves 31 along the length direction of the air guide groove 27 are provided side by side on the first groove side surface 27 a perpendicular to the axis of the rotor 2. Each narrow groove 31 is formed in the rib 24 so that when the axial inclined surface of the rib 24 is viewed along the axial direction of the rotor 2, the entire inner surface of each narrow groove 31 can be seen without being hidden. In this example, the cross-sectional shape in each narrow groove 31 is a triangle. The second groove side surface 27b along the axis of the rotor 2 is a smooth surface. Other configurations are the same as those of the fourth embodiment.

  As described above, since the plurality of narrow grooves 31 along the length direction of the air guide groove 27 are provided in the first groove side surface 27a, the surface area of the inner surface of the rib 24 can be further increased. Thereby, the cooling performance of the front side frame 13 can be further improved. Moreover, since each narrow groove 31 can be provided in the 1st groove | channel side surface 27a so that all the inner surfaces of the narrow groove 31 may not be hidden when seeing the axial inclined surface of the rib 24 along the axial direction of the rotor 2. FIG. Each of the air guide grooves 27 and each of the narrow grooves 31 can be molded together when the front frame 13 is cast. Thereby, manufacture of the front side frame 13 can be made easy.

  In the above example, the cross-sectional shape in each narrow groove 31 is triangular. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the cross-sectional shape in each narrow groove 31 may be, for example, a square or a semicircle.

  In the above example, the plurality of narrow grooves 31 are provided only on the first groove side surface 27a. However, the plurality of narrow grooves 31 are provided on each of the first groove side surface 27a and the second groove side surface 27b. May be. In this way, the surface area of the inner surface of the rib 24 can be further increased.

Embodiment 6 FIG.
In each of the embodiments described above, the present invention is applied to a vehicle AC generator. However, the present invention may be applied to a generator motor that is a rotating electric machine.

  That is, FIG. 10 is a side sectional view showing an automotive alternator motor according to Embodiment 6 of the present invention. FIG. 11 is a perspective view showing the rotor of FIG. In the figure, an AC generator motor (rotating electric machine) 41 for a vehicle is a Randel-type rotor 42 that rotates about an axis, and a cylindrical shape that is disposed at a position radially outside the rotor 42 and surrounds the outer periphery of the rotor 42. Stator 43, rotor 42, case 44 that supports stator 43, a cooling fan 45 that is provided in rotor 42 and generates cooling air by rotating integrally with rotor 42, and provided in case 44, the rotor And a brush device 46 for supplying power to 42. The rotor 42 and the stator 43 constitute a generator motor main body (rotary electric machine main body).

  The rotor 42 includes a rotating shaft 47 disposed on the axis of the rotor 42, and a rotor body 48 provided on the rotating shaft 47 and accommodated in the case 44. The rotor body 48 includes a field coil 49 that generates a magnetic flux by power supply from the brush device 46, and a pole core 50 that is provided with the field coil 49 and that forms a magnetic pole by the magnetic flux generated by the field coil 49. ing.

  The pole core 50 includes a first pole core portion 51 and a second pole core portion 52 that are alternately meshed with each other. As shown in FIG. 11, the first pole core portion 51 and the second pole core portion 52 have claw-shaped magnetic poles 53 and 54, respectively. A permanent magnet 55 that is magnetized in such a direction as to reduce leakage of magnetic flux between the claw-shaped magnetic poles 53 and 54 is fixed to the adjacent claw-shaped magnetic poles 53 and 54.

  The stator 43 is fixed in the case 44. The stator 43 is provided on the cylindrical stator core 56 surrounding the rotor body 48 and the stator core 56, and the AC electromotive force is generated by changing the magnetic flux from the field coil 49 as the rotor 42 rotates. And a stator coil 57 for generating In the case 44, a rectifier that rectifies an alternating current generated in the stator 43 into a direct current, a voltage regulator that adjusts the magnitude of the alternating voltage generated in the stator 43, and the like are provided.

  The case 44 includes an aluminum front side frame 58 and a rear side frame 59 each having a substantially bowl shape. The front side frame 58 and the rear side frame 59 are fixed to each other by a plurality of bolts in a state where the respective opening portions are opposed to each other. Each of the front side frame 58 and the rear side frame 59 faces the rotor 42 and the stator 43 in the axial direction of the rotor 42.

  The rotating shaft 47 passes through the center of each of the front side frame 58 and the rear side frame 59. The rotating shaft 47 is rotatably supported by the front side frame 58 and the rear side frame 59 via bearings 60.

  The cooling fans 45 are respectively fixed to both end faces in the axial direction of the rotor body 48. Therefore, the cooling fan 45 fixed to one end surface of the rotor body 48 is covered with the front side frame 58, and the cooling fan 45 fixed to the other end surface of the rotor body 48 is covered with the rear side frame 59.

  The brush device 46 includes a pair of slip rings 61 fixed to a rear side portion of the rotating shaft 47 and a pair of brushes 62 provided in the case 44 and individually contacting each slip ring 61. . When the rotating shaft 47 is rotating, each slip ring 61 rotates about the axis of the rotating shaft 47 while sliding on each brush 62.

  The configuration of the front side frame 58 is the same as the configuration of the front side frame 13 of the first embodiment. A plurality of air guide grooves 27 along the circumferential direction of the front side frame 58 are provided side by side in the axial direction of the rotor 42 on the surface of each rib 24 of the front side frame 58 on the cooling fan 45 side. The structure of each air guide groove 27 is the same as that of the air guide groove 27 of the first embodiment.

  A pulley 63 around which a transmission belt (not shown) for transmitting power is wound is fixed to an end portion of the rotating shaft 47 that protrudes out of the case 44 from the front side frame 58. The rear frame 59 is provided with a terminal block 64 for connection to an inverter circuit (not shown). A wiring board 65 is connected to the terminal block 64.

  Next, the operation when the generator motor 41 is used as a generator will be described. A current is supplied from a battery (not shown) to the field coil 49 through the brush 62 and the slip ring 61 to generate a magnetic flux. The claw-shaped magnetic pole 53 of the first pole core portion 51 is magnetized with an N pole. The claw-shaped magnetic pole 54 of the second pole core portion 52 is magnetized with an S pole. On the other hand, when the pulley 63 is driven by the engine, the rotor 42 rotates, so that a rotating magnetic field is applied to the stator coil 57 and an electromotive force is generated in the stator coil 57. The AC electromotive force is rectified to a direct current through a rectifier, and its size is adjusted by a voltage regulator to charge the battery.

  Next, the operation when the generator motor 41 is used as an electric motor will be described. An alternating current is supplied to the stator coil 57 when the engine is started. The field current is supplied to the field coil 49 through the brush 62 and the slip ring 61 to generate a magnetic flux. The claw-shaped magnetic pole 53 of the first pole core 51 is magnetized with the N pole, and the second pole core. An S pole is magnetized on the claw-shaped magnetic pole 54 of the portion 52. The stator coil 57 and the rotor body 48 act as electromagnets, and the rotor body 48 rotates in the stator 43 together with the rotating shaft 47. The rotational force of the rotary shaft 47 is transmitted to the output shaft of the engine via the pulley 63, and the engine is started.

  Thus, even if the present invention is applied to the generator motor 41, the cooling air sent radially outward from the cooling fan 45 can be guided in the circumferential direction of the front side frame 58 by the guidance of each air guide groove 27. . Thereby, the amount of heat exchange between the cooling air and the front side frame 58 can be increased, and the cooling performance of the front side frame 58 can be improved.

  In the above example, the configuration of the front side frame 13 and each wind guide groove 27 of the first embodiment is applied to the generator motor 41, but the front side frame 13 and each wind guide of the second to fifth embodiments. The configuration of the groove 27 may be applied to the generator motor 41.

  In the fourth and fifth embodiments, the first groove side surface 27 a is perpendicular to the axis of the rotor 2, but the first groove side surface 27 a may be inclined with respect to the axis of the rotor 2. Furthermore, in the fourth and fifth embodiments, the second groove side surface 27b is a surface along the axis of the rotor 2, but the second groove side surface 27b may be inclined with respect to the axis of the rotor 2. .

  In each of the above embodiments, the air guide grooves 27 are provided only in the front frames 13 and 43. However, the rear frames 14 and 44 are provided with a plurality of air guide grooves along the circumferential direction. Also good.

  Moreover, in each said embodiment, although the cross-sectional shape of each wind guide groove 27 is the same, in the direction which goes to the stators 3 and 43 from the intermediate frame part 20, the cross-sectional shape of each wind guide groove 27 mutually differs. You may do it. If the cross-sectional shapes of the air guide grooves 27 are different from each other, the way in which the cooling air flows into the air guide grooves 27 is different, and minute pressure fluctuations that become noise sources also occur in each of the air guide grooves 27. Different. When the pressure fluctuation is the same in each air guide groove 27, the sound phase is aligned and the noise increases, but by making the cross-sectional shapes of the air guide grooves 27 different from each other, the sound phase is randomized and the noise is reduced. Can be reduced.

  In each of the above embodiments, the present invention is applied to a vehicular AC generator or a vehicular generator-motor. However, the present invention is not limited to a vehicular AC generator or a vehicular generator-motor, but for example, a rotating electric machine such as an electric motor. You may apply this invention.

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Vehicle alternator (rotary electric machine), 2,42 Rotor, 3,43 Stator, 5,45 Cooling fan, 13,58 Front side frame, 24 Rib, 26 Exhaust port, 27 Air guide groove, 27a 1st Groove side surface, 27b second groove side surface, 31 narrow groove, 41 AC generator motor (rotary electric machine) for vehicle.

Claims (4)

  1. A rotating electrical machine main body having a rotor rotated about an axis, and a stator disposed at a radially outer position of the rotor;
    A frame that supports the rotating electrical machine main body, and a cooling fan that is provided on the rotor and is covered with the frame and that generates cooling air by being rotated integrally with the rotor,
    The frame has a plurality of ribs spaced from each other at positions radially outside the cooling fan,
    The frame is formed with an exhaust port that is partitioned by the ribs and allows the cooling air to pass through.
    A rotating electrical machine comprising a plurality of air guide grooves along a circumferential direction of the frame on a surface of the rib on the cooling fan side.
  2.   2. The rotating electrical machine according to claim 1, wherein the surface of the rib on the cooling fan side is inclined with respect to the axis of the rotor in a direction away from the axis of the rotor as it approaches the rotating electrical machine main body. .
  3. The inner surface of each of the air guide grooves is constituted by a first groove side surface perpendicular to the axis of the rotor and a second groove side surface along the axis of the rotor,
    The shape of the portion on the cooling fan side of the rib has a stepped shape by alternately continuing the first groove side surface and the second groove side surface. Rotating electric machine.
  4.   The rotating electrical machine according to claim 3, wherein a plurality of narrow grooves are provided along the air guide groove on the side surface of the first groove.
JP2010175361A 2010-08-04 2010-08-04 Rotating electric machine Active JP5404553B2 (en)

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CN111819766A (en) * 2018-03-13 2020-10-23 日本电产株式会社 Motor with a stator having a stator core

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JP2973749B2 (en) * 1992-06-18 1999-11-08 富士電機株式会社 Electric motor
JP3561927B2 (en) * 1993-07-28 2004-09-08 株式会社デンソー AC generator for vehicles
JP3951466B2 (en) * 1998-08-25 2007-08-01 株式会社デンソー AC generator for vehicles
JP4007229B2 (en) * 2002-08-30 2007-11-14 株式会社デンソー AC generator for vehicles
JP4817800B2 (en) * 2005-10-27 2011-11-16 株式会社東芝 Fully enclosed electric motor for vehicle drive
JP4797779B2 (en) * 2006-04-27 2011-10-19 株式会社デンソー AC generator for vehicles
JP4889517B2 (en) * 2007-01-31 2012-03-07 三菱電機株式会社 Rotating electrical machine equipment

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