JP5361320B2 - Three-dimensional warp knitted fabric and fiber product using the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric - Google Patents

Three-dimensional warp knitted fabric and fiber product using the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric Download PDF

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JP5361320B2
JP5361320B2 JP2008263053A JP2008263053A JP5361320B2 JP 5361320 B2 JP5361320 B2 JP 5361320B2 JP 2008263053 A JP2008263053 A JP 2008263053A JP 2008263053 A JP2008263053 A JP 2008263053A JP 5361320 B2 JP5361320 B2 JP 5361320B2
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knitted fabric
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JP2009108465A (en
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克子 堀井
佳央 品川
文雄 白崎
克彦 柳
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株式会社ワコール
セーレン株式会社
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Abstract

The present invention provides a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric, which has a structure that in a section along the radial direction, a connecting line sloping to the surfaces of the first basis weave and second basis weave connects the first basis weave and second basis weave. In the structure, the first basis weave has rings disconnected to the connecting line in a preset interval, while each ring of the second basis weave is respectively connected to a connecting line.

Description

本発明は、立体構造経編地及び該立体構造経編地を用いてなる繊維製品に関し、詳しくは、立体構造経編地の優れたクッション性や厚み保持性、形態安定性を保持したまま、通気性や風合いを向上させた立体構造経編地及び該立体構造経編地を用いてなる繊維製品に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric and a fiber product using the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric, and more specifically, while maintaining excellent cushioning properties, thickness retention, and shape stability of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric, The present invention relates to a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric with improved air permeability and texture, and a fiber product using the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric.
従来、ブラジャー用カップ材などの素材として、ウレタンフォームや不織布素材などが用いられている。
前記ウレタンフォームは、洗濯耐久性や圧縮回復耐久性に優れるものの、通気性が悪いため着用時の発汗による蒸れが発生しやすいという問題がある。さらに、耐光性が悪いため紫外線によって黄変劣化しやすい等の問題もある。
一方、不織布素材は通気性には優れるが、圧縮回復耐久性に劣り、型崩れが発生しやすいという問題がある。
Conventionally, urethane foam and non-woven fabric materials are used as materials for brassiere cup materials and the like.
Although the urethane foam is excellent in washing durability and compression recovery durability, there is a problem that stuffiness due to perspiration at the time of wearing tends to occur due to poor breathability. Furthermore, there is a problem that the light resistance is poor and yellowing is easily deteriorated by ultraviolet rays.
On the other hand, the nonwoven fabric material is excellent in air permeability, but has a problem that it is inferior in compression recovery durability and easily loses its shape.
近年、二つの地組織と該二つの地組織を連結する連結糸からなる立体構造経編地がその優れた反発性、クッション性などから多岐の分野にわたって利用されるようになっており、衣料分野においては一般衣料やスポーツ衣料、インナー衣料等に、更に資材分野においてはインテリア表皮材などに広く利用されている。特に、形態安定性や洗濯耐久性に優れた前記立体構造経編地は、ブラジャー用カップ材等の素材として注目されている。   In recent years, a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric composed of two ground structures and connecting yarns connecting the two ground structures has come to be used in various fields due to its excellent resilience, cushioning properties, etc. Is widely used for general clothing, sports clothing, inner clothing, etc., and in the material field, it is widely used for interior skin materials. In particular, the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric excellent in form stability and washing durability has been attracting attention as a material such as a brassiere cup material.
従来、立体構造編地1は、図9に示すコース方向に沿った概略断面図のように、1本の連結糸4が第1の地組織2と第2の地組織3のすべてのループに連結編成されている。即ち、編針数と同数の編糸で地組織が編成され、これに対応する連結糸が第1の地組織2と第2の地組織3のすべてのループに連結編成されており、連結糸4の地組織2、3に対する角度を変化させたり(図10)、連結糸4の繊度を変化させたりすることによって、立体構造経編地1の厚み保持性やクッション性を向上させている。   Conventionally, in the three-dimensional structure knitted fabric 1, as shown in the schematic cross-sectional view along the course direction shown in FIG. 9, one connecting thread 4 is provided in all the loops of the first ground structure 2 and the second ground structure 3. It is consolidated. That is, the ground structure is knitted with the same number of knitting yarns as the number of knitting needles, and the corresponding connecting yarns are connected and knitted to all the loops of the first ground structure 2 and the second ground structure 3. The thickness retention property and cushioning property of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 1 are improved by changing the angle with respect to the ground structures 2 and 3 (FIG. 10) and changing the fineness of the connecting yarn 4.
一方、前記立体構造経編地は風合いが比較的硬めであり、クッション性を高めるために連結糸にモノフィラメント糸を用いる場合がある。しかしながら、この場合、編地に圧力が加わると、モノフィラメント糸が地組織の隙間や縫製部から飛び出し、肌着の素材として用いると、肌を刺激して不快感を与える場合がある。また、前記立体構造経編地では、肌と接触している部分で空気の循環が十分に行われず、蒸れの解消が不十分な場合がある。   On the other hand, the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric has a relatively hard texture, and a monofilament yarn may be used as a connecting yarn in order to improve cushioning properties. However, in this case, when pressure is applied to the knitted fabric, the monofilament yarn may jump out from the gaps or the sewing portion of the ground structure, and when used as an underwear material, the skin may be stimulated and uncomfortable. Moreover, in the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, air circulation is not fully performed in the part which is in contact with skin, and cancellation | disappearance of steam may be inadequate.
そこで、特開2000−160459号公報(特許文献1)では、前記のような肌への刺激をなくすために、連結糸としてマルチフィラメント糸を用いた立体構造経編地が提案されている。
しかし、前記マルチフィラメント糸では糸が柔らかく、立体構造経編地のクッション性や厚み保持性が低下しやすいことから、クッション性や厚み保持性を維持するために、連結糸の繊度を大きくしたり、連結糸の本数を多くしたりして、連結糸の硬さを高める方法がとられている。しかし、該方法では、立体構造経編地の目付けが重くなり、かつ、地組織間に多くの連結糸を連結することによって連結糸間の空隙が少なくなって通気性が悪化し、さらに、布帛が硬くなりやすい問題がある。
Therefore, Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2000-160459 (Patent Document 1) proposes a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric using multifilament yarns as connecting yarns in order to eliminate the irritation to the skin as described above.
However, in the multifilament yarn, the yarn is soft, and the cushioning property and thickness retention of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric are liable to decrease. Therefore, in order to maintain cushioning and thickness retention, the fineness of the connecting yarn is increased. A method of increasing the hardness of the connecting yarn by increasing the number of connecting yarns is used. However, in this method, the fabric weight of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric becomes heavy, and by connecting many connecting yarns between the ground structures, the gap between the connecting yarns is reduced and the air permeability is deteriorated. There is a problem that tends to become hard.
また、特開平11−200106号公報(特許文献2)では、立体構造経編地の表裏2枚の編地のうち、少なくとも肌側の糸としてセルロース系長繊維を用いて、蒸れ感を抑えたブラジャーカップ材が提案されている。
しかし、前記構成としても、着用時に発汗量が多い場合には十分な蒸れ感を抑えることができず、また、洗濯回数を増やすと風合いが変化するという問題もある。
Moreover, in Unexamined-Japanese-Patent No. 11-200106 (patent document 2), among two knitted fabrics of the front and back of a three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, a cellulosic long fiber was used as a thread on at least the skin side to suppress the feeling of stuffiness. Bra cup materials have been proposed.
However, even if it has the said structure, when there is much sweating amount at the time of wear, there is also a problem that a feeling of suffice cannot be suppressed and the texture changes when the number of washings is increased.
特開2000−160459号公報JP 2000-160459 A 特開平11−200106号公報JP-A-11-200106
本発明は前記問題に鑑みてなされたものであり、立体構造経編地の優れたクッション性や厚み保持性、形態安定性を保持したまま、通気性を向上させて蒸れ感を抑制すると共に、風合いを向上させた立体構造経編地を提供することを課題としている。
また、前記立体構造経編地を用いてなる繊維製品を提供し、ブラジャーのカップ部など肌に接触する部分に用いたときの着用感を高めることを課題としている。
The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and while maintaining excellent cushioning and thickness retention of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, and form stability, it improves air permeability and suppresses the feeling of stuffiness, The object is to provide a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric with improved texture.
Moreover, the textile product which uses the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric is provided, and it makes it the subject to raise a feeling of wear when it uses for the part which contacts skin, such as a cup part of a brassiere.
前記課題を解決するため、本発明は、第1の発明として、立体構造編地のコース方向断面において、表面に開口部のない平坦な組織である二つの地組織面に対して斜交した連結糸が前記二つの地組織を連結している構造を含む立体構造経編地であって、
前記二つの地組織のうち、一方の第1地組織は前記連結糸と連結されていないループを所要の間隔で備えている一方、
他方の第2地組織は、すべてのループが1本の連結糸と連結編成されていることを特徴とする立体構造経編地を提供している。
In order to solve the above problems, as a first aspect of the present invention, in the cross section in the course direction of a three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, the present invention obliquely intersects two ground texture planes that are flat structures having no openings on the surface . A three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric including a structure in which a connecting yarn connects the two ground structures,
Among the two ground structures, one of the first ground structures is provided with loops that are not connected to the connecting yarn at a required interval,
The other second ground structure provides a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric characterized in that all loops are connected and knitted with one connecting yarn.
前記のように、第2地組織では全てのループに1本の連結糸を連結しているため、連結糸の本数や連結数は従来と同様であるが、第1地組織では連結糸と連結していないループを設けているため、第1地組織の連結糸と連結するループには2本以上の連結糸が連結される。即ち、第2地組織から第1地組織に向かって連結糸がコース方向に異なる角度で斜め方向に編成される。例えば、第1地組織に連結糸で連結されたループと連結糸と連結されないループとを交互に設ける構成とする場合、第2地組織で2個のループと編成連結した2本の連結糸を第1地組織で1個のループと連結編成することとなり、連結糸は第1、第2地組織間に略三角状で連結編成される。この略三角形状に連結編成した連結糸がコース方向において第1、第2地組織間に並列に設けられ、第1地組織の連結糸と連結していないループ位置では逆三角形状の空隙が生じる。   As described above, since one connecting thread is connected to all the loops in the second ground structure, the number of connecting threads and the number of connecting threads are the same as the conventional structure, but the first ground structure is connected to the connecting thread. Since the loop which is not provided is provided, two or more connecting yarns are connected to the loop connected to the connecting yarns of the first ground texture. That is, the connecting yarns are knitted obliquely from the second ground structure toward the first ground structure at different angles in the course direction. For example, when it is set as the structure which alternately provides the loop connected with the 1st ground organization with the connecting yarn, and the loop which is not connected with the connecting yarn, two connecting yarns knitted and connected with the 2 loops in the 2nd ground organization are used. The first ground structure is connected and knitted with one loop, and the connected yarn is connected and knitted in a substantially triangular shape between the first and second ground structures. The connected yarns knitted in a substantially triangular shape are provided in parallel between the first and second ground structures in the course direction, and an inverted triangular gap is generated at a loop position not connected to the connected yarns of the first ground texture. .
このように、本発明では、第1地組織には連結糸と連結していないループを設けているため、第1地組織側の通気性を第2地組織側より向上させることができ、かつ、第1、第2地組織のすべてのループを連結糸で連結編成した従来の構造に比べて、連結糸間の空隙が大きくなり、連結糸間の通気性を向上させることができる。よって、立体構造経編地全体の通気性を向上させることができ、発汗による水分をすばやく乾燥させ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感を減少させることができる。   Thus, in the present invention, since the loop that is not connected to the connecting yarn is provided in the first ground texture, the air permeability on the first ground texture side can be improved from the second ground texture side, and Compared with the conventional structure in which all the loops of the first and second ground structures are connected and knitted with the connecting yarn, the gap between the connecting yarns is increased, and the air permeability between the connecting yarns can be improved. Therefore, the air permeability of the entire three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric can be improved, moisture due to sweating can be quickly dried, and the feeling of stuffiness and stickiness can be reduced.
また、連結糸の形状を前記した略三角形状、更には該略三角形状に連結編成した連結糸を第1地組織の隣接するループに形成した場合には略台形状となり、第1、第2地組織のコース方向のずれを発生させにくくでき、優れた形態安定性や厚み保持性、クッション性を保持させることができる。よって、ブラジャー等のカップ部の素材、スポーツ衣料資材のほか、シューズ素材や椅子張り素材等として、より通気性とクッション性とを兼ね備えた素材となる。   Further, when the connecting yarn is formed in the substantially triangular shape as described above, and the connecting yarn knitted to the substantially triangular shape is formed in the adjacent loop of the first ground structure, it becomes a substantially trapezoidal shape. It is difficult to cause a shift in the course direction of the ground structure, and excellent shape stability, thickness retention, and cushioning properties can be maintained. Therefore, in addition to materials for cups such as brassiere, sports clothing materials, shoes materials, chair upholstery materials, etc., the material has more breathability and cushioning properties.
さらに、第1地組織では、連結糸が連結編成されないループが連結糸で連結編成されるループに比べて小さくなり、第1地組織に大小のループが生じ、連結糸で連結されない第1地組織の通気性を第2地組織側より高めることができる。
さらに、連結糸の連結編成されたループの少ない前記第1地組織は、他方の第2地組織に比べて風合いが柔らかくなる。
よって、本発明の立体構造経編地を用いた繊維製品において、第1地組織を肌側として用いると、蒸れを防ぎ着用感を高めることができると共に、着用感をより向上させることもできる。
Further, in the first ground structure, a loop in which the connecting yarn is not connected and knitted is smaller than a loop in which the connecting yarn is connected and knitted, so that a large and small loop is generated in the first ground structure and the first ground structure is not connected by the connecting yarn. Can be improved from the second ground structure side.
Furthermore, the texture of the first ground structure with a small number of loops in which the connecting yarns are knitted is softer than the other second ground texture.
Therefore, in the textile product using the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric of the present invention, when the first ground structure is used as the skin side, it is possible to prevent the stuffiness and enhance the feeling of wearing, and also to improve the feeling of wearing.
前記連結糸で連結される第1、第2地組織のウエル方向は全針で編成して前記ループを設け、コース方向は前記連結糸と第2地組織のループとの編成比率を100%とすると、該連結糸と第1地組織のループとの編成比率は30〜75%としていることが好ましい。該第1地組織における前記連結糸の振り巾を1〜6針とし、該第1地組織ではコース方向に1〜6ループをあけて連結糸で連結していることが好ましい。   The first and second ground structures connected by the connecting yarn are knitted with all needles in the well direction and the loop is provided, and the course direction is 100% of the knitting ratio between the connecting thread and the second ground structure loop. Then, it is preferable that the knitting ratio of the connecting yarn and the loop of the first ground structure is 30 to 75%. The swing width of the connecting yarn in the first ground structure is preferably 1 to 6 needles, and the first ground structure is preferably connected by a connecting thread with 1 to 6 loops in the course direction.
即ち、第1地組織における連結糸の連結密度を30〜75%としていることが好ましい。前記連結糸の連結密度が30〜75%であることが好ましいのは、連結密度が30%未満であると形態安定性やクッション性が十分得られない場合がある一方、連結密度が75%を越えると連結糸の密度が高くなり、十分な連結糸間空隙が形成されず、通気性が損なわれるおそれがあることによる。   That is, it is preferable that the connection density of the connecting yarns in the first ground structure is 30 to 75%. The connection density of the connection yarn is preferably 30 to 75%. If the connection density is less than 30%, the form stability and cushioning properties may not be sufficiently obtained, while the connection density is 75%. If it exceeds, the density of the connecting yarn becomes high, and there is a possibility that a sufficient gap between the connecting yarns is not formed and the air permeability is impaired.
かつ、第1地組織における前記連結糸の振り巾を1〜6針とし、該第1地組織ではコース方向に1〜6ループをあけて連結糸で連結していることが好ましい。
前記振り巾とは、経編機の筬が経編針列に沿って一方向に移動する際の、移動対象編針の数もしくは移動対象ウエル数のことをいい、振り巾が1針とは、例えば図2に示すように、第1地組織から第2地組織に真っ直ぐに(斜め方向ではなく)連結編成させることをいう。
前記連結糸の振り巾を1〜6針とするのが好ましいのは、振り巾が6針より大きくなると編成しにくくなると共に、布帛の目付けが大きくなりやすいためである。
And it is preferable that the connection thread | yarn width of the said connection thread | yarn in a 1st ground structure shall be 1-6 needles, and 1-6 loops are opened in the course direction in this 1st ground structure, and it connects with a connection thread | yarn.
The swing width refers to the number of moving target knitting needles or the number of moving target wells when the warp of the warp knitting machine moves in one direction along the warp knitting needle row. As shown in FIG. 2, it means that the first ground organization is connected and knitted straight (not diagonally) from the second ground organization.
The reason why the swing width of the connecting yarn is preferably 1 to 6 stitches is that when the swing span is larger than 6 stitches, it becomes difficult to knit and the fabric weight is likely to be large.
前記した振り巾として、第1地組織において、連結糸が連結編成されるループとループの間隔を1〜6ループとしていることが好ましい。該ループ間隔は広くすることで通気性を高めることができるが、間隔が6ループより大きくなると編成しにくくなったり、形態安定性やクッション性が十分に得にくくなる。   As the above-mentioned swing width, in the first ground structure, it is preferable that the interval between the loop to which the connecting yarn is connected and knitted is 1 to 6 loops. Breathability can be improved by widening the loop interval, but if the interval is larger than 6 loops, it becomes difficult to knit, and form stability and cushioning properties are hardly obtained.
本発明で用いる立体構造経編地を構成する繊維としては、例えば、ポリエチレンテレフタレート等のポリエステル系繊維、ナイロン等のポリアミド系繊維、セルロース系再生繊維、ポリアクリロニトリル系繊維、木綿、絹、ウール等の天然繊維、およびこれらの混繊繊維等が挙げられるが、加熱圧縮成型性、圧縮反発性、耐洗濯性、柔軟性等の点からポリエステル系繊維を主体とする構成にすることが好ましい。   Examples of the fibers constituting the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric used in the present invention include polyester-based fibers such as polyethylene terephthalate, polyamide-based fibers such as nylon, cellulose-based recycled fibers, polyacrylonitrile-based fibers, cotton, silk, and wool. Natural fibers and mixed fiber thereof may be mentioned, but it is preferable to use a polyester fiber as the main component in terms of heat compression moldability, compression resilience, washing resistance, flexibility, and the like.
また、前記立体構造経編地をインナー素材のカップ部を形成する素材として用いる場合、連結糸としては、単糸繊度が3〜6dtexの糸で構成された繊度が33〜110dtexのマルチフィラメント糸を用いることが好ましい。
単糸繊度が3〜6dtexであることが好ましいのは、単糸繊度が3dtex未満であると繊維の強度および弾性力が弱いため形態安定性が低下してコシのない編地になりやすい一方、単糸繊度が6dtexより大きくなると連結糸が硬くなるため、立体構造経編地の表面に連結糸が飛び出して着用感が悪くなったり、布帛が硬化して風合いが悪くなったりするおそれがあることによる。
また、マルチフィラメント糸の繊度を33〜110dtexとするのが好ましいのは、繊度が33dtex未満であると繊維の弾性力が弱いため形態安定性が低下しやすくなる一方、繊度が110dtexより大きくなると布帛が硬化して風合いが悪くなるおそれがあることによる。
Moreover, when using the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric as a raw material which forms the cup part of an inner material, as a connection yarn, the multifilament yarn whose fineness comprised by the yarn of 3-6 dtex of single yarn is 33-110 dtex is used. It is preferable to use it.
It is preferable that the single yarn fineness is 3 to 6 dtex. If the single yarn fineness is less than 3 dtex, the strength and elastic force of the fiber are weak, so that the morphological stability is lowered and a knitted fabric with no stiffness is easily obtained. When the single yarn fineness is larger than 6 dtex, the connecting yarn becomes hard, which may cause the connecting yarn to jump out on the surface of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric, which may deteriorate the feeling of wearing, or the fabric may harden and the texture may deteriorate. by.
The fineness of the multifilament yarn is preferably 33 to 110 dtex. When the fineness is less than 33 dtex, the elastic stability of the fiber is weak and the shape stability is likely to decrease. On the other hand, when the fineness is greater than 110 dtex, the fabric This is because there is a possibility that the texture becomes harder and the texture becomes worse.
前記のようなマルチフィラメント糸を用いると、成型時の高圧下においても、連結糸が異なる角度で表裏の地組織を連結しているので圧力が分散され、連結糸が折れることが少ないので圧縮反発性に優れたものとなる。また、マルチフィラメント糸は同繊度のモノフィラメント糸に比べて加熱されても糸が硬化しにくいため、布帛の柔軟性が損なわれにくく、十分な厚み保持性や形態安定性、圧縮反発性を確保することができる。
一方、連結糸としてモノフィラメント糸を用いると、成形時の高温高圧によって布帛が硬化して柔軟性が損なわれ、布帛の形態安定性や圧縮反発性が悪化したり、連結糸が地組織面に飛び出して着用感が悪化したりするおそれがある。
When multifilament yarns as described above are used, even under high pressure at the time of molding, the connecting yarns connect the front and back ground structures at different angles, so the pressure is dispersed and the connecting yarns are less likely to break. Excellent in properties. In addition, since the multifilament yarn is hard to be cured even when heated compared to a monofilament yarn having the same fineness, the flexibility of the fabric is not easily lost, and sufficient thickness retention, form stability, and compression resilience are ensured. be able to.
On the other hand, when a monofilament yarn is used as the connecting yarn, the fabric is cured by high temperature and high pressure at the time of molding, the flexibility is impaired, the form stability and compression resilience of the fabric are deteriorated, or the connecting yarn jumps out to the ground texture surface. There is a risk that the feeling of wear will deteriorate.
また、本発明で用いる立体構造経編地は、相対する2列の針床を有するダブルラッセル編機、Vベッドを有する経編機などを用いて編成することができるが、寸法安定性のよい立体構造経編地を得るためには、前記ダブルラッセル編機を用いることが好ましい。また、編機のゲージを9〜28ゲージとすることが好ましい。
また、第1、第2地組織を、表面に開口部のない平坦な組織とすることにより、インナー素材やスポーツ素材に用いた場合、開口部から連結糸が飛び出すことを防止して、良好な着用感を得ることができると共に、透けを防止することができる。また、椅子等の表皮材に用いた場合は、良好な着座感と風合を得ることが出来る
The three-dimensional warp knitted fabric used in the present invention can be knitted using a double raschel knitting machine having two opposite rows of needle beds, a warp knitting machine having a V bed, etc., but has good dimensional stability. In order to obtain a three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, the double raschel knitting machine is preferably used. The gauge of the knitting machine is preferably 9 to 28 gauge.
Moreover, by using the first and second ground structures as flat structures having no openings on the surface, when used for an inner material or a sports material, it is possible to prevent the connecting yarn from jumping out from the openings. A feeling of wearing can be obtained and see-through can be prevented. Moreover, when it uses for skin materials, such as a chair, a favorable seating feeling and texture can be obtained .
さらに、本発明で用いる前記立体構造経編地は、KES−F8通気性試験機による通気度測定値が0.02KPa・s/m以下であることが好ましい。
立体構造経編地の通気度測定値が0.02KPa・s/m以下であることが好ましいのは、通気度測定値が0.02KPa・s/mを超えると、該立体構造経編地を胸衣用として用いた場合に、蒸れ感を生じるおそれがあることによる。
Furthermore, it is preferable that the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric used in the present invention has an air permeability measured value of 0.02 KPa · s / m or less by a KES-F8 air permeability tester.
The measured air permeability of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric is preferably 0.02 KPa · s / m or less. When the measured air permeability exceeds 0.02 KPa · s / m, the three-dimensional warped knitted fabric is When used for breast clothing, it may cause a feeling of stuffiness.
また、前記立体構造経編地においては、ウエル方向かコース方向のいずれか一方の布帛硬度が80〜120mmであることが好ましい。布帛硬度が80〜120mmであることが好ましいのは、布帛硬度が120mmを超えると布帛の風合いが硬くなるおそれがある一方、布帛硬度が80mm未満であると柔軟性が大きすぎ、形態安定性に欠けるおそれがあるからである。特に、ブラジャーのカップ素材として用いた場合、乳房形状等の補正が適切に行えなくなる場合がある。
なお、本発明における布帛硬度とは、JIS L 1018 カンチレバー法にて測定したものである。
Moreover, in the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, it is preferable that the fabric hardness of any one of a well direction or a course direction is 80-120 mm. It is preferable that the fabric hardness is 80 to 120 mm. If the fabric hardness exceeds 120 mm, the texture of the fabric may be hard. On the other hand, if the fabric hardness is less than 80 mm, the flexibility is too large and the shape stability is improved. This is because there is a risk of chipping. In particular, when used as a brassiere cup material, the breast shape and the like may not be properly corrected.
The fabric hardness in the present invention is measured by the JIS L 1018 cantilever method.
また、前記立体構造経編地は、布帛の厚みが2〜12mmであることが好ましく、特に2.5〜8mmであることが好ましい。
布帛の厚みを2〜12mmとするのが好ましいのは、厚みが2mm未満であると形態安定性や圧縮反発性が損なわれるおそれがある一方、厚みが12mmを越えると布帛が重くなったり、風合いが悪くなったりするおそれがあることによる。
The three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric preferably has a fabric thickness of 2 to 12 mm, particularly preferably 2.5 to 8 mm.
It is preferable that the thickness of the fabric is 2 to 12 mm. If the thickness is less than 2 mm, the form stability and the compression resilience may be impaired. On the other hand, if the thickness exceeds 12 mm, the fabric becomes heavier or feels. It is because there is a possibility that it may worsen.
前記立体構造経編地の質量(目付け)としては、250〜370g/mであることが好ましく、特に280〜350g/mであることが好ましい。
立体構造経編地の質量を250〜370g/mとすることが好ましいのは、質量が250g/m未満であると反発力や形態安定性が損なわれるおそれがある一方、質量が370g/mを越えると柔軟性が損なわれるおそれがあることによる。
As the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric of the mass (basis weight) is preferably 250~370g / m 2, it is preferred that particularly 280~350g / m 2.
The reason why it is preferable to have the mass of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric and 250~370g / m 2, while there is a possibility that mass repulsive force and form stability is impaired is less than 250 g / m 2, mass 370 g / possibility that flexibility is impaired exceeds m 2 due to the fact that there is.
さらに、本発明は第2の発明として、前記立体構造経編地を用いてなることを特徴とする繊維製品を提供している。
前述したように、前記立体構造経編地を用いてなる繊維製品は、優れた形態安定性や厚み保持性、クッション性を保持させることができるうえ、通気性に優れるので、ブラジャー等のカップ部の素材、スポーツ衣料資材のほか、シューズ素材や椅子張り素材等の繊維製品に好適に用いられる。特に、ブラジャー等のカップ部を有する衣類としていることが好ましい。
また、前述した理由により、前記立体構造経編地の第1地組織を肌側に位置させていることが好ましい。
Furthermore, the present invention provides, as a second invention, a textile product characterized by using the above three-dimensional warp knitted fabric.
As described above, the textile product using the above-described three-dimensional warp knitted fabric can retain excellent shape stability, thickness retention, cushioning properties, and excellent breathability. In addition to these materials and sports clothing materials, it is suitably used for textile products such as shoe materials and chair upholstery materials. In particular, it is preferable that the garment has a cup portion such as a brassiere.
Moreover, it is preferable that the 1st ground structure of the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric is located in the skin side for the reason mentioned above.
なかでも、前記繊維製品は、前記立体構造経編地をカップ部に用いたカップ部を有する衣類として好適に用いることができる。
前記カップ部は加熱プレスして膨出部を形成することが好ましい。
このように、立体構造経編地を加熱プレスしてカップ部の膨出部を形成した後においても、カップ部は優れたクッション性や厚み保持性、形態安定性を保持すると共に、通気性や風合いも良好な状態を保つことができる。したがって、前記カップ部を有する衣類を着用したとき、乳房形状の適度な補正力を保持しつつ、発汗などによる蒸れ感やベトツキ感、肌への不快な刺激などのない優れた着用感を得ることができる。
Especially, the said textiles can be used suitably as clothing which has a cup part which used the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric for the cup part.
Preferably, the cup part is heated and pressed to form a bulge part.
In this way, even after the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric is heated and pressed to form the bulging portion of the cup portion, the cup portion retains excellent cushioning properties, thickness retention properties, and form stability, as well as breathability and The texture can also be kept in a good state. Therefore, when wearing clothing having the cup part, while maintaining an appropriate correction force of the breast shape, to obtain an excellent wearing feeling without the feeling of stuffiness or stickiness due to sweating, unpleasant irritation to the skin, etc. Can do.
前記立体構造経編地を加熱プレスしてカップ部の膨出部を形成する際の成型条件としては、例えば、成型温度は200〜240℃、成形時間は30〜60秒とすることが好ましい。特に、成形温度230℃、成形時間45秒とすることが好ましい。
また、成型後のカップ部の厚みとしては、成型前の立体構造経編地の厚みの半分程度となることが好ましい。
成型後のカップ部の通気度としては、KES−F8通気性試験機による通気度測定値が0.025KPa・s/m以下であることが好ましい。
As molding conditions when the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric is hot-pressed to form the bulged portion of the cup portion, for example, the molding temperature is preferably 200 to 240 ° C. and the molding time is preferably 30 to 60 seconds. In particular, a molding temperature of 230 ° C. and a molding time of 45 seconds are preferable.
Further, the thickness of the cup part after molding is preferably about half of the thickness of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric before molding.
As the air permeability of the cup part after molding, it is preferable that the air permeability measured by a KES-F8 air permeability tester is 0.025 KPa · s / m or less.
また、前記立体構造経編地を、ブラジャーのカップ素材として用いた場合、布帛の厚みが2〜6mmであることが好ましく、特に2〜4mmであることが好ましい。
布帛の厚みを2〜6mmとするのが好ましいのは、厚みが2mm未満であると形態安定性や圧縮反発性が損なわれたり、透けやすくなったりするおそれがある一方、厚みが6mmを越えると布帛が重くなったり、風合いが悪くなったりするおそれがあることによる。
布帛の厚みは、実施例に記載の方法で測定している。
Moreover, when the said three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric is used as a cup raw material of a brassiere, it is preferable that the thickness of a fabric is 2-6 mm, and it is especially preferable that it is 2-4 mm.
It is preferable that the thickness of the fabric is 2 to 6 mm. If the thickness is less than 2 mm, the shape stability and the compression resilience may be impaired or transparent, whereas if the thickness exceeds 6 mm. This is because the fabric may become heavy or the texture may deteriorate.
The thickness of the fabric is measured by the method described in the examples.
さらに、前記立体構造経編地は、カップ部のみならず、カップ部とカップ部に接する脇部の一部に渡って用いることもできる。
さらに、前記のように立体構造経編地を加熱プレスせず、立体構造経編地を縫製処理することによってカップ部を形成してもよい。
Furthermore, the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric can be used not only over the cup part but also over the cup part and part of the side part in contact with the cup part.
Further, as described above, the cup portion may be formed by sewing the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric without heating and pressing the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric.
前記カップ部を有する衣類としては、ブラジャーの他、例えば、ブラ付きシャツなどのアウターウェア、キャミソールやブラスリップ、ボディスーツなどのインナーウェア、レオタードや水着等に好適に用いることができる。   As clothing which has the said cup part, it can use suitably for outerwear, such as a shirt with a bra, innerwear, such as a camisole, a bra slip, and a body suit, a leotard, a swimsuit, etc. other than a brassiere.
前述したように、第1の発明によれば、開口部の無い平坦な組織である第1地組織と第2地組織とを連結糸で連結した立体構造経編地のコース方向断面において、第1地組織が、前記連結糸で連結されないループを所定の間隔で有するため、連結糸で連結されない第1地組織の通気性が第2地組織より向上する。また、第1地組織が前記連結糸で連結されないループを所定の間隔で有するのに対して、他方の第2地組織はすべて1本の連結糸で連結されているため、連結糸間の空隙が大きくなって連結糸間の通気性も向上する。したがって、前記第1地組織側で通気性が高まると同時に連結糸間でも通気性が向上し、立体構造経編地全体の通気性を向上させることができ、発汗による水分をすばやく乾燥させ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感を減少させることができる。 As described above, according to the first invention, in the cross section in the course direction of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric in which the first ground structure and the second ground structure, which are flat structures without openings, are connected by the connecting yarn, Since one ground structure has the loop which is not connected with the said connection thread | yarn with a predetermined space | interval, the air permeability of the 1st ground structure which is not connected with a connection thread | yarn improves compared with a 2nd ground structure. In addition, while the first ground structure has loops that are not connected by the connecting thread at a predetermined interval, the other second ground structure is all connected by one connecting thread, so that there is a gap between the connecting threads. Becomes larger and the air permeability between the connecting yarns is improved. Therefore, the air permeability is increased on the first ground structure side and at the same time, the air permeability is improved between the connecting yarns, and the air permeability of the entire three-dimensional warp knitted fabric can be improved. The feeling and stickiness can be reduced.
また、前記したように、連結糸の連結数は従来と変化させることなく、第1地組織から第2地組織に向かって連結糸が異なる角度で斜め方向に張り出す構造のものを含むため、第1、第2地組織のコース方向のずれが生じにくくなり、優れた形態安定性や厚み保持性、クッション性を保持させることができる。   In addition, as described above, since the number of connecting yarns includes a structure in which the connecting yarns protrude obliquely at different angles from the first ground structure toward the second ground structure without changing from the conventional number, The first and second ground structures are less likely to be displaced in the course direction, and excellent shape stability, thickness retention, and cushioning properties can be maintained.
さらに、前記のように、連結糸の連結編成数の少ない第1地組織は、第2地組織に比べて風合いが柔らかくなるため、この面を肌に接触する側の面とすることにより、着用感を向上させることもできる。
また、前記したように、連結糸が連結されていない地組織部分は通気性がよいため、前記連結糸で連結されないループを有する第1地組織を肌に接触する側の面とすることにより、発汗による水分をすばやく乾燥させ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感を減少させることができる。
Further, as described above, the first ground structure having a small number of connected knitting yarns of the connecting yarn has a softer texture than the second ground structure. A feeling can also be improved.
In addition, as described above, since the ground tissue portion to which the connecting yarn is not connected has good air permeability, by setting the first ground tissue having a loop not connected by the connecting yarn as a surface on the side in contact with the skin, Moisture from sweating can be dried quickly, reducing the feeling of stuffiness and stickiness.
また、前記立体構造経編地を用いてなる繊維製品は、優れたクッション性や厚み保持性、形態安定性を保持すると共に、通気性や風合いも良好な状態を保つことができるため、形態を保持しつつ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感、肌への不快な刺激などがなく、着用感や使用感に優れる。   In addition, the textile product using the above-described three-dimensional warp knitted fabric has excellent cushioning properties, thickness retention properties, and shape stability, and can maintain a good state of air permeability and texture. While holding, there is no stuffiness or stickiness, unpleasant irritation to the skin, etc., and it is excellent in wearing feeling and use feeling.
特に、前記立体構造経編地を少なくともカップ部に用いたカップ部を有する衣類は、該立体構造経編地を加熱プレスしてカップ部の膨出部を形成した後においても、該カップ部は優れたクッション性や厚み保持性、形態安定性を保持すると共に、通気性や風合いも良好な状態を保つことができるため、乳房形状の適度な補正力を保持しつつ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感、肌への不快な刺激などがなく、極めて着用感に優れる。   In particular, in a garment having a cup portion using at least the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric for the cup portion, the cup portion is formed even after the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric is heated and pressed to form a bulge portion of the cup portion. While maintaining excellent cushioning, thickness retention, and form stability, as well as maintaining good breathability and texture, while maintaining a proper correction of the breast shape, feeling of stuffiness and stickiness, There is no unpleasant irritation to the skin and it is extremely comfortable to wear.
以下、本発明の実施形態を図面を参照して説明する。
図1乃至図4は本発明の第1実施形態を示し、図1および図2に示す立体構造経編地10でブラジャーのカップ部を形成している。
Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
1 to 4 show a first embodiment of the present invention, in which a brassiere cup portion is formed by the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 10 shown in FIGS. 1 and 2.
第1実施形態の立体構造経編地10は、ダブルラッセル機により編成され、図1及び図2に示すように、第1地組織11と第2地組織12の二つの地組織、及び該第1、第2地組織11、12を連結する連結糸13とからなる。   The three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 10 of the first embodiment is knitted by a double raschel machine, and as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, two ground textures, a first ground texture 11 and a second ground texture 12, 1 and a connecting thread 13 that connects the second ground structures 11 and 12.
ダブルラッセル機は、図3に示すような構造を有し、筬L−1及び筬L−2に各々導入された地糸A1、A2により第2地組織12を編成し、筬L−5及び筬L−6に各々導入された地糸A5、A6により第1地組織11を編成し、筬L−3、L−4に導入された連結糸13により、第1地組織11と第2地組織12を連結編成している。   The double russell machine has a structure as shown in FIG. 3 and knitting the second ground structure 12 with ground yarns A1 and A2 introduced into the reed L-1 and reed L-2, respectively, The first ground structure 11 is knitted by the ground yarns A5 and A6 introduced into the reed L-6, and the first ground structure 11 and the second ground are formed by the connecting yarn 13 introduced into the reed L-3 and L-4. The organization 12 is linked and organized.
具体的には、ダブルラッセル機「RD6DPLM−77E−22G」(マイヤー社製)を使用して、筬L−1、L−2に56dtex/24fのポリエステルフィラメント糸を使用して第2地組織12を編成し、筬L−5に56dtex/24fのポリエステルフィラメント糸、筬L−6に84dtex/36fのポリエステルフィラメント糸を使用して第1地組織11を編成し、連結糸13として110dtex/12fのポリエステルフィラメント糸を筬L−3、L−4に使用し、第1地組織11と第2地組織12を連結して立体構造経編地10を作製している。   Specifically, using the double raschel machine “RD6DPLM-77E-22G” (made by Meyer), the second ground texture 12 using polyester filament yarn of 56 dtex / 24f for the collars L-1 and L-2. The first ground structure 11 is knitted using 56 dtex / 24f polyester filament yarn on the heel L-5 and 84 dtex / 36f polyester filament yarn on the heel L-6, and the connecting yarn 13 is 110 dtex / 12f A polyester filament yarn is used for the ridges L-3 and L-4, and the first ground structure 11 and the second ground structure 12 are connected to produce a three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 10.
図1および図2に示すように、立体構造経編地10のコース方向(図中の矢印A方向)断面において、第1地組織11は1ループおきに連結糸13が連結編成され、連結編成されているループ11a−1と連結されないループ11a−2が1つずつ交互に存在し、第1地組織11は開口がない平坦な組織とする一方、第2地組織12もループ12aが開口なく連続する平坦な組織とし、すべてのループ12aが連結糸13で連結編成され、第1地組織11の連結編成されている1つのループ11a−1に対して、2本の連結糸13が異なる角度で連結編成する構造としている。
第1実施形態においては、第1地組織11における連結糸13の連結密度を50%とし、連結糸13の振り巾を1針及び2針としている。
As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, in the cross section in the course direction (the direction of arrow A in the figure) of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 10, the first ground structure 11 is connected and knitted with connecting yarns 13 every other loop. The loops 11a-2 that are not connected to the loops 11a-1 that are connected to each other are alternately present , and the first ground tissue 11 is a flat tissue that does not have an opening, while the second ground tissue 12 is also not open to the loop 12a. and continuous flat tissue, the loop 12a of all are connected knitted with connecting thread 13, relative to one loop 11a-1 which is connected knitting of the first ground structure 11, the two connecting yarn 13 It is structured to be connected and knitted at different angles.
In the first embodiment, the connection density of the connecting yarns 13 in the first ground structure 11 is 50%, and the swing width of the connecting yarns 13 is one needle and two needles.
得られた立体構造経編地は、布帛の厚みが2〜6mm、KES−F8通気性試験機による通気度測定値が0.02KPa・s/m以下、質量(目付け)が250〜370g/mである。 The obtained three-dimensional warp knitted fabric has a fabric thickness of 2 to 6 mm, a permeability measured by a KES-F8 breathability tester of 0.02 KPa · s / m or less, and a mass (weight) of 250 to 370 g / m. 2 .
前記のように、第1実施形態の立体構造経編地10は、第1、第2地組織11、12を連結糸13で連結した立体構造経編地10のコース方向(矢印A方向)断面において、第1地組織11が、連結糸13で連結されない部分11a−2を1ループ間隔で有するため、連結糸13で連結されない部分11a−2の通気性が向上する。また、第1地組織11が連結糸13で連結されない部分11a−2を1ループ間隔で有するのに対して、第2地組織12のループ12aはすべて1本の連結糸で連結されているため、第1、第2地組織11、12それぞれに対する連結糸13の連結数が異なり、よって、連結糸13間の空隙14が大きくなって連結糸間の通気性も向上する。
したがって、連結糸で連結されない部分11a−2や連結糸13間の通気性向上によって、立体構造経編地10全体の通気性を向上させることができる。
As described above, the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 10 of the first embodiment is a cross section in the course direction (arrow A direction) of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 10 in which the first and second ground structures 11, 12 are connected by the connecting yarns 13. The first ground texture 11 has the portions 11a-2 that are not connected by the connecting yarn 13 at one loop interval, so that the air permeability of the portion 11a-2 that is not connected by the connecting yarn 13 is improved. In addition, the first ground structure 11 has portions 11a-2 that are not connected by the connecting thread 13 at one loop interval, whereas the loops 12a of the second ground structure 12 are all connected by one connecting thread. The number of connecting yarns 13 connected to each of the first and second ground structures 11 and 12 is different, so that the gap 14 between the connecting yarns 13 is increased, and the air permeability between the connecting yarns is improved.
Therefore, the air permeability of the entire three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 10 can be improved by improving the air permeability between the portion 11a-2 and the connecting yarn 13 that are not connected by the connecting yarn.
また、前記のように、連結糸13の連結数は従来と変化させることなく、第1地組織11から第2地組織12に向かって連結糸が異なる角度で張り出す構造としているため、第1、第2地組織11、12のコース方向のずれが生じにくくなり、優れた形態安定性や厚み保持性、クッション性を保持させることができる。   In addition, as described above, since the number of connecting yarns 13 is not changed from the conventional one, the connecting yarns protrude from the first ground structure 11 toward the second ground structure 12 at different angles. Further, it is difficult for the second ground structures 11 and 12 to be displaced in the course direction, and excellent shape stability, thickness retention, and cushioning properties can be maintained.
さらに、前記のように、連結糸13の連結編成数の少ない第1地組織11の面を肌に接触する面とすることにより、着用感を向上させることもできる。
また、前記のように、連結糸13が連結されていない地組織部分11a−2は通気性がよいため、連結糸13で連結されない部分11a−2を有する第1地組織11の面を肌に接触する側の面とすることにより、発汗による水分をすばやく乾燥させ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感を減少させることができる。
Furthermore, as described above, the feeling of wearing can be improved by making the surface of the first ground structure 11 with a small number of connected knitting yarns of the connecting yarn 13 into contact with the skin.
In addition, as described above, since the ground tissue portion 11a-2 to which the connecting yarn 13 is not connected has good air permeability, the surface of the first ground tissue 11 having the portion 11a-2 not connected by the connecting yarn 13 is used as the skin. By using the surface on the contact side, moisture due to perspiration can be quickly dried, and the feeling of stuffiness and stickiness can be reduced.
続いて、立体構造経編地10から図4に示すようなブラジャー20のカップ部21を作製している。
カップ部21は、立体構造経編地10を裁断し、成型温度230℃、成形時間45秒で加熱プレスを行って膨出部を形成することにより作製している。
なお、立体構造経編地10の、連結されないループを所定間隔で有する第1地組織11面を肌に接触する側の面とし、すべてのループが連結される第2地組織12面を外面側の面としている。
得られたカップ部21は、布帛の厚みが2〜4mm、KES−F8通気性試験機による通気度測定値が0.025KPa・s/m以下である。
Then, the cup part 21 of the brassiere 20 as shown in FIG. 4 is produced from the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 10.
The cup part 21 is produced by cutting the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 10 and performing a heat press at a molding temperature of 230 ° C. and a molding time of 45 seconds to form a bulge part.
In addition, the surface of the first ground structure 11 having the loops that are not connected at predetermined intervals of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 10 is a surface in contact with the skin, and the second ground structure 12 surface to which all the loops are connected is the outer surface side. As the face.
The obtained cup portion 21 has a fabric thickness of 2 to 4 mm and a measured air permeability of 0.025 KPa · s / m or less by a KES-F8 air permeability tester.
さらに、前記のように、立体構造経編地10を加熱プレスしてカップ部21の膨出部を形成した後においても、カップ部21は優れたクッション性や厚み保持性、形態安定性を保持すると共に、通気性や風合いも良好な状態を保つことができるため、乳房形状の適度な補正力を保持しつつ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感、肌への不快な刺激などのない着用感に優れたカップ部21を有するブラジャー20を得ることができる。   Further, as described above, even after the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 10 is heated and pressed to form the bulged portion of the cup portion 21, the cup portion 21 retains excellent cushioning properties, thickness retention properties, and form stability. In addition, the breathability and texture can also be kept in a good state, so it maintains an appropriate correction for the shape of the breast, and it has excellent feeling of wearing without feeling of stuffiness, stickiness, unpleasant irritation to the skin, etc. The brassiere 20 having the cup portion 21 can be obtained.
次に、第2実施形態を示す。
第2実施形態は、立体構造経編地の作製方法のみが第1実施形態と異なり、以下の方法で図5および図6に示す立体構造経編地40を作製している。
Next, a second embodiment is shown.
The second embodiment differs from the first embodiment only in the method for producing the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric, and the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 40 shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 is produced by the following method.
第2実施形態では、ダブルラッセル機RD6DPLM−77E−28G(マイヤー社製)を使用して、筬L−1、L−2に56dtex/24fのポリエステルフィラメント糸を使用して第2地組織42を編成し、筬L−5に56dtex/24fのポリエステルフィラメント糸、筬L−6に84dtex/36fのポリエステルフィラメント糸を使用して第1地組織41を編成し、連結糸43として、筬L−3に33dtex/6fのポリエステルフィラメント糸、筬L−4に110dtex/12fのポリエステルフィラメント糸を使用し、第1地組織41と第2地組織42を連結して立体構造経編地40を作製している。   In the second embodiment, a second Russell machine RD6DPLM-77E-28G (manufactured by Meyer) is used, and the second ground structure 42 is formed using polyester filament yarn of 56 dtex / 24f for heels L-1 and L-2. The first ground structure 41 is knitted using a 56 dtex / 24f polyester filament yarn for the heel L-5 and an 84 dtex / 36f polyester filament yarn for the heel L-6. 3d warp knitted fabric 40 is produced by connecting the first ground structure 41 and the second ground structure 42 using a 33 dtex / 6f polyester filament thread for the heel L-4 and a 110 dtex / 12f polyester filament thread for the heel L-4. Yes.
図5および図6に示すように、立体構造経編地40のコース方向(図中の矢印A方向)断面において、第1地組織41および第2地組織42とも開口部がなくループが連続する平坦な組織であり、第1地組織41は2ループおきに連結糸43が連結編成され、連結編成されているループ41a−1と連結されないループ41a−2が2つおきに存在する一方、第2地組織42はすべてのループ42aが連結糸43で連結編成され、第1地組織41の連結されている1つのループ41a−1に対して、3本の連結糸43が異なる角度で連結編成する構造としている。 As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, in the course direction (arrow A direction in the figure) cross section of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 40, the first ground structure 41 and the second ground structure 42 have no openings and the loop continues. It is a flat structure, and the first ground structure 41 is connected and knitted with the connecting yarns 43 every two loops, and the loops 41a-1 that are not connected to the connected loops 41a-1 exist every two loops, In the two ground structures 42, all the loops 42a are connected and knitted with the connecting threads 43, and the three connecting threads 43 are connected and knitted at different angles with respect to one loop 41a-1 to which the first ground structures 41 are connected. It has a structure to do.
前述した以外は第1実施形態と同様にして、ブラジャー20のカップ部21を作製している。
他の構成及び効果は実施例1と同様のため、説明を省略する。
The cup part 21 of the brassiere 20 is produced in the same manner as in the first embodiment except as described above.
Since other configurations and effects are the same as those of the first embodiment, the description thereof is omitted.
図7及び図8は本発明の他の形態のブラジャーのカップ部に用いる立体構造経編地30を示す。
図7及び図8の立体構造経編地30は、第1、第2地組織31、32を連結糸33で連結した立体構造経編地10のコース方向(矢印A方向)断面において、第1地組織31が連結糸33で連結される部分31a−1を2ループ連続で有し、該連続の2ループの間に連結糸33で連結されない部分31a−2を2ループ間隔で有する点で第1実施形態と異なる。
他の構成及び効果は第1実施形態と同様のため、説明を省略する。
7 and 8 show a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric 30 used for a cup portion of a brassiere according to another embodiment of the present invention.
The three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 30 shown in FIGS. 7 and 8 has a first cross section in the course direction (arrow A direction) of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 10 in which the first and second ground structures 31, 32 are connected by the connecting yarn 33. The structure 31 has a portion 31a-1 connected by a connecting thread 33 in two continuous loops, and a portion 31a-2 that is not connected by the connecting thread 33 between the two continuous loops at two loop intervals. Different from one embodiment.
Other configurations and effects are the same as those of the first embodiment, and thus description thereof is omitted.
次に本発明の実施例及び比較例を示すが、本発明は実施例に限定されない。   Next, although the Example and comparative example of this invention are shown, this invention is not limited to an Example.
(実施例1)
前記第1実施形態と同様の方法で作製した立体構造経編地を実施例1とした。
Example 1
A three-dimensional warp knitted fabric produced by the same method as in the first embodiment was taken as Example 1.
(比較例1)
図10に示したものと同様の方法で作製した従来の立体構造経編地を比較例1とした。
(Comparative Example 1)
A conventional three-dimensional warp knitted fabric produced by the same method as that shown in FIG.
表1に、実施例1、比較例1の立体構造経編地の仕様(糸使い、編密度、編機ゲージ数、第1地組織の編成比率、連結糸振り巾)を示す。
なお、第2地組織の編成比率は実施例1及び比較例1のいずれも100%である。
Table 1 shows the specifications of the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric of Example 1 and Comparative Example 1 (yarn use, knitting density, number of knitting machine gauges, knitting ratio of the first ground structure, connected yarn swing width).
The knitting ratio of the second ground organization is 100% in both Example 1 and Comparative Example 1.
実施例1、比較例1の立体構造経編地について、下記方法で評価を行ない、その結果を表1中に記した。   The three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabrics of Example 1 and Comparative Example 1 were evaluated by the following methods, and the results are shown in Table 1.
(目付)
JIS L 1018に準拠して標準状態における単位面積当たりの質量を測定した。
(厚み)
JIS L 1018の厚さの測定法に準拠して測定した。
(通気度)
KES−F8通気性試験機により通気度測定値を求めた。
(布帛硬度)
JIS L 1018 カンチレバー法にて測定した。
(厚み保持率)
立体構造経編地を7cm×7cmに切断し、厚みの変化がわかり易いように4枚重ねて、その上に直径7.5cmの円柱型の4kgの重りを載せた。この状態で厚みの変化が出易いように100℃の温度下で2時間放置した。
2時間後、重りを取り除いた直後の厚みを試験後の厚みL2とし、重りを載せる前の厚みをL1として、下記式より厚み保持率(%)を得た。
厚み保持率(%)=(L2/L1)×100
(Weight)
Based on JIS L1018, the mass per unit area in a standard state was measured.
(Thickness)
It measured based on the measuring method of the thickness of JISL1018.
(Air permeability)
The measured air permeability was determined using a KES-F8 air permeability tester.
(Fabric hardness)
Measured by JIS L 1018 cantilever method.
(Thickness retention)
A three-dimensional warp knitted fabric was cut into 7 cm × 7 cm, and four sheets were stacked so that the change in thickness was easy to understand, and a cylindrical 4 kg weight with a diameter of 7.5 cm was placed thereon. In this state, the film was left at a temperature of 100 ° C. for 2 hours so that the thickness could be easily changed.
After 2 hours, the thickness immediately after removing the weight was taken as the thickness L2 after the test, and the thickness before placing the weight was taken as L1, and the thickness retention rate (%) was obtained from the following formula.
Thickness retention (%) = (L2 / L1) × 100
実施例1の立体構造経編地は、形態安定性及び厚み保持性に優れ、かつ、良好なクッション性を保持していた。そのうえ、通気性にも優れていた。そのため、各種繊維製品に用いられると、発汗による水分をすばやく乾燥させ、蒸れ感やベトツキ感を減少させることができる。
これに対し、比較例1の立体構造経編地は、形態安定性、厚み保持性及びクッション性には優れるものの、実施例1よりも通気性が劣り、風合いも硬めであった。そのため、肌と接触している部分での空気の循環が十分に行われず、蒸れの解消が不十分でベトツキ感を感じることがある。
The three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric of Example 1 was excellent in form stability and thickness retention, and maintained good cushioning properties. In addition, the air permeability was excellent. Therefore, when used in various textile products, moisture due to sweating can be quickly dried, and the feeling of stuffiness and stickiness can be reduced.
On the other hand, the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric of Comparative Example 1 was superior in form stability, thickness retention and cushioning properties, but was inferior to Example 1 in air permeability and stiff. For this reason, the air is not sufficiently circulated at the portion in contact with the skin, and the stuffiness may not be sufficiently eliminated and a sticky feeling may be felt.
なお、前記実施形態においては、立体構造経編地をカップ部21に用いた例について説明したが、カップ部21のみならず、カップ部21とカップ部21に接する脇部22の一部に渡って用いることもできる。また、前記立体構造経編地は、ブラジャーなどのカップ部を有する衣類の他、スポーツ衣料資材、シューズ素材や椅子張り素材などの繊維製品にも好適に用いられる。   In addition, in the said embodiment, although the example which used the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric for the cup part 21 was demonstrated, it covers not only the cup part 21 but a part of the side part 22 which touches the cup part 21 and the cup part 21. Can also be used. The three-dimensional warp knitted fabric is also suitably used for textile products such as sports clothing materials, shoe materials and chair upholstery materials, as well as clothing having a cup portion such as a brassiere.
第1実施形態のブラジャーのカップ部に用いる立体構造経編地の概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric used for the cup part of the brassiere of the first embodiment. 第1実施形態の立体構造経編地のコース方向に沿う概略断面図である。It is a schematic sectional drawing in alignment with the course direction of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric of 1st Embodiment. ダブルラッセル機の編成主要部分を示す概略図である。It is the schematic which shows the knitting main part of a double Russell machine. 第1実施形態のカップ部を有するブラジャーの概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of the brassiere which has a cup part of a 1st embodiment. 第2実施形態のブラジャーのカップ部に用いる立体構造経編地の概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric used for the cup part of the brassiere of 2nd Embodiment. 第2実施形態の立体構造経編地のコース方向に沿う概略断面図である。It is a schematic sectional drawing in alignment with the course direction of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric of 2nd Embodiment. 他の形態のブラジャーのカップ部に用いる立体構造経編地の概略斜視図である。It is a schematic perspective view of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric used for the cup part of the brassiere of another form. 図7の立体構造経編地のコース方向に沿う概略断面図である。It is a schematic sectional drawing in alignment with the course direction of the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric of FIG. 従来例を示す図である。It is a figure which shows a prior art example. 従来例を示す図である。It is a figure which shows a prior art example.
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
10、30、40 立体構造経編地
11、31、41 第1地組織
11a、31a、41a ループ
11a−1、31a−1、41a−1 連結されるループ
11a−2、31a−2、41a−2 連結されないループ
12、32、42 第2地組織
12a、32a、42a ループ
13、33、43 連結糸
14 連結糸間の空隙
20 ブラジャー
21 カップ部
22 脇部
10, 30, 40 Three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric 11, 31, 41 First ground structure 11a, 31a, 41a Loop 11a-1, 31a-1, 41a-1 Linked loop 11a-2, 31a-2, 41a- 2 Loops not connected 12, 32, 42 Second ground structure 12a, 32a, 42a Loops 13, 33, 43 Connecting thread 14 Gaps between connecting threads 20 Brassiere 21 Cup part 22 Side part

Claims (7)

  1. 立体構造経編地のコース方向断面において、表面に開口部のない平坦な組織である二つの地組織面に対して斜交した連結糸が前記二つの地組織を連結している構造を含む立体構造経編地であって、
    前記二つの地組織のうち、一方の第1地組織は前記連結糸と連結されていないループを所要の間隔で備えている一方、
    他方の第2地組織は、すべてのループが1本の連結糸と連結編成されていることを特徴とする立体構造経編地。
    Three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric in a cross-section in the course direction, including a structure in which connecting yarns obliquely intersecting two ground texture surfaces that are flat structures having no openings on the surface connect the two ground textures Structural warp knitted fabric,
    Among the two ground structures, one of the first ground structures is provided with loops that are not connected to the connecting yarn at a required interval,
    The other second ground structure is a three-dimensional warp knitted fabric in which all the loops are connected and knitted with one connecting yarn.
  2. コース方向における前記連結糸と第2地組織のループとの編成比率を100%とすると、該連結糸と第1地組織のループとの編成比率は30〜75%とされ、かつ、該第1地組織における前記連結糸の振り巾は1〜6針とされ、該第1地組織ではコース方向に1〜6ループをあけて連結糸で連結編成されている請求項1に記載の立体構造経編地。   If the knitting ratio of the connecting yarn and the loop of the second ground structure in the course direction is 100%, the knitting ratio of the connecting thread and the loop of the first ground structure is 30 to 75%, and the first The three-dimensional structure warp according to claim 1, wherein a swing width of the connecting yarn in the ground structure is 1 to 6 needles, and the first ground structure is connected and knitted with the connecting yarn with 1 to 6 loops in the course direction. Knitted fabric.
  3. 前記第2地組織の全ループは各1本の前記連結糸と連結編成されて、該連結糸と第2地組織のループとの編成比率は100%とされ、
    前記第2地組織のループ数と同一のループ数である第1地組織に対して、前記連結糸を1ループおきに連結して、2本の該連結糸を斜交して連結する1ループと、該連結糸と連結していない1ループを交互に設け、あるいは、前記連結糸を前記第1地組織に2ループおきに連結して、3本の連結糸を斜交して連結する1ループと、連結糸と連結していない2ループを配列している請求項1または請求項2に記載の立体構造経編地
    All the loops of the second ground structure are connected and knitted with each one of the connecting yarns, and the knitting ratio of the connecting yarns and the loops of the second ground structure is 100%.
    One loop for connecting the connecting yarns every other loop and connecting the two connecting yarns obliquely to the first ground structure having the same number of loops as the second ground structure. And one loop that is not connected to the connecting yarn are alternately provided, or the connecting yarn is connected to the first ground structure every two loops, and the three connecting yarns are obliquely connected 1 The three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the loop and two loops not connected to the connecting yarn are arranged .
  4. 請求項1乃至請求項3のいずれか1項に記載の立体構造経編地を用いてなることを特徴とする繊維製品。 A textile product comprising the three-dimensional structure warp knitted fabric according to any one of claims 1 to 3 .
  5. 前記立体構造経編地の第1地組織を肌側に位置させている請求項4に記載の繊維製品。 Textile product according to Motomeko 4 that is positioned on the skin side of the first base texture of the conformation warp knitted fabric.
  6. 前記立体構造経編地をカップ部、またはカップ部と該カップ部に接する脇側の少なくとも一部に用いたカップ部を有する衣類としている請求項4または請求項5に記載の繊維製品。 The textile product according to claim 4 or 5, wherein the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric is a garment having a cup part or at least a part of a side part in contact with the cup part and the side of the cup part .
  7. 前記カップ部では、前記立体構造経編地に加熱プレスにより膨出部を形成している請求項6に記載の繊維製品。The textile product according to claim 6, wherein in the cup portion, a bulging portion is formed on the three-dimensional warp knitted fabric by a heat press.
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US10179960B2 (en) 2017-05-02 2019-01-15 Nike, Inc. Upper-torso garment with tubular-jacquard knit structure
US10368590B2 (en) 2015-11-03 2019-08-06 Nike, Inc. Flat-knit support garment for upper torso
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US10145042B2 (en) 2017-05-02 2018-12-04 Nike, Inc. Upper-torso garment with tubular-jacquard knit structure
US10179960B2 (en) 2017-05-02 2019-01-15 Nike, Inc. Upper-torso garment with tubular-jacquard knit structure
US10415164B2 (en) 2017-05-02 2019-09-17 Nike, Inc. Upper-torso garment with three-dimensional knit structures
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US10920345B2 (en) 2017-05-02 2021-02-16 Nike, Inc. Upper-torso garment with three-dimensional knit structures

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