JP5354764B2 - 5-axis machining equipment - Google Patents

5-axis machining equipment Download PDF

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JP5354764B2
JP5354764B2 JP2006301349A JP2006301349A JP5354764B2 JP 5354764 B2 JP5354764 B2 JP 5354764B2 JP 2006301349 A JP2006301349 A JP 2006301349A JP 2006301349 A JP2006301349 A JP 2006301349A JP 5354764 B2 JP5354764 B2 JP 5354764B2
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duct
cover
head
servo motor
suction
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JP2008114529A (en
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登 竹下
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株式会社平安コーポレーション
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本発明は、首振りヘッドの工具の周囲にエルボ型ダクトを接続したカバーを装着し、カバー内に溜まる木屑を吸引しながら加工するようにした5軸加工装置に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a 5-axis machining apparatus in which a cover connected with an elbow duct is mounted around a tool of a swing head, and machining is performed while sucking wood chips accumulated in the cover.

従来、この種の5軸加工装置としては、図8〜図10に示すように、ベース1の上に2本のレール2が装着され、このレール2に係合するベアリング3はテーブル4の下部に固着され、このテーブル4は上面に多数の微小孔を設けて被加工部材を吸着するように構成したり、又は他の手段により被加工部材を固定するように構成され、ベース1に固定された第1のサーボモータ5で前後に移動され、所望の位置に位置決めされるように構成されている。   Conventionally, as this type of 5-axis machining apparatus, as shown in FIGS. 8 to 10, two rails 2 are mounted on a base 1, and a bearing 3 that engages with the rails 2 is a lower part of a table 4. The table 4 is configured to have a large number of micro holes on the upper surface to adsorb the workpiece, or to fix the workpiece by other means, and is fixed to the base 1. The first servo motor 5 is moved back and forth to be positioned at a desired position.

又、テーブル4を跨ぐようにベース1に装着された支持部材1aの前面にレール6が装着され、このレール6に係合されたベアリング7は横移動部材8に固着され、又、支持部材1aに装着された第2のサーボモータ9により横移動部材8が支持部材1aの前面を移動するように構成され、さらに、横移動部材8の前面に上部ヘッド10が横移動部材8に装着された第3のサーボモータ11で上下に移動されて所望の位置に位置決めされるように構成されている。   A rail 6 is mounted on the front surface of the support member 1a mounted on the base 1 so as to straddle the table 4, and a bearing 7 engaged with the rail 6 is fixed to the lateral movement member 8, and the support member 1a. The lateral movement member 8 is configured to move on the front surface of the support member 1 a by the second servo motor 9 mounted on the upper surface 10, and the upper head 10 is mounted on the lateral movement member 8 on the front surface of the lateral movement member 8. The third servo motor 11 is moved up and down to be positioned at a desired position.

さらに、上部ヘッド10に第4のサーボモータ12が装着され、上部ヘッド10の下部に回動自在に装着された下部ヘッド13は第4のサーボモータ12の回動を傘歯車に伝達することにより回動され、さらに図8及び図9に示すように、下部ヘッド13は二股部13a、13bで構成され、この二股部13aに第5のサーボモータ14が内蔵され、この第5のサーボモータ14で首振りヘッド15は二股部13a、13bの間で水平方向から垂直方向に回動されるように構成され、又、首振りヘッド15に装着されたモータで首振りヘッド15の端部に装着された工具(図示せず)が回転されるように構成されている。   Further, a fourth servo motor 12 is mounted on the upper head 10, and the lower head 13 rotatably mounted on the lower portion of the upper head 10 transmits the rotation of the fourth servo motor 12 to the bevel gear. As shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the lower head 13 is composed of bifurcated portions 13a and 13b, and a fifth servomotor 14 is built in the bifurcated portion 13a. The swing head 15 is configured to be rotated from the horizontal direction to the vertical direction between the bifurcated portions 13a and 13b, and is mounted on the end of the swing head 15 by a motor mounted on the swing head 15. A configured tool (not shown) is configured to be rotated.

しかしながら、このように構成された従来の5軸加工装置では、ヘッドに装着した工具で加工木材を加工したときに、木屑が散乱し、この木屑によって、加工木材上の加工部分がずれて加工部分が正確に加工されないという問題があった。
特開平2006−28635
However, in the conventional 5-axis machining apparatus configured as described above, when machining wood is machined with a tool attached to the head, wood chips are scattered, and the machined parts on the machined wood are shifted by the wood chips, so that the machined parts are processed. There was a problem that was not processed accurately.
JP 2006-28635 A

解決しようとする問題点は、ヘッドに装着した工具で加工木材を加工したときに、木屑が散乱し、この木屑によって、加工木材上の加工部分がずれて加工部分が正確に加工されないという問題がある。     The problem to be solved is that when the machined wood is machined with a tool attached to the head, the wood chips are scattered, and the machined parts on the machined wood are shifted due to the wood chips and the machined parts are not processed accurately. is there.

本発明は、被加工部材を装着するテーブルをベース上で第1のサーボモータにより前後に移動可能に装着し、前記ベースに装着した支持部材に横移動部材を第2のサーボモータで前記テーブルの移動方向に対して直交方向に移動可能に装着し、前記横移動部材に装着した第3のサーボモータで上下移動部材を上下に移動可能に装着し、前記上下移動部材に上部ヘッドを装着し、該上部ヘッドの下に第4のサーボモータで回動する下部ヘッドを装着し、前記下部ヘッドに装着した第5のサーボモータで首振りヘッドを回動し、該首振りヘッドにモータを装着した5軸加工装置において、前記首振りヘッドに工具の周囲を覆うように装着したカバーと、該カバーの下端の周囲に装着したブラシ、前記首振りヘッドに前記カバーを上下するように装着したシリンダと、前記カバーの側面に装着したエルボ型ダクトと、該エルボ型ダクトの端部に前記首振りヘッドの曲げ回動に追従する曲折可能なように接続した弾力性ダクトと、前記下部ヘッドの上部に前記下部ヘッドの外周を取り囲み、前記下部ヘッドとともに回動するように装着した吸引部と、該吸引部の上面に装着した吸引ダクトと、前記吸引部の下部に前記弾力性ダクトに接続される接続ダクトとからなり、前記首振りヘッドの工具の交換時に前記シリンダで前記カバーを上げて工具を交換し、加工木材の加工時に前記シリンダで前記カバーを下げて加工し、前記カバーの下端のブラシの内側の加工時に溜まる木屑を、一方の端部がエルボ型ダクトに固着され、他方の端部が前記接続ダクトに密接して接続されている前記弾力性ダクトと、前記接続ダクトと、前記吸引部を介して常時吸引しながら加工するものであり、又、前記弾力性ダクトは蛇腹状のダクトである。 According to the present invention, a table for mounting a workpiece is mounted on a base so as to be movable back and forth by a first servo motor, and a lateral movement member is mounted on the support member mounted on the base by a second servo motor. Mounted movably in a direction orthogonal to the moving direction, mounted with a third servo motor mounted on the laterally movable member so that the vertically movable member can be moved up and down, and mounted an upper head on the vertically movable member, A lower head rotated by a fourth servo motor is mounted under the upper head, a swing head is rotated by a fifth servo motor mounted on the lower head, and a motor is mounted on the swing head. In a 5-axis machining apparatus, a cover attached to the swing head so as to cover the periphery of the tool, a brush attached to the periphery of the lower end of the cover, and a cover attached to the swing head so as to move the cover up and down. A cylinder, an elbow duct mounted on the side of the cover, an elastic duct connected to an end of the elbow duct so as to bend and follow the bending rotation of the swing head, and the lower head A suction part that surrounds the outer periphery of the lower head at the upper part of the suction head and is attached so as to rotate together with the lower head, a suction duct that is attached to the upper surface of the suction part, and a resilient duct that is connected to the lower part of the suction part A connecting duct, and when changing the tool of the swing head, the cylinder is raised to replace the tool, and when processing wood, the cylinder is lowered and the cover is lowered to process the lower end of the cover. said resilient dust which the wood chips accumulated during inside machining of the brush, is secured to one end elbow duct, the other end is connected closely to the connecting duct And bets, said connecting duct, which is processed with suction at all times through the suction portion, and said resilient duct is bellows-shaped duct.

本発明は、首振りヘッドの下端の工具の周囲に、シリンダによって上下するカバーを装着し、このカバーの下端の周囲にブラシを装着し、加工時にブラシを下げて加工することにより、工具で飛び散った木屑が周囲に離散することが避けられ、この木屑をエルボ型ダクト、弾力性ダクト、接続ダクト及び吸引部と、吸引ダクトを介して常時吸引しながら加工するので、加工面は常に木屑が存在せず、きれいに保たれ、又工具交換時には、シリンダによってカバーを上昇させるとにより、交換装置との干渉を防ぐことができるいう利点がある。 The present invention attaches a cover that is moved up and down by a cylinder around the tool at the lower end of the swing head, attaches a brush around the lower end of the cover, and lowers the brush during processing to scatter the tool. Since it is avoided that the wood chips are scattered in the surroundings, this wood chips are processed while being always sucked through the elbow duct, the elastic duct, the connection duct and the suction part, and the suction duct. without the clean maintained, also during tool change, by the this raising the cover by the cylinder, there is an advantage that it is possible to prevent interference with the exchanging device.

本発明は、首振りヘッドの工具の周囲に木屑集塵用のブラシを装着したカバーを取付け、このカバーにエルボ型ダクトを設け、このエルボ型ダクトに弾力性ダクトを介して接続ダクトを接続することにより、首振りヘッドが曲げられても、その曲げに追従するように構成し、工具で加工した時に発生する木屑を確実に吸引することができた。   In the present invention, a cover on which a brush for dust collection of dust is attached is mounted around the tool of the swing head, an elbow duct is provided on the cover, and a connection duct is connected to the elbow duct via an elastic duct. As a result, even if the swinging head is bent, it is configured to follow the bending, and wood chips generated when processed with a tool can be reliably sucked.

図1は本発明の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドの一部断面正面図、図2は図1の下部ヘッドの右側面図、図3は図1の下部ヘッドの一部断面側面図で、13は下部ヘッド、13a、13bは二股部、14は第5のサーボモータ、15は首振りヘッドで、工具を回転するモータを装着しており、これらの構成は上記従来例と同じであるので、説明は省略するが、本実施例では、下部ヘッド13を囲むように装着された吸引部17が装着され、この吸引部17の上部に吸引装置(図示せず)に接続される吸引ダクト18が装着され、又、吸引部17の下部に接続ダクト19が装着され、さらに、首振りヘッド15の下端にカバー20が装着され、このカバー20の下端にブラシ21が固着され、カバー20の側面にカバー20の内部と連通するエルボ型ダクト22が固着され、このエルボ型ダクト22の端部と接続ダクト19の外側に弾力性ダクト23が接続されており、又、首振りヘッド15の側部にシリンダ24が装着され、このシリンダ24の駆動軸24aがカバー20の上部に連結され、又、ガイド25が支持部材26によって支持され、シリンダ24を駆動することによって、図4に示すように、カバー20は首振りヘッド15に沿って下方に移動するように構成されている。 1 is a partially sectional front view of the lower head of the 5-axis machining apparatus of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a right side view of the lower head of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is a partially sectional side view of the lower head of FIG. Is a lower head, 13a and 13b are bifurcated portions, 14 is a fifth servo motor, 15 is a head swing, and a motor for rotating the tool is mounted, and these configurations are the same as the conventional example, Although the description is omitted, in this embodiment, a suction part 17 attached so as to surround the lower head 13 is attached, and a suction duct 18 connected to a suction device (not shown) is provided above the suction part 17. The connecting duct 19 is attached to the lower part of the suction part 17, the cover 20 is attached to the lower end of the swing head 15, and the brush 21 is fixed to the lower end of the cover 20. Elbow communicating with the inside of the cover 20 A duct 22 is fixed, and an elastic duct 23 is connected to the end of the elbow-type duct 22 and the outside of the connection duct 19, and a cylinder 24 is attached to the side of the swing head 15. The drive shaft 24a is coupled to the upper portion of the cover 20, and the guide 25 is supported by the support member 26. By driving the cylinder 24, the cover 20 is moved along the swing head 15 as shown in FIG. It is configured to move downward.

このように構成された本実施例の5軸加工装置では、加工時にバキューム装置を駆動してカバー20内の空気を吸引部17、接続ダクト19、弾力性ダクト23,エルボ型ダクト22を介して吸引し、次に、首振りヘッド15に装着したシリンダ24を駆動してカバーを下方に移動し、首振りヘッド15に装着したモータで工具を回転して加工すると、その加工によって発生した木屑は、カバー20内に飛び散るので、カバー20内からエルボ型ダクト22,弾力性カバー23、接続ダクト19から吸引部17に送られ、この吸引部17から吸引ダクト18を介して吸引装置で集塵され、首振りヘッド15が図6及び図7に示すように左右に振られても、弾力性ダクト23によって接続ダクト19とエルボ型ダクト22は外れることが無く、常に木屑の吸引を続けることができる。 In the five-axis machining apparatus of the present embodiment configured as described above, the vacuum device is driven during machining so that the air in the cover 20 passes through the suction portion 17, the connection duct 19 , the elastic duct 23, and the elbow-type duct 22. Next, when the cylinder 24 mounted on the swing head 15 is driven to move the cover downward and the tool is rotated by a motor mounted on the swing head 15, the wood chips generated by the processing are removed. Therefore, the dust is scattered in the cover 20 and sent from the cover 20 to the suction part 17 through the elbow-type duct 22, the elastic cover 23 and the connection duct 19, and is collected from the suction part 17 through the suction duct 18 by the suction device. Even if the swing head 15 is swung left and right as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the connection duct 19 and the elbow-type duct 22 are not detached by the elastic duct 23. The suction of wood chips can always be continued.

なお、上記の説明では、接続ダクト19とエルボ型ダクト22の間を弾力性ダクト23で接続したが、この部材としては合成樹脂を使用することができ、又、この弾力性ダクトの代わりに、蛇腹状のダクトを使用することができる。   In the above description, the connecting duct 19 and the elbow-type duct 22 are connected by the elastic duct 23. However, a synthetic resin can be used as this member, and instead of this elastic duct, A bellows-like duct can be used.

図1は本発明の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドの一部断面正面図である。FIG. 1 is a partial sectional front view of a lower head of a 5-axis machining apparatus of the present invention. 図2は図1の下部ヘッドの右側面図である。FIG. 2 is a right side view of the lower head of FIG. 図3は図1の下部ヘッドの一部断面側面図である。FIG. 3 is a partial sectional side view of the lower head of FIG. 図4は本発明の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドのシリンダを延ばした一部断面正面図である。FIG. 4 is a partially sectional front view in which the cylinder of the lower head of the 5-axis machining apparatus of the present invention is extended. 図5は本発明の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドのシリンダを延ばした側面図である。FIG. 5 is a side view in which the cylinder of the lower head of the 5-axis machining apparatus of the present invention is extended. 図6は本発明の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドのシリンダを延ばした状態で首振りヘッドを一方に曲げた側面図図である。FIG. 6 is a side view in which the swing head is bent in one direction with the cylinder of the lower head of the 5-axis machining apparatus of the present invention extended. 図7は本発明の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドのシリンダを延ばした状態で首振りヘッドを他方に曲げた側面図図である。FIG. 7 is a side view in which the swing head is bent to the other side with the cylinder of the lower head of the 5-axis machining apparatus of the present invention extended. 従来の5軸加工装置の平面図である。It is a top view of the conventional 5-axis processing apparatus. 図8の5軸加工装置の側面図である。It is a side view of the 5-axis processing apparatus of FIG. 図9の5軸加工装置の下部ヘッドの拡大正面図である。It is an enlarged front view of the lower head of the 5-axis machining apparatus of FIG.

13 下部ヘッド
14 第5のサーボモータ
15 首振りヘッド
17 吸引部
18 吸引ダクト
19 接続ダクト
20 カバー
21 ブラシ
22 エルボ型ダクト
23 弾力性ダクト
13 Lower head 14 Fifth servo motor 15 Swing head 17 Suction part 18 Suction duct 19 Connection duct 20 Cover 21 Brush 22 Elbow type duct 23 Elastic duct

Claims (1)

被加工部材を装着するテーブルをベース上で第1のサーボモータにより前後に移動可能に装着し、前記ベースに装着した支持部材に横移動部材を第2のサーボモータで前記テーブルの移動方向に対して直交方向に移動可能に装着し、前記横移動部材に装着した第3のサーボモータで上下移動部材を上下に移動可能に装着し、前記上下移動部材に上部ヘッドを装着し、該上部ヘッドの下に第4のサーボモータで回動する下部ヘッドを装着し、前記下部ヘッドに装着した第5のサーボモータで首振りヘッドを回動し、該首振りヘッドにモータを装着した5軸加工装置において、前記首振りヘッドに工具の周囲を覆うように装着したカバーと、該カバーの下端の周囲に装着したブラシと、前記首振りヘッドに前記カバーを上下するように装着したシリンダと、前記カバーの側面に装着したエルボ型ダクトと、該エルボ型ダクトの端部に前記首振りヘッドの曲げ回動に追従する曲折可能に接続した弾力性ダクトと、前記下部ヘッドの外周を取り囲み、前記下部ヘッドとともに回動するように装着した吸引部と、該吸引部の上面に装着した吸引ダクトと、前記吸引部の下部に前記弾力性ダクトに接続される接続ダクトとからなり、前記首振りヘッドの工具の交換時に前記シリンダで前記カバーを上げて工具を交換し、加工木材の加工時に前記シリンダで前記カバーを下げて加工し、前記カバーの下端のブラシの内側の加工時に溜まる木屑を、一方の端部がエルボ型ダクトに固着され、他方の端部が前記接続ダクトに密接して接続されている前記弾力性ダクトと、前記接続ダクトと、前記吸引部を介して常時吸引しながら加工することを特徴とする5軸加工装置。 A table on which a workpiece is mounted is mounted on a base so as to be movable back and forth by a first servo motor, and a laterally moving member is mounted on the support member mounted on the base with respect to the moving direction of the table by a second servo motor. Are mounted so as to be movable in the orthogonal direction, and a third servo motor mounted on the laterally moving member is mounted so that the vertically moving member can be moved up and down, and an upper head is mounted on the vertically moving member. A 5-axis machining apparatus in which a lower head rotated by a fourth servo motor is mounted below, a swing head is rotated by a fifth servo motor mounted on the lower head, and a motor is mounted on the swing head The cover mounted on the swing head so as to cover the periphery of the tool, the brush mounted on the periphery of the lower end of the cover, and the cover mounted on the swing head so as to move the cover up and down. And Sunda, the elbow duct mounted on a side surface of the cover, a resilient duct is bent connected to follow the bending rotation of the swing head to the end of the elbow duct, an outer periphery of the lower head A suction portion that is mounted so as to surround and rotate together with the lower head, a suction duct that is attached to an upper surface of the suction portion, and a connection duct that is connected to the elastic duct at a lower portion of the suction portion, When replacing the tool of the swing head, the cover is raised by the cylinder to change the tool, and when processing the processed wood, the cover is lowered and processed by the cylinder, and the wood chips collected during processing inside the brush at the lower end of the cover and it is fixed to one end elbow duct, and the resilient duct the other end is connected closely to the connecting duct, and the connecting duct, the suction unit 5-axis machining apparatus characterized by processing with suction at all times through.
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CN106976131A (en) * 2017-05-23 2017-07-25 慈溪智江机械科技有限公司 A kind of plate drilling device for the drill bit that can automatically switch

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