JP5311301B2 - Filtration device with foam separation tank - Google Patents

Filtration device with foam separation tank Download PDF

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JP5311301B2
JP5311301B2 JP2008280490A JP2008280490A JP5311301B2 JP 5311301 B2 JP5311301 B2 JP 5311301B2 JP 2008280490 A JP2008280490 A JP 2008280490A JP 2008280490 A JP2008280490 A JP 2008280490A JP 5311301 B2 JP5311301 B2 JP 5311301B2
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tank
filtration
foam separation
water
filter medium
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JP2010089064A (en
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教雄 吉原
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株式会社マリンリバー
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本発明は、活魚等の飼育水槽及び蓄養水槽等に送水する濾過装置に気泡分離槽を一体的に構成し、全体を小型化して効率良く有機物及び汚濁物質を濾過除去して水質を浄化し、各種の魚介類の飼育を良好とする事を目的とした泡沫分離槽付生物濾過装置に関するものである。  The present invention integrally forms a bubble separation tank in a filtration device that feeds live fish such as live fish and aquaculture tanks, etc., and purifies the water quality by efficiently filtering and removing organic substances and pollutants by reducing the overall size. The present invention relates to a biological filtration apparatus with a foam separation tank for the purpose of improving the breeding of various seafood.

従来この種の泡沫分離槽を使用したものは、活魚蓄養装置本体の内部の蓄養槽と濾過槽との間に貯水槽、泡沫分離槽、殺菌槽及び熱交換槽等を平坦状に一体的に構成されたものが知られている。(例えば、登録3107060公報)
更に、従来の濾過装置においては、内部に濾過槽、殺菌槽及び貯水槽とを一体的に構成し、排水槽に隣接する隔壁の高さを排水用樋と同一高さとして汚泥が殺菌槽に浸入しないようにしたものも散見されている。(例えば、特開2004−58034号参照)
Conventionally, this type of foam separation tank uses a flat storage tank, foam separation tank, sterilization tank, heat exchange tank, etc., between the storage tank and the filtration tank inside the live fish farming device body. What is composed is known. (For example, registration 3107060 gazette)
Furthermore, in the conventional filtration device, a filtration tank, a sterilization tank, and a water storage tank are integrally formed inside, and the height of the partition wall adjacent to the drainage tank is the same height as the drainage tub, so that sludge becomes a sterilization tank. Some of them have been prevented from entering. (For example, refer to JP 2004-58034 A)

従来のもので述べている前者のものは、泡沫分離槽を使用したものではあるが、蓄養装置に設けた蓄養槽と濾過槽との間に貯水槽と並設して泡沫分離槽を一体的に設けたものであり、著しく小型に形成されているため、有機物の濾過と汚濁物質の濾過除去を多量に浄化することは不可能であり、濾過槽の能率が著しく悪いと云う問題点がある。
また、後者のものは、濾過槽に泡沫分離槽を設けたものでは、有機物と汚泥との浄化作用が著しく悪く、容易に汚染されるため、掃除が大変に面倒な作業となる等の問題点がある。
更に、従来の泡沫分離槽装置は、単独な一つの装置の製品として製作販売されているので、大変に高価であるため、重要な濾過作用をする濾過装置に装設するには、非常に大型となり、経済的にも不適当である問題点もある。
本発明は、上記従来に実施されている問題点を解決するためのもので、その目的とする所は、従来の活魚等の蓄養槽、飼育水槽とは別個に濾過装置を設け、濾過装置に泡沫分離槽を一体に組込むことによって、有機物の濾過を濾過槽の前処理として作用させ、汚染物質を気泡に吸着させ、気泡をフィルターとして効率よく汚濁を除去し、飼育槽等に往水循環することによって、濾過による濾材の目詰まりを著しく防止できる。また、濾過装置内に泡沫分離槽を濾材の位置より高く設置して、汚濁の排出物と濾材中の汚濁の逆洗の洗浄を容易とするものである。
Although the former thing described in the conventional one uses a foam separation tank, the foam separation tank is integrated with a storage tank between the storage tank and the filtration tank provided in the storage device. Since it is formed in a very small size, it is impossible to purify a large amount of filtration of organic substances and filtration of pollutants, and there is a problem that the efficiency of the filtration tank is extremely poor. .
In the latter case, a foam separation tank is provided in the filtration tank, and the cleaning action of organic matter and sludge is remarkably poor and easily contaminated, so that cleaning becomes a very troublesome work. There is.
Furthermore, since the conventional foam separation tank apparatus is manufactured and sold as a product of a single apparatus, it is very expensive, so it is very large to be installed in a filtration apparatus that performs an important filtration action. Therefore, there is also a problem that is economically inappropriate.
The present invention is intended to solve the above-described conventional problems. The purpose of the present invention is to provide a filtration device separately from conventional storage tanks and breeding aquariums for live fish. By incorporating a foam separation tank into one body, filtering organic matter acts as a pretreatment of the filtration tank, adsorbing pollutants to the bubbles, removing bubbles efficiently using the bubbles as a filter, and circulating water to breeding tanks, etc. Thus, clogging of the filter medium due to filtration can be remarkably prevented. Moreover, a foam separation tank is installed in the filtration device higher than the position of the filter medium to facilitate cleaning of the polluted discharge and the backwash of the pollutant in the filter medium.

上記目的を達成するために、本発明の泡沫分離槽付濾過装置は、略四角形の方形状であって、内部の濾過槽と泡沫分離槽とを一体的に構成する濾過槽の濾材の位置を該濾過槽の内部下方に設け、また、濾材の外周に逆洗洗浄用の濾材洗浄用排水集水樋を形成する該泡沫分離槽を濾材の充填位置より上方に装設するものである。  In order to achieve the above object, the filtration device with a foam separation tank of the present invention has a substantially square shape, and the position of the filter medium of the filtration tank that integrally constitutes the internal filtration tank and the foam separation tank. The foam separation tank is provided below the inside of the filtration tank and forms a filter medium washing drainage catchment for backwashing on the outer periphery of the filter medium, and is installed above the filter medium filling position.

本発明は、上記の如く構成されているので、従来の濾過装置の如く、泡沫分離槽を設けていないものと比較して、汚濁物質を気泡によって浮上させるため、濾過の濾材の目詰まりが著しく防止される効果と共に、濾過バクテリアの活性化に役立つ効果もある。
そして、濾過装置本体に設けた泡沫分離槽の上端が濾材の上部より上方に位置するので、汚濁排出物は、微細気泡に吸着して浮上し、給水槽の流水は著しく汚染されずに送られる効果がある。また、濾材の外周に設けた濾材洗浄用排水集水樋によっては、底部の洗浄装置によって濾材の逆洗によって蓄積された汚濁を、濾材洗浄用排水集水樋で確実に給水槽に送られ給水槽の下部より排出できる効果もある。
Since the present invention is configured as described above, as compared with a conventional filtration device that does not have a foam separation tank, the contaminants are floated by bubbles, so the filter material for filtration is clogged significantly. Along with the effect that is prevented, there is also an effect that helps to activate the filtering bacteria.
And since the upper end of the foam separation tank provided in the main body of the filtration device is located above the upper part of the filter medium, the polluted waste is adsorbed by the fine bubbles and floats, and the running water in the water supply tank is sent without being significantly contaminated. effective. In addition, depending on the filter media cleaning drainage catchment provided on the outer periphery of the filter media, the contamination accumulated by the backwashing of the filter media by the bottom cleaning device is reliably sent to the water tank by the filter media cleaning drainage catchment vessel. There is also an effect that can be discharged from the bottom of the aquarium.

本発明によれば、図1に示す如く、濾過装置本体は、濾過槽の隣接した泡沫分離槽に循環水を循環ポンプにより給水し、内部の泡沫分離装置本体羽根(インペラ)の回転で発生した微細気泡により汚濁物質を浮上させて上部の汚濁配水管より外部に放出し、その下方より給水槽に送り、給水槽より矢印の如く濾材を通り、貯水槽・殺菌槽に送られ、必要に応じて殺菌装置を得て、濾過処理槽に送られる。
さらに、濾材が汚濁物質で目詰まりした場合は、洗浄用ブロワによる洗浄装置により、汚濁物質を逆洗により浮上させて濾材洗浄用排水集水樋により給水槽に戻し、給水槽の下部より落着または排水ポンプで外部に放出するものである。
According to the present invention, as shown in FIG. 1, the filtration device main body supplies circulating water to the foam separation tank adjacent to the filtration tank by the circulation pump, and is generated by rotation of the internal foam separation device main body blade (impeller). Fouling substances are levitated by fine bubbles, discharged from the upper polluted water distribution pipe, sent to the water tank from below, passed from the water tank through the filter medium as shown by the arrow, and sent to the water storage tank / sterilization tank, as necessary The sterilizer is obtained and sent to the filtration tank.
Furthermore, when the filter medium is clogged with contaminants, the contaminants are lifted by backwashing using a cleaning device with a cleaning blower and returned to the water supply tank with the filter medium cleaning drainage catchment. It is discharged to the outside with a drain pump.

次に、本発明の実施例を図面について説明すると、濾過装置本体(1)は、全体を略方形状に形成され、中央に濾材(11)を収納した濾過槽(2)を設け、その端部に泡沫分離槽(3)と給水槽(4)を隣接して設置する。該濾過槽(2)の他端部には、貯水槽・殺菌槽(5)を一体的に装設してある。
次に、該濾過槽(2)には、内部の濾材(11)の位置を該濾過槽(2)の内部位置の下方に収納してある。該濾材(11)が収納されている外周には、逆洗して汚濁を矢印の如く排出する濾材洗浄用排水集水樋(6)を配設してある。
また、該泡沫分離槽(3)は、該濾材(11)の充填位置より上方に突設して装設され、上部に曝気装置(7)を設け、内部の底部にエアポンプ(13)よりの微細気泡発生用分散器(20)を装設する。更に、内部には、該曝気装置(7)に連結された縦通気管の回転軸(22)を設け、下端に微細気泡発生器(21)を取付けてある。
更に、該泡沫分離槽(3)には、上部に汚濁排出口(28)を設けた汚濁排水管(27)と、循環用ポンプ(12)を連結し循環水往管(26)を介した水量調節バルブ(19)を設けてある。
また、該濾材(11)の下端には、多孔板(18)を敷設すると共に、その下部に洗浄装置(17)を装設してある。該洗浄装置(17)には、エア配管(23)を連結し、該エア配管(23)には、洗浄用ブロワ(14)を接続すると共に、途中にエア逃がしバルブ(15)を装設してある。
更に、該貯水槽・殺菌槽(5)には、内部に隣接して必要に応じて殺菌装置(9)を設けてある。該殺菌装置(9)には、石英管・紫外線ランプ(10)を装設するものである。また、該貯水槽・殺菌槽(5)には、隣接して濾過処理槽(36)が設けられている。該濾過処理槽(36)には、洗浄送水用バルブ(30)を設けると共に、洗浄水の洗浄用送水管(33)を連結してある。また、該濾過処理槽(36)には、濾過処理水出口(32)を設けると共に、排水管(31)を介して排水バルブ(29)を装設してある。符号(16)は、給水槽(4)の下端に設けた排水管(24)に設けた排水バルブ(16)を示し、符号(8)は、給水槽(4)内に設けたレベルスイッチを示し、符号(25)は、微細気泡発生用分散器(20)に連結したエアホースを示したものである。(34)は、濾過槽(2)内に設けてある仕切壁を示し、(37)は、該泡沫分離槽(3)と給水槽(4)との仕切壁を示す。(35)は、該曝気装置(7)の吸気口を示したものである。
Next, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. The filtration device main body (1) is formed in a substantially rectangular shape as a whole, and is provided with a filtration tank (2) containing a filter medium (11) in the center. A foam separation tank (3) and a water supply tank (4) are installed adjacent to each other. A water storage tank / sterilization tank (5) is integrally installed at the other end of the filtration tank (2).
Next, in the filtration tank (2), the position of the internal filter medium (11) is stored below the internal position of the filtration tank (2). On the outer periphery where the filter medium (11) is stored, a drainage water collecting tank (6) for cleaning the filter medium for backwashing and discharging the pollution as indicated by an arrow is disposed.
In addition, the foam separation tank (3) is provided so as to protrude above the filling position of the filter medium (11), an aeration device (7) is provided at the top, and an air pump (13) is provided at the bottom of the inside. A disperser (20) for generating fine bubbles is installed. Further, a rotating shaft (22) of a vertical ventilation pipe connected to the aeration device (7) is provided inside, and a fine bubble generator (21) is attached to the lower end.
Further, the foam separation tank (3) is connected to a polluted drain pipe (27) provided with a pollutant discharge port (28) in the upper part and a circulation pump (12) through a circulating water outlet pipe (26). A water amount adjusting valve (19) is provided.
In addition, a perforated plate (18) is laid at the lower end of the filter medium (11), and a cleaning device (17) is installed at the lower part thereof. An air pipe (23) is connected to the cleaning device (17), a cleaning blower (14) is connected to the air pipe (23), and an air relief valve (15) is installed on the way. It is.
Further, the water storage tank / sterilization tank (5) is provided with a sterilizer (9) adjacent to the inside as necessary. The sterilizer (9) is equipped with a quartz tube / ultraviolet lamp (10). In addition, a filtration tank (36) is provided adjacent to the water storage tank / sterilization tank (5). The filtration tank (36) is provided with a cleaning water supply valve (30) and connected with a cleaning water supply pipe (33). The filtration tank (36) is provided with a filtered water outlet (32) and a drain valve (29) via a drain pipe (31). The code | symbol (16) shows the drain valve (16) provided in the drain pipe (24) provided in the lower end of the water tank (4), and the code | symbol (8) shows the level switch provided in the water tank (4). Reference numeral (25) denotes an air hose connected to the fine bubble generating disperser (20). (34) shows a partition wall provided in the filtration tank (2), and (37) shows a partition wall between the foam separation tank (3) and the water supply tank (4). (35) shows the inlet of the aeration apparatus (7).

本発明の濾過装置本体の展開配置した上面図である。  It is the upper side figure which expanded and arranged the filtration device main part of the present invention. 同じく本発明の展開した配列循環の簡略した縦断側面図である。  It is the simplified longitudinal section of the arrangement | sequence circulation which the same this invention developed.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 濾過装置本体
2 濾過槽
3 泡沫分離槽
4 給水槽
5 貯水槽・殺菌槽
6 濾材洗浄用排水集水樋
7 曝気装置
8 レベルスイッチ
9 殺菌装置
10 石英管・紫外線ランプ
11 濾材
12 循環用ポンプ
13 エアポンプ
14 洗浄用ブロワ
15 エア逃がしバルブ
16 排水バルブ
17 洗浄装置
18 多孔板
19 水量調節バルブ
20 微細気泡発生用分散器
21 微細気泡発生器
22 回転軸
23 エア配管
24、31 排水管
25 エアホース
26 循環水往管
27 汚濁排水管
28 汚濁排出口
29 排水バルブ
30 洗浄送水用バルブ
32 濾過処理水出口
33 洗浄用送水管
34、37 仕切壁
35 吸気口
36 濾過処理槽
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Filtration apparatus body 2 Filtration tank 3 Foam separation tank 4 Water supply tank 5 Water storage tank and sterilization tank 6 Filter material washing drainage water collecting tank 7 Aeration apparatus 8 Level switch 9 Sterilization apparatus 10 Quartz tube and ultraviolet lamp 11 Filter medium 12 Circulation pump 13 Air pump 14 Cleaning blower 15 Air relief valve 16 Drain valve 17 Cleaning device 18 Perforated plate 19 Water volume control valve 20 Fine bubble generating disperser 21 Fine bubble generator 22 Rotating shaft 23 Air piping 24, 31 Drain pipe 25 Air hose 26 Circulating water Outlet pipe 27 Pollution drain pipe 28 Pollution outlet 29 Drain valve 30 Washing water supply valve 32 Filtration water outlet 33 Washing water pipes 34, 37 Partition wall 35 Inlet 36 Filtration tank

Claims (1)

濾過装置本体(1)には、全体を方形状にした内部の中央に濾過槽(2)を設け、該濾過槽(2)の1端部に泡沫分離槽(3)と給水槽(4)を隣接し、該濾過槽(2)の他端部には、貯水槽・殺菌槽(5)を一体的に形成したものにおいて、該濾過槽(2)には、内部の濾材(11)の位置を該泡沫分離槽(3)の高さより低い位置に設置し、該濾材(11)の上方全外周には、濾材洗浄用排水集水樋(6)を配設し、該泡沫分離槽(3)には、該濾材(11)の充填位置より上方に突設して縦通気菅の回転軸(22)を設けた曝気装置(7)を立設し、且つ、上部に汚濁排出口(28)を設けた汚濁排水管(27)を形成し、また、該泡沫分離槽(3)に隣接して給水槽(4)を装設し、該貯水槽・殺菌槽(5)には、石英管・紫外線ランプ(10)を設けた殺菌装置(9)を設けると共に、隣接して濾過処理水出口(32)を設けた濾過処理槽(36)を装設した事を特徴とする泡沫分離槽付濾過装置。The filtration device main body (1) is provided with a filtration tank (2) in the center of the inside which is rectangular in shape, and a foam separation tank (3) and a water supply tank (4) at one end of the filtration tank (2). And the other end of the filtration tank (2) is integrally formed with a water storage tank / sterilization tank (5). The filtration tank (2) includes an internal filter medium (11). The position is set at a position lower than the height of the foam separation tank (3), and a drainage water collecting tank (6) for cleaning the filter medium is disposed on the entire outer periphery of the filter medium (11). 3), an aeration apparatus (7) provided with a rotating shaft (22) of a vertical vent is provided so as to protrude above the filling position of the filter medium (11), and a pollutant discharge port ( 28) is provided with polluted water discharge pipe (27) is formed, also So設water supply tank (4) adjacent the foam separation tank (3), the該貯water tank and sterilization bath (5), Quartz tube / UV And a sterilizer (9) provided with a filter (10), and a filtration tank (36) provided with a filtration water outlet (32) adjacent thereto, and a filtration device with a foam separation tank .
JP2008280490A 2008-10-03 2008-10-03 Filtration device with foam separation tank Active JP5311301B2 (en)

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CN102860277A (en) * 2012-10-17 2013-01-09 浙江大学舟山海洋研究中心 Shellfish culture test trough

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JP3707458B2 (en) * 2002-07-25 2005-10-19 株式会社マリンリバー Anti-contamination device for quartz tube and UV lamp of filtration device with sterilization tank
JP3107060U (en) * 2004-08-05 2005-01-27 株式会社マリンリバー Live fish farming equipment with foam separation tank

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