JP5302587B2 - Video display device - Google Patents

Video display device Download PDF

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JP5302587B2
JP5302587B2 JP2008191118A JP2008191118A JP5302587B2 JP 5302587 B2 JP5302587 B2 JP 5302587B2 JP 2008191118 A JP2008191118 A JP 2008191118A JP 2008191118 A JP2008191118 A JP 2008191118A JP 5302587 B2 JP5302587 B2 JP 5302587B2
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video
unit
video signal
display
backlight
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JP2010026455A (en
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貴志 秋田
崇 桑原
春享 浦島
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パナソニック株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a video display device, and more particularly to a video display device that displays a composite video obtained by combining a plurality of videos, for example, side by side.

  Conventionally, in a liquid crystal display as a typical example of a video display device, the contrast of the displayed video or the brightness of the backlight is generally adjusted by a user's manual operation. However, in recent years, there is a technique for dynamically adjusting the contrast of a display image or the brightness of a backlight according to an input image signal that changes over time so that a higher-quality image can be enjoyed, thereby increasing the contrast of the display image. Proposed.

For example, the video display device disclosed in Patent Document 1 first detects a feature quantity of an input video, such as average luminance, in order to increase the contrast of the displayed video. The video display device controls the contrast of the display video and dynamically controls the backlight luminance of the liquid crystal display based on the detected feature amount.
JP 2005-70656 A

  The video display device adjusts the luminance of the backlight based on the feature amount of the entire display video on the liquid crystal display. In such a video display device, when a plurality of videos constituting the composite video are simultaneously displayed on the screen, there is a problem in that the brightness of each display video is not adjusted to an appropriate level.

  Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a video display device capable of improving the contrast of each video constituting a composite video.

In order to achieve the above object, one aspect of the present invention is a video display device that displays a synthesized video obtained by synthesizing a plurality of input videos, wherein the feature amount of each input video of the plurality of input videos is detected. A detection unit; a video signal processing unit that performs at least a process of correcting a contrast of each input video based on each feature amount of each input video detected by the feature detection unit; and a contrast correction performed by the video signal processing unit. A synthesis unit that synthesizes the generated videos to generate a synthesized video, a screen that displays the synthesized video generated by the synthesis unit, a backlight that gives light of a predetermined luminance to the screen, a backlight control unit for determining the luminance of the backlight based on the feature quantity detected by the feature detection unit, based on each feature quantity detected by the feature detecting unit, the signals representing each input image And a offset calculation unit for calculating a DC offset, the backlight control unit obtains a luminance based on the average value of the DC offset calculated by the offset calculation unit, the backlight in the image signal processing unit Light of the luminance determined by the backlight control unit is applied to the screen on which the composite video generated by combining the respective images whose contrast has been corrected by the combining unit is displayed.

  According to the above aspect of the present invention, contrast correction is performed based on the feature amount of each video, and the backlight luminance is controlled to a predetermined value, so that a sense of contrast is improved for each of a plurality of videos constituting the composite image. It becomes possible to make it.

  FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing an overall configuration of a video display device 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention and its peripheral configuration. In FIG. 1, a video source 2 is communicably connected to a video display device 1.

  First, the video source 2 will be described. The video source 2 is connected to the video display device 1 and transmits the video A toward the video display device 1. In FIG. 1, a DVD player 2A and a tuner 2B are shown as examples of the video source 2.

  The DVD player 2 </ b> A transmits the video A read and reproduced from the DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) to the video display device 1. The tuner 2 </ b> B receives, for example, terrestrial digital broadcasting and transmits the video B constituting the reproduced program to the video display device 1. Note that although the DVD player 2A and the tuner 2B transmit audio in addition to the video, the audio is not a part of interest in the present embodiment, so illustration and description thereof are omitted.

  Next, the video display device 1 will be described. The video display device 1 includes at least a video processing LSI 11, a CPU 12, and a display 13.

  When divided into functional blocks, the video processing LSI 11 includes at least a feature detection unit 111, a video signal processing unit 112, and a synthesis unit 113, as shown in FIG. When divided into functional blocks, the CPU 12 includes at least a control data generation unit 121, a backlight control unit 122, and a mode control unit 123. The display 13 includes at least a screen 131 and a backlight 132.

  In the present embodiment, the display 13 includes, for example, a liquid crystal panel having a display area with a display aspect ratio exceeding 16: 9. For example, a passenger in the rear seat of the vehicle can view the image on the ceiling of the vehicle. Installed. When installed on the ceiling in this way, it is preferable that the display 13 is long in the lateral direction so that the viewer can enjoy a large and wide image while ensuring the driver's rear view. In this embodiment, as shown in FIG. 2, the display 13 has a display area of 1600 dots in the horizontal direction and 480 dots in the vertical direction, that is, a display aspect ratio of 10: 3.

  The video display device 1 has a one-screen mode for displaying one video on the display 13 and a two-screen mode for displaying a synthesized video obtained by synthesizing two videos on the display 13. In order to support such a two-screen mode, as shown in FIG. 1, when the feature detection unit 111 is divided into functional blocks, the feature detection unit 111A is used for one screen, and the feature detection unit is used for the other screen. 111B is included. Similarly, the video signal processing unit 112 includes video signal processing units 112A and 112B. The control data generation unit 121 also includes control data generation units 121A and 121B.

  Note that the mode can be selected by the user using an operation unit (not shown) such as a remote controller, and the mode being set is managed by the mode control unit 123 of the CPU 12 and is stored in the video processing LSI 11 or the video source 2. Be notified.

  Hereinafter, the operation of the video display device 1 in the one-screen mode will be described first. For the explanation of the operation of the CPU 12, refer to the flowchart shown in FIG. In the one-screen mode, a video signal output from one video source 2 is provided as an input video signal to the feature detection unit 111 and the video signal processing unit 112 of the video processing LSI 11. In the present embodiment, a video signal from the DVD player 2A and the tuner 2B selected by the viewer is supplied to the video processing LSI 11.

  In the feature detection unit 111, for example, the feature detection unit 111A sets a detection region R for the video A represented by the input video signal, as shown in FIG. In the present embodiment, the display area on the display 13 is 1600 dots in the horizontal direction and 480 dots in the vertical direction, whereas an area of 1400 dots in the horizontal direction and 400 dots in the vertical direction is set as the detection area R. The feature detection unit 111A detects a maximum luminance level (hereinafter referred to as MAX), a minimum luminance level (hereinafter referred to as MIN), and an average luminance level (hereinafter referred to as APL) in the detection region R of the input video A. To do. Note that detection of MAX, MIN, and APL is a process that has been conventionally performed, and thus detailed description thereof is omitted here.

  In the control data generation unit 121, for example, the control data generation unit 121A receives MAX, MIN, and APL detected by the feature detection unit 111A (FIG. 3; step S301), and a signal amplitude adjustment gain (hereinafter simply referred to as gain). The DC level shift amount (hereinafter referred to as offset) of the video signal is obtained as follows.

  Consider a case where the feature detection unit 111A detects MAX, MIN, and APL as shown in FIG. 5A or FIG. 6A for an input video signal.

  First, the control data generation unit 121A calculates the gain for amplifying the maximum amplitude (difference between MAX and MIN) of the input video signal to the signal processable range of the processing circuit, that is, the dynamic range width, by the following formula (1). ) (FIG. 3; step S302).

    Gain = Dynamic range / (MAX-MIN) (1)

  For example, when the maximum amplitude of the input video signal is 67% with respect to the dynamic range width as shown in FIG. 5A, the gain obtained by the control data generation unit 121 is approximately about as shown in FIG. 1.5 times. The obtained gain is output to, for example, the video signal processing unit 112A in the video signal processing unit 112 (FIG. 3; step S303).

  Next, the control data generation unit 121A obtains an offset that gives a DC level shift amount within which the input video signal (hereinafter referred to as an amplified video signal) amplified by the video signal processing unit 112A falls within the dynamic range (FIG. 3; Step S304). This corresponds to the case where the video signal processing unit 112A performs amplification using APL as a reference (APL DC level fixed), and the amplitude of the amplified video signal falls within the dynamic range. This is to change the level. For example, as shown in FIG. 5, when the amplitude of the amplified video signal exceeds 0.5 V from the lower limit of the dynamic range, the offset required by the control data generation unit 121A is 0.5 V as shown in FIG. The obtained offset is output to the video signal processing unit 112A and the backlight control unit 122 (FIG. 3; step S305).

  Note that in order to prevent fluttering due to changes in gain and offset from frame to frame, a low pass filter having characteristics such that the gain and offset change gently may be applied.

  The video signal processing unit 112A performs the following processing based on the gain and offset received from the control data generation unit 121A.

  An input video signal, an APL output from the feature detection unit 111A, and a gain output from the control data generation unit 121A are input to the video signal processing unit 112A.

  First, as shown in FIG. 5B or 6B, the video signal processing unit 112A amplifies the input video signal according to the input gain with reference to the input APL.

  Next, as shown in FIG. 5C or FIG. 6C, the video signal processing unit 112A, based on the amplified video signal and the offset given from the control data generation unit 121A, The DC level is level-shifted by the offset value.

  The amplified video signal (hereinafter referred to as an output video signal) after the level shift as described above is output to the display 13 via the synthesizing unit 113, and the display 13 displays a video according to the given amplified video signal. .

  The backlight control unit 122 adjusts the visual luminance level in the output video signal to be equal to the luminance level of the input video signal according to the offset received from the control data generation unit 121A, that is, FIG. As shown in (d), a predetermined brightness adjustment is performed on the backlight 132 so that the APL when the image is displayed on the display 13 is the same as the APL in the input video signal. In this way, by absorbing the variation of APL generated by the video signal processing unit 112, the black level is more visually recognized by decreasing the luminance of the backlight 132 as shown in FIG. Since the brightness level is lowered, the sense of contrast is increased as a result. As for the white level, as shown in FIG. 6D, the brightness of the backlight 132 increases, so that the visual white peak becomes higher. As a result, the bright part becomes more conspicuous and the contrast becomes higher. The feeling is improved.

  As described above, the luminance of the backlight 132 is adjusted with correlation with the signal amplitude control performed by the video signal processing unit 112A, and the APL fluctuation of the output video signal with respect to the input video signal is absorbed. Thereby, the visual contrast feeling can be improved without increasing the average power consumption of the backlight 132.

  Next, the operation of the video display device 1 in the two-screen mode will be described. For the description of the operation of the CPU 12, refer to the flowchart shown in FIG. In the two-screen mode, as shown in FIG. 8, the video A represented by the video signal output from the DVD player 2A is output from the tuner 2B to the left screen of 800 dots in the horizontal direction and 480 dots in the vertical direction on the screen 131. The description will be made assuming that the video B represented by the video signal is displayed on the right screen of 800 dots in the horizontal direction and 480 dots in the vertical direction.

  First, video signals output from the DVD player 2A and the tuner 2B of the video source 2 are input to the feature detection unit 111 and the video signal processing unit 112 as input video signals, respectively.

  As shown in FIG. 9, the feature detection units 111A and 111B set detection areas R1 and R2 for the input video signals from the DVD player 2A and the tuner 2B. In the present embodiment, areas of 700 dots in the horizontal direction and 400 dots in the vertical direction are set as detection areas R1 and R2 for the left screen and the right screen of 800 dots in the horizontal direction and 480 dots in the vertical direction, respectively. .

  The feature detection unit 111A detects MAX, MIN, and APL in the detection region R1 for the video A from the DVD player 2A (hereinafter referred to as MAX1, MIN1, and APL1, respectively).

  Further, the feature detection unit 111B detects MAX, MIN, and APL in the detection region R2 for the video B from the tuner 2B (hereinafter referred to as MAX2, MIN2, and APL2, respectively).

  The control data generation unit 121A receives MAX1, MIN1, and APL1 detected by the feature detection unit 111A (FIG. 7; step S701), and calculates a gain and an offset (hereinafter referred to as gain 1 and offset 1, respectively) ( FIG. 7; step S702). The obtained gain 1 is output to the video signal processing unit 112A, and the offset 1 is output to the video signal processing unit 112A and the backlight control unit 122 (FIG. 7; step S703).

  Further, the control data generation unit 121B receives MAX2, MIN2, and APL2 detected by the feature detection unit 111B (FIG. 7; step S704), and calculates a gain and an offset (hereinafter referred to as gain 2 and offset 2, respectively). (FIG. 7; step S705). The obtained gain 2 is output to the video signal processing unit 112B, and the offset 2 is output to the video signal processing unit 112B and the backlight control unit 122 (FIG. 7; step S706).

  Note that the calculation methods of the gains 1 and 2 and the offsets 1 and 2 are the same as in the one-screen mode, and thus detailed description thereof is omitted.

  As in the single screen mode, a low-pass filter having such characteristics that the gain and offset gradually change may be applied.

  The video signal processing unit 112A performs amplification of the input video signal representing the video A and level shift of the DC level based on the gain 1 and the offset 1 received from the control data generation unit 121A, and outputs them to the synthesis unit 113.

  Also, the video signal processing unit 112B performs amplification of the input video signal representing the video B and level shift of the DC level based on the gain 2 and the offset 2 received from the control data generation unit 121B, and outputs them to the synthesis unit 113. .

  The synthesizing unit 113 synthesizes the output video signals from the video signal processing units 112A and 112B, and generates, for example, a synthesized video signal representing a synthesized video in which the videos A and B are arranged side by side. This synthesized video signal is output to the display 13.

  In accordance with the offset 1 output from the control data generation unit 121A and the offset 2 output from the control data generation unit 121B, the backlight control unit 122 has a visual luminance level in the output video signal substantially the same as the luminance level of the input video signal. The brightness is adjusted for the backlight 132 so that Specifically, an average value of offset 1 and offset 2 is calculated, and brightness adjustment is performed based on the calculated offset value (hereinafter referred to as offset 12). Note that a low-pass filter may be applied to the offset 12 so that the calculated offset 12 does not change abruptly.

  As described above, in the single-screen mode, the contrast of the video signal and the brightness of the backlight 132 are dynamically controlled to improve the contrast of the video. The video signal is amplified according to the characteristics and the backlight 132 is commonly controlled, so that the contrast of each screen can be improved.

  In the above embodiment, the offset 12 is described as an average value of the offsets 1 and 2, but this average value may be a simple average value or a weighted average value.

  The video display device according to the present invention is suitable for a vehicle-mounted navigation device or a vehicle-mounted television receiver that is required to improve an appropriate contrast feeling for each video constituting a composite image.

The block diagram which shows the whole structure of the video display apparatus 1 which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention, and its periphery structure. Schematic diagram showing the display area of the screen 131 shown in FIG. The flowchart which shows the process at the time of 1 screen mode of CPU12 shown in FIG. Schematic diagram showing the detection region R set in the single screen mode FIG. 4 is a first schematic diagram showing the processing contents in the single screen mode. Second schematic diagram showing the processing contents in the single screen mode shown in FIG. The flowchart which shows the process at the time of 2 screen mode of CPU12 shown in FIG. The schematic diagram which shows the display area of the screen 131 at the time of 2 screen mode Schematic diagram showing detection areas R1 and R2 set in the two-screen mode shown in FIG.

Explanation of symbols

1 video display device 11 video processing LSI
111, 111A, 111B Feature detection unit 112, 112A, 112B Video signal processing unit 113 Combining unit 12 CPU
121, 121A, 121B Control data generation unit 122 Backlight control unit 123 Mode control unit 13 Display 131 Screen 132 Backlight 2 Video source 2A DVD player 2B tuner

Claims (2)

  1. A video display device for displaying a composite video obtained by combining a plurality of input videos,
    A feature detector for detecting a feature amount of each of the plurality of input videos;
    A video signal processing unit that performs at least a process of correcting the contrast of each input video based on each feature amount of each input video detected by the feature detection unit;
    A synthesizing unit that synthesizes each video whose contrast is corrected by the video signal processing unit to generate a synthesized video;
    A screen for displaying the synthesized video generated by the synthesis unit;
    A backlight that gives light of a predetermined brightness to the screen;
    A backlight control unit for determining the luminance of the backlight based on each feature amount detected by the feature detection unit ;
    An offset calculation unit that calculates a DC offset of each signal representing each input video based on each feature amount detected by the feature detection unit ;
    The backlight control unit obtains luminance based on an average value of each DC offset calculated by the offset calculation unit,
    The backlight has a luminance determined by the backlight control unit with respect to the screen that displays the synthesized video generated by synthesizing each video whose contrast is corrected by the video signal processing unit by the synthesizing unit. An image display device that gives light.
  2. The feature detection unit detects each feature amount from a predetermined region in each input video,
    The video display device according to claim 1, wherein the predetermined area is a range narrower than a display area of each input video on the screen .
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JP5637833B2 (en) * 2010-12-14 2014-12-10 キヤノン株式会社 Liquid crystal display device and control method thereof
JP5498532B2 (en) * 2012-05-23 2014-05-21 シャープ株式会社 Video display device
JP6175810B2 (en) * 2013-03-06 2017-08-09 セイコーエプソン株式会社 Image processing apparatus, projector, and image processing method
JP2014191034A (en) * 2013-03-26 2014-10-06 Panasonic Corp Image display device
JP2015004882A (en) * 2013-06-21 2015-01-08 株式会社東芝 Display data processing device and display data processing method
JP6470355B2 (en) * 2017-07-19 2019-02-13 株式会社東芝 Electronic apparatus and method

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JP3953506B2 (en) * 2005-10-18 2007-08-08 シャープ株式会社 Liquid crystal display
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