JP5291436B2 - Inverter-integrated electric compressor - Google Patents

Inverter-integrated electric compressor Download PDF

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JP5291436B2
JP5291436B2 JP2008285616A JP2008285616A JP5291436B2 JP 5291436 B2 JP5291436 B2 JP 5291436B2 JP 2008285616 A JP2008285616 A JP 2008285616A JP 2008285616 A JP2008285616 A JP 2008285616A JP 5291436 B2 JP5291436 B2 JP 5291436B2
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inverter
voltage circuit
shield plate
compressor
control board
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JP2010112261A (en
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誠 渋谷
一三 大里
桂 黒崎
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サンデン株式会社
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/12Casings; Cylinders; Cylinder heads; Fluid connections
    • F04B39/121Casings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C23/00Combinations of two or more pumps, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type, specially adapted for elastic fluids; Pumping installations specially adapted for elastic fluids; Multi-stage pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C23/008Hermetic pumps
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C23/00Combinations of two or more pumps, each being of rotary-piston or oscillating-piston type, specially adapted for elastic fluids; Pumping installations specially adapted for elastic fluids; Multi-stage pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C23/02Pumps characterised by combination with or adaptation to specific driving engines or motors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C29/00Component parts, details or accessories of pumps or pumping installations, not provided for in groups F04C18/00 - F04C28/00
    • F04C29/0042Driving elements, brakes, couplings, transmissions specially adapted for pumps
    • F04C29/0085Prime movers
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K11/00Structural association of dynamo-electric machines with electric components or with devices for shielding, monitoring or protection
    • H02K11/30Structural association with control circuits or drive circuits
    • H02K11/33Drive circuits, e.g. power electronics
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M7/00Conversion of ac power input into dc power output; Conversion of dc power input into ac power output
    • H02M7/003Constructional details, e.g. physical layout, assembly, wiring, busbar connections
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K7/00Constructional details common to different types of electric apparatus
    • H05K7/14Mounting supporting structure in casing or on frame or rack
    • H05K7/1422Printed circuit boards receptacles, e.g. stacked structures, electronic circuit modules or box like frames
    • H05K7/1427Housings
    • H05K7/1432Housings for power drive units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C18/00Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids
    • F04C18/02Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of arcuate-engagement type, i.e. with circular translatory movement of co-operating members, each member having the same number of teeth or tooth-equivalents
    • F04C18/0207Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of arcuate-engagement type, i.e. with circular translatory movement of co-operating members, each member having the same number of teeth or tooth-equivalents both members having co-operating elements in spiral form
    • F04C18/0215Rotary-piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids of arcuate-engagement type, i.e. with circular translatory movement of co-operating members, each member having the same number of teeth or tooth-equivalents both members having co-operating elements in spiral form where only one member is moving
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2240/00Components
    • F04C2240/30Casings or housings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2240/00Components
    • F04C2240/40Electric motor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2240/00Components
    • F04C2240/40Electric motor
    • F04C2240/403Electric motor with inverter for speed control
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2240/00Components
    • F04C2240/80Other components
    • F04C2240/803Electric connectors or cables; Fittings therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2240/00Components
    • F04C2240/80Other components
    • F04C2240/808Electronic circuits (e.g. inverters) installed inside the machine
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2270/00Control; Monitoring or safety arrangements
    • F04C2270/07Electric current
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04CROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; ROTARY-PISTON, OR OSCILLATING-PISTON, POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT PUMPS
    • F04C2270/00Control; Monitoring or safety arrangements
    • F04C2270/10Voltage

Description

本発明はインバータ一体型電動圧縮機に関し、とくに、設計の自由度を従来同様の高い水準に維持しつつ、電磁ノイズの遮蔽により制御回路の安定性を向上可能であり、制御基板の振動を効果的に防止でき、動作安定性に優れ低コストで実現可能なインバータ一体型電動圧縮機に関する。   The present invention relates to an inverter-integrated electric compressor. In particular, the stability of a control circuit can be improved by shielding electromagnetic noise while maintaining the same degree of design freedom as before, and the vibration of the control board is effective. The present invention relates to an inverter-integrated electric compressor that can be effectively prevented, has excellent operational stability, and can be realized at low cost.

電動圧縮機、とくに、車両に搭載される電動圧縮機においては、従来より、長時間の振動に起因する不具合から電気部品を保護するための振動対策が各種提案されている。例えば、特許文献1には、インバータ等を含むモータ駆動回路を内蔵した電動圧縮機の構造として、モータ駆動回路が樹脂モールド材によって被覆され、該樹脂モールド材中に埋設されるようにした構造が知られている。   For electric compressors, in particular, electric compressors mounted on vehicles, various countermeasures for vibration to protect electrical components from problems caused by long-time vibration have been proposed. For example, Patent Document 1 discloses a structure in which a motor drive circuit is covered with a resin mold material and embedded in the resin mold material as a structure of an electric compressor including a motor drive circuit including an inverter or the like. Are known.

また、インバータ一体型電動圧縮機においては、高電圧回路から放出される電磁ノイズにより、低電圧回路で構成される制御回路の誤動作などの不具合が引き起こされる可能性があるため、電磁ノイズの遮蔽手段が必要となる。例えば、特許文献2には、高電圧回路であるパワーモジュールと低電圧回路であるパワーモジュール駆動回路との間に遮磁シールドを設けることにより、高電圧回路より低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズを遮蔽したインバータ装置のスイッチングルーム構造が開示されている。
特開2002−70743号公報 特許第3729175号公報
Further, in the inverter-integrated electric compressor, electromagnetic noise emitted from the high voltage circuit may cause a malfunction such as a malfunction of the control circuit configured by the low voltage circuit. Is required. For example, in Patent Document 2, an electromagnetic shielding shield is provided between a power module that is a high-voltage circuit and a power module drive circuit that is a low-voltage circuit, whereby electromagnetic waves emitted from the high-voltage circuit toward the low-voltage circuit are disclosed. A switching room structure of an inverter device that shields noise is disclosed.
JP 2002-70743 A Japanese Patent No. 3729175

しかしながら、特許文献2に開示された発明においては、電磁ノイズの遮蔽による電気回路の安定性の向上については実現されているものの、振動対策についてはとくに言及も示唆もされていない。   However, in the invention disclosed in Patent Document 2, although improvement of the stability of an electric circuit by shielding electromagnetic noise has been realized, there is no particular mention or suggestion regarding vibration countermeasures.

そこで本発明の課題は、設計の自由度を従来同様の高い水準に維持しつつ、電磁ノイズの遮蔽により制御回路の安定性を向上可能であり、かつ、制御基板の振動を効果的に防止でき、動作安定性に優れたインバータ一体型電動圧縮機を低コストで提供することにある。   Therefore, an object of the present invention is to improve the stability of the control circuit by shielding electromagnetic noise while maintaining the design flexibility as high as before, and to effectively prevent the vibration of the control board. The object is to provide an inverter-integrated electric compressor excellent in operational stability at a low cost.

上記課題を解決するために、本発明に係るインバータ一体型電動圧縮機は、モータが内蔵され、インバータを含むモータ駆動用高電圧回路と、制御用低電圧回路を備えた制御基板とが圧縮機ハウジング内に設けられ、車両に搭載される圧縮機からなるインバータ一体型電動圧縮機において、前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路より前記制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズを遮蔽可能な材質からなるシールドプレートを、前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路と前記制御基板との間に介在させ、該シールドプレートと前記制御基板とを互いに固定するとともに、両者を前記圧縮機ハウジング内の所定位置に固定し、前記シールドプレートにおける制御基板への固定部の少なくとも一部が、前記制御基板方向に凸に膨出された形状に形成されていることを特徴とするものからなる。 In order to solve the above problems, an inverter-integrated electric compressor according to the present invention includes a motor, a motor driving high-voltage circuit including the inverter, and a control board having a control low-voltage circuit. In an inverter-integrated electric compressor that is provided in a housing and includes a compressor mounted on a vehicle, a material that can shield electromagnetic noise emitted from the motor driving high-voltage circuit toward the control low-voltage circuit. The shield plate is interposed between the motor driving high voltage circuit and the control board, and the shield plate and the control board are fixed to each other, and both are fixed to a predetermined position in the compressor housing. , this said at least part of the fixed portion to the control board in the shield plate is formed in a shape that is bulged in a convex on the control board direction Consisting of those characterized by.

このようなインバータ一体型電動圧縮機においては、モータ駆動用高電圧回路より前記制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズがシールドプレートによって遮蔽されるので、電磁ノイズに起因する制御用低電圧回路の不具合が確実に防止され、圧縮機全体の動作安定性の向上が実現される。また、制御基板がシールドプレートと互いに固定された状態にて圧縮機ハウジング内の所定位置に固定されるため、制御基板とシールドプレートの位置関係が上記電磁ノイズ遮蔽のための所定の位置関係に維持されつつ、制御基板の振動が防止され、高速動作時においても圧縮機の動作安定性が確実に維持され、圧縮機の長寿命化が実現される。   In such an inverter-integrated electric compressor, electromagnetic noise emitted from the motor driving high voltage circuit in the direction of the control low voltage circuit is shielded by the shield plate. The malfunction of the circuit is surely prevented, and the operational stability of the entire compressor is improved. In addition, since the control board is fixed to a predetermined position in the compressor housing while being fixed to the shield plate, the positional relation between the control board and the shield plate is maintained at the predetermined positional relation for electromagnetic noise shielding. However, the vibration of the control board is prevented, the operational stability of the compressor is reliably maintained even during high-speed operation, and the life of the compressor is extended.

本発明に係るシールドプレートは薄い板状でよく設置スペースが少なくて済むことから、既存の圧縮機への設置が容易であり、設置部位の形状に応じ所望の形状に形成することも容易に可能であり、圧縮機の設計の自由度を従来のシールドプレートを設置しない場合とほぼ同様の高い水準に維持することが可能となる。また、本発明は実質的にシールドプレートの追加のみで実現可能であるため、圧縮機全体の重量へほとんど影響を与えることなく、低コストで圧縮機の動作安定性の向上を達成できる。なお、本発明に係るシールドプレートの材質はとくに限定されないが、電磁ノイズを確実に遮蔽可能であり加工性に優れることから、金属もしくは合金からなることが好ましい。   Since the shield plate according to the present invention may be a thin plate and requires less installation space, it can be easily installed in an existing compressor and can be easily formed into a desired shape according to the shape of the installation site. Thus, the degree of freedom in designing the compressor can be maintained at the same high level as when a conventional shield plate is not installed. In addition, since the present invention can be substantially realized only by adding a shield plate, the operational stability of the compressor can be improved at a low cost with almost no influence on the weight of the entire compressor. The material of the shield plate according to the present invention is not particularly limited, but is preferably made of a metal or an alloy because electromagnetic noise can be reliably shielded and workability is excellent.

上記シールドプレートには、とくに限定されないが、リブが設けられていることが好ましい。リブが設けられることによりシールドプレートの剛性が向上し、制御基板の振動がより効果的に防止される。   Although it does not specifically limit in the said shield plate, It is preferable that the rib is provided. By providing the rib, the rigidity of the shield plate is improved, and the vibration of the control board is more effectively prevented.

また、上記シールドプレートにおける制御基板への固定部の少なくとも一部は、前記制御基板方向に凸に膨出された形状に形成されている。固定部を凸状に形成することにより、制御基板とシールドプレートとを固定する際の両部材間の接触面積を減少でき、シールドプレートから制御基板への振動の伝達が抑制されて、制御基板の振動が抑制される。また、後述するように、制御基板を含む電気部品が圧縮機ハウジングで囲まれた収容空間内に設けられており、組立完了後に収容空間内に樹脂が充填される場合、固定部の膨出によって制御基板とシールドプレートとの間に形成された隙間に樹脂が充填されることとなるため、制御基板がより確実に固定されて制御基板の振動がより効果的に防止される。 At least a part of the fixing portion to the control board of the upper Symbol shield plates that are formed on the are bulged in a convex on the control board way shape. By forming the fixing portion in a convex shape, the contact area between both members when fixing the control board and the shield plate can be reduced, and the transmission of vibration from the shield plate to the control board is suppressed, so that the control board Vibration is suppressed. In addition, as will be described later, when the electrical component including the control board is provided in the housing space surrounded by the compressor housing, and the resin is filled in the housing space after the assembly is completed, the fixing portion bulges. Since the resin is filled in the gap formed between the control board and the shield plate, the control board is more reliably fixed and the vibration of the control board is more effectively prevented.

本発明において、モータ駆動用高電圧回路における電源側にノイズフィルタが設けられている場合、上記シールドプレートは、とくに限定されないが、ノイズフィルタより制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズについても遮蔽可能に構成されていることが好ましい。このような構成により、電磁ノイズに起因する制御用低電圧回路の不具合がより確実に防止され、圧縮機全体の動作安定性の向上が実現される。   In the present invention, when a noise filter is provided on the power supply side in the motor driving high voltage circuit, the shield plate is not particularly limited, but also for electromagnetic noise emitted from the noise filter toward the control low voltage circuit. It is preferable to be configured to be shieldable. With such a configuration, the malfunction of the control low-voltage circuit due to electromagnetic noise is more reliably prevented, and the operational stability of the entire compressor is improved.

また、本発明において、モータ駆動用高電圧回路に電源線が接続されている場合、上記シールドプレートは、とくに限定されないが、電源線より制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズについても遮蔽可能に構成されていることが好ましい。このような構成により、電磁ノイズに起因する制御用低電圧回路の不具合がさらに確実に防止され、圧縮機全体の動作安定性の向上が実現される。   In the present invention, when the power line is connected to the motor driving high voltage circuit, the shield plate is not particularly limited, but also shields electromagnetic noise emitted from the power line toward the control low voltage circuit. It is preferable that the configuration is possible. With such a configuration, the malfunction of the control low-voltage circuit due to electromagnetic noise is further reliably prevented, and the operational stability of the entire compressor is improved.

本発明に係るインバータ一体型電動圧縮機は、回路の絶縁および電気部品の振動防止を実現すべく、モータ駆動用高電圧回路および制御基板を含む電気部品が圧縮機ハウジングで囲まれた収容空間内に設けられ、組立完了後に、前記収容空間内に樹脂が充填され、前記電気部品の少なくとも一部が固化された充填樹脂により密封された構造を有する構成とすることができる。このような構成においては、とくに限定されないが、樹脂を収容空間内に均一に充填させるべく、上記シールドプレートに空気抜き用の孔が設けられていることが好ましい。このような空気抜き用の孔が設けられることにより、樹脂内における気泡の発生や残留が防止され、収容空間内に樹脂で密封された電気部品がより確実に固定され、圧縮機全体の動作安定性の向上が実現される。   An inverter-integrated electric compressor according to the present invention is provided in an accommodation space in which an electric component including a motor driving high voltage circuit and a control board is surrounded by a compressor housing in order to achieve circuit insulation and vibration prevention of the electric component. The housing space may be filled with resin after assembly is completed, and at least a part of the electrical component may be sealed with a solidified filling resin. In such a configuration, although not particularly limited, it is preferable that an air vent hole is provided in the shield plate so as to uniformly fill the housing space with the resin. By providing such air vent holes, the generation and retention of bubbles in the resin is prevented, and the electrical components sealed with resin in the housing space are more securely fixed, and the operation stability of the entire compressor is improved. Improvement is realized.

上述の如く、圧縮機内部に樹脂充填用の収容空間が設けられている場合、とくに限定されないが、上記シールドプレートには樹脂充填用の孔が設けられていることが好ましい。このような樹脂充填用の孔が設けられることにより、シールドプレートにより覆われた部位へも容易に樹脂を注入することが可能となり、収容空間内の所定部位全体にわたって樹脂を確実に充填することができ、収容空間内に樹脂で密封された電気部品がより確実に固定され、圧縮機全体の動作安定性の向上が実現される。なお、上記の樹脂充填用の孔は、前述の空気抜き用の孔と兼用されていてもよいし、それぞれが異なる孔であってもよい。   As described above, when the housing space for filling the resin is provided inside the compressor, the shield plate is preferably provided with a hole for filling the resin. By providing such a hole for filling the resin, it becomes possible to easily inject the resin into the part covered by the shield plate, and it is possible to reliably fill the resin over the entire predetermined part in the accommodation space. In addition, the electrical components sealed with resin in the housing space are more securely fixed, and the operational stability of the entire compressor is improved. The resin filling holes may be used as the above-described air vent holes, or may be different holes.

本発明に係るインバータ一体型電動圧縮機の用途は電磁ノイズの遮蔽および制御基板の振動防止により優れた動作安定性が実現可能であることから、振動による影響を受けやすい車両用圧縮機として用いる。とくに、車両空調装置用の圧縮機として用いて好適なものである。 Application of an inverter-integrated electric compressor according to the present invention, since the excellent operational stability by preventing vibration of the shield and the control board of the electromagnetic noise can be realized, using a compressor susceptible vehicle the influence of vibration The In particular, it is suitable for use as a compressor for a vehicle air conditioner.

このように、本発明に係るインバータ一体型電動圧縮機によれば、設計の自由度を従来同様の高い水準に維持しつつ、電磁ノイズの遮蔽により制御回路の安定性を向上可能であり、制御基板の振動を効果的に防止でき、動作安定性に優れた圧縮機を低コストで実現できる。   As described above, according to the inverter-integrated electric compressor according to the present invention, the stability of the control circuit can be improved by shielding electromagnetic noise while maintaining the same degree of freedom in design as in the past. It is possible to effectively prevent the vibration of the substrate and realize a compressor having excellent operational stability at low cost.

以下に、本発明の望ましい実施の形態を、図面を参照して説明する。
図1は、本発明の一実施態様に係るインバータ一体型電動圧縮機を示しており、とくに、スクロール型電動圧縮機に本発明を適用した例を示している。図1において、インバータ一体型電動圧縮機1は、固定スクロール3および可動スクロール4からなる圧縮機構2を備えている。可動スクロール4は、ボールカップリング5を介して自転が阻止された状態で、固定スクロール3に対して旋回されるようになっている。圧縮機ハウジング(センターハウジング)6内には、モータ7が組み込まれており、この内蔵モータ7によって主軸8(回転軸)が回転駆動される。主軸8の一端側に配設された偏心ピン9、それに対して回転自在に係合された偏心ブッシュ10を介して、主軸8の回転運動が可動スクロール4の旋回運動に変換されるようになっている。本実施態様では、被圧縮流体としての冷媒を吸入する吸入ポート11が圧縮機ハウジング(フロントハウジング)12に設けられており、吸入された冷媒は、モータ7配置部を通して圧縮機構2へと導かれ、圧縮機構2で圧縮された冷媒は、吐出孔13、吐出室14、圧縮機ハウジング(リアハウジング)15に設けられた吐出ポート16を通して外部回路に送られる。
Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 shows an inverter-integrated electric compressor according to an embodiment of the present invention, and particularly shows an example in which the present invention is applied to a scroll-type electric compressor. In FIG. 1, the inverter-integrated electric compressor 1 includes a compression mechanism 2 including a fixed scroll 3 and a movable scroll 4. The movable scroll 4 is turned with respect to the fixed scroll 3 in a state in which the rotation is prevented via the ball coupling 5. A motor 7 is incorporated in the compressor housing (center housing) 6, and the main shaft 8 (rotary shaft) is rotationally driven by the built-in motor 7. The rotational motion of the main shaft 8 is converted into the turning motion of the movable scroll 4 via the eccentric pin 9 disposed on one end side of the main shaft 8 and the eccentric bush 10 rotatably engaged with the eccentric pin 9. ing. In this embodiment, a suction port 11 for sucking refrigerant as a fluid to be compressed is provided in the compressor housing (front housing) 12, and the sucked refrigerant is guided to the compression mechanism 2 through the motor 7 arrangement portion. The refrigerant compressed by the compression mechanism 2 is sent to the external circuit through the discharge port 13, the discharge chamber 14, and the discharge port 16 provided in the compressor housing (rear housing) 15.

上記圧縮機ハウジング12(フロントハウジング)の延設部で囲まれることにより収容空間20が形成されており、モータ駆動回路21がこの収容空間20内に設けられている。より詳しくは、収容空間20内における、圧縮機ハウジング12に形成された冷媒吸入経路側との仕切壁22の外面側にモータ駆動回路21が設けられている。モータ駆動回路21は、仕切り壁22を貫通させて取り付けられた密封端子23(モータ駆動回路21の出力端子)、リード線24を介してモータ7に給電し、密封端子23設置部では、冷媒吸入経路側とモータ駆動回路21設置側とがシールされている。本実施態様においては、モータ駆動回路21を仕切壁22の外面側に設けることによって、仕切壁22を介して、モータ駆動回路21を含む電気部品の少なくとも一部が吸入冷媒と熱交換可能に構成されており、吸入冷媒によって冷却可能となっている。このように構成することにより、発熱しやすい電気部品(例えば、インバータ機能を有するモータ駆動用高電圧回路25)を自動的に適切に冷却でき、モータ駆動回路21の所定性能を維持できるとともに、別途冷却装置等を設ける必要がないため、構造の簡素化をはかることができる。なお、このような構成はスクロール型電動圧縮機のみに限定されず、被圧縮流体が冷媒であるあらゆる種類のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機に適用可能である。   A housing space 20 is formed by being surrounded by the extending portion of the compressor housing 12 (front housing), and a motor drive circuit 21 is provided in the housing space 20. More specifically, the motor drive circuit 21 is provided in the housing space 20 on the outer surface side of the partition wall 22 with the refrigerant suction path side formed in the compressor housing 12. The motor drive circuit 21 feeds power to the motor 7 via a sealed terminal 23 (an output terminal of the motor drive circuit 21) attached through the partition wall 22 and a lead wire 24. The path side and the motor drive circuit 21 installation side are sealed. In the present embodiment, the motor drive circuit 21 is provided on the outer surface side of the partition wall 22 so that at least a part of the electrical components including the motor drive circuit 21 can exchange heat with the suction refrigerant via the partition wall 22. It can be cooled by the suction refrigerant. With this configuration, it is possible to automatically and appropriately cool an electrical component that easily generates heat (for example, the motor drive high voltage circuit 25 having an inverter function), maintain the predetermined performance of the motor drive circuit 21, and separately Since it is not necessary to provide a cooling device or the like, the structure can be simplified. Such a configuration is not limited to the scroll-type electric compressor, and can be applied to all types of inverter-integrated electric compressors in which the fluid to be compressed is a refrigerant.

モータ駆動回路21は、インバータ機能を有するモータ駆動用高電圧回路25と、制御用低電圧回路を備えた制御基板26を含んでおり、それとは別体にあるいは一体にコンデンサ27等の電気部品が設けられている。電磁ノイズを遮蔽可能なシールドプレート31はモータ駆動用高電圧回路25と制御基板26との間に介在された状態にて固定されているため、制御基板上に備えられた制御用低電圧回路はモータ駆動用高電圧回路25の電磁ノイズから確実に保護され、誤動作等の不具合が防止されている。また、制御基板26はシールドプレート31に設けられた凸状の固定部32に固定され、振動の防止が図られている。したがって、シールドプレート31により、回路の電気的安定性および電気部品の物理的安定性の向上が実現され、動作安定性に優れた電動圧縮機が実現可能となる。なお、後述する樹脂充填のため、上記のシールドプレート31には、樹脂充填用の孔として兼用可能な空気抜き用の孔33が設けられている。   The motor drive circuit 21 includes a motor drive high voltage circuit 25 having an inverter function, and a control board 26 having a control low voltage circuit. Electric components such as a capacitor 27 are provided separately or integrally with the motor drive circuit 21. Is provided. Since the shield plate 31 capable of shielding electromagnetic noise is fixed in a state of being interposed between the motor driving high voltage circuit 25 and the control board 26, the control low voltage circuit provided on the control board is The motor drive high voltage circuit 25 is reliably protected from electromagnetic noise, and malfunctions such as malfunctions are prevented. The control board 26 is fixed to a convex fixing portion 32 provided on the shield plate 31 to prevent vibration. Therefore, the shield plate 31 can improve the electrical stability of the circuit and the physical stability of the electrical components, and an electric compressor having excellent operational stability can be realized. Note that, for the resin filling described later, the shield plate 31 is provided with an air vent hole 33 that can also be used as a resin filling hole.

上記のモータ駆動回路21は、入力端子としてのコネクタ28を介して外部電源(図示略)と接続される。これらモータ駆動回路21を含む電気部品を実装した圧縮機ハウジング12の外部への開口側は、蓋部材29でシールされた状態で覆われており、これら電気部品が蓋部材29により保護されている。   The motor drive circuit 21 is connected to an external power source (not shown) via a connector 28 as an input terminal. The opening side to the outside of the compressor housing 12 on which the electric parts including the motor drive circuit 21 are mounted is covered in a state of being sealed with a lid member 29, and these electric parts are protected by the lid member 29. .

収容空間20内においては、上記モータ駆動回路21およびコンデンサ27等の電気部品が配置された後に樹脂34が充填され、これらの実質的に全体が固化された樹脂34により密封される。樹脂充填の範囲は、図示の如く、収容空間20内の必要最小限の範囲内に納められ、圧縮機1全体の軽量化が図られている。上述の如く、シールドプレート31には樹脂充填用の孔として兼用可能な空気抜き用の孔33が設けられており、充填樹脂34内における気泡の発生および残留が効果的に防止される。また、上記の空気抜き用の孔33は樹脂充填用の孔としても利用可能であり、しかも、シールドプレート31と制御基板26との間には凸状の固定部32により隙間が形成されているため、制御基板26やシールドプレート31により遮蔽された部位においても樹脂の充填が確実に達成され、収容空間20内に密封された電気部品がより確実に固定され、圧縮機1全体の動作安定性の向上が実現される。   In the housing space 20, the electric components such as the motor drive circuit 21 and the capacitor 27 are arranged and then filled with the resin 34, and these are substantially entirely sealed by the solidified resin 34. As shown in the figure, the resin filling range is accommodated within the minimum necessary range in the accommodation space 20, and the overall weight of the compressor 1 is reduced. As described above, the shield plate 31 is provided with an air vent hole 33 that can also be used as a resin filling hole, and the generation and remaining of bubbles in the filled resin 34 is effectively prevented. The air vent hole 33 can also be used as a resin filling hole, and a gap is formed between the shield plate 31 and the control board 26 by a convex fixing portion 32. Also, resin filling is reliably achieved even at the portion shielded by the control board 26 and the shield plate 31, and the electrical components sealed in the accommodation space 20 are more securely fixed, and the operation stability of the entire compressor 1 is improved. Improvement is realized.

図2は、図1に示したインバータ一体型電動圧縮機における、収容空間20、シールドプレート31、および制御基板26の概略の関係を示している。制御用低電圧回路が備えられた制御基板26は、ねじ36によってシールドプレート31に形成された固定部32に締結される。シールドプレート31においては、リブ35が形成されることで剛性の向上が実現されるとともに、複数の固定部32の一部が凸状に形成されて制御基板26との接触面積が最小限に抑えられ、振動の伝達の低減が図られている。また、上述の如く、樹脂充填用の孔として兼用可能な空気抜き用の孔33により、充填樹脂34内における気泡の発生が防止され、収容空間20内に密封された電気部品がより確実に固定される。   FIG. 2 shows a schematic relationship among the accommodation space 20, the shield plate 31, and the control board 26 in the inverter-integrated electric compressor shown in FIG. The control board 26 provided with the control low voltage circuit is fastened to a fixing portion 32 formed on the shield plate 31 by screws 36. In the shield plate 31, the rib 35 is formed to improve rigidity, and a part of the plurality of fixing portions 32 is formed in a convex shape to minimize the contact area with the control board 26. Therefore, the transmission of vibration is reduced. Further, as described above, the air vent hole 33 that can also be used as the resin filling hole prevents the generation of bubbles in the filling resin 34, and the electric component sealed in the housing space 20 is more securely fixed. The

収容空間20内に設置されたモータ駆動用高電圧回路25は、ノイズフィルタ37を介して電源線38に接続され、電源線38による信号線伝導性ノイズから保護されている。これらの電気部品には外部電源からの高電圧が電源線38を介して供給され、他の電気部品に影響を及ぼしうる強度の電磁ノイズが周囲に放出される可能性があるため、制御基板26に装着されたシールドプレート31は、モータ駆動用高電圧回路25だけでなく、ノイズフィルタ37および電源線38から放出される電磁ノイズに対しても遮蔽可能に構成されることにより、制御基板26に備えられた制御用低電圧回路の保護を実現し、圧縮機1の動作安定性を確保している。   The motor driving high voltage circuit 25 installed in the accommodation space 20 is connected to the power supply line 38 via the noise filter 37 and is protected from signal line conductive noise caused by the power supply line 38. These electric components are supplied with a high voltage from an external power source through the power supply line 38, and there is a possibility that strong electromagnetic noise that may affect other electric components may be emitted to the surroundings. The shield plate 31 mounted on the control board 26 is configured to shield not only the high voltage circuit 25 for driving the motor but also electromagnetic noise emitted from the noise filter 37 and the power supply line 38, so that the control board 26 can be shielded. The control low voltage circuit provided is protected, and the operational stability of the compressor 1 is ensured.

上記のような構成を電気回路的に示すと、例えば図3のようになる。図3において、電動圧縮機1には、前述の如くモータ駆動回路21が設けられており、モータ駆動回路21からの出力が密封端子23、リード線24を介して内蔵モータ7の各モータ巻線41に給電されることによりモータ7が回転駆動され、圧縮機構2による圧縮が行われる。モータ駆動回路21は、モータ駆動用高電圧回路25と、モータ駆動用高電圧回路25内のインバータ42の各パワー素子43(スイッチング素子)を制御するためのモータ制御回路44を備えた制御用低電圧回路45を有しており、この制御用低電圧回路45が前述の制御基板26上に構成されている。外部電源46(例えば、バッテリー)からの電力が、高電圧用コネクタ47を通してモータ駆動用高電圧回路25へ給電され、ノイズフィルタ37、平滑化用のコンデンサ27を介してインバータ42に供給され、インバータ42で電源46からの直流が疑似三相交流に変換された後、モータ7へと供給される。モータ制御回路44へは、例えば、車両の空調制御装置48から、低電圧の電力が制御信号用コネクタ49を介して供給される。図3では、この制御信号用コネクタ49と、上記高電圧用コネクタ47とは、離れた位置に図示してあるが、実際には、図1に示した同一のコネクタ28内に装備されている。上記制御基板26に、前述のシールドプレート31が固定され、このシールドプレート31が、図3に示すように、モータ駆動用高電圧回路25と制御用低電圧回路45を備えた前述の制御基板26との間に介在され、モータ駆動用高電圧回路25を極力広い範囲にわたって覆い、モータ駆動用高電圧回路25から制御用低電圧回路45側へのノイズの影響を抑制している。   An example of the above configuration is shown in FIG. In FIG. 3, the electric compressor 1 is provided with the motor drive circuit 21 as described above, and an output from the motor drive circuit 21 is sent to each motor winding of the built-in motor 7 via the sealing terminal 23 and the lead wire 24. When the power is supplied to 41, the motor 7 is rotationally driven, and compression by the compression mechanism 2 is performed. The motor drive circuit 21 includes a motor drive high voltage circuit 25 and a control low circuit provided with a motor control circuit 44 for controlling each power element 43 (switching element) of the inverter 42 in the motor drive high voltage circuit 25. A voltage circuit 45 is provided, and the control low voltage circuit 45 is formed on the control board 26 described above. Electric power from an external power source 46 (for example, a battery) is fed to the motor driving high voltage circuit 25 through the high voltage connector 47 and supplied to the inverter 42 via the noise filter 37 and the smoothing capacitor 27. The direct current from the power supply 46 is converted into a pseudo three-phase alternating current at 42 and then supplied to the motor 7. For example, low voltage power is supplied to the motor control circuit 44 via a control signal connector 49 from an air conditioning control device 48 of the vehicle. In FIG. 3, the control signal connector 49 and the high voltage connector 47 are illustrated at positions apart from each other, but in reality, they are installed in the same connector 28 shown in FIG. 1. . The shield plate 31 is fixed to the control board 26, and the shield plate 31 includes a motor driving high voltage circuit 25 and a control low voltage circuit 45 as shown in FIG. The motor driving high voltage circuit 25 is covered over a wide range as much as possible to suppress the influence of noise from the motor driving high voltage circuit 25 to the control low voltage circuit 45 side.

本発明はあらゆる種類のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機に適用可能であり、とくに、優れた動作安定性および振動耐性が要求され、設計の自由度に対する要求水準が高く、小型軽量化が要求される、車両空調装置用のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機として好適なものである。   The present invention can be applied to all types of inverter-integrated electric compressors, and in particular, excellent operational stability and vibration resistance are required, the required level of design freedom is high, and miniaturization and weight reduction are required. It is suitable as an inverter-integrated electric compressor for a vehicle air conditioner.

本発明の一実施態様に係るインバータ一体型電動圧縮機の概略縦断面図である。1 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of an inverter-integrated electric compressor according to an embodiment of the present invention. 図1に示したインバータ一体型電動圧縮機における、収容空間形成部、シールドプレート、および制御基板の斜視図である。FIG. 2 is a perspective view of an accommodation space forming portion, a shield plate, and a control board in the inverter-integrated electric compressor shown in FIG. 1. 図1に示したインバータ一体型電動圧縮機における、シールドプレート設置部を例示するための回路図である。FIG. 2 is a circuit diagram for illustrating a shield plate installation portion in the inverter-integrated electric compressor shown in FIG. 1.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 インバータ一体型電動圧縮機
2 圧縮機構
3 固定スクロール
4 可動スクロール
5 ボールカップリング
6 圧縮機ハウジング(センターハウジング)
7 モータ
8 主軸
9 偏心ピン
10 偏心ブッシュ
11 吸入ポート
12 圧縮機ハウジング(フロントハウジング)
13 吐出孔
14 吐出室
15 圧縮機ハウジング(リアハウジング)
16 吐出ポート
20 収容空間
21 モータ駆動回路
22 仕切壁
23 密封端子
24 リード線
25 モータ駆動用高電圧回路
26 制御基板
27 コンデンサ
28 コネクタ
29 蓋部材
31 シールドプレート
32 固定部
33 空気抜き用の孔
34 充填樹脂
35 リブ
36 ねじ
37 ノイズフィルタ
38 電源線
41 モータ巻線
42 インバータ
43 パワー素子(スイッチング素子)
44 モータ制御回路
45 制御用低電圧回路
46 外部電源
47 高電圧用コネクタ
48 空調制御装置
49 制御信号用コネクタ
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Inverter integrated electric compressor 2 Compression mechanism 3 Fixed scroll 4 Movable scroll 5 Ball coupling 6 Compressor housing (center housing)
7 Motor 8 Spindle 9 Eccentric pin 10 Eccentric bush 11 Suction port 12 Compressor housing (front housing)
13 Discharge hole 14 Discharge chamber 15 Compressor housing (rear housing)
Reference Signs List 16 Discharge port 20 Accommodating space 21 Motor drive circuit 22 Partition wall 23 Sealed terminal 24 Lead wire 25 High voltage circuit for motor drive 26 Control board 27 Capacitor 28 Connector 29 Cover member 31 Shield plate 32 Fixing portion 33 Air vent hole 34 Filling resin 35 Rib 36 Screw 37 Noise filter 38 Power line 41 Motor winding 42 Inverter 43 Power element (switching element)
44 Motor control circuit 45 Low voltage circuit for control 46 External power supply 47 High voltage connector 48 Air conditioning controller 49 Control signal connector

Claims (8)

  1. モータが内蔵され、インバータを含むモータ駆動用高電圧回路と、制御用低電圧回路を備えた制御基板とが圧縮機ハウジング内に設けられ、車両に搭載される圧縮機からなるインバータ一体型電動圧縮機において、前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路より前記制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズを遮蔽可能な材質からなるシールドプレートを、前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路と前記制御基板との間に介在させ、該シールドプレートと前記制御基板とを互いに固定するとともに、両者を前記圧縮機ハウジング内の所定位置に固定し、前記シールドプレートにおける制御基板への固定部の少なくとも一部が、前記制御基板方向に凸に膨出された形状に形成されていることを特徴とするインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。 Inverter-integrated electric compression composed of a compressor mounted in a vehicle, in which a motor built-in motor drive high-voltage circuit including an inverter and a control board having a control low-voltage circuit are provided in a compressor housing A shield plate made of a material capable of shielding electromagnetic noise emitted from the motor driving high voltage circuit toward the control low voltage circuit, between the motor driving high voltage circuit and the control board. The shield plate and the control board are fixed to each other, and both are fixed to a predetermined position in the compressor housing, and at least a part of a fixing portion of the shield plate to the control board is the control board. An inverter-integrated electric compressor characterized by being formed in a shape bulging convexly in the direction .
  2. 前記制御基板の中央部が前記シールドプレートに固定されている、請求項1に記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。The inverter-integrated electric compressor according to claim 1, wherein a central portion of the control board is fixed to the shield plate.
  3. 前記シールドプレートにリブが設けられている、請求項1または2に記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。 And ribs provided in the shield plate, the inverter-integrated electric compressor according to claim 1 or 2.
  4. 前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路における電源側にノイズフィルタが設けられており、前記シールドプレートが、該ノイズフィルタより前記制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズについても遮蔽可能に構成されている、請求項1〜3のいずれかに記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。   A noise filter is provided on the power supply side of the motor driving high voltage circuit, and the shield plate is configured to shield electromagnetic noise emitted from the noise filter toward the control low voltage circuit. An inverter-integrated electric compressor according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
  5. 前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路に電源線が接続されており、前記シールドプレートが、該電源線より前記制御用低電圧回路方向へ放出される電磁ノイズについても遮蔽可能に構成されている、請求項1〜4のいずれかに記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。   The power supply line is connected to the high voltage circuit for driving the motor, and the shield plate is configured to shield electromagnetic noise emitted from the power supply line toward the control low voltage circuit. The inverter-integrated electric compressor according to any one of 1 to 4.
  6. 前記モータ駆動用高電圧回路および前記制御基板を含む電気部品が圧縮機ハウジングで囲まれた収容空間内に設けられ、組立完了後に、前記収容空間内に樹脂が充填され、前記電気部品の少なくとも一部が固化された充填樹脂により密封された構造を有し、かつ、前記樹脂を収容空間内に均一に充填させるべく、前記シールドプレートに空気抜き用の孔が設けられている、請求項1〜5のいずれかに記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。   An electrical component including the motor driving high voltage circuit and the control board is provided in a housing space surrounded by a compressor housing, and after the assembly is completed, the housing space is filled with resin, and at least one of the electrical components 6. The shield plate has a structure hermetically sealed with a solidified filling resin, and air holes are provided in the shield plate so as to uniformly fill the housing space with the resin. An inverter-integrated electric compressor according to any one of the above.
  7. 前記シールドプレートに樹脂充填用の孔が設けられている、請求項6に記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。   The inverter-integrated electric compressor according to claim 6, wherein a hole for resin filling is provided in the shield plate.
  8. 車両空調装置用の圧縮機からなる、請求項1〜7のいずれかに記載のインバータ一体型電動圧縮機。 The inverter-integrated electric compressor according to any one of claims 1 to 7, comprising a compressor for a vehicle air conditioner.
JP2008285616A 2008-11-06 2008-11-06 Inverter-integrated electric compressor Active JP5291436B2 (en)

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JP2008285616A JP5291436B2 (en) 2008-11-06 2008-11-06 Inverter-integrated electric compressor
DE112009002679.6T DE112009002679B4 (en) 2008-11-06 2009-11-06 Electric compressor with integrated inverter
US13/128,130 US20110211980A1 (en) 2008-11-06 2009-11-06 Inverter Integrated Electric Compressor
CN200980144668.0A CN102203418B (en) 2008-11-06 2009-11-06 Inverter-integrated electric compressor
PCT/JP2009/005922 WO2010052923A1 (en) 2008-11-06 2009-11-06 Inverter-integrated electric compressor

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US20110211980A1 (en) 2011-09-01
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DE112009002679T5 (en) 2013-04-04
CN102203418B (en) 2014-07-30
CN102203418A (en) 2011-09-28
WO2010052923A1 (en) 2010-05-14

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