JP5285928B2 - Reinforcement structure for wooden structures - Google Patents

Reinforcement structure for wooden structures Download PDF

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JP5285928B2
JP5285928B2 JP2008047149A JP2008047149A JP5285928B2 JP 5285928 B2 JP5285928 B2 JP 5285928B2 JP 2008047149 A JP2008047149 A JP 2008047149A JP 2008047149 A JP2008047149 A JP 2008047149A JP 5285928 B2 JP5285928 B2 JP 5285928B2
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prepreg sheet
reinforced prepreg
structural member
photocurable
fiber
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JP2009203706A (en
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忠男 山本
憲司 西郷
康明 渡辺
悦男 梶田
孝昭 大久保
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Hiroshima University NUC
Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corp
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Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corp
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本発明は、補強部材としての光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを用いて木造構造物を補強する補強構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a reinforcing structure that reinforces a wooden structure using a photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet as a reinforcing member.

阪神淡路大震災、中越地震等の大規模な地震による木造構造物の倒壊が近年大きな社会問題となり、木造構造物の耐震性向上、改善が社会的要求として高まっている。大規模地震発生時における木造構造物の倒壊の特徴は、構造物を構成する柱、梁、筋交いの接合部の破損、基礎と土台の引き抜けによる倒壊が主体をなす。   The collapse of wooden structures due to large-scale earthquakes such as the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake and Chuetsu Earthquake has become a major social problem in recent years, and the improvement and improvement of the earthquake resistance of wooden structures has become a social demand. The main features of collapse of wooden structures in the event of a large-scale earthquake are damage to the columns, beams, and bracing joints that make up the structure, and collapse due to pulling out of the foundation and foundation.

このような社会的問題に対して、種々の補強部材を用いる補強工法が紹介、提案されており、耐震性能の向上、改善が確認されている。   For such social problems, reinforcement methods using various reinforcing members have been introduced and proposed, and improvement and improvement of seismic performance have been confirmed.

具体的には接合部に金物を固定用部材である釘、ボルト等で固定し、接合部を補強する工法がある。一般的に金物は、釘或いはボルトで固定されるが、大規模地震に過大な変形が生じた場合、基材からの固定部材の引き抜け或いは固定部材のせん断強度不足による破断が生じることにより、接合部が損傷し、倒壊に至る可能性がある。   Specifically, there is a construction method in which a metal is fixed to a joint with a nail or bolt as a fixing member, and the joint is reinforced. Generally, hardware is fixed with nails or bolts, but when excessive deformation occurs in a large-scale earthquake, pulling out of the fixing member from the base material or breakage due to insufficient shear strength of the fixing member causes The joint can be damaged and can collapse.

また、アラミド繊維等の連続繊維をエポキシ樹脂で接合部に接着し、構造部材の引き抜けを防止する工法がある(例えば、特許文献1)。このような技術によれば構造部材への面接着となることから、金物使用時の問題は解消されるが、現場で連続繊維に含浸する工程が発生するため、施工品質を確保するためには熟練者による施工が必須となる。また、施工方法の制約から、一般的に接合部を構成する構造部材表面に連続繊維を接着させ、接合部の耐震性能を向上せしめるが、金物のように構造部材及び空間部からなる接合部全体(剛域)の補強が困難で、地震時における接合部の回転モーメントに対する十分な抵抗力を得られない欠点がある。   In addition, there is a construction method in which a continuous fiber such as an aramid fiber is bonded to a joint portion with an epoxy resin to prevent the structural member from being pulled out (for example, Patent Document 1). According to such a technique, since it becomes surface adhesion to the structural member, the problem at the time of using the hardware is solved, but since a process of impregnating continuous fibers occurs at the site, in order to ensure construction quality Construction by an expert is essential. In addition, due to the limitations of construction methods, generally, continuous fibers are bonded to the surface of structural members that constitute the joints to improve the seismic performance of the joints, but the entire joints composed of structural members and spaces like hardware. It is difficult to reinforce (rigid zone), and there is a drawback that sufficient resistance to the rotational moment of the joint during an earthquake cannot be obtained.

特開2001−279814号公報JP 2001-279814 A

本発明は、このような現状に鑑み実施されたものであり、固定用部材の基材からの引き抜けまたは固定部材のせん断強度不足による破損ならびに倒壊を防止するため、木造構造物の各構造部材に光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを接着し、且つ該各構造部材と該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートとの接着部相互間に非接着部を有することにより、面的剛性効果の増大及び前記木造構造物の接合部(該各構造物)の変形性能が増加し、建築基準法で定められた終局変形角(層間変形角)1/30ラジアンを達成させ、さらには簡便な施工方法と施工者による施工品質のバラツキを防止する木造構造物の補強構造を提供することを課題とする。 The present invention has been carried out in view of such a current situation, and in order to prevent the fixing member from being pulled out of the base material or being damaged due to insufficient shear strength and collapse, each structural member of the wooden structure is provided. By adhering a photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet to each other and having a non-adhesive part between the adhesive parts of each of the structural members and the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet, an increase in surface rigidity effect and the wooden structure Deformation performance of the joints of each structure (each structure) increases, achieving the ultimate deformation angle (interlayer deformation angle) 1/30 radians stipulated by the Building Standards Act, and a simple construction method and installer It is an object of the present invention to provide a reinforcing structure for a wooden structure that prevents variations in construction quality due to the construction.

具体的には、構造部材としての柱、梁、筋交い等の接合部ならびに各構造部材単体に光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを接着或いは巻き付け、さらには各構造部材と該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートとの接着部相互間に少なくとも一つの非接着部を有することにより、木造構造物の強度を向上せしめる木造構造物の補強構造を提供することを目的とする。 Specifically, the pillar of the structural members, beams, joints and the structural member itself bonded or wrapped photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheets, such as struts, more each structural member and the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet An object of the present invention is to provide a reinforcing structure for a wooden structure that improves the strength of the wooden structure by having at least one non-adhesive part between the bonded parts .

前記目的を達成するための本発明に係る木造構造物の補強構造の第1の構成は、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを用いて木造構造物の構造部材の接合部を補強する構造において、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートが各構造部材に跨って接着され、かつ各構造部材と該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートとの接着部相互間に少なくとも一つの非接着部を有し、該非接着部は、前記光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートと構造部材とが当接しているものの、接着していない部分であることを特徴とする。 In order to achieve the above object, a first structure of a reinforcing structure for a wooden structure according to the present invention is a structure in which a joint portion of a structural member of a wooden structure is reinforced using a photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet. photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet is bonded across the structural member, and have at least one non-adhesive portion between the adhesive portions mutually between each structural member and the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet, non adhesive portion although said light curable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet and the structural member is in contact, characterized Oh Rukoto in part not bonded.

また、本発明に係る木造構造物の補強構造の第2の構成は、前記第1の構成において、前記光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートの前記木造構造物の構造部材との接着部において、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートが構造部材に沿って折り曲げられ、構造部材の二面以上に接着されていることを特徴とする。   Further, a second structure of the reinforcing structure for a wooden structure according to the present invention is such that, in the first structure, the light curable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet is bonded to the structural member of the wooden structure. A curable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet is bent along a structural member and bonded to two or more surfaces of the structural member.

本発明に係る木造構造物の補強構造の第1、第2の構成によれば、補強部材を用いて木造構造物の構造部材である柱、梁、筋交い等の接合部の補強部材として、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを各構造部材に接着し、且つ該各構造物と該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートとの接着部相互間に少なくとも一つの非接着部を有することにより接合部の面的剛性力ならびに変性性能を増大せしめ、前記木造構造物の耐震性を向上することが出来る。 According to the first and second configurations of the reinforcing structure for a wooden structure according to the present invention, the reinforcing member is used as a reinforcing member for a joint portion such as a pillar, a beam, a brace that is a structural member of the wooden structure. By bonding the curable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet to each structural member, and having at least one non-adhesive part between the adhesive parts of each structure and the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet , It is possible to increase rigidity and modification performance and improve the earthquake resistance of the wooden structure.

図により本発明に係る木造構造物の補強構造の一実施形態を具体的に説明する。図1〜図3は木造構造物の各構造部材の接合部を光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートで補強した様子を示す斜視説明図であり、図2は各種構造部材に光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを巻き付けて補強した様子を示す斜視説明図である。図4は各種の光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートの形状の一例を示す図である。   An embodiment of a reinforcing structure for a wooden structure according to the present invention will be specifically described with reference to the drawings. 1 to 3 are perspective explanatory views showing a state in which joint portions of each structural member of a wooden structure are reinforced with a photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet, and FIG. 2 is a photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet for various structural members. It is perspective explanatory drawing which shows a mode that it wound and reinforced. FIG. 4 is a diagram showing an example of the shape of various photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheets.

図1〜図3において、4は土台、5は柱、6は筋交い、であり、図1では、構造部材である土台4と柱5との接合部に、図4に示す光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を跨って接着し、木造構造物の各構造部材相互の接合部を構成する各構造部材と該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3との接着部相互間に非接着部2a,2bを設けたものであり、各構造物に跨って該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を接着し、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を光硬化させることにより補強した一例を示す。尚、図中、1は接着部である。本発明は、木造構造物の各構造部材から構成される接合部の全てにおいて適用可能である。 1 to 3, 4 is a base, 5 is a pillar, and 6 is a brace. In FIG. 1, the photocurable fiber reinforced fiber shown in FIG. Adhering across the prepreg sheet 3 , non-adhesive portions 2 a and 2 b are provided between the bonded portions of the structural members constituting the joints between the structural members of the wooden structure and the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3. An example is shown in which the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 is bonded across the structures and reinforced by photocuring the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3. In the figure, reference numeral 1 denotes an adhesive portion. The present invention can be applied to all the joints constituted by the respective structural members of the wooden structure.

補強部材としての光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3は、柔軟性に富み、各種構造部材の形状、位置に関係なく接着が可能で、且つ接着作業も簡便で、また該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3は工業製品であり、施工者による施工バラツキが抑制され、硬化後は、均一かつ高い機械的強度を発現するため、安定した接合部の耐震性向上が期待できる。   The photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 as a reinforcing member is rich in flexibility, can be bonded regardless of the shape and position of various structural members, and can be easily bonded, and the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 No. 3 is an industrial product, and variations in construction by the installer are suppressed, and after curing, uniform and high mechanical strength is expressed. Therefore, stable improvement in the earthquake resistance of the joint can be expected.

また、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3自体が粘着性を有し、各構造部材と良好な付着性能を有するが、さらなる各構造部材との接着性向上及び光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の接着時、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3と各構造部材間に介在する気泡の脱泡作業を容易にするため、プライマー或いは接着剤を用いても良い。   Moreover, although the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 itself has adhesiveness and has good adhesion performance with each structural member, further improvement in adhesion to each structural member and adhesion of the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 At this time, a primer or an adhesive may be used in order to facilitate the defoaming operation of the air bubbles interposed between the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 and each structural member.

本発明は、木造構造物の各構造部材間の引張抵抗及びせん断抵抗を光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の接着部1で強化するとともに、非接着部2a,2bの存在により、回転モーメントに対する抵抗力を大幅に強化すること、即ち、剛性補強が向上し、さらには非接着部2a,2bにより接合部の変形性能が向上することにより木造構造物の接合部の耐震補強が可能である。従来の連続繊維の含浸工法で、このような補強をすることは施工上困難であり、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を用いることによって可能となったものである。   The present invention reinforces the tensile resistance and shear resistance between the structural members of the wooden structure with the adhesive portion 1 of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3, and also resists the rotational moment due to the presence of the non-adhesive portions 2a and 2b. It is possible to significantly strengthen the force, that is, the rigidity reinforcement is improved, and further, the deformation performance of the joint portion is improved by the non-bonding portions 2a and 2b, so that the seismic reinforcement of the joint portion of the wooden structure is possible. Such reinforcement by the conventional continuous fiber impregnation method is difficult in construction, and is made possible by using the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3.

図2は木造構造物の各種構造部材に、図4(b)に示す光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を該各構造部材に沿って接着又は巻き付けた後、接着させ、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を光硬化させて各種構造部材を補強した一例を示すものである。図2では、予め図4(b)に示された形状で作成された光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を柱5に沿って折り曲げて該柱5の三面と、土台4とに接着したものである。   FIG. 2 shows the photocurable fiber reinforced fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 shown in FIG. 4 (b) bonded or wound along each structural member and then bonded to various structural members of the wooden structure. An example in which the prepreg sheet 3 is photocured to reinforce various structural members is shown. In FIG. 2, a photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 prepared in advance in the shape shown in FIG. 4 (b) is bent along the column 5 and bonded to the three surfaces of the column 5 and the base 4. is there.

前述の通り、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3は柔軟性ならびに施工現場での切断加工性に富み、形状に関係無く、各種構造部材に接着或いは巻き付けた後、接着させることが可能であり、強度を向上せしめることが非常に容易に出来るものである。   As described above, the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 is rich in flexibility and cutting workability at the construction site, and can be bonded or wound around various structural members regardless of the shape. Can be improved very easily.

図3は図1の補強構造に更に筋交い6を接合したものである。土台4と柱5との間に筋交い6を面一に配置し、筋交い6と土台4とに跨って接着される方形状の光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3と、土台4と柱5とに跨って接着される図4(a)に示す光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3とは一部が積層して接着される。   FIG. 3 shows the reinforcing structure shown in FIG. A bracing 6 is arranged between the base 4 and the pillar 5 in a plane, and a rectangular photo-curing fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 bonded to the bracing 6 and the base 4, and the base 4 and the pillar 5. A part of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 shown in FIG.

ここで、本発明に用いる補強部材として用いる光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3について説明する。光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3は、光硬化性樹脂組成物、光硬化性樹脂を増粘されるための増粘剤、ガラス繊維等の強化繊維からなる。   Here, the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 used as the reinforcing member used in the present invention will be described. The photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 includes a photocurable resin composition, a thickener for thickening the photocurable resin, and reinforcing fibers such as glass fibers.

光硬化性樹脂組成物は、紫外線、可視光線、近赤外線の波長領域に感応し、重合反応が生じる組成物として定義され、具体的には、主剤である不飽和結合を有する樹脂組成物に光重合開始剤を添加したものである。光硬化性樹脂組成物の主剤としては、不飽和ポリエステル樹脂、エポキシアクリレート樹脂、ウレタンアクリレート樹脂、アリルエステル樹脂、キシレン樹脂等がある。これらの樹脂を単独或いは二種以上を適宜混合して用いても良い。   A photocurable resin composition is defined as a composition that undergoes a polymerization reaction in response to the wavelength region of ultraviolet rays, visible rays, and near infrared rays. Specifically, a photocurable resin composition is used to apply light to a resin composition having an unsaturated bond as a main component. A polymerization initiator is added. Examples of the main component of the photocurable resin composition include unsaturated polyester resins, epoxy acrylate resins, urethane acrylate resins, allyl ester resins, and xylene resins. You may use these resin individually or in mixture of 2 or more types as appropriate.

主剤樹脂は、強化繊維等の含浸性を考慮し、液状重合性単量体を混合して使用され、液状重合性単量体は、主剤樹脂との溶解性ならびに重合性を有するものであれば、特に制限されず、例えばアクリル酸エステル、メタクリル酸エステル、芳香族ビニル化合物等が好ましく用いられ、住民および/または施工者に対する臭気対策を講じる場合は、メチル(メタ)アクリレート、エチル(メタ)アクリレート等のアクリル化合物系の液状重合性単量体が好ましく用いられる。液状重合性単量体の配合割合は、主剤樹脂100重量部に対して、10重量部〜100重量部であることが好ましく、より好ましくは20重量部〜60重量部である。   The main resin is used by mixing a liquid polymerizable monomer in consideration of the impregnation property of reinforcing fibers and the like, and the liquid polymerizable monomer is soluble and polymerizable with the main resin. In particular, for example, acrylic acid ester, methacrylic acid ester, aromatic vinyl compound and the like are preferably used, and when taking odor countermeasures for residents and / or contractors, methyl (meth) acrylate, ethyl (meth) acrylate Acrylic compound-based liquid polymerizable monomers such as are preferably used. The blending ratio of the liquid polymerizable monomer is preferably 10 parts by weight to 100 parts by weight, and more preferably 20 parts by weight to 60 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the main resin.

光重合開始剤は、紫外線から近赤外線迄の波長領域に感光性を有する公知の光重合開始剤を単独或いは併用して用いることができる。光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の硬化速度の観点から、紫外線領域に感光性を有する光重合開始剤が好ましく用いられる。例えば、光重合開始剤の配合割合は、主剤樹脂100重量部に対して、0.05重量部〜15重量部であることが好ましく、より好ましくは0.1重量部〜10重量部である。   As the photopolymerization initiator, a known photopolymerization initiator having photosensitivity in a wavelength region from ultraviolet to near infrared can be used alone or in combination. From the viewpoint of the curing rate of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3, a photopolymerization initiator having photosensitivity in the ultraviolet region is preferably used. For example, the blending ratio of the photopolymerization initiator is preferably 0.05 to 15 parts by weight, more preferably 0.1 to 10 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of the main resin.

上記光硬化性樹脂組成物には、公知の添加剤を添加しても良く、具体的には、カテコール、ハイドロキノン等の重合禁止剤、水酸化アルミニウム、燐系化合物等の難燃剤、ガラス粒子等の充填材、ポリエチレン等の硬化収縮剤等を光硬化性が著しく阻害されない範囲で、一種若しくは二種以上を併用して添加しても良い。   Known additives may be added to the photocurable resin composition, specifically, polymerization inhibitors such as catechol and hydroquinone, flame retardants such as aluminum hydroxide and phosphorus compounds, glass particles, and the like. These fillers, curing shrinkage agents such as polyethylene, and the like may be added singly or in combination of two or more as long as the photocurability is not significantly impaired.

上記増粘剤は、特に限定されず、酸化マグネシウム等の金属酸化物、水酸化マグネシウム等の金属水酸化物、イソシアネート化合物、或いは熱可塑性樹脂粉末を用いることができる。光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の品質安定性の観点から、熱可塑性樹脂粉末を用いることが好ましい。熱可塑性樹脂粉末は、アクリル酸エステル、メタクリル酸エステル、芳香族ビニル化合物等の重合性単量体から選ばれた少なくとも一種の単量体を50%以上含有する単量体組成物を重合反応することにより得られる。   The said thickener is not specifically limited, Metal oxides, such as magnesium oxide, metal hydroxides, such as magnesium hydroxide, an isocyanate compound, or a thermoplastic resin powder can be used. From the viewpoint of quality stability of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3, it is preferable to use a thermoplastic resin powder. The thermoplastic resin powder polymerizes a monomer composition containing 50% or more of at least one monomer selected from polymerizable monomers such as acrylic acid esters, methacrylic acid esters, and aromatic vinyl compounds. Can be obtained.

上記強化繊維は、特に限定されず、ガラス繊維、金属繊維等の無機繊維、アラミド、ビニロン、ナイロン繊維等の有機繊維を用いることができる。また、形態も特に限定されず、チョップドストランドマット、クロス、ロービング状の繊維を用いることができる。強化繊維は、一種を単独で用いても良く、二種以上を併用しても良い。   The reinforcing fibers are not particularly limited, and inorganic fibers such as glass fibers and metal fibers, and organic fibers such as aramid, vinylon, and nylon fibers can be used. Further, the form is not particularly limited, and chopped strand mats, cloths, and roving fibers can be used. One type of reinforcing fiber may be used alone, or two or more types may be used in combination.

接合部を強固に固定し、より高い剛性力が要求される場合は、ガラス繊維等の無機繊維が好適に用いられ、その際の強化繊維の量としては、450g/m〜1350g/mが好適で、より好ましくは600g/mが好ましい。 When the joint portion is firmly fixed and higher rigidity is required, inorganic fibers such as glass fibers are preferably used. The amount of reinforcing fibers at that time is 450 g / m 2 to 1350 g / m 2. Is more preferable, and 600 g / m 2 is more preferable.

接合部を構成する各構造部材の変形に対する追随性が要求される場合は、ビニロン繊維等の伸び性能を有する有機繊維が好適に用いられ、その際の強化繊維の量としては、420g/m〜1360g/mが好適で、より好ましくは840g/mが好ましい。 When the followability to the deformation of each structural member constituting the joint portion is required, an organic fiber having elongation performance such as vinylon fiber is preferably used, and the amount of reinforcing fiber at that time is 420 g / m 2. ˜1360 g / m 2 is suitable, more preferably 840 g / m 2 .

光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3は、運搬、現場での取扱性の観点から、樹脂製フィルム材をシート片面もしくは両面に積層しても良い。樹脂製フィルム材を積層することにより、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3表面の硬化性向上、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の長期品質安定性ならびに臭気抑制を図ることができる。樹脂製フィルム材の材質は、特に限定されず、ポリエチレン、ポリエステル等の樹脂材料に成形された汎用のフィルム材が用いられ、その中でもポリエチレンテレフタレート製で、厚み20μm〜60μmのフィルムが好ましく用いられる。より好ましくは、基材への接着面側の保護フィルムには、シリコン樹脂等で離型処理され、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3表面側の保護フィルムには光重合開始剤の波長領域に遮光性を有するコーティング処理が施されたものである。   The photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 may be formed by laminating a resin film material on one or both sides of the sheet from the viewpoint of transportation and handling at the site. By laminating the resin film material, it is possible to improve the curability of the surface of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3, improve the long-term quality stability of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3, and suppress odor. The material of the resinous film material is not particularly limited, and a general-purpose film material molded into a resin material such as polyethylene or polyester is used. Among them, a film made of polyethylene terephthalate and having a thickness of 20 μm to 60 μm is preferably used. More preferably, the protective film on the side of the adhesive surface to the substrate is subjected to release treatment with silicon resin or the like, and the protective film on the surface side of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 is shielded from light in the wavelength region of the photopolymerization initiator. The coating process which has property is given.

光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の接着方法は、極めて簡便で、補強箇所に光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を接着或いは巻き付けた後、太陽光或いは光重合開始剤と同波長領域を有する照射装置により硬化させる。照射時間は、1分〜30分が好ましく、照射装置の出力、光重合開始剤量により、硬化時間が制御可能で、短時間の内に接合部の耐震性が著しく向上する。   The bonding method of the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 is very simple. After the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 is bonded or wound around the reinforcing portion, the irradiation device has the same wavelength region as that of sunlight or a photopolymerization initiator. To cure. The irradiation time is preferably 1 to 30 minutes, the curing time can be controlled by the output of the irradiation device and the amount of the photopolymerization initiator, and the vibration resistance of the joint is remarkably improved within a short time.

各構造部材中に非接着部を設ける場合、非接着部箇所にポリプロピレン等のテープを貼り付け、各構造部材との接着を阻害する方法、光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の各構造部材との接着側のフィルム材を残したまま各構造部材に接着する方法、シリコン樹脂等の接着を阻害するようなプライマー、パテを光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の接着前に塗布する方法等があり、いずれの方法でも簡単に非接着部2a,2bを設けることが可能である。   When a non-adhesive part is provided in each structural member, a tape such as polypropylene is applied to the non-adhesive part, and the method of inhibiting the adhesion with each structural member, There are a method of adhering to each structural member while leaving the film material on the adhesion side, a primer that inhibits adhesion of silicon resin, etc., a method of applying a putty before adhesion of the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3, Any method can easily provide the non-adhesive portions 2a and 2b.

光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3を接着或いは巻き付ける前に、各種構造部材の欠損部修復作業用としての修復材、接着強度向上或いは各種構造部材と光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3間に介在する気泡の除去作業効率化のためのプライマー、接着剤処理等を行っても良い。また、ピーリング現象防止等、釘、ボルト等を併用して接着しても良い。   Before adhering or winding the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3, a repair material for repairing a defect portion of various structural members, an improvement in adhesive strength, or air bubbles interposed between the various structural members and the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 You may perform the primer for the removal work efficiency improvement, adhesive processing, etc. Further, for example, a nail or a bolt may be used in combination for preventing a peeling phenomenon.

光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3の接着後、紫外線による劣化防止或いは美観(景観)対策として、シート表面に塗装しても良い。   After the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet 3 is bonded, the sheet surface may be coated to prevent deterioration by ultraviolet rays or as a aesthetic (landscape) countermeasure.

そして、上記の木造構造物の補強構造を用いて補強部材となる光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート3により補強した木造構造物の補強構造を構築することが出来る。   And the reinforcement structure of the wooden structure reinforced with the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 3 used as a reinforcement member can be constructed | assembled using the reinforcement structure of said wooden structure.

本発明は、木造構造物の各構造部材の接合部の耐震性能および各構造部材の強度向上、に好適である。   INDUSTRIAL APPLICABILITY The present invention is suitable for the earthquake resistance performance of the joint portion of each structural member of a wooden structure and the strength improvement of each structural member.

木造構造物の各構造部材間に非接着部を設けて光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを接着して補強した様子を示す斜視説明図である。It is perspective explanatory drawing which shows a mode that the non-bonding part was provided between each structural member of a wooden structure, and the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet was adhere | attached and reinforced. 光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを構造部材に沿って折り曲げ、該構造部材の二面以上に接着した様子を示す斜視説明図である。It is a perspective explanatory view showing a state where a photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet is bent along a structural member and bonded to two or more surfaces of the structural member. 筋交いを含めて光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを接着して補強した様子を示す斜視説明図である。It is perspective explanatory drawing which shows a mode that the photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet | seat including the braiding was adhere | attached and reinforced. 各種の光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートの形状の一例を示す図である。It is a figure which shows an example of the shape of various photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheets.

1…接着部
2a,2b…非接着部
3…光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシート
4…土台
5…柱
6…筋交い
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Adhesion part 2a, 2b ... Non-adhesion part 3 ... Photocurable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet 4 ... Base 5 ... Pillar 6 ... Bracing

Claims (2)

光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートを用いて木造構造物の構造部材の接合部を補強する構造において、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートが各構造部材に跨って接着され、かつ各構造部材と該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートとの接着部相互間に少なくとも一つの非接着部を有し、該非接着部は、前記光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートと構造部材とが当接しているものの、接着していない部分であることを特徴とする木造構造物の補強構造。 In a structure in which a joint portion of a structural member of a wooden structure is reinforced using a photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet, the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet is bonded across each structural member, and each structural member and the light have at least one non-adhesive portion between the adhesive portions each other with the curable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet, non adhesive portion, although said light curable fiber reinforced prepreg sheet and the structural member is in contact, not adhere reinforcing structure of wooden structures and said Oh Rukoto with no part. 前記光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートの前記木造構造物の構造部材との接着部において、該光硬化型繊維強化プリプレグシートが構造部材に沿って折り曲げられ、構造部材の二面以上に接着されていることを特徴とする請求項1記載の木造構造物の補強構造。 In the bonding portion between the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet and the structural member of the wooden structure, the photocurable fiber-reinforced prepreg sheet is bent along the structural member and bonded to two or more surfaces of the structural member. The reinforcing structure for a wooden structure according to claim 1, wherein:
JP2008047149A 2008-02-28 2008-02-28 Reinforcement structure for wooden structures Expired - Fee Related JP5285928B2 (en)

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