JP5249709B2 - Water source heat circulation system - Google Patents

Water source heat circulation system Download PDF

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JP5249709B2
JP5249709B2 JP2008273180A JP2008273180A JP5249709B2 JP 5249709 B2 JP5249709 B2 JP 5249709B2 JP 2008273180 A JP2008273180 A JP 2008273180A JP 2008273180 A JP2008273180 A JP 2008273180A JP 5249709 B2 JP5249709 B2 JP 5249709B2
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JP2010101559A (en
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浅野  隆
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西松建設株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/40Geothermal heat-pumps

Description

本発明は、水熱源水槽から、局所的な水熱源を提供し、シーズンを通して冷熱と温熱の供給のより効率的な水熱源熱循環システムに関する。   The present invention relates to a more efficient water heat source heat circulation system that provides a local water heat source from a water heat source tank and that supplies cold and hot heat throughout the season.

一般に、空気を熱源として用いる空気熱源式の空調機は、例えば、1つの室内に対して膨張弁及び圧縮機などを介して熱交換媒体を循環させるために連結した室内機と室外機とから構成される。   In general, an air heat source type air conditioner using air as a heat source includes, for example, an indoor unit and an outdoor unit that are connected to circulate a heat exchange medium through an expansion valve and a compressor to one room. Is done.

このような空気熱源式空調機は、室内の冷房時には、圧縮機から熱交換媒体を高温に凝縮した状態で室外機側の熱交換器に送り、この熱交換器と外気との接触により外気側へ熱を渡して熱交換媒体を冷却し、この熱交換媒体を膨張弁を介して、室内機側の熱交換器にて蒸発させ、室内空気から熱を奪い、室内空気を冷却して、室内冷房を行なう。一方、室内の暖房時には、熱交換媒体を上述とは逆に循環させ、室内機側の熱交換器にて室内空気に熱を与えて室内暖房を行い、室外機の熱交換器にて熱交換媒体を蒸発させ、外気から熱を奪う。   Such an air heat source type air conditioner sends a heat exchange medium from the compressor to a heat exchanger on the outdoor unit side in a state of being condensed at a high temperature during indoor cooling, and the outside air side is brought into contact with the heat exchanger and the outside air. The heat exchange medium is cooled by passing the heat to the interior, the heat exchange medium is evaporated through the expansion valve in the heat exchanger on the indoor unit side, heat is taken away from the room air, the room air is cooled, Cool down. On the other hand, during room heating, the heat exchange medium is circulated in the opposite direction to the above, the room air is heated by the heat exchanger on the indoor unit side, the room is heated, and the heat is exchanged by the heat exchanger of the outdoor unit. The medium is evaporated and heat is taken away from the outside air.

しかしながら、空気熱源方式の空調方法では、外気温が高い夏場に熱気を大気中に排出し、外気温が低い冬期には、外気から熱を奪う室外機における熱交換器が十分に機能しない場合もある。   However, in the air-conditioning method using the air heat source method, the heat exchanger in the outdoor unit that exhausts hot air into the atmosphere in the summer when the outside temperature is high and takes the heat from the outside air may not function sufficiently in the winter when the outside temperature is low. is there.

一方、クーラーなどで知られる水を熱源として用いる水熱源方式は、例えば、建物の外に設置する水冷式の冷却装置を有する構成が知られている。この方式では、室外に設けた冷却装置にて、冷却装置に設けられた放熱管に熱交換媒体を通して、流水でこの放熱管を介して熱交換媒体を冷却し、冷却した熱交換媒体を室内機側の熱交換器に送り、この熱交換器にて室内空気に接触させて室内の冷房を行う。   On the other hand, a water heat source method using water known as a cooler as a heat source has, for example, a configuration having a water cooling type cooling device installed outside a building. In this system, a cooling device provided outside the room passes a heat exchange medium through a heat radiating pipe provided in the cooling device, cools the heat exchange medium with running water through the heat radiating pipe, and the cooled heat exchange medium is transferred to the indoor unit. The air is sent to the side heat exchanger, and the indoor air is cooled by contacting the indoor air with this heat exchanger.

したがって、水熱源方式の空調方法では、室内の冷房及び暖房を行うために、即ち放熱管を経て熱交換媒体を冷却或いは昇温するために水熱源を用いるため、エネルギー効率がよくなる。   Therefore, in the water heat source type air conditioning method, the energy efficiency is improved because the water heat source is used to cool and heat the room, that is, to cool or raise the temperature of the heat exchange medium through the heat radiating pipe.

即ち、エネルギーの利用効率を向上させることは、大局的には温暖化防止のためCO排出を低減する(化石燃料の削減)に通じるため、シーズン毎に必要エネルギーを消費しながら一方では熱エネルギーを捨てている現状を改善し、捨てている熱エネルギを蓄熱して、夏冬通して冷熱と温熱の供給を効率的、省エネルギー的処理することが望まれている。 In other words, improving the efficiency of energy use generally leads to reducing CO 2 emissions (reducing fossil fuels) in order to prevent global warming. It is desired to improve the current situation of throwing away heat, store the waste heat energy, and process the supply of cold and hot heat efficiently and energy-saving throughout the summer and winter.

そのため、 環境調和冷温熱供給システムとして、圧縮機を備えた主ヒートポンプと、水熱源と、補助空気熱交換器と、蓄氷槽と、温熱蓄熱槽とを主構成要素とする冷温熱供給部、及び、不足温熱や不足冷熱対応用に設けた吸着式蓄熱槽と、冷水器と凝縮器とよりなる吸着式ヒートポンプと、補助冷温熱供給部とを構成する技術が開示されている(例えば、特許文献1参照)。   Therefore, as an environmentally-friendly cold / hot supply system, a cold / hot supply unit mainly comprising a main heat pump equipped with a compressor, a water heat source, an auxiliary air heat exchanger, an ice storage tank, and a heat storage tank, And the technique which comprises the adsorption-type heat storage tank provided for the shortage heat and shortage cold correspondence, the adsorption heat pump which consists of a water cooler and a condenser, and an auxiliary | assistant cold / hot supply part is disclosed (for example, patent) Reference 1).

特開2001−82771号公報JP 2001-82771 A

上記の環境調和冷温熱供給システムは、河川水、海水、雨水、融雪水等よりなる熱源水を用いて、大気環境を破壊しない自然冷媒を採用するものであるが、自然冷媒を圧縮機により圧縮した後、熱源水の熱を汲み上げ、温水器(凝縮器)で凝縮させた後、クーラーで蒸発して、−10℃〜5℃の冷媒蒸気を形成し、この冷媒蒸気を、膨張弁を介して製氷器に導入し、河川水、海水、雨水、融雪水等を結氷させ、当期内ないし翌年の夏期にプレート熱交換器を介して逐次放出を可能にすべく、結氷した氷粒を蓄氷槽に蓄氷させるというものである。   The above-mentioned environmentally-friendly cold / hot supply system employs natural refrigerant that does not destroy the atmospheric environment using heat source water such as river water, seawater, rainwater, snowmelt water, etc., but compresses the natural refrigerant with a compressor. Then, after pumping up the heat of the heat source water and condensing it with a water heater (condenser), it evaporates with a cooler to form a refrigerant vapor of −10 ° C. to 5 ° C., and this refrigerant vapor is passed through an expansion valve. In order to freeze river water, seawater, rainwater, snowmelt water, etc., and to release them sequentially through the plate heat exchanger during the current period or in the summer of the following year, the ice particles are stored in ice. The ice is stored in the tank.

しかしながら、上記のシステムを適用するには、上記の機能を達成するのに十分な熱源水河川水、海水、雨水、融雪水等よりなる熱源水を確保できる地域に限定される点に課題が残り、更に、夏場には熱源水を製氷して蓄積する蓄氷槽を構成し、冬場には、温水又は蓄熱量を増す為のパラフィン等で充填された温熱蓄熱材を介して貯留する温熱蓄熱槽を構成すべく管理しなければならず、上記のシステムの維持を確保するのに運用コストの点に課題が残る。   However, in order to apply the above system, there remains a problem in that it is limited to an area where heat source water composed of river water, seawater, rainwater, snowmelt water, etc. sufficient to achieve the above functions can be secured. In addition, an ice storage tank for making and accumulating heat source water is constructed in the summer, and in the winter, the thermal storage tank is stored through a thermal storage material filled with warm water or paraffin to increase the amount of heat storage. In order to ensure the maintenance of the above system, there remains a problem in terms of operation costs.

そこで、本発明の目的は、シーズンを通して、即ち通年で、冷熱と温熱の供給のより効率的な水熱源熱循環システムを提供することにある。   Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide a more efficient water heat source heat circulation system for supplying cold and hot heat throughout the season, that is, throughout the year.

本発明による水熱源熱循環システムは、通年で特定の建造物内の冷熱と温熱の供給を制御するために、水熱源からの熱媒体を循環させる水熱源熱循環システムであって、通年で所定の温度範囲に保持される水熱源水槽と、当該建造物の各フロアに設置され、前記水熱源水槽からの熱媒体を水・熱交換器を介して循環させるヒートポンプ式空調機と、前記ヒートポンプ式空調機に循環させる熱媒体を冷媒・熱交換器を介して熱変換させて、前記ヒートポンプ式空調機を設置したフロアを冷暖房させる冷暖房装置と、前記ヒートポンプ式空調機を設置したフロアを空調する外気用空調装置と、前記水熱源水槽からの熱媒体を水・熱交換器を介して媒管を経て前記外気用空調装置に供給するエアハンドリングユニットとを備え、前記水熱源水槽を基盤として水熱源式及び空気熱源式の冷熱及び温熱を供給するようにしたことを特徴とする。   The water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention is a water heat source heat circulation system that circulates a heat medium from a water heat source in order to control supply of cold and warm heat in a specific building throughout the year. A water heat source water tank maintained in the temperature range, a heat pump air conditioner that is installed on each floor of the building and circulates a heat medium from the water heat source water tank via a water / heat exchanger, and the heat pump type An air conditioner that heats and cools the floor on which the heat pump air conditioner is installed by heat-converting the heat medium circulated to the air conditioner through a refrigerant / heat exchanger, and outside air that air-conditions the floor on which the heat pump air conditioner is installed And an air handling unit for supplying a heat medium from the water heat source water tank to the outside air conditioner through a medium pipe via a water / heat exchanger, and based on the water heat source water tank. Wherein the water heat source type and the cold and heat air heat source type and be supplied as a.

即ち、本発明による水熱源熱循環システムは、水熱源水槽を基盤として水熱源式及び空気熱源式の冷熱及び温熱を供給するようにした。   That is, the water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention supplies water heat source type and air heat source type cold heat and heat based on the water heat source water tank.

また、本発明による水熱源熱循環システムにおいて、前記エアハンドリングユニットは、当該フロアに設けられるCOセンサからの制御信号により、当該フロア内のCO量が多いと感知した場合に風量を増大させる可変風量機構を有することを特徴とする。 In the water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention, the air handling unit increases the air volume when it is detected that the amount of CO 2 in the floor is large by a control signal from a CO 2 sensor provided on the floor. It has a variable air volume mechanism.

また、本発明による水熱源熱循環システムにおいて、前記エアハンドリングユニットは、前記フロアの照明等の熱回収を行うレタンチャンバーを更に有することを特徴とする。   In the water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention, the air handling unit further includes a retan chamber for performing heat recovery such as lighting of the floor.

また、本発明による水熱源熱循環システムにおいて、前記水熱源水槽に設けられる温度センサによって検知した温度に従って、前記水熱源水槽に対して水媒体を循環させて熱回収する廃熱ユニットを更に備えることを特徴とする。   The water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention further includes a waste heat unit that circulates an aqueous medium to the water heat source water tank and recovers heat according to a temperature detected by a temperature sensor provided in the water heat source water tank. It is characterized by.

また、本発明による水熱源熱循環システムにおいて、当該建造物の内外の各テナントへと温水を提供するために、水熱源水槽の水媒体を循環させて熱回収する別の水・熱交換器と、前記別の水・熱交換器によって熱回収した熱で、予め貯えられる水を温水化して貯水する貯水槽と、前記廃熱ユニットの上部に設けられる熱交換器から送出される熱媒体の温度と、前記水熱源水槽の水熱媒体の温度とを比較し、高い方の熱媒体の温度を、前記別の水・熱交換器における熱交換源として利用するように制御する熱判定装置とを更に備えることを特徴とする。   Further, in the water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention, in order to provide hot water to each tenant inside and outside the building, another water / heat exchanger that circulates the water medium in the water heat source water tank and recovers heat. , The temperature of the heat medium sent from the heat exchanger provided in the upper part of the waste heat unit, and the water storage tank for warming and storing the water stored in advance with the heat recovered by the other water / heat exchanger And a heat determination device that controls the temperature of the higher heat medium to be used as a heat exchange source in the other water / heat exchanger. It is further characterized by providing.

また、本発明による水熱源熱循環システムにおいて、予め熱水を貯水した個別水熱源と、前記水熱源水槽に設けられる別の温度センサによって検知した温度に従って、個別水熱源の熱媒体を循環させて昇温を確保するように機能するコンプレッサとを更に備えることを特徴とする。   Further, in the water heat source heat circulation system according to the present invention, the heat medium of the individual water heat source is circulated according to the temperature detected by the separate water heat source in which hot water is stored in advance and another temperature sensor provided in the water heat source water tank. And a compressor functioning to ensure a temperature increase.

本発明によれば、シーズンを通して冷熱と温熱の供給を高効率化するとともに、任意の設定場所で適用可能な水熱源熱循環システムを提供することができる。   According to the present invention, it is possible to provide a water heat source heat circulation system that can be applied at an arbitrary setting place while improving the efficiency of supplying cold and hot heat throughout the season.

以下、図1を参照して、本発明による一実施例の水熱源熱循環システムを説明する。本実施例の水熱源熱循環システム1は、地下フロアとN(1以上の自然数)階フロアとを有する建造物を想定して説明する。地下フロアでは、水熱源水槽2が設置されており、この水熱源水槽2は、シーズンを通じて15℃〜35℃に保持される。   Hereinafter, with reference to FIG. 1, the water-source heat circulation system of one Example by this invention is demonstrated. The water heat source heat circulation system 1 of the present embodiment will be described assuming a building having an underground floor and an N (natural number of 1 or more) floor. On the underground floor, a water heat source water tank 2 is installed, and this water heat source water tank 2 is maintained at 15 ° C. to 35 ° C. throughout the season.

冬期(例えば外気温−20℃〜15℃)においては、この水熱源水槽2に設けられる温度センサ4aによって検知した温度に従ってコンプレッサ4を稼働し、予め過熱媒体を貯水している小型の個別水熱源3からの温水を、水熱源水槽2に対して循環させて、水熱源水槽2の温度を15℃〜35℃に保持することもできる。   In winter (for example, outside temperature -20 ° C. to 15 ° C.), a small individual water heat source that operates the compressor 4 according to the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 4a provided in the water heat source water tank 2 and stores the superheated medium in advance. The hot water from 3 can also be circulated with respect to the water-source water tank 2, and the temperature of the water-source water tank 2 can also be hold | maintained at 15 to 35 degreeC.

或いは又、夏期(例えば外気温25℃〜40℃)においては、この水熱源水槽2に設けられる温度センサ5aによって検知した温度に従って廃熱ユニット5を稼働し、水熱源水槽2に対して循環させて、水熱源水槽2の温度を15℃〜35℃に保持するようにする。水熱源水槽2は、8,000m以上の容積を確保して、外気に対する急変動を抑止するようにするのが好適である。 Alternatively, in the summer season (for example, outside air temperature 25 ° C. to 40 ° C.), the waste heat unit 5 is operated according to the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 5 a provided in the water heat source water tank 2 and is circulated with respect to the water heat source water tank 2. Thus, the temperature of the water heat source tank 2 is maintained at 15 ° C to 35 ° C. It is preferable that the water heat source tank 2 secures a volume of 8,000 m 3 or more so as to suppress sudden fluctuations with respect to the outside air.

即ち、シーズンを通じて15℃〜35℃に保持された水熱源水槽2をシステム基盤の水熱源として構成し、本システムの水熱源式冷暖房機構及び空気熱源式外気空調制御(空調制御)、並びに各テナント向けの給湯制御を含む熱媒体を再利用して有効利用する。尚、図1において、水熱源水槽2における水媒体を他の装置へと循環させるのに、他の装置毎にポンプ及びコンプレッサを用いることができる。   That is, the water heat source water tank 2 maintained at 15 ° C. to 35 ° C. throughout the season is configured as the water heat source of the system base, the water heat source type air conditioning system and the air heat source type outside air air conditioning control (air conditioning control) of this system, and each tenant Reuse and effectively use heat medium including hot water supply control. In addition, in FIG. 1, in order to circulate the aqueous medium in the water source tank 2 to other apparatuses, a pump and a compressor can be used for each other apparatus.

以下、水熱源式冷暖房機構、空気熱源式空調機構、及び各テナント向け給湯機構について、それぞれ説明する。   Hereinafter, the water heat source air conditioning mechanism, the air heat source air conditioning mechanism, and the hot water supply mechanism for each tenant will be described.

(水熱源式冷暖房機構)
水熱源式冷暖房機構は、水熱源式の冷暖房を実現するために、水・熱交換器10と、ヒートポンプ式空調機11と、冷媒・熱交換器12と、冷暖房装置13とを備える。
(Water heat source air conditioning system)
The water heat source type air conditioning mechanism includes a water / heat exchanger 10, a heat pump air conditioner 11, a refrigerant / heat exchanger 12, and an air conditioner 13 in order to realize water heat source type air conditioning.

水・熱交換器10は、地下フロアに設けられ、N階フロアに設けられるヒートポンプ式空調機11からの水熱媒体を供給し、水熱源水槽2へと循環させて熱回収する機能を有する。   The water / heat exchanger 10 is provided on the underground floor and has a function of supplying a water heat medium from the heat pump air conditioner 11 provided on the N floor and circulating it to the water heat source water tank 2 to recover heat.

ヒートポンプ式空調機11は、冷媒・熱交換器付き水熱源パッケージとして構成させ、水熱源水槽2からの水熱媒体を供給し、水・熱交換器10を経て循環させるとともに、ヒートポンプ式空調機11における熱媒体を、冷媒・熱交換器12に送出する。   The heat pump air conditioner 11 is configured as a water heat source package with a refrigerant / heat exchanger, supplies a water heat medium from the water heat source water tank 2, circulates through the water / heat exchanger 10, and heat pump air conditioner 11. The heat medium in is sent to the refrigerant / heat exchanger 12.

尚、このヒートポンプ式空調機11は、当該フロアの冷房用又は暖房用に設けられるのみであり、且つ外気に対する急変動は、水熱源水槽2によって吸収することができるため、水熱源水槽2に比して小規模のものでよく、建造物のフロア容積に応じて、水熱源水槽2の容積に対して1/10〜1/10,000の容積を確保する。   The heat pump type air conditioner 11 is only provided for cooling or heating the floor, and sudden fluctuations with respect to the outside air can be absorbed by the water heat source water tank 2. And a small-scale thing may be sufficient and the volume of 1/10-1 / 10,000 is ensured with respect to the volume of the water source tank 2 according to the floor volume of a building.

即ち、この水・熱交換器10及びヒートポンプ式空調機11は、夏場には、温水を冷やして水熱源媒体を循環させるように機能し、冬場には、冷水を温めて水熱源媒体を循環させるように機能する。   That is, the water / heat exchanger 10 and the heat pump type air conditioner 11 function to cool the hot water and circulate the water heat source medium in the summer, and warm the cold water to circulate the water heat source medium in the winter. To function.

冷媒・熱交換器12は、ヒートポンプ式空調機11からの水熱源を冷媒体に変換し、この冷媒体を、冷媒管を経て1つ以上の冷暖房装置13に供給する。   The refrigerant / heat exchanger 12 converts a water heat source from the heat pump air conditioner 11 into a refrigerant body, and supplies the refrigerant body to one or more air conditioning units 13 through a refrigerant pipe.

冷暖房装置13は、前述した水熱源方式のヒートポンプ式空調機を経て熱媒体を取得して当該フロアの冷暖房を行う。   The air conditioner 13 obtains a heat medium through the above-described water heat source type heat pump air conditioner, and performs air conditioning on the floor.

このように、例えば、夏期において、熱源安定化した水熱源水槽2からヒートポンプ式空調機11に一旦供給させて熱回収し、この各フロアに設けられたヒートポンプ式空調機11から冷暖房装置11を機能させるため、極めて熱エネルギー効率が改善される。   Thus, for example, in the summer, the heat source air tank 11 that has been stabilized in the heat source is temporarily supplied to the heat pump air conditioner 11 to recover the heat, and the air conditioner 11 functions from the heat pump air conditioner 11 provided on each floor. Therefore, the thermal energy efficiency is greatly improved.

(空気熱源式空調機構)
空気熱源式空調機構は、空気熱源式の外気用空調を実現するために、水・熱交換器9と、エアハンドリングユニット14と、外気用空調装置15とを備える。
(Air heat source air conditioning mechanism)
The air heat source type air conditioning mechanism includes a water / heat exchanger 9, an air handling unit 14, and an outside air conditioning device 15 in order to realize air heat source type outdoor air conditioning.

水・熱交換器9は、地下フロアに設けられ、水媒体を水熱源水槽2へと循環させて熱回収し、空気熱媒体としてN階フロアに設けられるエアハンドリングユニット14に供給する機能を有する。   The water / heat exchanger 9 is provided on the underground floor and has a function of circulating the aqueous medium to the water heat source water tank 2 to recover the heat and supplying it as an air heat medium to the air handling unit 14 provided on the Nth floor. .

エアハンドリングユニット14は、水・熱交換器9から空気熱媒体が供給され、媒管を経て外気用空調装置15に供給する。尚、このエアハンドリングユニット14は、各フロアに設けたCOセンサ(図示せず)からの制御信号により、フロア内のCO量が多いと感知した場合に風量を増大させるような可変風量機構を設けることができる。 The air handling unit 14 is supplied with an air heat medium from the water / heat exchanger 9 and supplies it to the air conditioner 15 for outside air via the medium pipe. The air handling unit 14 has a variable air volume mechanism that increases the air volume when it is detected that the amount of CO 2 in the floor is large by a control signal from a CO 2 sensor (not shown) provided on each floor. Can be provided.

外気用空調装置15は、エアハンドリングユニット14を経て循環される空気熱媒体を、室内空気に熱を与えるか、又は吸収して室内換気を行う機能を有する。   The air conditioner 15 for outside air has a function of performing indoor ventilation by applying heat to the air heat medium circulated through the air handling unit 14 or absorbing the air heat medium.

このように、例えば、冬期において、熱源安定化した水熱源水槽2から水・熱交換器9を経て熱回収し、外気用空調装置15へと気体配分するように機能させるため、極めて熱エネルギー効率が改善される。   In this way, for example, in the winter season, the heat source is stabilized from the water heat source water tank 2 through the water / heat exchanger 9 and functions so as to distribute the gas to the outside air conditioner 15. Is improved.

(各テナント向け給湯機構)
各テナント向け給湯機構は、廃熱ユニット5と、熱判定装置6と、水・熱交換器7と、貯水槽8とを備える。
(Hot-water supply mechanism for each tenant)
Each tenant hot water supply mechanism includes a waste heat unit 5, a heat determination device 6, a water / heat exchanger 7, and a water storage tank 8.

廃熱ユニット5は、この水熱源水槽2に設けられる温度センサ5aによって検知した温度に従って廃熱ユニット5を稼働し、水熱源水槽2に対して水媒体を循環させて熱回収し、水熱源水槽2の温度を15℃〜35℃に保持することに寄与する機能を有し、且つ廃熱ユニット5の上部に設けられる熱交換器5aから送出される熱媒体を、媒管を通じて熱判定装置6に送出する機能を有する。   The waste heat unit 5 operates the waste heat unit 5 according to the temperature detected by the temperature sensor 5a provided in the water heat source water tank 2, circulates an aqueous medium to the water heat source water tank 2, recovers heat, and the water heat source water tank 2 having a function contributing to maintaining the temperature of 2 to 15 ° C. to 35 ° C., and the heat medium sent from the heat exchanger 5a provided on the upper portion of the waste heat unit 5 is transferred to the heat determination device 6 through the medium pipe. The function to send to

水・熱交換器7は、地下フロアに設けられ、水熱源水槽の水媒体を循環させて熱回収し、地下フロアに設けられる貯水槽8に水熱媒体を供給する機能を有する。   The water / heat exchanger 7 is provided on the underground floor, and has a function of circulating the aqueous medium in the water heat source water tank to recover the heat, and supplying the water heat medium to the water tank 8 provided on the underground floor.

貯水槽8は、水・熱交換器7によって熱回収した熱で、予め貯えられる水を温水化して貯水し、本システムにおける建造物の内外の各テナントへと温水を提供することができる。   The water storage tank 8 can heat and store the water stored in advance with the heat recovered by the water / heat exchanger 7, and can provide the hot water to each tenant inside and outside the building in this system.

熱判定装置6は、廃熱ユニット5の上部に設けられる熱交換器5aから送出される熱媒体の温度と、水熱源水槽2の水熱媒体の温度とを比較し、熱交換器5aから送出される熱媒体の温度が高い場合には、水・熱交換器7における熱交換源として、この熱交換器5aから送出される熱媒体の熱を利用するように水・熱交換器7を制御する。一方、熱判定装置6は、水熱源水槽2の水熱媒体の温度が高い場合には、水熱源水槽2の水熱媒体の熱を利用するように水・熱交換器7を制御する。   The heat determination device 6 compares the temperature of the heat medium sent from the heat exchanger 5a provided on the upper part of the waste heat unit 5 with the temperature of the water heat medium in the water heat source water tank 2, and sends it from the heat exchanger 5a. When the temperature of the heat medium to be used is high, the water / heat exchanger 7 is controlled so as to use the heat of the heat medium sent from the heat exchanger 5a as a heat exchange source in the water / heat exchanger 7. To do. On the other hand, when the temperature of the water heat medium in the water heat source water tank 2 is high, the heat determination device 6 controls the water / heat exchanger 7 to use the heat of the water heat medium in the water heat source water tank 2.

このように、例えば、シーズンを通じて、熱源安定化した水熱源水槽2を基盤として、廃熱ユニット5か、又は水熱源水槽2における熱効率の良い熱源から水・熱交換器7によって熱回収して、貯水槽8へと温水を貯えるように機能させるため、極めて熱エネルギー効率が改善される。   Thus, for example, the heat source is recovered from the waste heat unit 5 or the heat source with good thermal efficiency in the water heat source water tank 2 by the water / heat exchanger 7 based on the water source water tank 2 stabilized in the heat source throughout the season, Since it functions to store hot water in the water storage tank 8, the thermal energy efficiency is extremely improved.

このように、本実施例の水熱源熱循環システムによれば、シーズンを通して冷熱と温熱の供給のより効率的な空調兼熱回収を実現することができる。   Thus, according to the water heat source heat circulation system of the present embodiment, it is possible to realize more efficient air conditioning and heat recovery by supplying cold and hot heat throughout the season.

特に、フロアゾーニングとしてヒートポンプ式空調機11を設けることにより、熱媒体を循環させるヒートポンプ式空調機内のコンプレッサ(図示せず)の稼働率を改善することができる。   In particular, by providing the heat pump air conditioner 11 as floor zoning, the operating rate of a compressor (not shown) in the heat pump air conditioner that circulates the heat medium can be improved.

また、水・熱交換器7,9,10を介して熱媒体を循環させるようにするため、水熱源水槽2の温度変化を緩やかにして、安定した水熱源を提供することに寄与する。   Further, since the heat medium is circulated through the water / heat exchangers 7, 9, and 10, the temperature change of the water heat source water tank 2 is moderated, which contributes to providing a stable water heat source.

また、個別水熱源3をゾーニングすることにより、水熱源水槽2の温度変化を緩やかにして、安定した水熱源を提供することに寄与する。   Further, by zoning the individual water heat source 3, the temperature change of the water heat source water tank 2 is moderated, which contributes to providing a stable water heat source.

また、貯水槽8を利用するテナント給湯用昇温熱源として水冷コンプレッサを採用すれば、水熱源水槽2からの加温エネルギーをベースとして供給することができる。   Moreover, if a water-cooled compressor is employ | adopted as a temperature rising heat source for tenant hot water supply using the water storage tank 8, it can supply based on the heating energy from the water heat source water tank 2. FIG.

また、エアハンドリングユニット14内のコンプレッサ(図示せず)を水熱源方式としていることで、効率的に熱回収することができ、空気熱源よりもコンプレッサの稼働率を下げることができるため、省エネルギー、温暖化防止に寄与する。特に、エアハンドリングユニット14に付随するレタンチャンバー(図示せず)を当該建造物の天井裏に設けた場合に、フロア内の空気とレタンの熱交換を行うために、熱源水配管等を特に設ける必要がなくなり、これによる漏水の心配も回避することができる。また、天井裏のレタンチャンバーは、照明等の熱回収を行うように機能する。   Moreover, since the compressor (not shown) in the air handling unit 14 has a water heat source method, heat can be efficiently recovered, and the operating rate of the compressor can be lowered as compared with the air heat source. Contributes to the prevention of global warming. In particular, when a retin chamber (not shown) attached to the air handling unit 14 is provided behind the ceiling of the building, a heat source water pipe or the like is particularly provided in order to exchange heat between the air in the floor and the retan. This eliminates the need for water leakage. Moreover, the retin chamber behind the ceiling functions to perform heat recovery such as lighting.

また、本実施例の建造物に係る延面積は、水熱源水槽2の熱源安定化にとって大きいほど有利である。   Moreover, the larger the extended area related to the building of this embodiment, the more advantageous it is for stabilizing the heat source of the water heat source water tank 2.

寒冷地の場合には、特に、冬期には、個別水熱源3及びコンプレッサ4からの熱媒体を循環させて昇温を確保するため、地域を問わず本システムを適用可能である。   In the case of a cold region, especially in the winter, the heat medium from the individual water heat source 3 and the compressor 4 is circulated to ensure the temperature rise, so that this system can be applied regardless of the region.

夏期には、各フロアごとのヒートバランスを取る構成としているため、水熱源水槽2の熱源安定化に寄与することができる。   In summer, the heat balance for each floor is taken, so that the heat source of the water heat source tank 2 can be stabilized.

上記の利点は、更に、本システムの建造物外部への空調による排熱をかなり低減させるため、省エネルギー、温暖化防止に寄与する効果を生じさせる。   The above-described advantages further reduce the heat exhausted by the air conditioning to the outside of the building of the present system, thereby producing an effect that contributes to energy saving and prevention of global warming.

さらに、ヒートポンプ式空調機11を設けて、コンプレッサ及びポンプ等で循環させるようにしたことも、エネルギー利用効率を改善するため、省エネルギー、温暖化防止に寄与する効果を生じさせ、本システムの全体ランニングコストも低減させる。   Furthermore, the heat pump air conditioner 11 is provided and circulated with a compressor, a pump, etc., so as to improve the energy utilization efficiency, it produces an effect that contributes to energy saving and prevention of global warming. Reduce costs.

さらに、本システムでは、建造物の天井裏にレタンチャンバーを設けたとしても、既存の空調システムのような、コンプレッサを天井裏に設ける構成と比して、機器騒音の問題も解消させることができる。   Furthermore, in this system, even if a retan chamber is provided behind the ceiling of the building, the problem of equipment noise can be solved as compared with a configuration in which a compressor is provided on the back of the ceiling as in the existing air conditioning system. .

上述の実施例については代表的な例として説明したが、本発明の趣旨及び範囲内で、多くの変更及び置換ができることは当業者に明らかである。例えば、水熱源水槽2は、防災用の貯水槽を利用することができ、或いは又、一般家庭であれば、浴槽程度のものを用意してもよい。さらに、上述した用途のほかに、別の用途のために水熱源水槽2の媒体を水・熱変換させて循環又は貯水する別の個別水熱源パッケージを追加的に設けることもでき、様々な用途に水熱源水槽2を利用することができる。また、水熱源水槽2は、必ずしも地下に設ける必要があるものではないことは明らかであり、一階建の建造物、或いは又、高層建造物に対しても適用可能である。従って、本発明は、上述の実施例によって制限するものと解するべきではなく、特許請求の範囲によってのみ制限される。   Although the above embodiments have been described as representative examples, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that many changes and substitutions can be made within the spirit and scope of the invention. For example, as the water heat source tank 2, a water tank for disaster prevention can be used, or, if it is a general household, a thing about a bathtub may be prepared. Furthermore, in addition to the above-described applications, another individual water heat source package that circulates or stores water by converting the medium of the water source water tank 2 into water / heat for other applications can be additionally provided. The water heat source tank 2 can be used. It is obvious that the water heat source tank 2 is not necessarily required to be provided underground, and can be applied to a one-story building or a high-rise building. Accordingly, the invention should not be construed as limited by the embodiments described above, but only by the claims.

本発明によれば、シーズンを通じて安定且つエネルギー効率のよい冷房及び暖房、並びに給湯システムを供給することができ、このような冷熱及び温熱を利用する任意の用途に有用である。   According to the present invention, stable and energy efficient cooling and heating and a hot water supply system can be supplied throughout the season, which is useful for any application that uses such cooling and heating.

本発明による一実施例の水熱源熱循環システムを説明する図である。It is a figure explaining the water-heat-source heat circulation system of one Example by this invention.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

1 水熱源熱循環システム
2 水熱源水槽
3 個別水熱源
4 コンプレッサ
5 廃熱ユニット
5a 熱交換器
6 熱判定装置
7 水・熱交換器
8 貯水槽
9 水・熱交換器
10 水・熱交換器
11 ヒートポンプ式空調機(冷媒・熱交換器付き水熱源パッケージ)
12 冷媒・熱交換器
13 冷暖房装置
14 エアハンドリングユニット
15 外気用空調装置
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Water heat source heat circulation system 2 Water heat source water tank 3 Individual water heat source 4 Compressor 5 Waste heat unit 5a Heat exchanger 6 Heat determination apparatus 7 Water / heat exchanger 8 Water storage tank 9 Water / heat exchanger 10 Water / heat exchanger 11 Heat pump air conditioner (water heat source package with refrigerant and heat exchanger)
12 Refrigerant / heat exchanger 13 Air conditioning unit 14 Air handling unit 15 Air conditioner for outside air

Claims (5)

  1. 通年で特定の建造物内の冷熱と温熱の供給を制御するために、水熱源からの熱媒体を循環させる水熱源熱循環システムであって、
    通年で所定の温度範囲に保持される水熱源水槽と、
    当該建造物の各フロアに設置され、前記水熱源水槽からの熱媒体を水・熱交換器を介して循環させるヒートポンプ式空調機と、
    前記ヒートポンプ式空調機に循環させる熱媒体を冷媒・熱交換器を介して熱変換させて、前記ヒートポンプ式空調機を設置したフロアを冷暖房させる冷暖房装置と、
    前記ヒートポンプ式空調機を設置したフロアを空調する外気用空調装置と、
    前記水熱源水槽からの熱媒体を水・熱交換器を介して媒管を経て前記外気用空調装置に供給するエアハンドリングユニットと
    前記水熱源水槽に設けられる温度センサによって検知した温度に従って、前記水熱源水槽に対して水媒体を循環させて熱回収する廃熱ユニットと、
    前記水熱源水槽の水媒体を循環させて熱回収する別の水・熱交換器と、
    前記別の水・熱交換器によって熱回収した熱で、予め貯えられる水を温水化して貯水する貯水槽と、
    前記廃熱ユニットの上部に設けられる熱交換器から送出される熱媒体の温度と、前記水熱源水槽の水熱媒体の温度とを比較し、高い方の熱媒体の温度を、前記別の水・熱交換器における熱交換源として利用するように制御する熱判定装置と、を備え、
    前記水熱源水槽を基盤として水熱源式及び空気熱源式の冷熱及び温熱を供給するようにしたことを特徴とする水熱源熱循環システム。
    A water heat source heat circulation system that circulates a heat medium from a water heat source to control the supply of cold and heat throughout a particular building throughout the year,
    A water heat source tank maintained in a predetermined temperature range throughout the year,
    A heat pump air conditioner that is installed on each floor of the building and circulates the heat medium from the water source water tank via a water / heat exchanger;
    An air conditioner that heat-converts the heat medium to be circulated to the heat pump air conditioner through a refrigerant / heat exchanger and heats and cools the floor on which the heat pump air conditioner is installed,
    An air conditioner for outside air that air-conditions the floor on which the heat pump air conditioner is installed;
    An air handling unit that supplies the heat medium from the water heat source tank to the outside air conditioner via a medium pipe via a water / heat exchanger ;
    According to the temperature detected by a temperature sensor provided in the water heat source water tank, a waste heat unit that recovers heat by circulating an aqueous medium to the water heat source water tank,
    Another water / heat exchanger for recovering heat by circulating the aqueous medium of the water heat source tank;
    A water storage tank for warming and storing water stored in advance with heat recovered by the other water / heat exchanger;
    The temperature of the heat medium sent from the heat exchanger provided in the upper part of the waste heat unit is compared with the temperature of the water heat medium in the water source water tank, and the temperature of the higher heat medium is determined as the other water. A heat determination device that is controlled to be used as a heat exchange source in the heat exchanger ,
    A water heat source heat circulation system characterized in that water heat source type and air heat source type cooling and heating are supplied on the basis of the water heat source water tank.
  2. 前記エアハンドリングユニットは、当該フロアに設けられるCO2センサからの制御信号により、当該フロア内のCO2量が多いと感知した場合に風量を増大させる可変風量機構を有することを特徴とする、請求項1に記載の水熱源熱循環システム。   2. The air handling unit includes a variable air volume mechanism that increases an air volume when it is detected that the amount of CO2 in the floor is large based on a control signal from a CO2 sensor provided on the floor. Water heat source heat circulation system as described in.
  3. 前記エアハンドリングユニットは、前記フロアの照明等の熱回収を行うレタンチャンバーを更に有することを特徴とする、請求項1又は2に記載の水熱源熱循環システム。   The water heat source heat circulation system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the air handling unit further includes a retin chamber for performing heat recovery such as lighting of the floor.
  4. 当該建造物の内外の各テナントへと温水を提供する請求項に記載の水熱源熱循環システム。 Providing hot water to each tenant and out of the building, the water heat source heat circulation system according to claim 1.
  5. 予め熱水を貯水した個別水熱源と、
    前記水熱源水槽に設けられる別の温度センサによって検知した温度に従って、個別水熱源の熱媒体を循環させて昇温を確保するように機能するコンプレッサと、
    を更に備えることを特徴とする、請求項1〜のいずれか一項に記載の水熱源熱循環システム。
    Individual water heat sources that store hot water in advance,
    A compressor that functions to circulate the heat medium of the individual water heat source to ensure the temperature rise according to the temperature detected by another temperature sensor provided in the water heat source water tank;
    The water heat source heat circulation system according to any one of claims 1 to 4 , further comprising:
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