JP5240762B2 - Building power system - Google Patents

Building power system Download PDF

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JP5240762B2
JP5240762B2 JP2008127514A JP2008127514A JP5240762B2 JP 5240762 B2 JP5240762 B2 JP 5240762B2 JP 2008127514 A JP2008127514 A JP 2008127514A JP 2008127514 A JP2008127514 A JP 2008127514A JP 5240762 B2 JP5240762 B2 JP 5240762B2
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power supply
power
building
set value
vehicle
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JP2009278776A (en
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将人 一志
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トヨタ自動車株式会社
トヨタホーム株式会社
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L58/00Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • B60L58/10Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries
    • B60L58/12Methods or circuit arrangements for monitoring or controlling batteries or fuel cells, specially adapted for electric vehicles for monitoring or controlling batteries responding to state of charge [SoC]
    • B60L58/13Maintaining the SoC within a determined range
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/10Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles characterised by the energy transfer between the charging station and the vehicle
    • B60L53/14Conductive energy transfer
    • B60L53/16Connectors, e.g. plugs or sockets, specially adapted for charging electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/30Constructional details of charging stations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/50Charging stations characterised by energy-storage or power-generation means
    • B60L53/51Photovoltaic means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L55/00Arrangements for supplying energy stored within a vehicle to a power network, i.e. vehicle-to-grid [V2G] arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/70Systems integrating technologies related to power network operation and communication or information technologies mediating in the improvement of the carbon footprint of electrical power generation, transmission or distribution, i.e. smart grids as enabling technology in the energy generation sector
    • Y02E60/72Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipments
    • Y02E60/721Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipments the elements or equipments being or involving electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV], i.e. power aggregation of EV or HEV, vehicle to grid arrangements [V2G]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/7044Controlling the battery or capacitor state of charge
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7038Energy storage management
    • Y02T10/705Controlling vehicles with one battery or one capacitor only
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7088Charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/121Electric charging stations by conductive energy transmission
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/12Electric charging stations
    • Y02T90/128Energy exchange control or determination
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/14Plug-in electric vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies related to electric vehicle charging
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/163Information or communication technologies related to charging of electric vehicle
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/10Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment
    • Y04S10/12Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipment being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation
    • Y04S10/126Systems characterised by the monitored, controlled or operated power network elements or equipment the elements or equipment being or involving energy generation units, including distributed generation [DER] or load-side generation the energy generation units being or involving electric vehicles [EV] or hybrid vehicles [HEV], i.e. power aggregation of EV or HEV, vehicle to grid arrangements [V2G]

Description

  The present invention relates to a power supply system for a building.

  Generally, in a building such as a house, commercial power supplied from an electric power company is taken in, and various electric loads (home appliances, lighting fixtures, etc.) in the building are driven by the commercial power.

  However, since the supply of commercial power is stopped at the time of a power failure due to a disaster or the like, the commercial power cannot be used. In this case, it becomes impossible to use any home appliances or the like in the building, resulting in a very inconvenient situation for residents.

  In addition, when securing electric power necessary for construction work in new construction, etc., it is common to temporarily use commercial power contracted in the name of the owner. As a result, a temporary change of electricity bills will occur, and this will put an economic burden on the owner. For this reason, it is desirable to be able to secure construction power without using commercial power if possible. In addition, in residential construction, there is a case where a temporary power supply is installed in the name of the contractor and a commercial power supply is received by making a power contract.However, in this case, the work of removing the temporary power supply after the completion of the construction is troublesome. As in the case described above, power supply from other than commercial power is desired.

Therefore, in recent years, in view of such circumstances, a technique has been studied in which an external power supply device that can supply power from a system different from the commercial power supply is used and power is supplied to the building by the external power supply device. As an external power supply device, a solar cell, a fuel cell, wind power generation, and the like have been studied (for example, Patent Document 1), but proposals have been made to use a generally widespread automobile as an external power supply device (for example, Patent Document 2). According to the technique of Patent Document 2, even when power supply from a commercial power supply is stopped due to a power failure or the like, power can be supplied from an electric vehicle to a building. Therefore, the electrical equipment in the building can be continuously used even during a power failure.
JP 2005-224005 A JP-A-11-178234

  However, in the technique of Patent Document 2 described above, when power is supplied from the automobile to the building, the remaining electric capacity of the in-vehicle battery decreases without the user's knowledge, and there is a situation where power supply to the building is suddenly stopped. There is a risk. Such an inconvenient situation is undesirable for the user. In addition, after the automobile is used as an external power source, the automobile may not be used as a moving means. Since an automobile is originally used as a moving means, it is not desirable to cause such an inconvenient situation.

  By the way, the situation where the power supply suddenly stops during the power supply to the building as described above is not limited to the case where the power is supplied to the building using an automobile, but the case where the power is supplied to the building using another external power supply device. Is a possible problem as well. For example, when power is supplied to a building using a generator, if the fuel used for power generation decreases without the user's knowledge, the power supply to the building may be suddenly stopped.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above circumstances, and when power is supplied to a building using an external power supply device that is a power supply device other than a commercial power supply, inconvenience associated with suddenly stopping power supply to the building. The main object is to provide a power supply system for a building that can suppress the above.

  In order to solve the above-described problem, the power supply system for a building according to the first aspect of the present invention connects an external power supply device, which is a power supply device other than a commercial power supply, to a power supply path constructed in the building, and through a connection path between them. In a building power supply system that enables power supply from an external power supply device to the power supply path, an acquisition unit that acquires information on a remaining energy level of the external power supply device, and a remaining energy level acquired by the acquisition unit is predetermined. Power supply management means for managing power supply through the connection path so as not to drop below the lower limit set value.

  In the power supply system for a building according to the present invention, power is supplied through the connection path by connecting an external power supply apparatus, which is a power supply apparatus other than the commercial power supply, to the power supply path constructed in the building. The acquisition unit acquires information related to the remaining energy of the external power supply device, and the power supply management unit manages power supply through the connection path so that the acquired energy remaining amount does not fall below a predetermined lower limit setting value. . Thereby, in the case where power is supplied to the building using an external power supply device that is a power supply device other than the commercial power supply, it is possible to suppress inconvenience associated with suddenly stopping the power supply to the building.

  The power supply system for a building of the second invention is the power supply management system according to the first invention, wherein the power supply management means is connected to the building side from the external power supply device when the remaining amount of energy acquired by the acquisition means falls to a predetermined lower limit set value. It is characterized by stopping or reducing the power supply to the.

  According to the present invention, since the power supply from the external power supply device to the building side is automatically stopped or reduced when the remaining energy level of the external power supply device falls to a predetermined lower limit setting value, the user can It is possible to continue power supply to the building without worrying about the remaining amount. In particular, when an in-vehicle power supply device for a vehicle is used as an external power supply device that supplies power to the building side, if the predetermined lower limit setting value is set to a value that can ensure the use as a vehicle moving means, It is possible to avoid an inconvenient situation in which the vehicle cannot be used after power feeding is completed.

  In the power supply system for a building according to a third aspect of the present invention, in the first or second aspect, the power supply management unit executes a notification process when the remaining energy acquired by the acquisition unit has decreased to the lower limit set value. It is characterized by that.

  According to the present invention, since the notification process is executed when the remaining energy level of the external power supply apparatus has decreased to the predetermined lower limit setting value, the user can be notified that the remaining energy level of the external power supply apparatus has decreased. it can. As a result, it is possible to avoid a situation in which the remaining energy is empty or less than the lower limit setting value without the user's knowledge.

  According to a power supply system for a building of a fourth invention, in the first to third inventions, the external power supply device is an in-vehicle power supply device mounted on a vehicle, and the remaining energy is the electric residual of the in-vehicle power supply device. It is characterized by a capacity.

  According to the present invention, an in-vehicle power supply device mounted on a vehicle is connected to a power supply path constructed in a building, whereby power is supplied to the building through the connection path. Then, the acquisition unit acquires information on the remaining electric capacity of the in-vehicle power supply device, and the power supply management unit manages power supply through the connection path so that the acquired electric remaining capacity does not fall below a predetermined lower limit setting value. . Thereby, when using a vehicle as an external power supply device instead of a commercial power supply, it is possible to supply electric power from the vehicle to the building while ensuring the use as a moving means of the vehicle.

  According to a power supply system for a building of a fifth invention, in the fourth invention, a relationship between an electric remaining capacity of the vehicle and a travelable distance is defined in advance, and the lower limit is set based on a travel distance setting value using the relationship. A setting means for setting a set value is provided.

  According to the present invention, since the lower limit set value is set based on the travel distance setting value using the predetermined relationship between the remaining electric capacity of the vehicle and the travelable distance, power supply to the building side by the vehicle is completed. Even after this, the vehicle can travel at least for the travel distance set value. Therefore, if the travel distance set value is set to the distance from the construction site to the home, it becomes possible for the construction personnel to return from the construction site with the vehicle after the vehicle has finished supplying power to the building.

  In the building power system according to a sixth aspect of the present invention, in the fourth or fifth aspect of the invention, the vehicle connected to the building is a hybrid vehicle including an electric motor and an internal combustion engine as power sources, and the acquisition means includes the The information on the remaining amount of fuel is obtained from the hybrid vehicle, and the power supply management unit manages the power supply through the connection path so that the remaining fuel amount acquired by the acquiring unit does not fall below a predetermined lower limit set value. Features.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, it can supply electric power to the electric power feeding path | route of a building by connecting the hybrid vehicle provided with an electric motor and an internal combustion engine to a building. Therefore, if the internal combustion engine is started and electric power is generated by the electric motor, the electric power generated by the electric motor can be charged to the in-vehicle power supply device while power is supplied from the in-vehicle power supply device to the building side. As a result, power can be supplied from the in-vehicle power supply device to the building for a long time.

  The acquisition unit acquires information on the remaining amount of fuel from the hybrid vehicle, and the power supply management unit manages power supply through the connection path so that the remaining amount of fuel does not fall below a predetermined lower limit setting value. Thereby, electric power feeding can be managed based not only on the remaining electric capacity of the in-vehicle power supply but also on the entire remaining energy of the vehicle.

  A building power system according to a seventh aspect of the present invention is the building power system according to any one of the first to sixth inventions, wherein a storage battery is installed in the building, and the storage battery can be charged by power feeding from the external power supply device. A switching means that enables switching between connection and disconnection of the storage battery and the external power supply device, and means for shutting off the storage battery and the external power supply device by the switching means during construction work in the building. Features.

  According to the present invention, a storage battery installed in a building is charged by power feeding from an external power supply. Specifically, the storage battery and the external power supply device are brought into the connected state by the switching unit that switches between connection and disconnection of the storage battery and the external power supply device, so that the storage battery can be charged by the external power supply device. On the other hand, the storage battery and the external power supply device are shut off by the switching means at the time of construction work accompanying the new construction or reconstruction of the building, so that the storage battery can be prevented from being charged at the time of construction work. Thereby, the deterioration of a storage battery, the lifetime reduction, etc. accompanying the use of the storage battery of a building at the time of construction can be suppressed. In addition, it is desirable to determine that the power supply to the building is the power supply during construction work based on an input operation by an operation device provided in the building.

  In the building power supply system according to an eighth aspect of the present invention, in any one of the first to seventh aspects, a plurality of different values are determined as the lower limit set value, and the power supply management means is controlled by the acquisition means. The first process is performed when the acquired energy remaining amount decreases to the first set value as the lower limit set value, and the first process is performed when the acquired energy remaining amount decreases to a second set value smaller than the first set value. A different second process is performed.

  According to the present invention, the first process is performed when the remaining energy level of the external power supply apparatus is reduced to the first set value, and the first process is performed when the remaining energy level is further reduced to the second set value. A second process different from the process is performed. Thereby, compared with the case where power supply management is performed based on a single lower limit setting value, various power supply management can be realized. For example, a notification process for notifying the user that the remaining amount of energy has decreased to the first set value is performed as the first process, and a power supply stop process for stopping power supply from the external power supply apparatus to the building is performed as the second process. . In this case, since a notification process is performed in advance for the user before the power supply is stopped, the power supply is suddenly stopped when the electrical equipment in the building is used, and an inconvenient situation where the electrical equipment cannot be used. It can be avoided. In addition, since the user can be informed that the remaining amount of energy of the external power supply device has been reduced by the notification process, the user has limited energy, such as stopping the power supply to some electrical equipment. Measures can be taken to make effective use of.

  A power supply system for a building according to a ninth invention is the power supply system for a building according to any one of the first to eighth inventions, wherein a solar power generator that performs solar power generation by irradiating sunlight onto the roof portion of the building is installed. In the power supply system of a building that enables power supply from the solar power generation device to the power supply path, power supply from the solar power generation device to the power supply path is given priority over the external power supply device. It is characterized by.

  According to the present invention, solar power generation is performed by a solar power generation device installed on a roof portion of a building, and the generated power is supplied to a power supply path of the building. And since the electric power feeding by a solar power generation device has priority over the electric power feeding by an external power supply device, the reduction | decrease in the residual energy of an external power supply device can be suppressed. Thereby, it becomes possible to utilize the energy of the suppressed amount for another opportunity. In addition, when using an in-vehicle power supply device of a vehicle as an external power supply device, it is possible to suppress a decrease in the remaining electric capacity of the in-vehicle power supply device (as a remaining amount of energy). It can be used as the energy of the moving means which is the original purpose of use.

  Hereinafter, an embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. In the present embodiment, a building power supply system in which a building such as a house and a vehicle are electrically connected and power is supplied from the vehicle to the building is embodied. FIG. 1 is an overall configuration diagram showing an outline of a power supply system in the present embodiment.

  As shown in FIG. 1, a building 10 such as a house is composed of a unit type building, for example, and includes a building main body 11 that constitutes a main part thereof and a roof 12 that is disposed above the building main body 11. . The building body 11 is formed by combining a plurality of building units.

  The building 10 is provided with a power receiving panel 13. AC power of AC 100 V, which is commercial power, is supplied to the power receiving panel 13 via the power transmission line 14.

  The roof 12 of the building 10 is provided with a solar panel 15 that generates solar power when irradiated with sunlight. The electric power generated by the solar panel 15 is supplied to the power receiving panel 13 via the first power line 31. Specifically, the DC power generated by the solar panel 15 is converted into AC power by a power converter (DC / AC) 24 (see FIG. 2) and then supplied to the power receiving panel 13. Further, a power generation amount detection sensor 16 for detecting the power generation amount in the solar panel 15 is provided between the solar panel 15 and the power receiving panel 13.

  The building 10 is provided with a residential power supply control device 20. The residential power supply control device 20 includes a residential battery 21 and a controller 22. In the residential power supply control device 20, the residential battery 21 is connected to the solar panel 15 via the first power line 31 and the second power line 32 branched from the first power line 31, and will be described later via the third power line 33. Connected to the distribution board 17. Thereby, electric power is supplied from the solar panel 15 and the distribution board 17 to the residential battery 21 in the residential power supply control device 20, and the residential battery 21 is charged. The residential power supply control device 20 is connected to the power receiving panel 13 via the fourth power line 34 and is also connected to the power receiving panel 13 via the fifth power line 35. As a result, the electric power charged in the residential battery 21 is supplied from the residential power supply control device 20 to the power receiving panel 13. The details of the residential power supply control device 20 including the controller 22 will be described later.

  Each power (commercial power, power generated by the solar panel 15 and power charged by the residential battery 21) supplied to the power receiving panel 13 is supplied to the distribution board 17 via the power line 19. These electric power supplied to the distribution board 17 is supplied to each electric load L (for example, home appliances, lighting fixtures, etc.) in the building 10 via the branch power line 18 and also to the house via the third power line 33. Power supply control device 20 (specifically, residential battery 21) is also supplied.

  The building 10 is provided with a power input terminal 28 for taking in power from an automobile 40 (details will be described later). The power input terminal 28 is connected to the residential power supply control device 20 via the sixth power line 36.

  The power lines 19, 31 to 36, the branch power line 18, the power receiving panel 13, the distribution panel 17 and the like in the building 10 are attached and wired to each unit in advance in the unit factory. Therefore, at the construction site, after assembling the units, only the power lines 19, 31 to 36 and the branch power lines 18 wired to each unit are connected.

  By the way, the building 10 of the present embodiment is configured to be able to use the electric power of the automobile 40 as a household power source by receiving power supply from the automobile 40, but here the electric power necessary for the construction of the building 10 is supplied to the automobile 40. Supply to the building 10 side. The automobile 40 is a hybrid automobile having an engine 41 and a motor 42 as power sources. More specifically, the automobile 40 is a so-called plug-in hybrid vehicle (PHV) having a terminal portion for power delivery, and can supply or receive power with other power supply devices. The automobile 40 includes a high voltage battery (hereinafter referred to as an in-vehicle battery 43) that can store high voltage energy of several hundred volts, and the electric power stored in the in-vehicle battery 43 is supplied to the building 10 side. ing. The automobile 40 generates power by the generator 44 or the motor 42 when the engine 41 is in operation, and the generated power is stored in the in-vehicle battery 43. Therefore, when the building 10 side and the automobile 40 side are connected via the connection power line 51, the power of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 is supplied to the building 10 side during operation of the engine 41, and the generator 44 or the motor 42. Since the generated electric power is supplied to the vehicle-mounted battery 43, power can be supplied to the building 10 for a long time.

  The automobile 40 is provided with an ECU (electronic control unit) 46 that manages the storage state (remaining capacity SOC) of the in-vehicle battery 43. The ECU 46 includes a wireless communication device 46a, and information on the remaining capacity (remaining energy) of the in-vehicle battery 43 is transmitted to the controller 22 on the building 10 side by the wireless communication device 46a.

  The automobile 40 is provided with a power output terminal 45 for extracting power. The power output terminal 45 and the power input terminal 28 on the building 10 side are connected via a connection power line 51. Specifically, a pair of connection plugs 52 are provided at both ends of the connection power line 51, and these terminals 28 and 45 are connected by inserting them into the power input terminal 28 and the power output terminal 45, respectively. Thereby, the electric power stored in the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 is supplied to the building 10 side via the connection power line 51.

  In the present power supply system, when the building 10 and the automobile 40 are connected by the connection power line 51, the power on the building 10 side can be supplied to the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40, contrary to the above. Thereby, when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 is reduced, the battery can be charged by supplying power from the building 10 side.

  Next, the electrical configuration of the power supply system will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating an electrical configuration of the power supply system.

  The residential power supply control device 20 is provided with cutoff devices 25 and 26 as power cutoff means. The first shut-off device 25 is provided on the second power line 32 branched from the first power line 31 and connected to the residential battery 21, and the second shut-off device 26 connects the distribution board 17 and the residential battery 21. The third power line 33 is provided. Thereby, the power supply from the solar panel 15 or the distribution board 17 to the residential battery 21 can be cut off. The third power line 33 is provided with a power converter (AC / DC) 38 so that the AC power supplied from the distribution board 17 is converted into DC power and then supplied to the residential battery 21. It has become.

  The residential power supply control device 20 is provided with a switching device 27. The switching device 27 has a three-position switching type changeover switch, specifically, a “power receiving panel ON position” to which the sixth power line 36 and the fourth power line 34 on the power feeding side of the automobile 40 are connected, It is possible to switch between three positions: a “charging ON position” where the 6 power line 36 and the fifth power line 35 are connected, and a “power supply OFF position” where the connection between the power lines is broken. Thereby, when the switching device 27 is switched to the “power receiving panel ON position”, the power input terminal 28 and the power receiving panel 13 are connected via the power lines 34 and 36, and when the switching device 27 is switched to the “charging ON position”, the power line 35 is connected. , 36, the power input terminal 28 and the residential battery 21 are connected. Therefore, in the case where the building 10 side and the automobile 40 side are connected via the connection power line 51, when the switching device 27 is switched to the “power receiving panel ON position”, the electric power on the automobile 40 side is changed to the power receiving panel 13 or the distribution board. While being supplied to each electric load L in the building 10 via the electrical panel 17, when the switching device 27 is switched to the “charging ON position”, the electric power on the automobile 40 side is supplied to the residential battery 21 and The battery 21 is charged. Further, when the switching device 27 is switched to the “power supply OFF position”, power supply from the automobile 40 to the building 10 side is cut off.

  Note that the switching device 27 is controlled to be switched by the controller 22, but is waiting at the “power supply OFF position” in the initial state. As a result, as soon as the automobile 40 side and the building 10 side are connected by the connection power line 51, the electric power on the automobile 40 side is fed to the residential battery 21 and contributes to deterioration of the residential battery 21, Electric power is supplied to each electric load L (for example, lighting equipment, home appliances, etc.) via the panel 13 and the distribution board 17 so that the life of the electric load L is not adversely affected.

  The fourth power line 34 and the fifth power line 35 are provided with a power converter (DC / AC) 39. Thereby, the DC power supplied from the automobile 40 is converted to AC power on the fourth power line 34 side and then supplied to the power receiving panel 13, and the DC power charged in the residential battery 21 is AC on the fifth power line 35 side. After being converted to electric power, it is supplied to the power receiving panel 13.

  The sixth power line 36 is provided with a connection detection sensor 29 that detects that the building 10 side and the automobile 40 side are electrically connected by the connection power line 51.

  The controller 22 includes a known microcomputer including a CPU, a ROM, and the like. The controller 22 includes a wireless communication device 22 a that can wirelessly communicate with the ECU 46 of the automobile 40. When the connection detection sensor 29 detects that the automobile 40 and the building 10 are electrically connected via the connection power line 51, the controller 22 detects a predetermined cycle with respect to the ECU 46 of the automobile 40 by the wireless communication device 22a. Send a request signal with. When the ECU 46 receives the request signal, the ECU 46 sequentially transmits the remaining capacity information of the in-vehicle battery 43 to the controller 22 (specifically, the wireless communication device 22a). Then, the controller 22 receives the remaining capacity information transmitted from the ECU 46 and acquires the remaining capacity.

  If the connection plug 52 of the connection power line 51 is removed from the terminals 28 and 45 and the electrical connection between the automobile 40 and the building 10 is cut off, the connection detection sensor 29 does not detect the connection. Thereby, the transmission of the request signal from the wireless communication device 22a is terminated, and the transmission of the remaining capacity information of the in-vehicle battery 43 from the ECU 46 is terminated.

  In addition to the remaining capacity information transmitted from the above-described ECU 46 on the automobile 40 side, the controller 22 receives the power generation amount by the solar panel 15 from the power generation amount detection sensor 16 and the detection signal from the connection detection sensor 29. Is entered. Various command signals are also input to the controller 22 from the operation device 37 operated by the resident. The controller 22 executes switching of the switching device 27 based on the remaining capacity information from the ECU 46, the power generation amount information from the power generation amount detection sensor 16, and the detection signal from the connection detection sensor 29, and a command signal from the operation device 37. Based on the above, the opening / closing operation of the blocking devices 25 and 26 and the switching operation of the switching device 27 are executed. In FIG. 2, for convenience, the signal lines from the controller 22 to the shut-off devices 25 and 26 and the switching device 27 are shown as a common signal line. These switching operations are individually controlled.

  As an actual configuration, the residential battery 21, the controller 22, the shut-off devices 25 and 26, the switching device 27, and the power conversion units 38 and 39 that constitute the residential power supply control device 20 are embodied as an integrated device. Further, the operation device 37 may be configured to be provided integrally with the residential power supply control device 20.

  Next, power supply control processing executed by the controller 22 will be described. Here, the construction power supply control processing in the case where the automobile 40 is connected to the building 10 and the power required for construction (hereinafter referred to as construction power) is supplied in the construction of a newly built house will be described based on the flowchart shown in FIG. . In this process, for example, the “power supply mode for construction” is selected from various modes stored in the controller 22 by the operation of the operation device 37 by a user (construction person or the like), and the automobile 40 and the building 10 are connected to the connected power line. It is activated by the fact that it is electrically connected by 51. In this case, it is determined that the connection detection signal from the connection detection sensor 29 is input to the controller 22 that the automobile 40 and the building 10 are electrically connected by the connection power line 51. The control process shown in FIG. 3 is repeatedly executed by the controller 22 at a predetermined time period.

  First, in step S11, the controller 22 transmits a request signal to the ECU 46 of the automobile 40 by the wireless communication device 22a. The ECU 46 that has received this request signal transmits the remaining capacity information of the in-vehicle battery 43 to the controller 22.

  In the subsequent step S12, the remaining capacity information transmitted from the ECU 46 is received by the controller 22, whereby the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is acquired.

  In step S <b> 13, it is determined whether solar power generation is performed by the solar panel 15 and the construction power can be covered only by the power supplied by the solar panel 15. Specifically, based on the power generation amount information input from the power generation amount detection sensor 16, it is determined whether or not the power that can be supplied by the solar panel 15 is greater than the construction power. When the power that can be supplied by the solar panel 15 is larger than the construction power, the process proceeds to step S17, and the switching device 27 is operated to switch to the “power supply OFF position”. At this time, when the switching device 27 is in the “power supply OFF position”, the “power supply OFF position” is maintained as it is, and when the switching device 27 is in the “power receiving panel ON position”, this switching is executed. Thereby, the power supply to the building 10 is performed only from the solar panel 15. And after performing this switching, this process is complete | finished. On the other hand, when the power that can be supplied by the solar panel 15 is smaller than the construction power, the process proceeds to step S14. The construction power is calculated in advance, and the calculated value is input by the operation device 37 and stored in the controller 22.

  In step S14, based on the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 acquired in step S12, it is determined whether the remaining capacity is smaller than a first set value as a predetermined lower limit set value. Here, the first set value is set, for example, to a value obtained by adding a predetermined power margin to the remaining capacity required for the person involved in the construction to go home with the automobile 40. The first set value is calculated by the controller 22, and specifically, the relationship between the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 and the travelable distance of the automobile 40 stored in advance in the controller 22 is used. It is calculated based on the travel distance from the construction site set to the home to the home. When the remaining capacity is larger than the first set value, the process proceeds to step S18, and the switching device 27 is operated to switch from the “power supply OFF position” to the “power receiving panel ON position”. At this time, when the switching device 27 is in the “power supply OFF position”, this switching is performed, and when the switching device 27 is in the power receiving panel ON position, the “power receiving panel ON position” is maintained as it is. Thereby, the electric power feeding from the motor vehicle 40 to the building 10 side is started. And after performing this switching, this process is complete | finished. On the other hand, if the remaining capacity is smaller than the first set value, the process proceeds to step S15.

  In step S15, it is determined whether or not the remaining capacity is smaller than a second set value as a predetermined lower limit set value. Here, the second set value is set to a value smaller than the first set value, and is set to, for example, a remaining capacity required for a construction worker to go home (second set value = first set value). Value-power margin). Note that the controller 22 may calculate the second set value with a calculation method substantially the same as the first set value while setting the second set value to be smaller than the first set value. When the remaining capacity is larger than the second set value, the process proceeds to step S16, and a notification process is executed (first process). In the notification process, the user is notified of the fact that the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 has decreased to the first set value by using sound from a speaker (not shown) or light from a lamp. After performing the notification process, this process ends. On the other hand, when the remaining capacity is smaller than the second set value, the process proceeds to step S17 described above, and the switching device 27 is operated to switch to the “power supply OFF position” (second process). And after performing this switching, this process is complete | finished.

  In addition, since the automobile 40 in the present embodiment is a hybrid automobile as described above, when power is supplied to the building 10 side while the engine 41 is operating, the power generator 44 is being supplied while power is supplied to the building 10 side. It is possible to supply the electric power generated by the vehicle etc. to the in-vehicle battery 43. Therefore, even when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 becomes smaller than the second set value when power is supplied to the building 10 and power supply from the automobile 40 to the building 10 is stopped (step S17), When the in-vehicle battery 43 is charged by the electric power generated by the generator 44 or the like and the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 becomes larger than the first set value, the switching device 27 again returns from the “power supply OFF position” to the “power reception”. The panel is switched to the “panel ON position” (step S18), and power supply from the automobile 40 to the building 10 side is started.

  Next, a series of actions when power for construction is supplied from the automobile 40 to the building 10 side in the power supply system of the building 10 will be described based on the timing chart shown in FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 4, first, when the building 10 and the automobile 40 are connected by the connection power line 51 at the timing t1, the connection is detected by the connection detection sensor 29, and a request signal is sent from the controller 22 to the ECU 46 of the automobile 40. Sent. And the remaining capacity information of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 is acquired when the controller 22 receives the remaining capacity information transmitted from the ECU 46. Here, it is assumed that the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is sufficient at timing t1 (that is, sufficiently larger than the first set value). The request signal is repeatedly transmitted at a predetermined cycle while the connection detection sensor 29 detects the connection between the building 10 and the automobile 40.

  At the timing t1, the power generation amount by the solar panel 15 detected by the power generation amount detection sensor 16 is larger than a predetermined threshold value (the amount of construction power consumed by construction personnel). The power supply by the solar panel 15 is prioritized over the power supply by. That is, power supply to the building 10 side is performed only from the solar panel 15 while the switching device 27 is maintained at the “power supply OFF position”.

  Thereafter, when the power generation amount detected by the power generation amount detection sensor 16 becomes smaller than a predetermined threshold value at the timing t2, the switching device 27 is switched from the “power supply OFF position” to the “power receiving panel ON position”. Thereby, the electric power feeding from the motor vehicle 40 to the building 10 side is started, and the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 decreases with the passage of time. Note that power supply from the solar panel 15 is continued even after power supply from the automobile 40 is started.

  Thereafter, when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 becomes smaller than the first set value at the timing t3, a notification process is performed by voice or light for a predetermined time (for example, 3 minutes). This informs the user that the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 has decreased (specifically, the remaining capacity has decreased to the first set value). Then, the power supply to the building 10 side is continued as it is after the notification process, and when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 becomes smaller than the second set value at the timing t4 when a predetermined time has passed, the switching device 27 “receives power”. “Panel ON position” is switched to “Power supply OFF position”. Thereby, the electric power feeding from the motor vehicle 40 to the building 10 side is stopped.

  Then, when the connection power line 51 connecting the building 10 side and the car 40 side is disconnected at timing t5, the connection is not detected by the connection detection sensor 29, and a request signal from the controller 22 to the ECU 46 of the car 40 Is terminated. Thereby, the transmission of the remaining capacity information from the ECU 46 of the automobile 40 is terminated, and the acquisition of the remaining capacity by the controller 22 is also terminated.

  As mentioned above, according to the structure of this embodiment explained in full detail, the following outstanding effects are acquired.

  By connecting the building 10 and the automobile 40 via the connection power line 51, the power of the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 can be supplied to the building 10 side. Then, the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is acquired by the ECU 46, and the remaining capacity information is transmitted to the controller 22, and the controller 22 controls the remaining capacity not to become smaller than the second set value based on the remaining capacity information. I did it. Thereby, electric power can be supplied from the automobile 40 to the building 10 while ensuring the use of the automobile 40 as a moving means. Therefore, construction power can be secured from the automobile 40 even in housing construction where commercial power is not desired.

  When power is supplied from the automobile 40 to the building 10 side during construction work, the residential battery 21 is not charged by switching the switching device 27 to the “power receiving panel ON position” or the “power supply OFF position”. I did it. As a result, it is possible to suppress the deterioration of the residential battery 21 and the reduction of the life due to the use of the residential battery 21 during construction.

  For the power supply to the building 10 side, the power supply by the solar panel 15 is given priority over the power supply by the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40. Thereby, since the reduction | decrease of the remaining capacity of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 can be suppressed, the electric power for the suppression can be used as a moving means which is the original purpose of use of the automobile 40.

  When the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is lower than the second set value, the power supply from the automobile 40 to the building 10 side is stopped. As a result, there is a situation in which the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is lower than the amount of power required for a person involved in the construction to go home with the automobile 40 when the construction power is supplied to the building 10 side during construction. It can be avoided in advance. Therefore, the person concerned in the construction can continue the power supply without worrying about the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43.

  When the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is lower than the first set value, the notification process is performed. Thereby, it can prevent that the remaining capacity of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 falls to a 2nd setting value, without a construction official knowing. Therefore, when the electric load L in the building 10 is used, it is possible to avoid an inconvenient situation where power supply is suddenly stopped and the electric load L cannot be used. Moreover, since the person concerned in the construction can know that the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 has been reduced by the notification process, the power supply to a part of the electric load L is stopped by using this as an opportunity. Measures can be taken to make effective use of.

  Power can be supplied to the building 10 from the solar panel 15, the automobile 40, and the residential battery 21 without using commercial power. Thereby, it is possible to supply power to the building 10 even during a power outage such as a disaster.

  The present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, and may be implemented as follows, for example.

  In the above embodiment, power feeding from the solar panel 15 is prioritized over power feeding from the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 in power feeding to the building 10 side, but this may be changed. For example, the power supply from the automobile 40 may be given priority over the power supply from the solar panel 15, or the power supply may be performed without giving priority. However, it is inherently desirable to secure as much power as possible for the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 for use as a moving means that is the original purpose of use of the automobile 40. Considering this point, it is desirable that the power supply to the building 10 side is given priority over the power supply by the solar panel 15 over the power supply by the in-vehicle battery 43.

  In the above embodiment, power is supplied from the solar panel 15 provided on the roof 12 of the building 10 to the building 10 side, but this may be changed. For example, instead of the solar panel 15, other natural energy power generation devices such as wind power generation devices are installed in the building 10 or at a location away from the building 10, and power is supplied from the natural energy power generation device to the building 10 side. Good.

  In the above embodiment, the notification process is performed when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is lower than the first set value, and the power supply is stopped when the remaining capacity is lower than the second set value. May be changed. For example, the notification process may be performed even when the remaining capacity falls below the second set value, or the power feeding may be stopped when the remaining capacity falls below the first set value. .

  In the above embodiment, the notification process is performed only once (when the remaining capacity has decreased to the first set value) before the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 has decreased to the second set value and the power supply to the building 10 side is stopped. However, the notification process may be performed twice after a predetermined time before the remaining capacity decreases to the second set value. In this case, the notification method may be changed between the first notification process performed first and the second notification process performed later (specifically, the second notification process is a notification process performed when the remaining capacity is smaller). is there). Specifically, in the first notification process, the notification process is performed for a predetermined time (for example, 3 minutes) as in the above embodiment, and in the second notification process, the remaining capacity is reduced to the second set value. It is recommended that the notification process be continuously performed during the period.

  In the above embodiment, two determination values (first setting value and second setting value) are set as the determination values based on the remaining capacity. However, only one determination value may be set, or three or more determination values may be set. May be.

  In the said embodiment, although electric power feeding control was implemented based on the remaining capacity information of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 of the motor vehicle 40, you may change this. For example, the ECU 46 of the automobile 40 acquires the remaining amount of fuel together with the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 and transmits the information to the controller 22 so that the control process based on the remaining capacity and the remaining amount of fuel is performed. Also good. Specifically, the remaining energy of the automobile 40 is calculated based on the remaining capacity and the remaining fuel, and the calculated remaining energy is a predetermined set value (for example, necessary for a construction person to go home). Control may be performed so that the notification process is performed or the power supply is stopped or reduced when the energy level is lower than (remaining energy). If it does so, electric power feeding management can be performed not only based on the remaining capacity of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 but based on the total remaining energy of the automobile 40.

  In the above embodiment, the in-vehicle battery 43 of the automobile 40 is used as the external power supply apparatus that supplies power to the building 10 side. However, the external power supply apparatus other than the automobile 40 may be used to supply power to the building 10 side. For example, a small generator generally used in housing construction may be used as the external power supply device. Then, to the small generator, a management unit that acquires and manages fuel remaining amount (energy remaining amount) information necessary for power generation, and the remaining amount information acquired by the management unit is transmitted to the controller 22 on the building 10 side. And a communication unit, and the controller 22 may perform power supply control based on the remaining amount information. Then, when power is supplied from the small generator to the building 10, the power supply to the building 10 can be performed without suddenly stopping.

  In the above embodiment, a hybrid vehicle is used as the vehicle 40 that supplies power to the building 10 side. However, an electric vehicle (EV) or a fuel cell hybrid vehicle (FCHV) may be used.

  In the above-described embodiment, the second set value is set to the amount of power necessary for the person involved in the construction to go home with the vehicle 40. However, the second set value is set to the amount of power required to move the vehicle 40 to a fuel stand, for example. May be set. If it does so, it will become possible to receive fuel supply when the remaining capacity of the vehicle-mounted battery 43 falls.

  In the above embodiment, the residential battery 21 and the solar panel 15 are installed in the building 10, but it is also possible to adopt a configuration in which these or any of these are not installed in the building 10.

  In the above embodiment, the notification process is performed when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is lower than the first set value. However, a process other than the notification process may be performed. For example, when the remaining capacity of the in-vehicle battery 43 is lower than the first set value, the amount of power supplied from the automobile 40 may be reduced. If it does so, since only the required electric load L must be used after that, the use about the required electric load L can be ensured for a long time. Specifically, for example, a part of the branch breaker provided for each branch power line 18 inside the distribution board 17 is controlled to be cut off by the controller 22 to stop power supply to a part of the electric load L. Thus, the amount of power supplied from the automobile 40 can be reduced.

  In the above embodiment, the user is notified by voice or light in the notification process, but the notification signal is transmitted to the smart key or the mobile phone carried by the user, and the smart key or the mobile phone is vibrated or a ring tone is transmitted. You may make it alert | report by sounding. Then, even when the user is at a position away from the building 10, the user can be notified.

  In the above embodiment, power is supplied from one automobile 40 to the building 10 side. However, power may be supplied from two or more automobiles 40 to the building 10 side. If it does so, it will become possible to continue the electric power feeding to the building 10 side over a long time. In addition, since power is supplied from a plurality of automobiles 40, the amount of power supplied per vehicle can be reduced, and as a result, the reduced power can be used for moving the automobile 40.

  Further, power may be supplied to the building 10 from the automobile 40 and an external power supply device (for example, a small generator) other than the automobile 40. In this case as well, the power supply to the building 10 side can be continued for a long time as described above.

The whole block diagram which shows the outline of the power supply system of a building. The figure which shows the electrical constitution of a power supply system. The flowchart which shows the electric power feeding control process for construction. The timing chart which shows a series of effect | actions when supplying electric power for construction with a power supply system.

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 ... Building, 13 ... Power receiving board, 15 ... Solar panel as solar power generation device, 17 ... Distribution board, 20 ... Residential power supply control device, 21 ... Residential battery as storage battery, 22 ... Acquisition means, Power supply management Controller as means and setting means, 27 ... Switching device as switching means and shut-off means, 40 ... Automobile as vehicle, 41 ... Engine as internal combustion engine, 42 ... Motor, 43 ... External power supply and vehicle power supply In-vehicle battery, 44 ... generator as electric motor, 46 ... ECU, 51 ... connection power line as connection path.

Claims (11)

  1. A power supply path for supplying power to the electrical load in the building has been established, and it is applied to buildings where storage batteries are installed.
    The external power supply is a power supply other than a commercial power source and the battery in a state of electrically connected to the building by a connection path to the building, with respect to the feed path and the storage battery from the external power supply via the connection path In building power supply systems that can supply power,
    Obtaining means for obtaining information on the remaining energy of the external power supply device;
    Power supply management means for managing power supply through the connection path so that the remaining energy amount acquired by the acquisition means does not fall below a predetermined lower limit setting value;
    A first position where power is supplied from the external power supply to the power supply path, a second position where power is supplied from the external power supply to the storage battery, and any of the power supply path and the storage battery from the external power supply And a switching means capable of switching the position to a third position where power is not supplied .
  2. The external power supply device is provided with a power output terminal,
    The building is provided with a power input terminal,
    The connection path is a connection power line having a pair of connection plugs at both ends thereof,
    The said building and the said external power supply device are electrically connected through the said connection power line by each of those each connection plug being inserted in the said power input terminal and the said power output terminal, respectively . Building power system.
  3. In the building, a solar power generation device that performs solar power generation by being irradiated with sunlight is installed,
    The storage battery can be charged with the generated power of the solar power generation device,
    The storage battery can be charged with commercial power of the commercial power source,
    A first shut-off device capable of shutting off power feeding from the solar power generation device to the storage battery;
    A second shut-off device capable of shutting off power feeding from the commercial power source to the storage battery;
    Power system of the building according to claim 1 or 2 comprising a.
  4. As the lower limit set value, a first set value and a second set value smaller than the first set value are set,
    The power supply management unit switches the switching unit to the first position and supplies power from the external power supply device to the power supply path when the remaining energy acquired by the acquisition unit is greater than the first set value. When the remaining amount of energy is smaller than the first set value and greater than the second set value, the first process is performed, and when the remaining energy amount is reduced to the second set value. The power supply from the external power supply device to the power supply path and the storage battery is not performed by switching the switching unit to the third position as a second process different from the first process. Building power system as described in.
  5. As the lower limit set value, a first set value and a second set value smaller than the first set value are set,
    The power supply management means sets the remaining energy acquired by the acquisition means as the first setting when the remaining energy acquired by the acquisition means decreases to a first set value as the lower limit set value. Processing to inform the user that the sound has dropped to the value by sound from the speaker or light from the lamp,
    A process of switching the switching means to the third position so as to prevent power supply from the external power supply device as a second process when the second set value is smaller than the first set value. Item 5. The building power supply system according to any one of Items 1 to 4 .
  6. The power supply managing means any one of claims 1 to 5 wherein the external power supply the power supply to the building side is stopped or reduced from the case where the energy remaining amount acquired by the acquisition unit is lowered to a predetermined lower limit set value The building power system as described in the section .
  7. The building power supply system according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the power supply management unit executes a notification process when a remaining energy amount acquired by the acquisition unit decreases to the lower limit set value.
  8. The external power supply device is an in-vehicle power supply device mounted on a vehicle,
    The building power supply system according to any one of claims 1 to 7 , wherein the remaining energy is a remaining electric capacity of the in-vehicle power supply device.
  9. Wherein are defined in advance the relationship between the electric residual capacity of the vehicle and the travel distance, the building according to claim 8 comprising setting means for setting the lower limit set value based on the travel distance setting value using the relation Power system.
  10. The vehicle connected to the building is a hybrid vehicle including an electric motor and an internal combustion engine as power sources,
    The acquisition means acquires fuel remaining amount information from the hybrid vehicle,
    The building power supply system according to claim 8 or 9 , wherein the power supply management unit manages power supply through the connection path so that a remaining fuel amount acquired by the acquisition unit does not fall below a predetermined lower limit set value.
  11. A power supply system for a building in which a solar power generation device that performs solar power generation by being irradiated with sunlight is installed on the roof portion of the building, and power can be supplied from the solar power generation device to the power supply path In
    The power supply system for a building according to any one of claims 1 to 10 , wherein power is supplied from the solar power generation device to the power supply path in preference to the external power supply device.
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