JP5239850B2 - Wireless communication system, communication control method, wireless terminal, and program - Google Patents

Wireless communication system, communication control method, wireless terminal, and program Download PDF

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JP5239850B2
JP5239850B2 JP2008335203A JP2008335203A JP5239850B2 JP 5239850 B2 JP5239850 B2 JP 5239850B2 JP 2008335203 A JP2008335203 A JP 2008335203A JP 2008335203 A JP2008335203 A JP 2008335203A JP 5239850 B2 JP5239850 B2 JP 5239850B2
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base station
wireless
wireless terminal
mbms
content data
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JP2010157918A (en
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尚 二木
ジンソック イ
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日本電気株式会社
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  The present invention relates to a radio communication system including a plurality of radio base stations and a radio terminal that belongs to one of the radio base stations and communicates with the radio base station, and a communication technique therefor.

  2. Description of the Related Art In recent years, in mobile communication networks, multicast technology that distributes data only to a plurality of specific wireless terminals has attracted attention. In a network called UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication System) of 3GPP (The 3rd Generation Partnership Project) specification, a multicast technology called MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) for providing multimedia broadcasting and broadcasting services is supported. Yes. Even in LTE (Long Term Evolution), studies in the direction of supporting MBMS are being conducted (Non-Patent Document 1). According to the standard specifications of 3GPP, it is possible to support MBMS regardless of the type of base station (for example, macro base station or micro base station).

  The wireless terminal can receive a multicast signal or a broadcast signal of MBMS data in any of an idle state and an active state which are standby states. Also, when a wireless terminal moves to another cell while receiving MBMS data, cell reselection, cell update, or handover is executed according to the communication state of the wireless terminal. Is done. When the wireless terminal is in the idle state, the wireless terminal receives paging information using the paging channel (PCCH) from the wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs, and confirms whether there is an incoming call based on the paging information. Cell reselection refers to an operation of switching a base station (current assignment destination) that transmits paging information to another base station (other assignment destination). On the other hand, the wireless terminal in the active state establishes synchronization with the base station to which it belongs and transmits and receives user data. The operation of switching the belonging destination to another base station when the active wireless terminal moves is a handover.

  In 3GPP specifications UMTS or LTE, apart from macro base stations, femto base stations (also referred to as “home base stations”) are defined as inexpensive small base stations with limited performance (non-patent document 2). And Non-Patent Document 3). A general femto base station is a small base station that is installed indoors and connected to an existing broadband line, and communicates by accessing a communication network of a cellular system such as UMTS or LTE via the broadband line. is there.

Examples of prior art documents related to 3GPP include Non-Patent Document 1, Non-Patent Document 2, and Non-Patent Document 3 listed below.
3GPP TS25.346 v810, Internet <URL: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25346.htm> 3GPP TR25.820 v811, Internet <URL: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/25820.htm> 3GPP TS36.300 v850, Internet <URL: http://www.3gpp.org/ftp/Specs/html-info/36300.htm>

  When the femto base station cell (femto cell) and the macro base station cell (macro cell) overlap, the radio terminal in the femto cell area has a signal reception quality of the macro base station from the femto base station. Since it is better than the reception quality of the signal from the station, it inevitably belongs to the femto base station and does not belong to the macro base station.

  When a wireless terminal receives MBMS data in an idle state, a broadcast control channel (BCCH), a paging control channel (PCCH), and a multicast control channel (MCCH: MCCH) are transmitted from the macro base station in a cell of a macro base station that supports MBMS. A signal transmitted using a Multicast Control Channel (MSCH), a Multicast Scheduling Channel (MSCH), and a Multicast Traffic Channel (MTCH) is received. Even if a wireless terminal receiving MBMS data in a certain macro cell moves to another macro cell and belongs to another macro base station, if the assigned macro base station supports MBMS, the wireless terminal Thus, it is possible to continuously receive MBMS data by MTCH from the new macro base station to which it belongs.

  On the other hand, the femto base station has only a limited function as compared with the macro base station, and there is a high possibility that the femto base station does not support MBMS. In this case, when the wireless terminal performs cell reselection and moves from a macro cell of a macro base station that supports MBMS to a femto cell of a femto base station that does not support MBMS, the wireless terminal moves from the femto base station to BCCH and A signal transmitted using PCCH is received, but MBMS data cannot be received. In such a case, the wireless terminal determines that it is out of service (Out-of-service).

  Cell reselection is performed based on the reception quality of the downlink signal regardless of whether the wireless terminal receives MBMS data or not, and whether the femto base station supports MBMS. For this reason, the wireless terminal cannot continuously receive the MBMS service after cell reselection.

  The above problem is not limited to the case where the destination after cell reselection is a femto base station, but in the case of other macro base stations that do not support MBMS, or other types of small-sized base stations such as micro base stations and pico base stations. The same can happen in the case of a base station.

  Furthermore, even if the wireless terminal is located in the macro cell area of a macro base station that supports MBMS, as long as it belongs to a femto base station that does not support MBMS, the multicast signal of MBMS data or The broadcast signal cannot be received.

  In view of the above, an object of the present invention is to provide content data from another base station not belonging to the wireless terminal even if the wireless terminal cannot receive content data such as MBMS data from the base station to which the wireless terminal belongs. It is to provide a wireless communication system, a communication control method, a wireless terminal, and a program that can receive the communication.

  According to the present invention, a radio communication including a radio terminal, an affiliated radio base station to which the radio terminal belongs, and an unaffiliated radio base station to which the radio terminal does not belong A system is provided. In this wireless communication system, the wireless terminal receives content data broadcast or multicast from the non-assigned wireless base station.

  According to the present invention, a radio communication including a radio terminal, an affiliated radio base station to which the radio terminal belongs, and an unaffiliated radio base station to which the radio terminal does not belong A wireless terminal in the system is provided. The wireless terminal receives content data broadcast or multicast from the non-affiliation destination wireless base station.

According to the present invention, a radio communication including a radio terminal, an affiliated radio base station to which the radio terminal belongs, and an unaffiliated radio base station to which the radio terminal does not belong A communication control method for the wireless terminal in the system is provided. The communication control method includes: (a) selecting the non-affiliated radio base station;
(B) receiving content data broadcast or multicast from the non-belonging radio base station.

  And according to the present invention, including a radio terminal, an affiliated radio base station that is a radio base station to which the radio terminal belongs, and an unaffiliated radio base station that is a radio base station to which the radio terminal does not belong There is provided a program that is read from a recording medium of the wireless terminal in a wireless communication system and causes a processor to execute communication control processing. The communication control process includes a process of selecting the non-affiliation destination radio base station and a process of receiving content data broadcast or multicast from the non-affiliation destination radio base station.

  According to the present invention, even if the affiliated base station to which the wireless terminal belongs does not distribute content data by broadcast or multicast, content from the non-affiliated destination base station that is not the affiliated to the wireless terminal Data can be received.

  Embodiments according to the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. In all the drawings, the same components are denoted by the same reference numerals, and detailed description thereof is appropriately omitted so as not to overlap.

(Schematic configuration of wireless communication system)
Hereinafter, a radio communication system (mobile communication system) according to an embodiment of the present invention will be described. This wireless communication system has a suitable configuration conforming to the specification of “3GPP LTE (3GPP Long Term Evolution)”, but is not limited thereto. FIG. 1 is a functional block diagram showing an example of a schematic configuration of a wireless communication system 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention. The radio communication system 1 includes first radio base stations 21, 22, and 23 that are macro base stations (macro eNBs: macro eNBs), a micro base station (micro eNB) 30, and a femto base station (femto eNB). And a second wireless base station group consisting of 31. The micro base station 30 and the femto base station 31 are small base stations that manage local and small cells (communication areas) having different sizes from the cells (communication areas) of the macro base stations 21, 22, and 23, respectively. is there. This type of small base station has a function of covering a range of, for example, a radius of several tens to several hundreds of meters.

  The macro base stations 21, 22, and 23 are connected to a core network (EPC: Evolved Packet Core) 8. The core network 8 is a network that integrally accommodates access networks that comply with various standards (for example, “3GPP”, “3GPP2”, “3GPP LTE”, or a known wireless LAN standard).

  The core network 8 includes an MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW: enhanced MBMS Gateway) 11, a multi-cell / multicast control device (MCE) 12, and a terminal mobility management device (MME / S-GW: Mobility Management Entity / Serving Gateway) 13 is accommodated. A broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 is connected to the core network 8 via an MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11.

  On the other hand, the IP network (Internet) 9 is connected to the terminal mobility management device 13 of the core network 8. A femto base station 31 is connected to the IP network 9 via a broadband line (BB line). The femto base station 31 can receive data from the core network 8 through the IP network 9 and the broadband line.

  FIG. 2 is a diagram schematically showing the macro base stations 21, 22, 23, the femto base station 31, and the radio terminal 40. All or a part of the femto cell 31C of the femto base station 31 overlaps with any one of the macro base stations 21, 22, and 23. A radio terminal (UE: User Equipment) 40 such as a portable terminal belongs to any one of the base stations 21, 22, 23, and 31 and has a function of communicating with the base station. As illustrated in FIG. 3, the wireless terminal 40 includes a transmitter 41 </ b> A, a receiver 41 </ b> B, a communication control unit 42, and a signal processing unit 43. Note that the positions of the communication control unit 42 and the signal processing unit 43 may be interchanged, or the signal processing unit 43 may be directly connected to the transmitter 41A and the receiver 41B.

  FIG. 4 is a functional block diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of the femto base station (femtocell base station) 31. As shown in FIG. 4, the femto base station 31 includes a transmitter 51A, a receiver 51B, a communication control unit 52, a signal processing unit 53, and an interface unit 54. The interface unit 54 is connected to the IP network 9 via a broadband line or an Ethernet (registered trademark) line, and further connected to the core network 8 (FIG. 1) via the IP network 9.

  Each of the macro base stations 21, 22, and 23 has a function of distributing content data by broadcast or multicast. The macro base stations 21, 22, and 23 also have a function of performing content distribution using MBSFN (MBMS Single Frequency Network) technology that simultaneously transmits data of the same content in the same frequency band. Since the radio terminal 40 can receive a broadcast signal or a signal obtained by combining multicast signals transmitted from the plurality of macro base stations 21, 22, 23, respectively, the reception is higher than when receiving a unicast signal. Quality can be realized.

  For example, when the wireless terminal 40 moves from the macro cell 21C of the macro base station 21 that performs multicast-type MBMS distribution into the femto cell 31C of the femto base station 31 that does not perform MBMS distribution, the wireless terminal 40 Therefore, the content data cannot be received. In this case, as described later, the communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal 40 performs communication control using the gap pattern. The wireless terminal 40 can receive content data according to this gap pattern (first to fourth embodiments). This gap pattern is composed of a periodic pattern in which an invalid period for receiving a downlink signal from a base station to which the radio terminal 40 belongs and an effective period excluding the invalid period are alternately set in time. The receiver 41B has a function of receiving content data from the macro base station 21 within the effective period of the gap pattern in accordance with this communication control.

  The wireless terminal 40 uses the gap pattern to control MBMS transmitted using a channel (hereinafter referred to as “MBMS-related channel”) used for transmitting information related to MBMS from the macro base stations 21 to 23. Information or MBMS data can be continuously received even if it belongs to the femto base station 31.

  Note that the base station to which the wireless terminal 40 belongs is the femto base station 31, the base stations to which the wireless terminal 40 does not belong are the macro base stations 21 to 23, and the wireless terminal 40 is connected to the femto base station 31. When assigned, operations of various embodiments described later may be started.

  As will be described later, a wireless terminal incorporating two receivers can be used instead of the wireless terminal 40 (fifth and sixth embodiments). In this case, the communication control unit of the wireless terminal causes the first receiver to receive a downlink signal such as a paging message from the wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs, and causes the second receiver to receive an unassigned wireless base station from the wireless base station. Content data can be received.

  As a method for the radio terminal 40 to identify the femto base station 31, an identification method based on information (for example, cell type) included in broadcast information transmitted from the femto base station 31 using BCCH, There is an identification method based on the physical layer cell ID (Physical Cell Identifier) of the femto base station 31. The latter identification method uses the fact that the physical layer cell ID used in the macro base stations 21 to 23 and the physical layer cell ID used in the femto base station 31 are distinguishable.

  In the case of multicast distribution, examples of MBMS-related channels include a broadcast channel (BCCH), a multicast control channel (MCCH), a multicast scheduling channel (MSCH: Multicast Scheduling Channel), or a multicast traffic channel (MTCH: Multicast). Traffic Channel). The radio terminal 40 can selectively receive signals of these MBMS-related channels as necessary. In this specification, “receiving a signal on an MBMS-related channel” means not only generating decoded data by performing a decoding process on a signal transmitted using an MBMS-related channel, but also converting the content of the decoded data to It also includes monitoring.

  Note that the MBMS-related channels are not limited to the above-mentioned various channels. For example, a channel called MICH (MBMS notification Indicator Channel) is also included in the MBMS related channel. The meanings of the multicast control channel (MCCH), multicast scheduling channel (MSCH) and multicast traffic channel (MTCH) are MBMS control channel (MCCH), MBMS scheduling channel (MBMS Scheduling Channel) and MBMS traffic, respectively. It has the same meaning as a channel (MBMS Traffic Channel).

  Hereinafter, various embodiments of the wireless communication system 1 having the above-described configuration will be described in detail.

(First embodiment)
FIG. 5 is a diagram schematically illustrating a communication sequence of the wireless communication system 1 according to the first embodiment. In the initial state of the radio communication system 1, the radio terminal (UE: User Equipment) 40 belongs to any one of the macro base stations 21, 22, 23 in an idle state, and includes a plurality of It is assumed that MBMS data by MBSFN is received from the macro base station.

  As shown in FIG. 5, at a certain time, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 notifies MBMS service information to the multicell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. . The multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 determines MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) based on MBMS service information received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and broadcasts this control information. Notification is made to the multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit the MBSFN control information received from the multicell / multicast control apparatus (MCE) 12 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the BCCH and the MCCH.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 transmits MBMS data packets to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit MBMS data packets received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the MSCH and the MTCH. . As a result, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBMS data packets from a plurality of macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 by MBSFN.

  The communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal (UE) 40 receives the downlink signal reception quality from the macro base station 21 to which the wireless terminal 40 itself moves or the surrounding propagation environment changes. Instead, when it is detected that the reception quality of the downlink signal from the femto base station 31 that is not its own destination is higher, cell reselection is performed. Thereby, the radio | wireless terminal (UE) 40 changes the self-affiliation destination from the macro base station 21 to the femto base station 31. FIG. Here, a known pilot signal (reference signal) may be used as a downlink signal for measuring reception quality.

  In the present embodiment, the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 5, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives broadcast information on the BCCH from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 that is a new destination, and based on this broadcast information, Recognize that MBMS data is not distributed from the femto base station 31. Here, when the broadcast information received from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 includes MBMS control information (content data control information), the radio terminal (UE) 40, based on this control information, It is recognized that (femto eNB) 31 is a base station that distributes MBMS data. Alternatively, when the radio terminal (UE) 40 includes information indicating whether the MBMS data (content data) is distributed from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 based on this information, the radio terminal (UE) 40 It is possible to recognize that the station (femto eNB) 31 is a base station that distributes MBMS data.

  Next, the radio terminal (UE) 40 performs a periodic gap pattern (Gap pattern) GP setting (Gap configuration). The gap pattern GP has an effective period that avoids a period (paging opportunity) in which a paging message may be transmitted from the femto base station 31 to the radio terminal 40 using the PCCH. In other words, the effective period of the gap pattern GP is set so as to avoid a paging message reception opportunity (timing). Further, since the effective period of the gap pattern GP is a period for receiving an MBMS data packet, the gap pattern GP can be referred to as an MBMS reception gap.

FIG. 6 is a diagram for explaining the gap pattern GP. As shown in FIG. 6, the gap pattern GP is invalid period including the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 which wireless terminal 40 belongs, period for receiving a paging message periodically arrives at a period T paging ( Inactive Gap) Tactive and an active period (Active Gap) Tactive that does not require receiving a paging message from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31. As shown in FIG. 6, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31, during the effective period Tactive, the MBMS data packets (MBMS data packet) periodically arrives at a period T MBMS, periodically as required T REPETITION And a modification message that periodically arrives at, and during the invalid period Tinactive of the gap pattern GP, the MBMS data packet and the modification message are not received.

Here, in FIG. 6, T MODIFICATION means a modification period. The change message is MBMS control information transmitted from the macro base station 21 using the MCCH. The change message is a message for notifying the change of the MCCH, and the change period is a period in which the occurrence of the change of the MCCH can occur.

  Referring to FIG. 5, the radio terminal (UE) 40 is the same as when receiving MBSFN control information and MBMS data packets from the macro base station 21 before performing cell reselection during the effective period Tactive. The method continues to receive data by MBSFN. That is, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBSFN control information from BCCH and MCCH, and receives MBMS data packets from MSCH and MTCH, respectively. As a result, the idle radio terminal (UE) 40 continues to use the MBSFN even after changing the attribution destination from the macro base station 21 supporting MBMS to the femto base station 31 not supporting MBMS. Can receive service.

  However, as illustrated in FIG. 6, the wireless terminal 40 may not necessarily receive all MBMS data packets during the effective period Tactive. This is because the radio terminal 40 needs to preferentially receive data (including a paging message) from the femto base station 31 to which it belongs. That is, when the wireless terminal 40 is in an idle state (waiting for an incoming call), it is necessary to receive a call signal (paging message) that informs the presence / absence of an incoming call from the femto base station 31 to which the wireless terminal 40 belongs.

  As shown in FIG. 7A, before cell reselection is performed, the radio terminal 40 in the idle state uses BCCH, PCCH, MCCH, MSCH, and MTCH from the macro base station (macro eNB) 21. Receive the transmitted signal. Here, the radio terminal 40 basically does not receive a signal transmitted from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 using BCCH and PCCH.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 7B, when cell reselection is performed, the radio terminal 40 receives the BCCH, MCCH, MSCH and the macro base station (macro eNB) 21 during the effective period Tactive. A signal transmitted on MTCH is received. On the other hand, during the invalid period Tinactive, the radio terminal 40 receives signals transmitted from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 using BCCH and PCCH.

  Here, instead of the reception state of the wireless terminal 40 shown in FIGS. 7A and 7B, the reception state shown in FIGS. 8A and 8B may be adopted. That is, before cell reselection is performed, the reception state in FIG. 8A is the same as the reception state in FIG. On the other hand, when cell reselection is executed, as shown in FIG. 8B, during the effective period Tactile, the communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal 40 holds the MSCH and MTCH while retaining the MBSFN control information. Only the signal sent in is received. In this case, when the MBSFN control information is changed, the wireless terminal 40 cannot continuously receive the service by MBMS, but the MBSFN control information is changed and the service by MBMS can be continuously received. Even if it is lost, the radio terminal 40 may receive signals transmitted on the BCCH and MCCH in order to receive the MBSFN control information again.

  The above-mentioned channel names are exemplified based on the definition of the logical channel in “3GPP LTE”, and information transmitted using each channel is as follows.

  As information transmitted using the BCCH, for example, as information on radio resources for MBSFN (MSAP: MCH Subframe Allocation Pattern), information on downlink subframes (Subframe) reserved for MBSFN (mbsfn− SubframeConfiguration), radio frame information (radioFrameAllocation) that should include this MBSFN subframe, and MBSFN subframe information (subframeAllocation) included in one radio frame.

  FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram illustrating an example of a downlink radio frame structure. Each radio frame has a length of 10 milliseconds (ms), and each radio frame has 10 subframes. A subframe SFm in FIG. 9 is a subframe for MBSFN, and allocation is notified using MSAP information. The subframe SFna is a normal downlink signal transmission subframe, and the subframe SFnb is a normal downlink signal transmission subframe, but cannot be used as an MBSFN subframe. The MSAP information is information that represents an MBSFN subframe at a micro level and a macro level. Here, the micro level represents a sub-frame unit, and the macro level represents a frame (frame = 10 sub-frames) unit.

  As information transmitted using MCCH, the information regarding the index of service by MBSFN and content data is mentioned, for example. The information transmitted using the MSCH is information indicating where each content data is transmitted in the radio resource indicated by MSAP, for example. The information transmitted using MTCH is actual content data such as audio data and video data. Note that other channels similar to these channels may be used.

  Next, the operation of the radio terminal 40 after cell reselection will be described below with reference to FIG. FIG. 10 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the radio terminal 40 after cell reselection.

  As shown in FIG. 10, first, the communication control unit 42 of the radio terminal 40 receives MBMS control information (MBMS Configuration) from the macro base station 21 before cell reselection, and holds the setting based on the MBMS control information. (Step S10).

  The MBMS control information may be MBSFN control information, but is not necessarily MBSFN control information. In this sense, the flowchart of FIG. 10 is not limited to MBSFN, and may correspond to general MBMS. Further, the MBMS control information may be received again after the cell reselection without maintaining the setting by the MBMS control information.

  Next, the receiver 41B receives the broadcast information transmitted on the BCCH from the macro base station 21 after cell reselection, and decodes the broadcast information (step S11).

  Thereafter, the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the femto base station 31 that has transmitted the broadcast information supports MBMS (step S12). If the femto base station 31 supports MBMS (YES in step S12), MBMS data is received from the affiliated femto base station 31 so as to receive normal MBMS service (step S13A).

  On the other hand, when the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS (NO in step S12), the communication control unit 42 performs paging for receiving a paging message (PCCH data) from the belonging femto base station 31. Timing is calculated (step S13B), and a gap pattern GP is set based on the calculation result (step S14).

  Thereafter, the counter is activated to initialize the count value n of this counter (step S15). This counter is for determining that the wireless terminal 40 is out of service (Out-of-service).

  Next, the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the gap is valid (inactive), that is, whether the current time is the valid period Tactive or invalid period Tinactive of the gap pattern GP (step S16). When the gap is invalid (NO in step S16), the communication control unit 42 receives a paging message at an appropriate timing (step S17).

  On the other hand, when the gap is valid (YES in step S16), the communication control unit 42 receives MBMS data from the macro base station to which the wireless terminal 40 belonged before cell reselection and other macro base stations in the vicinity. Receive (step S18). As a result, the radio terminal 40 can receive the MBMS data packet from the macro base station belonging to before the cell reselection or other neighboring macro base stations.

  Next, when the MBMS data is successfully decoded (YES in step S19), the communication control unit 42 determines that the MBMS data has been normally received, and returns the process to step S16.

  On the other hand, when the decoding of the MBMS data fails (NO in step S19), the counter increments the count value n (step S20), and the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the count value n is less than the set value N. Is determined (step S21). If the count value n has not reached the set value N (YES in step S21), the communication control unit 42 returns the process to step S16 and continues communication control. On the other hand, when the count value n reaches the set value N (NO in step S21), the communication control unit 42 clears the MBMS configuration (MBMS configuration) (step S22), and the wireless terminal 40 is assumed to be out of the service area. End communication control.

  Although the counter increments the count value n in step S20 in the flowchart of FIG. 10, the count value n may be decremented instead. When decrementing the count value n, a step of determining whether or not the count value n exceeds the set value N is employed instead of step S21. Moreover, you may employ | adopt the step which determines whether it failed in decoding continuously predetermined number of times instead of step S21. Furthermore, it goes without saying that a method of determining whether or not the wireless terminal 40 is out of the service area by a method other than the counter may be adopted. For example, when the wireless terminal 40 receives a paging message from the base station to which the wireless terminal 40 belongs and needs to perform call control processing, or when it is necessary to perform cell reselection, it may be determined that it is out of service range. .

  As described above, in the wireless communication system 1 according to the first embodiment, the wireless terminal 40 does not perform broadcast distribution or multicast distribution from the macro cell 21C of the macro base station 21 that performs broadcast distribution or multicast distribution (or wireless communication). Even if it is difficult to perform broadcast distribution or multicast distribution to the terminal 40), the wireless terminal 40 moves into the femto cell 31C of the femto base station 31 and the wireless terminal 40 belongs to the femto base station 31. It is possible to receive broadcast or multicast content data from the macro base station 21 or other macro base stations that belonged before the movement.

  In the present embodiment, the effective period of the gap pattern GP is set so as to avoid the reception opportunity (timing) of the paging message, but not limited to the paging message, avoid the reception opportunity of the broadcast information and the downlink individual signal. In this way, the effective period of the gap pattern GP may be set.

(Second Embodiment)
Next, a second embodiment according to the present invention will be described. FIG. 11 is a diagram schematically illustrating a communication sequence of the wireless communication system 1 according to the second embodiment. In the initial state of the wireless communication system 1 of the present embodiment, the radio terminal (UE) 40 belongs to one of the macro base stations 21, 22, and 23 in the active state, and the macro base station 21 that is the destination of the radio terminal (UE) 40. Unicast data transmitted from the macro base station 21 through the dedicated traffic channel (DTCH). It is assumed that the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives a service by MBSFN from macro base stations 22 and 23 different from the macro base station 21. As will be described later, in this embodiment, the gap pattern GP is not set by the radio terminal 40 but is set by the femto base station 31.

  As shown in FIG. 11, at a certain time, the terminal mobility management device (MME) 13 in FIG. 1 sends downlink data packets to be transmitted to the radio terminal 40 to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. (DL unicast data packet: Down-Load unicast data packet) is transmitted. The macro base stations 21 to 23 transmit the downlink data packet received from the terminal mobility management device (MME) 13 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the dedicated traffic channel (DTCH). In response to this transmission, the radio terminal (UE) 40 returns an acknowledgment (ACK). Here, the radio terminal (UE) 40 may return a negative response (NACK) instead of ACK.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 notifies the MBMS service information to the multicell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 determines MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) based on MBMS service information received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and broadcasts this control information. Notification is made to the multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit the MBSFN control information received from the multicell / multicast control apparatus (MCE) 12 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the BCCH and the MCCH.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 transmits MBMS data packets to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit MBMS data packets received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the MSCH and the MTCH. . As a result, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBMS data packets from a plurality of macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 by MBSFN.

  The radio terminal (UE) 40 moves more than the reception quality of the signal from the macro base station 21 to which the radio terminal 40 belongs, because the radio terminal 40 itself moves or the surrounding propagation environment changes. When it is detected that the reception quality of the signal from the non-destination femto base station 31 is high, the attribution destination is changed from the macro base station 21 to the femto base station 31 by handover.

  In the present embodiment, the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 11, the radio terminal 40 receives broadcast information transmitted on the BCCH from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 as a new destination, and based on this broadcast information, Recognize that MBMS data is not distributed from the base station 31.

  Next, the wireless terminal 40 sends a service control information report (MBSFN configuration report) and a gap pattern request (Gap request) by the MBSFN received from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 to the femto base station (femto). eNB) 31. The femto base station 31 includes information such as the transmission frequency and transmission cycle of DL unicast data (DL Unicast data) to the wireless terminal 40, and the data transmission timing and cycle of the service by the MBSFN that the wireless terminal 40 desires to receive. Based on the scheduling information, a gap pattern GP is set. Then, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 notifies the radio terminal 40 of the information (MBMS reception gap configuration) of the gap pattern GP.

  The radio terminal (UE) 40 receives a unicast signal from the femto base station 31 according to whether the gap pattern GP is valid (Active) or invalid (Inactive), or receives an MBSFN from the macro base station 21. Decide whether to receive the signal. When the gap pattern GP is invalid, as shown in FIG. 11, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives DL unicast data transmitted from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 by DTCH. . On the other hand, when the gap pattern GP is the active period Tactive, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) transmitted on the BCCH and MCCH from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23, and The MBMS data packet (MBMS data packet) by MBSFN transmitted by MSCH and MTCH is received. As a result, the wireless terminal 40 in the active state can continue to receive the MBSFN service even after handover from the macro base station 21 supporting MBMS to the femto base station 31 not supporting MBMS. .

  As shown in FIG. 12 (A), before the handover is executed, the radio terminal 40 in the active state receives the BCCH, DCCH and DTCH, MCCH, MSCH and MTCH from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. The broadcast information, unicast data, and MBMS data that are transmitted in (1) are received. Here, the radio | wireless terminal 40 does not receive the signal transmitted by BCCH, DCCH, and DTCH from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 fundamentally.

  On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 12B, when the handover is executed, the radio terminal 40, from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23, while the gap pattern GP is valid period Tactive, A signal transmitted on MCCH, MSCH, and MTCH is received. On the other hand, the radio terminal 40 receives signals transmitted from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 on the BCCH, DCCH, and DTCH while the gap pattern GP is inactive period Tinactive.

  Here, instead of the reception state of the wireless terminal 40 shown in FIGS. 12A and 12B, the reception state shown in FIGS. 13A and 13B may be adopted. That is, before the handover is executed, the reception state in FIG. 13A is the same as the reception state in FIG. On the other hand, when the handover is executed, as shown in FIG. 13B, the communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal 40 transmits the MSCH and the MTCH while holding the MBSFN control information during the effective period Tactile. Only received signals are received. In this case, when the MBSFN control information is changed, the wireless terminal 40 cannot continuously receive the service by MBMS, but the MBSFN control information is changed and the service by MBMS can be continuously received. Even if it is lost, the radio terminal 40 may receive signals on BCCH and MCCH in order to receive MBSFN control information again.

  Next, the operation of the radio terminal 40 and the operation of the femto base station 31 after the handover will be described below with reference to FIGS. FIG. 14 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the radio terminal 40 after the handover, and FIG. 15 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the femto base station 31 after the handover. In the present embodiment, the femto base station 31 sets the gap pattern GP and uses a gap allocation timer for determining whether or not the gap pattern GP is usable.

  As shown in FIG. 14, first, the communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal 40 receives MBMS control information (MBMS Configuration) from the macro base station 21 before the handover, and holds the setting based on the MBMS control information (step). S10). Next, the receiver 41B receives the broadcast information transmitted on the BCCH from the macro base station 21 after the handover, and decodes the broadcast information (step S11).

  Thereafter, the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the femto base station 31 that has transmitted the broadcast information supports MBMS (step S12). If the femto base station 31 supports MBMS (YES in step S12), MBMS data is received from the affiliated femto base station 31 in order to receive normal MBMS service (step S13A).

  On the other hand, when the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS (NO in step S12), the communication control unit 42 reports the setting state based on the MBMS control information (MBMS configuration) to the femto base station 31, A gap request, that is, a gap pattern GP request is made to the femto base station 31 (step S30). Thereafter, the radio terminal 40 receives the gap pattern GP information (MBMS reception gap configuration) and the value of the gap allocation timer from the femto base station 31, and prepares a gap allocation timer (step S31).

  Next, the communication control unit 42 activates the counter and initializes the count value n of this counter (step S15). This counter is used to determine whether or not the wireless terminal 40 is out of service (Out-of-service). Further, the communication control unit 42 activates a gap allocation timer (step S32). As a result, the gap allocation timer starts counting.

  Next, the communication control unit 42 determines whether the gap is valid (Active) or not (Inactive), that is, whether the current time is the valid period Tactive or invalid period Tinactive of the gap pattern GP (Step S16). When the gap is invalid (NO in step S16), the communication control unit 42 receives a downlink signal (DL signal) from the femto base station 31 to which the communication belongs (step S33).

  On the other hand, when the gap is valid (YES in step S16), the communication control unit 42 receives MBMS data from the macro base station to which the wireless terminal 40 belonged before handover and other neighboring macro base stations. (Step S18). As a result, the radio terminal 40 can receive the MBMS data packet from the macro base station belonging to before the handover and other macro base stations in the vicinity.

  Next, when the MBMS data is successfully decoded (YES in step S19), the communication control unit 42 determines that the MBMS data has been normally received, and shifts the processing to step S34.

  On the other hand, when the decoding of the MBMS data fails (NO in step S19), the counter increments the count value n (step S20), and the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the count value n is less than the set value N. Is determined (step S21). If the count value n has not reached the set value N (YES in step S21), the communication control unit 42 determines whether the count value of the gap allocation timer has reached the timeout value (step S34).

  If the count value of the gap allocation timer has reached the timeout value (NO in step S34), the communication control unit 42 returns the process to step S30. On the other hand, when the count value of the gap allocation timer has not reached the timeout value (NO in step S34), the communication control unit 42 returns the process to step S16.

  When it is determined in step S21 that the count value n has reached the set value N (NO in step S21), the communication control unit 42 sets the count value of the gap allocation timer and the MBMS configuration (MBMS configuration). Clear (step S35), the communication control is terminated assuming that the wireless terminal 40 is out of the service area.

  Next, the operation of the femto base station 31 will be described below with reference to FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 15, first, the femto base station 31 transmits broadcast information to the radio terminal 40 belonging to the femto base station 31 (step S40). Next, the femto base station 31 determines whether or not the gap request has been received from the wireless terminal 40 (step S41).

  When the femto base station 31 has not received a gap request from the wireless terminal 40 (NO in step S41), the presence / absence of DL unicast data is determined (step S42). If it is determined that there is DL unicast data (YES in step S42), the femto base station 31 performs scheduling and transmits DL unicast data to the radio terminal 40 using the DTCH (step S43). That is, the femto base station 31 executes the same procedure as the normal unicast data transmission procedure. On the other hand, when it determines with there being no DL unicast data (NO of step S42), the femto base station 31 complete | finishes a process.

  In step S41, when the femto base station 31 receives a gap request from the radio terminal 40 (YES in step S41), the femto base station 31 sets a gap pattern GP in response to this request, and this gap pattern GP. Is notified to the wireless terminal 40 (step S44). Thereafter, the femto base station 31 starts a built-in gap allocation timer and starts its counting operation (step S45).

  Thereafter, the femto base station 31 determines whether or not the gap is valid (Active), that is, whether the current time is the valid period Tactive or the invalid period Tinactive of the gap pattern GP (Step S46). When the gap is invalid (NO in step S46), the femto base station 31 determines the presence / absence of DL unicast data (step S47). When there is DL unicast data (YES in step S47), the femto base station 31 performs scheduling and transmits the DL unicast data to the radio terminal 40 (step S48).

  When the gap is valid in step S46 or when it is determined in step S47 that there is no DL unicast data (NO in step S47), the femto base station 31 sets the count value of the gap allocation timer to the timeout value. It is determined whether or not it has been reached (step S49). If the count value of the gap allocation timer has reached the timeout value (YES in step S49), the femto base station 31 ends the process. Thereafter, the femto base station 31 performs the same operation as normal DL unicast. On the other hand, when the count value of the gap allocation timer has not reached the timeout value (NO in step S49), the femto base station 31 returns the process to step S46.

  In the flowchart of FIG. 15, the gap allocation timer is used, but there may be a form in which the gap allocation timer is not used. Similarly, there may be a form in which only the gap allocation timer is used without using the counter.

(Third embodiment)
Next, a third embodiment according to the present invention will be described. FIG. 16 is a diagram schematically illustrating a communication sequence of the wireless communication system 1 according to the third embodiment. In the initial state of the radio communication system 1 of the present embodiment, the radio terminal (UE) 40 belongs to one of the macro base stations 21, 22, and 23 (for example, the macro base station 21) in an active state. When the attribution destination is the macro base station 21, the radio terminal (UE) 40 communicates with the macro base station 21. In addition to the unicast service, the radio terminal (UE) 40 is assumed to be receiving a service by MBSFN from the macro base station to which it belongs and its surrounding macro base stations.

  In the third embodiment, (1) the femto base station 31 has received MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) from the macro base stations 21 to 23 before the radio terminal (UE) 40 is handed over, (2) The radio terminal (UE) 40 transmits to the femto base station 31 information indicating a service-related part received before the handover, and (3) the femto base station 31 receives the information from the radio terminal (UE) 40. The gap pattern GP is set using the transmitted information and the MBSFN control information received from the macro base stations 21 to 23. As information transmitted from the radio terminal (UE) 40 to the femto base station 31, for example, the radio terminal 40 actually receives MMAP (MCH Sub-frame Allocation Pattern) information used in “3GPP LTE”. For example, information (for example, an MSAP index) indicating a portion related to the service that has been used or the corresponding information is included.

  As shown in FIG. 16, at a certain time, the terminal mobility management device (MME) 13 in FIG. 1 sends downlink data (DL unicast data packet) of the radio terminal 40 to the macro base station (macro eNBs) 21. Send. The macro base station 21 transmits the downlink data received from the terminal mobility management device (MME) 13 to the radio terminal 40 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the dedicated traffic channel (DTCH).

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 notifies the MBMS service information to the multicell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 determines MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) based on MBMS service information received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and broadcasts this control information. Notification is made to the multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit the MBSFN control information received from the multicell / multicast control apparatus (MCE) 12 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the BCCH and the MCCH.

  At this time, the femto base station 31 uses a part of MBSFN control information on the BCCH of the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23, or MBSFN on both the BCCH and the MCCH of the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. Receive control information (MBSFN Configuration).

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 transmits MBMS data packets to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit MBMS data packets received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 to the radio terminal (UE) 40 using the MSCH and the MTCH. . As a result, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBMS data packets from a plurality of macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 by MBSFN.

  The radio terminal (UE) 40 moves more than the reception quality of the signal from the macro base station 21 to which the radio terminal 40 belongs, because the radio terminal 40 itself moves or the surrounding propagation environment changes. When it is detected that the reception quality of the signal from the non-destination femto base station 31 is high, the attribution destination is changed from the macro base station 21 to the femto base station 31 by handover.

  In the present embodiment, the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS. Therefore, the radio terminal 40 receives broadcast information transmitted from the femto base station 31 via the BCCH, and recognizes that MBMS data is not distributed from the femto base station 31 based on the broadcast information.

  Next, the radio terminal 40 sends a service control information report (MSAP information report) and a gap pattern request (Gap request) by the MBSFN received from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 to the femto base station (femto). eNB) 31. The femto base station 31 has information such as the transmission frequency and transmission cycle of DL unicast data to the radio terminal 40 and scheduling information such as the data transmission cycle of the service by the MBSFN that the radio terminal 40 desires to receive. Based on the above, the gap pattern GP is set. Then, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 notifies the radio terminal 40 of the information (MBMS reception gap configuration) of the gap pattern GP.

  The radio terminal (UE) 40 receives a unicast signal from the femto base station 31 depending on whether the gap pattern GP is an active period (Active) or an inactive period (Inactive), or from the macro base station 21 Determine whether to receive the MBSFN signal. When the gap pattern GP is in an invalid period, as shown in FIG. 16, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives DL unicast data (DL Unicast data) from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 by DTCH. On the other hand, when the gap pattern GP is the active period Tactive, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBMS data packets (MBMS data packets) by MBSFN from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. The radio terminal (UE) 40 receives MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 using BCCH and MCCH. As a result, the wireless terminal 40 in the active state can continue to receive the MBSFN service even after handover from the macro base station 21 supporting MBMS to the femto base station 31 not supporting MBMS. .

  As described above, since the femto base station 31 receives the MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) from the macro base stations 21 to 23 before the handover, the information amount of the MBSFN control information report transmitted from the radio terminal 40 Can be greatly reduced.

  Next, the operation of the radio terminal 40 and the operation of the femto base station 31 after the handover will be described below with reference to FIGS. FIG. 17 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the radio terminal 40 after the handover, and FIG. 18 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the femto base station 31 after the handover.

  In the present embodiment, the femto base station 31 sets the gap pattern GP and uses a gap allocation timer for representing the valid period. Further, it is assumed that the wireless terminal 40 after handover is assigned to the femto base station 31, but even if it is not the femto base station 31, the function of receiving downlink signals from the macro base stations 21 to 23 is provided. If provided, a micro base station or a pico base station may be used.

  As shown in FIG. 17, first, the communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal 40 receives MBMS control information (MBMS Configuration) from the macro base station 21 before the handover, and holds the setting based on the MBMS control information (Step). S10). Next, the receiver 41B receives the broadcast information transmitted on the BCCH from the macro base station 21 after the handover, and decodes the broadcast information (step S11). Thereafter, the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the femto base station 31 that has transmitted the broadcast information supports MBMS (step S12). If the femto base station 31 supports MBMS (YES in step S12), MBMS data is received from the affiliated femto base station 31 in order to receive normal MBMS service (step S13A).

  On the other hand, if the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS (NO in step S12), the communication control unit 42 reports MSAP information and requests a gap pattern to the femto base station 31 to which it belongs. (Step S40). Thereafter, the information (MBMS reception gap configuration) of the gap pattern GP and the information of the gap allocation timer are received from the femto base station 31 to which it belongs (step S31).

  Thereafter, the communication control unit 42 activates the counter to initialize the count value n of the counter (n = 0) (step S32), activates the gap allocation timer, and starts the count operation (step S32). ).

  Next, the communication control unit 42 determines whether the gap is valid (Active) or not (Inactive), that is, whether the current time is the valid period Tactive or invalid period Tinactive of the gap pattern GP (Step S16). When the gap is invalid (NO in step S16), the communication control unit 42 receives a downlink signal (DL signal) from the affiliated femto base station 31 as necessary (step S33).

  On the other hand, when the gap is valid (YES in step S16), the communication control unit 42 receives MBMS data from the macro base station to which the wireless terminal 40 belonged before handover and other neighboring macro base stations. (Step S18). As a result, the radio terminal 40 can receive the MBMS data packet from the macro base station belonging to before the handover and other macro base stations in the vicinity.

  Next, when the MBMS data is successfully decoded (YES in step S19), the communication control unit 42 determines that the MBMS data has been normally received, and shifts the processing to step S34.

  On the other hand, when the decoding of the MBMS data fails (NO in step S19), the counter increments the count value n (step S20), and the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the count value n is less than the set value N. Is determined (step S21). If the count value n has not reached the set value N (YES in step S21), the communication control unit 42 determines whether the count value of the gap allocation timer has reached the timeout value (step S34).

  If the count value of the gap allocation timer has reached the timeout value (NO in step S34), the communication control unit 42 returns the process to step S40. On the other hand, when the count value of the gap allocation timer has not reached the timeout value (NO in step S34), the communication control unit 42 returns the process to step S16.

  When it is determined in step S21 that the count value n has reached the set value N (YES in step S21), the communication control unit 42 sets the count value of the gap allocation timer and the MBMS configuration (MBMS configuration). Clear (step S35), the communication control is terminated assuming that the wireless terminal 40 is out of the service area.

  Next, the operation of the femto base station 31 that is the handover destination of the wireless terminal 40 will be described below with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 18, the femto base station 31 receives MBMS control information (MBMS configuration) broadcast from the macro base stations 21 to 23 regardless of whether or not the radio terminal 40 is handed over. (Step S50). After the handover process (step S51), the femto base station 31 transmits broadcast information as usual (step S52), and determines whether or not the gap request is received from the radio terminal 40 (step S53).

  When the femto base station 31 receives the MBMS control information of the macro base station 21, it is performed immediately after the femto base station 31 is activated, when there is no active wireless terminal, or after the activation The case where it carries out by a period is mentioned. There may be a protection process such that the received information becomes invalid after a certain period of time has elapsed after reception. Further, the fixed period may be shorter or longer than the period until the protection process is executed.

  When the femto base station 31 has not received a gap request from the wireless terminal 40 (NO in step S53), the presence / absence of DL unicast data is determined (step S42). If it is determined that there is DL unicast data (YES in step S42), the femto base station 31 performs scheduling and transmits DL unicast data to the radio terminal 40 using the DTCH (step S43). That is, the femto base station 31 executes the same procedure as the normal unicast data transmission procedure. On the other hand, when it determines with there being no DL unicast data (NO of step S42), the femto base station 31 complete | finishes a process.

  In step S41, when the femto base station 31 receives a gap request from the radio terminal 40 (YES in step S53), the femto base station 31 sets a gap pattern GP in response to this request, and this gap pattern GP. And the information of the gap allocation timer are notified to the wireless terminal 40 (step S44). Since the subsequent procedure is the same as the procedure of steps S45 to S49 in FIG. 15 of the second embodiment, detailed description thereof is omitted.

  In the present embodiment, the radio terminal 40 reports the MSAP information assuming MBSFN (step S40). Instead of the MSAP information, the radio terminal 40 indicates the radio resource information of the service received before the handover. Information may be reported. As a result, the method of this embodiment can also be applied when receiving a signal of a general MBMS service.

  In the flowchart of FIG. 18, the gap allocation timer is used, but there may be a form in which the gap allocation timer is not used. Similarly, there may be a form in which only the gap allocation timer is used without using the counter.

  In the case of LTE, basic information of BCCH is divided into a set of minimum indispensable information called MIB (Master Information Block) and a set of other information called SIB (System Information Block). Examples of the MIB include a downlink system bandwidth (dl-SystemBandwidth), a system frame number (systemFrameNumber), and the like. On the other hand, examples of the SIB include cell access restriction information (cellBarred), system information tag (systemInformationValueTag), common cell reselection information (cellReselectionInfoCommon), and neighboring cell information (neighbourCellConfiguration). As MBMS information (MBMS information) of BCCH, for example, there are MBSFN subframe configuration information (mbsfn-SubframeConfiguration), MBSFN frame allocation information (radioFrameAllocation), and MBSFN subframe allocation information (subframeAllocation).

  In the third embodiment, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 receives signals transmitted from the macro base station 21 via BCCH and MCCH, and the radio terminal 40 receives a gap request (MSAP information report and gap). request). Here, when the femto base station 31 has not received signals from the macro base station 21 on the BCCH and MCCH, or has received and held the signal but the information is old (a certain period of time has elapsed). May request the wireless terminal 40 for additional information. The gap request (MSAP information report and gap request) may be transmitted using the same radio resources as other information transmitted at the time of normal handover, or newly requested radio resources after the handover is completed. .

  (Modification of the third embodiment)

  FIG. 19 is a diagram showing a communication sequence which is a modified example of the third embodiment according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 19, first, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 receives MBMS (MBSFN) control information transmitted on the BCCH and MCCH from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. Next, the radio terminal (UE) 40 transmits a gap pattern GP request (Gap request) to the femto base station 31 after the handover.

In response to this request, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 requests the radio terminal (UE) 40 for information necessary for setting the gap pattern GP (MSAP information request). This type of information includes, for example, MSAP information, but is not limited thereto, and may be MBSFN scheduling information or information related thereto. The radio terminal (UE) 40 transmits the requested information (for example, MSAP information) to the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 (MSAP information report).

  The femto base station (femto eNB) 31 receives MBMS (MBSFN) control information received from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 and information transmitted (reported) from the radio terminal (UE) 40 (for example, The gap pattern GP is set based on the information (MSAP information), and the setting information is transmitted (notified) to the radio terminal (UE) 40.

  The gap request (MSAP information report and gap request) is transmitted using the same radio resources as other information transmitted at the time of normal handover or newly requested radio resources after the handover is completed. Also good.

(Fourth embodiment)
Next, a fourth embodiment according to the present invention will be described. In the first to third embodiments described above, the radio terminal 40 belongs from a base station (for example, the macro base station 21) that supports MBMS to a base station (for example, the femto base station 31) that does not support MBMS. The case of changing the destination was assumed. In the fourth embodiment and the fifth embodiment described below, peripherals that support MBMS while the wireless terminal 40 belongs to a base station that does not support MBMS without handover or cell reselection. The structure which can receive the service by MBMS from a certain base station is provided.

  FIG. 20 is a diagram schematically illustrating a communication sequence of the wireless communication system 1 according to the fourth embodiment. In the initial state of the radio communication system 1 of the present embodiment, the radio terminal (UE) 40 belongs to the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 in an idle state, and is individually assigned to the radio terminal 40 from a channel other than the BCCH. It is assumed that no information has been received.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 notifies the MBMS service information to the multicell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 determines MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) based on MBMS service information received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and broadcasts this control information. Notification is made to the multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. Although not shown, the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 use the BCCH and the MCCH to transmit the MBSFN control information received from the multicell / multicast control device (MCE) 12 to the wireless terminals ( UE) 40.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 transmits MBMS data packets to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. Although not shown, the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 use MBSCH data packets received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 under their management by using the MSCH and MTCH. To a radio terminal (UE) 40 located in

  At a certain time, the radio terminal (UE) 40 attempts to receive service by MBMS, but cannot receive MBMS data from the associated femto base station 31 ("search MBMS service, but cannot monitor"). When the radio terminal (UE) 40 detects that the base station to which it belongs does not support MBMS based on the broadcast information (“Trigger to monitor neighboring BCCH”), the radio terminal (UE) 40 is transmitted on the BCCH of another adjacent base station. The broadcast information received is received. Thus, the radio | wireless terminal (UE) 40 searches whether the surrounding macro base stations 21-23 support MBMS.

  When the radio terminal (UE) 40 detects that a desired service is distributed from any one of the macro base stations, the radio terminal (UE) 40 sets the gap pattern GP. The radio terminal (UE) 40 receives service data (signals) by MBMS provided from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 while the gap pattern GP is active (Active). On the other hand, the radio terminal (UE) 40 receives a signal transmitted on the PCCH of the femto base station 31 while the gap pattern GP is in an inactive period (Inactive). As a result, the radio terminal 40 can start receiving the MBSFN service from the macro base station supporting the MBMS even while belonging to the femto base station 31 that does not support the MBMS.

  Note that the gap pattern GP is set when any of the macro base stations 21 to 23 detects that MBMS is supported, instead of when the wireless terminal (UE) 40 finds the target service. Also good.

  Next, the operation of the wireless terminal 40 will be described below with reference to FIG. FIG. 21 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the wireless terminal 40. Here, the attribute of the wireless terminal 40 is not limited to the femto base station 31 but may be a micro base station or a pico base station. Further, the flowchart of FIG. 21 corresponds to the case where the base station to which the wireless terminal 40 belongs supports MBMS.

  Referring to FIG. 21, at a certain time, the communication control unit 42 of the wireless terminal 40 decodes the broadcast information received from the base station to which it belongs (step S57), and MBMS is supported based on the decoding result. It is determined whether or not (step S58). If the affiliated base station supports MBMS (YES in step S58), MBMS data is received from the affiliated base station in order to receive normal MBMS service (step S59).

  If the belonging base station does not support MBMS (NO in step S58), the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not it is a paging opportunity (step S60). When the current time corresponds to a paging opportunity (YES in step S60), the communication control unit 42 continues to receive the paging message transmitted from the belonging base station (step S61).

  When the current time does not correspond to the paging opportunity (NO in step S60), the communication control unit 42 decodes the broadcast information received from the neighboring base stations to which the unaffiliation belongs (step S62), and based on the decoding result It is then determined whether MBMS is supported (step S63). When MBMS is not supported (NO in step S63), it is determined that the wireless terminal 40 is out of the service area, and the communication control unit 42 ends the above processing. It should be noted that the determination as to whether MBMS is supported can be made for all non-attributable base stations that can be detected.

  If any of the neighboring base stations supports MBMS (YES in step S63), the communication control unit 42 sets the paging timing for receiving the paging message (PCCH data) from the base station to which it belongs. The gap pattern GP is set based on the calculation result (step S64).

  Next, the communication control unit 42 determines whether or not the gap is valid (inactive), that is, whether the current time is the valid period Tactive or invalid period Tinactive of the gap pattern GP (step S65). When the gap is invalid (NO in step S65), the communication control unit 42 receives the paging message (step S66).

  On the other hand, when the gap is valid (YES in step S65), the communication control unit 42 receives MBMS data from the neighboring base station (step S66). As a result, the radio terminal 40 can receive the MBMS data packet from the neighboring base station.

  Next, when the MBMS data is successfully decoded (YES in step S67), the communication control unit 42 determines that the MBMS data has been normally received, and returns the process to step S65. On the other hand, when the decoding of the MBMS data has failed (NO in step S67), the communication control unit 42 determines that the wireless terminal 40 is out of the service area and ends the above processing. Here, a counter may be used to determine that the wireless terminal 40 is out of the service area when decoding fails a total of N times or consecutive N times (N is a positive integer).

(Fifth embodiment)
Next, a fifth embodiment according to the present invention will be described. In the present embodiment, a radio terminal 40D shown in FIG. 22 is used instead of the radio terminal (UE) 40 shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 22, the configuration of the wireless terminal 40D includes two receivers (dual receivers) 41B and 41C, and a communication control unit 42D and a signal processing unit 43D corresponding to the receivers 41B and 41C. The configuration of the wireless terminal 40 shown in FIG. In the first to fourth embodiments, the radio terminal (UE) 40 uses the gap pattern GP to receive MBMS data. In the fifth embodiment and the sixth embodiment to be described later, the radio terminal (UE) 40 A terminal (UE) 40D uses two receivers 41B and 41C to receive MBMS data.

  FIG. 23 is a diagram schematically illustrating a communication sequence of the wireless communication system 1 according to the fifth embodiment. In the initial state of the radio communication system 1 of the present embodiment, the radio terminal (UE) 40D belongs to any one of the macro base stations 21, 22, and 23 (for example, the macro base station 21) while remaining in the idle state. It is assumed that MBMS data by MBSFN is received from the attribution destination. The radio terminal (UE) 40D includes a first receiver 41B and a second receiver 41C.

  As shown in FIG. 23, at a certain time, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 notifies the MBMS service information to the multicell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. . The multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 determines MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) based on MBMS service information received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and broadcasts this control information. Notification is made to the multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit the MBSFN control information received from the multicell / multicast control apparatus (MCE) 12 to the radio terminal (UE) 40D using the BCCH and the MCCH. At this time, radio | wireless terminal (UE) 40D receives MBSFN control information from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21-23 using the 1st receiver (1st receiver) 41B.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 transmits MBMS data packets to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 transmit MBMS data packets received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 to the radio terminal (UE) 40D using the MSCH and MTCH. . The radio terminal (UE) 40D receives MBMS data packets from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 by MBSFN using the first receiver 41B.

  The communication control unit 42D of the radio terminal (UE) 40D receives the downlink signal reception quality from the macro base station 21 to which the radio terminal 40D itself moves or the surrounding propagation environment changes. If it is detected that the reception quality of a downlink signal (for example, a known pilot signal) from the femto base station 31 that is not its own destination is higher, cell reselection is performed. Thereby, the radio terminal (UE) 40D changes its own destination from the macro base station 21 to the femto base station 31.

  In the present embodiment, the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 23, the radio terminal (UE) 40D receives the broadcast information transmitted on the BCCH from the new affiliated femto base station (femto eNB) 31, Based on this, it is recognized that the MBMS data is not distributed from the femto base station 31. Here, when the broadcast information received from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 includes the MBMS control information (content data control information), the radio terminal (UE) 40D determines that the femto base station It is recognized that (femto eNB) 31 is a base station that distributes MBMS data. Alternatively, the radio terminal (UE) 40D determines that the broadcast information includes information indicating whether MBMS data (content data) is distributed from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 based on this information. It is possible to recognize that the station (femto eNB) 31 is a base station that distributes MBMS data. In response to this recognition, the communication control unit 42D activates the second receiver (2nd receiver) 41C ("2nd receiver on"), and receives a service by MBSFN using the second receiver (2nd receiver) 41C. .

  That is, the second receiver (41C) receives the MBSFN control information and the MBMS from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 before the cell reselection is performed. As in the case of receiving data packets, MBMS data packets (MBSFN Configuration) transmitted using BCCH and MCCH are received, and MBMS data packets transmitted using MSCH and MTCH ( MBMS data packet) is received. In parallel, the first receiver 41B receives a paging message on the PCCH from the femto base station 31 to which the first receiver 41B belongs. As a result, the wireless terminal (UE) 40D in the idle state continues to use the MBSFN even after changing the attribution destination from the macro base station 21 supporting MBMS to the femto base station 31 not supporting MBMS. Can receive service.

  However, the first receiver 41B operates in conjunction with the transmitter 41A, and the second receiver 41C does not necessarily operate in conjunction with the transmitter 41A. For example, even if the downstream signal received by the second receiver 41C requests an upstream signal, it is not necessary for the second receiver 41C to perform an operation corresponding to this request. .

  As shown in FIG. 24A, before the cell reselection is performed, the first receiver 41B of the idle radio terminal 40D receives the BCCH from the macro base station (macro eNB) 21. , Receive signals transmitted using PCCH, MCCH, MSCH and MTCH. Here, the 1st receiver 41B does not receive the signal transmitted by BCCH and PCCH from the femto base station (femto eNB) 31.

  As shown in FIG. 24 (B), when cell reselection is executed, the first receiver 41B of the radio terminal 40D transmits from the affiliated femto base station (femto eNB) 31 using BCCH and PCCH. Receive the received signal. In parallel with this, the second receiver 41C of the radio terminal 40D receives signals transmitted from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 using BCCH, MCCH, MSCH, and MTCH.

  Here, instead of the reception state of the wireless terminal 40D shown in FIGS. 24A and 24B, the reception state shown in FIGS. 25A and 25B may be adopted. Before cell reselection is performed, the reception state in FIG. 25A is the same as the reception state in FIG. On the other hand, when cell reselection is executed, as shown in FIG. 25 (B), the communication control unit 42D retains the MBSFN control information, and the second receiver 41C transmits signals transmitted on the MSCH and MTCH. Only receive. In this case, when the MBSFN control information is changed, the radio terminal 40D cannot continuously receive the service by MBMS, but the MBSFN control information is changed and the service by MBMS can be continuously received. Even if the radio terminal 40D disappears, the radio terminal 40D may receive signals transmitted on the BCCH and the MCCH in order to receive the MBSFN control information again.

  The operations of the first receiver 41B and the second receiver 41C may be synchronized with each other or may not be synchronized. When the downlink signals (frames) from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 and the downlink signals (frames) from the femto base station 31 are synchronized, the first receiver 41B and the second receiver 41C needs to operate in synchronization with each other. On the other hand, when the downlink signals (frames) from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 and the downlink signals (frames) from the femto base station 31 are not synchronized, the first receiver 41B and the second receiver 41B The receiver 41C operates asynchronously with each other.

  Next, the operation of the radio terminal 40D after cell reselection will be described below with reference to FIG. FIG. 26 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the radio terminal 40D after cell reselection. The MBMS control information may be MBSFN control information, but is not necessarily MBSFN control information. In this sense, the flowchart of FIG. 26 is not limited to MBSFN, and may correspond to general MBMS.

  Referring to FIG. 26, first, the first receiver 41B receives the broadcast information transmitted from the femto base station 31 via the BCCH while the communication control unit 42D holds the MBSFN control information, and decodes the broadcast information. (Step S97). Thereafter, the communication control unit 42D determines whether or not the femto base station 31 that has transmitted the broadcast information supports MBMS based on the decoding result (step S98). If the femto base station 31 supports MBMS (YES in step S98), the first receiver 41B receives MBMS data from the affiliated femto base station 31 in order to receive normal MBMS service. Receive (step S99).

  On the other hand, when the femto base station 31 does not support MBMS (NO in step S98), the communication control unit 42D activates the second receiver 41C (step S100), and the second receiver 41C Then, a neighboring base station such as the original macro base station 21 is detected, and synchronization with the neighboring base station is established (step S101).

  Thereafter, the communication control unit 42D activates the counter and initializes the count value n of the counter (step S102). This counter is for determining that the wireless terminal 40D is out of service (Out-of-service).

  Subsequently, the communication control unit 42D receives MBMS data from the macro base station that belonged before the cell reselection and other neighboring macro base stations (step S103). Therefore, the radio terminal 40D can receive the MBMS data packet from the macro base station that belonged before the cell reselection and other neighboring macro base stations.

  Next, when the MBMS data is successfully decoded (YES in step S104), the communication control unit 42D determines that the MBMS data has been normally received, and returns the process to step S103.

  On the other hand, if the decoding of the MBMS data has failed (NO in step S104), the counter increments the count value n (step S105), and the communication control unit 42D determines whether or not the count value n is less than the set value N. Is determined (step S106). If the count value n has not reached the set value N (YES in step S106), the communication control unit 42D returns the process to step S103 and continues communication control. On the other hand, when the count value n reaches the set value N (NO in step S106), the communication control unit 42D clears the MBMS configuration (MBMS configuration) (step S107), and the radio terminal 40D is out of the service area. Then, the communication control using the second receiver 41C is terminated.

  Although the counter increments the count value n in step S105 in the flowchart of FIG. 26, the count value n may be decremented instead. When the count value n is decremented, a step of determining whether or not the count value n exceeds the set value N is employed instead of step S106. Further, a step of determining whether or not decoding has failed continuously for a predetermined number of times may be employed, and a procedure for determining that the wireless terminal 40D is out of the service area when decoding has failed for a predetermined number of times may be employed. Good. Furthermore, it goes without saying that a method of determining whether or not the wireless terminal 40D is out of the service area by a method other than the counter may be adopted.

(Sixth embodiment)
Next, a sixth embodiment according to the present invention will be described. Also in this embodiment, similarly to the fifth embodiment, a radio terminal 40D shown in FIG. 22 is used instead of the radio terminal (UE) 40 shown in FIG.

  FIG. 27 is a diagram schematically illustrating a communication sequence of the wireless communication system 1 according to the sixth embodiment. In the initial state of the wireless communication system 1 of the present embodiment, the wireless terminal (UE) 40D belongs to the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 in an idle state, and is individually assigned to the wireless terminal 40D from a channel other than the BCCH. It is assumed that no information has been received. As shown in FIG. 27, the femto base station (femto eNB) 31 transmits a signal using BCCH, and the first receiver 41B of the radio terminal 40D receives this signal.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 notifies the MBMS service information to the multicell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. The multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE) 12 determines MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) based on MBMS service information received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and broadcasts this control information. Notification is made to the multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 and macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23. Although not shown, the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 use the BCCH and MCCH to manage the MBSFN control information (MBSFN Configuration) received from the multicell / multicast control apparatus (MCE) 12 under their own management. It transmits to a certain radio | wireless terminal (UE) 40D.

  On the other hand, the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 transmits MBMS data packets to the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 via the MBMS gateway (eMBMS GW) 11. Although not shown, the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 use MBSCH data packets received from the broadcast / multicast service center (eBMSC) 10 under their management by using the MSCH and MTCH. To the wireless terminal (UE) 40D.

  At a certain time, the radio terminal 40D tries to receive a service by MBMS, but cannot receive MBMS data from the associated femto base station 31 ("search MBMS service, but cannot monitor"). When the wireless terminal 40D detects that the base station to which it belongs does not support MBMS based on the broadcast information ("Trigger to monitor neighboring BCCH"), the wireless terminal 40D activates the second receiver (2nd receiver) 41C ( “2nd receiver on”), the second receiver 41C is used to search whether the neighboring macro base stations 21 to 23 support MBMS.

  When the communication control unit 42D of the wireless terminal 40D finds a target service (“Find intended service”), the first terminal 41B is used to receive a signal transmitted on the PCCH of the femto base station 31, while 2 Receive the service by MBMS provided from the macro base stations (macro eNBs) 21 to 23 using the receiver 41C. As a result, the radio terminal 40D can start receiving the MBSFN service from the macro base station supporting the MBMS even while belonging to the femto base station 31 that does not support the MBMS.

  Next, the operation of the wireless terminal 40D will be described below with reference to FIG. FIG. 28 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of the wireless terminal 40D. Here, the attribute of the wireless terminal 40D is not limited to the femto base station 31, but may be a micro base station or a pico base station. The flowchart in FIG. 28 also corresponds to the case where the base station to which the wireless terminal 40D belongs supports MBMS.

  Referring to FIG. 28, at a certain time, the communication control unit 42D of the wireless terminal 40D uses the first receiver 41B to decode the broadcast information received from the base station to which it belongs (step S116). It is determined whether MBMS is supported based on the result (step S117). When the affiliated base station supports MBMS (YES in step S117), the first receiver 41B receives MBMS data from the affiliated base station in order to receive normal MBMS service. (Step S118).

  When the belonging base station does not support MBMS (NO in step S117), the communication control unit 42D activates the second receiver 41C (step S119), and uses the second receiver 41C. The broadcast information transmitted from the neighboring base stations to which it belongs is received and decoded (step S120). The communication control unit 42D determines whether MBMS is supported based on the decoding result (step S121). When MBMS is not supported (NO in step S121), it is determined that the wireless terminal 40D is out of the service area, and the communication control unit 42D ends the above processing.

  If any of the neighboring base stations supports MBMS (YES in step S121), the communication control unit 42D causes the second receiver 41C to receive MBMS data from the neighboring base station (step S122). . As a result, the radio terminal 40D can receive the MBMS data packet from the neighboring base station.

  Next, when the MBMS data is successfully decoded (YES in step S123), the communication control unit 42D determines that the MBMS data has been normally received, and returns the process to step S122. On the other hand, when the decoding of MBMS data fails (NO in step S122), the communication control unit 42D determines that the wireless terminal 40D is out of the service area and ends the above processing. Here, the counter may be used to determine that the wireless terminal 40D is out of the service area when decoding fails a total of N times or consecutive N times (N is a positive integer).

  If the MBMS data cannot be received normally (step S), the communication control unit 42D determines that the wireless terminal 40D is out of the service area and turns off the power of the second receiver 41C, or The operation is stopped and the MBMS configuration is cleared.

  As mentioned above, although embodiment of this invention was described with reference to drawings, these are the illustrations of this invention, Various structures other than the above are also employable. For example, in each communication sequence of the above-described embodiment, the case where the radio terminal (UE) 40 belongs to the femto base station 31 is mainly described as an example, but the present invention is not limited to this. Instead of the femto base station 31, other small base stations such as the micro base station 30 and the pico base station (Pico eNB) in FIG. 1 may be used. Therefore, the wireless terminal 40 after the cell reselection or handover is not limited to the femto base station 31 but may be a micro base station or a pico base station. The configuration described above can also be applied when the wireless terminal 40 changes the belonging destination to another macro base station.

  In the above-described embodiment, data distribution by MBSFN is assumed. However, in this case, reception quality can be improved only for the MBMS signal from the macro cell even when staying in the femto cell. However, instead of MBSFN, there may be a form in which normal MBMS, for example, LTE “SC PTM (Single Cell Point-To-Multipoint)” is applied.

  In the above embodiment, whether or not MBMS is supported in units of base stations (eNBs) is distinguished, but whether or not the same base station supports MBMS in units of sectors, or A case where the frequency is changed and a cell supporting MBMS is distinguished from a cell that does not support MBMS can be applied to the above embodiment.

  The above embodiment has a system configuration compliant with “3GPP LTE”, but is not limited to this. For example, “3GPP WCDMA (Wideband Code Division Multiple Access)” or “WiMAX (Worldwide interoperability for Microwave Access)”. It may have a system configuration compliant with the standard.

The gap pattern GP is a periodic pattern in which an invalid period for receiving a downlink signal from a base station to which the radio terminal 40 belongs and an effective period excluding the invalid period are alternately set in time. A period during which the wireless terminal 40 receives a downlink signal is called an invalid period, but is not limited thereto. A period during which the wireless terminal 40 receives a downlink signal may be referred to as an effective period, and a period excluding the effective period may be referred to as an invalid period.
(Appendix 1)
A wireless communication system including a wireless terminal, an affiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs, and an unaffiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong,
The wireless communication system, wherein the wireless terminal receives content data broadcast or multicast from the non-assigned wireless base station.
(Appendix 2)
The wireless communication system according to attachment 1, wherein the wireless terminal receives broadcast information from the non-belonging destination radio base station, and the non-belonging destination wireless base station receives the content data based on the broadcast information. A wireless communication system, characterized by recognizing whether or not the base station is a transmitting base station.
(Appendix 3)
The wireless communication system according to attachment 2, wherein the wireless terminal is configured such that when the broadcast information includes control information of the content data, the non-belonging radio base station is based on the content data control information. A wireless communication system, characterized by recognizing a base station that transmits content data.
(Appendix 4)
The wireless communication system according to attachment 2, wherein the wireless terminal is based on the information when the broadcast information includes information indicating whether or not the content data is transmitted from the non-affiliation destination wireless base station. A wireless communication system characterized by recognizing whether or not the non-affiliation target wireless base station is a base station that transmits the content data.
(Appendix 5)
The wireless communication system according to any one of appendices 1 to 4,
The wireless terminal is
First and second receivers;
A communication control unit for controlling each of the first and second receivers;
With
The communication control unit causes the first receiver to receive a downlink signal from the belonging radio base station and causes the second receiver to receive the content data from the non-belonging radio base station. A wireless communication system.
(Appendix 6)
The wireless communication system according to attachment 5, wherein the downlink signal is a paging message signal.
(Appendix 7)
The wireless communication system according to any one of appendices 1 to 6, wherein the non-assigned wireless base station is a macro base station, and the assigned wireless base station is managed by the macro base station. A wireless communication system, characterized in that the wireless communication system is a small base station that manages a cell smaller than a cell to be operated.
(Appendix 8)
The wireless communication system according to appendix 7, wherein the belonging wireless base station is a femto base station.
(Appendix 9)
The wireless communication system according to any one of supplementary notes 1 to 8, wherein the wireless terminal changes its own destination by handover or cell reselection.
(Appendix 10)
The wireless communication system according to any one of appendices 1 to 9, wherein the wireless terminal changes an attribution destination to the wireless base station based on information notified from the wireless base station. A wireless communication system.
(Appendix 11)
11. A wireless communication system according to any one of appendices 1 to 10, wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
(Appendix 12)
A wireless terminal in a wireless communication system, comprising: a wireless terminal; an affiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs; and an unaffiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong. There,
A wireless terminal that receives broadcast or multicast content data from the unaffiliated wireless base station.
(Appendix 13)
The wireless terminal according to attachment 12, wherein the wireless terminal receives broadcast information from the non-belonging radio base station, and the non-belonging wireless base station transmits the content data based on the broadcast information A wireless terminal comprising means for recognizing whether or not.
(Appendix 14)
The wireless terminal according to attachment 13, wherein the non-belonging radio base station transmits the content data based on the content data control information when the broadcast information includes the content data control information A wireless terminal characterized by recognizing that it is a station.
(Appendix 15)
The wireless terminal according to attachment 13, wherein when the broadcast information includes information indicating whether or not the content data is transmitted from the non-attribution-destination radio base station, based on the information, A wireless terminal that recognizes whether or not a wireless base station is a base station that transmits the content data.
(Appendix 16)
The wireless terminal according to any one of appendices 12 to 15,
First and second receivers;
A communication control unit for controlling each of the first and second receivers;
With
The communication control unit causes the first receiver to receive a downlink signal from the belonging radio base station and causes the second receiver to receive the content data from the non-belonging radio base station. Features wireless terminal.
(Appendix 17)
The wireless terminal according to appendix 16, wherein the downlink signal is a paging message signal.
(Appendix 18)
18. A wireless terminal according to any one of appendices 12 to 17, wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
(Appendix 19)
The wireless terminal in a wireless communication system, comprising: a wireless terminal; an associated wireless base station that is a wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs; and an unaffiliated wireless base station that is a wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong. A communication control method,
(A) selecting the unaffiliated radio base station;
(B) receiving content data broadcast or multicast from the non-belonging radio base station;
The communication control method characterized by including.
(Appendix 20)
The communication control method according to appendix 19,
The wireless terminal includes first and second receivers,
The step (b) is a step of causing the first receiver to receive a downlink signal from the belonging radio base station and causing the second receiver to receive the content data from the non-belonging radio base station. The communication control method characterized by including.
(Appendix 21)
The communication control method according to attachment 20, wherein the downlink signal is a paging message signal.
(Appendix 22)
The communication control method according to any one of appendices 19 to 21, wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
(Appendix 23)
The wireless terminal in a wireless communication system, comprising: a wireless terminal; an assigned wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs; and an unaffiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong. A program that is read from a recording medium and causes a processor to execute communication control processing,
The communication control process includes
A process of selecting the unaffiliated radio base station;
A process of receiving broadcast or multicast content data from the unaffiliated radio base station;
The program characterized by including.
(Appendix 24)
The program according to attachment 23, wherein
The wireless terminal includes first and second receivers,
The communication control process causes the first receiver to receive a downlink signal from the belonging radio base station, and causes the second receiver to broadcast or multicast content data from the non-belonging radio base station. A program characterized by receiving a message.
(Appendix 25)
25. The program according to appendix 24, wherein the downlink signal is a paging message signal.
(Appendix 26)
The program according to any one of appendices 23 to 25, wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.

It is a functional block diagram which shows schematic structure of the radio | wireless communications system of one Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows a macro base station group, a femto base station, and a radio | wireless terminal roughly. It is a figure which shows the structure of a radio | wireless terminal roughly. It is a figure which shows the structure of a femto base station roughly. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system of 1st Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a figure for demonstrating a gap pattern. It is a figure for demonstrating the example of the reception state of a radio | wireless terminal. It is a figure for demonstrating the other example of the reception state of a radio | wireless terminal. It is the schematic which shows an example of the radio | wireless frame structure of a downlink. It is a flowchart which shows roughly the operation | movement procedure of the radio | wireless terminal after cell reselection. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system of 2nd Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a figure for demonstrating the example of the reception state of a radio | wireless terminal. It is a figure for demonstrating the other example of the reception state of a radio | wireless terminal. 3 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of a wireless terminal after handover. It is a flowchart which shows schematically the operation | movement procedure of the femto base station after a hand-over. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system of 3rd Embodiment which concerns on this invention. 3 is a flowchart schematically showing an operation procedure of a wireless terminal after handover. It is a flowchart which shows schematically the operation | movement procedure of the femto base station after a hand-over. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system which is a modification of 3rd Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system of 4th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a flowchart which shows roughly the operation | movement procedure of the radio | wireless terminal at the time of service search. It is a figure which shows schematic structure of the radio | wireless terminal used in the radio | wireless communications system of 5th and 6th embodiment. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system of 5th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a figure for demonstrating the example of the reception state of a radio | wireless terminal. It is a figure for demonstrating the other example of the reception state of a radio | wireless terminal. It is a flowchart which shows the operation | movement procedure of a radio | wireless terminal roughly. It is a figure which shows roughly the communication sequence of the radio | wireless communications system of 6th Embodiment which concerns on this invention. It is a flowchart which shows the operation | movement procedure of a radio | wireless terminal roughly.

Explanation of symbols

1 Wireless communication system 8 Core network (EPC)
9 IP network (Internet)
10 Broadcast / Multicast Service Center (eBMSC)
11 MBMS Gateway (eMBMS GW)
12 Multi-cell / multicast controller (MCE)
13 Terminal mobility management device (MME / S-GW)
21-23 Macro base stations (macro eNBs)
21C-23C macro cell
30 micro base station (micro eNB)
31 Femto base station (femto eNB)
31C femto cell
40, 40D wireless terminal (UE)
41A transmitter 41B receiver (first receiver)
41C 2nd receiver 42,42D Communication control part 43,43D Signal processing part GP Gap pattern

Claims (24)

  1. A wireless communication system including a wireless terminal, an affiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs, and an unaffiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong,
    The wireless terminal is
    Determine whether the affiliated radio base station is transmitting content data by broadcast or multicast,
    A wireless communication system , wherein , when it is determined that the affiliated radio base station is not transmitting the content data, the content data broadcast or multicast from the non-affiliated radio base station is received.
  2. The wireless communication system according to claim 1,
    The wireless terminal determines a period for receiving the content data from the non-affiliated radio base station so as to avoid at least a period for receiving a predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station. Wireless communication system.
  3. The wireless communication system according to claim 1 or 2 ,
    The wireless terminal is
    First and second receivers;
    A communication control unit for controlling each of the first and second receivers;
    With
    The communication control unit causes the first receiver to receive the predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station, and causes the second receiver to receive the content data from the non-belonging radio base station. A wireless communication system, characterized in that:
  4. 4. The wireless communication system according to claim 2 , wherein the predetermined downlink signal is a paging message signal.
  5. A wireless communication system according to claim 1, any one of the four, the non-attribution radio base station is a macro base station, the attribution radio base station, the macro base station A wireless communication system, characterized in that it is a small base station that manages a smaller cell than a cell to be managed.
  6. 6. The wireless communication system according to claim 5 , wherein the belonging wireless base station is a femto base station.
  7. The wireless communication system according to any one of claims 1 to 6 , wherein the wireless terminal changes its own destination by handover or cell reselection.
  8. The wireless communication system according to any one of claims 1 to 7 , wherein the wireless terminal changes a destination to the wireless base station based on information notified from the wireless base station. A wireless communication system.
  9. The wireless communication system according to any one of claims 1 to 8 , wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
  10. A wireless terminal in a wireless communication system, comprising: a wireless terminal; an affiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs; and an unaffiliated wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong. There,
    Determine whether the affiliated radio base station is transmitting content data by broadcast or multicast,
    A wireless terminal, which receives content data broadcast or multicast from the non-affiliation destination radio base station when it is determined that the attribution destination radio base station is not transmitting the content data.
  11. The wireless terminal according to claim 10,
      A radio terminal characterized by determining a period for receiving the content data from the non-affiliation destination radio base station so as to avoid at least a period for receiving a predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station.
  12. The wireless terminal according to claim 10 or 11 ,
    First and second receivers;
    A communication control unit for controlling each of the first and second receivers;
    With
    The communication control unit causes the first receiver to receive the predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station, and causes the second receiver to receive the content data from the non-belonging radio base station. A wireless terminal characterized in that
  13. 13. The wireless terminal according to claim 11 , wherein the predetermined downlink signal is a paging message signal.
  14. The wireless terminal according to any one of claims 10 to 13 , wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
  15. The wireless terminal in a wireless communication system, comprising: a wireless terminal; an associated wireless base station that is a wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs; and an unaffiliated wireless base station that is a wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong. A communication control method,
    (A) determining whether the belonging wireless base station is transmitting content data by broadcast or multicast; and
    (B) if it is determined that the belonging radio base station is not transmitting the content data, receiving content data broadcast or multicast from the non-affiliated radio base station;
    The communication control method characterized by including.
  16. The communication control method according to claim 15, comprising:
      Communication control including a step of determining a period for receiving the content data from the non-belonging radio base station so as to avoid at least a period for receiving a predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station Method.
  17. The communication control method according to claim 15 or 16 ,
    The wireless terminal includes first and second receivers,
    The step (b) causes the first receiver to receive the predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station, and causes the second receiver to receive the content data from the non-belonging radio base station. A communication control method comprising a step of receiving.
  18. 18. The communication control method according to claim 16 , wherein the predetermined downlink signal is a paging message signal.
  19. The communication control method according to any one of claims 15 to 18 , wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
  20. The wireless terminal in a wireless communication system, comprising: a wireless terminal; an associated wireless base station that is a wireless base station to which the wireless terminal belongs; and an unaffiliated wireless base station that is a wireless base station to which the wireless terminal does not belong. A program that is read from a recording medium and causes a processor to execute communication control processing,
    The communication control process includes
    A process of determining whether the belonging wireless base station is transmitting content data by broadcast or multicast ; and
    When it is determined that the affiliated radio base station is not transmitting the content data, a process of receiving content data broadcast or multicast from the non-affiliated radio base station;
    The program characterized by including.
  21. The program according to claim 20, wherein
      The communication control process includes a process of determining a period for receiving the content data from the non-belonging destination radio base station so as to avoid at least a period for receiving a predetermined downlink signal from the belonging destination radio base station. A program characterized by
  22. The program according to claim 20 or 21 ,
    The wireless terminal includes first and second receivers,
    In the communication control process, the first receiver receives the predetermined downlink signal from the belonging radio base station, and the second receiver is broadcast or multicast from the non-belonging radio base station. A program for receiving received content data.
  23. 23. The program according to claim 21 , wherein the predetermined downlink signal is a paging message signal.
  24. The program according to any one of claims 20 to 23 , wherein the content data is MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast and Multicast Service) data.
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US9571293B2 (en) 2011-08-12 2017-02-14 Kyocera Corporation Mobile communication method, mobile terminal, radio base station, and program
JP5932800B2 (en) * 2011-08-12 2016-06-08 京セラ株式会社 Mobile communication method, mobile terminal, and processor
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JP6015363B2 (en) 2012-11-02 2016-10-26 富士通株式会社 Base station, incoming call control system, and incoming call control method
US9131350B2 (en) * 2012-12-28 2015-09-08 Qualcomm Incorporated Extending eMBMS session in LTE eMBMS
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