JP5208976B2 - Battery module - Google Patents

Battery module Download PDF

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Publication number
JP5208976B2
JP5208976B2 JP2010000159A JP2010000159A JP5208976B2 JP 5208976 B2 JP5208976 B2 JP 5208976B2 JP 2010000159 A JP2010000159 A JP 2010000159A JP 2010000159 A JP2010000159 A JP 2010000159A JP 5208976 B2 JP5208976 B2 JP 5208976B2
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Prior art keywords
terminal
convex
battery
battery module
distinguishing
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JP2010000159A
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Japanese (ja)
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JP2010161075A (en
Inventor
成培 金
容三 金
大元 韓
相轅 卞
柄圭 安
Original Assignee
三星エスディアイ株式会社Samsung SDI Co.,Ltd.
ローベルト ボッシュ ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング
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Priority to KR10-2009-0000790 priority Critical
Priority to KR20090000790A priority patent/KR101015834B1/en
Application filed by 三星エスディアイ株式会社Samsung SDI Co.,Ltd., ローベルト ボッシュ ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング filed Critical 三星エスディアイ株式会社Samsung SDI Co.,Ltd.
Publication of JP2010161075A publication Critical patent/JP2010161075A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/20Current conducting connections for cells
    • H01M2/202Interconnectors for or interconnection of the terminals of adjacent or distinct batteries or cells
    • H01M2/206Interconnectors for or interconnection of the terminals of adjacent or distinct batteries or cells of large-sized cells or batteries, e.g. starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/02Cases, jackets or wrappings
    • H01M2/06Arrangements for introducing electric connectors into or through cases
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/20Current conducting connections for cells
    • H01M2/30Terminals
    • H01M2/305Poles or terminals for starting, lighting or ignition [SLI] batteries, traction or motive power type or standby power batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/20Current conducting connections for cells
    • H01M2/34Current conducting connections for cells with provision for preventing undesired use or discharge, e.g. complete cut of current
    • H01M2/342Protection against polarity reversal
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts
    • H01M2/02Cases, jackets or wrappings
    • H01M2/0202Cases, jackets or wrappings for small-sized cells or batteries, e.g. miniature battery or power cells, batteries or cells for portable equipment
    • H01M2/0217Cases of prismatic shape
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2200/00Safety devices for primary or secondary batteries
    • H01M2200/30Preventing polarity reversal

Description

  The present invention relates to a battery module, and more particularly to a battery module having an improved structure for electrically connecting secondary batteries.

  A rechargeable battery is a battery that can be charged and discharged unlike a primary battery that cannot be charged. Low-capacity secondary batteries are used in portable electronic devices such as mobile phones, notebook computers, and camcorders, and large-capacity batteries are widely used as power sources for driving motors in hybrid vehicles.

  Recently, a high-power secondary battery using a non-aqueous electrolyte with a high energy density has been developed, and the high-power secondary battery is used for driving a motor of a device that requires a large amount of power, for example, an electric vehicle. Thus, a plurality of secondary batteries are connected in series to form a large capacity secondary battery.

  One large-capacity secondary battery is usually composed of a plurality of secondary batteries connected in series, and the secondary battery can be formed in a cylindrical shape or a rectangular shape.

  A prismatic secondary battery includes an electrode group in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are positioned between separators, a case having a space in which the electrode group is built, and a cap plate in which a terminal hole is formed to seal the case and insert an electrode terminal And an electrode terminal that is electrically connected to the electrode group and is inserted into the terminal hole and protrudes to the outside of the case.

  The electrode terminal is fixed to the cap plate by a nut, but there is a problem that the nut loosens due to external external vibration or impact. Such a problem induces a contact resistance inside the secondary battery, resulting in a problem that the output of the secondary battery is lowered and the life is reduced.

  The secondary battery is electrically connected by a connecting plate to constitute a battery module. The electrode terminal is fixed to the cap plate by a nut coupled to the upper portion, the connection plate is fastened on the nut, and the nut is fastened on the connection plate to electrically connect the connection plate and the electrode terminal.

  However, the structure in which the connecting plate is fixed with the nut has a problem that it is vulnerable to external vibration and impact. That is, when the nut is loosened due to vibration or impact, there is a problem that the electrical contact between the electrode terminal and the connecting plate becomes poor.

  In particular, when a secondary battery or a battery module is attached to a device that transmits continuous vibration, such as an electric vehicle or a hybrid vehicle, such a problem becomes even greater.

  In order to solve such a problem, a structure in which the terminal is formed in a plate shape and the connecting plate is fixed by welding has been proposed. However, in the case of a structure fixed by welding, once it is fixed, it is disassembled again. There is a difficult problem.

  In particular, when the positive electrode and the negative electrode of adjacent secondary batteries are connected in series, it is difficult to distinguish the positive electrode terminal and the negative electrode terminal, resulting in considerable difficulty in the assembly process.

  Accordingly, the present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a secondary battery and a battery module that are resistant to vibration and impact and can be assembled efficiently.

  In order to solve the above-described problem, according to one aspect of the present invention, a first terminal and a second terminal are formed so as to protrude outward, and the first terminal is distinguished from the second terminal. A secondary battery having a distinguishing portion formed of a concave portion or a convex portion, and the secondary battery are electrically connected to each other, and the distinguishing portion is fixed to the first terminal and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery. And a connecting member having a confirmation portion to be fitted with the battery module.

  The first terminal and the second terminal may be formed in a plate shape.

  The secondary battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, an electrode group including a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, a case in which the electrode group is incorporated, and a cap coupled to the opening of the case. A plate and a rivet for fixing the first terminal or the second terminal to the cap plate may be included.

  The secondary battery further includes a lead member that electrically connects the electrode group and the first terminal or the second terminal, and the lead member is a rivet together with the first terminal or the second terminal. You may fix to the said cap plate.

  In addition, the first terminal may have a distinguishing portion constituted by a concave portion or a convex portion that is not formed on the second terminal.

  The first terminal and the second terminal may be formed in a plate shape, and the connecting member may be fixed to the first terminal and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery by welding.

  The connecting member may have a contact protrusion on a surface facing the first terminal or the second terminal, and may be joined by welding with the contact protrusion.

  In addition, the first terminal has a distinguishing portion constituted by a first recess, the second terminal has a second recess, and the first recess has a position or shape formed with the second recess. May be different.

  In addition, the first terminal has a distinguishing portion configured by a first convex portion, the second terminal includes a second convex portion, and the first convex portion is formed at the position where the second convex portion is formed. Or the shape may be different.

  The first terminal may have a convex portion, the second terminal may have a concave portion, and the confirmation portion may be fitted to the convex portion and the concave portion.

  In addition, the first terminal has a distinguishing portion composed of a plurality of first protrusions, the second terminal includes a plurality of second protrusions, and the distance between the first protrusions is the second protrusion. It may be different from the distance between the parts.

  Further, the connecting member may have a display unit that indicates a position or a shape of the distinguishing part on a surface that faces in a direction opposite to the surface on which the distinguishing part is formed.

  The display unit may be configured by any one selected from the group consisting of protrusions, grooves, patterns, symbols, and characters.

  The display unit may have a shape corresponding to the shape of the distinguishing unit.

  Further, the connecting member is joined to the upper surfaces of the first terminal and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery by welding, and a distinguishing portion including a first convex portion is formed on the upper surface of the first terminal. A second convex portion having a shape different from the first convex portion is formed on the upper surface of the second terminal, and the connecting member is composed of a connecting groove fitted to the first convex portion and the second convex portion. The first convex portion and the confirmation portion may be joined by welding.

  In order to solve the above problems, according to another aspect of the present invention, a case in which an electrode group for performing power generation is built in, a cap plate coupled to an opening of the case, and an outer side of the cap plate The first terminal and the second terminal projecting from each other, and disposed between the first terminal and the cap plate, insulates the cap plate and the first terminal, and includes a recess or a protrusion. A second terminal insulating member including a first terminal insulating member having a distinguishing portion and a second terminal insulating member disposed between the second terminal and the cap plate and insulating the cap plate and the second terminal. A battery, a connecting member having a confirmation part fitted to the distinction part, and electrically connected to the secondary battery fixed to the first terminal and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery; Including Battery module, wherein is provided.

  The first terminal and the second terminal are formed in a plate shape, and the first terminal insulating member has an upper surface that is formed wider than the first terminal and protrudes outside the first terminal. The distinguishing part may be formed on the protruded upper surface.

  In addition, the first terminal insulating member has a distinguishing portion configured by a first convex portion, the second terminal insulating member includes a second convex portion, and the first convex portion is the second convex portion. The formed position or shape may be different.

  Moreover, the said discrimination | determination part may be comprised by the convex part or recessed part which is not formed in the said 2nd terminal insulating member.

  As described above, according to the present invention, not only the assemblability of the battery module is improved, but also the contact between the connecting member and the terminal due to external vibration or impact by fixing the connecting member to the terminal by welding. It is possible to prevent the resistance from increasing.

  Moreover, since the confirmation part is fitted to the distinction part constituted by the concave part or the convex part, it is possible to further prevent such a part from supporting the connecting member and shaking the connecting member at the terminal. For this reason, the contact resistance is reduced, and not only the output of the battery module is improved, but also the life of the secondary battery is improved.

1 is a perspective view illustrating a rechargeable battery according to a first embodiment of the present invention. It is sectional drawing cut | disconnected and shown along the II-II line | wire in FIG. FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view for explaining a process of forming a battery module by electrically connecting the secondary batteries according to the first embodiment of the present invention. It is the top view which showed the state by which the secondary battery was electrically connected by the connection member. It is the perspective view which looked at the connection member by a 1st embodiment of the present invention from the bottom. It is the perspective view which showed the battery module by 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is the disassembled perspective view which showed the battery module by 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is the disassembled perspective view which showed the battery module by 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is this perspective view which showed the connection member by 3rd Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 6 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. It is the disassembled perspective view which showed the battery module by 6th Embodiment of this invention. It is the top view which showed the connection member by 6th Embodiment of this invention. It is the disassembled perspective view which showed the battery module by 7th Embodiment of this invention.

  Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described below in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. In addition, in this specification and drawing, about the component which has the substantially same function structure, duplication description is abbreviate | omitted by attaching | subjecting the same code | symbol.

  FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a rechargeable battery according to a first embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the rechargeable battery taken along line II-II in FIG.

  Referring to FIGS. 1 and 2, the secondary battery 100 includes an electrode group 110 wound between a positive electrode 111 and a negative electrode 112 via an insulator separator 113, and an electrode group 110. The cap 150 includes a case 150, a first terminal 140 and a second terminal 130 electrically connected to the electrode group 110, and a cap plate 120 coupled to an opening formed in the case 150.

  The positive electrode 111 and the negative electrode 112 include a coating portion in a region where an active material is applied to a current collector formed of a thin metal foil and a plain portion 111a, 112a in a region where the active material is not coated. The plain portions 111 a and 112 a are formed at the side ends of the positive electrode 111 and the negative electrode 112 along the length direction of the positive electrode 111 and the negative electrode 112. Further, the positive electrode 111 and the negative electrode 112 are wound up with an insulating separator 113 interposed therebetween to form a jelly roll electrode group 110.

  The first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are electrically connected to the plain portions 111a and 112a of the electrode group 110 through the lead member 128, and the lead member 128 and the cap plate 120 are insulated. A lower insulating member 129 is provided.

  The first terminal 140 is electrically connected to the negative electrode uncoated portion 112a to form a positive electrode terminal, and the second terminal 130 is electrically connected to the negative electrode uncoated region 111a to form a negative electrode terminal. In the present embodiment, the first terminal 140 is a negative terminal and the second terminal 130 is a positive terminal. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the first terminal 140 is a positive terminal, The terminal 130 may be a negative terminal.

  The case 150 is a hexagonal prism type case that has a space inside and is open on one side. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the case can be formed in various shapes such as a cylindrical shape.

  The cap plate 120 is formed of a thin plate, and the cap plate 120 is provided with a vent portion 126 having a notch formed so as to be opened by a set internal pressure and a cap 125 for sealing the electrolyte injection port.

  The first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are formed in a plate shape and are arranged in parallel with the cap plate 120. The first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are fixed to the cap plate 120 by rivets 121. The rivet 121 protrudes outwardly at the upper and lower ends of the column part 121a and the column part 121a that penetrate the cap plate 120 and is supported. Head portions 121b and 121c.

  A lead member 128 is fixed to the lower surface of the head portion 121c positioned at the lower end of the rivet 121 by welding. The lead member 128 is protruded downward from the upper plate 128a and the upper plate 128a fixed to the rivet 121 by welding. An attachment plate 128b fixed to the plain portions 111a and 112a is included.

  In this embodiment, an example is shown in which the upper plate 128a is fixed to the head portion 121c of the rivet 121 by welding, but the present invention is not limited to this, and the lead member 128 is also connected to the cap plate by the rivet 121 together with the terminals 130 and 140. 120 may be fixed. In this case, a hole through which the rivet 121 passes is formed in the upper plate 128a, the column portion 121a passes through the upper plate 128a, the head portion 121c is positioned on the lower surface of the upper plate 128a, and the upper plate 128a is placed on the cap plate 120. Pressurize to the side.

  A terminal insulating member 123 and a lower gasket 127 are interposed between the cap plate 120 and the terminals 130 and 140 to insulate the cap plate 120 from the terminals 130 and 140.

  The lower gasket 127 is fitted and installed in the terminal hole, and the terminal insulating member 123 is provided between the cap plate 120 and the terminals 130 and 140. The terminal insulating member 123 is formed wider than the terminals 130 and 140, and a hole through which the rivet 121 passes is formed at the center.

  The terminals 130 and 140 of the rechargeable battery 100 according to the present embodiment are fixed to the cap plate 120 with rivets 121 and are more resistant to vibration than a conventional structure coupled by nuts.

  Considering the process of providing the rivet 121, the rivet 121 is pressed with a strong pressure from the upper part and the lower part through the terminals 130 and 140 and the cap plate 120. At this time, the head parts 121b and 121c are formed at both ends. The In the process of being crimped in this way, the terminals 130 and 140 are firmly attached to the cap plate 120, and the terminals 130 and 140 can be prevented from loosening due to vibration.

  Further, when the rivet 121 is pressed in a state of being fitted to the lead member 128, the lead member 128 is fixed at a time until it reaches the lead member 128, and it is possible to prevent contact resistance from being generated due to external vibration. The overall output of 100 is improved. Although it is most important to reduce the contact resistance in the secondary battery 100, the contact resistance not only lowers the output of the secondary battery 100 but also generates resistance heat to raise the temperature of the secondary battery 100. Play a role. When the temperature of the secondary battery 100 rises, an abnormal reaction occurs inside, causing a problem that the life of the secondary battery 100 is shortened. However, according to the present embodiment, since the rivet 121 is hardly affected by vibration, the contact resistance can be minimized.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape, and the rectangle has a short side portion having a relatively short length and a length longer than the short side portion. It is composed of long sides.

  The first terminal 140 includes a first concave portion 141 formed on a long side portion and a distinguishing portion including a convex portion 145 formed on a short side portion adjacent to the concave portion 141.

  The 1st recessed part 141 is comprised by the groove | channel cut and formed in the corner | angular part of a long side part, and a groove | channel is formed along the length direction of a long side part. Moreover, the convex part 145 is comprised by the protrusion protruded from the corner | angular part of a short side part, and a protrusion is formed along the length direction of a short side part. The first concave portion 141 and the convex portion 145 that form the distinguishing portion serve to distinguish the first terminal from the second terminal.

  The second terminal 130 has a second recess 131 on the short side, but the second recess 131 is formed by a groove formed by cutting at a corner of the short side, and the groove is the length of the short side. It is formed along the direction.

  As described above, in the secondary battery 100 according to the present embodiment, the positions and shapes of the recesses 131 and 141 formed in the terminals 130 and 140 are different from each other. In addition, the first terminal 140 has a convex portion 145, but the second terminal 130 has no convex portion. As described above, when the positions and shapes of the concave portions 131 and 141 formed in the first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are made different or the convex portion 145 is formed only in the first terminal 140, the positive terminal and the negative electrode are formed. Can be easily distinguished.

  FIG. 3 is an exploded perspective view for explaining a process of forming a battery module by electrically connecting the secondary batteries according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the connecting member according to the first embodiment of the present invention as viewed from below.

  Referring to FIGS. 3, 4, and 5, the battery module according to the present embodiment is formed by connecting secondary batteries (100, 100 ') in series. However, the present invention is not limited to this.

  The first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are arranged with an interval so that the second terminal 130 of the one-side secondary battery 100 and the first terminal 140 of the secondary battery 100 ′ adjacent thereto are located close to each other. The connecting member 160 is installed. The connecting member 160 has a substantially plate shape, and has a confirmation portion that is fitted to the concave portions 131 and 141 or the convex portion 145.

  In this embodiment, the confirmation part is configured by a groove or a protrusion, but the confirmation part is fitted to the first connection protrusion 167 fitted to the first recess 141 of the first terminal 140 and the protrusion 145 of the first terminal 140. The first connection groove 162 and the second connection protrusion 163 fitted in the second recess 131 of the second terminal 130 are included.

  The first connection protrusion 167 has a shape corresponding to the first recess 141 of the first terminal 140, and the first connection groove 162 has a shape corresponding to the protrusion 145 of the first terminal 140. Further, the second connection protrusion 163 has a shape corresponding to the recess 131 of the second terminal 130.

  In this way, when the confirmation portion coupled to the concave portions 131, 141 or the convex portion 145 of the terminal is formed, the coupling member 160 is not coupled to the terminal when arranged between the positive electrodes or the negative electrodes. Can be prevented.

  The problem of incorrect coupling is very important when the connecting member is fixed to the terminal by welding as in this embodiment, but when fixing the connecting member to the nut, the nut can be removed and reconnected, but fixed by welding. In some cases it is quite difficult to separate once after welding.

  On the other hand, concave portions 161 that are recessed so that the head portions of the rivets 121 are inserted are formed at opposite ends of the connecting member 160, and grooves are provided on the upper surface of the connecting member 160 so that members for welding and the like can be fitted. 165 is formed.

  In addition, a contact protrusion 164 that is in contact with the upper surface of the terminal during welding is formed on the lower surface of the connecting member 160. However, when the heat is concentrated on the contact protrusion 164 and the contact protrusion 164 is melted, the terminal (130 becomes easier. 140).

  FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing the battery module according to the first embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 6, the battery module 900 according to the present embodiment includes the secondary battery 100 and connecting members 160 and 180 that electrically connect the secondary battery 100. The secondary batteries 100 connected in parallel are connected in series by connecting members 160 and 180, but are connected in a state where the first terminals 140 and the second terminals 130 of the adjacent secondary batteries 100 are arranged so as to cross each other. The members 160 and 180 are joined and connected to the terminals 130 and 140 by welding.

  In the battery module 900 according to the present embodiment, the concave portions 131 and 141 and the convex portions 145 of the first terminal 140 and the second terminal 130 are formed to have different shapes and positions. The terminal and the negative terminal were not confused.

  The connection member includes a first connection member 160 and a second connection member 180. In the battery module 900, the first connection member 160 is installed on the left portion (reference to FIG. 6), and the second portion is on the right portion. A connecting member 180 is provided. Each of the connecting members 160 and 180 includes a first protrusion 141 formed in the first terminal 140 and a second protrusion 131 formed in the second terminal 130 and a protrusion 145 of the first terminal 140. A connecting groove is formed to be fitted to the. However, the connection positions of the connection protrusions and the connection grooves in the connection members 160 and 180 are different from each other.

  The battery module 900 according to the present embodiment is not only improved in assembling, but also the connecting members 160 and 180 and the terminals 130 are fixed to the terminals 130 and 140 by welding to cause external vibration and impact. , 140 can be prevented from increasing. In addition, since the confirmation part is fitted to the concave parts 131 and 141 and the convex part 145, such a part supports the connecting members 160 and 180 and further prevents the connecting members 160 and 180 from shaking at the terminals 130 and 140. can do. This not only reduces the contact resistance and improves the output of the battery module, but also improves the life of the secondary battery.

  FIG. 7 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a second embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 7, the battery module according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of secondary batteries (200, 200 ′) and a connecting member 260 that electrically connects the secondary batteries (200, 200 ′). In addition, the secondary battery 200 includes a case 250, a cap plate 220 coupled to the case 250, and a first terminal 240 and a second terminal 230 protruding to the outside of the cap plate 220. The first terminal 240 and the second terminal 230 are formed in a plate shape, and are fixed to the cap plate 220 with rivets 221 with the terminal insulating member 223 interposed therebetween.

  The terminals 230 and 240 are configured by a substantially rectangular plate shape, and the rectangle is configured by a short side portion having a relatively short length and a long side portion having a longer length than the short side portion. A first convex portion 245 is formed to protrude upward at one corner of the short side of the first terminal 240, and a second convex portion 235 is formed to protrude upward from one corner of the long side of the second terminal 230. Is done. The 1st convex part 245 serves as a distinction part which distinguishes the 1st terminal and the 2nd terminal.

  According to the present embodiment, even if the convex portions 235 and 245 are all formed on the first terminal 240 and the second terminal 230, the formation positions of the convex portions 235 and 245 are different to distinguish the positive polarity terminal and the negative polarity terminal. Can do.

  Concave portions 261 that are recessed so that the rivets 221 are inserted are formed at opposite ends of the connecting member 260, and the first convex portion 245 and the second convex portion 235 are fitted to the surfaces facing the terminals 230 and 240. The confirmation part to be formed is formed.

  The confirmation unit includes a first coupling groove 264 coupled to the first convex part 245 and a second coupling groove 262 coupled to the second convex part 235. The connection grooves 262 and 264 are formed to be connected from the lower surface to the upper surface of the connection member 260. Therefore, when the connection member 260 is installed on the terminals 230 and 240, the positions of the connection grooves 262 and 264 can be easily grasped and combined. it can.

  In the present embodiment, apart from the positions of the convex portions 235 and 245 formed on the first terminal 240 and the second terminal 230, a confirmation portion for inserting the convex portions 235 and 245 is formed on the connecting member 260. Accordingly, it is possible to prevent erroneous coupling of terminals having the same polarity.

  FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a third embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 9 is a perspective view showing a connecting member according to the third embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIGS. 8 and 9, the battery module according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of secondary batteries (300, 300 ′) and a connection member 360 that electrically connects the secondary batteries.

  In addition, the secondary battery 300 includes a case 350, a cap plate 320 coupled to the case 350, and a first terminal 330 and a second terminal 340 protruding outside the cap plate 320. The first terminal 330 and the second terminal 340 are formed in a plate shape, and are fixed to the cap plate 320 with rivets 321 with a terminal insulating member 323 interposed therebetween.

  The terminals 330 and 340 are formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape. A first protrusion 335 including a quadrangular protrusion is formed on the upper surface of the first terminal 330, and a circular protrusion is formed on the upper surface of the second terminal 340. The second convex portion 345 is formed. In this embodiment, the 1st convex part 365 is formed in the shape different from the 2nd convex part 345, and comprises a discrimination part.

  If convex portions 335 and 345 having different shapes are formed on the first terminal 330 and the second terminal 340 as in this embodiment, even if the convex portions 335 and 345 are formed at the same position, the shape of the convex portions 335 and 345 depends on the shape. A terminal having a positive polarity and a terminal having a negative polarity can be easily distinguished.

  A concave portion 361 that is recessed so that the rivet 321 is inserted is formed at both ends of the coupling member 360, and a rectangular first coupling groove 365 and a second one in which the first convex portion 335 is inserted on the surface facing the terminal. It has a confirmation part including the circular 2nd connecting groove 362 in which convex part 345 is inserted.

  With the projections 335 and 345 fitted in the connection grooves (362 and 365), the projections 335 and 345 and the connection grooves 362 and 365 are joined by welding to fix the connection member to the terminal.

  In addition, a first display portion 364 composed of square protrusions is formed on the upper surface of the connecting member 360 (a surface facing the terminal in a direction opposite to the terminal) at a position where the square groove is formed, thereby forming a circular groove. A second display portion 363 configured by a circular protrusion is formed on the upper portion of the position.

  When the display portion is formed in this manner, the shapes and positions of the connecting grooves 362 and 365 can be grasped from above, so that the connecting grooves 362 and 365 that can be coupled to the convex portions 335 and 345 can be easily grasped and coupled.

  In addition, the first convex portion 335 formed on the first terminal 330 and the second convex portion 345 formed on the second terminal 340 have different shapes, and the connecting member 360 is provided with such convex portions 335 and 345. Since the confirmation part to be inserted is formed, misconnection between terminals having the same polarity can be prevented.

  FIG. 10 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a fourth embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 10, the battery module according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of secondary batteries (400, 400 ′) and a connection member 460 that electrically connects the secondary batteries (400, 400 ′). In addition, the secondary battery 400 includes a case 450, a cap plate 420 coupled to the case 450, and a first terminal 430 and a second terminal 440 protruding outside the cap plate 420. The first terminal 430 and the second terminal 440 are formed in a plate shape, and are fixed to the cap plate 420 with rivets 421 with a terminal insulating member 423 interposed therebetween.

  The secondary battery 400 is electrically connected to the adjacent secondary battery 400 ′ via the connection member 460, and the connection member 460 is fixed to the first terminal 430 and the second terminal 440 of the adjacent secondary battery by welding. Is done.

  The terminals 430 and 440 are formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape, and a concave portion 435 is formed at a corner portion of the first terminal 430 as a distinguishing portion that can be distinguished from the second terminal 440. The second terminal 440 is formed with a concave portion or a convex portion. It is composed of a flat plate that is not.

  In addition, a concave portion 461 that is recessed so that the rivet 421 is inserted is formed at both ends of the coupling member 460, and a confirmation portion that includes a coupling protrusion 465 that is fitted into the concave portion 435 is formed on the surface facing the terminal. Is done. The connection protrusion 465 is formed on the lower surface of the connection member 460, and a display portion 467 that indicates the formation position of the connection protrusion 465 is formed on the upper surface of the portion where the connection member 460 is formed. The display unit 467 can be configured by a symbol, but in the present embodiment, the display unit 467 is configured by “+”, but the present invention is not limited to this. Therefore, the display unit can be configured with protrusions, grooves, patterns, symbols, characters, and the like.

  When the recess 435 is formed only in the first terminal 430 in this manner, a terminal having a positive polarity and a terminal having a negative polarity can be easily distinguished through the presence / absence of the formation of the recess 435, and the connecting member 460 is fitted into the recess 435. By forming the protrusion 465, it is possible to prevent erroneous connection of terminals having the same polarity.

  Further, by forming the display portion 467 on the upper surface of the connecting member 460, the position of the connecting protrusion 465 can be easily grasped and assembly can be simplified.

  If the display unit 467 is not formed in the assembly of the battery module, the connecting member 460 must be checked for the connection when the coupling member 460 is joined, and it is necessary to assemble it by trial and error from time to time. When 467 is formed, the assembly is performed more quickly than in the prior art, so that productivity is improved.

  FIG. 11 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a fifth embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 11, the battery module according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of secondary batteries (500, 500 ′) and a connecting member 560 that electrically connects the secondary batteries (500, 500 ′). The secondary battery 500 includes a case 550, a cap plate 520 coupled to the case 550, and a first terminal 530 and a second terminal 540 that protrude outward from the cap plate 520. The first terminal 530 and the second terminal 540 are formed in a plate shape, and are fixed to the cap plate 520 with a rivet 521 with a terminal insulating member 523 interposed therebetween.

  The secondary battery 500 is electrically connected to the adjacent secondary battery 500 ′ through the connection member 560, and the connection member 560 is connected to the first terminal 530 and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery (500, 500 ′). It is fixed to the terminal 540 by welding.

  The terminals (530, 540) are formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape, and a convex portion 535 is formed on the upper surface of the first terminal 530 as a distinguishing portion that can be distinguished from the second terminal 540. On the other hand, the second terminal 540 is formed in a flat plate shape on which no convex portion is formed. The first terminal is formed longer than the second terminal to form a protrusion.

  The distinguishing portion is configured by two convex portions 535, and the convex portion 535 is configured in a substantially cylindrical shape, and protrudes vertically toward the connecting member 560 on the surface of the first terminal 530. The convex portion 535 is spaced apart with the rivet 521 interposed therebetween.

  In addition, concave portions 561 that are recessed so that the rivets 521 are inserted are formed at both ends of the connecting member 560, and a confirmation portion that includes a connecting groove 565 that fits the convex portion 535 is formed on the surface facing the terminal. It is formed. The connection groove 565 is formed through the connection member 560, and therefore the connection groove 565 is also displayed on the upper surface of the connection member 560.

  When the convex portion 535 is formed only on the first terminal 530 as in the present embodiment, a terminal having a positive polarity and a terminal having a negative polarity can be easily distinguished. In addition, when the connection groove 565 that is fitted to the convex portion 535 is formed in the connection member 560, it is possible to prevent erroneous connection of terminals having the same polarity.

  Further, since the two convex portions 535 are formed to be separated from each other by the rivet 521, the connection member 560 can be supported more stably against external impacts and vibrations, whereby the connection member 560 and the terminals 530, 540 It is possible to prevent the contact between them from becoming poor.

FIG. 12 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a sixth embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 12, the battery module according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of secondary batteries (600, 600 ′) and a connecting member 660 that electrically connects the secondary batteries (600, 600 ′).
The secondary battery 600 includes a case 650, a cap plate 620 coupled to the case 650, and a first terminal 630 and a second terminal 640 protruding outside the cap plate 620. The first terminal 630 and the second terminal 640 are formed in a plate shape, and are fixed to the cap plate 620 with rivets 621 with the terminal insulating member 623 interposed therebetween.

  The secondary battery 600 is electrically connected to the adjacent secondary battery 600 ′ through the connection member 660. The connection member 660 is connected to the first terminal 630 and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery (600, 600 ′). It is fixed to the terminal 640 by welding.

  The terminals 630 and 640 are formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape, and a first convex portion 635 is formed on the upper surface of the first terminal 630 as a distinguishing portion that can be distinguished from the second terminal 640, and the second terminal 640 is a first convex portion. A second convex portion 645 is formed at a position different from 635.

  The distinguishing portion is composed of two first convex portions 635, and the first convex portion 635 is formed in a substantially cylindrical shape, and protrudes vertically toward the connecting member 660 on the surface of the first terminal 630. The first protrusions 635 are spaced apart from each other with the rivet 621 interposed therebetween. Moreover, although the 2nd convex part 645 is also comprised by substantially cylindrical shape, the position in which the 1st convex part 635 and the 2nd convex part 645 were formed mutually differs. That is, the distance between the first protrusions 635 is formed wider than the distance between the second protrusions 645.

  In addition, a concave portion 661 that is carved so that the rivet 621 is inserted is formed at both ends of the connecting member 660, and a first connecting groove 665 fitted into the first convex portion 635 is formed on the surface facing the terminal. A confirmation part is formed. Further, the connection member 660 is formed with a second connection groove 663 that is fitted to the second convex portion 645.

  As shown in FIG. 13, since the distance between the first protrusions and the distance between the second protrusions are different from each other, the distance (D1) between the first connection grooves 665 is between the second connection grooves 663. Longer than the distance (D2).

  Thus, since the distance between the convex parts 635 and 645 and the distance between the connecting grooves (663 and 665) fitted thereto are different from each other, it is possible to prevent terminals having the same polarity from being erroneously coupled.

  Moreover, since the convex parts 635 and 645 of the 1st terminal 630 and the 2nd terminal 640 and the connection grooves 665 and 663 of the connection member 660 are fitted, the connection member 660 is stably supported.

  FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view showing a battery module according to a seventh embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 14, the battery module according to the present embodiment includes a plurality of secondary batteries (700, 700 ′) and a connecting member 760 that electrically connects the secondary batteries (700, 700 ′).

  The secondary battery 700 includes a case 750, a cap plate 720 coupled to the case 750, a first terminal 730 protruding from the cap plate 720, and a second terminal 740. The first terminal 730 and the second terminal 740 have a plate shape and are fixed to the cap plate 720 with rivets 721.

  The secondary battery 700 is electrically connected to an adjacent secondary battery 700 ′ through a connection member 760, and the connection member 760 is connected to the first terminal 730 and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery (700, 700 ′). It is fixed to the terminal 740 by welding.

  The terminals 730 and 740 are formed in a substantially rectangular plate shape, and a first terminal insulating member 733 for insulation is installed between the first terminal 730 and the cap plate 720, and the second terminal 740, the cap plate 720, A second terminal insulating member 743 for insulation is provided between them.

  The terminal insulating members 733 and 743 are formed wider than the terminals 730 and 740, and the upper surface protrudes outside the terminals 730 and 740. In addition, a first convex portion 733 a is formed on the upper surface of the first terminal insulating member 733 as a distinguishing portion that can distinguish the first terminal 730 from the second terminal 740, and the first convex portion 733 a is outside the first terminal 730. It is formed on the upper surface protruding.

  A second convex portion 743a having a shape different from that of the first convex portion 733a is formed on the upper surface of the second terminal insulating member 743. The first convex portion 733a is formed in a quadrangular prism shape protruding vertically on the upper surface of the first terminal insulating member 733, and the second convex portion 743a is formed in a columnar shape protruding vertically on the upper surface of the second terminal insulating member 743. Composed.

  In addition, the first convex portion 733 a is formed more inside than the first terminal 730, and the second convex portion 743 a is formed further outside than the second terminal 740. As described above, the first protrusion 733a is different from the second protrusion 743a in the position where the first protrusion 733a is formed, so that the first terminal 730 and the second terminal 740 can be easily distinguished.

  In the present embodiment, an example is shown in which a distinguishing portion configured by a convex portion is formed on the first terminal insulating member 733, but the present invention is not limited to this, and the distinguishing portion is configured by a concave portion. Also good. In the present embodiment, the first terminal insulating member 733 and the second terminal insulating member 743 are all formed with protrusions. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the first terminal insulating member is not limited thereto. A convex portion may be formed only on the member, and a concave portion may be formed on the second terminal insulating member, or nothing may be formed.

  On the other hand, a recess 761 that is recessed so that the rivet 721 is inserted is formed at both ends of the connection member 760, and a first connection groove 765 fitted to the first protrusion 733 a is formed on the surface facing the terminal. A confirmation part is formed. Further, the connection member 760 is formed with a second connection groove 763 to be fitted to the second convex portion 743a.

  In this manner, the first terminal 730 and the second terminal 740 can be easily distinguished from each other by forming a distinguishing portion for distinguishing the first terminal 730 and the second terminal 740 in the first terminal insulating member 733. It can be prevented from being combined.

Further, since the convex portions 733a and 743a of the first terminal insulating member 733 and the second terminal insulating member 743 and the connecting grooves 765 and 763 of the connecting member 760 are fitted, the connecting member 760 is stably supported.

The preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited to such examples. It is obvious that a person having ordinary knowledge in the technical field to which the present invention pertains can come up with various changes or modifications within the scope of the technical idea described in the claims. Of course, it is understood that these also belong to the technical scope of the present invention.

100 Secondary battery 120 Cap plate 121 Rivet 140 First terminal 130 Second terminal 131, 141 Recess 145 Protrusion 150 Case 160 Connection member 162 Connection groove 163, 167 Connection protrusion 164 Contact protrusion 364, 363 Display unit 900 Battery module

Claims (12)

  1. An electrode group including a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode;
    A case in which the electrode group is incorporated;
    A cap plate coupled to the opening of the case;
    A plate-like first terminal and a second terminal formed to protrude outward ;
    A rivet for fixing the first terminal or the second terminal to the cap plate;
    Including
    The first terminal includes a secondary battery having a distinguishing portion formed of a concave portion or a convex portion as a part of the first terminal so as to be distinguished from the second terminal;
    Electrically by connecting the secondary battery, and is fixed to the first terminal and the second terminal of the neighboring rechargeable batteries have a confirmation unit fitted to the discriminator, the two adjacent battery A connecting member fixed to the first terminal and the second terminal by welding ;
    A battery module comprising:
  2. The secondary battery further includes a lead member that electrically connects the electrode group and the first terminal or the second terminal;
    The battery module according to claim 1 , wherein the lead member is fixed to the cap plate with a rivet together with the first terminal or the second terminal.
  3. 3. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the first terminal has a distinguishing portion configured by a concave portion or a convex portion that is not formed on the second terminal. 4.
  4. The connecting member has a contact protrusion on a surface facing the first terminal or the second terminal,
    Cell module according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that it is joined by welding at the contact projection.
  5. The first terminal has a distinguishing portion configured by a first recess, the second terminal includes a second recess, and the first recess has a different position or shape from the second recess. The battery module according to any one of claims 1 to 4 , wherein the battery module is characterized in that:
  6.   The first terminal has a distinguishing portion composed of a first convex portion, the second terminal includes a second convex portion, and the first convex portion is formed with the second convex portion. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the battery modules are different from each other.
  7.   The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the first terminal has a convex portion, the second terminal has a concave portion, and the confirmation portion is fitted to the convex portion and the concave portion.
  8.   The first terminal has a distinguishing portion composed of a plurality of first convex portions, the second terminal has a plurality of second convex portions, and the distance between the first convex portions is between the second convex portions. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the battery module is different from the distance.
  9.   2. The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the connecting member has a display portion that indicates a position or a shape of the distinguishing portion on a surface in a direction opposite to a surface on which the distinguishing portion is formed.
  10. The battery module according to claim 9 , wherein the display unit includes any one selected from the group consisting of protrusions, grooves, patterns, symbols, and characters.
  11. The battery module according to claim 9 , wherein the display unit has a shape corresponding to the shape of the distinguishing unit.
  12. The connecting member is joined to the upper surface of the first terminal and the second terminal of the adjacent secondary battery by welding,
    A distinction portion formed of a first convex portion is formed on the upper surface of the first terminal, and a second convex portion having a shape different from the first convex portion is formed on the upper surface of the second terminal,
    The connecting member has a confirmation part configured by a connecting groove fitted to the first convex part and the second convex part,
    The battery module according to claim 1, wherein the first convex portion and the confirmation portion are joined by welding.

JP2010000159A 2009-01-06 2010-01-04 Battery module Active JP5208976B2 (en)

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KR10-2009-0000790 2009-01-06
KR20090000790A KR101015834B1 (en) 2009-01-06 2009-01-06 Battery module

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JP (1) JP5208976B2 (en)
KR (1) KR101015834B1 (en)
CN (1) CN101841056B (en)
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EP2204863B1 (en) 2011-12-14
US20100173178A1 (en) 2010-07-08
KR101015834B1 (en) 2011-02-23
EP2204863A1 (en) 2010-07-07
CN101841056A (en) 2010-09-22
US9136520B2 (en) 2015-09-15
KR20100081508A (en) 2010-07-15
AT537570T (en) 2011-12-15
CN101841056B (en) 2014-07-02
JP2010161075A (en) 2010-07-22

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