JP5196706B2 - Optical transmitter and optical communication system - Google Patents

Optical transmitter and optical communication system Download PDF

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JP5196706B2
JP5196706B2 JP2004275705A JP2004275705A JP5196706B2 JP 5196706 B2 JP5196706 B2 JP 5196706B2 JP 2004275705 A JP2004275705 A JP 2004275705A JP 2004275705 A JP2004275705 A JP 2004275705A JP 5196706 B2 JP5196706 B2 JP 5196706B2
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light
signal
communication
light emitting
optical
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JP2006094014A (en
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泰行 入江
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京セラ株式会社
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  The present invention relates to an optical transmission device and an optical communication system, and more particularly to a technique for performing optical communication using visible light and using the light as illumination light.
  In recent years, optical communication using infrared light or visible light is being used. However, in infrared communication, there is a problem that communication speed cannot be improved without transmitting at high power from the viewpoint of eye safety (eye protection). is there. On the other hand, in visible light communication, the light source is a visible light element such as LED (Light Emitting Diode) whose color is variable, so the problem of infrared communication is solved and the visible light element blinks at high speed. Thus, there is an advantage that data can be transmitted (see Non-Patent Document 1).
  Such a visible light element is used not only as optical communication but also as illumination light. For example, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 1, illumination is performed with white light by color mixture using three types of LEDs that emit light of three primary colors of red (R), green (G), and blue (B). In addition, multi-color communication is performed by placing individual data on each LED.
In this case, the amount of light used for communication of the visible light element is required to sufficiently satisfy the amount of light as illumination light. For example, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 2, a pulse signal sequence that emits light (on) in a pulse region and does not emit light (off) in a flat region is based on inverted pulse position modulation in which the on / off position is inverted. By making the LED emit light, the pulse ON time is lengthened, and the luminous intensity of the illumination is improved to perform communication.
"What is Visible Light Communication", [online], Visible Light Communication Consortium, [Search September 7, 2004], Internet <http://www.vlcc.net/about.html> JP 2002-290335 A JP 2004-72365 A
  However, the above-described prior art has the following problems.
  That is, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 1, since the RGB LEDs emit light at different timings, white light cannot be maintained as illumination, and as a result, illumination flickering occurs. There is a problem that it becomes prominent when the division multiplexing system is adopted.
  Moreover, in the apparatus described in Patent Document 2, even if the on / off state of the pulse is reversed and the illumination time of the LED is lengthened, the flickering of the illumination is still not eliminated as long as there is an off time.
  Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an optical transmission apparatus and an optical communication system that can irradiate with an equal amount of illumination light without causing flickering of illumination when performing optical communication.
  The present invention relates to an electric signal generation unit that converts a predetermined input signal to generate an electric signal, a light source in which a plurality of light emitting elements that convert the electric signal into an optical signal are arranged, and blinks the light emitting element to emit light. A light source control unit that emits visible light by light emission of the light emitting element and performs optical communication by blinking of the light emitting element, wherein the light source control unit is used for optical communication When the light emitting element does not emit light, the object is achieved by providing an optical transmission device that causes the light emitting element that is not used for optical communication to emit light so that the amount of light of the entire light source is substantially equal. Achieved.
  According to the present invention, when a light emitting element used for optical communication does not emit light, the light emitting element not used for optical communication emits light, and the light quantity of the entire light source is made uniform, so that the content of the input signal is obtained. Regardless, since the uniform light quantity can be maintained throughout the light source, it is possible to prevent flickering of illumination.
  Hereinafter, a preferred embodiment (first embodiment) of an optical communication system of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
  FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of an optical communication system according to the present embodiment (first embodiment), and FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a first arrangement pattern of LEDs of a light source according to the present embodiment.
FIG. 5A is a pulse diagram (vertical axis; ON / OFF, horizontal axis; time) showing the communication signal of this embodiment, and FIG. 5B is a pulse diagram (vertical axis; showing the inverted signal of this embodiment. ON / OFF, horizontal axis; time), FIG. 5C is a diagram showing the light amount of the entire light source of this embodiment (vertical axis; light amount, horizontal axis; time, dot portion; communication signal, blackened portion; inverted signal). As shown in FIG. 1, the optical communication system 1 of this embodiment includes an optical transmission device 10 and an optical reception device 20, for example, information such as a PC (Personal Computer) and a PDA (Personal Data Assistant). Modulates input signals such as characters, sounds, and images input from devices on the sending side between devices and between peripheral devices such as PCs and printers, and emits visible light as a carrier wave The above input signal extracted from the received light is output to the transmitting device. That. In the present embodiment, an example of an optical communication system 1 that performs optical communication between the transmission-side PC 2 and the reception-side PC 3 is given. Hereinafter, the optical transmission device 10 and the optical reception device 20 in the optical communication system 1 will be described. A specific configuration will be described.
  The optical transmission device 10 includes an optical transmission main body 11 connected to the transmission side PC 2 and a light source device (light source) 18 connected thereto. The optical transmission main body 11 inputs an input signal P input from the transmission side PC 2. (I) [i; Number of signals] is converted into an electrical signal, and the light source 18 emits an optical signal based on the electrical signal and irradiates it as illumination.
  The optical transmission main body 11 includes a data input unit 12, a transmission control unit 13, and a data output unit 17.
  The data input unit 12 binarizes the analog or digital input signal P (i). At this time, even if the input signal P (i) is either a multiplexed signal or a plurality of single signals, the number of signals i It is configured to demultiplex at.
  The transmission control unit 13 includes components such as an electric signal generation unit 14, a light source control unit 15, a storage unit 16, and a CPU (not shown), and the CPU is a program for the electric signal generation unit 14 and the light source control unit 15. The device is constructed as a device that realizes a function for converting the input signal P (i) into an electric signal and causing the light source device 18 to emit light based on the electric signal. This program has a communication signal generation function, an inversion symbol generation function, and a light emitting element selection function, causes the electric signal generation unit 14 to realize a communication signal generation function and an inversion symbol generation function, and the light source control unit 15 has a light emission element selection function. Is configured to realize.
  Specifically, the electrical signal generation unit 14 converts the input signal P (i) to generate a communication signal S (i, t) [t: number of bits, time] indicating blinking (on / off) of the LED 19 as an electrical signal. And an inverted signal R (i, t) obtained by inverting it. As shown in FIG. 5A, the communication signal S (i, t) is an 8-bit pulse signal sequence, and “1” indicates on (lights up) and “0” indicates off (lights off). . The inverted signal R (i, t) is a pulse signal sequence obtained by inverting “1” and “0” of the communication signal S (i, t).
  When the LED 19 used for optical communication does not emit light, the light source control unit 15 selects the LED 19 that is not used for optical communication so that the light amount of the entire light source device 18 is equal, and the selected LED 19 is selected. It is designed to emit light.
  Here, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the light source device 18 converts the input communication signal S and inverted signal R (electric signal) into an optical signal and emits light. A plurality of LEDs (light emitting elements) 19 are arranged on the irradiation surface of the light source unit 18. Each LED 19 emits visible light having a unique spectrum, and is arranged according to a first arrangement pattern described below.
  The first arrangement pattern is a pattern in which the LEDs 19 used for optical communication and the LEDs 19 not used for optical communication are evenly arranged, and the monochromatic light of the two LEDs 19 is combined to produce white light (visible light color). Complementary color relationships (a, b) forming The two LEDs 19 in the complementary color relationship (a, b) form one optical communication path by blinking in synchronization with the electrical signal.
  In such a first arrangement pattern, two sets of LEDs 19 in complementary relationship (a, b) are respectively connected to a first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) and dimming for optical communication. Second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)), and a light emitting element group {p (i); (a (k), b (k)), (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)), [k = 2 × i−1]} form a polygon in which i pieces are arranged.
  Here, the number i of the light emitting element groups p (i) corresponds to the number i of signals of the input signal P (i), and in this embodiment, the number i of signals is four. In this case, one structural unit of the light emitting element group p (i) is the four LEDs 19 arranged in the square cell. And the light emitting element group p (1) -p (4) is repeatedly arranged over the whole irradiation surface of the light source device 18 as one aggregate.
  The first light-emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) is two LEDs 19 that blink during optical communication, and is on one diagonal line of the square cell. The second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) is two LEDs 19 that emit light corresponding to the insufficient light quantity when the first light emitting element array does not emit light, and is on another diagonal line of the square cell. It is in. For example, the light emitting element group p (3) corresponds to the third input signal P (3), and includes a first light emitting element array (a (3), b (3)) and a second light emitting element array (a ( 4) and b (4)).
  In addition, two light emitting element groups p (2) and two light emitting element groups p (4) are arranged adjacent to each other around the light emitting element group p (3), and the boundary between them. In the portion, a light shielding wall 18a is formed surrounding the light emitting element group p (3). The light shielding wall 18a prevents the internal light of the light emitting element group p (3) from leaking and prevents the external light from being inserted, and has a function of improving the color mixing accuracy of the light emitting element group p (3). doing. The same applies to the other light emitting element groups p (1), p (2), and p (4).
  In such a first arrangement pattern, the relationship between the input signal P (i) and the light emitting element group p (i), the first light emitting element row (a (k), b (k)), and the second light emitting element row. The relationship with (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) is stored in the storage unit 16.
  Then, the light source control unit 15 selects the first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) from the storage unit 16 based on the communication signal S (i, t) generated by the electrical signal generation unit 14. Then, the selected first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) is caused to emit light, and based on the inversion signal R (i, t) generated by the electric signal generating unit 14, the storage unit 16 Two light emitting element rows (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) are selected, and the selected second light emitting element rows (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) are caused to emit light.
  The data output unit 17 shapes the waveform of the output value (communication signal and inverted signal) from the light source control unit 15 and outputs it to the light source unit 18.
  As shown in FIG. 1, the optical receiver 20 includes a light receiver 21 that is disposed to face the light source device 18 at a predetermined distance, and a receiver main body 23 that is connected to the light receiver 21. The received signal main body 23 extracts the input signal P (i) from the received optical signal, and transmits the input signal P (i) to the receiving side PC 3 connected to the receiving device main body 23.
  The light receiver 21 receives a multiplexed optical signal in which the communication signal S (i, t) and the inverted signal R (i, t) are combined, and converts the multiplexed optical signal into an electrical signal. On the light receiving surface of the light receiver 21, light receiving elements 22 such as a CCD or a CMOS are arranged in the same number as the LEDs 19 on the light source device 18 side and in the same pattern as the first array pattern.
  The receiver main body 23 includes a data input unit 24, a filter 25, a light reception control unit 26, and a data output unit 27.
  The data input unit 24 binarizes the electrical signal from the light receiver 21. The filter 25 passes an electrical signal having a specific frequency and blocks other electrical signals. This “specific frequency” corresponds to the spectrum of light emitted from the LED 19 for optical communication.
  Then, based on the spectrum of the received light, the light reception control unit 26 passes the synthesized portion of the communication signal S (i, t) through the filter 25, demultiplexes it with the number of signals i, and outputs the inverted signal R ( The combined portion of i, t) is blocked by the filter 25.
  The data output unit 27 shapes the waveform of the output value from the light reception control unit 26 according to a command from the light reception control unit 26, generates the input signal P (i), and outputs this to the light receiving side PC3. Yes.
  FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing a processing flow of the optical communication system of the present embodiment, FIG. 4A is a diagram showing a transmission state at a specific time (t = 1) of the light source of the present embodiment, and FIG. ) Is a diagram showing a transmission state of the light source at a specific time (t = 2) (in FIG. 4, the black portion indicates “lighting” and the white portion indicates “off”). Hereinafter, with reference to FIG. 3 and FIG. 4 and other FIG. 1 and the like, processing and operation of the optical communication system 1 of the present embodiment will be described.
  As shown in FIG. 3, the processes from S <b> 1 to S <b> 5 are performed by the optical transmitter 10, and the processes of S <b> 6 and S <b> 7 are performed by the optical receiver 20.
  In S1, the data input unit 12 performs the above-described processing on the input signals P (1) to P (4) from the transmission side PC2.
  In S2, the electric signal generator 14 generates communication signals S (1, t) to S (4, t) based on the input signals P (1) to P (4) (see FIG. 5A). ). This “t” indicates the number of bits of the pulse signal sequence, and indicates the unit time when the communication signal S (i, t) changes with time. For example, the communication signal S (1, 3) represents the “1 (ON)” signal stored in the third bit in the pulse signal sequence corresponding to the input signal P (1). "Signal is output after unit time 3 (for example, 3 seconds).
  In S3, the electrical signal generation unit 14 inverts the “1 (on)” signal and the “0 (off)” signal in response to the communication signals S (1, t) to S (4, t). Inverted signals R (1, t) to R (4, t) are generated (see FIG. 5B). Here, “t” has the same meaning as “t” in the communication signals S (1, t) to S (4, t). For example, for the communication signal {S (1, t); 1, 0, 1, 1, 0, 1, 0, 1}, the inverted signal {R (1, t); 0, 1, 0, 0, 1 , 0, 1, 0} (see FIGS. 5A and 5B).
  In S4, the light source control unit 15 corresponds to the input signals P (1) to P (4) based on the contents stored in the storage unit 16, and each of the light emitting element groups p (1) to p (4). , The first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) and the second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) [k = 2 × i−1] are selected (FIG. 2). For example, the light emitting element group p (2) corresponds to the input signal P (2), and includes a first light emitting element array (a (3), b (3)) and a second light emitting element array (a (4), b (4)).
  In S5, the light source control unit 15 outputs the communication signals S (1, t) to S (4, t) and the inverted signals R (1, t) to R (4, t), and the communication signal S (1, t). The first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) is caused to emit light based on t) to S (4, t), and based on the inversion signals R (1, t) to S (4, t). Thus, the second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) emits light.
  In this case, for example, in the unit time t = 1, as shown in FIG. 5A, all of the communication signals S (1, 1) to S (4, 1) are “1 (ON)” signals. Therefore, the first light emitting element rows (a (1), b (1)), (a (3), b (3)), (a (5), b (5)) and (a (7), All of b (7)) are lit (see FIG. 4A). On the other hand, as shown in FIG. 5B, since all of the inverted signals R (1, 1) to R (4, 1) are “0 (off)” signals, the second light emitting element array ( All of a (2), b (2)), (a (4), b (4)), (a (6), b (6)) and (a (8), b (8)) are turned off. (See FIG. 4A).
  At unit time t = 2, as shown in FIG. 5B, the communication signals S (1, 2) and S (3, 2) are “0 (off)” signals, and the communication signal S ( 2, 2) and S (4, 2) are “1 (ON)” signals, so the first light emitting element rows (a (1), b (1)) and (a (5), b (5) ) Is turned off, and the first light emitting element rows (a (3), b (3)) and (a (7), b (7)) are turned on (see FIG. 4B). In contrast, the inverted signals R (1,2) and S (3,2) are “1 (ON)” signals, and the inverted signals R (2,2) and S (4,2) are “0 (OFF). ) "Signal, the second light emitting element rows (a (2), b (2)) and (a (6), b (6)) are turned on, and the second light emitting element rows (a (4), b (4)) and (a (8), b (8)) are turned off (see FIG. 4B).
  Such processing of S5 is the same as described above for the unit time t = 3 to 8.
  Thus, in the light emitting element group p (i), any one of the first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) or the second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) When either one is lit, the other is extinguished, so that the light quantity balance is kept even regardless of the data content (on / off) of the communication signal S (i, t). The entire light quantity of the container 18 is kept uniform (see FIG. 5C).
  On the other hand, in S6, the optical receiver 21 receives the multiplexed optical signal in which the communication signals S (1, t) to (4, t) and the inverted signals R (1, t) to (4, t) are combined. This multiplexed optical signal is obtained by synthesizing the light amounts of the communication signals S (1, t) to (4, t) and the light amounts of the inverted signals R (1, t) to (4, t) every unit time. Therefore, for this, the amount of light necessary for optical communication (communication signal combining portion, the dot portion of FIG. 5C) and the amount of light unnecessary for optical communication (inverted signal combining portion, And a black portion in FIG. 5C).
  Then, based on the spectrum of the received light, the light reception control unit 26 allows the combined portion of the communication signals S (1, t) to (4, t) to pass through the filter 25 and the inverted signal R (1, t) to The synthesis part of (4, t) is blocked by the filter 25. The “spectrum of received light” here refers to the light spectrum (eigenvalue) emitted by each LED 19 in the first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) and the second light emitting element array (a (k + 1)). , B (k + 1)) corresponds to the light spectrum (eigenvalue) emitted by each LED 19.
  For example, in the unit time t = 2, the light amount of the first light emitting element array (a (3), b (3)) and (a (7), b (7)) and the second light emitting element array (a ( 2), b (2)) and (a (6), b (6)) are included, but the first light emitting element rows (a (3), b (3)) and (a ( 7), based on the light spectrum emitted by each LED 19 of b (7)), the light intensity of the first light emitting element rows (a (3), b (3)) and (a (7), b (7)) Based on the light spectrum emitted from each LED 19 in the second light emitting element array (a (2), b (2)) and (a (6), b (6)), the combined component is extracted. The combined amount of light of a (2), b (2)) and (a (6), b (6)) is cut.
  In S7, at the unit time t = 2, the light reception control unit 26 performs the first light emitting element row (a (k), b (k)) [k = 2 × i−1] of the light emitting element group p (i). Based on the light spectrum emitted by each LED 19, the number of signals is divided by i, and the input signals {P (1,2); 0}, {P (2,2); 1}, {P (3,2); 0} and {P (4,2); 1} are generated and output to the receiving PC 3 via the data output unit 27.
  Such processing in S6 and S7 is the same for unit times t = 1, 3-8.
  As described above, according to this embodiment, when the first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) used for optical communication does not emit light, the second light emitting element array not used for optical communication is used. Since the light-emitting element arrays (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) emit light and the light amount of the entire light source device 18 is made uniform, the entire light source device 18 is uniform regardless of whether the input signal is on or off. Since the amount of light can be emitted, flickering of illumination can be prevented.
  Further, according to the present embodiment, the arrangement of the LEDs 19 is a complementary color relationship (a, b) that forms white light by synthesis, and a combination of the LEDs 19 forming one optical communication path is a light emitting element group as a constituent unit. Since the light emitting element group p (i) emits light in synchronization with the light signal for communication or the light signal for dimming, the light emitting element group p (i) is united. As described above, it is possible to always maintain white light and prevent flickering of illumination light.
  In particular, in the case of the present embodiment, for the light source device 18, the light emitting element group p (i) and the first light emitting element row (a (k), b (k)) blinking at the time of optical communication and this do not emit light. In this case, the second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) that emits light corresponding to the insufficient light quantity is always included in the light emitting element group p (i) during optical communication. A constant amount of light can be obtained.
  In the case of the present embodiment, the light emitting element group p (i) of the light source unit 18 is equal to the number i (= 4) of the input signal P (i) (p (1) to p (4)). Are repeatedly arranged over the irradiation surface of the light source device 18, so that a constant light amount can always be obtained on the irradiation surface of the light source device 18 during optical communication.
  Based on the communication signal S (i), the light source device 18 emits the first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) by the electronic signal generator 14 and the light source controller 15. The above-described effects can be realized by causing the second light emitting element arrays (a (k + 1), b (k + 1) to emit light based on the inversion signal R (i).
  Furthermore, according to the present embodiment, the light receiving device 20 emits light from the first light emitting element array (a (k), b (k)) used for optical communication based on the spectrum of the received light. The input signal P (i) is extracted only from the optical signal, and the optical signal emitted from the second light emitting element array (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) not used for optical communication is cut. Thus, only the communication signal can be accurately received from the optical transmission device 10 with respect to the communication signal transmitted together with the dimming signal.
  Next, another preferred embodiment (second embodiment) of the optical communication system of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.
  FIG. 6 is a diagram showing an array of LEDs of the light source of the present embodiment (second embodiment). FIG. 7A is a diagram showing the light amount sum of the light emitting element group of this embodiment, FIG. 7B is a diagram showing the light amount of the light control element group of this embodiment, and FIG. It is a figure which shows the light quantity of the light source of embodiment.
  The optical communication system 1 according to the present embodiment is that, in the optical transmission apparatus 10, the LEDs 19 are mainly arranged on the irradiation surface of the light source device 18 according to the second arrangement pattern, and the electrical signal generation unit 14 and the light source corresponding thereto. The control of the control unit 15 is different. Hereinafter, such differences will be described, and other configurations will be denoted by the same reference numerals as those of the first embodiment and description thereof will be omitted.
  As shown in FIG. 6, the light emitting element group p (i) in the second arrangement pattern of the LEDs 19 includes a communication element group q (i) that blinks during optical communication with respect to the input signal P (i), and these When any one does not emit light, it consists of a light control element group c that emits light corresponding to the insufficient light quantity. Such a second arrangement pattern is formed in a “cross-shaped” shape in which the dimming element group c is arranged at the center and the communication element groups q (1) to q (4) are arranged around the dimming element group c.
  The communication element group q (i) [i; the number of signals] includes two light emitting element groups (a (k), b (k)) and (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) [k = 2 × i−1] are arranged so as to satisfy the complementary color relationship. The LEDs 19 (a (k), b (k)) and (a (k + 1), b (k + 1)) are all blinking in synchronization with the electric signal.
  In the light control element group c, two sets of light emitting element groups (A (1), B (1)) and (A (2), B (2)) are arranged in a square cell so as to satisfy a complementary color relationship. Become. The LEDs 19 of (A (1), B (1)) and (A (2), B (2)) all blink in response to the blinking of the communication element group p (i). The light intensity is configured to be variable according to the light amount sum of the element group p (i).
  For such a light source 18, the electrical signal generator 14 generates a communication signal S (i) indicating ON / OFF of the LED 19 with respect to the input signal P (i) (i = 1, 2,..., 4). Then, a dimming signal C that compensates for the insufficient light amount of these light amount sums is generated. The communication signal S (i) is the same as that in the first embodiment (see FIG. 5A). As shown in FIGS. 7 (a) and 7 (b), the dimming signal C is a pulse signal sequence indicating the light intensity for the insufficient portion (shaded portion in FIG. 7 (a)) of the light amount sum of the communication signal S (i). (See FIG. 7B).
  The light source control unit 15 emits the communication element group q (i) based on the communication signal S (i), and causes the dimming element group c to emit light based on the dimming signal C.
  Due to the electrical signal generation unit 15 and the light source control unit 15 described above, the processing of the optical communication system of the present embodiment is different from the processing of S3 to S5 in the flowchart shown in FIG.
  In S <b> 3, the electric signal generator 14 performs dimming by adding these “1 (ON)” signals for each bit corresponding to the light amount sum of the communication signals S (1, t) to S (4, t). A signal C (t) is generated. For example, as shown in FIGS. 5A and 7A and 7B, in the unit time t = 2, the communication signals {S (1,2); 0}, {S (2,2); 1}, {S (3, 2); 0}, {S (4, 2), 1} are dimming signals {C (2); 2}. Here, one unit of the light intensity of the dimming signal corresponds to the total light amount of the communication element group s (i), and when the dimming signal C (2) is “2”, the light intensity of the dimming element group c. Is twice the communication element group s (i).
  In S4, the light source control unit 15 selects the communication element groups q (1) to q (4) corresponding to the input signals P (1) to P (4). For example, the communication element group q (2) corresponds to the input signal P (2), and includes two LEDs 19 (a (3), b (3)) and (a (4), b (4)). It consists of two LED19.
  In S5, the light source control unit 15 outputs the communication signal S (i, t) and the dimming signal C (t), and emits the communication element group q (i) based on the communication signal S (i, t). Based on the dimming signal C (t), the dimming element group c is caused to emit light with the corresponding light intensity.
  In this case, for example, in the unit time t = 1, as shown in FIG. 5A, all of the communication signals S (1, 1) to S (4, 1) are “1 (ON)” signals. Yes, since all of the communication element groups q (1) to q (4) are lit, the amount of the insufficient light amount is “0”. Therefore, the dimming signal C (1) is “0”, and the dimming element group c is turned off.
  Further, in the unit time t = 2, as shown in FIG. 7A, the sum of the light amounts of the communication signals S (2, 2) and S (4, 2) is “2”. 2 ”, the dimming signal C (2) is“ 2 ”, and the dimming element group c emits light with a light intensity of 2.
  The same applies to the unit time t = 3 to 8.
  As described above, according to the present embodiment, with respect to the light source device 18, the light emitting element group p (i) is insufficient when the communication element group q (i) blinks during optical communication and when it does not emit light. Since the light control element group c is configured to emit light corresponding to the amount of light, the light amount can always be constant in the light emitting element group p (i) during optical communication.
  With respect to such a light source 18, the electronic signal generation unit 14 and the light source control unit 15 cause the communication element group q (i) to emit light based on the communication signal S (i), and based on the dimming signal C, dimming The effect mentioned above is realizable by making the element group c light-emit.
  Other functions and effects are the same as those of the first embodiment.
  The present invention is not limited to the first and second embodiments, and various modifications can be made.
  For example, in the first embodiment, the first light emitting element array for optical communication and the second light emitting element array for dimming are arranged equally, and the light source device can be selected by selecting one of these. Regardless of the content of the communication signal (same as the input signal), the entire light amount is always lit with the same area and light amount. In the second embodiment, the light amount sum of the communication element group for optical communication is used. On the other hand, by adjusting the light intensity with the dimming element group for dimming, the light amount of the entire light source device is always lit with an equal light amount regardless of the content of the communication signal. The invention is not limited to these, and a light source device that combines alternative selection of a light emitting element group for communication and a light emitting element group for dimming and adjustment of light intensity of the light emitting element group for dimming The total amount of light may be equalized, and the light source unit Like light quantity is equalized, it may be emitting this by selecting the light emitting element group for dimming.
  Further, in the present invention, it is sufficient that the light emitting element is arranged as a constituent unit of a light emitting element group which forms a specific visible light color by color synthesis and forms one optical communication path. As in the second embodiment, white light may be emitted by a combination of light emitting elements of two colors having a complementary color relationship and one optical communication path may be formed, but each of R, G, and B of the three primary colors of light may be formed. The light emitting element may be used to irradiate white light and form one optical communication path, and the irradiating light is not limited to white and may be any color used as illumination light.
  Furthermore, in the said 2nd Embodiment, although both the communication element group and the light control element group consisted of LED, the light control element group may be a fluorescent lamp. In this case, since the fluorescent lamp has a wider light intensity range than the LED, it is more advantageous than the case where the light control element group is an LED.
  Furthermore, according to the present invention, in the second embodiment, the electric signal generation unit 14 generates an amplified communication signal by adding a DC component indicating a constant amplitude to the communication signal S (i), and this DC component. Is added to the dimming signal C to generate an amplified dimming signal, and the light source control unit 15 causes the communication element group s (i) to emit light based on the amplified communication signal and dimming based on the amplified dimming signal. The element group c may emit light. Here, FIG.7 (d) is a figure which shows the light quantity of the light source in such a modification. As shown in FIG. 7D, the light source unit 18 adds a DC component (shaded portion in FIG. 7D) to the constant light amount sum of the communication element group q (i) and the dimming element group c. There is an advantage that it becomes brighter by that much.
It is a figure which shows schematic structure of the optical communication system of 1st Embodiment. It is a figure which shows the 1st arrangement pattern of LED of the light source of 1st Embodiment. It is a flowchart which shows the flow of a process of the optical communication system of 1st Embodiment. (A) is a figure which shows the transmission state in the specific time (t = 1) of the light source of 1st Embodiment, (b) is a figure which shows the transmission state in the specific time (t = 2) of the light source. (A) is a pulse diagram showing a communication signal of the first embodiment, (b) is a pulse diagram showing an inverted signal of the first embodiment, and (c) is a light amount of the entire light source of the first embodiment. FIG. It is a figure which shows the 2nd arrangement pattern of LED of the light source of 2nd Embodiment. (A) is a figure which shows the light quantity sum of the light emitting element group of 2nd Embodiment, (b) is a figure which shows the light quantity of the light control element group of 2nd Embodiment, (c) is 2nd Embodiment. The figure which shows the light quantity of a light source, (d) is a figure which shows the light quantity of the light source of other embodiment.
Explanation of symbols
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Optical transmitter 11 Optical apparatus main body 13 Control part 14 Electric signal generation part 15 Light source control part 18 Light source device (light source)
19 LED (light emitting device)
20 Optical receiver 21 Light receiver 25 Light reception control unit 27 Filter

Claims (1)

  1. An electric signal generation unit that converts a predetermined input signal to generate an electric signal, a light source in which a plurality of light emitting elements that convert the electric signal into an optical signal are arranged, and a light source control unit that blinks the light emitting element to emit light An optical transmitter that irradiates visible light by light emission of the light emitting element and performs optical communication by blinking of the light emitting element,
    The light source control section, when any of the light-emitting elements used in optical communications does not emit light, the light-emitting element for light adjustment, compensates for lack of light quantity component, as the light amount of the entire light source to be substantially equal to An optical transmitter characterized by emitting light.
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CN200580031492XA CN101023607B (en) 2004-09-22 2005-09-13 Optical transmission apparatus and optical communication system
US11/575,744 US8254791B2 (en) 2004-09-22 2005-09-13 Optical transmitting apparatus and optical communication system
US13/524,944 US8750721B2 (en) 2004-09-22 2012-06-15 Optical transmitting apparatus and optical communication system

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KR20130079301A (en) 2011-12-31 2013-07-10 이문기 Flicker free color visible light communication system
JP2016500949A (en) * 2012-10-16 2016-01-14 コーニンクレッカ フィリップス エヌ ヴェKoninklijke Philips N.V. Optical encoding method, optical module, and receiving unit
CN102983908B (en) * 2012-12-06 2015-07-22 哈尔滨工业大学 Visible light communication based data transmission method between computer and visible light transceiver
CN102983907B (en) * 2012-12-06 2016-01-20 哈尔滨工业大学 Based on the security data transmission system of visible light communication between computer and visible light transceiver
CN106464357B (en) * 2014-03-27 2019-04-23 索尼公司 Optical communication equipment and optical communication method
CN104243034B (en) * 2014-09-30 2017-03-08 中国人民解放军信息工程大学 A kind of visible light communication system and visible light communication method
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KR102242355B1 (en) * 2019-12-20 2021-04-19 광운대학교 산학협력단 Internet of Lights- Repeater-based High Speed Transmission Apparatus and Method

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JP2003115803A (en) * 2001-10-09 2003-04-18 Nec Corp Light emitting device and communication system
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