JP5191947B2 - Imaging device - Google Patents

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JP5191947B2
JP5191947B2 JP2009119421A JP2009119421A JP5191947B2 JP 5191947 B2 JP5191947 B2 JP 5191947B2 JP 2009119421 A JP2009119421 A JP 2009119421A JP 2009119421 A JP2009119421 A JP 2009119421A JP 5191947 B2 JP5191947 B2 JP 5191947B2
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imaging
multiplication factor
unit
control unit
light
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JP2010268328A (en
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祐二 西尾
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富士フイルム株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an image pickup apparatus including a charge multiplication type image pickup device.

  2. Description of the Related Art Conventionally, endoscope systems for observing tissue in a body cavity are widely known. A normal image is obtained by imaging an observation target in a body cavity illuminated by white light, and the normal image is displayed on a monitor screen. Electronic endoscope systems have been widely put into practical use.

  As an endoscope system as described above, a system using a solid-state image sensor such as a CCD has been proposed. In particular, in order to improve imaging sensitivity, an internal system using a charge multiplication type image sensor is used. An endoscope system has been proposed.

  This charge multiplication type image pickup device includes a multiplication register for multiplying the amount of charge in the horizontal transfer path, and outputs the charge signal photoelectrically converted by the light receiving element. Then, the multiplication factor of the charge amount in the charge multiplication type imaging device is controlled based on the multiplication factor control signal output from the control unit.

  Therefore, if there is a change in the characteristic of the multiplication control signal output from the control unit, the multiplication factor also changes in accordance with the change in the characteristic, resulting in a problem that the imaging sensitivity changes.

  Therefore, Patent Document 1 proposes a method of acquiring the characteristic of the multiplication factor control signal output from the control unit and correcting the fluctuation of the multiplication factor based on the characteristic.

JP 2002-330352 A

  However, in recent years, it has been found that the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device changes not only due to the above-described characteristic of the multiplication control signal but also with time. The variation in multiplication factor over time is considered to be based on deterioration with time due to the passage of charge through the multiplication register. Such variation in multiplication factor based on deterioration over time is disclosed in Patent Documents. Even if the method described in 1 is adopted, the correction cannot be performed, and a desired multiplication factor cannot be obtained.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above problems, and in an imaging device using a charge multiplication type imaging device, an imaging device capable of suppressing a change in multiplication factor based on deterioration with time of the imaging device. The purpose is to provide.

  An imaging apparatus according to the present invention is an imaging apparatus including a charge multiplication type imaging device and a multiplication factor control unit that outputs a multiplication factor control signal for controlling a multiplication factor of the imaging device. A multiplication factor control signal is output to the imaging device so that the multiplication factor of the imaging device in the non-imaging period is smaller than the multiplication factor of the imaging device in the period.

  Further, in the imaging apparatus of the present invention, the multiplication factor control unit can output a multiplication factor control signal to the imaging device so that the multiplication factor of the imaging device in the non-imaging period becomes the minimum multiplication factor.

  In addition, the light irradiation unit that irradiates the observed portion with illumination light or special light, and the light amount irradiated by the light irradiation unit in the non-imaging period is smaller than the light amount irradiated by the light irradiation unit in the imaging period. A light amount control unit for controlling the light irradiation unit can be provided.

  Here, the “imaging period” means a period from the time when a signal indicating the start of imaging is received to the time when a signal indicating the end of imaging is received, and the “non-imaging period” is an imaging element. Is a period from when a signal indicating the end of imaging is attached to when a signal indicating the start of imaging is received. The signal indicating the start of imaging and the signal indicating the end of shooting include, for example, an instruction signal for instructing the start of shooting by the operator and an instruction signal for instructing the end of shooting. The signal is not limited to a signal indicating the end, and may be a signal indirectly indicating the start and end of shooting. For example, in the case of an endoscope apparatus, a detection signal that detects that the endoscope insertion portion has been inserted into the body cavity is used as a signal indicating the start of imaging, and a detection signal that is detected that the endoscope has been moved out of the body cavity. May be a signal indicating the end of photographing.

  According to the imaging apparatus of the present invention, the multiplication factor control signal is output to the imaging element so that the multiplication factor of the imaging element in the non-imaging period is smaller than the multiplication factor of the imaging element in the imaging period. Since the amount of charge flowing through the image sensor during the non-imaging period can be reduced, a change with time of the multiplication factor of the image sensor can be suppressed, and an appropriate image signal can be acquired.

  In the imaging device of the present invention, when the light amount irradiated by the light irradiation unit in the non-imaging period is controlled to be smaller than the light amount irradiated by the light irradiation unit in the imaging period. Furthermore, it is possible to reduce the amount of charge flowing to the image sensor during the non-image capturing period, and to further suppress the change with time of the image sensor.

Schematic configuration diagram of a laparoscopic system using the first embodiment of the imaging device of the present invention Schematic configuration diagram of hard insertion part Schematic configuration diagram of the imaging unit Schematic configuration diagram of an image processing device The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the laparoscopic system of 1st Embodiment. Schematic configuration diagram of a laparoscopic system using the second embodiment of the imaging apparatus of the present invention The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the laparoscopic system of 2nd Embodiment. Schematic configuration diagram of a laparoscopic system using the third embodiment of the imaging apparatus of the present invention The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the normal image imaging mode of the laparoscopic system of 3rd Embodiment. The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the fluorescence image imaging mode of the laparoscopic system of 3rd Embodiment. Schematic configuration diagram of an imaging unit of a laparoscopic system using the fourth embodiment of the imaging device of the present invention The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the normal image imaging mode of the laparoscopic system of 4th Embodiment The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the fluorescence image imaging mode of the laparoscopic system of 4th Embodiment The flowchart for demonstrating the effect | action of the simultaneous imaging mode of the laparoscopic system of 3rd Embodiment. The perspective view which shows schematic structure of a trocar

  Hereinafter, a laparoscopic system using the first embodiment of the imaging apparatus of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is an external view showing a schematic configuration of a laparoscopic system 1 of the present embodiment.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the laparoscopic system 1 according to the present embodiment guides a normal light source 2 that emits white illumination light and the illumination light emitted from the normal light source 2 to irradiate the observation target portion. The rigid mirror imaging device 10 that captures an image based on the reflected light reflected from the observed portion, the image processing device 3 that performs predetermined processing on the image signal captured by the rigid mirror imaging device 10, and the image processing device 3 And a monitor 4 for displaying a normal image of the observed portion based on the display control signal generated in step.

  The normal light source 2 emits normal light (white light) having a broadband wavelength of about 400 to 700 nm, and includes, for example, a halogen lamp. The normal light source 2 is optically connected to the rigid mirror imaging apparatus 10 via an optical cable LC.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the rigid endoscope imaging apparatus 10 includes an imaging unit that includes a rigid insertion portion 30 that is inserted into the abdominal cavity and an imaging element that captures an image of the observed portion guided by the rigid insertion portion 30. 20.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 2, the rigid endoscope imaging device 10 is detachably connected to the hard insertion portion 30 and the imaging unit 20. The hard insertion portion 30 includes a connection member 30a, an insertion member 30b, a cable connection port 30c, and an irradiation window 30d.

  The connection member 30a is provided on one end side 30X of the hard insertion portion 30 (insertion member 30b). For example, the connection member 30a is fitted into an opening 20a formed on the imaging unit 20 side, so that the imaging unit 20 and the hard insertion portion 30 are fitted. Are detachably connected.

  The insertion member 30b is inserted into the abdominal cavity when photographing inside the abdominal cavity, and is formed of a hard material and has, for example, a cylindrical shape with a diameter of approximately 5 mm. The insertion member 30b accommodates a lens group for forming an image of the observed part, and the image of the observed part incident from the other end side 30Y passes through the lens group and is an imaging unit on the one end side 30X. 20 side is injected.

  A cable connection port 30c is provided on the side surface of the insertion member 30b, and the optical cable LC is mechanically connected to the cable connection port 30c. Thereby, the normal light source 2 and the insertion member 30b are optically connected via the optical cable LC.

  The irradiation window 30d is provided on the other end side 30Y of the hard insertion portion 30, and irradiates the observed portion with normal light guided by the optical cable LC. A light guide for guiding normal light from the cable connection port 30c to the irradiation window 30d (not shown) is accommodated in the insertion member 30b, and the irradiation window 30d receives normal light guided by the light guide. Irradiates the part to be observed.

  FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating a schematic configuration of the imaging unit 20. The imaging unit 20 captures an image of the observed portion formed by the lens group in the hard insertion portion 30 and generates an image signal of the observed portion. The image emitted from the hard insertion portion 30 An imaging optical system 22 for imaging the image, a charge multiplication type imaging device 23 for imaging an image formed by the imaging optical system 22, an imaging control unit 24 for controlling the charge multiplication type imaging device 23, and imaging start And an imaging start / end receiving unit 25 for receiving an input by the operator of a signal indicating the image and a signal indicating the imaging end.

  The charge multiplication type image pickup device 23 includes a multiplication register for multiplying the charge amount in the horizontal transfer path, and multiplies the charge signal photoelectrically converted by the light receiving element and outputs the signal. The multiplication factor of the charge amount in the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is controlled by a multiplication factor control signal output from the imaging control unit 24. In addition, on the imaging surface of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23, three primary colors of red (R), green (G) and blue (B), or cyan (C), magenta (M) and yellow (Y) are used. Filters are provided in a Bayer array or a honeycomb array.

  The imaging start / end receiving unit 25 includes an imaging start button 25A that receives a signal indicating the start of imaging by the operator, and an imaging end button 25B that receives a signal that indicates the end of imaging by the operator.

  The imaging control unit 24 controls the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 based on the signal received by the imaging start / end receiving unit 25. Specifically, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the start of imaging is input, the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is set to the first multiplication factor set in advance. When the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the end of imaging is input, the multiplication factor of the charge multiplying image sensor 23 is smaller than the first multiplication factor. The second multiplication factor is controlled. The second multiplication factor is desirably set to the minimum multiplication factor among the multiplication factors that can be set in the charge multiplication type imaging device 23. As for the control of the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type image pickup device 23, specifically, the magnitude of the horizontal transfer electrode voltage applied to the horizontal transfer path of the charge multiplication type image pickup device 23 is controlled, This is performed by controlling the amplitude or the number of pulses of the horizontal transfer pulse signal applied to the transfer path.

  In addition, the imaging control unit 24 performs CDS / AGC (correlated double sampling / automatic gain control) processing and A / D conversion processing on the image signal captured by the charge multiplication type imaging device 23, and the cable 5 ( (See FIG. 1).

  The image processing apparatus 3 includes an image input controller 31, an image processing unit 32, a memory 33, a video output unit 34, an operation unit 35, and a CPU 36.

  The image input controller 31 includes a line buffer having a predetermined capacity, and temporarily stores an image signal for one frame output from the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20. The image signal temporarily stored in the image input controller 31 is stored in the memory 33 via the bus.

  The image processing unit 32 reads out and inputs an image signal for one frame stored in the memory 33, performs predetermined image processing, and outputs it to the bus.

  The video output unit 34 receives the image signal output from the image processing unit 32 via the bus, performs predetermined processing to generate a display control signal, and outputs the display control signal to the monitor 4. .

  The operation unit 35 receives input by the operator such as various operation instructions and control parameters, and the CPU 36 controls the entire image processing apparatus 3.

  Next, the operation of the laparoscopic system of the first embodiment will be described with reference to the flowchart of FIG.

  First, the hard insertion portion 30 to which the optical cable LC is connected is attached to the imaging unit 20, and after the cable 5 is attached to the imaging unit 20, the normal light source 2, the imaging unit 20, and the image processing device 3 are powered on. These are driven.

  Then, using the operation unit 35 of the image processing apparatus 3, various parameters necessary for imaging are set by the operator, and preparation for imaging is performed (S10). Here, the first multiplication factor set in the charge multiplication type image sensor 23 when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and the charge multiplication when the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator. The second multiplication factor set in the mold imaging element 23 is input by the operation unit 35, and the multiplication factor is output to the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 and set. In the present embodiment, the minimum multiplication factor among the multiplication factors that can be set in the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is set as the second multiplication factor.

  Then, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 outputs a multiplication factor control signal to the charge multiplication type imaging device 23, and the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is set to the minimum multiplication factor which is the second multiplication factor. Set (S12).

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S14, YES). The imaging control unit 24 outputs a multiplication factor control signal to the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging, and sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the first multiplication factor. Set (S16).

  Then, imaging by the charge multiplying image sensor 23 in the state set to the first multiplication factor is started (S18).

  Then, after the examination or surgery is completed, when the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 20 is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the end of imaging is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (YES in S19). ).

  The imaging control unit 24 outputs a multiplication factor control signal to the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 according to the input signal indicating the completion of imaging, and sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the minimum multiplication factor again. (S12).

  Then, until the imaging start button 25A is pressed next by the operator (non-imaging period), the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is maintained at the minimum multiplication factor.

  Next, a laparoscopic system using the second embodiment of the imaging apparatus of the present invention will be described.

  In the laparoscopic system of the first embodiment, the imaging period (in the first embodiment, from when the imaging start button 25A is pressed until the imaging end button 25B is pressed) and the non-imaging period (first embodiment) Then, the magnification of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is switched from when the imaging end button 25B is pressed to when the imaging start button 25A is pressed. However, the laparoscopic system of the second embodiment The amount of normal light emitted from the normal light source 2 is switched between the imaging period and the non-imaging period.

  Specifically, the laparoscopic system of the second embodiment includes a light source unit 50 as shown in FIG. The light source unit 50 includes a white light source 51, a diaphragm 52 that controls the amount of normal light emitted from the white light source 51 to the optical cable LC, and a condenser that condenses the normal light transmitted through the diaphragm 52 on the end face of the optical cable LC. An optical lens 53 and a light amount control unit 54 for controlling the aperture amount of the aperture 52 are provided. In addition, about the other structure of the laparoscope system of 2nd Embodiment, it is substantially the same as that of the laparoscope system of 1st Embodiment.

  The light amount control unit 54 in the normal light source 2 controls the aperture amount of the aperture 53 based on the signal received by the imaging start / end receiving unit 25 of the imaging unit 20. Specifically, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the start of imaging is input, control is performed so that the aperture amount of the aperture 53 becomes the first aperture amount set in advance. When the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the end of imaging is input, control is performed so that the aperture amount of the aperture 53 becomes a second aperture amount larger than the first aperture amount. To do. The second aperture amount is preferably set to the maximum aperture amount among the aperture amounts that can be set in the aperture 53. As the maximum aperture amount, the light amount may be completely zero, that is, the light passing therethrough may be completely blocked.

  Next, the operation of the laparoscopic system of the second embodiment will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG.

  First, the hard insertion portion 30 to which the optical cable LC is connected is attached to the imaging unit 20, and after the cable 5 is attached to the imaging unit 20, the light source unit 50, the imaging unit 20, and the image processing device 3 are powered on. These are driven.

  Then, using the operation unit 35 of the image processing device 3, various parameters necessary for imaging are set by the operator, and preparation for shooting is performed (S20). Here, the first diaphragm amount set in the diaphragm 53 when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, and the second diaphragm set in the diaphragm 53 when the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator. The amount is input by the operation unit 35, and the aperture amount is output and set to the light amount control unit 54 of the light source unit 50 through the CPU 35. In the present embodiment, the maximum aperture amount among the aperture amounts that can be set for the aperture 53 is set as the second aperture amount.

  Then, the light amount control unit 54 of the light source unit 50 outputs a light amount control signal to the diaphragm 53, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 53 to the maximum diaphragm amount that is the second diaphragm amount (S22).

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating imaging start is output from the imaging unit 20 to the light amount control unit 54 of the light source unit 50 in response to this (S24, YES). The light quantity control unit 54 outputs a light quantity control signal to the diaphragm 53 according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 53 to the first diaphragm amount (S26).

  Then, with the diaphragm 53 set to the first diaphragm amount, normal light is irradiated to the observed portion, and imaging by the charge multiplying image sensor 23 is started (S28).

  Then, after the examination or operation is completed, when the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 20 is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the imaging end is sent from the imaging unit 20 to the light amount control unit 54 of the light source unit 50 accordingly. (S30, YES).

  The light quantity control unit 54 outputs a light quantity control signal to the diaphragm 53 according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 53 to the maximum diaphragm amount again (S22).

  Then, until the imaging start button 25A is pressed next by the operator (non-imaging period), the aperture amount of the aperture 53 is maintained at the maximum aperture amount.

  In the second embodiment, the amount of normal light is controlled by controlling the aperture amount of the aperture 53. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, a laser light source or the like is used as the white light source 51. Alternatively, the amount of normal light may be controlled by controlling the laser light source.

  Further, the laparoscopic system of the first embodiment and the laparoscopic system of the second embodiment may be combined. That is, the multiplication factor of the charge multiplying image sensor 23 may be switched between the imaging period and the non-imaging period, and the amount of normal light may be switched.

  Next, a laparoscopic system using the third embodiment of the imaging apparatus of the present invention will be described.

  The laparoscopic system of the third embodiment is different from the laparoscopic systems of the first and second embodiments in the configuration of the light source unit.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 8, the light source unit 60 of the laparoscopic system of the third embodiment controls the white light source 61 and the incident amount of the normal light emitted from the white light source 61 to the optical cable LC. A diaphragm 62 for performing imaging, an excitation light source 63 for capturing a fluorescence image of the observed part, and a switching unit 64 for switching between the normal light emitted from the white light source 61 and the excitation light emitted from the excitation light source 63 for emission. The condenser lens 65 that condenses the normal light or the excitation light emitted from the switching unit 64 on the end face of the optical cable LC, and the light amount control unit that controls the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 and the drive current of the excitation light source 63. 66. The excitation light source 63 is composed of an LED light source or a laser light source, and the light emission amount is controlled by controlling the drive current.

  The light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 controls the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 and the drive current of the excitation light source 63 based on the signal received by the imaging start / end receiving unit 25 of the imaging unit 20.

  Specifically, in the normal image capturing mode, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the start of imaging is input, the first aperture amount in which the aperture amount of the aperture 62 is set in advance. When the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the end of imaging is input, the second aperture value in which the aperture amount of the aperture 62 is larger than the first aperture amount is controlled. The amount is controlled to be a quantity. The second aperture amount is preferably set to the maximum aperture amount among the aperture amounts that can be set in the aperture 53, as in the second embodiment.

  On the other hand, in the fluorescent image capturing mode, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the start of imaging is input, control is performed so that the driving current of the excitation light source 63 becomes the first driving current value. When the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the end of imaging is input, the driving current of the excitation light source 63 is set to a second driving current value that is smaller than the first driving current value. Control to be. The second drive current value is desirably set to the minimum drive current value among the drive current values that can be set in the excitation light source 63.

  The normal image capturing mode and the fluorescence image capturing mode are set by an instruction input from the operation unit 35 or other predetermined input means. When the normal image capturing mode is set, the switching unit 64 of the light source unit 60 emits normal light, and when the fluorescent image capturing mode is set, the switching unit 64 of the light source unit 60 switches so as to emit excitation light.

  In addition, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 of the third embodiment is configured by the charge multiplying imaging element 23 based on the signal received by the imaging start / end receiving unit 25 as in the first embodiment. Although the multiplication factor is controlled, the control method of the multiplication factor is different between the normal image capturing mode and the fluorescence image capturing mode.

  Specifically, in the normal image capturing mode, as in the first embodiment, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the start of imaging is input, charge multiplication imaging is performed. When control is performed so that the multiplication factor of the element 23 becomes a first multiplication factor set in advance, and an imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the completion of imaging is input, the charge multiplication type Control is performed so that the multiplication factor of the image sensor 23 becomes a second multiplication factor smaller than the first multiplication factor.

  On the other hand, in the fluorescent image capturing mode, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the start of imaging is input, the multiplication factor of the charge multiplying image sensor 23 is set in advance. The gain is controlled to be. Then, when the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator and a signal indicating the end of imaging is input, the fourth multiplication factor in which the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is smaller than the third multiplication factor. Control to achieve magnification. As for the fourth multiplication factor, it is desirable to set the minimum multiplication factor among the multiplication factors that can be set in the charge multiplication type imaging device 23, similarly to the second multiplication factor at the time of normal image capturing.

  Further, the imaging control unit 24 performs the normal image capturing mode and the fluorescence image capturing mode between when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and when the imaging end button 25B is pressed, that is, in the imaging period. Is switched between the first multiplication factor and the third multiplication factor.

  Next, the operation of the laparoscopic system of the third embodiment will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG.

  First, the hard insertion portion 30 to which the optical cable LC is connected is attached to the imaging unit 20, and after the cable 5 is attached to the imaging unit 20, the light source unit 60, the imaging unit 20, and the image processing apparatus 3 are powered on. These are driven.

  Then, using the operation unit 35 of the image processing device 3, various parameters necessary for imaging are set by the operator, and preparation for imaging is performed (S40).

  Here, in the normal image capturing mode, the first aperture amount set for the aperture 62 when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator and the aperture 62 for which the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator are set. The second aperture amount is input by the operation unit 35, and the aperture amount is output and set to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 via the CPU 35. In the present embodiment, the maximum aperture amount among the aperture amounts that can be set for the aperture 62 is set as the second aperture amount.

  Further, in the normal image capturing mode, the first multiplication factor set in the charge multiplication type image sensor 23 when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, and the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator. When this is done, the second multiplication factor set in the charge multiplication type image pickup device 23 is inputted by the operation unit 35, and the multiplication factor is outputted to the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 and set. In the present embodiment, the minimum multiplication factor among the multiplication factors that can be set in the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is set as the second multiplication factor.

  In the fluorescent image capturing mode, the first driving current value of the excitation light source 63 set to the diaphragm 62 when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, and the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator. A second drive current value set in the diaphragm 53 is input by the operation unit 35, and the drive current value is output and set to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 via the CPU 35. In the present embodiment, the minimum drive current value among the drive current values that can be set in the excitation light source 63 is set as the second drive current value.

  Further, in the fluorescence image capturing mode, the third multiplication factor set in the charge multiplication type image sensor 23 when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, and the imaging end button 25B is pressed by the operator. When this is done, the fourth multiplication factor set in the charge multiplication type image pickup device 23 is inputted by the operation unit 35, and the multiplication factor is outputted to the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 and set. In the present embodiment, the minimum multiplication factor among the multiplication factors that can be set in the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is set as the fourth multiplication factor. That is, the second multiplication factor and the fourth multiplication factor are set to the same minimum multiplication factor.

  Next, imaging of the observation site is performed. First, an operation when the normal image imaging mode is set will be described.

  In the normal image capturing mode, first, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 outputs a light amount control signal to the diaphragm 62, sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the maximum diaphragm amount which is the second diaphragm amount, The imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the minimum multiplication factor (S42).

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the imaging start is output from the imaging unit 20 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this (S44, YES). The light quantity control unit 66 outputs a light quantity control signal to the diaphragm 62 according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the first diaphragm amount (S46). When the imaging start button 25A is pressed, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S44, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the first multiplication factor according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging (S46).

  Then, while the diaphragm 62 is set to the first diaphragm amount and the multiplication factor of the charge multiplying image pickup device 23 is set to the first multiplication factor, the normal light is irradiated to the observed portion, and the charge multiplication is performed. Imaging by the double imaging device 23 is started (S48).

  Then, after the examination or surgery is completed, when the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 20 is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the completion of imaging is accordingly sent from the imaging unit 20 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60. (S50, YES).

  The light quantity control unit 66 outputs a light quantity control signal to the diaphragm 62 according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the maximum diaphragm amount again (S42).

  When the imaging end button 25B is pressed, a signal indicating the start of imaging is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S50, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the minimum multiplication factor again according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging (S42).

  Then, until the imaging start button 25A is pressed next by the operator (non-imaging period), the aperture amount of the aperture 62 is maintained at the maximum aperture amount, and the multiplication factor of the charge multiplying image sensor 23 is minimum. The multiplication factor is maintained.

  Next, the operation when the fluorescent image capturing mode is set will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG. Note that the imaging preparation step in S60 shown in FIG. 10 is the same as the imaging preparation step in S40 in FIG. 9 described above.

  In the fluorescence image capturing mode, first, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the drive current flowing through the excitation light source 63 to the minimum drive current value that is the second drive current value, and the image capture control of the image capture unit 20. The unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the minimum multiplication factor (S62).

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the imaging start is output from the imaging unit 20 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this (S64, YES). The light quantity controller 66 sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the first drive current value according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging (S66). When the imaging start button 25A is pressed, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S64, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the first multiplication factor according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging (S66).

  Then, the drive current of the excitation light source 63 is set to the first drive current value, and the normal light is input to the observed portion in a state where the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is set to the first multiplication factor. Irradiation is started, and imaging by the charge multiplying image sensor 23 is started (S68).

  Then, after the examination or surgery is completed, when the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 20 is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the completion of imaging is accordingly sent from the imaging unit 20 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60. (S70, YES).

  The light quantity control unit 66 sets the drive current of the excitation light source to the minimum drive current value again according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging (S62).

  When the imaging end button 25B is pressed, a signal indicating the start of imaging is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S70, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the minimum multiplication factor again according to the input signal indicating the completion of imaging (S62).

  The drive current of the excitation light source 63 is maintained at the minimum drive current value until the next time the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator (non-imaging period), and the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 is maintained. Is maintained at the minimum multiplication factor.

  When an instruction to switch to the fluorescence image capturing mode is input during the imaging period of the normal image capturing mode, the switching unit 64 switches from normal light emission to excitation light emission. Then, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the first drive current value, and the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23. Switching from the first multiplication factor to the third multiplication factor.

  Conversely, when an instruction to switch to the normal image capturing mode is input during the imaging period of the fluorescent image capturing mode, the switching unit 64 switches from emission of excitation light to emission of normal light. Then, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the first aperture amount, and the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 20 sets the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 to the above-described first. The multiplication factor of 3 is switched to the first multiplication factor.

  Next, a laparoscopic system using the fourth embodiment of the imaging apparatus of the present invention will be described.

  The laparoscopic system of the fourth embodiment differs from the laparoscopic system of the third embodiment in the configuration of the imaging unit 40, and the imaging unit 40 of the fourth embodiment can simultaneously capture a normal image and a fluorescent image. Is.

  Specifically, as shown in FIG. 11, the imaging unit 40 of the laparoscopic system according to the fourth embodiment includes a normal image imaging element 27 for capturing a normal image and a fluorescence for capturing a fluorescent image. The normal image formed by the image pickup device 28 and the imaging optical system 22 is transmitted and incident on the normal image pickup device 27, and the fluorescent image formed by the image forming optical system 22 is reflected. A dichroic prism 26 that is incident on the fluorescence image pickup device 28 is provided.

  The normal image pickup element 27 and the fluorescent image pickup element 28 are both charge multiplication type image pickup elements, and their multiplication factors are controlled by a multiplication factor control signal output from the imaging control unit 24. . In addition, on the image pickup surface of the normal image pickup device 27, three primary color red (R), green (G) and blue (B), or cyan (C), magenta (M) and yellow (Y) color filters. Are provided in a Bayer array or a honeycomb array. The fluorescent image pickup element 28 is a monochrome image pickup element.

  As in the third embodiment, the imaging control unit 24 controls the multiplication factor of the charge multiplication type imaging device 23 based on the signal received by the imaging start / end receiving unit 25. The imaging control unit 24 in the form controls the multiplication factors of both the normal image pickup device 27 and the fluorescent image pickup device 28.

  The light source unit 60 of the present embodiment has the same configuration as that of the third embodiment, but can emit normal light and excitation light from the white light source 61 and the excitation light source 63 at the same time. The control of the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 and the drive current of the excitation light source 63 is the same as in the third embodiment.

  Next, the operation of the laparoscopic system of the fourth embodiment will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG.

  First, the hard insertion portion 30 to which the optical cable LC is connected is attached to the imaging unit 40, and after the cable 5 is attached to the imaging unit 40, the light source unit 60, the imaging unit 40, and the image processing apparatus 3 are powered on. These are driven.

  Then, using the operation unit 35 of the image processing device 3, various parameters necessary for imaging are set by the operator, and preparation for imaging is performed (S40). The imaging preparation step is the same as in the third embodiment described above, in which the first and second aperture amounts of the diaphragm 62, the first and second drive current values of the excitation light source 63, and the normal image pickup element 27 The first and second multiplication factors and the third and fourth multiplication factors of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 are set, respectively.

  Next, imaging of the observation site is performed. First, an operation when the normal image imaging mode is set will be described.

  In the normal image capturing mode, first, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 outputs a light amount control signal to the diaphragm 62, sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the maximum diaphragm amount which is the second diaphragm amount, The drive current of the excitation light source 63 is set to the minimum drive current value. Further, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 sets the multiplication factors of the normal image pickup device 27 and the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the minimum multiplication factors (second multiplication factor and fourth multiplication factor) (S82). ). In the present embodiment, since the charge multiplication type image pickup device 27 is used as the normal image pickup device 27, the multiplication factor is controlled as described above. However, the normal image pickup device 27 has a multiplication function. In this case, the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device is not controlled.

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating the imaging start is output from the imaging unit 40 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this (S84, YES). The light quantity control unit 66 outputs a light quantity control signal to the diaphragm 62 according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the first diaphragm amount (S86). When the imaging start button 25A is pressed, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S84, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of only the normal image pickup device 27 to the first multiplication factor according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging (S86), and the multiplication factor of the fluorescent image pickup device 28 is Keep the minimum multiplication factor.

  Then, the diaphragm 62 is set to the first diaphragm amount, and the normal light is irradiated to the observed portion in a state where the magnification of the normal image pickup device 27 is set to the first magnification. Imaging by the image sensor 27 is started (S88).

  When the operator presses the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 40 after the examination or surgery is completed, a signal indicating the imaging end is sent from the imaging unit 40 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this. (S90, YES).

  The light quantity control unit 66 outputs a light quantity control signal to the diaphragm 62 according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging, and sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the maximum diaphragm amount again (S82).

  When the imaging end button 25B is pressed, a signal indicating the start of imaging is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S90, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device 27 to the minimum multiplication factor again according to the input signal indicating the completion of imaging (S82).

  Then, until the imaging start button 25A is pressed next by the operator (non-imaging period), the aperture amount of the aperture 62 is maintained at the maximum aperture amount, and the multiplication factor of the image sensor 27 for normal images is increased to the minimum. Maintained at magnification.

  Next, the operation when the fluorescent image capturing mode is set will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG. 13 is the same as the imaging preparation step of S80 in FIG. 12 described above.

  In the fluorescent image capturing mode, first, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 outputs a light amount control signal to the diaphragm 62, sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the maximum diaphragm amount that is the second diaphragm amount, The drive current of the excitation light source 63 is set to the minimum drive current value. Further, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 sets the multiplication factors of the normal image pickup device 27 and the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the minimum multiplication factors (second multiplication factor and fourth multiplication factor) (S102). ).

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating imaging start is output from the imaging unit 40 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this (S104, YES). The light quantity controller 66 sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the first drive current value according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging (S66). When the imaging start button 25A is pressed, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S104, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the third multiplication factor according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging (S106), and the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device 27 is the minimum. Maintain multiplication factor.

  Then, the drive current of the excitation light source 63 is set to the first drive current value, and excitation light is irradiated to the observed portion in a state where the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 is set to the third multiplication factor. Then, imaging by the fluorescent image sensor 28 is started (S108).

  When the operator presses the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 40 after the examination or surgery is completed, a signal indicating the imaging end is sent from the imaging unit 40 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this. (S110, YES).

  The light quantity control unit 66 sets the drive current of the excitation light source to the minimum drive current value again according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging (S102).

  When the imaging end button 25B is pressed, a signal indicating the start of imaging is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S110, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the minimum multiplication factor again according to the input signal indicating the completion of imaging (S102).

  Then, the drive current of the excitation light source 63 is maintained at the minimum drive current value until the next time the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator (non-imaging period), and the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup element 28 is The minimum multiplication factor is maintained.

  When an instruction to switch to the fluorescence image capturing mode is input during the imaging period of the normal image capturing mode, the switching unit 64 switches from normal light emission to excitation light emission. Then, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the first drive current value and sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the maximum aperture amount. In addition, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 sets the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device 27 to the minimum multiplication factor, and switches the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the third multiplication factor.

  Conversely, when an instruction to switch to the normal image capturing mode is input during the imaging period of the fluorescent image capturing mode, the switching unit 64 switches from emission of excitation light to emission of normal light. Then, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the first aperture amount and sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the minimum drive current value. Further, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 switches the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup element 27 to the first multiplication factor, and switches the multiplication factor of the fluorescent image pickup element 28 to the minimum multiplication factor.

  Next, the operation when the simultaneous imaging mode for simultaneously capturing the fluorescent image and the normal image is set will be described with reference to the flowchart shown in FIG. 14 is the same as the imaging preparation step of S80 in FIG. 12 described above.

  In the simultaneous imaging mode, first, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 outputs a light amount control signal to the diaphragm 62, sets the diaphragm amount of the diaphragm 62 to the maximum diaphragm amount that is the second diaphragm amount, and performs excitation. The drive current of the light source 63 is set to the minimum drive current value. Further, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 sets the multiplication factors of the normal image pickup device 27 and the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the minimum multiplication factors (second multiplication factor and fourth multiplication factor) (S202). ).

  Next, the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the abdominal cavity by the operator, and the distal end of the hard insertion portion 30 is placed in the vicinity of the observed portion.

  Next, when the imaging start button 25A is pressed by the operator, a signal indicating imaging start is output from the imaging unit 40 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this (S204, YES). The light quantity controller 66 sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the first drive current value according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging, and sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the first aperture amount ( S206). When the imaging start button 25A is pressed, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S204, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup element 28 to the third multiplication factor according to the input signal indicating the start of imaging, and sets the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup element 27 to the first multiplication factor. Set to multiplication factor.

  Then, the drive current of the excitation light source 63 is set to the first drive current value, the stop amount of the stop 62 is set to the first stop amount, and the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 is set to the third increase. With the magnification set, the excitation light and the normal light are irradiated to the observed portion in a state where the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device 27 is set to the first multiplication factor. At this time, the switching unit 64 switches so as to emit both normal light and excitation light. Then, the normal image based on the reflected light reflected from the observed portion by the irradiation of the normal light is transmitted through the imaging optical system 22 and the dichroic prism 26 and is formed on the normal image pickup device 27 to capture the normal image. Is started. On the other hand, the fluorescence image based on the fluorescence emitted from the observed portion by the irradiation of the excitation light is transmitted through the imaging optical system 22 and then reflected by the dichroic prism 26 to form an image on the fluorescence image pickup device 28, and the fluorescence. Image capturing is started (S208).

  When the operator presses the imaging end button 25B of the imaging unit 40 after the examination or surgery is completed, a signal indicating the imaging end is sent from the imaging unit 40 to the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 in response to this. (S210, YES).

  The light quantity control unit 66 sets the drive current of the excitation light source to the minimum drive current value again according to the input signal indicating the end of imaging, and sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the maximum aperture amount again (S202).

  When the imaging end button 25B is pressed, a signal indicating the imaging start is input to the imaging control unit 24 accordingly (S210, YES). The imaging control unit 24 sets the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the minimum multiplication factor again according to the input signal indicating the completion of imaging, and sets the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device 27 again to the minimum multiplication factor. (S202).

  The drive current of the excitation light source 63 is maintained at the minimum drive current value until the imaging start button 25A is next pressed by the operator (non-imaging period), and the diaphragm 62 has the maximum diaphragm amount. Maintained in quantity. Further, the multiplication factors of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 and the normal image pickup device 27 are maintained at the minimum multiplication factor.

  Note that, in the imaging period of the simultaneous imaging mode, when an instruction to switch to the fluorescence image imaging mode is input, the switching unit 64 switches to emission of only excitation light. Then, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the first drive current value and sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the maximum aperture amount. In addition, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 sets the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup device 27 to the minimum multiplication factor, and switches the multiplication factor of the fluorescence image pickup device 28 to the third multiplication factor.

  In addition, when an instruction to switch to the normal image capturing mode is input during the imaging period of the simultaneous imaging mode, the switching unit 64 switches to emitting only normal light. Then, the light amount control unit 66 of the light source unit 60 sets the aperture amount of the aperture 62 to the first aperture amount and sets the drive current of the excitation light source 63 to the minimum drive current value. Further, the imaging control unit 24 of the imaging unit 40 switches the multiplication factor of the normal image pickup element 27 to the first multiplication factor, and switches the multiplication factor of the fluorescent image pickup element 28 to the minimum multiplication factor.

  In the first to fourth embodiments, the shooting start instruction signal from the imaging start button 25A and the shooting end instruction signal from the imaging end button 25B are used as a signal indicating the start of imaging and a signal indicating the end of shooting. However, it is not limited to such a signal that directly indicates the start of shooting and the end of shooting, but may be a signal that indirectly indicates the start of shooting and the end of shooting. For example, when a surgery is performed using a laparoscopic system, it is detected that the hard insertion portion 30 of the rigid endoscope imaging apparatus 10 has passed through a trocar installed in a patient, and a signal indicating the start of imaging and an imaging for the detected signal. You may make it use as a signal which shows completion | finish. More specifically, for example, as shown in FIG. 15, a magnetic field generating means 71 for generating a magnetic field is provided at the insertion port of the trocar 70, and a magnetic field for detecting the magnetic field of the magnetic field generating means 71 at the tip of the hard insertion portion 30. The detection means 30e is provided, and the detection signal detected by the magnetic field detection means 30e when the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the body cavity is used as a signal indicating the start of imaging, and the magnetic field detection means is used when the hard insertion portion 30 is taken out from the body cavity. The detection signal detected by 30e may be a signal indicating the end of photographing.

Moreover, the space | capacitance detection means which detects the space capacity | capacitance between the hard insertion part 30 and a biological body is provided in the front-end | tip of the hard insertion part 30, and it is hard by detecting the space capacity | capacitance between the hard insertion part 30 and a biological body. When the insertion portion 30 is inserted into and removed from the body cavity, the detection signal at the time of insertion of the rigid insertion portion 30 into the body cavity is used as a signal indicating the start of imaging, and the rigid insertion portion 30 is removed from the body cavity. The detection signal may be a signal indicating the end of photographing.

  In addition, the insertion port of the trocar 70 is provided with light irradiating means for irradiating light and reflected light detecting means for detecting the reflected light that is irradiated by the light irradiating means and reflected by the hard insertion part 30, and the reflected light from the hard insertion part 30 is provided. Is detected when the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into and removed from the body cavity, and the detection signal when the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into the body cavity is used as a signal indicating the start of imaging. A detection signal at the time of extraction from the body cavity may be a signal indicating the end of imaging.

  Further, a light irradiating means for irradiating light and a light detecting means for directly detecting the light emitted from the light irradiating means are provided at the insertion opening of the trocar 70, and the light emitted from the light irradiating means is detected by the light detecting means. Thus, when the hard insertion portion 30 is inserted into and removed from the body cavity, the detection signal at the time of insertion of the hard insertion portion 30 into the body cavity is used as a signal indicating the start of imaging, and from inside the body cavity of the hard insertion portion 30 The detection signal at the time of taking out may be a signal indicating the end of photographing.

  Further, in the laparoscopic system of the third embodiment and the laparoscopic system of the fourth embodiment, an excitation light source is provided to acquire a fluorescence image of the observed part. A special light source for irradiating absorbed light such as the above may be provided, and even in that case, the amount of light emitted by the light source may be switched between the imaging period and the non-imaging period.

  In the first to fourth embodiments, the image pickup apparatus of the present invention is applied to a laparoscopic system. However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, other charge enhancement such as a system having a flexible endoscope apparatus is possible. You may apply to an apparatus provided with a double type image sensor.

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Laparoscope system 2 Normal light source 3 Image processing apparatus 4 Monitor 5 Cable 10 Rigid-mirror imaging device 20,40 Imaging unit 20a Aperture 22 Imaging optical system 23 Charge multiplication type imaging device 24 Imaging control unit 25 Imaging start completion reception part 25A Imaging start button 25B Imaging end button 26 Dichroic prism 27 Fluorescent image imaging device 30 Hard insertion unit 35 Operation unit 30e Magnetic field detection means 50 Light source unit 51 White light source 54 Light quantity control unit 60 Light source unit 61 White light source 63 Excitation light source 66 Light quantity control unit 70 trocar 71 magnetic field generating means

Claims (3)

  1. In an imaging apparatus comprising a charge multiplication type imaging device and a multiplication factor control unit that outputs a multiplication factor control signal for controlling a multiplication factor of the imaging device,
    The multiplication factor control unit outputs a multiplication factor control signal to the imaging element so that the multiplication factor of the imaging element in the non-imaging period is smaller than the multiplication factor of the imaging element in the imaging period. An imaging apparatus characterized by the above.
  2.   2. The multiplication factor control unit outputs a multiplication factor control signal to the image pickup device so that a multiplication factor of the image pickup device in the non-image pickup period becomes a minimum multiplication factor. Imaging device.
  3. A light irradiation unit that irradiates the observation part with illumination light or special light; and
    A light amount control unit that controls the light irradiation unit so that a light amount irradiated by the light irradiation unit in the non-imaging period is smaller than a light amount irradiated by the light irradiation unit in the imaging period. The imaging apparatus according to claim 1 or 2, wherein
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