JP5138957B2 - Dissimilar joints of steel and aluminum - Google Patents

Dissimilar joints of steel and aluminum Download PDF

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JP5138957B2
JP5138957B2 JP2007067030A JP2007067030A JP5138957B2 JP 5138957 B2 JP5138957 B2 JP 5138957B2 JP 2007067030 A JP2007067030 A JP 2007067030A JP 2007067030 A JP2007067030 A JP 2007067030A JP 5138957 B2 JP5138957 B2 JP 5138957B2
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steel
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aluminum
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spot welding
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JP2008080394A (en
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亘 漆原
実佳子 武田
克史 松本
淳 加藤
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株式会社神戸製鋼所
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The present invention relates automotive, transportation areas like railway vehicles, the dissimilar materials bonded body of different metals between members of iron-based material and aluminum material in machine parts, building structures and the like.

  In general, spot welding joins metal members of the same type together. For example, an iron-based material (hereinafter simply referred to as a steel material) and an aluminum-based material (generally referred to as pure aluminum and an aluminum alloy). If it can be applied to the joining of dissimilar metal members (dissimilar material joined body), it can significantly contribute to weight reduction and the like.

  However, when a steel material and an aluminum material are joined, it is very difficult to obtain a reliable joint having high strength (joint strength) because a brittle intermetallic compound is easily generated in the joint. Therefore, conventionally, these dissimilar joined bodies (dissimilar metal members) are joined by bolts, rivets or the like, but there are problems such as reliability, air tightness, and cost of the joint joint.

  Thus, many studies have been made on spot welding methods for these different types of joined bodies. For example, a method of inserting an aluminum-steel clad material between an aluminum material and a steel material has been proposed (see Patent Documents 1 and 2). In addition, methods for plating or inserting a metal having a low melting point on the steel material side have been proposed (see Patent Documents 3, 4, and 5). Furthermore, a method of sandwiching insulator particles between an aluminum material and a steel material (see Patent Document 6), a method of providing unevenness on a member in advance (see Patent Document 7), and the like have been proposed.

  However, both of these methods are not just spot welding, but require separate processes such as spot welding in multiple layers, plating and processing, and there is a problem that new equipment must be incorporated into the current welding line. Costs also increase. In addition, any of these methods has many operational problems such as markedly limited welding conditions.

  Patent Documents 8 to 11 and the like have been proposed as a method of applying a coating such as plating to steel by a method different from them. These can be directly welded if the steel or aluminum material is plated in advance, so that a highly versatile and low melting point film is formed between the steel and aluminum material, so that the interface reaction layer It is intended to reduce surface roughness and form irregularities on the interface, and each obtained higher strength than direct joining of steel and aluminum material. Further, depending on the type of plating, it is possible to suppress dissimilar metal contact corrosion that occurs between the steel and the aluminum material. Patent Document 8 is Mg, Patent Document 9 is a film having a lower melting point than aluminum, Patent Document 10 is a film having a lower melting point than steel, Patent Document 11 is at least 300 ° C. lower than the melting point of aluminum, and A film having a melting point lower than the melting point of the aluminum material is formed.

  However, in patent document 8, although it is a base material fracture | rupture, 80 kgf and intensity | strength are inadequate. In Patent Document 9, sufficient shear tensile strength is obtained, but no nugget is formed. Even if the anchor effect by these microscopic bonds alone can be secured, the cross tensile strength (peeling strength) cannot be maintained even if the shear tensile strength can be secured, and the application is limited to a special one that only produces shear tension.

  In patent document 10, since it is necessary to insert a resistor further, there exists a problem which has to incorporate a new installation into the above-mentioned present welding line, and cost is also high. In patent document 11, although the base material fracture | rupture is obtained by the cross tensile strength, it is described as an effect | action which becomes high strength that an interface reaction layer does not form. Certainly, the interfacial reaction layer, which is an intermetallic compound of steel and aluminum, is fragile, but according to the knowledge of the inventors, there is no adhesion layer due to mutual diffusion if there is no interfacial reaction layer as in Patent Document 10. Therefore, the bonding strength is low. For this reason, as in Patent Document 9, sufficient cross tensile strength cannot be maintained only by microscopic bonding, and the demand for a further high-strength bonded body cannot be met.

Therefore, the inventors can obtain a peel strength of 0.9 kN / spot or more by controlling the thickness and melting point of the plating film, the nugget diameter, and the interface reaction layer thickness in Patent Documents 12 to 15. Proposed technology.
Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-63763 JP 7-178563 A JP-A-4-251676 JP 7-24581 A Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 4-14383 JP-A-5-228643 JP-A-9-174249 JP-A-4-143833 JP-A-4-251676 JP 7-24581 A JP-A-7-178565 JP 2005-305504 A JP 2005-152958 A JP 2005-152959 A JP 2006-167801 A

  However, even in Patent Documents 12 to 15, there is a limit to further increase the bonding strength. Further, contact corrosion called electric corrosion is likely to occur particularly between dissimilar metals of steel and aluminum material, and even a dissimilar material joined body in which steel material and aluminum material are joined by spot welding is no exception.

  For this reason, in order to put the dissimilar material joined body in which the steel material and the aluminum material are joined by spot welding to practical use as an automobile member or the like, it is necessary to suppress contact corrosion. In order to suppress the contact corrosion of the dissimilar material joined body, it is effective to insulate the steel material from the aluminum material with an organic resin film or the like. However, in the case where the steel material and the aluminum material are insulated, there arises a problem that the spot welding itself, which is welded by energization between them, becomes difficult.

  Therefore, the actual situation has been that no effective means has been proposed so far in order to increase the joint strength of the dissimilar material joint obtained by joining the steel material and the aluminum material by spot welding and to suppress the contact corrosion.

This invention is made | formed in order to solve this subject, and provides the dissimilar-material joined body which can suppress contact corrosion while improving the joint strength at the time of joining steel materials and aluminum materials by spot welding.

In order to achieve the above object, the gist of the dissimilar material joined body of steel material and aluminum material in the present invention is a steel material having a thickness t 1 of 0.3 to 3.0 mm and an aluminum material having a thickness t 2 of 0.5 to 4.0 mm. Zn or Al with a melting point of 350 to 1000 ° C. and an average thickness of 3 to 19 μm between the joining surfaces of the steel and aluminum materials to be joined. The area of the portion in which the thickness of the interface reaction layer in the welded portion after spot welding is in the range of 0.5 to 5 μm is spot welded in a state where the metal film and the organic resin adhesive film are provided in advance. 50 × t 2 0.5 mm 2 or more.

  Similarly, in order to increase the bonding strength of the dissimilar material joined body, the Zn film is preferably a plating film containing 88% by mass or more of Zn applied to the surface on the steel material side.

  In order to spot-weld the same kind of materials such as steel materials and aluminum materials with high joint strength, it is generally only necessary to promote the formation of nuggets. The larger the nugget area, the greater the shear strength and the cross tensile strength. It is known to be higher.

  The nugget area (diameter) is related to the amount of heat input. The higher the amount of current and the longer the time, the larger the nugget area (diameter). A highly bonded product is obtained. Of course, if the nugget area becomes too large, melting reaches the surface of the material to be welded and dust is formed, so it is important to obtain an appropriate nugget area.

  However, when dissimilar materials of steel and aluminum are joined, the steel has a higher melting point, higher electrical resistance and lower thermal conductivity than the aluminum material, so the heat generation on the steel side increases, and the low melting point first. Aluminum melts. Next, the surface of the steel material melts, and as a result, a brittle intermetallic compound layer of Al-Fe system is formed at the interface, so that high bonding strength cannot be obtained. In addition, when the melting reaches the aluminum material surface and dust is formed, the amount of thinning of the aluminum material increases and high bonding strength cannot be obtained.

  That is, when different materials of steel and aluminum are joined by spot welding, it is necessary to add a high heat input that forms a certain nugget diameter in order to obtain high joint strength. However, according to the knowledge of the present invention, in order to obtain higher bonding strength, it is necessary to control the formation area and thickness distribution of the interface reaction layer rather than controlling the nugget diameter.

  For that purpose, it is important to suppress and control the time for the interface reaction layer to form between the steel and the aluminum material. The present invention has found that it is important to form.

  In the present invention, the suppression layer is selected not only for the suppression control of the interfacial reaction layer formation time but also for the suppression of different metal contact corrosion. In the present invention, as such a suppression layer, a specific range of a Zn or Al metal film and an organic resin adhesive film are provided between the joint surfaces of the steel material and the aluminum material to be joined. One is provided in advance.

  In order to control the suppression of the interfacial reaction layer formation time and obtain high bonding strength, a metal film having a melting point close to that of the aluminum material is required so as to be an intermediate layer with the steel material in contact with the molten aluminum. . In this respect, the Zn or Al metal film in a specific range in the present invention has a melting point close to that of the aluminum material, and has a function of suppressing and controlling the formation time of the interface reaction layer at the time of spot welding to obtain a high bonding strength.

  In addition, in order to suppress dissimilar metal contact corrosion, it is necessary that the suppression layer be an electrical insulating layer that is extensively or entirely interposed between the steel material and the aluminum material after spot welding. is there. However, on the other hand, in order to enable spot welding and obtain a high joint strength of the spot welded portion, this suppression layer needs to electrically connect the steel material and the aluminum material at the time of spot welding. In this regard, the film of the organic resin adhesive serves as an electrical insulating layer, which suppresses and controls the interfacial reaction layer formation time during spot welding, and further has a function of suppressing foreign metal contact corrosion after spot welding.

  When the organic resin adhesive film is made of, for example, thermosetting resin and stress (pressure) is applied during spot welding, it is easily discharged or removed from the welded part of the steel and aluminum to the surrounding parts. Then, the steel material and the aluminum material can be electrically connected.

  Then, after spot welding, this organic resin adhesive film is interposed between the steel material and the aluminum material extensively or entirely, except for the removed spot welded portion, so that an electrical insulating layer is formed. Thus, the dissimilar metal contact corrosion of the dissimilar material joined body is suppressed.

  Of course, in order for each suppression layer to exhibit such a function, as will be described later, the metal film and the organic resin adhesive film have conditions such as an optimum composition and a range of film thickness. Welding has optimum conditions such as applied pressure and current pattern.

  Here, generally, in welding of similar metals such as steel materials, a weld bond method is known in which steel materials are welded together with an adhesive interposed between the steel materials. However, in the case of dissimilar material joining by spot welding between a steel material and an aluminum material, in order to obtain a high joint strength, it is necessary to add a high heat input as compared with welding of the same kind of metals as described above. In this regard, it is naturally predicted that the interposition of an adhesive with respect to the dissimilar material joining by spot welding between the steel material and the aluminum material will cause adverse effects on the control of the interface reaction layer formation. It is also predicted that spot welding itself will be hindered.

  Actually, in the case of dissimilar material joining by spot welding of bare steel (not surface-treated) and aluminum material, it is difficult to control spot welding itself or interface reaction layer formation when an adhesive is interposed. Thus, high bonding strength cannot be obtained.

  On the other hand, when another metal film of Zn or Al is previously provided as a restraining layer between the joint surfaces of the steel material and aluminum material to be joined, there is an organic resin adhesive film. However, spot welding itself and interface reaction layer formation control are not difficult, and the upper function of the organic resin adhesive film is exhibited.

  This is because the resistance heating value during spot welding increases due to the presence (intervening) of the Zn or Al metal film, and the interface temperature between the steel and aluminum, especially the temperature of the steel, is significantly higher than the melting temperature of aluminum. It is presumed to be. In addition, when the resistance heating value during spot welding increases, the diffusion rate of aluminum at the interface with steel becomes significantly faster, and it is assumed that aluminum diffuses on the steel side and a good bonding state is secured quickly. .

  As described above, according to the present invention, when joining different materials by spot welding, a Zn or Al metal film and an organic resin adhesive film are formed between the joint surfaces of the steel material and the aluminum material to be joined. Two are provided in advance.

  Thus, contrary to the conventional common sense, the time for the formation of the interface reaction layer between the steel and the aluminum material is suppressed and controlled, and the bonding strength of the dissimilar material joined body is improved. As for the spot welding conditions, the welding strength of the current pattern commensurate with this is guaranteed to improve the joint strength. As a result, in a heterogeneous joined body of steel and aluminum, a spot having a high joint strength without newly using another material or requiring a new separate process as in the prior art. It has the effect of obtaining a dissimilar material joint by welding. And after spot welding, it has the effect of obtaining the dissimilar-material joined body which suppressed the dissimilar metal contact corrosion.

  Below, the reason for limitation of each requirement of this invention and its effect | action are demonstrated.

(Heterogeneous)
FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a heterogeneous bonded body defined by the present invention. In FIG. 1, 3 is a dissimilar material joined body in which a steel material (steel plate) 1 and an aluminum material (aluminum alloy plate) 2 are joined by spot welding. Reference numeral 5 denotes a nugget having an interface reaction layer 6 in spot welding, and has a nugget diameter indicated by an arrow in the horizontal direction in the drawing. 9 is a corona bond portion around the nugget. t 1 represents the thickness of the steel material, t 2 represents the thickness of the aluminum material 2, and Δt represents the minimum remaining thickness of the aluminum material after joining by spot welding.

  Here, 4 is a suppression layer, which is a laminate of a Zn or Al metal film and an organic resin adhesive film provided in advance between the bonding surfaces of the steel material 1 and the aluminum material 2 to be bonded. is there. In Fig. 1, the metal film of Zn or Al and the film of organic resin adhesive are shown in one piece without being divided, but the surface of steel 1 is plated with Zn and the organic resin adhesive is applied on it. An embodiment is shown in which a suppression layer 4 is applied.

  FIG. 1 shows a suppression layer 4 which is a laminate of a Zn or Al metal film and an organic resin adhesive film, which is provided in advance before spot welding at the joint portion of the dissimilar bonded body after spot welding. Is removed, and the steel material 1 and the aluminum material 2 are directly joined to each other. Further, FIG. 1 shows that these suppression layers 4 formed in advance exist in the interface region other than the joint portion of the dissimilar joined body as it is.

(Steel thickness)
In the present invention, it is necessary that the steel sheet has a thickness t 1 of 0.3 to 3.0 mm. When the thickness t 1 of the steel material is less than 0.3 mm, the strength and rigidity necessary for the structural member and structural material described above cannot be secured, which is inappropriate. In addition, since the steel material is largely deformed by pressurization by spot welding and the oxide film is easily destroyed, the reaction with aluminum is promoted. As a result, an intermetallic compound is easily formed.

On the other hand, when the thickness exceeds 3.0 mm, other joining means are adopted as the above-described structural member or structural material, so that there is little need to perform spot welding. For this reason, it is not necessary to increase the thickness t 1 of the steel material beyond 3.0 mm.

(Steel)
In the present invention, the shape and material of the steel material to be used are not particularly limited, and an appropriate shape and material, such as a steel plate, a steel shape member, a steel pipe, which are generally used for structural members or selected from structural member applications Can be used. However, in order to obtain a lightweight high-strength structural member (dissimilar material joined body) such as an automobile member, it is preferable that the steel material is a normal high-tensile steel (high-tensile steel) having a tensile strength of 400 MPa or more.

  Low-strength steels with a tensile strength of less than 400 MPa are generally low-alloy steels, and the oxide film is made of iron oxide. Therefore, diffusion of Fe and Al is facilitated, and brittle intermetallic compounds are easily formed. For this reason, it is preferable to use a high-tensile steel having a tensile strength of 400 MPa or more, desirably 500 MPa or more.

(Aluminum material)
The aluminum material used in the present invention is not particularly limited in the type and shape of the alloy, and depending on the required characteristics as each structural member, commonly used plate materials, profiles, forging materials, casting materials, etc. It is selected appropriately. However, the strength of the aluminum material is desirably higher in order to suppress deformation due to pressurization during spot welding, as in the case of the steel material. In this respect, the use of A5000 series, A6000 series, etc., which are high in strength among aluminum alloys and are widely used as this kind of structural member, is optimal.

However, the thickness t 2 of the aluminum material used in the present invention is in the range of 0.5 ~4.0mm. If the thickness t 2 of the aluminum material is less than 0.5 mm, in addition to the strength as a structural material is inappropriate in shortage, no nugget diameter can be obtained easily can dust easily melting reaches an aluminum material surface Therefore, high bonding strength cannot be obtained. On the other hand, if it exceeds the thickness t 2 is 4.0mm aluminum material, as in the case of the thickness of the above-described steel, because other joining means are employed as a structural member or structural material, subjected to spot welding Less need to be joined. For this reason, it is not necessary to increase the thickness t 2 of the aluminum material beyond 4.0 mm.

(Inhibition layer)
In the present invention, in order to obtain higher joint strength, the formation area and thickness distribution of the interface reaction layer between the steel and the aluminum material in spot welding are controlled. Therefore, in the present invention, the time during which the interface reaction layer is formed between the steel and the aluminum material is suppressed and controlled. And in order to control this interfacial reaction layer formation time, a suppression layer is formed in advance (on the material) between the steel and the aluminum material.

  In the present invention, as this suppression layer, in order to suppress the interfacial reaction layer formation time and to suppress the dissimilar metal contact corrosion, a specific range of Zn or aluminum is present between the joint surfaces of the steel material and the aluminum material to be joined. Two layers, an Al metal film and an organic resin adhesive film, are provided in advance. For this purpose, as will be described later, a metal film and a film of an organic resin adhesive are laminated on either the steel material side or the aluminum material side. The order of providing (stacking) may be any, but it is easier to provide the organic resin adhesive film if the metal film is provided first.

(Zn or Al metal film)
As one of the suppression layers, first, a specific range of Zn or Al metal film will be described below. In the present invention, since spot welding is performed in a state in which a metal film of Zn or Al is provided in advance between the joint surfaces of the steel material and the aluminum material to be joined, at least the surface of the steel material or the aluminum material on the joint surface side. Zn or Al metal film is provided in advance. This Zn or Al metal film has a melting point close to that of the aluminum material to be joined, as described below in the specific melting point range, and controls the time during which the interfacial reaction layer, which is an intermetallic compound of steel and aluminum, is formed during spot welding. In addition, the thickness range and distribution of the interface reaction layer can be controlled.

  In conventional spot welding using a steel material and an aluminum material that are bare or have no Zn or Al metal film, the amount of resistance heat generated during spot welding is relatively small. For this reason, the interface temperature between the steel material and the aluminum material, in particular, the temperature of the steel material does not become significantly higher than the melting temperature of aluminum, so that high bonding strength cannot be obtained. In addition, when an organic resin adhesive layer is interposed at the bonding interface as a weld bond method, the spot welding itself and interface reaction layer formation control become difficult, and high bonding strength cannot be obtained.

  On the other hand, when a Zn or Al metal film is provided in advance as a suppression layer between the joint surfaces of the steel material and aluminum material to be joined, an organic resin adhesive film is provided between the joint surfaces. Even if it is present, spot welding itself and interface reaction layer formation control are not difficult, and the upper function of the organic resin adhesive film is exhibited.

  This is because, as mentioned above, the presence (intervening) of the Zn or Al metal film increases the resistance heating value at the time of spot welding, and the interface temperature between the steel material and the aluminum material, particularly the temperature of the steel material, controls the melting temperature of the aluminum. It is because it becomes remarkably high over it. Due to the increase in the resistance heating value, the organic resin adhesive film is easily discharged or removed from the welded portion between the steel material and the aluminum material to the surrounding portion, thereby electrically connecting the steel material and the aluminum material. be able to.

  In addition, as described above, when the resistance heating value at the time of spot welding increases due to the presence (intervening) of the Zn or Al metal film, the diffusion rate at the interface between the aluminum and the steel becomes remarkably high, and aluminum is present on the steel side. It diffuses and a good joining state is ensured quickly. In the case of a galvanized steel sheet, the galvanized layer is melted in advance due to the difference in melting point, and as a result, it is presumed that there is an effect of uniforming the heat distribution at the interface. Due to the combined effect of these metal films of Zn or Al, it is presumed that even if an organic resin adhesive film is interposed, the spot weldability is improved contrary to conventional common sense.

  In order to exert these effects, the melting point of the metal film of Zn or Al is set to a narrow temperature range of 350 to 1000 ° C., preferably 400 to 950 ° C. Furthermore, it is preferable that the temperature range is narrower than the melting point of the aluminum material and not more than 900 ° C. The melting point of the aluminum material is about 660 ° C. (the melting point of pure Al), the melting point of pure Zn is about 420 ° C., and the above melting point is close to the melting point of the aluminum material to be joined. This means that it is allowed to have the above-mentioned certain width.

  The thickness of the Zn or Al metal film is 3 to 19 μm (average film thickness), more preferably 5 to 15 μm. The thickness of the metal film of Zn or Al is obtained by cutting a steel or aluminum sample after forming the film, embedding it in a resin, polishing it, and performing SEM observation in the thickness direction of the metal film. In this SEM observation, a three-point thickness is measured in a field of view of 2000 times, and the thickness of the metal film is obtained by averaging them.

  If the thickness of the Zn or Al metal film is too thin or the melting point is too low, the Zn or Al metal film melts out of the joint at the initial stage of spot welding, and the interface reaction layer Cannot be suppressed.

  On the other hand, in order to increase the joint strength of the dissimilar material joined body, the steel material to be joined and the aluminum material need to be in direct contact with each other at the joint surfaces, and during spot welding, Zn intervening in advance in the joint portion Alternatively, the Al metal film must be melted and discharged from the joint. On the other hand, if the thickness of the Zn or Al metal film is too thick or the melting point is too high, a large amount of heat input is required for melting and discharging the Zn or Al metal film from the joint. When this heat input increases, the amount of melting of the aluminum material increases, and the amount of thinning of the aluminum material increases due to the generation of dust, so that the dissimilar material joined body cannot be used as a structural member.

  For the Zn or Al metal film, the composition of the alloy used, such as pure Zn or pure Al, Zn alloy or Al alloy, can be appropriately selected from the above melting point range. In addition, as a method for coating or forming a metal film on at least the surface of the steel material or aluminum material on the joint surface side, commonly used known means such as plating and coating can be used as appropriate. The coating or formation on the surface of the steel or aluminum material is at least the surface on the joining surface side. Of course, for corrosion prevention or the like, a Zn or Al metal film is formed on the steel or aluminum material surface side that is not the joining surface. May be coated or formed.

  However, in consideration of practicality and efficiency, the Zn or Al metal film is preferably coated or formed as a plating on the steel material side on which Zn or Al plating is widely used. Steel materials are usually used after being painted, but even if the coating is damaged, Zn and Al are preferentially corroded, so that the steel materials can be protected. Furthermore, since the potential difference between the steel and the aluminum material is reduced, the dissimilar metal contact corrosion which is one of the problems in the dissimilar joined body can be suppressed. In the case of Zn or Al plating, the corrosion resistance of the steel material is ensured, and the steel and aluminum can be easily plated.

  In order to exhibit the above-mentioned interfacial reaction layer formation suppressing function, and to make it possible to perform welding even when an organic resin adhesive film is interposed, the plating film of Zn or Al is pure Zn, Pure Al is preferred. Moreover, even if it is made of a Zn alloy or an Al alloy, in an alloy such as Al-Zn, Al-Si, Zn-Fe, etc. each containing 80% by mass or more of Zn or Al, each of which contains Zn or Al as a main component. Is preferred. When alloying a plated film of Zn or Al, it is ensured that it does not deviate from the above melting point range and the corrosion resistance is not inferior depending on the additive alloy element and its content.

  Among these plating films, pure Zn or Zn alloy plating films containing at least 88% by mass of Zn are particularly recommended. When a Zn plating film containing Zn of 88% by mass or more is applied to the surface of the steel material, the corrosion resistance of the steel material is particularly increased, and this Zn plating film is easy to control the melting point in the range of 350 to 1000 ° C. Furthermore, the corrosion resistance is high, and contact corrosion of different metals can be suppressed. The pure Zn plating film is the best from the standpoint of preventing the dissimilar metal contact corrosion.

  The plating method is not limited in the present invention, but existing wet and dry plating can be used. In particular, in galvanization, electroplating, hot dipping, and a method of performing alloying after hot dipping are recommended.

(Organic resin adhesive film)
Next, an organic resin adhesive film as another suppression layer will be described below.

  As described above, the organic resin adhesive film is an electrically insulating layer that suppresses and controls the formation time of the interfacial reaction layer during spot welding, and further, after spot welding, a wide area between the steel material and the aluminum material. In other words, it has a function of suppressing contact corrosion of dissimilar metals.

  In the present invention, spot bonding is performed after applying or forming a film of an organic resin adhesive between the bonding surfaces of steel and aluminum (one of the bonding surfaces). Therefore, the organic resin adhesive film functions as a so-called weld bond during spot welding. That is, by increasing the contact resistance of the steel-aluminum interface and increasing the heat generation at the interface uniformly over a wide range, the interface reaction layer can be formed over a wide range and the thickness of the interface reaction layer can be easily controlled. To do.

  The type and coating thickness of the organic resin adhesive are not particularly limited, and usually include mastic adhesives, well bond adhesives, hemming adhesives, spot weld sealants, etc., which are commonly used in the production of automobile bodies. It can be applied together with its type and coating thickness.

  The kind of organic resin adhesive is illustrated. If the adhesive is an aqueous solution, urea, phenol, PVA, etc. can be applied. If the adhesive is a solution system, CR system, nitrile rubber system, vinyl acetate, nitrile cellulose and the like can be applied. If the adhesive is emulsion type, vinyl acetate, acrylic, EVA type, CR type, SBR type, nitrile rubber type, etc. can be applied. If the adhesive is solvent-free, epoxy, acrylate, polyester, etc. can be applied. In some cases, an organic resin adhesive having a shape such as a solid mold or a tape may be used.

  In weld bonding, the steel and aluminum materials are electrically connected to enable spot bonding, and in order to increase the bonding strength, the adhesive is pushed out to the outside during spot bonding, and the remaining amount of adhesive at the bonded portion Is preferably reduced. However, the adhesive may remain to the extent that spot bonding is not hindered at the joint, for example, to the extent that the adhesive does not form a layer, without completely eliminating the adhesive remaining at the joint.

  In this respect, if it is a thermosetting resin adhesive film such as epoxy or acrylic, the steel material is soft when stress (pressing force) is applied from both electrode tips that sandwich the steel material and aluminum material during spot welding. There is a characteristic that it is easily discharged or removed from the welded portion of the aluminum material to the surrounding portion. If a thermosetting resin adhesive is used, the steel material and the aluminum material can be electrically conducted at the time of spot joining due to this characteristic.

  Moreover, even if it is a thermoplastic resin adhesive film, since it will be soft if it is heated at the time of spot welding, it will become the characteristic of being easy to discharge | emit or remove from the welding part of steel materials and an aluminum material to the surrounding part. Furthermore, even if it is not discharged or removed from the welded portion of the steel material and the aluminum material to the surrounding portion by heating or pressurization in this way, if the steel material and aluminum are scattered or burnt down due to the heat generated during spot welding, The material can be electrically connected.

  After spot welding, the organic resin adhesive film becomes an electrically insulating layer by intervening extensively or entirely between the steel material and the aluminum material except for the removed spot welded part. Suppresses dissimilar metal contact corrosion of the joined body.

  Note that the thickness of the applied organic resin adhesive does not substantially affect the spot weldability. This is because the thickness of the organic resin adhesive in the welded portion is substantially governed by the contact surface pressure during spot welding, although there are some differences in the composition and type of the organic resin adhesive. Therefore, as described later, control of the contact surface pressure is important. The thickness of the organic resin adhesive to be applied may be 0.1 μm or more so that pinholes do not easily exist from the viewpoint of corrosion resistance, and it is necessary to apply the adhesive thinly so that the adhesive does not protrude due to the pressure during bonding. Further, the final adhesive thickness after spot joining may be about 0.1 to 10 μm as a guide after curing or thermal curing of the adhesive in order to suppress corrosion.

  On the other hand, when another metal film of Zn or Al is previously provided as a restraining layer between the joint surfaces of the steel material and aluminum material to be joined, there is an organic resin adhesive film. However, spot welding itself and interface reaction layer formation control are not difficult, and the upper function of the organic resin adhesive film is exhibited.

  This is because the resistance heating value during spot welding increases due to the presence (intervening) of the Zn or Al metal film, and the interface temperature between the steel and aluminum, especially the temperature of the steel, is significantly higher than the melting temperature of aluminum. It is presumed to be. Due to the increase in the resistance heating value, the organic resin adhesive film is easily discharged or removed from the welded portion between the steel material and the aluminum material to the surrounding portion, thereby electrically connecting the steel material and the aluminum material. be able to.

  In addition, when the resistance heating value during spot welding increases due to the presence (intervening) of the Zn or Al metal film, the diffusion rate at the interface of aluminum with the steel increases significantly, and aluminum diffuses on the steel side. It is presumed that a good bonding state is secured as soon as possible. In the case of a galvanized steel sheet, the galvanized layer is melted in advance due to the difference in melting point, and as a result, it is presumed that there is an effect of uniforming the heat distribution at the interface. Due to the combined effect of these metal films of Zn or Al, it is presumed that even if an organic resin adhesive film is interposed, the spot weldability is improved contrary to conventional common sense.

(Interface reaction layer)
In the present invention, the area of the part where the thickness of the dissimilar material interface reaction layer is 0.5 to 5 μm is 10 × t 2 0.5 mm 2 or more in relation to the plate thickness t 2 of the aluminum material. . Unlike the conventional common sense that the thinner (no) interface reaction layer is better, the regulation of the area of the interface reaction layer with the optimum thickness is controlled within the optimum range, and is rather positive as the direction of orientation. It is also a direction to make it. In order to improve the bonding strength, the interface reaction layer having the optimum thickness range is formed in a large area, in other words, based on the technical idea of existing in a wide range.

Therefore, the area of the portion where the thickness of the interface reaction layer is 0.5 to 5 μm is less than 10 × t 2 0.5 mm 2 , more strictly 50 × t 2 in relation to the thickness t 2 of the aluminum material. If the thickness is less than 0.5 mm 2 , the interface reaction layer in the optimum thickness range does not become a wide range, but the bonding strength decreases. When the thickness of the interfacial reaction layer is less than 0.5 μm, the steel-aluminum diffusion is insufficient and the bonding strength is lowered. Conversely, the thicker the interfacial reaction layer, the more brittle, especially in the area where the interfacial reaction layer thickness exceeds 5 μm, the brittleness and the bonding strength decrease. For this reason, the larger the area of such an interface reaction layer, the lower the bonding strength of the entire bonded portion.

Therefore, in order to increase the bonding strength of the entire bonded portion, the area of the portion where the thickness of the interface reaction layer is 0.5 to 5 μm is 10 × t 2 0.5 in relation to the plate thickness t 2 of the aluminum material. mm 2 or more, preferably 50 × t 2 0.5 mm 2 or more is required.

  When a dome-shaped tip that is generally used for an electrode tip is used, the center portion is the thickest interface reaction layer, and the thickness of the interface reaction layer decreases as the distance from the center increases. Therefore, the thickness of the interfacial reaction layer at the center may exceed 5 μm. The thickness of the interface reaction layer can be measured by image analysis or SEM observation of 2000 times the aluminum material side of the area of the interface where the steel material and the aluminum material are joined.

(Spot welding)
Each requirement of the spot welding method for obtaining a heterogeneous joined body is demonstrated below. FIG. 2 illustrates an example of a spot welding as a premise for obtaining a heterogeneous joined body. The basic mode of the spot welding method of the present invention is the same as the mode of normal spot welding. In FIG. 2, 1 is a steel plate, 2 is an aluminum alloy plate, 3 is a dissimilar joint, 5 is a nugget, and 7 and 8 are electrodes.

In the spot welding method of the present invention, when obtaining the dissimilar joint of the steel material having the plate thickness t 1 and the aluminum material having the plate thickness t 2 by spot welding, the space between the joint surfaces of the steel material and the aluminum material to be joined is obtained. In addition, spot welding is performed in a state in which a metal film of Zn or Al and a film of an organic resin adhesive are provided in advance.

  At this time, as described above, an organic resin adhesive is applied to the joining surface side of the steel material-aluminum material, spot bonding is performed, and thereafter, the applied organic resin adhesive is cured. It is desirable from the viewpoints of both thickness control and suppression of dissimilar metal contact corrosion.

(Pressure)
In such spot welding, the tip diameter of the electrode tip 8 on the aluminum material 2 side is set to 7 mmφ or more, and the pressure applied by the electrode tips 7 and 8 is related to the radius of curvature Rmm of the tip and the pressure WkN (R × W ) Apply so that 1/3 / R> 0.05. A larger pressing force is preferable because the adhesive can be pushed out more, but from the spot welding capacity limit, it is practically up to 10 kN.

The contact surface pressure at point contact is approximately proportional to (R x W) 1/3 / R, but if the contact surface pressure applied to the joint is too small, the adhesive remains large and hinders the growth of the interfacial reaction layer. Contact surface pressure is required to push the adhesive to the outside. When (R × W) 1/3 / R is 0.05 or less, the adhesive remains as a layer and the interface reaction layer does not grow.

  In addition, by applying such a relatively large pressing force, regardless of the shape of the electrode tip, the electrical contact between different materials and between the electrode and the material is stabilized, and the molten metal in the nugget is moved around the nugget. It can be supported by the unmelted portion, and the relatively large nugget required area and the required area of the optimum interface reaction layer can be obtained. Moreover, generation | occurrence | production of dust can be suppressed. If the applied pressure is too small, such an effect cannot be obtained.

(Electrode tip)
In order to form the interfacial reaction layer having the optimum thickness in a wide range, a tip having an R shape such as a dome shape having a tip diameter of 7 mmφ or more and a large tip curvature radius R is particularly formed on the aluminum material side. In addition, it is desirable that the steel material has a larger radius of curvature R as well. However, in view of the capability limit of spot welding, R is practically up to 250 mm.

  Moreover, although it does not prescribe | regulate about an electrode shape, an electrode is desirable in order to raise the current efficiency at the time of an electricity supply. Also, although the polarity is not specified, when a direct current spot is used, it is preferable to use aluminum as an anode and steel as a cathode.

(Current)
Regarding the current at the time of spot welding, in order to obtain a relatively large nugget area and the required area of the optimum interface reaction layer, in relation to the plate thickness t 2 of the aluminum material, 15 × t 2 0.5 to 30 × It is necessary that the current pattern has a step of flowing a current of t 2 0.5 kA from 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec, and a step with a higher current than this step does not exist.

  With such a current pattern, when the suppression layer of the present invention was formed in advance, a large amount of heat input was obtained, and as described above, the interface reaction layer at the joint surface between the steel and the aluminum material was controlled, A high bonding strength can be obtained. Also, the electrical contact between different materials and between the electrode and the material is stabilized, and the molten metal in the nugget is supported by the unmelted portion around the nugget, and the relatively large nugget required area and the optimum interface reaction layer The required area can be obtained. Moreover, generation | occurrence | production of dust can be suppressed.

In the above process of the current pattern, if the surface treatment layer and the aluminum material are not melted extensively if the surface treatment layer and the aluminum material are less than 15 × t 2 0.5 kA or less than 100 × t 2 0.5 msec, the area of the interface reaction layer with the optimum thickness is small. On the other hand, if it exceeds 30 × t2 0.5 kA or exceeds 1000 × t2 0.5 msec, the interface reaction layer grows thick, so that the area of the interface reaction layer with the optimum thickness becomes small.

There may be a plurality of steps in this current range, but it is important that the total time is in the range of 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec. In the same metal bonding, heat input is close bonding structure if they are identical is obtained, the steel and the joining of the aluminum material, for example, 30 × t 2 0.5 kA current pattern of less than 100 × t 2 0.5 msec in more than In addition, when the current pattern is less than 15 × t 2 0.5 kA and more than 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec, the area of the interface reaction layer with the optimum thickness cannot be obtained in a wide range. A different current pattern may be added to the process before and after this current condition to form a multi-stage current pattern. However, since the interface reaction layer grows thick, there may be no process with a higher current than this process. is necessary.

Furthermore, as a desirable current pattern, it is preferable to add a step of flowing a current of 1 × t 2 0.5 to 10 × t 2 0.5 kA for 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec to suppress nugget cracking.

  Hereinafter, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to examples. However, the present invention is not limited to the following examples, and the present invention is not limited to the following examples. Of course, it is also possible to implement them, and they are all included in the technical scope of the present invention.

  After superposing a commercially available 590MPa class high-tensile steel plate as a steel material and a commercially available A6061 (6000 series) aluminum alloy plate as an aluminum material, spot welding is performed to produce a dissimilar material joined body to improve the joint strength and corrosion resistance. evaluated.

(Weld bond material with different spot welding conditions)
Spot welding as a weld bond material in which the steel plate and the aluminum plate, which have been subjected to molten pure Zn plating with an average thickness of 10μm on the joining surface side, are overlapped with an epoxy-based thermosetting adhesive applied between the joining surfaces Tables 1 and 2 show the results of manufacturing the dissimilar material joint.

  Table 1 shows the case where the thickness of the aluminum plate is 1 mm, and Table 2 shows the case where the thickness of the aluminum plate is 2 mm. In Tables 1 and 2, the plating conditions and thermosetting adhesive conditions on the joining surface side of the steel sheet are constant, and the dissimilar material joints are manufactured by changing various electrode conditions and current conditions in spot welding. In addition, the examples in Tables 1 and 2 share the same epoxy epoxy thermosetting adhesive with a thickness of about 0.5 to 1 μm (so that the adhesive does not protrude due to the pressure during spot bonding). A thin and even coating was applied with a brush.

(Weld bond material with different plating conditions and thermosetting adhesive conditions)
In addition, electrode conditions and current conditions in spot welding are constant, and different materials are joined with weld bonds between steel plates and aluminum plates, with various changes in plating conditions and thermosetting adhesive conditions on the joining surface side of steel plates and aluminum alloy plates. Table 3 also shows the results of the body production. In each case where the adhesive is applied in Table 3, the epoxy or polyurethane adhesive is uniformly applied with a brush so that the thickness is between about 0.5 and 1 μm between the joint surfaces. Thinly applied.

(Material used)
As a material, a steel plate with a thickness of 1 mm and a composition containing 0.07% by mass C-1.8% by mass Mn was prepared, and A6061 aluminum alloy plates with a thickness of 1 mm and 2 mm were prepared. It was processed into the shape of a cross tensile test piece described in A 3137, and spot welding was performed.

(adhesive)
As the epoxy system, a commercially available epoxy thermosetting structural adhesive (Penguin # 1086 manufactured by Sunstar Giken) was used. As the polyurethane, a commercially available polyurethane thermosetting structural adhesive (Penguin Seal 980 manufactured by Sunstar Giken) was used.

(Plating)
In the case of plating on steel materials, common plating was performed after a pretreatment of pickling and activating for 5 minutes with 10% sulfuric acid. In Zn electroplating, apply a current of 20 A / dm 2 in a bath with a pH of 3 by adding sulfuric acid to zinc sulfate 400 g / l, aluminum sulfate 30 g / l, sodium chloride 15 g / l, and boric acid 30 g / l. Thus, 10 μm of pure Zn plating was applied. In the case of making this a Zn-10% Ni alloy plating, by applying a current of 10 A / dm 2 in a pure zinc plating zinc plating bath with a nickel sulfate / nickel chloride added bath, Zn-10% Ni plating was applied to 10 μm.

  Hot-dip plating was performed only on steel materials, and Al plating, Al-9 mass% Si plating, Zn plating, and Zn-Fe plating (Fe amounts 5, 10, 12, and 16%) were each applied by 10 μm using various molten metals. In hot-dip Zn plating, the film thickness was adjusted to 1, 3, 10, 15, 19, and 20 μm by changing the temperature and the pulling temperature.

Further, the Ni plating as a comparative example (Comparative Example 3 in Table 3) was applied by 10 μm by applying a current of 10 A / dm 2 using a watt bath.

When plating aluminum material, pickle with 10% nitric acid for 30 seconds, in a treatment solution of sodium hydroxide 500 g / l, zinc oxide 100 g / l, ferric chloride 1 g / l, and Roselle salt 10 g / l. After 30 seconds of zinc substitution treatment, Zn or Zn-electroplating was performed. In addition, Zn-10% Ni plating was applied in a thickness of 10 μm by flowing a current of 10 A / dm 2 in a zinc plating bath containing nickel sulfate and nickel chloride.

(Film thickness measurement)
The film thickness of the plating film was obtained by cutting a sample after plating, embedding it in a resin, polishing it, and performing SEM observation of the bonding interface before spot welding. The three-point thickness was measured in a 2000-fold field of view and obtained by averaging.

(Spot welding)
For spot welding, a DC resistance welding tester was used, and a dome-shaped electrode made of a Cu—Cr alloy was used, and the anode was joined with aluminum and the cathode with steel. In Tables 1 and 2, the electrode tip conditions shown in Tables 1 and 2 [tip diameter, radius of curvature R, pressure W and (R x W) 1/3 / R], current pattern [welding of welding processes 1 and 2 Welding was carried out at a current and welding time] to produce a cross-tension test specimen of a dissimilar material joint.

At this time, in each of the invention examples in Tables 1 and 2, the tip diameter of the electrode tip on the aluminum material side is set to 7 mmφ or more, and the relationship between the tip curvature radius Rmm and the applied pressure WkN (R × W) Current pattern having a process of applying 1/3 / R> 0.05 and flowing a current of 15 × t 2 0.5 to 30 × t 2 0.5 kA from 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec Spot-welded.

  In Table 3, in common with each example, welding was performed with the spot welding conditions of the invention examples indicated by N in Table 1 being constant, and cross-tension specimens were produced.

  For each of these conditions, five bodies were prepared for bonding strength evaluation, three bodies for bonding interface evaluation, and three bodies for corrosion testing. In this test, electrode tips having the same shape on the steel side and the aluminum material side were used. Among these, the interface evaluation sample was subjected to a heat treatment at 180 ° C. for 30 minutes after spot welding to completely cure the adhesive.

(Measurement of interface reaction layer thickness)
For the measurement of the thickness of the interface reaction layer, the sample after spot welding was cut at the center of the weld, embedded in resin, polished, and subjected to SEM observation. When the thickness of the layer was 1 μm or more, the field of view was magnified 2000 times, and when it was less than 1 μm, the field of view was measured 10,000 times. The interface reaction layer here refers to a compound layer containing both Fe and Al, and refers to a layer in which both Fe and Al are detected by EDX by 1 wt% or more. That is, the layer in which both Fe and Al were not detected by 1 wt% or more was not used as an interface reaction layer as a plating layer or a residual adhesive.

  In this test, the interface reaction layer was thickest at the center and the interface reaction layer was thinner at the edge (peripheral edge), so the diameter of the interface reaction layer with a thickness of more than 10 μm and the thickness of 0.5 μm or more The diameter of the interfacial reaction layer was determined and converted to an area. The measurement was performed on three joined bodies, and the nugget diameters in two orthogonal directions were measured and averaged.

(Joint strength evaluation)
For strength evaluation, in order to measure the strength of spot bonding, five cross tensile tests were performed for each condition in the state before the adhesive was cured and averaged. ◎ if the joint strength is 1.5 kN or more or the fracture mode is aluminum base material fracture, ○ if the joint strength is 1.0 to 1.5 kN, △ if the joint strength is 0.5 to 1.0 kN, and less than 0.5 kN. If there was, it was set as x. Here, unless the bonding strength is 1.0 to 1.5 kN (◯) or more, it cannot be used for structural materials such as automobiles.

(Dissimilar metal contact corrosion evaluation)
Further, the joined bodies joined under various conditions were subjected to alkaline degreasing, washed with water, and then subjected to a surface adjustment treatment for 30 seconds using a 0.1% aqueous solution of Surf Fine 5N-10 manufactured by Nippon Paint. Then, zinc ion 1.0g / l, nickel ion 1.0g / l, manganese ion 0.8g / l, phosphate ion 15.0g / l, nitrate ion 6.0g / l, nitrite ion 0.12g / l, toner value 2.5pt Then, zinc phosphate treatment was performed for 2 minutes in a bath having a total acidity of 22 pt, a free acidity of 0.3 to 0.5 pt, and a temperature of 50 ° C. Thereafter, it was applied with a cationic electrodeposition paint (Power Top V50 Gray, manufactured by Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.) and baked at 170 ° C. for 25 minutes to form a 30 μm film.

  Thereafter, a composite corrosion test was performed to evaluate the anti-corrosion property against dissimilar metals. The corrosion test consists of A: salt spray (35 ℃, 5% NaCl) 2hr, B: dry (60 ℃, 20-30% RH) 4hr, C: wet (50 ℃, 95% RH or more) 2hr as one cycle. 90 tests were conducted. After this test, the joints were peeled and observed to evaluate the corrosion resistance (maximum corrosion depth of Al).

  Corrosion resistance is measured by measuring the maximum corrosion depth of the aluminum material of the three dissimilar joints. If the average is less than 0.01 mm, ◎, 0.01 to 0.02 mm ○, 0.02 to 0.1 mm Δ, 0.1 mm If it was more, it was set as x. Unless the maximum corrosion depth is less than 0.01 to 0.02 mm (○), it cannot be used for structural materials such as automobiles.

(Results in Tables 1 and 2)
As can be seen from Tables 1 and 2, it can be seen that the dissimilar joints of Invention Examples I to P spot-bonded in a suitable range have very high corrosion resistance. This is the effect of hot dip galvanization and thermosetting adhesive provided between the joint surfaces. However, even in Comparative Examples A to H, which are spot-bonded out of the preferred range, the zinc plating and the thermosetting adhesive are provided between the joint surfaces as in the invention examples, and similarly the corrosion resistance is high.

  On the other hand, with respect to the bonding strength, comparative examples A to C, such as outside the suitable spot bonding condition range, the tip tip diameter is small, and the pressure is low in relation to the tip curvature radius, high joining strength is obtained. It is not done. Further, the bonding strength is low even in Comparative Examples D to H in which the current conditions do not satisfy the scope of the present invention.

  In Comparative Examples A to G, except for Comparative Example H in which welding process 2 is performed, spot welding is performed only in welding process 1 without performing welding process 2. Of these, in Comparative Example A, the tip diameter of the electrode tip is too small. In Comparative Examples B and C, the applied pressure is too low in relation to the tip curvature radius.

In Comparative Example D, the welding current in welding process 1 is too low in relation to the thickness of the aluminum material. In Comparative Example E, the welding time in welding process 1 is too short in relation to the thickness of the aluminum material. In Comparative Example F, the welding current in welding process 1 is too high in relation to the thickness of the aluminum material. In Comparative Example G, the welding time in welding process 1 is too long in relation to the thickness of the aluminum material. In Comparative Example H, there is a welding process 2 in which a significantly higher current is applied than in welding process 1 in which a current of 15 × t 2 0.5 to 30 × t 2 0.5 kA is applied to 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec. .

That is, the invention examples N to P and the reference examples I to M are such that, in spot welding, the tip diameter of the electrode tip on the aluminum material side is set to 7 mm φ or more, and the applied pressure by the electrode tip is set to the radius of curvature Rmm and the applied pressure WkN. Is applied so that the relationship of (R × W) 1/3 /R>0.05, and a current of 15 × t 2 0.5 to 30 × t 2 0.5 kA is applied to 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec. Spot welding is performed as welding process 1 or 2 as a preferable welding condition. In addition, the invention examples N to P and the reference examples I to M do not have a welding process in which a higher current flows than this welding process. For this reason, in each example , the interface reaction layer having the optimum thickness can be controlled, and the bonding strength is high.

Among these examples , welding process 2 after the welding process in which a current of 15 × t 2 0.5 to 30 × t 2 0.5 kA is applied 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec is 1 × t 2 Invention examples N 1, O 2, and P, which are preferable conditions for flowing a current of 0.5 to 10 × t 2 0.5 kA at 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec, have the highest bonding strength. On the other hand, reference examples I and K of current patterns without a welding process after a welding process in which a current of 15 × t 2 0.5 to 30 × t 2 0.5 kA is applied for 100 × t 2 0.5 to 1000 × t 2 0.5 msec. , L, M and, later than 15 × t 2 0.5 ~30 × t 2 0.5 kA current of 100 × t 2 0.5 ~1000 × t 2 0.5 msec flow welding process, the welding step 2, 10 × t 2 Reference Example J, which has a current pattern larger than 0.5 kA, has a lower bonding strength than Invention Examples N 1, O 2 and P.

(Results in Table 3)
As can be seen from Table 3, Comparative Examples 1, 10, and 14 having no resin adhesive have poor corrosion resistance. Further, Comparative Example 2 without plating and Comparative Examples 3, 4, and 5 in which the plating conditions (melting point) are out of the range are inferior to the results of the cross tension test, and the bonding strength is low. Under these conditions, Comparative Example 2 with no plating and an adhesive was also inferior in the cross tension test results. Comparative Example 21 in which the plating thickness was too thick was also a result of inferior cross-tension test results, although it was pure zinc plating.

In contrast, Invention Examples 6, 7, 11 to 13, 18, 19 , 22 and Reference Examples 8 , 9 , 15 , and 20 having a resin adhesive and having plating conditions (melting point) within the range are optimum. The thickness of the interface reaction layer can be controlled, the corrosion resistance is excellent, and the bonding strength is high. Of these, Invention Examples 6 to 7, 11, 18, 19 , and 22 subjected to pure zinc plating have the highest bonding strength. From this result, it can be seen that by controlling the plating to the components, melting point and film thickness of the present invention, the interface reaction layer having the optimum thickness can be controlled, and high bonding strength and corrosion resistance can be obtained. In particular, when the thickness of the pure Zn plating is within a preferable range of 5 to 15 μm and a weld bond is used, it can be seen that both extremely high bonding strength and corrosion resistance can be obtained.

  From the results of the above examples, the critical significance of each requirement defined in the present invention that can increase the bonding strength of the dissimilar material bonded body and suppress the contact corrosion can be understood.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the dissimilar-material joined body which can raise joint strength at the time of joining steel materials and aluminum materials by spot welding, and can suppress contact corrosion, and its spot welding method can be provided. Since such a dissimilar material joined body has improved corrosion resistance as well as joint strength, it can be very usefully applied as various structural members in the transportation field such as automobiles and railway vehicles, machine parts, building structures and the like. Therefore, the present invention greatly expands the use of the heterogeneous joined body of steel and aluminum.

It is sectional drawing which shows the dissimilar joined body of this invention. It is explanatory drawing which shows the aspect of the spot welding for obtaining a dissimilar joined body.

Explanation of symbols

1: steel plate, 2: aluminum alloy plate, 3: dissimilar joined body, 4: oxide film,
5: Nugget, 6: Interfacial reaction layer, 7, 8: Electrode

Claims (2)

  1. And a steel plate thickness t 1 is 0.3 ~3.0Mm, plate thickness t 2 is a dissimilar materials bonded body formed by bonding an aluminum material is 0.5 ~4.0Mm by spot welding, steel and an aluminum material by these joined Are spot welded in a state where a metal film of Zn or Al having a melting point of 350 to 1000 ° C. and an average thickness of 3 to 19 μm and an organic resin adhesive film are provided in advance. A dissimilar joint of steel and aluminum, wherein the area of the interface reaction layer in the welded portion after spot welding is in the range of 0.5 to 5 μm in area of 50 × t 2 0.5 mm 2 or more .
  2. The dissimilar material joined body of steel material and aluminum material according to claim 1, wherein the Zn film is a plating film containing 88 mass% or more of Zn applied to the surface on the steel material side .
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