JP5125027B2 - Radio relay communication method, radio base station and radio relay station in radio communication system - Google Patents

Radio relay communication method, radio base station and radio relay station in radio communication system Download PDF

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JP5125027B2
JP5125027B2 JP2006222703A JP2006222703A JP5125027B2 JP 5125027 B2 JP5125027 B2 JP 5125027B2 JP 2006222703 A JP2006222703 A JP 2006222703A JP 2006222703 A JP2006222703 A JP 2006222703A JP 5125027 B2 JP5125027 B2 JP 5125027B2
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radio
base station
station
relay
wireless
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JP2008048218A (en
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恵一 中津川
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富士通株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04BTRANSMISSION
    • H04B7/00Radio transmission systems, i.e. using radiation field
    • H04B7/14Relay systems
    • H04B7/15Active relay systems
    • H04B7/155Ground-based stations
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W56/00Synchronisation arrangements
    • H04W56/004Synchronisation arrangements compensating for timing error of reception due to propagation delay
    • H04W56/0045Synchronisation arrangements compensating for timing error of reception due to propagation delay compensating for timing error by altering transmission time

Abstract

Correct reception of messages and data by a mobile station or radio base station is enabled in a planned timing by adjusting a receiving or transmit timing in consideration of a time (an occurrence of a time lag) required for relay processing in a radio relay station within a radio communication system. For that purpose, time lag information related to a relay delay due to relay processing in theradio relay station is set to the radio base, the receiving timing of the mobile station is determined based on the time lag information, and the transmit timing of the radio base station 1 or the receiving timing of the mobile station is controlled according to the determined receiving timing.

Description

  The present invention relates to a radio relay communication method, a radio base station, and a radio relay station in a radio communication system.

  In recent years, a technique called WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) has attracted attention as one of wireless communication technologies. WiMAX is a wide area network that connects telecommunications carriers and user homes wirelessly instead of telephone lines or optical fiber lines, and connects LANs (Local Area Networks) in urban areas and specific areas. MAN (Metropolitan Area Network) is a technology developed as a method for building a Wireless MAN, with a single radio base station, an area with a radius of about 50 km at a maximum transmission speed of about 70 Mbit / s. It can be covered.

Currently, in IEEE, for example, the following non-patent documents 1 and 2 are standardized as WiMAX for fixed terminals, and for example, the following non-patent document 3 is standardized as WiMAX for mobile terminals.
IEEE Standard 802.16-2004 (2004-10-01) IEEE Standard 802.16-2004 / Cor1 / D5 (2005-09-12) IEEE Standard 802.16e / D12 (2005-10-14)

  In a wireless communication system such as WiMAX, it is common to communicate between a wireless base station connected to a higher-level network via a wired link and a wireless terminal (hereinafter also simply referred to as “terminal”). By introducing a relay station that performs wireless relay (relay) transfer between the radio base station and the terminal, it is possible to expand the communication area and improve the communication throughput of the terminal.

FIG. 24 shows an outline of a wireless communication system when performing wireless relay communication for mobile.
The radio communication system shown in FIG. 24 includes a radio base station (BS: Base Station) 100, a relay station (RS: Relay Station) 200, and a terminal (MS: Mobile Station) 300. The base station 100 corresponds to a terminal and the base station MS 300 corresponds to a radio base station. The base station 100 receives the radio signal transmitted from the base station 100 or the base station 300, performs necessary processing, and performs the necessary processing. Send for. As shown in FIG. 24, in addition to the case of a single-stage connection in which the signal passes between only one RS 200 between the BS 100 and the MS 300, there may be a multi-stage (series) connection via two or more RSs 200. .

The relay communication system in such a mobile radio communication system is currently being standardized in IEEE 802.16j as a mobile multi-hop relay (MMR).
However, the following problems arise in such wireless relay communication.
In RS200, it is expected that a certain amount of time will be required until a wireless frame is once received and retransmitted. Although this depends on the relay processing method in RS 200, for example, in the case of WiMAX, the following processing may be performed.

That is, the RS 200 first analyzes the downlink map (DL-MAP) assigned to the received frame [OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Access) frame], identifies each burst in the downlink subframe, and decodes it. To extract messages and data addressed to each MS 300 stored in the burst.
Next, among these extracted messages and data, the MS 300 communicating via its own RS 200 is selected, and the selected MS 300 message and data are scheduled to create and encode a burst. For transmission as a new transmission frame.

The time required for these processes varies depending on the processing speed of the RS 200, but takes about one to several frames. This means that messages and data transmitted from the BS 100 to the MS 300 arrive at the MS 300 with a delay of several frames by way of the RS 200. As a result, the following problems occur.
Depending on the type of message or data, there is a message or data that needs to be transmitted or received between the BS 100 and the MS 300 at a predetermined timing. Here, the timing is not limited to only one point at which a message or data is scheduled to be transmitted or received, but may be a valid period (interval) specified by a certain range of time or frame. Further, there are cases where such transmission and reception timings are repeatedly scheduled at a certain period (window, period) from the start time.

  As an example, during idle mode operation in WiMAX, the MS 300 in the idle state returns to a reception state of a MOB_PAG_ADV (Mobile Paging Advertisement) message that is a call signal from the BS 100 in a period called a paging cycle. An effective period for receiving this MOB_PAG_ADV message is called a paging listening window, and a certain period such as 1 to 5 frames is designated. The timing at which the paging listening window is started is determined by calculation from the paging offset value and the frame number. The values such as the paging listening window and the paging offset are notified from the BS 100 to the MS 300, and the BS 100 and the MS 300 need to manage the start frame, the cycle, and the effective period at the same timing.

  However, when RS 200 is interposed between BS 100 and MS 300 as in MMR, a time lag of several frames is added as described above. For this reason, the timing of transmission or reception of messages and data managed by the BS 100 and the MS 300 is shifted, and the message or data does not reach the reception timing scheduled in the BS 100 or the MS 300, and reception fails. Occurs.

  In addition, when the scheduled reception timing or the start time of the cycle is specified by a frame number and an offset value, the frame number transmitted by the BS 100 and the frame number of the frame transmitted by the RS 200 may be set independently. . In this case, the scheduled reception timing at the MS 300 assumed by the BS 100 and the scheduled reception timing calculated by the MS 300 based on an instruction from the BS 100 indicate a completely different point in time, so that reception of a message or data again fails. It will be.

When reception failure occurs in this way, transmission / reception of redundant control messages and the like by retransmission control such as HARQ (Hybrid Automatic Repeat reQuest) increases, so that the utilization efficiency of radio resources decreases and communication quality such as throughput decreases. I will invite you.
Similar problems occur not only when the MS 300 receives a message or data (that is, in the case of a downlink) but also for an uplink that transmits a message or data from the MS 300 to the BS 100 at a certain transmission timing.

  The present invention was devised in view of the above-described problems. In a wireless communication system, when a wireless base station and a wireless terminal communicate with each other via a wireless relay station, the present invention requires relay processing at the wireless relay station. Considering time (occurrence of time lag), adjusting the reception or transmission timing of messages and data managed by the radio base station (or radio relay station) and the radio terminal respectively to match the radio terminal or radio An object is to enable a base station to receive a message and data correctly at a scheduled timing.

(1) The radio relay communication how the wireless communication system of the present invention, a radio base station, equipped with the radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the wireless terminal wirelessly In the communication system, a reception step in which the radio base station receives information on processing delay in the radio relay station, and a control step to advance transmission timing of the radio base station based on the information received in the reception step; It is characterized by having.

(2) A radio relay communication method in a radio communication system according to a technique related to the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. A reception step in which the radio base station receives information on processing delay in the radio relay station, and a reception timing of the radio base station based on the information received in the reception step. And a control step for delaying.

(3) Furthermore, the wireless relay communication how the wireless communication system of technology related to the present invention, at least one relaying a radio base station, and a radio terminal, the communication between the radio base station and the wireless terminal In a radio communication system comprising two radio relay stations, the radio relay station receives a radio frame transmitted from the radio base station or another radio relay station or the radio terminal, and A detection step for detecting a frame number of the received radio frame, a generation step for generating a radio frame in which the frame number detected in the detection step is set, and a transmission step for relaying and transmitting the radio frame generated in the frame generation step It is characterized by having.

(4) Also, the wireless relay communication how the wireless communication system of the present invention, includes a radio base station, a radio terminal and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the wireless terminal In the wireless communication system, the wireless base station receives information on processing delay at the wireless relay station, and notifies the wireless relay station of the transmission timing of the wireless relay station determined based on the information. And a transmission step in which the radio relay station performs relay transmission according to the transmission timing notified in the notification step.

(5) Further, a radio base station in the radio communication system of the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. A radio base station in a communication system, receiving means for receiving information relating to processing delay in the radio relay station, and control means for advancing transmission timing of the own station based on the information received by the receiving means; It is characterized by having.

(6) A radio base station in a radio communication system according to a technique related to the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal, And a reception means for receiving processing delay information at the wireless relay station, and based on the information received by the reception means, the reception timing of the local station is determined. It is characterized by having a control means for delaying.

(7) Furthermore, the radio relay station in the radio communication system of the technology related to the present invention includes at least one radio that relays communication between the radio base station, the radio terminal, and the radio base station and the radio terminal. A radio relay station in a radio communication system comprising a relay station, wherein the radio base station or another radio relay station or a radio terminal that receives a radio frame transmitted from the radio terminal, and the reception unit receive the radio frame Detection means for detecting the frame number of the radio frame, generation means for generating a radio frame in which the frame number detected by the detection means is set, and transmission means for relaying and transmitting the radio frame generated by the frame generation means It is characterized by having it.

(8) A radio relay station in the radio communication system of the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. A wireless relay station in a wireless communication system in which a plurality of the wireless relay stations are wirelessly connected in series between a wireless base station and the wireless terminal, and another wireless relay station on the wireless terminal side relative to the own station And a holding means for holding a cumulative value of each delay time associated with the processing in each of the above, and the cumulative value is used for control for advancing the transmission timing of the radio base station .

(9) Further, a radio relay station in the radio communication system of the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. Receiving means for receiving the transmission timing notification of the wireless relay station in the communication system, which is determined by the wireless base station based on information on processing delay in the own station, and received by the receiving means And transmitting means for performing relay transmission according to the transmission timing.

(10) A radio base station in the radio communication system of the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. The wireless base station in the communication system, the receiving means for receiving information on processing delay at the wireless relay station, and the transmission timing of the wireless relay station determined based on the information received by the receiving means It is characterized by providing notification means for notifying the radio relay station.
(11) A radio relay communication method in a radio communication system of the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. In the wireless communication system, the wireless relay station transmits to the wireless base station information related to processing delay in the wireless relay station, and the wireless base station is configured to transmit the information transmitted in the transmitting step based on the information transmitted in the transmitting step. A relay step of relaying a radio signal whose transmission timing is advanced.
(12) A radio relay station in the radio communication system of the present invention includes a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal. A wireless relay station in a communication system, wherein the wireless base station transmits information related to processing delay in the wireless relay station to the wireless base station, and the wireless base station And a relay unit that relays a radio signal whose transmission timing is advanced.

According to the present invention, at least the following effects or advantages can be obtained.
(1) According to the reception (or transmission) timing at the wireless terminal determined based on the time lag information at the wireless relay station, the transmission timing of the wireless base station or the reception timing at the wireless terminal (or the reception timing of the wireless base station or By controlling (adjusting) the transmission timing at the wireless terminal, the reception success rate is improved by absorbing the reception timing shift caused by the relay delay caused by passing through the wireless base station or the wireless relay station at the wireless terminal. Can do. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce the redundant control messages due to retransmission control at the time of reception failure, etc., and to improve the use efficiency of radio resources while maintaining the communication quality.

(2) Even in a system configuration in which a plurality of radio relay stations are connected in multiple stages (in series), the accumulated value of the time lag information for some or all of the radio relay stations is concentrated in the radio base station and / or radio relay station By setting (holding) in a distributed or distributed manner, appropriate timing control can be realized regardless of the number of wireless relay stations passing through.
(3) Since it becomes possible to synchronize the frame number of the frame transmitted from the radio base station and the frame number of the frame relayed from the radio relay station, the reception or transmission timing is determined based on the frame number. Even in such a case, correct reception or transmission timing control can be realized.

  (4) In the radio base station, the transmission timing of the radio relay station is determined based on the time lag information, and the transmission timing is notified to the radio relay station, thereby controlling the relay transmission timing of the radio relay station. Therefore, for example, when a plurality of radio relay stations are connected in parallel to the radio base station, the transmission timings of the individual radio relay stations can be matched. With a single transmission to the relay station, the wireless terminal can receive the same signal without interruption even if the connection-destination wireless relay station changes with the movement.

Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings. However, it goes without saying that the present invention is not limited to the following embodiments, and can be implemented with various modifications without departing from the spirit of the present invention.
[A] Description of Embodiment FIG. 1 is a block diagram showing a configuration of a wireless communication system according to an embodiment of the present invention. The wireless communication system shown in FIG. 1 includes a wireless base station (BS) 1. A mobile station (MS: Mobile Station) 3 as a wireless terminal having a wireless communication function such as a mobile phone or a notebook PC, and a relay (relay) station (RS: relay station) disposed between the BS 1 and the MS 3 In this embodiment, RS2 corresponds to the MS when viewed from BS1 and corresponds to the BS when viewed from MS3, and the radio transmitted by BS1 or MS3. (RF) signal is received once, necessary processing (relay processing) is performed and transmitted for MS3 or BS1.

  In FIG. 1, only one BS1, RS2, and MS3 are shown, but two or more of them may exist. Further, as shown in FIG. 1, in addition to a one-stage connection mode in which a radio signal passes only one RS2 between BS1 and MS3, as will be described later with reference to FIG. 13, two or more RS2s are connected in series. There is a form in which wireless connection (multi-hop connection) is performed, and there is also a form in which two or more RS2s are wirelessly connected in parallel to one BS1, as will be described later with reference to FIG.

  Furthermore, in the present embodiment, between BS1 and RS2 and between RS2 and MS3, for example, a communication scheme compliant with WiMAX, that is, an OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) scheme or an OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing), respectively. Assuming that downlink and uplink communications are performed by radio frames (hereinafter also simply referred to as “frames”) in a predetermined format in the (Access) system, and control messages and user data (hereinafter simply referred to as MS 3) in MS 3 are used. The reception or transmission timing of “message” (also referred to as “data”) is premised on a system configuration specified (managed) by BS1 (or RS2).

And when BS1 pays attention to the main part, for example, as shown in FIG. 2, the receiving antenna 10, the receiving part 11, the transmitting part 12, the transmitting antenna 13, the determining part 14, the requesting part 15, the notifying part 16, the timing control, A part 17 and a holding part 18 are provided.
Here, the receiving antenna 10 receives an RF signal (such as a message or data) from the RS 2 or the MS 1 or another BS 1, and the receiving unit 11 performs a required operation on the RF signal received by the receiving antenna 10. Receive processing is performed. For this reason, the receiving unit 11 includes, for example, a radio (RF) receiver (Rx) 111 and a signal processing unit 112, and the RF receiver 111 It performs necessary radio reception processing including frequency conversion (down conversion) to baseband frequency and AD (Analog to Digital) conversion to a digital signal for digital signal processing. The baseband digital signal obtained by the RF receiver 111 is subjected to necessary digital signal processing including at least demodulation processing and decoding processing.

  The transmission unit 12 generates a downlink transmission signal addressed to the MS 3. The transmission unit 12 includes, for example, a signal processing unit 121 and a radio (RF) transmitter (Tx) 122, and the signal processing unit 121 includes , Encoding of signals (messages, data, etc.) to be transmitted to MS3 (error correction encoding such as convolutional codes and turbo codes), generation of transmission frames (OFDM frames and OFDMA frames) of a predetermined format, QPSK, The RF transmitter 122 performs necessary digital signal processing including modulation processing by 16QAM or the like, and the RF transmitter 122 uses a DA (analog to analog signal) for the transmission signal (digital baseband signal) obtained by the signal processing unit 121. Performs required wireless transmission processing including Digital to Analog) conversion and frequency conversion (up-conversion) to transmission RF signal It is be one.

The transmission antenna 13 radiates the transmission signal obtained by the transmission unit 12 to the space toward the RS 2 or the MS 3 or another BS 1.
The holding unit 18 holds at least information (time lag information) related to relay delay (time lag) of messages and data generated in association with relay processing in the RS 2, and the time lag information is obtained from a maintenance (operator) terminal or the like. It may be set externally or the time lag information notified from the RS 2 may be held via the receiving unit 11 and the determining unit 14.

The determination unit 14 determines (manages) a message or data reception or transmission timing in the MS 3 or a transmission timing to the MS 3 in the RS 2 based on the time lag information in the RS 2.
The request unit 15 makes an inquiry to the RS 2 via the transmission unit 12 in order to obtain at least the time lag information of the RS 2. For example, a signal including information corresponding to the inquiry content when the BS 1 is started, etc. (Frame) is generated by the signal processing unit 121 and transmitted from the transmission antenna 13 as an inquiry message (control message). Note that a response (time lag information) from the inquiry destination RS 2 is received by the receiving antenna 10, detected by the receiving unit 11 (signal processing unit 112), and set (held) in the holding unit 18. Further, when the time lag information is statically set for the BS 1 (holding unit 18) by an operator terminal or the like, the function of the request unit 15 is unnecessary.

  The notification unit 16 generates information to be notified to the MS 3 or RS 2, and a signal (frame) including information corresponding to the notification content is generated by the signal processing unit 121 and various notification messages (control messages). Is transmitted from the transmission antenna 13. As the notification message, for example, a message for notifying the MS 3 of the message or data reception or transmission timing determined by the determination unit 14 or the transmission timing of the RS 2 determined by the determination unit 14 is notified to the RS 2. There are messages.

  The timing control unit 17 corresponds to the reception (or transmission) timing of the MS 3 determined (adjusted) based on the time lag information at the RS 2 by the determination unit 14, more specifically, the time lag due to the relay processing at the RS 2. The timing that is advanced (or delayed) by the time is managed, and the processing of the transmission unit 12 (signal processing unit 121) [or the reception unit 11 (signal processing unit 112)] according to the managed reception (or transmission) timing Is used to adjust (control) the transmission (or reception) timing of messages and data addressed to MS3 or BS1.

On the other hand, when focusing on the main part of the RS 2 of the present embodiment, for example, as shown in FIG. 3, the receiving antenna 20, the receiving part 21, the transmitting part 22, the transmitting antenna 23, the extracting part 24, the requesting part 25, the timing control, A unit 26, a holding unit 27, and a notification unit 28 are provided.
Here, the receiving antenna 20 receives an RF signal from the BS 1 or the MS 3 or another RS 2, and the receiving unit 21 performs a required receiving process on the RF signal received by the receiving antenna 20. is there.

  For this reason, the receiving unit 21 includes, for example, an RF receiver (Rx) 211 and a signal processing unit 212, and the RF receiver 211 is received by the receiving antenna 20 as in the BS1. The RF signal is subjected to required radio reception processing including frequency conversion (down conversion) to a baseband frequency and AD conversion to a digital signal for digital signal processing.

The signal processing unit 212 performs necessary digital signal processing including at least demodulation processing and decoding processing on the baseband digital signal obtained by the RF receiver 211. The signal after the signal processing is relayed to the MS3. Therefore, the signal is input to the transmission unit 22 (signal processing unit 221).
The transmission unit 22 generates a transmission signal addressed to the MS 3 or BS 1 or other RS 2. For example, the transmission unit 22 includes a signal processing unit 221 and an RF transmitter (Tx) 222, and the signal processing unit 221 includes , Encoding of signals (messages, data, etc.) to be transmitted to MS3 or BS1 (error correction encoding such as convolutional codes and turbo codes), generation of transmission frames (OFDM frames and OFDMA frames) of a predetermined format, The RF transmitter 222 performs necessary digital signal processing including modulation processing by QPSK, 16QAM, etc., and the RF transmitter 222 converts the transmission signal (digital baseband signal) obtained by the signal processing unit 221 into an analog signal. Place including DA (Digital to Analog) conversion and frequency conversion (up-conversion) to transmission RF signal Those subjected to radio transmission processing.

The transmission antenna 23 radiates the transmission signal obtained by the transmission unit 22 to the space toward the MS 3 or the BS 1 or another RS 2.
The extraction unit 24 sets the frame number set in the transmission frame from the BS 1 or other RS 2 processed by the reception unit 21 (signal processing unit 212) (in the case of an OFDMA frame, it is set in the DL-MAP). And the function of extracting (detecting) the time lag information, and the request unit 25 makes an inquiry to the other RS 2 via the transmission unit 22 in order to acquire the time lag information of the other RS 2. For example, when RS2 is activated, a signal (frame) including information corresponding to the inquiry content is generated by the signal processing unit 221 and transmitted from the transmission antenna 23 as an inquiry message (control message). . A response (time lag information) from the inquiry destination is received by the receiving antenna 20, extracted to the extracting unit 24 via the receiving unit 21, and held in the holding unit 27.

  The timing control unit 26 determines and manages the reception or transmission timing of a message or data in the MS 3 or other RS 2 based on the time lag information held in the holding unit 27, and the transmission unit 22 (signal processing unit 221) according to the timing. ) Or the function of controlling the processing of the reception unit 21 (signal processing unit 212) and the transmission unit 22 (signal processing unit 221) in order to synchronize the transmission frame number of BS1 and the transmission frame number of itself (RS2). And a function of setting the frame number extracted by the extraction unit 24 to the transmission frame of itself (RS2). For example, as described later with reference to FIGS. 19 to 23, when it is necessary to adjust the transmission timing of a message or data in RS2, the transmission timing control of the transmission frame is performed on the transmission unit 22 (signal processing unit 221). To do.

  The holding unit 27 holds time lag information (described later with reference to FIGS. 15 to 18) of the other RS2 extracted by the extraction unit 24, and the notification unit 28 notifies the MS3 or BS1 or other RS2 A signal (frame) including information corresponding to the notification content is generated by the signal processing unit 221 and transmitted from the transmission antenna 23 as a notification message (control message). . As the notification message, for example, as will be described later with reference to FIGS. 16 to 18, the time lag information of the own or other RS 2 held in the holding unit 27 or the accumulated value thereof is sent to another RS 2 via the transmission unit 22. Or there is a message to notify BS1.

In addition, when an operator etc. sets statically the time lag information about all RS2 with respect to BS1 (deciding part 14), all or one part function of the request part 25, the holding | maintenance part 27, and the notification part 28 is unnecessary. is there.
Hereinafter, the operation (relay communication method) of the wireless communication system of the present embodiment configured as described above will be described in detail.

(A1) Outline Description The BS 1 holds (sets) the time lag information when passing through the RS 2 in the holding unit 18. As the method, for example, (1) a method of presetting as static information, (2) a method of spontaneously notifying the BS1 of its own time lag information when the RS2 is activated, and setting this (3) ) In response to an inquiry about time lag information from BS1 to RS2, a method of setting the time lag information notified from the RS2 is conceivable. In the case of (2) or (3), the time lag information can be given as a result of measuring the time required for the actual relay processing by RS 2 (dynamic information) instead of static information.

  In BS1, the determination unit 14 determines the reception (or transmission) timing of the MS3 based on the parameters related to the reception (or transmission) timing desired by the MS3 or the timing according to the control algorithm of the BS1 itself. The determined timing is notified from the BS 1 to the MS 3 by a control message or the like from the notification unit 16 through the transmission unit 12, and the MS 3 receives its own reception of the start time or frame, valid period, period, etc. based on this notification ( (Or transmission) timing management. Note that the effective period may indicate, for example, a certain time or one frame within a cycle, or may indicate a certain time or a range over a plurality of frames. When the valid period is a fixed time or a plurality of frames, a plurality of messages and data may be received within the valid period. In addition, parameters such as the start time or frame, effective period, and cycle specified (notified) from the BS 1 can be changed as appropriate (for example, variable according to the amount of transmission data to the MS 3).

Here, if the timing notified to the MS 3 is managed as it is in the BS 1 without adjusting anything, the problems described in the prior art occur. Therefore, when BS1 manages the reception (or transmission) timing at MS3, timing adjustment (control) is performed in consideration of the time lag at RS2.
(A2) MS3 Reception Timing Adjustment Management FIG. 4 shows how BS3 adjusts and manages the reception timing of MS3.

  BS1 sets time lag information for RS2 as described above (step S1), and determines and manages the reception timing (valid period, repetition period, etc.) of MS3 based on the time lag information (step S2). That is, the MS3 reception timing managed by the MS3 is set to the time lag due to the relay processing in the RS2 so that the message and data to be transmitted to the MS3 correctly arrive at the reception timing (valid period, repetition period, etc.) managed by the MS3. Manage at the timing earlier by the corresponding time.

Then, BS1 transmits information (reception timing before adjustment) specifying the reception timing of MS3 by a predetermined notification message or the like (step S3). The notification message is transmitted to the MS 3 with a time lag corresponding to the time required for the relay processing in the RS 2 in the same manner as other messages and data addressed to the MS 3 (step S4).
By receiving this notification message, the MS 3 manages its own reception timing (valid period, repetition period, etc.) at a designated timing. That is, the MS 3 manages its own reception timing at a timing delayed by the time corresponding to the time lag from the reception timing managed by the BS 1.

  After that, the BS 1 controls the transmission timing of messages and data addressed to the MS 3 by the timing control unit 17 based on the reception timing of the MS 3 managed by itself after the timing adjustment. As a result, messages and data (steps S5 and S7) transmitted from BS1 are correctly received within the effective period scheduled (managed) by MS3 even if a time lag is added via RS2. (Steps S6 and S8).

(A3) MS3 transmission timing adjustment management On the other hand, FIG. 5 shows how the transmission timing of MS3 is adjusted and managed in BS1.
When a message or data is transmitted from the MS 3 to the BS 1 at a certain transmission timing, the BS 1 sets the time lag information of the RS 2 by the determination unit 14 as described above (step S11), and the time lag information MS3 transmission timing (valid period, repetition period, etc.) is determined and managed based on (step S12). That is, assuming that a time lag due to relay processing in RS2 is added to the transmission timing (valid period, repetition period, etc.) managed by MS3, the transmission timing of MS3 managed in BS1 corresponds to the time lag in RS2. Manage at the timing delayed by

Then, BS1 transmits information (transmission timing before adjustment) specifying the transmission timing of MS3 by a predetermined notification message or the like (step S13). This notification message is also transmitted to the MS 3 with a time lag corresponding to the time required for the relay processing in the RS 2 in the same manner as other messages and data addressed to the MS 3 (step S14).
By receiving this notification message, the MS 3 manages its own transmission timing (valid period, repetition period, etc.) at the designated timing. That is, the MS 3 manages its own reception timing at a timing that is earlier than the transmission timing managed by the BS 1 by a time corresponding to the time lag.

  Thereafter, the BS 1 controls the reception timing of the BS 1 based on the transmission timing of the MS 3 managed by the timing controller 17 after the adjustment. As a result, messages and data (steps S15 and S17) transmitted from the MS3 to the BS1 are correctly received within the effective period scheduled (managed) by the BS1, even if a time lag is added via the RS2. (Steps S16 and S18).

  As described above, by controlling (adjusting) the transmission (or reception) timing of BS1 according to the reception (or transmission) timing at MS3 determined based on the time lag information at RS2, reception timing shift at BS1 or MS3 Can improve the reception success rate. Accordingly, it is possible to reduce the redundant control messages due to retransmission control at the time of reception failure, etc., and to improve the use efficiency of radio resources while maintaining the communication quality.

  In the example of the items (A2) and (A3) described above, the reception (or transmission) timing of the MS3 managed by the BS1 is advanced (or delayed) by a time corresponding to the time lag by the relay processing in the RS2. The reception (or transmission) timing managed by the BS1 and the MS3 is made to coincide with each other, but the reception (or transmission) of the MS3 managed by the BS1 is performed in the steps S3, S4 or S13, S14. ) The MS 3 is notified by the notification unit 16 of the timing delayed (or advanced) by the time corresponding to the time lag, that is, the adjusted reception (or transmission) timing is notified to the MS 3, and the BS 1 is the timing before the adjustment. The reception (or transmission) tie managed on the MS3 side and BS1 side is also performed by the transmission (or reception) processing in the Ring can be a match with each other.

(A4) Transmission frame number synchronization of BS1 and RS2 The scheduled reception (or transmission) timing at MS3 and the start time of the cycle are relatively determined by the offset from the time when MS3 received the message notifying the timing. If, for example, the frame number and the number of offset frames are absolutely determined, if the frame number management in BS1 and RS2 does not match, the start time calculated by MS3 as described above and BS1 The start time at the assumed MS3 is deviated.

Therefore, in RS2, the extraction unit 24 extracts the frame number of the frame transmitted by BS1, and the timing control unit 26 sets the same frame number in the frame transmitted by RS2 in synchronization with the frame transmission of BS1. . As a result, it is possible to make the reception or transmission timing start points determined by BS1 and MS3 coincide.
FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating an example in which the frame numbers of the frames transmitted by BS1 and RS2 are matched.

  The BS 1 normally transmits a radio frame (for example, an OFDMA frame) at a constant cycle after activation (steps S31 and S32). In each radio frame, a frame number for the MS 3 or the like to identify the frame is set in the DL-MAP and is incremented every transmission. In RS2, after starting (step S33), the frame number is not simply set from the initial value, and the frame is not transmitted at its own independent timing. Is detected, the transmission timing of the frame transmitted by the BS 1 is detected, and synchronization is performed (step S34). As a method of performing synchronization, for example, a method of extracting preamble information of a frame transmitted by BS1 is conceivable as MS3 is synchronized with BS1.

Next, the RS 2 extracts the frame number set in the frame received from the BS 1 (step S35) by the extraction unit 24, and the timing control unit 26 synchronizes with the detected frame transmission of the BS 1 at the timing of BS 1 A frame in which the same frame number as that of the transmission frame is set is transmitted (step S36).
In this way, the reception or transmission timing is determined (managed) based on the frame number by synchronizing the frame number of the frame transmitted from BS1 and the frame number of the frame relayed from RS2. Even in this case, correct reception or transmission timing control can be realized.

In FIG. 6, the synchronization in RS2 and the extraction of the frame number are performed only once, but may be repeated every frame, for example. In FIG. 6, RS2 is activated after BS1 is activated. However, when RS2 is activated first and BS1 is activated later, the above frame synchronization and frame number extraction and setting are performed. You may do it.
Further, when two or more RS2s are connected in multiple stages (in series), the BS1 may be read as RS2 and the RS2 may be read as another RS2 for application.

(A5) First Specific Example of MS3 Reception Timing Adjustment Management Next, FIG. 7 shows, as a first specific example of MS3 reception timing management described above with reference to FIG. The state of reception timing management is shown.
In BS1, the time lag associated with the relay process in RS2 is grasped and set for timing adjustment (step S41). When the MS 3 shifts to the idle mode and transmits a message [DREG-REQ (De-Registration Request) message] requesting release of location registration management for the MS 3 by the BS 1 (steps S42 and 43), the BS 1 Upon receiving the DREG-REQ message, parameters relating to the reception timing of the MS3 such as a paging cycle (Paging_Cycle) and a paging offset (Paging_Offset) are determined, and the parameters are determined by the DREG-CMD (De-Registration Command) message. (Steps S45 and S46).

  In the MS 3, the effective period is between a predetermined frame range from a frame in which the remainder obtained by dividing the frame number of the frame received from the RS 2 by the paging cycle notified by the DREG-CMD message matches the paging offset. As a paging listening interval (see A3). In FIG. 7, only one cycle of the paging listening interval is shown, but during the idle mode, the paging listening interval is generated in the paging cycle period.

  The BS1 manages the paging listening interval (see symbol A1) adjusted to the timing advanced by the time lag of RS2 set in step S41, and the MOB_PAG_ADV (Mobile Paging Advertisement) message for performing the paging call to the MS3 is the pre-adjustment This is not transmitted within the paging listening interval (see reference A2), but within this adjusted paging listening interval (A1). FIG. 7 shows a state in which the MOB_PAG_ADV message is transmitted at the start point (first frame) and end point (final frame) of the paging listening interval (A1) (steps S47, S48, S49, and S50). .

As a result, the MS3 can correctly receive the MOB_PAG_ADV message within the paging listening interval (A3) managed by the MS3 by the DREG-CMD message received in step S46.
(A6) Second Specific Example of MS3 Reception Timing Adjustment Management Next, as a second specific example of MS3 reception timing management described above with reference to FIG. The timing management of the Sleep Window and Listening Window is shown. “Sleep mode” means that when MS3 does not receive a message or data for a certain period of time, a period for receiving the message or data (listening window) is intermittently generated in a certain cycle to save power. This means a mode to be limited, and the MS 3 declares this to the BS 1, so that the BS 1 performs the transition process to the sleep mode for the MS 3.

First, the BS 1 grasps the time lag information associated with the relay processing in the RS 2 and sets it for timing adjustment (step S 51), and then the MOB-SLP-REQ (Mobile Sleep Request) message for declaring the sleep mode from the MS 3. Upon receiving (steps S52, S53), beginning the sleep window (Initial sleep window), final sleep window (final sleep window), relating to the reception timing, such as listening window (listening window), starting frame number (start frame Num b er) The parameter is determined (step S54), and the parameter is notified to the MS 3 by a MOB_SLP_RSP (Mobile Sleep Response) message (steps S55 and S56).

In MS3, when the frame number of the frame received from the RS2 becomes the start frame number (Start Frame Num b er), starts controlling the sleep window (reference numeral A8) and Listening Window (See numeral A9). In FIG. 8, the sleep window and the listening window are shown for only one cycle, but the sleep window and the listening window are alternately generated during the sleep mode.

  The BS1 manages the sleep window (see symbol A4) and the listening window (see symbol A5) adjusted to the timing advanced by the time lag of RS2, and MOB_TRF_IND (Mobile Traffic Indication) message that informs the arrival of traffic to the MS3 is: It is transmitted within the listening window (A5) that is adjusted and managed, not within the listening window before adjustment (see symbol A7; symbol A6 indicates the sleep window before adjustment). FIG. 8 shows a state in which the MOB_TRF_IND message is transmitted at the start point (last frame) and end point (first frame) of the listening window (A5) (steps S57, S58, S59, and S60).

As a result, the MS 3 can correctly receive the MOB_TRF_IND message within the listening window (A9) managed by the MS 3 based on the MOB_SLP_RSP message received in step S56.
(A7) Specific Example of MS3 Transmission Timing Adjustment Management Next, FIG. 9 shows a state of management of CQICH transmission timing in WiMAX as a specific example of MS3 transmission timing management described above with reference to FIG. CQICH is a control channel for periodically notifying BS1 of CINR (Carrier to Interference + Noise Ratio), which is downlink radio channel quality information measured by MS3, using a CQI (Channel Quality Indicator) Report message. , BS1 adaptively changes the modulation scheme and coding rate according to the CINR notified by the message, and performs downlink transmission.

  In BS1, the time lag accompanying the relay process in RS2 is grasped and set for timing adjustment (step S61). Further, BS1 determines parameters related to the transmission timing of the CQI Report message to be instructed to MS3, such as a period (Period), a frame offset (Frame Offset), and a period (Duration) (step S62). Channel Quality Indicator Channel) MS 3 is notified by a Control IE (Information Element) message (steps S63 and S64).

  In MS 3, “Period” is used for the period indicated by “Duration” from the frame (see reference B 5) in which the lower-order bits of the frame number of the frame received from RS 2 are the same as the notified “Frame Offset”. The CQI Report message is transmitted at the cycle indicated by (see reference numeral B6) (steps S65, S66, S67, S68). In FIG. 9, only one cycle of the CQI Report message is shown, but the CQI Report message is generated at a “Period” period while CQICH is established.

BS1 manages the timing adjusted to the timing delayed by the time lag of RS2 (Frame Offset, Period, Duration) (see symbols B1 and B2), and the CQI Report message from MS3 is sent to the timing before adjustment (reference B3). Rather than (see B4), it is received at the timing (scheduled time) adjusted and managed.
(A8) When the message or data from BS1 reaches MS3 directly
In wireless communication systems that use adaptive modulation, such as WiMAX, broadcast messages and data that are sent to all MS3s can be received even at a lower reception level, although the modulation rate is lower, but it is more error-resistant. In general, transmission is performed using various modulation schemes.

  In such a case, as schematically shown in FIG. 10, for example, depending on the position of the MS 3, a broadcast message from the BS 1 may be directly received by the MS 3 without going through the RS 2 (see dotted arrows). In FIG. 10, reference numeral 1a represents a wireless area (cell) formed by BS1, and reference numeral 2a represents a wireless area formed by RS2. On the other hand, normal messages and data that are individually transmitted to individual MSs 3 are advantageously routed via RS 2 in order to transmit using a high-speed modulation method (see solid arrows).

  Thus, in a situation where individual messages and data to MS3 are transmitted / received via RS2, and broadcast messages addressed to all MS3 reach directly to MS3 from BS1 without going through RS2, for example, as shown in FIG. When the message and data reception timing is instructed from the BS 1 to the MS 3, the start time of the message and data reception timing at the MS 3 is the time when the MS 3 receives the message (steps S73 and S74) for notifying the reception timing ( If specified by the relative offset from step S74), the reception timing start time at MS3 will be delayed by the time lag at RS2. This is because the message notifying the reception timing to the MS 3 is not a broadcast message but a message sent individually to the MS 3 via the RS 2.

  In this state, for example, when BS1 transmits a broadcast message that can be received by all MSs 3 such as the MOB_PAG_ADV message in the example described above with reference to FIG. 7 and broadcast data of a broadcast service such as MBS (Multicast Broadcast Service), These reach MS3 without a time lag without going through RS2. As a result, the message or data transmitted on the assumption that the reception timing of the MS 3 has arrived at the BS 1 reaches the MS 3 before the reception timing managed by the MS 3 reaches the reception timing, and the reception fails.

  Therefore, in BS1, in order to further add the time lag in RS2 to the offset up to the reception timing start time, the determination unit 14 sets time lag information (downlink) (step S71), and based on the time lag information. By determining the offset, period and interval until the start (step S72), the reception timing (period and / or interval) of the MS 3 is managed at a timing delayed by the time lag in RS2. As a result, the reception timing managed by the MS 3 matches the reception timing of the MS 3 managed by the BS 1.

  Accordingly, the BS 1 controls the transmission process in the transmission unit 12 (signal processing unit 121) by the timing control unit 17 and transmits a broadcast message or broadcast data in the adjusted cycle and / or interval (step S75). , S76), and the MS 3 can correctly receive these broadcast messages and data at the reception timing managed by the MS 3 itself.

For the uplink, for example, as shown in FIG. 12, by adjusting the transmission timing of the MS3 managed by the BS1 to match the transmission timing managed by the MS3, the MS3 does not pass through the RS2 to the BS1. Failure to receive messages and data that arrive directly can be avoided.
That is, when instructing the transmission timing of a message or data from BS1 to MS3 (steps S83 and S84), the start time of the transmission timing is the time from when MS3 received the message notifying the transmission timing (step S84). When specified by a relative offset, BS1 sets time lag information (uplink) by determining unit 14 in order to further add a time lag in RS2 to the offset up to the transmission timing start time ( In step S81), by determining the offset, period, and interval until the start based on the time lag information (step S82), the transmission timing (period and / or interval) of MS3 is delayed at the timing delayed by the time lag in RS2. to manage.

  As a result, the transmission timing managed by the MS 3 matches the transmission timing of the MS 3 managed by the BS 1. Therefore, the MS 3 transmits a message or data addressed to the BS 1 in a period and / or interval managed by receiving the message (steps S83, S84) notifying the transmission timing from the BS 1 (step S85, S84). S86), BS1 is a message received directly from MS3 without going through RS2 by timing control unit 17 controlling signal processing in receiving unit 11 (signal processing unit 112) at the timing managed by BS1. And data can be received correctly.

(A9) When RS2 is connected in multiple stages Next, FIG. 13 shows a case where a plurality of RS2s are connected in multiple stages (in series). FIG. 13 shows an example in which three RS2s (2-1, 2-2, 2-3) are arranged between BS1 and MS3. How many RS2s are there? May be. The configuration of each RS 2 is the same as or similar to the configuration described above with reference to FIG.

In such a multistage connection system, for example, as shown in FIG. 14, time lag information in all RSs 2-1, 2-2, and 2-3 is set in the BS 1 (for example, the determination unit 14 sets it). Thus, the adjustment or management of the reception or transmission timing of the MS 3 described above according to the items (A1) to (A7) can be performed.
Alternatively, the BS 1 and each RS 2 can also set the items (A 1) to the items (A 1) to the sum of the time lag information of all the RS 2 connected to the MS 3 side (hereinafter also referred to as the downstream side) by itself, for example. (A7) makes it possible to adjust and manage the reception or transmission timing of the MS 3 described above.

  That is, for example, as shown in FIG. 15, since RS2-2 is connected downstream from itself, RS2-2 sets the time lag information of the RS2-3. Since RS2-3 and 2-2 are connected further downstream, the sum of the time lag information of the RS2-3 and 2-2 is set, and BS1 is connected to RS2-3 and 2-2 downstream from itself. , 2-1 are connected, the sum of the time lag information of the RS2-3, 2-2, 2-1 is set. However, RS2-3 is the RS closest to MS3, and since no RS is connected to the MS3 side from itself, the sum of time lag information is not set.

(A9.1) Time lag information setting method (1)
The setting of the sum of the time lag information as shown in FIG. 15 is realized by notifying the other RS 2 or BS 1 of the sum of the time lag information set by each RS 2 as shown in FIG. 16, for example. be able to.
That is, in the example shown in FIG. 16, the most downstream RS2-3 closest to the MS3 notifies its own time lag information to the upstream RS2-2 by the notification unit 28 using a control message or the like (step S91). The RS2-2 extracts the notified time lag information by the extraction unit 24 and sets it to itself (that is, holds it in the holding unit 27. The same applies hereinafter) (step S92), and also adds itself (RS2) to the time lag information. -2), the information added with the time lag information is notified to the upstream RS 2-1 by the notification unit 28 (step S93).

  Similarly, the RS 2-1 sets the time lag information (sum of the time lag information in the RS 2-3 and 2-2) notified from the downstream RS 2-2 (step S94), and the time lag information. In addition, the notification unit 28 notifies the upstream BS 1 by a control message or the like (step S95), and the BS 1 notifies the time lag information (RS2-3, 2- The sum of time lag information in 2 and 2-1 is set to itself (step S96).

(A9.2) Time lag information setting method (2)
The setting of the time lag information shown in FIG. 15 is such that BS1 or each RS2 inquires the RS2 connected downstream with the sum of the time lag information by a control message, etc. This can also be realized by notifying BS 1 of the sum of time lag information by a control message or the like.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 17, first, the RS 2-2 makes an inquiry about the time lag information to the downstream side RS 2-3 by the request unit 25 (step S101). The notification unit 28 notifies the inquiry source RS2-2 of the time lag information of itself (RS2-3) (step S102). Receiving this notification, the RS 2-2 extracts the notified time lag information by the extraction unit 24 and sets it to itself (step S103).

  Similarly, for example, the RS 2-1 makes an inquiry about time lag information to the downstream RS 2-2 by the request unit 25 (step S104), and the RS 2-2 that has received this inquiry (RS2-2) ) Is notified to the inquiry source RS2-1 by the notification unit 28 (step S105), and the RS2-2 sets the notified time lag information in addition to the time lag information of itself (RS2-1). (Step S106).

  Thereafter, the BS 1 makes an inquiry about time lag information to the downstream RS 2-1 by the request unit 15 (step S 107), and the RS 2-1 that has received this inquiry sets itself (RS 2-1). The time lag information obtained by adding the time lag information of itself (RS2-1) to the sum of the time lag information of RS2-3 and 2-2, and the time lag information of itself (RS2-1) is notified to the inquiry source BS1 ( Step S108), BS1 extracts the notified time lag information, that is, the sum of the time lag information in RS2-3, 2-2, and 2-1, by the determination unit 14, and sets it to itself (step S109).

(A9.3) Time lag information setting method (part 3)
In addition, the setting of the time lag information shown in FIG. 15 is performed by sequentially inquiring the time lag information from the upstream side to the downstream side RS 2 using a control message or the like starting from BS1 and controlling the response from the downstream side to the upstream side. This can also be realized by returning the message.
That is, for example, as shown in FIG. 18, first, the BS 1 makes an inquiry about time lag information in the RS 2-1 to the downstream RS 2-1 by the notification unit 16 (step S111), and receives the inquiry. The RS 2-1 makes an inquiry about the time lag information in the RS 2-2 to the downstream RS 2-2 by the request unit 25 (step S112), and the RS 2-2 that received the inquiry receives the request. The unit 28 makes an inquiry about the time lag information in the RS2-3 to the downstream RS2-3 (step S113).

  When receiving the inquiry, the most downstream RS 2-3 notifies the inquiry source RS 2-2 of its own time lag information by the notification unit 28 (step S114), and the RS 2-2 is notified. The time lag information in RS2-3 is extracted by the extraction unit 24 and set in itself (step S115), and the time lag information obtained by adding the time lag information in the time lag information is sent to the upstream RS2 by the notification unit 28. -2 is notified to RS2-1 as a response to the inquiry from -1 (step S116).

  The RS 2-1 extracts the time lag information notified from the RS 2-2, that is, the sum of the time lag information in the RS 2-3 and the RS 2-2 by the extraction unit 24 and sets it to itself (Step S 117). The notification unit 28 notifies the inquiry source BS1 of time lag information obtained by adding its own time lag information to the information (step S118). Thereby, BS1 extracts the said time lag information notified from RS2-1, ie, the sum total of the time lag information in RS2-3, 2-2, and 2-1, in the determination part 14, and sets it to self ( Step S119).

As described above, even in a system configuration in which a plurality of RS2s are connected in multiple stages (in series), a cumulative value of time lag information for some or all RS2s is set centrally or in a distributed manner in BS1 and / or RS2. By being able to (hold), it becomes possible to realize appropriate timing control regardless of the number of vias of RS2.
(A10) Timing adjustment by RS2 The above-described message (data) transmission (or reception) timing adjustment at BS1 can also be performed at RS2. For example, regarding the transmission timing adjustment, as shown in FIG. 19, in BS1, from the time when RS2 receives a message or data subject to transmission timing adjustment based on the time lag information, until BS2 retransmits it to MS3. A parameter related to transmission timing such as waiting time is determined (step S122), and the parameter is notified to each RS2 by the notification unit 16 by a control message or the like (step S123).

  In RS2, the parameter notified from BS1 is extracted by the extracting unit 24 and held in the holding unit 27, and then the transmission timing is set by the timing control unit 26 based on the parameter (step S124). When a message or data subject to timing adjustment (for example, identified by a frame number) is received (step S125), the message or data is transmitted to the MS 3 (or another RS 2) when the set transmission timing arrives. (Step S126).

  In this example, BS1 voluntarily notifies the parameter to RS2, but for example, as shown by step S123 'of the dotted arrow in FIG. In response to the inquiry, the BS 1 may notify the RS 2 as an inquiry of the parameter by the notification unit 15 as a response (step S123 ′).

(A10.1) Application Example of timing adjustment by RS2 adjusts the transmission timing in such RS2 are considered and Turkey be performed for control described below.
For example, as shown in FIG. 20, there are a plurality of RS2s under BS1 (in FIG. 20, two units RS2-1 and 2-2 are shown, but of course three or more units may be present). In the case of a system configuration that is connected in parallel (further, a plurality of RS2s may be connected in series between BS1 and MS3), that is, as in the case of a broadcast type service, which RS2 ( Or, in the case of a system configuration that provides a service that receives messages and data of the same content even though it is located under BS1), switching of the connection destination RS2 (or BS1) of the MS3 with the movement of the MS3 May occur.

In order to provide a service to the MS 3 without interruption even before and after the occurrence of such switching, it is necessary to transmit messages and data having the same contents at the same timing in all RS2s and BS1s. In order to realize this, it is necessary to match the transmission timing in each RS2 in consideration of the time lag in each RS2.
As one of the methods, for example, it is conceivable to transmit a message or data having the same content to each RS 2 after adjusting transmission timing for each RS 2 in advance in BS 1. Increases the processing load.

Therefore, for example, in RS2, the transmission of a message or data is waited in RS2 having a short time lag so as to match the transmission timing in RS2 having the longest time lag. In this way, the same message and data from BS1 need only be transmitted once to each RS2.
In this case, BS1 receives notification of time lag information from each connected RS2 in step S121 indicated by a dotted arrow in FIG. 19, and in step S122, based on the time lag information, the transmission timing adjustment target In order to determine the maximum waiting time from when the message or data is received by RS2 until it is retransmitted to MS3, each RS2 performs relay transmission in synchronization with the maximum time. A parameter related to transmission timing is determined, and the parameter is notified to each RS 2 in step S123.

An example in which the synchronization method between the RSs 2 is applied is shown in FIGS. 21 and 22.
FIG. 21 shows a case where both the time lags of RS2-1 and RS2-2 are for one frame. In this case, first, at the timing of frame # 2 in FIG. 23, BS1 transmits a message or data to RS2-1 and RS2-2 (see arrows C1 and C2). This transmission may be individually unicast transmission from BS1 to RS2-1 and RS2-2, or may be multicast transmission with RS2-1 and RS2-2 as a multicast group.

  In RS2-1 and RS2-2, the message or data transmitted by BS1 is received at the timing of frame # 2, respectively, but at the timing of frame # 3 after one frame due to the time lag of one frame in each. The received message or data is relayed (see arrows C3 and C4). At this time, for the MS 3 directly connected to the BS 1, the BS 1 may similarly retransmit the message or data at the timing of the frame # 3 (see arrow C5).

As a result, the MS 3 can receive the same message or data in the same frame # 3 from any of the RSs 2-1 and 2-2 and the BS1.
On the other hand, FIG. 22 shows a case where the time lag in RS2-1 is one frame, but the time lag in RS2-2 is two frames. As in the case of FIG. 21, first, in frame # 2 in FIG. 22, BS1 transmits a message or data to RS2-1 and RS2-2 (see arrows C1 and C2). This transmission may also be individually unicasted from BS1 to RS2-1 and RS2-2, or may be multicasted with RS2-1 and RS2-2 as a multicast group.

  In RS2-1 and RS2-2, the message or data transmitted by BS1 is received at the timing of frame # 2, but in RS2-1, the earliest transmission timing that can be transmitted next is one frame. It is the timing of frame # 3 due to the time lag, and in RS2-2, the earliest transmission timing that can be transmitted next is the timing of frame # 4 due to the time lag of two frames, and transmission is possible in RS2-1 and RS2-2. The timing will be different.

  Therefore, the message or data received by RS2-1 and 2-2 at the timing of frame # 2 can be transmitted at the timing of frame # 3 of the next frame by RS2-1, but RS2-2. Since the time lag of 2 frames is, the timing control unit 26 waits for transmission until the timing of the next frame # 4, and the message or data received from BS1 together with RS2-2 at the timing of frame # 4. Relay transmission is performed (see arrows C6 and C7). At this time, for MS3 directly connected to BS1, BS1 may similarly retransmit the message or data at the timing of frame # 4 (see arrow C8).

As a result, the MS 3 can receive the same message or data in the same frame # 4 from any of the RSs 2-1 and 2-2 and the BS1.
Therefore, for example, as indicated by a dotted arrow in FIG. 23, the MS 3 has moved across each radio area in the order of the radio area 2a-1 of RS2-1 → the radio area 1a of BS1 → the radio area 2a-2 of RS2-2. However, the MS 3 can receive the service without interruption.

[B] Appendix (Appendix 1)
In a wireless communication system comprising a wireless base station, a wireless terminal, and a wireless relay station that relays communication between the wireless base station and the wireless terminal,
A setting step for setting time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the radio relay station in the radio base station;
A determination step of determining a reception timing at the wireless terminal based on the time lag information;
A radio relay communication method in a radio communication system, comprising: a control step of controlling transmission timing of the radio base station or reception timing at the radio terminal according to the reception timing determined in the determination step.

(Appendix 2)
In a wireless communication system comprising a wireless base station, a wireless terminal, and a wireless relay station that relays communication between the wireless base station and the wireless terminal,
A setting step for setting time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the radio relay station in the radio base station;
A determination step of determining a transmission timing at the wireless terminal based on the time lag information;
And a control step of controlling the reception timing of the radio base station or the transmission timing of the radio terminal according to the transmission timing determined in the determination step.

(Appendix 3)
In the setting step,
The wireless relay communication method in the wireless communication system according to appendix 1 or 2, wherein the time lag information notified from the wireless relay station is set.
(Appendix 4)
In the setting step,
The radio base station in the radio communication system according to appendix 1 or 2, wherein the radio base station sets the time lag information notified from the radio relay station by inquiring the radio relay station for the time lag information. Relay communication method.

(Appendix 5)
A plurality of the radio relay stations are wirelessly connected in series between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
The wireless base station or each wireless relay station holds the accumulated value of the time lag for the wireless relay station closer to the wireless terminal than the own station, any one of appendices 1-4 A wireless relay communication method in the wireless communication system described.

(Appendix 6)
Appendix 5 wherein the radio relay station reports the accumulated value of the time lag information to the radio base station or another radio relay station closer to the radio base station than the own station for the holding. A wireless relay communication method in the wireless communication system described.
(Appendix 7)
6. The wireless communication system according to appendix 5, wherein the wireless base station or the wireless relay station inquires a cumulative value of the time lag information to the wireless relay station on the wireless terminal side relative to the local station for the holding. Wireless relay communication method.

(Appendix 8)
In a wireless communication system comprising a wireless base station, a wireless terminal, and a wireless relay station that relays communication between the wireless base station and the wireless terminal,
A reception step of receiving a radio frame transmitted from the radio base station or another radio relay station or the radio terminal;
A detection step of detecting a frame number of the radio frame received in the reception step;
A generation step for generating a radio frame in which the frame number detected in the detection step is set;
A wireless relay communication method in a wireless communication system, comprising: a transmission step of relaying and transmitting the wireless frame generated in the frame generation step.

(Appendix 9)
In a wireless communication system comprising a wireless base station, a wireless terminal, and a wireless relay station that relays communication between the wireless base station and the wireless terminal,
A setting step for setting time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the radio relay station in the radio base station;
A determination step of determining a transmission timing of the radio relay station based on the time lag information;
A notification step of notifying the radio relay station of the transmission timing determined in the determination step;
A radio relay communication method in a radio communication system, comprising: a transmission step in which the radio relay station performs relay transmission according to the transmission timing notified in the notification step.

(Appendix 10)
The wireless relay communication method in the wireless communication system according to appendix 9, wherein the wireless relay station receives the notification in the notification step by making an inquiry of the transmission timing to the wireless base station.
(Appendix 11)
The radio base station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
Holding means for holding time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the wireless relay station;
Determining means for determining a reception timing at the wireless terminal based on the time lag information held in the holding means;
A radio base station in a radio communication system, comprising: timing control means for controlling transmission timing of the own station or reception timing at the radio terminal according to the reception timing decided by the decision means.

(Appendix 12)
The radio base station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
Holding means for holding time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the wireless relay station;
Determining means for determining a transmission timing at the wireless terminal based on the time lag information held in the holding means;
A radio base station in a radio communication system, comprising: timing control means for controlling reception timing of the local station or transmission timing at the radio terminal according to the transmission timing decided by the decision means.

(Appendix 13)
13. The radio base station in the radio communication system according to appendix 11 or 12, wherein the holding unit holds the time lag information in the radio relay station notified from the radio relay station.
(Appendix 14)
Comprising request means for inquiring the radio relay station about the time lag information at the radio relay station;
13. The radio base station in the radio communication system according to appendix 11 or 12, wherein the time lag information notified from the radio relay station in response to the inquiry by the request unit is held in the holding unit.

(Appendix 15)
The radio relay station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
Receiving means for receiving a radio frame transmitted from the radio base station or another radio relay station or the radio terminal;
Detecting means for detecting a frame number of a radio frame received by the receiving means;
Generating means for generating a radio frame in which the frame number detected by the detecting means is set;
A radio relay station in a radio communication system, comprising: a transmission unit that relays and transmits a radio frame generated by the frame generation unit.

(Appendix 16)
A radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal, and a plurality of radio relay stations between the radio base station and the radio terminal Is a radio relay station in a radio communication system wirelessly connected in series,
A radio relay station in a radio communication system, comprising holding means for holding a cumulative value of the time lag information for another radio relay station closer to the radio terminal than the own station.

(Appendix 17)
The wireless communication system according to supplementary note 16, further comprising notification means for notifying the wireless base station or another wireless relay station on the wireless base station side of the accumulated value of the time lag information. Wireless relay station.
(Appendix 18)
Further comprising request means for inquiring of the accumulated value of the time lag information to other radio relay stations on the radio terminal side than the own station,
17. The radio relay station in the radio communication system according to appendix 16, wherein the accumulated value of the time lag information notified in response to the inquiry by the request unit is held in the holding unit.

(Appendix 19)
The radio relay station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
Receiving means for receiving notification of transmission timing for the own station determined in the radio base station based on time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the own station;
A radio relay station in a radio communication system, comprising: a transmission unit that performs relay transmission according to the transmission timing received by the reception unit.

(Appendix 20)
The radio base station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
Holding means for holding time lag information related to relay delay associated with relay processing in the wireless relay station;
Determining means for determining the transmission timing of the radio relay station based on the time lag information in the holding means;
In order to cause the wireless relay station to perform relay transmission according to the transmission timing determined by the determining means, the wireless relay station comprises a notification means for notifying the wireless relay station of the transmission timing determined by the determining means, A radio base station in a radio communication system.

(Appendix 21)
The determining means is
The radio base station in the radio communication system according to appendix 20, wherein the transmission timing is determined in response to an inquiry about the transmission timing from the radio relay station.

  As described above in detail, according to the present invention, the reception success rate can be improved by absorbing the reception timing shift accompanying the relay delay caused by passing through the radio relay station at the radio base station or radio terminal. Therefore, it is possible to maintain the communication quality while improving the utilization efficiency of radio resources, and it is considered extremely useful in the field of radio communication technology.

It is a block diagram which shows the structure of the radio | wireless communications system which concerns on one Embodiment of this invention. It is a block diagram which shows the principal part structure of the wireless base station (BS) shown in FIG. It is a block diagram which shows the principal part structure of the radio relay station (RS) shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining the radio relay communication method (transmission timing adjustment of BS) in the radio | wireless communications system shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining the radio relay communication method (BS reception timing adjustment) in the radio communication system shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining the radio relay communication method (frame number synchronization) in the radio | wireless communications system shown in FIG. FIG. 5 is a sequence diagram for explaining a first specific example of transmission timing adjustment of the BS shown in FIG. 4. FIG. 5 is a sequence diagram illustrating a second specific example of BS transmission timing adjustment shown in FIG. 4. FIG. 6 is a sequence diagram illustrating a specific example of BS reception timing adjustment shown in FIG. 5. It is a schematic diagram which shows an example (when the message and data from BS reach | attain directly to MS) of the receiving environment of MS shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining the transmission timing adjustment of BS in the environment shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining reception timing adjustment of BS in the environment shown in FIG. FIG. 4 is a block diagram showing a wireless communication system in which a plurality of RSs shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 3 are connected in multiple stages (in series). It is a figure explaining the example of a setting of the time lag information in the radio | wireless communications system shown in FIG. It is a figure explaining the example of a setting of the time lag information in the radio | wireless communications system shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining the setting method of the time lag information shown in FIG. It is a sequence diagram explaining the other setting method of the time lag information shown in FIG. FIG. 16 is a sequence diagram illustrating still another method for setting the time lag information illustrated in FIG. 15. It is a sequence diagram explaining the radio relay communication method (transmission timing adjustment by RS) in the radio | wireless communications system shown in FIG. FIG. 20 is a block diagram showing a radio communication system in which a plurality of RSs are connected in parallel to a BS to explain an application example of transmission timing adjustment shown in FIG. 19. FIG. 21 is a time chart for explaining broadcast transmission timing adjustment in the wireless communication system shown in FIG. 20. FIG. FIG. 21 is a time chart for explaining broadcast transmission timing adjustment in the wireless communication system shown in FIG. 20. FIG. It is a schematic diagram which shows a radio | wireless communication environment in order to demonstrate the effect by the transmission timing adjustment shown in FIG.21 and FIG.22. It is a figure which shows an example of a radio | wireless communications system.

Explanation of symbols

1 Base station (BS)
1a, 2a Wireless area 10 Receiving antenna 11 Receiving unit 111 Radio (RF) receiver (Rx)
112 signal processor 12 transmitter 121 signal processor 122 wireless (RF) transmitter (Tx)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 13 Transmitting antenna 14 Determination part 15 Request part 16 Notification part 17 Timing control part 18 Holding part 2,2-1,2-2,2-3 Radio relay (relay) station (RS: Relay Station)
2a-1, 2a-2 Radio area 20 Receiving antenna 21 Receiving unit 211 Radio (RF) receiver (Rx)
212 Signal Processor 22 Transmitter 221 Signal Processor 222 Radio (RF) Transmitter (Tx)
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 23 Transmitting antenna 24 Extraction part 25 Request part 26 Timing control part 27 Holding part 28 Notification part 3 Wireless terminal (MS: Mobile Station)

Claims (8)

  1. In a wireless communication system comprising a wireless base station, a wireless terminal, and a wireless relay station that relays communication between the wireless base station and the wireless terminal,
    A reception step in which the radio base station receives information on processing delay in the radio relay station;
    And a control step of advancing the transmission timing of the radio base station based on the information received in the reception step .
  2. In a wireless communication system comprising a wireless base station, a wireless terminal, and a wireless relay station that relays communication between the wireless base station and the wireless terminal,
    A reception step in which the radio base station receives information on processing delay in the radio relay station;
    A notification step of notifying the radio relay station of the transmission timing of the radio relay station determined based on the information;
    A radio relay communication method in a radio communication system, comprising: a transmission step in which the radio relay station performs relay transmission according to the transmission timing notified in the notification step.
  3. The radio base station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
    Receiving means for receiving information regarding processing delay in the radio relay station;
    A radio base station in a radio communication system, comprising: control means for advancing transmission timing of the own station based on the information received by the receiving means .
  4. A radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal, and a plurality of radio relay stations between the radio base station and the radio terminal Is a radio relay station in a radio communication system wirelessly connected in series,
    A holding means for holding a value obtained by accumulating each delay time associated with processing in each of the other radio relay stations on the radio terminal side than the own station;
    The accumulated value is used for control to advance the transmission timing of the radio base station,
    A wireless relay station in a wireless communication system.
  5. The radio relay station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
    Receiving means for receiving a notification of transmission timing for the own station determined in the radio base station based on information on processing delay in the own station;
    A radio relay station in a radio communication system, comprising: a transmission unit that performs relay transmission according to the transmission timing received by the reception unit.
  6. The radio base station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
    Receiving means for receiving information regarding processing delay in the radio relay station;
    A radio base station in a radio communication system, comprising: notifying means for notifying the radio relay station of the transmission timing of the radio relay station determined based on the information received by the receiving means .
  7. A radio relay communication method in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
    A transmitting step in which the radio relay station transmits information on processing delay in the radio relay station to the radio base station;
    A relay step for relaying a radio signal whose transmission timing is advanced by the radio base station based on the information transmitted in the transmission step ;
    Characterized that, the wireless relay communication method in a radio communications system that has a.
  8. The radio relay station in a radio communication system comprising a radio base station, a radio terminal, and a radio relay station that relays communication between the radio base station and the radio terminal,
    A transmission unit for transmitting information on processing delay in the radio relay station to the radio base station;
    A relay unit that relays a radio signal whose transmission timing is advanced by the radio base station based on the information transmitted by the transmission unit ;
    Radio relay station in a radio communications system, characterized by having a.
JP2006222703A 2006-08-17 2006-08-17 Radio relay communication method, radio base station and radio relay station in radio communication system Expired - Fee Related JP5125027B2 (en)

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JP2006222703A JP5125027B2 (en) 2006-08-17 2006-08-17 Radio relay communication method, radio base station and radio relay station in radio communication system
US11/738,449 US20080045145A1 (en) 2006-08-17 2007-04-20 Radio Relay Communication Method, Radio Base Station, and Radio Relay Station in Radio Communication System
EP07108188.9A EP1890403A3 (en) 2006-08-17 2007-05-14 Radio relay communication method, radio base station and radio relay station in radio communication system
KR1020070049800A KR100912757B1 (en) 2006-08-17 2007-05-22 Radio relay method and radio relay station in radio communication system, and radio communication system
CN 200710104861 CN101127551B (en) 2006-08-17 2007-05-23 Radio relay communication method, radio base station, and radio relay station in radio communication system
CN2011100410445A CN102065450A (en) 2006-08-17 2007-05-23 Radio relay communication method, radio relay station, and radio communication system
CN2012101695206A CN102710315A (en) 2006-08-17 2007-05-23 Control method in wireless electric communication system
TW96127796A TWI393407B (en) 2006-08-17 2007-07-30 Radio relay communication method, radio base station, and radio relay station in radio communication system
KR20090010356A KR100930151B1 (en) 2006-08-17 2009-02-09 Wireless communication system, relay method in wireless communication system, wireless relay station, and wireless base station
KR20090010359A KR101180168B1 (en) 2006-08-17 2009-02-09 Control method in radio communication system, radio communication system, radio base station, and radio relay station
KR20090010357A KR100930152B1 (en) 2006-08-17 2009-02-09 Control method in wireless communication system, wireless communication system, wireless base station, and wireless relay station
KR20090010360A KR100972256B1 (en) 2006-08-17 2009-02-09 Control method in radio communication system, radio communication system, radio base station, and radio relay station
KR1020090010355A KR20090028595A (en) 2006-08-17 2009-02-09 Control method in radio communication system, radio communication system, and radio base station
KR20090010358A KR100972710B1 (en) 2006-08-17 2009-02-09 Control method in radio communication system, radio communication system, radio base station, and radio relay station

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