JP5075703B2 - Absorbent articles - Google Patents

Absorbent articles Download PDF

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JP5075703B2
JP5075703B2 JP2008081031A JP2008081031A JP5075703B2 JP 5075703 B2 JP5075703 B2 JP 5075703B2 JP 2008081031 A JP2008081031 A JP 2008081031A JP 2008081031 A JP2008081031 A JP 2008081031A JP 5075703 B2 JP5075703 B2 JP 5075703B2
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sheet
indicator
absorber
surface
back
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JP2009232987A (en
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賀津士 坂野
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王子ネピア株式会社
王子製紙株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an absorbent article having an absorbent body, a top sheet, and a back sheet, and an indicator that is colored in contact with urine is coated on some of these members.

  For example, absorbent articles such as disposable diapers and urine pads include an absorbent body, a top sheet at least partially made of a liquid-permeable material and arranged to cover the surface of the absorbent body, and liquid-impermeable. And a back sheet made of a material and arranged to cover the back surface of the absorber.

  Such an absorbent article is used so that the top sheet comes into contact with the wearer's skin, and excrement passes through the liquid-permeable portion of the top sheet and is absorbed and held by the absorbent body. And the excrement is prevented from leaking outside by the liquid-impermeable back sheet disposed on the back side of the absorber.

  By the way, in the absorbent article, in order to make it possible to visually recognize the urination of the wearer from the outside, an indicator that is colored when it comes into contact with urine is applied to a part of the constituent members of the absorbent article. (See Patent Documents 1 to 3).

  However, such an indicator has a problem that it may unintentionally color before coming into contact with urine.

  In order to solve the above-mentioned problems, an indicator that changes color from acidic to neutral (pH 3-7, etc.) is set as a hydrophilic composition mixed with an acidic compound, and the backsheet contains a water-soluble alkaline compound. A property article has been proposed (see Patent Document 4).

  In the absorbent article, when the wearer urinates and the hydrophilic compound dissolved in urine comes into contact with the alkaline compound, the pH exceeds 4 and the indicator is colored. Therefore, the indicator does not color unintentionally before it comes into contact with urine.

Japanese Utility Model Publication No. 1-1682 JP 2001-11425 A JP 2005-27884 A Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-4852

  However, the absorbent article described in Patent Document 4 is not yet sufficient in terms of the time lag from urination to coloration because the indicator is colored by the reaction of the hydrophilic composition and the alkali compound. There was a problem to be solved. Therefore, the present invention provides an absorbent article that can effectively prevent a problem that the indicator unintentionally becomes colored before coming into contact with urine by a configuration different from that of the absorbent article described in Patent Document 4. It is to provide.

  As a result of intensive studies to solve the problems of the conventional technology as described above, the reaction between the indicator and the adhesive for bonding the constituent members of the absorbent article is a cause of the above-mentioned problem. The knowledge that there is. Then, the present invention is completed by conceiving that the above-mentioned problems can be solved by forming both the coating portions so that the coating portion of the indicator and the coating portion of the bonding adhesive do not overlap. I let you. Specifically, the following absorbent articles are provided by the present invention.

[ 1 ] An absorber, at least a part made of a liquid-permeable material, a top sheet arranged to cover the surface of the absorber, and a liquid-impermeable material, covering the back surface of the absorber And a hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber, the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the hydrophilic sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber Among them, an indicator coating portion is formed on which at least one surface is coated with an indicator that is colored in response to changes in moisture or pH by contact with urine, and the back surface of the back sheet, the hydrophilicity An adhesive application part in which an adhesive for bonding constituent members of the absorbent article is applied to at least one of the front surface of the sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber. Being, the indicator coating portion and said adhesive coated portion are non-overlapping arranged, the adhesive coated portion is formed into a plurality of strip-shaped, the gap between the adhesive coated portion , intake Osamusei article that is the indicator coated portion is formed.

[ 2 ] An absorber, at least partly made of a liquid-permeable material, a top sheet arranged to cover the surface of the absorber, and a liquid-impermeable material, covering the back surface of the absorber And a hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber, the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the hydrophilic sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber Among them, an indicator coating portion is formed on which at least one surface is coated with an indicator that is colored in response to changes in moisture or pH by contact with urine, and the back surface of the back sheet, the hydrophilicity An adhesive application part in which an adhesive for bonding constituent members of the absorbent article is applied to at least one of the front surface of the sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber. Are, the and the indicator coated portion and said adhesive coated portion is non-overlapping arranged, the adhesive coated portion is formed in a frame shape, the frame of the adhesive coating unit among the, suction Osamusei article the indicator coating portion that is formed.

[ 3 ] The indicator coating portion and the adhesive coating portion are formed on at least one of the back surface of the absorbent body and the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet facing the back surface. ] Or the absorbent article as described in [ 2] .

[ 4 ] The indicator coating portion and the adhesive coating portion are formed on at least one of the back surface of the back sheet and the surface of the hydrophilic sheet facing the back surface. ] Or the absorbent article as described in [ 2] .

  The absorptive article of the present invention can prevent effectively the trouble that an indicator unintentionally colors before contacting with urine.

  Hereinafter, the best mode for carrying out the absorbent article of the present invention will be specifically described with reference to examples of pants-type disposable diapers and tape-type disposable diapers. However, the present invention broadly encompasses absorbent articles (for example, urine pads and the like) having the invention-specific matters, and is not limited to the following embodiments.

  For convenience of explanation, FIGS. 1C and 2A are drawings in which a part of the top sheet 18, the hydrophilic sheet 34, and the absorbent body 22 constituting the absorbent main body 14 is cut out. In addition, FIG. 3B was similarly drawn with the top sheet 18, the hydrophilic sheet 34, and the absorbent body 22 partially cut away.

[1] Definitions etc .:
The “pants-type disposable diaper” means, for example, the corresponding side edges of the front body 2 and the back body 6 like the absorbent article 1A shown in FIGS. 1A to 1D and the absorbent article 1B shown in FIGS. 2A to 2B. By joining the parts 2a and 6a (2b and 6b), one waist opening 10 and a pair of leg openings 12 (12a and 12b) are formed, and a disposable diaper configured in a pants shape in advance is formed. Shall mean.

  The “two-piece type” means that the absorbent body 22, the top sheet 18, and the back sheet 20 are integrated in a pad shape like the absorbent article 1 </ b> A shown in FIG. 1B and the absorbent article 1 </ b> B shown in FIG. 2B. An absorbent main body 14 and an exterior member 16 that encapsulates the wearer's body are provided, and the absorbent main body 14 is arranged and fixed inside the exterior member 16.

  The “tape-type disposable diaper” includes an absorbent body 22, a top sheet 18, and a back sheet 20, as in the absorbent article 1 </ b> C shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C, and left and right side edges of the back body 6. The disposable diaper further provided with the fastening tape 11 which fixes the front body 2 and the back body 6 arrange | positioned so that it may extend from 6a, 6b shall be meant.

  The “front body” is the part that covers the abdomen (front of the body) of the wearer when a diaper is worn on the wearer, and the “inseam” is the wearer ’s body when the diaper is worn on the wearer. The part that covers the crotch, “rear body”, means a part that covers the back side (back of the body) of the wearer when the wearer wears a diaper.

[2] Structure of the characteristic part of the absorbent article of the present invention:
The absorbent article of the present invention, like the absorbent article 1A shown in FIGS. 1A to 1D, is (a) the back surface of the back sheet 20, (b) the surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 , and (c) the absorbent body 22. At least one of the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 to be wrapped and (d) the back surface of the absorber 22 was coated with an indicator that colored in response to changes in moisture or pH by contact with urine. The indicator coating portion 28A is formed, and (w) the back surface of the back sheet 20, (x) the surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 , (y) the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 , and (z) the back surface of the absorber 22 . Among them, at least one surface is formed with an adhesive coating part 30A coated with an adhesive that joins the constituent members of the absorbent article, and the indicator coating part 28A and the adhesive coating part 30A Are arranged non-superimposed It is intended.

  Since the absorbent article of the present invention is formed so that the indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part do not overlap, the indicator will unintentionally become colored before coming into contact with urine. It can be effectively prevented.

  In addition, in the past, there were cases where the types of usable adhesives were limited, such as using an adhesive that hardly colored the indicator as an adhesive that bonds the constituent members together. However, the absorbent article of the present invention can be used by selecting an appropriate adhesive according to the original purpose, that is, adhesion between constituent members. In other words, the types of adhesives that can be used are increased, and the degree of freedom in selecting an adhesive and thus the degree of freedom in designing an absorbent article are improved.

[2-1] Indicator:
An “indicator” is a drug that is colored by contact with urine. Mechanism of coloration, or those which react in water, is to react to changes in pH. The “coloration” includes “color development” (change from colorless to color), as well as “color change” (color changes) and “decolor” (change from color to colorless).

  As the indicator, a composition containing a color indicator (for example, a pH sensitive component such as bromophenol blue) that is colored by the mechanism as described above can be used. In the present invention, such a composition may be prepared by itself and used as an indicator, or a commercially available composition may be used.

  Commercially available compositions include oil-soluble inks, water-soluble inks, hot-melt adhesives, etc. that develop color upon contact with moisture or urine. For example, as a hot melt adhesive, a trade name “Hot Melt Wetness Indicator” (manufactured by Nitta Findlay) is well known. This hot-melt adhesive is a composition such as a pH-sensitive component, a tackifier resin, a plasticizer, and a water-soluble polymer such as polyethylene glycol, and changes its color from yellow to blue when it comes into contact with urine and the pH increases. Also in the present invention, this hot melt adhesive can be suitably used.

[2-2] Adhesive:
The absorbent article of the present invention is joined and integrated in a state where an absorbent body, a top sheet, a back sheet, and other members are laminated. Therefore, an adhesive that joins these members is used.

  There is no restriction | limiting in particular about the kind of adhesive agent. Since hot melt adhesives are often used in the field of absorbent articles, hot melt adhesives can also be suitably used in the present invention. Examples of the hot melt adhesive include rubber-based, olefin-based, EVA (ethylene / vinyl acetate copolymer) -based, and acrylic-based adhesives. In the present invention, any of these hot melt adhesives can be used. Therefore, a hot melt adhesive suitable for desired characteristics may be appropriately selected from these adhesives.

[2-3] Indicator coating part, adhesive coating part:
The absorbent article of the present invention is formed with an indicator coating portion coated with an indicator and an adhesive coating portion coated with an adhesive coated with an adhesive.

  Since it is necessary to bring the indicator into contact with urine, the indicator coating part is provided on the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the constituent member disposed on the top sheet side (side closer to the wearer's skin) than the back sheet, and the back surface of the constituent member. Are formed on at least one surface. Examples of the “constituent member disposed closer to the top sheet than the back sheet” include an absorbent body, a top sheet, a hydrophilic sheet that encapsulates the absorbent body, and the like.

  Therefore, as the surface to form the indicator coating part, the back surface of the back sheet (surface near the wearer's skin), the surface of the hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber (surface facing the absorber), Examples include the back surface (surface facing the absorber) of the hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber, the back surface (surface on the side far from the wearer's skin), and the like. In particular, in order to make it easy to visually recognize the color of the indicator, it is preferable to form an indicator coating portion on the back surface of the back sheet.

  In addition, when forming the indicator coating part on the hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorbent body or the absorbent body, in order to make it easy to visually recognize the color of the indicator from the outside, the back surface of the back sheet or the back surface among the above surfaces. It is preferable to form it in a part facing the sheet.

  The adhesive is applied to various parts in order to join the constituent members of the absorbent article. However, the “adhesive coating portion” referred to in the present invention is formed on at least one of the forming surface of the indicator coating portion, the surface facing the forming surface and the back surface of the forming surface. It is an adhesive coating part.

  That is, when the indicator coating part is formed on the back surface of the back sheet, it indicates the adhesive coating part formed on the back surface of the back sheet or the surface of the hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber. Part is formed on the surface of the hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber, it refers to the front or back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, or the adhesive-coated part formed on the back surface of the back sheet. When the working part is formed on the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorbent body, it indicates the adhesive coating part formed on the back surface or front surface of the hydrophilic sheet or the back surface of the absorbent body, and an indicator When the coating part is formed in the back surface of an absorber, the adhesive coating part formed in the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet | seat which envelops the back surface of the said absorber or an absorber is pointed out.

  For example, the absorbent article 1A shown in FIG. 1D and the absorbent article 1B shown in FIG. 2B are examples in which the indicator coating portions 28A and 28B and the adhesive coating portions 30A and 30B are formed on the back surface of the backsheet 20. is there. On the other hand, the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3C is formed on the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 (specifically, tissue paper 34c) that encapsulates the absorber 22 in both the indicator coating part 28C and the adhesive coating part 30C. This is an example.

  As for the absorbent article of this invention, the indicator coating part and the adhesive agent coating part are arrange | positioned non-overlappingly. “Non-superimposing” means that the two coating portions are formed so as not to overlap each other, and includes cases where they are formed on the same member as well as on different members. That is, when the indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part are formed on the same member, both the coating parts are in a non-contact state regardless of whether they are formed on different members. Means.

  From the viewpoint of reliably exhibiting the effects of the present invention, it is preferable that the edges of the two coated parts are separated from each other by 1 mm or more, and more preferably 5 mm or more. By forming both the coating parts apart by 1 mm or more, the effect of forming both the coating parts in a non-overlapping manner can be obtained with certainty.

  As long as the indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part are non-overlappingly arranged, the specific arrangement form is not particularly limited. For example, the adhesive coating part is formed into a plurality of strips and bonded. The form in which the said indicator coating part is formed in the clearance gap between agent coating parts can be mentioned. Such a form is preferable because there is an advantage (effect) that it can be carried out even by a coating method in which intermittent coating such as bead coating is difficult.

  For example, in the absorbent article 1A shown in FIG. 1C, the adhesive coating portion 30A is formed into six strips, and the three strips formed in the same manner in the gap between the six adhesive coating portions 30A. This is an example in which the indicator coating portion 28A is formed. Further, in the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3B, the adhesive coating portion 30C is formed in four strips, and the three strips formed in the same manner in the gap between the four adhesive coating portions 30C. This is an example in which the indicator coating portion 28C is formed.

  Moreover, the form which the adhesive agent coating part is formed in frame shape, and the said indicator coating part is formed in the frame of the said adhesive agent coating part can also be mentioned.

  For example, in the absorbent article 1B shown in FIG. 2A, the adhesive coating portion 30B is formed in a rectangular frame shape, and three indicator coating portions 28B formed in a strip shape are formed in the frame of the rectangular frame. This is an example.

[3] Configuration of other parts of the absorbent article of the present invention:
The absorbent article of the present invention is arranged such that the absorbent body 22 and at least a part thereof are made of a liquid-permeable material and cover the surface of the absorbent body 22 as in the absorbent article 1A shown in FIGS. 1A to 1D. And a back sheet 20 made of a liquid-impermeable material and disposed so as to cover the back surface of the absorber 22.

[3-1] Absorber:
The absorber is a member for absorbing and holding the wearer's urine. The absorber is made of an absorbent material because it needs to absorb and retain the wearer's urine and body fluid.

  Examples of the absorbent material constituting the absorber include conventionally known absorbent materials usually used for disposable diapers and other absorbent articles, such as fluff pulp, super absorbent polymer (Super Absorbent Polymer; hereinafter referred to as “SAP”). And a hydrophilic sheet. Use fluff pulp made of wood pulp or non-wood pulp defibrated, SAP as sodium polyacrylate, hydrophilic sheet as tissue paper, absorbent paper, hydrophilized non-woven fabric Is preferred.

  These absorbent materials are usually used as a single-layer or multi-layer mat. Under the present circumstances, 1 type may be used independently among the said absorptive materials, and 2 or more types may be used together. Especially, what used together about 10-500 mass parts SAP with respect to 100 mass parts of fluff pulp is preferable. At this time, the SAP may be uniformly mixed in each mat of fluff pulp, or may be arranged in layers between the layers of the multilayer fluff pulp.

  In addition, a sheet (second sheet) for diffusing liquid such as urine and body fluid may be incidentally disposed on the surface side of the absorber (for example, between the absorber and the top sheet). . When this second sheet is attached, due to the wearer's posture, etc., even when the space on the back side of the top sheet is not sufficiently formed, the absorption rate of urine, body fluid, etc. is difficult to decrease, and the absorption rate decreases. It is possible to prevent leakage of urine and body fluids.

  Examples of the material constituting the second sheet include hydrophilic and liquid-permeable materials such as woven fabric, non-woven fabric, porous plastic, and fluff pulp. Examples of these constituent materials include polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester, rayon, pulp, and composite fibers thereof. As the pulp, crimped fibers such as curly cellulose fibers can be suitably used.

  Although there is no restriction | limiting in particular about the shape of an absorber, The shape used in the conventional disposable diaper and other absorbent articles, for example, a rectangular shape, an hourglass type, a gourd type, a T shape etc. can be mentioned.

Absorber is encapsulated in its entirety by a hydrophilic sheet. Such a configuration has an advantage that SAP can be prevented from leaking from the absorber and shape stability can be imparted to the absorber. As the hydrophilic sheet, tissue paper, nonwoven fabric sheet, or the like can be used.

  For example, the absorbent article 1A shown in FIG. 1D is an example in which the absorbent body 22 is encapsulated by two hydrophilic sheets 34 (upper tissue paper 34a and lower tissue paper 34b). On the other hand, the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3C is an example in which the absorbent body 22 is encapsulated by one hydrophilic sheet 34 (tissue paper 34c).

  Usually, the absorber is interposed between the top sheet and the back sheet by being sandwiched between the top sheet and the back sheet and sealing the peripheral edge thereof. Therefore, the flap part in which the absorber is not interposed is formed between the top sheet and the back sheet at the peripheral part of the absorber. The absorbent body may be interposed at least in the crotch region, and the absorbent body may extend to the front body and the back body.

[3-2] Top sheet:
A top sheet is a sheet | seat arrange | positioned so that the surface (surface located in a wearer's skin side at the time of mounting | wearing of a diaper) may be coat | covered. At least a part (all or a part) of the top sheet is made of a liquid-permeable material because the absorber disposed on the back surface side needs to absorb the wearer's urine. Usually, at least near the surface of the absorber, it is made of a liquid-permeable material that can permeate the wearer's urine and body fluid. As long as at least a part is made of the liquid permeable material, the entire top sheet is not necessarily made of the liquid permeable material.

  Examples of the liquid permeable material constituting the top sheet include a woven fabric, a nonwoven fabric, and a porous film. Among these, it is preferable to use a nonwoven fabric made of a thermoplastic resin such as polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester, aliphatic polyamide (trade name: nylon), etc., which has been subjected to a hydrophilic treatment. There is no restriction | limiting in particular also about the kind of nonwoven fabric, The conventionally well-known nonwoven fabric manufactured by various manufacturing methods, such as air through (card hot air), card | curd embossing, and a spun bond, can be used suitably.

  The top sheet may be composed of a single sheet material, but may be composed of a plurality of sheet materials. For example, the form which comprises the top sheet arrange | positioned at the surface part of an absorber and the top sheet arrange | positioned in the part of a side flap by a different sheet | seat is also utilized frequently.

  For example, the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3A is a tape-type disposable diaper, and a top sheet 18 (center sheet 18a) made of a liquid-permeable material is disposed at the center in the width direction of the diaper, and the side flap 9 of the diaper. This is an example in which a top sheet 18 (side sheet 18b) made of a breathable water-repellent material showing resistance to liquid permeation is disposed in the portion. The ventilated water-repellent sheet may be a non-woven fabric produced by a method such as card embossing or spunbond, but a non-woven fabric sheet such as SMS or SMMS having a high waterproof property is more preferable.

[3-3] Backsheet:
A backsheet is a sheet | seat arrange | positioned so that the back surface (surface located in the side far from a wearer's skin at the time of mounting | wearing of a diaper) may be coat | covered. The back sheet is made of a liquid-impermeable material because it is necessary to prevent the wearer's urine from leaking outside the diaper.

  There is no restriction | limiting in particular about the arrangement position of a back seat | sheet. From the viewpoint of preventing leakage of urine absorbed by the absorber, it is preferable that a back sheet is disposed at least in a portion where the absorber exists.

  Examples of the liquid-impermeable material constituting the backsheet include a liquid-impermeable film made of a resin such as polyethylene. Among these, a microporous polyethylene film is preferably used. This microporous polyethylene film has a large number of fine pores of 0.1 to several μm, and is liquid impervious but has moisture permeability, so that the inside of the diaper can be prevented from being steamed There is.

  Moreover, as a back sheet, in order to make it easy to visually recognize the color of the indicator, it is preferable to use a highly transparent one. For example, it is preferable to use one having a total light transmittance of 40% or more measured according to JIS K7361-1.

  In addition, as shown to FIG. 3B and FIG. 3C, you may affix the cover sheet 24 on the outer surface side to a back sheet. This cover sheet is used to reinforce the back sheet and improve the feel (tactile feeling) of the back sheet.

  Examples of the material constituting the cover sheet include woven fabric and non-woven fabric. Especially, it is preferable to use the dry nonwoven fabric and wet nonwoven fabric which consist of thermoplastic resins, such as polyethylene, a polypropylene, and polyester.

[3-4] Solid gathering:
The absorbent article of the present invention is preferably made of a water-repellent sheet and includes at least a pair of three-dimensional gathers arranged on both sides of the absorbent body.

  The three-dimensional gather is a member for preventing side leakage of the urine excreted by the wearer, and is a leak-proof wall configured to stand up three-dimensionally. By forming such a three-dimensional gather, the three-dimensional gather becomes a breakwater, and leakage from the opening around the leg, the side edge and the like of the absorbent article (so-called “lateral leakage”) can be effectively prevented.

  The structure of a three-dimensional gather can employ | adopt the structure used for the conventional disposable diaper and other absorbent articles. For example, like the absorbent article 1A shown in FIG. 1D and the absorbent article 1B shown in FIG. 2B, an elastic material (three-dimensional gather elastic material 36) is sandwiched and fixed between layers of the water-repellent sheet 32, and the three-dimensional gather elastic material is obtained. A material in which a gather is formed by a contraction force of 36 can be suitably used. In this example, the three-dimensional gather stretchable material 36 is sandwiched and fixed to the folded portion of the water-repellent sheet.

  The three-dimensional gather may be separately provided with a water-repellent sheet for three-dimensional gather as described above, or may be formed by a part of the sheet material constituting the diaper. For example, the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3C is an example in which the three-dimensional gathers 26a and 26b are formed by a part of the side sheet 18b made of a water-repellent sheet. The water-repellent sheet may be a nonwoven fabric produced by a production method such as card embossing or spunbonding, but a nonwoven fabric sheet such as SMS or SMMS having a high waterproof property is more preferable.

[3-5] Fastening tape:
The absorbent article of this invention may be provided with the fastening tape for fixing the front body and the back body arrange | positioned so that it may extend from the left and right side edges of a back body. That is, the absorbent article of the present invention includes so-called tape-type disposable diapers.

  The fastening member of the fastening tape may be an adhesive fastener that is fixed by an adhesive, but a mechanical fastener (planar fastener) that is fixed by mechanical coupling is preferably used. In addition to high fastening force, the mechanical fastener has an advantage that the fastening force does not decrease even when the detachment is performed a plurality of times.

  For example, the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3A is an example in which a mechanical fastener 44 is used as a fastening member. A hook material 44 a is attached near the tip of the fastening tape 11, while a front patch 13 made of a loop material 44 b is attached to the front body 2, and the fastening tape 11 is attached to the front patch 13. It is comprised so that it can stop.

  Although the number of fastening tapes is not particularly limited, it is preferable that two fastening tapes are arranged on each of the left and right side edges of the back body. For example, the absorbent article 1C shown in FIG. 3A is one in which two fastening tapes 11 are arranged on each of the left and right side edges 6a and 6b of the back body 6. In this way, the disposable diaper with two fastening tapes arranged in accordance with the wearer's body shape, specifically the waist circumference and leg circumference dimensions, compared to one disposable diaper. It is excellent in that the tape position and tightening can be adjusted.

[3-6] Various elastic materials:
When the absorbent article of the present invention is a disposable diaper, it is preferable to dispose a leg elastic member and a waist elastic material.

  The leg circumference elastic material is an elastic material arranged along the leg circumference opening. By arranging the leg-stretchable material, a gather (leg gather) rich in stretchability can be formed in the leg-surrounding opening. Therefore, it is difficult to form a gap around the leg, and urine leakage from the opening around the leg can be effectively prevented. Further, when the leg stretchable material is disposed, the leg stretchable material contracts on both sides of the absorbent body when changing the diaper, so that the vicinity of the crotch portion is deformed into a bowl shape and a recess is formed. For this reason, urine and body fluid accumulate in the concave portion, and the diaper can be easily replaced without spilling urine and body fluid.

  For example, the absorbent article 1A shown in FIG. 1B and the absorbent article 1B shown in FIG. 2A are pants-type disposable diapers, and the leg-surrounding elastic members 40 are arranged in a curve along the curve of the leg-periphery opening. This is an example of forming leg gathers. On the other hand, 1 C of absorbent articles shown to FIG. 3C are tape-type disposable diapers, and are the examples which formed the leg gathers by arrange | positioning the leg elastic material 40 linearly along the longitudinal direction of a diaper. The leg-surrounding elastic member 40 is made of rubber thread or flat rubber.

  As for the leg periphery elastic material, it is preferable that the leg elastic material 40 is formed in the part outside the standing line of the three-dimensional gather 26 like the absorbent article 1C shown to FIG. 3A and FIG. 3C, for example. With such a configuration, it is possible to improve the wearing feeling and wearing feeling of the crotch part while ensuring a sufficient leakage preventing effect of the three-dimensional gather.

  The waist elastic material is an elastic material arranged along the waist opening. By arranging the elastic material around the waist, a gather (waist gather) rich in elasticity can be formed in the waist opening. This waist gather makes it difficult for gaps to be formed around the waist, preventing urine leakage from around the waist, and improving the fit of the diaper to the wearer, thereby preventing the diaper from falling down.

  For example, the absorbent article 1A shown in FIGS. 1A and 1B and the absorbent article 1B shown in FIG. 2A are examples in which a plurality of waist elastic members 42 are arranged along the opening end of the diaper waist opening. .

  On the other hand, 1 C of absorbent articles shown to FIG. 3A are the examples which have arrange | positioned the strip | belt-shaped waist circumference elastic material 42 along the edge of the back body 6 of a diaper. The belt-like waist elastic member 42 is made of an elastic foam such as urethane foam. In the illustrated example, the waist elastic member 42 is disposed only on the back body (back side), but the waist elastic material may be disposed on the front body (abdominal side).

  An abdominal circumference elastic material is an elastic material arrange | positioned in the part (namely, part equivalent to a wearer's abdominal circumference) between a waist circumference opening part and a leg circumference opening part. By arranging the elastic material around the abdomen, it is possible to form a highly elastic tammy gather around the abdomen of the wearer. This Tammy Gather, together with West Gather, can make the diaper fit and anti-slip effect even better.

  The absorbent article 1A shown in FIG. 1B and the absorbent article 1B shown in FIG. 2A are worn by the wearer at the portion between the waist opening and the leg opening (that is, the portion corresponding to the wearer's belly). This is an example in which a plurality of belly stretchable members 44 are arranged so as to surround the belly circumference.

  For these stretchable materials, after considering the degree of shrinkage of gathers, etc., the constituent material, the elongation rate of the material, the stretched state at the time of fixing, etc. may be determined.

  As an elastic material, the elastic material which has been used with the conventional disposable diaper can be used conveniently. Specific examples include elastic rubber, elastic film, elastic foam (urethane foam, etc.), etc., as well as thread rubber and flat rubber made of elastic materials such as natural rubber and synthetic rubber (urethane rubber, etc.). .

  The stretchable material is preferably fixed in the stretched state in order to exert a sufficient stretch force. For example, when the elastic material is natural rubber or synthetic rubber, it is preferably fixed in a stretched state of 120 to 400%, and more preferably fixed in a stretched state of 200 to 300%. By fixing in the extended state in such a range, it is possible to apply a sufficient expansion / contraction force without applying an excessive tightening force to the wearer.

  The stretchable material as described above is fixed to other constituent members of the diaper by an adhesive or other means. The fixing method may be, for example, adhesion using a hot melt adhesive or other highly fluid adhesive, or may be welding by heat such as heat sealing or ultrasonic waves.

[3-7] Application target:
In addition, the absorbent article of this invention is applicable also to urine pads other than disposable diapers, such as a pants-type disposable diaper and a tape-type disposable diaper.

  The “urine pad” is also referred to as an inner pad or an auxiliary pad, and is an absorption pad exclusively for urine absorption. This urine pad is used in a state of being placed on the inner surface of the underwear or the surface of the top sheet of the disposable diaper. Like a disposable diaper, the urine pad includes an absorbent body, a top sheet disposed so as to cover the surface of the absorbent body, and a back sheet disposed so as to cover the back surface of the absorbent body. Generally, it is configured in a small pad shape that does not have a portion that encloses a person's waist.

  Even in such a urine pad, an indicator or an adhesive for joining component members may be used. By adopting the configuration of the present invention for the form of the indicator or adhesive coating portion, the present invention You can enjoy the effect.

[4] Manufacturing method:
The absorbent article of the present invention can be manufactured, for example, by the following method.

[4-1] Production of pants-type disposable diapers:
In the following description, the absorbent article 1A (pants-type disposable diaper) shown in FIGS. 1A to 1D will be described as an example. For convenience of explanation, description will be made by appropriately citing the reference numerals of FIGS. 1A to 1D.

[4-1A] Production of absorbent main body:
First, the indicator coating portion 28A and the adhesive coating portion 30A are formed on the surface of the backsheet 20 in the pattern shown in FIG. 1C, and the absorption wrapped in the hydrophilic sheet 34 is formed in the center in the width direction of the upper surface. The body 22 is placed.

  Then, the hydrophilic sheet 34 encapsulating the absorber 22 and the back sheet 20, the top sheet 18 and the back sheet 20 are joined, and the periphery of the absorber 22 is sealed so as to be sandwiched between the top sheet 18 and the back sheet 20. The absorbent main body 14 is obtained by wearing.

[4-1B] Production of solid gathers:
Next, one end of the water-repellent sheet 32 (32a, 32b) is folded, and the three-dimensional gather 26a ( 26b) is obtained. The three-dimensional gathers 26a and 26b are bonded to the absorbent main body 14 so as to sandwich the side edges of the absorbent main body 14.

[4-1C] Preparation of exterior member:
Two non-woven sheets (upper sheet 16a and liner sheet 16b) are prepared as exterior members 16, and a waist elastic member 42, an abdominal elastic member 44, and a leg elastic member 40 are arranged on the upper surface of the liner sheet 16b. , Glue and fix. And the upper sheet | seat 16a is laminated | stacked on this upper surface, and the exterior member by which the waist elastic | stretch material 42, the belly elastic material 44, and the leg elastic material 40 were interposed between the two nonwoven fabric sheets. Get 16.

[4-1D] Diaper production:
The absorbent main body 14 is disposed and fixed near the crotch part of the exterior member 16. Next, the absorbent main body 14 is turned inside, and the front body 2 and the back body 6 are folded in two so that the front body 2 and the back body 6 are matched. To do. By carrying out like this, the absorbent article 1A (pants type disposable diaper) shown to FIG. 1A-FIG. 1D can be manufactured.

  The series of steps as described above can be continuously performed by mechanical means. For example, by adopting a method / apparatus such as continuously feeding a long sheet material or elastic material from a roller, diapers can be continuously manufactured, which contributes to improvement in productivity.

[4-2] Manufacture of tape-type disposable diapers:
In the following description, an example in the case of manufacturing the absorbent article 1C (tape-type disposable diaper) shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C will be described. For convenience of explanation, description will be made by appropriately citing the reference numerals in FIGS. 3A to 3C.

[4-2A] Preparation of absorber mat:
First, the absorber 22 is encapsulated with a hydrophilic sheet 34. At this time, the indicator coating part 28C and the adhesive coating part 30C are formed on the surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 in the pattern shown in FIG. The absorbent sheet 34 and the absorbent body 22 are joined together, and the absorbent body 22 is wrapped with the hydrophilic sheet 34 from both sides, and bonded to the upper surface of the absorbent body 22 to obtain an absorbent mat.

[4-2B] Production of diaper continuum:
Next, the absorbent body 22 and the leg elastic member 40 wrapped in a hydrophilic sheet are placed on the surface of a long sheet material (back sheet material) which is a material of the back sheet 20, and the top sheet is further placed on the surface. By placing a long sheet material (top sheet material) as 18 material, a laminate (diaper continuum) as an intermediate body of the diaper is obtained.

  At this time, as the top sheet material, two types of a top sheet material corresponding to the center sheet 18a and a top sheet material corresponding to the side sheet 18b are used. A folded portion is provided in the sheet material corresponding to the side sheet 18b so that the three-dimensional gather 26 can be formed.

  The three-dimensional gather 26 is formed by bonding a sheet material corresponding to the side sheet 18b, that is, a part of a water-repellent sheet. That is, the three-dimensional gathers 26a and 26b are formed by fixing the water repellent sheet 32 to the surface of the top sheet material corresponding to the center sheet 18a.

  In the diaper continuous body obtained as described above, a portion corresponding to the opening around the leg of the diaper is cut out in an arc shape and cut (R cut) to form an opening around the leg. Finally, the fastening tape 11 is attached to the side edges 6a and 6b of the back body 6 of the diaper, and the diaper continuous body is cut into individual diapers. Thereby, 1 C of absorbent articles (tape-type disposable diaper) can be manufactured.

  In addition to the method described above, a fastening tape is previously attached to the top sheet material, and on the surface of the back sheet material, the absorbent body wrapped in a hydrophilic sheet and the elastic material around the legs are placed, Furthermore, you may obtain a diaper continuous body by mounting the top sheet material to which the elastic fastening tape was attached to the surface.

  The absorbent article of the present invention will be described more specifically with reference to the drawings. However, the absorbent article of the present invention encompasses all absorbent articles having the invention-specific matters, and is not limited to the following examples.

Example 1
The absorbent article 1A of Example 1 shown in FIGS. 1A to 1D is coated with an indicator that is colored by contact with urine on the back surface of the backsheet 20 to form an indicator coating portion 28A. The adhesive coating part 30A is formed by applying an adhesive to the forming surface of the processing part 28A (that is, the back surface of the back sheet 20).

  The back sheet 20, the hydrophilic sheet 34 (lower tissue paper 34 b) that encapsulates the absorber 22, and the top sheet 18 are joined together by the adhesive coating portion 30 </ b> A.

  As the indicator, a hot melt adhesive (trade name: Hot Melt Wetness Indicator, manufactured by Nitta Findlay Co., Ltd.) that is colored by contact with moisture or urine was used. On the other hand, a rubber-based hot melt adhesive was used as the adhesive.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 1C, the adhesive coating portion 30A is formed into six strips (width 1 mm × length 420 mm), and the strips (width) are similarly formed in the gaps between the six adhesive coating portions 30A. By forming three indicator coating portions 28A (3 mm × length 150 mm), the indicator coating portion 28A and the adhesive coating portion 30A were non-superimposedly arranged.

  The interval between the indicator coating part 28A and the nearest adhesive coating part 30A was 6 mm. About the part which formed two 30 A of adhesive agent coating parts in parallel, the space | interval of 30 A of adhesive agent coating parts was 8 mm.

(Example 2)
The absorbent article 1B of Example 2 shown in FIGS. 2A and 2B has the same configuration as that of the absorbent article 1A shown in FIGS. 1A to 1D, and only the method for forming the indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part is changed. It is a thing.

  In the absorbent article 1B, an indicator colored by contact with urine is applied to the back surface of the backsheet 20 to form an indicator coating portion 28B, and a surface on which the indicator coating portion 28B is formed (that is, the backsheet). 20), an adhesive is applied to form an adhesive coating portion 30B.

  The adhesive sheet 30B joins the back sheet 20, the hydrophilic sheet 34 (the lower tissue paper 34b) that encapsulates the absorber 22, and the top sheet 18.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 2A, the adhesive coating portion 30B is formed in a rectangular frame shape (outer edge: 140 mm × 420 mm, inner edge: 100 mm × 350 mm), and in the rectangular frame frame, a belt shape (width 3 mm × By forming the three indicator coating portions 28B formed to have a length of 120 mm, the indicator coating portion 28A and the adhesive coating portion 30A were arranged in a non-overlapping manner. The distance between the indicator coating part 28B and the nearest adhesive coating part 30B was 10 mm.

(Example 3)
An absorbent article 1C of Example 3 shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C is an example in which the present invention is applied to a tape-type disposable diaper. About the indicator and the adhesive, the same ones as in Example 1 were used.

  The absorbent article 1C of Example 3 shown in FIGS. 3A to 3C is coated with an indicator that is colored by contact with urine on the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34 that encapsulates the absorbent body 22 to provide an indicator coating unit. 28C is formed, and an adhesive is applied to the formation surface of the indicator coating portion 28C (that is, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet 34) to form the adhesive coating portion 30C.

  The absorbent body 22 and the hydrophilic sheet 34 (tissue paper 34c) encapsulating the absorbent body 22 are joined together by the adhesive coating portion 30C.

  Then, as shown in FIG. 3B and FIG. 3C, the adhesive coating portion 30C is formed into four strips (width 20 mm × length 400 mm), and the gap between the four adhesive coating portions 30C is the same. By forming three indicator coating portions 28C having a strip shape (width 2 mm × length 200 mm), the indicator coating portion 28C and the adhesive coating portion 30C are arranged in a non-overlapping manner. The interval between the indicator coating portion 28C and the nearest adhesive coating portion 30C was 10 mm.

  The absorbent article of the present invention can be used for absorbent articles such as disposable diapers and urine pads for infants or adults such as the elderly and persons with disabilities who need care. In particular, it can be suitably used as an infant diaper that often uses an indicator.

It is a schematic perspective view which shows one Embodiment of the absorbent article of this invention, and is a figure which shows the state which looked at the absorbent article from the front. It is a schematic plan view which shows the state which expand | deployed the absorbent article shown to FIG. 1A, and was seen from the top sheet side. FIG. 1B is a partially cutaway plan view of the absorbent article shown in FIG. 1A, showing a form of an indicator coating part and an adhesive coating part. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the A-A 'cross section of the absorbent article shown to FIG. 1A. It is a partially cutaway plan view showing another embodiment of the absorbent article of the present invention, the absorbent article is developed, the form of the indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part in a state seen from the top sheet side FIG. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the A-A 'cross section of the absorbent article shown to FIG. 2A. 1 is a partially cutaway plan view showing an embodiment of an absorbent article of the present invention, and is a view showing a state where the absorbent article is developed and viewed from the top sheet side. FIG. 3C is another partially cutaway plan view of the absorbent article shown in FIG. 3A, showing the forms of the indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows the A-A 'cross section of the absorbent article shown to FIG. 3A.

Explanation of symbols

1A, 1B, 1C: absorbent article, 2: front body, 2a, 2b: side edge, 4: crotch, 6: back body, 6a, 6b: side edge, 8: joint, 9: side flap, 10 : Opening around waist, 11: fastening tape, 12, 12a, 12b: opening around leg, 13: front patch, 14: absorbent main body, 16: exterior member, 16a: upper sheet, 16b: liner sheet, 18 : Top sheet, 18a: Center sheet, 18b: Side sheet, 20: Back sheet, 22: Absorber, 24: Cover sheet, 26, 26a, 26b: Solid gather, 28A, 28B, 28C: Indicator coating part, 30A , 30B, 30C: adhesive coating portion, 32, 32a, 32b: water-repellent sheet, 34: hydrophilic sheet, 34a: upper tissue paper, 34b: lower tissue paper , 34c: tissue paper, 36, 36a, 36b: standing gather elastic material, 40: leg-surrounding stretchable members, 42: waist stretchable material, 44: mechanical fasteners, 44a: hook material, 44b: loop material.

Claims (4)

  1. An absorber, at least partly made of a liquid-permeable material, a top sheet arranged to cover the surface of the absorber, and a liquid-impermeable material so as to cover the back surface of the absorber A disposed back sheet, and a hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber,
    At least one of the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the hydrophilic sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber is colored in response to changes in moisture or pH by contact with urine. The indicator coating part with the indicator to be coated is formed,
    An adhesive that joins constituent members of the absorbent article is applied to at least one of the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the hydrophilic sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber. Adhesive coating part is formed,
    The indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part are arranged in a non-overlapping manner,
    The adhesive coating part is formed into a plurality of strips,
    Intake Osamusei article wherein the gap of the adhesive coated portion, the indicator coating portion that is formed.
  2. An absorber, at least partly made of a liquid-permeable material, a top sheet arranged to cover the surface of the absorber, and a liquid-impermeable material so as to cover the back surface of the absorber A disposed back sheet, and a hydrophilic sheet encapsulating the absorber,
    At least one of the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the hydrophilic sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber is colored in response to changes in moisture or pH by contact with urine. The indicator coating part with the indicator to be coated is formed,
    An adhesive that joins constituent members of the absorbent article is applied to at least one of the back surface of the back sheet, the surface of the hydrophilic sheet, the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet, and the back surface of the absorber. Adhesive coating part is formed,
    The indicator coating part and the adhesive coating part are arranged in a non-overlapping manner,
    The adhesive coating part is formed in a frame shape,
    Intake Osamusei article wherein the adhesive coated portion of the frame, the indicator coating portion that is formed.
  3. Backside of the absorbent body, and of the back surface of the hydrophilic sheet the back facing, at least one surface, to claim 1 or 2 wherein the indicator coated portion and the adhesive coated portion is formed The absorbent article as described.
  4. Rear surface of the back sheet, and out of the back surface opposite to the hydrophilic sheet surface, at least one surface, to claim 1 or 2 wherein the indicator coated portion and the adhesive coated portion is formed The absorbent article as described.
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