JP5073989B2 - Linear compressor - Google Patents

Linear compressor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP5073989B2
JP5073989B2 JP2006222350A JP2006222350A JP5073989B2 JP 5073989 B2 JP5073989 B2 JP 5073989B2 JP 2006222350 A JP2006222350 A JP 2006222350A JP 2006222350 A JP2006222350 A JP 2006222350A JP 5073989 B2 JP5073989 B2 JP 5073989B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
piston
suction
suction valve
formed
linear compressor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
JP2006222350A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JP2007138920A (en
Inventor
キ チュル チョイ
ホン ヘ パーク
ソン ウーン ファン
Original Assignee
エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR10-2005-0108699 priority Critical
Priority to KR20050108699 priority
Application filed by エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド filed Critical エルジー エレクトロニクス インコーポレイティド
Publication of JP2007138920A publication Critical patent/JP2007138920A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP5073989B2 publication Critical patent/JP5073989B2/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B35/00Piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by the driving means to their working members, or by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors, not otherwise provided for
    • F04B35/04Piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by the driving means to their working members, or by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors, not otherwise provided for the means being electric
    • F04B35/045Piston pumps specially adapted for elastic fluids and characterised by the driving means to their working members, or by combination with, or adaptation to, specific driving engines or motors, not otherwise provided for the means being electric using solenoids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B39/00Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00
    • F04B39/0005Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00 adaptations of pistons
    • F04B39/0016Component parts, details, or accessories, of pumps or pumping systems specially adapted for elastic fluids, not otherwise provided for in, or of interest apart from, groups F04B25/00 - F04B37/00 adaptations of pistons with valve arranged in the piston

Description

  The present invention relates to a linear compressor, and more particularly, to a linear compressor configured to open and close while a suction valve moves relative to the piston by an inertia force when the piston reciprocates.

  In general, a linear compressor is a device that compresses a working fluid such as a refrigerant in a cylinder while a piston in the cylinder reciprocates by a reciprocating driving force of a linear motor, and is mainly used in a refrigerator or the like.

  1 is a cross-sectional view illustrating a conventional linear compressor, FIG. 2 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of a main part when the piston advances in the linear compressor of FIG. 1, and FIG. 3 is a linear compression of FIG. It is a figure which shows the principal part structure at the time of piston backward movement in a machine.

  As shown in the figure, the linear compressor according to the prior art is provided with a cylinder block 4 and a back cover 6 inside an outer shell 2, and a working fluid is supplied between the cylinder block 4 and the back cover 6 with a predetermined pressure. A compression section that is compressed to a ratio is arranged.

  The shell 2 includes a fluid suction pipe 8 that allows the working fluid to be compressed to be sucked into the compression portion, and a fluid discharge pipe that causes the working fluid compressed by the compression portion to be discharged to the outside of the shell 2. 9 is provided.

  The compression section includes a cylinder 10 having a compression chamber 11 in which the working fluid from the fluid suction pipe 8 is compressed, and a piston 20 that compresses the working fluid in the compression chamber 11 of the cylinder 10 while reciprocating in the cylinder 10. A linear motor 30 that reciprocates the piston 20.

  The cylinder 10 is provided with a discharge valve assembly 12 that discharges the working fluid compressed in the compression chamber 11 of the cylinder 10 to the fluid discharge pipe 9.

  The piston 20 is provided with a suction passage 21 through which the working fluid is sucked into the cylinder 10 from the fluid suction pipe 8, and is provided with a suction valve 22 that opens and closes the suction passage 21.

  The suction valve 22 is an elastic body fixed to the piston 20 with a bolt B, and opens and closes while elastically deforming due to a pressure difference between the suction flow path 21 of the piston 20 and the inside of the cylinder 10.

  The linear motor 30 is largely composed of a stator 32 and a mover 34 that is connected to the piston 20 and reciprocates by electromagnetic interaction with the stator 32.

  On the other hand, the compression portion is provided with a main spring assembly 40 that applies an elastic force to the piston 20 in the reciprocating direction of the piston 20 so that the piston 20 can vibrate when the piston 20 reciprocates.

  The main spring assembly 40 is disposed between the first main spring 42 disposed between the back cover 6 and the piston 20, the cylinder 10 and the linear motor 30, and is supported by the cylinder block 4 and the piston 20. And a second main spring 44.

  Next, the operation of the conventional linear compressor configured as described above will be described.

  When the linear motor 30 is driven, the piston 20 reciprocates in the cylinder 10 by the driving force of the linear motor 30. Further, in conjunction with the reciprocating motion of the piston 20, the piston 20 is vibrated while the first and second main springs 42 and 44 are repeatedly compressed and pulled, and the discharge valve assembly 12 and the suction valve 22 repeatedly open and close. .

  In this way, the working fluid is sucked into the compression chamber 11 of the cylinder 10 from the fluid suction pipe 8, and the working fluid sucked into the compression chamber 11 of the cylinder 10 is compressed to a high pressure by the piston 20 and compressed by the cylinder 10. Fluid is discharged out of the shell 2 through the discharge valve assembly 12 and the fluid discharge pipe 9.

  Such a process of sucking, compressing, and discharging the working fluid is repeated continuously in order while the linear motor 30 operates.

  However, the suction valve 22 of the linear compressor according to the conventional technique uses an elastic force, and the elastic deformation rate changes due to the pressure difference between the suction flow path 21 of the piston 20 and the inside of the cylinder 10, and the compression efficiency. The reliability is not good because is not constant.

  In particular, the suction valve 22 using the elastic force is elastically deformed as shown in FIG. 3 when the pressure difference between the suction flow path 21 of the piston 20 and the inside of the cylinder 10 is large or when a working fluid in a liquid state flows. However, there is a high risk of plastic deformation or damage due to an increase in stress, and there is a problem that the responsiveness is lowered due to a decrease in durability over time.

  Further, if the intake valve 22 is excessively elastically deformed, the impact with the piston 20 is also increased, increasing the stress as well as causing problems in terms of vibration and noise.

  In addition, since the head of the bolt B that fixes the suction valve 22 to the piston 20 protrudes into the compression chamber 11 of the cylinder 10, the dead volume of the compression chamber 11 of the cylinder 10 increases and the compression efficiency decreases. There is a problem in that the head of the bolt B and the discharge valve assembly 12 directly collide with each other, causing damage, noise and vibration.

  Recently, high-density carbon dioxide is often used as a working fluid, and the diameter of the piston 20 is also relatively reduced. Therefore, not only is the intake valve 22 difficult to install with the bolt B, There was a problem that the flow path resistance increased.

  The present invention is for solving the above-described problems, and is configured so that the suction valve is configured to open and close while moving relative to the piston during reciprocal movement of the piston not by elastic force but by inertial force. To provide a linear compressor capable of obtaining a constant compression efficiency with a constant valve opening stroke, reducing deformation and breakage, improving responsiveness and durability, and minimizing vibration and noise. It is in.

  In order to achieve the above object, a linear compressor according to the present invention is reciprocally moved in a cylinder, and is coupled to a piston having a suction channel formed therein and to be relatively movable to the suction channel of the piston, A suction valve that opens and closes while moving relative to the piston during the reciprocating motion of the piston.

  The suction valve opens and closes the suction flow path while moving relative to the suction flow path of the piston during the reciprocation of the piston, and is fixed to the piston with a suction valve body having a long slot formed in the reciprocation direction of the piston. And an intake valve guide pin that is inserted into a slot of the intake valve body to insert the intake valve body in a relatively movable manner.

  The suction valve body has a head portion located outside the suction flow path of the piston, and a cross-sectional shape partially removed so that a working fluid can pass through the suction flow path of the piston. And a body part.

  The body part is formed in a D-CUT shape so that the working fluid can pass through.

  The suction valve body includes a head portion located outside the suction flow path of the piston, and a body portion that is formed smaller than the suction flow path of the piston and enters and exits the suction flow path of the piston. It is characterized by that.

  The suction valve body includes: a head portion located outside the suction passage of the piston; and a body portion having a hole formed so as to allow the working fluid to enter and exit the suction passage of the piston. It is characterized by becoming.

  The hole of the body part is formed integrally with the slot of the intake valve body.

  The piston is characterized in that a suction valve groove is formed so that the suction valve is completely inserted.

  The piston is characterized in that a suction valve groove is formed so as to gradually widen from the suction passage of the piston toward the tip of the piston so that the suction valve is completely inserted.

  The piston is formed with a suction valve groove in which the suction valve is completely inserted and a portion in contact with the suction valve is inclined, and the suction valve is inserted into the suction valve groove. An inclined surface is formed so as to be in contact with the inclined portion of the groove.

  In order to achieve the above object, a linear compressor according to the present invention reciprocates in a cylinder, and a piston having a suction channel formed therein, and the piston suction channel when the piston reciprocates. The suction passage body is opened and closed while being relatively moved, and a suction valve body in which a long slot is formed in the reciprocating direction of the piston, and the suction valve body fixed to the piston and fitted into the slot of the suction valve body. And a suction valve guide pin that is inserted so as to be relatively movable, and the piston is directed from the suction passage of the piston toward the tip of the piston so that the suction valve is completely inserted into the piston. A suction valve groove having a shape that gradually widens is formed, and the suction valve has an inclined surface that is inserted into the suction valve groove and is in contact with an inclined portion of the suction valve groove. And characterized in that it is.

  In the linear compressor according to the present invention, the suction valve is coupled to the suction flow path of the piston so as to be relatively movable, and is configured to open and close while moving relative to the piston by the inertial force during the reciprocating motion of the piston. The compression efficiency is constant since the stroke of the intake valve is always constant, the deformation and breakage of the intake valve due to excessive stress are greatly reduced, the response and durability of the intake valve are improved, the vibration due to opening and closing of the intake valve and Noise can be minimized.

  In addition, the intake valve guide fin that connects the intake valve and the piston is provided in the radial direction of the piston inside the piston, so that the dead volume of the compression chamber of the cylinder can be minimized, and even when the piston diameter is small The valve can be easily installed on the piston, and the flow path resistance by the suction valve is minimized.

  In addition, when the intake valve closes the intake passage of the piston, the intake valve groove is formed in the piston so that the intake valve is completely inserted into the piston, so that the dead volume of the compression chamber of the cylinder does not occur. The advantage is that interference between the intake valve and the discharge valve assembly can be prevented.

  In addition, since the intake valve head portion and the piston intake valve groove are inclined so that they can face each other, the intake valve can smoothly enter and exit the piston intake valve groove. The effect that the rigidity on the part side is improved is obtained.

  DESCRIPTION OF EXEMPLARY EMBODIMENTS Hereinafter, preferred embodiments of a linear compressor according to the invention will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

  4 is a sectional view showing the linear compressor according to the first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 5 is an exploded perspective view showing the intake valve and the piston in the linear compressor shown in FIG. 1, and FIG. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an initial state when the piston of the linear compressor shown in FIG. 1 is reverse, FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a piston reverse completion state of the linear compressor shown in FIG. 1, and FIG. 8 is a linear compression shown in FIG. FIG. 9 is a diagram showing an initial state of the machine when the piston advances, and FIG. 9 is a diagram showing a piston advance completion state of the linear compressor shown in FIG.

  The linear compressor according to the first embodiment of the present invention includes a shell 50 through which working fluid is sucked and discharged, a cylinder block 60 and a back cover 62 provided in the shell 50, and between the cylinder block 60 and the back cover 62. And a compression portion P that is provided so that the working fluid sucked into the shell 50 is discharged after being compressed to a predetermined pressure ratio.

  A fluid suction pipe 52 is connected to the shell 50 so that the working fluid is sucked into the shell 50 from the outside of the shell 50. The shell 50 is connected to a fluid discharge pipe 54 that guides the working fluid discharged after compression by the compression unit to the outside of the shell 50.

  A damper 56 that elastically supports the compression portion P is installed inside the shell 50.

  In addition, a lubricating oil pumping device 58 that pumps the lubricating oil G in the shell 50 to the compression portion P is installed inside the shell 50.

  The back cover 62 is disposed closer to the fluid suction pipe 52 than the cylinder block 60.

  The back cover 62 is provided with a muffler (not shown) in order to reduce the noise of the working fluid sucked from the fluid suction pipe 52.

  The compression unit P includes a linear motor 90 that generates a reciprocating driving force, a cylinder 70 that is fixed to the cylinder block 60 and has a compression chamber 71 in which the working fluid is compressed, and the working fluid in the compression chamber 71 of the seal reader 70. The piston 80 that reciprocates inside the cylinder 70 by the reciprocating driving force of the linear motor 90 so as to be compressed, and the first and first that vibrate the piston 80 in the reciprocating direction of the piston 80 when the piston 80 reciprocates. 2 resonance springs 110 and 112.

  The linear motor 90 is disposed on the outer periphery of the cylinder 70 and is supported by the cylinder block 60 and the back cover 62.

  The linear motor 90 is largely composed of a mover connected to the piston 80 so as to be interlocked with the mover and a stator that electromagnetically interacts with the mover so that the mover can reciprocate.

  The mover includes a magnet 92 installed so as to be capable of reciprocating inside the stator, and the magnet 92 is fixed and connected so as to interlock with the piston 80, and the reciprocating driving force of the linear motor 90 is coupled to the piston 80. And a magnet frame 94 for transmitting the above.

  The stator includes an outer core 95 installed on the outer periphery of the mover, a coil 96 provided on the outer core 95 to form a magnetic field, and an inner core 97 installed on the inner periphery of the mover. .

  The cylinder 70 has a cylindrical structure with an opening at the front and rear. That is, the piston 80 is inserted from the rear of the cylinder 70 that is open. Then, the working fluid compressed in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 is discharged from the front where the cylinder 70 is opened.

  The opening front of the cylinder 70 is covered with a discharge valve assembly 75 that allows the working fluid compressed in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 to be discharged to the fluid discharge pipe 54.

  The discharge valve assembly 75 is installed so as to cover the front opening of the cylinder 70, the discharge valve cover 76 connected to the fluid discharge pipe 54, and the front opening of the cylinder 70 in the discharge valve cover 76. It comprises a discharge valve body 77 installed so as to be able to advance and retreat, and a discharge valve spring 78 that elastically supports the discharge valve body 77.

  The discharge valve cover 76 can have a double structure. That is, the discharge valve cover 76 is disposed on the inner side, and is disposed on the outer side of the inner cover 76b and the inner cover 76b in which a discharge port 76a is formed so that the working fluid can flow out. And an outer cover 76c.

  The piston 80 is formed therein with a suction flow path 81 that is formed so as to penetrate the piston 80 in the front-rear direction and that allows the fluid suction pipe 52 and the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 to communicate with each other.

  The suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 can selectively communicate with the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 by a suction valve 84 that opens and closes in conjunction with the reciprocating motion of the piston 80.

  The suction valve 84 is coupled to the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 so as to be relatively movable, and performs an opening / closing operation while moving relative to the piston 80 by inertia force when the piston 80 reciprocates.

  That is, the suction valve 84 is coupled to the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 so as to be relatively movable, and is fixed to the suction valve body 85 having a slot 85 ′ formed in the reciprocating direction of the piston 80 and the piston 80. The intake valve guide pin 86 is fitted in the slot 85 ′ of the valve body 85 so as to be relatively movable.

  The suction valve body 85 is a body that is inserted into the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 so as to be movable relative to the head portion 85a positioned outside the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 and the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80. Part 85b.

  The head portion 85 a of the suction valve body 85 has a disk shape that is smaller than the diameter of the piston 80 and larger than the diameter of the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80.

  In addition, the head portion 85a of the suction valve body 85 has a flat outer surface 85a ′ that does not face the piston 80 so that the working fluid in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 is uniformly compressed. Is desirable.

  The body portion 85 b of the suction valve body 85 allows the working fluid to pass between the suction passage 81 of the piston 80 and the body portion 85 b of the suction valve body 85 when the suction valve 84 opens the suction passage 81 of the piston 80. Thus, it can be formed in a D-CUT shape.

  That is, the body portion 85b of the suction valve body 85 has a cross-sectional shape in which a part of a circle having substantially the same size as the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 is deleted.

  A slot 85 ′ is formed in the body portion 85 b of the intake valve body 85 so that the intake valve guide pin 86 is fitted in a relatively movable manner.

  The slot 85 'formed in the suction valve body 85 has a top dead center at the end of the suction valve body 85 on the head portion 85a side, and a bottom dead center at the opposite end.

  The suction valve guide pin 86 is formed in a rod shape whose diameter is smaller than the length of the slot 85 ′ of the suction valve 84.

  The intake valve guide pin 86 may be disposed on the piston 80 in the radial direction of the piston 80.

  Such a suction valve guide pin 86 can be fixed to the piston 80 by press-fitting. Further, the suction valve guide pin 86 is formed to have a length substantially the same as the diameter of the piston 80 so that both ends thereof straddle the piston 80.

  On the other hand, the suction valve 84 is completely inserted into the piston 80 when the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 is closed.

  That is, a suction valve groove 87 connected to the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 is formed in front of the piston 80 so that the head portion 85a of the suction valve body 85 can be inserted.

  The suction valve groove 87 formed in the piston 80 has a shape that gradually widens from the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 toward the front end of the piston 80.

  Hereinafter, the operation of the linear compressor according to the first embodiment of the present invention configured as described above will be described.

  When the linear motor 90 is driven, the magnet 92 reciprocates together with the magnet frame 94 due to electromagnetic interaction between the stator and the mover, and the reciprocating force of the linear motor 90 is transmitted to the piston 80 connected to the magnet frame 94. The As a result, the piston 80 reciprocates inside the cylinder 70, and the suction, compression and discharge processes of the working fluid are repeated in order while the first and second main springs 110 and 112 are alternately compressed and pulled.

  That is, as shown in FIG. 6, when the piston 80 starts to move backward toward the outside of the cylinder 70, the suction valve 84 moves relative to the piston 80 due to inertial force and moves from the piston 80 toward the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70. Protruding.

  That is, immediately before the piston 80 moves backward toward the outside of the cylinder 70, the intake valve 84 is completely inserted into the piston 80, and the intake valve guide pin 86 of the intake valve 84 is inserted into the slot 85 ′ of the intake valve 84. Is located at the top dead center (see FIG. 4).

  Therefore, when the piston 80 starts to move backward toward the outside of the cylinder 70, the suction valve 84 protrudes from the piston 80 by moving only the piston 80 backward without moving the suction valve 84.

  At this time, the suction valve guide pin 86 relatively moves along the slot 85 ′ of the suction valve 84 from the top dead center to the bottom dead center of the slot 85 ′ of the suction valve 84.

  When the suction valve guide pin 86 eventually reaches the bottom dead center of the slot 85 ′ of the suction valve 84 and the piston 80 continues to move backward, the suction valve guide pin 86 moves backward together with the piston 80 as shown in FIG. The suction valve 84 is pulled while moving.

  As a result, the suction valve 84 moves backward together with the piston 80 in a state of protruding from the piston 80.

  When the suction valve 84 protrudes from the piston 80 in this way, the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 is opened, and the working fluid in the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 is sucked into the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70.

  If the piston 80 moves forward toward the inside of the cylinder 70 in this state, the suction valve 84 is moved relative to the piston 80 by the inertial force and inserted into the piston 80.

  That is, when the piston 80 starts to move forward toward the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70, the piston 80 moves toward the suction valve 84 by moving forward as shown in FIG. The suction valve 84 moves backward toward the piston 80 by the pressure of the working fluid in 71. Accordingly, the suction valve 84 is quickly inserted into the piston 80 to close the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80.

  At this time, the suction valve guide pin 86 moves relative to the top dead center from the bottom dead center of the slot 85 ′ of the suction valve 84 along the slot 85 ′ of the suction valve 84. If the piston 80 continues to move forward when the dead center is reached, the suction valve 84 moves forward together with the piston 80.

  Of course, the suction valve 84 maintains a state where it is inserted into the piston 80 by the pressure of the working fluid in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70.

  When the piston 80 moves forward with the suction valve 84 closing the suction flow path 81 of the piston 80 in this way, the working fluid in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 is compressed to a high pressure.

  When the working fluid in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 is compressed to a high pressure, the pressure between the working fluid in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 and the force between the discharge valve spring 78 of the discharge valve assembly 75 as shown in FIG. The discharge valve assembly 75 opens the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 by the balanced relationship.

  Then, the working fluid compressed in the compression chamber 71 of the cylinder 70 is discharged to the outside of the shell 50 through the discharge cover 76 and the fluid discharge pipe 54 in order.

  FIG. 10 is a main part configuration diagram illustrating a state when the piston of the linear compressor according to the second embodiment of the present invention moves backward, and FIG. 11 illustrates a state when the piston of the linear compressor according to the second embodiment of the present invention moves forward. FIG.

  In the linear compressor according to the second embodiment of the present invention, the suction valve 150 is coupled to the suction flow path 161 of the piston 160 so as to be relatively movable, and a suction slot 150 ′ having a long slot 150 ′ is formed in the reciprocating direction of the piston 160. The valve body 152 includes a suction valve guide pin 154 fixed to the piston 160 and fitted in a slot 150 ′ formed in the suction valve body 152 so as to be relatively movable.

  The suction valve body 152 is formed so as to have a diameter smaller than the diameter of the suction flow path 161 of the piston 160 and the head portion 152a positioned outside the suction flow path 161 of the piston 160. The body portion 152b enters and exits the path 161.

  On the other hand, when the suction valve 150 moves relative to the piston 160, a guide may be provided to guide the suction valve 150 so that the center of the suction valve 150 is always aligned.

  Since the second embodiment of the present invention configured as described above is the same as the configuration of the first embodiment of the present invention other than the above-described configuration, the description thereof will be omitted.

  Next, the opening / closing operation of the intake valve 150 in the linear compressor according to the second embodiment of the present invention configured as described above will be described in detail.

  The suction valve 150 protrudes from the piston 160 when the piston 160 moves backward, passes through the space between the body portion 152b of the suction valve body 152 and the suction flow path 161 of the piston 160, and the working fluid in the suction flow path 161 of the piston 160. Begins to flow.

  The intake valve 150 is inserted into the piston 160 when the piston 160 moves forward to close the intake flow path 161 of the piston 160.

  FIG. 12 is a main part configuration diagram showing a state in which the piston of the linear compressor according to the third embodiment of the present invention moves backward, and FIG. 13 shows a state in which the piston of the linear compressor according to the third embodiment of the present invention moves forward. FIG.

  In the linear compressor according to the third embodiment of the present invention, the intake valve 200 is coupled to the intake passage 211 of the piston 210 so as to be relatively movable, and the intake valve has a long slot 200 ′ formed in the reciprocating direction of the piston 210. It comprises a body 202 and a suction valve guide pin 204 fixed to the piston 210 and fitted into a slot 200 ′ formed in the suction valve body 202 so as to be relatively movable.

  The suction valve body 202 is formed with a head portion 202 a located outside the suction flow path 201 of the piston 210 and a diameter substantially the same as the diameter of the suction flow path 211 of the piston 210, and the suction flow path 211 of the piston 210. And a body portion 202b in which a hole 202c is formed so that the working fluid in the suction flow path 211 of the piston 210 can pass therethrough.

  The body portion 202b of the suction valve body 202 is formed with a flow path 202d that allows the hole 202c of the suction valve body 202 and the suction flow path 211 of the piston 210 to communicate with each other.

  The hole 202c of the intake valve body 202 may be formed integrally with the slot 200 'of the intake valve 200.

  Since the third embodiment of the present invention configured as described above is the same as the configuration of the first embodiment of the present invention described above except for the above-described configuration, the description thereof will be omitted.

  Next, the opening / closing operation of the suction valve 200 of the linear compressor according to the third embodiment of the present invention configured as described above will be described in detail.

  The suction valve 200 protrudes from the piston 210 when the piston 210 moves backward, and the hole 202c of the suction valve body 202 is opened, so that the working fluid in the suction passage 211 of the piston 210 passes through the suction valve body 202. become.

  Further, the suction valve 200 closes the suction flow path 211 of the piston 210 by being inserted into the piston 210 when the piston 210 moves forward.

  FIG. 14 is a main part configuration diagram showing a state when the piston of the linear compressor according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention moves backward, and FIG. 15 shows a state when the piston of the linear compressor according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention moves forward. FIG.

  In the linear compressor according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention, the suction valve 25 is coupled to the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260 so as to be relatively movable, and a long slot 250 ′ is formed in the reciprocating direction of the piston 260. A body 252 and an intake valve guide pin 254 fixed to the piston 260 and fitted in a slot 250 ′ formed in the intake valve body 252 so as to be relatively movable.

  In front of the piston 260, a head portion 252a of the suction valve body 252 is formed to be insertable, and a suction valve groove 262 connected to the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260 is formed.

  The intake valve groove 262 formed in the piston 260 may have a structure in which at least a portion in contact with the intake valve 250 is inclined. That is, the suction valve groove 262 formed in the piston 260 can be shaped to gradually widen from the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260 toward the front end of the piston 260.

  The suction valve body 252 includes a head portion 252a positioned outside the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260 and a D-cut (D-CUT) -shaped body portion 252b that enters and exits the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260. Become.

  The head portion 252a of the suction valve body 252 may have a structure in which an outer surface thereof is inclined so that the head portion 252a can be brought into surface contact with the suction valve groove 262 of the piston 260 while being completely inserted into the suction valve groove 262 of the piston 260. desirable.

  Since the fourth embodiment of the present invention configured as described above is the same as the configuration of the first embodiment of the present invention described above except for the above-described configuration, the description thereof will be omitted.

  Next, the opening / closing operation of the intake valve 200 of the linear compressor according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention configured as described above will be described in detail.

  The suction valve 250 protrudes from the piston 260 when the piston 260 moves backward, so that the working fluid in the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260 passes through the suction valve body 252.

  The suction valve 250 is inserted into the piston 260 when the piston 260 moves forward to close the suction flow path 261 of the piston 260.

It is sectional drawing which shows the near compressor based on the prior art. It is a figure which shows the principal part structure at the time of piston advance of the linear compressor which concerns on a prior art. It is a figure which shows the principal part structure at the time of piston backward movement of the linear compressor which concerns on a prior art. It is sectional drawing which shows the linear compressor by 1st Embodiment of this invention. It is a perspective view which decomposes | disassembles and shows a suction valve and a piston in the linear compressor of FIG. It is a figure which shows the initial state at the time of piston backward movement in the linear compressor of FIG. It is a figure which shows a piston reverse completion state in the linear compressor of FIG. It is a figure which shows the initial state at the time of piston advance in the linear compressor of FIG. It is a figure which shows a piston advance completion state in the linear compressor of FIG. It is a principal part block diagram which shows the state at the time of piston backward movement of the linear compressor by 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part block diagram which shows the state at the time of piston advance of the linear compressor by 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part block diagram which shows the state at the time of piston backward movement of the linear compressor by 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part block diagram which shows the state at the time of piston advance of the linear compressor by 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part block diagram which shows the state at the time of piston backward movement of the linear compressor by 4th Embodiment of this invention. It is a principal part block diagram which shows the state at the time of piston advance of the linear compressor by 4th Embodiment of this invention.

Explanation of symbols

50 Shell 52 Fluid suction pipe 54 Fluid discharge pipe 60 Cylinder block 62 Back cover 64 Muffler 70 Cylinder 75 Discharge valve assembly 80 Piston 81 Suction flow path 84 Suction valve 85 Suction valve body 85 'Slot 85a Head section 85b Body section 86 Suction valve guide Pin 90 Linear motor 92 Magnet 94 Magnet frame 95 Outer core 96 Coil 98 Inner core 110 First resonance spring 112 Second resonance spring

Claims (4)

  1. A piston that reciprocates in the cylinder and has a suction channel formed inside;
    Said piston is relatively movably coupled to the suction passage, Bei example and a suction valve for opening and closing operation while moving relatively to the piston during reciprocation of the piston,
    The intake valve is
    A suction valve body in which a long slot is formed in the reciprocating direction of the piston;
    An intake valve guide pin fixed to the piston and fitted in a slot of the intake valve body to insert the intake valve body in a relatively movable manner,
    The intake valve body is
    A head portion located outside the suction passage of the piston;
    A body portion having a cross-sectional shape partially removed so as to allow the working fluid to pass through the piston suction passage,
    The linear compressor according to claim 1, wherein the body portion is formed in a D-CUT shape so that the working fluid can pass therethrough .
  2.   The linear compressor according to claim 1, wherein the piston is formed with a suction valve groove so that the suction valve is completely inserted.
  3.   The intake piston groove of the piston is formed so as to gradually widen from the intake passage of the piston toward the tip of the piston so that the intake valve is completely inserted. The linear compressor described.
  4. The piston is formed with a suction valve groove in which the suction valve is completely inserted and a portion in contact with the suction valve is inclined,
    2. The linear compressor according to claim 1, wherein the suction valve is formed with an inclined surface so as to be inserted into the suction valve groove and to come into contact with an inclined portion of the suction valve groove.
JP2006222350A 2005-11-14 2006-08-17 Linear compressor Expired - Fee Related JP5073989B2 (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2005-0108699 2005-11-14
KR20050108699 2005-11-14

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2007138920A JP2007138920A (en) 2007-06-07
JP5073989B2 true JP5073989B2 (en) 2012-11-14

Family

ID=37692607

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2006222350A Expired - Fee Related JP5073989B2 (en) 2005-11-14 2006-08-17 Linear compressor

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US20070110600A1 (en)
EP (1) EP1785626B1 (en)
JP (1) JP5073989B2 (en)
CN (1) CN1966979A (en)
DE (1) DE602006017489D1 (en)

Families Citing this family (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100677290B1 (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-02-02 엘지전자 주식회사 Driving control apparatus and method for reciprocating compressor
DE102007034296A1 (en) * 2007-07-24 2009-01-29 BSH Bosch und Siemens Hausgeräte GmbH Linear compressor
CN102025240A (en) * 2011-01-04 2011-04-20 中国电子科技集团公司第二十一研究所 Linear motor structure for Stirling refrigerator
BRPI1103355A2 (en) * 2011-07-04 2013-07-23 Whirlpool Sa ADAPTER DEVICE FOR LINEAR COMPRESSOR, and COMPRESSOR PROVIDED WITH SAID DEVICE
BRPI1103647A2 (en) * 2011-07-07 2013-07-02 Whirlpool Sa arrangement between linear compressor components
BRPI1103447A2 (en) * 2011-07-19 2013-07-09 Whirlpool Sa spring bundle for compressor and spring bundled compressor
BRPI1104172A2 (en) * 2011-08-31 2015-10-13 Whirlpool Sa linear compressor based on resonant oscillating mechanism
CN104251197B (en) 2013-06-28 2017-04-12 Lg电子株式会社 Linear compressor
CN104251193A (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Lg电子株式会社 Linear compressor
CN203835658U (en) * 2013-06-28 2014-09-17 Lg电子株式会社 Linear compressor
CN104251191B (en) 2013-06-28 2017-05-03 Lg电子株式会社 Linear compressor
CN104251195A (en) 2013-06-28 2014-12-31 Lg电子株式会社 Linear compressor
CN104251196B (en) 2013-06-28 2016-10-05 Lg电子株式会社 Linearkompressor
JP6145880B2 (en) * 2013-10-30 2017-06-14 理想科学工業株式会社 Ultrasonic radiation element
US9841012B2 (en) * 2014-02-10 2017-12-12 Haier Us Appliance Solutions, Inc. Linear compressor
US9322401B2 (en) * 2014-02-10 2016-04-26 General Electric Company Linear compressor
US9145878B1 (en) * 2014-07-11 2015-09-29 Marvin Ray McKenzie Oscillating linear compressor
US20190226466A1 (en) * 2016-08-11 2019-07-25 Lg Electronics Inc. Linear compressor
DE102018123258B3 (en) * 2018-09-21 2020-03-26 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie Piston, piston compressor and pump

Family Cites Families (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US307862A (en) * 1884-11-11 Dredths to fred w
US1109154A (en) * 1913-04-11 1914-09-01 Thomas Motive Power Company Air-compressor.
US1294014A (en) * 1917-10-12 1919-02-11 Arthur Eggleton Worster Pump.
US1484527A (en) * 1921-05-07 1924-02-19 Pace Jefferson Davis Well-drilling bit
US1808745A (en) * 1930-01-09 1931-06-09 Bledsoe George Washington Pump
US3175758A (en) * 1962-04-30 1965-03-30 Lennox Ind Inc Compressor construction with inertial suction valve
US5266015A (en) * 1992-02-13 1993-11-30 Tecumseh Products Company Compressor suction and discharge valve assembly
JP3058412B2 (en) * 1997-12-30 2000-07-04 エルジー電子株式会社 Discharge valve device for linear compressor
AU3615001A (en) * 2000-02-17 2001-08-27 Lg Electronics Inc. Suction gas valve apparatus of reciprocating compressor
KR100442379B1 (en) * 2001-10-15 2004-07-30 엘지전자 주식회사 Apparatus for sucking gas in linear compressor
KR100400579B1 (en) * 2001-10-30 2003-10-08 엘지전자 주식회사 Suction valve assembly
KR100446770B1 (en) * 2002-01-03 2004-09-01 엘지전자 주식회사 Apparatus for sucking gas in linear compressor
KR20040022787A (en) * 2002-09-07 2004-03-18 엘지전자 주식회사 Apparatus for sucking gas in reciprocating compressor
KR100550536B1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2006-02-10 엘지전자 주식회사 Linear compressor
KR100565485B1 (en) * 2003-06-04 2006-03-30 엘지전자 주식회사 Linear compressor

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
JP2007138920A (en) 2007-06-07
CN1966979A (en) 2007-05-23
DE602006017489D1 (en) 2010-11-25
US20070110600A1 (en) 2007-05-17
EP1785626B1 (en) 2010-10-13
EP1785626A1 (en) 2007-05-16

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP2818709B1 (en) Linear compressor
KR100378818B1 (en) Apparatus for fixing suction valve of compressor
KR100600767B1 (en) Discharge assembly linear compressor
JP3746716B2 (en) Piston support structure for reciprocating compressor
JP2905600B2 (en) Oiling device for frictional part of linear compressor
JP4550489B2 (en) Linear compressor
JP2950793B2 (en) Linear compressor
EP1368567B1 (en) Piston lubrication system for a reciprocating compressor with a linear motor
EP1389279B1 (en) Reciprocating compressor
US20030133816A1 (en) Discharge apparatus for reciprocating compressor
JP4819374B2 (en) Linear compressor
KR100673460B1 (en) Linear Compressor
JP2004360701A (en) Linear compressor
JP3662813B2 (en) Linear compressor
KR100613516B1 (en) Linear compressor
JP3591727B2 (en) Suction gas valve device for reciprocating compressor
EP1315907B1 (en) Reciprocating hermetic compressor
AU783477B2 (en) Fluid compressing apparatus
JP3740074B2 (en) Gas suction device for reciprocating compressor
DE10302303B4 (en) suction valve
KR100461231B1 (en) Suction muffler for compressor
JP4021848B2 (en) Wear prevention structure for reciprocating compressors
US8109199B2 (en) Reciprocating compressor
US4867650A (en) Reciprocatory piston type compressor with noise free suction valve mechanism
JPH10502151A (en) Free piston end position limiter

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A621 Written request for application examination

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A621

Effective date: 20090807

A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20111122

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20120221

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20120724

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20120823

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20150831

Year of fee payment: 3

LAPS Cancellation because of no payment of annual fees