JP5043581B2 - Optical head device and optical information device - Google Patents

Optical head device and optical information device Download PDF

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JP5043581B2
JP5043581B2 JP2007259155A JP2007259155A JP5043581B2 JP 5043581 B2 JP5043581 B2 JP 5043581B2 JP 2007259155 A JP2007259155 A JP 2007259155A JP 2007259155 A JP2007259155 A JP 2007259155A JP 5043581 B2 JP5043581 B2 JP 5043581B2
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light
region
dividing line
light receiving
receiving unit
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JP2008135151A (en
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晃正 佐野
穣児 安西
文朝 山崎
秀樹 愛甲
貴之 永田
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パナソニック株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an optical head device and an optical information device that record information on an information recording medium such as an optical disk and an optical card and / or reproduce information from the information recording medium.

  As a conventional optical head device, a part of light reflected and diffracted from an optical disk as an information recording medium is diffracted and detected by a light receiving unit different from a light receiving unit that receives non-diffracted transmitted light (0th order light). Are used as tracking signals (see, for example, Patent Document 1). FIG. 36 is a diagram showing a configuration of a conventional optical head device 100 described in the conventional literature.

  In FIG. 36, the light beam emitted from the semiconductor laser 101 becomes parallel light by the collimator lens 102, is reflected by the beam splitter 103, enters the objective lens 104, and becomes convergent light. This convergent light is applied to the optical disc 105. The light reflected and diffracted by the information layer 106 of the optical disc 105 passes through the objective lens 104 again and passes through the beam splitter 103. The objective lens 104 is moved by the actuator 107 in the optical axis direction and the track vertical direction. The light beam that has passed through the beam splitter 103 is incident on the hologram element 108, and a part of the light is diffracted into a zero-order light 110 that is not diffracted and a diffracted primary light 111. The light beam that has passed through the hologram element 108 passes through the detection lens 109 and enters the photodetector 120.

  FIG. 37A is a diagram for explaining region division of the hologram element 108 shown in FIG. A dotted line 130 in FIG. 37A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 108 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens 104 is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc. The hologram element 108 is divided into seven regions 140 to 146 by dividing lines 131 to 136. Region 142 is the first main region, region 144 is the second main region, region 140 and region 145 are the first subregion, region 141 and region 146 are the second subregion, and region 143 is the central region. To do.

FIG. 37 (B) is a diagram showing the arrangement of the light receiving portions of the photodetector 120 shown in FIG. The zero-order light 110 that is not diffracted by the hologram element 108 is received by the four-divided light receiving unit 150 on the optical axis, and a focus signal and an RF signal are detected. The primary light 111 diffracted by the hologram element 108 is received by the light receiving portions 151 to 154 according to the divided areas of the hologram element 108. The light beam 161 diffracted in the first main region is received by the light receiving unit 151, and the light beam 162 diffracted in the second main region is received by the light receiving unit 152 and diffracted in the first sub region. The beam 163 is received by the light receiving unit 153, and the light beam 164 diffracted in the second sub-region is received by the light receiving unit 154.
Japanese Patent Laying-Open No. 2004-281026 (FIG. 25)

  However, in the configuration of the conventional optical head device 100, in a multilayer optical disc having three or more layers, if the interlayer thickness varies, the other-layer stray light is incident on the light receiving unit for diffracted light. In addition, there is a problem that stable tracking control cannot be performed.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above-described problem. An optical head device capable of generating a tracking signal having no offset even in a multi-layer disc having three or more layers and realizing stable tracking control, and An object of the present invention is to provide an optical information device.

  An optical head device according to one aspect of the present invention includes a light source that emits a light beam, a condensing optical system that condenses the light beam emitted from the light source as convergent light on an information recording medium having a track, and the information Light that receives a diffractive optical system that diffracts a part of a light beam reflected and diffracted from a recording medium, a light beam diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and a light beam that is transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system A diffractive optical system comprising: a first dividing line extending in a first direction; a second dividing line extending in a first direction; a third dividing line extending in a second direction intersecting with the first direction; The third division line is divided into a plurality of areas, and the areas outside the first division line and the second division line are defined as a first sub area and a second sub area, and the third division line is formed. A region outside the line and the fourth dividing line is a first main region and 2 main regions, and the photodetector includes a zero-order light receiving unit group that receives a light beam transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and the first main region and the second main region. A main region light receiving unit group for receiving the diffracted light beam; and a sub region light receiving unit group for receiving the light beam diffracted by the first sub region and the second sub region. The medium has a plurality of information layers, and each light receiving unit of the main region light receiving unit group is caused by stray light from an information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The third dividing line and the fourth dividing line are arranged between the projection lines projected on the photodetector, and each light receiving unit of the sub-region light receiving unit group is one of the plurality of information layers. An information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam is condensed By stray et al, the first dividing line and the second dividing line is arranged between the projection line projected onto the photodetector.

  According to this configuration, the light beam is emitted from the light source, and the light beam emitted from the light source is condensed as convergent light on the information recording medium having the track. A part of the light beam reflected and diffracted from the information recording medium is diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and the light beam diffracted by the diffractive optical system and the light beam transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system are light beams. Light is received by the detector. The diffractive optical system includes a plurality of first dividing lines and second dividing lines extending in the first direction, and third dividing lines and fourth dividing lines extending in the second direction intersecting with the first direction. It is divided into areas. The areas outside the first dividing line and the second dividing line are the first sub area and the second sub area, and the areas outside the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line are the first main area. An area and a second main area are used. The zero-order light receiving unit group included in the photodetector receives a light beam that is transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and the main region light receiving unit group is formed by the first main region and the second main region. The diffracted light beam is received, and the sub-region light receiving unit group receives the light beam diffracted by the first sub-region and the second sub-region. The information recording medium has a plurality of information layers, and each light receiving unit of the main area light receiving unit group has stray light from an information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. Thus, the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line are arranged between the projected lines projected on the photodetector. In addition, each light receiving unit of the sub-region light receiving unit group has the first dividing line and the second dividing line formed by stray light from the information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. It arrange | positions between each projection line projected on the photodetector.

  Accordingly, stray light from the information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected does not enter each light receiving unit of the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group. A tracking signal without offset can be generated even in a multi-layer disc, and stable tracking control can be realized.

  In the optical head device, the main region light receiving unit group includes two light receiving units arranged in an extension line direction of a tangent line of the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line of the diffractive optical system. Is preferred.

  According to this configuration, the two light receiving parts constituting the main area light receiving part group are arranged in the extension direction of the tangent line of the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line of the diffractive optical system. It is possible to generate a tracking signal without an offset while increasing the width of the light receiving portion of the light receiving portion group.

  In the optical head device, it is preferable that the two light receiving portions of the main region light receiving portion group are arranged side by side in an extension line direction of a tangent line of the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line.

  According to this configuration, the two light receiving portions of the main region light receiving portion group are arranged side by side in the extension line direction of the tangent line of the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line. A sufficient gap is formed between the light receiving portion and the other layer stray light, and the light receiving portion can be arranged with a margin.

  In the above-described optical head device, the sub-region light receiving unit group includes two light receiving units arranged in an extension line direction of the tangent line of the first dividing line and the second dividing line of the diffractive optical system. Is preferred.

  According to this configuration, since the two light receiving parts constituting the sub area light receiving part group are arranged in the extension direction of the tangent line of the first dividing line and the second dividing line of the diffractive optical system, It is possible to generate a tracking signal without an offset while increasing the width of the light receiving portion of the light receiving portion group.

  In the optical head device, it is preferable that the two light receiving portions of the sub-region light receiving portion group are arranged side by side in an extension line direction of a tangent line of the first dividing line and the second dividing line.

  According to this configuration, the two light receiving portions of the sub region light receiving portion group are arranged side by side in the extension line direction of the tangent line of the first dividing line and the second dividing line. A sufficient gap is formed between the light receiving portion and the other layer stray light, and the light receiving portion can be arranged with a margin.

  In the above optical head device, the diffractive optical system uses a region surrounded by the first dividing line, the second dividing line, the third dividing line, and the fourth dividing line as a central region, It is preferable that the diffracted light of the central region is diffracted in a direction that bisects an angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group with respect to the optical axis.

  According to this configuration, the region surrounded by the first dividing line, the second dividing line, the third dividing line, and the fourth dividing line is divided as a central region, and the diffracted light in the central region is The light is diffracted in a direction that bisects the angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group with respect to the optical axis. Accordingly, the diffracted light from the central region and the other layer stray light from other regions can be incident on positions away from both the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group, and a tracking signal without offset is generated. be able to.

  In the above optical head device, the diffractive optical system uses a region surrounded by the first dividing line, the second dividing line, the third dividing line, and the fourth dividing line as a central region, It is preferable that the diffracted light in the central region is diffracted in a direction orthogonal to a direction that bisects an angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group with respect to the optical axis.

  According to this configuration, the region surrounded by the first dividing line, the second dividing line, the third dividing line, and the fourth dividing line is divided as a central region, and the diffracted light in the central region is The light is diffracted in a direction orthogonal to the direction that bisects the angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group with respect to the optical axis. Accordingly, the diffracted light from the central region and the other layer stray light from other regions can be incident on positions away from both the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group, and a tracking signal without offset is generated. be able to.

  In the optical head device described above, it is preferable that the diffractive optical system includes a light shielding unit that shields unnecessary other layer stray light. According to this configuration, the stray light from the other layer can be removed in advance before reaching the photodetector by the light shielding unit, and a tracking signal without an offset can be generated.

  In the above optical head device, the optical head device further includes a branch element that branches a light beam that is transmitted without being diffracted between the diffractive optical system and the photodetector, and the zero-order light receiving unit group is on the optical axis. A light beam that is present and transmitted through the branch element is detected by four light receiving units, and a focus detection unit that generates a focus signal, and a light beam that is off the optical axis and branched by the branch element. It is preferable to have an RF signal detection unit that detects an RF signal and detects an RF signal.

  According to this configuration, the light beam branched by the branch element is detected by one light receiving unit, and an RF signal is generated. Therefore, generation of noise due to detection by a plurality of light receiving units can be suppressed. Signal SN ratio can be improved, and information reproduction with a low error rate is possible.

  In the above optical head device, the branch element is preferably a prism. According to this configuration, it is possible to realize the function of branching the light beam with a simple optical element, and to suppress the manufacturing cost.

  In the above optical head device, it is preferable that the branch element has an element that gives astigmatism to one of the optical paths after branching. According to this configuration, since the RF signal detection light beam can be condensed on the light receiving portion and the astigmatism can be given to the focus signal detection light beam, the area of the light receiving portion can be reduced, The frequency characteristics of the light receiving unit can be improved, and the cost of the branch element can be suppressed.

  In the above optical head device, it is preferable that the element giving astigmatism is one of a lens and a hologram element. According to this configuration, an element giving astigmatism can be easily configured.

  In the optical head device, the light source includes a first light source that emits a first light beam, a second light source that emits a second light beam having a longer wavelength than the first light beam, and A third light source having a wavelength longer than that of the first light beam and emitting a third light beam having a wavelength different from that of the second light beam, wherein the zero-order light receiving unit group includes the diffractive optical system. A first 0th-order light receiving unit group that receives the first and second light beams that are transmitted without being diffracted by the light source, and a second light that receives the third light beam that is transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system. And the sub-region light-receiving unit receives the first light beam diffracted by the first main region and the second main region, and the sub-region light-receiving unit. The group includes first light diffracted by the first sub-region and the second sub-region. The second zero-order light receiving unit group is between the first zero-order light receiving unit group and any one of the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group. It is preferable to arrange | position.

  According to this configuration, the first light beam is emitted from the first light source, the second light beam having a wavelength longer than that of the first light beam is emitted from the second light source, and the first light beam is emitted from the third light source. A third light beam having a wavelength longer than that of the second light beam and having a wavelength different from that of the second light beam is emitted. The first 0th-order light receiving section group receives the first and second light beams that are transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and is diffracted by the second 0th-order light receiving section group by the diffractive optical system. The transmitted third light beam is received. Further, the first light beam diffracted by the first main region and the second main region is received by the main region light receiving unit group, and the first sub region and the second sub region are received by the sub region light receiving unit group. A first light beam diffracted by the region is received. The second 0th order light receiving unit group is disposed between the first 0th order light receiving unit group and one of the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group.

  Therefore, even when information is recorded or reproduced from three types of optical disks such as CD, DVD and BD, for example, a tracking signal without offset while ensuring compatibility of each optical disk with a compact photodetector. Can be generated, and stable tracking control can be realized.

  An optical information apparatus according to another aspect of the present invention provides an optical information recording apparatus that reads information from an information recording medium and / or records information on the information recording medium, and a relative relationship between the information recording medium and the optical head apparatus. A transfer unit that changes a position; and a control circuit that controls the transfer unit and the optical head device.

  According to this configuration, by using the optical head device described above, a tracking signal having no offset can be generated even in a multi-layer disc having three or more layers. Therefore, an optical information device that realizes stable tracking control is provided. Is possible.

  According to the present invention, since the other layer stray light between the thinnest layers of the plurality of information layers does not enter the respective light receiving portions of the main region light receiving portion group and the sub region light receiving portion group, tracking without offset even in a multi-layer disc having three or more layers A signal can be generated, and stable tracking control can be realized.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In addition, the following embodiment is an example which actualized this invention, Comprising: It is not the thing of the character which limits the technical scope of this invention.

(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a diagram showing a configuration of an optical head device 1 according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention. In FIG. 1, the same components as those in FIG.

  1, the optical head device 1 includes a semiconductor laser 101, a collimator lens 102, a beam splitter 103, an objective lens 104, an actuator 107, a hologram element 203, a detection lens 109, and a photodetector 220.

  The semiconductor laser 101 emits a light beam. The collimator lens 102 converts the light beam emitted by the semiconductor laser 101 from divergent light to parallel light. The beam splitter 103 reflects the light beam converted into parallel light by the collimator lens 102 toward the optical disc 201 and transmits the light beam reflected by the optical disc 201 toward the photodetector 220.

  The objective lens 104 condenses the light beam reflected by the beam splitter 103 on the optical disc 201 and transmits the light beam reflected by the optical disc 201 to the beam splitter 103. The actuator 107 moves the objective lens 104 in the optical axis direction and the track vertical direction. The hologram element 203 diffracts a part of the light beam reflected by the optical disc 201. The detection lens 109 condenses the light beam transmitted through the hologram element 203 on the photodetector 220.

  The photodetector 220 receives zero-order light that is not diffracted by the hologram element 203 and also receives primary light that is diffracted by the hologram element 203. The configuration of the photodetector 220 will be described later.

  FIG. 2A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 203 shown in FIG. The dotted line in FIG. 2A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 203 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens 104 is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc 201. 2A and 2B, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 203 includes a first dividing line 231 and a second dividing line 232 that extend in a first direction, and a third dividing line 235 and a fourth dividing line that extend in a second direction that intersects the first direction. 236 and a fifth dividing line 233 and a sixth dividing line 234 extending in the second direction.

  Note that the first direction is a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and the second direction is a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track. Also, the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232 extending in the first direction, or the third dividing line 235, the fourth dividing line 236, the fifth dividing line 233 extending in the second direction, and The sixth dividing line 234 is not necessarily a straight line parallel to the first direction or the second direction, and may be a curved line or a broken line.

  A region outside the first dividing line 231 is divided into a first region 240 and a second region 241 by a fifth dividing line 233. A region outside the second dividing line 232 is divided into a third region 245 and a fourth region 246 by a sixth dividing line 234. The first sub-region is composed of a first region 240 and a third region 245, and the second sub-region is composed of a second region 241 and a fourth region 246.

  The region between the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232 is divided into three by the third dividing line 235 and the fourth dividing line 236. An area outside the third dividing line 235 and inside the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232 is divided as the first main area 242. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 236 and inside the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232 is divided as the second main area 244. Further, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 231, the second dividing line 232, the third dividing line 235, and the fourth dividing line 236 is divided as a central region 243.

  In addition, the hologram element 203 is provided with an aperture 237 that blocks unnecessary other layer stray light. FIG. 2B is a diagram showing the relationship between the aperture 237 and the light beam 230 in the hologram element 203. The opening of the aperture 237 has an elliptical shape, and the length in the X direction that is the radial direction is longer than the length in the Y direction that is the tangential direction.

  Further, the length of the aperture 237 in the X direction is designed so that there is no vignetting even when the objective lens 104 is moved in the radial direction by a normal shift amount (maximum of about 200 μm to 400 μm). Of the other layer stray light, the light returning as a beam having a diameter larger than that of the normal light beam on the hologram element 203, that is, the other layer stray light on the near side layer when reproducing the back layer or the surface on the disk surface Since the stray light is generated by the aperture 237, the size of the stray light on the photodetector 220 is limited, and it is difficult to enter the light receiving unit.

  FIG. 3 is a diagram showing the arrangement of the light receiving units of the photodetector 220 in the first embodiment. The zero-order light 210 that is not diffracted by the hologram element 203 is received by a four-divided light receiving unit (zero-order light receiving unit group) 250 on the optical axis 221. Although not shown, a focus signal (focus error signal) and an RF signal are obtained by a signal output from the four-divided light receiving unit 250 according to the amount of light.

  The sub-region light receiving unit group 25a is arranged in the extension line direction (direction indicated by the arrow Y1) of the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232 from the optical axis 221. The sub-region light receiving unit group 25 a includes a light receiving unit 251 and a light receiving unit 252. The light receiving unit 251 and the light receiving unit 252 are disposed adjacent to each other in the X direction. The light receiving unit 251 receives the light beam 261 diffracted by the first region 240 and the third region 245 which are the first sub-regions. The light beam 261 diffracted by the first region 240 and the third region 245 that are the first sub-regions is received by the light-receiving unit 251 that is one of the light-receiving units constituting the sub-region light-receiving unit group 25a. The The light receiving unit 251 outputs a signal corresponding to the received light amount.

  The light receiving unit 252 receives the light beam 262 diffracted by the second region 241 and the fourth region 246 which are the second sub regions. Similarly, the light beam 262 diffracted by the second region 241 and the fourth region 246, which are the second sub-regions, is also received by the light receiving unit 252. The light receiving unit 252 outputs a signal corresponding to the amount of light received.

  On the other hand, the main region light receiving unit group 25b is arranged in an extension line direction (direction indicated by an arrow Y2) of tangent lines from the optical axis 221 to the third dividing line 235 and the fourth dividing line 236. The main region light receiving unit group 25 b includes a light receiving unit 253 and a light receiving unit 254. The light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254 are disposed adjacent to each other in the Y direction. The light receiving unit 253 receives the light beam 263 diffracted by the first main region 242. The light beam 263 diffracted by the first main region 242 is received by the light receiving unit 253. The light receiving unit 253 outputs a signal corresponding to the amount of light received. The light receiving unit 254 receives the light beam 264 diffracted by the second main region 244. Similarly, the light beam 264 diffracted by the second main region 244 is received by the light receiving unit 254. The light receiving unit 254 outputs a signal corresponding to the amount of light received.

  As shown in FIG. 3, the main region light receiving unit group 25 b configured by the light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254, and the sub region light receiving unit group 25 a configured by the light receiving unit 251 and the light receiving unit 252 have an optical axis 221. With respect to the angle of about 90 degrees. Further, the light beam 265 diffracted in the central region 243 divides the angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group 25b and the sub region light receiving unit group 25a with respect to the optical axis 221 into two equal parts (the direction indicated by the arrow Y3). ).

  Signals output from the light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254 are input to the subtraction circuit 270. The subtraction circuit 270 generates a difference signal between the signals output from the light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254. In addition, signals output from the light receiving unit 251 and the light receiving unit 252 are input to the subtraction circuit 271. The subtraction circuit 271 generates a difference signal between the signals output from the light receiving unit 251 and the light receiving unit 252, and outputs the difference signal to the variable gain amplifier (VGA) circuit 272. The variable gain amplifier circuit 272 multiplies the difference signal generated by the subtraction circuit 271 by a desired coefficient and outputs the result to the subtraction circuit 273. The subtraction circuit 273 receives the output signal from the subtraction circuit 270 and the output signal from the variable gain amplifier circuit 272, and generates and outputs a difference signal between them. The output signal from the subtraction circuit 273 becomes a tracking signal (tracking error signal) whose offset is corrected.

  Since the third dividing line 235 and the fourth dividing line 236 are substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track, the main region light receiving unit group 25b is projected onto the hologram element 203 with respect to the optical axis 221. It is arranged in the direction of the extension of the tangent line of the track. Further, since the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232 are substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, the sub-region light receiving unit group 25a is placed on the hologram element 203 with respect to the optical axis 221. It is arranged in a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the projected track.

  By not using the central region 243, two vertical dividing lines in the second direction between the first main region 242 and the second main region 244 mainly including the diffraction component of the track (third The stray light of the first main region 242 and the second main region 244 is not distributed between the extended lines of the dividing line 235 and the fourth dividing line 236). In addition, on the extension line of the two horizontal dividing lines (the first dividing line 231 and the second dividing line 232) in the first direction between the two areas 240 and 245 constituting the first sub-area. In the meantime, the stray light of the first sub-region is not distributed. Therefore, the light receiving portions 253 and 254 that receive the light in the first main region 242 and the second main region 244 are arranged so that the direction along the second direction is the longitudinal direction, and the first sub-region The light receiving units 251 and 252 that receive the light in the region and the second sub-region are arranged so that the direction along the first direction is the longitudinal direction, so that each light can be stably transmitted while avoiding stray light. Can be detected.

  FIG. 4A is a diagram illustrating a state of stray light generated from another layer when the focused light 300 is focused on a certain recording layer in the case where the recording layer of the optical disc 201 is four layers. In the optical disc 201, four recording layers of an L0 layer, an L1 layer, an L2 layer, and an L3 layer are laminated toward the light beam incident surface. In FIG. 4A, the L2 layer is focused, and the light reflected by the L0 layer, the L1 layer, and the L3 layer becomes the other layer stray light.

  FIG. 4B is a diagram illustrating the state of stray light generated from another layer when the focused light 300 is focused on a certain recording layer when the optical disc 301 has two recording layers. The optical disc 301 has two recording layers, an L0 layer and an L1 layer, laminated on the light beam incident surface. In FIG. 4B, when the L0 layer is focused, the light reflected by the L1 layer becomes the other layer stray light.

  In the case of a two-layer optical disc, the layer interval d2 between the L0 layer and the L1 layer is normally defined as 25 ± 5 μm, and is 20 μm at the minimum and 30 μm at the maximum. The size is limited to some extent. On the other hand, in the case of an optical disc having three or more layers such as a four-layer optical disc, for example, the layer interval d4min between the L2 layer and the L3 layer having the shortest layer interval may be shorter than the layer interval d2 in the case of two layers. high. In addition, there is a high possibility that the layer interval d4max between the L0 layer and the L3 layer that are farthest apart from each other is longer than the layer interval d2 in the case of two layers.

  FIG. 5 is a diagram showing the relationship between the conventional photodetector 120 and stray light of a four-layer optical disk. In the case of a two-layer optical disc, the other-layer stray light 309 of the 0th-order light 110 becomes a substantially circular shape (a dotted circle in the figure) having a radius R2max proportional to the maximum value of the layer spacing d2. On the other hand, in the case of a four-layer optical disk, the other-layer stray light 310 of the 0th-order light 110 is substantially circular with a radius R4max that is proportional to the maximum value of the layer spacing d4max.

  Since the radius R4max is larger than the radius R2max, the stray light 309 does not enter the light receiving unit 151 or the light receiving unit 152 in the case of a two-layer optical disc, but the stray light 310 enters the light receiving unit 151 or the light receiving unit 152 in the case of a four-layer optical disc. End up. When the objective lens moves in the radial direction following the eccentricity of the optical disk, stray light also moves, and the offset of the detection signal detected by the light receiving unit varies. This variation becomes an offset of the tracking signal, which hinders stable tracking control.

  In order to avoid this problem, the light receiving unit may be arranged at a position away from stray light, such as the light receiving unit 320 and the light receiving unit 321, but the light beam 331 diffracted so as to enter the light receiving unit 321. Increases the distance from the optical axis 112. Therefore, the change in the direction of diffraction by the hologram element becomes large, and the size of the light receiving unit 321 needs to be increased in the direction indicated by the arrow Y4 in FIG.

  FIGS. 6A to 6E are diagrams showing the relationship between the conventional photodetector 120 and other layer stray light generated between two recording layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. . FIG. 6A re-illustrates the conventional hologram element 108, and here, light diffracted in the regions 140, 142, and 145 will be described as an example.

  FIGS. 6B and 6C are diagrams illustrating the relationship among the light receiving unit 151, the light beam 161 diffracted by the region 142, and the other layer stray light 331 of the light beam 161. FIG. 6B is a diagram illustrating stray light 331 from the recording layer on the near side when focusing on the recording layer on the far side of the two recording layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing. The other layer stray light generated between the two recording layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing has a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer spacing d4min, but the light beam 161 is a light beam from the region 142. The shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 142. This is stray light 331. Since the stray light from the recording layer on the near side becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector, the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 108 is mapped as it is.

  On the other hand, FIG. 6C is a diagram showing stray light 332 from the far-side recording layer when focusing on the near-side recording layer of the two recording layers having the minimum layer spacing. Since the stray light from the recording layer on the back side becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector, the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 108 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 6C, the stray light 332 enters the light receiving unit 152 adjacent to the light receiving unit 151.

  FIGS. 6D and 6E are diagrams illustrating the relationship among the light receiving unit 153, the light beam 163 diffracted in the region 140 and the region 145, and the other layer stray light 333 and 334 of the light beam 163. FIG. It is. FIG. 6D shows the stray light from the recording layer on the near side when focusing on the recording layer on the back side of the two recording layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing, as in FIG. 6B. It is a figure which shows 333,334. Since the stray light from the recording layer on the near side becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector, the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 108 is mapped as it is. For this reason, as illustrated in FIG. 6D, the stray light 333 enters the light receiving unit 151 adjacent to the light receiving unit 153.

  On the other hand, FIG. 6E is a diagram showing stray light 335 and 336 from the recording layer on the back side when focusing on the recording layer on the front side of the two recording layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing. is there. Since the stray light from the recording layer on the back side becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector, the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 108 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 6E, the stray light 335 enters the light receiving unit 151 adjacent to the light receiving unit 153.

  As described above, when the layer interval d4min is smaller than the minimum value of the layer interval d2, the stray light radius R4min is also decreased, and the stray light of the diffracted light enters the light receiving unit. These lights also become offsets when detecting the tracking signal, and cause a hindrance to stable tracking control. Further, when the length of the light receiving unit is increased as in the light receiving unit 320 and the light receiving unit 321 of FIG. 5, stray light is more likely to enter the light receiving unit, and the radius R4max is increased and the radius R4min is increased in a four-layer optical disc or the like. Therefore, it is difficult to avoid stray light with such a configuration of the light receiving unit.

  On the other hand, the configuration of the photodetector in the first embodiment will be described. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing a relationship between the photodetector 220 of the first embodiment and stray light of the four-layer optical disk. In the case of a four-layer optical disc, the other-layer stray light 310 of the 0th-order light 210 is substantially circular with a radius R4max that is proportional to the maximum value of the layer spacing d4max. In order to avoid receiving the other-layer stray light 310, the light receiving unit 252 and the light receiving unit 253 are arranged at positions sufficiently away from the optical axis 221.

  Since the light beam 262 and the light beam 263 diffracted so as to enter the light receiving unit 252 and the light receiving unit 253 are largely separated from the optical axis 221, a change in the direction of diffraction by the hologram element is large. However, the sizes of the light receiving unit 252 and the light receiving unit 253 are also increased in the directions indicated by the arrows Y5 and Y6 in FIG.

  Further, the other-layer stray light of the light beam 265 diffracted by the central region 243 of the hologram element becomes the other-layer stray light 311 having a mapping shape of the central region 243 within a substantially circular range having a radius R4max. However, since the light receiving unit 252 and the light receiving unit 253 are arranged at positions away from the other layer stray light 311, the other layer stray light 311 does not enter the light receiving unit 252 and the light receiving unit 253.

  FIGS. 8A to 8D are diagrams showing the relationship between the photodetector 220 in the first embodiment and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 8A shows the hologram element 203 of the first embodiment again. Here, the light diffracted in the regions 240, 242, and 245 will be described as an example.

  FIG. 8B shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 253 of the photodetector 220, the light beam 263 diffracted by the region 242, and the other layer stray light 341 of the light beam 263, and the light receiving unit 251 and the region 240. 4 is a diagram illustrating a relationship between the light beam 261 diffracted by the region 245 and the other layer stray light 342 and the other layer stray light 343 of the light beam 261. FIG.

  The other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer interval generates the other layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer interval d4min, but the light beam 263 emits light from the region 242. Since it is a beam, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 242. This is stray light 341. FIG. 8B shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer having the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the near-side layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 220, so the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 203 is mapped as it is.

  In addition, since the light beam 264 is a light beam from the second main region 244, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 244. This is stray light 347.

  Similarly, since the light beam 261 is a light beam from the region 240 and the region 245, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 240 and the region 245. This is the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  On the other hand, FIG. 8C shows stray light 344 from the back layer when the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 242 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer interval. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector 220, the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 203 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 8C, the stray light 344 is positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 263 with respect to the stray light 341.

  In FIG. 8D, the stray light 345 and the stray light from the back layer when the light beam 261 diffracted in the region 240 and the region 245 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer having the minimum layer spacing are also shown. 346 is shown. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector, the stray light is positioned in a direction in which the hologram element 203 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 8D, the stray light 345 and the stray light 346 are positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 261 with respect to the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  In each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b, the third dividing line 235 is light-emitted by stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is condensed. A projection line 341 a projected onto the detector 220 and a fourth dividing line 236 are disposed between the projection line 347 a projected onto the photodetector 220. In addition, each of the light receiving portions 251 and 252 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a has the first dividing line 231 by stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. Are arranged between the projection line 342a projected onto the photodetector 220 and the projection line 343a onto which the second dividing line 232 is projected onto the photodetector 220.

  Here, the photodetector 220 will be described with specific numerical examples. For example, when the focal length of the detection system of the optical system is 26 mm and the focal length of the objective lens is 1.3 mm, the lateral magnification is 20 times. When the minimum layer distance d4min of the optical disc is 8 μm, the focal point of the other layer stray light is 3.2 mm by the approximate calculation of 8 × 20 × 20 μm. When NA = 0.85, the beam radius of the objective lens is 1.105 mm. Considering the stray light from the near layer, this light beam is focused 3.2 mm after the photodetector 220, and the radius R4min of the other layer stray light on the photodetector 220 is 1.105 × 3.2 / (26 + 3.2) = 0.121 mm. That is, the radius R4min of the other layer stray light on the photodetector is about 121 μm.

  Assuming that the ratio of the distance between the two vertical dividing lines (the third dividing line 235 and the fourth dividing line 236) on the hologram element 203 to the light beam is 40%, stray light has 96 μm at the center. There is a gap. That is, the interval between the projections of the two vertical dividing lines onto the photodetector 220 of the other layer stray light between the thinnest layers is 96 μm. If the width of the light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254 in the direction orthogonal to the diffraction direction of the diffracted light traveling toward the light receiving unit toward the light receiving unit of the main region light receiving unit group 25b (the X direction in FIG. 8B) is 80 μm, a margin of 8 μm on one side Can avoid stray light.

  Similarly, if the ratio of the distance between the two horizontal dividing lines (first dividing line 231 and second dividing line 232) on the hologram element 203 to the light beam is 60%, stray light has a central portion. A gap of 145 μm is formed. That is, the interval of the projection of the two horizontal dividing lines onto the photodetector 220 of the other layer stray light between the thinnest layers is 145 μm. If the width of the light receiving unit 251 and the light receiving unit 252 in the direction orthogonal to the diffraction direction of the diffracted light traveling toward the light receiving unit toward the light receiving unit of the sub-region light receiving unit group 25a (the Y direction in FIG. 8B) is 80 μm, the width is 32 μm or more on one side. Stray light can be avoided with a margin.

  In addition, when the maximum layer distance d4max of the optical disc is 50 μm, the distance from the objective lens to the detection lens is 50 mm, and the aperture radius at the objective lens is 1.105 mm, the other-layer stray light is obtained using the paraxial formula of the lens. The radius R4max on the photodetector 220 is 819 μm. In FIG. 7, stray light can be avoided if the distance from the end of the light receiving unit 253 of the main region light receiving unit group 25b to the optical axis 221 of the 0th-order light is larger than 819 μm, and the light receiving unit of the sub region light receiving unit group 25a. Stray light can be avoided if the distance from the end of 252 to the optical axis 221 of the 0th-order light is also larger than 819 μm.

  FIG. 9 is a diagram showing an overall configuration of an optical disc drive 400 that is an example of an optical information device. The optical disk drive 400 includes the optical head device 1, a spindle motor 403, a traverse unit 404, a control circuit 405, a signal processing circuit 406, and an input / output circuit 407.

  The optical head device 1 has the same configuration as the optical head device 1 shown in FIG. 1, and reads information from the optical disc 201 and / or records information on the optical disc 201. The spindle motor 403 rotates the optical disc 201 at a constant rotation speed or a constant linear velocity based on the rotation control signal supplied from the control circuit 405. The optical disc 201 is fixed by being sandwiched between a clamper 401 and a turntable 402 and is rotated by a spindle motor (rotating unit) 403.

  The traverse unit 404 moves the optical head device 1 to a predetermined position in the radial direction of the optical disc 201 based on the movement control signal supplied by the control circuit 405, and changes the relative position between the optical disc 201 and the optical head device 1. . The optical head device 1 is on a traverse unit (transfer unit) 404 so that the point irradiated with light can move from the inner periphery to the outer periphery of the optical disc 201.

  The control circuit 405 performs focus control, tracking control, traverse control, rotation control of the spindle motor 403, and the like based on the signal received from the optical head device 1. The signal processing circuit 406 reproduces information from the reproduction signal and outputs the information to the input / output circuit 407, or sends the signal input from the input / output circuit 407 to the optical head device 1 through the control circuit 405.

  As described above, when the hologram element 203 and the photodetector 220 according to the present embodiment are used, both the other layer stray light of the 0th order light and the other layer stray light of the diffracted light enter the light receiving unit that receives the diffracted light. Therefore, a tracking signal having no offset can be detected, and stable tracking control can be realized.

  Further, the effect of providing the aperture 237 on the hologram element 203 shown in FIG. 2A is not only effective when combined with the light receiving portion pattern of the present embodiment, but also when combined with the light receiving portion pattern of the conventional example. Is also effective.

(Embodiment 2)
In the second embodiment, an example in which the direction in which light passing through the central region is diffracted is changed will be described. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing the relationship between the light receiving unit of the photodetector and the light beam in the optical head device according to the second embodiment of the present invention. In the second embodiment, a hologram element different from that in the first embodiment is used, and the diffraction direction of light passing through the central region is changed in a direction different from that in the first embodiment. That is, the light beam 266 diffracted by the central region 243 is perpendicular to the direction that bisects the angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group 25b and the sub region light receiving unit group 25a with respect to the optical axis 221. Diffraction in the direction indicated by arrow Y7. The light beam diffracted in other regions is diffracted at the same position as in the first embodiment. The photodetector 220 has the same configuration as that of the first embodiment, and the optical elements other than the hologram element have the same configuration.

  FIG. 11 is a diagram illustrating a relationship between the photodetector 220 according to the second embodiment and stray light of the four-layer optical disk. The other layer stray light 312 diffracted in the central region 243 has a mapping shape of the central region 243 within a substantially circular range having a radius R4max proportional to the maximum value of the maximum layer distance d4max that is the farthest layer distance. . However, since the light receiving units 251, 252, 253, and 254 are arranged at positions away from the other layer stray light 312, the other layer stray light 312 does not enter the light receiving units 251, 252, 253, and 254.

  As described above, even when the optical head device according to the second embodiment is used, both the other-layer stray light of the zeroth order light and the other-layer stray light of the diffracted light are also detected in the three-layer disk as in the first embodiment. Since it does not enter the light receiving portion that receives the diffracted light, it is possible to detect a tracking signal without an offset and to realize stable tracking control.

(Embodiment 3)
In the optical head device according to the first and second embodiments, information is recorded and / or reproduced by irradiating one type of optical disk with a light beam. However, the optical head device according to the third embodiment is, for example, a CD or DVD. Information is recorded and / or reproduced by irradiating light beams of different wavelengths onto three types of optical discs, namely Blu-ray discs (hereinafter abbreviated as “BD”).

  In the case of an optical head device that can handle each of high-density optical discs such as CD, DVD, and BD, each optical disc device has a light source that outputs light of three different wavelengths, and each disc is reproduced. In this case, the number of parts can be reduced by receiving the light with one photodetector.

  FIG. 12 is a diagram illustrating the configuration of the optical head device according to the third embodiment. An optical head device 30 shown in FIG. 12 includes a first light source 11, a beam splitter 12, a relay lens 13, a polarization hologram 14 as a hologram element, a dichroic prism 15, a collimator lens 16, an objective lens 17, a diffraction grating 18, 1 / A four-wave plate 19, a detection lens 20, a second light source 21, a photodetector 22, and an actuator 23 are provided.

  The first light source 11 emits a blue-violet laser beam for BD. The second light source 21 emits red laser light for DVD and infrared laser light for CD. The actuator 23 integrally drives the objective lens 17, the polarization hologram 14, and the quarter wavelength plate 19. The BD 60 is an optical disc having a protective substrate thickness of 0.075 to 0.1 mm.

  The operation of the optical head 30 that records or reproduces information on the BD 60 will be described. The blue-violet laser light having a wavelength of 405 nm emitted from the first light source 11 is reflected by the beam splitter 12, passes through the relay lens 13, and is converted into divergent light having a different NA. The blue-violet laser light reflected by the dichroic prism 15 is converted into substantially parallel light by the collimator lens 16 and passes through the polarization hologram 14. Thereafter, the blue-violet laser light is converted from linearly polarized light into circularly polarized light by the quarter-wave plate 19, and is condensed by the objective lens 17 as an optical spot on the information recording surface of the BD 60 through the protective substrate.

  The laser beam reflected by the information recording surface of the BD 60 is transmitted again through the objective lens 17 and converted into linearly polarized light different from the forward path by the quarter-wave plate 19, and then the zero-order diffracted light and the first-order diffracted light by the polarization hologram 14. And separated. Thereafter, the laser light passes through the collimator lens 16 and is reflected by the dichroic prism 15. The laser light reflected by the dichroic prism 15 passes through the relay lens 13 and the beam splitter 12, is given astigmatism by the detection lens 20, and then is guided to the photodetector 22.

  Next, the operation of the optical head device 30 when recording or reproducing the DVD 70, which is an optical disk having a protective substrate thickness of 0.6 mm, will be described. In FIG. 12, only the blue-violet laser light applied to the BD 60 is illustrated.

  The red laser light having a wavelength of 655 nm emitted from the second light source 21 passes through the diffraction grating 18 and the dichroic prism 15 and is converted into substantially parallel light by the collimator lens 16. The red laser light transmitted through the polarization hologram 14 is converted from linearly polarized light into circularly polarized light by the ¼ wavelength plate 19, and is focused as a light spot by the objective lens 17 on the information recording surface of the DVD 70 through the protective substrate.

  The laser beam reflected by the information recording surface of the DVD 70 is transmitted again through the objective lens 17 and converted into linearly polarized light different from the forward path by the quarter wavelength plate 19, and then the 0th-order diffracted light and the first-order diffracted light by the polarization hologram 14. And separated. Thereafter, the laser light passes through the collimator lens 16 and is reflected by the dichroic prism 15. The laser light reflected by the dichroic prism 15 passes through the relay lens 13 and the beam splitter 12, is given astigmatism by the detection lens 20, and then is guided to the photodetector 22.

  Next, the operation of the optical head device 30 when recording or reproducing the CD 80, which is an optical disk having a protective substrate thickness of 1.2 mm, will be described. Infrared laser light having a wavelength of 785 nm emitted from the second light source 21 is separated by the diffraction grating 18 into a main beam, which is zero-order diffracted light, and a sub-beam, which is first-order diffracted light, and then passes through the dichroic prism 15 to be collimated. The lens 16 converts the light into substantially parallel light. The infrared laser light transmitted through the polarization hologram 14 is converted from linearly polarized light into circularly polarized light by the quarter-wave plate 19 and condensed by the objective lens 17 as a light spot on the information recording surface of the CD 80 through the protective substrate. .

  The laser light reflected by the information recording surface of the CD 80 is transmitted again through the objective lens 17, converted into linearly polarized light different from the forward path by the quarter wavelength plate 19, and then transmitted through the polarization hologram 14. Thereafter, the laser light passes through the collimator lens 16 and is reflected by the dichroic prism 15. The laser light reflected by the dichroic prism 15 passes through the relay lens 13 and the beam splitter 12, is given astigmatism by the detection lens 20, and then is guided to the photodetector 22.

  Here, the objective lens 17 has a wavelength difference between blue-violet laser light for recording or reproducing the BD 60, red laser light for recording or reproducing the DVD 70, and infrared laser light for recording or reproducing the CD 80. Each has a diffractive structure for condensing as a small light spot.

  However, the present invention is not limited to the optical head device using the objective lens 17 having such a diffractive structure, but is a refractive objective lens using the wavelength dispersion characteristics of a plurality of glass materials, or a diffractive type lens. A combination lens may be a combination of a plurality of refractive lenses.

The polarization hologram 14 transmits almost all of the blue-violet laser beam, the red laser beam, and the infrared laser beam emitted from the light source, is reflected by the optical disk, and is orthogonal to the forward path by the quarter-wave plate 19. A part of the blue-violet laser beam and the red laser beam in the return path converted into the linearly polarized light is diffracted and transmits almost all of the infrared laser beam. In addition, since the light beam splitting pattern of the polarization hologram 14 and the grating pitch of each region are shared by the blue-violet laser beam and the red laser beam,
mλ = dsinθ
From the relationship of m: diffraction order, λ: laser wavelength, d: grating pitch, and θ: diffraction angle, the red laser light has a diffraction angle θ that is substantially proportional to the wavelength of the blue-violet laser light.

  On the other hand, the diffraction grating 18 of the present embodiment generates 0th-order diffracted light and ± 1st-order diffracted light with respect to the infrared laser light emitted from the second light source 21, and almost does with respect to red laser light. It has wavelength selectivity that transmits everything. The present invention is not limited to such a diffraction grating, and may be a simple diffraction grating that generates 0th-order diffracted light and ± 1st-order diffracted light even for red laser light.

  FIG. 13 is a diagram showing area division of the polarization hologram 14 shown in FIG. The dotted line in FIG. 13 shows the overlap of the beam diameter on the polarization hologram 14 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens 17 is focused on the desired information layer of the BD 60, for example. In FIG. 13, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The polarization hologram 14 includes a first dividing line 171 and a second dividing line 172 extending in a first direction, and a third dividing line 175 and a fourth dividing line extending in a second direction intersecting with the first direction. It is divided into a plurality of regions by 176 and a fifth dividing line 173 that also extends in the second direction.

  Note that the first direction is a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and the second direction is a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track. The first dividing line 171 and the second dividing line 172 extending in the first direction, or the third dividing line 175 and the fourth dividing line 176 extending in the second direction are not necessarily in the first direction or It may not be a straight line parallel to the second direction, but may be a curved line or a broken line. Further, the fifth dividing line 173 does not necessarily have to be a straight line parallel to the second direction.

  A region outside the first dividing line 171 is divided into a first region 180 and a second region 181 by a fifth dividing line 173. A region outside the second dividing line 172 is divided into a third region 185 and a fourth region 186 by a fifth dividing line 173. The first sub-region is composed of a first region 180 and a third region 185, and the second sub-region is composed of a second region 181 and a fourth region 186.

  A region between the first dividing line 171 and the second dividing line 172 is divided into four by the third dividing line 175, the fourth dividing line 176, and the fifth dividing line 173. An area outside the third dividing line 175 and inside the first dividing line 171 and the second dividing line 172 is divided as the first main area 182. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 176 and inside the first dividing line 171 and the second dividing line 172 is divided as the second main area 184. Furthermore, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 171, the second dividing line 172, the third dividing line 175, and the fourth dividing line 176 is divided as a central region 183. Furthermore, the central region 183 is divided into a first central region 183a and a second central region 183b by a fifth dividing line 173.

  In addition, the polarization hologram 14 is provided with an aperture 177 that blocks unnecessary other layer stray light.

  The polarization hologram 14 has eight types of regions, and converts the blue-violet laser light of a predetermined linear polarization (in this embodiment, the blue-violet laser light of the return path reflected by the BD 60) into 0th-order diffracted light and ± first-order diffracted light. To divide. The 0th-order diffracted light j0 is generated from all regions of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light ja is generated from the region 184 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light jb is generated from the region 182 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light jc is generated from the region 181 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light jd is generated from the region 186 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light je is generated from the region 180 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light jf is generated from the region 185 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light jg is generated from the region 183 b of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light jh is generated from the region 183 a of the polarization hologram 14.

  FIG. 14 is a diagram showing the arrangement of the light receiving portions of the photodetector 22 in the third embodiment. The photodetector 22 has a plurality of light receiving portions 250 to 256, 283 to 285, 253 ′, and 254 ′. Here, the light receiving portions 253 and 253 ′ and the light receiving portions 254 and 254 ′ are arranged at different positions, but since they are connected on the wiring, they can be regarded as a light receiving portion in one region, and the output is also one. is there.

  The sub-region light receiving unit group 25 a is arranged in the direction of the extension line of the first dividing line 171 and the second dividing line 172 from the optical axis 221. The sub-region light receiving unit group 25 a includes a light receiving unit 251 and a light receiving unit 252.

  The main region light receiving unit group 25 b is arranged in the direction of the extension line of the third dividing line 175 and the fourth dividing line 176 from the optical axis 221. The main region light receiving unit group 25 b includes a light receiving unit 253 and a light receiving unit 254.

  The light receiving unit 250 is used to detect a focus error signal of the BD 60 and the DVD 70 and a signal for reproducing information recorded on the optical disc. The light receiving unit 284 is used to detect a focus error signal of the CD 80 and a signal for reproducing information recorded on the optical disc. On the other hand, the light receiving units 251, 252, 253, and 254 are used to detect the tracking error signal of the BD 60, and the light receiving units 253, 254, 255, and 256 are used to detect the tracking error signal of the DVD 70, and the tracking error of the CD 80 is detected. Light receiving sections 283 and 285 are used for signal detection.

  In the present embodiment, the infrared path of the return path reflected by the CD 80 is between the light receiving unit 250 that receives the 0th-order diffracted light of the blue-violet laser beam or the red laser beam reflected by the BD 60 or the DVD 70 and the main region light receiving unit group 25b. A light receiving unit 284 that receives the 0th-order diffracted light of the laser light is disposed.

  Next, functions of the polarization hologram 14 and the photodetector 22 when recording or reproducing the BD 60 will be described in detail with reference to FIG.

  FIG. 15 is a diagram schematically illustrating the state of the laser light reflected by the BD 60 and reaching the photodetector 22. The 0th-order diffracted light j0 is a 4-split light-receiving unit 250, the + 1st-order diffracted light ja is the light-receiving unit 253, the + 1st-order diffracted light jb is the light-receiving unit 254, the + 1st-order diffracted light jc and jd are the light-receiving unit 252, and the + 1st-order diffracted light je jf is received by the light receiving unit 251. The + 1st order diffracted lights jg and jh are not received by any light receiving section.

  The 0th-order diffracted light j0 and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ja to jh are generated by the blue-violet laser light reflected by the information recording surface of the BD60 being incident on the polarization hologram 14, but the BD60 has two Since the information recording surfaces 60a and 60b (not shown) are provided, the beam reflected by the information recording surface 60b different from the information recording surface 60a that is actually recorded or reproduced is also incident on the polarization hologram 14. Diffracted light is generated.

  The 0th-order diffracted light j0 ′ and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ja ′ to jh ′ are generated when the blue-violet laser light reflected by the information recording surface 60b adjacent to the information recording surface on which the light beam is focused is incident on the polarization hologram 14. Diffracted light (other layer stray light). The 0th-order diffracted light j0 ′ is from all regions of the polarization hologram 14, the + 1st-order diffracted light ja ′ is from the region 184, the + 1st-order diffracted light jb ′ is from the region 182, the + 1st-order diffracted light jc ′ is from the region 181, and the + 1st-order diffracted light jd ′. Are generated from the region 186, the + 1st order diffracted light je ′ is generated from the region 180, the + 1st order diffracted light jf ′ is generated from the region 185, the + 1st order diffracted light jg ′ is generated from the region 183b, and the + 1st order diffracted light jh ′ is generated from the region 183a.

  When the blue-violet laser beam condensed by the objective lens 17 is focused on the information recording surface 60a, the information recording surface 60b is largely defocused. Therefore, the 0th-order diffracted light j0 ′ and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ja ′ to jh ′ are also largely defocused on the photodetector 22. Here, the 0th-order diffracted light j0 ′ and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ja ′ to jh ′ are all prevented from entering the light receiving sections 251, 252, 253, and 254. This is because when the 0th-order diffracted light j0 ′ and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ja ′ to jh ′ are incident on the light receiving units 251, 252, 253, and 254, the tracking error signal varies depending on the degree of the incident, and as a result, This is because stable tracking control may not be possible.

  In each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b, the third dividing line 175 is detected by the stray light from the information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is condensed. The projection line 175 a projected onto the projection line 22 and the fourth dividing line 176 are arranged between the projection line 176 a projected onto the photodetector 22. In addition, each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a causes the first dividing line 171 to emit light due to stray light from the information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is condensed. The projection line 171 a projected on the detector 22 and the second dividing line 172 are arranged between the projection line 172 a projected on the photodetector 22.

  Next, functions of the polarization hologram 14 and the photodetector 22 when recording or reproducing the DVD 70 will be described in detail with reference to FIG. FIG. 16 is a diagram schematically illustrating the state of the laser light reflected by the DVD 70 and reaching the photodetector 22.

  The polarization hologram 14 divides a predetermined linearly polarized red laser beam (in this embodiment, the red laser beam in the return path reflected by the DVD 70) into a 0th order diffracted light and a ± 1st order diffracted light. The 0th-order diffracted light k0 is generated from all regions of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light ka is generated from the region 184 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light kb is generated from the region 182 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light kc is generated from the region 181 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light kd is generated from the region 186 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light ke is generated from the region 180 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light kf is generated from the region 185 of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light kg is generated from the region 183 b of the polarization hologram 14. The + 1st order diffracted light kh is generated from the region 183 a of the polarization hologram 14.

  The 0th-order diffracted light k0 is received by the 4-part light receiving unit 250, the + 1st-order diffracted light ka is received by the light-receiving unit 253 ′, the + 1st-order diffracted light kb is received by the light-receiving unit 254 ′, the + 1st-order diffracted light kg is received by the light-receiving unit 255, and the + 1st-order diffracted light kh is received. The light is received by the unit 256. The + 1st order diffracted lights kc, kd, ke, and kf are not received by any light receiving unit. This is diffracted light generated from a region where the + 1st order diffracted light kc, kd, ke, kf is hardly modulated by the groove of the information track of the DVD 70. The tracking error signal by the so-called push-pull method using one beam This is because it is virtually unnecessary.

  The 0th-order diffracted light k0 and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ka to kh are generated by the red laser beam reflected by the information recording surface of the DVD 70 being incident on the polarization hologram 14, but the DVD 70 has two information recording surfaces. 70a and 70b (not shown), the beam reflected by the information recording surface 70b different from the information recording surface 70a that is actually recorded or reproduced is also incident on the polarization hologram 14 and diffracted light. Is generated.

  The 0th-order diffracted light k0 'and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ka' to kh 'are diffracted light (other-layer stray light) generated when the red laser light reflected by the information recording surface 70b is incident on the polarization hologram 14. The 0th order diffracted light k0 ′ is from all regions of the polarization hologram 14, the + 1st order diffracted light ka ′ is from the region 184, the + 1st order diffracted light kb ′ is from the region 182, the + 1st order diffracted light kc ′ is from the region 181, and the + 1st order diffracted light kd. 'Is generated from the region 186, + 1st order diffracted light ke' is generated from the region 180, + 1st order diffracted light kf 'is generated from the region 185, + 1st order diffracted light kg' is generated from the region 183b, and + 1st order diffracted light kh 'is generated from the region 183a.

  When the red laser beam condensed by the objective lens 17 is focused on the information recording surface 70a, the information recording surface 70b is largely defocused. Therefore, the 0th-order diffracted light k0 ′ and the + 1st-order diffracted lights ka ′ to kh ′ are also largely defocused on the photodetector 22.

  Here, the 0th-order diffracted light k0 'is prevented from entering the light receiving portions 251 to 256. This is because when the 0th-order diffracted light k0 ′ is incident on the light receiving units 251 to 256, the tracking error signal varies depending on the incident level, and as a result, stable tracking control may not be performed. .

  Compared with the BD60 in which the distance between the two information recording surfaces is about 20 μm, the DVD 70 has a larger distance of 40 μm or more between the two information recording surfaces, so that the + 1st order diffracted light ka ′ to kh ′ has a very defocus amount. growing. Therefore, even if they are incident on the light receiving portions 253, 254, 255, and 256, since the influence on the tracking error signal is very small, there is substantially no problem.

  Next, functions of the polarization hologram 14 and the photodetector 22 when recording or reproducing the CD 80 will be described in detail with reference to FIG.

  The infrared laser light incident on the diffraction grating 18 shown in FIG. 12 is divided into 0th order diffracted light m0, + 1st order diffracted light m1 and −1st order diffracted light m2. However, the 0th-order diffracted light m0, the + 1st-order diffracted light m1, and the -1st-order diffracted light m2 reflected by the information recording surface of the CD 80 are not diffracted by the polarization hologram 14, respectively.

  FIG. 17 is a diagram schematically showing the state of the laser light reflected by the CD 80 and reaching the photodetector 22. The 0th-order diffracted light m0 is received by the 4-split light-receiving unit 284, the + 1st-order diffracted light m1 is received by the light-receiving unit 283, and the -1st-order diffracted light m2 is received by the light-receiving unit 285.

  As described above, the blue-violet laser light is emitted from the first light source 11, and the red laser light and the infrared laser light are emitted from the second light source 21. The 4-divided light receiving unit 250 (first 0th-order light receiving unit group) receives the blue-violet laser beam and the red laser beam that are transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and receives the 4-divided light-receiving unit 284 (second 0th-order light receiving unit). Infrared laser light transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system is received by the light receiving unit group). Further, the violet laser light diffracted by the first main region 182 and the second main region 184 is received by the main region light receiving unit group 25b, and the first sub regions 180 and 185 are received by the sub region light receiving unit group 25a. The blue-violet laser light diffracted by the second sub-regions 181 and 186 is received. The four-divided light receiving unit 284 is disposed between the four-divided light receiving unit 250 and the main area light receiving unit group 25b.

  Therefore, even when information is recorded or reproduced from three types of optical disks such as CD, DVD and BD, for example, a tracking signal without offset can be generated while ensuring compatibility of each optical disk. Stable tracking control can be realized.

  As shown in the present embodiment, the 4-divided light receiving unit 284 (second 0th-order light receiving unit group) is divided into the 4-divided light-receiving unit group 250 (first 0th-order light receiving unit group) and the main area light-receiving unit group. By disposing it between 25b, a photodetector corresponding to three wavelengths can be achieved without increasing the area where the light receiving section is disposed, and the photodetector can be made compact.

  Next, a modification of the third embodiment will be described. In the third embodiment, the four-divided light receiving unit 284 is arranged between the four-divided light receiving unit 250 and the main region light receiving unit group 25b. A four-divided light receiving unit 284 is arranged between the region light receiving unit group 25a.

  FIG. 18 is a diagram illustrating an example of a photodetector in a modification of the third embodiment. The photodetector 280 shown in FIG. 18 is used in the optical head device 30 corresponding to the three light sources shown in FIG. In this case, the division pattern of the hologram element is the same as the division pattern shown in FIG.

  The light receiving units 251, 252, 253, and 254 for high-density optical discs are arranged in the same manner as the photodetector 220 shown in FIG. The light receiving unit 250 receives the BD main beam or the DVD main beam in common. Further, the light receiving units 281 and 282 receive a sub beam used in the three-beam method or the differential push-pull method. Further, the CD main beam not shared by the light receiving unit 250 is received by the light receiving unit 284, and the sub-beams are received by the light receiving units 283 and 285.

  The light receiving portions 250, 281, 282, 283, 284, and 285 are arranged as shown in FIG. 18 because astigmatism is added to the light beam. That is, between the light receiving unit 250 that receives the 0th-order diffracted light of the blue-violet laser beam or the red laser beam reflected by the BD 60 or the DVD 70 and the sub-region light receiving unit group 25a, the infrared laser beam of the return path reflected by the CD 80 is 0. A light receiving portion 284 that receives the next diffracted light is disposed.

  Here, each light receiving unit is divided into four, but the present invention is not limited to this, and the number of divisions of each light receiving unit differs depending on the tracking method and focus method required for reproduction of each disk, and is divided into two. Alternatively, it may be 5 or more.

  As described above, the blue-violet laser light is emitted from the first light source 11, and the red laser light and the infrared laser light are emitted from the second light source 21. The 4-divided light receiving unit 250 (first 0th-order light receiving unit group) receives the blue-violet laser beam and the red laser beam that are transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and receives the 4-divided light-receiving unit 284 (second 0th-order light receiving unit). Infrared laser light transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system is received by the light receiving unit group). Further, the violet laser light diffracted by the first main region 242 and the second main region 244 is received by the main region light receiving unit group 25b, and the first sub regions 240 and 245 are received by the sub region light receiving unit group 25a. The blue-violet laser light diffracted by the second sub-regions 241 and 246 is received. The four-divided light receiving unit 284 is disposed between the four-divided light receiving unit 250 and the sub-region light receiving unit group 25a.

  By using such a light detector 280, it is possible to detect light of three or more layers of a high-density optical disk while supporting light detection of CD, DVD, etc. without increasing the number of parts of the light detector. be able to.

  As shown in this modification, the four-divided light receiving unit 284 (second 0th-order light receiving unit group) is divided into the four-divided light receiving unit group 250 (first 0th-order light receiving unit group) and the sub-region light receiving unit group 25a. Even if it arrange | positions between these, the photodetector corresponding to 3 wavelengths becomes possible, without enlarging the area where a light-receiving part is arrange | positioned, and a photodetector can be made compact.

  In addition, the DVD and CD are assumed to be provided with sub-beam light receiving portions 281, 282, 283, and 285 assuming a three-beam or differential push-pull method, but the present invention is not limited to this, and phase difference tracking A one-beam method such as a method may be used. In this case, the sub-beam light receiving unit is not necessary.

  In this embodiment, an example of one objective lens is shown. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the same applies to an optical system including a BD objective lens and a DVD / CD objective lens. The effect of can be obtained.

  Here, an example in which the main beam of the BD and the main beam of the DVD are received by the four-divided light receiving unit 250 and the main beam of the CD is received by the four-divided light receiving unit 284 is shown. The main beam and the main beam of the CD may be received, and the main beam of the DVD may be received by the four-divided light receiving unit 284. In this case, the spot size on the light receiving part of the BD and the CD can be made closer, and the spot size on the light receiving part of the DVD can be made larger than the BD. Therefore, the beam diameter on the objective lens of the DVD can be made larger than the BD. it can. Accordingly, it is possible to achieve both the miniaturization of the optical system by shortening the focal length of the BD objective lens and the stability against the lens shift by securing the objective lens diameter of the DVD to some extent.

(Embodiment 4)
In the fourth embodiment, an example in which the direction in which light passing through the first sub-region and the second sub-region is diffracted is changed will be described. In the fourth embodiment, a hologram element and a light receiving unit different from those in the first embodiment are used, and the other optical elements have the same configuration as in the first embodiment.

  FIG. 19A is a diagram showing a hologram element 500 in the fourth embodiment. The shape of the divided region of the hologram element 500 shown in FIG. 19A is the same as that in Embodiment 1, but the diffraction direction is different.

  FIG. 19B is a layout diagram of the light receiving units of the photodetector 505 in the fourth embodiment. The main region light receiving unit group 25b is arranged in an extension line direction (direction indicated by an arrow Y2) of the tangent line of the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line from the optical axis 221. The main region light receiving unit group 25 b includes a light receiving unit 253 and a light receiving unit 254. The arrangement of the light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254 is the same as that in the first embodiment, and thus the description thereof is omitted.

  On the other hand, the sub-region light receiving unit group 25 a of the photodetector 505 includes a light receiving unit 511 and a light receiving unit 512. The light receiving unit 511 and the light receiving unit 512 are transverse dividing lines (the first dividing line and the second dividing line) with respect to the optical axis 221 of the four-divided light receiving unit (0th order light receiving unit group) 510 that receives the 0th order light 210. Are arranged at positions facing each other in the extension line direction (direction indicated by arrow Y8). However, the distance from the optical axis 221 to the light receiving unit 511 is not equal to the distance from the optical axis 221 to the light receiving unit 512.

  The light beam 521 diffracted in the first sub-regions 501 and 502 is designed to be incident on the center of the light receiving unit 511, but the conjugate diffracted light is used as the light beam 523 to the photodetector 505. Incident on top. The light receiving portion 512 is disposed at a position where the light beam 523 is not incident. The light beam 522 diffracted in the second sub-regions 503 and 504 is designed to be incident on the center of the light receiving unit 512, but the conjugate diffracted light is detected as a light beam 524. Incident on the vessel 505. The light receiving unit 511 is disposed at a position where the light beam 524 is not incident.

  FIG. 20 is a diagram showing the relationship between the photodetector in the fourth embodiment and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 20 shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 511 of the photodetector 505, the light beam 521 diffracted by the regions 501 and 502, and the other layer stray lights 531 and 532 of the light beam 521, and the regions 503 and 504. 3 shows the relationship between the conjugate light beam 524 diffracted by the above and the other layer stray lights 541 and 542 of the conjugate light beam 524.

  The other-layer stray light generated between the two information layers having the relationship in which the layer interval is minimized generates other-layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer interval d4min. Since the light beam is from the region 502, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 501 and the region 502. This is the stray light 531 and the stray light 532. FIG. 20 shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer having the minimum layer spacing. Since the stray light from the near layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 505, the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 500 is mapped as it is.

  On the other hand, since the light beam 524 is a light beam from the region 503 and the region 504, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 503 and the region 504. This is the stray light 541 and the stray light 542. Although the stray light from the back layer when focusing on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing is not shown, it is point-symmetric with respect to the center of each beam as described in the first embodiment. The stray light is located at the position. For this reason, stray light does not enter each light receiving portion.

  As shown in FIG. 20, the main region light receiving unit group 25b (the light receiving unit 253 and the light receiving unit 254) extends the tangent of the track projected onto the hologram element 500, which is a diffractive optical system, with respect to the optical axis 221. Arranged in the line direction. The sub-region light receiving unit group 25 a (the light receiving unit 511 and the light receiving unit 512) is arranged in a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track projected on the hologram element 500 with respect to the optical axis 221.

  As described above, when the hologram element 500 and the photodetector 505 of the fourth embodiment are used, both the other-layer stray light of the zeroth order light and the other-layer stray light of the diffracted light are received by the light receiving unit that receives the diffracted light. Therefore, a tracking signal without an offset can be detected, and stable tracking control can be realized.

(Embodiment 5)
In the fifth embodiment, an example in which the focus signal and the RF signal are detected by separate light receiving units will be described. FIG. 21 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of an optical head device 600 according to the fifth embodiment. Elements having the same functions as those in the previous embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals and description thereof is omitted. The difference between the fifth embodiment and the other embodiments is that the 0th-order light 610 that is not diffracted by the hologram element 601 is divided into two light beams by a prism 602 as a branching element. The light beam 611 diffracted by the hologram element 601 does not pass through the prism 602. These light beams are received by the photodetector 620.

  FIG. 22 is an enlarged view of the photodetector and the prism 602 as the branch element in the fifth embodiment. Astigmatism is given to the zero-order light 610 of the hologram element 601 by the detection lens 109. The zero-order light 610 enters the prism 602 and is divided into two light beams. The light beam 612 that passes through the prism 602 is received by the focusing light receiving unit 630 of the photodetector 620 as it is.

  The light beam reflected inside the prism 602 is reflected once again by the inclined surface and is emitted from the prism 602. However, the optical path length of the light beam 613 reflected within the prism 602 to the photodetector 620 is longer than the optical path length of the light beam 612 transmitted through the prism 602 to the photodetector 620. Therefore, a lens 603 is provided at a position where the light beam reflected in the prism 602 below the prism 602 is emitted. The lens 603 corrects the focal position due to the difference in optical path length and removes astigmatism, thereby condensing the light beam on the light receiving unit 635 of the photodetector 620.

  FIG. 23A shows area division of hologram element 601 in the fifth embodiment. Since the division pattern of the hologram element 601 is the same as the division pattern of the hologram element of the first embodiment, description thereof is omitted.

  FIG. 23B is a diagram for explaining the arrangement of the light receiving portions of the photodetector 620 and the arrangement of the prisms 602 in the fifth embodiment. The reflection direction of the prism 602 is an extension line direction of the horizontal dividing lines (first dividing line and second dividing line) of the hologram element 601 and vertical dividing lines (third dividing line and fourth dividing line). Are arranged so as to divide the angle formed by the extension direction of the tangent line into two equal parts.

  The light beam 613 reflected in the prism 602 is received by one light receiving portion 635 of the 0th order light receiving portion group 63c. The light receiving unit 635 includes a light receiving unit 633 and a light receiving unit 634 that are the main region light receiving unit group 63b from the optical axis 221, and a light receiving unit 631 and a light receiving unit that are the sub region light receiving unit group 63a from the optical axis 221. It is arranged in a direction that bisects the angle formed by the direction in which 632 is arranged.

  The light transmitted through the prism 602 is received by one quadrant light receiving unit 630 of the 0th-order light receiving unit group 63c, and a focus signal is generated from a signal obtained therefrom. Further, an RF signal used for reproducing information is obtained from a signal obtained from the light receiving unit 635. Diffracted light beams 641 to 644 diffracted by each main region and each subregion of hologram element 601 are received by light receiving portions 631 to 634, respectively.

  According to the fifth embodiment, the RF signal can be detected by a 1ch amplifier. In the configuration as in the first embodiment, the RF signal is received by the four light receiving sections, and the signals subjected to IV conversion are added to each other, so that noise increases. However, if the RF signal is IV-converted by a 1ch amplifier, noise for each amplifier is not added, and therefore an increase in noise can be suppressed. Normally, adding four independent amplifier noises increases the noise by 6 dB. In the fifth embodiment, since the light beam is divided by the prism 602, the amount of light to be detected is reduced. However, if the separation ratio of the prism 602 is set to 2: 8, the focus side is set to 2, and the RF side is set to 8. The amount of decrease is about 2 dB.

  Therefore, by adopting such a configuration, the signal to noise ratio can be improved by 4 dB. For this reason, the quality of the RF signal is improved, and the error rate when reproducing information can be lowered. Further, if the light beam 610 is branched immediately before the photodetector 620 as in the fifth embodiment, the prism 602 can be made smaller, so that the cost of the prism 602 can be suppressed.

  In addition, since the distance between the light receiving unit 630 for generating the focus signal and the light receiving unit 635 for generating the RF signal can be reduced, the photodetector 620 does not need to be large and can be downsized. Can do. Further, the stray light on the upper surface of the prism 602 is shielded, so that the other-layer stray light can hardly enter the light receiving part 635. Furthermore, since the prism 602 functions as an aperture, it is possible to suppress the spread of stray light in the other layers of the light beam 612 and the light beam 613.

  In the example of the fifth embodiment, the ratio of the focus signal to the RF signal is set to 2: 8. However, the present invention is not particularly limited to this, and the SN ratio can be increased by increasing the ratio of the RF signal from 5: 5. The improvement effect is obtained.

(Embodiment 6)
In the sixth embodiment, an example in which the positions of the focus signal light receiving unit and the RF signal light receiving unit are exchanged will be described. FIG. 24 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of an optical head device 700 according to the sixth embodiment. Elements having the same functions as those in the previous embodiments are denoted by the same reference numerals and description thereof is omitted. The difference between the sixth embodiment and the fifth embodiment is a hologram element 701, a detection lens 702, a prism 703 as a branch element, and a photodetector 720. The detection lens 702 according to the sixth embodiment has only a function of converting parallel light into convergent light, and does not have a function of providing astigmatism.

  FIG. 25 is an enlarged view of the photodetector 720 and the prism 702 according to the sixth embodiment. The zero-order light beam 710 of the hologram element 701 enters the prism 702 and is divided into two light beams. The light beam 712 that passes through the prism is received as it is by the light receiving portion 735 for the RF signal of the photodetector 720.

  On the other hand, the light beam reflected inside the prism 702 is reflected once again on the slope and is emitted from the prism 702. However, the optical path length of the light beam 713 reflected in the prism 702 to the photodetector 720 is longer than the optical path length of the light beam 712 transmitted through the prism 702 to the photodetector 720. Therefore, a lens 703 is provided at a position where the light beam reflected in the prism 702 below the prism 702 is emitted. By this lens 703, the focal position due to the difference in optical path length is corrected and astigmatism is given, so that a light beam 713 having astigmatism is received on the light receiving portion 730 for the focus signal of the photodetector 720. The focus signal can be generated.

  FIG. 26A is a diagram illustrating area division of the hologram element 701 according to Embodiment 6. Since the division pattern of the hologram element 701 is the same as the division pattern of the hologram element of the first embodiment, description thereof is omitted.

  FIG. 26B is a diagram for describing the arrangement of the light receiving units and the arrangement of the prisms 702 of the photodetector 720 in the sixth embodiment. The reflection direction of the prism 702 is an extension direction of a horizontal dividing line (first dividing line and second dividing line) of the hologram element 701 and a vertical dividing line (third dividing line and fourth dividing line). Are arranged so as to divide the angle formed by the extension direction of the tangent line into two equal parts.

  The light beam 713 reflected in the prism 702 is received by a four-divided light receiving unit 730 for focus signal detection, and a focus signal is generated from a signal obtained therefrom. The quadrant light receiving unit 730 includes a direction in which the light receiving unit 733 and the light receiving unit 734 that are the main region light receiving unit group 73b from the optical axis 221, and a light receiving unit 731 that is the sub region light receiving unit group 73a from the optical axis 221 and The angle formed by the direction in which the light receiving unit 732 is disposed is arranged in a direction that bisects the angle.

  The light transmitted through the prism 702 is received by the light receiving unit 735 for RF signals. An RF signal used when reproducing information is obtained from a signal obtained from the light receiving unit 735. The diffracted light beams 741 to 744 diffracted by each main region and each subregion of the hologram element 701 are received by the light receiving units 731 to 734, respectively. The zero-order light receiving unit group 73c includes a four-divided light receiving unit 730 and a light receiving unit 735.

  According to the sixth embodiment, as in the fifth embodiment, the RF signal can be detected by a 1ch amplifier. Adding four independent amplifier noises increases the noise by 6 dB. In the sixth embodiment, since the light beam is divided by the prism 702, the amount of light to be detected is also reduced. However, if the separation ratio of the prism 702 is 2: 8, the focus side is 2, and the RF side is 8, the signal intensity is reduced. The amount of decrease is about 2 dB. Therefore, by adopting such a configuration, the signal to noise ratio can be improved by 4 dB. For this reason, the quality of the RF signal is improved, and the error rate when reproducing information can be lowered.

  Further, if the light beam 710 is branched immediately before the photodetector 720 as in the sixth embodiment, the prism 702 can be made smaller, so that the cost of the prism 702 can be suppressed. In addition, since the distance between the light receiving unit 730 for generating the focus signal and the light receiving unit 735 for generating the RF signal can be reduced, the photodetector 720 does not need to be large and can be downsized. Can do. Further, the stray light on the upper surface of the prism 702 is shielded from light so that other layer stray light can hardly enter the light receiving part 735. Furthermore, since the prism 702 functions as an aperture, the spread of stray light in the other layers of the light beam 712 and the light beam 713 can be suppressed.

  In the fifth and sixth embodiments, the lenses 603 and 703 are shown as examples of the elements attached to the lower side of the prisms 602 and 702. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the hologram elements (particularly blazes) are used instead of the lenses 603 and 703. Hologram element) or a Fresnel lens may be provided, and the reflecting surfaces of the prisms 602 and 702 may be concave or convex. In any of these cases, the same effect as in the fifth and sixth embodiments can be obtained.

  In the fifth and sixth embodiments, the example in which the prisms 602 and 702 are used as branching elements has been described. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and the light beams 610 and 710 may be branched using a hologram, a diffraction grating, or the like. .

(Embodiment 7)
Next, an optical head device according to Embodiment 7 will be described. FIG. 27 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of an optical head device 800 according to the seventh embodiment. The same reference numerals are used for components having the same function, and description thereof is omitted.

  27, the optical head device 800 includes a semiconductor laser 101, a beam splitter 103, an objective lens 104, an actuator 107, a collimator lens 801, a hologram element 802, a detection lens 803, and a photodetector 820.

  The light beam emitted from the semiconductor laser 101 as the light source is reflected by the beam splitter 103, becomes parallel light by the collimator lens 801, enters the objective lens 104, and becomes convergent light. This convergent light is applied to an optical disc 201 as an information recording medium having a track. The light reflected and diffracted by the information layer 202 of the optical disk 201 passes through the objective lens 104 and the collimator lens 801 again to become convergent light and passes through the beam splitter 103. The objective lens 104 is moved by the actuator 107 in the optical axis direction and the track vertical direction. The light beam that has passed through the beam splitter 103 is incident on the hologram element 802, and a part of the light is diffracted into zero-order light 810 that is not diffracted and first-order light 811 that is diffracted. The light beam that has passed through the hologram element 802 is given astigmatism by the detection lens 803 and enters the photodetector 820.

  FIG. 28A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 802 in the seventh embodiment. A dotted line 804 in FIG. 28A shows the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 802 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens 104 is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc 201. In FIG. 28A, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 802 includes a first dividing line 817 and a second dividing line 818 along a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and a third dividing line 815 along a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track. And a fourth dividing line 816 and a fifth dividing line 813 and a sixth dividing line 814 along a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  A region outside the first dividing line 817 is divided into a first region 850 and a second region 851 by a fifth dividing line 813. A region outside the second dividing line 818 is divided into a third region 855 and a fourth region 856 by a sixth dividing line 814. The first sub-region includes a first region 850 and a third region 855, and the second sub-region includes a second region 851 and a fourth region 856.

  A region between the first dividing line 817 and the second dividing line 818 is divided into three by the third dividing line 815 and the fourth dividing line 816. An area outside the third dividing line 815 and inside the first dividing line 817 and the second dividing line 818 is divided as the first main area 852. An area outside the fourth dividing line 816 and inside the first dividing line 817 and the second dividing line 818 is divided as the second main area 854. Further, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 817, the second dividing line 818, the third dividing line 815, and the fourth dividing line 816 is divided as a central region 853. The hologram element 802 is provided with an aperture 805.

  FIG. 28B is a diagram illustrating an arrangement of light receiving portions of the photodetector 820 in Embodiment 7. The zero-order light 810 that is not diffracted by the hologram element 802 is received by a four-divided light receiving unit (zero-order light receiving unit group) 830 on the optical axis 821. A focus signal and an RF signal are obtained by a signal output from the four-divided light receiving unit 830 according to the amount of light.

  The light beam 841 diffracted by the first region 850 and the third region 855 which are the first sub-regions is received by the light receiving unit 831. The light receiving unit 831 outputs a signal corresponding to the received light amount. The light beam 842 diffracted by the second region 851 and the fourth region 856 which are the second sub regions is received by the light receiving unit 832. The light receiving unit 832 outputs a signal corresponding to the received light amount.

  On the other hand, the main region light receiving unit group 83 b is disposed in the direction of the tangent line extending from the optical axis 821 to the third dividing line 815 and the fourth dividing line 816. The main region light receiving unit group 83 b includes a light receiving unit 833 and a light receiving unit 834. The light receiving unit 833 and the light receiving unit 834 are disposed adjacent to each other in the X direction. The light beam 843 diffracted by the first main region 852 is received by the light receiving unit 833 that is one of the light receiving units constituting the main region light receiving unit group 83b. The light receiving unit 833 outputs a signal corresponding to the received light amount. Similarly, the light beam 844 diffracted by the second main region 854 is received by the light receiving unit 834 which is one of the light receiving units constituting the main region light receiving unit group 83b. The light receiving unit 834 outputs a signal corresponding to the received light amount.

  The light beam 845 diffracted in the central region 853 and its conjugate diffracted light beam 846 are in a direction orthogonal to the direction in which the main region light receiving unit group 83b is arranged from the optical axis 821, that is, from the optical axis 821. Diffraction is performed in the extension line direction of the first dividing line 817 and the second dividing line 818.

  Note that the light receiving unit 831 that receives the light beam 841 diffracted in the first sub-region includes the extension direction of the first dividing line 817 and the second dividing line 818 from the optical axis 821, and the first axis from the optical axis 821. The third dividing line 815 and the fourth dividing line 816 are arranged between the tangential line extension directions. In addition, the light receiving unit 832 that receives the light beam 842 diffracted in the second sub-region is disposed at a position that is line-symmetric with the light receiving unit 831 with respect to a straight line connecting the optical axis 821 and the main region light receiving unit group 83b. Is done.

  FIG. 29 is a diagram showing the relationship between the photodetector 820 and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk in the seventh embodiment. FIG. 29 shows the relationship between the light receiving portion 833 of the photodetector 820, the light beam 843 diffracted by the first main region 852, and the other layer stray light 861 of the light beam 843, the light receiving portion 831, The relationship between the light beam 841 diffracted in the first region 850 and the third region 855 and the other layer stray light 862 and the other layer stray light 863 of the light beam 841 is shown.

  The other-layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing generates the other-layer stray light as shown in the figure, but the light beam 843 is diffracted light from the first main region 852, and thus stray light. Is similar to the light beam passing through the first main region 852. This is the stray light 861. Here, stray light 861 from the inner layer when focusing on the layer on the front side of the information layer with the minimum layer interval is shown. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector, stray light is generated in the direction in which the hologram element 802 is inverted in a point-symmetrical manner.

  Further, since the light beam 844 is a light beam from the second main region 854, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 854. This is the stray light 866.

  Similarly, the other-layer stray light 862 and 863 also generate stray light in the direction in which the first region 850 and the third region 855 are inverted with respect to the light beam 831 and mapped. Further, the other layer stray light of the light beam 845 diffracted in the central region 853 and the light beam 846 which is a conjugate of the light beam 845 is the other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the maximum layer spacing. 864 and other-layer stray light 865. However, since the light receiving unit 831 and the light receiving unit 832 are arranged at positions away from the other-layer stray light 864 and 865, stray light does not enter the light receiving unit 831 and the light receiving unit 832.

  Each of the light receiving portions 833 and 834 of the main region light receiving portion group 83b is light of the third dividing line 815 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 861a projected onto the detector 820 and the projection line 866a projected onto the photodetector 820 of the fourth dividing line 816 are disposed. Each of the light receiving portions 831 and 832 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 83a has a first dividing line 817 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 862a projected onto the second photodetector 820 and the projection line 863a projected onto the photodetector 820 of the second dividing line 818 are disposed.

  As shown in FIG. 29, when the layer spacing is relatively large, stray light can be avoided even if the two light receiving portions 833 and 834 of the main region light receiving portion group 83b are arranged on the side where stray light is generated. Further, the sub-region light receiving unit group 83a can also be disposed between the main region light receiving unit group 83b and the zero-order light receiving unit group (four-divided light receiving unit 830). Even in such a configuration, the stray light can be prevented from entering the light receiving portion for diffracted light.

  For example, when the focal length of the detection system of the optical system is 13 mm and the focal length of the objective lens is 1.3 mm, the lateral magnification is 10 times. When the minimum layer spacing of the optical disk is 20 μm, the focus of the other layer stray light is 2 mm by the approximate calculation of 20 × 10 × 10 μm. When NA = 0.85, the beam radius of the objective lens is 1.105 mm. When this light beam is focused 2 mm before the photodetector 820, the radius of the other-layer stray light on the photodetector 820 is 1.105 × 2 / (13-2) = 0.200 mm. That is, the radius of the other layer stray light on the photodetector 820 is about 200 μm.

  Assuming that the ratio of the width of the central region 853 on the hologram element 802 to the light beam is 80%, stray light has a gap of 320 μm in the center. Therefore, if the width of the light receiving portion per main region light receiving portion group 83b is 80 μm, the width from the center of one light receiving portion to the end of the adjacent light receiving portion is 120 μm, but the width of the central portion is 160 μm on one side. is there. Therefore, there is a margin of 40 μm from the end of the light receiving unit to the stray light. The stray light that is focused in front of the light receiving portion has already a small beam diameter when passing through the hologram element 802, so that the ratio of the central region 853 is relatively large.

  According to the seventh embodiment, as shown in FIG. 29, when the minimum layer spacing is not so small, stray light with the minimum layer spacing can be obtained even when diffracted in a direction that makes a certain degree of angle with the direction of the dividing line. Stray light can be avoided by arranging the light receiving portion between the projection positions of the respective dividing lines, and the effects of the present invention can be obtained.

  In the above embodiments, beam shaping such as anamorphic lens method and beam shaper method, spherical aberration correction means such as liquid crystal method, beam expander method and collimator lens driving method, and ND filter are taken in and out. Although the configuration of the light amount adjusting means and the like has not been described, the effects described in the present embodiment can be obtained in the same manner even when combined with them.

  In the embodiments described so far, the case of a four-layer optical disk has been described as an example. However, even in the case of three layers, even in the case of two layers, the layers are extremely narrow or extremely wide, or five layers, six layers are used. The same effect can be obtained even when the number of layers is 7 or 8 or more.

  Further, the optical head device according to the second to sixth embodiments may be applied to the optical information device shown in FIG.

  In the embodiments described so far, only one type of hologram element division pattern is shown. However, there are two vertical division lines divided in the vertical direction, and two horizontal division lines divided in the horizontal direction. If it is a division pattern that is a book, the same effect can be obtained in addition to the division patterns of the above-described embodiments. In particular, in each of the above embodiments, the vertical dividing line is an example of a curved line. However, for example, as shown in FIG. 30, the vertical dividing lines (the third dividing line 935 and the fourth dividing line 936) may be straight lines. Good. Further, in each of the above embodiments, the horizontal dividing line is an example of a straight line, but the horizontal dividing line may be a curved line. Furthermore, in each of the above-described embodiments, the example in which the vertical dividing line is limited by the horizontal dividing line has been shown. However, as shown in FIG. 30, the vertical dividing line reaches the end of the opening, and the horizontal dividing line extends vertically. It may be divided on the way, limited by the dividing line.

  Here, various modifications of the hologram element and the photodetector will be described.

  FIG. 30 is a diagram illustrating a first modification of the area division of the hologram element. The hologram element 900 shown in FIG. 30 includes a first dividing line 931 and a second dividing line 932 along the first direction, and a third dividing line 935 along the second direction intersecting with the first direction. And a fourth dividing line 936. The first dividing line 931 includes a seventh dividing line 931a and an eighth dividing line 931b, and the second dividing line 932 includes a ninth dividing line 932a and a tenth dividing line 932b. Note that the first direction is a direction (X direction) substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and the second direction is a direction (Y direction) substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  A region outside the seventh dividing line 931 a and outside the third dividing line 935 is divided as a first region 940. A region outside the eighth dividing line 931 b and outside the fourth dividing line 936 is divided as a second region 941. A region outside the ninth dividing line 932 a and outside the third dividing line 935 is divided as a third region 945. A region outside the tenth dividing line 932 b and outside the fourth dividing line 936 is divided as a fourth region 946. Here, the first sub-region is composed of a first region 940 and a third region 945, and the second sub-region is composed of a second region 941 and a fourth region 946.

  An area outside the third dividing line 935 and inside the seventh dividing line 931a and the ninth dividing line 932a is divided as a first main area 942. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 936 and inside the eighth dividing line 931 b and the tenth dividing line 932 b is divided as a second main area 944. Further, a region surrounded by the third dividing line 935 and the fourth dividing line 936 is divided as a central region 943. The hologram element 900 is provided with an aperture 937.

  In each of the above-described embodiments, the example in which the central region is in contact with the vertical dividing line and the horizontal dividing line has been described. However, as shown in FIG. 30, the central region may be in contact with only the vertical dividing line including the optical axis.

  Furthermore, the dividing line that divides the hologram element into a plurality of regions may form a predetermined angle with respect to the tangential direction of the track. For example, when two objective lenses are arranged in the tangential direction of the track, at least one of the two objective lenses has an extension line in the moving direction when the optical head is moved from the inner periphery to the outer periphery of the optical disc. Do not pass. In such a movement, the tangential direction of the track changes between the inner periphery and the outer periphery of the optical disc. In order to suppress the influence of this change, the dividing line is inclined in advance in accordance with the track tangent direction in the middle circumference. For example, when the distance between the two objective lenses is 3.6 mm and the optical head device moves from the position of the radius 22 mm of the optical disk to the position of the radius 60 mm, the angle of the track tangent is 9.4 degrees to 3.4 degrees. Change to degrees. Therefore, the angle at which the dividing line is inclined may be set to 6.5 degrees with respect to the track tangential direction.

  FIGS. 31A to 31D are diagrams showing the relationship between the photodetector in the second modified example and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 31A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 1000 in the second modification.

  A dotted line in FIG. 31A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 1000 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc. In FIG. 31, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 1000 includes a first dividing line 1001 and a second dividing line 1002 along a direction inclined by a predetermined angle with respect to a direction perpendicular to the track tangential direction, and in a direction parallel to the track tangential direction. A third dividing line 1005, a fourth dividing line 1006, a fifth dividing line 1003, and a sixth dividing line 1004 are provided along a direction inclined by a predetermined angle. The first dividing line 1001 and the second dividing line 1002 are inclined by, for example, 6.5 degrees with respect to the direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and the third dividing line 1005 and the fourth dividing line 1006 are inclined. The fifth dividing line 1003 and the sixth dividing line 1004 are inclined, for example, 6.5 degrees with respect to the direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  A region outside the first dividing line 1001 is divided into a first region 1010 and a second region 1011 by a fifth dividing line 1003. A region outside the second dividing line 1002 is divided into a third region 1015 and a fourth region 1016 by a sixth dividing line 1004. The first sub-region includes a first region 1010 and a third region 1015, and the second sub-region includes a second region 1011 and a fourth region 1016.

  A region between the first dividing line 1001 and the second dividing line 1002 is divided into three by the third dividing line 1005 and the fourth dividing line 1006. An area outside the third dividing line 1005 and inside the first dividing line 1001 and the second dividing line 1002 is divided as a first main area 1012. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 1006 and inside the first dividing line 1001 and the second dividing line 1002 is divided as a second main area 1014. Further, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 1001, the second dividing line 1002, the third dividing line 1005, and the fourth dividing line 1006 is divided as a central region 1013. The hologram element 1000 is provided with an aperture 1007.

  FIG. 31B shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 253 of the photodetector 220 in the second modification, the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 1012, and the other layer stray light 341 of the light beam 263. FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating a relationship among a portion 251, a light beam 261 diffracted in a region 1010 and a region 1015, and other layer stray light 342 and other layer stray light 343 of the light beam 261.

  The other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer interval generates the other layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer interval d4min, but the light beam 263 emits light from the region 1012. Since it is a beam, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1012. This is stray light 341. FIG. 31B shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer having the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the near-side layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 220, so that the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 1000 is mapped as it is.

  Further, since the light beam 264 is a light beam from the second main region 1014, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 1014. This is stray light 347.

  Similarly, since the light beam 261 is a light beam from the region 1010 and the region 1015, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1010 and the region 1015. This is the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  On the other hand, FIG. 31C shows stray light 344 from the back layer when the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 1012 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the light detector 220, so that the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 1000 is reversed and mapped. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 31C, the stray light 344 is positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 263 with respect to the stray light 341.

  Further, in FIG. 31D, the stray light 345 and the stray light from the back layer when the light beam 261 diffracted in the region 1010 and the region 1015 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer interval are focused. 346 is shown. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector, the stray light is positioned in a direction in which the hologram element 1000 is reversed and mapped in a point-symmetric manner. For this reason, as illustrated in FIG. 31D, the stray light 345 and the stray light 346 are positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 261 with respect to the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  Each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b has the light of the third dividing line 1005 in the stray light from the two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 341a projected on the detector 220 and the projection line 347a projected on the photodetector 220 of the fourth dividing line 1006 are arranged. Further, each of the light receiving portions 251 and 252 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a has a first dividing line 1001 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 342a projected onto the second photodetector 220 and the projection line 343a projected onto the photodetector 220 of the second dividing line 1002 are disposed.

  Thus, even when the optical head device includes two objective lenses, the hologram element is created so that the dividing line forms a predetermined angle with respect to the tangential direction of the track, and the distance between the thinnest layers of the optical disk is The effect of the present invention can be obtained by arranging the light receiving part of the photodetector between the projection positions of the respective dividing lines of the stray light.

  FIGS. 32A to 32D are diagrams showing the relationship between the photodetector in the third modification and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 32A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 1030 in the third modification.

  The dotted line in FIG. 32A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 1030 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc. In FIG. 32, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 1030 includes a first dividing line 1031 and a second dividing line 1032 along a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, a third dividing line 1035 extending in a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and It has a fourth dividing line 1036 and a fifth dividing line 1033 and a sixth dividing line 1034 along a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track. The third dividing line 1035 is not a curved shape but a shape bent near the center of the hologram element 1030. The fourth dividing line 1036 has a shape obtained by inverting the third dividing line 1035 in line symmetry with respect to a straight line that passes through the center of the hologram element 1030 and is parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  A region outside the first dividing line 1031 is divided into a first region 1040 and a second region 1041 by a fifth dividing line 1033. A region outside the second dividing line 1032 is divided into a third region 1045 and a fourth region 1046 by a sixth dividing line 1034. The first sub-region includes a first region 1040 and a third region 1045, and the second sub-region includes a second region 1041 and a fourth region 1046.

  A region between the first dividing line 1031 and the second dividing line 1032 is divided into three by the third dividing line 1035 and the fourth dividing line 1036. An area outside the third dividing line 1035 and inside the first dividing line 1031 and the second dividing line 1032 is divided as the first main area 1042. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 1036 and inside the first dividing line 1031 and the second dividing line 1032 is divided as the second main area 1044. Further, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 1031, the second dividing line 1032, the third dividing line 1035, and the fourth dividing line 1036 is divided as a central region 1043. Further, the hologram element 1030 is provided with an aperture 1037.

  FIG. 32B shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 253 of the photodetector 220 in the third modification, the light beam 263 diffracted by the region 1042, and the other layer stray light 341 of the light beam 263. FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating a relationship among a portion 251, a light beam 261 diffracted in a region 1040 and a region 1045, and other layer stray light 342 and other layer stray light 343.

  The other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer interval generates the other layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer interval d4min, but the light beam 263 is a light beam from the region 1042. Since it is a beam, the shape of stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1042. This is stray light 341. FIG. 32B shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer having the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the near layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 220, so the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 1030 is mapped as it is.

  Further, since the light beam 264 is a light beam from the second main region 1044, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 1044. This is stray light 347.

  Similarly, since the light beam 261 is a light beam from the region 1040 and the region 1045, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1040 and the region 1045. This is the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  On the other hand, FIG. 32C shows the stray light 344 from the inner layer when the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 1042 is focused on the front layer of the information layer with the minimum layer interval. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector 220, the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 1030 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 32C, the stray light 344 is positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 263 with respect to the stray light 341.

  In FIG. 32D, the stray light 345 and the stray light from the back layer when the light beam 261 diffracted in the region 1040 and the region 1045 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing are also shown. 346 is shown. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the photodetector, the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 1030 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 32D, the stray light 345 and the stray light 346 are positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 261 with respect to the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  Each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b is light of the third dividing line 1035 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 341a projected on the detector 220 and the projection line 347a projected on the photodetector 220 of the fourth dividing line 1036 are arranged. In addition, each of the light receiving portions 251 and 252 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a has a first dividing line 1031 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is condensed. The projection line 342 a projected onto the second photodetector 220 and the projection line 343 a projected onto the photodetector 220 of the second dividing line 1032 are arranged.

  As described above, the third dividing line 1035 and the fourth dividing line 1036 that divide the hologram element 1030 in a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track may have a polygonal line shape, and stray light with the thinnest layer interval of the optical disc. By arranging the light receiving part of the photodetector between the projection positions of the respective dividing lines, the effect of the present invention can be obtained.

  FIGS. 33A to 33D are diagrams showing the relationship between the photodetector in the fourth modification and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 33A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 1060 in the fourth modified example.

  The dotted line in FIG. 33A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 1060 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc. In FIG. 33, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 1060 includes a first dividing line 1061 and a second dividing line 1062 extending in a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and a third dividing line 1065 and a second dividing line extending in a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track. 4 dividing lines 1066 and a fifth dividing line 1063 and a sixth dividing line 1064 along a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  The first dividing line 1061 is not a linear shape but a shape bent near the center of the hologram element 1060, and the second dividing line 1062 passes through the center of the hologram element 1060 and is perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track. The shape is obtained by inverting the first dividing line 1061 in line symmetry with respect to a straight line.

  The third dividing line 1065 is not a curved shape but a shape bent at two locations near the center of the hologram element 1060. That is, the third dividing line 1065 includes a straight line 1065a parallel to the tangential direction of the track, a straight line 1065b bent at a predetermined angle with respect to the tangential direction of the track from one end of the straight line 1065a, and a track from the other end of the straight line 1065a. And a straight line 1065c bent at a predetermined angle with respect to the tangential direction. The fourth dividing line 1066 has a shape obtained by inverting the third dividing line 1065 in line symmetry with respect to a straight line that passes through the center of the hologram element 1060 and is parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  A region outside the first dividing line 1061 is divided into a first region 1070 and a second region 1071 by a fifth dividing line 1063. A region outside the second dividing line 1062 is divided into a third region 1075 and a fourth region 1076 by a sixth dividing line 1064. The first sub region includes a first region 1070 and a third region 1075, and the second sub region includes a second region 1071 and a fourth region 1076.

  A region between the first dividing line 1061 and the second dividing line 1062 is divided into three by the third dividing line 1065 and the fourth dividing line 1066. An area outside the third dividing line 1065 and inside the first dividing line 1061 and the second dividing line 1062 is divided as a first main area 1072. An area outside the fourth dividing line 1066 and inside the first dividing line 1061 and the second dividing line 1062 is divided as a second main area 1074. Further, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 1061, the second dividing line 1062, the third dividing line 1065, and the fourth dividing line 1066 is divided as a central region 1073. The hologram element 1060 is provided with an aperture 1067.

  FIG. 33B shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 253 of the photodetector 220 in the fourth modified example, the light beam 263 diffracted by the region 1072, and the other layer stray light 341 of the light beam 263, and the light reception. FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a relationship among a portion 251, a light beam 261 diffracted in a region 1070 and a region 1075, and other layer stray light 342 and other layer stray light 343 of the light beam 261.

  The other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing generates other layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer spacing d4min, but the light beam 263 is a light beam from the region 1072. Since it is a beam, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1072. This is stray light 341. FIG. 33B shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the near-side layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 220, so the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 1060 is mapped as it is.

  Similarly, since the light beam 261 is a light beam from the region 1070 and the region 1075, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1070 and the region 1075. This is the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  Further, since the light beam 264 is a light beam from the second main region 1074, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 1074. This is stray light 347.

  On the other hand, FIG. 33C shows stray light 344 from the back layer when the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 1072 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the light detector 220, so that the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 1060 is reversed and mapped. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 33C, the stray light 344 is positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 263 with respect to the stray light 341.

  In FIG. 33D, the stray light 345 and the stray light from the back layer when the light beam 261 diffracted in the region 1070 and the region 1075 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing are also shown. 346 is shown. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the photodetector, the stray light is positioned in a direction in which the hologram element 1060 is inverted and point-symmetrically mapped. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 33D, the stray light 345 and the stray light 346 are positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 261 with respect to the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  Each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b is light of the third dividing line 1065 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 341a projected onto the detector 220 and the projection line 347a projected onto the photodetector 220 of the fourth dividing line 1066 are arranged. Further, each of the light receiving portions 251 and 252 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a has a first dividing line 1061 in the stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 342a projected onto the second photodetector 220 and the projection line 343a projected onto the photodetector 220 of the second dividing line 1062 are disposed.

  In this way, the first dividing line 1061 and the second dividing line 1062 that divide the hologram element 1060 in a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and the hologram element 1060 in a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track. The third dividing line 1065 and the fourth dividing line 1066 may be polygonal lines, and the light receiving portion of the photodetector is placed between the projection positions of the respective dividing lines of stray light at the thinnest layer interval of the optical disk. By arranging, the effects of the present invention can be obtained. Further, when the hologram element 1060 is divided into such shapes, the areas of the first sub-region and the second sub-region can be increased.

  FIGS. 34A to 34D are diagrams showing the relationship between the photodetector in the fifth modification and the stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 34A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 1090 in the fifth modified example.

  A dotted line in FIG. 34A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 1090 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc. In FIG. 34, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 1090 has a first dividing line 1091 and a second dividing line 1092 along a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track and a direction having a predetermined angle with respect to a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track. A third dividing line 1095 and a fourth dividing line 1096 are provided, and a fifth dividing line 1093 and a sixth dividing line 1094 are provided along a direction substantially parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  The third dividing line 1095 is not a curved shape but a linear shape having a predetermined angle with respect to a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the fourth dividing line 1036 is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track. Is a linear shape having the same angle as the third dividing line 1095. The third dividing line 1095 and the fourth dividing line 1096 are parallel. A region (center region) surrounded by the first dividing line 1091, the second dividing line 1092, the third dividing line 1095, and the fourth dividing line 1096 is a parallelogram.

  A region outside the first dividing line 1091 is divided into a first region 1100 and a second region 1101 by a fifth dividing line 1093. A region outside the second dividing line 1092 is divided into a third region 1105 and a fourth region 1106 by a sixth dividing line 1094. The first sub-region is composed of a first region 1100 and a third region 1105, and the second sub-region is composed of a second region 1101 and a fourth region 1106.

  The region between the first dividing line 1091 and the second dividing line 1092 is divided into three by the third dividing line 1095 and the fourth dividing line 1096. An area outside the third dividing line 1095 and inside the first dividing line 1091 and the second dividing line 1092 is divided as a first main area 1102. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 1096 and inside the first dividing line 1091 and the second dividing line 1092 is divided as the second main area 1104. Further, a region surrounded by the first dividing line 1091, the second dividing line 1092, the third dividing line 1095, and the fourth dividing line 1096 is divided as a central region 1103. The hologram element 1090 is provided with an aperture 1097.

  FIG. 34B shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 253 of the photodetector 220 in the fifth modification, the light beam 263 diffracted by the region 1102, and the other layer stray light 341 of the light beam 263. FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a relationship among a portion 251, a light beam 261 diffracted in a region 1100 and a region 1105, and other layer stray light 342 and other layer stray light 343.

  The other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer interval generates the other layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer interval d4min, but the light beam 263 emits light from the region 1102. Since it is a beam, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1102. This is stray light 341. FIG. 34B shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer having the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the near layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 220, so the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 1090 is mapped as it is.

  Further, since the light beam 264 is a light beam from the second main region 1104, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 1104. This is stray light 347.

  Similarly, since the light beam 261 is a light beam from the region 1100 and the region 1105, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1100 and the region 1105. This is the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  On the other hand, FIG. 34C shows stray light 344 from the back layer when the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 1102 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing. The stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the light detector 220, so that the stray light is positioned in a direction in which the hologram element 1090 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 34C, the stray light 344 is positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 263 with respect to the stray light 341.

  Further, in FIG. 34D, the stray light 345 and the stray light from the back layer when the light beam 261 diffracted in the region 1100 and the region 1105 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer interval are shown. 346 is shown. The stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the photodetector, so that the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 1090 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 34D, the stray light 345 and the stray light 346 are positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 261 with respect to the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  Each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b is light of the third dividing line 1095 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is condensed. The projection line 341a projected onto the detector 220 and the projection line 347a projected onto the photodetector 220 of the fourth dividing line 1096 are arranged. Each of the light receiving portions 251 and 252 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a has a first dividing line 1091 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. The projection line 342 a projected onto the second photodetector 220 and the projection line 343 a projected onto the photodetector 220 of the second dividing line 1092 are arranged.

  As described above, the shape of the central region 1103 surrounded by the first dividing line 1091, the second dividing line 1092, the third dividing line 1095, and the fourth dividing line 1096 may be a parallelogram. The effect of the present invention can be obtained by disposing the light receiving part of the photodetector between the projection positions of the respective dividing lines of the stray light having the thinnest layer spacing.

  In the fifth modified example, the shape of the central region 1103 is a parallelogram, but the present invention is not particularly limited to this, and the shape of the central region 1103 may be a trapezoid.

  FIGS. 35A to 35D are diagrams showing the relationship between the photodetector in the sixth modified example and stray light with the minimum layer spacing of the four-layer optical disk. FIG. 35A is a diagram showing area division of the hologram element 1120 in the sixth modified example.

  The dotted line in FIG. 35A indicates the overlap of the beam diameter on the hologram element 1120 and the diffracted light from the track when the objective lens is focused on the desired information layer of the optical disc. In FIG. 35, the Y direction is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the X direction is a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The hologram element 1120 has a first dividing line 1121 and a second dividing line 1122 extending in a direction substantially perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track, and a direction having a predetermined angle with respect to a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track. And a third dividing line 1125 and a fourth dividing line 1126. The first dividing line 1121 includes a seventh dividing line 1121a and an eighth dividing line 1121b along a direction having a predetermined angle with respect to a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track. The line 1122 includes a ninth dividing line 1122a and a tenth dividing line 1122b along a direction having a predetermined angle with respect to a direction perpendicular to the tangential direction of the track.

  The seventh dividing line 1121a and the eighth dividing line 1121b are not parallel, and the ninth dividing line 1122a and the tenth dividing line 1122b are not parallel. The eighth dividing line 1121b has a shape obtained by inverting the seventh dividing line 1121a in line symmetry with respect to a straight line passing through the center of the hologram element 1120 and parallel to the tangential direction of the track. The tenth dividing line 1122b has a shape obtained by inverting the ninth dividing line 1122a symmetrically with respect to a straight line passing through the center of the hologram element 1120 and parallel to the tangential direction of the track.

  The third dividing line 1125 is not a curved shape but a linear shape having a predetermined angle with respect to a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track, and the fourth dividing line 1126 is a direction parallel to the tangential direction of the track. Is a linear shape having the same angle as the third dividing line 1125. The third dividing line 1125 and the fourth dividing line 1126 are parallel. A region (center region) surrounded by the third dividing line 1125, the fourth dividing line 1126, the upper side of the hologram element 1120, and the lower side of the hologram element 1120 is a parallelogram.

  A region outside the seventh dividing line 1121 a and outside the third dividing line 1125 is divided as a first region 1130. A region outside the eighth dividing line 1121b and outside the fourth dividing line 1126 is divided as a second region 1131. A region outside the ninth dividing line 1122 a and outside the third dividing line 1125 is divided as a third region 1135. A region outside the tenth dividing line 1122 b and outside the fourth dividing line 1126 is divided as a fourth region 1136. Here, the first sub-region includes a first region 1130 and a third region 1135, and the second sub-region includes a second region 1131 and a fourth region 1136.

  An area outside the third dividing line 1125 and inside the seventh dividing line 1121 a and the ninth dividing line 1122 a is divided as a first main area 1132. Further, an area outside the fourth dividing line 1126 and inside the eighth dividing line 1121b and the tenth dividing line 1122b is divided as a second main area 1134. Further, a region surrounded by the third dividing line 1125 and the fourth dividing line 1126 is divided as a central region 1133. In addition, the hologram element 1120 is provided with an aperture 1127.

  FIG. 35B shows the relationship between the light receiving unit 253 of the photodetector 220 in the sixth modification, the light beam 263 diffracted by the region 1132, and the other layer stray light 341 of the light beam 263. FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating a relationship among a portion 251, a light beam 261 diffracted by a region 1130 and a region 1135, and other layer stray light 342 and other layer stray light 343.

  The other layer stray light generated between the two information layers in the relationship of the minimum layer spacing generates other layer stray light having a radius R4min proportional to the minimum layer spacing d4min, but the light beam 263 is a light beam from the region 1132. Since it is a beam, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1132. This is stray light 341. FIG. 35B shows stray light from the near-side layer when focusing on the back-side layer of the information layer having the minimum layer interval. The stray light from the near-side layer becomes stray light that is focused deeper than the photodetector 220, so that the stray light is located in the direction in which the hologram element 1120 is mapped as it is.

  Further, since the light beam 264 is a light beam from the second main region 1134, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the second main region 1134. This is stray light 347.

  Similarly, since the light beam 261 is a light beam from the region 1130 and the region 1135, the shape of the stray light is similar to the light beam passing through the region 1130 and the region 1135. This is the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  On the other hand, FIG. 35C shows the stray light 344 from the back layer when the light beam 263 diffracted in the region 1132 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing. Since the stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused before the photodetector 220, the stray light is positioned in a direction in which the hologram element 1120 is inverted in a point-symmetric manner and mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 35C, the stray light 344 is positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 263 with respect to the stray light 341.

  In FIG. 35D, the stray light 345 and the stray light from the back layer when the light beam 261 diffracted in the region 1130 and the region 1135 is focused on the layer on the near side of the information layer with the minimum layer spacing are also shown. 346 is shown. The stray light from the back layer becomes stray light that is focused in front of the photodetector, so that the stray light is positioned in the direction in which the hologram element 1120 is inverted with respect to the point and is mapped. Therefore, as illustrated in FIG. 35D, the stray light 345 and the stray light 346 are positioned point-symmetrically with respect to the light beam 261 with respect to the stray light 342 and the stray light 343.

  Each of the light receiving portions 253 and 254 of the main region light receiving portion group 25b has the light of the third dividing line 1125 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is condensed. The projection line 341a projected on the detector 220 and the projection line 347a projected on the photodetector 220 of the fourth dividing line 1126 are arranged. Each of the light receiving portions 251 and 252 of the sub-region light receiving portion group 25a has a first dividing line 1121 in stray light from two information layers adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam of the plurality of information layers is collected. A projection line 342a projected onto the photodetector 220 at the (seventh dividing line 1121a) and a projection line 343a projected onto the photodetector 220 at the second dividing line 1122 (the ninth dividing line 1122a). Between.

  Thus, the first sub-region and the second sub-region may be divided by the central region, and the dividing lines that divide the first sub-region and the second sub-region may not be connected. The dividing lines 1121 to 1126 may not be perpendicular and parallel to the tangential direction of the track. The effect of the present invention can be obtained by disposing the light receiving portion of the photodetector between the projection positions of the dividing lines of the stray light with the thinnest layer spacing of the optical disc.

  The optical head device and the optical information device according to the present invention have a stable tracking control function and a function capable of realizing a low information error rate, and are useful as an external storage device of a computer. The present invention can also be applied to uses such as video recording devices and video playback devices such as DVD recorders, BD recorders, and HD-DVD recorders. Furthermore, it is also useful as a storage device such as a car navigation system, a portable music player, a digital still camera, and a digital video camera.

1 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of an optical head device according to Embodiment 1. FIG. (A) is a figure for demonstrating area division | segmentation of the hologram element shown in FIG. 1, (B) is a figure which shows the relationship between the aperture in a hologram element, and a light beam. FIG. 3 is a layout diagram of a light receiving unit of the photodetector in the first embodiment. (A) is a figure which shows the mode of the stray light which generate | occur | produces from another layer when a focused light is focused on a certain recording layer in the case where the recording layer of an optical disk is four layers, (B) It is a figure which shows the mode of the stray light which generate | occur | produces from another layer when the focus of a convergent light is focused on a certain recording layer in the case where there are two recording layers. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the conventional photodetector and the stray light of a four-layer optical disk. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the conventional photodetector and the other layer stray light generated between the two recording layers in the relationship of the minimum layer space | interval of a 4-layer optical disk. FIG. 5 is a diagram showing a relationship between the photodetector in the first embodiment and stray light of a four-layer optical disc. FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a relationship between the photodetector in the first embodiment and stray light with a minimum layer interval of a four-layer optical disc. 1 is a diagram illustrating an overall configuration of an optical disc drive that is an example of an optical information device according to Embodiment 1. FIG. FIG. 6 is a layout diagram of a light receiving unit of a photodetector in a second embodiment. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in Embodiment 2, and the stray light of a four-layer optical disk. FIG. 6 is a diagram illustrating a configuration of an optical head device according to a third embodiment. It is a figure which shows the area | region division of the polarization hologram shown in FIG. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing an arrangement of light receiving parts of a photodetector in a third embodiment. It is a figure which shows typically the mode of the laser beam which reflects by BD and reaches | attains a photodetector. It is a figure which shows typically the mode of the laser beam which reflects with DVD and reaches | attains a photodetector. It is a figure which shows typically the mode of the laser beam which reflects with CD and reaches | attains a photodetector. It is a figure which shows an example of the photodetector corresponding to three light sources. (A) is a figure which shows the hologram element in Embodiment 4, (B) is a layout of the light-receiving part of the photodetector in Embodiment 4. FIG. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in Embodiment 4, and the stray light of the minimum layer space | interval of a 4-layer optical disk. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing a configuration of an optical head device in a fifth embodiment. It is the figure which expanded the photodetector in Embodiment 5, and the prism as a branch element. (A) is a figure which shows the area division | segmentation of the hologram element in Embodiment 5, (B) is a figure for demonstrating arrangement | positioning of the light-receiving part of a photodetector and arrangement | positioning of a prism in Embodiment 5. FIG. It is. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing a configuration of an optical head device in a sixth embodiment. It is the figure which expanded the photodetector and prism in Embodiment 6. (A) is a figure which shows the area division | segmentation of the hologram element in Embodiment 6, (B) is a figure for demonstrating arrangement | positioning of the light-receiving part of a photodetector and arrangement | positioning of a prism in Embodiment 6. FIG. It is. FIG. 10 shows a configuration of an optical head device in a seventh embodiment. (A) is a figure which shows the area division | segmentation of the hologram element in Embodiment 7, (B) is a figure which shows arrangement | positioning of the light-receiving part of the photodetector in Embodiment 7. FIG. FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating a relationship between a photodetector in Embodiment 7 and stray light with a minimum layer interval of a four-layer optical disc. It is a figure which shows the 1st modification of the area | region division of a hologram element. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in a 2nd modification, and the stray light of the minimum layer space | interval of a 4-layer optical disk. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in a 3rd modification, and the stray light of the minimum layer space | interval of a 4-layer optical disk. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in a 4th modification, and the stray light of the minimum layer space | interval of a 4-layer optical disk. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in a 5th modification, and the stray light of the minimum layer space | interval of a 4-layer optical disk. It is a figure which shows the relationship between the photodetector in a 6th modification, and the stray light of the minimum layer space | interval of a four-layer optical disk. It is a figure which shows the structure of the conventional optical head apparatus. (A) is a figure for demonstrating area division | segmentation of the hologram element shown in FIG. 36, (B) is a figure which shows arrangement | positioning of the light-receiving part of the photodetector shown in FIG.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Optical head apparatus 25a Sub area light-receiving part group 25b Main area light-receiving part group 101 Semiconductor laser 102 Collimator lens 103 Beam splitter 104 Objective lens 107 Actuator 108 Hologram element 109 Detection lens 201 Optical disk 203 Hologram element 220 Photodetector 231 1st division | segmentation Line 232 Second dividing line 233 Fifth dividing line 234 Sixth dividing line 235 Third dividing line 236 Fourth dividing line 237 Apertures 240, 245 First sub-region 241, 246 Second sub-region 242 1st main area 243 Central area 244 2nd main area 250 4 division | segmentation light-receiving part 251,252,253,254 Light-receiving part 261,262,263,264 Light beam 341,342,343,344,345,346,347 Layer stray light 341a, 342a, 343a, 347a projection line

Claims (7)

  1. A light source that emits a light beam;
    A condensing optical system for condensing the light beam emitted from the light source as convergent light on an information recording medium having a track;
    A diffractive optical system that diffracts a part of the light beam reflected and diffracted from the information recording medium;
    A light detector that receives the light beam diffracted by the diffractive optical system and the light beam transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system;
    The diffractive optical system includes a first dividing line and a second dividing line extending in a first direction, and a third dividing line and a fourth dividing line extending in a second direction intersecting the first direction. Are divided into a plurality of regions, and regions outside the first dividing line and the second dividing line are defined as a first sub region and a second sub region, and the third dividing line and the fourth dividing region The area outside the dividing line is defined as a first main area and a second main area,
    The photodetector includes a zero-order light receiving unit group that receives a light beam transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and a light beam diffracted by the first main region and the second main region. A main region light receiving unit group for receiving light, and a sub region light receiving unit group for receiving a light beam diffracted by the first sub region and the second sub region,
    The information recording medium has three or more information layers,
    Each light-receiving part of the main region light-receiving part group includes at least two light-receiving parts, and the plurality of pieces of information in an extension direction of a tangent line of the third dividing line and the fourth dividing line of the diffractive optical system. The third dividing line and the fourth dividing line are projected onto the photodetector by stray light from an information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam is condensed. Placed between
    Each light receiving portion of the sub-region light receiving portion group includes at least two light receiving portions, and the plurality of pieces of information in an extension direction of a tangent line of the first dividing line and the second dividing line of the diffractive optical system. The first dividing line and the second dividing line are projected onto the photodetector by stray light from an information layer adjacent to the information layer on which the light beam is condensed. is disposed between,
    The second direction is a track tangential direction when the track of the information recording medium is projected onto the diffractive optical system according to the light beam,
    The first direction is a track crossing direction orthogonal to the track tangential direction when the track of the information recording medium is projected onto the diffractive optical system according to the light beam.
    The first main region and the second main region diffract an incident light beam in the track tangential direction,
    The first sub-region and the second sub-region diffract an incident light beam in the cross-track direction,
    The main region light receiving unit group is disposed away from the 0th order light receiving unit group in the track tangential direction,
    2. The optical head device according to claim 1, wherein the sub-region light receiving unit group is disposed apart from the 0th-order light receiving unit group in the track crossing direction .
  2. Wherein the two light receiving portions of the main area detection part group, said third dividing lines and light according to claim 1, wherein a is arranged in the extension direction of the tangent of the fourth division line Head device.
  3. Wherein the two light receiving portions of the sub-region detection part group includes light according to claim 1, wherein a is arranged in the tangential extension line direction of the first dividing line and the second dividing line Head device.
  4.   The diffractive optical system has a region surrounded by the first dividing line, the second dividing line, the third dividing line, and the fourth dividing line as a central region, and diffracted light in the central region 2. The optical head device according to claim 1, wherein the optical head device diffracts in a direction that bisects an angle formed by the main region light receiving unit group and the sub region light receiving unit group with respect to the optical axis.
  5.   The optical head device according to claim 1, wherein the diffractive optical system includes a light shielding unit that shields unnecessary other-layer stray light.
  6. The light source includes a first light source that emits a first light beam, a second light source that emits a second light beam having a wavelength longer than that of the first light beam, and a wavelength that is longer than that of the first light beam. And a third light source that emits a third light beam having a wavelength different from that of the second light beam,
    The zero-order light receiving unit group includes a first zero-order light receiving unit group that receives the first and second light beams transmitted without being diffracted by the diffractive optical system, and is not diffracted by the diffractive optical system. A second zero-order light receiving unit group that receives the third light beam transmitted through
    The main area light receiving unit group receives the first light beam diffracted by the first main area and the second main area,
    The sub-region light receiving unit group receives a first light beam diffracted by the first sub-region and the second sub-region,
    The second 0th order light receiving part group is disposed between the first 0th order light receiving part group and one of the main area light receiving part group and the sub area light receiving part group. 2. The optical head device according to claim 1, wherein:
  7. The optical head device according to any one of claims 1 to 6 , wherein information is read from an information recording medium and / or information is recorded on the information recording medium;
    A transfer unit for changing a relative position between the information recording medium and the optical head device;
    An optical information device comprising: a control circuit that controls the transfer unit and the optical head device.
JP2007259155A 2006-10-05 2007-10-02 Optical head device and optical information device Active JP5043581B2 (en)

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US9672860B2 (en) 2013-09-10 2017-06-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Recording/reproducing apparatus

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CN101630514B (en) * 2008-07-15 2012-03-21 索尼株式会社 Optical pickup and optical disk device
JP5255961B2 (en) * 2008-09-05 2013-08-07 株式会社日立メディアエレクトロニクス Optical pickup device and optical disk device
JP4784663B2 (en) * 2009-02-24 2011-10-05 ソニー株式会社 Optical pickup and optical disc apparatus
US8462596B2 (en) 2009-11-24 2013-06-11 Panasonic Corporation Optical pickup device and optical disc device
JP2012256394A (en) 2011-06-09 2012-12-27 Hitachi Media Electoronics Co Ltd Optical pickup device and optical disk drive
JP5562493B2 (en) * 2011-12-05 2014-07-30 三菱電機株式会社 Optical head device and optical disk device
WO2014203526A1 (en) * 2013-06-19 2014-12-24 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Optical information device and information processing device
JP5810300B2 (en) 2013-06-21 2015-11-11 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Optical disc information apparatus and information processing apparatus
JP6597779B2 (en) 2015-06-26 2019-10-30 ソニー株式会社 Optical disk device

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JP2004281026A (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-10-07 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Optical pickup head device, optical information device, and optical information reproducing method

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US9672860B2 (en) 2013-09-10 2017-06-06 Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba Recording/reproducing apparatus

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