JP5037832B2 - Display device - Google Patents

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JP5037832B2
JP5037832B2 JP2006041560A JP2006041560A JP5037832B2 JP 5037832 B2 JP5037832 B2 JP 5037832B2 JP 2006041560 A JP2006041560 A JP 2006041560A JP 2006041560 A JP2006041560 A JP 2006041560A JP 5037832 B2 JP5037832 B2 JP 5037832B2
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light emitting
potential
voltage
power supply
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JP2006259714A (en
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晋也 小野
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グローバル・オーエルイーディー・テクノロジー・リミテッド・ライアビリティ・カンパニーGlobal Oled Technology Llc.
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  The present invention relates to an active matrix display device that drives a light emitting element using a driver element for each pixel.

  An organic EL display device using an organic electroluminescence (EL) element that emits light by itself does not require a backlight necessary for a liquid crystal display device and is optimal for thinning the device, and there is no restriction on the viewing angle. It is expected to be put to practical use as a next generation display device. Note that an organic EL element used in an organic EL display device is different from a liquid crystal display device using a liquid crystal cell whose display is controlled by voltage in that the organic EL element is controlled by a current value at which the emission luminance flows.

  FIG. 7 shows a pixel circuit in a conventionally known active matrix organic EL display device. This pixel circuit includes an organic EL element 104 whose cathode side is connected to the negative power supply line 108, a driver element 102 whose source electrode is connected to the anode side of the organic EL element 104, and whose drain electrode is connected to the positive power supply line 107. The capacitance 103 connected between the gate electrode and the source electrode of the driver element 102, the source or drain electrode to the gate electrode of the driver element 102, the drain or source electrode to the signal line 105, and the gate electrode to scan And a switching element 101 connected to each of the lines 106. Here, the switching element 101 and the driver element 102 are thin film transistors (TFTs).

  The operation of the pixel circuit will be described below. First, it is assumed that a voltage larger than the threshold voltage of the driver element 102 is stably held by the capacitance 103 between the gate and source electrodes of the driver element 102. Therefore, the driver element 102 is on.

  In this state, the negative power supply line 108 is set to a level higher than the voltage GND of the positive power supply line 107. The driver element 102 is kept on, the potential of the anode electrode of the organic EL element 104 becomes the same potential as the potential GND of the positive power supply line 107, and a reverse bias voltage is applied to the organic EL element 104.

  Next, after the scanning line 106 is set to a high level and the switching element 101 is turned on, the potential of the signal line 105 is applied to the gate electrode of the driver element 102. The potential of this signal line is the same as the potential GND of the positive power supply line 107. Thereby, the potential of the anode electrode of the organic EL element 104 becomes lower than the gate potential GND of the driver element 102 according to the capacitance ratio of the electrostatic capacitance component of the organic EL element 104 and the electrostatic capacitance 103, and the driver element 102 is turned off. Become.

  Next, when the negative power supply line 108 is lowered to the same potential GND as that of the positive power supply line 107, the source of the driver element 12 is lowered according to the voltage drop of the negative power supply line, but the gate potential of the driver element 102 is GND. Is turned on. For this reason, a current is supplied from the positive power supply line 107 to the anode electrode of the organic EL element 104 through the driver element 102, and the potential of the anode electrode of the organic EL element 104 gradually increases between the gate electrode of the driver element 102 and the organic EL element 104. It continues to rise until the potential difference with the potential of the anode electrode becomes equal to the threshold voltage of the driver element 102.

  Thereafter, the potential of the scanning line 106 is set to a low level, and the threshold voltage of the driver element 102 can be held by the capacitance components of the capacitance 103 and the organic EL element 104 on the source electrode of the driver element 102.

  In this manner, the step of holding the threshold voltage Vt of the driver element 102 in the capacitance 103 is hereinafter referred to as “threshold voltage detection”.

  Next, the data voltage Vdata is supplied to the signal line 105, and when the scanning line 106 is set to the high level and the data voltage Vdata of the signal line 105 is applied to the gate electrode of the driver element 102, the capacitance 103 of the capacitance 103 is instantaneously applied. The source electrode of the driver element 102 changes depending on the capacitance ratio between the capacitance value Cs and the capacitance value Coled of the organic EL element 104, and the gate-source electrode potential of the driver element 102 is as follows.

  Vgs = {Cs / (Cs + Coled)} · Vdata + Vt (Formula 1)

  This potential difference Vgs is stably held by the capacitance 103. The process of adding the data voltages is hereinafter referred to as “writing”.

  When the negative power supply line 108 is lowered so that the potential difference between the positive power supply line 107 and the negative power supply line 108 becomes sufficiently larger than the threshold voltage of the organic EL element 104, the capacitance 103 is held in the above process. The driver element 102 controls the current flowing through the organic EL element 104 in accordance with the applied voltage, and the organic EL element 104 continues to emit light with a luminance corresponding to the current value.

  As described above, once the luminance information is written in the pixel circuit shown in FIG. 7, the organic EL element 104 continues to emit light at a constant luminance until the next writing state is canceled (for example, patents). Reference 1).

US2004 / 0174349A1 (2nd page, Fig. 1)

  However, when a data voltage is applied through the switching element 101 during the writing process, the driver element 102 is turned on at that moment as shown in Equation 1. Therefore, the threshold voltage of the driver element 102 held at the node between the capacitance 103 and the organic EL element 104 is likely to disappear, and the threshold voltage information is accurately superimposed as expressed by Equation 1. It is difficult. In particular, the threshold voltage disappears as the data voltage Vdata increases and as the writing time increases.

The present invention includes a light emitting element that emits light in response to a supplied current, a data writing unit that writes a signal voltage corresponding to the light emission luminance of the light emitting element, and the light emission in accordance with the signal voltage written by the data writing unit. In an active matrix display device comprising a current value control means for controlling a current value supplied to the element, and a power line for supplying current to the light emitting element, the data writing means has a potential corresponding to the light emission luminance. A signal line for supplying light, a signal line driving circuit for supplying a signal voltage corresponding to light emission luminance to the signal line, and writing of the signal voltage supplied via the signal line provided for each light emitting element. A switching element for controlling, a scanning line for controlling the switching element, and a scanning line driving circuit for controlling the scanning line. Has its drain electrode connected to a cathode electrode of the light emitting element, a source electrode connected to a negative power supply line, and the driver element for controlling the current flowing through the light emitting element in accordance with the written signal voltage by said data writing means A capacitance that is connected to a gate electrode of the driver element, and holds at least the written signal voltage and a driving threshold voltage of the driver element during a light emission period of the light emitting element, and the power source. Power line control means for controlling the voltage of the line and switching between a conductive state and a non-conductive state of the light emitting element, and the driving threshold voltage is a driving threshold voltage between the gate electrode and the drain electrode of the driver element , the power line control means, the potential of the scanning line the switching element becomes conductive, and the signal line Potential as the same potential as the potential of the negative power supply line, the driver device is turned off, in this state, the potential of the positive power supply line to a potential lower than the potential of the negative power supply line, the driver element the drain voltage is set to be lower than the value obtained by subtracting the threshold voltage of the driver element from its gate and source voltage, performs a threshold voltage detecting process of the driver element, then the data writing means sets the potential of the scan line so that the switching element is nonconducting, perform the step of writing the pixel signals to each pixel, then the power line control means of the positive power supply line The voltage is controlled, and the voltage applied to the light emitting element is set to be sufficiently larger than the threshold voltage of the light emitting element.

  According to the present invention, at least the signal voltage and the drive threshold voltage of the driver element are held by the capacitance for the gate electrode of the driver element. Therefore, when writing the signal voltage, it is possible to superimpose the pixel data signal on the threshold voltage without losing the threshold voltage of the driver element held in the capacitance.

  Hereinafter, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. However, the scope of the invention is not limited to the illustrated examples.

[First Embodiment]
FIG. 1 shows a circuit configuration of a display device to which the present invention is applied, and FIG. 2 shows a timing chart thereof.

  The display device includes a large number of pixels arranged in a matrix, and each pixel is provided with an organic EL light emitting element (OLED) that is a light emitting element and a circuit that controls light emission.

  The positive power supply circuit 4 outputs the positive power supply voltage VDD, switches the voltage Vp lower than the negative power supply voltage VSS at a predetermined timing, and supplies this to each pixel. The signal line driving circuit 2 supplies a signal voltage Vdata to be displayed for each pixel to each signal line 15 provided for each vertical line, and the scanning line driving circuit 3 supplies a driving signal for the scanning line 16 provided for each horizontal line. Supply. The negative power supply circuit 5 supplies each pixel with a negative power supply voltage VSS for causing a current to flow through the light emitting element.

  In each pixel circuit, a positive power supply line 17 is connected to the positive power supply circuit 4, and this positive power supply line 17 is connected to the anode electrode of the light emitting element 14 of each pixel circuit. A drain electrode of the n-type driver element 12 is connected to the cathode electrode of the light emitting element 14, and a source electrode of the driver element 12 is connected to the negative power supply line 18. A capacitance 13 is connected between the gate electrode and the drain electrode of the driver element 12.

  The source of the switching element 11 is connected to the gate electrode of the driver element 12, and the drain of the switching element 11 is connected to the signal line 15. A scanning line 16 is connected to the gate electrode of the switching element 11.

  Here, the switching element 11 employs an n-type TFT, but a p-type TFT can also be employed. When the type is changed, it is necessary to reverse the polarity of the signal supplied to the scanning line 16. The driver element 12 is an n-type TFT.

  The operation of the pixel circuit will be described with reference to the timing chart of FIG. 2 and FIG.

  First, it is assumed that (Vdata + Vt) is held on the gate electrode of the driver element 12 by the capacitance 13 in the previous frame. Vdata is luminance data regarding the light emission amount of the light emitting element 14 of the pixel, and Vt is a threshold voltage of the driver element 12 of the pixel.

  In this state, when the writing timing of the pixel (the horizontal line) is reached, the scanning line 16 is set to a potential at which the switching element 11 is conducted (in this example, H level). In addition, the potential of the signal line 15 is set to the same potential as the potential VSS of the negative power supply line 18, and the driver element 12 is turned off.

Next, the potential of the positive power supply line 17 is set to Vp lower than VSS as shown in FIG. If the voltage drop of the light emitting element 14 is Voled, the potential of the drain electrode of the driver element 12 should be VDD-Voled when the potential of the positive power supply line 17 is VDD, and the potential of the positive power supply line 17 is. Is changed from VDD to Vp, the difference is distributed between the capacitance component Coled of the light emitting element 14 and the capacitance component Cs of the capacitance 13. Therefore, the potential of the drain electrode of the instantaneous driver element 12 when the potential of the positive power supply line 17 becomes Vp is VDD−Voled + {Coled / (Cs + Coled)} (Vp−VDD). Here, when the maximum value of the threshold voltage range of the driver element 12 to be compensated is Vt (TFT) (> 0),
VSS-Vt (TFT)> = VDD-Voled
+ {Coled / (Cs + Coled)} (Vp−VDD) (Formula 2)
Vp is set so that That is, the drain voltage of the driver element 12 is set to be lower than the value obtained by subtracting Vt (TFT) from VSS as the gate and source voltage.

  Therefore, the threshold voltage detection step (1) of the driver element 12 is started from the moment when the positive power supply line 17 becomes Vp. As shown in FIG. 3-1-1, a current flows from the source to the drain of the driver element 12, and a potential of VSS-Vt is generated at the drain electrode of the driver element 12 (FIG. 3-1-2). This threshold voltage detection step (1) is performed for all pixels together.

  Next, the scanning line 16 is set so that the switching element 11 is in a non-conductive state (in this example, L level), and the pixel signal writing step (2) to each pixel is started. That is, after the potential of the signal line 15 is set to Vdata, the scanning line 16 is set again so that the switching element 11 becomes conductive, and the gate potential of the driver element 12 is set to Vdata (<VSS). As a result, the gate voltage of the driver element 12 changes from VSS to Vdata, the amount of change is distributed by the capacitance Cs of the electrostatic capacitance 13 and the capacitance Coled of the light emitting element 14, and the potential is VSS-Vt. The drain electrode of 12 becomes VSS-Vt + {Cs / (Cs + Coled)} (Vdata-VSS) (FIG. 3-2).

  Therefore, at this time, the capacitance 13 is charged by Vdata− (VSS−Vt + {Cs / (Cs + Coled)} (Vdata−VSS)).

  This writing step (2) is performed in a line sequential manner as shown in FIG. However, data writing may be performed simultaneously for one horizontal line, or data writing may be performed dot-sequentially.

  Next, the positive power supply line 17 is set to VDD so that the voltage applied to the light emitting element 14 is sufficiently larger than the threshold voltage of the light emitting element 14. As a result, the drain voltage of the driver element 12 becomes VDD-Voled. Therefore, the gate voltage of the driver element 12 is set to VDD−Voled, and the charging voltage Vdata− (VSS−Vt + {Cs / (Cs + Coled)} (Vdata−VSS)) = (1− {Cs / (Cs + Coled)). }) (Vdata−VSS) + Vt.

Therefore, at that time, the potential difference between the gate and source electrodes of the driver element 12 is Vgs = VDD−Voled−VSS.
+ (Vdata−VSS) {Coled / (Cs + Coled)} + Vt (Formula 3)
(FIG. 3-3).

Therefore, the current id flowing through the driver element 12 is
id = (β / 2) (Vgs−Vt) 2
= (Β / 2) (VDD-Voled-VSS
+ (Vdata−VSS) {Coled / (Cs + Coled)}) 2 (Formula 4)
become that way.

  This current id is supplied to the light emitting element 14. This id is independent of Vt, and thereby the threshold voltage of the light emitting driver element 12 of the light emitting element 14 is compensated.

  In particular, in the present embodiment, a capacitance is installed between the gate electrode and the drain electrode of the driver element 12 when the light emitting element 14 emits light, and the gate of the driver element 12 when the light emitting element 14 emits light. A threshold voltage between the drain electrodes is detected. Then, by using a voltage lower than the potential applied to the gate electrode of the driver element 12 at the time of detecting the threshold voltage as the pixel signal, the threshold value of the driver element 12 held in the capacitance 13 during the signal writing process. Luminance data Vdata can be superimposed on the gate of the driver element 12 without losing the voltage Vt.

[Second Embodiment]
FIG. 4 shows a circuit configuration of another display device to which the present invention is applied, and FIG. 5 shows a timing chart thereof.

  In this device, the light emitting element 24 whose cathode electrode is connected to the negative power source line 18, the drain electrode is the driver electrode 22 whose anode electrode and source electrode are connected to the positive power source line 17, and the driver element 22 The capacitance 23 connected between the gate electrode and the drain electrode, the source or drain electrode connected to the gate electrode of the driver element 22, the drain or source electrode connected to the signal line 15, and the gate electrode connected to the scanning line 26, respectively. Switching element 21. The switching element 21 is an n-type or p-type TFT, and the driver element 22 is a p-type TFT.

  The operation of the pixel circuit will be described with reference to the timing chart of FIG. 5 and FIG. It is assumed that (Vdata−Vt) is held by the capacitance 23 in the previous frame on the gate electrode of the driver element 22.

First, the scanning line 26 is set to a potential at which the switching element 21 conducts (H level in this example), the potential of the signal line is set to the same potential VDD as the positive power supply line 17, and the driver element 22 is turned off. Next, as shown in FIG. 6A, the potential of the negative power supply line 18 is set to Vp higher than VDD. The potential of the drain electrode of the instantaneous driver element 22 when the potential of the negative power supply line 18 becomes Vp is Voled + {Coled / (Cs + Coled)} (Vp−VSS). If the threshold voltage range of the driver element 12 to be compensated here is Vt (TFT) (<0),
VDD-Vt (TFT)
<= Voled + {Coled / (Cs + Coled)} (Vp-VDD) (Formula 5)
Vp is set so that

  The threshold voltage detection step (1) of the driver element 22 is started from the moment when the negative power supply line 18 becomes Vp. Then, a potential of VDD-Vt is generated at the drain electrode of the driver element 22 (FIG. 6-1-2).

  Next, the scanning line 16 is set so that the switching element 21 is in a non-conducting state (L level in this example), and the pixel signal writing step (2) to each pixel is started. After setting the potential of the signal line 15 to Vdata, the scanning line 16 is set again so that the switching element 21 becomes conductive (in this example, H level), and the gate potential of the driver element 22 is set to Vdata (> VDD). . As a result, the drain electrode of the driver element 22 becomes VDD + {Cs / (Cs + Coled)} (Vdata−VDD) −Vt (FIG. 6-2).

  Next, the negative power supply line 18 is set to VSS so that the voltage applied to the light emitting element 24 is sufficiently lower than the threshold voltage of the light emitting element 24, and the switching element 11 is turned off by the scanning line 16. As a result, the drain voltage of the driver element 12 becomes VSS + Voled, and therefore the gate voltage of the driver element 12 becomes Vss + Voled + (1− {Cs / (Cs + Coled)} (Vdata−VDD) + Vt.

Therefore, at that time, the potential difference between the source and gate electrodes of the driver element 22 is Vsg = VDD−Voled−VSS.
+ (Vdata−VDD) {Coled / (Cs + Coled)} − Vt (Formula 6)
(FIG. 6-3).

Therefore, the current flowing through the driver element 22 is
id = (β / 2) (Vsg + Vt) 2 = (β / 2) (VDD−Voled−VSS + (Vdata−VDD) {Coled / (Cs + Coled)}) 2 (Formula 7)
As described above, the threshold voltage of the driver element 22 is compensated.

It is a figure which shows the structure of Embodiment 1 of this invention. 3 is a timing chart of the first embodiment. It is a figure which shows the threshold voltage detection process (1) initial state of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of the threshold voltage detection process (1) terminal stage of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of the write-in process (2) of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of the light emission process (3) of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of Embodiment 2 of this invention. 6 is a timing chart of the second embodiment. It is a figure which shows the threshold voltage detection process (1) initial state of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of the threshold voltage detection process (1) terminal stage of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of the write-in process (2) of FIG. It is a figure which shows the state of the light emission process (3) of FIG. It is a figure which shows the structure of the conventional pixel circuit.

Explanation of symbols

  1 pixel circuit, 2 signal line driving circuit, 3 scanning line driving circuit, 4 positive power supply circuit, 5 negative power supply circuit, 11, 21, 101 switching element, 12, 22, 102 driver element, 13, 23, 103 static Electric capacity, 14, 24, 104 Light-emitting element, 15, 105 Signal line, 16, 26, 106 Scan line, 17, 107 Positive power supply line, 18, 108 Negative power supply line.

Claims (2)

  1. A light emitting element that emits light according to a supplied current;
    Data writing means for writing a signal voltage corresponding to the light emission luminance of the light emitting element;
    Current value control means for controlling a current value supplied to the light emitting element according to the signal voltage written by the data writing means;
    A power supply line for supplying current to the light emitting element;
    In an active matrix type display device comprising:
    The data writing means includes
    A signal line for supplying a potential corresponding to the emission luminance;
    A signal line driving circuit for supplying a signal voltage corresponding to light emission luminance to the signal line;
    A switching element which is provided for each light emitting element and controls writing of a signal voltage supplied via the signal line;
    A scanning line for controlling the switching element;
    A scanning line driving circuit for controlling the scanning line;
    With
    The current value control means includes
    A drain element connected to a cathode electrode of the light emitting element, a source electrode connected to a negative power supply line, and a driver element that controls a current value flowing through the light emitting element according to a signal voltage written by the data writing unit;
    A capacitance that is connected to a gate electrode of the driver element, and holds at least the written signal voltage and the drive threshold voltage of the driver element during the light emission period of the light emitting element.
    Power supply line control means for controlling the voltage of the power supply line and switching between a conductive state and a non-conductive state of the light emitting element,
    The drive threshold voltage is a drive threshold voltage between a gate electrode and a drain electrode of the driver element,
    The power line control means includes:
    The scanning line is set to a potential at which the switching element conducts, and the potential of the signal line is set to the same potential as the potential of the negative power supply line, so that the driver element is turned off. the by a lower potential than the potential of the negative power supply line, and set as the drain voltage of the driver element is lower than the value obtained by subtracting the threshold voltage of the driver element from its gate and source voltages, Performing a threshold voltage detection step of the driver element;
    Next, the data writing means sets the potential of the scanning line so that the switching element is in a non-conductive state, and executes a pixel signal writing process to each pixel,
    Next, the power supply line control means controls the voltage of the positive power supply line, and sets the voltage applied to the light emitting element to be sufficiently larger than the threshold voltage of the light emitting element. .
  2.   2. The display device according to claim 1, wherein the capacitance is such that a first electrode is connected to a gate electrode of the driver element, and a second electrode is connected to a drain electrode of the driver element.
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