JP5029512B2 - Base station apparatus, radio communication management apparatus, and radio communication system - Google Patents

Base station apparatus, radio communication management apparatus, and radio communication system Download PDF

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JP5029512B2
JP5029512B2 JP2008171764A JP2008171764A JP5029512B2 JP 5029512 B2 JP5029512 B2 JP 5029512B2 JP 2008171764 A JP2008171764 A JP 2008171764A JP 2008171764 A JP2008171764 A JP 2008171764A JP 5029512 B2 JP5029512 B2 JP 5029512B2
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base station
information
connection
wireless communication
unit
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JP2010016420A (en
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恵一 中津川
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富士通株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/08Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on quality criteria
    • H04W72/082Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on quality criteria using the level of interference
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W16/00Network planning, e.g. coverage or traffic planning tools; Network deployment, e.g. resource partitioning or cells structures
    • H04W16/02Resource partitioning among network components, e.g. reuse partitioning
    • H04W16/10Dynamic resource partitioning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/0406Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes
    • H04W72/0433Wireless resource allocation involving control information exchange between nodes between access point and access point controlling device
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W72/00Local resource management, e.g. wireless traffic scheduling or selection or allocation of wireless resources
    • H04W72/04Wireless resource allocation
    • H04W72/044Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on the type of the allocated resource
    • H04W72/0473Wireless resource allocation where an allocation plan is defined based on the type of the allocated resource the resource being transmission power
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/02Hierarchically pre-organised networks, e.g. paging networks, cellular networks, WLAN [Wireless Local Area Network] or WLL [Wireless Local Loop]
    • H04W84/04Large scale networks; Deep hierarchical networks
    • H04W84/042Public Land Mobile systems, e.g. cellular systems
    • H04W84/045Public Land Mobile systems, e.g. cellular systems using private Base Stations, e.g. femto Base Stations, home Node B

Description

The present invention relates to a base station apparatus , a radio communication management apparatus, and a radio communication system. For example, as an example of the base station apparatus, a femto base station that forms a femto cell can be given.

  In recent years, development of wireless communication systems that cover a wide area, such as cellular networks and WiMAX (IEEE 802.16), has been underway. In addition to the radio communication area of the base station (macro base station) of such a radio communication system, a system has been developed in which a femto cell (Femto Cell) that is a radio communication area narrower than the macro base station is provided. The femtocell system is a system for eliminating a radio wave insensitive area that occurs when only a macro base station is installed, or for expanding a wireless communication area. In the femtocell system, a small femto base station is installed in a building such as a subscriber's house or a building.

  Referring to FIG. 1, the macro base station BS is connected to a radio communication carrier network N4. A radio terminal (for example, a mobile terminal) MS1 in the radio communication area C0 of the macro base station BS can communicate with the macro base station BS using the radio R6. The wireless terminal MS1 can communicate with other wireless terminals and application servers via the wireless communication carrier network N4. In the radio communication system having the femtocell C1, the femto base station FBS is installed together with the macro base station BS. In FIG. 1, as an example, the femto base station FBS is installed in the radio communication area C0 of the macro base station BS. The femto base station FBS is connected to the wireless communication carrier network N4 via a network such as the Internet. The radio femto base station FBS has a lower transmission power and is less expensive than the macro base station BS, so that the subscriber can easily install it. For this reason, the subscriber can occupy the wireless area in the subscriber's home. Since the macro base station BS and the femto base station FBS use the same frequency and radio system, the radio terminal MS2 can communicate with the femto base station FBS using the radio R1.

Patent Document 1 discloses a technique for learning the characteristics of an interference wave for each radio channel between a base station and a radio terminal and allocating the channel. Patent Document 2 discloses a technique in which the initial value of the selection order varies depending on the number of handover failures in a system in which cellular radio channels are allocated in the selection order. In Patent Document 3, in a system having a macro base station and a micro base station arranged in a cell of the macro base station and having a communication speed higher than that of the macro base station, a higher speed communication is required. A technique for performing communication via the network is disclosed.
JP-A-9-224283 JP-A-8-251655 JP 2002-204470 A

  With reference to FIG. 2, the problem of the radio | wireless communications system which has a femtocell is demonstrated. In FIG. 2, the wireless terminal MS1 is a terminal of the owner who installed the femto base station FBS (that is, a terminal registered as usable), and the wireless terminal MS2 is another terminal (that is, a terminal that is not registered as usable). To do. By installing the femto base station FBS, the owner can connect to the radio communication carrier network N4 via the femto base station FBS even in a place where the radio waves of the macro base station BS do not reach. However, if radio waves leak from, for example, a subscriber's home, it interferes with the radio communication area of the macro base station BS, and the radio quality of the radio R6 that performs radio communication between the macro base station BS and another radio terminal MS2 deteriorates. End up. Further, for example, when the femto base station FBS is configured to connect only to the owner radio terminal MS1, the radio terminal MS2 requests connection using the radio R2 with the femto base station FBS, but the femto base station FBS is connected to the femto base station FBS. Rejected. In this way, an unnecessary operation of connection request and connection rejection is repeated between the femto base station FBS and the wireless terminal MS2.

  The present invention has been made in view of the above-described problems, and an object thereof is to suppress interference with the periphery of a femto base station.

  This base station apparatus calculates a connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal that can wirelessly communicate with another base station, and a frequency at which the connection determination unit calculates a frequency at which connection is not possible. A calculation unit, and a power changing unit that changes transmission power based on the frequency at which the connection is disabled. According to this base station apparatus, the radio communication area of the base station apparatus can be reduced to a range with less interference with other radio terminals by changing the transmission power based on the frequency at which connection is disabled.

  This base station apparatus calculates a connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal that can wirelessly communicate with another base station, and a frequency at which the connection determination unit calculates a frequency at which connection is not possible. A calculation unit, an information transmission unit that transmits information about the frequency that the connection is impossible to the wireless communication management device via a network, and information about an instruction that is generated by the wireless communication management device based on the information about the frequency that the connection is impossible An instruction receiving unit that receives via the network, and a power changing unit that changes transmission power based on the information related to the instruction.

  The wireless communication management device is a wireless communication management device connected to a base station device via a network, and the base station device responds to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal capable of wireless communication with another base station. An information receiving unit that receives information about the frequency determined to be non-connectable via the network, an instruction information generating unit that generates information about an instruction to change transmission power based on the information about the frequency of non-connectable, and the instruction An instruction transmission unit that transmits information on the information to the base station apparatus via the network.

  The wireless communication system is a wireless communication system including a base station device and a wireless communication management device connected to the base station device via a network, and the base station device wirelessly communicates with other base stations. A connection determination unit that determines whether connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a communicable wireless terminal, a frequency calculation unit that calculates the frequency at which the connection determination unit determines that connection is not possible, and information about the frequency at which connection is not possible The transmission power is changed based on the information transmission unit that transmits the information related to the instruction from the wireless communication management device, the instruction reception unit that receives the information related to the instruction via the network, and the information related to the instruction. The wireless communication management device is configured so that the base station device is not connected to the wireless terminal based on information on the frequency at which the connection is disabled. It comprises instruction information generating unit that generates information on instruction to change the transmission power to perform communication. According to this wireless communication system, the management apparatus determines transmission power, so that transmission power can be determined in consideration of information of other base station apparatuses.

  The base station apparatus includes a connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal that can wirelessly communicate with another base station, and the wireless terminal that is not connectable to the connection request. A notification unit that notifies the connection request, an instruction reception unit that receives information related to the instruction generated based on the frequency at which connection is not possible in response to the connection request from the management apparatus via the network, and changes transmission power based on the information related to the instruction A power changing unit.

The base station apparatus with respect to the connection request of the wireless communication from another base station device capable of wireless communication with the wireless terminal, the other base station apparatus connected not information of the other is information about that was not connected An information receiving unit that receives identification information for identifying a base station device, and an information transmission unit that transmits the connection disabling information and the identification information to the wireless communication management device via a network.

  The radio communication management apparatus is a radio communication management apparatus connected to the first and second base station apparatuses via a network, and the first base station apparatus connects to a radio communication connection request from a radio terminal. An information receiving unit that receives connection disabling information that is information regarding disabling and identification information that identifies the first base station device from the second base station device via the network, the connection disabling information, and the connection information From the identification information, an instruction information generating unit that calculates a frequency at which the first base station apparatus cannot connect, and generates information related to an instruction to change the transmission power of the first base station apparatus based on the frequency; An instruction transmission unit configured to transmit information regarding the instruction to the first base station apparatus.

  The wireless communication system is a wireless communication system comprising first and second base station devices, and a wireless communication management device connected to the second base station device via a network, wherein the first base station The apparatus notifies the wireless terminal of a connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from the wireless terminal, and identification information indicating that the connection is not possible and identifies itself in response to the connection request. A notification unit; an instruction receiving unit that receives information related to an instruction from a management device via the network; and a power change unit that changes transmission power based on the information related to the instruction. Information reception for receiving, from the wireless terminal, connection disable information that is information related to connection failure of the first base station device and identification information for identifying the first base station device. And an information transmission unit that transmits the connection impossibility information and the identification information to the wireless communication management device via the network, and the wireless communication management device includes the connection disabling information and the identification information. An instruction information generation unit that calculates a frequency at which the first base station apparatus cannot connect and generates information related to an instruction to change the transmission power of the first base station apparatus based on the frequency. According to this wireless communication system, the connection impossible information is collected by the management device, the frequency at which the management device makes the connection impossible is calculated, and the transmission power is determined. Thereby, the base station apparatus does not need to calculate the frequency at which connection is impossible.

  According to the base station apparatus, the radio terminal, the radio communication management apparatus, and the radio communication system, by changing the transmission power based on the frequency at which connection is impossible, the radio communication area of the base station apparatus interferes with other radio terminals. The range can be made small.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.

  FIG. 3 is a diagram illustrating an overview of the wireless communication system according to the first embodiment. Referring to FIG. 3, the femto base station FBS is installed in the radio communication area of the macro base station BS (another base station), and the radio communication area is narrower than the macro base station BS. The radio terminals MS1 and MS2 can communicate with the macro base station BS using the radio R6. The radio terminal MS1 is a radio terminal registered in the femto base station FBS and capable of radio communication with the femto base station FBS. On the other hand, the radio terminal MS2 is a radio terminal that is not registered in the femto base station FBS and cannot communicate with the femto base station FBS. The wireless terminal MS2 requests the femto base station FBS for wireless communication connection. However, since the radio terminal MS2 is not a terminal registered as connectable, the femto base station FBS rejects the connection. The femto base station FBS holds information indicating that connection is not possible, and reduces the transmission power when the frequency of connection failure is high. Thereby, the range of femtocell C1 'becomes small. Therefore, interference between the femto base station FBS and the other radio terminal MS2 is reduced.

  Details of the first embodiment will be described below. FIG. 4 is a functional block diagram of the base station apparatus 10 included in the femto base station FBS according to the first embodiment. Referring to FIG. 4, the base station apparatus 10 includes an antenna 12. The antenna 12 transmits and receives radio waves to and from the wireless terminal. A radio interface (IF) 14 for transmitting and receiving is connected to the antenna 12. For example, in the case of a base station apparatus used in a WiMAX network, the wireless interface 14 conforms to the IEEE 802.16 standard, and transmits a wireless frame by OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) or OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access).

  The network interface (IF) 16 receives DL (Down Link) packets (packets for wireless terminals) from the network N2, and transmits UL (Up Link) packets (packets for wireless communication carrier networks). The packet identification / buffer 26 identifies a packet in units of wireless terminals and connections, and temporarily stores the identified packet in a buffer as an SDU (Service Data Unit). The scheduler 20 checks the packet stored in the buffer and performs slot allocation in the DL subframe. That is, transmission slots are assigned to SDUs waiting to be transmitted. For example, in the case of WiMAX, MAP information is created as a result of transmission slot allocation. A PDU (Protocol Data Unit) generation unit 24 converts the SDU assigned to the transmission slot into a PDU. Thereby, a MAC (Media Access Control) header and a CRC (Cyclic Redundancy Check) code are added. The transmission processing unit 22 performs PDU encoding, modulation, and radio frame generation. The processed radio signal is transmitted from the radio interface 14 to the radio terminal via the antenna 12.

  The UL radio signal received by the radio interface 14 is input to the reception processing unit 30. The reception processing unit 30 extracts, demodulates, and combines received frames with respect to the radio signal. The identification unit 32 distributes control messages and user data. The SDU reproduction unit 34 converts user data from PDU to SDU. Thereby, defragmentation, depacking, MAC header and CRC code are removed from the PDU. The network interface 16 transmits the SDU to the network N2.

  The connection determination unit 44 determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from the wireless terminal 50 from the control message distributed by the identification unit 32. The holding unit 48 holds information regarding connection failure. The frequency calculation unit 46 calculates the frequency at which the connection determination unit 44 cannot connect. The interference detection unit 47 detects whether the wireless terminal is causing interference. The power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power transmitted from the wireless interface 14 to the wireless terminal. The quality detection unit 42 detects the quality (communication quality) of the wireless communication state with the wireless terminal 50.

  FIG. 5 is a functional block diagram of radio terminals 50a and 50, which are radio terminals MS1 and MS2, respectively. Referring to FIG. 5, the radio terminal 50 includes an antenna 52, a radio interface 54, an application 56, a scheduler 60, a transmission processing unit 62, a PDU generation unit 64, a transmission data buffer 66, a reception processing unit 70, an identification unit 72, and SDU reproduction. A portion 74 is provided. The application 56 performs applications such as a telephone function and a communication function in the wireless terminal 50. The operation of each component at the time of data transmission and data reception from the application 56 is the same as the operation of the corresponding component of the base station apparatus 10 in FIG. The quality measuring unit 92 measures communication quality. The information transmission unit 90 transmits information on the communication quality obtained from the quality measurement unit 92 to the base station apparatus 10.

  FIG. 6 is a sequence diagram of the wireless communication system according to the first embodiment. The wireless terminal 50 is not registered in the base station device 10. Referring to FIG. 6, the wireless terminal 50 and the base station apparatus 10 perform initial setting (step S10). For example, in the case of WiMAX, initialization is performed in accordance with IEEE 802.16 as follows. First, the base station apparatus 10 transmits information such as a preamble, DL-MAP, and UL-MAP broadcast to the radio terminal 50. The radio terminal 50 transmits an initial ranging code to the base station apparatus 10 using the ranging area in the UL subframe. The base station apparatus 10 assigns a UL slot for receiving the ranging request in step S12. The result is transmitted to the radio terminal 50 by CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) allocation IE in UL-MAP. This completes the initial setting.

  The radio terminal 50 transmits a connection request to the base station device 10 (step S12). For example, the radio terminal 50 transmits a ranging request message to the base station apparatus 10 using the UL slot allocated to the CDMA allocation IE. In response to the connection request, the base station device 10 determines whether or not the wireless terminal 50 is registered (step S20). The base station device 10 transmits connection permission / prohibition information indicating that connection is not possible to the wireless terminal 50 (step S30). For example, the base station apparatus 10 transmits a ranging response message in which the ranging status is set to 2 to the wireless terminal 50 as a ranging failure.

  The base station apparatus 10 detects that interference has occurred (step S40). The presence / absence of interference detection is determined based on the frequency at which the base station apparatus 10 cannot connect. The base station apparatus 10 changes the transmission power to the radio terminal 50 (step S50).

  FIG. 7 is a flowchart showing an operation performed by the base station apparatus 10. Referring to FIG. 7, in step S20 of FIG. 6, the connection determination unit 44 performs identification within the control message (step S22). The connection determination unit 44 extracts the identifier of the wireless terminal 50 (Step S24). For example, the MAC address of the wireless terminal 50 included in the ranging request is extracted. The connection determination unit 44 refers to the wireless terminal registration information stored in the holding unit 48 (step S26). The connection determination unit 44 determines whether the wireless terminal 50 is a registered terminal (step S28). That is, it is determined whether the registration information of the wireless terminal 50 is registered in the holding unit 48.

  In the case of Yes in step S28, the connection determination unit 44 transmits connection permission to the wireless terminal 50 (step S32). Then exit. In the case of No in step S28, the connection determination unit 44 transmits a connection failure to the wireless terminal 50 (step S30).

  In step S40 of FIG. 6, the frequency calculation unit 46 counts the number of times that the connection determination unit 44 has made connection impossible, and calculates the frequency at which connection is not possible (step S42). For example, the frequency calculation unit 46 can set the frequency at which connection is impossible during a certain period (for example, 1 hour, 1 day, or 1 week) as the frequency at which connection is not possible. That is, the frequency that the connection is disabled within a predetermined period can be set as the frequency. The interference detection unit 47 determines whether the frequency at which connection is impossible is equal to or higher than a predetermined threshold (step S44). In No, the interference detection part 47 complete | finishes, without detecting the interference by transmission of the base station apparatus 10. FIG. In the case of Yes, the interference detection unit 47 detects interference due to transmission of the base station device 10. The power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power to the wireless terminal 50 (step S50). For example, the power changing unit 40 can set the transmission power at a predetermined level, and can decrease the level of the transmission power by one step every step S50. In consideration of the frequency of connection failure, for example, when the frequency is larger, the transmission power can be changed so that the transmission power becomes smaller. As described above, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power to be smaller when the frequency is large.

  Next, an operation for changing the transmission power based on the quality (communication quality) of the wireless communication state will be described. FIG. 8 is a sequence diagram of the wireless communication system according to the first embodiment. The wireless terminal 50 a is registered in the base station device 10. Referring to FIG. 8, the radio terminal 50 connects to the base station apparatus 10 (step S58). The connection method between the radio terminal 50a and the base station apparatus 10 is the same as steps S10 to S20 in FIG. 6 and steps S22 to S28 in FIG. Since the radio terminal 50a is registered in the base station apparatus 10, it is determined Yes in step S28 of FIG. 7, and the base station apparatus 10 transmits a connection permission to the radio terminal 50a (step S32). For example, the ranging status 3 of the ranging response is set to success.

  With reference to FIG. 8, the base station apparatus 10 requests | requires the notification of communication quality to the radio | wireless terminal 50a arbitrarily or periodically (step S14). For example, the base station apparatus 10 transmits a radio channel quality report request that is communication quality. For example, in WiMAX, CQICH that is a feedback channel for periodically transmitting the wireless channel quality from the wireless terminal 50a to the base station apparatus 10 can be set. When CQICH is set, it is not necessary to request a report every time. The quality measuring unit 92 of the wireless terminal 50a measures the communication quality. The radio terminal 50a notifies the communication quality to the base station device 10 (step S16). For example, the radio terminal 50 a transmits a report response message to the base station apparatus 10. Communication quality refers to, for example, received radio wave intensity (RSSI) or signal-to-noise ratio (SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio), SINR (Signal to Interference plus Noise Ratio) of radio waves received by the radio terminal 50. Or it can be CINR (Carrier to Interference plus Noise Ratio). The base station device 10 detects a decrease in communication quality (step S60). When detecting a decrease in communication quality, the base station apparatus 10 changes the transmission power to the radio terminal 50a (step S55).

FIG. 9 is a flowchart showing operations performed by the base station apparatus 10. Referring to FIG. 9, in step S60 of FIG. 8, the identification unit 32 of the base station apparatus 10 identifies a message (step S62). The identification unit 32 extracts information related to communication quality and outputs the information to the quality detection unit 42 (step S64). The quality detection unit 42 determines whether the communication quality is equal to or lower than a predetermined threshold (step S66). If no, the process ends. In the case of Yes, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power to the wireless terminal 50 (step S55). As in step S50 of FIG. 7, the transmission power can be changed by setting the transmission power to a predetermined level and increasing the transmission power level by one step each time step S55 is performed. Further, in consideration of the degree of communication quality degradation, for example, when the communication quality degradation is larger, it is possible to perform control for increasing transmission power. Thus, the power changing unit 40 greatly changes the transmission power when the communication quality deteriorates.

  According to the first embodiment, with reference to FIG. 7, the connection determination unit 44 determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from the wireless terminal 50 as in step S <b> 28. As in step S <b> 42, the frequency calculation unit 46 calculates the frequency at which the connection determination unit 44 has made connection impossible. As in steps S44 and S50, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power for performing wireless communication with the wireless terminal 50 based on the frequency at which connection is not possible. In this way, by changing the transmission power based on the frequency at which connection is impossible, the communication area of the base station device 10 can be set to a range where there is little interference with other wireless terminals. In the first embodiment, control is performed to reduce the transmission power when the frequency of connection failure is high. For example, control to increase transmission power may be added when the frequency of connection failure is low.

  In addition, referring to FIG. 9, as in step S66, the quality detection unit 42 detects the quality of the wireless communication state and determines whether the quality is degraded. As in step S55, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power based on the quality of the wireless communication state. As described above, by changing the transmission power based on the quality of the wireless communication state, the communication area of the base station apparatus 10 can be set within a range in which the communication quality is ensured. In the first embodiment, control is performed to increase the transmission power when the communication quality is lowered. For example, control to decrease the transmission power may be added when the communication quality is improved.

  Furthermore, by repeating control to reduce transmission power due to an increase in the frequency of connection failure with unregistered wireless terminals 50, and control to increase transmission power due to deterioration in communication quality with registered wireless terminals 50a. The communication area of the base station device 10 can be set to an appropriate size. Since the base station apparatus 10 does not transmit / receive information to / from the management apparatus or the like, the communication area of the base station apparatus 10 can be autonomously set to an appropriate size.

  Example 2 is an example in which a radio communication management apparatus connected to a radio communication carrier network determines transmission power of a base station apparatus. FIG. 10 is a diagram illustrating an overview of the wireless communication system according to the second embodiment. Referring to FIG. 10, when the frequency of connection failure is high, the femto base station FBS notifies the radio communication management device 80 that the frequency of connection failure is high (step S70). The management device 80 determines the transmission power of the base station device 10 and instructs the base station device 10 (step S72). The base station apparatus 10 changes the transmission power in response to an instruction from the management apparatus 80. Thereby, the range of femtocell C1 'becomes small. Therefore, interference between the femto base station FBS and the other radio terminal MS2 is reduced.

  Details of the second embodiment will be described below. FIG. 11 is a functional block diagram of the base station device 10a included in the femto base station according to the second embodiment. Referring to FIG. 11, the information transmission unit 49 indicates that the information indicating the interference detection detected by the interference detection unit 47 (information regarding the frequency at which connection is not possible) and the quality deterioration detected by the quality detection unit 42 are detected. Information (information relating to the quality of the wireless communication state) is output to the management device 80 via the network IF 16 and the network N2. The instruction receiving unit 38 receives information related to the instruction generated by the management device 80 via the network N2 and the network IF 16. Other configurations are the same as those of the first embodiment shown in FIG.

  FIG. 12 is a functional block diagram of the management device 80 according to the second embodiment. The network IF 82 is connected to the network N2 via the wireless communication carrier network N4, and inputs / outputs information from the base station apparatus 10. The information receiving unit 84 receives information about the frequency at which connection is not possible from the base station device 10 via the network N2. The instruction information generation unit 86 determines transmission power based on the information regarding the frequency of connection failure and the information of the holding unit 112, and generates information (instruction information) regarding an instruction for causing the base station apparatus 10a to change the transmission power. The holding unit 112 holds information such as the position of each femto base station or macro base station. The instruction transmission unit 88 transmits instruction information for changing the transmission power to the base station apparatus 10 via the network N2.

  FIG. 13 is a sequence diagram of the wireless communication system according to the second embodiment. Here, the wireless terminal 50 is a wireless terminal that is not registered in the base station apparatus 10a. Referring to FIG. 13, steps S10 to S40 are the same as those in FIG. When the base station device 10a detects interference in step S40, the base station device 10a notifies the management device 80 of interference detection (step S70). Referring to FIG. 13, the management device 80 determines transmission power based on a notification of interference detection (that is, information regarding the frequency at which connection is not possible) (step S80). The management device 80 transmits instruction information for changing the transmission power to the base station device 10 (step S72). Based on the instruction information, the base station device 10a changes the transmission power output to the radio terminal 50 (step S50).

  FIG. 14 is a flowchart showing operations performed by the base station apparatus 10a. Referring to FIG. 14, steps S22 to S44 are the same as those in FIG. Referring to FIG. 14, in the case of Yes in step S44, the information transmission unit 49 transmits information indicating that interference with another wireless terminal 50 is detected to the management apparatus 80 via the network N2 (step S70). . The instruction receiving unit 38 of the base station apparatus 10a receives instruction information from the management apparatus 80 via the network N2 (step S72). The power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power output to the wireless terminal 50 based on the instruction information (step S50). finish.

  FIG. 15 is a flowchart showing operations performed by the management device 80. In step S80 of FIG. 13, the information receiving unit 84 of the management device 80 receives information indicating that interference has been detected from the base station device 10a via the network N2 (step S70). The instruction information generation unit 86 generates instruction information for changing the transmission power at which the base station device 10a performs wireless communication with the wireless terminal 50 based on information indicating that interference has been detected, that is, information on the frequency at which connection is not possible. (Step S85). The instruction information generation unit 86 can generate instruction information for changing the transmission power, similar to the power changing unit 40 in step S50 of FIG. In addition, the instruction information generation unit 86 can generate instruction information based on the information on the positions of the macro base station and the femto base station held in the holding unit 112 and the information on the current transmission power. For example, from the distance between the macro base station BS and the femto base station FBS, the magnitude of the transmission power of the macro base station BS, and the magnitude of the transmission power of the femto base station FBS, the femto base station FBS (that is, the base station apparatus 10) is optimal. Transmission power can be determined. The instruction transmission unit 88 transmits the instruction information to the base station device 10a via the network N2 (step S72). Then exit.

  Next, an operation for changing transmission power based on communication quality will be described. FIG. 16 is a sequence diagram of the wireless communication system according to the second embodiment. Here, the wireless terminal 50 is a terminal registered in the base station apparatus 10. Referring to FIG. 16, steps S58, S14, S16 and S60 are the same as those in FIG. When the base station apparatus 10a detects a decrease in communication quality, the base station apparatus 10a notifies the management apparatus 80 of the decrease in communication quality via the network N2 (step S74). The management device 80 determines the transmission power based on the notification of the detection of the deterioration in communication quality (that is, information related to the quality of wireless communication) (step S85). The management device 80 transmits the instruction information to the base station device 10a via the network N2 (Step S76). Based on the instruction information, the base station device 10a changes the transmission power output to the radio terminal 50 (step S55).

FIG. 17 is a flowchart showing operations performed by the base station apparatus 10a. Referring to FIG. 17, steps S62 to S66 are the same as those in FIG. In step S66, when the quality detection unit 42 detects a decrease in communication quality, the information transmission unit 49 notifies the management device 80 of a decrease in communication quality (step S74). The information receiving unit 84 of the management device 80 receives information indicating that a decrease in communication quality has been detected from the base station device 10a. The instruction information generation unit 86 of the management device 80 is information (instruction information) related to an instruction to change the transmission power at which the base station device 10a performs wireless communication with the wireless terminal 50 based on information indicating that a decrease in communication quality has been detected. Is generated (step S85 in FIG. 16). Here, the instruction information generation unit 86 can generate instruction information for changing the transmission power, similarly to the power changing unit 40 in step S55 of FIG. In addition, the instruction information generation unit 86 can generate instruction information based on the information on the positions of the macro base station and the femto base station held in the holding unit 112 and the information on the current transmission power. The instruction transmission unit 88 of the management apparatus 80 transmits instruction information to the base station apparatus 10a. The instruction receiving unit 38 receives instruction information from the management device 80 via the network N2 (step S76). The power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power output to the wireless terminal 50 based on the instruction information (step S55). Then exit.

  According to the second embodiment, as in step S70 of FIG. 14, the information transmission unit 49 of the base station apparatus 10a transmits information regarding the frequency at which connection is disabled to the management apparatus 80 via the network N2. As in step S85 of FIG. 15, the instruction information generation unit 86 of the wireless communication management device 80 generates information regarding an instruction to change transmission power based on information regarding the frequency at which connection is not possible. As in step S72 of FIG. 14, the instruction receiving unit 38 of the base station apparatus 10a receives information related to the instruction from the management apparatus 80 via the network N2. As in step S50, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power based on the information related to the instruction.

  Thereby, when the management apparatus 80 determines transmission power, the transmission power can be determined in consideration of configuration information of the wireless communication carrier network (information on other macro base stations, femto base stations, and the like).

  Also, as in step S72 of FIG. 16, the information transmission unit 49 of the base station device 10a transmits information regarding the quality of the communication state to the management device 80 via the network N2. As in step S85, the instruction information generation unit 86 of the management device 80 generates information regarding an instruction to change transmission power based on the information regarding quality. As in step S76, the instruction receiving unit 38 of the base station apparatus 10a receives information related to the instruction from the management apparatus 80 via the network N2. As in step S55, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power based on the information related to the instruction.

  As described above, also when the transmission power is changed based on the communication quality information, the management device 80 can determine the transmission power.

  In addition, in step S70 of FIG. 13, the base station apparatus 10a transmits to the management apparatus 80 information indicating that interference has been detected as information regarding the frequency at which connection is disabled. You may send it. In this case, the management device 80 may detect interference.

  The third embodiment is an example having a plurality of base station apparatuses. FIG. 18 is a diagram illustrating an overview of the wireless communication system according to the third embodiment. Referring to FIG. 18, the radio terminal MS2 is not registered in the first femto base station FBS1, but is registered in the second femto base station FBS2. When the wireless terminal MS2 makes a connection request to the first femto base station FB1 and cannot be connected, the information is reported to the second femto base station FBS2 via the wireless R4. The second femto base station FBS2 transmits to the management device 80b via the network N2 that the first femto base station FBS1 has refused the connection (step S96). When the frequency at which the first femto base station FBS1 cannot be connected increases, the management device 80b determines to change the transmission power of the first femto base station FBS1, and instructs the first femto base station FBS1 (step S72). The first femto base station FBS1 changes the transmission power according to an instruction from the management device 80b. Thereby, the range of femtocell C1 'becomes small. Therefore, the interference between the first femto base station FBS1 and the other radio terminal MS2 is reduced.

  Details of the third embodiment will be described below. FIG. 19 is a functional block diagram of the first base station device 10b of the third embodiment. Referring to FIG. 19, the information transmission unit 49 outputs connection permission information and identification information to the scheduler 20. Other configurations are the same as those of the second embodiment shown in FIG.

  FIG. 20 is a functional block diagram of the wireless terminal 50b according to the third embodiment. Referring to FIG. 20, the quality measuring unit 92 measures communication quality. When the connection control unit 94 receives a notification that connection is not possible from the first base station device 10b, the connection control unit 94 causes the holding unit 96 to store identification information for recognizing the first base station device 10b. The information transmission unit 90 transmits information related to communication quality obtained from the quality measurement unit 92 and identification information for identifying the first base station device 10b obtained from the connection control unit 94 to the second base station device 10c. Other configurations are the same as those of the first embodiment shown in FIG.

  FIG. 21 is a functional block diagram of the second base station device 10c of the third embodiment. Referring to FIG. 21, the information control unit 102 acquires connection impossibility information and identification information from the wireless terminal 50 b and causes the holding unit 104 to hold the information. The information transmission unit 100 transmits the connection disabling information and the identification information to the management device 80b via the network N2. Other configurations are the same as those of the second embodiment shown in FIG.

  FIG. 22 is a functional block diagram of the management device 80b according to the third embodiment. Referring to FIG. 22, interference detection section 110 detects interference between first base station apparatus 10b and radio terminal 50b from the connection disable information and identification information received by information reception section 84 from second base station apparatus 80c. The holding unit 112 stores connection impossible information and identification information in association with each other. Other configurations are the same as those of the second embodiment shown in FIG.

  FIG. 23 is a sequence diagram of the wireless communication system according to the third embodiment. Here, the radio terminal 50b is a terminal that is not registered in the first base station apparatus 10b. Referring to FIG. 23, Step S10 to Step S30 are the same as FIG. 13 of the second embodiment. When the wireless terminal 50b receives the connection permission notification indicating that the connection is not possible, the wireless terminal 50b holds the identifier of the base station that is determined to be unable to connect (step S90).

  When the wireless terminal 50b enters the wireless communication area of the second base station device 10c, the wireless terminal 50b tries to connect to the second base station device 10c (steps S10b to S20b). The details are the same as steps S10 to S20, and a description thereof will be omitted. Since the wireless terminal 50b is registered in the second base station device 10c, the second base station device 10c transmits a connectable / not-connectable notification to the wireless terminal 50b (step S32b). The wireless terminal 50b connects to the second base station device 10c connection impossible information indicating that the connection with the first base station device 10b is not connectable, and identification information for identifying the base station device that cannot be connected. Are transmitted (step S94). The second base station device 10c transmits to the management device 80b that the first base station device 10b is not connectable (step S96b). The management device 80b determines the transmission power of the first base station device 10b based on the connection impossibility information (step S100). The management device 80b transmits to the first base station device 10b the instruction information related to the transmission power change instruction (step S72). The first base station device 10b changes the transmission power based on the management device 80b (step S50).

  FIG. 24 is a flowchart showing the operation of the first base station apparatus 10b. Referring to FIG. 24, steps S22 to S32 are the same as those in FIG. In step S30, the information transmission unit 49 transmits to the wireless terminal 50b that connection is not possible in response to the connection request from the wireless terminal 50b. After step S30 and step S32, the instruction receiving unit 38 receives instruction information from the management device 80b (step S72). The power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power based on the instruction information (step S50).

  FIG. 25 is a flowchart showing the operation of the wireless terminal 50b. Referring to FIG. 25, the transmission processing unit 62 transmits a connection request to the first base station apparatus 10b, similarly to step S10 of FIG. 6 of the first embodiment (step S12). The reception processing unit 70 receives a connection permission notification from the first base station device 10b (step S32). The connection control unit 94 determines whether or not connection is possible (step S33). If the connection is continued, the process returns to step S12. When connection is impossible, that is, when connection with the first base station apparatus 10b is attempted, the holding unit 96 holds connection impossible information and base station identification information (step S90). When connection is possible, that is, when connection with the second base station device 10c is attempted, the connection control unit 94 determines whether the holding unit 96 has identification information of the base station that is not connectable (step S93). . If no, the process ends. In the case of Yes, the information transmission part 90 transmits connection impossible information and identification information to the 2nd base station apparatus 10c (step S94). finish. For example, in the case of WiMAX, the identification information can be the BSID of the first base station apparatus 10b. When the connection request to the first base station apparatus 10b and the connection impossible information are received a plurality of times, the holding unit 96 may store the number of times connection is not possible as the connection impossible information.

  FIG. 26 is a flowchart showing the operation of the second base station apparatus 10c. Steps S22 to S32 are the same as those in FIG. 14 of the second embodiment, and a description thereof will be omitted. In the case of No in step S28, connection failure is transmitted to the wireless terminal 50b (step S30). Then exit. In the case of Yes in step S28, connection permission is transmitted to the wireless terminal 50b (step S32). Thereafter, the information control unit 102 receives connection disable information and identification information from the wireless terminal 50b (step S94). The information transmission unit 100 transmits connection impossible information and identification information to the management device 80b via the network N2 (step S96).

  FIG. 27 is a flowchart showing the operation of the management device 80b. The information receiving unit 84 receives connection impossibility information and identification information from the second base station apparatus 10c via the network N2 (step S74). The interference detection unit 110 calculates the frequency at which the first base station apparatus 10b cannot connect from the connection disabling information and the identification information, and the past connection disabling information and the identification information held by the holding unit 112 (Step 1). S102). The holding unit 112 also stores connection disable information of the first base station device 10b received from a base station device other than the second base station device 10c, for example. Therefore, the interference detection unit 110 can calculate the frequency at which the first base station device 10b cannot connect by adding the connection disable information received from other than the second base station device 10c. The interference detection unit 110 determines whether the frequency at which connection is impossible is equal to or higher than a predetermined threshold (step S104). If no, then end.

  In the case of Yes, the instruction information generation unit 86 generates instruction information regarding an instruction to change transmission power (step S106). The instruction information generation unit 86 can determine the transmission power from the position information of the first base station device 10b, the second base station device 10c, and the macro base station and information related to the magnitude of the transmission power, as in the second embodiment. . For example, when the first base station apparatus 10b and the second base station apparatus 10c are installed close to each other, the radio terminal 50b is likely to interfere with the first base station apparatus 10b. Therefore, the transmission power of the first base station apparatus 10b can be further reduced. Further, when the first base station apparatus 10b and the second base station apparatus 10c are separated from each other, but there is a lot of interference between the radio terminal 50b and the first base station apparatus 10b, the first base station apparatus 10b It is also conceivable that the transmission power of is too large. Therefore, the transmission power of the first base station apparatus 10b can be further reduced. Furthermore, when the frequency of the connection failure of the first base station device 10b is high and the base station devices that transmitted the connection failure information are diversified, the transmission power of the first base station device 10b may be very large. Therefore, the transmission power of the first base station apparatus 10b can be sufficiently reduced. The instruction transmitting unit 88 transmits instruction information to the first base station apparatus 10b via the network N2 (step S108).

  According to the third embodiment, as shown in step S30 of FIG. 24, the connection determination unit 44 of the first base station device 10b is identification information indicating that the connection is not possible in response to the connection request of the wireless terminal 50b and the self identification. Are transmitted to the wireless terminal 50b. As in steps S33 and S90 of FIG. 25, the holding unit 96 holds identification information for identifying the first base station device 10b when connection is not possible in response to the connection request. As in steps S93 and S94, the transmission processing unit 62 of the wireless terminal 50b transmits the connection disable information and the identification information to the second base station apparatus 10c. As in step S96 of FIG. 26, the information transmission unit 100 of the second base station device 10c transmits connection impossibility information and identification information to the management device 80b via the network N2. In steps S104 and S106 in FIG. 27, the instruction information generation unit 86 of the management device 80b calculates the frequency at which the first base station device 10b cannot connect from the connection disabling information and the identification information, and based on this frequency, The first base station apparatus 10b generates instruction information regarding an instruction to change the transmission power for performing wireless communication with the wireless terminal 50b. In step S50 of FIG. 24, the power changing unit 40 changes the transmission power based on the information related to the instruction.

  Thereby, in the third embodiment, the management device 80 collects the connection impossibility information, calculates the frequency at which the management device 80 makes the connection impossible, and determines the transmission power. Therefore, each femto base station does not have to calculate the frequency at which connection is impossible. Further, the management device 80b can set a threshold value for determining the frequency at which connection is impossible. Therefore, when the transmission power is determined, the intention of the radio carrier can be reflected more.

  Note that the information transmission unit 90 of the wireless terminal 50b may transmit information related to communication quality from the first base station device 10b measured by the quality measurement unit 92 to the second base station device 10c. Moreover, the information transmission part 100 of the 2nd base station apparatus 10c may transmit the information regarding this communication quality to the management apparatus 80b. Similarly to the second embodiment, the instruction information generation unit 86 of the management device 80b may generate the instruction to change the transmission power based on information related to communication quality.

  Although the embodiments of the present invention have been described in detail above, the present invention is not limited to such specific embodiments, and various modifications and changes can be made within the scope of the gist of the present invention described in the claims. It can be changed.

FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram illustrating a femtocell. FIG. 2 is a diagram for explaining the problem of the femtocell. FIG. 3 is a configuration diagram of the radio communication system according to the first embodiment. FIG. 4 is a functional block diagram of the base station apparatus according to the first embodiment. FIG. 5 is a functional block diagram of the wireless terminal according to the first embodiment. FIG. 6 is a sequence diagram (part 1) of the wireless communication system according to the first embodiment. FIG. 7 is a flowchart (part 1) illustrating the operation of the base station apparatus according to the first embodiment. FIG. 8 is a sequence diagram (part 2) of the wireless communication system according to the first embodiment. FIG. 9 is a flowchart (part 2) illustrating the operation of the base station apparatus according to the first embodiment. FIG. 10 is a configuration diagram of a radio communication system according to the second embodiment. FIG. 11 is a functional block diagram of the base station apparatus according to the second embodiment. FIG. 12 is a functional block diagram of the management apparatus according to the second embodiment. FIG. 13 is a sequence diagram (part 1) of the wireless communication system according to the second embodiment. FIG. 14 is a flowchart (part 1) illustrating the operation of the base station apparatus according to the second embodiment. FIG. 15 is a flowchart illustrating the operation of the management apparatus according to the second embodiment. FIG. 16 is a sequence diagram (part 2) of the wireless communication system according to the second embodiment. FIG. 17 is a flowchart (part 2) illustrating the operation of the base station apparatus according to the second embodiment. FIG. 18 is a configuration diagram of a wireless communication system according to the third embodiment. FIG. 19 is a functional block diagram of the first base station apparatus according to the third embodiment. FIG. 20 is a functional block diagram of the wireless terminal according to the third embodiment. FIG. 21 is a functional block diagram of the second base station apparatus according to the third embodiment. FIG. 22 is a functional block diagram of the management apparatus according to the third embodiment. FIG. 23 is a sequence diagram of the wireless communication system according to the third embodiment. FIG. 24 is a flowchart illustrating the operation of the first base station apparatus according to the third embodiment. FIG. 25 is a flowchart illustrating the operation of the wireless terminal according to the third embodiment. FIG. 26 is a flowchart illustrating the operation of the second base station apparatus according to the third embodiment. FIG. 27 is a flowchart illustrating the operation of the base station apparatus according to the third embodiment.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 10 Base station apparatus 10b 1st base station apparatus 10c 2nd base station apparatus 38 Instruction receiving part 40 Power change part 42 Quality detection part 44 Connection determination part 46 Frequency calculation part 47 Interference examination part 48 Holding part 49 Information transmission part 50 Wireless terminal 80 Management Device 84 Information Receiving Unit 86 Instruction Information Generating Unit 88 Instruction Transmitting Unit 90 Information Transmitting Unit 92 Quality Measuring Unit 94 Connection Control Unit 96 Holding Unit 100 Information Transmitting Unit 102 Information Control Unit 104 Holding Unit 110 Interference Detection Unit

Claims (10)

  1. A connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal capable of wireless communication with another base station;
    A frequency calculation unit for calculating a frequency at which the connection determination unit determines that connection is impossible;
    And a power changing unit that changes transmission power based on the frequency at which the connection is disabled.
  2. Comprising a quality detection unit for detecting the quality of the wireless communication state with the wireless terminal;
    The base station apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the power change unit changes the transmission power based on quality of the wireless communication state.
  3. A connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal capable of wireless communication with another base station;
    A frequency calculation unit for calculating a frequency at which the connection determination unit determines that connection is impossible;
    An information transmission unit that transmits information regarding the frequency of the connection failure to the wireless communication management device via a network;
    An instruction receiving unit for receiving, via the network, information relating to an instruction generated by the wireless communication management device based on information relating to the frequency of the connection being impossible;
    A base station apparatus, comprising: a power changing unit that changes transmission power based on information related to the instruction.
  4. Comprising a quality detection unit for detecting the quality of the wireless communication state with the wireless terminal;
    The information transmission unit transmits information on the quality of the communication state to the wireless communication management device via a network,
    The base station apparatus according to claim 3, wherein the instruction receiving unit receives information on an instruction generated by a management apparatus based on information on the quality of the communication state via the network.
  5. A wireless communication management device connected to a base station device via a network,
    An information receiving unit that receives, via the network, information related to a frequency at which the base station device determines that connection is not possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal capable of wireless communication with another base station;
    An instruction information generating unit that generates information about an instruction to change transmission power based on the information about the frequency that the connection is impossible;
    An instruction transmission unit for transmitting information on the instruction to the base station device via the network;
    A wireless communication management device comprising:
  6. A wireless communication system comprising a base station device and a wireless communication management device connected to the base station device via a network,
    The base station device calculates a connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal that can wirelessly communicate with another base station, and a frequency at which the connection determination unit calculates a frequency at which connection is not possible. A calculation unit; an information transmission unit that transmits information about the frequency of the connection failure to the wireless communication management device via the network; and an instruction reception unit that receives information about an instruction from the wireless communication management device via the network A power changing unit that changes transmission power based on the information related to the instruction,
    The wireless communication management device includes an instruction information generation unit that generates information related to an instruction to change the transmission power for the wireless terminal to perform wireless communication on the wireless terminal, based on information regarding the frequency at which the connection is disabled. A wireless communication system.
  7. A connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal capable of wireless communication with another base station;
    A notification unit for notifying the wireless terminal that connection is not possible in response to the connection request;
    An instruction receiving unit that receives information about an instruction generated based on a frequency at which connection is not possible in response to the connection request from the management apparatus via a network;
    A base station apparatus, comprising: a power changing unit that changes transmission power based on information related to the instruction.
  8. To the connection request of the wireless communication from another base station device capable of wireless communication with the wireless terminal, identifying the other base station apparatus unconnectable information and another base station device is information about that was not connected An information receiving unit for receiving identification information;
    A base station apparatus comprising: an information transmission unit configured to transmit the connection disabling information and the identification information to the wireless communication management apparatus via a network.
  9. A wireless communication management device connected to the first and second base station devices via a network,
    In response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal, connection disable information, which is information relating to the connection failure of the first base station device, and identification information for identifying the first base station device are used as the second base. An information receiving unit for receiving from a station device via the network;
    Based on the connection disable information and the identification information, a frequency at which the first base station device makes connection impossible is calculated, and information on an instruction to change the transmission power of the first base station device is generated based on the frequency. An instruction information generation unit;
    An instruction transmission unit for transmitting information on the instruction to the first base station apparatus;
    A wireless communication management device comprising:
  10. A wireless communication system comprising first and second base station devices, and a wireless communication management device connected to the second base station device via a network,
    The first base station device includes a connection determination unit that determines whether or not connection is possible in response to a wireless communication connection request from a wireless terminal, and identification information that indicates that the connection is not possible and identifies itself in response to the connection request. A notification unit for notifying a wireless terminal, an instruction receiving unit for receiving information about an instruction from a management device via the network, and a power changing unit for changing transmission power based on the information about the instruction.
    The second base station apparatus receives connection disable information, which is information relating to the fact that the first base station apparatus cannot connect to a connection request, and identification information for identifying the first base station apparatus from the wireless terminal. An information receiving unit, and an information transmitting unit that transmits the connection impossibility information and the identification information to the wireless communication management device via the network,
    The wireless communication management device calculates a frequency at which the first base station device cannot connect from the connection disabling information and the identification information, and changes the transmission power of the first base station device based on the frequency A wireless communication system comprising an instruction information generation unit that generates information regarding an instruction to be performed.
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US20090196266A1 (en) * 2008-02-01 2009-08-06 Nokia Corporation Method and apparatuses for mobile communication

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