JP5016967B2 - Power converter and power cycle life prediction method - Google Patents

Power converter and power cycle life prediction method Download PDF

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JP5016967B2
JP5016967B2 JP2007111192A JP2007111192A JP5016967B2 JP 5016967 B2 JP5016967 B2 JP 5016967B2 JP 2007111192 A JP2007111192 A JP 2007111192A JP 2007111192 A JP2007111192 A JP 2007111192A JP 5016967 B2 JP5016967 B2 JP 5016967B2
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power
temperature
power semiconductor
cycle life
operation
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JP2008271703A (en
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亀澤友哉
井堀敏
平賀正宏
広田雅之
毛江鳴
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株式会社日立産機システム
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02MAPPARATUS FOR CONVERSION BETWEEN AC AND AC, BETWEEN AC AND DC, OR BETWEEN DC AND DC, AND FOR USE WITH MAINS OR SIMILAR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS; CONVERSION OF DC OR AC INPUT POWER INTO SURGE OUTPUT POWER; CONTROL OR REGULATION THEREOF
    • H02M5/00Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases
    • H02M5/40Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc
    • H02M5/42Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters
    • H02M5/44Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac
    • H02M5/443Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a thyratron or thyristor type requiring extinguishing means
    • H02M5/45Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a thyratron or thyristor type requiring extinguishing means using semiconductor devices only
    • H02M5/451Conversion of ac power input into ac power output, e.g. for change of voltage, for change of frequency, for change of number of phases with intermediate conversion into dc by static converters using discharge tubes or semiconductor devices to convert the intermediate dc into ac using devices of a thyratron or thyristor type requiring extinguishing means using semiconductor devices only with automatic control of output voltage or frequency

Description

  The present invention relates to a power conversion device and a power cycle life prediction method.

  Inverters, which are power conversion devices, are widely used as speed control devices for electric motors in industry and home appliances. Since a large loss occurs in the power semiconductor in the power converter, a structure for cooling the heat generated by this loss is employed. That is, a cooling fin and a cooling fan are provided, heat from a power semiconductor as a heating element is conducted to the cooling fin, air is sent to the cooling fin by the cooling fan, heat is exchanged, and heat is radiated by an air cooling method.

  In applications that frequently start and stop such as elevators and commercial washing machines (coin laundry), the junction temperature Tj of the chip inside the power semiconductor that generates large losses is in a high temperature state (the junction temperature of the silicon chip rises during device operation) → The intermediate temperature state (when the device is stopped, the silicon chip junction temperature is reduced) → High temperature state (when the device is in operation, the silicon chip junction temperature is increased), the so-called power cycle is repeated, and the above power is used with a well-known power cycle life. A phenomenon occurs in which a semiconductor undergoes thermal fatigue failure.

  Since power semiconductors are made of materials with different thermal expansion coefficients (silicon chips, copper thermal diffusion plates, plastic cases, silicon gel, etc.), aluminum bonding wires can be peeled off due to thermal stress caused by repeated thermal expansion and contraction. Solder cracks occur and eventually the power semiconductor is destroyed. This phenomenon is called power cycle.

  In Patent Document 1, the junction temperature of the power semiconductor is estimated based on the current and the temperature of the cooling fin, the degree of fatigue of the power semiconductor is estimated using this estimated value and the power semiconductor operation history calculation means, and the fatigue estimated value is predetermined. It is disclosed that the lifetime is displayed when the value of is exceeded.

  In Patent Document 2, the junction temperature of the power semiconductor is estimated from the current, voltage, and cooling fin temperature, the degree of fatigue of the power semiconductor is estimated from the estimated value, and the fatigue estimated value exceeds a predetermined value. Disclosing power semiconductors is disclosed.

  In Patent Document 3, the junction temperature difference of the power element during operation and stop of the inverter device is input and set, the degree of fatigue of the power semiconductor is estimated from the power cycle life curve, and the fatigue estimated value is a predetermined value. It is disclosed that the power semiconductor is turned off when exceeded.

Patent Document 4 discloses that a junction temperature difference of a power semiconductor is estimated from an output frequency command value and an output current value, and a remaining rate of the power cycle life of the power semiconductor is displayed from a power cycle life curve.

  By estimating the junction temperature of the power semiconductor in this way, the degree of fatigue of the power semiconductor is estimated to estimate the life of the power semiconductor component.

JP-A-3-261877 JP-A-7-135931 JP-A-8-51768 JP 2006-254574 A JP 2005-354812 A

  In applications that frequently start and stop such as elevators and commercial washing machines (coin laundry), the junction temperature Tj of the chip inside the power semiconductor that generates large losses is in a high temperature state (the junction temperature of the silicon chip rises during device operation) → The intermediate temperature state (when the device is stopped, the silicon chip junction temperature is reduced) → High temperature state (when the device is in operation, the silicon chip junction temperature is increased), the so-called power cycle is repeated, and the above power is used with a well-known power cycle life. A phenomenon occurs in which a semiconductor undergoes thermal fatigue failure.

  Especially in applications such as elevators, if the power semiconductor breaks down due to thermal fatigue due to the power cycle life and the power converter breaks down, the elevator may not operate. Depending on the application, the power cycle life time of the power semiconductor can be diagnosed. Is desired.

  The patent document discloses that the life of a component can be estimated by estimating the degree of fatigue of the power semiconductor by estimating the junction temperature of the power semiconductor.

  However, it is a system that warns of fatigue of power semiconductors after two or three years of operation of the equipment, and is a method that can be understood immediately before the fatigue breakdown of power semiconductors, which is an emergency. In other words, the fatigue life of the power semiconductor cannot be estimated from the actual operation pattern status during the trial operation of equipment introduction, and the usability from the equipment side has not been considered.

  This invention is made | formed in view of the said subject, and aims at providing the power converter device which aimed at the improvement of the usability from the installation side. It is another object of the present invention to provide a power cycle life prediction method that improves usability from the equipment side.

  In order to achieve the above object, a specific aspect of the power conversion device of the present invention includes a power conversion circuit that supplies AC power having a variable voltage and a variable frequency, and a detection circuit that detects the temperature of a power semiconductor in the power conversion circuit. And an arithmetic unit for diagnosing the power cycle life of the power semiconductor based on the detection value of the detection circuit.

Moreover, in the above power conversion device, a more preferable aspect is as follows.
(1) The arithmetic device calculates a power cycle life of the power semiconductor based on a maximum temperature rise value in an operation pattern of starting and stopping of the power converter.
(2) The detection circuit is provided in the power semiconductor, and a power cycle life of the power semiconductor is calculated using a temperature detection signal from a temperature detection element provided in the power semiconductor module.
(3) A cooling fin including the power semiconductor is provided, and a power cycle life of the power semiconductor is calculated using a temperature detection signal from a temperature detection element provided on the cooling fin.
(4) In the above (2) and (3), the temperature detection element in the temperature detection circuit is composed of a thermistor having a resistance value proportional to the temperature.
(5) A display unit is provided for displaying the power cycle life years based on the temperature detected by the detection circuit.
(6) If the display is provided with a display unit, the temperature difference at the time of calculating the power cycle life is displayed on the display unit.
(7) The apparatus having the display unit as described in (5) and (6) further includes an operation panel for setting the operating condition of the power converter, and the display unit is provided on the operation panel What is being done.
(8) If the operation panel is provided, a test operation mode can be selected from the operation panel as an operation condition of the power converter.
(9) When the test operation mode is selected, the operation conditions of the power conversion device are “the number of repeated start / stops per unit time”, “the daily operation time”, and “the annual operation days”. Can be set from the operation panel.

  In addition, a specific aspect of the power cycle life prediction method for achieving the above object is a power cycle life prediction for diagnosing a power cycle life of a power semiconductor provided in a power conversion circuit that supplies AC power of variable voltage and variable frequency. In the method, the temperature of the power semiconductor is detected, and the power cycle life of the power semiconductor is calculated based on the detected maximum temperature rise value of the power semiconductor.

  ADVANTAGE OF THE INVENTION According to this invention, the power converter device and the power cycle lifetime prediction method which aimed at the improvement of the usability from the equipment side can be provided.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1: shows the main circuit block diagram of the power converter device which concerns on the Example based on this invention. The power conversion circuit of the present embodiment includes a forward converter 1 that rectifies an alternating voltage of an alternating current power source and converts it into a direct current voltage, a smoothing capacitor 2 that smoothes the direct current voltage of the forward converter 1, and a forward converter 1. And an inverse converter 3 for converting the DC voltage into an AC voltage, and outputs AC power of variable voltage and variable frequency to the AC motor 4.

  Various control data of the power conversion device of the present embodiment can be set and changed by the digital operation panel 8, and the digital operation panel 8 is provided with a display unit so that an abnormal display can be performed. .

  The power semiconductor modules in the forward converter 1 and the reverse converter 3 are mounted on cooling fins, which will be described later, and are cooled by the cooling fan 6 by an air cooling method. These specific configurations will be described later. The temperature detector 7 is mounted on the cooling fin and detects the heating of the power semiconductor module in the forward converter 1 and the reverse converter 3.

  A temperature detector 11 is provided inside the power semiconductor module, and this temperature detector 11 is provided in the vicinity of the silicon chip. As these temperature detectors 7 and 11, a thermistor whose resistance value varies with temperature is suitable. The thermistor may have a characteristic in which the resistance value increases with an increase in temperature, or may have a characteristic in which the resistance value decreases with an increase in temperature.

  A switching element which is a power semiconductor used in the reverse converter 3 is controlled by a control circuit 5 on which a microcomputer is mounted, and this control circuit 5 functions to control the entire power conversion apparatus. Specifically, it is configured such that necessary control processing can be performed according to various control data input from the digital operation panel 8. A portion denoted by reference numeral 12 is a driver circuit that drives the switching element of the inverter 3.

  FIG. 2 is an example of a main circuit component layout diagram. A composite module 13, which is a collective power semiconductor in which the forward converter 1, the reverse converter 3, and the temperature sensor 7 are mounted in one module, is mounted on the cooling fin 14, and the cooling fan 6 ( The dotted line portion in the figure is a structure attached to the upper surface of the cooling fin.

  Since the composite module 13 configured as a collective power semiconductor generates a large loss, heat generated by the loss is conducted to the cooling fin 14 and the cooling fan 6 cools the cooling fin 14. The cooling fan 6 can protect the composite module 13 that is a collective power semiconductor from overheating due to a temperature rise.

  Here, when the ambient temperature of the power converter is abnormally high, the intake air temperature of the cooling fan that sucks the ambient temperature becomes high, the cooling effect is reduced, and the temperature detected by the temperature detector 7 is preset. When the temperature becomes higher than the temperature, the power converter can be stopped and the temperature overheating of the power semiconductor can be displayed.

  However, in applications such as elevators and commercial washing machines (coin laundry) that are frequently started and stopped, the junction temperature Tj of the chip inside the power semiconductor, which generates a large loss, is in a high temperature state (the junction temperature of the silicon chip during device operation). Is increased) → intermediate temperature state (junction temperature of the silicon chip is lowered when the apparatus is stopped) → high temperature state (junction temperature of the silicon chip is increased when the apparatus is operating) is repeated. The repetition of these causes a phenomenon that the power semiconductor breaks down due to thermal fatigue in the power cycle life, although the power semiconductor does not reach temperature overheating.

  In applications such as elevators, if the power semiconductor breaks down due to thermal fatigue due to the power cycle life and the power converter breaks down, the elevator will not operate, so depending on the application, it is desirable to be able to diagnose the power cycle life of the power semiconductor. It is.

  The content disclosed in the patent document is a method of estimating the power cycle life of the power semiconductor from the junction temperature, and depending on the operation cycle, it is conceivable that a life warning is issued in nearly one year after the operation of the equipment. In other words, there is a problem in which it is not possible to predict how many years after the facility will be used. Whether or not thermal fatigue failure due to power cycle life will occur in a relatively short period of time after equipment operation cannot be predicted during trial operation.

  In this case, the power semiconductor life warning is issued, so the facility stoppage is avoided, but even if the life warning is issued, if thermal fatigue failure occurs due to the power cycle life in just one year after operation, there is a problem as equipment. Therefore, there is a problem that the possibility that the capacity selection of the power conversion device is wrong cannot be verified in advance during the facility trial operation.

  FIG. 3 is an example of an operation pattern in an elevator application that frequently starts and stops. The detected temperature of the fin is the detected temperature of the temperature detector 7 mounted on the cooling fin in FIG. The elevator starts and stops when it reaches the designated floor. At this time, the chip junction temperature Tj inside the power semiconductor 9 that generates a large loss in the power conversion device is in a high temperature state (when the device is in operation, the silicon chip Junction temperature rises) → intermediate temperature state (silicon chip junction temperature decreases when the apparatus is stopped) → high temperature state (silicon chip junction temperature increases during apparatus operation).

  In an operation pattern in which start / stop is frequently repeated, the internal chip temperature of the power semiconductor 9 is made to repeat a so-called power cycle.

  In this case, naturally, the temperature Tc of the cooling fin that cools the power semiconductor by conducting heat from the power semiconductor, which is a heating element, to the cooling fin also rises and falls with a certain correlation with the chip junction temperature Tj. If the temperature detected by the temperature detector 7 on the cooling fin 14 installed in the vicinity of the power semiconductor 9 in this operation pattern is monitored, the number of power cycle lifetimes in the operation pattern can be predicted.

  Of course, it is also possible to estimate the chip junction temperature Tj from the temperature Tc on the cooling fin by the following equation and predict the number of power cycle lifetimes from this junction temperature Tj, and the intended purpose of this embodiment is not changed. .

Tj = Tc + Rjc * Pl
Here, Rjc is a thermal resistance value between the junction and the case, and Pl is a loss of the power semiconductor 9 in the operation pattern of the power converter. This loss Pl is generally expressed by the following equation.

Pl = Pon + Poff + Psat
Here, Pon is an on loss when the power semiconductor 9 shifts from the off state to the on state, Poff is an off loss when the power semiconductor 9 shifts from the on state to the off state, and Psat is a steady loss.

  Since it is quite troublesome to detect and calculate the loss Pl of the power semiconductor 9 with high accuracy, a method using the detected temperature Tc of the cooling fin will be described here.

  FIG. 4 is a power cycle life curve of the power semiconductor 9. It is important that this lifetime curve is unique to the power semiconductor and is uniquely determined not by the ambient temperature of the power semiconductor but by the temperature rise value of the power semiconductor.

  That is, if the rise value of the case temperature is determined, the cycle life number can be easily read from the power cycle life curve.

  For example, when obtaining the cycle life number at the maximum temperature rise value ΔTc2 of the case temperature, the solution is the cycle life number Nc2 corresponding to the intersection A of ΔTc2 and the cycle life curve from FIG.

  Actually assigning a numerical value to quantitatively determine the cycle life number Nc2.

It is necessary to obtain the elevator operation pattern cycle at the maximum temperature rise value ΔTc2 of the case temperature. Here, the operation pattern is repeated at a frequency of once every 15 seconds (corresponding to Δt2 in FIG. 3), and under the operation condition of operating for 10 hours a day, the annual operation pattern cycle number X is
X = 60/15 * 60 * 10 * 365 = 876,000 starts / stops per year.
here,
・ 60/15: Elevator operation / stop count per minute ・ 60/15 * 60: Elevator operation / stop count per hour ・ 60/15 * 60 * 10: Elevator operation / stop count per day This condition Assuming that the power cycle life number Nc2 at the maximum temperature rise value ΔTc2 of the case temperature is 1,000,000 times (intersection A in FIG. 4), the power cycle life year Y of the power semiconductor 9 under this operation pattern condition is
Y = 1000000/876000 = 1.1 years.

  In other words, if the operation pattern is operated, the power semiconductor 9 will be thermally fatigued and the elevator equipment will be stopped in just over a year after the elevator operation.

  The content disclosed in the patent document is a method of estimating the power cycle life of the power semiconductor from the junction temperature, and depending on the operation cycle, it is conceivable that a life warning is issued in nearly one year after the operation of the equipment. In other words, there is a problem that cannot be predicted at the time of facility trial operation as to how many years it will last after operation of the facility. Whether or not thermal fatigue failure due to power cycle life will occur in a relatively short period of time after equipment operation cannot be predicted during trial operation.

  In this case, the power semiconductor life warning is issued, so the facility stoppage is avoided, but even if the life warning is issued, the life warning is due to thermal fatigue failure due to the power cycle life only after 1 year of operation. Since it can be understood from the signal or the like, there is a problem as a facility, and there is a problem that the possibility that the capacity selection of the power converter is wrong cannot be verified in advance during the facility trial operation.

  FIG. 5 is an embodiment related to a method for predicting and predicting the time of thermal fatigue due to the power cycle life of the power semiconductor in the power conversion device in view of the above problem at the time of facility trial operation.

The elements necessary for obtaining the power cycle life years are specifically the following requirements. (1) A temperature detection circuit 17 for detecting the maximum temperature rise difference of the power semiconductor from the start / stop of the equipment operation pattern to the next start is provided.
(2) Providing storage means (for example, nonvolatile memory 16) for storing the power cycle life curve of the power semiconductor.
(3) Provide an operation panel that can set the number M of repetitions per unit time in the operation mode selection and equipment operation pattern.
(4) Means for calculating the power cycle life years Y from the maximum temperature rise difference of the power semiconductor and the stored power cycle life curve data when the repetition number M per unit time is set from the operation panel (for example, the microcomputer 15) To provide.
(5) An operation panel provided with a display unit for displaying the calculation power cycle life years is provided.

  FIG. 6 is a flowchart of this embodiment for the above-mentioned requirements.

  In applications such as elevators that are frequently started and stopped, the trial operation mode is selected with the digital operation panel 8 mounted on the power converter during the trial operation of the equipment, and the start / repetition is repeated within the trial operation unit time provided in the trial operation mode column. The number M of times of stoppage, the daily operating hours H, and the annual operating days D are input. In the trial operation mode, a plurality of representative operation patterns may be stored in the storage means in advance, and may be appropriately selected from these. The display unit displays the representative operation pattern, and the setter displays the displayed operation. M, H, and D may be set by increasing / decreasing the pattern.

  Start test run and repeat start / stop. At this time, the signal of the temperature detector 7 mounted in the vicinity of the power semiconductor is transmitted to the microcomputer 15 through the temperature detection circuit 17.

  The temperature detector 7 is a thermistor. The temperature characteristics of the thermistor in this case will be described by taking as an example the case where the resistance value decreases with increasing temperature.

The resistance value RT of the thermistor at the temperature T is expressed by the following equation.
RT = R25 * exp [B * {1 / (T + 273) -1 / (T25 + 273)}] -------------- (1)
here,
R25: Thermistor resistance at 25 ° C T25: Temperature 25 ° C (T25 = 25)
B: Constant When the temperature of the thermistor rises, the resistance value RT of the thermistor decreases, and the input voltage at the analog port terminal AD of the microcomputer 15 increases due to the voltage dividing resistor R1 mounted in the temperature detection circuit 17. In accordance with this voltage value, the microcomputer calculates the temperature T from the equation (1) in real time.

  Alternatively, since the equation (1) is complicated to calculate, data indicating the correlation between the input voltage of the analog port terminal AD proportional to the resistance value of the thermistor and the temperature of the thermistor is obtained from the equation (1), and this is calculated in advance. The table data may be stored in the nonvolatile memory 16 and the temperature T of the thermistor may be called from the table data in real time.

  The test operation with the most severe operation pattern is started, the temperature rise difference ΔTc1 of the power semiconductor 9 in the start / stop period Δt1 shown in FIG. 2 is calculated, and the temperature rise difference ΔTc2 of the power semiconductor 9 in the next start / stop period Δt2 is calculated. Calculate.

  Sequentially, the temperature rise difference ΔTcn of the power semiconductor 9 in the start / stop period Δtn is obtained by calculation, and the highest temperature rise difference ΔTcj is held among these temperature rise differences ΔTcn.

  Here, only the first temperature rise difference ΔTc1 may be excluded from the highest temperature rise difference ΔTcj. That is, it means that the highest temperature rise difference ΔTcj may be held among the temperature rise differences ΔTc2 and thereafter.

  Here, the point that the first temperature rise difference ΔTc1 can be removed will be described.

  An IGBT chip constituting the inverse converter 3 is mounted in the composite module 13.

The temperature characteristic of the IGBT chip is positive feedback. If the chip temperature rises, the voltage V CEsat between the collector and emitter of the chip increases (positive feedback).

It is of course possible to design the IGBT chip temperature characteristics as negative feedback (the voltage V CEsat between the collector and emitter of the chip decreases as the chip temperature rises).

  This temperature characteristic is a design concept when designing an IGBT chip.

  For example, when manufacturing an IGBT module with a rated current of 600A, it is more advantageous in terms of chip yield to connect three 200A chips in parallel or two 300A chips in parallel than one 600A chip. It is self-evident. For this reason, it is common to manufacture a module with a large rated current by connecting a large number of chips with a small rated current in parallel.

  Since a large number of chips are connected in parallel, when considering whether the temperature characteristics of the chip are designed to have a positive feedback characteristic or a negative feedback characteristic, it is naturally advantageous to design the chip to have a positive feedback characteristic.

  When two chips are connected in parallel, if the two parallel chips have exactly the same characteristics, the flowing current flows evenly through the two chips. However, in practice, the two chips do not exhibit the same characteristics, and characteristic variations always occur.

Assuming that two chips designed for negative feedback characteristics are connected in parallel, the current flows unevenly in the chip with the lower voltage V CEsat between the collector and emitter of the chip, but when the chip temperature rises due to this current, Because the chip is designed for negative feedback characteristics, the voltage V CEsat between the collector and the emitter further decreases with increasing temperature, the current of this chip increases, and the current sharing of the chip with the higher voltage V CEsat between the collector and emitter is It will decrease further.

  In this case, the shared currents flowing through the two chips are not even though the chips having the same rated current are connected in parallel, and only one chip is overloaded.

  For this reason, when designing the temperature characteristic of the chip, it is inevitably more advantageous to design the positive feedback characteristic.

  Considering the temperature characteristics of this chip, the initial temperature rise difference ΔTc1 during the test run in which the chip itself is the same as the ambient temperature cannot be the highest among the temperature rise differences ΔTcn.

  Naturally, during the pattern operation, the chip generation loss increases in the process of increasing the chip temperature, and it can be easily imagined that the temperature rise difference ΔTcj is the highest.

  From such examination, the first temperature rise difference ΔTc1 may be deleted and removed from the highest temperature rise difference ΔTcj.

  The power cycle life number Nj corresponding to this temperature rise difference ΔTcj is read from the power cycle life curve data stored in the nonvolatile memory in advance.

  Data indicating the correlation with the temperature of the power cycle curve may be stored in advance in the nonvolatile memory 16 as table data, and the power cycle life at the temperature may be called in real time from this table data.

Next, using the data of the start / stop count M repeated within one hour set and input from the digital operation panel 8, the daily operation hours H, and the annual operation days D, the power semiconductor under this operation pattern condition 9 is calculated by the following formula.
Y = α * Nj / (M * H * D)
α is a safety coefficient (α ≦ 1) that can be set and input from the digital operation panel 8.

  The result of the operation life years is displayed on the display unit of the operation panel 8.

  Further, the temperature rise difference ΔTcj can also be displayed on the display unit of the operation panel 8.

  In this way, it is possible to predict whether or not the capacity selection of the power conversion device for the facility is correct during the facility test run.

  Here, even if the set number M of starting / stopping is not per hour but per minute, the intention of the invention does not change.

  By looking at the value of the calculated service life years displayed on the operation panel 8, if it is less than or equal to the target life years (for example, 10 years), a measure that satisfies the target life years can be taken during the trial operation of the equipment.

As a countermeasure, there are the following methods.
(1) Lower the switching frequency of the power converter and reduce the power semiconductor generation loss.
(2) Increase the capacity of the power converter itself and reduce the temperature rise difference of the power semiconductor.
(3) Increase the capacity of the power semiconductor itself inside the power converter and reduce the temperature rise difference of the power semiconductor.
(4) The maximum number of passengers in the elevator apparatus is reduced, and the generation loss of power semiconductors is reduced.

  Any one of the above countermeasures may be selected, and the power cycle life years Y of the power semiconductor 9 may be obtained again in the test operation mode, and a countermeasure that satisfies the target life years may be implemented.

  According to the above-described embodiment, it is possible to predict whether or not thermal fatigue failure due to the power cycle life will occur in a relatively short time after the operation of the facility during the trial operation.

  Specifically, using the temperature detected by the temperature detection circuit of the power semiconductor in the power conversion device and the power cycle life curve of the power semiconductor, the time of the power cycle life of the power semiconductor can be diagnosed at the time of facility trial operation, It is possible to easily determine when the power semiconductor or the power converter itself should be replaced after the facility is operated.

  Moreover, since the time of the power cycle life can be diagnosed at the time of facility test operation, it can be predicted at the time of test operation whether thermal fatigue failure due to the power cycle life will not occur in a relatively short time after the operation of the facility.

  In this embodiment, the operating condition or operation pattern of the power conversion device is input from the operation panel, and the detected temperature of the power semiconductor temperature detection circuit and the power semiconductor power cycle life curve in the operating state can be used.

  In particular, in applications where power converters are frequently started and stopped repeatedly, the fatigue life of power semiconductors can be estimated during trial operation of equipment introduction, and thermal fatigue failure due to power cycle life is relatively short after equipment operation. It can be predicted at the time of trial operation whether or not this will occur. In this way, since it is possible to estimate whether the capacity selection of the power converter is appropriate at the time of facility trial operation, it is not possible to enter the facility operation with anxiety, thus improving the usability from the facility side and reducing the facility downtime. There is an effect that it can be greatly shortened.

  In addition, thermal fatigue due to the power cycle life of the power semiconductor of the power converter that can supply AC power of variable voltage and variable frequency to the AC motor can be estimated and diagnosed during facility test operation, and the facility downtime It can be used for power cycle life prediction that can greatly shorten

Main circuit configuration diagram of power converter Example of main circuit component layout of power converter Example of operation pattern and temperature detected by temperature detector Power semiconductor power cycle life curve An example of predictive diagnosis of thermal fatigue due to power cycle life Embodiment of flowchart of the present invention

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Forward converter, 2 ... Smoothing electrolytic capacitor, 3 ... Reverse converter, 4 ... AC motor, 5 ... Control circuit, 6 ... Cooling fan, 7 ... Temperature detector (temperature sensor), 8 ... Digital operation panel, DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 9 ... Power semiconductor, 10 ... Resin mold case, 11 ... Temperature detector (temperature sensor) provided in the power semiconductor module, 12 ... Driver circuit, 13 ... Module with one forward converter, reverse converter, and temperature sensor Compound module mounted in case, 14 ... cooling fin, 15 ... microcomputer (MCU), 16 ... non-volatile memory, 17 ... temperature detection circuit, ΔTc ... temperature rise difference of cooling fin, Nc ... power cycle life count, t ... Time, Nc2 ... Number of power cycle life at temperature difference ΔTc2 of cooling fin, R1 ... Partial resistance, * ... Multiplication factor, /...Division factor.

Claims (1)

  1. A power conversion circuit for supplying AC power of variable voltage and variable frequency;
    A detection circuit for detecting a temperature of a power semiconductor in the power conversion circuit;
    Power cycle life curve data of the power semiconductor stored in a non-volatile memory; and
    An operation panel for setting operating conditions of the power converter,
    In the power converter configured to be able to select the test operation mode as the operating condition of the power converter from the operation panel,
    When the test operation mode is selected, the operation conditions of the power converter are as follows:
    Repeated start / stop times per unit time,
    The working hours of the day,
    The number of working days per year,
    Can be set from the operation panel, and the power cycle life of the power semiconductor is diagnosed from the set value, the detection value detected by the detection circuit, and the power cycle life curve data of the power semiconductor stored in the nonvolatile memory. And a power conversion device.
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