JP5011205B2 - Micro oscillating element driving method - Google Patents

Micro oscillating element driving method Download PDF

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JP5011205B2
JP5011205B2 JP2008130692A JP2008130692A JP5011205B2 JP 5011205 B2 JP5011205 B2 JP 5011205B2 JP 2008130692 A JP2008130692 A JP 2008130692A JP 2008130692 A JP2008130692 A JP 2008130692A JP 5011205 B2 JP5011205 B2 JP 5011205B2
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electrode
comb
portion
conductor portion
comb electrode
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JP2008262213A (en
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シヤオユウ ミイ
知史 上田
義孝 中村
一平 佐脇
修 壷井
久雄 奥田
弘光 曾根田
悟覚 高馬
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富士通株式会社
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The present invention relates to a method for driving a micro oscillating device such as a micromirror device having a movable part that can be rotationally displaced.

  In recent years, in various technical fields, devices having a micro structure formed by a micromachining technique have been applied. For example, in the field of optical communication technology, a micro-mirror element having a light reflection function has attracted attention.

  In optical communication, an optical signal is transmitted using an optical fiber as a medium, and a so-called optical switching device is generally used to switch the transmission path of the optical signal from one fiber to another. Characteristics required for an optical switching device to achieve good optical communication include large capacity, high speed, and high reliability in the switching operation. From these viewpoints, as an optical switching device, there is an increasing expectation for a device incorporating a micromirror element manufactured by a micromachining technique. According to the micromirror element, it is possible to perform a switching process between an optical transmission path on the input side and an optical transmission path on the output side in the optical switching device without converting the optical signal into an electrical signal. This is because it is suitable for obtaining the above characteristics.

  The micromirror element includes a mirror surface for reflecting light, and the light reflection direction can be changed by swinging the mirror surface. Many devices employ electrostatically driven micromirror elements that use electrostatic force to swing the mirror surface. The electrostatic drive type micromirror element can be roughly classified into two types: a micromirror element manufactured by a so-called surface micromachining technique and a micromirror element manufactured by a so-called bulk micromachining technique.

  In surface micromachining technology, a material thin film corresponding to each component part is processed into a desired pattern on a substrate, and such a pattern is sequentially laminated to configure elements such as a support, a mirror surface, and an electrode part. Each part to be formed and a sacrificial layer to be removed later are formed. On the other hand, in the bulk micromachining technique, the material substrate itself is etched to form a support, a mirror portion, and the like into a desired shape, and a mirror surface and electrodes are formed as a thin film as necessary. The bulk micromachining technology is described in, for example, the following Patent Documents 1 to 3.

Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-190007 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-270714 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2000-31502

  One of the technical matters required for the micromirror element is that the flatness of the mirror surface responsible for light reflection is high. However, according to the surface micromachining technology, since the mirror surface finally formed is thin, the mirror surface is easily curved, and thus it is difficult to achieve high flatness in a large-area mirror surface. On the other hand, according to the bulk micromachining technology, a relatively thick material substrate itself is cut by etching technology to form a mirror portion and a mirror surface is provided on the mirror portion. Also, its rigidity can be ensured. As a result, it is possible to form a mirror surface having sufficiently high optical flatness.

  43 and 44 show a conventional electrostatically driven micromirror element X8 manufactured by a bulk micromachining technique. 43 is an exploded perspective view of the micromirror element X8, and FIG. 44 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line XXXXIV-XXXXIV of FIG. 43 in the assembled micromirror element X8.

  The micromirror element X8 has a structure in which a mirror substrate 80 and a base substrate 86 are stacked. The mirror substrate 80 includes a mirror portion 81, a frame 82, and a pair of torsion bars 83 that connect them. The outer shape of the mirror portion 81, the frame 82, and the pair of torsion bars 83 in the mirror substrate 80 is formed by etching a predetermined material substrate such as a conductive silicon substrate from one side thereof. Can do. A mirror surface 84 is provided on the surface of the mirror portion 81. A pair of electrodes 85 a and 85 b are provided on the back surface of the mirror portion 81. The pair of torsion bars 83 defines an axis A <b> 8 in the later-described rotational operation of the mirror unit 81. The base substrate 86 is provided with an electrode 87a facing the electrode 85a of the mirror part 81 and an electrode 87b facing the electrode 85b.

  In the micromirror element X8, when a potential is applied to the frame 82 of the mirror substrate 80, the electrode 85a and the mirror 85 are formed through a pair of torsion bars 83 and a mirror portion 81 that are integrally formed of the same conductive material as the frame 82. A potential is transmitted to the electrode 85b. Accordingly, by applying a predetermined potential to the frame 82, the electrodes 85a and 85b can be positively charged, for example. In this state, when the electrode 87a of the base substrate 86 is negatively charged, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the electrode 85a and the electrode 87a, and the mirror unit 81 twists the pair of torsion bars 83 as shown in FIG. Rotate in the direction of arrow M8. The mirror part 81 can swing to an angle at which the electrostatic attractive force between the electrodes and the total of the torsional resistance force of each torsion bar 83 are balanced. Instead, if the electrode 87b is negatively charged while the electrodes 85a and 85b of the mirror part 81 are positively charged, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the electrode 85b and the electrode 87b. It rotates in the opposite direction to the arrow M8. The reflection direction of the light reflected by the mirror surface 84 can be switched by the swing drive of the mirror part 81 as described above.

  In the micromirror element X8, in order to achieve a large angle with respect to the rotational displacement of the mirror portion 81, the interval between the mirror substrate 80 and the base substrate 86 is sufficiently set to avoid mechanical contact between the mirror substrate 80 and the base substrate 86. It is necessary to secure it. However, since the electrostatic force generated between the electrodes 85a and 87a and between the electrodes 85b and 87b tends to decrease as the distance between the electrodes increases, the mirror substrate 80 and the base substrate 86 are sufficiently secured to secure the mirror. In order to drive the part 81 appropriately, the driving voltage to be applied between each pair of electrodes must be increased to a considerable extent. Increasing the drive voltage is often undesirable from the standpoint of device configuration or low power consumption.

  FIG. 45 is a partially omitted perspective view of another conventional micromirror element X9 manufactured by a bulk micromachining technique. The micromirror element X9 includes a mirror portion 91 having a mirror surface 94 provided on the upper surface, a frame 92 (partially omitted), and a pair of torsion bars 93 that connect them. Comb electrodes 91a and 91b are formed on the pair of ends of the mirror portion 91. A pair of comb electrodes 92a and 92b extending inward is formed on the frame 92 corresponding to the comb electrodes 91a and 91b. The pair of torsion bars 93 defines an axis A <b> 9 for the rotational movement of the mirror portion 91 relative to the frame 92.

In the micromirror element X9 having such a configuration, a pair of comb electrodes, for example, the comb electrode 91a and the comb electrode 92a, provided close to generate an electrostatic force, As shown in 46 (a), the orientation is divided into two stages. On the other hand, when a predetermined voltage is applied, as shown in FIG. 46 (b), the comb electrode 91a is drawn into the comb electrode 92a, whereby the mirror unit 91 rotates. More specifically, for example, when the comb-tooth electrode 91a is positively charged and the comb-tooth electrode 92a is negatively charged, the mirror portion 91 rotates around the axis A9 while twisting the pair of torsion bars 93. The reflection direction of the light reflected by the mirror surface 94 provided on the mirror unit 91 can be switched by such a swing drive of the mirror unit 91. It is known that the driving voltage required for such driving by the comb-tooth electrode pair tends to be lower than the driving voltage required for driving by the plate electrode pair in the micromirror element X8.

  FIG. 47 shows a method for manufacturing the micromirror element X9. 47, a process of forming a part of the mirror part 91, the frame 92, the torsion bar 93, and the pair of comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 92a shown in FIG. 45 is represented as a change in one cross section. The one cross section is obtained by modeling a plurality of cross sections included in a single microswitching element formation section in a material substrate (wafer) to be processed as a continuous cross section.

  In the manufacturing method of the micromirror element X9, first, a wafer S9 as shown in FIG. 47 (a) is prepared. The wafer S9 is a so-called SOI (Silicon on Insulator) wafer and has a laminated structure including a silicon layer 901, a silicon layer 902, and an insulating layer 903 therebetween. Next, as shown in FIG. 47B, the silicon layer 901 is subjected to an anisotropic etching process through a predetermined mask to thereby form a structure portion (mirror portion 91, 91) to be formed in the silicon layer 901. A part of the frame 92, a torsion bar 93, and a comb electrode 91a) are formed. Next, as shown in FIG. 47C, an anisotropic etching process is performed on the silicon layer 902 through a predetermined mask, whereby a structure portion (one of the frames 92) to be formed in the silicon layer 902 is obtained. Part, comb electrode 92a). Next, as illustrated in FIG. 47D, isotropic etching is performed on the insulating layer 903 to remove portions exposed in the insulating layer 903. In this way, the mirror portion 91, the frame 92, the torsion bar 93, and a pair of comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 92a are formed. The other sets of comb electrodes 91b and 92b are formed in the same manner as the comb electrodes 91a and 91b.

  In the micromirror element X9, the comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 91b are displaced in accordance with the rotation operation of the mirror section 91. Therefore, the comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 91b have a sufficient thickness corresponding to a desired inclination angle of the mirror section 91. It is necessary to have. Therefore, in order to achieve a large angle with respect to the rotational displacement of the mirror portion 91 of the micromirror element X9, the comb electrodes 91a and 91b are designed to be long in the rotational operation direction, and the stroke of the drive electrode (appropriately generate a driving force It is necessary to ensure a sufficient length (relative movable range of the electrode pair in the rotational movement direction) as long as possible. In order to ensure a long stroke, it is necessary to process the material substrate S9 having thick silicon layers 901 and 902 corresponding to the required stroke length in the above-described manufacturing method. However, it is difficult to form the comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 91b having a considerably small width of each electrode tooth with high accuracy by performing processing such as etching on the sufficiently thick silicon layers 901 and 902. It is in.

  In addition, in the micromirror element X9, since the mirror part 91 is formed to have the same thickness as the comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 91b, the formation of the comb-tooth electrodes 91a and 91b that are long in the rotational operation direction Inevitably with formation. The thicker the mirror portion 91, the larger the mass of the mirror portion 91, and hence the inertia. As a result, there is a case where the driving at a desired speed cannot be achieved with respect to the rotation operation of the mirror unit 91.

  Thus, in the conventional micromirror element X9, it is difficult to realize a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement at a high operation speed for the mirror unit 91.

The present invention has been conceived under such circumstances, and provides a micro oscillating device driving method suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a movable portion at a high operation speed. The purpose is to do.

  According to a first aspect of the present invention, a micro oscillating device is provided. The micro oscillating device connects the movable main portion, the first and second frames, the movable main portion and the first frame, and the first rotation shaft in the first rotation operation of the movable main portion with respect to the first frame. A first connecting part for defining a heart and a second connection for connecting the first and second frames and defining a second rotational axis in a second rotational movement of the first frame and the movable main part relative to the second frame; A first driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the first rotation operation, and a second driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the second rotation operation. In this element, the first rotation axis and the second rotation axis are not orthogonal. The first drive mechanism is composed of, for example, a pair of comb-teeth electrodes. In this case, one comb-teeth electrode is provided integrally with the movable main portion, and the other comb-teeth electrode is provided with respect to the first frame. It is provided integrally. The second drive mechanism is composed of, for example, a pair of comb-teeth electrodes. In this case, one comb-teeth electrode is provided integrally with the first frame, and the other comb-teeth electrode is provided on the second frame. On the other hand, it is provided integrally.

  In the micro oscillating device having such a configuration, a common displacement component is included in the first rotation operation and the second rotation operation of the movable main portion. That is, the total displacement amount in the common displacement component corresponds to the sum of the displacement amount derived from the first rotation operation and the displacement amount derived from the second rotation operation. Therefore, with respect to the common displacement component, the strokes of the first and second drive mechanisms contribute in a superimposed manner to ensure a long stroke. For example, when the first rotation axis and the second rotation axis coincide with each other, the displacement component of the first rotation operation coincides with the displacement component of the second rotation operation, and all of the rotational displacement amount of the movable main part. Corresponds to the sum of the displacement amount of the first rotation operation and the displacement amount of the second rotation operation. As a result, the rotational displacement of the movable main portion is more effective than the strokes of the first and second drive mechanisms. A long stroke is secured. Since an effective long stroke is ensured by the superimposed contribution of the strokes of the two types of drive mechanisms, for example, each drive mechanism composed of a pair of comb electrodes is formed relatively thin (relatively short in the rotational operation direction). be able to. Therefore, the movable portion (movable main portion and first frame) that tends to be formed with a thickness reflecting the thickness of the drive mechanism can also be formed relatively thin. A thinner movable part is lighter and more suitable for achieving a higher operating speed. As described above, the micro oscillating device according to the first aspect of the present invention is suitable for realizing a rotational operation having a large rotational displacement amount at a high operation speed with respect to the movable main portion.

  In the first aspect of the present invention, preferably, the first connecting portion has a gap portion that becomes wider as it comes closer to the movable main portion. In addition to or instead of this, the second connecting portion may have a gap portion that is thicker as it approaches the first frame. Such a configuration is suitable for reducing an unnecessary displacement component orthogonal to a desired rotational displacement, for example.

According to the second aspect of the present invention, another micro oscillating device is provided. The micro oscillating element is relatively far from the rotational axis and the movable part, the frame, the movable part and the frame, and the coupling part that defines the rotational axis in the rotational operation of the movable part relative to the frame. A first driving mechanism for generating a driving force for rotational operation at a location; and a second driving mechanism for generating a driving force for rotational operation at a location relatively close to the rotational axis. The first drive mechanism is composed of, for example, a pair of comb-teeth electrodes. In this case, one comb-teeth electrode is provided integrally with the movable portion, and the other comb-teeth electrode is integrally provided with the frame. Is provided. Further, the second comb electrode is also composed of, for example, a pair of comb electrodes. In this case, one comb electrode is provided integrally with the movable portion, and the other comb electrode is provided with respect to the frame. It is provided integrally.

  In the micro oscillating device having such a configuration, the first drive mechanism is more suitable than the second drive mechanism and has a longer stroke in order to generate a larger rotational torque as the driving force for the rotational operation of the movable portion. The second drive mechanism is more suitable than the first drive mechanism in ensuring the above. In the micro oscillating device according to the second aspect of the present invention, by effectively utilizing such features of the two types of drive mechanisms, it is possible to realize a favorable rotational operation for the movable portion. For example, when the displacement amount of the movable part is within the small angle range, a large rotational torque can be generated mainly depending on the first drive mechanism, and when the displacement amount is within the large angle range, the second drive mechanism is generated. A predetermined rotational torque can be maintained by the second drive mechanism over a relatively long stroke. In this micro oscillating device having both a driving mechanism suitable for generating a large rotational torque and a driving mechanism suitable for securing a large stroke, each comb-tooth electrode in each driving mechanism is not excessively thickened. In both cases, it is possible to ensure an effective long stroke. Therefore, the micro oscillating device according to the second aspect of the present invention is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount in the movable portion at a high operation speed.

  In the first and second aspects of the present invention, preferably, the first drive mechanism and the second drive mechanism are configured to be operable under common control. In this case, it is preferable that the first drive mechanism and the second drive mechanism are electrically connected in parallel. Alternatively, the first drive mechanism and the second drive mechanism may be configured to be electrically separated and operable under mutually independent control.

  According to the third aspect of the present invention, another micro oscillating device is provided. In this micro oscillating device, the distance between the movable part, the frame, the movable part and the frame, and the connecting part that defines the rotational axis in the rotational operation of the movable part with respect to the frame and the rotational axis are continuous. And a driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the rotational operation over a part that changes in a moving manner. The drive mechanism is composed of, for example, a pair of comb-teeth electrodes. In this case, one comb-teeth electrode is provided integrally with the movable portion, and the other comb-teeth electrode is provided integrally with the frame. ing.

  In the micro oscillating device having such a configuration, the first and second drive mechanisms on the second side surface are included in a single drive mechanism. Therefore, according to the 3rd side surface of this invention, the effect similar to having mentioned above regarding the 2nd side surface is show | played. In addition, according to the third aspect, the rotational torque generated in the single drive mechanism tends to change gradually and continuously over a predetermined rotational operation range. Such a feature is suitable for achieving good rotational driving of the movable part.

  According to the fourth aspect of the present invention, another micro oscillating device is provided. The micro oscillating device generates a driving force for a rotating operation, a movable portion, a frame, a connecting portion that connects the movable portion and the frame, and that defines a rotation axis in a rotating operation of the movable portion with respect to the frame. And a driving mechanism including a first comb electrode and a second comb electrode. The first comb-tooth electrode and / or the second comb-tooth electrode have electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion that are electrically separated and are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotational operation. For example, the first comb electrode is provided integrally with the movable part, and the second comb electrode is provided integrally with the frame.

In this element, the first conductor portion and / or the second conductor portion of the first comb-tooth electrode and / or the second comb-tooth electrode are arranged in parallel in the rotational operation direction of the movable portion. Such a configuration is suitable for securing a large relative movable range, that is, a long stroke, for the comb electrode pair. Further, since the first conductor portion and the second conductor portion included in the single comb electrode are electrically separated from each other, the applied voltage can be controlled independently. The present oscillating device having such first and second conductor portions on at least one of the comb electrode pairs is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a high operating speed for the movable portion.

  According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, another micro oscillating device is provided. The micro oscillating device generates a driving force for a rotating operation, a movable portion, a frame, a connecting portion that connects the movable portion and the frame, and that defines a rotation axis in a rotating operation of the movable portion with respect to the frame. And a driving mechanism including a first comb electrode and a second comb electrode. The first comb electrode has electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion that are electrically connected and are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation. The second comb-tooth electrode has electrode teeth including a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven. For example, the second comb electrode is provided integrally with the movable portion, and the first comb electrode is provided integrally with the frame.

  In the present element, the first conductor portion and the second conductor portion of the first comb electrode that can generate an electrostatic attractive force with the third conductor portion of the second comb electrode are parallel to the rotational operation direction of the movable portion. is doing. Such a configuration is suitable for securing a large relative movable range, that is, a long stroke, for the comb electrode pair. In addition, when the second comb-tooth electrode (third conductor portion) is provided integrally with the frame and the first comb-tooth electrode is provided integrally with the movable portion, the second Since the comb-tooth electrode (third conductor portion) can be formed relatively thin (relatively short in the rotational operation direction), the thickness reflects the thickness of the second comb-tooth electrode (third conductor portion). A movable part that tends to be formed can also be formed relatively thin. A thinner movable part is lighter and more suitable for achieving a higher operating speed. The present oscillating device having such a comb-tooth electrode pair is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a high operating speed for the movable part.

  In the fifth aspect of the present invention, preferably, the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion have different lengths in the rotational operation direction.

  In the first to fifth aspects of the present invention, preferably, at least one of the pair of comb electrodes constituting the drive mechanism has a base and electrode teeth extending from the base, and the electrode teeth Has a region where the width or thickness gradually increases toward the end on the base side. Alternatively, preferably, at least one of the pair of comb electrodes constituting the driving mechanism has a base and electrode teeth extending from the base, and the electrode teeth approach the other comb electrode. As a result, the width gradually increases.

  In the second to fifth aspects of the present invention, it is preferable that the connecting portion has a gap portion that is wider as it is closer to the movable portion. Such a configuration is suitable for reducing an unnecessary displacement component orthogonal to a desired rotational displacement, for example.

According to a sixth aspect of the present invention, a micro oscillating device driving method is provided. The micro oscillating device driven by the method includes a movable part, a frame, a coupling part that couples the movable part and the frame and defines a rotation axis of the movable part relative to the frame, and a rotational action. A first comb electrode and a second comb electrode for generating the driving force. The first comb electrode has electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation. Such a first comb electrode is provided integrally with the frame, for example. The second comb-tooth electrode has electrode teeth including a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven. Such a 2nd comb-tooth electrode is integrally provided, for example with respect to the movable part. The method includes a first step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the second conductor portion and the third conductor portion, and a first step after the first step. A second step for rotating the movable part in a second direction opposite to the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the conductor part and the third conductor part.

  In this method, the first conductor portion and the second conductor portion of the first comb electrode that can generate electrostatic attraction with the third conductor portion of the second comb electrode are parallel to the rotational operation direction of the movable portion. is doing. Therefore, this method is suitable for securing a large relative movable range, that is, a long stroke, for the comb electrode pair. Further, in the first and second comb electrodes in this method, a driving force is generated for the rotation operation in the first direction, and the rotation operation in the second direction opposite to the first direction is performed. A driving force is also generated. This method of generating a driving force in both directions in a set of comb-shaped electrodes is suitable for achieving a high operating speed with respect to a rotating operation in both directions. Thus, the driving method according to the sixth aspect of the present invention is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement at a high operating speed. In addition, according to this method, for example, the micro oscillating device according to the fourth aspect of the present invention can be appropriately driven.

  In the sixth aspect of the present invention, it is preferable that the micro oscillating device to be driven further includes a third comb electrode and a fourth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation. The third comb electrode has electrode teeth including a fourth conductor portion and a fifth conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation. Such a 3rd comb-tooth electrode is integrally provided, for example with respect to the flame | frame. For example, the third comb electrode and the first comb electrode described above are arranged symmetrically with respect to the rotational axis of the movable portion. The fourth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a sixth conductor portion that faces the fourth conductor portion and does not face the fifth conductor portion when not driven. Such a 4th comb-tooth electrode is integrally provided with respect to the movable part, for example. For example, the fourth comb electrode and the second comb electrode described above are arranged symmetrically with respect to the rotational axis of the movable portion. In the case where the micro oscillating device has such a configuration, the driving method of the sixth side surface preferably generates an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion after the second step. By causing the movable portion to rotate in the second direction, and after the third step, by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion, the movable portion And a fourth step for rotating the device in the first direction.

  In the sixth aspect of the present invention, preferably, in the second step, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion. Preferably, in the fourth step, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion. Preferably, the first, second, third, and fourth steps are each performed for a period corresponding to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation.

  According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, another micro oscillating device driving method is provided. The micro oscillating device driven by the method includes a movable part, a frame, a coupling part that couples the movable part and the frame and defines a rotation axis of the movable part relative to the frame, and a rotational action. A first comb-tooth electrode and a second comb-tooth electrode for generating a driving force of the first and second comb-teeth electrodes, and a driving force for generating a rotational motion at a location closer to the rotational axis than the first and second comb-tooth electrodes. A third comb electrode and a fourth comb electrode. The first and third comb electrodes are provided integrally with the frame, for example. For example, the second and fourth comb electrodes are provided integrally with the movable portion. The method generates an electrostatic attractive force between the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode and generates an electrostatic attractive force between the third comb electrode and the fourth comb electrode, thereby moving the movable part. The movable portion is moved in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force continuously from the first step between the first step and the third comb-teeth electrode and the fourth comb-teeth electrode. And a second step for rotating the device.

  According to this method, the micro oscillating device according to the second aspect of the present invention can be appropriately driven, and a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement can be realized at a high operating speed.

In the driving method according to the seventh aspect of the present invention, preferably, after the second step, the movable portion is moved in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode. A third step for rotating in a second direction opposite to the second direction. Preferably, the first step and the third step are performed together for a period corresponding to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation.

  In the seventh aspect of the present invention, it is preferable that the micro oscillating device to be driven has a fifth comb electrode and a sixth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation, and the fifth and sixth comb electrodes. And a seventh comb electrode and an eighth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotational operation at a location closer to the rotational axis than the comb electrode. For example, the fifth and seventh comb electrodes are provided integrally with the frame. For example, the sixth and eighth comb electrodes are provided integrally with the movable portion. The fifth comb electrode, the first comb electrode, the sixth comb electrode, the second comb electrode, the seventh comb electrode, the third comb electrode, the eighth comb electrode, Each of the above-described fourth comb electrodes is disposed symmetrically with respect to the rotational axis of the movable part, for example. In the case where the micro oscillating device has such a configuration, the driving method of the seventh side is preferably an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth comb electrode and the sixth comb electrode after the third step. And the fourth step for rotating the movable part in the second direction by generating electrostatic attraction between the seventh comb electrode and the eighth comb electrode, and the seventh comb electrode and And a fifth step for rotating the movable part in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the eighth comb electrodes from the fourth step.

  In the driving method according to the seventh aspect of the present invention, preferably, after the fifth step, the movable portion is moved in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth comb electrode and the sixth comb electrode. And a sixth step for rotating the device. Preferably, the fifth step and the sixth step are performed together for a period corresponding to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation.

  According to the eighth aspect of the present invention, another micro oscillating device driving method is provided. The micro oscillating device driven by the method includes a movable part, a frame, a coupling part that couples the movable part and the frame and defines a rotation axis of the movable part relative to the frame, and a rotational action. A first comb-tooth electrode and a second comb-tooth electrode for generating a driving force of the first and second comb-teeth electrodes, and a driving force for generating a rotational motion at a location closer to the rotational axis than the first and second comb-tooth electrodes. A third comb electrode and a fourth comb electrode. The first comb electrode has electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation. The second comb-tooth electrode has electrode teeth including a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven. The third comb electrode has electrode teeth including a fourth conductor portion and a fifth conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation. The fourth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a sixth conductor portion that faces the fourth conductor portion and does not face the fifth conductor portion when not driven. The first and third comb electrodes are provided integrally with the frame, for example, and the second and fourth comb electrodes are provided integrally with the movable portion, for example. The method generates an electrostatic attractive force between the second conductor portion and the third conductor portion and generates an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion, thereby moving the movable portion in the first direction. For rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating electrostatic attraction continuously from the first step between the first step for rotating the first portion and the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion. A second step.

  Such a configuration substantially includes the configurations according to the sixth and seventh aspects described above. Therefore, according to the eighth aspect of the present invention, when the micro oscillating device according to the second aspect of the present invention is driven, it is possible to realize a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a high operating speed for the movable part. It is.

The driving method according to the eighth aspect of the present invention includes, after the second step, between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion, between the second conductor portion and the third conductor portion, and between the fourth conductor portion and the third conductor portion. A third step for rotating the movable portion in a second direction opposite to the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the six conductor portions, the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion, and And a fourth step for rotating the movable portion in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion from the third step.

  In the eighth aspect of the present invention, it is preferable that the micro oscillating device to be driven has a fifth comb electrode and a sixth comb electrode for generating a driving force for rotational operation, and the fifth and sixth comb electrodes. A seventh comb electrode and an eighth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation at a location closer to the rotational axis than the comb electrode; The fifth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a seventh conductor portion and an eighth conductor portion that are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation. The sixth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a ninth conductor portion that faces the seventh conductor portion and does not face the eighth conductor portion when not driven. The seventh comb electrode has electrode teeth including a tenth conductor portion and an eleventh conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotational operation. The eighth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a twelfth conductor portion that faces the tenth conductor portion and does not face the eleventh conductor portion when not driven. The fifth and seventh comb electrodes are provided integrally with the frame, for example, and the sixth and eighth comb electrodes are provided integrally with the movable portion, for example. The fifth comb electrode, the first comb electrode, the sixth comb electrode, the second comb electrode, the seventh comb electrode, the third comb electrode, the eighth comb electrode, Each of the above-described fourth comb electrodes is disposed symmetrically with respect to the rotational axis of the movable part, for example. In the case where the micro oscillating device has such a configuration, the driving method of the eighth side surface generates an electrostatic attractive force between the eighth conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion after the fourth step. The fifth step for rotating the movable part in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the eleventh conductor part and the twelfth conductor part, and between the eleventh conductor part and the twelfth conductor part, By continuously generating electrostatic attraction from the fifth step, the sixth step for rotating the movable portion in the second direction, and after the sixth step, between the seventh conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion, A seventh step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the eight conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion and between the tenth conductor portion and the twelfth conductor portion; , Seventh conductor portion and ninth conductor portion, and tenth conductor And between the twelfth conductor portion, further comprising by subsequently generating an electrostatic attraction from the seventh step, an eighth step for rotating operation of the movable portion in the first direction.

  In the eighth aspect of the present invention, preferably, in the third step and the fourth step, electrostatic attraction between the seventh conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion and between the tenth conductor portion and the twelfth conductor portion. Is generated. Preferably, in the seventh step and the eighth step, electrostatic attractive force is generated between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion, and between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion.

  1 to 7 show a micromirror element X1 according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 1 is a plan view of the micromirror element X1, and FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line II-II in FIG. 3 to 7 are sectional views taken along lines III-III, IV-IV, VV, VI-VI, and VII-VII in FIG. 1, respectively.

  The micromirror element X1 includes a mirror part 110, an inner frame 120, an outer frame 130, a pair of connecting parts 140, a pair of connecting parts 150, and two drive mechanisms 160, 170, 180, and 190, respectively. . The micromirror element X1 is manufactured by processing a material substrate which is a so-called SOI (silicon on insulator) substrate by a bulk micromachining technology such as a MEMS technology. The material substrate has, for example, a laminated structure including first and second silicon layers and an insulating layer between the silicon layers, and each silicon layer is given predetermined conductivity by doping with impurities. From the viewpoint of clarifying the figure, in FIG. 1, a portion derived from the first silicon layer and projecting forward from the insulating layer (excluding a mirror surface 111 described later) is hatched.

  The mirror part 110 is a part mainly formed in the first silicon layer, and has a mirror surface 111 having a light reflecting function on the surface thereof. The mirror surface 111 has a laminated structure composed of a Cr layer formed on the first silicon layer and an Ar layer thereon. Such a mirror part 111 comprises the movable main part in this invention.

  The inner frame 120 is a part mainly formed in the first silicon layer and has a form surrounding the mirror part 110. Such an inner frame 120 and the above-described mirror part 110 constitute a movable part in the present invention. The outer frame 130 is a part mainly formed from the first silicon layer, and has a form surrounding the inner frame 120.

  The pair of connecting portions 140 are portions formed in the first silicon layer, and each includes two torsion bars 141. Each torsion bar 141 is connected to the mirror unit 110 and the inner frame 120 to connect them. The interval between the two torsion bars 141 of each connecting portion 140 gradually increases from the inner frame 120 side to the mirror portion 110 side. Such a pair of connecting portions 140 defines a rotation axis A <b> 1 of the rotation operation of the mirror portion 110 with respect to the inner frame 120. The connecting portion 140 including two torsion bars 141 whose intervals gradually increase from the inner frame 120 side to the mirror portion 110 side is suitable for preventing an unnecessary displacement component in the rotation operation of the mirror portion 110. Further, the connecting portion 140 can be configured so that two different potentials can be applied from the inner frame 120 to the mirror portion 110 via the two torsion bars 141.

  The pair of connecting portions 150 are portions formed in the first silicon layer, and each includes two torsion bars 151. Each torsion bar 151 is connected to and coupled to the inner frame 120 and the outer frame 130. The interval between the two torsion bars 151 of each connecting portion 150 gradually increases from the outer frame 130 side to the inner frame 120 side. The rotational axis of the rotational movement of the inner frame 120 and the accompanying mirror part 110 with respect to the outer frame 130 defined by the pair of connecting parts 150 coincides with the rotational axis A1. In other words, the pair of connecting portions 140 and the pair of connecting portions 150 are arranged so that their respective rotational axes coincide with each other. The connecting portion 150 including two torsion bars 151 whose intervals gradually increase from the outer frame 130 side to the inner frame 120 side is suitable for preventing an unnecessary displacement component in the rotation operation of the inner frame 120 or the mirror portion 110. It is. Further, the connecting portion 150 can be configured so that two different potentials can be applied from the outer frame 130 to the inner frame 120 via the two torsion bars 151.

  The two drive mechanisms 160 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and each have a comb-tooth electrode 161 and a comb-tooth electrode 165. The comb electrode 161 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base part 162 fixed to the mirror part 110 and a plurality of electrode teeth 163 extending from the base part 162. The comb electrode 165 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and includes a base 166 fixed to the inner frame 120 and extending inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 167 extending from the base 166. Have. The comb electrodes 161 and 165 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 2A and 3A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 161 and 165 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 163 and 167 are displaced from each other so that they do not come into contact with each other during rotational driving.

The two drive mechanisms 170 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and each have a comb electrode 171 and a comb electrode 175. The comb-tooth electrode 171 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 172 fixed to the mirror part 110 and a plurality of electrode teeth 173 extending from the base 172. Comb electrode 175 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and is fixed to inner frame 120 and extends inward, and
A plurality of electrode teeth 177 extending from the base 176 are provided. The comb electrodes 171 and 175 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 2A and 4A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 171 and 175 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 173 and 177 are displaced so that they do not come into contact with each other during rotational driving.

  The two drive mechanisms 180 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and the inner frame 120, and have a comb electrode 181 and a comb electrode 185, respectively. The comb electrode 181 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and includes a base 182 that is fixed to the inner frame 120 and extends outward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 183 that extend from the base 182. Have. The comb electrode 185 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and includes a base 186 fixed to the outer frame 130 and extending inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 187 extending from the base 186. Have. The comb electrodes 181 and 185 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 5A and 6A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 181 and 185 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 183 and 187 are displaced from each other so as not to contact each other at the time of rotational driving.

  The two drive mechanisms 190 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and the inner frame 120, and each have a comb electrode 191 and a comb electrode 195. The comb electrode 191 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and includes a base 192 that is fixed to the inner frame 120 and extends outward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 193 that extend from the base 192. Have. The comb electrode 195 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and includes a base portion 196 fixed to the outer frame 130 and extending inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 197 extending from the base portion 196. Have. The comb electrodes 191 and 195 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 5A and 7A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 191 and 195 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 193 and 197 are displaced from each other so that they do not come into contact with each other during rotational driving.

  As described above, the micromirror element X1 is manufactured by processing a material substrate having a multilayer structure by a bulk micromachining technique such as a MEMS technique. Further, as described above, the material substrate has a laminated structure including the first and second silicon layers and the insulating layer between them in the present embodiment.

In the manufacture of the micromirror element X1, specifically, an etching mask covering a portion corresponding to the mirror portion 110, an etching mask covering a portion corresponding to the inner frame 120, an etching mask covering a portion corresponding to the outer frame 130, An etching mask that covers portions corresponding to the pair of connecting portions 140, an etching mask that covers portions corresponding to the pair of connecting portions 150, and an etching mask that covers portions corresponding to each of the drive mechanisms 160, 170, 180, and 190, Each silicon layer is processed by applying an appropriately used etching process to the material substrate at a predetermined timing. As an etching method, dry etching by Deep RIE (Reactive Ion Etching) method, wet etching such as KOH, or the like can be used. Unnecessary portions in the insulating layer are removed by etching as appropriate. In this way, each part of the micromirror element X1 is formed in the material substrate having the first and second silicon layers and the insulating layer. In the present invention, when manufacturing the micromirror element X1, a material substrate having another laminated structure may be employed.

  In the micromirror element X1, by applying a predetermined potential to each of the comb-tooth electrodes 161, 165, 171, 175, 181, 185, 191, and 195 as necessary, the mirror unit 110 is rotated about the rotation axis. It can be rotated around A1.

When a desired electrostatic attraction is generated between the comb-shaped electrodes 181 and 185 by applying a predetermined potential to the comb-shaped electrodes 181 and 185 of the driving mechanism 180, the comb-shaped electrode 181 is drawn into the comb-shaped electrode 185. Both electrodes take the orientation shown in FIGS. 5B and 6B, for example. As a result, the inner frame 120 and the mirror unit 110 associated therewith rotate about the rotation axis A <b> 1 with respect to the outer frame 130. The amount of rotational displacement in the rotational operation can be adjusted by adjusting the applied potential.

  In the state in which the comb electrodes 181 and 185 have the orientation shown in FIGS. 5B and 6B, the comb electrodes 161 and 165 are applied with a predetermined potential by applying a predetermined potential thereto. When a desired electrostatic attractive force is generated between 165, the comb-shaped electrode 161 is drawn into the comb-shaped electrode 165, and both the electrodes have the orientations shown in FIGS. 2B and 3B, for example. As a result, the mirror unit 110 rotates about the rotation axis A <b> 1 with respect to the inner frame 120. The amount of rotational displacement in the rotational operation can be adjusted by adjusting the applied potential.

  The total displacement amount of the mirror unit 110 corresponds to the sum of the displacement amounts in the two types of rotational displacement described above. As for the rotation operation of the mirror unit 110 to the opposite side around the rotation axis A 1, a desired electrostatic attraction force is generated by the drive mechanism 190 in the same manner as described above with respect to the drive mechanism 180, and the drive mechanism 160 has been described above. As shown in FIG. 2 (c), FIG. 4 (b), FIG. 5 (c), and FIG. 7 (b), for example, as shown in FIG. Can be achieved. The reflection direction of the light reflected by the mirror surface 111 provided on the mirror unit 110 can be appropriately switched by the above-described rocking drive of the mirror unit 110.

  FIG. 8 illustrates an example of a driving mode of the micromirror element X1. FIG. 8A shows the time change of the voltage applied to the comb-tooth electrode 165 of the drive mechanism 160 and the comb-tooth electrode 185 of the drive mechanism 180. FIG. 8B shows the time change of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 175 of the drive mechanism 170 and the comb electrode 195 of the drive mechanism 190. In each of the graph of FIG. 8A and the graph of FIG. 8B, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents the applied voltage (v). In this driving mode, the comb electrodes 161, 171, 181, 191 are grounded. FIG. 8C shows a change over time in the rotation angle of the mirror unit 110 in this driving mode. In the graph of FIG. 8C, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents the rotation angle (θ).

In this drive mode, first, at the time T 0, the initial state (the rotation angle of the mirror unit 110 is 0).
Between time T 0 and time T 1 so that the rotational displacement of the mirror part 110 reaches the maximum rotation angle θ 1 at time T 1 with respect to each comb electrode 165, 185 of the micromirror element X 1 at , FIG.
A predetermined voltage V 1 is applied as shown in FIG. Comb electrode 16 between time T 0 and time T 1
An electrostatic attractive force is generated between 1 and 165 and between the comb electrodes 181 and 185, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 110 continues to increase in the first direction. At time T 1 , the driving mechanism 160 takes the orientation shown in FIGS. 2B and 3B, for example, and the driving mechanism 180 takes the orientation shown in FIGS. 5B and 6B and rotates. The angle reaches θ 1 as shown in FIG. At this time, the connecting part 1
A predetermined torsional stress is generated in 40 and 150.

Next, the applied voltage to each of the comb electrodes 165 and 185 is substantially 0 V at time T 1 . Thereafter, during the time T 1 to the time T 2 , the torsional stress of the connecting portions 140 and 150 acts as a restoring force, and the rotation angle continues to decrease. At time T 2 , the driving mechanisms 160 and 170 are operated in the state shown in FIG.
3A and 4A, the driving mechanisms 180 and 190 have the orientation shown in FIGS. 5A, 6A, and 7A, and the rotation angle is as shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 8 (c), it reaches 0 °.

Next, for the comb electrodes 175 and 195 from time T 2 to time T 3 , the rotational displacement of the mirror unit 110 reaches the maximum rotation angle θ 2 at time t 3 as shown in FIG. A predetermined voltage V 2 is applied as shown in FIG. Between time T 2 and time T 3 , between the comb electrodes 171 and 175 and the comb electrode 1
An electrostatic attractive force is generated between 91 and 195, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 110 continues to increase in the second direction opposite to the first direction. At time T 3 , the drive mechanism 170 is, for example, FIG.
The drive mechanism 190 takes the orientation shown in FIG. 5C and FIG. 7B, for example, and the rotation angle reaches θ 2 as shown in FIG. 8C. At this time, the connecting portions 140, 1
50 has a predetermined torsional stress.

Next, at time T 3 , the applied voltage to the comb electrodes 175 and 195 is substantially 0V. Thereafter, during the time T 3 to the time T 4 , the torsional stress of the connecting portions 140 and 150 acts as a restoring force, and the rotation angle continues to decrease. At time T 4 , the driving mechanisms 160 and 170 are operated as shown in FIG.
3A and 4A, the driving mechanisms 180 and 190 have the orientation shown in FIGS. 5A, 6A, and 7A, and the rotation angle is as shown in FIG. As shown in FIG. 8 (c), it reaches 0 °. A series of operations as described above from time T 0 to time T 4 is repeated as necessary.

In the present driving mode, preferably, the voltage V 1 and the voltage V 2 are the same, and the absolute value of the rotation angle θ 1 is the same as the absolute value of the rotation angle θ 2 . Further, the time T 1 is between the time T 0 and the time T 1.
Between time T 2 , between time T 2 and time T 3 , and between time T 3 and time T 4 ,
They are set to the same length, and are each set to a quarter cycle of the swinging motion of the mirror unit 110. As described above, it is possible to achieve a periodic rotation operation for the mirror part 110 of the micromirror element X1.

  In the micromirror element X1, the stroke of the drive mechanism 180 and the stroke of the drive mechanism 160, or the stroke of the drive mechanism 190 and the stroke of the drive mechanism 170 contribute in a superimposed manner to ensure a long stroke. Since an effective long stroke is ensured by the superimposed contribution of the strokes of the two types of drive mechanisms, for example, each drive mechanism composed of a pair of comb electrodes is formed relatively thin (relatively short in the rotational operation direction). be able to. Therefore, the movable parts (mirror part 110 and inner frame 120) that tend to be formed with a thickness reflecting the thickness of the drive mechanism can also be formed relatively thin. A thinner movable part is lighter and more suitable for achieving a higher operating speed. Thus, the micromirror element X1 is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a high operating speed for the mirror unit 110.

  In the micromirror element X1, the drive mechanism 160 and the drive mechanism 180 are electrically arranged in parallel, and the drive mechanism 170 and the drive mechanism 190 are electrically arranged in parallel, thereby simplifying the rotational drive control. Can be achieved. For example, the comb electrodes 161 of the two drive mechanisms 160 and the comb electrodes 181 of the two drive mechanisms 180 are electrically arranged in parallel, and the comb electrodes 165 and 2 of the two drive mechanisms 160 are arranged in parallel. When the comb-tooth electrodes 185 of the two drive mechanisms 180 are electrically arranged in parallel, all the comb-tooth electrodes 161 and 181 are simultaneously applied with the same potential during rotation driving, and all The same electric potential is simultaneously applied to the comb-tooth electrodes 165 and 185, and the control of the drive mechanisms 160 and 180 can be made common. The comb electrodes 171 of the two drive mechanisms 170 and the comb electrodes 191 of the two drive mechanisms 190 are electrically arranged in parallel, and the comb electrodes 175 and 2 of the two drive mechanisms 170 are arranged. When the comb-tooth electrodes 195 of the two drive mechanisms 190 are electrically arranged in parallel, all the comb-tooth electrodes 171 and 191 are simultaneously applied with the same potential during rotation driving, and all The same electric potential is simultaneously applied to the comb-tooth electrodes 175 and 195, and the control of the drive mechanisms 170 and 190 can be made common.

The maximum rotational displacement angle of the mirror unit 110 relative to the inner frame 120 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 160 and 170 and the maximum relative rotational displacement angle of the inner frame 120 relative to the outer frame 130 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 180 and 190. In the design in which the drive mechanisms 160 and 180 are set to be equal, for example, when the control of the drive mechanisms 160 and 180 is shared as described above and the control of the drive mechanisms 170 and 190 is shared as described above, for example, the connecting portions 140 and 150 When the torsion spring constants of k 1 and k 2 are respectively set, and the rotational torques generated by the drive mechanisms 160 and 170 and the drive mechanisms 180 and 190 are T 1 and T 2 , respectively, the following equation (1) is satisfied. It is possible to control these drive mechanisms most efficiently. On the other hand, the maximum rotational displacement angle of the mirror unit 110 relative to the inner frame 120 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 160 and 170 and the maximum relative rotation of the inner frame 120 relative to the outer frame 130 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 180 and 190. In a design in which the ratio to the displacement angle is set to 1: a, the control of the drive mechanisms 160 and 180 is made common, for example, as described above, and the control of the drive mechanisms 170, 190 is made common, for example, as described above. In this case, if the torsion spring constants of the connecting portions 140 and 150 are k 1 and k 2, and the rotational torques generated by the driving mechanisms 160 and 170 and the driving mechanisms 180 and 190 are T 1 and T 2 , respectively, These drive mechanisms can be controlled most efficiently when the condition of 2) is satisfied. Further, assuming that the inertia of the mirror unit 110 and the inner frame 120 is I 1 and I 2 , respectively, k 1 / I 1 and k 2 in the micromirror element X1.
The values of / (I 1 + I 2 ) are preferably the same.

  In the micromirror element X1, the drive mechanism 160 and the drive mechanism 180 are electrically separated from each other, and the drive mechanism 170 and the drive mechanism 190 are electrically separated from each other. High accuracy can be achieved. According to such a configuration, by independently adjusting the driving force or rotational torque generated for each of the driving mechanisms 160, 170, 180, 190, two types of rotational operations around the rotational axis A1 are controlled independently. be able to. Even in this case, it is preferable that the condition defined by the formula (1) or the formula (2) is satisfied.

  9 to 15 show a micromirror element X2 according to the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a plan view of the micromirror element X2, and FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XX of FIG. 11 to 15 are cross-sectional views taken along line XI-XI, line XII-XII, line XIII-XIII, line XIV-XIV, and line XV-XV in FIG. 9, respectively.

  The micromirror element X2 includes a mirror part 110, an inner frame 120, an outer frame 130, a pair of connecting parts 140, a pair of connecting parts 150, and two drive mechanisms 260, 270, 280, and 290, respectively. . The micromirror X2 is different from the micromirror element X1 in that it includes drive mechanisms 260, 270, 280, and 290 instead of the drive mechanisms 160, 170, 180, and 190. Similarly to the micromirror element X1, the micromirror element X2 is manufactured by processing a material substrate that is an SOI substrate by a bulk micromachining technique such as a MEMS technique. The material substrate has, for example, a laminated structure including first and second silicon layers and an insulating layer between the silicon layers, and each silicon layer is given predetermined conductivity by doping with impurities. From the viewpoint of clarifying the drawing, in FIG. 9, a portion (excluding the mirror surface 111) derived from the first silicon layer and protruding from the insulating layer toward the front side of the drawing is indicated by hatching.

  The two drive mechanisms 260 included in the micromirror element X2 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 110, and each have a comb-tooth electrode 261 and a comb-tooth electrode 265. The comb-tooth electrode 261 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 262 fixed to the mirror part 110 and a plurality of electrode teeth 263 extending from the base 262. The comb electrode 265 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 265a, a conductor portion 265b, and an insulating portion 265c for electrically separating them, and a base portion 266 that is fixed to the inner frame 120 and extends inward. , And a plurality of electrode teeth 267 extending from the base 266. The conductor portions 265a and 265b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 261 and the conductor portion 265b of the comb-tooth electrode 265 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 10A and 11A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 261 and 265 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 263 and 267 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  The two drive mechanisms 270 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and each have a comb-tooth electrode 271 and a comb-tooth electrode 275. The comb-teeth electrode 271 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 272 fixed to the mirror part 110 and a plurality of electrode teeth 273 extending from the base 272. The comb electrode 275 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 275a, a conductor portion 275b, and an insulating portion 275c for electrically separating them, and a base portion 276 that is fixed to the inner frame 120 and extends inward. And a plurality of electrode teeth 277 extending from the base 276. The conductor portions 275a and 275b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 271 and the conductor portion 275b of the comb-tooth electrode 275 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 10A and 12A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 271 and 275 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 273 and 277 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  The two drive mechanisms 280 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and the inner frame 120, and have a comb electrode 281 and a comb electrode 285, respectively. The comb electrode 281 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and includes a base 282 fixed to the inner frame 120 and a plurality of electrode teeth 283 extending from the base 282. The comb electrode 285 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 285a, a conductor portion 285b, and an insulating portion 285c for electrically separating them, and is fixed to the outer frame 130 and extends inward. , And a plurality of electrode teeth 287 extending from the base 286. The conductor portions 285a and 285b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 281 and the conductor portion 285b of the comb-tooth electrode 285 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 13A and 14A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 281 and 285 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 283 and 287 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  The two drive mechanisms 290 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror part 110 and the inner frame 120, and have a comb electrode 291 and a comb electrode 295, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 291 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 292 fixed to the inner frame 120 and a plurality of electrode teeth 293 extending from the base 292. The comb electrode 295 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 295a, a conductor portion 295b, and an insulating portion 295c for electrically separating them, and is fixed to the outer frame 130 and extends inward. , And a plurality of electrode teeth 297 extending from the base 296. The conductor portions 295a and 295b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-shaped electrode 291 and the conductor portion 295b of the comb-shaped electrode 295 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 13A and 15A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 291 and 295 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 293 and 297 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  In the micromirror element X2, the comb-tooth electrodes 261, 271, 281, 291; the conductor portions 265a and 265b of the comb-tooth electrode 265; the conductor portions 275a and 275b of the comb-tooth electrode 275; and the conductor portions 285a and 285b of the comb-tooth electrode 285. By applying a predetermined potential to each of the conductor portions 295a and 295b of the comb electrode 295 as required, the mirror portion 110 can be rotated around the rotation axis A1.

  FIG. 16 illustrates an example of a driving mode of the micromirror element X2. FIG. 16A shows the time change of the voltage applied to the conductor part 265b of the comb electrode 265 of the drive mechanism 260 and the conductor part 285b of the comb electrode 285 of the drive mechanism 280. FIG. 16B shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the conductor portion 275 b of the comb electrode 275 of the drive mechanism 270 and the conductor portion 295 b of the comb electrode 295 of the drive mechanism 290. FIG. 16C shows the conductor portion 265a of the comb electrode 265 of the drive mechanism 260, the conductor portion 275a of the comb electrode 275 of the drive mechanism 270, the conductor portion 285a of the comb electrode 285 of the drive mechanism 280, and the drive mechanism 290. The time change of the voltage applied to the conductor part 295a of the comb-tooth electrode 295 is represented. In each of the graphs of FIGS. 16A to 16C, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents applied voltage (v). In this driving mode, the comb electrodes 261, 271, 281, 291 are grounded. FIG. 16D shows the change over time in the rotation angle of the mirror unit 110 in this driving mode. In the graph of FIG. 16D, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents the rotation angle (θ).

In this drive mode, first, at the time T 0, the initial state (the rotation angle of the mirror unit 110 is 0).
°) with respect to the conductor portions 265b and 285b of the comb-shaped electrodes 265 and 285 of the micromirror element X2 at time T 0 to so that the rotational displacement of the mirror portion 110 reaches the maximum rotation angle θ 1 at time t 1 . During time T 1 , a predetermined voltage V 1 is applied as shown in FIG. Time T 0 between ~ Time T 1, between the comb electrodes 261 and the conductor portion 265b and the comb-tooth electrode 281 and the conductor portion 285
An electrostatic attractive force is generated between b and the rotation angle of the mirror part 110 continues to increase in the first direction. At time T 1 , the driving mechanism 260 takes the orientation shown in FIG. 10B and FIG.
For example, the drive mechanism 280 has the orientation shown in FIGS. 13B and 14B, and the rotation angle reaches θ 1 as shown in FIG. 16D. At this time, a predetermined torsional stress is generated in the connecting portions 140 and 150.

Next, during time T 1 to time T 2 , the voltage applied to the conductor portions 265b and 285b is substantially 0 V, and the conductor portions 265a, 275a, 285a and 295a are shown in FIG. Thus, a predetermined voltage V 2 is applied. During this time, in addition to the torsional stress of the coupling portions 2140 and 150 acting as a restoring force, between the comb-tooth electrode 261 and the conductor portion 265b, between the comb-tooth electrode 271 and the conductor portion 275b, and between the comb-tooth electrode 281 and the conductor portion 285b. And between the comb electrode 291 and the conductor portion 295b, an electrostatic attractive force is generated, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 110 continues to decrease. At time T 2 , the drive mechanisms 260 and 270 are moved to the positions shown in FIGS. 10 (a), 11 (a) and 12 (a).
), The driving mechanisms 280 and 290 have the orientation shown in FIGS. 13A, 14A and 15A, and the rotation angle is 0 ° as shown in FIG. 16D. To.

Then, to reach the rotational displacement is maximum rotation angle theta 2 of the mirror portion 110 at time t 3, during the time T 2 ~ time T 3, the conductor portion 275b, in FIG. 16 (b) with respect to 295b predetermined voltage V 3 is applied as shown, the conductor portions 265a, 275a, 285a, the voltage applied to 295a is substantially 0V. Between time T 2 and time T 3, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the comb electrode 271 and the conductor portion 275 b and between the comb electrode 291 and the conductor portion 295 b, so that the rotation angle of the mirror portion 110 is the first direction. Continues to increase in the opposite second direction. At time T 3 , the driving mechanism 270 takes the orientation shown in FIGS. 10C and 12B, for example, and the driving mechanism 290 takes the orientation shown in FIGS. 13C and 15B and rotates. The angle reaches θ 2 as shown in FIG. At this time, a predetermined torsional stress is generated in the connecting portions 140 and 150.

Next, during time T 3 to time T 4 , the applied voltage to each of the conductor portions 275b and 295b is substantially 0 V, and the conductor portions 265a, 275a, 285a, and 295a are shown in FIG. Thus, a predetermined voltage V 4 is applied. During this time, in addition to the torsional stress of the connecting portions 140 and 150 acting as a restoring force, between the comb-tooth electrode 261 and the conductor portion 265b, between the comb-tooth electrode 271 and the conductor portion 275b, and between the comb-tooth electrode 281 and the conductor portion 285b. And between the comb electrode 291 and the conductor portion 295b, an electrostatic attractive force is generated, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 110 continues to decrease. At time T 4 , the drive mechanisms 260 and 270 are moved to the positions shown in FIGS. 10 (a), 11 (a) and 12 (a).
The driving mechanisms 280 and 290 have the orientation shown in FIGS. 13A, 14A and 15A, and the rotation angle is 0 ° as shown in FIG. 16D. It reaches. A series of operations as described above from time T 0 to time T 4 is repeated as necessary.

In this drive mode, preferably, voltage V 1 and voltage V 3 are the same, voltage V 2 and voltage V 4 are the same, and the absolute value of rotation angle θ 1 is the same as the absolute value of rotation angle θ 2. It is.
Preferably, the voltages V 2 and V 4 are smaller than the voltages V 1 and V 3 . Furthermore, preferably during time T 0 to time T 1 , between time T 1 and time T 2 , between time T 2 and time T 3 , and between time T 3 and time T 4 , They are set to the same length, and are each set to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation of the mirror unit 110. As described above, a periodic rotation operation can be achieved for the mirror portion 110 of the micromirror element X2.

  In the micromirror element X2, the stroke of the drive mechanism 280 and the stroke of the drive mechanism 260, or the stroke of the drive mechanism 290 and the stroke of the drive mechanism 270 contribute in a superimposed manner to ensure a long stroke. Since an effective long stroke is ensured by the superimposed contribution of the strokes of the two types of drive mechanisms, for example, each drive mechanism composed of a pair of comb electrodes is formed relatively thin (relatively short in the rotational operation direction). be able to. Therefore, the movable parts (mirror part 110 and inner frame 120) that tend to be formed with a thickness reflecting the thickness of the drive mechanism can also be formed relatively thin. A thinner movable part is lighter and more suitable for achieving a higher operating speed. Thus, the micromirror element X2 is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a high operation speed for the mirror unit 110.

  In the micromirror element X2, the drive mechanism 260 and the drive mechanism 280 are electrically arranged in parallel, and the drive mechanism 270 and the drive mechanism 290 are electrically arranged in parallel, thereby simplifying the rotational drive control. Can be achieved. For example, each comb-tooth electrode 261 and each comb-tooth electrode 281 are electrically arranged in parallel, and the conductor portion 265a of each comb-tooth electrode 265 and the conductor portion 285a of each comb-tooth electrode 285 are electrically arranged in parallel. In addition, when the conductor portion 265b of each comb-tooth electrode 265 and the conductor portion 285b of each comb-tooth electrode 285 are electrically arranged in parallel, all the comb-tooth electrodes 261 and 281 are simultaneously connected to each other during rotational driving. The same potential is applied, the same potential is applied to all the conductor portions 265a and 285a at the same time, and the same potential is applied to all the conductor portions 265b and 285b at the same time. Controls for the drive mechanisms 260 and 280 can be shared. Further, each comb-tooth electrode 271 and each comb-tooth electrode 291 are electrically arranged in parallel, and the conductor portion 275a of each comb-tooth electrode 275 and the conductor portion 295a of each comb-tooth electrode 295 are electrically arranged in parallel. In addition, when the conductor part 275b of each comb-tooth electrode 275 and the conductor part 295b of each comb-tooth electrode 295 are electrically arranged in parallel, all the comb-tooth electrodes 271 and 291 are simultaneously connected to each other during rotational driving. The same potential is applied, the same potential is applied to all the conductor portions 275a and 295a at the same time, and the same potential is applied to all the conductor portions 275b and 295b at the same time. Control for the drive mechanisms 270 and 290 can be made common.

The maximum rotational displacement angle of the mirror unit 110 relative to the inner frame 120 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 260 and 270 and the maximum relative rotational displacement angle of the inner frame 120 relative to the outer frame 130 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 280 and 290. In the design in which the driving mechanisms 260 and 280 are set to be equal, for example, when the control of the driving mechanisms 260 and 280 is shared as described above and the control of the driving mechanisms 270 and 290 is shared as described above. When the torsion spring constants of k are k 1 and k 2, and the rotational torques generated by the drive mechanisms 260 and 270 and the drive mechanisms 280 and 290 are T 1 and T 2 , respectively, the condition of the above equation (1) is satisfied It is possible to control these drive mechanisms most efficiently. On the other hand, the maximum rotational displacement angle of the mirror unit 110 relative to the inner frame 120 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 260 and 270 and the maximum relative rotation of the inner frame 120 relative to the outer frame 130 that can be achieved by the driving mechanisms 280 and 290. In a design in which the ratio to the displacement angle is set to 1: a, the control of the drive mechanisms 260 and 280 is shared as described above, for example, and the control of the drive mechanisms 270 and 290 is shared as described above, for example. In this case, if the torsion spring constants of the connecting portions 140 and 150 are k 1 and k 2, and the rotational torques generated by the drive mechanisms 260 and 270 and the drive mechanisms 280 and 290 are T 1 and T 2 , respectively, These drive mechanisms can be controlled most efficiently when the condition of 2) is satisfied.

17 to 24 show a micromirror element X3 according to a third embodiment of the present invention. 17 is a plan view of the micromirror element X3, and FIGS. 18 to 20 show a line XVIII in FIG.
It is sectional drawing along -XVIII. 21 to 24 are respectively lines XXI-XXI in FIG.
It is sectional drawing along line XXII-XXII, line XXIII-XXIII, and line XXIV-XXIV.

  The micromirror element X3 includes a mirror part 310, a frame 320, a pair of connecting parts 330, and two drive mechanisms 340, 350, 360, and 370, respectively. Similarly to the micromirror element X1, the micromirror element X3 is manufactured by processing a material substrate having a predetermined laminated structure, which is an SOI substrate, using a bulk micromachining technique such as a MEMS technique. It is. The material substrate has, for example, a laminated structure including first and second silicon layers and an insulating layer between the silicon layers, and each silicon layer is given predetermined conductivity by doping with impurities. From the viewpoint of clarifying the figure, in FIG. 17, a portion (excluding the mirror surface 311) derived from the first silicon layer and protruding from the insulating layer toward the front side of the drawing is indicated by hatching.

  The mirror part 310 is a part mainly formed in the first silicon layer, and has a mirror surface 311 having a light reflecting function on the surface thereof. The mirror surface 311 has a laminated structure including a Cr layer formed on the first silicon layer and an Ar layer thereon. Such a mirror part 310 constitutes a movable part in the present invention. The frame 320 is a part mainly formed in the first silicon layer, and has a form surrounding the mirror part 310.

  The pair of connecting portions 330 are portions formed in the first silicon layer, and are each composed of two torsion bars 331. Each torsion bar 331 is connected to the mirror unit 310 and the frame 320 to connect them. The interval between the two torsion bars 331 of each connecting portion 330 gradually increases from the frame 320 side to the mirror portion 310 side. Such a pair of connecting portions 330 defines a rotation axis A <b> 3 of the rotation operation of the mirror portion 310 with respect to the frame 320. The connecting portion 330 including the two torsion bars 331 whose interval gradually increases from the frame 320 side to the mirror portion 310 side is suitable for preventing an unnecessary displacement component in the rotation operation of the mirror portion 310. Further, the connecting portion 330 can be configured so that two different potentials can be applied from the frame 320 to the mirror portion 310 via the two torsion bars 331.

The two drive mechanisms 340 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 310 and each have a comb-tooth electrode 341 and a comb-tooth electrode 345. The comb electrode 341 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base part 342 fixed to the mirror part 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 343 extending from the base part 342. The comb electrode 345 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and has a base portion 346 fixed to the frame 320 and extending inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 347 extending from the base portion 346. . The comb electrodes 341 and 345 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 18 and 21A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 341 and 345 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 343 and 347 are displaced from each other so that they do not come into contact with each other during rotation driving.

  The two drive mechanisms 350 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror part 310 and each have a comb-tooth electrode 351 and a comb-tooth electrode 355. The comb-tooth electrode 351 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 352 fixed to the mirror part 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 353 extending from the base 352. The comb electrode 355 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and has a base portion 356 that is fixed to the frame 320 and extends inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 357 extending from the base portion 356. . The comb electrodes 351 and 355 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 18 and 22A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 351 and 355 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 353 and 357 are displaced from each other so that they do not contact each other at the time of rotational driving.

  The two drive mechanisms 360 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 310 and each have a comb electrode 361 and a comb electrode 365. The comb electrode 361 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base portion 362 fixed to the mirror portion 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 363 extending from the base portion 362. The comb electrode 365 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and has a base 366 fixed to the frame 320 and extending inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 367 extending from the base 366. . The comb electrodes 361 and 365 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 18 and 23A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 361 and 365 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 363 and 367 are displaced so that they do not contact each other at the time of rotational driving.

  The two drive mechanisms 370 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 310 and each have a comb electrode 371 and a comb electrode 375. The comb-teeth electrode 371 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and includes a base 372 fixed to the mirror part 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 373 extending from the base 372. The comb electrode 375 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and has a base portion 376 that is fixed to the frame 320 and extends inward, and a plurality of electrode teeth 377 that extend from the base portion 376. . The comb electrodes 371 and 375 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 18 and 24A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 371 and 375 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 373 and 377 are displaced so that they do not contact each other during rotation driving.

  In the micromirror element X3, a predetermined potential is applied to each of the comb-teeth electrodes 341, 345, 351, 355, 361, 365, 371, and 375 as necessary, so that the mirror unit 310 is rotated. It can be rotated around A3.

For example, by applying a predetermined potential to the comb electrodes 341 and 345 of the drive mechanism 340, a desired electrostatic attraction is generated between the comb electrodes 341 and 345, and the comb electrodes 361 and 365 of the drive mechanism 360 are generated. When a desired electrostatic attraction is generated between the comb-tooth electrodes 361 and 365 by applying a predetermined potential to the comb-tooth electrode 361, the comb-tooth electrode 341 is drawn into the comb-tooth electrode 345, and the comb-tooth electrode 361 is comb-toothed. The drive mechanism 340, 360 is drawn into the electrode 365, for example, as shown in FIG.
), FIG. 21 (b), and FIG. 23 (b). As a result, the mirror unit 310 rotates around the rotation axis A3 with respect to the frame 320. The amount of rotational displacement in the rotational operation can be adjusted by adjusting the applied potential. As for the rotational drive of the mirror unit 310 to the opposite side around the rotation axis A3, by generating a desired electrostatic attraction in the drive mechanisms 350 and 370 in the same manner as described above with respect to the drive mechanisms 340 and 360, for example, This can be achieved as shown in FIGS. 20 (a), 22 (b), and 24 (b). By such rotational driving of the mirror unit 310 in two directions, the reflection direction of light reflected by the mirror surface 311 provided on the mirror unit 310 can be appropriately switched.

  FIG. 25 illustrates an example of a driving mode of the micromirror element X3. FIG. 25A shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 345 of the drive mechanism 340. FIG. 25B shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 365 of the driving mechanism 360. FIG. 25 (c) shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 355 of the drive mechanism 350. FIG. 25 (d) shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 375 of the drive mechanism 370. In each of the graphs of FIGS. 25A to 25D, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents applied voltage (v). In this driving mode, the comb electrodes 341, 351, 361, 371 are grounded. FIG. 25E shows a change over time in the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 in this driving mode. In the graph of FIG. 25E, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents the rotation angle (θ).

In this drive mode, first, as the rotational displacement of the mirror portion 310 located at time t 0 in the initial state (° rotation angle 0) reaches the maximum rotation angle theta 1 at time t 2, time T 0 ~ During time T 1 , a predetermined voltage V 1 is applied to the comb-teeth electrode 345 as shown in FIG. 25A, and for the time T 0 to T 2 , the comb-teeth electrode 365 is given. A predetermined voltage V 2 is applied as shown in FIG. From time T 0 to time T 1 , electrostatic attraction occurs between the comb electrodes 341 and 345 and between the comb electrodes 361 and 365, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 continues to increase in the first direction. In 1 , the driving mechanisms 340 and 360 have the orientations shown in FIGS. 19A, 21B, and 23B, for example. At a time T 1 before the driving force (driving torque) in the second direction opposite to the first direction reaches a rotational displacement (for example, θ 1 ′) that can occur in the driving mechanism 340, the comb-tooth electrode 345 is subjected to The voltage application is substantially 0V. Then, during time T 1 to time T 2 , electrostatic attraction continues to occur between the comb electrodes 361 and 365, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 continues to increase in the first direction. At time T 2 , the drive mechanisms 340 and 360 are, for example, shown in FIG.
b), the orientation shown in FIG. 21 (c), and FIG. 23 (c) is taken, and the rotation angle reaches θ 1 as shown in FIG. 25 (e). At this time, a predetermined torsional stress is generated in the connecting portion 330.

Next, at time T 2 , the voltage applied to each comb electrode 365 is substantially 0V. Thereafter, during the time T 2 to the time T 3 , the torsional stress of the connecting portion 330 acts as a restoring force, and the rotation angle continues to decrease. At time T 3 , the rotation angle reaches 0 ° as shown in FIG.

Next, as shown in FIG. 25C, the comb-shaped electrode 355 is shown in FIG. 25C from time T 3 to time T 4 so that the rotational displacement of the mirror unit 310 reaches the maximum rotation angle θ 2 at time t 5 . with a predetermined voltage V 3 is applied, during the time T 3 ~ time T 5, the predetermined voltage V 4 as shown in FIG. 25 (d) with respect to the comb-tooth electrode 375 is applied to. Between time T 3 and time T 4 , electrostatic attraction is generated between the comb electrodes 351 and 355 and between the comb electrodes 371 and 375, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 continues to increase in the second direction. In FIG. 4 , the drive mechanisms 350 and 370 are, for example, FIG.
The orientation shown in 2 (b) and FIG. 24 (b) is taken. At a time T 4 before the driving force (driving torque) in the first direction opposite to the second direction reaches the rotational displacement (for example, θ 2 ′) that can occur in the driving mechanism 350, The voltage application is substantially 0V. And
Between time T 4 and time T 5 , electrostatic attraction continues to occur between the comb-tooth electrodes 371 and 375 and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 continues to increase in the second direction. At time T 5 , the drive mechanisms 350, 370
Takes, for example, the orientation shown in FIGS. 20 (b), 22 (c) and 24 (c), and the rotation angle reaches θ 2 as shown in FIG. 25 (e). At this time, a predetermined torsional stress is generated in the connecting portion 330.

Next, at time T 5 , the voltage applied to each comb electrode 375 is substantially 0V. Thereafter, during the time T 5 to the time T 6 , the torsional stress of the connecting portion 330 acts as a restoring force, and the rotation angle continues to decrease. At time T 6 , the rotation angle reaches 0 ° as shown in FIG. A series of operations as described above from the time T 0 to the time T 6 is repeated as necessary.

In the present driving mode, preferably, the voltage V 1 and the voltage V 3 are the same and the voltage V 2
The voltage V 4 is the same, and the absolute value of the rotation angle θ 1 is the same as the absolute value of the rotation angle θ 2 . Also, during the time T 0 to the time T 2 , the time T 2 to the time T 3 , the time T 3 to the time T 5 , and the time T 5 to the time T 6 are preferably the same length. Each is set to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation of the mirror unit 310. As described above, a periodic rotation operation can be achieved for the mirror portion 310 of the micromirror element X3.

  FIG. 26 illustrates another example of the driving mode of the micromirror element X3. FIG. 26A shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 345 of the drive mechanism 340. FIG. 26B shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 365 of the drive mechanism 360. FIG. 26C shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 355 of the drive mechanism 350. FIG. 26D shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the comb electrode 375 of the drive mechanism 370. In each of the graphs of FIGS. 26A to 26D, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents applied voltage (v). In this driving mode, the comb electrodes 341, 351, 361, 371 are grounded. FIG. 26E shows a change over time in the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 in this driving mode. In the graph of FIG. 26E, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents the rotation angle (θ). This drive mode is different from the drive mode described above with reference to FIG. 25 in that there is a further voltage application period for the comb electrodes 345 and 355.

In this driving mode, as shown in FIG. 26A, the comb-tooth electrode 34 is between the time T 2 and the time T 2 ′.
A predetermined voltage V 5 is applied to 5 . During this time, in addition to the torsional stress of the connecting portion 330 acting as a restoring force, an electrostatic attractive force is generated as a driving force in the second direction between the comb electrodes 341 and 345, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 is reduced. to continue. At time T 2 ′, the drive mechanisms 340 and 360 have the orientations shown in FIGS. 19A, 21B, and 23B, for example. At a time T 2 ′ before the driving force (driving torque) in the first direction opposite to the second direction reaches the rotational displacement (for example, θ 1 ′) that can occur in the driving mechanism 340, the comb electrode 345 The voltage applied to is substantially 0V.

In the present driving mode, as shown in FIG. 26C, a predetermined voltage V 6 is applied to the comb electrode 355 from time T 5 to time T 5 ′. During this time, in addition to the torsional stress of the connecting portion 330 acting as a restoring force, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the comb electrodes 351 and 355 as a driving force in the first direction, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 is reduced. to continue. At time T 5 ′, the driving mechanisms 350 and 370 take the orientation shown in FIGS. 20B, 22B, and 24B, for example. Comb electrode 355 at time T 5 ′ before the driving force (driving torque) in the second direction opposite to the first direction reaches the rotational displacement (for example, θ 2 ′) that can occur in driving mechanism 350. The voltage applied to is substantially 0V.

In the present driving mode, preferably, the voltage V 1 and the voltage V 5 are the same, and the voltage V 3 and the voltage V 6 are the same. Also, the sum of the time T 0 to the time T 1 and the time T 2 to the time T 2 ′, and the time T 3 to the time T 4 and the time T 5 to the time T 5 ′. Each of the sums is preferably set to a quarter period of the rotation operation of the mirror unit 310. As described above, a periodic rotation operation can be achieved for the mirror portion 310 of the micromirror element X3.

  In the micromirror element X3, the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 are disposed relatively far from the rotation axis A3 in the rotation operation of the mirror unit 310, and the drive mechanisms 360 and 370 are disposed relatively close to each other. ing. In such a configuration, the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 are more suitable than the drive mechanisms 360 and 370 in generating a large rotational torque. For example, when the dimensional design of the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 and the drive mechanisms 360 and 370 are the same, when the same voltage is applied to them, the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 have a longer distance from the rotational axis A3. A rotational torque larger than that of the driving machines 360 and 370 is generated. The drive mechanisms 360 and 370 are more suitable than the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 in securing a large stroke. For example, when the drive mechanism 340, 350 and the drive mechanism 360, 370 have the same dimensional design, the drive mechanism 360, 370 has a stroke over a larger rotational displacement (rotation angle) than the drive mechanism 340, 350. . In the micromirror element X3 including both the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 suitable for generating a large rotational torque and the drive mechanisms 360 and 370 suitable for securing a large stroke, each comb-tooth electrode in each drive mechanism is provided with each comb-tooth electrode. It is possible to ensure an effective long stroke without being excessively thick. Such a micromirror element X3 is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement at a high operation speed for the mirror unit 310.

  In such a micromirror element X3, the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 and the drive mechanisms 360 and 370 are electrically separated from each other in order to effectively utilize the features of the drive mechanisms 340 and 350 and the drive mechanisms 360 and 370. It is preferable to control them independently. For example, when the displacement amount of the mirror unit 310 is a small angle range, a large rotational torque is mainly generated depending on the drive mechanisms 340 and 350, and in a large angle range, the displacement is applied over a relatively long stroke of the drive mechanisms 360 and 370. A predetermined rotational torque can be maintained by the drive mechanisms 360 and 370.

  Further, in the micromirror element X3, by increasing the electric field generation area of each comb electrode of the drive mechanisms 360 and 370 to a desired level, the rotational torque generated by the drive mechanisms 360 and 370, and the drive mechanism The difference from the rotational torque generated by 340, 350 may be set small. Alternatively, a plurality of types of driving mechanisms for generating a driving force at a location farther from the rotational axis A3 may be added. By adopting these configurations, predetermined characteristics in the micromirror element X3 may be improved.

  In addition, in the micromirror element X3, it is preferable to provide means for detecting the rotational displacement amount (rotation angle) of the mirror unit 310 in order to rotationally drive the mirror unit 310 with high accuracy. As the detection means, for example, an optical method using light reflection on the upper surface or the lower surface of the mirror unit 310, a method of measuring a capacitance value on the lower surface of the comb electrode or the mirror unit 310, or a connection A method of measuring the strain of the unit 330 or the torsion bar 331 using a strain gauge such as a piezoresistor can be employed.

  27 to 34 show a micromirror element X4 according to the fourth embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 27 is a plan view of the micromirror element X4, and FIGS. 28 to 30 are cross-sectional views taken along line XXVIII-XXVIII in FIG. 31 to 34 are cross-sectional views taken along line XXXI-XXXI, line XXXII-XXXII, line XXXIII-XXXIII, and line XXXIV-XXXIV in FIG. 27, respectively.

The micromirror element X4 includes a mirror part 310, a frame 320, a pair of connecting parts 330, and two drive mechanisms 440, 450, 460, and 470, respectively. The micromirror element X4 is different from the micromirror element X3 in that it includes drive mechanisms 440, 450, 460, 470 instead of the drive mechanisms 340, 350, 360, 370. Similarly to the micromirror element X1, the micromirror element X4 is manufactured by processing a material substrate having a predetermined laminated structure, which is an SOI substrate, using a bulk micromachining technique such as a MEMS technique. It is. The material substrate has, for example, a laminated structure including first and second silicon layers and an insulating layer between the silicon layers, and each silicon layer is given predetermined conductivity by doping with impurities. From the viewpoint of clarifying the figure, in FIG. 27, a portion (excluding the mirror surface 311) derived from the first silicon layer and protruding from the insulating layer toward the front side of the drawing is indicated by hatching.

  The two drive mechanisms 440 included in the micromirror element X4 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 310, and each have a comb-tooth electrode 441 and a comb-tooth electrode 445. The comb electrode 441 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 442 fixed to the mirror part 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 443 extending from the base 442. The comb-teeth electrode 445 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 445a, a conductor portion 445b, and an insulating portion 445c for electrically separating them, and a base portion 446 that is fixed to the frame 320 and extends inward. In addition, a plurality of electrode teeth 447 extending from the base portion 446 are provided. The conductor portions 445a and 445b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 441 and the conductor portion 445b of the comb-tooth electrode 445 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 28 and 31A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 441 and 445 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 443 and 447 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  The two drive mechanisms 450 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 310 and each have a comb-tooth electrode 451 and a comb-tooth electrode 455. The comb electrode 451 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and includes a base 452 fixed to the mirror part 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 453 extending from the base 452. The comb-tooth electrode 455 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 455a, a conductor portion 455b, and an insulating portion 455c for electrically separating them, and a base portion 456 that is fixed to the frame 320 and extends inward. In addition, a plurality of electrode teeth 457 extending from the base portion 456 are provided. The conductor portions 455a and 455b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 451 and the conductor portion 455b of the comb-tooth electrode 455 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 28 and 32A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 451 and 455 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 453 and 457 are displaced from each other so as not to contact each other.

  The two drive mechanisms 460 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 310 and each have a comb electrode 461 and a comb electrode 465. The comb-tooth electrode 461 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 462 fixed to the mirror part 310 and a plurality of electrode teeth 463 extending from the base 462. The comb-teeth electrode 465 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 465a, a conductor portion 465b, and an insulating portion 465c for electrically separating them, and a base portion 466 fixed to the frame 320 and extending inward. A plurality of electrode teeth 467 extending from the base 466 are provided. The conductor portions 465a and 465b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 461 and the conductor portion 465b of the comb-tooth electrode 465 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 28 and 33A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 461 and 465 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 463 and 467 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

The two drive mechanisms 470 are arranged symmetrically via the mirror unit 310 and each have a comb electrode 471 and a comb electrode 475. The comb electrode 471 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base portion 472 fixed to the frame 320 and a plurality of electrode teeth 473 extending from the base portion 472. The comb-teeth electrode 475 has a laminated structure including a conductor portion 475a, a conductor portion 475b, and an insulating portion 475c for electrically separating them, and a base portion 476 that is fixed to the frame 320 and extends inward. A plurality of electrode teeth 477 extending from the base portion 476 are provided. The conductor portions 475a and 475b are portions derived from the first and second silicon layers, respectively. The comb-tooth electrode 471 and the conductor portion 475b of the comb-tooth electrode 475 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 28 and 34A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-teeth electrodes 471 and 475 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 473 and 477 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  In the micromirror element X4, the comb electrodes 441, 451, 461, 471, the conductor portions 445a and 445b of the comb electrode 445, the conductor portions 455a and 455b of the comb electrode 455, and the conductor portions 465a and 465b of the comb electrode 465. , And by applying a predetermined potential to each of the conductor portions 475a and 475b of the comb electrode 475 as required, the mirror portion 310 can be rotated around the rotation axis A3.

  FIG. 35 illustrates an example of a driving mode of the micromirror element X4. FIG. 35A shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the conductor portion 445b of the comb electrode 445 of the drive mechanism 440. FIG. FIG. 35B shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the conductor portion 465b of the comb electrode 465 of the drive mechanism 460. FIG. FIG. 35 (c) shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the conductor portion 455 b of the comb electrode 455 of the drive mechanism 450. FIG. 35 (d) shows the change over time of the voltage applied to the conductor portion 475 b of the comb electrode 475 of the drive mechanism 470. FIG. 35E shows a conductor portion 445a of the comb electrode 445 of the drive mechanism 440, a conductor portion 455a of the comb electrode 455 of the drive mechanism 450, a conductor portion 465a of the comb electrode 465 of the drive mechanism 460, and the drive mechanism 470. The time change of the voltage applied to the conductor part 475a of the comb-tooth electrode 475 is represented. In each of the graphs of FIGS. 35 (a) to 35 (e), the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents applied voltage (v). In this driving mode, the comb electrodes 441, 451, 461, 471 are grounded. FIG. 35 (f) shows the change over time of the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 in the present driving mode. In the graph of FIG. 35F, the horizontal axis represents time (t), and the vertical axis represents the rotation angle (θ).

In this drive mode, first, as the rotational displacement of the mirror portion 310 located at time t 0 in the initial state (° rotation angle 0) reaches the maximum rotation angle theta 1 at time t 2, time T 0 ~ During time T 1 , a predetermined voltage V 1 is applied to the conductor portion 445b as shown in FIG. 35A, and during time T 0 to time T 2 , the conductor portion 465b is applied to FIG. A predetermined voltage V 2 is applied as shown in FIG. Between time T 0 and time T 1 , electrostatic attractive force is generated between the comb-tooth electrode 441 and the conductor portion 445b and between the comb-tooth electrode 461 and the conductor portion 465b, so that the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 is in the first direction. At time T 1 , the driving mechanisms 440 and 460 continue to increase, for example, as shown in FIG.
The orientations shown in FIGS. 31 (b) and 33 (b) are taken. The voltage applied to the conductor portion 445b at time T 1 before the driving force (driving torque) in the second direction opposite to the first direction reaches the rotational displacement (for example, θ 1 ′) that can occur in the driving mechanism 440. The application is substantially 0V. Then, during time T 1 to time T 2 , electrostatic attraction is continuously generated between the comb electrode 461 and the conductor portion 465b, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 continues to increase in the first direction. At time T 2 , the drive mechanisms 440 and 460 have the orientations shown in FIGS. 29B, 31C, and 33C, for example, and the rotation angle is θ 1 as shown in FIG. 35F. To. At this time, a predetermined torsional stress is generated in the connecting portion 330.

Next, during the time T 2 to the time T 3 , the conductor portion 44 so that the rotation angle reaches 0 ° at the time t 4 .
A predetermined voltage V 3 is applied to 5b, and during the period from time T 2 to time T 4 , FIG.
), A predetermined voltage V 4 is applied to the conductor portions 445a, 455a, 465a, and 475a. Also, during the time T 2 ~ time T 4, the voltage applied to the conductor portion 465b is substantially 0V. Between time T 2 and time T 3 , the torsional stress of the connecting portion 330 acts as a restoring force, and the comb electrode 441 and the comb electrode 445 (conductor portions 445a and 445b) are driven in the second direction. An electrostatic attractive force is generated as a force, and also between the comb electrode 451 and the conductor portion 455a, between the comb electrode 461 and the conductor portion 465a, and between the comb electrode 471 and the conductor portion 475a,
An electrostatic attractive force is generated as a driving force in the second direction, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 continues to decrease. At time T 3 , the drive mechanisms 440 and 460 are, for example, shown in FIGS.
The orientation shown in 3 (b) is taken. By the driving force (driving torque) rotating displacement may occur in the drive mechanism 440 (e.g., theta 1 ') before for a period of time T 3 leading to the opposite of the first direction and the second direction, the voltage with respect to the conductor portion 445b The application is substantially 0V. Between time T 3 and time T 4 , between the comb-tooth electrode 441 and the conductor portion 445a, between the comb-tooth electrode 451 and the conductor portion 455a, between the comb-tooth electrode 461 and the conductor portion 465a, and the comb-tooth electrode 471. And the conductor portion 475a continue to generate an electrostatic attractive force, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 continues to decrease. At time T 4 , the rotation angle reaches 0 ° as shown in FIG.

Next, as shown in FIG. 35 (d) with respect to the conductor portion 455 b from time T 4 to time T 5 so that the rotational displacement of the mirror portion 310 reaches the maximum rotation angle θ 2 at time t 6 . While the predetermined voltage V 5 is applied, the predetermined voltage V 6 is applied to the conductor portion 475b from time T 4 to time T 6 as shown in FIG. 35 (d). During time T 4 ~ time T 5, the comb-tooth electrode 451 and the conductor portion 4
55b the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 an electrostatic attraction is generated between and during comb electrodes 471 and the conductor portion 475b of the ever increasing in the second direction, the time T 5, the drive mechanism 450, 470 for example FIG. The orientation shown in FIG. 30 (a), FIG. 32 (b), and FIG. 34 (b) is taken. By the driving force (driving torque) rotating displacement may occur in the drive mechanism 450 (e.g., theta 2 ') previously at a time T 5 leading to the opposite of the first direction and the second direction, the voltage with respect to the conductor portion 455b The application is substantially 0V. During time T 5 to time T 6 , electrostatic attraction is continuously generated between the comb electrode 471 and the conductor portion 475b, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 continues to increase in the second direction. Time T 6
Then, the drive mechanisms 450 and 470 take the orientation shown in FIGS. 30B, 32C, and 34C, for example, and the rotation angle reaches θ 2 as shown in FIG. 35F. At this time, a predetermined torsional stress is generated in the connecting portion 330.

Next, between time T 6 and time T 7 , the conductor portion 45 is set so that the rotation angle reaches 0 ° at time t 8 .
With a predetermined voltage V 7 as shown in FIG. 35 (c) is applied to 5b, during the time T 6 ~ time T 8, as shown in FIG. 35 (e), the conductor portion 445a, 455a, 465a, 47
A predetermined voltage V 8 is applied to 5a. Also, during the time T 6 ~ time T 8, the conductor portion 475
The applied voltage to b is substantially 0V. Between time T 6 and time T 7 , the torsional stress of the connecting portion 330 acts as a restoring force, and the comb-tooth electrode 451 and the comb-tooth electrode 455 (conductor portions 445a and 445b) are driven in the first direction. An electrostatic attractive force is generated as a force, and also between the comb-tooth electrode 441 and the conductor portion 445a, between the comb-tooth electrode 461 and the conductor portion 465a, and between the comb-tooth electrode 471 and the conductor portion 475a in the first direction. As a driving force, electrostatic attraction is generated, and the rotation angle of the mirror unit 310 continues to decrease. At time T 7, the drive mechanism 450, 470 for example FIG. 30 (a)
32 (b) and FIG. 34 (b). At the first driving force in the opposite second direction to the direction (driving torque) is rotational displacement which may occur in the drive mechanism 450 (e.g., theta 2 ') previously for a period of time leading to T 7, the voltage with respect to the conductor portion 455b The application is substantially 0V. Then, during the time T 7 ~ time T 8, between the comb electrodes 441 and the conductor portion 445a, between the comb electrodes 451 and the conductor portion 455a, between the comb electrodes 461 and the conductor portion 465a, and comb electrodes 471 And the conductor portion 475a continue to generate an electrostatic attractive force, and the rotation angle of the mirror portion 310 continues to decrease. At time T 8 , the rotation angle reaches 0 ° as shown in FIG. A series of operations as described above from time T 0 to time T 8 is repeated as necessary.

In the present driving mode, preferably, the voltage V 1 and the voltage V 3 are the same and the voltage V 5
The voltage V 7 is the same, and the absolute value of the rotation angle θ 1 is the same as the absolute value of the rotation angle θ 2 . Preferably, during the time T 0 ~ time T 2, during the time T 2 ~ time T 4, during the time T 4 ~ time T 6, and during the time T 6 ~ time T 8, the same in length Each is set to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation of the mirror unit 310. Also, the sum of the time T 0 to the time T 1 and the time T 2 to the time T 3 and the sum of the time T 4 to the time T 5 and the time T 6 to the time T 7 are , Each is preferably a quarter cycle of the rotation of the mirror unit 310. As described above, a periodic rotation operation can be achieved for the mirror portion 310 of the micromirror element X4.

  In the micromirror element X4, the drive mechanisms 440 and 450 are disposed relatively far from the rotation axis A3 in the rotation operation of the mirror unit 310, and the drive mechanisms 460 and 470 are disposed relatively close to each other. ing. In such a configuration, the drive mechanisms 440 and 450 are more suitable than the drive mechanisms 460 and 470 in generating a large rotational torque, as described above with respect to the drive mechanisms 340 and 350. The drive mechanisms 460 and 470 are more suitable than the drive mechanisms 440 and 450 in securing a large stroke, as described above with respect to the drive mechanisms 360 and 370. In the micromirror element X4 including both the drive mechanisms 440 and 450 suitable for generating a large rotational torque and the drive mechanisms 460 and 470 suitable for securing a large stroke, the above-described micromirror element X3 is described above. Similarly, an effective long stroke can be ensured without excessively thickening each comb electrode in each drive mechanism. Such a micromirror element X4 is suitable for realizing a large rotational displacement amount of the mirror unit 310 at a high operation speed.

  Further, in the micromirror element X4, as described above with respect to the micromirror element X3, means for detecting the rotational displacement (rotation angle) of the mirror section 310 in order to rotationally drive the mirror section 310 with high accuracy. Is preferably provided.

  36 to 40 show a micromirror element X5 according to the fifth embodiment of the present invention. 36 is a plan view of the micromirror element X5, and FIG. 37 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXVII-XXXVII in FIG. 38 to 40 are cross-sectional views taken along line XXXVIII-XXXVIII, line XXXIX-XXXIX, and line XXXX-XXXX in FIG. 36, respectively.

  The micromirror element X5 includes a mirror portion 510, a frame 520, a pair of connecting portions 530, and two drive mechanisms 540 and 550, respectively. Similarly to the micromirror element X1, the micromirror element X5 is manufactured by processing a material substrate having a predetermined laminated structure, which is an SOI substrate, using a bulk micromachining technique such as a MEMS technique. It is. The material substrate has, for example, a laminated structure including first and second silicon layers and an insulating layer between the silicon layers, and each silicon layer is given predetermined conductivity by doping with impurities. From the viewpoint of clarifying the figure, in FIG. 36, a portion (excluding a mirror surface 511 described later) that is derived from the first silicon layer and is positioned in front of the insulating layer is indicated by hatching.

  The mirror part 510 is a part mainly formed in the first silicon layer, and has a mirror surface 511 having a light reflecting function on the surface thereof. The mirror surface 511 has a laminated structure including a Cr layer formed on the first silicon layer and an Ar layer thereon. Such a mirror part 510 constitutes a movable part in the present invention. The frame 520 is a part mainly formed in the first silicon layer, and has a form surrounding the mirror unit 510.

The pair of connecting portions 530 are portions formed in the first silicon layer, and each include two torsion bars 531. Each torsion bar 531 is connected to the mirror unit 510 and the frame 520 to connect them. The distance between the two torsion bars 531 of each connecting portion 530 gradually increases from the frame 520 side to the mirror portion 510 side. Such a pair of connecting portions 530 defines a rotation axis A5 of the rotation operation of the mirror portion 510 with respect to the frame 520. The connecting portion 530 including the two torsion bars 531 whose interval gradually increases from the frame 520 side to the mirror portion 510 side is suitable for preventing an unnecessary displacement component in the rotation operation of the mirror portion 510. Further, the connecting portion 530 can be configured so that two different potentials can be applied from the frame 520 to the mirror portion 510 via the two torsion bars 531.

  The two drive mechanisms 540 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 510 and each have a comb electrode 541 and a comb electrode 545. The comb-tooth electrode 541 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and has a base 542 fixed to the mirror part 510 and a plurality of electrode teeth 543. The base portion 541 extends so as to approach the rotation axis A5 as the distance from the mirror portion 510 increases. From such a base portion 541, a plurality of electrode teeth 543 having substantially the same length extend in a direction orthogonal to the rotation axis A5. On the other hand, the comb electrode 545 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and has a base portion 546 and a plurality of electrode teeth 547 that are fixed to the frame 520 and extend inward. The base 546 extends away from the rotational axis A5 as it approaches the mirror 510. From such a base 546, a plurality of electrode teeth 547 having substantially the same length extend in a direction orthogonal to the rotation axis A5. The comb-tooth electrode 541 and the comb-tooth electrode 545 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 37 (a), 38 (a), and 39 (a) when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-tooth electrodes 541 and 545 are arranged in such a manner that the electrode teeth 543 and 547 are displaced from each other so as not to contact each other.

  The two drive mechanisms 550 are disposed symmetrically via the mirror unit 510 and each have a comb electrode 551 and a comb electrode 555. The comb electrode 551 is a part mainly derived from the first silicon layer, and includes a base 552 fixed to the mirror unit 510 and a plurality of electrode teeth 553. The base portion 551 extends so as to approach the rotation axis A5 as the distance from the mirror portion 510 increases. From such a base portion 551, a plurality of electrode teeth 553 having substantially the same length extend in a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis A5. On the other hand, the comb-tooth electrode 555 is a part mainly derived from the second silicon layer, and has a base portion 556 and a plurality of electrode teeth 557 that are fixed to the frame 520 and extend inward. The base portion 556 extends away from the rotational axis A5 as it approaches the mirror portion 510. From such a base portion 556, a plurality of electrode teeth 557 having substantially the same length extend in a direction orthogonal to the rotation axis A5. The comb-tooth electrode 551 and the comb-tooth electrode 555 are positioned at different heights as shown in FIGS. 37A, 38A, and 40A when the element is not rotated. Further, the comb-teeth electrodes 551 and 555 are arranged in such a manner that their electrode teeth 553 and 557 are displaced so as not to contact each other.

  In the micromirror element X5, by applying a predetermined potential to each of the comb electrodes 541, 545, 551, and 555 as necessary, the mirror unit 510 can be rotated around the rotation axis A5. it can.

  For example, when a desired electrostatic attraction is generated between the comb electrodes 541 and 545 by applying a predetermined potential to the comb electrodes 541 and 545 of the drive mechanism 540, the comb electrode 541 is pulled by the comb electrodes 545. Thus, both electrodes have the orientations shown in FIGS. 37 (b), 38 (b), and 39 (b), for example. Thus, the mirror unit 510 rotates around the rotation axis A5 with respect to the frame 520. The amount of rotational displacement in the rotational operation can be adjusted by adjusting the applied potential. The rotational drive of the mirror unit 510 to the opposite side around the rotation axis A5 can be achieved by generating a desired electrostatic attraction in the drive mechanism 550 in the same manner as described above with respect to the drive mechanism 540. By such rotational driving of the mirror unit 510 in two directions, the reflection direction of light reflected by the mirror surface 511 provided on the mirror unit 510 can be appropriately switched.

In the micromirror element X5, the stroke by the electrode teeth 543 and 547 that are closest to each other in the drive mechanism 540 and the stroke by the electrode teeth 553 and 557 that are closest to each other in the drive mechanism 550 are continuous over the electrode tooth parallel direction. To change. Specifically, the strokes by the nearest electrode teeth 543 and 547 and the strokes by the nearest electrode teeth 553 and 557 gradually increase from the mirror unit 510 side to the frame 520 side. Therefore, in the micromirror element X5, it is possible to ensure an effective long stroke without excessively increasing the comb electrodes 541, 545, 551, and 555 in the drive mechanisms 540 and 550. Such a micromirror element X5 is suitable for realizing a rotational operation with a large rotational displacement amount at a high operation speed for the mirror unit 510.

  In addition, in the micromirror element X5, the rotation torque generated between the electrode teeth 543 and 547 that are closest to each other in the drive mechanism 540 and the electrode tooth 553 and 557 that are closest to each other in the drive mechanism 550 are generated. The rotational torque changes continuously over the electrode tooth parallel direction. Specifically, the rotational torque generated between the nearest electrode teeth 543 and 547 and the rotational torque generated between the nearest electrode teeth 553 and 557 are reflected from the mirror 520 from the frame 520 side. It gradually increases toward this side. Therefore, in the micromirror element X5, it is possible to avoid sudden torque fluctuations in a relatively wide rotational operation range of the mirror unit 510.

  41 and 42 show modifications of the comb electrodes constituting each driving mechanism of the micromirror elements X1, X3, and X5. 41 (a) to 41 (d) show vertical cross sections of electrode teeth in each modification, and FIGS. 42 (a) and 42 (b) are partial plan views of the modification.

  In the modification shown in FIG. 41 (a), the fixed comb electrode has electrode teeth 71, and the movable comb electrode has electrode teeth 71 '. The electrode teeth 71 and the electrode teeth 71 'partially overlap in the thickness direction of the comb electrode when the element is not driven. Here, the fixed comb electrode corresponds to, for example, comb electrodes 165, 175, 185, and 195 in the micromirror element X1, and corresponds to comb electrodes 345, 355, 365, and 375 in the micromirror element X3. The micromirror element X5 corresponds to the comb-tooth electrodes 545 and 555. On the other hand, the movable comb electrode corresponds to the comb electrodes 161, 171, 181, 191 in the micromirror element X1, and corresponds to the comb electrodes 341, 351, 361, 371 in the micromirror element X3. The mirror element X5 corresponds to the comb-tooth electrodes 541 and 551. The same applies to other modified examples described later. In this modification, the electrode tooth 71 has a laminated structure including conductor portions 71a and 71b and an insulating portion 71c therebetween. In the electrode teeth 71, the conductor portions 71a and 71b are electrically connected. In such a configuration, the electrode tooth 71 and the electrode tooth 71 ′ already have a partial overlap during non-rotational driving, so that a rapid change in rotational torque in a minute rotational angle range of around 0 ° is reduced. can do.

  In the modification shown in FIG. 41 (b), the movable comb electrode has electrode teeth 72, and the fixed comb electrode has electrode teeth 72 '. The electrode teeth 72 and the electrode teeth 72 'partially overlap in the thickness direction of the comb electrode when the element is not driven. The electrode tooth 72 has a laminated structure including conductor portions 72a and 72b and an insulating portion 72c therebetween. In the electrode teeth 72, the conductor portions 72a and 72b are electrically connected. In such a configuration, the electrode tooth 72 and the electrode tooth 72 'already have a partial overlap during non-rotational driving, so that a rapid change in rotational torque in a minute rotational angle range of around 0 ° is reduced. can do.

  In the modification shown in FIG. 41 (c), the fixed comb electrode has electrode teeth 73, and the movable comb electrode has electrode teeth 73 '. The electrode teeth 73 and the electrode teeth 73 'partially overlap in the thickness direction of the comb electrode when the element is not driven. Both electrode teeth 73 and 73 'are each made of a uniform conductor. In such a configuration, since the electrode teeth 73 and the electrode teeth 73 ′ already have a partial overlap during non-rotation driving, a rapid change in rotational torque in a minute rotation angle range of about 0 ° is reduced. can do.

  In the modification shown in FIG. 41 (d), the fixed comb electrode has electrode teeth 74, and the movable comb electrode has electrode teeth 74 '. The electrode teeth 74 positioned at the lower position during non-rotational driving are designed to gradually increase from below to above, and the electrode teeth 74 'positioned at the upper position during non-rotating driving are designed to gradually increase from above to below. ing. According to such a configuration, after the comb electrode is removed by reducing a sudden change in the rotational torque in a minute rotational angle range around 0 ° or by reducing the rotational torque at a large angle (stroke) The capacity fluctuation after deviating from the above can be reduced. Moreover, according to this structure, the bending strength of each electrode tooth can also be improved.

  In the modification shown in FIG. 42A, the outermost electrode teeth 75 are set to be thicker than the other electrode teeth. A large bending electrostatic force acts on the outermost electrode teeth in the driving mechanism composed of a pair of comb-shaped electrodes toward the inner side of the driving mechanism when voltage is applied. According to this configuration, the outermost electrode teeth are driven by the electrostatic force. 75 can be prevented from being bent inappropriately.

  In the modification shown in FIG. 42 (b), each electrode tooth 77 extending from the base portion 76 is designed to become gradually thicker from the free end to the base end. According to such a configuration, the bending strength of the electrode teeth 77 can be appropriately improved.

  As a summary of the above, the configurations of the present invention and variations thereof are listed below as supplementary notes.

(Appendix 1) A movable main part;
A first frame and a second frame;
A first coupling part that couples the movable main part and the first frame, and that defines a first rotation axis in a first rotation operation of the movable main part with respect to the first frame;
A second coupling part that couples the first frame and the second frame, and that defines a second rotational axis in a second rotational movement of the first frame and the movable main part relative to the second frame;
A first driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the first rotation operation;
A second drive mechanism for generating a drive force for the second rotation operation,
The micro oscillating device in which the first rotation axis and the second rotation axis are not orthogonal.
(Appendix 2) A movable part;
Frame,
A connecting portion that connects the movable portion and the frame, and that defines a rotation axis in a rotational operation of the movable portion relative to the frame;
A first drive mechanism for generating a driving force for the rotational operation at a location relatively far from the rotational axis;
A micro oscillating device comprising: a second driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the rotation operation at a location relatively close to the rotation axis.
(Supplementary note 3) The micro oscillating device according to Supplementary note 1 or 2, wherein the first drive mechanism and / or the second drive mechanism includes a pair of comb electrodes.
(Supplementary note 4) The micro oscillating device according to any one of Supplementary notes 1 to 3, wherein the first drive mechanism and the second drive mechanism are configured to be operable under common control.
(Supplementary note 5) The micro oscillating device according to supplementary note 4, wherein the first drive mechanism and the second drive mechanism are electrically connected in parallel.
(Additional remark 6) Said 1st drive mechanism and said 2nd drive mechanism are electrically isolate | separated, It is comprised so that it can operate | move under the control independent from each other, It is any one of Additional remark 1 to 3. Micro oscillating element.
(Appendix 7) A movable part;
Frame,
A connecting portion that connects the movable portion and the frame, and that defines a rotation axis in a rotational operation of the movable portion relative to the frame;
A micro oscillating device comprising: a driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the rotational operation over a portion where the distance to the rotational axis continuously changes.
(Appendix 8) A movable part;
Frame,
A connecting portion that connects the movable portion and the frame, and that defines a rotational axis in a rotational operation of the movable portion relative to the frame;
A drive mechanism including a first comb electrode and a second comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation,
In the first comb-tooth electrode and / or the second comb-tooth electrode, the electrically separated first conductor portion and second conductor portion and the insulating portion between the first and second conductor portions are rotated. A micro oscillating device comprising electrode teeth having a structure laminated in the direction of.
(Supplementary note 9) movable part;
Frame,
A connecting portion that connects the movable portion and the frame, and that defines a rotational axis in a rotational operation of the movable portion relative to the frame;
A drive mechanism including a first comb electrode and a second comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation,
The first comb electrode has a structure in which an electrically connected first conductor portion and second conductor portion and an insulating portion between the first and second conductor portions are stacked in the direction of the rotation operation. With electrode teeth,
The micro oscillating device, wherein the second comb electrode includes electrode teeth formed of a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven.
(Supplementary note 10) The micro oscillating device according to supplementary note 9, wherein the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion have different lengths in the rotational operation direction.
(Supplementary Note 11) At least one of the pair of comb electrodes has a base and electrode teeth extending from the base, and the electrode teeth are gradually increased in width or thickness toward an end on the base side. 11. The micro oscillating device according to any one of appendices 3 and 8 to 10, which has
(Supplementary note 12) At least one of the pair of comb electrodes has a base and electrode teeth extending from the base, and the electrode teeth are gradually increased in width as they approach the other comb electrode. The micro oscillating device according to any one of appendices 3 and 8 to 11, which has:
(Additional remark 13) The 1st connection part has a space | gap part which is so thick that it approaches a movable main part, and it replaces with this, or a 2nd connection part is so thick that it approaches a 1st frame. The micro oscillating device according to appendix 1, which has a gap.
(Supplementary note 14) The micro oscillating device according to any one of supplementary notes 2 and 7 to 10, wherein the connecting portion has a gap portion that is thicker as it approaches the movable portion.
(Supplementary Note 15) A movable part, a frame, a movable part and a frame that connect the movable part and the frame to define a rotation axis in the rotational operation of the movable part relative to the frame, and a driving force for the rotational action A first comb electrode and a second comb electrode;
The first comb electrode has electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion that are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
The second comb electrode is a method for driving a micro oscillating device having electrode teeth including a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven,
A first step for rotating the movable part in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the second conductor part and the third conductor part;
A second step for rotating the movable portion in a second direction opposite to the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion after the first step; A micro oscillating device driving method.
(Supplementary Note 16) The micro oscillating device further includes a third comb electrode and a fourth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation,
The third comb electrode has electrode teeth including a fourth conductor portion and a fifth conductor portion that are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
The fourth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a sixth conductor portion that faces the fourth conductor portion and does not face the fifth conductor portion when not driven,
A third step for rotating the movable portion in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion after the second step;
Appendix 15 further comprising, after the third step, a fourth step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion. The micro oscillating device driving method according to claim 1.
(Supplementary note 17) The micro oscillating device driving method according to supplementary note 16, wherein an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion in the second step.
(Supplementary note 18) The micro oscillating device driving method according to supplementary note 16 or 17, wherein, in the fourth step, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion.
(Supplementary note 19) Each of the first, second, third, and fourth steps is performed for a period corresponding to a quarter period of the rotation operation, and the micro oscillation according to any one of supplementary notes 16 to 18 is performed. Moving element driving method.
(Supplementary note 20) A movable part, a frame, a movable part and a frame that connect the movable part and the frame to define a rotation axis in the rotational movement of the movable part relative to the frame, and a driving force for the rotational movement A first comb electrode and a second comb electrode, and a third comb electrode and a fourth comb for generating a driving force for the rotational operation at a location closer to the rotational axis than the first and second comb electrodes. A method for driving a micro oscillating device comprising a comb electrode,
By generating an electrostatic attractive force between the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode and generating an electrostatic attractive force between the third comb electrode and the fourth comb electrode, the movable portion is moved in the first direction. A first step for rotating the device,
A second step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the third comb electrode and the fourth comb electrode continuously from the first step. Moving element driving method.
(Appendix 21) After the second step, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the first comb-tooth electrode and the second comb-tooth electrode, thereby rotating the movable portion in the second direction opposite to the first direction. The micro oscillating device driving method according to appendix 20, further including a third step for the above.
(Supplementary note 22) The micro oscillating device driving method according to supplementary note 21, wherein the first step and the third step are performed together for a period corresponding to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation.
(Supplementary Note 23) The micro oscillating device includes a fifth comb electrode and a sixth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation, and a location closer to the rotation axis than the fifth and sixth comb electrodes. A seventh comb electrode and an eighth comb electrode for generating a driving force for rotational movement at
After the third step, by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth comb electrode and the sixth comb electrode and generating an electrostatic attractive force between the seventh comb electrode and the eighth comb electrode, A fourth step for rotating the movable part in the second direction;
A fifth step for rotating the movable part in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force continuously from the fourth step between the seventh comb electrode and the eighth comb electrode; and The micro oscillating device driving method according to any one of appendices 20 to 22.
(Supplementary Note 24) A sixth step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth comb electrode and the sixth comb electrode after the fifth step is further performed. 24. The micro oscillating device driving method according to appendix 23.
(Supplementary Note 25) The micro oscillating device driving method according to Supplementary Note 24, wherein the fifth step and the sixth step are performed together for a period corresponding to a quarter cycle of the rotation operation.
(Supplementary Note 26) A movable part, a frame, a movable part and a frame that connect the movable part and the frame to define a rotation axis in a rotational operation of the movable part relative to the frame, and a driving force for the rotational action A first comb electrode and a second comb electrode, and a third comb electrode and a fourth comb for generating a driving force for the rotational operation at a location closer to the rotational axis than the first and second comb electrodes. A comb electrode,
The first comb electrode has electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion that are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
The second comb electrode has electrode teeth including a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven,
The third comb electrode has electrode teeth including a fourth conductor portion and a fifth conductor portion that are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
The fourth comb electrode is a method for driving a micro oscillating device having electrode teeth including a sixth conductor portion that faces the fourth conductor portion and does not face the fifth conductor portion when not driven,
The movable portion is rotated in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the second conductor portion and the third conductor portion and generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion. A first step for
And a second step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion from the first step. Element driving method.
(Supplementary Note 27) After the second step, there is electrostatic between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion, between the second conductor portion and the third conductor portion, and between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion. A third step for rotating the movable part in a second direction opposite to the first direction by generating an attractive force;
To rotate the movable part in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force continuously from the third step between the first conductor part, the third conductor part, and the fourth conductor part and the sixth conductor part. The micro oscillating device driving method according to appendix 26, further comprising: a fourth step.
(Supplementary Note 28) The micro oscillating device includes a fifth comb electrode and a sixth comb electrode for generating a driving force for the rotation operation, and a location closer to the rotational axis than the fifth and sixth comb electrodes. A seventh comb electrode and an eighth comb electrode for generating a driving force for rotational movement at
The fifth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a seventh conductor portion and an eighth conductor portion that are arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
The sixth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a ninth conductor portion that faces the seventh conductor portion and does not face the eighth conductor portion when not driven,
The seventh comb electrode has electrode teeth including a tenth conductor portion and an eleventh conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotational operation,
The eighth comb electrode has electrode teeth including a twelfth conductor portion that faces the tenth conductor portion and does not face the eleventh conductor portion when not driven,
After the fourth step, an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the eighth conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion, and an electrostatic attractive force is generated between the eleventh conductor portion and the twelfth conductor portion, whereby the movable portion is A fifth step for rotating in two directions;
A sixth step for rotating the movable portion in the second direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the eleventh conductor portion and the twelfth conductor portion from the fifth step;
After the sixth step, electrostatic attraction is generated between the seventh conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion, between the eighth conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion, and between the tenth conductor portion and the twelfth conductor portion. Thus, a seventh step for rotating the movable part in the first direction;
To rotate the movable part in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force continuously from the seventh step between the seventh conductor part, the ninth conductor part, and the tenth conductor part and the twelfth conductor part. The micro oscillating device driving method according to appendix 27, further comprising:
(Supplementary note 29) The supplementary note 28, wherein in the third step and the fourth step, electrostatic attraction is generated between the seventh conductor portion and the ninth conductor portion and between the tenth conductor portion and the twelfth conductor portion. The micro oscillating device driving method.
(Supplementary Note 30) In the seventh and eighth steps, the electrostatic attractive force is generated between the first conductor portion and the third conductor portion and between the fourth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion. The micro oscillating device driving method according to claim 1.

1 is a plan view of a micromirror element according to a first embodiment of the present invention. It is sectional drawing along line II-II of FIG. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line III-III in FIG. 1. FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IV-IV in FIG. 1. It is sectional drawing along line VV of FIG. It is sectional drawing along line VI-VI of FIG. It is sectional drawing along line VII-VII of FIG. An example of the drive mode of the micromirror element of FIG. 1 is represented. It is a top view of the micromirror element which concerns on the 2nd Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XX in FIG. 9. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XI-XI in FIG. 9. It is sectional drawing along line XII-XII of FIG. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XIII-XIII in FIG. 9. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XIV-XIV in FIG. 9. FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XV-XV in FIG. 9. An example of a driving mode of the micromirror element of FIG. 9 is shown. It is a top view of the micromirror element which concerns on the 3rd Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 18 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XVIII-XVIII in FIG. 17. It is sectional drawing along line XVIII-XVIII at the time of the drive of the micromirror element of FIG. FIG. 18 is another cross-sectional view taken along line XVIII-XVIII when the micromirror element of FIG. 17 is driven. It is sectional drawing along line XXI-XXI of FIG. It is sectional drawing along line XXII-XXII of FIG. It is sectional drawing along line XXIII-XXIII of FIG. It is sectional drawing along line XXIV-XXIV of FIG. An example of the drive mode of the micromirror element of FIG. 17 is represented. FIG. 18 illustrates another example of a driving mode of the micromirror element of FIG. It is a top view of the micromirror element which concerns on the 4th Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 28 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXVIII-XVIII in FIG. 27. It is sectional drawing along line XXVIII-XXVIII at the time of the drive of the micromirror element of FIG. FIG. 28 is another cross-sectional view taken along line XXVIII-XXVIII when the micromirror element of FIG. 27 is driven. It is sectional drawing along line XXXI-XXXI of FIG. FIG. 28 is a sectional view taken along line XXXII-XXXII in FIG. 27. FIG. 28 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXIII-XXXIII in FIG. 27. FIG. 28 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXIV-XXXIV in FIG. 27. An example of the drive mode of the micromirror element of FIG. 27 is represented. It is a top view of the micromirror element which concerns on the 5th Embodiment of this invention. FIG. 37 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXVII-XXXVII in FIG. 36. FIG. 37 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXVIII-XXXVIII in FIG. 36. FIG. 37 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXIX-XXXIX in FIG. 36. FIG. 37 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXX-XXXX in FIG. 36. The modification of a comb-tooth electrode is represented. The other modification of a comb-tooth electrode is represented. It is a disassembled perspective view of the conventional micromirror element. FIG. 44 is a cross-sectional view taken along line XXXXIV-XXXXIV of the micromirror element of FIG. 43 in the assembled state. It is a partial omission perspective view of other conventional micromirror elements. It represents the orientation of a set of comb electrodes. 45 shows a part of the steps in the method of manufacturing the micromirror element shown in FIG.

Explanation of symbols

X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, X8, X9 Micromirror element 110, 310, 510 Mirror part 120 Inner frame 130 Outer frame 320, 520 Frame 140, 150, 330, 530 Connecting part 160, 170, 180, 190, Drive mechanism 161,165,171,175,181,185,191,195 comb-tooth electrode 260,270,280,290, drive mechanism 261,265,271,275,281,285,291,295 comb-tooth electrode 340, 350, 360, 370, Drive mechanism 341, 345, 351, 355, 361, 365, 371, 375 Comb electrode 540, 550 Drive mechanism 541, 545, 551, 555 Comb electrode

Claims (3)

  1. A movable portion, a frame, and a coupling portion that couples the movable portion and the frame to define a rotation axis in a rotational operation of the movable portion relative to the frame;
    A first driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the rotational operation at a location relatively far from the rotational axis; and a driving force for the rotational operation at a location relatively close to the rotational axis. A second drive mechanism for generating,
    The first drive mechanism includes: a first comb electrode having a base extending from the frame; and a plurality of electrode teeth extending from the base; a base extending from the mirror; and the base A second comb electrode having a plurality of electrode teeth extending; and the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode are rotated when the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode are not rotated. On the one side of the direction, the second comb electrodes are displaced from each other in the direction of the rotational operation so as to be positioned on the other side of the direction of the rotational operation,
    The second drive mechanism includes: a third comb electrode having a base portion extending from the frame; and a plurality of electrode teeth extending from the base portion; a base portion extending from the mirror portion; and the base portion. The third comb electrode includes a fourth comb electrode having a plurality of electrode teeth extending, and the third comb electrode is rotated when the third comb electrode and the fourth comb electrode are not rotated. In the method for driving the micro oscillating device that is displaced in the direction of the rotation operation so that the fourth comb electrode is positioned on the other side of the direction of the rotation operation. There,
    By generating an electrostatic attractive force between the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode and generating an electrostatic attractive force between the third comb electrode and the fourth comb electrode, the movable part A first step for rotating the device in the first direction;
    A second step for rotating the movable part in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the third comb electrode and the fourth comb electrode from the first step; A micro oscillating device driving method.
  2. After the second step, the movable portion is rotated in a second direction opposite to the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the first comb electrode and the second comb electrode. the third step further comprises a micro-oscillation element driving method according to claim 1 in order to.
  3. A movable portion, a frame, and a coupling portion that couples the movable portion and the frame to define a rotation axis in a rotational operation of the movable portion relative to the frame;
    A first driving mechanism for generating a driving force for the rotational operation at a location relatively far from the rotational axis; and a driving force for the rotational operation at a location relatively close to the rotational axis. A second drive mechanism for generating,
    The first drive mechanism includes: a first comb electrode having a base extending from the frame; and a plurality of electrode teeth extending from the base; a base extending from the mirror; and the base Including a second comb electrode having a plurality of electrode teeth extending;
    The second drive mechanism includes: a third comb electrode having a base portion extending from the frame; and a plurality of electrode teeth extending from the base portion; a base portion extending from the mirror portion; and the base portion. Including a fourth comb electrode having a plurality of electrode teeth extending;
    The first comb electrode has electrode teeth including a first conductor portion and a second conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
    The second comb electrode has electrode teeth including a third conductor portion that faces the first conductor portion and does not face the second conductor portion when not driven,
    The third comb electrode has electrode teeth including a fourth conductor portion and a fifth conductor portion arranged in parallel in the direction of the rotation operation,
    The fourth comb-teeth electrode is a method for driving a micro oscillating device having electrode teeth including a sixth conductor portion that faces the fourth conductor portion and does not face the fifth conductor portion when not driven. There,
    By generating an electrostatic attractive force between the second conductor portion and the third conductor portion and generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion, the first movable portion is moved to the first conductive portion. A first step for rotating in a direction;
    A second step for rotating the movable portion in the first direction by generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fifth conductor portion and the sixth conductor portion from the first step;
    A third step of generating an electrostatic attractive force between the first conductive portion and the third conductive portion and generating an electrostatic attractive force between the fourth conductive portion and the sixth conductive portion;
    A micro oscillating device driving method comprising:
JP2008130692A 2003-08-12 2008-05-19 Micro oscillating element driving method Expired - Fee Related JP5011205B2 (en)

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JP2003292554 2003-08-12
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US6744173B2 (en) * 2000-03-24 2004-06-01 Analog Devices, Inc. Multi-layer, self-aligned vertical combdrive electrostatic actuators and fabrication methods
JP3908566B2 (en) * 2001-03-02 2007-04-25 三星電子株式会社Samsung Electronics Co.,Ltd. Micromirror drive device and control method thereof
JP2003015064A (en) * 2001-07-04 2003-01-15 Fujitsu Ltd Micro mirror element
KR100434541B1 (en) * 2001-08-24 2004-06-05 삼성전자주식회사 Optical scanner and manufacturing method thereof
JP2003117897A (en) * 2001-10-11 2003-04-23 Nippon Telegr & Teleph Corp <Ntt> Micro actuator
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