JP5003465B2 - Driving support system, road communication device, and information providing device - Google Patents

Driving support system, road communication device, and information providing device Download PDF

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JP5003465B2
JP5003465B2 JP2007331523A JP2007331523A JP5003465B2 JP 5003465 B2 JP5003465 B2 JP 5003465B2 JP 2007331523 A JP2007331523 A JP 2007331523A JP 2007331523 A JP2007331523 A JP 2007331523A JP 5003465 B2 JP5003465 B2 JP 5003465B2
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information
road
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communication
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JP2009157419A (en
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喜久 中辻
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住友電気工業株式会社
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  The present invention relates to a driving support system, a road communication device, and an in-vehicle device that provide information for supporting driving to the in-vehicle device.

  Conventionally, in order to collect traffic information, a method has been used in which vehicle detectors are installed on the road at predetermined intervals to measure the number of vehicles passing (traffic volume), occupied time, etc. The vehicle generates probe data related to its own travel locus and transmits it to the center side device at predetermined intervals for the purpose of acquiring traffic information on a road where no vehicle detector is installed. A method of acquiring a link travel time on a road by analyzing probe data transmitted from a plurality of vehicles has come to be used.

In addition, for the purpose of promoting traffic safety and preventing traffic accidents, a system that improves the safety of vehicles by receiving information from infrastructure devices installed on the road and utilizing the information is being studied. .
As such a system, for example, a safe driving support system is proposed in which operation information of a traffic light is wirelessly transmitted to a vehicle, and the vehicle performs brake control according to a remaining display time of a green signal included in the operation information ( Patent Document 1).

Japanese Patent No. 2806801

  In a so-called vehicle automatic driving system in which the vehicle-mounted device automatically determines an appropriate vehicle braking method based on information such as the road shape and controls the accelerator and brake according to the braking method, the road structure, road surface condition, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to obtain an appropriate vehicle braking method in a short time, and therefore, the in-vehicle device is required to have the ability to perform complicated and advanced arithmetic processing.

  For example, in an autonomously driven vehicle that has reached an S-curve, where to accelerate / decelerate at the entrance of the curve, how fast to turn the curve, whether to accelerate near the exit of the curve, steering at each point Vehicle control parameters such as how to change the angle are determined, but these have to be obtained by repeated calculation.

  Specifically, it was calculated by the following procedure. (1) First, a combination of vehicle control parameters such as speed and steering angle at each point is tentatively determined, and indices such as vehicle safety and fuel consumption when traveling on a road such as the S-shaped curve with the determined combination are obtained. calculate. (2) Next, the value of the vehicle control parameter is slightly changed, and similarly, an index such as the safety and fuel consumption of the vehicle is calculated. (3) This calculation is repeated and the combination of vehicle control parameters is optimized by a hill-climbing method or the like.

The amount of computation for this optimization calculation is enormous, and in order to determine an appropriate braking method within a limited short time, it is necessary to develop a high-performance and expensive vehicle-mounted device, which must be installed in all types of vehicles. There was a problem that was difficult.
Accordingly, the applicant of the present application has proposed a driving support system that provides traveling data of a preceding vehicle that has already passed a certain section or the like before a predetermined time to the vehicle before traveling the section or the like (Japanese Patent Application No. 2007- 235097). With this system, it is possible to acquire the driving data of the preceding vehicle that has safely traveled in the section, etc., so by comparing the driving data, it is possible to compare the appropriate driving method even if it is not a high-performance on-board device. Can be determined in a short time.

In the above proposed system, the driving method of the host vehicle is determined using the driving data of the preceding vehicle that has safely traveled in the section, but in addition to this, various factors that occur on the road are determined. It is also preferable to consider.
Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a driving support system that determines a driving method in consideration of an event that occurs in the middle or in the vicinity of a target section for which the driving method is to be determined.

A driving support system according to a first invention is mounted on a first in-vehicle device mounted on a first vehicle approaching a predetermined section of a road, and a second vehicle traveling ahead of the first vehicle. The travel locus indicating the travel locus in the predetermined section of the second vehicle from the second vehicle-mounted apparatus at the end point of the predetermined section and the point downstream of the end point. At the start point of the predetermined section or a point upstream of the start point, the second vehicle traveling locus information received from the downstream vehicle communication device that receives the information is sent to the first vehicle-mounted device. Of the road trajectory information received by the downstream roadside communication device, and an upstream roadside communication device that transmits road event information acquisition means for acquiring road event information about an event that prevents the vehicle from traveling on the road. From inside And selecting means for selecting travel locus information according to the road event information, wherein the upstream roadside communication device transmits the travel locus information selected by the selection means to the first vehicle-mounted device. It is configured in the first vehicle device that determine the operating method of the first vehicle in the predetermined interval by using the travel locus information of the second vehicle chosen.

  The roadside communication device according to the second invention transmits information to an in-vehicle device mounted on a vehicle approaching the predetermined section at a start point of the predetermined section of the road or a point upstream of the start point. Whether or not the display of the signal lamp installed in or near the predetermined section of the traveling locus information of other vehicles that have finished traveling in the predetermined section is allowed to proceed One or a plurality of travel locus information selected in response to this is transmitted to the in-vehicle device (claim 9).

In addition, the in-vehicle device according to the third aspect of the present invention includes a travel locus information of a preceding vehicle that has finished traveling in the predetermined section at a start point of a predetermined section of the road or a point upstream of the start point, and the predetermined section. currently received and the signal information about the display of the future of the inner or the installed signal lamp device in the vicinity, based on the information, that determine the method of driving the vehicle in the predetermined interval.

In these inventions, the in-vehicle device can acquire the travel locus information of the preceding vehicle that has already traveled the road section to be traveled before traveling the section. Since the preceding vehicle that has finished traveling in the section has traveled safely through at least the section, the traveling locus of the preceding vehicle is used as reference information for determining the driving method of the host vehicle. It is something that can be done. That is, according to these inventions, reference information effective for determining an appropriate driving method can be provided to the vehicle, so that the in-vehicle device can determine the driving method in a relatively short time.
Here, the determination of the driving method refers to determining the braking method of the vehicle such as the traveling speed, acceleration, and steering angle in the predetermined section.

Further, in these inventions, after acquiring road event information about an event that prevents the vehicle from traveling on the road, the travel locus information selected according to the road event information is transmitted to the in-vehicle device. As a result, it is possible to obtain travel locus information of a preceding vehicle that has traveled the predetermined section under the same road conditions as the in-vehicle device, and accurately acquire extremely useful information for the in-vehicle device to determine the driving method. I can do it now.
The road event information acquisition unit, the selection unit, and the like may be provided in the upstream roadside communication device, the downstream roadside communication device, or the like, or may be provided separately in a central device or the like.

The selection means preferably excludes travel locus information satisfying at least one of the following conditions (Claim 2).
(1) The number of lane changes in the predetermined section is not less than a predetermined number. (2) The traveling speed or acceleration at a predetermined point in the predetermined section is out of a predetermined range.

  This is because the preceding vehicle that has traveled as described in (1) or (2) above is not necessarily safe and smoothly traveled in the predetermined section, and is not preferable as information provided to the in-vehicle device.

  The selection unit is provided with a classifying unit that classifies the travel locus information received by the downstream roadside communication device for each vehicle type, and the upstream roadside communication device is configured to perform the first on-vehicle device with respect to the first vehicle-mounted device. The traveling locus information corresponding to the vehicle type of one vehicle may be transmitted.

  Depending on the predetermined section, an appropriate driving method may be different for each vehicle type. Therefore, by selecting and transmitting the traveling locus information of the same vehicle type, only information useful for the vehicle-mounted device can be provided. The vehicle type may be obtained by separately installing a road sensor or the like that can discriminate the vehicle type and detecting the vehicle type, or the vehicle-mounted device may notify the road communication device or the like of its own vehicle type.

  The travel locus information includes information corresponding to discrete passage points when the second vehicle travels in the predetermined section, and at least position information regarding the position of the passage point and the passage point. It is desirable to include time information related to the passage time (claim 4).

  This is because by including information on the position and information on the passage time, it becomes possible to accurately know which point the vehicle has traveled at what speed, and at which point the vehicle has accelerated / decelerated. The travel locus information may include information on travel speed, acceleration, and steering angle, and information on the operation status of in-vehicle devices such as direction indicators and horns, and the inter-vehicle distance collected by in-vehicle sensors. Etc. may be stored.

The upstream roadside communication device may transmit road shape information about a shape of a road including the predetermined section to the first vehicle-mounted device, and the road shape information in this case is It is preferable that information on the position of a series of sample points virtually provided on a road including a section is included (claim 5).
The in-vehicle device can receive a road shape information that can grasp a detailed road shape in addition to the travel locus information of the preceding vehicle, thereby determining a more appropriate driving method. For example, it is possible to grasp that many vehicles tend to deviate from the lane in a curve in the predetermined section by comparing the travel shape information of the preceding vehicle that has traveled in the predetermined section with the road shape information. Will be able to.
The series of sample points are provided at predetermined intervals on the road including the predetermined section, and in principle at points where the road shape changes, such as intersections, curves, and points where the slope changes. Be placed.

Here, at least one of the sample points is preferably a road-to-vehicle communication point between the upstream roadside communication device and the first vehicle-mounted device (Claim 6).
By doing so, the vehicle-mounted device can recognize that the vehicle is present on a predetermined sample point included in the road shape information when the road shape information is received by road-to-vehicle communication. It is.
In this case, the upstream path communication device have to desirably an optical beacon.
This is because the optical beacon performs road-to-vehicle communication using near infrared rays, so that the communication area can be limited to a limited range. If the road-to-vehicle communication area is limited, the communication area can be reliably set at the start point of the predetermined section or a point upstream of the start point. In particular, when the road shape information includes the road-to-vehicle communication point, the time when the on-vehicle device receives the road shape information by road-to-vehicle communication arrives at the road-to-vehicle communication point included in the road shape information. There is an advantage that it can be recognized that there is, and the position of the own vehicle can be accurately specified. If the vehicle position can be accurately known immediately before traveling in a predetermined section, the accuracy of subsequent operation control can be further increased.
A roadside communication device (Claim 7) provided with the road event information acquisition means and the selection means as the upstream roadside communication device is also very useful, and a roadside device provided separately from the roadside communication device. In addition, an information providing device (claims 8 and 10) provided with the road event information acquisition means and the selection means is also very useful.

In addition, as the event that prevents the vehicle from progressing in the predetermined section, a traffic signal, a railroad crossing, a stop vehicle, or the like installed on the road can be considered. Therefore, the road event information includes at least one of the following information (Claim 8).
(1) Information on current and future indications and duration of signal lamps installed on the road (2) Information on current and future operations and duration of railroad crossings existing on the road (3) Road Information on the preceding vehicle that stops above

  As described above, according to the driving support system of the present invention, an in-vehicle device of a vehicle that has approached a certain point or section can be transmitted in a short time based on the traveling data of a preceding vehicle that has passed the point or the like before a predetermined time. An appropriate driving method can be easily determined.

(First embodiment)
Hereinafter, a first embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing an outline of equipment arrangement of a traffic system according to the present invention. An upstream roadside communication device 1, a downstream side roadside communication device 2, a signal lamp 3A and a traffic signal controller 3 for controlling the traffic light device 3A. It includes an information providing device 5, a vehicle C1, and an in-vehicle device 6 mounted on the vehicle.

[Overall system configuration]
On the road R having an S-shaped curve, an upstream roadside communication device 1 is installed a predetermined distance before the S-curve, and a downstream roadside communication device 2 is installed at a point past the S-curve. The upstream roadside communication device 1 has a head (antenna) 1A for communicating with the vehicle C1, and similarly, the downstream side roadside communication device 2 is a head for communicating with the vehicle. (Antenna) 2A. The road R may have a shape other than the S-curve, such as a shape that repeats up and down.

The upstream roadside communication device 1 transmits and receives communication data to and from the in-vehicle device 6 mounted on the vehicle C1 in a predetermined communication area Q1 (range shown in FIG. 1) on the road.
Here, as the upstream roadside communication device 1, any device that can realize road-to-vehicle communication wirelessly, such as an optical beacon, a radio beacon, or a DSRC, may be used.
In this case, for example, if it is desired to notify a vehicle approaching a section such as an S-curve at a point just a predetermined distance away from the section, a narrow area communication such as an optical beacon is performed. It is desirable to use an on-road communication device.

The communication data transmitted from the upstream roadside communication device 1 to the vehicle C1 in the communication area Q1 includes information regarding the installation location of the upstream roadside communication device 1 and the road ahead, that is, the S-curve and the front and rear thereof. Road shape information related to the road R in the section is included.
The road shape information here includes information related to the shape of the road such as the section length of the road R, the number of lanes, and the gradient.
The road shape information is sent from the information providing device 5 installed in the traffic control center through the router 4 and the communication line, and is stored in the storage unit of the upstream roadside communication device 1 in advance.

  On the other hand, the information transmitted by the in-vehicle device 6 to the upstream roadside communication device 1 includes information on the vehicle ID of the vehicle C1 and other roadside communication devices (not shown) provided at different points in the previous time. Information on the elapsed time (travel time between roadside communication device installation points) and the like. Furthermore, the vehicle-mounted device 6 transmits probe data related to its own travel locus to the upstream roadside communication device 1. Details of the probe data will be described later.

The vehicle C1 traveling on the road R has a function of receiving the road shape information and performing a safe driving support operation.
Here, the safe driving support operation is based on the road shape information or the like, and after determining an appropriate control method for the vehicle C1 when the vehicle-mounted device 6 travels on the road R, the brake or accelerator is automatically applied. It refers to controlling. In this case, depending on the vehicle, the vehicle may completely perform automatic driving, but may be a control method that supports driving of the driver (for example, brake assist).
Note that all the vehicles traveling on the road R do not have to have the function of the safe driving support operation, and the function may be stopped even if the vehicle has the function.
In addition, road-to-vehicle communication is performed in the same procedure between the downstream side roadside communication device 2 and the vehicle C1.

In addition, a signal lamp 3A and a traffic signal controller 3 for controlling the signal lamp 3A are installed in the vicinity of the downstream roadside communication device 2. The signal lamp 3A may be installed between the upstream roadside communication device 1 and the downstream side roadside communication device 2.
The vehicle C1 traveling on the road R stops according to a stop line or the like provided before the installation point of the signal lamp 3A if the signal lamp 3A is a red signal, and passes the stop line if it is a blue signal.

[Contents of road shape information]
Hereinafter, the details of the road shape information will be described with reference to FIGS. 2 and 3.
FIG. 2 is an explanatory diagram for explaining the basic concept of the format of road shape information.
As shown in FIG. 2, the road shape information includes a plurality of sample points S1, S2,... Virtually placed on the road, information related to the sample points Sn, and information about the sample points Sn to Sn + 1. Is expressed for each sample point.
In this case, it is desirable to place the sample point Sn mainly at a location where the shape of the road changes. For example, a point where a road gradient or curvature changes or a point where the number of lanes increases or decreases. In particular, in a curve-shaped section such as a curve, the interval between sample points should be shortened so that the road shape can be expressed more accurately. Moreover, it is preferable to place it at a point or an intersection where road-to-vehicle communication with the road communication device is performed.

FIG. 3 shows an example of road shape information, where (a) shows the structure and (b) shows the specific contents.
The road shape information is composed of a header part, a data part, and a footer part as shown in FIG. In this case, the data size of the road shape information, the number of sample points, and the like are stored in the header portion, and the entire SUM value, the CRC value for error detection, and the like are stored in the footer portion.

The data part stores information corresponding to the number of sample points stored in the header part. In this example, first, information (latitude and longitude information) regarding the position of S1 that performs road-to-vehicle communication with the upstream roadside communication device 1 is stored. Information on the position of the next sample point S2 is stored in the subsequent area, and information such as the distance between S1 and S2, the gradient, the number of lanes, and the like is further stored.
As described above, the road shape information sequentially stores all sample points of the predetermined section S1 to S15 of the road R and information between the sample points.

In utilizing the road shape information, if the in-vehicle device 6 cannot accurately recognize that it has arrived at the point S1 that is the starting point of the information, the accuracy of subsequent vehicle control may be significantly reduced. Therefore, by transmitting this road shape information to the vehicle C1 side at the point S1, not only the road shape information is provided, but also the vehicle-mounted device 6 is notified that the information provision time point is the time point when it arrived at the S1 point. Is preferred.
In that respect, it is most preferable to use an optical beacon having a limited road-to-vehicle communication area and capable of communicating for each lane as the upstream roadside communication device 1. By the road-to-vehicle communication with the optical beacon installed at the point S1, the in-vehicle device 6 can accurately know that the vehicle has reached the point S1 of the road shape information, the traveling lane, and the like.

  When there are a plurality of road lanes, sample points can be placed for each lane to provide more detailed and accurate information. In this case, if the in-vehicle device 6 can recognize its own traveling lane, the road shape information of the traveling lane can be adopted.

The road shape information is not limited to this format. Here, the latitude / longitude information of all the sample points is stored, but only the latitude / longitude of the starting S1 point is stored, and for other points, the previous sample of the series of sample points is stored. Only the relative position from the point may be expressed.
For example, the information on the S2 point includes angle information indicating how many times the direction of the road toward the S2 point is rotating clockwise with respect to the approach direction of the vehicle to the S1 point on the plane, It can also be expressed as a combination of the distance information to the S2 point and the gradient information to the S2 point (that is, vector information from S1 to S2).
As described above, the road shape information may be in any format as long as the in-vehicle device 6 can accurately grasp the shape of the road.

[Basic Operation of Information Providing Device 5, Upstream Roadside Communication Device 1, and Downstream Side Roadside Communication Device 2]
Hereinafter, basic operations of the information providing device 5, the upstream roadside communication device 1, and the downstream side roadside communication device 2 will be described with reference to FIGS.
The basic configuration of the downstream roadside communication device 2 is the same as that of the upstream side roadside communication device 1.

The upstream roadside communication device 1 exchanges information with the information providing device 5 through a communication line, a router, or the like. The transmission / reception means 111 has a function of transmitting / receiving data to / from the information providing apparatus 5 and receives road shape information transmitted from the information providing apparatus 5 and other vehicle probe data information described later. The received information is stored in the storage unit 121.
The other vehicle probe data information includes travel locus information relating to the travel locus of one or more individual vehicles.

The road-to-vehicle communication means 141 continuously transmits the downlink information created by the downlink information creation means 131 to the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1. The downlink information is transmitted mainly for the purpose of notifying the in-vehicle device 6 that the vehicle has entered the road-vehicle communication area Q1 and prompting the transmission of the uplink information from the in-vehicle device 6. It contains only basic information such as status and current time.
And the vehicle equipment 6 of the vehicle C1 that has entered the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1 transmits uplink information including the vehicle ID of the vehicle C1 to the upstream roadside communication device 1 in response to the reception of the downlink information. To do. The uplink information includes own vehicle probe data information related to the travel locus of the vehicle C1 at a predetermined distance until the vehicle C1 reaches the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1. The received own vehicle probe data information or the like is transmitted to the information providing apparatus 5 by the transmission / reception means 111 through a communication line or the like.

When the road-to-vehicle communication means 141 receives the uplink information, the road-to-vehicle communication means 141 executes downlink switching in response to the uplink reception, and notifies the in-vehicle device 6 of the lane in which the in-vehicle device 6 travels. Then, transmission of downlink information after execution of switching including the road shape information and other vehicle probe data information is started. Transmission of the downlink information after execution of the switching is performed only for about 250 ms.
The lane notification information includes information in which the lane number and the vehicle ID of the in-vehicle device 6 are associated with each other, and the in-vehicle device 6 that has received the lane notification information is based on its own vehicle ID. The driving lane can be recognized.

Then, after the vehicle C1 travels on the S-curved road R and reaches the road-to-vehicle communication area Q2 of the downstream roadside communication device 2, the downstream roadside communication is performed in the same procedure as that of the upstream roadside communication device 1. The own vehicle probe data information, other vehicle probe data information, and the like are exchanged with the device 2.
In this case, the own vehicle probe data information transmitted from the vehicle C1 to the downstream roadside communication device 2 includes travel locus information on an S-shaped curve from the point of the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1 to the road-to-vehicle communication area Q2. include. Then, the downstream roadside communication device 2 transmits the received vehicle probe data information to the information providing device 5 through a communication line or the like.

The terminal device communication means 511 of the information providing device 5 collects own vehicle probe data information from the upstream roadside communication device 1 and the downstream roadside communication device 2 and stores the collected data in the storage unit 521.
The other vehicle probe data information generation unit 531 selects a plurality of own vehicle probe data information sent from the downstream roadside communication device 2 from the own vehicle probe data information stored in the storage unit 521. Then, the traveling locus information of one or a plurality of own vehicle probe data information selected from them is included in the other company probe data information and transmitted to the upstream roadside communication device 1. That is, the other vehicle probe data information includes travel locus information on the S-curve of one or more vehicles that have traveled on the road R.
The upstream roadside communication device 1 transmits the other vehicle probe data information sent from the information providing device 5 to the in-vehicle device 6 that has entered the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1.
According to this system, the vehicle-mounted device 6 can receive information related to the travel locus of another vehicle that has already traveled on the S-curve before traveling on the S-curve.

[Contents of probe data information]
Next, the traveling locus information of one vehicle included in the own vehicle probe data information and the other vehicle probe data information will be described (FIG. 6).
In the travel locus information, information related to the vehicle position recorded while the vehicle is traveling is stored in time series. Specifically, there are a method of recording information on the vehicle position every 10 seconds, a method of recording every time when it is determined that the vehicle has traveled a predetermined distance (for example, 20 m), and the like. In this case, in principle, the position information is recorded at the time of turning left or right or at a point where acceleration or deceleration more than a predetermined value is performed. The vehicle position is also recorded at the point where the operation of the direction indicator, wiper, horn, headlight, etc. is started / stopped.

The travel locus information may include not only the vehicle position information but also the steering angle, speed, and acceleration at that point. Moreover, you may store the information regarding the operation | movement condition of vehicle equipments, such as a direction indicator, the distance between vehicles collected by the vehicle-mounted sensor, the presence or absence of a fallen object, etc. Moreover, if the traffic light is installed in the front and the information regarding the display lamp color of the said traffic signal can be received, the light color information of the traffic signal can also be stored.
The vehicle position information can be acquired using a positioning device such as a GPS receiver mounted on the vehicle-mounted device, and the speed, steering angle, etc. can be acquired from a speed sensor, an acceleration sensor, a gyroscope, or the like. it can.

The own vehicle probe data information includes one traveling locus of the own vehicle of each vehicle created as described above. The information included in the travel locus information may differ depending on the vehicle. For example, it is possible to include only a combination of the information on the position of the passing point and the information on the time of passing through the point, or only the traveling time between the information on the position of the passing point and the point. This is because, even if information on speed and acceleration is not stored, if the required time between the points is known, it is possible to estimate the traveling speed and acceleration between the points.
The other vehicle probe data information includes travel locus information of one or a plurality of vehicles. The other vehicle probe data information is created by the information providing device 5. For example, a vehicle whose traveling speed fluctuates more than a predetermined value, a vehicle whose speed at a predetermined point such as a curve exceeds a predetermined value, and a frequent lane change. It is preferable not to include in the other vehicle probe data information a travel locus of a vehicle that does not satisfy one or more predetermined conditions, such as a vehicle or a vehicle that has traveled out of the lane. This is because a travel locus of a vehicle that has not performed safe driving or smooth driving is not suitable as reference information for determining a driving method.

  The in-vehicle device 6 that has acquired the other vehicle probe data information can know in detail the results of how the other vehicle traveled on the road R. For example, each vehicle decelerates to approximately 30 km / h around the point S3 before the entrance of the curve on the road R before entering the curve, and many vehicles emit a horn sound near the point S8. Information such as sounding can be acquired in advance before entering the S-curve.

In addition, the other vehicle probe data information can also include information on the vehicle type of the vehicle that generated the probe information such as a large vehicle or a bus, and information on vehicle specifications such as weight and length.
Depending on the type and specifications of the vehicle, there are road sections with different appropriate driving methods. By giving these information, the vehicle-mounted device 6 that has received this information determines the driving method even more appropriately. It becomes possible to do.

In the present embodiment, the information providing device 5 creates the other vehicle probe data information. However, another nearby road device (for example, the traffic signal controller 2) may create the other vehicle probe data information. In this case, the downstream vehicle communication device 2 may transmit the own vehicle probe data information received from the in-vehicle device 6 to the other road device.
Alternatively, the vehicle probe data information received by the downstream road communication device 2 may be transmitted to the upstream road communication device 1 so that the upstream road communication device 1 itself creates other vehicle probe data information.

  Further, it is preferable that the travel locus included in the other vehicle probe data information does not include information that is older than a predetermined time. Since vehicle driving conditions such as weather, ambient illuminance, and traffic conditions change over time, information at a time that is as close as possible to the time when the other vehicle probe data information is actually delivered to the in-vehicle device 6 is better. This is because it is highly useful as information. Therefore, it is desirable to select a road that is as close as possible to the current road condition, such as the same day type, time zone, weather conditions, etc.

[Procedure for creating other vehicle probe data information according to the display of the signal lamp 3A]
Here, when the signal lamp 3A is installed in or near the road section including the S-curve, the content of the own vehicle probe data received from the vehicle traveling in this section according to the display of the signal lamp 3A. Are very different.
For example, when the signal lamp 3A is installed in the vicinity of the road-to-vehicle communication area Q2 of the downstream roadside communication device 2 as shown in FIG. 1, when the signal lamp 3A approaches the signal lamp 3A, the display may be a yellow signal or a red signal. For example, the vehicle stops according to a stop line provided in front of the signal lamp 3A. Therefore, the vehicle probe data transmitted to the downstream roadside communication device 2 in that case is such that the traveling speed of the vehicle is reduced as the vehicle approaches the road-to-vehicle communication area Q2 and stops before the stop line. It is a trajectory.
On the other hand, if the display is a green signal when approaching the signal lamp 3A, the vehicle passes without stopping at the stop line. Therefore, in this case, the own vehicle probe data transmitted to the downstream roadside communication device 2 is stopped before the stop line without greatly changing the traveling speed of the vehicle even when approaching the road-to-vehicle communication area Q2. The travel trajectory is such that the vehicle passes without it.

In this case, the information providing device 5 receives information on the current and future displays of the signal lamp 3A from the traffic signal controller 3A, and receives the own vehicle probe data information received according to the display of the signal lamp 3A. It is better to memorize them roughly.
Specifically, after grasping the display state of the signal lamp 3A based on the information from the traffic signal controller 3, the travel locus information included in the own vehicle probe data at the time of the yellow signal or the red signal is stored in the first storage area. The travel locus information included in the own vehicle probe data at the time of the green signal is separately stored in the second storage area.

Next, the information providing device 5 creates other vehicle probe data information based on the traveling locus information included in the own vehicle probe data that is sorted and stored.
Also in this case, after grasping the display state of the signal lamp 3A based on the information from the traffic signal controller 3, the vehicle passing through the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1 of the upstream roadside communication device 1 at that time is an S-shaped curve. After predicting the display state of the signal lamp 3A at a future time point approaching the signal lamp 3A, the other vehicle probe data information is created according to the prediction.
For example, when it is predicted that the signal lamp 3A is a yellow signal or a red signal, the travel track information selected from one or a plurality of travel track information stored in the first storage area is used as the other vehicle probe data. Include in information. On the other hand, when it is predicted that the signal lamp 3A is a green light, the signal lamp 3A is selected from one or a plurality of pieces of traveling locus information stored in the second storage area.
For example, even if the display of the signal lamp 3A is predicted to be a green signal, if the duration is short, it is preferable to stop before the stop line in order to improve safety. It is better to use the travel locus information of the storage area.

  As described above, the information providing device 5 creates the other vehicle probe data information based on the traveling locus information included in the own vehicle probe data that is sorted and stored in accordance with the display state of the signal lamp 3A. The information to be provided can be made more appropriate.

In addition, although the information provision apparatus 5 showed the method of classifying driving | running | working locus | trajectory information according to the display state of the signal lamp 3A here, the downstream roadside communication apparatus 2 is the signal lamp apparatus 3A according to the information from the traffic signal controller 3. Classification may be performed after grasping the display state, and the classification result may be added to the own vehicle probe data information and transmitted to the information providing apparatus 5.
Moreover, you may make it the upstream roadside communication apparatus 1 classify | categorize. In that case, the upstream roadside communication device 1 excludes other vehicle probe data information that is not appropriate in relation to the display of the signal lamp 3A from other vehicle probe data information sent from the information providing device 5 from the other vehicle probe data information. What is necessary is just to transmit with respect to onboard equipment.

  In addition, although the method of classifying the own vehicle probe data information into two according to the signal lamp 3A is shown here, it may be classified into three or more. For example, if the display of the signal lamp 3A at a point where the driver can visually recognize the signal lamp 3A forward and the display of the signal lamp 3A when approaching the stop line are different from each other, the driving method of the driver Since it is considered that there is a difference, these may be classified and classified.

  Moreover, you may make it transmit the signal information regarding the present and future display of 3 A of signal lamps with respect to the vehicle equipment 6 from the upstream roadside communication apparatus 1. FIG. In addition to determining the driving method based on the other vehicle probe data information, it becomes possible to know in advance whether it should stop before the signal lamp 3A based on this signal information or whether it can pass safely. It is possible to further improve the safety of vehicle travel.

[Basic operation of in-vehicle equipment]
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of functional blocks of the in-vehicle device 6 and the vehicle C1 on which the in-vehicle device 6 is mounted.
In addition to the vehicle-mounted device 6, the vehicle C1 is provided with an engine for advancing the vehicle C1 and a brake for braking. The engine and the brake can be controlled by a driver operating an accelerator pedal, a brake pedal, and the like, but can also be automatically controlled based on an instruction from the in-vehicle device 6 or the like.
In addition, the vehicle C1 has a display (head-up display, a display device of a car navigation device, etc.) for notifying various information by an image, sound, etc. to the passenger based on information from the in-vehicle device 6 or the like. A speaker is provided.

  The roadside information acquisition means 601 receives the road shape information, other vehicle probe data information, etc. transmitted by a predetermined communication method in the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1 via a receiving antenna (not shown) mounted on the vehicle C1. Receive and get. In this case, when road shape information and other vehicle probe data information are transmitted from different road devices, a receiving unit may be provided for each piece of information.

  Based on road shape information and other vehicle probe data information received by road-to-vehicle communication, the in-vehicle device 6 performs a safe driving support operation as follows.

First, the vehicle-mounted device 6 recognizes that it has reached the point of the sample point S1 stored in the road shape information when the road-to-vehicle communication is completed in the road-to-vehicle communication area Q1.
From that point, the position of the host vehicle is plotted in real time on the road shape information by using a GPS, a speedometer, an accelerometer, or the like mounted from the point S1.
At this time, it is preferable that the notification information creation unit 611 notifies the driver that the safe driving support operation is started through a speaker, a display, or the like by voice or a symbol. For example, when road-to-vehicle communication is poor, necessary information cannot be acquired, and the safe driving support operation may not be started.

  Next, the vehicle-mounted device 6 determines its own driving policy by analyzing the road shape information and the other vehicle probe data information. Although there are several methods for determining the driving policy, any method may be selected.

In the conventional vehicle-mounted device, calculation is repeatedly performed to optimize combinations of values such as speed and steering angle at each point on the road R using road shape information. Specifically, after determining the combination of driving control parameters such as steering angle, speed, and acceleration at each point, the probability of skidding due to centrifugal force on the curve, the probability that the following vehicle will collide, fuel consumption, comfort for the driver A plurality of index values such as the above are calculated, and combinations of operation control parameters that optimize these index values are obtained by repetitive calculations such as a hill-climbing method.
Therefore, in order to optimize in a short time, it was necessary to introduce an in-vehicle device having a very high computing capacity.

In the present invention, since the other vehicle probe data information is used, an appropriate driving method can be determined easily and in a short time without performing complicated calculations as in the prior art.
For example, a driving method in which, among a plurality of travel tracks included in the received other-vehicle probe data information, the same track as the travel track of the vehicle having the closest vehicle specifications such as the weight and length of the host vehicle is followed. The method of determining as it is as its own driving method can be used. When there is only one traveling locus information included in the other vehicle probe data information, a driving method may be used that follows exactly the same locus as the traveling locus of the vehicle.
According to this method, since the driving method of the vehicle that has safely traveled to the downstream point is adopted as it is, an appropriate driving method can be obtained instantaneously even if it is not optimal.

As another method, after determining only the basic policy of the driving method based on the road shape information and the signal information, the driving trajectory that best matches the basic policy is selected, and the driving trajectory of the vehicle is completely different. You may use the driving | running method which follows the same locus | trajectory. The basic policy of the driving method here is an outline of the driving method, for example, that the vehicle always decelerates to 20 km / h or less at the entrance of the curve, or always keeps the acceleration below a predetermined value. is there.
According to such a method, it is possible to adopt the driving method of the preceding vehicle that has traveled best in accordance with its basic policy as it is, so it is possible to determine an appropriate driving method easily and in a short time. It becomes.
In these methods, the selected driving method may not be used as it is, but the selected driving method may be finely adjusted according to the own vehicle. For example, when the weight of the host vehicle is heavier than the selected other vehicle, the approach speed to the curve and the traveling speed on the curve are reduced by a predetermined rate compared to the driving method of the other vehicle (for example, the vehicle is decelerated by 10%) Etc.) may be used. This adjustment is based on the fact that the centrifugal force applied to the vehicle is greater than that of the other vehicles.

In addition, in the case of the S-curve as in the present embodiment, it is considered that it is easy to lead to an accident if the vehicle deviates from the lane when driving on the curve. Alternatively, the driving method may be determined in accordance with a basic policy of selecting a vehicle that has a traveling locus on the same traveling lane and that is mostly located near the center of the lane. By doing so, it is possible to ensure traveling with an emphasis on safety. Whether or not the travel locus exists on the same travel lane can be determined by comparing the vehicle position information shown as the travel locus and the road shape information after determining the travel lane at each point. good.
When the preceding vehicle is completely deviating from the lane, the approach speed and acceleration of the preceding vehicle to the curve are larger than the allowable values, and the driving control parameter to be obtained is higher than the speed of the preceding vehicle, etc. It can be judged that it exists in a small range. In such a case, the above range may be limited as a range of possible operation control parameters, and the calculation may be repeated. By doing so, since it becomes possible to reduce the amount of calculation compared with the past, an appropriate driving method can be determined in a short time.

  Then, according to the driving method determined by itself, automatic driving is performed by controlling the brake and engine up to the point S15. In addition, without performing automatic driving, the notification information creating unit 611 gives an instruction regarding the driving method to the driver by voice or the like, or the speed control unit 621 performs brake assist so that the vehicle can be operated according to the driving method. You may guide to drive.

The present invention also has an effect that an appropriate driving method can be determined even when the accuracy of the road structure information and road surface conditions included in the road shape information is not so high.
Here, when the accuracy is not high, specifically, because the unit of information related to the road gradient, distance, etc. included in the road shape information is large (for example, a unit of 5 degrees or a unit of 10 m). If the actual slope or distance is different, the slope is changing due to an earthquake or secular change, or the measurement result by the road surface sensor etc. is incorrect, the road is actually slippery It refers to the case where it is.

In such a case, since the optimization calculation is performed assuming that the given road shape information is correct until now, even though the high-performance in-vehicle device was introduced and the operation control parameters were optimized with a huge amount of calculation, The determined driving method may not be suitable for actual roads.
However, in the present invention, since the driving method is determined using the actual travel locus of the other vehicle that actually traveled on the road, it becomes possible to easily determine a driving method more suitable for the actual road. .

In addition, although the other vehicle probe data information includes a plurality of travel loci and the vehicle-mounted device 6 selects an appropriate travel loci from among them, the selection of the travel trajectory is performed by the information providing device 5 or The upstream roadside communication device 1 may perform this.
For example, when the information providing device 5 creates the other vehicle probe data information, among the own vehicle probe data information stored in the storage unit 521, the travel locus of the vehicle lacks safety or the travel locus of another vehicle. Those having a large difference may not be included in the other vehicle probe data information. Specifically, the lane change is frequently made when the speed at the time of the curve driving is equal to or higher than a predetermined threshold, or deviates from the average speed of other vehicles traveling on the same road in the same time zone by a predetermined value or more. Such a traveling locus can be excluded. A similar process can be performed by the upstream roadside communication device 1.

Furthermore, the travel locus included in the other vehicle probe data information transmitted to the in-vehicle device 6 may be narrowed down to one. For example, after classifying the traveling locus for each vehicle type (for example, ordinary passenger car and large passenger car, etc.), only one of the traveling locus of each vehicle type that seems to be most suitable is selected, and the upstream roadside communication device 1 and can be provided to the vehicle-mounted device 6 according to the vehicle type included in the uplink information.
Alternatively, the information providing device 5 and the upstream roadside communication device 1 calculate and obtain an average travel locus of a plurality of vehicles that have traveled within a predetermined time (for example, 5 minutes), and then the travel locus is obtained from the in-vehicle device 6. May be provided. The average travel locus mentioned here is a virtual travel locus created by adopting an average value or median value of the speeds and steering angles of a plurality of vehicles at each point on the road R. In this case, it is preferable that the respective points coincide with the sample points of the road shape information. This is because the vehicle-mounted device 6 that has received the information can easily associate the road shape information with the travel locus.

Further, when the signal lamp 3A is installed and the in-vehicle device 6 can receive the signal information of the signal lamp 3A, the display of the signal lamp 3A is predicted based on the signal information, and then the signal lamp 3A It is judged whether it is necessary to stop in front or whether it can pass as it is.
Information corresponding to the result of the determination may be provided to the driver via a display or a speaker. For example, a warning may be given to the driver through voice, image, or the like that the front signal lamp will soon turn red and should be stopped.

  Further, when the other vehicle probe data information received from the road side includes both the travel trajectory information of the vehicle stopped in front of the signal lamp 3A and the travel trajectory information of the vehicle that has passed through the signal lamp 3A with a blue light as it is. Based on the signal information, the in-vehicle device 6 predicts the display of the signal lamp 3A, determines whether it is necessary to stop in front of the signal lamp 3A or whether it can pass as it is. Accordingly, the traveling locus information included in the other vehicle probe data information may be selected.

  As described above, not only the travel locus information of the vehicle that has traveled on the same road in the past is provided as it is, but also the travel locus of the vehicle that has traveled more safely and smoothly is selected and transmitted to the in-vehicle device. If a method or a traffic signal is installed, the vehicle-mounted device can determine the driving method in a shorter time by using a method of transmitting signal information related to the display of the traffic signal. The risk of hiring can be reduced.

In addition, although the event which obstructs the advance of the said vehicle on the road in this embodiment is based on the display by the signal lamp 3A, this event is not restricted to the case by a traffic light.
For example, even when a train crossing is installed, other vehicle probe data can be generated by the same method. That is, when the train crossing is closed, the signal display is a red signal, and when the train crossing is open, the signal display is a green signal, and the traveling track of the preceding vehicle is included in the other vehicle probe data. Information may be selected.

  Further, the event that prevents the vehicle from proceeding may be a preceding vehicle that stops in the road section. For example, if the vehicle is stopped on a certain lane that is the reason for an accident or the like, the presence or absence of the event makes a big difference in the travel trajectory information of the traveling vehicle. Depending on the position or the like, the traveling locus information of the preceding vehicle to be included in the other vehicle probe data may be selected.

  In addition, the information providing apparatus 5, the road communication apparatus, the vehicle-mounted device 6, and the like according to the present invention may be realized by a single casing or may be realized by a combination of a plurality of casings. Each of these may be realized by one computer or may be realized by combining a plurality of computers.

  The embodiment disclosed this time should be considered as illustrative in all points and not restrictive. The scope of the present invention is defined by the terms of the claims, rather than the description above, and is intended to include any modifications within the scope and meaning equivalent to the terms of the claims.

It is a schematic diagram which shows the outline | summary of apparatus arrangement | positioning of the driving assistance system which concerns on this invention. It is a figure which shows an example of the sample point which comprises road shape information. (A) is a figure which shows an example of the data format of road shape information, (b) is a figure which shows an example of details, such as a data part of road shape information. It is a figure which shows an example of a function structure of the upstream roadside communication apparatus. 3 is a diagram illustrating an example of a functional configuration of an information providing apparatus 5. FIG. It is a figure which shows an example of traveling locus information. It is a figure which shows an example of the functional block structure of the vehicle equipment.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Upstream roadside communication apparatus 1A Upstream roadside communication apparatus communication antenna 2 Downstream side roadside communication apparatus 2A Downstream side roadside communication apparatus communication antenna 3 Traffic signal controller 3A Signal lamp 4 Router 5 Information providing apparatus 6 In-vehicle apparatus 111 Transmission / reception means 121 Storage Unit 131 Downlink Information Creation Unit 141 Road-to-Vehicle Communication Unit 511 Terminal Device Communication Unit 521 Storage Unit 531 Other Vehicle Probe Data Information Generation Unit 601 Roadside Information Acquisition Unit 611 Notification Information Creation Unit 621 Speed Control Unit

Claims (10)

  1. A first in-vehicle device mounted on a first vehicle approaching a predetermined section of the road;
    A second in-vehicle device mounted on a second vehicle traveling ahead of the first vehicle;
    A downstream roadside communication device that receives travel locus information indicating a travel locus in the predetermined section of the second vehicle from the second vehicle-mounted device at an end point of the predetermined section or a point downstream of the end point. When,
    An upstream roadside communication device that transmits the received travel locus information of the second vehicle to the first vehicle-mounted device at a start point of the predetermined section or a point upstream of the start point;
    A driving support system including road event information acquisition means for acquiring road event information about an event that prevents the vehicle from traveling on the road,
    Further comprising selection means for selecting travel locus information according to the road event information from the travel locus information received by the downstream roadside communication device;
    The upstream roadside communication device is configured to transmit the travel locus information selected by the selection means to the first vehicle-mounted device,
    The first vehicle-mounted device determines a driving method of the first vehicle in the predetermined section using travel locus information of the selected second vehicle ,
    The road event information includes at least one of the following information .
    (1) Information on current and future indications and duration of signal lights installed on the road
    (2) Information on current and future actions and duration of railroad crossings on the road
    (3) Information on the preceding vehicle that stops on the road
  2. The driving support system according to claim 1, wherein the selection unit excludes travel locus information that satisfies at least one of the following conditions.
    (1) The number of lane changes in the predetermined section is not less than a predetermined number. (2) The traveling speed or acceleration at a predetermined point in the predetermined section is out of a predetermined range.
  3. The selection means includes classification means for classifying the traveling locus information received by the downstream roadside communication device for each vehicle type,
    The driving support system according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the upstream roadside communication device transmits travel locus information corresponding to a vehicle type of the first vehicle to the first vehicle-mounted device.
  4. The travel locus information includes information corresponding to discrete passage points when the second vehicle travels in the predetermined section, and at least position information regarding the position of the passage point and a passage time at the passage point. The driving support system according to any one of claims 1 to 3, further comprising:
  5. The upstream roadside communication device transmits road shape information about a shape of a road including the predetermined section to the first vehicle-mounted device,
    The driving support system according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the road shape information includes information related to a position of a series of sample points virtually provided on a road including the predetermined section. .
  6. The driving support system according to claim 5, wherein at least one of the series of sample points is a road-to-vehicle communication point between the upstream roadside communication device and the first vehicle-mounted device.
  7. A road communication device used as an upstream road communication device in any one of the driving support systems according to claim 1,
    A road communication device comprising the road event information acquisition means and the selection means.
  8. An information providing apparatus comprising: road event information acquisition means and selection means in the driving support system according to any one of claims 1 to 6.
  9. A road communication device that transmits information to an in-vehicle device mounted on a vehicle approaching the predetermined section at a starting point of a predetermined section of the road or a point upstream of the starting point,
    Whether the road communication device permits the display of the signal lamp installed in or near the predetermined section of the traveling locus information of other vehicles that have finished traveling in the predetermined section to allow progress. A road communication device that transmits one or more pieces of travel locus information selected according to the vehicle-mounted device.
  10. An information providing device that provides information to a vehicle traveling on a road via a road communication device,
    Road event information acquisition means for acquiring road event information about an event that prevents the vehicle from traveling on the road;
    Obtaining a travel trajectory information of a vehicle that has finished traveling on a predetermined section of the road, and selecting means for selecting travel trajectory information according to the road event information from the obtained travel trajectory information,
    The travel locus information selected by the selection means is provided to the vehicle that is about to travel the predetermined section from the road communication device.
    The road event information includes at least one of the following information.
    (1) Information on current and future indications and duration of signal lights installed on the road
    (2) Information on current and future actions and duration of railroad crossings on the road
    (3) Information on the preceding vehicle that stops on the road
JP2007331523A 2007-12-25 2007-12-25 Driving support system, road communication device, and information providing device Expired - Fee Related JP5003465B2 (en)

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CN101958049B (en) * 2010-09-21 2015-04-15 隋亚刚 Signal light linkage control system and method of express way ramp outlet and adjacent intersection in city
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JP2016149050A (en) * 2015-02-13 2016-08-18 アルパイン株式会社 Information processing apparatus and in-vehicle device
JP2016152010A (en) * 2015-02-19 2016-08-22 住友電気工業株式会社 Accumulation device and computer program
JP6507397B2 (en) * 2015-06-19 2019-05-08 住友電工システムソリューション株式会社 Information providing system, information providing device, relay method of road signal information, and computer program
WO2018198163A1 (en) * 2017-04-24 2018-11-01 日産自動車株式会社 Peripheral-state prediction method and peripheral-state prediction device
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WO2019093193A1 (en) * 2017-11-08 2019-05-16 ソニー株式会社 Information processing device, vehicle, mobile body, information processing method, and program
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