JP4982047B2 - Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device - Google Patents

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device Download PDF

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JP4982047B2
JP4982047B2 JP2005021978A JP2005021978A JP4982047B2 JP 4982047 B2 JP4982047 B2 JP 4982047B2 JP 2005021978 A JP2005021978 A JP 2005021978A JP 2005021978 A JP2005021978 A JP 2005021978A JP 4982047 B2 JP4982047 B2 JP 4982047B2
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tube
sleep apnea
apnea syndrome
obstructive sleep
guide wire
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JP2006204630A (en )
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佐藤  誠
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セブン ドリーマーズ ラボラトリーズ,インコーポレイテッド
佐藤 誠
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本発明は、閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器に関し、詳しくは、睡眠時に上気道の咽頭部が閉塞することを防止して閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群の症状を解消するための器具に関する。 The present invention relates to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device and, more particularly, to instruments for pharynx upper airway during sleep to eliminate the symptoms of and preventing the clogging obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群は、睡眠時に上気道の咽頭部が筋肉の弛緩と肥満等との合併症で閉塞され、一時的な窒息(無呼吸、低呼吸)状態が断続的に繰り返されることにより、高血圧症や脳血管、心血管障害を引き起し、無呼吸、低呼吸後に覚醒反応が繰り返されるため十分な睡眠がとれず、日中の眠気、集中力、活力に欠ける、居眠りがちになる、居眠り運転で事故や重大事故などを起こしやすくなるという問題がある。 Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, the pharynx of the upper airway during sleep is closed with complications and relaxation of muscles such as obesity, temporary asphyxia (apnea, hypopnea) state is repeated intermittently by, hypertension and cerebrovascular, cardiovascular disorders cause, apnea, sufficient for arousal reaction after hypopnea is repeated sleep Torezu, daytime sleepiness, concentration, lack of vitality, snooze tend to made, there is a problem that becomes more prone to accidents and serious accidents in the drowsy driving.

このため、従来から閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群を治療したり、解消したりするために様々な提案が為されてきているが、基本的には、外部から適当な圧力の空気を供給して鼻孔から咽頭部に送り、閉塞部分を空気圧で押し拡げて吸気のための気道を確保するようにしている(例えば、特許文献1参照。)。 Accordingly, or treat obstructive sleep apnea syndrome conventionally, but eliminated and various proposals for or have been made, basically, by supplying appropriate air pressure from the outside feed nostrils to pharynx, thereby ensuring the airway for air by expanding pressing occlusion pneumatically (e.g., see Patent Document 1.).
特開平8−332226号公報 JP-8-332226 discloses

しかし、空気加圧方式の治療装置では、空気加圧装置が必要であることから装置が大掛かりで、一般的に高価なものとなっており、旅行等での持ち運びも面倒である。 However, an air pressurizing system of the treatment device, a large-scale a device since it is necessary the air pressurization device, generally has a costly ones, also is troublesome to carry the travel or the like. さらに、空気が逃げぬように鼻孔部分をマスクで完全に覆う必要があり、このマスクと空気を送るパイプとが外れないようにヘッドバンドで固定しなければならず、睡眠時にこれらの部品を装着することは患者にとって苦痛である。 Furthermore, it is necessary to completely cover the mask nostrils portion so as not escape the air, it must be fixed with headband to a pipe for sending the mask and the air does not come off, mounting of these components during sleep it is painful for patients. また、空気加圧装置の作動音がうるさく、患者本人だけでなく、周囲の人に対してもその音が睡眠を妨げることがある。 Also, annoyingly it is operating noise of the air pressurization device, not only the patient himself, may interfere with the sound sleep even for the people around. さらに、冬季の使用時に室温が下がると、マスク内で呼気中の水分が凝集して水滴となり、顔にかかって患者の睡眠を妨げることもある。 Further, when the room temperature drops during use in winter, it becomes water droplets aggregate moisture in the breath in the mask, also prevent the patient's sleep suffering face.

一方、空気加圧装置を用いない方法として、マウスピースの着用も提案されているが、これは症状が軽微な場合にはある程度の効果が得られるが、重症の場合には効果が期待できないことが多い。 On the other hand, as a method not using an air pressurization device, it has been proposed also wear the mouthpiece, which is obtained some effect if symptoms minor, which can not effect expected in the case of severe there are many.

そこで本発明は、確実な気道確保を行えるとともに、装着が簡単で睡眠時の邪魔になることもなく、しかも、小型計量で持ち運びも容易な閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器を提供することを目的としている。 The present invention, as well as perform a reliable airway, without even impede when wearing simple sleep, moreover, to provide a time carry also easily obstructive sleep small metering apnea syndrome eliminating device it is an object.

上記目的を達成するため、本発明の閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器は、睡眠時に上気道の咽頭部が閉塞して窒息状態となる閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群の症状を解消するための閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器であって、前記咽頭部から鼻孔部分に至る長さを有する柔軟なチューブと、該チューブ内に挿通される柔軟なガイドワイヤーと、該ガイドワイヤーの一端に設けられ、該ガイドワイヤーの一端から拡張すると共に先端に向かって縮小する紡錘状を呈する弾性変形可能な通気性部材と、前記ガイドワイヤーの他端に設けられたストッパーとを備え、前記通気性部材は、前記ガイドワイヤーが鼻孔側に移動したときに弾性変形により収縮しながらチューブ内に引き込まれ、前記ガイドワイヤーが咽頭部側に移動したときにチューブ内から To achieve the above object, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome solve apparatus of the present invention, for pharynx upper airway during sleep to eliminate the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome comprising a suffocation state closed a obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating unit, a flexible tube having a length reaching the nostril portion from the throat portion, and a flexible guide wire to be inserted into the tube, provided at one end of the guide wire provided, comprising an elastically deformable air-permeable member exhibiting a fusiform to shrink toward the front end as well as extended from one end of the guide wire, and a stopper provided at the other end of said guide wire, said breathable member the guide wire is drawn into the tube while contracted by elastic deformation when moved to the nostril side, from the tube when the guide wire is moved to the pharyngeal side て弾性変形により咽頭部内に展開し、該展開した通気性部材によって前記咽頭部の閉塞を防止する。 Expand the pharynx portion by elastic deformation Te, to prevent blockage of the throat by permeable member that the deployment.

本発明の閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器によれば、気道を確保する網状筒体等の通気性部材をチューブ内に引き込んだ状態で鼻孔内にチューブを所定長さ、通常はチューブの外端が鼻孔から僅かに出ている状態まで挿入した後、ガイドワイヤーをストッパーがチューブの外端に当接するまで押し込むことにより、先端の通気性部材がチューブの先端(内端)から押し出されて展開することにより、咽頭部の閉塞を防止して気道を確保することができる。 According to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating apparatus of the present invention, reticulated cylindrical body or the like of the permeable member the tube a predetermined length into the nostrils in a state of being drawn into the tube to secure the airway, usually outside of the tube after the end has inserted to the state which protrude slightly from the nostril, by pushing up the guide wire stopper abuts against the outer end of the tube, permeable member tip is pushed out from the distal end of the tube (inner end) expand by, it is possible to prevent the clogging of the throat portion to secure the airway. なお、チューブの先端が咽頭の閉鎖部に達してから、チューブをストッパーの位置まで引き上げることによっても、網状筒体のような通気性部材が閉鎖部で展開して気道を確保する。 Incidentally, the tip of the tube from reaching the closure of the pharynx, by raising the tube to a position of the stopper, breathable member such as a net-like tubular body to secure the airway and developed with closure. これにより、睡眠時に窒息状態となることがなく、安眠が得られることで昼間の会議や運転時等の居眠りを防ぐことができ、脳や心臓等の血管障害発症に至る遠因もなくすことができる。 Thus, without the choking state during sleep, it can sleep that obtained can prevent dozing during such daytime meetings and operation, eliminating even remote cause leading to vascular disorders onset of such brain and heart . さらに、従来のマスクに比べて装着時の違和感がなく、寝返りを打っても外れることがないので安心して眠ることができる。 In addition, there is no discomfort when mounted compared to the conventional mask, can sleep in peace because there is no come off even hit the turn over.

また、本発明の閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器は、チューブ、ガイドワイヤー、気道を確保するための網状筒体等の通気性部材及びストッパーのみで形成することができるので、極めて小型軽量なものとなり、旅行等に携行することも可能である。 Further, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome solve apparatus of the present invention, the tube, the guide wire, can be formed only by the permeable member and the stopper reticulated cylindrical body or the like for securing the airway, extremely small and light become a thing, it is also possible to carry to travel and the like. しかも、空気加圧装置のような機器を使用しないので騒音も発生せず、同室者の安眠も可能となる。 Moreover, since no use equipment such as air pressure device noise does not occur, it is possible also sleep roommate. さらに、電源も不要であるから、使用場所に制限がなく、自宅の使用においても電気代の節約となる。 Further, since the power supply is not necessary, there is no limit to the place of use, also will save electricity costs in the home of use.

図1乃至図4は、本発明の閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器の一形態例を示すもので、図1は網状筒体をチューブから押し出して展開させた状態を示す斜視図、図2は網状筒体をチューブ内に引き込んだ状態を示す一部を切り欠いた斜視図、図3は患者が閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器を装着する前の状態を示す説明図、図4は患者が閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器を装着して気道を確保した状態を示す説明図である。 1 to 4, it shows one embodiment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating apparatus of the present invention, FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a state of being expanded extruded reticulated cylindrical body from the tube, Figure 2 perspective view, with parts cut away showing a state in which retracted the mesh cylinder body in the tube, Figure 3 is an explanatory view showing a state before the patient wears the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device, Fig. 4 it is an explanatory view showing a state where the patient is wearing the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device and airway.

図1及び図2に示すように、閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器11は、チューブ12と、該チューブ12内に挿通されるガイドワイヤー13と、該ガイドワイヤー13の一端に設けられた通気性部材である網状筒体14と、前記ガイドワイヤー13の他端に設けられたストッパー15とで形成されている。 As shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminated 11 includes a tube 12, a guide wire 13 to be inserted into the tube 12, provided on one end of the guide wire 13 vent reticulated cylindrical body 14 is a gender member, is formed with a stopper 15 provided at the other end of the guide wire 13.

チューブ12は、装着時に鼻孔から上気道の咽頭部まで挿入する必要があることから、人体に無害で柔軟性を有する材料で、さらに、挿入時の抵抗や網状筒体14を移動させる際の抵抗を少なくするために低摩擦係数の材料、例えば、ポリエチレン、フッ素樹脂、シリコン樹脂等の合成樹脂によって形成されている。 Tube 12, it is necessary to insert to the pharynx of the upper respiratory tract from the nostrils when worn, of a material having a harmless and flexible to the human body, further, resistance when moving the resistive and net cylinder 14 during insertion material of less that low coefficient of friction, for example, polyethylene, fluorine resin, and is formed of a synthetic resin such as silicon resin. チューブ12の長さは、挿入側先端が閉塞を解消する咽頭部の僅かに手前に位置し、基端が鼻孔から僅かに突出する位置となる長さに設定される。 The length of the tube 12, the insertion side leading end is positioned slightly forward of the throat section to eliminate obstruction, proximal end is set to a length which is a position slightly protruding from the nostrils. この長さが短いと気道の確保を十分に行えなくなり、逆に長すぎると鼻孔から突出したチューブ12が睡眠時に邪魔になる。 This length is short and can not be performed sufficiently to secure airway, the tube 12 that protrudes from and an excessively long nostril hinder during sleep. また、チューブ12の径は、収縮状態の網状筒体14の収納と、鼻孔からの挿入とを考慮すると、内径が3〜8mm程度で、肉厚が0.5〜3mm程度であることが好ましい。 The diameter of the tube 12, the housing of the mesh cylinder 14 in a contracted state, considering the insertion of the nostrils, inner diameter of about 3 to 8 mm, it is preferable thickness of about 0.5~3mm . なお、端面部分は挿入を容易に行えるように面取り加工を施しておくことが好ましい。 Incidentally, the end surface portion it is preferable to chamfered to allow easy insertion.

ガイドワイヤー13は、チューブ12内で移動可能な太さを有するものであって、チューブ12の先端から網状筒体14を出没できる長さに形成されている。 Guide wire 13 include those having a movable thickness in tube 12 inside is formed in a length that can be infested reticulated cylindrical body 14 from the distal end of the tube 12. このガイドワイヤー13は、前記チューブ12と同様な柔軟性を必要とし、かつ、網状筒体14をチューブ12から押し出す際に座屈しない程度の軸線方向の強度を必要とすることから、通常は、ステンレス鋼やチタン等の金属線を使用し、太さや必要強度等の条件に応じて単線、撚り線、巻線といった形状を選択すればよい。 The guide wire 13, since it requires the same flexibility as the tube 12, and requires the intensity of the axial extent of not buckle when pushing the mesh tubular body 14 from the tube 12, usually, using a metal wire such as stainless steel or titanium, may be selected single wire, stranded wire, the shape such as winding in accordance with the thickness and strength required like conditions.

通気性部材である網状筒体14は、咽頭部の閉塞を防止して気道を確保するためのものであって、反発係数(復元力)の大きな材料、例えばニッケルチタン等の金属線により弾性変形可能に形成されている。 Net cylinder 14 is air-permeable member is for securing the airway to prevent clogging of the throat portion, a large material, for example, elastically deformed by the metal wire nickel titanium coefficient of restitution (resilience) It is able to form. この網状筒体14は、チューブ12内から出たときに通気可能な籠状、紡錘状、傘状に展開し、かつ、縮小収縮させることによってチューブ12内に収納できるようになっている。 The mesh tube 14 is shaped breathable basket upon exiting from the tube 12 inside, fusiform, expand like an umbrella, and is adapted to be accommodated in the tube 12 by reducing shrinkage. 展開時の網状筒体14は、外径が5〜20mm、長さが10〜70mm程度の大きさであることが好ましい。 Net cylinder 14 during deployment, it is preferable that an outer diameter of 5 to 20 mm, a length of the order of magnitude of 10 to 70 mm. 前記金属線には、30〜100μm程度の単線を複数本捩った金属繊維、あるいは、50〜200μm程度の単線を使用することができる。 The metal wire, metal fibers twisted plural single wires of approximately 30 to 100 [mu] m, or can be used single wire of about 50 to 200 [mu] m.

また、網状筒体14は、側方からの0.8〜1.5kPa程度の圧力に耐えられるとともに、チューブ12から押し出された際に軸線方向に座屈せずに展開できる強度及び復元力を有している。 Also, net cylinder 14, closed together withstand the pressure of about 0.8~1.5kPa from the side, the strength and resilience that can be deployed without buckling in the axial direction when extruded from the tube 12 are doing. この網状筒体14と前記ガイドワイヤー13とは、別個に形成したものを適当な接続部材で接続したり、両者をカシメあるいは接着剤等で直接接合したりするようにしてもよく、両者を連続した金属線で形成することも可能である。 The mesh tube 14 and the guide wire 13 may separately formed or connected by a suitable connecting member those, be or directly joined to each other by caulking or an adhesive or the like, continuously both it is also possible to form with the metal wire. なお、側方からの耐圧が小さいと気道を確保する効果が小さくなり、大きくし過ぎるとチューブ12内への引き込みが困難になってしまう。 Incidentally, the effect of securing the airway pressure-resistant from the side is small becomes small and too large retraction of the tube 12 becomes difficult.

チューブ12の内径と網状筒体14の収縮時の外径とは相互に関連するので、それぞれの材料や患者の条件等に応じて適宜設定する。 Since correlated to the outer diameter during shrinking of the inner diameter and the mesh cylinder 14 of the tube 12, appropriately set according to the respective materials and the patient's conditions. また、患者が金属アレルギーの場合には、ガイドワイヤー13及び網状筒体14の金属線をポリエチレンやフッ素樹脂等で被覆したり、純チタンあるいはニッケルを含まないステンレス鋼等で形成すればよく、症状に応じて適宜な材料を選択すればよい。 Also, if the patient is allergic to metal may be formed by the guide wire 13 and or by coating the metal wire mesh cylinder 14 with polyethylene or fluorine resin, or the like, stainless steel or the like which does not contain the pure titanium or nickel, symptoms it may be selected an appropriate material in accordance with the.

ストッパー15は、ガイドワイヤー13のチューブ12内への押し込み量を規制するものであって、該ストッパー15がチューブ12の基端(外端)に当接したときに、網状筒体14の全体がチューブ12の先端から押し出された状態になるように形成されている。 The stopper 15 is for restricting the amount of pushing the tube 12 of the guide wire 13, when the stopper 15 abuts against the proximal end of the tube 12 (the outer end), the entire mesh cylindrical body 14 It is formed to be a state of being pushed out from the distal end of the tube 12. また、ストッパー15は、睡眠中に鼻孔内に入り込まないように、鼻孔よりも大きく形成しておくことが好ましい。 Further, the stopper 15, as does not enter into the nostrils during sleep, it is preferable to larger than the nostril. さらに、ガイドワイヤー13をチューブ12内から取り出して洗浄したり、消毒したりするときのために、ネジ止め構造や嵌め合わせ構造等により、ストッパー15をガイドワイヤー14から取り外せるようにしておくことが好ましい。 Additionally, or washed removed guidewire 13 from the tube 12 inside, for possible or disinfected, by screwing structure or mating structure or the like, it is preferable to be detached stopper 15 from the guide wire 14 .

図3に示すように、閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器11を装着するときには、ストッパー15を引いて網状筒体14をチューブ12の先端側内部に引き込んだ状態とする。 As shown in FIG. 3, when mounting the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device 11, a state retracted reticulated tubular body 14 by pulling the stopper 15 inside the distal end side of the tube 12. このとき、網状筒体14の周囲等にワセリンやゼリー状潤滑剤を塗布しておくことにより、網状筒体14をチューブ12内に容易に引き込むことができる。 At this time, by previously applying a petrolatum or jelly lubricant around the mesh cylinder 14 and the like, can be easily draw the mesh cylinder 14 in the tube 12. 次に、チューブ12の先端を鼻孔21内に挿入し、チューブ12を鼻孔21から鼻腔22を通してチューブ12の基端が鼻孔21から僅かに、例えば1〜2cm程度出ている状態まで押し込む。 Then, the distal end of the tube 12 is inserted into the nostril 21, pushed from the proximal end nostril 21 of the tube 12 the tube 12 through the nasal passage 22 from the nostrils 21 slightly, for example to the state that out of about 1 to 2 cm. このときも、チューブ12の外周面に前記同様の潤滑剤等を塗布しておくことが好ましい。 In this case, it is preferable to applying the same lubricant such as the outer peripheral surface of the tube 12.

そして、チューブ12を所定位置まで挿入した状態で、チューブ12の基端を一方の手で保持し、他方の手でガイドワイヤー13をチューブ12内に押し込み、ストッパー15がチューブ12の基端に当接するまで咽頭部23側に移動させる。 Then, in a state of inserting the tube 12 to a predetermined position, holds the proximal end of the tube 12 with one hand, pushing the guide wire 13 into the tube 12 with the other hand, the stopper 15 to the proximal end of the tube 12 equivalents moving the pharynx 23 side to contact. このガイドワイヤー13の移動により、網状筒体14がチューブ12の先端から睡眠時に閉塞される咽頭部23に押し出され、図4に示すように、所定位置で網状筒体14が展開し、咽頭部23の気道が確保された状態となる。 This movement of the guide wire 13 is pushed out to the throat 23 mesh cylindrical body 14 is closed during sleep from the tip of the tube 12, as shown in FIG. 4, the mesh tubular body 14 is deployed at a predetermined position, pharynx 23 of the airway is in a state of being reserved. この操作を行う際には、使用者が覚醒して咽頭部23の気道が開いた状態で行うから、軽い力で網状筒体14を咽頭部23に押し出て展開させることができる。 The operation in performing the a but performed in a state in which the user airway pharynx 23 awake opens, reticulated cylindrical body 14 can be deployed out push pharynx 23 with a light force. なお、10〜70mm長いガイドワイヤー13とチューブ12とを用いて、チューブ12の先端を咽頭部23まで挿入した状態で、ガイドワイヤー13は動かさずにチューブ12をストッパー15に向けて移動させることによっても、網状筒体14を所定位置で展開させることができる。 Incidentally, by using the 10~70mm long guide wire 13 and the tube 12, the distal end of the tube 12 in a state of being inserted to the pharynx 23, by moving towards the tube 12 to the stopper 15 without moving the guidewire 13 also, it is possible to deploy the mesh cylinder 14 in a predetermined position.

このように網状筒体14を咽頭部23内で展開させた状態で就寝すると、咽頭部23の筋肉が弛緩して重力等により気道が閉塞されるような状態になっても、網状筒体14が舌等を押し上げて咽頭部23の気道を開いた状態に維持するので、気道が狭窄状態、閉塞状態になることを防止できる。 With such a network tubular body 14 to bed in a state of being deployed in the pharynx 23, even in the state, such as the muscles of the pharynx 23 airway is closed by the relaxed gravity like, net-like tubular body 14 There therefore to maintain an open airway of the throat portion 23 pushes up the tongue or the like, can be prevented airway is stenosed, to a closed state. これにより、吸気が確保されて窒息状態になることを防ぎ、患者に安眠を与えることができる。 Accordingly, the intake air is prevented to become choked state is ensured, it is possible to provide a sleep in a patient.

起床時には、チューブ12の基端を保持した状態でストッパー15を引き、ガイドワイヤー13を鼻孔側に移動させ、網状筒体14をチューブ12の先端側内部に収縮させながら引き込んで収納する。 During waking, pull the stopper 15 while holding the proximal end of the tube 12, moves the guide wire 13 into the nostril side, it housed draw while the mesh cylinder 14 is contracted on the tip end inside the tube 12. そして、チューブ12を鼻孔21から引き抜くことにより、閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器11を取り出すことができる。 By pulling the tube 12 from the nostrils 21, it can be taken out obstructive sleep apnea resolved 11.

取り出した閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器11は、洗浄、消毒等を行って次の使用に備える。 Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminated 11 taken out is washed and subjected to disinfection ready for the next use. このとき、ガイドワイヤー13を押し込んで網状筒体14をチューブ12の先端から押し出した状態でガイドワイヤー13からストッパー15を取り外すことにより、ガイドワイヤー13及び網状筒体14をチューブ12の先端側から容易に引き抜くことができる。 In this case, by removing the stopper 15 from the guide wire 13 in a state where extruded reticulated cylindrical body 14 from the distal end of the tube 12 pushes the guide wire 13, facilitates the guide wire 13 and the net-like cylindrical body 14 from the distal end side of the tube 12 it can be pulled out to. チューブ12内の洗浄は、適当な清掃器具を使用することにより容易に行うことができ、各部の消毒も、アルコール等の消毒薬を使用することによって簡単に行える。 Washing tube 12 can be easily performed by using a suitable cleaning implement, each part of the disinfection also easily performed by using a disinfectant such as alcohol.

上述のように、閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器11を使用して安眠が得られることにより、日中の傾眠が解消されて昼間の会議や運転時等における居眠り等を防止することができる。 As described above, by the sleep can be obtained by using the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminated 11, it is possible to prevent dozing or the like in somnolence daytime is eliminated meeting or driving or the like during the daytime . さらに、窒息状態を防ぐことで、脳や心臓等が梗塞状態に至る遠因をなくすことができる。 Further, by preventing choking state, it is possible to eliminate the underlying cause of brain and heart and the like reaches the infarcted.

また、上述のように形成した閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器11は、空気加圧方式の治療装置が不要となり、装置代や電気代等の経費を削減できる。 Further, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminated 11 formed as described above, an air pressurizing system of the treatment device is not required, thereby reducing the cost of such devices cost and electricity costs. また、睡眠時に鬱陶しいマスクを付ける必要がなくなり、冬季のマスク内結露の水滴が顔にかかることによる睡眠中断も防げる。 In addition, there is no need to give a gloomy mask during sleep, water droplets of winter within the mask condensation can be prevented even sleep interruption due to applied to the face. さらに、空気加圧装置の発する音がなくなるので、患者本人だけでなく、周囲の人の安眠を妨げることもなくなる。 Further, since the sound generated by the air pressurizing device is eliminated, as well as patients themselves, also eliminated preventing sleep of people around. 特に、空気加圧装置だけでなく、マウスピースに比べても小型軽量であり、旅行時に容易に持ち運ぶことができ、電源が不要であるから、非常時やキャンプ等でも使用できる。 In particular, not only the air pressurization device, a size and weight as compared to the mouthpiece, it is possible to easily carry when traveling, because power is not required, can also be used in emergency or camps.

なお、本発明の閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器は、救急時や手術時の気道確保装置として使用することも可能であり、この場合は、救急隊員あるいは麻酔担当医師が患者に対して閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器の装着操作を前記同様にして行えばよい。 Incidentally, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome solve apparatus of the present invention can also be used as airway device during emergency or during surgery, in this case, blockage paramedics or anesthesia attending physician for a patient the mounting operation of the type sleep apnea eliminating device may be carried out in the same manner above. これにより、救急時や手術時の気道確保が容易となる。 As a result, the airway becomes easy at the time of emergency or during surgery. また、特別の資格と技術を持たなくても患者の救命措置をとることが可能になる。 In addition, it is possible to take life-saving measures of patient need not have special qualifications and technology.

閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器の一形態例を示すもので、網状筒体をチューブから押し出して展開させた状態を示す斜視図である。 Shows one embodiment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device is a perspective view showing a state of being expanded extruded reticulated cylindrical body from the tube. 同じく網状筒体をチューブ内に引き込んだ状態を示す一部を切り欠いた斜視図である。 Also a network cylindrical body is a perspective view, with parts cut away showing a state in which retracted into the tube. 患者が閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器を装着する前の状態を示す説明図である。 It is an explanatory view showing a state before the patient wears the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device. 患者が閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器を装着して気道を確保した状態を示す説明図である。 It is an explanatory view showing a state where the patient is wearing the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating device and airway.

11…閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器、12…チューブ、13…ガイドワイヤー、14…網状筒体、15…ストッパー、21…鼻孔、22…鼻腔、23…咽頭部 11 ... obstructive sleep apnea syndrome eliminating unit, 12 ... tube, 13 ... guide wire, 14 ... mesh cylinder, 15 ... stopper, 21 ... nostrils, 22 ... nasal, 23 ... throat

Claims (1)

  1. 睡眠時に上気道の咽頭部が閉塞して窒息状態となる閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群の症状を解消するための閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器であって、 A obstructive sleep apnea syndrome solve device for pharynx upper airway during sleep to eliminate the symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome comprising a suffocation state and closed,
    前記咽頭部から鼻孔部分に至る長さを有する柔軟なチューブと、 And flexible tubes having a length reaching the nostril portion from the throat portion,
    該チューブ内に挿通される柔軟なガイドワイヤーと、 And flexible guide wire to be inserted into the tube,
    該ガイドワイヤーの一端に設けられ、該ガイドワイヤーの一端から拡張すると共に先端に向かって縮小する紡錘状を呈する弾性変形可能な通気性部材と、 Provided at one end of the guide wire, an elastically deformable air-permeable member exhibiting a fusiform to shrink toward the front end as well as extended from one end of the guide wire,
    前記ガイドワイヤーの他端に設けられたストッパーとを備え、 And a stopper provided at the other end of said guide wire,
    前記通気性部材は、前記ガイドワイヤーが鼻孔側に移動したときに弾性変形により収縮しながらチューブ内に引き込まれ、前記ガイドワイヤーが咽頭部側に移動したときにチューブ内から出て弾性変形により咽頭部内に展開し、該展開した通気性部材によって前記咽頭部の閉塞を防止する閉塞型睡眠時無呼吸症候群解消器。 The air-permeable member, the guide wire is drawn into the tube while contracted by elastic deformation when moved to the nostril side, pharynx by elastic deformation out of the tube when the guide wire is moved to the pharyngeal side expand the portion, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome solved device for preventing clogging of the throat portion by permeable member that the deployment.
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