JP4978409B2 - Digital amplifier - Google Patents

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JP4978409B2
JP4978409B2 JP2007259592A JP2007259592A JP4978409B2 JP 4978409 B2 JP4978409 B2 JP 4978409B2 JP 2007259592 A JP2007259592 A JP 2007259592A JP 2007259592 A JP2007259592 A JP 2007259592A JP 4978409 B2 JP4978409 B2 JP 4978409B2
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pass filter
low
digital
frequency
speaker
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JP2009089301A (en
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一郎 大野
公洋 安藤
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パナソニック株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a reduction in distortion of a digital amplifying apparatus connected to a speaker, and more particularly to a digital amplifying apparatus used in car audio.

  A conventional digital amplifying apparatus will be described with reference to circuit block diagrams of FIGS. 7 is a circuit block diagram of a conventional digital amplifying apparatus that does not consider the reduction of coil distortion of the low-pass filter, and FIG. 8 is a circuit diagram of the conventional digital amplifying apparatus that considers reduction of the coil distortion of the low-pass filter. It is a block diagram.

  First, the configuration of the conventional digital amplifying apparatus will be described with reference to FIG.

  Reference numeral 1 denotes an analog input terminal to which an analog signal is input. The input analog signal is input to the PWM amplifier 3 through the input impedance element 2. The input analog signal is modulated into a PWM signal by the PWM amplifier 3 and amplified. The PWM signal amplified by the PWM amplifier 3 is input to the low-pass filter 4, integrated, output to the speaker 5 as an audio signal with the PWM carrier signal cut, and output as a sound.

  Reference numeral 6 denotes a feedback circuit to the input for performing correction for improving the basic characteristics of the PWM amplifier 3 (stability of frequency characteristics and distortion improvement, improvement of damping factor, etc.).

  However, since the feedback circuit 6 feeds back before the low-pass filter 4, the digital amplifying device 7 outputs the distortion caused by the low-pass filter 4 to the speaker without being fed back.

  FIG. 8 is a circuit block diagram of a digital amplifying apparatus of a delta sigma modulation method in consideration of reduction of coil distortion of a conventional low-pass filter. The configuration of the conventional digital amplifying apparatus 15 will be described together with the operation with reference to FIG.

  Reference numeral 8 denotes an analog input terminal to which an analog signal is input. The input analog signal is input to the delta sigma modulation circuit 10 through the input impedance element 9. The input analog signal is modulated into a digital signal by the delta-sigma modulation circuit 10 and amplified by the digital amplifier 11.

  The amplified digital signal is integrated by a low-pass filter 12 composed of a coil and a capacitor, and an audio signal is input to the speaker 13 and output as sound.

  Reference numeral 14 denotes a phase compensation circuit for feedback from the output of the low-pass filter 12 to the input of the delta-sigma modulation circuit 10. The distortion generated by the low-pass filter 12 due to this feedback is input to the digital amplifying unit 11 as an antiphase component to improve the distortion rate.

  As for the distortion of the coil of the low-pass filter 12, especially in the case of car audio, it is often operated with a 12V system that is a power source for automobiles. There is a method of lowering the impedance, but since the load current increases as the load impedance decreases, the coil distortion of the low-pass filter 12 in the digital amplifying device 15 further increases and the sound quality deteriorates. A digital amplifier 15 having 14 is useful.

Patent document 1 is seen as a publicly known document of such a digital amplifier.
JP 2000-307359 A

  As described above, in order to reduce the distortion of the low-pass filter 12 with a digital amplifier according to the conventional technique, the configuration of feeding back from the load output terminal to the differential input terminal as shown in FIG. 8 is effective.

  However, the low-pass filter 12 generally constitutes a secondary filter using a coil and a capacitor. In this case, the output of the low-pass filter 12 is delayed by 180 degrees at the maximum. Therefore, if the phase of the cutoff frequency band of the low-pass filter 12 is fed back from the load output terminal of the low-pass filter 12 to the differential input terminal b of the delta-sigma modulation circuit 10 as it is, the loop gain is 1 or more and the phase is 0 degree. The oscillation condition is satisfied and the digital amplifier 11 oscillates and is not satisfied.

  As a countermeasure, the feedback circuit is prevented from oscillating as a phase compensation circuit 14 having a phase compensation function. However, the component variation, the impedance difference of the speaker 13, the power supply voltage variation, the open loop gain of the digital amplifying unit 11 are prevented. The design is very difficult due to the influence of variations in the design.

  Further, in car audio, when the impedance of the speaker is set low, or when no load is applied when the speaker is not connected, the design becomes further difficult. In addition, when an expensive active element is used to realize a difficult design, the cost of the design often increases.

  Further, when the sampling frequency of the digital amplifier 11 is lowered as a countermeasure against unnecessary radiation and the cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter 12 is lowered, phase compensation must be performed at a low frequency, and the design becomes more difficult. It had the subject of.

In order to solve the above problems, a speaker in the digital amplifier of the present invention has at least an edge resonant or split secondary or tertiary distortion that by the resonance increases the frequency characteristics at frequencies above about 8 KHz, said second The pass band of the second low-pass filter includes a frequency at which a second-order or third-order distortion increases due to the edge resonance or split resonance, and the cutoff frequency of the third low-pass filter is the cut-off frequency of the second low-pass filter. The frequency is equal to or lower than the off frequency and equal to or lower than about 8 KHz , and the pass band of the third low-pass filter does not include most of the frequency band in which the second-order or third-order distortion increases due to edge resonance or split resonance of the speaker. by the odd, while applying a feedback to the differential input terminal from the load output terminal, a load output terminal The configuration is such that the feedback from the load output terminal to the differential input terminal is centered on the low frequency band including part of the edge resonance and split resonance from the lowest resonance frequency of the speaker, which is a frequency band with a low distortion of the speaker connected to Is.

Speaker has at least an edge resonant or split secondary or tertiary distortion that by the resonance increases the frequency characteristics at frequencies above approximately 8KHz in the digital amplifier according to the present invention as described above, the second low-pass filter The pass band includes a frequency at which the second-order or third-order distortion increases due to the edge resonance or split resonance, and the cutoff frequency of the third low-pass filter is equal to or lower than the cutoff frequency of the second low-pass filter. and about 8KHz the following frequencies, that said third, such free of most of the secondary or tertiary distortion increases the frequency band to the passband edge resonant or split resonance of the speaker of the low-pass filter odd Accordingly, edge from the lowest resonance frequency of the loudspeaker is a frequency band with low distortion speakers In the structure for applying the feedback in a low frequency band including a part of the resonant and split resonance, without performing such difficult phase compensation, in which it is possible to reduce the distortion of the low-pass filter.

  Focusing on the fact that the distortion of the speaker begins to increase above the edge resonance frequency and is larger than the distortion of the digital amplifier, the feedback is applied in the low frequency band including the resonance frequency and the split resonance. The reduction of distortion in the high frequency range is performed mainly by reducing distortion of the speaker, thereby efficiently reducing distortion as a total system of the digital amplifying apparatus including the speaker.

  Hereinafter, an embodiment of a digital amplifying device of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

(Embodiment 1)
1 is a circuit block diagram of FIG. 1, a distortion characteristic diagram of the digital amplifier and a speaker of FIG. 2, and a harmonic distortion ratio with respect to the frequency of the digital amplifier which is the main part of FIG. A characteristic diagram and a characteristic diagram of distortion with respect to the frequency of a general speaker in FIG. 4 will be described.

  First, the configuration of an embodiment of the digital amplifying apparatus 20 will be described with reference to FIG.

  According to the figure, 21 is an analog input terminal, and both ends are connected to the input impedance element 22 respectively. Reference numeral 23 denotes a digital amplifying unit, and a differential input terminal 30 of the digital amplifying unit 23 is connected between the input impedance elements 22, and the input impedance element 22 is connected to each input terminal of the digital amplifying unit 23. Has been.

  The differential output terminal 31 of the digital amplifying unit 23 is connected to the load output terminal 32 through the low-pass filter 24.

  The low-pass filter 24 has a capacitor 25 connected between the load output terminal 32 and a coil 25 having one end connected to both ends of the differential output terminal 31 and the other end connected to the load output terminal 32. 26 and a bypass capacitor 27 having one end connected to the load output terminal 32 and the other end grounded to the ground.

  Reference numeral 28 denotes a low-pass filter having one end connected to the load output terminal 32 and the other end connected to the differential input terminal 30.

  Reference numeral 29 denotes a low-pass filter provided in a feedback circuit from the differential output terminal 31 to the differential input terminal 30 of the digital amplifier 23, and outputs the carrier of the digital amplifier 23 which is an amplifier of the PWM signal of this feedback circuit. The low-pass filter 29 is added in order to eliminate the above. The added low-pass filter 29 is set to a carrier frequency (about 20 KHz to 40 KHz) or less.

  The operation will be described below.

  An audio analog signal is input from the analog input terminal 21 to the differential input terminal 30 of the digital amplifying unit 23 through the pair of input impedance elements 22. This analog signal is converted into a PWM signal of a digital signal sufficiently higher than the frequency of the analog signal by the digital amplifier 23 and is amplified in power. This power-amplified PWM signal is input from the differential output terminal 31 to the low-pass filter 24. The low-pass filter 24 integrates the PWM signal and outputs it to the speaker 33 through the load output terminal 32 to be reproduced as sound.

  Further, only a frequency sufficiently lower than the cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter 24 is fed back from the load output terminal 32 following the low-pass filter 24 through the low-pass filter 28.

  The setting of the cutoff frequency of the low-pass filter 28 is appropriately determined according to the characteristics of the speaker 33. That is, it is below the frequency band in which the distortion due to the edge resonance frequency of the speaker 33 and the division resonance becomes remarkable (of course, the lower limit of this frequency band is the variation in the speaker characteristics, the characteristics of the low-pass filter 28, and the digital amplification unit 23). Is included in the frequency band in a range that does not affect the frequency.). In the present embodiment, the speaker to be used is a 14CM medium and high frequency range reproduction speaker, and the cutoff frequency is set to 8 KHz.

  FIG. 2 shows the second order distortion characteristic and the third order distortion characteristic of the output of the speaker 33, 43 shows the second order distortion characteristic, and 44 shows the third order distortion characteristic. Reference numeral 41 denotes a second-order distortion characteristic of the speaker output when a conventional digital amplifier is used, and reference numeral 42 denotes the third-order distortion characteristic.

  From the figure, it was confirmed that the second-order and third-order distortion characteristics in the frequency band of 1 KHz to 8 KHz were improved by using the digital amplifier of the present embodiment.

  In the frequency region exceeding 8 KHz, the cutoff frequency of the low-pass filter 28 of the digital amplifier of this embodiment is set to 8 KHz, so that the distortion characteristics of the conventional and the embodiments are not greatly different. .

  FIG. 3 shows the distortion characteristic 31 of the digital amplifier of this embodiment only, and 32 shows the distortion characteristic of the conventional digital amplifier only. According to the figure, the distortion is sufficiently improved up to the frequency (8 KHz or less) fed back from the load output terminal.

  4 is a distortion characteristic diagram of the speaker alone, 51 is a secondary distortion characteristic, and 52 is a tertiary distortion characteristic.

  According to the figure, the second-order and third-order distortion of the speaker according to the present embodiment is low in the vicinity of 100 Hz to 8 KHz, and the second-order and third-order distortion increases due to edge resonance and split resonance above 8 KHz. In addition, since it is not an audible range below 100 Hz, it can be disregarded generally.

  From the above, as shown in FIG. 2, the cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter 28 is set to 8 KHz, and the frequency band due to the edge resonance and split resonance of the speaker is removed from the feedback circuit to perform distortion correction. In the digital amplifying device of the embodiment, the distortion is reduced only on the band where the weight of distortion is large on the digital amplifying device side, so that the distortion can be sufficiently improved with a simple and inexpensive design.

  Note that the cut-off frequency (8 KHz) of the low-pass filter 28 is significantly lower than the cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter 24 (usually 20 KHz or higher and sufficiently lower than the carrier frequency). Even if the amplifier 23 is fed back, it does not oscillate and the phase compensation circuit can be dispensed with.

  Therefore, in a high band of 8 KHz or higher, by reducing the edge resonance and split resonance of the speaker, the distortion as a total system of the digital amplifier and the speaker can be reduced by using a low-pass filter rather than a feedback circuit by a conventional phase compensation circuit. The feedback circuit 28 can be easily designed at a low cost.

(Embodiment 2)
A digital amplifying apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention will be described with reference to FIGS.

  FIG. 5 is a circuit block diagram of a digital amplifying apparatus according to another embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 6 is an explanatory diagram for explaining a feedback amount of a feedback circuit of a digital amplifier as a main part.

  In the description, the same parts as those in the first embodiment are denoted by the same reference numerals and the description thereof is omitted.

  The difference between the digital amplifying apparatus of the present embodiment and the first embodiment lies in the feedback circuit of the digital amplifier 23. As the feedback circuit, a primary high-pass filter and a low-pass filter are connected from the differential output terminal 31 of the digital amplifier 23. A feedback circuit that feeds back to the differential input terminal 30 through a band-pass filter 29a is provided (the feedback circuit of the digital amplifier 23 of the first embodiment is provided with a low-pass filter 29).

  As described in the first embodiment, two feedback circuits are provided including a feedback circuit that feeds back from the load output terminal 32 of the low-pass filter 24 to the differential input terminal 30 via the low-pass filter 28. In addition, the first embodiment is different from the first embodiment in that one is provided with a low-pass filter 29 and the other is provided with a band-pass filter 29a having a high-pass filter.

  FIG. 5 shows the feedback amount of the audio band when the cut-off frequencies of the band-pass filter 29a having the high-pass filter and the low-pass filter 28 are adjusted.

  51 is the feedback amount of the feedback circuit of the band-pass filter 29a, 52 is the feedback amount of the feedback circuit of the low-pass filter 28, and 53 is the total feedback amount. As can be seen from the figure, by appropriately setting the cut-off frequencies of the band-pass filter 29a and the low-pass filter 28, the total feedback amount 53 of the entire frequency band of the audio is made constant with respect to the frequency, and the digital amplifier 23 It is possible to provide a digital amplifying device that stabilizes the load on the filter, and also to suppress the increase in the output of the digital amplifier 23 by returning the frequency band above the cut-off frequency of the low-pass filter 28 to some extent. .

  The digital amplifier according to the present invention can improve the distortion sufficiently with a simple and inexpensive design without using the phase compensation that is a difficult design in the past. It can be used as a high-quality audio device that does not oscillate stably even when a high impedance speaker is connected from the speaker.

1 is a circuit block diagram of a digital amplification device and speaker system according to an embodiment of the present invention. Distortion characteristics for frequency of the digital amplifier and speaker system Harmonic distortion characteristics versus frequency of the digital amplifier Distortion characteristics with respect to speaker frequency Circuit block diagram of a digital amplification device and speaker system according to another embodiment Feedback amount and frequency characteristic diagram of each feedback circuit to the digital amplifier which is the main part of the other embodiment Circuit block diagram of conventional digital amplifier and speaker system Circuit block diagram of other digital amplifier and speaker system

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 21 Analog input terminal 22 Input impedance element 23 Digital amplification part 24 Low pass filter 25 Coil 26 Capacitor 27 Bypass capacitor 28 Low pass filter 29 Low pass filter 29a Band pass filter 30 Differential input terminal 31 Differential output terminal 32 Load output terminal 33 Speaker

Claims (3)

  1. A differential input terminal for inputting an analog signal, a digital amplifier for converting the analog signal into a digital signal and amplifying the power, a differential output terminal for outputting the digital signal from the digital amplifier, and the difference A first feedback circuit to which a first low-pass filter that feeds back from the dynamic output terminal to the differential input terminal is added; a second low-pass filter that integrates a digital signal from the differential output terminal; A third low-pass circuit is connected to a second feedback circuit that includes a load output terminal for connecting a signal from the low-pass filter to a speaker and feeds back the load output terminal after the second low-pass filter to the differential input terminal. In the digital amplifying apparatus configured to add a filter and feed back a signal having a frequency equal to or lower than the cutoff frequency of the third low-pass filter, Has at least an edge resonant or split secondary or tertiary distortion that by the resonance increases the frequency characteristics at frequencies above about 8 KHz, depending wherein the pass band of the second low-pass filter, the edge resonant or split resonance The third low-pass filter includes a frequency at which second-order or third-order distortion increases, and the third low-pass filter has a cutoff frequency that is not higher than the cutoff frequency of the second low-pass filter and not higher than about 8 KHz. digital amplifier for the said speaker passband of the low-pass filter edge resonant or divided chair speaker such include most of the frequency band which the secondary or tertiary distortion increases by the resonance.
  2. 2. The digital amplifying device for a speaker according to claim 1, wherein the second-order or third-order distortion of the speaker is increased in edge resonance or split resonance, and the second-order or third-order distortion is increased even at a frequency below the audible range.
  3. In place of the first low-pass filter, a band-pass filter is provided between the differential output terminal and the differential input terminal so that the feedback amount to the digital amplification unit is substantially constant. The digital amplifying device for a speaker according to claim 1, wherein a cutoff frequency of the low-pass filter and a cutoff frequency of the band-pass filter are set.
JP2007259592A 2007-10-03 2007-10-03 Digital amplifier Active JP4978409B2 (en)

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JP4978409B2 true JP4978409B2 (en) 2012-07-18

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP4716205B1 (en) 2009-12-25 2011-07-06 日本ビクター株式会社 Object image display device, object image display method, and object image display program
JP5388362B2 (en) * 2010-03-11 2014-01-15 パナソニック株式会社 Digital amplifier

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JPH0937385A (en) * 1995-07-14 1997-02-07 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Cone type speaker
US6441685B1 (en) * 2000-03-17 2002-08-27 Jl Audio, Inc. Amplifier circuit and method for providing negative feedback thereto
JP2003037894A (en) * 2001-07-23 2003-02-07 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Speaker and speaker device using the same
JP3941443B2 (en) * 2001-09-27 2007-07-04 ヤマハ株式会社 Self-propelled PWM amplifier
JP3956800B2 (en) * 2002-08-22 2007-08-08 松下電器産業株式会社 Digital amplifier

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