JP4973197B2 - Rice milling machine - Google Patents

Rice milling machine Download PDF

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JP4973197B2
JP4973197B2 JP2007001145A JP2007001145A JP4973197B2 JP 4973197 B2 JP4973197 B2 JP 4973197B2 JP 2007001145 A JP2007001145 A JP 2007001145A JP 2007001145 A JP2007001145 A JP 2007001145A JP 4973197 B2 JP4973197 B2 JP 4973197B2
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rice
hopper
stone
milling
rice milling
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JP2008168174A (en
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吉博 加茂
英臣 川端
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Iseki and Co Ltd
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この発明は、籾摺装置と石抜装置と精米装置とを備える籾摺精米装置に関する。   The present invention relates to a rice hull milling device comprising a rice huller, a stone removing device, and a rice milling device.

所定量のコインを投入することによって籾摺精米するいわゆるコイン籾摺精米機において、供給ホッパの供給オーガを変速して、この供給ホッパに供給される籾米の供給搬送速度を、玄米の供給速度よりも早くして、籾米の供給量を玄米よりも多くする技術(例えば、特許文献1参照)が知られている。
特許第3192608号公報(第3頁、図1)。
In a so-called coin rice milling machine that performs rice milling with a predetermined amount of coins, the supply auger of the supply hopper is shifted, and the supply conveyance speed of the rice mash supplied to this supply hopper is set to be higher than the supply speed of brown rice. A technique (for example, refer to Patent Document 1) is known that increases the amount of rice that is fed earlier than brown rice.
Japanese Patent No. 3192608 (page 3, FIG. 1).

コイン精米機にあって、籾摺装置はもとより、石抜き装置や、精米装置にあっては、籾米や、玄米等の供給量が一定量以上に継続していることが、安定した籾摺性能や、石抜性能、精米性能等を維持するために必要条件となる。特に籾米の場合は、籾米の種類や、作柄、状態等によって籾米量の嵩が異なることが多く、また、籾米と玄米の供給が切替られて処理されることがあり、供給オーガの速度を早くするだけでは、各部の安定した供給量を維持し難い。   In the rice milling machine, in addition to the rice milling machine, in the stone punching machine and the rice milling machine, the supply amount of rice bran and brown rice is more than a certain amount. In addition, it is a necessary condition for maintaining the stone extraction performance, rice milling performance, and the like. In particular, in the case of glutinous rice, the bulk of the glutinous rice often varies depending on the type, pattern, and state of the glutinous rice, and the supply of the glutinous rice and brown rice may be switched to increase the speed of the supply auger. It is difficult to maintain a stable supply amount of each part only by doing.

請求項1に記載の発明は、供給ホッパ(2)と、供給ホッパ(2)の籾米、又は玄米を搬送する供給オーガ(1)と、搬送された籾米を籾摺りする籾摺装置(3)と、この籾摺装置(3)を通過した玄米から石を選別する石抜装置(5)と、石抜装置(5)で石抜きされた玄米を精米する精米装置(7)とを設けた籾摺精米装置において、
前記籾摺装置(3)と石抜装置(5)との間には籾摺装置(3)を通過した玄米を一時貯留する石抜装置用ホッパ(4)と該石抜装置用ホッパ(4)内の玄米を設定量ずつ石抜装置(5)に繰出する繰り出しバルブ(8)と石抜装置用ホッパ(4)内の穀粒の有無を検出する石抜装置用ホッパセンサ(9)とを設け、該石抜装置用ホッパセンサ(9)の穀粒有無の検出に基づいて供給オーガ(1)を駆動制御する構成とし、石抜装置(5)と精米装置(7)との間には、石抜装置(5)を通過した玄米を一時貯留する精米装置用ホッパ(6)と精米装置用ホッパ(6)内の穀粒の有無を検出する精米装置用ホッパセンサ(9)とを設け、精米作業開始後に、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ(9)が穀粒有りを検出してから設定時間経過しているにもかかわらず、精米装置用ホッパセンサ(10)が穀粒有りを検出しないときは石抜装置(5)から精米エレベータ(16)までの工程で異常と判定し、供給オーガ(1)が駆動制御中でも供給オーガ(1)の駆動を停止することを特徴とする籾摺精米装置とする。
The invention described in claim 1 includes a supply hopper (2), a supply auger (1) for conveying the rice bran or brown rice of the supply hopper (2), and a rice hulling device (3) for mashing the conveyed rice gluten. A rice bran provided with a stone removing device (5) for sorting stones from the brown rice that has passed through the rice bran device (3) and a rice milling device (7) for polishing the brown rice removed by the stone removing device (5) In the rice milling machine,
A hopper (4) for a stone remover that temporarily stores brown rice that has passed through the huller (3) and a hopper for the stone remover (4) between the rice huller (3) and the stone remover (5). ) A feed valve (8) for feeding the brown rice in the set amount to the stone removal device (5) and a stone removal device hopper sensor (9) for detecting the presence of grains in the stone removal device hopper (4). Provided, and configured to drive and control the supply auger (1) based on the detection of the presence or absence of grain of the hopper sensor (9) for the stone removing device, between the stone removing device (5) and the rice milling device (7), A rice milling device hopper (6) that temporarily stores the brown rice that has passed through the stone removing device (5) and a rice milling device hopper sensor (9) that detects the presence of grains in the rice milling device hopper (6) are provided. The set time has elapsed since the hopper sensor (9) for the stone removal device detected the presence of grain after the work started. However, when the hopper sensor (10) for the rice milling device does not detect the presence of grain, it is determined that there is an abnormality in the process from the stone removing device (5) to the rice mill elevator (16), and the supply auger (1) is supplied even during drive control. The rice milling machine is characterized in that the driving of the auger (1) is stopped .

供給ホッパ2に供給した籾米、又は玄米は、供給オーガ1の駆動によって供給されて籾摺装置3を経て石抜装置用ホッパ4に供給される。この石抜装置用ホッパ4からは、繰出バルブ8の駆動によって一定量の玄米が石抜装置5へ供給される。この石抜装置用ホッパ4の玄米貯留状態は、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9の検出によって検出され、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9の玄米の有無検出結果に基づいて供給オーガ1を駆動制御して石抜装置用ホッパ4内の玄米量を一定量に維持するようにする。そして、繰出バルブ8による石抜装置用ホッパ4から石抜装置3への繰出供給量を一定に維持する。   The brown rice or brown rice supplied to the supply hopper 2 is supplied by driving the supply auger 1, and then supplied to the lithographer hopper 4 through the hulling device 3. A certain amount of brown rice is supplied to the stone removing device 5 from the stone removing device hopper 4 by driving the feeding valve 8. The unpolished rice storage state of the lithographer hopper 4 is detected by detection of the lithographer hopper sensor 9, and the feed auger 1 is driven and controlled based on the result of detection of the presence of brown rice by the lithographer hopper sensor 9. The amount of brown rice in the apparatus hopper 4 is kept constant. Then, the feeding supply amount from the hopper 4 for the stone removing device by the feeding valve 8 to the stone removing device 3 is kept constant.

請求項1に記載の発明は、石抜装置用ホッパ4の石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9による玄米貯留状態の検出によって、供給オーガ1を駆動制御して、この石抜装置用ホッパ4の玄米貯留量を一定に維持するものであるから、この供給オーガ1の駆動制御機構を簡単にすることができると共に、繰出バルブ8で設定量ずつの玄米を繰り出すことができ、石抜装置5の石抜き選別作業はもとよりその後工程の精米装置7の精米処理作業を安定させて、処理精度を向上することができる。   According to the first aspect of the present invention, the supply auger 1 is driven and controlled by detecting the brown rice storage state by the lithographic hopper sensor 9 of the lithographic hopper 4, and the brown rice storage amount of the lithographic hopper 4 is controlled. Since the drive control mechanism of the supply auger 1 can be simplified, the set amount of brown rice can be fed by the feeding valve 8, and the stone removal device 5 can remove the stone. The processing accuracy can be improved by stabilizing the milling process of the milling apparatus 7 in the subsequent process as well as the process.

また、前記石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9と精米装置用ホッパセンサ10による玄米貯留量の検出によって供給オーガ1の駆動停止を行わせるものであるから、この異常における制御構成を簡単にすることができる。 Moreover, since the driving auger 1 is stopped by detecting the amount of brown rice stored by the hopper sensor 9 for the stone removing device and the hopper sensor 10 for the rice milling device, the control configuration in this abnormality can be simplified.

本発明の実施の形態を建屋11内を仕切壁12で操作室13と機械室14とに仕切られた形態のコイン籾摺精米施設において説明する。
機械室14内には籾摺装置3や、石抜き装置5、及び精米装置7、これらの間を搬送する籾摺エレベータ15、精米エレベータ16等を配置している。
An embodiment of the present invention will be described in a coin-hulled rice milling facility in which a building 11 is partitioned by a partition wall 12 into an operation room 13 and a machine room 14.
In the machine room 14, the rice bran device 3, the stone removing device 5, the rice milling device 7, and the rice bran elevator 15, rice mill elevator 16, etc. that are transported between them are arranged.

操作室13側に面する仕切壁12には、コイン投入口17や、精米スイッチ18等を配置する操作盤19を設けると共に、籾米や玄米を投入する供給ホッパ2の投入口、及び、精米を取出す取出ホッパ20の取り出し口等を配置する。   The partition wall 12 facing the operation chamber 13 is provided with a coin insertion slot 17, an operation panel 19 for arranging a rice milling switch 18 and the like, as well as an inlet of the supply hopper 2 for feeding rice and brown rice, and a milled rice. A takeout port of the takeout hopper 20 is arranged.

前記石抜装置5の揺動選別盤28の底部に設けられる選別フアン37の起風によって、この選別盤28に形成の噴気孔を通して上方へ噴風して、玄米、砂礫等の選別作用を促進する。この選別盤28の傾斜下端側に流下する玄米は、シュータ38等を経て受口29へ流下する。又、選別盤28の傾斜上端側へ揺り上げられる砂を含んだ玄米は、開閉弁46を有する排出口41へ取り出されて、この開閉弁46の開閉と、木の下側の切替弁42の切替作動とによって底部に溜る石層と、この上部の玄米層とに仕切って、石抜口43と玄米口44とに分けて排出することができる。玄米口44は籾摺エレベータ15の受口25と連通する構成である。   The sorting fan 37 provided at the bottom of the rocking sorter 28 of the stone removing device 5 is blown upward through the fumaroles formed in the sorter 28 to accelerate the sorting action of brown rice, gravel, etc. To do. The brown rice flowing down to the inclined lower end side of the sorting board 28 flows down to the receiving port 29 through the shooter 38 and the like. Also, the brown rice containing sand that is swung up toward the upper end of the sorting board 28 is taken out to the discharge port 41 having the opening / closing valve 46, and the opening / closing of the opening / closing valve 46 and the switching operation of the switching valve 42 below the tree. Thus, it is divided into a stone layer accumulated at the bottom and a brown rice layer at the upper part, and can be separated into a stone outlet 43 and a brown rice outlet 44 and discharged. The brown rice port 44 is configured to communicate with the receiving port 25 of the hulling elevator 15.

本実施の形態の籾摺精米施設は、籾米、又は玄米を受けて供給オーガ1の駆動によって供給する供給ホッパ2から供給される籾米を受けて籾摺りする籾摺装置3と、この籾摺装置3を経て供給される玄米を受けて貯留供給する石抜装置用ホッパ4を有した石抜装置5と、この石抜きされた玄米を受けて貯留供給する精米装置用ホッパ6を有した精米装置7と等を配置し、前記石抜装置用ホッパ4には、定量繰出する繰り出しバルブ8を設けると共に、玄米貯留量の有無を検出する石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9を設け、この石抜装置用ホッパ4の貯留玄米の減少によって供給オーガ1を駆動して、この石抜装置用ホッパ4の貯留量を維持制御する構成としている。   The rice hull milling facility according to the present embodiment includes a rice huller 3 that receives the rice hulled rice or brown rice and receives the rice hulled rice supplied from the supply hopper 2 supplied by driving the supply auger 1, and the rice huller 3 A rice removal device 5 having a stone removal device hopper 4 for receiving and storing and supplying brown rice supplied via the rice, and a rice milling device 7 having a rice milling device hopper 6 for receiving and supplying this stone extracted brown rice. And the like, and the hopper 4 for the stone removing device is provided with a feeding valve 8 for feeding the fixed amount and a hopper sensor 9 for the stone removing device for detecting the presence or absence of the amount of brown rice stored. The supply auger 1 is driven by the reduction of the stored brown rice to maintain and control the storage amount of the hopper 4 for the stone removing device.

供給ホッパ2に供給した籾米、又は玄米は、供給オーガ1の駆動によって供給されて籾摺装置3を経て石抜装置用ホッパ4に供給される。この石抜装置用ホッパ4からは、繰出バルブ8の駆動によって一定量の玄米が石抜装置5、及び精米装置用ホッパ6側へ供給される。この石抜装置用ホッパ4の玄米貯留状態は、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9の検出によって、この玄米貯留量が少なくなると供給オーガ1を駆動して、供給ホッパ2からの籾米や、玄米の繰出供給制御を行わせて、この繰出バルブ8による石抜装置用ホッパ4から石抜装置3への繰出供給量を一定に維持することで、供給ホッパ2に供給した穀粒が籾・玄米のいずれであっても石抜装置5や精米装置7への玄米の供給量を一定にすることができ、作業能率の良い石抜作業や精米作業を行なえる。   The brown rice or brown rice supplied to the supply hopper 2 is supplied by driving the supply auger 1, and then supplied to the lithographer hopper 4 through the hulling device 3. A certain amount of brown rice is supplied from the lithographer hopper 4 to the side of the lithographer 5 and the miller hopper 6 by driving the feeding valve 8. The brown rice storage state of the stone removing device hopper 4 is determined by detecting the stone removing device hopper sensor 9 to drive the supply auger 1 when the brown rice storage amount is reduced, and feeding the rice from the supply hopper 2 or feeding the brown rice. By carrying out the control and maintaining the feeding supply amount from the stone removing device hopper 4 to the stone removing device 3 by the feeding valve 8 constant, the grain supplied to the supply hopper 2 is either rice bran or brown rice. Even if it exists, supply_amount | feed_rate of the brown rice to the stone extraction apparatus 5 and the rice milling apparatus 7 can be made constant, and the stone extraction operation | work and rice polishing operation | work with high work efficiency can be performed.

さらに本実施の形態の籾摺り精米施設の構成を以下に詳述する。
供給ホッパ2は、底部に供給オーガ1を設け、この供給オーガ1を駆動することによって供給ホッパ2内の籾米、又は玄米を籾摺エレベータ15の受口23へ繰出供給する構成である。籾摺エレベータ15は、下部に前記受口23を有すると共に、籾摺選別装置24から還元される返り籾米や、石抜装置5から還元される返り玄米を受ける受口25を有し、上部には籾摺装置3へ供給する籾摺ホッパ26を有する。前記籾摺装置3は、一対の籾摺ロール27を有して、接近して、しかも適宜の回転差を有して駆動することによって脱ぷ作用を行う形態で、この下部には選別装置24を有して、脱ぷされた摺出米を風選して、玄米を選別して籾殻を選別装置24から機外へ排出する。この選別装置24で選別される玄米は、下部に構成される石抜装置5の上部に設けられる石抜装置用ホッパ4に流下供給し、又未脱ぷの返り籾米は受口25へ還元する。又、この籾摺りロール27のロール間隙は大きく開くことができて、供給ホッパ2から直接玄米を供給して精米装置7側へ搬送供給するときは、この籾摺ロール27のロール間隙を大きく開いて脱ぷ作用を行わない状態で流下して選別装置24を通過して石抜装置用ホッパ4に流下供給され、次いで石抜装置5等で選別される。
Furthermore, the structure of the rice hulling rice mill facility of this Embodiment is explained in full detail below.
The supply hopper 2 has a configuration in which a supply auger 1 is provided at the bottom, and the supply auger 1 is driven to feed rice bran or brown rice in the supply hopper 2 to the receiving port 23 of the hulling elevator 15. The hulling elevator 15 has the receiving port 23 in the lower part, and has a receiving port 25 for receiving the return rice cake reduced from the hulling sorting device 24 and the returned brown rice reduced from the stone removing device 5. Has a hulling hopper 26 that feeds the hulling device 3. The hulling device 3 has a pair of hulling rolls 27 and is driven close to and with an appropriate rotational difference so as to perform a detaching action. The crushed rice is removed by wind, the brown rice is sorted, and the rice husk is discharged from the sorting device 24 to the outside of the machine. The brown rice sorted by the sorting device 24 flows down to the hopper 4 for the stone removing device provided at the upper portion of the stone removing device 5 formed at the lower portion, and the unremoved return rice is returned to the receiving port 25. . Further, the roll gap of the rice hull roll 27 can be widened. When the brown rice is directly supplied from the supply hopper 2 and conveyed to the rice milling apparatus 7, the roll gap of the rice hull roll 27 is opened wide. It flows down in a state where no defusing action is performed, passes through the sorting device 24 and is fed down to the hopper 4 for the stone removing device, and then sorted by the stone removing device 5 or the like.

従って、玄米を供給して精米作業のみを行う場合は、供給ホッパ2に対して玄米を供給して精米する精白度スイッチ48を選択することによって、この籾摺りロール27のロール間隙は自動的に大きく開くように構成している。なお、籾の場合には籾スイッチ49を選択して次いで精白度スイッチ48を選択する。   Therefore, when only browning is performed by supplying brown rice, the roll gap of the rice hulling roll 27 is automatically increased by selecting the milling degree switch 48 for supplying brown rice to the supply hopper 2 and polishing the rice. It is configured to open. In the case of wrinkles, the wrinkle switch 49 is selected, and then the whiteness switch 48 is selected.

前記石抜装置5は、揺動選別盤28を有して主として玄米等を混入する石、砂等を浮遊選別によって選別排除するもので、上部には石抜装置用ホッパ4を有して、籾摺り装置3側から供給される玄米を受けて貯留しながら、繰出バルブ8の回転によって一定量に繰り出して、この揺動選別盤28上に一定量に維持して供給する。ここで選別された玄米は次行程の粗選機40、及び精米エレベータ16の受口29へ流入し、未選別物である返り玄米は籾摺りエレベータ15の受口25へ流入する。 The stone removing device 5 has a rocking sorter 28 and mainly removes stones, sand, etc. mixed with brown rice etc. by floating sorting, and has a stone removing device hopper 4 at the top, While receiving and storing the brown rice supplied from the side of the rice huller 3, the rice is fed to a certain amount by the rotation of the feeding valve 8, and is maintained and supplied on the swing sorter 28. The unpolished rice thus selected flows into the coarse sorter 40 in the next process and the receiving port 29 of the polished rice elevator 16, and the returned unpolished rice that has not been sorted flows into the receiving port 25 of the rice bran elevator 15.

精米装置7は、精米筒30内で精米螺旋転子を回転させる形態で、この精米筒30内に供給する玄米を排出口の抵抗蓋30aの圧力に抗して移送しながら、摩擦精米するもので、この精米装置7の上部には精米装置用ホッパ6を設けて、精米エレベータ16から供給される玄米を受けて所定量に収容維持できる。この精米装置用ホッパ6には玄米の有無を検出する精米装置用ホッパセンサ10を設ける。 The rice milling apparatus 7 is configured to rotate the milled rice trochanter in the rice milling cylinder 30 and frictionally polish the brown rice supplied into the rice milling cylinder 30 against the pressure of the resistance lid 30a of the discharge port. Thus, a hopper 6 for a rice milling device is provided on the upper part of the rice milling device 7 so that brown rice supplied from the rice milling elevator 16 can be received and stored in a predetermined amount. This rice milling apparatus hopper 6 is provided with a rice milling apparatus hopper sensor 10 for detecting the presence or absence of brown rice.

この精米装置7から取り出される精米は、取出ホッパ20に取り出される。又、精米筒30から除糠された糠類は、サイクロン31により吸引されて糠取装置21へ搬送除去される。又、この精米の取出口部には、切替弁32が設けられて、精米を貯留するチャージホッパ33を設け、このホッパ33口部に設ける繰出バルブ34の駆動によって精米を繰り出して前記精米エレベータ16の受口29へ還元供給して、再度精米装置7による精米作用を行わせて、いわゆる無洗米を得ることができる構成である。   The polished rice taken out from the rice milling device 7 is taken out to the take-out hopper 20. In addition, the potatoes removed from the rice mill 30 are sucked by the cyclone 31 and conveyed and removed to the brewing apparatus 21. Further, a switching valve 32 is provided at the rice removal outlet, and a charge hopper 33 for storing the polished rice is provided. The rice mill is fed by driving the feeding valve 34 provided at the mouth of the hopper 33 so that the rice mill 16 In other words, it is possible to obtain so-called non-washed rice by reducing and supplying it to the receiving port 29 and allowing the rice milling apparatus 7 to perform the rice milling action again.

次に、この実施の形態の籾摺精米施設の異常検出の構成について説明する。
前記精米装置用ホッパ6には、精米装置用ホッパ6内に貯留する玄米の有無を検出する精米装置用ホッパセンサ10を設ける。そして、供給オーガ1が設定時間以上にわたって連続して駆動しているにも拘らず前記石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が所定の貯留玄米を検出していないときや、前記石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が所定の貯留玄米を検出しているにも拘らずこの精米装置用ホッパセンサ10が所定の貯留玄米を検出しないときは、異常と判定して異常表示装置60に表示する。
Next, the structure of the abnormality detection of the rice milling rice facility of this embodiment will be described.
The rice milling apparatus hopper 6 is provided with a rice milling apparatus hopper sensor 10 that detects the presence or absence of brown rice stored in the rice milling apparatus hopper 6. Then, when the supply auger 1 is continuously driven for a set time or more, the lithographic hopper sensor 9 does not detect a predetermined stored brown rice, or the lithographic hopper sensor 9 is predetermined. When the rice browning device hopper sensor 10 does not detect the predetermined stored brown rice even though the stored brown rice is detected, it is determined as abnormal and displayed on the abnormality display device 60.

このように、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9の検出によって、石抜装置用ホッパ4の玄米量が少なくなると供給オーガ1を駆動制御して、繰出バルブ8による石抜き装置3や、精米装置7への繰出供給量を一定に維持するが、この供給オーガ1が設定時間以上にわたって連続して駆動していても、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が玄米が貯留されたことを検出しないときは、どこか異常があるものとして判定して異常表示装置60に表示する。又、この石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が玄米の貯留されたことを検出しても、精米装置用ホッパセンサ10が玄米の貯留されたことを検出しないときは、このときも同様に異常表示する。そして、供給オーガ1を停止する。   As described above, when the amount of brown rice in the hopper 4 for the stone removing device decreases due to the detection of the hopper sensor 9 for the stone removing device, the feed auger 1 is driven and controlled, and the stone removing device 3 and the rice milling device 7 by the feeding valve 8 are controlled. Even if the supply auger 1 is continuously driven for a set time or more, if the hopper sensor 9 for the stone removing device does not detect that the brown rice has been stored, something is abnormal. Is determined to be present and displayed on the abnormality display device 60. If the hopper sensor 9 for the stone removing device detects that the brown rice has been stored, but the hopper sensor 10 for the rice milling device 10 does not detect that the brown rice has been stored, the abnormal display is similarly performed at this time. Then, the supply auger 1 is stopped.

前記異常表示装置60は操作盤19に設けられていて、これらの異常状態を発生したときは、できるだけ具体的な異常個所を表示するランプ61〜63を点灯して表示し、又、同時に警報ブザーを所定時間にわたって鳴らすように構成する。   The abnormality display device 60 is provided on the operation panel 19, and when these abnormal states occur, the lamps 61 to 63 for displaying as much specific abnormality points as possible are lit and displayed, and at the same time, an alarm buzzer is displayed. Is configured to sound for a predetermined time.

料金と籾又は玄米を投入して籾摺精米作業の開始後に、前記供給オーガ1が駆動状態にあって、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が、この石抜装置用ホッパ4における玄米有りを設定時間以上検出しないときは、籾摺エレベータ15から籾摺装置3、乃至選別装置24にわたる間における工程で穀粒搬送詰り等を起こしていることをランプ61が点灯して表示すると共に、供給オーガ1を停止させる。   After the charge and rice bran or brown rice are put in and the rice milling operation is started, the supply auger 1 is in a driving state, and the hopper sensor 9 for the stone removing device has a brown rice presence in the stone removing device hopper 4 for a set time or more. When not detected, the lamp 61 lights up and displays that the grain conveyance clogging has occurred in the process from the hulling elevator 15 to the hulling device 3 to the sorting device 24, and the supply auger 1 is stopped. Let

又、籾摺り精米作業中に石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が適正に検出しているとき、精米装置用ホッパセンサ10がこの精米装置用ホッパ6における玄米有りを設定時間以上検出しないときは、石抜き装置5、粗選機40及び精米エレベータ16にわたる工程における異常状態発生であることをランプ62で表示すると共に供給オーガ1を停止させる。   Further, when the hopper sensor 9 for the stone remover properly detects during the rice milling operation, when the hopper sensor 10 for the rice remover does not detect the presence of brown rice in the hopper 6 for the rice miller for a set time or longer, the stone remover 5 In addition, a lamp 62 indicates that an abnormal state has occurred in the process across the coarse sorter 40 and the rice mill elevator 16, and the supply auger 1 is stopped.

無洗米選択スイッチ50を選択すると、精米が精米装置3を二回目を通るために、穀温が大きく上昇して、白米のチャージホッパ33内にブリッジ現象を生じ易く、異常発生の原因となることがある。そこで、この無洗米工程における初期循環中においては、抵抗蓋30aの調整により白度(精米度合)を下げることによって、ブリッジ現象を防止するものである。白度を指定して精米装置7で精米した白米を切替弁32の切替によってチャージホッパ33側へ供給して、無洗米工程に循環させる場合は、このチャージタンク33に供給される最初の白米の精米度は、その指定の白度よりも自動的に適宜低く下げた白度のもとに精米される。この低い白度のもとで適宜時間精米すると、後続の精米は指定の白度のもとに精米する。このため、白米チャージホッパ33に循環供給される初期の精米温度の上昇を抑制して、前記ブリッジ現象を防止することができる。   When the no-wash rice selection switch 50 is selected, the milled rice passes the milling apparatus 3 for the second time, so that the grain temperature rises greatly, and a bridging phenomenon is likely to occur in the charge hopper 33 of white rice, causing an abnormality. There is. Therefore, during the initial circulation in the washing-free rice process, the bridging phenomenon is prevented by reducing the whiteness (degree of polished rice) by adjusting the resistance lid 30a. When the white rice specified by the rice milling device 7 with the whiteness specified is supplied to the charge hopper 33 side by switching the switching valve 32 and circulated in the washing-free rice process, the first white rice supplied to the charge tank 33 is supplied. The degree of polished rice is polished under a whiteness level that is automatically lowered as appropriate to the specified whiteness level. If the rice milling is performed for a certain period of time under this low whiteness, the subsequent milling will be polished to the specified whiteness. For this reason, it is possible to prevent the bridging phenomenon by suppressing an increase in the initial milled rice temperature that is circulated and supplied to the white rice charge hopper 33.

又、この無洗米工程においては、供給ホッパ2内の穀粒を精米装置7で全て精米してチャージホッパに貯留した後に、チャージホッパ33の繰出バルブ34を駆動を開始して、このチャージホッパ33内の精米を精米エレベータ16及び精米装置用ホッパ6を経て再度精米装置7へ供給して精米処理して取り出しホッパ20に排出する。   In this washing-free rice process, after all the grains in the supply hopper 2 are polished by the rice milling device 7 and stored in the charge hopper, the feeding valve 34 of the charge hopper 33 is started to be driven. The milled rice is supplied again to the rice milling device 7 through the rice milling elevator 16 and the rice milling device hopper 6, is subjected to rice milling processing, taken out, and discharged to the hopper 20.

このとき、繰出バルブ34が駆動状態で設定時間経過して精米装置用ホッパセンサ10が玄米有りを検出しない場合は、チャージホッパ33でのブリッジ現象を起しているものとして異常として異常表示装置60のランプ63が点灯する。又、該繰出バルブ34の駆動と同時に精米装置7の精米転子の回転駆動を停止するが、精米装置用ホッパセンサ10が穀粒有りを検出してから一定時間をかけて精米装置用ホッパ6に精米を貯留させてから精米装置7を再起動する。   At this time, if the feeding valve 34 is in the driven state and the hopper sensor 10 for the rice milling apparatus does not detect the presence of brown rice after the set time has elapsed, it is assumed that the bridging phenomenon has occurred in the charge hopper 33 and the abnormality display device 60 The lamp 63 lights up. Simultaneously with the driving of the feeding valve 34, the rotational drive of the rice milling trochanter of the rice milling device 7 is stopped, but after the rice milling hopper sensor 10 detects the presence of grain, the rice milling hopper 6 takes a certain time. After the milled rice is stored, the milled rice apparatus 7 is restarted.

このように、チャージホッパ33におけるブリッジ現象を防止して、故障等を表示することができ、利用者にこれを警告し、メンテナンス等の対応をし易くすることができる。又、ブリッジ現象を生じたままで精米、研米作用を完了したままで次の利用者に変わることがなくなり、二次的なトラブルを発生し難い。   In this way, the bridge phenomenon in the charge hopper 33 can be prevented and a failure or the like can be displayed, and this can be alerted to the user, making it easier to handle maintenance or the like. In addition, it does not change to the next user while the milling and polishing operations are completed with the bridging phenomenon occurring, and it is difficult for secondary troubles to occur.

また、精米装置用ホッパセンサ10を通常の精米工程と無洗米工程のいずれの異常を検出するのに用いることができる。
前記籾摺精米装置において、コイン投入口17に投入下コインが精米行程中に不足した状態になって一定時間を経過すると、機械室14部に残った米だけ自動的に精米して取出し、供給ホッパ2内の籾米や、玄米を持ち帰ることができるように還元する。この供給ホッパ2における残留米が供給ホッパセンサ22によって検出されると、籾摺ロール27のロール間隙を開くとともに、精米装置7の抵抗蓋30aの抵抗を緩めて、精米を行わない状態にして通過させて取出しホッパ20へ排出して、利用者が籾米、または玄米のままで持ち帰ることができる。
Further, the hopper sensor 10 for a rice milling device can be used to detect any abnormality in the normal rice milling process and the non-washing rice process.
In the rice milling machine, when a certain amount of time has passed since the amount of coins inserted into the coin insertion slot 17 has become insufficient during the milling process, only the rice remaining in the machine room 14 is automatically milled and taken out and supplied. Reduce the rice so that you can bring back the glutinous rice and brown rice in hopper 2. When residual rice in the supply hopper 2 is detected by the supply hopper sensor 22, the roll gap of the rice hull roll 27 is opened and the resistance of the resistance lid 30a of the rice milling device 7 is loosened so that the rice is not passed through. Then, it can be discharged to the take-out hopper 20 so that the user can take it home in the form of rice or brown rice.

又、前記供給ホッパ2に玄米を供給し、玄米スイッチ48を押して(又は、この玄米スイッチ49を押さないで)精米装置7による精米を行うとき、コイン不足となって精米作用終了後に、この供給ホッパ2に籾米を投入(別の利用者の場合であることが多い)し、籾米スイッチ49を押して再起動する場合は、籾摺ロール27のロール間隙の初期設定制御を行うように構成する。又、これとは逆に、籾摺精米でコイン不足で終了後に、供給ホッパ2に玄米を供給して再起動したときは、ロール間隙を籾摺作用しない間隙にまで大きく開くように制御する。コイン不足のまま作業終了後はロール間隙が自動間隙制御のままの状態になっていることがあるが、玄米供給をしたときはこのような籾摺作用状態を正確に解除するものである。   Also, when brown rice is supplied to the supply hopper 2 and the brown rice switch 48 is pushed (or the brown rice switch 49 is not pushed) and the rice milling is performed by the rice milling device 7, the supply of the rice after the rice milling operation is completed due to insufficient coins. When the rice is put into the hopper 2 (in many cases, it is a case of another user) and the rice cake switch 49 is pushed and restarted, the initial setting control of the roll gap of the hulling roll 27 is performed. On the other hand, when brown rice is supplied to the supply hopper 2 and restarted after finishing with a shortage of coins by rice milling, control is performed so that the roll gap is widened to a gap where no rice milling action occurs. The roll gap may remain in the automatic gap control after the operation is completed with the coins being insufficient, but when the brown rice is supplied, such a hulling action state is accurately canceled.

前記供給ホッパ2に少量(例えば、1kg以下)の籾米、又は玄米を供給して起動した場合は、供給ホッパセンサ22と石抜装置用ホッパセンサ9が共に穀粒を検出しない状態で運転を終了する少量精米の運転時、残米の取出排出作動を行うように構成している。残米を各装置3、5、7内部に残さないように、次の利用者の持込米に混入しないようにする。   When the supply hopper 2 is started by supplying a small amount (for example, 1 kg or less) of glutinous rice or brown rice, the supply hopper sensor 22 and the stone removal device hopper sensor 9 both stop the operation without detecting the grain. It is configured to take out and discharge the remaining rice during the operation of the milled rice. In order not to leave the remaining rice in the devices 3, 5 and 7, it is prevented from being mixed into the next user's brought-in rice.

前記サイクロン31による除糠経路に砕米等の衝撃による振動周波数を検知する等により砕米の含有を検出できる砕米センサ55を設け、この砕米の排出が多い場合は、前記当初設定の白度を自動的に一定量下げるように制御する。この砕米センサ55に変えて、精米筒30の網破れを検出する網破れセンサを設けることも可能である。   In the removal path by the cyclone 31, a broken rice sensor 55 capable of detecting the content of broken rice by detecting the vibration frequency due to the impact of broken rice, etc. is provided. Control to reduce the amount to a certain amount. In place of the broken rice sensor 55, it is also possible to provide a net breaking sensor for detecting the net breaking of the rice milling cylinder 30.

籾摺精米施設の工程図。Process diagram of the rice milling facility. 石抜装置の内部を説明した図Illustration explaining the inside of the stone extraction device 籾摺精米施設の平面図Top view of the rice milling facility 操作室側から正面図Front view from operation room side 操作盤図Operation panel 異常表示装置Abnormal display device

1 供給オーガ
2 供給ホッパ
3 籾摺装置
4 石抜装置用ホッパ
5 石抜装置
6 精米装置用ホッパ
7 精米装置
8 繰出バルブ
9 石抜装置用ホッパセンサ
10 精米装置用ホッパセンサ
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Supply auger 2 Supply hopper 3 Peeling device 4 Hopper for stone removal device 5 Stone removal device 6 Rice milling device hopper 7 Rice milling device 8 Feeding valve 9 Stone removal device hopper sensor 10 Rice milling device hopper sensor

Claims (1)

供給ホッパ(2)と、供給ホッパ(2)の籾米、又は玄米を搬送する供給オーガ(1)と、搬送された籾米を籾摺りする籾摺装置(3)と、この籾摺装置(3)を通過した玄米から石を選別する石抜装置(5)と、石抜装置(5)で石抜きされた玄米を精米する精米装置(7)とを設けた籾摺精米装置において、
前記籾摺装置(3)と石抜装置(5)との間には籾摺装置(3)を通過した玄米を一時貯留する石抜装置用ホッパ(4)と該石抜装置用ホッパ(4)内の玄米を設定量ずつ石抜装置(5)に繰出する繰り出しバルブ(8)と石抜装置用ホッパ(4)内の穀粒の有無を検出する石抜装置用ホッパセンサ(9)とを設け、
該石抜装置用ホッパセンサ(9)の穀粒有無の検出に基づいて供給オーガ(1)を駆動制御する構成とし、
石抜装置(5)と精米装置(7)との間には、石抜装置(5)を通過した玄米を一時貯留する精米装置用ホッパ(6)と精米装置用ホッパ(6)内の穀粒の有無を検出する精米装置用ホッパセンサ(9)とを設け、
精米作業開始後に、石抜装置用ホッパセンサ(9)が穀粒有りを検出してから設定時間経過しているにもかかわらず、精米装置用ホッパセンサ(10)が穀粒有りを検出しないときは石抜装置(5)から精米エレベータ(16)までの工程で異常と判定し、供給オーガ(1)が駆動制御中でも供給オーガ(1)の駆動を停止することを特徴とする籾摺精米装置。
A supply hopper (2), a supply auger (1) that conveys the glutinous rice or brown rice of the supply hopper (2), a rice bran device (3) that grinds the conveyed rice bran, and this rice bran device (3) In a rice milling machine provided with a stone removing device (5) for sorting stones from the passed brown rice and a rice milling device (7) for polishing the brown rice removed by the stone removing device (5),
A hopper (4) for a stone remover that temporarily stores brown rice that has passed through the huller (3) and a hopper for the stone remover (4) between the rice huller (3) and the stone remover (5). ) A feed valve (8) for feeding the brown rice in the set amount to the stone removal device (5) and a stone removal device hopper sensor (9) for detecting the presence of grains in the stone removal device hopper (4). Provided,
Based on the detection of the presence or absence of grain of the hopper sensor (9) for the stone extraction device, the supply auger (1) is driven and controlled ,
Between the stone removing device (5) and the rice milling device (7), the grain in the rice milling device hopper (6) for temporarily storing the brown rice that has passed through the stone removing device (5) and the grain in the rice milling device hopper (6) A hopper sensor (9) for rice milling device for detecting the presence or absence of grains,
After the start of the rice milling work, if the set time has elapsed since the hopper sensor (9) for the stone remover detects the presence of grain, the stone hopper sensor (10) for the rice milling apparatus does not detect the presence of grain. A rice milling machine characterized by determining that there is an abnormality in the process from the unplugging device (5) to the rice mill elevator (16), and stopping the drive of the supply auger (1) even during the drive control of the supply auger (1) .
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JP2016140807A (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-08 井関農機株式会社 Rice husking and milling facility

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