JP4938068B2 - Electronic imaging device - Google Patents

Electronic imaging device Download PDF

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JP4938068B2
JP4938068B2 JP2009212217A JP2009212217A JP4938068B2 JP 4938068 B2 JP4938068 B2 JP 4938068B2 JP 2009212217 A JP2009212217 A JP 2009212217A JP 2009212217 A JP2009212217 A JP 2009212217A JP 4938068 B2 JP4938068 B2 JP 4938068B2
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focal length
optical system
lens
lens group
variable magnification
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JP2010049263A (en
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優 諸岡
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オリンパス株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an electronic image pickup apparatus having a variable magnification photographing optical system, and more particularly to an electronic image pickup device such as a video camera or a digital camera that is thinned in the depth direction by devising an optical system portion such as a variable magnification photographing optical system. It relates to the device.

In recent years, a digital camera (electronic camera) has attracted attention as a next-generation camera that replaces a silver salt 35 mm film (135 format) camera. Furthermore, it has come to have a number of categories in a wide range from a high-function type for business use to a portable popular type.
In the present invention, focusing on the portable popular type category, it is aimed to provide a technology for realizing a video camera and a digital camera that are thin and easy to use while ensuring high image quality.

The biggest bottleneck in reducing the depth direction of the camera is the thickness from the most object-side surface to the imaging surface of the optical system, particularly the variable magnification photographing optical system.
The mainstream of the recent camera body thinning technology is to employ a so-called collapsible lens barrel that has an optical system that protrudes from the camera body at the time of photographing, but is housed when it is carried.
Examples of optical systems that can be effectively thinned by employing a retractable lens barrel include those described in Patent Documents 1, 2, 3, and the like. These have a first group having a negative refractive power and a second group having a positive refractive power in order from the object side, and both the first group and the second group move during zooming.

JP-A-11-94274 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 11-287953 JP 2000-9997 A

  However, if a retractable lens barrel is employed, it takes time to start from the lens storage state to the use state, which is not preferable in terms of convenience. Further, if the lens group closest to the object is movable, it is not preferable in terms of waterproofing and dustproofing.

  The present invention has been made in view of such problems of the prior art, and its object is to eliminate the time for starting up the camera (the lens protruding time) as seen in a retractable lens barrel. It is also preferable for waterproofing and dustproofing, and in order to make the camera in the depth direction very thin, it is easy to bend the optical path (optical axis) of the optical system with a reflective optical element, and the zoom ratio, angle of view, F value are small An object of the present invention is to provide an electronic imaging apparatus having a variable magnification photographing optical system having high optical specification performance such as aberration.

In order to achieve the above object, an electronic imaging apparatus according to the present invention includes, in order from the object side, a first lens group having a negative refractive power, including a reflecting member having a reflecting surface for bending an optical path of light incident from the object side. And at least two positive lens groups disposed on the image side of the first lens group , and an electronic imaging device including a variable magnification photographing optical system composed of four lens groups as a whole, The following conditional expressions (2) and (10) are satisfied.
6 <f4 / fw <40 (2)
−0.6 <f1 / fT < −0.45 (10)
However, f4 is the focal length of the lens group disposed nearest to the image side among the four lens groups, fw is the focal length at the wide angle end of the zoom imaging optical system, f1 represents a focal length of the first lens group, fT is a focal length of the zoom imaging optical system, if the focal length is variable is the focal length at the telephoto end of the zoom imaging optical system.
It is preferable that the following conditional expression (10) ′ is satisfied instead of conditional expression (10).
−0.54 ≦ f1 / fT <0.45 (10) ′
Here, f1 is the focal length of the first lens group, fT is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and when the focal length is variable, it is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification photographing optical system.

Moreover, it is preferable that the electronic imaging device of this invention satisfies the following conditions (8).
9 <f4 / fw <25 (8)
However, f4 is the focal length of the lens group disposed nearest to the image side among the four lens groups, fw is the focal length of the zoom imaging optical system, if the focal length is variable the variable power photographing This is the focal length at the wide-angle end of the optical system.

In the electronic imaging device of the present invention, it is preferable that the reflecting member having the reflecting surface is a prism and satisfies the following conditional expression (9).
1.95 <PD / L <3.5 (9)
However, PD is硝路length of the prism, L is the effective image pickup area diagonal length of the imaging surface.

Moreover, it is preferable that the electronic imaging device of this invention satisfies the following conditional expression (11).
2 <f4 / fT <14 (11)
However, f4 is the focal length of the lens group disposed nearest to the image side among the four lens groups, fT is the focal length at the telephoto end of the zoom imaging optical system, if the focal length is variable wherein This is the focal length at the telephoto end of the variable magnification optical system .

The electronic imaging device of the present invention includes, in order from the object side, the first lens group having the negative refractive power fixed at the time of zooming, and the second of positive refractive power that moves on the optical axis at the time of zooming. lens group, a third lens unit having a positive refractive power that moves on the optical axis during zooming, and a fourth lens group having positive refractive power fixed during zooming, it is preferable to have an optical filter, the.
In this case, it is preferable to perform focusing by moving only the third lens group.

  According to the present invention, a reflection optical element such as a reflection prism is inserted on the object side to bend the optical path (optical axis) of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and further, it is configured to satisfy various conditional expressions. While maintaining high optical performance such as zoom ratio, angle of view, F-number, and low aberration, there is no camera startup time (lens protrusion time) as seen with a retractable lens barrel, and it is waterproof -It is preferable from the viewpoint of dust prevention, and a camera with a very thin depth direction can be realized. In addition, unlike other variable magnification optical systems, such as a variable magnification optical system suitable for a retractable lens barrel, when the image sensor becomes smaller in the future, the smaller image sensor will be used. The camera can be advantageously further reduced in size and thickness.

It is sectional drawing which follows the optical axis which shows the optical structure which concerns on the reference example of the variable magnification imaging optical system used for the electronic imaging device by this invention, and has shown the state at the time of bending at the time of a wide-angle end object point focusing. It is sectional drawing in alignment with the optical axis which shows the optical structure of the variable magnification imaging optical system which concerns on a reference example, (a) is a wide-angle end, (b) is a middle, (c) has shown the state in a telephoto end. It is a figure which shows the spherical aberration, astigmatism, distortion aberration, and chromatic aberration of magnification at the time of focusing of the variable magnification photographic optical system concerning a reference example, (a) is a state at a wide angle end, (b) is a state in the middle (C) shows the state at the telephoto end. It is sectional drawing which follows the optical axis which shows the optical structure which concerns on the Example of the variable magnification imaging optical system used for the electronic imaging device by this invention, and has shown the state at the time of bending at the time of wide-angle end object point focusing. It is sectional drawing in alignment with the optical axis which shows the optical structure at the time of focusing of the variable magnification imaging optical system which concerns on an Example, (a) is a wide angle end, (b) is an intermediate | middle, (c) is a state in a telephoto end. Show. FIG. 4 is a diagram illustrating spherical aberration, astigmatism, distortion, and lateral chromatic aberration during focusing of the variable magnification optical system according to the example, where (a) is a state at the wide-angle end, and (b) is a state at an intermediate position. (C) shows the state at the telephoto end. It is explanatory drawing which shows an example of the pixel arrangement | sequence of the electronic image pick-up element used for the Example and reference example of this invention. 1 is a conceptual diagram of a configuration in which a bending variable magnification photographing optical system according to the present invention is incorporated in a photographing optical system 41 of a digital camera, and is a front perspective view showing an appearance of the digital camera 40. FIG. FIG. 9 is a rear perspective view of the digital camera 40 shown in FIG. 8. It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of the digital camera 40 shown in FIG. It is the front perspective view which opened the cover of the personal computer 300 which is an example of the information processing apparatus with which the bending variable magnification imaging optical system of this invention was incorporated as an objective optical system. It is sectional drawing of the imaging optical system 303 of the personal computer 300 shown in FIG. It is a side view of FIG. 1A and 1B are diagrams illustrating a mobile phone as an example of an information processing apparatus in which a bending variable magnification shooting optical system according to the present invention is incorporated as a shooting optical system, FIG. 3A is a front view of a mobile phone 400, and FIG. FIG. 4C is a cross-sectional view of the photographing optical system 405.

  Prior to the description of the embodiment of the optical system of the present invention, the operational effects of the configuration of this embodiment will be described.

The electronic imaging device according to the present invention includes, in order from the object side, a first lens group having a negative refractive power including a reflecting member having a reflecting surface for bending an optical path incident from the object side, and an image side of the first lens group. An electronic imaging apparatus having a variable magnification photographing optical system having at least two positive lens groups and having four lens groups as a whole, and satisfying the following conditional expressions (2) and (6) It is characterized by.
6 <f4 / fw <40 (2)
−0.7 <f1 / fT <−0.3 (6)
Here, f4 is the focal length of the lens unit disposed closest to the image side, fw is the focal length of the wide-angle end of the variable magnification photographing optical system, f1 is the focal length of the first lens unit, and fT is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system. If the focal length is variable, it is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification optical system.

  To reduce the depth of the optical system with the lens system entrance surface facing the object side, it is necessary to fold the optical path at the object side position of the variable magnification optical system as much as possible, and at a location where the beam height is low. desirable. Further, considering that it is preferable that the height of all light rays contributing to the image formation in the vicinity of the bent portion is low, it is preferable that the first lens group in which the bent portion exists is negative. Then, by arranging at least two positive lens groups closer to the image side than the first lens group, the positive refractive power is divided. By making the whole into a retrofocus type, aberration can be suppressed and a wide angle of view can be achieved.

  Further, in order to improve aberration correction in the entire system, it is preferable that the refractive power of the lens unit closest to the image side is appropriately arranged as in the conditional expression (2). If the lower limit of conditional expression (2) is not reached, the refractive power of the lens unit closest to the image side becomes strong, and a large aberration occurs in this lens unit, which is advantageous for correcting aberrations in the entire lens system. The aberration deterioration with respect to becomes large. On the other hand, if the upper limit value of this conditional expression is exceeded, the refractive power of the lens group closest to the image side becomes weak, and the aberration generated in this lens group becomes small, making it difficult to correct aberrations in the entire lens system.

  Further, conditional expression (6) represents the focal length of the first lens group at the telephoto end, and is a conditional expression for facilitating a balance between securing the glass path length of the reflecting member and correcting the aberration. .

Moreover, it is preferable that the electronic imaging device of this invention satisfies the following conditional expression (7).
−1.70 <f1 / fw <−1.20 (7)
Here, f1 is the focal length of the first lens group, fw is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and when the focal length is variable, it is the focal length at the wide angle end of the variable magnification photographing optical system.

  In order to secure the glass path length of the reflecting member to be long to some extent, it is necessary to appropriately arrange the refractive power of the first lens group having negative refractive power as in the conditional expression (7). If the lower limit value of conditional expression (7) is not reached, the refractive power of the first lens group is increased, which is advantageous for securing the glass path length of the reflecting member, but it becomes difficult to correct aberrations at the wide angle end. If the upper limit of conditional expression (7) is exceeded, the refractive power of the first lens group will be weakened, and it will be difficult to ensure the glass path length of the reflecting member.

Instead of conditional expression (7), the following conditional expression may be satisfied.
−1.75 <f1 / fw <−0.8 (1)
−0.7 <f1 / fw <−0.3 (5)

Moreover, it is preferable that the electronic imaging device of this invention satisfies the following conditions (8).
9 <f4 / fw <25 (8)
However, f4 is the focal length of the lens unit arranged closest to the image side, fw is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and when the focal length is variable, it is the focal length at the wide angle end of the variable magnification photographing optical system. is there.

  Thereby, the effect of the conditional expression (2) is more easily exhibited, and it becomes easier to balance the aberration performance by the final lens group and the influence of decentration. Note that only one of the upper limit value and the lower limit value of conditional expression (8) may be limited.

In the electronic imaging device of the present invention, it is preferable that the reflecting member having the reflecting surface is a prism and satisfies the following conditional expression (9).
1.95 <PD / L <3.5 (9)
Here, PD is the glass path length of the prism, and L is the effective imaging region diagonal length of the imaging surface.

  It is desirable to fold the optical path bending type variable magnification optical system in the horizontal direction of an electronic imaging apparatus such as a camera. If the camera is bent vertically, the camera cannot be reduced in height, which increases the size of the camera. In order to bend the reflecting member in the horizontal direction of the camera, it is necessary to appropriately arrange the glass path length of the reflecting member as in the conditional expression. If the lower limit value of conditional expression (9) is not reached, the glass path length of the prism becomes short, and the prism bending glass path length in the long side direction of the imaging surface cannot be secured. On the other hand, if the upper limit of conditional expression (9) is exceeded, the glass path length of the prism becomes longer, and the refractive power of the first lens group becomes stronger, making it difficult to correct aberrations in the entire system.

Moreover, it is preferable that the electronic imaging device of this invention satisfies the following conditional expression (10).
−0.6 <f1 / fT <−0.45 (10)
Here, f1 is the focal length of the first lens group, and fT is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification photographing optical system.

  Thereby, it becomes easier to obtain the effect of the conditional expression (6), and it becomes easier to balance the securing of the glass path length of the reflecting member and the aberration correction. In addition, it becomes easier to balance the securing of the optical path length and the aberration correction. Note that only one of the upper limit value and the lower limit value of conditional expression (10) may be limited.

Moreover, it is preferable that the electronic imaging device of this invention satisfies the following conditional expression (11).
2 <f4 / fT <14 (11)
Here, f4 is the focal length of the lens unit disposed closest to the image side, and fT is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification photographing optical system.

  Conditional expression (11) replaces “6 <f4 / fw <40” in conditional expression (2), and balances the aberration correction and the influence of decentration in the lens unit disposed closest to the image side. It is a condition for.

  The electronic imaging device of the present invention includes, in order from the object side, the first lens group having the negative refractive power fixed at the time of zooming, and the second of positive refractive power that moves on the optical axis at the time of zooming. It is preferable to include a lens group, a third lens group having a positive refractive power that moves on the optical axis at the time of zooming, a fourth lens group having a positive refractive power fixed at the time of zooming, and an optical filter.

  If comprised in this way, the movable group at the time of zooming can be limited to only two. In particular, since the second lens group and the third lens group are adjacent to each other, it is easy to share a moving mechanism such as a cam for moving.

  Further, when the electronic imaging apparatus of the present invention is constituted by the four lens groups as described above, it is preferable to perform focusing by moving only the third lens group of the lens groups.

  With this configuration, only two moving lenses including zooming and focusing can be used as the movable group, and the configuration can be simplified.

  Hereinafter, examples and reference examples of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

In the numerical data, r 1 , r 2 ,... Are the curvature radii of the lens surfaces, d 1 , d 2 ,... Are the thickness or air spacing of each lens, n d1 , n d2 ,. · the refractive index of each lens at d-line, ν d1, ν d2, ··· is Abbe number of each lens, Fno. Is the F number, f is the total focal length, and D0 is the distance from the object to the first surface.

The aspherical shape is expressed by the following equation when the optical axis direction is z, the direction orthogonal to the optical axis is y, the conical coefficient is K, and the aspherical coefficients are A4, A6, A8, and A10. .
z = (y 2 / r) / [1+ {1− (1 + K) (y / r) 2 } 1/2 ]
+ A 4 y 4 + A 6 y 6 + A 8 y 8 + A 10 y 10
Reference example

  FIG. 1 is a sectional view along an optical axis showing an optical configuration according to a reference example of a variable magnification photographing optical system used in an electronic imaging apparatus according to the present invention, and shows a state at the time of folding when focusing on a wide-angle end object point. . 2A and 2B are cross-sectional views along the optical axis showing the optical configuration of the variable magnification photographing optical system according to the reference example when focusing on an object point, where FIG. 2A is a wide-angle end, FIG. 2B is a middle, and FIG. The state at the end is shown. FIG. 3 is a diagram showing spherical aberration, astigmatism, distortion, and lateral chromatic aberration at the time of focusing of the variable magnification photographing optical system according to the reference example, where (a) is a wide angle end, (b) is an intermediate, (c ) Shows the state at the telephoto end.

As shown in FIG. 1, the electronic imaging apparatus of the reference example includes a variable magnification photographing optical system and a CCD that is an electronic imaging element in order from the object side. In FIG. 1, P is the imaging surface of the CCD. Between the variable magnification photographic optical system and the imaging surface P, planar flat optical elements FL and CG are provided. The optical element FL is a low-pass filter provided with a multilayer coating for cutting the infrared region and the ultraviolet region. CG is a CCD cover glass.
The variable magnification photographing optical system includes, in order from the object side, a first lens group G1, an aperture stop S, a second lens group G2, a third lens group G3, and a fourth lens group G4.
The first lens group G1 includes, in order from the object side, a front side subgroup, a reflective optical element R1 for bending the optical path, and a rear side subgroup having a negative refractive power. Have power.
Front subgroup is composed of a negative meniscus lens L1 1 with a concave surface facing the object side. The rear subgroup, in order from the object side, is composed of a negative lens L1 2 having a concave surface facing the object side and a negative lens L1 3 having a convex surface facing the image side, and has a negative refractive power as a whole. It consists of a lens. The reflective optical element R1 is configured as a reflective prism that bends the optical path by 90 °.
In addition, the bending direction in the Example of this invention and a reference example is a horizontal direction.
The second lens group G2, in order from the object side, a cemented lens of a negative meniscus lens L2 2 with a concave surface facing the positive lens L2 1 and the image side of the biconvex positive refracting power as a whole have.
The third lens group G3 is composed of a positive meniscus lens L3 1 with a convex surface facing the object side.
The fourth lens group G4 is composed of a negative meniscus lens L4 1 with a concave surface facing the object side. The aperture stop S is provided immediately before the second lens group G2.

When zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end at the time of focusing on the object point, the positions of the first lens group G1 and the fourth lens group G4 are fixed, and the second lens group G2 moves toward the object side together with the aperture stop S. The third lens group G3 is moved only to the object side so as to reduce the distance between the third lens group G3 and the second lens group G2.
In addition, during the focusing operation, the third lens group G3 moves on the optical axis.
The position of the fourth lens group G4 is fixed even during the focusing operation.
The aspherical surface is an object side surface of the negative meniscus lens L11 having a concave surface facing the object side in the first lens group G1, an object side surface of the biconvex positive lens L21 in the second lens group G2, and a third lens. It is provided on both surfaces of the lens L31 in the group G3 and on both surfaces of the lens L41 in the fourth lens group G4.

  Next, numerical data of optical members constituting the variable magnification photographing optical system of the reference example will be shown.

Numerical data 1
Focal length f = 2.510-7.257 mm, 2ω = 62.889 ° -23.082 °, Fno. = 2.86-5.13
r 1 = -5.140 (aspherical surface)
d 1 = 7.40 n d1 = 1.50913 ν d1 = 56.20
r 2 = -80.000
d 2 = 1.06
r 3 = -3.004
d 3 = 0.86 n d3 = 1.68597 ν d3 = 56.50
r 4 = -27.698
d 4 = 0.91 n d4 = 1.84666 ν d4 = 23.78
r 5 = -7.760
d 5 = D5
r 6 = ∞ (aperture)
d 6 = 0.00
r 7 = 3.500 (aspherical surface)
d 7 = 1.51 n d7 = 1.74330 ν d7 = 49.33
r 8 = -8.674
d 8 = 0.37
r 9 = 38.107
d 9 = 0.80 n d9 = 1.84666 ν d9 = 23.78
r 10 = 2.887
d 10 = D10
r 11 = 2.919 (aspherical surface)
d 11 = D11
r 12 = 6.350 (aspherical surface)
d 12 = D12
r 13 = -23.259 (aspherical surface)
d 13 = 0.80 n d13 = 1.50913 ν d13 = 56.20
r 14 = -9.555 (aspherical surface)
d 14 = 0.50
r 15 = ∞
d 15 = 1.00 n d15 = 1.51633 ν d15 = 64.14
r 16 = ∞
d 16 = 0.50
r 17 = ∞
d 17 = 1.00 n d17 = 1.51633 ν d17 = 64.14
r 18 = ∞
d 18 = D18
P = imaging surface

Aspheric coefficient
First side K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = 5.11750 × 10 -3 A 6 = -1.95540 × 10 -4
A 8 = 1.07260 × 10 -5 A 10 = -2.16040 × 10 -7
7th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = -4.41031 × 10 -3 A 6 = -3.03687 × 10 -4
A 8 = -2.57216 × 10 -4 A 10 = 3.90137 × 10 -5
11th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = -3.95954 × 10 -4 A 6 = 3.96583 × 10 -3
A 8 = -3.00369 × 10 -4
12th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = 7.35546 × 10 -3 A 6 = 6.44535 × 10 -3
A 8 = -1.40359 × 10 -4
13th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = -4.95977 × 10 -3 A 6 = 8.04823 × 10 -3
A 8 = -3.11898 × 10 -3
14th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = -5.50165 × 10 -3 A 6 = 1.03146 × 10 -2
A 8 = -3.42245 × 10 -3

Zoom data
IO = 1500

Next, values of parameters of conditional expressions in the reference example will be shown.
f1 / fw -1.67
f4 / fw 12.44
PD / L 2.47
f1 / fT -0.58
f4 / fT 4.30

Reference example

FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view along the optical axis showing an optical configuration according to an embodiment of the variable magnification photographing optical system used in the electronic image pickup apparatus according to the present invention, and shows a state at the time of bending when focusing on a wide-angle end object point. . Figure 5 is a sectional view along an optical axis showing an optical arrangement at the time of focusing an object point focusing of the zoom imaging optical system according to Example, (a) shows the wide angle end, (b) intermediate, (c) the telephoto The state at the end is shown. 6A and 6B are diagrams showing spherical aberration, astigmatism, distortion aberration, and chromatic aberration of magnification at the time of focusing on an object point of the variable magnification photographing optical system according to the example, where (a) is a wide angle end, (b) is an intermediate position, (C) shows a state at the telephoto end.

As shown in FIG. 4, the electronic imaging apparatus of the embodiment includes a variable magnification imaging optical system and a CCD that is an electronic imaging element in order from the object side. In FIG. 4, P is the imaging surface of the CCD. Between the variable magnification photographing optical system and the imaging surface P, planar flat optical elements FL and CG are provided. The optical element FL is a low-pass filter provided with a multilayer coating for cutting the infrared region and the ultraviolet region. CG is a CCD cover glass.
The variable magnification photographing optical system includes, in order from the object side, a first lens group G1, an aperture stop S, a second lens group G2, a third lens group G3, and a fourth lens group G4.
The first lens group G1 includes, in order from the object side, a front side subgroup, a reflective optical element R1 for bending the optical path, and a rear side subgroup having a negative refractive power. Have power.
Front subgroup is composed of a negative meniscus lens L1 1 with a convex surface facing the object side. The rear subgroup includes, in order from the object side, a negative lens L1 2 having a concave surface facing the object side and a biconvex positive lens L1 3 and a cemented lens having negative refractive power as a whole. Yes.
The reflective optical element R1 is configured as a reflective prism that bends the optical path by 90 °.
The second lens group G2 includes, in order from the object side, a biconvex positive lens L2 1 and a negative meniscus lens L2 2 having a convex surface facing the object side, and has a positive refractive power as a whole. .
The third lens group G3 is composed of a positive meniscus lens L3 1 with a convex surface facing the object side.
The fourth lens group G4 is composed of a negative lens L4 1 with a concave surface facing the object side.

When zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end at the time of focusing on the object point, the positions of the first lens group G1 and the fourth lens group G4 are fixed, and the second lens group G2 moves toward the object side together with the aperture stop S. The third lens group G3 is moved only to the object side so as to reduce the distance between the third lens group G3 and the second lens group G2.
In addition, during the focusing operation, the third lens group G3 moves on the optical axis.
The position of the fourth lens group G4 is fixed even during the focusing operation.
The aspherical surface is an object-side surface of the negative meniscus lens L11 having a convex surface facing the object side in the first lens group G1, an object-side surface of the biconvex positive lens L21 in the second lens group G2, and a third lens. It is provided on both surfaces of the positive meniscus lens L42 in the group G3 and on both surfaces of the negative meniscus lens L44 in the fourth lens group G4.

  Next, numerical data of optical members constituting the variable magnification photographing optical system of the embodiment will be shown.

Numerical data 2
Focal length f = 2.510-7.260 mm, 2ω = 61.569 ° -23.169 °, Fno. = 2.86-5.06
r 1 = 100.000 (aspherical surface)
d 1 = 1.00 n d1 = 1.50913 ν d1 = 56.20
r 2 = 4.784
d 2 = 1.53
r 3 = ∞
d 3 = 6.02 n d3 = 1.84666 ν d3 = 23.78
r 4 = ∞
d 4 = 1.07
r 5 = -3.302
d 5 = 0.81 n d5 = 1.72000 ν d5 = 41.98
r 6 = 13.809
d 6 = 1.04 n d6 = 1.80518 ν d6 = 25.42
r 7 = -9.057
d 7 = D7
r 8 = ∞ (Aperture)
d 8 = 0.00
r 9 = 3.865 (aspherical surface)
d 9 = 1.75 n d9 = 1.74330 ν d9 = 49.33
r 10 = -6.357
d 10 = 0.18
r 11 = 25.192
d 11 = 0.81 n d11 = 1.84666 ν d11 = 23.78
r 12 = 3.161
d 12 = D12
r 13 = 3.607 (aspherical surface)
d 13 = 1.17 n d13 = 1.50913 ν d13 = 56.20
r 14 = 7.169 (aspherical surface)
d 14 = D14
r 15 = -3.984 (aspherical surface)
d 15 = 1.09 n d15 = 1.50913 ν d15 = 56.20
r 16 = -3.661 (aspherical surface)
d 16 = 0.51
r 17 = ∞
d 17 = 1.00 n d17 = 1.51633 ν d17 = 64.14
r 18 = ∞
d 18 = 0.50
r 19 = ∞
d 19 = 1.00 n d19 = 1.51633 ν d19 = 64.14
r 20 = ∞
d 20 = D20
P = imaging surface

Aspheric coefficient
First side K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = 1.68680 × 10 −3 A 6 = −5.48760 × 10 −5
A 8 = 2.11970 × 10 -6 A 10 = −2.66390 × 10 -8
9th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = -4.54769 × 10 -3 A 6 = -2.79490 × 10 -4
A 8 = -1.77124 × 10 −6 A 10 = −7.27081 × 10 −8
13th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = -4.07028 × 10 -4 A 6 = 1.74078 × 10 -3
14th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = 4.95103 × 10 −3 A 6 = 1.55976 × 10 −3
A 8 = 1.70662 × 10 -3
15th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = 6.94193 × 10 -3 A 6 = 1.31103 × 10 -4
A 8 = -3.08182 × 10 -3
16th surface K = 0
A 2 = 0 A 4 = 8.55583 × 10 -3 A 6 = 1.81846 × 10 -4
A 8 = -1.62968 × 10 -3

Zoom data
IO = 1500

Next, values of parameters of the conditional expression in the above embodiment will be shown.
f1 / fw -1.57
f4 / fw 16.53
PD / L 2.01
f1 / fT -0.54
f4 / fT 5.72

  In both the examples and the reference examples of the present invention, the bending direction is the long side direction (horizontal direction) of the electronic imaging device (CCD) as described above. Bending in the short side direction (vertical direction) requires less space for bending and is advantageous for downsizing, but if it can be adapted to bend in the long side direction, the long side This is preferable because it can be bent to any one of the short sides, and the degree of freedom of the camera design incorporating the lens is increased.

  Here, the diagonal length L and the pixel interval a of the effective imaging surface of the electronic imaging device will be described with reference to FIG. FIG. 7 is a diagram showing an example of a pixel arrangement of an electronic image pickup element used in the embodiment and reference example of the present invention, and R (red), G (green), B (blue) pixels or cyan at a pixel interval a. Magenta, yellow, and green (green) pixels are arranged in a mosaic pattern. The effective image pickup surface means a region in the photoelectric conversion surface on the image pickup element used for reproduction (display on a personal computer, printing by a printer, etc.) of a taken image. The effective image pickup surface shown in the figure is set to a region narrower than the entire photoelectric conversion surface of the image pickup device in accordance with the performance of the optical system (image circle that can ensure the performance of the optical system). The diagonal length L of the effective imaging surface is the diagonal length of this effective imaging surface. It should be noted that the imaging range used for video reproduction may be variously changed. However, when the zooming optical system of the present invention is used in an imaging apparatus having such a function, the diagonal length L of the effective imaging surface changes. To do. In such a case, the diagonal length L of the effective imaging surface in the present invention is the maximum value in the possible range.

  The electronic image pickup apparatus using the bending variable magnification photographing optical system of the present invention as described above forms an object image with an imaging optical system such as a variable magnification photographing optical system, and the image is applied to an image pickup device such as a CCD or a silver salt film. The present invention can be used for an imaging device that performs imaging by receiving light, particularly a digital camera or video camera, a personal computer that is an example of an information processing device, a telephone, particularly a mobile phone that is convenient to carry. The embodiment is illustrated below.

  8 to 10 are conceptual diagrams of a configuration in which the bending variable magnification photographing optical system according to the present invention is incorporated in the photographing optical system 41 of the digital camera. FIG. 8 is a front perspective view showing the appearance of the digital camera 40, and FIG. FIG. 10 is a sectional view showing the configuration of the digital camera 40. Note that the digital camera shown in FIG. 10 has a configuration in which the imaging optical path is bent in the long side direction of the viewfinder, and the observer's eyes in FIG. 10 are viewed from above.

In this example, the digital camera 40 includes a photographing optical system 41 having a photographing optical path 42, a finder optical system 43 having a finder optical path 44, a shutter 45, a flash 46, a liquid crystal display monitor 47, and the like. When the shutter 45 disposed in the position is pressed, photographing is performed through the photographing optical system 41, for example, the optical path bending variable magnification photographing optical system according to the present invention in conjunction therewith.
The object image formed by the photographing optical system 41 is formed on the imaging surface of the CCD 49 through a near infrared cut filter or a near infrared cut coat applied to a CCD cover glass or other lens.

  The object image received by the CCD 49 is displayed as an electronic image on the liquid crystal display monitor 47 provided on the back of the camera via the processing means 51. Further, the processing means 51 is connected to a recording means 52 so that a photographed electronic image can be recorded. The recording unit 52 may be provided separately from the processing unit 51, or may be configured to perform recording and writing electronically using a floppy (registered trademark) disk, a memory card, an MO, or the like. Further, it may be configured as a silver salt camera in which a silver salt film is arranged in place of the CCD 49.

  Further, a finder objective optical system 53 is disposed on the finder optical path 44. The object image formed by the finder objective optical system 53 is formed on the field frame 57 of the Porro prism 55 which is an image erecting member. Behind this polyprism 55 is an eyepiece optical system 59 that guides the erect image to the observer eyeball E. Note that cover members 50 are disposed on the incident side of the photographing optical system 41 and the finder objective optical system 53 and on the exit side of the eyepiece optical system 59, respectively.

The digital camera 40 configured in this way is effective in reducing the thickness of the camera by placing and bending the optical path in the long side direction. In addition, since the photographing optical system 41 is a variable magnification photographing optical system having a wide angle of view, a high zoom ratio, good aberration, bright, and a large back focus in which a filter or the like can be arranged, high performance and low cost can be achieved. realizable.
Note that the imaging optical path of the digital camera 40 may be bent in the direction of the short side of the viewfinder. In that case, a strobe (or flash) may be arranged further upward from the entrance surface of the photographic lens, so that the layout can reduce the influence of shadows that occur when a person takes a stroboscope.
In the example of FIG. 10, a parallel plane plate is disposed as the cover member 50, but a lens having refractive power may be used.
In the example of FIG. 10, a parallel plane plate is disposed as the cover member 50, but a lens having refractive power may be used.

  Next, a personal computer which is an example of an information processing apparatus in which the bending variable magnification photographing optical system of the present invention is incorporated as an objective optical system is shown in FIGS. 11 is a front perspective view with the cover of the personal computer 300 opened, FIG. 12 is a sectional view of the photographing optical system 303 of the personal computer 300, and FIG. 13 is a side view of FIG.

As shown in FIGS. 11 to 13, the personal computer 300 includes a keyboard 301 for an operator to input information from the outside, an information processing means and a recording means (not shown), and a monitor 302 for displaying information to the operator. And a photographing optical system 303 for photographing the operator himself and surrounding images.
Here, the monitor 302 may be a transmissive liquid crystal display element that is illuminated from the back by a backlight (not shown), a reflective liquid crystal display element that reflects and displays light from the front, a CRT display, or the like. Further, in the drawing, the photographing optical system 303 is built in the upper right of the monitor 302. However, the imaging optical system 303 is not limited to the place, and may be anywhere around the monitor 302 or the keyboard 301.
The photographic optical system 303 includes an objective lens 112 made up of, for example , an optical path bending variable magnification photographic optical system according to the present invention and an image sensor chip 162 that receives an image on the photographic optical path 304. These are built in the personal computer 300.

  Here, a cover glass CG is additionally attached on the image pickup device chip 162 to be integrally formed as the image pickup unit 160, and can be fitted and attached to the rear end of the lens frame 113 of the objective lens 112 with one touch. Therefore, the center alignment of the objective lens 112 and the image sensor chip 162 and the adjustment of the surface interval are unnecessary, and the assembly is simple. Further, a cover glass 114 for protecting the objective lens 112 is disposed at the tip (not shown) of the lens frame 113. The driving mechanism of the variable magnification photographing optical system in the lens frame 113 is not shown.

  The object image received by the image sensor chip 162 is input to the processing means of the personal computer 300 via the terminal 166 and displayed on the monitor 302 as an electronic image. FIG. 11 shows an image 305 taken by the operator as an example. The image 305 can also be displayed on the personal computer of the communication partner from a remote location via the processing means, the Internet, or the telephone.

Next, FIG. 14 shows a telephone which is an example of an information processing apparatus in which the bending variable magnification photographing optical system of the present invention is built as a photographing optical system, particularly a portable telephone which is convenient to carry. 14A is a front view of the mobile phone 400, FIG. 14B is a side view, and FIG. 14C is a cross-sectional view of the photographing optical system 405.
As shown in FIGS. 14A to 14C, the mobile phone 400 includes a microphone unit 401 that inputs an operator's voice as information, a speaker unit 402 that outputs the voice of the other party, and the operator receives information. An input dial 403 for input, a monitor 404 for displaying information such as a photographed image and telephone number of the operator and the other party, a photographing optical system 405, an antenna 406 for transmitting and receiving communication radio waves, and image information And processing means (not shown) for processing communication information, input signals, and the like. Here, the monitor 404 is a liquid crystal display element. In the drawing, the arrangement positions of the respective components are not particularly limited to these. The photographic optical system 405 includes an objective lens 112 including, for example, an optical path bending variable magnification photographic optical system according to the present invention disposed on a photographic optical path 407, and an image sensor chip 162 that receives an object image. ing. These are built in the mobile phone 400.

  Here, a cover glass CG is additionally attached on the image pickup device chip 162 to be integrally formed as the image pickup unit 160, and can be fitted and attached to the rear end of the lens frame 113 of the objective lens 112 with one touch. Therefore, the center alignment of the objective lens 112 and the image sensor chip 162 and the adjustment of the surface interval are unnecessary, and the assembly is simple. Further, a cover glass 114 for protecting the objective lens 112 is disposed at the tip (not shown) of the lens frame 113. The driving mechanism of the variable magnification photographing optical system in the lens frame 113 is not shown.

  The object image received by the imaging element chip 162 is input to the processing means (not shown) via the terminal 166 and displayed as an electronic image on the monitor 404, the monitor of the communication partner, or both. . Further, when transmitting an image to a communication partner, the processing means includes a signal processing function for converting information of an object image received by the image sensor chip 162 into a signal that can be transmitted.

CG CCD cover glass E Observer eyeball F Low-pass filter G1 First lens group G2 Second lens group (first moving lens group)
G3 Third lens group (second moving lens group)
G4 Fourth lens group Ln n lens element P Imaging surface R1 Reflective optical element S Aperture stop 40 Digital camera 41 Imaging optical system 42 Optical path for shooting 43 Viewfinder optical system 44 Optical path for viewfinder 45 Shutter 46 Flash 47 LCD monitor 49 CCD
50 Cover member 51 Processing means 52 Recording means 53 Objective optical system for viewfinder 55 Porro prism 57 Field frame 59 Eyepiece optical system 103 Control system 104 Imaging unit 112 Objective lens 113 Mirror frame 114 Cover glass 160 Imaging unit 162 Image sensor chip 166 Terminal 300 PC 301 Keyboard 302 Monitor 303 Imaging optical system 304 Imaging optical path 305 Image 400 Mobile phone 401 Microphone unit 402 Speaker unit 403 Input dial 404 Monitor 405 Imaging optical system 406 Antenna 407 Shooting light path

Claims (7)

  1. In order from the object side, a first lens group having a negative refractive power including a reflecting member having a reflecting surface for bending an optical path of light incident from the object side, and disposed closer to the image side than the first lens group An electronic imaging device including a variable magnification photographing optical system including at least two positive lens groups and a total of four lens groups,
    An electronic imaging device characterized by satisfying the following conditional expressions (2) and (10):
    6 <f4 / fw <40 (2)
    −0.6 <f1 / fT <−0.45 (10)
    However, f4 is the focal length of the lens unit arranged on the most image side among the four lens units, fw is the focal length of the wide-angle end of the variable magnification photographing optical system, f1 is the focal length of the first lens unit, fT is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and when the focal length is variable, it is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification photographing optical system.
  2. The electronic imaging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the following conditional expression (10) ′ is satisfied.
    −0.54 ≦ f1 / fT <0.45 (10) ′
    Here, f1 is the focal length of the first lens group, fT is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and when the focal length is variable, it is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification photographing optical system.
  3. The electronic imaging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the following conditional expression (8) is satisfied.
    9 <f4 / fw <25 (8)
    However, f4 is the focal length of the lens unit arranged closest to the image side among the four lens units, fw is the focal length of the variable magnification photographing optical system, and the variable magnification photographing when the focal length is variable This is the focal length at the wide-angle end of the optical system.
  4. The reflecting member having the reflecting surface is a prism,
    The electronic imaging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the following conditional expression (9) is satisfied.
    1.95 <PD / L <3.5 (9)
    Here, PD is the glass path length of the prism, and L is the effective imaging area diagonal length of the imaging surface .
  5. The electronic imaging apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the following conditional expression (11) is satisfied.
    2 <f4 / fT <14 (11)
    However, f4 is the focal length of the lens unit arranged on the most image side among the four lens units, fT is the focal length of the telephoto end of the variable magnification optical system, and when the focal length is variable, This is the focal length at the telephoto end of the variable magnification optical system .
  6. In order from the object side, the first lens group having the negative refractive power fixed at the time of zooming, the second lens group having a positive refractive power moving on the optical axis at the time of zooming, and on the optical axis at the time of zooming. 6. A third lens group having a positive refractive power that moves, a fourth lens group having a positive refractive power fixed at the time of zooming, and an optical filter. electronic imaging equipment according to claim.
  7. Electronic imaging equipment according to claim 6, characterized in that to perform focusing by moving only the third lens group.
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