JP4923106B2 - Air conditioner outdoor unit - Google Patents

Air conditioner outdoor unit Download PDF

Info

Publication number
JP4923106B2
JP4923106B2 JP2009515376A JP2009515376A JP4923106B2 JP 4923106 B2 JP4923106 B2 JP 4923106B2 JP 2009515376 A JP2009515376 A JP 2009515376A JP 2009515376 A JP2009515376 A JP 2009515376A JP 4923106 B2 JP4923106 B2 JP 4923106B2
Authority
JP
Japan
Prior art keywords
partition plate
control board
plate
heat
electrical component
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
JP2009515376A
Other languages
Japanese (ja)
Other versions
JPWO2009041425A1 (en
Inventor
一久 佐藤
茂樹 杉山
達弘 横木
慎也 清水
隆久 遠藤
Original Assignee
東芝キヤリア株式会社
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP2007254375 priority Critical
Priority to JP2007254375 priority
Priority to JP2008012828 priority
Priority to JP2008012828 priority
Application filed by 東芝キヤリア株式会社 filed Critical 東芝キヤリア株式会社
Priority to JP2009515376A priority patent/JP4923106B2/en
Priority to PCT/JP2008/067169 priority patent/WO2009041425A1/en
Publication of JPWO2009041425A1 publication Critical patent/JPWO2009041425A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of JP4923106B2 publication Critical patent/JP4923106B2/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/20Electric components for separate outdoor units
    • F24F1/22Arrangement or mounting thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/46Component arrangements in separate outdoor units
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F1/00Room units for air-conditioning, e.g. separate or self-contained units or units receiving primary air from a central station
    • F24F1/06Separate outdoor units, e.g. outdoor unit to be linked to a separate room comprising a compressor and a heat exchanger
    • F24F1/46Component arrangements in separate outdoor units
    • F24F1/48Component arrangements in separate outdoor units characterised by air airflow, e.g. inlet or outlet airflow
    • F24F1/54Inlet and outlet arranged on opposite sides

Description

  The present invention relates to an outdoor unit for an air conditioner having an improved arrangement structure of a control board on which electric parts for controlling electric parts such as a compressor are mounted.

  The outdoor unit main body, which is a casing constituting the outdoor unit of the air conditioner, is divided into two chambers on the left and right by a partition plate. One of the compartments is a machine room that houses a compressor and piping such as a four-way switching valve, and the other chamber is a heat exchange room that houses an outdoor heat exchanger and an outdoor fan.

  The electric parts such as the compressor, the four-way switching valve, and the outdoor fan are driven and controlled by a compressor driving element, a rectifier and other electric parts mounted on the control board. Conventionally, these electrical components and the control board are collectively accommodated in an electrical component box, and this electrical component box is fitted into a notch provided at the upper end of the partition plate.

  However, since the electric component box is assembled by bending thin metal plates, it takes time and effort to manufacture and assemble. Also, when attaching the electrical component box to the notch at the upper end of the partition plate, a sealing material for preventing water from entering the machine room from the heat exchange chamber is provided between the electrical component box and the notch portion of the partition plate. It must be filled, affecting the cost.

  On the other hand, in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2006-214632, an inverter board having high heat dissipation is brought into contact with the outer plate of the casing or the side of the machine room of the partition plate. According to this, the waste heat generated by the inverter control element can be dissipated through the outer plate or the partition plate, and it is not necessary to produce an electrical component box, and there is an advantage that assembly man-hours are minimized. Says.

  Generally, the bottom plate, front plate, and other outer plates that make up the housing that is the main unit of the outdoor unit are made of thin steel plates, and the same material is used for the partition plate that divides the interior of the outdoor unit. It is used. However, the iron plate has a low heat conductivity as compared with a material having high heat dissipation such as an aluminum material constituting a heat sink.

  Therefore, even if the inverter board is simply brought into contact with the outer plate or the partition plate as disclosed in Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 2006-214632, there remains a question about the heat dissipation efficiency with respect to the inverter board. In addition, it is equipped with an auxiliary cooling means that arranges electrical components with high heat dissipation separately from the control circuit, or supplements the heat dissipation function, but on the other hand, the structure inside the machine room becomes complicated and deteriorates productivity, There is an adverse effect on cost.

  The present invention has been made based on the above circumstances, and an object of the present invention is to provide a control board on which an electrical component mounting surface portion is provided on the machine room side of a partition plate that divides the interior of the outdoor unit body, and on which the electrical component is mounted. It is intended to provide an outdoor unit for an air conditioner that can reduce the cost by eliminating the need for an electrical component box, and can obtain a sufficient cooling effect on the control board and the electrical components mounted on the control board. is there.

In order to satisfy the above object, the outdoor unit of the air conditioner of the present invention accommodates a heat exchange chamber that houses a heat exchanger and a blower, a compressor and piping inside the outdoor unit body that is a housing with a partition plate. The upper partition plate and the lower partition plate are divided into upper and lower partition plates by dividing the partition plate into upper and lower parts, and the upper partition plate is formed of a material having high thermal conductivity, and an electrical component is formed on the surface on the machine room side. A mounting surface portion is provided, and on the electrical component mounting surface portion of the upper partition plate, a control board for driving and controlling the fan motor and the compressor of the blower and a reactor arranged in the vicinity of the control board are arranged in parallel. Further, a heat dissipation plate made of a material having high thermal conductivity interposed between the control board and the heat dissipation plate is closely fixed, and this heat dissipation plate is a high heat generation electric component among the electric components mounted on the control board. A compressor drive element and the heat dissipation surface of a rectifier The upper partition plate is provided with a ventilation louver that discharges outside air conducted to the mounting surface of the control board and the electrical component to the outside, and the control board is covered with a board cover. And an opening through which a lead wire for connecting to an electrical component mounted on the control board is inserted on one side, and the electrical component is mounted at a position where a short electrical component such as a connector on the other side is mounted. An inclined portion is provided that is inclined with respect to the component mounting surface portion and increases the flow velocity of the outside air guided to the control board and the electrical component and guides it to the ventilation louver.

FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing a part of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner according to the first embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional plan view showing the outdoor unit of the air conditioner. FIG. 3 is a plan view showing a part of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner. FIG. 4 is a longitudinal sectional view showing the air conditioner outdoor unit. FIG. 5 is a front view showing the upper partition plate with the substrate cover removed. FIG. 6 is a perspective view showing a mounting structure of the control board, the board cover, and the reactor with respect to the same partition plate. FIG. 7 is a plan view showing a mounting structure of the control board, the board cover, and the reactor with respect to the same partition plate. FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner according to the second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 9 is a plan view showing a part of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner according to the embodiment. FIG. 10 is an enlarged front view of a part of the outdoor unit according to the embodiment. FIG. 11 is a front view showing a part of the outdoor unit according to the embodiment. FIG. 12 is a perspective view in which a part of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner according to a modification of the embodiment is omitted.

  Hereinafter, embodiments of the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIGS. 1-7 shows the outdoor unit of the air conditioner in 1st Embodiment in this invention, FIGS. 8-12 shows the outdoor unit of the air conditioner in 2nd Embodiment in this invention. Show.

  First, the first embodiment will be described. FIG. 1 is a perspective view in which a part of an outdoor unit of an air conditioner is omitted, FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional plan view of the outdoor unit, and FIG. 3 is a plan view of a part of the outdoor unit.

  The outdoor unit main body 1 including a housing includes a horizontally long bottom plate 1a in plan view, a front plate 1b standing on the front side of the bottom plate 1a, and a left plate 1c standing on the left side of the bottom plate 1a. The right side plate 1d erected on the right side, the rear plate 1e erected on the back side, and the top plate 1f provided over the front, left and right, and upper ends of the rear plates 1b, 1c, 1d, 1e. It consists of.

  Although the bottom plate 1a and the top plate 1f are each formed as a single unit, the front plate 1b and the right side plate 1d are integrally bent, and the rear plate 1e and the left side plate 1c are integrally bent. On the bottom plate 1a, an integrated bent plate of the front plate 1b and the right side plate 1d is placed, and an integrated bent plate of the rear plate 1e and the left side plate 1c is placed, and an opening formed at the upper end thereof is formed. The top plate 1f is closed.

  An air outlet 3 in which a bell mouth 2 is formed is provided at a position offset from one side of the front plate 1b, and a fan guard is fitted into the air outlet 3. A plurality of reinforcing steps are formed on the left side plate 1c. The right side plate 1 d includes an opening through which the piping 5 is inserted, and the opening is covered with a packed valve cover 6.

  The piping 5 includes two packed valves P for connecting to a refrigerant pipe extending from the indoor unit in addition to the four-way switching valve and the refrigerant pipe. These packed valves P are attached to the outer surface side of the packed valve cover 6. If the packed valve cover 6 is removed at the time of piping connection or maintenance, the operation is easy.

  The rear plate 1e is provided with crosspieces at predetermined intervals in the vertical direction and the horizontal direction, and between these crosspieces is an opening that forms a suction port. The top plate 1f is a flat plate having a piece that is bent along the periphery. The interior of the outdoor unit body 1 configured in this way is divided into two chambers by a partition plate 7 described later.

  The front end portion of the partition plate 7 is a side portion of the air outlet 3 provided in the front plate 1b, and is attached to the back surface of the front plate 1b. The rear end is attached along the bent corners of the rear plate 1e and the right side plate 1d. The partition plate 7 is bent in multiple stages from the front end portion to the rear end portion, the lower end portion of the partition plate 7 is placed on the bottom plate 1a, and the upper end portion is in contact with the top plate 1f.

  A space chamber on the left side plate 1c side from the partition plate 7 is called a heat exchange chamber 8A, and a space chamber on the right side plate 1d side from the partition plate 7 is called a machine chamber 8B. From the mounting position and form of the partition plate 7, the heat exchange chamber 8A has a volume of about 3/4 of the entire interior of the outdoor unit body 1, and the machine room 8B has a remaining volume of about 1/4.

  In the heat exchange chamber 8A, the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is disposed on the bottom plate 1a at a position close to the rear plate 1e in parallel with the rear plate 1e. The outdoor heat exchanger 10 is formed in a straight shape in a plan view, one end is near the bent corner between the front plate 1b and the left plate 1c, and the other end is a fold between the right plate 1d and the rear plate 1e. Near the corner. The upper end of the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is very close to the top plate 1f.

  Further, a fan support member 12 that supports the outdoor fan 13 is provided in the heat exchange chamber 8A. The outdoor blower 13 is disposed by being surrounded by the outdoor heat exchanger 10, the partition plate 7, the left side plate 1c, and the front plate 1b, and includes a fan motor 13M and a propeller fan 13F attached to a rotation shaft of the fan motor 13M. Consists of

  The rotational speed of the fan motor 13M is variable, and the propeller fan 13F functions to blow in heat exchange air from the rear side in the axial direction and blow it out to the front side. That is, the rear plate 1e of the opening structure is a suction side of the outside air that is heat exchange air, and the front plate 1b and the outlet 3 are the outlet side. The bell mouth 2 guides the outside air at the outlet 3.

  In the machine room 8B, a compressor 15 and a gas-liquid separator 16 are disposed, and the piping 5 including a four-way switching valve connected to the compressor 15 and the gas-liquid separator 16 is accommodated. The compressor 15 and the like are connected to the outdoor heat exchanger 10 in the heat exchange chamber 8A, the indoor heat exchanger accommodated in the indoor unit, and the like so as to constitute a refrigeration cycle via a refrigerant pipe.

Furthermore, the said partition plate 7 is explained in full detail based on FIGS. 1-3 and FIG.
FIG. 4 is a side view of the outdoor unit in a state in which the right side plate 1d of the outdoor unit body 1 is removed and the machine room 8B side is viewed from the right side of the outdoor unit.
The partition plate 7 is vertically divided at a position of about 2/3 of the total height from the lower end. The divided upper part is referred to as “upper partition plate” 7A, and the lower part is referred to as “lower partition plate” 7B.

  As described above with reference to FIG. 2, the upper partition plate 7A is bent in multiple stages from a portion attached to the front plate 1b toward the bent corners of the right plate 1d and the rear plate 1e in plan view. On the other hand, the lower partition plate 7B protrudes from the lower end position of the upper partition plate 7A to the heat exchange chamber 8A side in a substantially triangular shape in plan view. Naturally, the upper end opening of the lower partition plate 7B is closed by a triangular lid.

  The upper partition plate 7A is made of a flat plate, for example, an aluminum material, which is a material excellent in heat conductivity, is selected. In particular, the surface of the upper partition plate 7A on the machine room 8B side is referred to as an “electric component mounting surface portion S” described later. On the other hand, the lower partition plate 7B is made of a material having high rigidity and excellent sound insulation, for example, a thin-walled iron plate.

  A substrate cover 18 and a reactor 20 are mounted in parallel on the electric component mounting surface S formed on the upper partition plate 7A. In other words, the board cover 18 is mounted so as to occupy most of the electric component mounting surface portion S from the front end side to the rear end side, and the rear end portion of the electric component mounting surface portion S is slightly exposed.

  The reactor 20, which is a highly exothermic electrical component that generates high heat in accordance with the action, is attached to the exposed rear end portion of the electrical component attachment surface portion S. The substrate cover 18 covers the control board 22 as will be described later, and the control board 22 and the reactor 20 are electrically connected via lead wires.

  The compressor 15 and the gas-liquid separator 16 described above are disposed on the bottom plate 1a facing the lower partition plate 7B, and a four-way switching valve connected to the compressor 15 and the gas-liquid separator 16 or the like. The said piping 5 provided with is arrange | positioned. In particular, a gas-liquid separator 16 connected to the compressor 15 is accommodated in a triangular space protruding from the machine room 8B toward the heat exchange chamber 8A.

  In particular, as shown in FIG. 2, in plan view, the lower partition plate 7B is formed at an inclination angle α ° and the upper partition plate 7A is formed at an inclination angle 2α ° with respect to the rear plate 1e. In other words, since the rear plate 1e and the outdoor heat exchanger 10 are arranged in parallel, the inclination angle α ° of the lower partition plate 7B and the inclination angle 2α ° of the upper partition plate 7A are based on the outdoor heat exchanger 10. be able to.

That is, in the heat exchange chamber 8A, the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is provided close to and in parallel with the rear plate 1e, and in fact, a space space is formed between the partition plate 7 and the outdoor heat exchanger 10. Is done.
Moreover, the partition plate 7 is comprised from the upper partition plate 7A and the lower partition plate 7B, and the space space with respect to the outdoor heat exchanger 10 of these upper partition plate 7A and the lower partition plate 7B changes with each inclination angles. .

  Here, with respect to the outdoor heat exchanger 10, since the lower partition plate 7B is formed at an inclination angle α ° and the upper partition plate 7A is formed at an inclination angle 2α °, the upper partition plate 7A, the outdoor heat exchanger 10 and The space space between is formed in a size twice as large as the space space between the lower partition plate 7B and the outdoor heat exchanger 10.

  Next, the control board 22 and its peripheral structure will be described in detail.

  5 is a front view of the electrical component mounting portion S with the substrate cover 18 removed, FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the electrical component mounting portion S with a portion of the substrate cover 18 removed, and FIG. It is a top view of the electrical component attachment part S in the state which removed a part of 18. FIG.

  The control board 22 is formed of a rectangular printed board, and its four corners are attached and fixed to the upper partition plate 7A with attachment screws. Actually, as shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, the control board 22 is not in close contact with the upper partition plate 7A, has a predetermined gap, and is mounted in a state of being lifted from the upper partition plate 7A. .

  As shown in FIG. 5, a heat radiating plate 23 having a portion facing the lower end of the control board 22 and a portion protruding from the left and right side edges and the lower end edge is attached to the upper partition plate 7A via a fixing screw. As shown in FIG. 7, the heat radiating plate 23 is divided into left and right parts, and materials having excellent heat transfer properties such as an aluminum material are used.

  As described above, the surface on the machine room 8B side of the upper partition plate 7A is the electric component mounting surface portion S, and each heat radiating plate 23 is tightly fixed to the electric component mounting surface portion S and is spaced from the control board 22. Installed. In other words, the heat sink 23 is interposed between the upper partition plate 7 </ b> A and the control board 22.

  A control circuit such as a memory for storing a control program is formed on the control board 22 and an electrical component D is mounted thereon. As the electrical component D, a plurality of electrolytic capacitors 24 and connectors 25 are mounted on the exposed surface of the control room 22 in the machine room 8B. A compressor driving element (power transistor) 26 and a rectifier (rectifier) 27 are mounted on the opposite surface of the upper partition plate 7A.

  In other words, the electrolytic capacitor 24 and the connectors 25 are mounted on the front surface side (front side) of the control board 22 shown in FIGS. 5 and 6. The compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 are mounted on the back side (the other side) of the control board 22. The electrical component D excluding the rectifier 27 is mounted in the plane of the control board 22, but only the rectifier 27 is mounted so as to protrude downward from the lower end of the control board 22 as shown in FIG.

  In particular, among the electrical components D mounted on the control board 22, the compressor drive element 26 and the rectifier 27 generate heat with a predetermined action as in the reactor 20 described above, and generate high heat that raises the surrounding temperature. Electrical component D.

  The compressor driving element 26 is mounted on the surface of the control board 22, whereas the main body portion of the rectifier 27 is disposed so as to protrude downward from the lower end of the control board 22, and is mounted separately from each other. For this reason, even if the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 generate high heat with each other as the high heat generating electrical component D, they do not affect each other.

  Moreover, the heat generating portion in the compressor driving element 26 and the heat generating portion of the rectifier 27 are specified, and both are surfaces on the upper partition plate 7A side which is the back surface side. Here, the heat dissipating surfaces of the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 are brought into close contact with the heat dissipating plate 23 provided facing the lower end portion of the control board 22.

  As described above, since the compressor driving element 26 is mounted in the surface of the control board 22, the compressor driving element 26 is in close contact with a portion of the heat radiating plate 23 facing the control board 22. On the other hand, since the main body portion of the rectifier 27 is disposed so as to protrude downward from the lower end of the control board 22, it is in close contact with a portion of the heat sink 23 that protrudes from the lower end of the control board 22.

  The board cover 18 is attached to the electrical component mounting surface S of the upper partition plate 7A, and covers the control board 22, the electrical parts D and the heat sink 23 mounted on the control board 22. In other words, the width direction of the substrate cover 18 extends from between the control substrate 22 and the reactor 20 to the vicinity of the front plate 1b, and the vertical direction is larger than the vertical dimension of the control substrate 22.

  While the electrolytic capacitor 24 is mounted on one side of the control board 22, a short electrical component S such as the connectors 25 is mounted on the other side. The projecting height of the board cover 18 from the electrical component mounting surface S is the largest at the portion facing the electrolytic capacitor 24, and is provided with an inclined portion a that is bent obliquely toward the connector 25 mounting side.

  As shown in FIGS. 5 to 7, the end of the inclined portion a of the substrate cover 18 is closely fixed to the bent end portion of the upper partition plate 7A. The bent end portion of the upper partition plate 7A is attached to a front plate 1b constituting the outdoor unit main body 1 (not shown). A ventilation louver 28 is provided at the bent end of the upper partition plate 7A.

  The substrate cover 18 is divided into upper and lower parts, and includes an upper substrate cover 18A and a lower substrate cover 18B. 2 shows only the upper substrate cover 18A, and FIGS. 6 and 7 show only the lower substrate cover 18B. 1 and 4 show the upper substrate cover 18A and the lower substrate cover 18B.

  The substrate cover 18 composed of the upper substrate cover 18A and the lower substrate cover 18B is attached to the upper partition plate 7A, thereby forming a box (enclosure) structure and maintaining a large rigidity. However, since the ventilation louver 28 is provided, the inside and outside of the substrate cover 18 communicate with each other via the ventilation louver 28, and the structure is not completely sealed.

  Further, as shown in FIG. 4, a part of the lower end of the side surface of the substrate cover 18 facing the reactor 20 is opened. The opening 29 is for inserting a lead wire having one end connected to the electrical component D mounted on the control board 22, and is hereinafter referred to as a “lead wire insertion port” 29.

  One end of the lead wire is connected to the electric component D on the control board 22, and the other end is arranged in the electric component such as the compressor 15 and the four-way switching valve arranged in the machine chamber 8B, and in the heat exchange chamber 8A. It is connected to an electric component that is the outdoor blower 13. Therefore, the electric component D and the electric component are electrically connected via the lead wire.

  The lower substrate cover 18B covers most of the control substrate 22 except for the upper end portion, and covers the electrolytic capacitor 24 and the like of the electric component D to be mounted. The lead wire insertion port 29 is provided at the lower end corner of the lower substrate cover 18B. The upper substrate cover 18 </ b> A covers only the upper end portion of the control substrate 22.

  When viewed as a whole of the substrate cover 18, the lead wire insertion port 29 is provided at one end portion of the substrate cover 18, and the other end portion of the substrate cover 18 facing this is inclined with the inclined portion a formed in a plan view. Become. The ventilation partition louver 28 is provided on the upper partition plate 7A facing the end surface of the inclined portion a, and the inside of the substrate cover 18 and the heat exchange chamber 8A communicate with each other through the ventilation louver 28.

  When an air conditioner operation (cooling operation) start signal is input to the outdoor unit of the air conditioner configured as described above, the compressor 15 is driven and controlled to perform the refrigeration cycle operation. At the same time, the outdoor blower 13 is driven, and the outside air is sucked into the outdoor unit main body 1 through the opening formed in the rear plate 1 e and flows to the outdoor heat exchanger 10.

  In the outdoor heat exchanger 10, the refrigerant compressed by the compressor 15 is conducted through the four-way switching valve, and the refrigerant and the outside air exchange heat. After that, the refrigerant is guided to the indoor unit and exchanges heat with the indoor air to air-condition the room. The outside air heat-exchanged with the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is guided to the bell mouth 2 and blown out from the blow-out port 3 through the fan guard.

  Among the electrical components D mounted on the control board 22 as described above, the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 are particularly likely to generate heat. Moreover, since the control board 22 on which the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 are mounted is housed in a box structure that is substantially sealed by the board cover 18 and the upper partition plate 7A, no measures should be taken. Are affected by heat.

  Here, the heat dissipation surfaces of the compressor drive element 26 and the rectifier 27, which are high heat generating electrical components D, are in close contact with the heat dissipation plate 23, and the heat dissipation plate 23 is intimately fixed to the upper partition plate 7A. Since the heat radiating plate 23 and the upper partition plate 7A are selected from materials having excellent thermal conductivity, the high heat generated by the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 is diffused in the heat radiating plate 23 and then transmitted to the upper partition plate 7A. heat.

  That is, the heat sink 23 and the upper partition plate 7A absorb the high heat that the compressor drive element 26 and the like diverge. On the other hand, the outside air led into the heat exchange chamber 8A with the blowing action of the outdoor blower 13 is led while contacting the upper partition plate 7A and the lower partition plate 7B constituting the partition plate 7, and these upper and lower partition plates. 7A and 7B are efficiently cooled.

  In particular, as described in FIG. 2, with respect to the outdoor heat exchanger 10, the lower partition plate 7B is formed at an inclination angle α °, and the upper partition plate 7A is formed at an inclination angle 2α °. Accordingly, the space space between the upper partition plate 7A and the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is twice as large as the space space between the lower partition plate 7B and the outdoor heat exchanger 10.

  A part of the outside air guided to the heat exchange chamber 8A and circulated through the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is guided along the upper partition plate 7A and the lower partition plate 7B constituting the partition plate 7. At this time, since the space space between the upper partition plate 7A and the outdoor heat exchanger 10 is formed to be approximately twice the size of the space space between the lower partition plate 7B and the outdoor heat exchanger 10, the outside air Will also double the distribution volume.

  A heat radiating plate 23 is tightly fixed to the upper partition plate 7A, and the heat radiating surfaces of the compressor drive element 26 and the rectifier 27, which are high heat generating electrical components D, are attached to these heat radiating plates 23 in close contact with each other. Since a large amount of outside air circulates along the upper partition plate 7A, not only the upper partition plate 7, but also the heat radiating plate 23 and the high heat generating electrical component D are efficiently cooled, and adverse thermal effects are prevented.

  Further, along with the blowing action of the outdoor blower 13, the outside air is also introduced into the machine room 8B. The outside air introduced into the machine room 8B comes into contact with the compressor 15 and is cooled and then discharged to the outside. Furthermore, the outside air introduced into the machine room 8 also contacts the reactor 20, and after cooling, is discharged outside.

  As shown in FIG. 7, a part of the outside air is guided to the inside through a lead wire insertion port 29 provided in the substrate cover 18. As shown by the arrow, the outside air guided into the board cover 18 is a control board 22 accommodated in the board cover 18, an electrolytic capacitor 24, a compressor driving element 26, a rectifier 27, and other electrical components D and a heat sink 23. To cool them.

  Since the side of the substrate cover 18 opposite to the lead wire insertion opening 29 is an inclined portion a, outside air increases the flow velocity when the inclined portion a is reached inside the substrate cover 18. The outside air in the substrate cover 18 circulates efficiently, cools the electrical components D and the like, and is finally led out from the ventilation louver 28.

  In this way, since the electrical components D and the like mounted on the control board 22 are cooled from both inside and outside of the board cover 18, there is no thermal adverse effect. Since the machine compartment 8B side of the upper partition plate 7A constituting the partition plate 7 is the electrical component mounting surface portion S, an electrical component box horizontally disposed at the upper end of the partition plate across the heat exchange chamber and the machine room. This eliminates the need to reduce the assembly workability and the cost by reducing the number of parts.

  Since the electric component box having the above-described configuration does not exist, the space in the upper part of the machine room 8B is expanded, the operation sound attenuation action of the compressor 15 is promoted, and the noise can be reduced. Since the electrical component S is attached to the partition plate 7 itself, a sealing material for preventing water from entering the machine room from between the electrical component box and the partition plate is not necessary.

  Since the partition plate 7 is divided into an upper partition plate 7A and a lower partition plate 7B, the lower partition plate 7B can be bent according to the arrangement space of the compressor 15 accommodated in the machine room 8B, thereby improving productivity. be able to.

  The upper partition plate 7A can be made of an aluminum material that emphasizes heat transfer, and the lower partition plate 7B can be made of a material that emphasizes strength and sound insulation. This can improve the manufacturability and reduce the cost.

  Among the electric components D mounted on the control board 22, the heat generating electric components D such as the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 are brought into close contact with the heat radiating plate 23 made of a material having high heat conductivity, Further, since the heat radiating plate 23 is tightly fixed to the electric component mounting surface portion S of the upper partition plate 7A, it is possible to improve the heat radiating efficiency for the high heat generating electric component D, and to prevent the adverse thermal effect.

  Further, the substrate cover 18 and the upper partition plate 7 </ b> A form a box structure so as to cover the control substrate 22 with the substrate cover 18. Thus, even if an accident occurs in which the electrolytic capacitor 24 is ruptured for some reason, the electrolyte solution can be prevented from dripping into the machine room 8B.

  The substrate cover 18 is provided with an inclined portion a so as to increase the flow rate of the outside air flowing through the substrate cover 18. Therefore, the control board 22 covered with the board cover 18 and the high heat generating electrical components D such as the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 mounted on the control board 22 are efficiently cooled, and the temperature inside the board cover 18 is increased. Can be suppressed.

  In plan view, the lower partition plate 7B has an inclination angle of α ° with respect to the rear plate 1e, and the upper partition plate 7A has an inclination angle of 2α °. That is, the ventilation path on the heat exchange chamber 8A side of the partition plate 7 is formed so that the portion along the upper partition plate 7A is doubled with respect to the portion along the lower partition plate 7B, and the amount of air blown by the action of the outdoor fan 13 Becomes big.

  Accordingly, the upper partition plate 7A is efficiently cooled, and the heat radiating plate 23 that is closely fixed to the electric component mounting surface portion S of the upper partition plate 7A, and the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier in which the heat radiating surface is in close contact with the heat radiating plate 23 High heat-generating electric parts D such as 27 are also efficiently cooled. With these configurations and actions, it is possible to reliably prevent thermal adverse effects caused by the high heat generating electrical component D.

  Next, a second embodiment of the present invention will be described.

  FIG. 8 is an exploded perspective view of the outdoor unit of the air conditioner. Except for the partition plate 70 described later, the other components are the same as those described above with reference to FIG.

  The partition plate 70 does not change the division of the outdoor unit main body 1 into the heat exchange chamber 8A and the machine room 8B, but is not particularly divided in the vertical direction here, and is bent in multiple stages as in the prior art. It is one piece.

  An electrical component mounting surface portion S is formed on the surface of the upper part of the partition plate 70 on the machine room 8B side, and the control board 22 on which the electrical component D is mounted and the reactor 20 which is an electrical component not mounted on the control board 22 are mounted.

FIG. 9 is an enlarged plan view of a part of the outdoor unit for explaining the attachment structure of the control board 22 and the electric component D to the partition plate 70, and FIG. 10 is an enlarged front view of a part of the outdoor unit for explaining the attachment structure. FIG. 11 is a perspective view of a part of the partition plate for explaining the mounting structure.
The partition plate 70 is bent obliquely at the end that comes into contact with the front plate 1b of the outdoor unit body 1, but the amount of bending is small. It is formed in parallel with the left and right side plates 1c and 1d that are orthogonal to the front plate 1b from the bent end, and further extends to the bent corners of the right side plate 1d and the rear plate 1e at the front and rear intermediate portions. As shown in FIG.

  The diagonally bent portion of the partition plate 70 is close to the outdoor heat exchanger 10, and the control board 22 is attached to the electric component attachment surface portion S formed at the upper part on the machine room 8B side. The control board 22 is attached in parallel to the partition plate 70 with a narrow gap from the partition plate 70 by a resin attachment.

  A single heat radiating plate 23 </ b> A that faces the lower end portion of the control board 22 and protrudes from the left and right side edges and the lower end edge of the control board 22 (about 10 mm) has a fixing screw attached to the partition plate 70. Mounted through.

  The heat radiating plate 23 </ b> A is made of a material having excellent heat conductivity such as an aluminum material, and is closely fixed to the electric component mounting surface S of the partition plate 70. The radiator plate 23 </ b> A has a gap with respect to the control board 22, and is interposed between the partition plate 70 and the control board 22.

  A control circuit such as a memory for storing a control program is formed on the control board 22, and a plurality of electrolytic capacitors 24 and connectors 25 are mounted on the surface of the control board 22 on the machine room 8B side. The electrolytic capacitors 24 are arranged in a line on the lower side of the control board 22, and the connectors 25 are arranged in a line on the control board 22.

  A compressor driving element (power transistor) 26 and a rectifier (rectifier) 27, which are high heat generating electrical components D, are mounted on the surface of the control board 22 facing the partition plate 70. The heat dissipating surfaces of the compressor driving element 26 and the rectifier 27 are directed to the heat dissipating plate 23A and are closely fixed to the heat dissipating plate 23A.

  A heat sink 30 shown only in FIG. 9 is provided on the heat exchange chamber 8A side of the part of the partition plate 70 provided with the heat radiating plate 23A, that is, in a part through the partition plate 70 with respect to the heat radiating plate 23A. The partition plate 70 may be provided with an opening through which the heat radiating plate 23A is exposed, the heat sink 30 fitted into the opening, and the heat sink 30 attached to the heat radiating plate 23A.

  The reactor 20, which is a high heat generating electrical component D, is attached to a side portion of the control board 22 in the partition plate 70. As described above, the partition plate 70 includes the plate portions parallel to the left and right side plates 1c and 1d constituting the outdoor unit main body 1, and the reactor 20 is attached to the parallel plate portions.

  In particular, as shown in FIG. 11, the reactor 20 is attached to the upper end portion of the partition plate 70 and is located above the electrolytic capacitor 24 arranged and mounted in a row at the lower end portion of the control board 22. Naturally, the lower end portion of the control board 22 is located above the compressor drive element 26 and the rectifier 27 (not shown) mounted on the back side.

  That is, in the first embodiment, the control board 22 attached to the partition plate 7 is covered with the board cover 18, but the present invention is not limited to this, and is described in the second embodiment. In addition, the control board 22 attached to the partition plate 70 is not covered at all, and may be completely exposed.

  The outdoor blower 13 is driven in accordance with the refrigeration cycle operation, and the outside air is guided to the heat exchange chamber 8A to exchange heat with the heat exchanger 10. At the same time, a certain amount of outside air is guided to the machine room 8B to flow through the inside, cool the compressor 15 and the like arranged, and further cool the control board 22 and the reactor 20.

  High heat generating electrical components D such as a compressor driving element 26 and a rectifier 27 mounted on the control board 22 have a heat radiating surface closely attached to a heat radiating plate 23A made of a material having high heat conductivity, and the heat radiating plate 23A is further separated from the partition plate 70. Since it is attached and fixed in close contact with the heat generating device, it is possible to improve the heat dissipation efficiency for the highly heat-generating electrical component D and to prevent thermal adverse effects.

  Since the heat sink 30 is attached to the back surface side of the heat radiating plate 23A via the partition plate 70 or the heat sink 30 is directly provided on the back surface of the heat radiating plate 23A, the heat sink 30 radiates heat to the outside air guided to the heat exchange chamber 8A. Therefore, further improvement in heat dissipation efficiency for the high heat generating electrical component D can be obtained, and thermal adverse effects can be prevented.

  Since the reactor 20 is mounted at the upper end of the partition plate 70 at a position above the electrolytic capacitor 24 mounted on the control board 22, the heat generated from the reactor 20 is released upward, and the control board 22 and the control board 22 The mounted electrolytic capacitor 24 is prevented from being affected by heat. Therefore, the safety of the electrolytic capacitor 24 can be further improved.

  FIG. 12 shows a modification of the second embodiment. The connectors 25 and the electrolytic capacitors 24 mounted on the control board 22 are arranged in a vertical line with each other, but there is no change in operation. This modification is characterized in that the lower end portion of the control substrate 22 is surrounded by an electrolyte drip-proof box 35 in particular.

  That is, the electrolyte drip-proof box 35 is attached to the partition plate 70 with a packing interposed therebetween, and the partition plate 70 mounting portion of the electrolyte drip-proof box 35 forms a liquid seal structure. The upper end of the electrolyte drip-proof box 35 is opened and the lower end of the control board 22 is inserted. Further, the compressor 15 and the gas-liquid separator 16 are covered with a soundproof box 40 to suppress leakage of operation noise to the outside.

  With such a configuration, even if the electrolytic capacitor 24 may be ruptured for some reason, such as being affected by the heat of the reactor 20, the electrolytic solution drip-proof box 35 receives the leaked electrolytic solution and lowers it. There is no leakage. There are no electrolytic droplets on the compressor 15, the gas-liquid separator 16, and the soundproof box 40, and an accident can be prevented from expanding.

  In addition, since the compressor 15 and the gas-liquid separator 16 are covered with the soundproof box 40, even if the scattered electrolyte bounces back, the compressor 15 and the gas-liquid separator 16 are not affected. We will take heavy safety measures.

  Note that the present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment as it is, and can be embodied by modifying the constituent elements without departing from the scope of the invention in the implementation stage. Various inventions can be formed by appropriately combining a plurality of constituent elements disclosed in the above-described embodiments.

  According to the present invention, it is possible to improve the mounting structure of the electrical component box to obtain a reduction in cost and to reliably cool the electrical component mounted on the control board.

Claims (2)

  1. The interior is divided into a heat exchange chamber that houses a heat exchanger and a blower, and a machine room that houses a compressor and piping via a partition plate, and includes an outdoor unit body that is a casing,
    The partition plate is vertically divided into an upper partition plate and a lower partition plate,
    The upper partition plate is formed of a material having high thermal conductivity, and includes an electrical component mounting surface portion on the machine room side surface,
    The electrical component mounting surface of the upper partition plate, a control board for driving and controlling the fan motor and compressor of the blower, and a reactor which is disposed in the vicinity of the control board are arranged in parallel, and further the control board A heat sink made of a material with high thermal conductivity interposed between is closely fixed,
    Among the electrical components mounted on the control board, the heat sink is in close contact with the compressor drive element, which is a high heat generation electrical component, and the heat dissipation surface of the rectifier,
    The upper partition plate is provided with a ventilation louver that discharges outside air conducted to the mounting surface of the control board and the electrical component to the outside,
    The control board is covered by a board cover;
    This board cover has an opening through which a lead wire for connecting to an electrical component mounted on the control board is inserted on one side, and a position where a short electrical component such as a connector on the other side is mounted An air conditioner characterized by further comprising an inclined portion that is inclined with respect to the electric component mounting surface portion and increases the flow velocity of the outside air guided to the control board and the electric component and guides it to the ventilation louver. The outdoor unit of the machine.
  2. As an electrical component mounted on the control board, comprising an electrolytic capacitor,
    As an electrical component that is not mounted on the control board and is disposed in the vicinity of the control board, a reactor is provided,
    The outdoor unit for an air conditioner according to claim 1, wherein the electrolytic capacitor is disposed at a lower end portion of the control board and at a position below the reactor.
JP2009515376A 2007-09-28 2008-09-24 Air conditioner outdoor unit Active JP4923106B2 (en)

Priority Applications (6)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2007254375 2007-09-28
JP2007254375 2007-09-28
JP2008012828 2008-01-23
JP2008012828 2008-01-23
PCT/JP2008/067169 WO2009041425A1 (en) 2007-09-28 2008-09-24 Outdoor unit for air conditioner
JP2009515376A JP4923106B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2008-09-24 Air conditioner outdoor unit

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2009515376A JP4923106B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2008-09-24 Air conditioner outdoor unit

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JPWO2009041425A1 JPWO2009041425A1 (en) 2011-01-27
JP4923106B2 true JP4923106B2 (en) 2012-04-25

Family

ID=40511309

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2009515376A Active JP4923106B2 (en) 2007-09-28 2008-09-24 Air conditioner outdoor unit

Country Status (3)

Country Link
JP (1) JP4923106B2 (en)
CN (1) CN101578488B (en)
WO (1) WO2009041425A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5879533B2 (en) * 2011-04-28 2016-03-08 パナソニックIpマネジメント株式会社 Outdoor unit and refrigeration equipment
JP5609832B2 (en) * 2011-09-16 2014-10-22 三菱電機株式会社 Heat pump outdoor unit
US10145601B2 (en) * 2011-12-19 2018-12-04 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation Outdoor unit and refrigeration cycle apparatus including the outdoor unit
JP2014033541A (en) * 2012-08-03 2014-02-20 Denso Corp Rotating electrical machine and electric power steering apparatus using the same
JP2015187506A (en) * 2012-08-08 2015-10-29 東芝キヤリア株式会社 Outdoor unit of refrigeration cycle device
JP5721682B2 (en) * 2012-10-05 2015-05-20 三菱電機株式会社 Outdoor unit of electrical module unit and air conditioner
JP5880585B2 (en) * 2014-01-27 2016-03-09 ダイキン工業株式会社 Outdoor unit
JP2016077951A (en) * 2014-10-14 2016-05-16 三菱電機株式会社 Dehumidifier
CN104990158B (en) * 2015-05-28 2017-11-10 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 A kind of outdoor unit and automatically controlled installation method
WO2017094198A1 (en) * 2015-12-04 2017-06-08 三菱電機株式会社 Outdoor machine

Family Cites Families (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03125831A (en) * 1989-10-09 1991-05-29 Matsushita Electric Ind Co Ltd Electronic parts fixing device for air conditioner
JP3125831B2 (en) * 1993-09-24 2001-01-22 日立プラント建設株式会社 High airtight metal sheet damper
CN2303201Y (en) * 1997-06-04 1999-01-06 海尔集团公司 Out door machinery structure of air conditioner
CN1124444C (en) * 2000-09-30 2003-10-15 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Outdoor unit of split air conditioner
KR100423973B1 (en) * 2001-12-05 2004-03-22 삼성전자주식회사 Outdoor Unit of Air Conditioner
JP2006214632A (en) * 2005-02-03 2006-08-17 Daikin Ind Ltd Outdoor unit of air conditioner

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101578488B (en) 2012-06-27
WO2009041425A1 (en) 2009-04-02
CN101578488A (en) 2009-11-11
JPWO2009041425A1 (en) 2011-01-27

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
JP4312235B2 (en) Communication device and rack structure
ES2383878T3 (en) outdoor unit of air conditioner
AU2004280422B2 (en) Outdoor unit of air conditioner
US8713961B2 (en) Outdoor unit
EP2677137B1 (en) Cased cogeneration apparatus
US8251136B2 (en) Cooling device
US20090137197A1 (en) Outdoor unit of air conditioner
JP5061471B2 (en) Refrigeration unit outdoor unit
JP4063296B2 (en) Shut-off valve support member and outdoor unit of air conditioner having the same
JP5314481B2 (en) Electronics
EP2921795B1 (en) Outdoor unit of air conditioner
EP3640551A1 (en) Control box, and outdoor unit of air conditiioner comprising same
EP3017255B1 (en) Air conditioner
JP2011099577A (en) Refrigerant cooling structure
JP3322778B2 (en) Outdoor unit of air conditioner
KR100995432B1 (en) Outside unit of air conditioning apparatus
KR101298404B1 (en) Out door unit of an air conditioner
JP4660130B2 (en) Air conditioner outdoor unit
CN201194451Y (en) Heat radiating machine case
JP3821153B2 (en) Air conditioner outdoor unit
RU2581554C2 (en) External unit of cooling device
JP4923107B2 (en) Air conditioner outdoor unit
US20090122499A1 (en) Electric equipment assembly and outdoor unit of air conditioner provided with the same
JP2009030829A (en) Air conditioning device
JP4520412B2 (en) Air conditioner outdoor unit

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
A131 Notification of reasons for refusal

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A131

Effective date: 20110524

A521 Written amendment

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A523

Effective date: 20110725

TRDD Decision of grant or rejection written
A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

Effective date: 20120110

A01 Written decision to grant a patent or to grant a registration (utility model)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A01

A61 First payment of annual fees (during grant procedure)

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: A61

Effective date: 20120206

R150 Certificate of patent or registration of utility model

Ref document number: 4923106

Country of ref document: JP

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R150

FPAY Renewal fee payment (event date is renewal date of database)

Free format text: PAYMENT UNTIL: 20150210

Year of fee payment: 3

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250

R250 Receipt of annual fees

Free format text: JAPANESE INTERMEDIATE CODE: R250