JP4886401B2 - How to trigger a handover - Google Patents

How to trigger a handover Download PDF

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JP4886401B2
JP4886401B2 JP2006192399A JP2006192399A JP4886401B2 JP 4886401 B2 JP4886401 B2 JP 4886401B2 JP 2006192399 A JP2006192399 A JP 2006192399A JP 2006192399 A JP2006192399 A JP 2006192399A JP 4886401 B2 JP4886401 B2 JP 4886401B2
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JP2007043688A (en
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エトガル・ボルフラム・キユーン
オリバー・ブルーメ
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アルカテル−ルーセント
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W36/00Hand-off or reselection arrangements
    • H04W36/24Reselection being triggered by specific parameters used to improve the performance of a single terminal
    • H04W36/26Reselection being triggered by specific parameters used to improve the performance of a single terminal by agreed or negotiated communication parameters

Description

  The present invention relates to a method for triggering a determination of a wireless communication system for handover and / or triggering a handover by at least one trigger signal. Furthermore, the invention relates to a corresponding computer program product, as well as a device comprising such a computer program product. The present invention can be used in heterogeneous networks to facilitate seamless vertical and horizontal handovers.

  The evolution of cellular mobile communication networks beyond the third generation and the introduction of new broadband wireless access technologies such as WiMAX will open the way to heterogeneous networks with the diversification of RAT (Radio Access Technologies). In many cases, providers offering the same RAT are competing with each other in the market. Furthermore, the provider can provide users with different RAT services. As an example, a provider can provide not only UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunication Systems) service but also WLAN (Broadband Local Area Network) service. In such a situation, the user is interested in obtaining a radio link that provides the best quality of service (QoS) for applications running on the user's terminal equipment, which can be a mobile phone, a notebook, etc. There is.

  The best quality of service for a particular application running on a terminal device depends on many factors. In addition, the importance of the factors changes over time, and a wireless link that is the best link at some point may later be superior in performance to another wireless link. As a result, it is desirable to change radio links from time to time to always obtain the best quality of service. This change of radio link is commonly referred to as handover.

  In the prior art, the RAT is determined by the desired application. For example, if high data rates are desired for downloading music or video files, WLAN is probably the best choice. However, if the user is interested in videophone, UMTS is a good choice. If a RAT is specified, it is necessary to identify the best radio link with the communication system using that RAT. If the reception conditions change at a later time, a horizontal handover, i.e. a handover without changing the RAT, may be necessary.

  In order to ensure the best quality of service, it is necessary to know what quality each radio link provides. One approach is for the terminal device to perform the measurement and report the result to the communication system with which the terminal device has already established a connection. The system then determines the best radio link and, if appropriate, negotiates a handover to such radio link. This works very well if the radio link is always of the same type, ie if the radio link uses the same RAT to connect the terminal equipment to the communication system. In that case, this approach has one drawback. That is, the more radio links available, the more signaling needs to be performed between the terminal device and the communication system. However, this degrades scalability, i.e. the ratio between signaling load and practical load.

  The approaches described in the two paragraphs above can lead to situations where the first type of radio link remains quite unused and the second type of radio link is highly demanded. One example is a situation where only a few users seek a UMTS link, eg, for a video phone, but many users seek a WLAN link, eg, for music download. In that case, the data rate to the WLAN link may be a low value that can also be provided by the UMTS link. In that case, a vertical handover from the WLAN link to the UMTS link is appropriate to ensure the best quality of service.

  The problem with vertical handover is that each RAT has its own definition that specifies the quality of the radio link. If the terminal is expected to operate in a multi-RAT environment, the quality of the two radio links can hardly be compared. Comparing the measurement results, if done, can only be done using a complex algorithm that maps such values of the first RAT to values that can be understood by the second RAT. It is not possible to be In addition, a number of algorithms of that kind are required to compare several RAT measurements with each other. Due to the measurement signaling and complex algorithm processing described in the previous paragraph, considerable time is consumed and in many cases the handover takes several seconds. As a result, seamless handover in a multi-RAT environment is difficult to implement.

Reference A. Festtag, "Optimization of handover performance by link layer triggers in IP-based networks: parameters, protocol extensions and APIs for implementation", TKN technical report TKN-02-014, TU Berlin, version 1.1, in August 2002, The next two phases of the handover process are revealed: the handover detection-trigger phase and the handover execution phase. To speed up the first phase, the authors suggest a link layer trigger definition for handover. The parameter for this link layer trigger is an abstract measure of signal quality. This abstract measure is obtained by mapping RAT-specific measures to this abstract measure.
A. Festtag, "Optimization of handover performance by link layer trimmers in IP-based networks and: 01, T, and T, which are two-layer-triggers in IP-based networks. 3GPP document, TS 23.107 V. 6.1.0 3GPP document, TS 25.413 6.0.0 IEEE 802.11e

  An object of the present invention is to perform a handover in a heterogeneous network that does not require much signaling between a terminal device and a wireless communication system.

  Another object of the present invention is to facilitate seamless handover in heterogeneous networks.

  These and other objects are solved by the features of the independent claims. Preferred embodiments of the invention are described by the features of the dependent claims. It should be emphasized that any reference signs in the claims shall not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.

  The object mentioned above is solved by a method in which the determination of the wireless communication system for handover is triggered by at least one trigger signal. Thus, the method can be used in systems such as GSM or UMTS systems where the network is responsible for handover decisions. In this case, the terminal device transmits at least one trigger signal that triggers or starts a handover determination by the wireless communication system. Then, it is up to the communication system to determine whether a handover should be performed. Furthermore, the method is a method for triggering a handover by at least one trigger signal. In the latter case, the method can be used by a system, such as a WLAN system or a WiMAX system, in which the terminal device is responsible for handover decisions. In that case, the terminal device transmits at least one trigger signal to the communication system, and the communication system performs the handover as instructed.

  The method utilizes algorithms that are generic, ie can be used by many radio access technologies such as UMTS, GSM, WiMAX, WLAN, GRPS, Bluetooth, etc. In the first step of the method, the values of the parameters of the algorithm are determined. The parameter is a general parameter that quantifies at least one aspect of the quality of service of the radio link. Each radio link is then characterized by such a generic QoS parameter set.

Each generic QoS parameter is suitable for quantifying at least one aspect of the quality of service of the radio link. The generic QoS parameter set then serves to characterize the overall radio link quality. The general QoS parameters can be the same as the QoS parameters known in UMTS or WLAN, and in particular can include: That is,
Average data transfer rate and peak data transfer rate (kilobits / second)
Packet delay (ms)
Delay jitter (ms)
Maximum packet loss rate (%), bit error rate, or block / frame error rate (‰)

  A more comprehensive list of QoS parameters is listed in Table 1 for the UMTS system case. They are 3GPP documents, TS 23.107 V. 6.1.0 and TS 25.413 The radio access bearer attributes defined in 6.0.0, and Table 2 shows the QoS parameters for a WLAN system compliant with IEEE 802.11e.

  However, the QoS parameters may differ from the QoS parameters known in UMTS or WLAN in order to take into account other RATs. This modified generic QoS parameter set can be agreed upon in the standardization process. In the following description, QoS parameters are always general QoS parameters unless otherwise specified.

  The advantage of the general QoS parameters used by the method according to the invention is that if they are sent to layer 3 or layer 3.5 or to the general link layer on layer 2.5, they are 2 It can be directly compared between two or more RATs. This means that systems operating with different RATs can easily interpret the QoS parameters of systems with different RATs. This is because they use the same parameters or, in short, the same language. However, this is a prerequisite for predicting radio link quality aspects for possible vertical handover.

  In the first step of the method, generic QoS parameters for the radio link are determined. In most cases, all parameters of the generic parameter set described above are determined. This determination may be performed by the terminal device and / or by the wireless communication system, as will be described in more detail below.

  In the second step of the present invention, the general algorithm described above, in which the general parameters are used as input, is processed. The algorithm can be metric or can be based on heuristic rules. For metrics, the output of the algorithm can be a matrix value, a vector value, or a scalar value. This output quantifies the overall quality of the corresponding radio link.

  In a third step, it is determined whether a trigger signal has to be transmitted from the terminal device to the communication system. This is done based on the output of the algorithm. If the algorithm is based on heuristic rules, it can immediately yield a “yes” or “no” decision on the handover. If the algorithm is metric, the output of the algorithm must be interpreted, and the interpretation depends on the operator policy or on the network operator's marketing considerations. If the algorithm outputs a scalar value, it may be decided to send a trigger signal if the scalar value is less than a threshold value. This makes sense if the threshold indicates a minimum quality of service for the radio link.

  A more sophisticated way of performing the third step can be selected when the first step and the second step are performed for multiple radio links. In this way, the radio link quality of multiple radio links is determined. Next, a ranking that distinguishes the (overall) quality of the radio links can be performed. As an example, a trigger signal can be sent if the ranking of the radio link currently serving a terminal device is not the best ranking. In fact, the quality ranking result can be transmitted from the communication system to the terminal device or vice versa. In general, ranking can be performed by a mobile terminal device or by a communication system, and if performed by a communication system, can be performed by a serving access point or by a radio resource management server It is.

  In addition to using the overall radio link quality to determine the ranking position of the radio link, a separate algorithm can be implemented for ranking. This additional algorithm can also make use of more complex criteria for handover. More complex criteria can use QoS parameters as well as parameters other than QoS parameters. An example of a more complex criterion is a measure of the received signal strength of each of the corresponding wireless links (which provides the maximum data rate that can be provided in actual link conditions), the actual data rate required by the application. As well as the value of the QoS parameter.

  In addition, more complex criteria can include required data rates and user preferences for providing quality of service, network load, operator policy, or operator cost functions. Additional criteria are listed below on pages 10 and 11. Many other ranking schemes can be developed according to technical and economic preferences. Essentially, the ranking algorithm is determined by the network operator, downloaded to the terminal equipment, and updated on the device if necessary. The algorithm can allow some parameters to be adjusted to allow for the definition of user preferences, however, using ranking algorithms, items defined by the network operator and Only under conditions.

  In the fourth step of the method, if the result of the third step has already been transmitted to the trigger signal, the trigger signal is transmitted from the terminal device to the communication system. If the network is responsible for handover decisions, reception of trigger signals is taken into account in internal decision making as far as possible handovers are concerned. In that case, the determination may be to perform a handover or not. When the terminal apparatus is responsible for handover determination, handover is always performed after transmitting the trigger signal.

  One advantage of the method described above is that it facilitates handover, especially vertical handover. Use of this method allows the link quality of the radio links to be predicted and compared, and the radio links may belong to the same RAT or different RATs. However, this is a prerequisite for seamless handover, in particular for seamless vertical handover.

  The main advantage of this method is that the overhead is smaller, especially for systems where the network is responsible for handover. The reason is that the measurement values used in determining for handover are not transferred to the communication system and are processed inside the terminal device where those values are generated. The processed measurement can be the general-purpose QoS parameter described above. Instead of measurements, only a few trigger signals, if any, are transferred depending on the output of the algorithm.

  Another advantage of this method is that fewer resources are needed for handover decisions in the network because part of the decision making is transferred to the terminal device acting as an autonomous unit.

  Yet another advantage of the present invention is that it has the potential to increase network efficiency as well as load balancing in the network.

  When ranking of the radio link quality is performed as described above, signaling over the air is greatly reduced since further signaling is only needed if the ranking changes.

  Another advantage of the method is realized when the method is executed with a computer program for determining for handover. The computer program for determining handover is less complicated and less maintenance is required when the method according to the invention is executed. Furthermore, it is easier to take into account newly emerging RATs. This is because the basic structure of the algorithm for determining handover is already present and does not need to be programmed from scratch.

  There are a large number of possibilities for determining general-purpose QoS parameters. One possibility is to measure and / or estimate QoS parameters that are specific to a particular RAT and to map or convert those parameters to generic QoS parameters. As an example, UMTS-specific QoS parameters can be mapped to generic QoS parameters. This requires that existing algorithms for determining RAT-specific QoS parameters can still be used, as well as additional software that maps RAT-specific QoS parameters to generic QoS parameters. It means that there is. The mapping contains information that is specific to only a single RAT and is therefore completely within the scope of OSI layer 2.

  A second possibility for determining generic QoS parameters is to directly measure and / or estimate those parameters. This is useful for communication systems that provide services with several RATs. In that case, the computer program for the determination of QoS parameters is simplified because only a single algorithm is required for each RAT, rather than multiple algorithms.

Another possibility for determining general QoS parameters consists in receiving those parameters. If it is the terminal device that determines the QoS parameters, the device can receive further generic QoS parameters from the communication system. Alternatively, the mobile terminal device may receive further RAT-specific QoS parameters from the communication system to map or convert to general QoS parameters. Receiving parameters by the terminal device is advantageous when RAT-specific parameters, such as statistical data on medium utilization, or general QoS parameters cannot be determined by the terminal device. Further, the received QoS parameters can be parameters from the system information database that also contribute to service quality, such as: That is,
Capabilities such as application type hardware capabilities and supported protocol options, and supported mobility in the network load RAT for load balancing between access information operator policies RAT and between networks, eg normal cell radius The cost security level of signaling load and latency link operations for maximum allowed user rate handovers, e.g., private access user subscription restrictions and user preferences in private areas of the network, or areas with restricted access, For example, user preferences due to connection cost reasons

If the communication system determines the QoS parameters, the communication system can receive further general-purpose QoS parameters from the terminal device. Alternatively, the communication system may receive further RAT-specific QoS parameters from the terminal device to map or convert to general QoS parameters. The QoS parameters to be received by the communication system can be as follows: That is,
Application Type Link Budget or Data Transfer Rate, etc. Measured QoS Parameter Hardware Functions, and Capabilities such as Supported Protocol Options Time Delay to Switch Between User Location or User Speed RAT (0 is at the terminal Shows that both RATs can be used in parallel)
User preferences due to dedicated access rights connection costs such as those stored on the SIM card

  Instead of receiving the QoS parameters themselves, it is also possible to receive only a mathematical representation of those parameters. The mathematical representation can also be an intermediate value that can be inserted into an algorithm, for example a metric, to calculate the radio link quality. The exact nature of this intermediate value depends strongly on the metric used. As an example, the communication system can determine 15 general-purpose QoS parameters and send an intermediate value representing those 15 parameters. The terminal device itself also determines 10 general-purpose QoS parameters and uses them together with intermediate values to calculate the value of the metric. As a further example, this approach is possible when the metric consists of the product of all QoS parameters. In that case, the mathematical expression is the product of the 15 QoS parameters mentioned above. This product is then multiplied by 10 QoS parameters determined by the terminal device. This approach has the advantage of reducing signaling load.

  In fact, it is possible to receive not only a mathematical representation of general-purpose QoS parameters, but also a mathematical representation of RAT-specific QoS parameters. In that case, the mathematical representation can also be an intermediate value that can be used in an algorithm that maps RAT-specific QoS parameters to generic QoS parameters.

  In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the metric value is a scalar value. In that case, it is particularly easy to compare the quality of different radio links. As an example, a large value of the metric can indicate a link with good overall quality of service for an application, while a low value indicates a link with poor overall quality of service.

  In another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the metric is a configurable metric. Configurable means that a parameter, i.e. a parameter of a metric that is not a QoS parameter, can be adjusted, so that the terminal or communication system allows the metric to be in a specific situation, e.g. Or it can be adapted to the operator policy. Furthermore, the configuration can be used to tailor metrics to situations where the availability of QoS parameters is limited. For example, it is possible to calculate a metric result using only the QoS parameters that can be determined, but not the QoS parameters that need to be received.

  Configurable metrics have the advantage of reducing signaling between the terminal device and the communication system. The reason is that the configurable metrics make it possible to identify radio links that exhibit unacceptably low radio link quality. As an example, the QoS parameters determined by the terminal equipment can clearly indicate that the radio link is not suitable for Internet browsing because the data transfer rate of the radio link is too low. In such a case, the QoS parameters of this radio link are not transmitted to the communication system or the terminal device, respectively, since no further calculation is necessary. This reduces overhead by avoiding transmission of QoS parameters or mathematical representations of QoS parameters that are not used anyway for future access.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the metric is a mathematical formula.
Where f i (x i ) is
Where QoS determined (i) is the determined QoS parameter as described above. QoS application (i) is the corresponding QoS parameter required by the application running on the terminal device. i is an integer in the range from 1 to N, where N is the number of determined QoS parameters. a i is a weighting factor.

In general, QoS application (i) is the maximum allowable value or the minimum allowable value of a general-purpose QoS parameter for a specific application. Examples of conversational applications are as follows: That is,
Bit error rate of less than 1% jitter less than 5ms delay in MAC layer less than 50ms

For browsing on the Internet, QoS application (i) can be as follows. That is,
A bit error rate of less than 0.1% at a data rate of more than 1 megabit per second with a delay in the MAC layer of less than 150 milliseconds

With the weighting factor a i , the metric becomes a configurable metric and can be adapted to a specific application running on the terminal device. The reason is that each application requires a specific QoS parameter set. As an example, the MAC layer delay has a higher weight for real-time applications than for background services. For background services, the corresponding index a i can be set to 1 or even 0. Thus, the weighting factor allows for the determination of application specific link quality, thereby enabling determination of link quality measures specifically tailored to user or operator requirements. Furthermore, if the user still uses different applications simultaneously, it may be necessary to find certain compromise values for their weighting factors.

In a further embodiment, the metric described above is calculated with f i (x i ) = x i .

  The calculation of the quality metric disclosed above may result in an unreasonable value in the case where one of the QoS parameters has an unacceptably low value, for example a value below a predefined threshold. This can be compensated for by complementing the metric with a clipping function whose QoS components with unacceptably low values are clipped to zero. This can be done by applying a clipping function to some or all of the QoS ratios in the metric. This approach sets the entire metric to 0 so that the radio link is ignored in the quality ranking described above. This avoids that a low measurement value of the first QoS parameter can be compensated by a high measurement value of the second QoS parameter which is not so important.

Correspondingly, excessive provision of QoS parameters can be clipped to the maximum value in the metric. In that case, the QoS parameter in the metric should not be considered to have a value higher than the required value. An example is a wireless link that provides a data transfer rate of 54 megabits per second for video streaming that only requires 384 kilobits per second. In that case, the corresponding value of QoS determined (i) is set to 384 kilobits per second for all values greater than 384 kilobits per second.

  If the surmounting data rate does not further increase the term in the metric, all links with sufficient bandwidth are counted equally. For this reason, clipping preserves the significance of other parameters, such as delay or loss. In that case, the handover can be limited to the case where the target cell provides a new useful QoS enhancement for the application.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, each factor of the metric product is changed by the clipping function as follows. That is,

Here, mini i represents a minimum allowable value of the quantity, and max i represents a maximum allowable value of the quantity (quantity). The use of the clipping function can be performed by the terminal device or the communication system.

In a further preferred embodiment, the weighting factors a i are sometimes updated and transmitted from the communication system to the terminal device. This takes into account that the weighting factors are mostly operator specific and can be changed from time to time to reflect a change in the policy, as determined by the operator policy. In such a case, the determination of the parameters of the radio link can be performed by a terminal device that calculates the value of the metric after receiving the weighting factor from the communication system.

  In a further preferred embodiment, the terminal device sends a trigger signal to the communication system when the radio link providing the service is not the best radio link by ranking. In that case, the best radio link by quality ranking or better than the serving radio link may be selected as the future serving radio link for handover. This is particularly useful when the handover decision is network-based, but for load reasons, it is only determined when a relevant event occurs, not after each measurement. The terminal device sends a trigger signal to the network decision function only when it detects such an event (by using a configured metric). The trigger signal may include all or selected measured QoS parameters and a proposed handover target. The network then makes a final decision on the target link and the appropriate timing in order to perform the handover.

  It goes without saying that the method disclosed above can be executed by a computer program. The computer program can be stored on a suitable storage medium such as a CD or DVD, or it may be transmitted by an electrical carrier signal via a network such as the Internet.

  These and other aspects of the invention will be apparent from and will be elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter. Note that the use of symbols should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.

  FIG. 1 shows a communication system 1 using the present invention. The mobile terminal device 2 can establish radio links 5, 5 ', 5 "to the base stations 6, 6' and 6", respectively. The base station 6 is a Node B that provides a UMTS service, the base station 6 ′ is a Node B that provides a UMTS service and an HSDPA (High Speed Downlink Packet Access) service, and the base station 6 ″ provides a WLAN service. Each base station 6, 6 ′, 6 ″ communicates with a corresponding radio resource controller 7, 7 ′, 7 ″, each including a radio resource management system 8, 8 ′, 8 ″. ing. For simplicity, the base stations 6, 6 'and 6 "belong to the same provider.

  A system component 4 of the communication system 1 is connected to the RNC 7 ″ by an optical fiber 10. The component 4 includes an optical disc drive 9 for inserting a DVD 3.

The provider has the possibility to send metrics from the system component 4 to the terminal device 2 via the optical fiber 7, RNC 7 ″ and hot spot 6 ″, ie the following metrics: That is,
The nature of the factor of this metric has been explained in the previous paragraph.

Table 3 shows the QoS parameters required by the application of the terminal device 2, which means QoS application for three different applications: video phone, video streaming and music download.

Table 4 shows the QoS parameters measured by the terminal device 2 respectively at an exemplary channel loss of 1 percent or 2 percent. The metrics used for the calculation of the quality of the radio link are as follows: That is,

Table 5 lists the indices a 1 = r, a 2 = d, and a 3 = l used in the metric. The terminal device 2 receives the metric of Formula 2 and the parameter QoS application (i) where i = {1, 2, 3} from the communication system 1, and receives them from the internal memory (not shown) of the terminal device 2. Store in. The terminal device 2 directly measures the general parameters described above periodically.

  Tables 6 and 7 show metric values. In the case of Table 6, clipping is performed for the case where the factor of Equation 2 is greater than 1. In that case, the factor is clipped to one.

  As can be derived from Table 6, the best radio link for videophones is access point 5 that provides only UMTS service, and access point 5 'that provides UMTS and HSDPA services is best for video streaming. The hot spot 5 ″ is the best base station for music download.

Table 7 shows the corresponding values of the quality metric in the case where no clipping is performed. In the case of the Node B 5 that provides the UMTS service and the video streaming service to the terminal device 2, a very large value, that is 33.33, is obtained. This is a high ranking, although the data transfer rate is considerably inferior. The reason is that there is an excessive provision of delay requirements of over 200 factors.
Table 1 Lists QoS parameters for UMTS systems.
Table 2 Lists QoS parameters for WLAN systems.
Table 3 Lists general QoS parameters required by the application.
Table 4 Lists general QoS parameters determined by the mobile terminal.
Table 5 Lists quality metric indices.
Table 6 Lists the values of metrics with clipping.
Table 7 Lists metric values without clipping.

1 shows a communication system using the present invention.

Explanation of symbols

01 wireless communication system 02 terminal device 03 computer readable medium 04 system component 05, 05 ′, 05 ”wireless link 06, 06 ′ node B
06 "Hot Spot 07, 07 ', 07" Radio Resource Controller 08, 08', 08 "RRM (Radio Resource Management) System 09 Optical Disk Drive 10 Cable

Claims (11)

  1. A method of triggering a determination of a wireless communication system for handover and / or triggering a handover by at least one trigger signal,
    In a wireless communication system or terminal device,
    a) determining a value of an algorithm parameter suitable for quantifying at least one aspect of the quality of service of a radio link connecting the radio communication system to a terminal device, comprising:
    The parameters (QoS parameters) and algorithms are generic for different radio access technologies (RAT);
    b) processing the algorithm to use the parameters, and in the terminal device,
    c) determining, based on the output of the algorithm, whether a trigger signal needs to be transmitted to the communication system;
    If the determination at d) step c), is positive, and sending a trigger signal to the communication system,
    The algorithm is a metric,
    Calculated according to
    Where QoS determined (i) is the determined value of the general-purpose QoS parameter and QoS application (i) is the value of the general-purpose QoS parameter requested by the specific application executed on the terminal device. Yes, f i (x i ) is a mathematical function, a i is a weighting factor,
    The function f i (x i ) is
    A type of clipping function that is
    Wherein min i represents the minimum allowable value of the quantity and max i represents the maximum allowable value of the quantity .
  2. Determining the value of a generic parameter
    a) measuring and / or estimating generic parameters and / or b) measuring and / or estimating RAT-specific parameters and mapping the resulting values to the values of the generic parameters The method of claim 1, wherein the method is performed.
  3. Determining the value of a generic parameter
    a) receiving generic parameter values, or mathematical representations of generic parameter values, and / or b) receiving RAT-specific parameter values and mapping those values to generic parameter values. The method according to claim 1, wherein:
  4.   The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the processing of the algorithm is performed using values received from the communication system and / or values determined by the terminal equipment.
  5.   The method of claim 1, wherein the algorithm is a metric and the output of the algorithm is a scalar value.
  6. The method of claim 1 , wherein f i (x i ) = x i .
  7. Determining the parameters of the radio link, to be executed by the terminal device, and a terminal device, after receiving the weighting factors a i from the communication system, and calculates the value of the metric, according to claim 1 The method described in 1.
  8.   The method according to claim 1, characterized in that determining the value of the parameter and processing the algorithm are performed for a number of radio links and ranking of the radio link quality is performed.
  9. A computer-readable medium having a computer program,
    A method according to any of claims 1 to 7 , for triggering a determination of a wireless communication system for handover and / or triggering a handover when the computer program is read into the computer. A computer readable medium to be executed.
  10. A terminal device for accessing a wireless communication system comprising the computer-readable medium according to claim 9 .
  11. Including, a wireless communication system terminal according to claim 10.
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