JP4877856B2 - Data communication apparatus and data communication method - Google Patents

Data communication apparatus and data communication method Download PDF

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JP4877856B2
JP4877856B2 JP2009262786A JP2009262786A JP4877856B2 JP 4877856 B2 JP4877856 B2 JP 4877856B2 JP 2009262786 A JP2009262786 A JP 2009262786A JP 2009262786 A JP2009262786 A JP 2009262786A JP 4877856 B2 JP4877856 B2 JP 4877856B2
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data
distribution
request
streaming
information data
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JP2010045847A (en
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浩 吉田
靖宏 鈴木
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三菱電機株式会社
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N21/00Selective content distribution, e.g. interactive television or video on demand [VOD]
    • H04N21/20Servers specifically adapted for the distribution of content, e.g. VOD servers; Operations thereof
    • H04N21/23Processing of content or additional data; Elementary server operations; Server middleware
    • H04N21/231Content storage operation, e.g. caching movies for short term storage, replicating data over plural servers, prioritizing data for deletion
    • H04N21/23106Content storage operation, e.g. caching movies for short term storage, replicating data over plural servers, prioritizing data for deletion involving caching operations

Description

In the present invention, streaming data distribution in which a client that plays streaming data and a media server that distributes streaming data are connected by one or more types of networks, and a cache server exists between the client and media server networks. The present invention relates to a cache server device and a cache method for distributing a load on a media server by caching streaming data with a cache server and reducing network congestion between a client and the media server.
Note that the network for distributing streaming data includes all wired and wireless communication means such as the Internet, digital television broadcasting, and satellite communication.

In a streaming distribution system via a network, streaming data distributed from a media server is finely divided and distributed according to a communication protocol. The client reproduces the data while receiving the divided data.
The cache server device located between the client and the media server caches (accumulates) streaming data transmitted and received between the client and the media server, and instead of the media server in response to the same streaming data request from another client. Streaming distribution from the cache server device.
As described above, client requests can be prevented from being concentrated on the media server, and the traffic load on the network can be reduced.
A proxy for a video-on-demand system via a network that performs such behavior is described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2001-69485.

Further, since streaming data is not static data, it is generally necessary to transmit / receive predetermined data within a certain time. For example, media data having a certain playback time, such as video and audio, is streamed and distributed from the media server while maintaining real-time properties, and the client plays back the streaming data streamed and distributed from the media server.
An apparatus and method for performing caching in consideration of the characteristics of streaming data is described in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2000-293424. In this case, when streaming data is cached in response to a client request, even if the client request is interrupted in the middle, the cache server device acquires the data for the streaming data from the media server instead of the client, It accumulates in.

JP 2001-69485 A JP 2000-293424 A Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-331812 JP 2001-156699 A Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 09-182055

In general, in streaming delivery, real-time reproduction according to a request from a client is regarded as important. Therefore, delivery is often performed using a communication protocol that can easily maintain real-time characteristics.
However, such a communication protocol simplifies the transmission / reception process by omitting a procedure for confirming that the data has been delivered to the transmission destination, but does not guarantee that streaming data to be distributed by streaming reaches the transmission destination.
Therefore, there is a possibility that missing data may occur depending on the congestion state of the network.

  In the conventional method, when caching streaming data, if missing data occurs as described above, the cache server accumulates the streaming data excluding the missing data in the cache and uses it as cache data. In this case, the accumulated cache data lacks the missing data compared to the streaming data distributed from the media server. In this state, when the same streaming distribution request is generated from another client, the streaming distribution from the cache server cannot be performed from the cache server device, or streaming data in a state where data is missing is distributed from the cache server. There is.

  In many cases, media files stored in a media server for streaming delivery contain a plurality of related streaming data. For example, there is one in which streaming data of the same content and a plurality of qualities are included in one media file. For this type of media file, one or more pieces of streaming data are selected and used from a plurality of qualities according to the bandwidth of the network for streaming delivery and the use of the user. Note that the selection may be made when the media server or client automatically selects the best quality from various conditions, or when the user intentionally specifies it regardless of the situation. In addition to this, a media file in which video (multi-angle) taken from a plurality of angles, a still image related to a moving image, or the like is convoluted can be considered. Also in this case, the media server delivers only streaming data requested by the client.

In this case, in the streaming data request from one client, only one streaming data among a plurality of streaming data included in one media file is streamed from the media server, and the media server delivers the conventional cache server device. Only one piece of streaming data is stored in the cache. That is, the related streaming data is not stored in the cache.
In this state, even if the same media file is requested from another client, there is a possibility that the streaming data stored in the cache does not conform to the client's request. For example, when the bandwidth of the network of the requested client is narrow, the quality (transfer rate) of the streaming data stored in the cache is lower, so that it may be incompatible with the client.
Therefore, there is a problem that streaming distribution cannot be performed from the cache server device, and reproduction on the client cannot be performed well even if streaming distribution is performed from the cache server device.

In addition, ADSL (Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line), CATV Internet, FTTH (Fiber To The Home), etc. have spread to general households, and ISP (Internet Service Provider), which is a temporary connection point, can be connected at high speed. . As a result, the media file existing in the ISP to which each user has a contract can be played back at a relatively high speed.
However, when a remote media file is played, it passes through a plurality of networks that constitute the Internet, and therefore must be probable through a network that is probabilistically congested.
Therefore, it is difficult to secure a bandwidth, and it is difficult to directly receive and play back from a media server a media file that is configured in a time series such as a moving image or a voice and in which real-time characteristics are important.

  The present invention has been made to solve the above problems, and even if data is lost during streaming delivery, a file having the same content as the media file existing on the media server is stored as a cache file. Accordingly, an object is to realize a cache server system that enables a service equivalent to a media server.

  In addition, the present invention enables a service of the same quality as a media server by storing a media file as a cache file with a request from one client as a trigger for streaming data including a plurality of related streaming data. Another object is to realize a cache server system.

  The present invention is also applicable to broadcast and multicast. In other words, a cache server system that can perform streaming distribution according to a request from a client by caching the streaming data distributed from a media server (such as a television broadcast station or an Internet broadcast station) regardless of the request of the client is realized. For other purposes.

The data communication apparatus according to the present invention is
Communication between a terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any information data and a distribution device that has at least one information data and performs streaming distribution of information data requested to be distributed by the terminal device A data communication device for performing
A data storage unit capable of storing any information data;
A distribution request receiving unit that receives a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
In the distribution request, it is confirmed whether the request information data for which streaming distribution is requested is stored in the data storage unit. If the request information data is not stored in the data storage unit, the distribution request is A data confirmation unit for transmitting to the distribution device;
A data receiving unit that receives distribution request information data streamed as the request information data from the distribution device in response to the distribution request, and determines whether or not data is missing in the distribution request information data;
A data delivery unit for streaming delivery of the delivery request information data received by the data receiving unit to the terminal device;
A missing data notification unit for transmitting a missing data notification for notifying missing data in the delivery request information data to the terminal device when a data loss in the delivery request information data is detected by the data receiving unit; It is characterized by that.

The data communication apparatus according to the present invention is
Communication between a terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any information data and a distribution device that has at least one information data and performs streaming distribution of information data requested to be distributed by the terminal device A data communication device for performing
A data storage unit capable of storing any information data;
A distribution request receiving unit that receives a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
In the distribution request, it is confirmed whether the request information data for which streaming distribution is requested is stored in the data storage unit. If the request information data is not stored in the data storage unit, the distribution request is A data confirmation unit for transmitting to the distribution device;
A data receiving unit that receives distribution request information data streamed as the request information data from the distribution device in response to the distribution request, and determines whether or not data is missing in the distribution request information data;
A data delivery unit for streaming delivery of the delivery request information data received by the data receiving unit to the terminal device;
A missing data transmission request for transmitting a missing data transmission request for requesting transmission of missing data in the delivery request information data to the delivery device when data loss in the delivery request information data is detected by the data receiving unit And
A missing data receiving unit that receives the missing data from the distribution device;
The data storage unit stores the delivery request information data received by the data receiving unit, and stores the missing data received by the missing data receiving unit in association with the delivery request information data. To do.

The data receiving unit receives the delivery request information data while judging whether data is missing,
When data loss in the distribution request information data is detected by the data receiving unit, the missing data transmission request unit is configured to send the missing data transmission request when data loss is detected in the distribution request information data. Is transmitted to the distribution device.

  The data receiving unit receives the distribution request information data while determining the presence or absence of data loss, stores the distribution request information data sequentially from the received portion of the distribution request information data in the distribution request information data, When data loss is detected, storage processing in the data storage unit is stopped when data loss is detected in the distribution request information data, and the data storage is performed after the missing data is stored in the data storage unit It is characterized in that the storing process to the part is resumed.

  When the data receiving unit detects data loss in the delivery request information data, the missing data transmission request unit sends the missing data transmission request after the data storage unit stores the delivery request information data. It transmits to the said delivery apparatus, It is characterized by the above-mentioned.

  The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the request information data stored in the data storage unit to the terminal device when the request information data is stored in the data storage unit.

The data communication apparatus according to the present invention is
Communication between a terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any information data and a distribution device that has at least one information data and performs streaming distribution of information data requested to be distributed by the terminal device A data communication device for performing
A data storage unit capable of storing any information data;
A distribution request receiving unit that receives a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
A data confirmation unit for confirming whether request information data requested for streaming distribution in the distribution request is stored in the data storage unit;
When the request information data is stored in the data storage unit, a missing data determination unit that determines whether there is data loss in the storage request information data stored in the data storage unit;
Missing data transmission for transmitting a missing data transmission request for requesting transmission of missing data in the storage request information data to the distribution device when data loss in the storage request information data is detected by the missing data determination unit A request section;
A missing data receiver that receives the missing data transmitted from the distribution device;
The storage request information data is stream-distributed to the terminal device, and the data distribution unit is configured to stream the missing data received by the missing data receiving unit to the terminal device.

The data storage unit stores the missing data received by the missing data reception unit in association with the storage request information data;
The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the stored information data and the missing data stored in the data storage unit to the terminal device.

The data communication apparatus according to the present invention is
The terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any one of the information data, and at least one information data file each including at least one or more pieces of information data, and the information data requested for streaming distribution from the terminal device A data communication device that communicates with a distribution device that performs streaming distribution,
A data storage unit capable of storing any information data file;
A distribution request receiving unit that receives a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
It is confirmed whether or not an information data file including request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is stored in the data storage unit, and an information data file including the request information data is stored in the data storage unit If not, a data confirmation unit for transmitting the delivery request to the delivery device;
When the information data file including the request information data is not stored in the data storage unit, the request information data file including the request information data in the distribution device includes data other than the request information data. Related data distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of the other data as related data related to the request information data when the request information data file includes other data. A related data distribution request unit for transmitting to the distribution device;
A data receiving unit that receives request information data streamed from the delivery device in response to the delivery request, and receives related data streamed from the delivery device in response to the related data delivery request;
A data distribution unit for streaming distribution of the request information data received by the data reception unit to the terminal device;
The data storage unit stores the request information data received by the data receiving unit, and stores the related data received by the data receiving unit in association with the request information data.

  The data receiving unit receives other information data streamed as the related data when the request information data file includes other information data other than the request information data. .

  The data receiving unit receives the accompanying data streamed as the related data when the request information data file includes predetermined accompanying data in addition to the request information data.

The distribution device has attribute information indicating data included in each information data file for each of the information data files held,
The data communication device further includes:
An attribute information transmission request unit for transmitting an attribute information transmission request for requesting transmission of attribute information of the request information data file to the distribution device;
An attribute information receiving unit that receives attribute information of the request information data file from the distribution device;
Whether the related data distribution request unit includes data other than the request information data in the request information data file based on the attribute information of the request information data file received by the attribute information receiving unit. It is characterized by judging.

The distribution device designates a data format for each information data file, holds each information data file in a designated data format,
The data communication device further includes:
Data conversion is performed on the request information data and the related data received by the data receiving unit, and the information data file including the request information data and the related data after data conversion and having the same data format as the request information data file Has a data conversion unit to generate as a corresponding information data file,
The data storage unit stores the correspondence information data file generated by the data conversion unit.

The distribution device holds attribute information indicating the data format of each information data file for each of the information data files held,
The data communication device further includes:
An attribute information transmission request unit for transmitting an attribute information transmission request for requesting transmission of attribute information of the request information data file to the distribution device;
An attribute information receiving unit that receives attribute information of the request information data file from the distribution device;
The data converter performs data conversion on the request information data and the related data received by the data receiver based on the attribute information of the request information data file received by the attribute information receiver. It is characterized by.

  The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the request information data after data conversion included in the correspondence information data file stored in the data storage unit to the terminal device.

  The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the request information data from the data storage unit to the terminal device when an information data file including the request information data is stored in the data storage unit. .

The data communication apparatus according to the present invention is
Before the data storage unit completes the storage of the distribution request information data, the distribution request receiving unit receives a distribution request for the request information data from a new terminal device other than the terminal device, and thereafter When storage of the distribution request information data in the data storage unit is completed without storing a part,
The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of distribution request information data to the new terminal device except for an unstored portion that has not been stored in the data storage unit,
The data confirmation unit transmits an unstored partial delivery request for requesting streaming delivery of the unstored part to the delivery device,
The data receiving unit receives the unstored part streamed from the delivery device in response to the unstored part delivery request,
The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the unstored portion received by the data reception unit to the new terminal device.

A data communication method according to the present invention includes:
Communication between a terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any information data and a distribution device that has at least one information data and performs streaming distribution of information data requested to be distributed by the terminal device A data communication method for performing
A data recording step capable of recording any information data;
A distribution request receiving step for receiving a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
It is confirmed whether or not the request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is recorded in the data recording step. If the request information data is not recorded in the data recording step, the distribution request is A data confirmation step for transmitting to the distribution device;
A data receiving step of receiving distribution request information data streamed as the request information data from the distribution device in response to the distribution request, and determining whether or not there is data loss in the distribution request information data;
A data delivery step for streaming delivery of the delivery request information data received in the data receiving step to the terminal device;
A missing data notification step of transmitting to the terminal device a missing data notification for notifying the missing data in the delivery request information data when the missing data in the delivery request information data is detected by the data receiving step. It is characterized by that.

A data communication method according to the present invention includes:
Communication between a terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any information data and a distribution device that has at least one information data and performs streaming distribution of information data requested to be distributed by the terminal device A data communication method for performing
A data recording step capable of recording any information data;
A distribution request receiving step for receiving a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
It is confirmed whether or not the request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is recorded in the data recording step. If the request information data is not recorded in the data recording step, the distribution request is A data confirmation step for transmitting to the distribution device;
A data receiving step of receiving distribution request information data streamed as the request information data from the distribution device in response to the distribution request, and determining whether or not there is data loss in the distribution request information data;
A data delivery step for streaming delivery of the delivery request information data received in the data receiving step to the terminal device;
A missing data transmission request for transmitting a missing data transmission request for requesting transmission of missing data in the delivery request information data to the delivery device when data missing in the delivery request information data is detected by the data receiving step. Steps,
Receiving missing data from the distribution device, and receiving missing data,
The data recording step records the distribution request information data received by the data reception step, and records the missing data received by the missing data reception step in association with the distribution request information data. To do.

A data communication method according to the present invention includes:
Communication between a terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any information data and a distribution device that has at least one information data and performs streaming distribution of information data requested to be distributed by the terminal device A data communication method for performing
A data recording step capable of recording any information data;
A distribution request receiving step for receiving a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
A data confirmation step for confirming whether or not the request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is recorded by the data recording step;
When the request information data is recorded by the data recording step, a missing data judgment step for judging the presence or absence of data in the recording request information data recorded by the data recording step;
Missing data transmission for transmitting a missing data transmission request for requesting transmission of missing data in the recording request information data to the distribution device when data missing in the recording request information data is detected by the missing data determination step A request step;
A missing data receiving step for receiving the missing data transmitted from the distribution device;
A data distribution step of streaming distribution of the recording request information data to the terminal device and streaming distribution of the missing data received in the missing data reception step to the terminal device.

A data communication method according to the present invention includes:
The terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any one of the information data, and at least one information data file each including at least one or more pieces of information data, and the information data requested for streaming distribution from the terminal device A data communication method for communicating with a distribution device that performs streaming distribution,
A data recording step capable of recording any information data file;
A distribution request receiving step for receiving a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
It is confirmed whether or not an information data file including request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is recorded in the data recording step, and an information data file including the request information data is recorded in the data recording step. If not, a data confirmation step of sending the delivery request to the delivery device;
When the information data file including the request information data is not recorded in the data recording step, the distribution information includes a data other than the request information data in the request information data file including the request information data. Related data distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of the other data as related data related to the request information data when the request information data file includes other data. Related data distribution requesting step for transmitting to the distribution device;
A data receiving step of receiving request information data streamed from the distribution device in response to the distribution request and receiving related data streamed from the distribution device in response to the related data distribution request;
A data distribution step for streaming distribution of the request information data received in the data reception step to the terminal device;
The data recording step records the request information data received in the data receiving step, and records the related data received in the data receiving step in association with the request information data.

  As described above, according to the present invention, even when missing data occurs in the distribution request information data stream-distributed from the distribution device, the data communication device can recognize the data and further allow the terminal device to recognize it. For this reason, for example, when the information data is a moving image or the like, even if missing data occurs, the terminal device can easily cope with the skipping of the reproduction process or request the delivery device for the missing data again. There is an effect that efficiency can be improved.

  Further, according to the present invention, even when missing data occurs in the delivery request information data streamed from the delivery device, the data communication device immediately recognizes it, requests the delivery device again for the missing data, Since the data is acquired and stored, virtually no missing data occurs between the data communication device and the distribution device. Therefore, since there is a possibility that missing data is generated only between the terminal device and the data communication device, there is an effect of reducing the occurrence rate of missing data in the entire streaming distribution system. If the network performance from the data communication device to the terminal device, for example, the bandwidth or transfer rate is large, there is also an effect that the occurrence rate of missing data can be almost eliminated.

  Further, according to the present invention, even when missing data occurs in the delivery request information data streamed from the delivery device, for example, when the load on the delivery device is low or the traffic load on the network is low, the missing data By requesting the transmission, the data communication apparatus can efficiently acquire the missing data, and can compensate for the missing data in the distribution request information data. Therefore, missing data in the distribution request information data is compensated without imposing a load on the distribution device or network traffic, the hit rate for the information data is improved, the load on the distribution device, and between the distribution device and the data communication device This has the effect of reducing the network traffic load.

  Further, according to the present invention, even when the information data requested by the terminal device is stored in the data communication device, and the missing data is insufficient in the storage request information data, the data communication device requests the storage Since streaming data is distributed to terminal devices using information data, missing data can be acquired from the distribution device in advance before being distributed to the terminal device, so the terminal device is normal without recognizing any missing data. In addition, there is an effect that information data can be received.

According to the present invention, the data communication device converts the information data into a corresponding information data file having the same data format as the information data file held in the distribution device, and stores the corresponding information data file. The data communication apparatus has an effect that it can perform the same service as the distribution apparatus.
In addition, since the data communication apparatus can use the same streaming distribution function as that of the distribution apparatus, the development cost of the data communication apparatus can be greatly reduced.

  According to the present invention, the data communication device causes the distribution device to stream all information data in synchronization with the distribution request from the terminal device for the information data file including a plurality of information data. All information data can be stored. Therefore, even when a request for other information data included in the same information data file is generated from another terminal device, the other information data is already stored, so the hit rate for the information data is further improved. effective.

Further, according to the present invention, the data communication device causes the distribution device to stream all the information data to the distribution device in synchronization with the distribution request from the terminal device, and holds the information data file including a plurality of information data in the distribution device. By converting to a corresponding information data file having the same data format as the information data file being stored and storing the corresponding information data file, the information data can be instantly equivalent to the distribution device in response to a request from only one terminal device. There is an effect that the service can be performed.
In addition, since the data communication apparatus can use the same streaming distribution function as the distribution apparatus, the development cost of the data communication apparatus can be greatly reduced.

  Further, according to the present invention, even when the data communication device is storing the information data distributed from the distribution device, the data communication device uses the stored information data to stream in response to a request from another terminal device. Since the distribution can be performed, there is an effect that the hit rate for the information data is further improved.

The network block diagram in this invention. FIG. 3 is a diagram showing a flow of processing in the first embodiment. FIG. 9 shows a flow of processing in the second embodiment. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing a flow of processing in the third embodiment. FIG. 10 shows a flow of processing in the fourth embodiment. FIG. 10 is a diagram showing a flow of processing in a fifth embodiment. FIG. 18 shows a flow of processing in a sixth embodiment. FIG. 20 shows a flow of processing in the seventh embodiment. FIG. 20 shows a flow of processing in an eighth embodiment.

Embodiment 1 FIG.
FIG. 1 is a configuration diagram showing a network environment to which a cache server of the present invention is applied.
In FIG. 1, 1 is a cache server, 2 is a media server, 3 is a client, and 4 is a network.
The media server 2, client 3, and cache server 1 are connected to the network 4. The network 4 includes all wired and wireless communication units such as the Internet, digital television broadcasting, and satellite communication. A plurality of clients, media servers, and cache servers may be connected to one network, and a plurality of networks may be connected to each device.

The media server 2 holds one or more media files by the media file storage unit 103. The media server 2 receives a request from the client 3 via the network 4 and performs streaming delivery to the client 3 using the media file. At this time, data to be streamed is called streaming data.
In addition, what is actually streamed from the media server 2 is referred to as delivery streaming data.
Further, as described above, the media file stored in the media file storage unit 103 of the media server 2 may include a plurality of related streaming data. Specifically, when multiple streaming data of the same content is included in one media file, video shot from multiple angles (multi-angle) or still images related to video are convolved. Media files, etc.
The target of the streaming data is mainly data having a certain time such as a moving image and sound, but static data such as a still image and text may be used as a target.
Here, the media server 2 corresponds to a distribution device, the streaming data corresponds to information data, and the media file corresponds to an information data file.

The client 3 transmits a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution to the media server 2 via the network 4, receives distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2, performs reproduction, display, and the like.
Here, the client 3 corresponds to a terminal device.
Further, streaming data for which streaming distribution is requested by a distribution request corresponds to request information data.

The cache server 1 stores the media file and streaming data requested by the client 3 in the cache, and performs streaming using the media file and streaming data stored in the cache in response to the delivery request from the client 3. Deliver.
A media file stored in the cache is a cache file, and streaming data stored in the cache is a cache data.
Here, the cache server 1 corresponds to a data communication device.

Next, the internal configuration of the cache server 1 will be described with reference to FIG.
The cache server 1 includes a cache confirmation unit 10, a streaming data storage unit 11, a streaming data distribution unit 12, a missing data management unit 13, and a cache data storage unit 101.

The cache confirmation unit 10 receives the distribution request from the client 3 and confirms whether the streaming data (request information data) requested from the client 3 is stored in the cache data storage unit 101 as cache data.
Further, location information of streaming data requested for distribution from the client 3 is managed. The location information means a server name, a media file name, and the like.
As the behavior of the cache confirmation unit 10, when streaming data requested to be distributed from the client 3 is stored as cache data in the cache data storage unit 101, there is a distribution request from the cache data storage unit 101 to the client 3. The streaming data distribution unit 12 is called to perform streaming distribution of the streaming data. If the streaming data requested for distribution is not stored in the cache data storage unit 101 as cache data, the client distribution request is transmitted to the media server 2 to perform streaming distribution from the media server 2, and the media server 2 Distribution streaming data distributed by streaming is acquired as cache data.
Here, the cache confirmation unit 10 corresponds to a distribution request reception unit and a data confirmation unit.

The streaming data storage unit 11 receives distribution streaming data (distribution request information data) distributed from the media server 2 and stores the received distribution streaming data in the cache data storage unit 101.
Further, after storing in the cache data storage unit 101, the process is passed to the streaming data distribution unit 12. The timing at which the process is transferred to the streaming data distribution unit 12 includes a break in streaming data and a timing for each frame in terms of a moving image.
Furthermore, the streaming data storage unit 11 determines whether or not data is missing in the distribution streaming data, and if there is data missing, notifies the missing data management unit 13 of the missing data information.
Here, the streaming data storage unit 11 corresponds to a data receiving unit.

In response to a distribution request from the client 3, the streaming data distribution unit 12 performs streaming distribution to the client using the cache data stored in the cache data storage unit 101. Alternatively, the streaming data distributed from the media server 2 may be received directly from the streaming data storage unit and distributed.
Here, the streaming data distribution unit 12 corresponds to a data distribution unit.

The missing data management unit 13 manages data that has not reached the cache server 1 among the distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2, that is, information on missing data.
The contents of the missing data information include the media server name, the media file name held by the media server, the position where the missing data is generated in the distribution streaming data, and the like. In addition, it allows the client to directly recognize the information of the managed missing data. Specifically, a missing data notification for notifying the client 3 of the contents of the missing data is transmitted to directly recognize the client.
Alternatively, the streaming data delivery unit 12 is notified and streaming delivery is performed except for missing data.
Note that the missing data management unit 13 corresponds to a missing data notification unit.

The cache data storage unit 101 receives the distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2 from the streaming data storage unit 11 and stores it as cache data.
The cache data storage unit 101 corresponds to a data storage unit.

  Although not shown, the cache server 1 can be realized by a computer having a CPU such as a microprocessor, a recording unit such as a semiconductor memory or a magnetic disk, and a communication unit. In the recording means, a program for realizing the function of each component included in the cache server 1 is recorded, and the CPU reads the program to control the operation of the cache server 1 to control the function of each component. Can be realized.

Next, the operation will be described.
First, the client 3 transmits a distribution request for streaming data of a media file to the media server 2.
When a delivery request for streaming data is transmitted from the client 3 to the media server 2, the delivery request always passes through the cache server 1.
The cache confirmation unit 10 receives the distribution request transmitted from the client, and confirms whether the requested streaming data is stored in the cache data storage unit 101 as cache data.

  When the streaming data requested by the client is stored in the cache data storage unit 101 (when hit), the cache confirmation unit 10 passes the distribution request to the streaming data distribution unit 12, and the streaming data distribution unit 12 receives the cache data storage unit. Using the cache data stored in 101, streaming delivery is performed to the client 3 instead of the media server 2.

If the streaming data requested by the client is not stored in the cache data storage unit 101, the cache confirmation unit 10 transmits a distribution request from the client to the media server 2.
The media server 2 receives the distribution request from the client and performs streaming distribution of the corresponding streaming data.
Distribution streaming data distributed from the media server 2 always passes through the cache server. In the cache server, the streaming data storage unit 11 receives the distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2 and stores it in the cache data storage unit 101.

  At the same time, the streaming data distribution unit 12 performs streaming distribution to the client 3 using the distribution streaming data stored in the cache data storage unit. At this time, the streaming data storage unit 11 may transmit the streaming data stream-distributed from the media server to the streaming data distribution unit 12 as it is, and may distribute the streaming data from the streaming data distribution unit 12 to the client 3.

In addition, the streaming data storage unit 11 confirms whether missing data has occurred in the distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2.
When missing data is detected, information on missing data is transmitted to the missing data management unit 13. The missing data management unit 13 receives information on missing data and performs communication for directly recognizing the client. Specifically, a missing data notification for notifying the contents of the missing data is transmitted to the client 3.
Alternatively, the missing data information may be passed to the streaming data delivery unit 12 so that the missing data is removed during streaming delivery to the client 3.

As described above, even when missing data occurs in streaming data streamed from the media server, the client causes the client to skip the missing data that has occurred, or the media again to make the client recognize the occurrence of missing data. Processing such as requesting the server can be performed.
In the cache server, the number of client requests increases, so the possibility that missing data can be obtained from the media server increases, and the missing missing data can be cached without making a special request from the cache server to the media server. It is possible to accumulate.

Embodiment 2. FIG.
First, the internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the second embodiment will be described with reference to FIG.
In FIG. 2, the cache server 1, the media server 2, the client 3, the cache confirmation unit 10, the streaming data storage unit 11, the streaming data distribution unit 12, and the cache data storage unit 101 are the same as those in FIG. .

In the figure, reference numeral 14 denotes a missing data request unit. When missing data is detected in the distribution streaming data by the streaming data storage unit 11, the media is based on the missing data information passed from the streaming data storage unit 11. A missing data delivery request (missing data transmission request) is transmitted to the server 2 to request delivery of missing data. The missing data delivery request is made by directly specifying the position of the missing data in the delivery streaming data, but it may be made by designating a frame if it is a time or moving image from the beginning of the streaming data.
The missing data request unit corresponds to a missing data transmission request unit.

Reference numeral 15 denotes a missing data storage unit that receives missing data distributed from the media server 2 and stores it in the cache data storage unit 101.
When storing in the cache data storage unit 101, the received missing data and the streaming data excluding the missing data are combined and stored. The missing data may be stored alone without being combined with the original streaming data. However, when the missing data is stored in the cache data storage unit 101 alone, the cache confirmation unit 10 is notified and the streaming data stored in the cache data storage unit 101 together with the original streaming data and the missing data. It is assumed that processing is performed so that
The missing data storage unit 15 corresponds to a missing data receiving unit.

  A buffer 104 is a storage device that is used in the streaming data distribution unit 12 and temporarily stores streaming data during streaming distribution to the client 3.

  In the present embodiment, the streaming data storage unit 11 receives distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2 while judging the presence or absence of missing data, and sequentially from the received portion of the distribution streaming data. Store in the cache data storage unit 101.

Next, the operation will be described.
The operation of each part when missing data does not occur in the distribution streaming data distributed from the media server 2 is the same as that of the first embodiment.

  When the streaming data storage unit 11 detects that missing data is generated in the distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2, storage in the cache data storage unit 101 is temporarily stopped and the missing data is immediately Is sent to the missing data requesting unit 14, and the missing data requesting unit 14 makes a delivery request for missing data to the media server 2 to deliver the missing data. At this time, the streaming data distribution unit 12 performs the streaming distribution while having the cache data buffer 104, and even if the storage in the cache data storage unit 101 is temporarily stopped, the streaming data distribution unit 12 acquires the streaming data from the buffer 104 and performs the streaming distribution. To continue.

  The missing data storage unit 15 receives the missing data distributed from the media server 2, stores it in the cache data storage unit 101, cancels the pause of the streaming data storage unit 11, and is distributed again from the media server 2. The streaming data storage unit 11 is instructed to store the distribution streaming data in the cache data storage unit 101. In addition, if the streaming data distribution unit 12 is also temporarily stopped, it is canceled.

As described above, even when missing data occurs in the streaming data distributed from the media server, the missing data is immediately acquired from the media server, so that the missing data can be compensated for and the streaming data can be corrected. Can be stored in cache.
As for streaming delivery to the client, it is possible to use the buffer and perform streaming delivery to the client without pause even when missing data occurs.
Further, even when streaming data stored in the cache is requested by another client, streaming delivery can be performed from the cache server using the cache data supplementing the missing data.

Embodiment 3 FIG.
FIG. 4 shows an internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the third embodiment.
In the figure, the cache server 1, the media server 2, the client 3, the cache confirmation unit 10, the streaming data storage unit 11, the streaming data distribution unit 12, the missing data management unit 13, and the cache data storage unit 101 are the same as those in the first embodiment. Same as 2.
The missing data request unit 14 and the missing data storage unit 15 are the same as those in FIG. 3 in the second embodiment.
In the present embodiment, the missing data management unit 13 calls the missing data request unit 14 in order to distribute the missing data from the media server 2, but schedules the timing for calling the missing data request unit 14, It is also possible to detect the load on the media server, the traffic load on the network, etc., and call the missing data request unit in the best state.

Next, the operation will be described.
The operation of each part when missing data does not occur in the distribution streaming data distributed from the media server 2 is the same as that of the first embodiment.

When the streaming data storage unit 11 detects that missing data is generated in the delivery streaming data streamed from the media server 2, it transmits the missing data information to the missing data management unit 13.
At this time, missing data has occurred, but storage in the cache data storage unit 101 may continue, and streaming distribution to the client 3 may be continued by the streaming data distribution unit 12.

The missing data management unit 13 passes the received missing data information to the missing data request unit 14 when the streaming delivery from the media server 2 is completed, and the missing data request unit 14 transmits a missing data delivery request to the media server. To deliver missing data.
However, the timing for calling the missing data request unit 14 is the network traffic between the media server and the cache server when a certain time elapses from the time when the missing data occurs or at a specified time such as at night, when the load on the media server is low. It may be when the load is low.

  The missing data accumulating unit 15 receives the missing data distributed from the media server 2 and combines the missing data in the cache data storage unit 101 with the missing cache data so that the cache data supplementing the missing data is obtained. Generate.

As described above, even when missing data occurs in the streaming data delivered from the media server, the missing data is acquired from the media server at a certain specified timing, thereby compensating for the missing missing data. Streaming data can be stored in a cache.
Therefore, even when delivery of streaming data stored in the cache is requested by another client, streaming delivery can be performed from the cache server using cache data supplemented with missing data.

Embodiment 4 FIG.
FIG. 5 shows an internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the fourth embodiment.
In the figure, the cache server 1, media server 2, client 3, cache confirmation unit 10, streaming data distribution unit 12, missing data management unit 13, and cache data storage unit 101 are the same as those in FIG.
The missing data request unit 14 and the missing data storage unit 15 are the same as those in FIG. 3 in the second embodiment.
In the present embodiment, the missing data management unit 13 determines whether there is missing data for the cache data stored in the cache data storage unit 101. For this reason, the missing data management unit 13 functions as a missing data determination unit.
Further, in the fourth embodiment, it is assumed that streaming data requested by the client 3 is stored in the cache data storage unit 101, and that the cache data lacks missing data.
Further, cache data for which a delivery request has been received from the client 3 stored in the cache data storage unit 101 is referred to as storage request information data.

Next, the operation will be described.
First, the client 3 transmits a distribution request to request the media server 2 for streaming data.
The cache server receives the distribution request, and the cache confirmation unit 10 confirms whether the streaming data requested by the client is stored in the cache data storage unit 101.
As a premise, since the streaming data requested by the client is stored in the cache data storage unit 101, the cache confirmation unit 10 passes the distribution request to the streaming data distribution unit 12, and uses the cache data to serve the client. Make streaming delivery.
In parallel, the cache confirmation unit 10 passes the processing to the missing data management unit 13. As a premise, since there is a lack of missing data in the cache data, the missing data management unit 13 checks the missing data in the streaming data requested by the client, and pre-fills the missing data in order to compensate for the missing data in advance. The data is transmitted to the missing data request unit 14.
The missing data request unit 14 transmits a missing data distribution request to the media server based on the passed missing data information, and causes the missing data to be distributed.
The missing data storage unit 15 receives the missing data distributed from the media server, and synthesizes it with the cache data in which the missing data is generated in the cache data storage unit 101, thereby generating cache data supplementing the missing data.

  The streaming data distribution unit 12, which has previously performed streaming distribution to the client, compensates for the missing data in advance as described above, and thus performs streaming distribution to the client using cache data without being aware of the missing data. be able to.

  As described above, even when there is a shortage of missing data in the cache, since the missing data is acquired from the media server in advance during streaming delivery to the client, cache data supplementing the missing data may be generated. it can. As a result, the streaming data distribution unit can perform streaming distribution to the client using cache data supplemented with missing data.

Embodiment 5 FIG.
FIG. 6 shows an internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the fifth embodiment.
In the figure, cache server 1, media server 2, client 3, cache confirmation unit 10, streaming data storage unit 11, streaming data distribution unit 12, missing data management unit 13, cache data storage unit 101, and media file storage unit 103 are This is the same as FIG. 2 in the first embodiment.
Further, the operation described in the first to fourth embodiments may be performed by adding the missing data request unit 14 and the missing data storage unit 15 to the configuration illustrated in FIG.

In the figure, reference numeral 16 denotes an attribute data acquisition unit, which transmits an attribute data transmission request (attribute information transmission request) to the media server 2 and sends the attribute data (attribute information) of the streaming data requested from the client 3 to the media server 2. Receive from. The received attribute data is transmitted to the attribute data storage unit 17.
Here, the attribute data refers to attribute information of the streaming data itself, related streaming data, and other related data.
As an attribute of streaming data, for example, there is a transfer rate.
The related streaming data refers to streaming data closely related to the streaming data requested from the client. For example, there are data with different quality, video data with different viewpoints, still images associated with video, text, etc. belonging to the same media file (request information data file) as the streaming data requested by the client.
The accompanying data is control information related to streaming data requested by a client, control information related to related streaming data, and the like.
The related information with related streaming data and other accompanying data includes, for example, whether there is related streaming data in the streaming data requested for delivery from the client, and the accompanying data related to the streaming data and related streaming data. Information indicating whether or not it exists.
Hereinafter, related streaming data and accompanying data are collectively referred to as related streaming data.
The attribute data also indicates the data format of a media file including the streaming data for specific streaming data.
The attribute data acquisition unit 16 corresponds to an attribute information transmission request unit and an attribute information reception unit.

In the figure, reference numeral 17 denotes an attribute data storage unit which stores the attribute data received by the attribute data acquisition unit 16 in a storage device in the cache server and simultaneously transmits it to the related streaming data request unit 18.
Further, the attribute data storage unit 17 transmits the attribute data to the file conversion unit 20.

In the figure, 18 is a related streaming data requesting unit, which requests the media server 2 to stream related streaming data and the like based on the attribute data received by the attribute data acquisition unit 16.
Note that related streaming data and the like correspond to related data.
Further, the related streaming data request unit corresponds to a related data distribution request unit.

In the figure, reference numeral 19 denotes a streaming data selection unit which receives a distribution request from the client 3 and is stored in a cache file or cache data storage unit 101 including related streaming data stored in the cache file storage unit 102. Streaming data suitable for the request of the client 3 is selected from the cache data.
The selected streaming data is transmitted to the streaming data distribution unit 12 or the file streaming distribution unit 21.

In the figure, reference numeral 20 denotes a file conversion unit, which is based on the data format shown in the attribute data obtained from the attribute data storage unit 17 and cache data (related streaming data and associated data) stored in the cache data storage unit 101. Data is converted into a file having the same data format as the media file stored in the media file storage unit 103 of the media server 2.
The cache data converted into a file is stored in the cache file storage unit 102 as a cache file.
The file conversion unit 20 corresponds to a data conversion unit.
The file converted by the file conversion unit 20 into a data format equivalent to the media file in the media server 2 corresponds to a corresponding information data file.

  In the figure, reference numeral 21 denotes a file streaming delivery unit, which performs streaming delivery to the client 3 using a cache file stored in the cache file storage unit 102 in response to a delivery request from the client 3. The streaming data selected by the streaming data selection unit 19 may be distributed by streaming.

A cache file storage unit 102 stores the cache file converted by the file conversion unit 20. As described above, the cache file is obtained by accumulating the streaming data streamed from the media server 2 and the related streaming data converted into a file having a data format equivalent to the media file held by the media server 2.
The cache data storage unit 101 and the cache file storage unit 102 are collectively referred to as a data storage unit.

Next, the operation will be described.
First, the client 3 transmits a distribution request to request the media server 2 for streaming data.
The cache server 1 receives the distribution request, and the cache confirmation unit 10 confirms whether the media file including the streaming data requested by the client is stored as a cache file in the cache file storage unit 102.
If the data is stored in the cache file storage unit 102, the streaming data selection unit 19 selects the streaming data requested by the client 3 from the cache file and transmits it to the file streaming distribution unit 21.
The file streaming delivery unit 21 uses the cache file to stream the streaming data designated by the streaming data selection unit 19 to the client.

  If it is not stored in the cache file storage unit 102, the cache confirmation unit 10 transmits a distribution request to the media server 2. In addition, the cache confirmation unit 10 transmits the distribution request to the streaming data selection unit 19 and the attribute data acquisition unit 16.

Upon receiving the distribution request, the media server 2 performs streaming distribution of the requested streaming data to the client.
In the cache server 1, the streaming data distributed by the media server 2 is received, and the distributed streaming data is stored in the cache data storage unit 101 as cache data by the streaming data storage unit 11.
At this time, the streaming data storage unit 11 transmits the streaming data distributed from the media server to the streaming data distribution unit 12 as it is, and causes the streaming data distribution unit 12 to perform streaming distribution to the client 3.
When the streaming distribution from the media server 2 is completed and the storage in the cache data storage unit 101 is completed, the streaming data storage unit 11 notifies the file conversion unit 20 of a storage completion notification.

The attribute data acquisition unit 16 transmits an attribute data transmission request to the media server 2 based on the distribution request transmitted from the cache confirmation unit 10, and acquires attribute data of streaming data requested from the client from the media server 2.
The acquired attribute data is transmitted to the attribute data storage unit 17.
The attribute data storage unit 17 stores the received attribute data in a storage device.
Further, the attribute data storage unit 17 transmits the stored attribute data to the related streaming data request unit 18. In response to a request from the file conversion unit 20, the stored attribute data is output.

The related streaming data request unit 18 receives the attribute data from the attribute data storage unit 17 and confirms the presence and type of the related streaming data requested by the client based on the attribute data.
When the related streaming data exists, a distribution request for the related streaming data is made to the media server 2. When there are a plurality of related streaming data, a distribution request is made for all the related streaming data.
Relevant streaming data and the like distributed from the media server 2 are received by the streaming data storage unit 11 and stored in the cache data storage unit 101 as cache data. The streaming data storage unit 11 transmits a storage completion notification to the file conversion unit 20 when the streaming distribution of the related streaming data from the media server 2 is completed and the storage in the cache data storage unit 101 is completed.

The file conversion unit 20 receives a notification of completion of storage of the streaming data and related streaming data from the streaming data storage unit 11 in the cache data storage unit 101, and inquires the attribute data storage unit 17 to acquire the corresponding attribute data.
The file conversion unit 20 acquires streaming data and related streaming data stored in the cache data storage unit 101 based on the acquired attribute data, performs data conversion of the streaming data and related streaming data, etc. A cache file equivalent to the media file stored in 2 is created. Further, the created cache file is stored in the cache file storage unit 102 and is set as a cache target. After the cache file is stored, the cache data is deleted.

In the stage where the cache file is stored in the cache file storage unit 102, if there is a delivery request for streaming data in the same file from another client, the cache confirmation unit 10 sends the delivery request to the streaming data selection unit 19 The streaming data selection unit 19 selects the streaming data requested by the client from the cache file and transmits it to the file streaming distribution unit 21.
The file streaming delivery unit 21 uses the cache file to stream the streaming data designated by the streaming data selection unit 19 to the client.

  As described above, even when a media file includes a plurality of related streaming data, the cache server acquires the plurality of related streaming data, creates a cache file equivalent to the media file, and stores it in the cache. can do. Further, even when there is a delivery request from the client to related streaming data, the cache server stores a cache file equivalent to the media file, so that streaming delivery equivalent to the media server can be performed.

Embodiment 6 FIG.
FIG. 7 shows an internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the sixth embodiment.
In the figure, cache server 1, media server 2, client 3, cache confirmation unit 10, streaming data storage unit 11, streaming data distribution unit 12, missing data management unit 13, attribute data acquisition unit 16, attribute data storage unit 17, and related items The streaming data request unit 18, the streaming data selection unit 19, the cache data storage unit 101, and the media file storage unit 103 are the same as those in the first to fifth embodiments.
Further, the operation described in the first to fourth embodiments may be performed by adding the missing data request unit 14 and the missing data storage unit 15 to the configuration shown in FIG.
In addition, media files that are streamed from the media server include files that include a plurality of related streaming data in addition to streaming data.

Next, the operation will be described.
First, the client 3 transmits a distribution request to request the media server 2 for streaming data.
The cache server 1 receives the distribution request, and the cache confirmation unit 10 confirms whether the streaming data requested by the client is stored as cache data in the cache data storage unit 101. When the data is stored in the cache data storage unit 101, the streaming data selection unit 19 selects the streaming data requested by the client from the cache data and transmits it to the streaming data distribution unit 12.
The streaming data distribution unit 12 distributes streaming data designated by the streaming data selection unit to the client using the cache data.

  If not stored in the cache data storage unit 101, the distribution request is transmitted to the media server 2, and at the same time, the distribution request is transmitted to the streaming data selection unit 19 and the attribute data acquisition unit 16.

The attribute data acquisition unit 16 acquires the attribute data of the streaming data requested from the client from the media server 2 based on the distribution request transmitted from the cache confirmation unit 10.
The acquired attribute data is transmitted to the attribute data storage unit 17.
The attribute data storage unit 17 stores the received attribute data in a storage device. Further, the attribute data storage unit 17 transmits the stored attribute data to the related streaming data request unit 18.

  The related streaming data request unit 18 receives the attribute data from the attribute data storage unit 17 and confirms the presence and type of the related streaming data requested by the client 3 based on the attribute data. When the related streaming data exists, a request for delivery of the related streaming data is made to the media server 2. When there are a plurality of related streaming data, a distribution request is made for all the related streaming data.

The media server 2 performs streaming distribution of the streaming data requested from the client 3 and simultaneously performs streaming distribution of the related streaming data requested from the cache server 1.
In the cache server 1, the distribution streaming data and the related streaming data are received and stored in the cache data storage unit 101 by the streaming data storage unit 11.
Further, the streaming data selection unit 19 receives the distribution request from the client, selects the streaming data requested by the client from the streaming data stored in the cache data storage unit 101 and the related streaming data, and sends it to the streaming data distribution unit 12. Send.
The streaming data distribution unit 12 distributes the received streaming data to the client. At this time, the streaming data storage unit 11 transmits the distribution streaming data streamed from the media server 2 to the streaming data selection unit 19 as it is, selects the streaming data requested by the client, and sends the streaming data from the streaming data distribution unit 12 to the client. You may stream to.

  As described above, even when the media file includes a plurality of related streaming data in addition to the streaming data, the cache server acquires the streaming data and the plurality of related streaming data at the same time as the client distribution request, and stores it in the cache. Can be accumulated. Furthermore, even when there is a delivery request from the client to related streaming data, the cache server stores a cache file equivalent to the media file, so that streaming delivery equivalent to the media server can be performed.

Embodiment 7 FIG.
FIG. 8 shows an internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the seventh embodiment.
In the figure, cache server 1, media server 2, client 3, cache confirmation unit 10, streaming data storage unit 11, streaming data distribution unit 12, missing data management unit 13, attribute data acquisition unit 16, attribute data storage unit 17, and related items The streaming data request unit 18, the streaming data selection unit 19, the file conversion unit 20, the file streaming distribution unit 21, the cache data storage unit 101, the cache file storage unit 102, and the media file storage unit 103 are the same as those in the first to sixth embodiments. It is the same.
Further, the operation described in the first to fourth embodiments may be performed by adding the missing data request unit 14 and the missing data storage unit 15 to the configuration shown in FIG.
In addition, media files that are streamed from the media server include files that include a plurality of related streaming data in addition to streaming data.

Next, the operation will be described.
First, the client 3 transmits a distribution request to request the media server 2 for streaming data.
The cache server 1 receives the distribution request, and the cache confirmation unit 10 confirms whether the media file including the streaming data requested by the client 3 is stored as a cache file in the cache file storage unit 102.
If the data is stored in the cache file storage unit 102, the streaming data selection unit 19 selects the streaming data requested by the client 3 from the cache file and transmits it to the file streaming distribution unit 21. The file streaming delivery unit 21 uses the cache file to stream the streaming data designated by the streaming data selection unit 19 to the client.

  If not stored in the cache file storage unit 102, the distribution request is transmitted to the media server 2, and at the same time, the distribution request is transmitted to the streaming data selection unit 19 and the attribute data acquisition unit 16.

The attribute data acquisition unit 16 acquires the attribute data of the streaming data requested from the client from the media server based on the distribution request transmitted from the cache confirmation unit 10.
The acquired attribute data is transmitted to the attribute data storage unit 17.
The attribute data storage unit 17 stores the received attribute data in a storage device. Further, the attribute data storage unit 17 transmits the stored attribute data to the related streaming data request unit 18.

  The related streaming data request unit 18 receives the attribute data from the attribute data storage unit 17 and confirms the presence and type of the related streaming data requested by the client based on the attribute data. If the related streaming data exists, a distribution request for the related streaming data is made to the media server. When there are a plurality of related streaming data, a distribution request is made for all the related streaming data.

The media server 2 performs streaming distribution of streaming data requested from the client 3, and simultaneously performs streaming distribution of related streaming data requested from the cache server.
In the cache server 1, distribution streaming data and related streaming data are received and stored in the cache data storage unit 101 by the streaming data storage unit 11. The streaming data storage unit 11 sends a storage completion notification to the file conversion unit 20 when the streaming distribution of the distribution streaming data and related streaming data from the media server is completed and the storage in the cache data storage unit 101 is completed. Notice.

  The file conversion unit 20 receives a storage completion notification from the streaming data storage unit 11 to the cache data storage unit 101 such as distribution streaming data and related streaming data, and inquires the attribute data storage unit 17 to acquire the corresponding attribute data. Based on the acquired attribute data, the streaming data and related streaming data stored in the cache data storage unit 101 are acquired, and a cache file equivalent to the media file stored in the media server 2 is created. Further, the created cache file is stored in the cache file storage unit 102 and is set as a cache target. After the replacement, the cache data is deleted from the cache data storage unit 101.

  When the cache file is stored in the cache file storage unit 102, the streaming data selection unit 19 selects the streaming data requested by the client from the cache file and transmits it to the file streaming distribution unit 21. The file streaming delivery unit 21 uses the cache file to stream the streaming data designated by the streaming data selection unit 19 to the client.

  As described above, even when the media file includes a plurality of related streaming data in addition to the streaming data, the cache server acquires the streaming data and the plurality of related streaming data, and the cache file equivalent to the media file. Can be created and stored in the cache. Further, even when there is a delivery request from the client to related streaming data or the like, since the cache server stores a cache file equivalent to the media file, streaming delivery equivalent to the media server can be performed.

Embodiment 8 FIG.
FIG. 9 shows an internal configuration of the cache server 1 according to the eighth embodiment.
In the figure, cache server 1, media server 2, client 3, cache confirmation unit 10, streaming data storage unit 11, streaming data distribution unit 12, missing data management unit 13, cache data storage unit 101, and media file storage unit 103 are This is the same as in the first to seventh embodiments.

  9, the missing data request unit 14, the missing data storage unit 15, the attribute data acquisition unit 16, the attribute data storage unit 17, the related streaming data request unit 18, the file conversion unit 20, the streaming data selection unit 19, You may make it perform the operation | movement described in Embodiment 1-7 by adding the file streaming delivery part 21. FIG.

  Confirmation of whether the streaming data requested by the client is stored in the cache data storage unit 101 from reception of the distribution request from the client, transmission of the distribution request to the media server, storage of the streaming data in the cache data storage unit 101, A series of processing such as streaming delivery to the client is as described in the first embodiment.

  In the eighth embodiment, a description is given of a case where the streaming data storage unit 11 stores the streaming data distributed from the media server 2 in the cache server 1 and the streaming data distribution unit 12 performs the streaming distribution to the client. is doing.

  In this case, when a delivery request is made for streaming data currently stored in the cache data storage unit 101 from another client, the cache confirmation unit 10 can store the cache data storage unit even if it is currently stored in the cache data storage unit 101. It is determined that the data has been stored in 101, and another client's distribution request is transmitted to the streaming data distribution unit 12. The streaming data distribution unit 12 acquires corresponding streaming data from the cache data storage unit 101 in accordance with a distribution request from another client, and performs streaming distribution to other clients.

However, there is a possibility that the streaming data currently stored in the cache data storage unit 101 may be interrupted in the cache data storage unit 101 due to the reproduction stop processing of the previous client.
At this time, the streaming data up to the position where the previous client stopped playback is stored in the cache data storage unit 101.
The streaming data distribution unit 12 uses the cache data to perform streaming distribution to other clients that have been playing the same streaming data later until the position where the previous client has stopped playing, and the previous client plays After the stop position, the cache confirmation unit 10 is notified that there is no cache data.
When the cache confirmation unit 10 receives a notification that the cache data does not exist, it makes a distribution request to the media server 2 from a position where the cache data does not exist.
The streaming data distribution unit 12 notifies the cache confirmation unit 10 that the cache data does not exist, not at the time when the previous client performed the streaming distribution to the position where the reproduction was stopped. Notification may be made in advance such as when the client stops playback.

When the media server 2 receives the distribution request from the cache server 1, the media server 2 performs streaming distribution of the streaming data from the requested position to the cache server 1.
In the cache server 1, the streaming data distributed from the media server 2 is received and stored by the streaming data storage unit 11 so as to be added to the cache data previously stored in the cache data storage unit 101.
At the same time, the streaming data distribution unit 12 performs streaming distribution to the client using the stored streaming data. At this time, the streaming data storage unit 11 may transmit the distribution streaming data distributed from the media server 2 to the streaming data distribution unit 12 as it is, and perform streaming distribution from the streaming data distribution unit 12 to the client.

  As described above, in response to a request from a client having a cache server, streaming data from the media server is received and stored, and even if streaming delivery is being performed, the cache is being stored in the cache from another client. When a delivery request for streaming data is received, streaming delivery can be performed to other clients using the data stored in the cache, so that the cache hit rate can be improved.

  In the above first to eighth embodiments, the data communication apparatus according to the present invention has been described. However, the data communication method according to the present invention can also be realized by the same processing procedure.

  Here, the features of the cache server device and the cache method described in the first to eighth embodiments will be described again below.

In the cache server device and the cache method described in the first embodiment, the cache server exists between the client that plays the streaming data and the media server that delivers the streaming data, and the streaming data requested by the client exists in the cache If it exists in the cache, the streaming data is streamed from the cache server to the client. If not, the request from the client is transmitted to the media server. In a cache server system that caches streaming data streamed from a server,
When streaming data streamed from the media server is missing, the data server includes means for storing the location of the missing data and means for causing the client to recognize the missing data.

In the cache server device and the cache method described in the second embodiment, the cache server exists between the client that plays the streaming data and the media server that delivers the streaming data, and the streaming data requested by the client exists in the cache If it exists in the cache, the streaming data is streamed from the cache server to the client. If not, the request from the client is transmitted to the media server. In a cache server system that caches streaming data streamed from a server,
When streaming data streamed from the media server is lost, it comprises means for requesting the media server immediately before delivering the missing data to the client, and means for storing the missing data in a cache.

  In the cache server device and the cache method described in the third embodiment, the cache server exists between the client that plays the streaming data and the media server that delivers the streaming data, and the streaming data requested by the client exists in the cache If it exists in the cache, the streaming data is streamed from the cache server to the client. If not, the request from the client is transmitted to the media server. Streaming data streamed from the media server is missing in the cache server system that caches streaming data streamed from the server If, the missing data independently of the streaming delivery to the client, characterized by comprising means for requesting the media server, a means for storing the missing data in the cache.

  In the cache server device and the cache method described in the fourth embodiment, when streaming data excluding missing data is accumulated in the cache and streaming delivery is performed from the cache server in response to a request from the client, the cache server It is characterized by comprising means for recognizing missing data in advance, means for requesting missing data from the media server, and means for accumulating missing data in a cache.

  The cache server device and the cache method according to the fifth embodiment include means for acquiring attribute data of streaming data from a media server, means for storing the attribute data, and using the attribute data to transfer related streaming data to the media server. Using the stored attribute data and streaming data stored in the cache to generate a file equivalent to the media file, storing the file as a cache file in the cache, and using the cache file stored in the cache And means for streaming distribution of request data from the client.

  In the cache server device and the cache method described in the sixth embodiment, the attribute data of the streaming data is acquired from the media server, the attribute data is stored, the client receives the request from the client, and simultaneously receives the attribute data. Means for requesting a plurality of related streaming data including request data from the client to the media server; means for selecting streaming data to be streamed to the client from the related streaming data; and selecting the selected streaming data to the client For streaming delivery.

  The cache server device and the cache method described in the seventh embodiment includes means for generating a file equivalent to a media file from stored attribute data and streaming data stored in the cache, and storing the file as a cache file in the cache. And a means for streaming distribution of request data from the client using the cache file stored in the cache.

  In the cache server device and the cache method according to the eighth embodiment, when there is a request for the same data being cached from another client, means for streaming delivery to the other client using the corresponding cache data It is characterized by providing.

  1 cache server, 2 media server, 3 client, 4 network, 10 cache confirmation unit, 11 streaming data storage unit, 12 streaming data distribution unit, 13 missing data management unit, 14 missing data request unit, 15 missing data storage unit, 16 Attribute data acquisition unit, 17 Attribute data storage unit, 18 Related streaming data request unit, 19 Streaming data selection unit, 20 File conversion unit, 21 File streaming distribution unit, 101 Cache data storage unit, 102 Cache file storage unit, 103 Media file Storage unit, 104 buffers.

Claims (10)

  1. The terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any one of the information data, and at least one information data file each including at least one or more pieces of information data, and the information data requested for streaming distribution from the terminal device A data communication device that communicates with a distribution device that performs streaming distribution,
    A data storage unit capable of storing any information data file;
    A distribution request receiving unit that receives a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
    It is confirmed whether or not an information data file including request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is stored in the data storage unit, and an information data file including the request information data is stored in the data storage unit If not, a data confirmation unit for transmitting the delivery request to the delivery device;
    When the information data file including the request information data is not stored in the data storage unit, the request information data file including the request information data in the distribution device includes data other than the request information data. Related data distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of the other data as related data related to the request information data when the request information data file includes other data. A related data distribution request unit for transmitting to the distribution device;
    A data receiving unit that receives request information data streamed from the delivery device in response to the delivery request, and receives related data streamed from the delivery device in response to the related data delivery request;
    A data distribution unit for streaming distribution of the request information data received by the data reception unit to the terminal device;
    The data storage unit stores the request information data received by the data receiving unit, and stores the related data received by the data receiving unit in association with the request information data. apparatus.
  2.   The data receiving unit receives other information data streamed as the related data when the request information data file includes other information data other than the request information data. The data communication apparatus according to claim 1.
  3.   The data receiving unit, when the request information data file includes predetermined accompanying data in addition to the request information data, receives the accompanying data streamed as the related data. The data communication apparatus according to 1.
  4. The distribution device has attribute information indicating data included in each information data file for each of the information data files held,
    The data communication device further includes:
    An attribute information transmission request unit for transmitting an attribute information transmission request for requesting transmission of attribute information of the request information data file to the distribution device;
    An attribute information receiving unit that receives attribute information of the request information data file from the distribution device;
    Whether the related data distribution request unit includes data other than the request information data in the request information data file based on the attribute information of the request information data file received by the attribute information receiving unit. The data communication apparatus according to claim 1, wherein:
  5. The distribution device designates a data format for each information data file, holds each information data file in a designated data format,
    The data communication device further includes:
    Data conversion is performed on the request information data and the related data received by the data receiving unit, and the information data file including the request information data and the related data after data conversion and having the same data format as the request information data file Has a data conversion unit to generate as a corresponding information data file,
    The data communication apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the data storage unit stores the correspondence information data file generated by the data conversion unit.
  6. The distribution device holds attribute information indicating the data format of each information data file for each of the information data files held,
    The data communication device further includes:
    An attribute information transmission request unit for transmitting an attribute information transmission request for requesting transmission of attribute information of the request information data file to the distribution device;
    An attribute information receiving unit that receives attribute information of the request information data file from the distribution device;
    The data converter performs data conversion on the request information data and the related data received by the data receiver based on the attribute information of the request information data file received by the attribute information receiver. The data communication apparatus according to claim 5.
  7.   7. The data communication according to claim 6, wherein the data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the request information data after data conversion included in the correspondence information data file stored in the data storage unit to the terminal device. apparatus.
  8.   The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the request information data from the data storage unit to the terminal device when an information data file including the request information data is stored in the data storage unit. The data communication apparatus according to claim 1.
  9. Before the data storage unit completes the storage of the distribution request information data, the distribution request receiving unit receives a distribution request for the request information data from a new terminal device other than the terminal device, and thereafter When storage of the distribution request information data in the data storage unit is completed without storing a part,
    The data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of distribution request information data to the new terminal device except for an unstored portion that has not been stored in the data storage unit,
    The data confirmation unit transmits an unstored partial delivery request for requesting streaming delivery of the unstored part to the delivery device,
    The data receiving unit receives the unstored part streamed from the delivery device in response to the unstored part delivery request,
    The data communication device according to claim 1, wherein the data distribution unit performs streaming distribution of the unstored portion received by the data reception unit to the new terminal device.
  10. The terminal device that requests streaming distribution of any one of the information data, and at least one information data file each including at least one or more pieces of information data, and the information data requested for streaming distribution from the terminal device A data communication method for communicating with a distribution device that performs streaming distribution,
    A data recording step capable of recording any information data file;
    A distribution request receiving step for receiving a distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of specific information data from the terminal device;
    It is confirmed whether or not an information data file including request information data for which streaming distribution is requested in the distribution request is recorded in the data recording step, and an information data file including the request information data is recorded in the data recording step. If not, a data confirmation step of sending the delivery request to the delivery device;
    When the information data file including the request information data is not recorded in the data recording step, the distribution information includes a data other than the request information data in the request information data file including the request information data. Related data distribution request for requesting streaming distribution of the other data as related data related to the request information data when the request information data file includes other data. Related data distribution requesting step for transmitting to the distribution device;
    A data receiving step of receiving request information data streamed from the distribution device in response to the distribution request and receiving related data streamed from the distribution device in response to the related data distribution request;
    A data distribution step for streaming distribution of the request information data received in the data reception step to the terminal device;
    The data recording step records the request information data received by the data reception step, and records the related data received by the data reception step in association with the request information data. Method.
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