JP4869568B2 - Input device and electronic device - Google Patents

Input device and electronic device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4869568B2
JP4869568B2 JP2004174900A JP2004174900A JP4869568B2 JP 4869568 B2 JP4869568 B2 JP 4869568B2 JP 2004174900 A JP2004174900 A JP 2004174900A JP 2004174900 A JP2004174900 A JP 2004174900A JP 4869568 B2 JP4869568 B2 JP 4869568B2
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Prior art keywords
actuator
sensor
housing
input device
touch panel
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JP2005352927A (en
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重明 丸山
幹雄 竹中
宏一郎 高島
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ソニー株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to an input device and an electronic device, and more particularly to an input device and an electronic device that give a tactile sensation to a user.

  Conventionally, mechanical switches such as membrane switches and tactile switches are generally used as input devices for users in relatively small electronic devices such as digital still cameras, mobile phones, and PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants). .

  FIG. 29 shows an example of the configuration of a membrane switch with a dome. The membrane switch 100 presses and bends the arch-shaped dome member 102 from the decorative surface 101 side, and electrically connects the conductor provided inside the dome member 102 to the circuit pattern on the film 103. It has a structure that turns on. The dome member 102 gives a tactile sensation to the user, and the spacer 104 gives a strong click feeling to the user. That is, when the spacer 104 on the dome member 102 is pressed by the user, the membrane switch 100 can make a trigger input to the device and also allow the user to feel that the switch has been pressed.

However, the mechanical switch has the following problems.
(1) Thinning is difficult. For example, in a membrane switch with a dome, the thickness of the decorative surface + spacer + dome is about 0.5 mm.
(2) Since a notch for the switch is required on the casing surface, dust, water, etc. are likely to enter the casing.
(3) Since a place for disposing the mechanical switch on the outer surface of the housing is required, design and design freedom are reduced.
(4) Since the pressing feeling of the switch is mechanically determined, it is difficult to customize the tactile sense according to the user's preference and change the tactile sense according to the situation with the same switch.
(5) When changing the number, size, arrangement, etc. of the switch, it is necessary to newly design and manufacture, and it is difficult to change at low cost in a short period of time.

In addition, there are the following problems as devices become smaller.
(6) It is becoming difficult to secure switch space.
(7) The proportion of the switch in the casing increases, and the degree of freedom in design decreases.

  There is a touch panel as a solution to these problems. A touch panel can be used to input a trigger to a device simply by touching it with a finger or the like, and is used in a station ticket vending machine, a display for car navigation, and the like. The following Patent Document 1 describes a portable device in which a force sense device is embedded in a touch panel display and feedback can be given to a user's fingertip.

JP 2003-288158 A

  However, the touch panel is a touch panel with a tactile sensation as described in Patent Document 1, particularly when used for a display that requires a display equivalent to a photographic image quality, such as a digital still camera, because the panel is soiled by fingerprints. However, this is not always the optimal solution. Moreover, the touch panel needs to arrange | position a panel on the surface of an apparatus housing | casing, and did not fully solve the problem mentioned above.

  Furthermore, the touch panel as described above is a switch that turns on / off by a simple trigger input, that is, an input of an operation signal, and inputs an operation signal according to a user input operation such as a finger pressing force. It wasn't. In addition, the tactile sensation is not changed in accordance with a user input operation such as a finger pressing force. That is, the operability for the user is not always good.

  Therefore, an object of the present invention is to enable reduction in thickness, excellent layout and design, can give the user that the input has been accepted by giving the user an appropriate tactile sense, and has excellent operability. Another object of the present invention is to provide an input device and an electronic device.

In order to achieve the object, the first invention of the present invention is a sheet-like sensor whose electrical state changes according to the pressing force, and detects a change in the electrical state, and determines the pressing force based on the detection result. A controller that outputs an operation signal corresponding to the determined pressing force, an actuator that generates vibration by the driving signal, and a driving unit that supplies the actuator with a driving signal corresponding to the pressing force determined by the controller, The sensor and the actuator are arranged in the casing , and two slits are provided outside the portion where the sensor and the actuator of the casing are arranged and the switch image is provided so as to sandwich the sensor, the actuator and the switch image. In addition, one or a plurality of switches each indicating the switch position are positioned at the position overlapping the sensor pressure detection unit. Switch unit image is provided is provided, the switch portion of the actuator between the slits housing, a touch panel type input device to vibrate more strongly than other portions of the housing.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, a sheet-like sensor whose electrical state changes according to the pressing force and a change in the electrical state are detected, the pressing force is determined based on the detection result, and the determined pressing force is determined. A controller that outputs a corresponding operation signal, an actuator that generates vibration according to the drive signal, and a drive unit that supplies the actuator with a drive signal corresponding to the pressing force determined by the controller. disposed, sensors and actuators of the housing is arranged, and on the outside of the portion where the switch image is provided, sensors, actuators and Rutotomoni two slits are provided so as to sandwich the switch image sensor press detection of One or more switch images indicating the switch position are provided at the position overlapping the part. Switch portion is provided, the actuator is a switch portion of the housing between the slits is an electronic device including a touch panel type input means for vibrating strongly than other portions of the housing.

  According to the input device and the electronic apparatus of the present invention, it is possible to reduce the thickness by using the sheet-like sensor. In addition, the sensor may be attached at a position where the pressing of the place to be the switch part can be detected, and the actuator may be attached to a place where the place to be the switch part can be vibrated. An electronic device can be provided. When the controller receives the input of the operation signal, the actuator is driven and vibrated, so that the user can determine by touch that the operation signal has been input.

  The controller determines the pressing force from an electrical state that changes according to the pressing force of the sheet-like sensor, and inputs an operation signal corresponding to the determined pressing force. Further, the controller supplies a drive signal corresponding to the determined pressing force to the actuator to drive and vibrate the actuator. Therefore, an operation signal can be input according to the pressing force, and vibration according to the pressing force can be given to the user. Thereby, it is possible to provide an input device and an electronic apparatus that are excellent in operability.

  Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is an example of a schematic configuration of an electronic apparatus including an input device according to an embodiment of the present invention. Moreover, FIG. 2 shows the cross section seen from the arrow A direction in FIG. Reference numeral 1 denotes a relatively thin and hard electronic device casing made of a metal such as aluminum or stainless steel or a synthetic resin. A sensor 2 and an actuator 3 are arranged in the device casing 1.

  The sensor 2 detects a press by the user's finger 4. The sensor 2 has a thin sheet shape, and is attached to the outer surface side of the housing 1 with an adhesive member such as a double-sided tape, an adhesive sheet, and an adhesive. The sensor 2 has flexibility, for example, and can be attached without a gap along the curved surface even if the outer surface of the housing 1 has a curved shape.

  By making the sensor 2 into a thin sheet shape, the thickness of the input device can be reduced, and the electronic device can be made thinner. In addition, with a structure that can be deformed into a curved surface, the degree of freedom in designing electronic devices can be improved. Furthermore, for example, by providing a recess in which the sensor 2 is embedded in the outer surface of the housing 1, the outer surface of the housing 1 can be flattened, the number of apparent switches can be reduced, and the design of the electronic device is improved. be able to.

  As the sensor 2, for example, a pressure resistance change type sensor can be applied. Specifically, FlexiForce (registered trademark) manufactured by Nitta Corporation having a thickness of about 0.1 mm and having flexibility can be applied. FIG. 3 is an example of a cross-sectional structure of the pressure detection unit in the pressure resistance change type sensor. The pressure detection part of this sensor formed the silver layer 6 used as conductive wiring on both surfaces of the ultraviolet curable carbon ink layer 5, and further formed the PET (polyethylene terephthalate) layer 7 which protects the silver layer 6 on it. It has a configuration.

  Conductive fine particles 8 are mixed in the carbon ink layer 5. When pressure is applied to the PET layer 7 from the outside by pressing the finger 4 or the like, the distance between the upper and lower silver layers 6 becomes closer. The resistance value between 6 becomes small. For example, an extremely large resistance value of 10 MΩ under no load can be reduced to about 20 kΩ by applying a force of 450 g. The pressure resistance change type sensor uses the change in resistance value of the conductive wiring. Accordingly, the electrical state of the pressure resistance change type sensor changes according to the pressing force. By applying a voltage between the silver layers 6, it is possible to detect the pressing force applied to the pressing detection unit based on a change in the voltage value.

  The pressurization resistance change type sensor has a feature that analog input is possible. Therefore, by using a plurality of press detection units, as shown in FIG. 4, the pressurization resistance change type sensor 9 can detect each of the detection position and the press detection unit in response to “strike input” by the finger 4. The movement of the finger 4 such as the moving speed and acceleration can be easily detected from the change of the pressing force. This makes it possible to easily perform an analog input by operating the finger 4 at an arbitrary speed. In this embodiment, sequential input from a plurality of detection units is referred to as “tracing input”.

  Since the resistance value of the conductive wiring of the detection unit changes according to the pressing force to the detection unit, the pressure resistance change type sensor 9 sets a threshold value of the resistance value for accepting the sensor input step by step in advance. Thus, multistage input corresponding to the pressing force can be easily realized by software or the like.

  As the sensor 2, for example, a capacitive sensor may be applied. Specifically, Touch Motion (registered trademark) manufactured by Alps Electric Co., Ltd. having a thickness of about 0.1 mm and having flexibility can be applied. The capacitive sensor utilizes the conductivity of the human finger 4 or the like. The capacitive sensor will be described with reference to FIGS. 5 and 6. The detection unit of the capacitive sensor has two electrodes X and Y. As shown in FIG. 5, when nothing is approaching the operation surface, the lines of electric force are directed from the electrode X to the electrode Y. As shown in FIG. 6, when the finger 4 approaches the operation surface, a part of the electric lines of force that have moved from the operation surface side toward the electrode Y are absorbed by the finger 4 and the capacitance value decreases. To do.

  By detecting this change in capacitance value, it is possible to detect whether the finger 4 is approaching or touching. In addition, finger movements such as movement speed and acceleration can be detected from changes in contact positions in a plurality of detection units.

  Further, the capacitance value of the capacitive sensor changes depending on the contact area of the finger 4. Since the contact area of the finger 4 increases as the pressing force of the finger 4 increases, the pressing force of the finger 4 can be detected from the capacitance value of the capacitance type sensor. Therefore, the capacitance type sensor can generate a detection signal corresponding to the pressing force. Further, by setting the threshold value of the capacitance value for receiving sensor input in advance, multi-stage input corresponding to the pressing force can be easily realized by software or the like. In addition, by using a plurality of detection units, the capacitance type sensor can detect the movement speed, acceleration, etc. from the detection position and the change of the respective pressing force in the detection unit even for “strike input” by the finger 4. The movement of the finger 4 can be detected. Thereby, an analog input can be performed by an operation at an arbitrary speed with the finger 4.

  The actuator 3 is driven by a drive signal and applies arbitrary vibration to the housing 1 including at least the contact portion of the finger 4. In one embodiment, a thin sheet-shaped piezoelectric actuator that is deformed by application of a voltage is used. ing. In the example shown in FIG. 2, the actuator 3 is attached to the outer surface of the housing 1 together with the sensor 2, but the actuator 3 may be attached to the inside of the housing 1 as shown in FIG.

  By making the actuator 3 into a thin sheet shape, the thickness of the input device can be reduced, and the electronic device can be reduced in thickness. For example, by providing a recess in which the actuator 3 is embedded in the outer surface of the housing 1, the outer surface of the housing 1 can be flattened, the number of apparent switches can be reduced, and the design of the electronic device can be improved. it can.

  As the actuator 3, for example, a monomorph type piezoelectric actuator can be used. As shown in FIG. 8, the monomorph piezoelectric actuator 10 is an actuator having a structure in which bending displacement is caused by only one piezoelectric element 11. For example, as shown in FIG. 9A, the monomorph piezoelectric actuator 10 is configured such that the piezoelectric element 11 contracts when a voltage is applied. Therefore, as shown in FIG. 9B, when a driving voltage is applied to the piezoelectric element 11 attached to the casing 1, the casing 1 is pulled and the casing 1 and the piezoelectric element 11 are bent. The monomorph piezoelectric actuator 10 utilizes the expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element 11 in this way.

As the piezoelectric material used for the piezoelectric element 11, it is particularly desirable to use lead zirconate titanate (common name: PZT) having a large displacement / voltage. The material composition can be changed by a small amount of additive or the like, but in the PZT having a constant d31 generally known as a constant indicating the displacement / voltage performance, it is 100 to 400 (× 10 −12). m / V) can be obtained.

  The piezoelectric material used for the piezoelectric element 11 is not limited to PZT but can be made of quartz, lithium niobate, barium titanate, titanate as long as the displacement / voltage characteristics are sufficiently obtained and the housing 1 can be vibrated. Lead, lead metaniobate, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), or the like may be used.

  Electrodes are formed on the piezoelectric element 11. The electrodes are formed on the piezoelectric element 11 by plating, sputtering, vapor deposition, printing, baking, or the like. As the electrode material, for example, a metal such as nickel, silver, gold, or copper is used.

  As the actuator 3, it is more preferable to use a laminated monomorph type piezoelectric actuator. FIG. 10 is an example of a cross section of a laminated monomorph piezoelectric actuator. The laminated monomorph piezoelectric actuator has a structure in which the piezoelectric elements 11 in the monomorph piezoelectric actuator 10 are laminated for the purpose of improving the displacement / voltage. By forming the piezoelectric element 11 thin and laminating so that positive and negative voltages are alternately applied, the displacement amount can be increased and the voltage required for the displacement can be reduced. For example, the driving voltage can be lowered to about 10 V by forming the piezoelectric element 11 having a thickness of 25 μm by lamination.

  As the actuator 3, for example, a bimorph type piezoelectric actuator may be used. FIG. 11 shows an example of the configuration of a bimorph piezoelectric actuator. The bimorph type piezoelectric actuator 12 is obtained by fixing two piezoelectric elements (piezoelectric elements 14 and 15) with an arbitrary elastic plate 13 interposed therebetween.

  The elastic plate 13 is a plate having a thickness of 0.3 mm, for example, provided between the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 in order to maintain strength. The elastic plate 13 is mainly made of a conductive metal material such as a stainless alloy or nickel alloy, but may be made of a nonconductive material such as reinforced plastic.

As the piezoelectric material used for the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15, it is particularly desirable to use PZT having a large displacement / voltage. The material composition can be changed by a small amount of additive or the like, but in the PZT having a constant d31 generally known as a constant indicating the displacement / voltage performance, it is 100 to 400 (× 10 −12). m / V) can be obtained.

  The piezoelectric material used for the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 is not limited to PZT as long as the displacement / voltage characteristics are sufficiently obtained and the housing 1 can be vibrated. Crystal, lithium niobate, barium titanate, Lead titanate, lead metaniobate, polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF), or the like may be used.

  An electrode is formed on each of the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15. The electrodes are formed on each of the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 by plating, sputtering, vapor deposition, printing, baking, or the like. As the electrode material, for example, a metal such as nickel, silver, gold, or copper is used.

  As shown in FIG. 12A, the bimorph type piezoelectric actuator 12 is configured such that one piezoelectric element 14 extends and the other piezoelectric element 15 contracts when a voltage is applied. Therefore, when a driving voltage is applied to the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15, the piezoelectric element 14 expands and the piezoelectric element 15 contracts, and the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 bend as shown in FIG. 12B. The bimorph piezoelectric actuator 12 uses this bending.

  As the actuator 3, it is more preferable to use a laminated bimorph type piezoelectric actuator. FIG. 13 is an example of a cross section of a laminated bimorph piezoelectric actuator. The laminated bimorph piezoelectric actuator has a structure in which the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 in the bimorph piezoelectric actuator 12 are laminated for the purpose of improving the displacement / voltage. By forming the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 thinly and stacking them so that positive and negative voltages are alternately applied, the displacement amount can be increased and the voltage required for the displacement can be reduced. For example, the driving voltage can be lowered to about 10 V by laminating the piezoelectric elements 14 and 15 having a thickness of 25 μm.

  Here, a specific fixing method of the actuator 3 when a thin sheet-shaped piezoelectric actuator is used as the actuator 3 will be described with reference to FIGS. Note that the method for fixing the piezoelectric actuator is not limited to the following fixing method as long as arbitrary vibration is applied to the housing 1 including at least the contact portion of the finger 4. Further, the displacement amount of the piezoelectric actuator is appropriately set according to characteristics such as the material of the housing 1 so that a desired vibration is applied to the housing 1 at least where the finger 4 is touched by a switch operation.

<Fixed on one side>
In the example shown in FIG. 14, the actuator 3, that is, one side of the piezoelectric actuator is fixed along the outer surface or inner surface of the housing 1 with a fixing member such as a double-sided tape, an adhesive sheet, or an adhesive. . For example, FIG. 14A shows a state before the drive voltage is applied, and FIG. 14B shows a state after the drive voltage is applied. By applying a driving voltage to the piezoelectric actuator, the piezoelectric actuator contracts, the housing 1 is pulled, and the housing 1 and the piezoelectric actuator are bent. Thereby, the housing | casing 1 can be vibrated in the direction of a white arrow. In this case, since the housing 1 directly vibrates due to expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element of the piezoelectric actuator, it is possible to obtain good tactile vibration with strong elastic force. This configuration is suitable, for example, for the monomorph piezoelectric actuator described above.

<One end support>
In the example shown in FIG. 15, one end side of the piezoelectric actuator in the longitudinal direction is fixed to the housing 1 with a fixing member such as a double-sided tape, an adhesive sheet, or an adhesive. For example, FIG. 15A shows a state before the drive voltage is applied, and FIG. 15B shows a state after the drive voltage is applied. By applying a driving voltage to the piezoelectric actuator, the other end in the longitudinal direction of the piezoelectric actuator, which is a free end, is bent by expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element, and is vibrated in the direction of the black arrow. The vibration generated in the piezoelectric actuator is transmitted to the housing 1 through the fixing portion with the housing 1, and the housing 1 vibrates in the direction of the white arrow. In this case, the other end side can be greatly displaced to generate a large vibration. Note that, as in the example shown in FIG. 16, the piezoelectric actuator can be easily bent greatly by adopting a configuration in which the other end side that is the displacement generating portion is weighted. Thereby, the housing | casing 1 can be vibrated efficiently. This configuration is suitable, for example, for the bimorph piezoelectric actuator described above.

<Both ends support>
In the example shown in FIG. 17, fixing members such as a double-sided tape, an adhesive sheet, and an adhesive are provided near the both ends in the longitudinal direction of the piezoelectric actuator on a support 16 made of a miscellaneous material such as a frame in the housing 1. It is stuck with. For example, FIG. 17A shows a state before the drive voltage is applied, and FIG. 17B shows a state after the drive voltage is applied. By applying a drive voltage to the piezoelectric actuator, the piezoelectric actuator is bent by expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element, and the center part of the piezoelectric actuator is caused to vibrate by the displacement of the center part between both ends caused thereby. . The support 16 may be the housing 1.

  The vibration generated in the piezoelectric actuator is transmitted to the housing 1 through the contact portion with the housing 1, and the housing 1 vibrates in the direction of the white arrow. In this case, since the piezoelectric actuator is supported in a bridge shape at two points by the support body 16, the deformation due to the bending of the displacement generating portion is smaller than that in the above-described one-end-side support. Therefore, the vibration amount in the displacement generating part in the arrow direction is smaller than the vibration amount in the case of one-end support. In this case, it is suitable for supporting and vibrating a certain amount of heavy objects. This configuration is suitable, for example, for the bimorph piezoelectric actuator described above.

  For example, as shown in FIG. 18, by providing a contact point with the housing 1 by a support member, for example, at the central portion of the piezoelectric actuator so that the central portion of the piezoelectric actuator is further partially fixed to the housing 1, The housing 1 of the contact portion can be vibrated clearly by expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element. Since the deformation of the piezoelectric element due to the load application substantially coincides with the load application direction, the structure having the support member at the center can stably support the support member. When the casing 1 is vibrated, the click feeling at both ends is larger than that at one end.

  Next, an arrangement example of the sensor 2 and the piezoelectric actuator, that is, the actuator 3 in the housing 1 when a sheet-shaped piezoelectric actuator is used as the actuator 3 will be described with reference to FIGS. The top sheet 17 is a member for protecting the sensor 2, the actuator 3, and the like, and closing the concave portion 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1 so that there are no irregularities such as steps and gaps.

  The top sheet 17 is also a member for making the outer surface of the housing 1 appear as if there is nothing in appearance. The surface sheet 17 is not provided, and the concave portion 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1 by the sensor 2 and / or the actuator 3 is closed so as not to be uneven, and the outer surface of the sensor 2 and / or the actuator 3 is, for example, the housing 1 The outer surface of the housing 1 may be prepared by vapor deposition of a metal paint having the same pattern as that of the outer surface, or by resin plating.

  The surface sheet 17 is fixed by an adhesive member such as a double-sided tape, an adhesive sheet, and an adhesive. In the following example, since the concave portion 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1 is covered with the surface sheet 17 without steps and gaps, the appearance of the outer surface of the housing 1 is made flat, has no seam, and looks The number of switches can be reduced, and the design of electronic equipment can be improved. Furthermore, the dustproof and waterproof effect can be improved.

  On the outer surface of the surface sheet 17 positioned on the sensor 2, a switch image such as a picture or a symbol indicating the switch position by a surface treatment or the like is written. In this embodiment, each of the parts that prompt the user to press with the finger 4 or the like by such a switch image or the like is referred to as a switch. The switch image is not limited to a specific location, and the switch position may be movable in the sensor area of the sensor 2. The switch image is desirably provided at a position overlapping the detection unit of the sensor 2.

<First arrangement example>
FIG. 19 shows a first arrangement example. FIG. 19A shows an operation surface of the housing 1 in which the switch is arranged, and FIG. 19B shows a cross-sectional configuration between XX ′ shown in FIG. 19A. In this example, the actuator 3, the sensor 2, and the top sheet 17 are sequentially stacked and fixed to the outer surface of the housing 1 so as to be embedded in a recess 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1. Therefore, the actuator 3 is fixed to the outer surface of the housing 1 by the above-described single-side fixing, and the sensor 2 and the surface sheet 17 are sequentially disposed thereon. On the outer surface of the top sheet 17, switch images 19 (switch images 19a to 19d) composed of four circles are marked.

  Therefore, in this example, one thin plate-like sensor 2 and one actuator 3 are arranged for four switches arranged in a row. On both sides of the actuator 3, slits 20 are provided in the recesses 18 one by one along both ends in the longitudinal direction of the actuator 3 so that the vibration can be easily displaced. Thereby, the switch part of the housing | casing 1 between the slits 20 where a switch is arrange | positioned can be vibrated partly strongly by the expansion-contraction of the actuator 3. FIG.

  In the case of this example, the actuator 3 is attached to the outer surface of the housing 1 by one-side fixing, and the sensor 2 and the surface sheet 17 are provided on the actuator 3, so that a good tactile vibration with strong elasticity is provided. Can be obtained.

<Second arrangement example>
FIG. 20 shows a second arrangement example. 20A shows the operation surface of the housing 1 in which the switch is arranged, FIG. 20B shows a cross-sectional configuration between XX ′ shown in FIG. 20A, and FIG. 20C shows the section between Y-Y ′ shown in FIG. 20A. The cross-sectional structure of is shown. In this example, the actuator 3 and the sensor 2 are disposed in parallel on the outer surface of the housing 1 so as to be embedded in the recess 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1, and the top sheet 17 is disposed thereon. Thus, the sensor 2, the actuator 3 and the top sheet 17 are fixed. On the outer surface of the top sheet 17 positioned on the sensor 2, switch images 19 (switch images 19a to 19d) composed of four circles are marked.

  Therefore, in this example, one thin plate-like sensor 2 and one actuator 3 are arranged for four switches arranged in a row. Outside the sensor 2 and the actuator 3, slits 20 are provided in the recess 18 one by one along both longitudinal ends of the actuator 3 so that the vibration can be easily displaced. Thereby, the switch part of the housing | casing 1 between the slits 20 where a switch is arrange | positioned can be vibrated partly strongly by the expansion-contraction of the actuator 3. FIG.

  In the case of this example, since the actuator 3 is attached to the outer surface of the housing 1 by one-side fixing, good tactile vibration with strong elastic force can be obtained. Further, since the sensor 2 is attached to the outer surface of the housing 1 so as to be parallel to the actuator 3 and the surface sheet 17 is provided so as to cover the sensor 2 and the actuator 3, the thickness required for the arrangement is reduced. be able to.

<Third arrangement example>
FIG. 21 shows a third arrangement example. FIG. 21A shows the operation surface of the housing 1 in which the switches are arranged, and FIG. 21B shows a cross-sectional configuration between XX ′ shown in FIG. 21A. In this example, the sensor 2 and the face sheet 17 are sequentially fixed to the outer surface of the housing 1 so as to be embedded in a recess 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1. The actuator 3 is fixed to the inner surface of the housing 1 where the sensor 2 is located by the one-side fixing described above. On the outer surface of the top sheet 17, switch images 19 (switch images 19a to 19d) composed of four circles are marked.

  Therefore, in this example, one thin plate-like sensor 2 and one actuator 3 are arranged for four switches arranged in a row. On both sides of the actuator 3, slits 20 are provided in the recesses 18 one by one along both ends in the longitudinal direction of the actuator 3 so that the vibration can be easily displaced. Thereby, the switch part of the housing | casing 1 between the slits 20 where a switch is arrange | positioned can be vibrated partly strongly by the expansion-contraction of the actuator 3. FIG.

  In the case of this example, the actuator 3 is attached to the inner surface of the housing 1 by fixing on one side, and the sensor 2 and the surface sheet 17 are provided on the outer surface of the housing 1 where the actuator 3 is located. Strong and good tactile vibration can be obtained. Since the actuator 3 is attached to the inner surface of the housing 1 where the sensor 2 is located, the thickness required for the arrangement on the outside of the housing 1 can be reduced, and strong vibration can be obtained.

<Fourth arrangement example>
FIG. 22 shows a fourth arrangement example. FIG. 22A shows the operation surface of the housing 1 in which the switch is arranged, and FIG. 22B shows a cross-sectional configuration between XX ′ shown in FIG. 22A. In this example, the sensor 2 and the face sheet 17 are sequentially fixed to the outer surface of the housing 1 so as to be embedded in a recess 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1. The actuator 3 is fixed to the inner surface of the housing 1 where the sensor 2 is located by the one-side fixing described above. On the outer surface of the top sheet 17, nine switch images 19 (switch images 19 a to 19 i) made of a circle are marked in a planar shape.

  Therefore, in this example, one thin sensor 2 and one actuator 3 are arranged for nine switches arranged in a plane. On both sides of the actuator 3, slits 20 are provided in the recesses 18 one by one along both ends in the longitudinal direction of the actuator 3 so that the vibration can be easily displaced. Thereby, the switch part of the housing | casing 1 between the slits 20 by which the switch is arrange | positioned in planar shape can be vibrated partly strongly by the expansion-contraction of the actuator 3. FIG.

  In the case of this example, the actuator 3 is attached to the inner surface of the housing 1 by fixing on one side, and the sensor 2 and the surface sheet 17 are provided on the outer surface of the housing 1 where the actuator 3 is located. Strong and good tactile vibration can be obtained. Since the space between the slits 20 can be widened and the wide range of the housing 1 can be vibrated strongly, the actuator 3 can be arranged efficiently.

<Fifth arrangement example>
FIG. 23 shows a fifth arrangement example. FIG. 23A shows an operation surface of the housing 1 in which the switch is arranged, and FIG. 23B shows a cross-sectional configuration between XX ′ shown in FIG. 23A. In this example, the sensor 2 and the face sheet 17 are sequentially fixed to the outer surface of the housing 1 so as to be embedded in a recess 18 provided on the outer surface of the housing 1. The actuators 3 are fixed one by one along the longitudinal direction of the sensor 2 to the inner surface of the housing 1 located on both sides of the sensor 2 by the above-described single-side fixing. On the outer surface of the top sheet 17, switch images 19 (switch images 19a to 19d) composed of four circles are marked.

  Therefore, in this example, one thin plate-like sensor 2 and two thin plate-like actuators 3 are arranged for four switches arranged in a row. In this example, the actuator 3 is attached to the inner surface of the housing 1 by fixing on one side, and the sensor 2 and the surface sheet 17 are provided on the outer surface of the housing 1 located between the two actuators 3. Therefore, good tactile vibration with strong elasticity can be obtained. Further, by arranging a plurality of actuators 3 (two in this example), the housing 1 can be vibrated more strongly and over a wide range. Of course, as in the first to fourth arrangement examples described above, one slit 20 may be provided outside the two actuators 3 and the top sheet 17 may cover the slit 20. Further, the actuator 3 may be attached to the outer surface of the housing 1.

  The arrangement of the sensor 2, the actuator 3 and the face sheet 17 is such that the sensor 2 detects the position of the user's finger 4 touching the switch, and the actuator 3 can give a tactile sensation to the user's finger 4 touching the switch. For example, the present invention is not limited to the first to fifth arrangement examples. For example, the sensor 2 and the top sheet 17 are fixed to the outer surface of the housing 1, and the actuator 3 is placed inside the housing 1. You may fix by support, both-ends side support, etc.

  Further, the combination of the sensor 2 and the actuator 3 with respect to the switch is not limited to these first to fifth arrangement examples, and a desired vibration can be obtained at least in the casing 1 where the finger 4 is touched by the switch operation. Other combinations may be used. For example, by providing the sensor 2 at the position of the finger 4 that can be operated while the user grasps the housing 1, the pressure by the finger 4 can be detected well. Moreover, the actuator 3 can transmit vibration to the finger 4 satisfactorily by providing it at the position of the finger 4 that can be operated while the user grasps the housing 1. Further, if the sensor 2 can detect the pressing force of the finger 4 through the housing 1 such as a capacitance sensor, the sensor 2 may be disposed inside the housing 1.

  Further, the number, shape, and arrangement position of the slits 20 are not limited to the above-described first to fourth embodiments as long as the displacement in the vibration direction by the actuator 3 is easy. For example, the housing 1 may be provided outside the actuator 3 and the sensor 2.

  Next, the operation of the input device according to the embodiment will be described. FIG. 24 is an example of a block diagram illustrating a signal flow in the input device according to the embodiment. In the input device according to the embodiment, a controller having a sensor driver 21, a CPU (Central Processing Unit) 22, a memory 23, and an actuator driver 24 disposed in an electronic device is used together with the sensor 2 and the actuator 3. The

  The electrical state of the sensor 2 is changed by a switch operation by pressing the user's finger 4 to the detection unit. The detection unit of the sensor 2 is electrically connected to the sensor driver 21, and the sensor driver 21 detects a change in the electrical state. The electrical state of the sensor 2 changes according to the pressing force. The sensor driver 21 converts the detected change in the electrical state into a digital signal that can be read by the CPU 22 and supplies the digital signal to the CPU 22 as a detection signal. In this input device, a detection signal generated by pressing the detection unit of the sensor 2 is used as an operation signal in the electronic device.

  The pressing force of the finger 4 can be determined from the electrical state of the sensor 2. For example, when the sensor 2 is a pressure resistance change type sensor, the pressing force can be determined by the sensor driver 21 measuring the resistance value detected by the detection unit. When the sensor 2 is a capacitance type sensor, the pressing force can be determined by the sensor driver 21 measuring the capacitance value detected by the detection unit.

  The CPU 22 receives the detection signal supplied from the sensor driver 21, determines the pressing force from the received detection signal, and outputs an operation signal corresponding to the determined pressing force. That is, the CPU 22 receives an input of a switch operation when the determined pressing force is equal to or greater than a predetermined value. The input of the switch operation is received in, for example, multiple stages according to the strength of the pressing force. For example, when the pressing force exceeds the threshold A, the CPU 22 determines that the switch has been pressed weakly, and accepts an input by operating the switch as a weak pressing operation signal. Further, if the pressing force exceeds the threshold value B, it is determined that the switch is strongly pressed, and an input by the switch operation is accepted as a strong pressing operation signal. The input can be accepted in any number of stages, but considering user operability, for example, it is preferable to have two or three stages depending on the strength of the pressing force.

  By making each of the threshold values for determining each stage variable and allowing the user to change the threshold by software from the operation menu or the like, an input device with better operability that suits the user's preference can be obtained.

  Further, the CPU 22 determines a detection location, a pressing force, and the like from the detection signal supplied from the sensor driver 21 and outputs vibration waveform data corresponding to the determined result. The vibration waveform data is data for driving the actuator 3. The vibration waveform data may be a vibration waveform signal such as a sine wave, for example, or may be read from the memory 23 as shown in FIG. The memory 23 is a semiconductor memory such as a ROM (Read Only Memory) and a RAM (Random Access Memory). In the case of reading from the memory 23, for example, by reading vibration waveform data suitable for the electronic device, it is possible to give the user a feeling as if the user is pressing the mechanical switch. A plurality of vibration waveform data is registered in the memory 23 in advance, and the vibration waveform data output by the CPU 22 is selected, so that vibration with an arbitrary waveform is output according to the state of the device when the switch is operated by the input device. be able to.

  For example, vibration waveform data that generates weak vibration is associated with a detection signal of weak pressing force, and vibration waveform data that generates strong vibration is associated with a detection signal of strong pressing force. When changing the vibration waveform data in accordance with the pressing force, the vibration may be changed in multiple steps as in the case of receiving the input by the switch operation described above, or may be gradually changed in an analog manner. For example, in the “race input” described above, by outputting analog vibration, it is possible to give the user a tactile sensation as if the bag is tracing on the switch. Instead of the strength of vibration, vibration waveform data having different vibration patterns may be associated. It is preferable that the vibration waveform data corresponds to the type suitable for the type of operation signal determined by the detection signal.

  The correspondence between the vibration waveform data and the detection signal can be made variable, or the vibration waveform data itself can be made variable so that the user can control the vibration waveform data supplied to the actuator driver 24 from the operation menu by software. Thereby, it can be set as the input device which can give the tactile sense more suitable for a user's liking.

  The vibration waveform data output from the memory 23 is supplied to the actuator driver 24. The actuator driver 24 converts vibration waveform data based on a digital signal supplied from the CPU 22 into an analog signal for driving the actuator 3. The drive signal converted by the actuator driver 24 is supplied to the actuator 3. The actuator 3 vibrates according to a drive signal from the actuator driver 24. When the actuator 3 vibrates, the housing 1 vibrates. Therefore, in this input device, when the CPU 22 accepts an operation signal generated by pressing by the user's finger 4 and input into the electronic apparatus, vibration is output by the actuator 3. For example, by enabling the user to directly change at least one of the amplitude, frequency, and output timing of the vibration of the drive signal by software or the like, the user can be given a tactile sensation desired by the user.

  As described above, when the user's finger 4 presses the housing 1, a housing input / output function in which the finger 4 receives vibration feedback from the housing 1 is realized.

  Here, with reference to FIG. 25, an input with an input device according to an embodiment will be described by taking a digital still camera as an example. On the outer surface of the casing 1 of the digital still camera, there is almost no unevenness due to the switch member, and it is a flat shape.

  Usually, a digital still camera is used by holding the end of the housing 1 with one hand or both hands. As an example, this digital still camera is provided with an input switch at a portion gripped by the right hand. A sensor 2 is arranged at each finger position that can be operated while the user grasps the housing 1 with the right hand, and the rear surface of the housing 1 (the self side is the front surface and the opposite surface is the rear surface). Are provided with sensor regions 31, 32, 33, a sensor region 34 is provided on the upper surface, and a sensor region 35 is provided on the front surface. The sensor areas 31 to 35 are areas in which the sensor 2 disposed under each finger can detect a press by the finger 4.

  The sensor areas 31, 32, and 33 are provided in ranges that can be operated with the middle finger, the ring finger, and the little finger of the right hand, respectively, in a state where the housing 1 is grasped with the right hand. The sensor region 34 is provided in a range that can be operated with the right index finger. The sensor area 35 is provided in a range that can be operated with the thumb of the right hand. In the sensor areas 31, 32 and 33, point input is possible, in the sensor area 34, line input is possible, and in the sensor area 35, surface input is possible.

The point input will be described with reference to FIG. As shown in FIG. 26A, one switch by the detection unit 36 of the sensor 2 is arranged immediately below the housing part touched by the middle finger, the ring finger, and the little finger. By the on / off operation of these three fingers, as shown in FIG. 26B, function setting of seven patterns (patterns A to G) is possible (in the figure, the hatched portion indicates the finger position). When there are four switches, it is possible to input a multifunctional function switch of 15 patterns, 5 patterns, 31 patterns, and n switches (2 n -1) patterns. Therefore, in this digital camera, a plurality of types of inputs corresponding to combinations of detected pressure positions can be performed by detecting a plurality of positions by the sensor 2. By combining the above-mentioned stepwise input by the pressing force, more types of inputs are possible.

  The line input will be described with reference to FIG. Two or more switches by the detection unit 36 of the sensor 2 are arranged linearly immediately below the portion of the housing 1 touched by the index finger (five in the example of FIG. 27). By using the plurality of detection units 36, it is possible to perform “tracing input” suitable for zoom operation, slide show page feed, and the like. At this time, the sensor 2 senses the speed and acceleration of the switch operation between the detectors 36, so that an analog signal can be input.

  The surface input will be described with reference to FIG. Immediately below the portion of the housing 1 touched by the thumb, three or more switches by the detection units 36 of the sensor 2 are arranged in a planar shape (in the example of FIG. 28, five switches are arranged in a cross shape). As a result, while pressing the four sensors 2 positioned up, down, left, and right while viewing the screen, it is possible to perform a cross key operation such that the menu is scrolled and the center sensor 2 is pressed. It becomes. At this time, the sensor 2 senses the speed and acceleration of the switch operation between the detection units, so that an analog signal can be input.

  In this digital still camera, the input by the switch, that is, the input device can be performed in multiple stages according to the pressing force of the switch, so even if you do not know where the switch is when operating in the dark etc., The position can be recognized by the vibration of the housing 1.

  Also, this digital still camera applies the input device according to one embodiment to the shutter button. Usually, the shutter of an imaging camera such as a single-lens reflex camera uses an expensive so-called double switch that allows input by “half-press” for exposure and focusing and input by “full-press” to release the shutter. Has been. In this digital still camera, the input device according to the embodiment is applied to the shutter button. Therefore, the multi-stage input corresponding to the pressing force of the switch, that is, the input by “half press”, and the “all” for releasing the shutter. It is possible to input by “push”. In addition, when an input is accepted, vibration according to the pressing force of the switch is transmitted to the user's finger 4, so that the user has accepted “half press” or “full press”. Can be confirmed.

  As described above, according to the input device and the electronic apparatus according to the embodiment of the present invention, the following effects can be obtained. The sensor 2 can determine the pressing force by the user's finger 4 and can realize multi-stage input according to the pressing force. At that time, since vibration corresponding to the pressing force can be applied to the user's finger 4 by the actuator 3, the user can grasp the position of the switch only by stroking the surface of the electronic device, for example. Further, it can be recognized by vibration whether or not the input is correctly accepted.

  Further, in the electronic device casing 1, the electronic device has a flat feeling by replacing the input devices such as switches and operation buttons, which have been required as man-machine interfaces, with the input device according to this embodiment. Can be designed. Further, since the sensor 2 has flexibility, an operation signal can be input by the finger 4 in the curved housing. Since the actuator 3 does not need to be disposed integrally with the sensor 2, the layout of the input device is facilitated. Therefore, the degree of freedom of design is increased, and for example, a unique product with an accessory feeling such as Tiffany Beans can be realized.

  Further, since the pressing feeling is not determined mechanically but based on the vibration waveform data, the vibration of the actuator 3 can be changed by changing the vibration waveform data, and an arbitrary pressing feeling is given to the user. be able to. Therefore, the push feeling can be customized by software or the like, and an inexpensive and user-friendly device can be realized.

  Also, for example, when applied to an imaging device capable of inputting and outputting audio, such as a digital video camera, audio information from a microphone, video information from a camera, tactile information from an input device according to an embodiment, a database, etc. Based on the information registered in the operator, it is possible to discriminate emotions according to the operator's TPO (Time Place and Occasion), and according to the voice information from the speaker, video information from the display, input according to one embodiment By outputting tactile information from the device, a finer man-machine interface is possible.

  Also, for example, when applied to an imaging device such as a digital still camera, even if the operator's eyes are watching the subject and the operation sound of the own device and surrounding sounds cannot be heard due to the crowd, Or it becomes possible to operate via a tactile sense such as a hand. When shooting in situations where there is no sound such as a piano recital, even if all audio output of the device is turned off, feedback during operation and feedback of shutter timing can be given to the user, and operability is improved improves.

  In addition, for example, when applied to an imaging device such as a digital still camera, the shutter timing is provided to the user by outputting a pseudo shutter vibration by a housing vibration when the shutter button is pressed, and the digital still camera is also provided. However, it is possible to provide a comfortable operation feeling like a high-quality single-lens reflex camera. In addition, by making it possible to switch the strength of vibration by the actuator 3, even when using gloves while skiing or diving, strong tactile feedback can be output by switching to strong vibration. It is possible to give the user a certain operational feeling.

  Further, by arranging the sensor 2 in an area that covers individual differences in the size of the user's hand, the input position, that is, the switch position by the sensor 2 can be changed, for example, in software, and the hand is small. It is possible to enable input at positions suitable for various users' fingers 4 such as a person, a large person, a person with a short finger, and a long person.

  The present invention is not limited to the above-described embodiment of the present invention, and various modifications and applications can be made without departing from the gist of the present invention. For example, the sensor 2 in the above-described embodiment is not limited to the pressurization resistance change type sensor or the capacitance type sensor. If the pressing force by the finger 4 can be determined, a resistance film type sensor or SAW ( Other sensors that can be configured in a sheet shape, such as a surface acoustic wave sensor, may be used. Further, the arrangement of the sensor 2 on the housing 1 is not limited to the one described in the above-described embodiment as long as the input by the finger 4 from the switch unit can be normally detected.

  In addition, the actuator 3 in the above-described embodiment is not limited to a monomorph piezoelectric actuator or a bimorph piezoelectric actuator, and may be a unimorph piezoelectric actuator or the like as long as an arbitrary vibration can be applied to the housing 1. A piezoelectric actuator having another structure may be used. Furthermore, the actuator 3 may be a voice coil type vibration motor, a small motor used for a vibrator of a mobile phone, or the like.

  Further, the arrangement of the actuator 3 in the housing 1 in the above-described embodiment is the same as that described in the above-described embodiment as long as an arbitrary vibration can be applied to the contact portion of the finger 4 of the housing 1. It is not limited. For example, if the actuator 3 is arranged in a dead space in the housing 1, the electronic device can be reduced in size.

  Further, in the above-described embodiment, the digital still camera including the input device in the portion gripped by the right hand has been described. However, the arrangement of the input device is not limited to this, and the portion gripped by the left hand or the portion gripped by both hands Alternatively, it can be arranged in a desired part suitable for the arrangement of the switch. The input device according to the embodiment is not limited to a digital still camera, but can be applied to an input device of an imaging device such as a digital video camera, an electronic device such as a mobile phone, and a PDA.

  Further, the above-described user's finger 4 may be a part where other tactile sensations such as a palm and a mouth can be obtained, or may be an indirect member for input operation such as a stylus pen to indirectly vibrate the user. .

It is a basic diagram which shows an example of a structure of the electronic device provided with the input device by one Embodiment of this invention. It is a basic diagram which shows an example of the cross section of the electronic device by one Embodiment. It is sectional drawing of an example of the detection part of a pressurized resistance change system sensor. It is a figure for demonstrating a trace input. It is a figure for demonstrating the state of the electrostatic capacitance type sheet | seat sensor in the state which is not sensing contact. It is a figure for demonstrating the state of the electrostatic capacitance type sheet | seat sensor in the state which detected the contact. It is a basic diagram which shows the other example of the cross section of the electronic device by one Embodiment. It is a schematic perspective view which shows an example of a structure of a piezoelectric monomorph actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating the bending of a piezoelectric monomorph actuator. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows an example of a structure of a laminated piezoelectric monomorph actuator. It is a schematic perspective view which shows an example of a structure of a piezoelectric bimorph actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating the bending of a piezoelectric bimorph actuator. It is a schematic sectional drawing which shows an example of a structure of a laminated piezoelectric bimorph actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating fixation by the single-sided fixation of a piezoelectric actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating fixation by the one end side support of a piezoelectric actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating fixation by the one end side support (with load) of a piezoelectric actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating fixation by the both-ends side support of a piezoelectric actuator. It is a figure for demonstrating fixation by the both ends side support (with a contact) of a piezoelectric actuator. It is a basic diagram which shows the 1st example of arrangement | positioning of a sensor and an actuator. It is a basic diagram which shows the 2nd example of arrangement | positioning of a sensor and an actuator. It is a basic diagram which shows the 3rd example of arrangement | positioning of a sensor and an actuator. It is a basic diagram which shows the 4th example of arrangement | positioning of a sensor and an actuator. It is a basic diagram which shows the 5th example of arrangement | positioning of a sensor and an actuator. It is a block diagram for demonstrating the flow of the signal with the input device by one Embodiment. It is a basic diagram for demonstrating the input by the digital still camera provided with the input device by one Embodiment. It is a basic diagram for demonstrating point input. It is a basic diagram for demonstrating line input. It is an approximate line figure for explaining field input. It is a basic diagram which shows an example of the structure of a membrane switch with a dome.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Housing 2 ... Sensor 3 ... Actuator 4 ... Finger 17 ... Surface sheet 18 ... Recessed part 20 ... Slit 21 ... Sensor driver 22 ... CPU
23 ... Memory 24 ... Actuator driver 36 ... Detection unit

Claims (22)

  1. A sheet-like sensor whose electrical state changes according to the pressing force;
    A controller that detects a change in the electrical state, determines a pressing force based on the detection result, and outputs an operation signal according to the determined pressing force;
    An actuator that generates vibration in response to a drive signal;
    Drive means for supplying a drive signal to the actuator according to the determined pressing force by the controller;
    The sensor and the actuator are arranged in a housing,
    The said sensor and the actuator housing is disposed, and on the outside of the portion where the switch image is provided, the sensor, the two slits so as to sandwich the actuator and the switch image provided Rutotomoni, the A switch part provided with one or a plurality of switch images each indicating a switch position is provided at a position overlapping with the sensor pressure detection part,
    The switch portion of the housing between the actuator the slit, a touch panel type input device for stronger vibration than other portions of the housing.
  2. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the operation signal is output in multiple stages according to the pressing force.
  3. The touch panel type input device according to claim 2, wherein the multi-stage input of the operation signal has two stages or three stages.
  4. The touch panel type input device according to claim 2, wherein a user can set a threshold value of the pressing force for determining each stage of the multistage output.
  5. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the driving signal is supplied in a multistage manner according to the pressing force.
  6. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the user can change at least one of an amplitude, a frequency, and an output timing of the drive signal according to the pressing force.
  7. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the sensor has flexibility and can be attached along a curved surface shape.
  8. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of the actuators are arranged along both sides of the sensor.
  9. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the actuator is a sheet-like piezoelectric actuator.
  10. The touch panel type input device according to claim 9, wherein the piezoelectric actuator is attached by fixing on one side and vibrates the attaching portion by expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element.
  11. The touch panel type input device according to claim 9, wherein the piezoelectric actuator is attached by one-end-side support, and the attachment portion is vibrated by a displacement on a free end side due to expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element.
  12. The touch panel type input device according to claim 11, wherein a free end side of the piezoelectric actuator is weighted.
  13. The touch panel type input device according to claim 9, wherein the piezoelectric actuator is attached by support on both ends, and the attachment portion is vibrated by displacement of a central portion due to expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric element.
  14. Furthermore, the center part of the said piezoelectric actuator is partially fixed to the said attachment part, The touchscreen type input device of Claim 13.
  15. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the sensor and the actuator are embedded in a concave portion on an outer surface of the casing, and the concave portion is closed so as not to be uneven.
  16. The touch panel type input device according to claim 15, wherein a concave portion on an outer surface of the housing is closed by a surface sheet.
  17. The touch panel type input device according to claim 15, wherein the sensor and the actuator are arranged in parallel.
  18. 2. The touch panel type input according to claim 1, wherein the sensor is embedded in a recessed portion on an outer surface of the housing, the recessed portion is closed so as not to be uneven, and the actuator is disposed inside the housing. apparatus.
  19. The touch panel type input device according to claim 18, wherein a concave portion on an outer surface of the housing is closed by a surface sheet.
  20. The touch panel type input device according to claim 1, wherein the sensor and the actuator are arranged inside the housing.
  21. A sheet-like sensor whose electrical state changes according to the pressing force;
    A controller that detects a change in the electrical state, determines a pressing force based on the detection result, and outputs an operation signal according to the determined pressing force;
    An actuator that generates vibration in response to a drive signal;
    Drive means for supplying a drive signal to the actuator according to the determined pressing force by the controller;
    The sensor and the actuator are arranged in a housing,
    The said sensor and the actuator housing is disposed, and on the outside of the portion where the switch image is provided, the sensor, the two slits so as to sandwich the actuator and the switch image provided Rutotomoni, the to overlap with the press detection unit of the sensor, the switch unit in which one or more switch image is provided which indicates the switch position are respectively provided, the actuator is the switch portion of the housing between the slit, the housing Touch panel type input means to vibrate more strongly than other parts
    Electronic apparatus equipped with.
  22.   The electronic device according to claim 21, wherein the actuator is provided at a finger position operable by a user while holding the housing.
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