JP4839161B2 - Wooden frame structure - Google Patents

Wooden frame structure Download PDF

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JP4839161B2
JP4839161B2 JP2006242364A JP2006242364A JP4839161B2 JP 4839161 B2 JP4839161 B2 JP 4839161B2 JP 2006242364 A JP2006242364 A JP 2006242364A JP 2006242364 A JP2006242364 A JP 2006242364A JP 4839161 B2 JP4839161 B2 JP 4839161B2
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pillar
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出 橋詰
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株式会社アクト
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この発明は、たとえば耐震性、施工性、経済性等の数々のメリットを有するまったく新しい木造軸組構造に関する。   The present invention relates to a completely new wooden frame structure having many merits such as earthquake resistance, workability, and economy.

木造軸組構造は、柱材などの垂直材と土台や梁などの水平材を主たる構造材として構成されている。すなわち、垂直材や水平材で建物を支える構造である。軸組構法は、枠組壁工法に比較して設計の自由度が高く、また増改築がし易いので、長期間にわたって住むのに良い家を作ることができる利点があり、また古来受け継がれてきた伝統技術という面もあって、高い需要がある。   A wooden frame structure is mainly composed of vertical members such as pillar members and horizontal members such as foundations and beams. In other words, it is a structure that supports a building with vertical or horizontal materials. The frame construction method has a higher degree of freedom in design than the frame wall construction method, and is easy to extend and renovate, so it has the advantage of making a good house to live for a long time, and has been inherited since ancient times There is a high demand because of the traditional technology.

この軸組構法について伝統的な軸組に照らして考察してみると、構造材の接合部を増やして、できる限り力を分散させることが、強度の高い軸組を得るために有効であることがわかる。なお、接合部を増やすといっても、柱材に通し貫を固定すると、過度の荷重がかかったときに、復元不可能なめり込みが生じてしまうことがあるうえに、柱材の太さを通し貫よりも太くしなければならない。   Considering this framework construction method in the light of traditional frameworks, it is effective to increase the joints of the structural materials and distribute the force as much as possible to obtain a strong framework. I understand. Even if the number of joints is increased, if the through hole is fixed to the pillar material, an unrecoverable sink may occur when an excessive load is applied, and the thickness of the pillar material may be reduced. It must be thicker than the thread.

また、外力を平均して分散させ、特定箇所に荷重が集中しないように構造的なバランスをとることも重要であることがわかる。   It can also be seen that it is important to balance the structure so that the external force is averaged and dispersed so that the load is not concentrated at a specific location.

しかし、強度を高めるべく接合部を増やすことと、外力を平均して分散すべく耐力壁を偏在させないようにすることを究極まで突き詰めれば、木造軸組構造が、開口部のない単なる箱になってしまう。これでは住宅として機能を果たさないので、開口部を形成するための横架材を架設することになるが、開口部の強度が他の部分のそれよりも低くなる。   However, if we endeavor to increase the joints in order to increase the strength and avoid uneven distribution of the bearing walls to average out the external force, the wooden frame structure becomes a mere box with no openings. End up. Since this does not function as a house, a horizontal member for forming the opening is installed, but the strength of the opening is lower than that of the other parts.

強度の低下を抑えるためには、横架材に大断面のもの、高さ寸法の大きいものを使用しなければならない。   In order to suppress a decrease in strength, a horizontal member having a large cross section and a large height must be used.

ところが、このように横架材自体の強度を高めて軸組の強度を得ようとすると、横架材が重くなって横架材を支える部分とのバランスが悪くなり、却って強度が低下してしまう。また、横架材自体が重い上に、荷重を支えなければならないので、広い開口部は得られない。   However, increasing the strength of the horizontal member itself in this way to obtain the strength of the frame assembly makes the horizontal member heavier and unbalanced with the part that supports the horizontal member. End up. Further, since the horizontal member itself is heavy and the load must be supported, a wide opening cannot be obtained.

下記特許文献1には、開口部周辺の構造を水平耐力に優れたものとする技術が提案されている。これは、横架材の下方における柱材間にまぐさを固着して、まぐさの下方を開口部とするとともに、まぐさの延長線上における柱材間に、水平補強材を固定し、これら横架材とまぐさと水平補強材の表面に壁材を固定した構成である。この構成によれば、まぐさに作用する水平力を柱材と水平補強材を介して壁材に分散、吸収させることができるとされている。   Patent Document 1 below proposes a technique for making the structure around the opening excellent in horizontal strength. This is because the lintels are fixed between the pillars below the horizontal member, and the lower part of the lintel is used as an opening, and the horizontal reinforcing material is fixed between the pillars on the extension line of the lintels. It is the structure which fixed the wall material to the surface of a horizontal member, a lintel, and a horizontal reinforcement. According to this structure, it is supposed that the horizontal force which acts on a lintel can be disperse | distributed and absorbed to a wall material via a pillar material and a horizontal reinforcement material.

しかし、このような構成では、横架材、まぐさおよび水平補強材と壁材の接合部分に大きな負荷がかかってしまう。つまり、横架材にかかった外力は、まぐさや水平補強材の接合部分に分散されるが、壁材はそれらの接合部分の表面に貼り付けられているので、分散された荷重を確実に支持し、力を分散、吸収することは困難である。   However, in such a configuration, a large load is applied to the joint portion between the horizontal member, the lintel, and the horizontal reinforcing member and the wall member. In other words, the external force applied to the horizontal member is distributed to the joints of the lintels and horizontal reinforcements, but the wall material is affixed to the surface of the joints so that the distributed load is supported reliably. However, it is difficult to disperse and absorb force.

また、横架材等の各構造材の寸法はそれぞれ異なるので、必要な構造材の種類が多くなって、加工や施工が簡単に行えず、コストもかかるという問題点が生じる。現在の社会では熟練工が少ないので、複雑な仕口加工や建て方が敬遠されている。また、大断面の木材を調達することも容易ではない。   In addition, since the dimensions of the structural members such as the horizontal members are different from each other, the types of necessary structural members are increased, so that processing and construction cannot be performed easily and the cost is increased. In today's society, there are few skilled workers, so complicated joint processing and construction methods are avoided. In addition, it is not easy to procure large cross-section timber.

この点、たとえば下記特許文献2のように、通し柱と横架材の接合に工夫を行うとともに使用する通し柱と横架材の寸法を統一しようとする提案もなされているが、縦に並べた横架材の周囲を複数本の通し柱で囲い込む構造であるので、横架材の幅寸法に対してその何倍もの太さの通し柱ができることになり、また横架材を同一高さにおいて交差させて架設することができず、本来の軸組のように自由な設計が行えないという難点がある。   In this regard, for example, as disclosed in Patent Document 2 below, a proposal has been made to unify the dimensions of the through pillar and the horizontal member used while joining the through pillar and the horizontal member. Since the structure surrounds the frame with multiple through-columns, it will be possible to create a through-column that is many times thicker than the width of the horizontal frame, and cross the horizontal frames at the same height. There is a problem that it is not possible to erection and it is not possible to design as freely as the original shaft assembly.

特開2000−144903号公報JP 2000-144903 A 特開平11−100899号公報Japanese Patent Application Laid-Open No. 11-100959

そこで、この発明は、伝統的な軸組構造にみられる知恵を生かしつつ、現在の情況を考慮して、耐震性、施工性、経済性等の様々なメリットを同時に得られる木造軸組構造の提供を主たる課題とする。   Therefore, the present invention takes into account the current situation while taking advantage of the wisdom found in traditional frame structures, and has a wooden frame structure that can simultaneously provide various merits such as earthquake resistance, workability, and economy. The main issue is provision.

そのための手段は、垂直方向に延びる柱材と、該柱材に接合されて架設される横架材とを有する木造軸組構造であって、上記柱材として、上下階を貫通するように取付けられる通し柱と、側面に横架材が接合され頭部が露出する露頭柱とを有し、上記横架材として、各階軒高の上端部位置に架設される主横架材と、該主横架材との間で隙間を隔てて平行に架設される従横架材とを有するとともに、これら主横架材と従横架材の両端が、上記柱材の側面に接合され、上記柱材、主横架材および従横架材の間には、これらの幅方向の中間部に形成された溝部に全周縁が嵌め込まれる構造用パネルからなる嵌め込みパネルが固定され、各柱材と横架材が、構造用金物の固定によって接合された木造軸組構造である。   The means therefor is a wooden frame structure having a pillar material extending in the vertical direction and a horizontal member joined to the pillar material, and is attached so as to penetrate the upper and lower floors as the pillar material. A horizontal pillar that is joined to a side surface and an outcrop pillar whose head is exposed, and a main horizontal member that is installed at the upper end position of each floor eave is provided as the horizontal member. And a secondary horizontal member that is installed in parallel with a gap between the main material and both ends of the main horizontal material and the secondary horizontal material are joined to the side surfaces of the column material, In between the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member, a fitting panel composed of a structural panel in which the entire periphery is fitted in a groove formed in the intermediate portion in the width direction is fixed, This is a wooden frame structure in which the materials are joined by fixing structural hardware.

この木造軸組構造では、通し柱同士、露頭柱同士または通し柱と露頭柱の間に、主横架材と従横架材がその両端を柱材の側面に接合した状態で架設されるとともに、柱材と横架材で囲まれる部分には、かかる力を負担する構造用パネルかなる嵌め込みパネルが、その全周縁を溝部に食い込ませた状態で嵌め込まれている。また、柱材と横架材は、かかる力を負担する構造用金物で固定されている。   In this wooden frame structure, the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member are installed between the through-columns, between the outcrop columns, or between the through-columns and the outcrop columns, with both ends joined to the side surfaces of the column materials, A fitting panel, which is a structural panel that bears the force, is fitted in a portion surrounded by the material and the horizontal member in a state where the entire peripheral edge is bitten into the groove. Further, the column member and the horizontal member are fixed by a structural hardware that bears the force.

このように横架材は柱材の側面に固定されるので、横架材に長尺の材木を使用しなくともよい。このため、横架材から継手をなくすことができる。   As described above, since the horizontal member is fixed to the side surface of the column member, it is not necessary to use a long timber for the horizontal member. For this reason, a joint can be eliminated from the horizontal member.

また、横架材は柱材の側面に固定されるので、外力を受けた時に柱材が軸方向に圧縮される力が作用することを抑制できる。このため、柱材の強度を確保し、座屈の発生を防止できる。   Moreover, since the horizontal member is fixed to the side surface of the column member, it is possible to suppress the action of a force that compresses the column member in the axial direction when an external force is applied. For this reason, the strength of the pillar material can be secured and the occurrence of buckling can be prevented.

しかも、上述のように横架材に継手は不要であるので、横架材自体の強度も確保できる。   And since a joint is unnecessary for a horizontal member as mentioned above, the intensity | strength of horizontal member itself is securable.

そして、この横架材は主横架材と従横架材で構成し、これらがそれぞれ柱材の側面に固定されるとともに、嵌め込みパネルが幅方向の中間部に食い込んだ状態で嵌め込まれて一体化しているので、柱材と横架材との接合部で力が分散されるとともに、これらと一体になった嵌め込みパネルにおいても力が分散される。このため、主横架材と従横架材に大断面の材木を使用しなくとも高い強度を得られる。つまり、主横架材と従横架材には、大断面や高さの高い材木を使用しなくともよく、主横架材と従横架材に同一大の材木を使用することによって、構造材の統一化に資する。   This horizontal member is composed of the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member, which are fixed to the side surfaces of the column members, respectively, and the fitting panel is fitted into the middle part in the width direction and integrated. Therefore, the force is dispersed at the joint portion between the column member and the horizontal member, and the force is also dispersed in the fitting panel integrated with them. For this reason, high strength can be obtained without using a large cross-section timber for the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member. In other words, it is not necessary to use timber with a large cross section or high height for the main horizontal member and the sub horizontal member, but by using the same timber for the main horizontal member and the sub horizontal member, Contributes to the unification of materials.

このように大断面の材木を用いずとも横架材部分の強度を得ることができ、しかも、柱材として露頭柱を使用することで柱材部分の強度も確保できる。このため、従来は不可能であった広い開口部を得ることも可能になる。   Thus, the strength of the horizontal member portion can be obtained without using a timber having a large cross section, and the strength of the column member portion can be ensured by using an outcrop column as the column member. For this reason, it is also possible to obtain a wide opening which was impossible in the past.

そして、柱材と横架材は、構造用金物で接合されるので、複雑な仕口加工は必要でない。この点から、柱材と、平行に並ぶ2本の横架材との固定部分の強度を確保できるとともに、加工自体が容易であって、接合作業も簡単である。通し貫を使用したときのような復元不可能なめり込みが発生することも防止できる。   Further, since the column member and the horizontal member are joined with the structural hardware, complicated joint processing is not necessary. From this point, the strength of the fixing portion between the column member and the two horizontal members arranged in parallel can be secured, the processing itself is easy, and the joining operation is also easy. It is also possible to prevent the occurrence of irreparable sinking, such as when using threading.

また、柱材と横架材の断面を同一大のものとすることもできる。このため、構造材の統一化を図ることが可能である。   Also, the cross section of the column member and the horizontal member can be the same. For this reason, it is possible to unify structural materials.

さらに、使用する柱材と横架材に大断面の材木を使用しなくてすむので、材木の使用m3数を低減することもできる。 Furthermore, since it is not necessary to use timber with a large cross section for the column material and horizontal member used, the number of m 3 used can be reduced.

構造用金物による接合は、剛結合であるもピン結合であるもいずれでもよいが、いずれにしても施工は、通し柱や必要な露頭柱を建て込んでから、従横架材の固定と嵌め込みパネルの固定と、主横架材の固定とを順に行えばよく、単純工でも行える簡単な作業である。柱材と横架材の固定に平行して嵌め込みパネルの固定も行うので、軸組の完成と同時に下地も完成し、簡易迅速な施工が実現でき、工期の短縮化を図ることができる。また、床パネルや天井パネル、壁下地材等の固定も平行して行えば、さらなる迅速な施工が期待できる。   Bonding with structural hardware can be either rigid connection or pin connection, but in any case, the construction is done by building through pillars and necessary outcrop pillars, and then fixing and fitting panels And fixing of the main horizontal member are performed in order, which is an easy operation that can be performed even with simple construction. Since the fitting panel is fixed in parallel with the fixing of the column member and the horizontal member, the foundation is completed at the same time as the shaft assembly is completed, and a simple and quick construction can be realized, and the construction period can be shortened. Further, if the floor panel, ceiling panel, wall base material, etc. are fixed in parallel, further rapid construction can be expected.

以上のように、この発明によれば、主横架材と従横架材を柱材の側面に固定する構造を採用したので、接合部を増やすことでき、力の分散が行える。また、主横架材と従横架材との間には嵌め込みパネルが一体化されているので、嵌め込みパネルにおいても力の分散が行える。しかも、主横架材は、各階軒高の上端部位置に架設されるので、軸組内にバランスよく配設され得る。このため、構造的に良好なバランスを得て、特定部分に集中して荷重がかかることを防止できる。   As described above, according to the present invention, since the structure in which the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member are fixed to the side surfaces of the column members is employed, the number of joints can be increased and the force can be distributed. Further, since the fitting panel is integrated between the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member, the force can be distributed also in the fitting panel. In addition, since the main horizontal member is installed at the position of the upper end of each building eaves, it can be arranged in a well-balanced manner in the shaft assembly. For this reason, it is possible to obtain a structurally good balance and prevent a load from being concentrated on a specific portion.

この結果、金物の使用等による付加価値を付けたような小手先だけの強度向上ではなく、軸組自体の構成によって強度を向上することができ、良好な耐震性を得ることができる。また、柱材や横架材は構造用金物で接合されるので、複雑な仕口や通し貫が不要であって、加工や施工が容易であるとともに、柱材や横架材として用いる材木の断面寸法を統一化することもできる。このため、施工性や経済性の点でも有利な木造軸組み構造となる。   As a result, the strength can be improved by the configuration of the shaft assembly itself, not the strength improvement of only a small tip with added value due to the use of hardware or the like, and good earthquake resistance can be obtained. In addition, since the pillars and horizontal members are joined with structural hardware, there is no need for complicated joints and penetrations, and processing and construction are easy, and timber used as pillars and horizontal members is easy. The cross-sectional dimensions can be unified. For this reason, it becomes a wooden frame structure advantageous also in terms of workability and economy.

この発明を実施するための一形態を、以下図面を用いて説明する。
図1は、木造軸組構造の一例を示す斜視図であり、この図に示すように軸組11は、基礎21の上に配設される土台31と、柱材41と、柱材41に接合される横架材51と、土台31、柱材41および横架材51間に一体に嵌め込まれる構造用パネルからなる嵌め込みパネル61と、土台31と柱材41と横架材51等を接合する構造用金物(図示せず)とを有する。
An embodiment for carrying out the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view showing an example of a wooden frame structure. As shown in this figure, the frame 11 is composed of a base 31, a column material 41, and a column material 41 disposed on a foundation 21. The horizontal member 51 to be joined, the base 31, the column member 41, the fitting panel 61 composed of a structural panel fitted integrally between the horizontal member 51, the base 31, the column member 41, the horizontal member 51 and the like are joined. Structural hardware (not shown).

図1の軸組は、図2、図3に示したような外観の3階建て住宅のものであり、図2、図4に示したように、1階には一台の車両がゆったりと入る大開口の車庫を有し、2階には、台所と大面積のリビングを有する。   The shaft assembly in FIG. 1 is for a three-story house with an appearance as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3, and as shown in FIGS. 2 and 4, one vehicle is relaxed on the first floor. There is a large garage to enter, and on the second floor there is a kitchen and a large living area.

図5は図4のA−A部分、図6は図4のB−B部分、図7は図4のC−C部部の構造を示す軸組図である。また、図7中、71は窓枠である。   5 is an AA portion of FIG. 4, FIG. 6 is a BB portion of FIG. 4, and FIG. 7 is a shaft assembly diagram showing the structure of the CC portion of FIG. In FIG. 7, reference numeral 71 denotes a window frame.

図8は、図1に示した軸組11から嵌め込みパネル61を取り除いて土台31と柱材41と横架材51の接合状態を分かりやすくした斜視図であり、以下、この図8も参照しながら軸組11の構造を説明する。   FIG. 8 is a perspective view in which the fitting panel 61 is removed from the shaft assembly 11 shown in FIG. 1 to facilitate understanding of the joining state of the base 31, the column member 41, and the horizontal member 51. Hereinafter, FIG. 8 is also referred to. The structure of the shaft set 11 will now be described.

まず、柱材41について説明する。
柱材41としては、上下階を貫通するように取付けられる上記通し柱42と、各階だけに入っている上記管柱43とを有し、これらには同一大・同一形状の断面を有する材木が使用される。これらの柱材41は、土台31とともに基礎21の上に固定されるが、通し柱42や管柱43のように引抜力のかかる柱材41は、基礎21に埋め込まれたアンカーボルト(図示せず)に直結される。
First, the column member 41 will be described.
As the pillar material 41, it has the through pillar 42 attached so as to penetrate the upper and lower floors, and the pipe pillar 43 which is only in each floor, and timbers having the same size and the same cross section are used for these. Is done. These column members 41 are fixed on the foundation 21 together with the base 31, but the column members 41 to which a pulling force is applied like the through columns 42 and the tube columns 43 are anchor bolts (not shown) embedded in the foundation 21. ).

そして、これら通し柱42と管柱43のうち、必要なものについては、側面に横架材51が接合され頭部が露出する露頭柱41aに設定される。   Of the through pillars 42 and the pipe pillars 43, necessary ones are set to the outcrop pillars 41 a where the horizontal members 51 are joined to the side surfaces and the heads are exposed.

露頭柱41aについて図9の模式図を参照して説明すると、図9にあらわされた柱材のうち、露頭柱41aは、斜線を施した通し柱101と管柱102,103である。すなわち、立設された通し柱101と管柱102,103との間に、横架材104,105が、その両端を通し柱101や管柱102,103に対して左右方向から接合して固定されている。また、通し柱101や管柱102間に横架された横架材104や露頭柱41aの上には、別の管柱103が立設され、この管柱103に対して、別の横架材105が、その両端を左右方向から接合して固定される。このように、土台106と通し柱101と管柱102,103と横架材104,105、また通し柱101と管柱102,103と横架材104,105で囲まれた方形状の空間が複数形成されている。そして、上記横架材104,105は、一本もので形成され、継手は設けられていない。   The outcrop column 41a will be described with reference to the schematic diagram of FIG. 9. Among the column members shown in FIG. 9, the outcrop column 41a is a through column 101 and tube columns 102 and 103 which are shaded. In other words, the horizontal members 104 and 105 are fixed between the standing through column 101 and the tube columns 102 and 103 by joining both ends thereof to the through column 101 and the tube columns 102 and 103 from the left and right directions. Yes. In addition, another pipe column 103 is erected on the horizontal member 104 or the outcrop column 41 a laid horizontally between the through column 101 and the tube column 102, and another horizontal member is provided to the tube column 103. 105 is fixed by joining both ends thereof in the left-right direction. In this manner, a plurality of rectangular spaces surrounded by the base 106, the through pillar 101, the pipe pillars 102, 103, and the horizontal members 104, 105, and the through pillar 101, the pipe pillars 102, 103, and the horizontal members 104, 105 are formed. Has been. The horizontal members 104 and 105 are formed of a single piece, and no joint is provided.

このような露頭柱41aと継手のない横架材104,105を有すると、軸組に係る荷重は、露頭柱41aとしての通し柱101および管柱102,103と横架材104,105との多数の接合部に分散され、分散された荷重は、通し柱101や管柱102,103でしっかりと支持されて、上記空間は堅固なものとなり、強度の高い軸組を得ることができる。   When such an outcrop column 41 a and the horizontal members 104 and 105 without joints are provided, the load related to the shaft group is a large number of through columns 101 and tube columns 102 and 103 as the outcrop column 41 a and the horizontal members 104 and 105. The dispersed load is firmly supported by the through column 101 and the tube columns 102 and 103, and the space becomes firm, and a high strength shaft can be obtained.

前記露頭柱41aとしての通し柱42や管柱43、その他の必要な通し柱42や管柱43は、所望の間取りに基づいて適宜配設されるようにすベく、所定の長さに形成され、横架材51を接合する部位やその他の部位には、他の部材との接合に必要な所定の加工がなされる。   The through-column 42 and the tube column 43 as the outcrop column 41a, and other necessary through-columns 42 and the tube column 43 are formed to have a predetermined length so as to be appropriately disposed based on a desired floor plan, Predetermined processing required for joining with other members is performed on the part where the horizontal member 51 is joined and other parts.

つぎに、横架材51について説明する。
上記横架材51としては、各階軒高の上端位置、すなわち一般に胴差しや梁などを架設する位置に架設される主横架材52,53と、この主横架材52,53との間に隙間を隔てて平行に架設される従横架材54,55とを有する。
Next, the horizontal member 51 will be described.
As the horizontal member 51, between the main horizontal members 52 and 53 installed at the upper end position of each floor eave height, that is, the position where the torso or beam is generally installed, and the main horizontal members 52 and 53. And secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 installed in parallel with a gap therebetween.

主横架材52,53と従横架材54,55は、柱材41と同一大・同一形状の断面を有する材木を使用するとよいが、主横架材52,53のうち、軸組11の外周部に配設される主横架材52と土台31には、たとえば柱材が105角
や120角である場合に、それよりも大きい105×120、120×135というように、断面のたてよこa,bのうちの一方が同一寸法であって他方がそれよりも大きい寸法となる材木を使用する(図10,18参照)。
The main horizontal members 52 and 53 and the secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 may be made of timber having the same size and the same cross-section as the column member 41. Of the main horizontal members 52 and 53, the shaft 11 The main horizontal member 52 and the base 31 arranged on the outer peripheral portion of the cross section are, for example, 105 × 120 and 120 × 135 larger than that when the pillar material is 105 or 120 square, A timber in which one of the vertical weeds a and b has the same size and the other has a larger size is used (see FIGS. 10 and 18).

すなわち、図10(a)に示したように、長方形断面の主横架材52や土台31を横長にして用い、一方の側面を柱材41の側面に面一になるように接合する。これは、床パネルを固定する際の便宜のためのである。   That is, as shown in FIG. 10A, the main cross member 52 and the base 31 having a rectangular cross section are used in a horizontally long shape, and one side surface is joined to the side surface of the column member 41 so as to be flush with each other. This is for convenience in fixing the floor panel.

軸組11の内部に配設される主横架材53は、柱材41と同一大・同一形状の断面を有する材木が使用されるが、たとえば高さの高いものを使用することもできる。   The main horizontal member 53 disposed inside the shaft assembly 11 is a timber having a cross section of the same size and the same shape as that of the column member 41. For example, a material having a high height can be used.

一方、軸組11の外周部のものでも、従横架材54については柱材41と同一大・同一形状の断面を有する材木を用いる。このため、図10(b)に示したように従横架材54の両側面は、柱材41の側面と面一になる。   On the other hand, even for the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11, a timber having a cross section of the same size and the same shape as that of the column member 41 is used for the secondary horizontal member 54. For this reason, as shown in FIG. 10B, both side surfaces of the follower 54 are flush with the side surfaces of the column members 41.

従横架材54,55は、軸組11の外周部であるか、内部であるかによって、架設高さが異なるので、分けて説明する。   The secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 have different installation heights depending on whether they are the outer peripheral part or the inner part of the shaft assembly 11, and will be described separately.

まず、軸組11の外周部の従横架材54について説明すると、開口、すなわち窓枠71を設けない部分では、各階軒高を3等分するような適宜の高さに架設位置が設定される。すなわち、図8に示したように、土台31の上方と、1階軒高の上端部位置の下方と、1階軒高の上端位置の上方と、2階軒高の上端部位置の下方と、2階軒高の上端位置の上方と、3階軒高の上端部位置の下方とに、主横架材52から所定高さの隙間を隔てた位置に架設される。   First, the secondary horizontal member 54 on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11 will be described. In the opening, that is, the portion where the window frame 71 is not provided, the installation position is set to an appropriate height that divides each floor eaves into three equal parts. The That is, as shown in FIG. 8, above the base 31, below the upper end position of the first floor eaves, above the upper end position of the first floor eaves, and below the upper end position of the second floor eaves It is installed above the upper end position of the second-floor eave height and below the upper end position of the third-floor eave height at a position spaced from the main horizontal member 52 by a predetermined height.

一方、窓枠71を嵌める部分では、従横架材54は、窓枠71の上端または下端を受ける位置に架設される(図7参照)。   On the other hand, in the portion where the window frame 71 is fitted, the secondary horizontal member 54 is installed at a position where the upper end or the lower end of the window frame 71 is received (see FIG. 7).

つぎに内部の従横架材55について説明すると、内部の従横架材55は、その下端に天井パネルを固定したときに天井ができるような高さに架設される。   Next, the internal subordinate horizontal member 55 will be described. The internal subordinate horizontal member 55 is installed at such a height that a ceiling is formed when a ceiling panel is fixed to the lower end thereof.

また、軸組11の内部の主横架材53と従横架材55は、可能な限り露頭柱41aに接合される。   Further, the main horizontal member 53 and the secondary horizontal member 55 inside the shaft assembly 11 are joined to the outcrop column 41a as much as possible.

このような主横架材52,53と従横架材54,55は、所望の間取りに基づいて適宜配設されるようにすベく、所定の長さに形成され、柱材41と接合する部位その他の部位には、他の部材との接合に必要な所定の加工がなされる。   The main horizontal members 52 and 53 and the secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 are formed in a predetermined length so as to be appropriately arranged based on a desired floor plan, and are joined to the column member 41. A predetermined process required for joining with other members is performed on the other parts.

つぎに嵌め込みパネル61について説明する。
嵌め込みパネル61は、柱材41や横架材51に対して食い込んだ状態で一体的に接合される。すなわち、上述の他の部材との接合に必要な加工の一つとして、柱材41と横架材51には、嵌め込みパネル61を接合するための溝部44,56が形成される。溝部44,56は、図10にも示したように、柱材41と横架材51の幅方向の中間部に、嵌め込みパネル61の周縁が嵌合対応する幅で適宜の深さに設定されている。
Next, the fitting panel 61 will be described.
The fitting panel 61 is integrally joined to the column member 41 and the horizontal member 51 in a state of being bitten. In other words, as one of the processes necessary for joining with the other members described above, the groove portions 44 and 56 for joining the fitting panel 61 are formed in the column member 41 and the horizontal member 51. As shown in FIG. 10, the grooves 44 and 56 are set to an appropriate depth with a width corresponding to the peripheral edge of the fitting panel 61 fitted to the intermediate portion in the width direction of the column member 41 and the horizontal member 51. ing.

図11は、図1におけるイ部分を示す正面図である。すなわち、軸組11の外周部の柱材41と主横架材52と従横架材54に囲まれた部分を示す正面図であり、この図にみられるように嵌め込みパネル61の全周縁が、柱材41と横架材51に食い込んだ状態で嵌め込まれる。   FIG. 11 is a front view showing a portion in FIG. That is, it is a front view showing a portion surrounded by the column member 41, the main horizontal member 52, and the secondary horizontal member 54 on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11, and the entire peripheral edge of the fitting panel 61 is as shown in this figure. , And fitted into the column 41 and the horizontal member 51.

嵌め込みパネル61には、かかる荷重を負担し得る必要な強度を有する所定厚のものが使用され、両面には間柱62が予め固定されている。間柱62は、主横架材52と従横架材54の間に嵌まり込む長さで、柱材41よりも小断面のものが使用され、図12に示したように、所望の間取りに基づいて、両面大壁、大壁および真壁、両面真壁となるように、嵌め込みパネル61の面からの高さが適宜設定される。   As the fitting panel 61, a panel having a predetermined thickness having a necessary strength capable of bearing such a load is used, and studs 62 are fixed in advance on both surfaces. The spacer 62 has a length that fits between the main horizontal member 52 and the secondary horizontal member 54, and has a smaller cross section than the column member 41. As shown in FIG. Based on this, the height from the surface of the fitting panel 61 is appropriately set so as to be a double-sided large wall, a large wall and a true wall, and a double-sided true wall.

また、柱材41間の距離が長くなる部位では、図13に示したように、主横架材52と従横架材54を両者間の隙間を隔てて連結する連結柱57が、柱材41間の距離に応じて1本または複数本離間固定される。この連結柱57は、柱材と同一大・同一形状の断面を有する材木で形成される。また、両側面に嵌め込みパネル61の周縁に食い込まれる溝部57aを有するとともに、両端部には、図示しないが構造用金物を固定するための必要な加工が施されている。   Further, as shown in FIG. 13, at the portion where the distance between the column members 41 becomes long, the connecting column 57 that connects the main horizontal member 52 and the secondary horizontal member 54 with a gap between them is provided as the column member. Depending on the distance between 41, one or more are fixed apart. The connecting column 57 is formed of timber having a cross section of the same size and shape as the column material. Moreover, it has the groove part 57a which fits into the peripheral edge of the panel 61 fitted in both sides | surfaces, and although not shown in figure, the required process for fixing a structural metal object is given to both ends.

なお、図11、図12、図13中、仮想線であらわされた75は、壁下地材である。   In addition, in FIG.11, FIG12, FIG.13, 75 represented by the virtual line is a wall base material.

図14は、図1におけるロ部分の分解斜視図である。すなわち、軸組11の内部の主横架材53と従横架材55と嵌め込みパネル61を示す分解斜視図であり、この図に示すように嵌め込みパネル61の両面には、主横架材53と従横架材55の間に嵌まり込む長さの間柱62が予め固定されるとともに、主横架材53と従横架材55の長さ方向の中間部には、柱材41と同一大・同一形状の断面を有する材木からなる連結柱57が必要に応じて固定されている。この連結柱57にも、嵌め込みパネル61の周縁を食い込ませる溝部57aと、構造用金物を固定するための必要な加工が施される。   FIG. 14 is an exploded perspective view of the portion B in FIG. That is, it is an exploded perspective view showing the main horizontal member 53, the secondary horizontal member 55 and the fitting panel 61 inside the shaft assembly 11, and the main horizontal member 53 is provided on both surfaces of the fitting panel 61 as shown in this figure. The intermediate column 62 having a length that fits between the main horizontal member 55 and the sub horizontal member 55 is fixed in advance, and the intermediate portion in the length direction of the main horizontal member 53 and the sub horizontal member 55 is the same as the column member 41. A connecting column 57 made of timber having a large and identical cross section is fixed as required. The connecting column 57 is also subjected to a groove 57a for biting the periphery of the fitting panel 61 and necessary processing for fixing the structural hardware.

図15が軸組11の内部の梁部分、すなわち主横架材53と従横架材55と嵌め込みパネル61を有する部分の正面図で、図16がその横断面図である。必要があれば、上記図11、図12に示したように、表面に適宜のパネルを固定して、補強や防音や断熱などの所望の作用効果を得られるようにすることもできる。   15 is a front view of a beam portion inside the shaft assembly 11, that is, a portion having the main horizontal member 53, the secondary horizontal member 55, and the fitting panel 61, and FIG. 16 is a cross-sectional view thereof. If necessary, as shown in FIG. 11 and FIG. 12, an appropriate panel can be fixed to the surface to obtain desired effects such as reinforcement, soundproofing and heat insulation.

また、上記のようにして固定される主横架材53と従横架材55には、床パネル81や天井パネル82が固定される。すなわち、図17に示したように、主横架材52,53の上面には床パネル81が直接固定され、従横架材55の下面には天井パネル82が直接固定されている。図17は1階部分または2階部分の主横架材と従横架材部分を示すが、この図に示したように軸組11の外周部の主横架材52は横長にして固定されているので、柱材41よりも内側に突出する部分が得られる。このため、床パネル81が強固に固定でき、同時に火打ちを省略できる。土台に対しては図5、図6に示したように、床パネル82が固定され、3階軒高の上端部位置に架設される主横架材52には、図5、図6、図7に示したように、床パネル82と同等の構造用パネルからなる結合パネル83が固定され、火打ちが省略される。なお、図中、75は壁下地材である。   In addition, the floor panel 81 and the ceiling panel 82 are fixed to the main horizontal member 53 and the secondary horizontal member 55 fixed as described above. That is, as shown in FIG. 17, the floor panel 81 is directly fixed to the upper surfaces of the main horizontal members 52 and 53, and the ceiling panel 82 is directly fixed to the lower surface of the secondary horizontal member 55. FIG. 17 shows the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal material portion of the first floor part or the second floor part. As shown in this figure, the main horizontal material 52 on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11 is fixed horizontally long. Therefore, a portion protruding inward from the column member 41 is obtained. For this reason, the floor panel 81 can be firmly fixed, and at the same time, the burning can be omitted. As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the floor panel 82 is fixed to the base, and the main horizontal member 52 erected at the upper end position of the third floor eaves is shown in FIGS. 5, 6, and 6. As shown in FIG. 7, the connecting panel 83 made of a structural panel equivalent to the floor panel 82 is fixed, and the firing is omitted. In the figure, reference numeral 75 denotes a wall base material.

つぎに構造用金物について説明する。
構造用金物には、周知のさまざまな接合金物が使用される。図示はしないが、構造用金物には、鋼板等の金属製のもの以外にも、鋳鉄製、樹脂製のものなどもある。剛結合するもののほか、復元力を有してピン結合するものであるもよい。また、必要に応じて補強用の金物も付加的に使用できる。
Next, the structural hardware will be described.
As the structural hardware, various well-known joining hardware are used. Although not shown, the structural hardware includes those made of cast iron and resin in addition to those made of metal such as a steel plate. In addition to a rigid coupling, a pin coupling with a restoring force may be used. In addition, reinforcing hardware can be additionally used as necessary.

以上のような構造材からなる軸組11は、図18から図21に示したように、柱材41と、横架材51と、連結柱57と、嵌め込みパネル61と、壁下地材75と、床パネル81と、天井パネル82と、結合パネル83と、構造用金物を、下の方から順に接合すれば完成する。   As shown in FIGS. 18 to 21, the shaft assembly 11 made of the structural material as described above includes a column member 41, a horizontal member 51, a connecting column 57, a fitting panel 61, and a wall base material 75. The floor panel 81, the ceiling panel 82, the coupling panel 83, and the structural hardware are joined together in this order from the bottom.

すなわち、まず、図18に示したように、基礎21の上に土台31と通し柱42を固定する。通し柱42は基礎21のアンカーボルトに対して構造用接合金物としての柱脚金物で直接固定される。なお、土台31は横長になるように寝かせて固定する。図中一点鎖線が通し柱42の建て込み位置であり、二点鎖線が軸組11の外周部における主横架材52を固定する位置である。
土台31と通し柱42を固定すると図19に示したようになる。
That is, first, as shown in FIG. 18, the base 31 and the through column 42 are fixed on the foundation 21. The through column 42 is directly fixed to the anchor bolt of the foundation 21 with a column base metal as a structural joint metal. The base 31 is fixed so as to be horizontally long. In the figure, a one-dot chain line is a position where the through pillar 42 is built, and a two-dot chain line is a position where the main horizontal member 52 is fixed on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11.
When the base 31 and the through pillar 42 are fixed, the state is as shown in FIG.

つづいて、図20に示したように、管柱43と主横架材52,53と従横架材54,55と嵌め込みパネル61と床パネル81と天井パネル82と結合パネル83を下に位置するものから順に、構造用金物と相互の嵌め込みにより固定する。   Next, as shown in FIG. 20, the pipe column 43, the main horizontal members 52, 53, the secondary horizontal members 54, 55, the fitting panel 61, the floor panel 81, the ceiling panel 82, and the coupling panel 83 are positioned below. In order from what is to be fixed, it is fixed by fitting with the structural hardware.

具体的には、土台31の上に管柱43を構造用金物によって固定するとともに、通し柱42と管柱43と土台31に形成された溝部56に、嵌め込みパネル61の周縁を嵌め込む。次に、土台31の上方に架設される従横架材54,55を通し柱42と管柱43の間に構造用金物を用いて固定し、同時にその従横架材54,55に形成された溝部56を嵌め込みパネル61の上端側の周縁に嵌合する。   Specifically, the pipe column 43 is fixed on the base 31 with structural hardware, and the periphery of the fitting panel 61 is fitted into the through-hole 42, the pipe column 43, and the groove portion 56 formed in the base 31. Next, the secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 installed above the base 31 are fixed using the structural hardware between the column 42 and the pipe column 43, and at the same time, the secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 are formed. The groove 56 is fitted to the peripheral edge on the upper end side of the fitting panel 61.

開口部以外の部分では、土台31の上方に架設された従横架材54の上にも嵌め込みパネル61を同様にして固定する。   In a portion other than the opening, the fitting panel 61 is fixed in the same manner on the slave horizontal member 54 installed above the base 31.

次に、1階軒高の上端部位置の下方に、従横架材54を構造用金物により固定する。開口部以外の部分では、嵌め込みパネル61の上端に嵌合して固定する。   Next, the sub horizontal member 54 is fixed to the lower part of the upper end position of the first floor eaves with a structural hardware. In a portion other than the opening, the fitting panel 61 is fitted and fixed to the upper end.

つづいて、その従横架材54の上に、嵌め込みパネル61を上記の場合と同様にして固定する。   Subsequently, the fitting panel 61 is fixed on the slave horizontal member 54 in the same manner as described above.

このとき、連結柱57を必要とする部分には、図21に示したように、従横架材54の上に連結柱57を接合用金物で垂直に固定する。この連結柱には溝部57aが形成されているので、この溝部57aにも嵌まるように嵌め込みパネル61を固定する。そして、1階軒高の上端部位置に、主横架材52を構造用金物によって固定する(図20参照)。このとき、軸組11の外周部の主横架材52は、図17に示したように横長になるように寝かして固定する。そして、軸組11の内部の従横架材55と嵌め込みパネル61と主横架材53を固定したのち、従横架材55の下面に天井パネル82を固定するとともに、主横架材52,53の上面には床パネル81を固定する。天井パネル82や床パネルの固定は、電気等の必要な設備の施工時に行うこともできる。   At this time, as shown in FIG. 21, the connecting column 57 is vertically fixed to the portion that requires the connecting column 57 with the joining hardware on the subordinate horizontal member 54. Since the groove 57a is formed in the connecting column, the fitting panel 61 is fixed so as to be fitted into the groove 57a. Then, the main horizontal member 52 is fixed to the upper end position of the first floor eaves with a structural hardware (see FIG. 20). At this time, the main horizontal member 52 on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11 is fixed so as to be horizontally long as shown in FIG. Then, after the secondary horizontal member 55, the fitting panel 61 and the main horizontal member 53 are fixed inside the shaft assembly 11, the ceiling panel 82 is fixed to the lower surface of the secondary horizontal member 55, and the main horizontal member 52, A floor panel 81 is fixed to the upper surface of 53. The ceiling panel 82 and the floor panel can be fixed at the time of construction of necessary facilities such as electricity.

このようにして全ての構造材を接合し、固定する作業を繰り返すことによって、軸組11は完成する。そして、開口部以外の部分には嵌め込みパネル61が固定されているので、下地も同時に完成することになる。   In this way, the shaft assembly 11 is completed by repeating the work of joining and fixing all the structural members. And since the fitting panel 61 is being fixed to parts other than an opening part, the foundation | substrate will also be completed simultaneously.

このようにして構成された軸組11では、柱材41と横架材51の接合部が、各階軒高の上端部に1本の横架材を架設した場合に比して、図22の模式図に示した如く、接合箇所が著しく増加し、また、柱材41間に架設された主横架材52,53と従横架材54,55の間に一体的に嵌め込まれた嵌め込みパネル61の存在によって、力を良好に分散させることができる。   In the shaft assembly 11 configured as described above, the joint portion between the column member 41 and the horizontal member 51 is compared with the case where one horizontal member is installed at the upper end of each floor eaves as shown in FIG. As shown in the schematic diagram, the number of joints is remarkably increased, and the fitting panel is integrally fitted between the main horizontal members 52 and 53 and the secondary horizontal members 54 and 55 installed between the column members 41. Due to the presence of 61, the force can be well dispersed.

しかも、主横架材52,53を架設する箇所は、各階軒高の上端部であるので、主横架材52,53と縦横架材54,55と嵌め込みパネル61からなる高強度の構成は、均等に配設できる。このため、特定箇所に過度の荷重がかからないようすることが可能である。嵌め込みパネル61も同様に、バランスよく均等に配設され、耐力壁としての機能を果たす。いわば、箱の集合体のような構造とすることができる。   Moreover, since the place where the main horizontal members 52 and 53 are installed is the upper end of the height of each floor eaves, the high-strength configuration comprising the main horizontal members 52 and 53, the vertical and horizontal members 54 and 55, and the fitting panel 61 is Can be evenly arranged. For this reason, it is possible not to apply an excessive load to a specific location. Similarly, the fitting panel 61 is equally arranged in a balanced manner and functions as a load bearing wall. In other words, it can be structured like a collection of boxes.

また、柱材41と横架材51と連結柱57の接合には、構造用金物を使用し、通し貫のような構法を用いないので、めり込みの発生を抑えることができる。   Further, since the structural member is used for joining the column member 41, the horizontal member 51, and the connecting column 57, and a construction method such as threading is not used, the occurrence of indentation can be suppressed.

これらの結果、前述のように広いリビングや車庫を有する軸組11であっても、強度の向上を図り、耐震性を高めることができる。   As a result, even with the shaft assembly 11 having a large living room and garage as described above, the strength can be improved and the earthquake resistance can be enhanced.

強度向上の効果は、通し柱42や管柱43を露頭柱41aとして、多数の接合部に力を分散させ、分散させた荷重を、通し柱42や管柱43の露頭柱41aでしっかりと支持するようにしたことによって助長される。   The effect of improving the strength is that the through column 42 and the tube column 43 are used as the outcrop column 41a, and the force is distributed to a large number of joints so that the dispersed load is firmly supported by the outcrop column 41a of the through column 42 and the tube column 43. It is promoted by doing.

しかも、そのような露頭柱41aに対して、軸組11の内部に架設される主横架材53と従横架材55を接合するので、更に強度を高めることができる。   In addition, since the main horizontal member 53 and the secondary horizontal member 55 installed inside the shaft assembly 11 are joined to such an outcrop pillar 41a, the strength can be further increased.

また、柱材41等の接合に構造用金物を用いて通し貫の構法を使用しないことと、主横架材52,53と従横架材54,55と嵌め込みパネル61によって高強度の開口部を得られる。このため、土台31と柱材41と横架材51の断面寸法の画一化、あるいは上述のように断面のたてよこのうちいずれか一方の寸法を同一とすることによってこれまで不可能であった2種類までに低減することができる。しかも、使用する柱材41と横架材51などに大断面の材木を使用しなくてすむので、材木の使用m3数を低減することもできる。 In addition, a high-strength opening is formed by not using a through-hole construction method using structural hardware for joining the column members 41 and the like, and by using the main horizontal members 52 and 53, the secondary horizontal members 54 and 55, and the fitting panel 61. Can be obtained. For this reason, it has not been possible so far by standardizing the cross-sectional dimensions of the base 31, the column 41, and the horizontal member 51, or by making one of the cross-sectional dimensions the same as described above. It can be reduced to two types. In addition, since it is not necessary to use timber having a large cross section for the column material 41 and the horizontal member 51 to be used, the number of m 3 used can be reduced.

さらに、横架材51に継手が不要であるとともに、仕口加工も不要となって、加工の負担を軽減できる上に、プレカット加工が安価に行える。   In addition, the horizontal member 51 does not require a joint and does not require joint processing, so that the processing load can be reduced and precut processing can be performed at low cost.

この結果、材料調達が容易になるとともに、加工も容易になる。そのうえ、個々の柱材や横架材の重量も低くなって、運搬や施工が簡単になる。このため、工期の短縮化を図ることもできる。   As a result, material procurement is facilitated and processing is facilitated. In addition, the weight of individual pillars and horizontal members is reduced, and transportation and construction are simplified. For this reason, the construction period can be shortened.

以上のように、耐震性はもちろんのこと、施工性が良好で経済性にも優れる軸組11が得られる。   As described above, it is possible to obtain the shaft assembly 11 having not only earthquake resistance but also excellent workability and economy.

また、軸組11の外周部における従横架材54の高さが窓枠の上端や下端を受ける位置に設定されているので、窓枠下地材を別途に設ける必要もなく、施工性、経済性の点で有利になる。   In addition, since the height of the follower frame 54 at the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly 11 is set at a position for receiving the upper end and the lower end of the window frame, there is no need to separately provide a window frame base material, and the workability and economy are improved. This is advantageous in terms of sex.

また、天井空間は、主横架材53と従横架材55と嵌め込みパネル61、それに床パネル81と天井パネル82または結合パネル83とで形成され、火打ち梁や根太等を必要とすることもないので、比較的広い天井空間を得ることができる。このため、換気や空調、電気等の設備が高い自由とで施工でき、作業自体の容易である。そのうえ、天井空間は、主横架材53と従横架材55と連結柱57と嵌め込みパネル61によって仕切られ細分化されるので、その仕切りによって音の伝播を抑制できる。この結果、部屋間の防音性を高め、快適な生活空間を得ることができる。   Further, the ceiling space is formed by the main horizontal member 53, the secondary horizontal member 55, the fitting panel 61, and the floor panel 81 and the ceiling panel 82 or the coupling panel 83, and may require a fire beam or a joist. Since there is not, a comparatively wide ceiling space can be obtained. For this reason, construction such as ventilation, air conditioning, and electricity can be performed with high freedom, and the work itself is easy. In addition, since the ceiling space is partitioned and subdivided by the main horizontal member 53, the secondary horizontal member 55, the connecting column 57, and the fitting panel 61, the propagation of sound can be suppressed by the partition. As a result, soundproofing between rooms can be improved and a comfortable living space can be obtained.

さらに、軸組11では、軸組11の内部に可動式の間仕切りパネルを使用することによって、間取りの変更に容易に対応できる。つまり、枠組壁工法にはない、設計の自由度の高さや増改築の容易性といった利点を有する。   Furthermore, in the shaft set 11, by using a movable partition panel inside the shaft set 11, it is possible to easily cope with a change in the floor plan. In other words, there are advantages such as a high degree of design freedom and ease of extension and renovation, which are not found in the frame wall construction method.

この発明の構成と、上記一形態の構成との対応において、
この発明の柱材は、上記一形態における通し柱42と管柱43に対応し、
床パネルは、床パネル81と結合パネル83に対応するも、
この発明は上述の構成のみに限定されるものではなく、その他の形態を採用することもできる。
In the correspondence between the configuration of the present invention and the configuration of the above-described embodiment,
The column material of the present invention corresponds to the through column 42 and the tube column 43 in the above-described embodiment,
The floor panel corresponds to the floor panel 81 and the coupling panel 83,
The present invention is not limited to the above-described configuration, and other forms can be adopted.

軸組の斜視図。The perspective view of a shaft set. 図1の軸組を有する住宅の正面図。The front view of the house which has a shaft set of Drawing 1. 図1の軸組を有する住宅の側面図。The side view of the house which has a shaft set of Drawing 1. 図1の軸組を有する住宅の各階の平面図。The top view of each floor of the house which has a shaft set of FIG. 図4のA−A部分の軸組図。FIG. 5 is an axial view of the AA portion in FIG. 4. 図4のB−B部分の軸組図。FIG. 5 is an axial diagram of a BB portion in FIG. 4. 図4のC−C部分の軸組図。FIG. 5 is an axial view of a CC section in FIG. 4. 嵌め込みパネルを省略した軸組の斜視図。The perspective view of the shaft set which omitted the fitting panel. 露頭柱を説明する模式図。The schematic diagram explaining an outcrop pillar. 柱材と横架材の接合部分の斜視図。The perspective view of the junction part of a pillar material and a horizontal member. 図1のイ部分の拡大図。FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 嵌め込みパネルの横断面図。The cross-sectional view of a fitting panel. 図1のロ部分の分解斜視図。FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of a portion B in FIG. 1. 軸組の内部における梁部分の正面図。The front view of the beam part in the inside of a shaft set. 軸組の内部における梁部分の横断面図。The cross-sectional view of the beam part in the inside of a shaft set. 柱材と横架材の接合部分の断面図。Sectional drawing of the junction part of a column material and a horizontal member. 柱材と横架材の接合部分の断面図。Sectional drawing of the junction part of a column material and a horizontal member. 施工手順を示す説明図。Explanatory drawing which shows a construction procedure. 施工手順を示す説明図。Explanatory drawing which shows a construction procedure. 施工手順を示す説明図。Explanatory drawing which shows a construction procedure. 施工手順を示す説明図。Explanatory drawing which shows a construction procedure. 作用状態を説明する模式図。The schematic diagram explaining an action state.

符号の説明Explanation of symbols

11…軸組
41…柱材
41a…露頭柱
42…通し柱
43…管柱
44…溝部
51…横架材
52,53…主横架材
54,55…従横架材
56…溝部
57…連結柱
57a…溝部
61…嵌め込みパネル
71…窓枠
81…床パネル
82…天井パネル
83…結合パネル
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 11 ... Shaft group 41 ... Column material 41a ... Outcrop column 42 ... Through column 43 ... Pipe column 44 ... Groove 51 ... Horizontal member 52, 53 ... Main horizontal member 54, 55 ... Secondary horizontal member 56 ... Groove 57 ... Connecting column 57a ... groove 61 ... fitting panel 71 ... window frame 81 ... floor panel 82 ... ceiling panel 83 ... coupling panel

Claims (8)

垂直方向に延びる柱材と、該柱材に接合されて架設される横架材とを有する木造軸組構造であって、
上記柱材として、上下階を貫通するように取付けられる通し柱と、側面に横架材が接合され頭部が露出する露頭柱とを有し、
上記横架材として、各階軒高の上端部位置に架設される主横架材と、該主横架材との間で隙間を隔てて平行に架設される従横架材とを有するとともに、
これら主横架材と従横架材の両端が、上記柱材の側面に接合され、
上記柱材、主横架材および従横架材の間には、全周縁がこれらの幅方向の中間部に形成された溝部に嵌め込まれる構造用パネルからなる嵌め込みパネルが固定され、
各柱材と横架材が、構造用金物の固定によって接合された
木造軸組構造。
A wooden frame structure having a pillar material extending in the vertical direction and a horizontal member joined to the pillar material,
As the above-mentioned pillar material, it has a through pillar attached so as to penetrate the upper and lower floors, and an outcrop pillar in which a horizontal member is joined to the side surface and the head is exposed,
As the horizontal member, having a main horizontal member that is installed at the upper end position of each floor eaves, and a secondary horizontal member that is installed in parallel with a gap between the main horizontal member,
Both ends of the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member are joined to the side surface of the column member,
Between the pillar material, the main horizontal material and the secondary horizontal material, a fitting panel composed of a structural panel that is fitted into a groove formed in the intermediate portion in the width direction of the entire periphery is fixed,
A wooden frame structure in which each column member and horizontal member are joined by fixing structural hardware.
前記主横架材の上面に、構造用パネルからなる床パネルが固定されるとともに、前記従横架材のうち、軸組の内部に位置する従横架材の下面に、構造用パネルからなる天井パネルが固定された
請求項1に記載の木造軸組構造。
A floor panel made of a structural panel is fixed to the upper surface of the main horizontal member, and a structural panel is formed on the lower surface of the auxiliary horizontal member located inside the shaft assembly among the auxiliary horizontal members. The wooden frame structure according to claim 1, wherein the ceiling panel is fixed.
前記従横架材のうち、軸組の外周部に位置する従横架材が、取付ける窓枠の上端または下端を受ける位置に設けられた
請求項1または請求項2に記載の木造軸組構造。
3. The wooden frame structure according to claim 1, wherein, among the subordinate horizontal members, the subordinate horizontal member located on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft group is provided at a position to receive the upper end or the lower end of the window frame to be attached. .
前記主横架材と従横架材との間に、両者間の隙間を保って連結する連結柱が固定され、
前記構造用パネルの周縁が連結柱の側面における幅方向の中間部に形成された溝部に嵌め込まれた
請求項1から請求項3のうちのいずれか一項に記載の木造軸組構造。
Between the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member, a connecting column that is connected with a gap between them is fixed,
The wooden frame structure according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein a peripheral edge of the structural panel is fitted in a groove portion formed in an intermediate portion in a width direction on a side surface of the connecting column.
前記主横架材および従横架材が、露頭柱に接合された
請求項1から請求項4のうちのいずれか一項に記載の木造軸組構造。
The wooden frame structure according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the main horizontal member and the secondary horizontal member are joined to an outcrop pillar.
前記各柱材および横架材の断面における少なくとも縦または横の寸法が同一である
請求項1から請求項5のうちのいずれか一項に記載の木造軸組構造。
The wooden frame structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein at least vertical or horizontal dimensions in a cross section of each column member and horizontal member are the same.
前記各柱材および横架材の断面が同一寸法である
請求項1から請求項5のうちのいずれか一項に記載の木造軸組構造。
The wooden frame structure according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein each of the pillar members and the horizontal member have the same cross section.
前記主横架材のうち、軸組の外周部に位置する主横架材が、その断面形状を横長にするように取付けられ、上面に構造用パネルからなる床パネルが直張りされた
請求項1から請求項7のうちのいずれか一項に記載の木造軸組構造。
Among the main horizontal members, the main horizontal member located on the outer peripheral portion of the shaft assembly is attached so that its cross-sectional shape is horizontally long, and a floor panel made of a structural panel is directly stretched on the upper surface. The wooden frame structure according to any one of claims 1 to 7.
JP2006242364A 2006-09-07 2006-09-07 Wooden frame structure Expired - Fee Related JP4839161B2 (en)

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