JP4802324B2 - The pulse wave measurement device for pulse diagnosis analysis - Google Patents

The pulse wave measurement device for pulse diagnosis analysis Download PDF

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JP4802324B2
JP4802324B2 JP2006045440A JP2006045440A JP4802324B2 JP 4802324 B2 JP4802324 B2 JP 4802324B2 JP 2006045440 A JP2006045440 A JP 2006045440A JP 2006045440 A JP2006045440 A JP 2006045440A JP 4802324 B2 JP4802324 B2 JP 4802324B2
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pulse
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measurement device
wave measurement
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JP2007222300A (en
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英敏 渥美
英雄 藤本
連怡 陳
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国立大学法人 名古屋工業大学
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本発明は脈波測定装置に関する。 The present invention relates to a pulse wave measuring device.

どのような治療においても、治療を行う前には患者の状態を把握する必要がある。 In any treatment, before the treatment, it is necessary to grasp the condition of the patient. 鍼治療などの東洋医学において、診断方法の1つの方法として脈診という重要な技術がある。 In Oriental medicine, such as acupuncture, there is an important technique of pulse diagnosis One way diagnostic methods.

脈診とは、患者の橈骨動脈部に指を置き、動脈の拍動により指に伝わってくる感覚から患者の状態を把握する方法である。 Seen as the pulse, place your finger on the radial artery of the patient, it is a method to know the condition of the patient from feeling that comes through on the finger by the pulsation of the artery. その中でも、脈状診という指に伝わってくる感覚を形態的に分類し、その特徴から診断する方法がある。 Among them, the sense comes through the fingers of veins diagnosis morphologically classified, there is a method of diagnosing the its features. 脈状診の基本的な分類として、浮脈、沈脈、遅脈、数脈、虚脈、実脈という六祖脈があげられる。 As a basic classification of pulse diagnosis like, 浮脈, 沈脈, Osomyaku, number pulse, Kyomyaku, is six its pulse that Jitsumyaku the like.

しかし、脈診を行う指の位置が少しでもずれていると、正確な診断を行うことができない。 However, when the position of the finger to perform a pulse diagnosis is shifted even a little, it is impossible to make an accurate diagnosis. また、脈診にはわずかな拍動の違いを感じるという、長年の経験から得られた熟練した技術が必要であり、研修生では脈診による診断を行うことが困難である。 In addition, that feel the difference of a few beats in the pulse diagnosis, it is necessary to skilled technology obtained from many years of experience, the trainees it is difficult to make a diagnosis by pulse diagnostic. さらに、脈診は感覚的な技術であり明確な指標がないため、それぞれの術者独自の判断でしかないという問題がある。 In addition, pulse diagnostic is because there is no clear indication is a sensuous technology, there is a problem that not only in each of the operator's sole discretion.

本発明は、上記の問題点を解決すべき課題としている。 The present invention has a task to be solved the above problems.

本発明の装置は、下部が三角錐で上部が細管といった漏斗状の容器で、底部に薄い膜を貼り付けてあることを特徴とする。 The apparatus of the present invention, the upper in the lower part triangular pyramid is a funnel-shaped container such as capillaries, characterized in that are affixed to a thin film on the bottom.

本発明の装置は、図1と図2に示すように、下部が三角錐で上部が細管といった漏斗状の容器で、底部に薄い膜を貼り付けてある。 The apparatus of the present invention, as shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the upper in the lower part triangular pyramid is a funnel-shaped container such as capillaries, it is affixed a thin film on the bottom. 底部の面積に比べ上部細管の面積が十分に狭ければ、底部の膜が受ける振動により起こる装置下部の液体の体積変化を、上部細管で液面の変動として面積比の分だけ増幅することが可能となる。 If is sufficiently narrow area of ​​the upper capillary than the area of ​​the bottom portion, the volume change of the liquid in the apparatus bottom caused by film receives vibration of the bottom, to be amplified by the amount of the area ratio as the fluctuation of the liquid level in the upper capillary It can become. また、下部が三角錐の形になっていることで,仮に液面が細管よりも下に下がって再び上昇したとしても,下部に空気の泡が残ったままにならないようになっている。 Further, since the bottom is in the shape of a triangular pyramid, if the liquid surface is even increased again falls below the tubules, so as not to leave leaving air bubbles at the bottom.

材質としては、容器にはアクリルに代表される透明で固いもの、膜にはセロハンなど、伸びにくく液体を通さないもの、内部の液体としては、粘性の少ないもので、透明な場合は色をつけたものを用いる。 The material, as the container rigid transparent typified by acrylic, which is impervious to cellophane, etc., elongation hardly liquid membrane, the liquid inside, but less viscous, if transparent colored were the ones used.

本発明を用いることで、底部の膜が受ける振動を増幅し、液面の変動として表することができる。 By using the present invention, it amplifies the film undergoes vibration at the bottom, can be respectful as the fluctuation of the liquid surface.

また、本発明の装置は微細な振動を測定できるため、装置底部を人体に押し当てることで脈の拍動による振動を測定することができる。 The device of the present invention because it can measure the minute vibration, it is possible to measure the vibration due to pulsation of the artery by pressing the bottom of the unit to the human body.

したがって、人体の腕に装置底部を押し当てることで、装置底部の膜に伝わる動脈の拍動が液面の変動として表れるため、液面の変動の大小から、脈診を行うべき位置を探査することができる。 Therefore, by pressing the bottoms of the human body arm, arterial pulsation transmitted to the membrane of the device bottom for appearing as a variation of the liquid level, the magnitude of fluctuations in liquid level, to probe positions to perform pulse diagnosis be able to.

また、本発明の装置では、装置底部を人体の橈骨動脈部に押しあてることで、装置底部の膜に伝わる動脈の拍動を液面の変動として表すことができるため、液面の変動をセンサで測定することで、脈診を行う場合に指に伝わってくる感覚を定量的に測定することが可能となる。 Further, in the apparatus of the present invention, by pressing the bottoms of the human body radial artery portion, it is possible to represent the arterial pulsation transmitted to the membrane of the device bottom as a variation of the liquid level, sensor variations in liquid level in that measure, it is possible to quantitatively measure the feeling that comes through to the finger in the case of performing the pulse diagnosis.

さらに、センサで読み取った脈波をコンピュータで解析を行うことにより、脈診の定量的な判断が可能となり、脈診の明確な指標が定まるとともに、研修生でも脈診による診断を行うことが可能となる。 Further, by performing the analysis of the pulse wave read by the sensor in the computer, enables quantitative determination of pulse diagnosis, with a clear indication of pulse diagnosis is determined, also can be diagnosed by pulse diagnosis by trainees to become.

以下、本発明を具体化した実施例を、図面を参照しつつ説明する。 Hereinafter, embodiments embodying the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings.

脈の拍動は微細なものであるので、液面の変動として表すためには装置の底面の面積と、上部細管の面積の比をある一定以上にしなければならない。 Since beating of the pulse is one minute, and the area of ​​the bottom surface of the device in order to represent a change in the liquid level must be above a certain a certain ratio of the area of ​​the upper tubular.

装置の底面の内径を20mm、上部の内径を2mmとした場合、面積比は100となるので、底面の膜がうけた振動は100倍になって液面の変動として表れる。 Inner diameter 20mm of the bottom surface of the device, when the upper portion of the inner diameter and 2 mm, since the area ratio is 100, the vibration film of the bottom surface is received is manifested as variations in the liquid level becomes 100 times. このとき、図3のように装置を橈骨動脈部に押し当てた場合、動脈の拍動による図4のような液面の変動は3mm程度表れた。 In this case, when pressed against the radial artery portion device as in FIG. 3, the variation of the liquid level, such as in Figure 4 by arterial pulsation are appeared about 3 mm. 脈の拍動を測定する場合、少なくとも底面の面積と上部細管の面積の比を100にしなくてはならない。 When measuring the beat of the pulse, it must be the ratio of the area of ​​at least the bottom area and the upper tubules 100. しかし、装置底部は橈骨動脈部に押し当てる必要があるので、底部の内径は20mm以下にしなくてはならない。 However, since the device bottom should be pressed against the radial artery portion, the inner diameter of the bottom must be a 20mm or less. よって、上部細管の内径は2mm以下である必要がある。 Therefore, the inner diameter of the upper tubular is required to be 2mm or less.

装置底部を動脈の上に押し当てる場合は、動脈の拍動による液面の変動は測定できるが、動脈から少しでもはずれると液面の変動は測定することができない。 When pressing the bottoms over the artery, although variations in the liquid level due to arterial pulsation can be measured, it is impossible to change the outside the liquid level even slightly from the artery is measured. 液面の変動が大きく測定できる場所が脈診を行う正しい位置となる。 The place where the variation of the liquid level can be increased measure the correct position for pulse diagnosis.

以上において、本発明を実施例に即して説明したが、本発明は上記実施例に制限されるものではなく、その趣旨を逸脱しない範囲で適宜変更して適用できることはいうまでもない。 Although the invention has been described with reference to examples, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, it can naturally be modified as appropriate without departing from its spirit.

本発明の装置の正面図である。 It is a front view of the apparatus of the present invention. 本発明の装置の平面図である。 It is a plan view of the apparatus of the present invention. 本発明の実施例の断面図である。 It is a cross-sectional view of an embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の実施例における液面の変動の説明図である。 It is an explanatory view of a variation of the liquid level in the embodiment of the present invention. 本発明の装置にセンサを取り付けた場合の正面図である。 The apparatus of the present invention is a front view of the case of attaching a sensor. 本発明の装置を用いた全体のシステム構成図である。 It is a system configuration diagram of a whole using the apparatus of the present invention.

符号の説明 DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS

1…容器 2…液体 3…膜 4…センサ 5…皮膚 6…動脈 7…橈骨 8…液面の変化 9…人体 10…脈波検出装置 11…コンピュータ 1 ... container 2 ... Liquid 3 ... film 4 ... sensor 5 ... skin 6 ... artery 7 ... change of radius 8 ... liquid surface 9 ... body 10 ... pulse wave detecting apparatus 11 ... Computer

Claims (6)

  1. 下部が錐で上部が細管といった漏斗状の容器の錐の底部に薄い膜を貼り付け、前記容器内部に液体を配し前記底部の膜が受ける微細な振動を前記上部細管の液面の変動として増幅して計測するセンサを含む測定装置。 Bottom affixed a thin film on the bottom of the circle cone of the funnel-shaped container top such tubules circular cone, the container interior to arrange the liquid, the liquid of the bottom of the fine vibrations of the upper capillary layer is subjected measuring device comprising a sensor for measuring and amplifying a variation in the surface.
  2. 請求項1に記載した測定装置であって、装置のの底部を人体の橈骨動脈部に押しあて、前記底部の膜に伝わる動脈の拍動が液面の変動として表れ、変動の大小から脈診を行うべき位置を探査する脈波測定装置。 A measuring apparatus according to claim 1, addressed press circular conical bottom of the device to the human body of the radial artery portion, it appears arterial pulsation transmitted to the membrane of the bottom as the fluctuation of the liquid surface, the magnitude of the fluctuation pulse wave measuring apparatus search a position to perform the pulse diagnosis from.
  3. の底部を人体等の動脈部に押しあてることで、装置底部の膜に伝わる動脈の拍動が液面の変動として表れ、上部細管の側部に取り付けたセンサで前記液面の変動を測定する請求項2に記載の脈波測定装置。 By pressing the circular conical bottom artery of a human body or the like, appears arterial pulsation transmitted to the membrane of the device bottom as a variation of the liquid level, the variation of the liquid level sensor mounted on the side of the upper tubules pulse wave measuring apparatus according to claim 2 measure.
  4. 前記センサで測定した脈波をコンピュータで解析することにより、定量的に脈診を行う請求項3に記載の脈波測定装置。 By analyzing the pulse wave measured by the sensor in the computer, quantitatively pulse wave measuring apparatus according to pulse diagnostic in line cormorants請 Motomeko 3.
  5. 前記底部の膜が伸びにくくかつ液体を通さないものである請求項1乃至4の測定装置または脈波測定装置。 The bottom of the film, elongation difficult and measuring device or the pulse wave measuring apparatus of Der Ru請 Motomeko 1 to 4 which is impervious to liquid.
  6. 前記底部の膜がセロハンである請求項5の測定装置または脈波測定装置。 Measuring device or the pulse wave measuring apparatus according to claim 5 film of the bottom part is cellophane.

JP2006045440A 2006-02-22 2006-02-22 The pulse wave measurement device for pulse diagnosis analysis Active JP4802324B2 (en)

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JPS5918052B2 (en) * 1974-11-05 1984-04-25 Toyoda Chuo Kenkyusho Kk
JPS5323182A (en) * 1976-08-14 1978-03-03 Michishi Tani Device for diagnosing pulsation
JPS62161344A (en) * 1986-01-11 1987-07-17 Matsushita Electric Works Ltd Pressure detector
JPH114812A (en) * 1997-06-16 1999-01-12 Hiromi Nanba Automatic blood pressure measuring device
JPH1119055A (en) * 1997-06-30 1999-01-26 Masaru Okada Pulse diagnosing device
CA2508590A1 (en) * 2002-12-09 2004-06-24 Ramot At Tel-Aviv University Ltd. Method for determining endothelial dependent vasoactivity
EP1440656A3 (en) * 2003-01-14 2004-10-06 Radi Medical Systems Ab Device for visually indicating a blood pressure

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