JP4755544B2 - Vehicle door latch device - Google Patents

Vehicle door latch device Download PDF

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Publication number
JP4755544B2
JP4755544B2 JP2006183571A JP2006183571A JP4755544B2 JP 4755544 B2 JP4755544 B2 JP 4755544B2 JP 2006183571 A JP2006183571 A JP 2006183571A JP 2006183571 A JP2006183571 A JP 2006183571A JP 4755544 B2 JP4755544 B2 JP 4755544B2
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latch
ratchet
pivot
striker
worm wheel
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JP2008013932A (en
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博 岡田
直 水本
悟 西澤
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三井金属アクト株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a vehicle door latch device capable of holding an opening / closing body supported by a vehicle body so as to be opened / closed about a hinge axis in a closed position.

  In a door latch device that holds a back door pivotally supported at the rear portion of the roof of the vehicle body so that it can be opened and closed around the hinge axis in a closed position, the door latch device is attached to the back door and meshes with a striker provided on the vehicle body side. And a drive unit that allows the back door to be opened by releasing the meshing between the meshing unit and the striker by the power of the motor. Reference 1).

The engaging portion includes a latch that can be engaged with the striker, and a ratchet (locking plate) that prevents the latch from rotating in the door opening direction by engaging with the latch. The drive unit includes a motor, a worm provided on the rotating shaft thereof, a worm wheel meshing with the worm, and an open lever driven by the worm wheel, and by swinging the open lever by the power of the motor, By rotating the ratchet in the release direction to release from the latch, the latch and the striker are disengaged and the back door can be opened.
JP-A-2005-68722

  In the door latch device described in the above-mentioned Patent Document 1, the motor is arranged so that its rotating shaft is directed in the vertical direction, the open lever is also arranged in the vertical direction, and the upper end tooth portion is a small gear. Since the lower end is linked to the ratchet, the left-right dimension is small, but the vertical dimension is large. Therefore, a large space in the vertical direction for accommodating the drive unit must be secured between the inner panel and the outer panel in the back door, and the degree of freedom when designing the back door is reduced.

  In view of the above-described conventional problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a vehicle door latch device that can be miniaturized by improving the arrangement of components.

According to the present invention, the above problem is solved as follows.
(1) In a vehicle door latch device capable of holding an openable / closable body, which is supported on a vehicle body so as to be able to be opened and closed about a hinge axis, in a closed position, a hinge is provided on one of the mounting surfaces of the vehicle body or the openable body The base means having a striker entry groove into which the attached parts on both sides spaced apart from each other by a predetermined amount in the axial direction are fastened and fixed and the striker provided on the other can enter, and the striker that has entered the striker entry groove. A latch that can be engaged, a ratchet that engages with the latch to prevent its rotation, a motor that can be driven by a predetermined operation switch, and a worm that can rotate by meshing with a worm provided on the rotating shaft of the motor The ratchet is rotated in the release direction to be detached from the latch by meshing with the wheel and the worm wheel and swinging. An open lever, and on one side of a boundary line passing through the striker entry groove in the base means in parallel with the striker entry direction, and the ratchet with respect to the axial direction of the hinge shaft and the entry direction of the striker The worm wheel is pivoted by a worm wheel pivot parallel to the ratchet pivot, and the latch is placed on the other side of the boundary line with the ratchet pivot. It is pivotally supported at a position facing the ratchet by a parallel latch pivot, and the motor is at a position facing the worm wheel, and the axis of the rotary shaft is a front view as viewed from the axial direction of the latch pivot. Passing between the ratchet pivot and the worm wheel pivot and oblique to the boundary. Disposed so as to intersect the open lever is across the worm, meshing with the small gear gear portion provided at its end portion is provided on the worm wheel.

(2) In the above item (1), the open lever is pivotally supported on the ratchet pivot so as to be able to swing independently of the ratchet, and the ratchet is urged in an engaging direction to engage the latch. The spring is arranged in a space between the latch and the motor in the front view.

(3) In the above item (2), the spring is formed by a torsion coil spring, the coil portion is supported outside the operating area of the ratchet and open lever of the base means, and one end portion is fixed to the base means. The other end is hooked on the ratchet.

(4) In the above item (2) or (3), the other end of the spring is hooked to the ratchet so as to be engaged with the ratchet pivot in the axial direction.

(5) In any one of the above items (1) to (4), the rotation position detection sensor for detecting the rotation position of the latch is disposed in a space between the latch and the motor in the front view. To do.

(6) In any one of the above items (1) to (5), a radial bearing portion that rotatably supports the entire circumference of the tip portion of the worm is integrally provided on the base means.

(7) In any one of the above items (1) to (6), the engagement portion of the fastening means in the attached portions on both sides in a plan view of the meshing portion of the latch and the striker as viewed from the striker entry direction. It almost matches the straight line connecting the centers.

(8) In any one of the above items (1) to (7), the fastening means in the attached portions on both sides of the engagement portion between the latch and the ratchet in a plan view as viewed from the striker entry direction It is made to almost coincide on the straight line connecting the centers of each other.

According to the present invention, the following effects can be achieved.
According to the first aspect of the present invention, the latch, ratchet, motor, worm wheel, and open lever can be arranged in an optimum position, and the striker entry direction and the hinge axis direction can be reduced. Furthermore, the thickness of the pivot axis direction can be reduced, and the entire door latch device can be reduced in size. In particular, the motor is arranged in a narrow space effectively by arranging the motor so that the axis direction of the rotation axis obliquely intersects the boundary line and passes between the ratchet pivot and the worm wheel pivot. Can do.

According to the second aspect of the invention, the space between the motor and the latch generated by arranging the motor at an inclination can be effectively utilized as a spring mounting space, and the size can be further reduced. Can do.

According to the third aspect of the present invention, since the coil portion of the spring does not overlap in the pivot direction with respect to the ratchet and the open lever, the thickness in the pivot direction can be reduced.

  According to invention of Claim 4, the other end part of a spring can be reliably latched on a ratchet.

  According to the fifth aspect of the present invention, the space between the motor and the latch that is generated by arranging the motor at an inclination can be effectively used as a mounting space for the rotational position detection sensor. Can be achieved.

According to the sixth aspect of the present invention, it is possible to prevent the worm from rattling in the radial direction without using other pressing members or the like.

  According to the seventh aspect of the present invention, the fastening means effectively receives the load in the opening direction that acts between the latch and the striker, and the deformation of the mounting portion of the mounting surface and the base means is minimized. The strength can be improved.

According to the eighth aspect of the present invention, the engagement portion between the latch and the ratchet is substantially aligned with a straight line connecting the centers of the fastening means in the attached portions on both sides in a plan view as viewed from the striker entry direction. Thus, the strength can be further improved.

  Hereinafter, an embodiment according to the present invention will be described with reference to the drawings. FIG. 1 is a longitudinal side view of a lower portion of a back door to which the present invention is applied, FIG. 2 is a front view of the latch device viewed from the rear of the vehicle, and FIG. 3 is a rear view of the latch device viewed from the front of the vehicle. FIG. 4 is an exploded perspective view of the latch device according to the present invention, FIG. 5 is a perspective view of the latch device viewed from diagonally rear, FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the latch device viewed from diagonally forward, and FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VII-VII in FIG. 2, FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view taken along line VIII-VIII in FIG. 3, FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view taken along line IX-IX in FIG. FIG. 12 is an enlarged back view of the main part, FIG. 13 is an enlarged front view of the main part, and FIG. 14 is a latch with the base plate and the cover removed. FIG. 15 is a perspective view of the latch device with the base plate removed, and FIG. Is a perspective view of the latching device in a state in which the housing removed.

In the following description, the left side in FIG. 1 is the “front” of the vehicle, the right side is the “rear” of the vehicle, the back of the drawing in FIG. 2, and the front of the drawing in FIG. The front side of the drawing in FIG. 2 and the back side of the drawing in FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, the latch device (1) is a back that forms an opening / closing body that is supported on the rear portion of the roof of the vehicle body (2) so that it can be opened / closed up and down around a hinge shaft (not shown) that faces in the left / right direction. A meshing part (6) for holding the door (3) in the closed position and a drive part (7) for releasing the meshing part (6) are provided, and the lower part of the inner panel (31) of the back door (3) is provided. The engagement portion (6) is exposed from the back door (3), and the drive portion (7) is mounted in the back door (3).

In the attachment example of the latch device (1) shown in FIG. 1, the latch device (1) is attached obliquely in the vertical direction. However, the shape of the back door (3), the closing direction, and the attachment position of the striker (4) described later. For example, it may be attached so as to face in the vertical direction.

The meshing portion (6) meshes with the engagement rod (41) of a substantially inverted U-shaped striker (4) in a side view fixed to the vehicle body (2), thereby bringing the back door (3) into a substantially vertical state. Hold in the closed position (see FIG. 1). The outside of the meshing portion (6) protruding from the inner panel (31) of the back door (3) is covered with a synthetic resin cover (61) for improving the appearance. For the convenience of description of the drawings, the cover (61) is shown only in FIGS. 1, 2, 4 and 7, and the other figures are omitted.

  As shown in FIG. 4, the meshing portion (6) includes a metal base plate (8) that forms a base means fixed to the inner panel (31) of the back door (3), and a lower portion of the housing (15) described later. A metal back plate (9), a latch (10) engageable with the striker (4), a ratchet (11) engageable with the latch (10), and the latch (10) in the open direction (see FIG. Latch spring 12 for urging in the clockwise direction in FIGS. 2, 10 and 11 and a ratchet spring urging the ratchet 11 in the engaging direction (counterclockwise in FIGS. 2, 10 and 11) (13), an open lever (14) capable of operating the ratchet (11) in the release direction (clockwise in FIGS. 2, 10 and 11), and a rotational position detection for detecting the rotational position of the latch (10) Includes sensor (23).

  The drive unit (7) includes an upper portion of a synthetic resin housing (15) forming a base means, a synthetic resin cover (16) closing the upper rear surface of the housing (15), a motor (17), a motor A worm (18) fixed to the rotating shaft (171) of (17) and a worm wheel (19) meshing with the worm (18) are included.

  The base plate (8) has left and right attached parts (81) and (82) provided on the upper part of the base part (83) protruding from the inner panel (31) of the back door (3). By means of fastening means including female threaded portions (81a) (81b) (82a) into which the bolts (5) are screwed together, the lower mounting surface of the inner panel (31) (opening / closing direction (A) of the back door (3) (see FIG. 1) It is fixed to the back door (3) by being fastened to the surface (32) orthogonal to (). At the center lower part of the base part (83), when the back door (3) is closed, a striker entry groove (84) into which the striker (4) enters is relative to the striker entry direction (B) (relative to the closing direction of the back door (3)). Direction).

The left and right attached portions (81) and (82) have a plane perpendicular to the opening / closing direction (A) of the back door (3), and are attached to each other along the left / right direction, that is, the hinge axis direction (C) of the hinge shaft. It is formed so as to be separated by a predetermined amount. The left and right attached parts (81) and (82) are provided in the opening / closing direction (A) of the back door (3), that is, the attachment surface (32) of the back door (3) and the attached parts (81) and (82). Female threaded portions (81a), (81b), and (82a) to which bolts (5) facing in a direction orthogonal to are screwed are provided.

In order to fix the door latch device (1) to the back door (3), the left and right mounting portions (81) and (82) of the base plate (8) are attached to the mounting surface of the inner panel (31) from the back door (3). The bolt (5) is inserted into a mounting hole (not shown) provided on the mounting surface (32) of the inner panel (31) while being in contact with the (32), and the female thread portions (81a) (81b) (82a) And the left and right attached portions (81) and (82) are fastened to the attachment surface (32) of the inner panel (31).

  As shown mainly in FIGS. 7 and 8, the attached portion (81) on the left side (right side in FIG. 8) is formed larger than the attached portion (82) on the right side (left side in FIG. 8). The left mounted portion (81) is provided with two female screw portions (81a) and (81b), and the right mounted portion (82) has one less than the left mounted portion (81). An internal thread portion (82a) is provided.

In the present embodiment, the number of female thread portions of the left mounted portion (81) is larger than the number of female thread portions of the right mounted portion (82), but the present invention is not limited to this. Instead, the number of female thread portions of the left and right attached portions (81) and (82) may be the same. Further, as shown by a two-dot chain line in FIG. 4, a bent piece (88) directed upward may be provided at a portion (87) connecting the left and right attached portions (81) and (82) of the base plate (8). . By providing the bent piece (88), the rigidity of the base plate (8) can be further improved. In addition, the mounted portion (82) is smaller than the mounted portion (81), but if the size is the same as the mounted portion (81), the rigidity of the base plate (8) is further improved. Can be made.

As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the female threaded portion (81a) of the left mounted portion (81) and the female threaded portion (82a) of the right mounted portion (82) are planes viewed from the striker entry direction (B). When viewed, the positions of the centers, that is, the straight line (L1) connecting the centers of the fastening means in the left and right attached portions (81) (82) are set so as to be parallel to the hinge axis direction (C). The female screw portion (81b) of the left attached portion (81) is set at a position offset by a predetermined amount from the straight line (L1).

  The fastening means in this embodiment is screwed into the female screw portions (81a) (81b) (82a) and the female screw portions (81a) (81b) (82a) provided on the left and right attached portions (81) (82). However, the present invention is not limited to this. For example, the fastening means includes a weld bolt fixed to the left and right attached portions (81) and (82) by welding and a nut screwed to the weld bolt, and welded to the left and right attached portions (81) and (82). Including a weld nut and a bolt screwed into the weld nut, or a hole provided in the attached portion (81) (82) and a tapping screw screwed into the hole, or an inner A weld bolt fixed to the mounting surface (32) of the panel (31) by welding and a nut screwed to a weld bolt inserted into a mounting hole provided in the mounted portions (81) (82) may be included.

  On both sides of the base part (83) of the base plate (8), left and right side pieces that are connected to the respective attachment parts (81) and (82) and bent forward substantially perpendicular to the surface of the base part (83) (85) (85) are provided. The left and right side pieces (85) have an effect of increasing the rigidity of the base portion (83).

  The housing (15) has a base plate (8) whose lower rear surface faces the base (83) of the base plate (8) and fits between the left and right side pieces (85) (85) of the base plate (8). Fixed to the front of the.

A striker entry groove (151) that overlaps with the striker entry groove (84) of the base plate (8) is formed in the lower center portion of the housing (15). In the same plane on the rear surface of the housing (15), a latch assembly area (152) to which the latch (10) is assembled, a ratchet assembly area (153) to which the ratchet (11) is assembled, and a motor (17) The motor assembly area (154) to which the worm wheel is assembled, the worm wheel assembly area (155) to which the worm wheel (19) is assembled, the ratchet spring (13), and the rotational position detection sensor (23) are assembled. A spring assembly region portion (156) is formed.

The latch assembly area (152) is formed in the lower left part of the housing (15). The motor assembly area (154) is formed above the latch assembly area (152). The ratchet assembly region portion (153) is formed on the lower right side of the housing (15), that is, on the right side of the latch assembly region portion (152). The worm wheel assembly region portion (155) is formed above the ratchet assembly region portion (153), that is, to the right of the motor assembly region portion (154). The spring assembly region (156) is generated by placing the motor (17) at an inclination as will be described later, and is located between the motor (17) and the latch (10). It is formed into a shape.

  As shown mainly in FIGS. 10 and 11, a straight line passing through each striker entry groove (84) (151) along the striker entry direction (B) is defined as a boundary line (L2), and the base plate (8) and the housing (15). If the left side (one side) of the boundary line (L2) in FIG. 1 is the first region side (15A) and the right side (the other side) is also the second region side (15B), the first The region side (15A) includes a latch door (152), a motor assembly region (154), a spring assembly region (156), and a back door (3) by two bolts (5). ) Including a left mounted portion (81) fixed to the mounting surface (32). The second region portion side (15B) has a ratchet assembly region portion (153), a worm wheel assembly region portion (155), and a mounting surface (32) of the back door (3) by one bolt (5). The right mounted portion (82) fixed to the frame is included.

  The left mounting piece (81) provided on the first area side (15A) where the latch (10) is arranged is fastened and fixed to the mounting surface (32) of the back door (3) by two bolts (5). By doing so, the left mounting piece (81) can be firmly fixed to the mounting surface (32). Further, the bolt (5) for fixing the left mounting piece (81) to the mounting surface (32) of the back door (3) is provided on the right side provided on the second region side (15B) where the ratchet (11) is disposed. Because the number of mounted parts (82) is larger than the number of bolts (5) for fixing to the mounting surface (32), the mounted parts (81) on the left side of the first region side (15A) where the load is likely to act Can be firmly fixed to the mounting surface (32).

  A radial bearing portion (157) that rotatably supports the entire circumference of the tip of the worm (18) is provided between the ratchet assembly region portion (153) and the worm wheel assembly region portion (155) in the housing (15). ) Are integrally formed. As shown mainly in FIGS. 9 and 13, the radial bearing portion (157) includes a recess (157a) in which the tip of the worm (18) is loosely fitted, and a pressing portion that is opposed to the recess (157a) in an oblique direction. (157b). A hole (157c) (see FIG. 9) for punching is provided on the surface of the housing (15) facing the pressing portion (157b) when the pressing portion (157b) is molded with synthetic resin.

The distal end portion of the worm (18) is rotatably supported by the radial bearing portion (157) by being inserted in the axial direction between the recess portion (157a) and the pressing portion (157b). By supporting the tip of the worm (18) in the radial direction in this way, it is possible to prevent the worm (18) from rattling in the radial direction. As a result, as will be described later, when the parts are arranged in such a positional relationship that the open lever (14) and the worm (18) cross each other, the open lever (14) interferes with the cover (16). Even if the tip of the worm (18) cannot be pressed in the radial direction due to some parts, the tip of the worm (18) is rattled in the radial direction by the recess (157a) and the holding part (157b). And can be supported rotatably.

The back plate (9) is fixed to the lower part of the front surface of the housing (15), and fixed to the base plate (8) together with the housing (15), so that the left and right side pieces (85) (85) of the base plate (8) are fixed. Left and right overhanging portions (92) and (92) provided on both sides of the base plate (8) are provided at the front edges of the left and right side pieces (85) of the base plate (8). The recess (86) is disposed so as to be engageable in a vertical direction (a striker advance / retreat direction (a striker entry direction (B) and its opposite direction)). At the lower part of the back plate (9), there are provided striker entry grooves (91) into which flange portions (151a) provided on both side edges of the striker entry groove (151) of the housing (15) are fitted.

The upper portion of the back plate (9), that is, the upper side (back side) of the striker entry groove (91) is an extension line of the striker entry groove (91) (boundary line (L2 And a flange portion (93) that extends along the hinge axis direction (C) and bends substantially at right angles to the front (axial direction (D)). At the front end of the flange portion (93), a presser piece (94) bent upward at a substantially right angle is provided.

The flange portion (93) has an effect of increasing the rigidity around the back portion of the striker entry groove (91) in the back plate (9), and mainly as shown in FIGS. 3, 6 and 8, the base plate (8 ) Between the left and right side pieces (85) and (85), and both right and left edges (in the hinge axis direction (C)) are on the inner surfaces of the left and right side pieces (85) and (85) of the base plate (8). Abutting or close.

When a load in the opening direction that causes deformation of the base plate (8) and the back plate (9) acts on the latch device (1), both side edges of the flange portion (93) in the back plate (9) And the back plate (9) so that the latch (10) and the ratchet (11) can be easily disengaged when the inner surfaces of the base plate (8) and the two side pieces (85) (85) are in contact with each other. Further, the deformation of the base plate (8) can be effectively suppressed, and the meshing strength between the latch (10) and the ratchet (11) can be improved. Further, by providing the flange portion (93), the deformation in the pivot direction (D) (the plate thickness direction of the back plate (9)) is suppressed, and the meshing strength between the latch (10) and the ratchet (11) is increased. Can be improved.

Further, the overhanging portion (92) of the back plate (9) is engaged with the concave portion (86) of the base plate (8) in the vertical direction so that the back plate (9) and the base plate (8) are Deformation that deviates in the direction can be suppressed. As a result, the deformation of the base plate (8) and the back plate (9) for supporting the latch (10) and the ratchet (11) can be pushed to a minimum, and the latch (10) and the ratchet (11) The mesh strength can be improved.

The presser piece (94) has a rear surface abutting against the front surface of the housing (15), and a hole portion (95) drilled in a substantially central portion thereof is projected from the upper front surface of the housing (15). By engaging with (158), the front part of the housing (15) is reinforced.

  The latch (10) is substantially perpendicular to the opening / closing direction (A) of the back door (3), that is, the pivot direction (D) substantially perpendicular to the striker entry direction (B) and the hinge axis direction (C). With the stepped latch pivot (20) facing the base plate (8), pivotally supported by the latch assembly area (152) between the base (83) of the base plate (8) and the lower part of the housing (15), and the back door (3) When the door is opened, the striker (4) is in the open position (see FIG. 11), and when the back door (3) is closed, the striker (4) entered the striker entry grooves (84) (91) (151). 11) from the open position in the counterclockwise direction in FIG. 11 against the urging force of the latch spring (12) wound around the latch pivot (20). It rotates to the full latch position (see FIG. 10) rotated 90 degrees.

  The ratchet (11) has a ratchet pivot (21) parallel to the latch pivot (20) and has a ratchet assembly area (153) between the base (83) of the base plate (8) and the lower part of the housing (15). When the back door (3) is closed, the claw portion (111) is provided on the outer periphery of the latch (10) as shown in FIG. 10 by the urging force of the ratchet spring (13). Engaged with (101) to prevent the latch (10) from rotating in the open direction to hold the back door (3) in the closed position, and against the urging force of the ratchet spring (13) By rotating to the release position shown in FIG. 11, the latch (10) can be freely rotated in the opening direction, and the back door (3) can be opened. When the ratchet (11) is in the engaged position, the lower end of the ratchet (11) is in contact with a stopper (25) formed of rubber or the like fitted into the housing (15).

  At the upper end of the ratchet (11), the other end (132) of the ratchet spring (13) assembled to the spring assembly area (156) as described later is engaged in the front-rear direction (axial direction (D)). A latching portion (113) that can be mated is provided. An emergency operation portion (112) that is exposed to the vehicle interior through an opening (150) provided in the housing (15) is integrally provided on the upper portion of the ratchet (11).

An elastic member (24) formed of rubber or the like is fitted on the outer periphery of the emergency operation portion (112). This elastic member (24) alleviates the hitting sound when the open lever (14) comes into contact with the emergency operation part (112). Furthermore, it is also possible to serve as a stopper (25) for restricting the rotation of the ratchet (11) by externally fitting the elastic member (24). The elastic member (24) may be formed integrally with the ratchet (11) by molding resin molding.

When the back door (3) is in the closed position, the side of the open lever (14) is moved through the elastic member by releasing the open lever (14) by the power of the motor (17) as described later. Thus, the ratchet (11) can be released by contacting the emergency operation section (112). In the event of an emergency in which the ratchet (11) cannot be released by the power of the motor (17) due to an electric system or other malfunction, the interior of the vehicle interior can be removed without removing the trim of the back door (3). The emergency operation part (112) exposed to the door is easily manually operated from the passenger compartment, thereby releasing the ratchet (11) and releasing the engagement between the ratchet (11) and the latch (10). (3) can be opened quickly.

As described above, the emergency operation unit (112) has two functions, ie, a transmission function for transmitting the release operation of the open lever (14) to the ratchet (11) and an operation function in an emergency, so that the ratchet (11 ) Can be simplified to simplify the configuration. Further, the emergency operation part (112) is set so as not to protrude from the flange part (93) of the back plate (9) to the vehicle interior side. As a result, it is possible to reliably prevent a situation in which the load or the like loaded in the passenger compartment directly hits the emergency operation unit (112) and the emergency operation unit (112) is erroneously operated.

Further, the emergency operation section (112) is provided with a recess (112a) into which a rod-shaped tool such as a screwdriver can be inserted. Thereby, in an emergency, the ratchet (11) can be easily released by inserting the tool into the recess (112a) of the emergency operation section (112).

  The latch pivot (20) and the ratchet pivot (21) pass through the base plate (8), the housing (15) and the back plate (9), and the front end thereof is caulked to the back plate (9), and the rear end is also the same. Crimp to base plate (8). Thereby, the base plate (8), the housing (15), and the back plate (9) are fixed to each other in a state where the housing (15) is held between the base plate (8) and the back plate (9).

  As shown in FIG. 7, the striker meshing portion (E) meshed with the striker (4) of the latch (10) has left and right attached portions (81) (82) in a plan view as viewed from the striker entry direction (B). ) Are set so as to coincide with a straight line (L1) connecting the centers of the female screw holes (81a) and (82a). Further, preferably, as shown in FIG. 8, the engaging portion (F) where the claw portion (101) of the latch (10) and the claw portion (111) of the ratchet (11) engage is also provided in the striker entry direction ( It is set so as to coincide with the straight line (L1) in plan view as viewed from B).

As described above, when a load in the opening direction is applied between the latch device (1) and the striker (4) when the back door (3) is closed, the base plate (via the latch (10) and the ratchet (11) is used. The load (W) acting on the fastening portion between 8) and the back door (3) acts directly on the bolt (5) screwed into the female screw portions (81a) and (82a). As a result, the deformation of the mounting surface (32) of the inner panel (31) and the mounted portion (81) (82) of the base plate (8) in the back door (3) can be suppressed to a minimum, and the latch device ( The strength of 1) can be improved.

For example, the load (W) acting on the fastening part between the base plate (8) and the back door (3) acts on the bolt (5) from an oblique direction or is offset from the straight line (L1). If it acts, the mounting surface (32) of the inner panel (31) in the back door (3) and the mounted portions (81) (82) of the base plate (8) will be deformed so as to cause a decrease in strength. Become.

  The worm wheel (19) has a worm wheel pivot (22) parallel to the latch pivot (20) and pivotally supports the worm wheel assembly area (155) between the top of the housing (15) and the cover (16). It is always urged to the neutral position by a spring (not shown) wound around the worm wheel pivot (22).

As shown mainly in FIGS. 10 and 11, the motor (17) has a tip of the rotating shaft (171) in the motor assembly region (154) between the upper part of the housing (15) and the cover (16). The parts are arranged so as to face diagonally downward to the right. That is, the axis (L3) of the rotating shaft (171) of the motor (17) passes between the ratchet pivot (21) and the worm wheel pivot (22) in front view, and with respect to the boundary (L2). The motor (17) is arranged obliquely so as to intersect diagonally.

  The worm (18) meshes with the gear portion (191) provided on the outer peripheral surface of the worm wheel (19) facing the upper portion of the ratchet (11) in a reversible manner and is rotated by the power of the motor (17). Thus, the worm wheel (19) is rotated from the standby position in the release direction (counterclockwise in FIGS. 10, 11 and 13). The worm wheel (19) rotates in the release direction.When the rotation position detection sensor (23) detects the open position of the latch (10) and the motor (17) stops, the urging force of the spring again Return to neutral position and stop.

  The open lever (14) is pivotally supported by a ratchet pivot (21) whose lower part is coaxial with the ratchet (11) so as to be able to swing independently of the ratchet (11). 171) extends upward so as to intersect the axis (L3), and the sector gear portion (141) provided at the upper edge thereof meshes with the small gear (192) provided on the worm wheel (19).

When the back door (3) is in the closed position, the open lever (14) is released from the standby position (see FIG. 10) when the worm wheel (19) is rotated in the release direction from the neutral position by the power of the motor (17). It swings in the direction (clockwise in FIG. 10) and moves to the release position (see FIG. 11). Accordingly, the side edge of the open lever (14) is brought into contact with the emergency operation part (112) via the elastic member (24) fitted on the outer peripheral surface of the emergency operation part (112) of the ratchet (11). By contact, the ratchet (11) swings from the engagement position to the release position. That is, when the motor (17) is driven by operating an operation switch (not shown) provided on the outer surface of the back door (3) when the back door (3) is closed, the power of the motor (17) is converted to the open lever. (14) and the emergency operation unit (112), the ratchet (11) is transmitted to the ratchet (11), and the ratchet (11) is released to open the back door (3).

  When the back door (3) opens, the rotation of the motor (17) stops. As a result, the open lever (14) also returns to the standby position as the worm wheel (19) returns to the neutral position.

  When the open lever (14) is in the standby position and the ratchet (11) is in the engaged position, the side edge of the open lever (14) is an elastic member (24 that is externally fitted to the emergency operation section (112) of the ratchet (11)). ). This prevents backlash of the open lever (14) due to backlash caused by meshing between the sector gear portion (141) of the open lever (14) and the small gear (192) of the worm wheel (19).

  The ratchet spring (13) is formed by a screw coil spring, and the coil portion (131) is wound and supported on a shaft portion (159a) provided in the spring assembly region portion (156), and one end portion is a shaft portion. The other end portion (free end portion) (132) is fixed to the latching portion (113) of the ratchet (11) in the front-rear direction (axial direction (D )) Is applied so as to engage the ratchet (11). The coil portion (131) is disposed outside the operating region of the ratchet (11) and the open lever (14) so as not to interfere with the ratchet (11) and the open lever (14).

  By arranging each part as described above, the latch (10), ratchet (11), motor (17), worm wheel (19) and open lever (14) should be gathered and arranged at optimum positions. Therefore, the dimensions in the striker entry direction (B) and the hinge axis direction (C) can be reduced, and the thickness in the pivot direction (D) can be reduced to reduce the overall size of the latch device (1). Can be planned. In particular, by arranging the motor (17) to be inclined to the motor assembly area (154), the ratchet is placed on the spring assembly area (156) generated between the motor (17) and the latch (10). The spring (13) can be easily assembled, and the space between the motor (17) and the latch (10) can be effectively used as a mounting space for the ratchet spring (13). The apparatus (1) can be reduced in size.

Further, since the ratchet spring (13) does not overlap with the ratchet (11) and the open lever (14) in the pivot direction (D), the dimension of the latch device (1) in the pivot direction can be reduced. it can. Furthermore, the other end portion (132) of the ratchet spring (13) is hooked to the hook portion (113) of the ratchet (11) so as to be engaged in the front-rear direction (axial direction (D)). Thus, the other end (132) of the ratchet spring (13) can be securely hooked to the ratchet (11).

  The rotation position detection sensor (23) is arranged in the spring assembly region (156), and the detection piece (231) is in sliding contact with the outer peripheral surface of the latch (10), so that the rotation position of the latch (10) is Is detected.

Next, the assembly procedure of the latch device (1) will be described.
First, the latch pivot (20) and the front end of the ratchet pivot (21) are caulked and fixed to the back plate (9), and then the back plate (9) is applied to the front surface of the housing (15), and the latch pivot (20), The ratchet pivot (21) is projected to the rear side of the housing (15). In this state, as shown in FIG. 14, the housing (15) has a latch (10), a ratchet (11), a latch spring (12), a ratchet spring (13), an open lever (14), a motor (17 ), Parts such as the worm wheel (19) and the rotation position sensor (23) are assembled, and then the upper rear surface of the housing (15) is closed by the cover (16) as shown in FIG. Next, the base plate (8) is attached to the lower rear surface of the housing (15), and the latch pivot (20) protruding from the base plate (8) and the rear end portion of the ratchet pivot (21) are fixed by caulking and thereby the latch device ( The assembly of 1) is completed.

Although the embodiment of the present invention has been described above, the following various modifications and changes can be made to the present embodiment without departing from the gist of the present invention.
(I) The latch device (1) is applied to an open / close body other than the back door (3), for example, a side door that is supported by the vehicle body so as to be openable and closable around a hinge axis that faces the vertical direction.

(Ii) The latch device (1) is attached to the vehicle body side, and the striker (4) is provided on the opening / closing body side.

(Iii) The base plate (8) and the housing (15) are integrally formed. Alternatively, the housing (15) and the back plate (9) are integrally formed.

It is a vertical side view of the lower part of the back door to which this invention is applied. It is a front view of the latch device seen from the back of vehicles. It is a reverse view of the latch apparatus seen from the front of a vehicle. It is a disassembled perspective view of the latch apparatus concerning this invention. It is the perspective view of the latch apparatus seen from diagonally backward. It is the perspective view of the latch apparatus seen from diagonally forward. It is a cross-sectional view which follows the VII-VII line in FIG. It is a cross-sectional view which follows VIII-VIII in FIG. It is a cross-sectional view which follows the IX-IX line in FIG. It is a front view of the latch apparatus of the state which removed the base plate and the cover. It is a front view of the latch apparatus of the state which removed the base plate and the cover. It is an expanded back view of the principal part. It is an enlarged front view of the principal part. It is a perspective view of a latch device in the state where a base plate and a cover are removed. It is a perspective view of the latch apparatus of the state which removed the base plate. It is a perspective view of a latch device in the state where a housing was removed.

Explanation of symbols

(1) Latch device
(2) Body
(3) Back door (opening / closing body)
(4) striker
(5) Bolt (fastening means)
(6) Meshing part
(7) Drive unit
(8) Base plate (base means)
(9) Back plate
(10) Latch
(11) Ratchet
(12) Spring for latch
(13) Ratchet spring
(14) Open lever
(15) Housing (base means)
(15A) 1st area side
(15B) Second area side
(16) Cover
(17) Motor
(18) Warm
(19) Worm wheel
(20) Latch pivot
(21) Ratchet Axis
(22) Worm wheel pivot
(23) Rotation position detection sensor
(24) Elastic member
(25) Stopper
(31) Inner panel
(32) Mounting surface
(41) Engagement rod
(61) Cover
(81) (82) Mounted part
(81a) (81b) (82a) Female thread (fastening means)
(83) Base
(84) Strike approach groove
(85) side piece
(86) Recess
(87) part
(88) bent piece
(91) Strike approach groove
(92) Overhang
(93) Flange
(94) Presser piece
(95) Hole
(101) Claw
(111) Claw
(112) Emergency operation section
(112a) Recess
(113) Hook
(131) Coil part
(132) The other end (free end)
(141) Sector gear section
(150) opening
(151) Strike approach groove
(151a) Flange
(152) Latch assembly area
(153) Ratchet assembly area
(154) Motor assembly area
(155) Worm wheel assembly area
(156) Spring assembly area
(157) Radial bearing
(157a) Recess
(157b) Holding part
(157c) Hole
(158) Protrusion
(159a) Shaft
(159b) Locking part
(171) Rotating shaft
(191) Gear part
(192) Small gear
(231) Detection piece
(A) Opening and closing direction
(B) Strike approach direction
(C) Hinge axis direction
(D) Axis direction
(E) Striker meshing part
(F) Engagement part
(W) Load
(L1) A straight line connecting the centers of the fastening means
(L2) Boundary line
(L3) Axis of rotation axis

Claims (8)

  1. In a vehicle door latch device capable of holding an opening / closing body supported by a vehicle body so as to be able to be opened / closed about a hinge axis in a closed position,
    Attaching means on either one of the vehicle body or the opening / closing body are fastened and fixed with fastening means on both sides spaced apart from each other by a predetermined amount in the hinge axis direction, and a striker provided on the other can enter. Base means having a striker entry groove, a latch that can be engaged with the striker that has entered the striker entry groove, a ratchet that engages with the latch and prevents its rotation, and can be driven by a predetermined operation switch A motor, a worm wheel meshed with a worm provided on a rotating shaft of the motor, and a worm wheel that is rotatable by meshing with the worm wheel to swing the ratchet in a release direction to be detached from the latch With a lever,
    One side of a boundary line passing through the striker entry groove in the base means parallel to the striker entry direction, and the ratchet in a direction substantially perpendicular to the axial direction of the hinge shaft and the entry direction of the striker And pivotally supported by the ratchet pivot facing, and the worm wheel pivoted by a worm wheel pivot parallel to the ratchet pivot,
    On the other side of the boundary line, the latch is pivotally supported at a position facing the ratchet by a latch pivot parallel to the ratchet pivot, and the motor is at a position facing the worm wheel, and the rotation An axis of the shaft is disposed so as to pass between the ratchet pivot and the worm wheel pivot and obliquely intersect the boundary line in a front view as viewed from the axial direction of the latch pivot.
    The open lever straddles the worm, and a gear portion provided at an end thereof meshes with a small gear provided on the worm wheel.
  2. The open lever is pivotally supported on the ratchet pivot so as to be able to swing independently of the ratchet, and a spring for urging the ratchet in an engaging direction to engage the latch, as viewed from the front, The vehicle door latch device according to claim 1, wherein the door latch device is disposed in a space between the latch and the motor.
  3. The spring is formed by a torsion coil spring, the coil portion is supported outside the operating area of the ratchet and open lever of the base means, one end is fixed to the base means, and the other end is hooked to the ratchet. The door latch device for vehicles according to claim 2 characterized by things.
  4. 4. The vehicle door latch device according to claim 2, wherein the other end portion of the spring is engaged with the ratchet so as to engage with the ratchet pivot in the axial direction.
  5. The rotation position detection sensor for detecting the rotation position of the latch is arranged in a space between the latch and the motor in the front view. Vehicle door latch device.
  6. The vehicle door latch device according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the base means is integrally provided with a radial bearing portion that rotatably supports the entire periphery of the tip portion of the worm.
  7. The engagement portion of the latch and the striker is substantially matched with a straight line connecting the centers of the fastening means in the attached portions on both sides in a plan view as viewed from the striker entry direction. The vehicle door latch device according to any one of 1 to 6.
  8. The engaging portion between the latch and the ratchet is substantially aligned with a straight line connecting the centers of the fastening means in the attached portions on both sides in a plan view as viewed from the striker entry direction. The vehicle door latch device according to any one of claims 1 to 7.

JP2006183571A 2006-07-03 2006-07-03 Vehicle door latch device Active JP4755544B2 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006183571A JP4755544B2 (en) 2006-07-03 2006-07-03 Vehicle door latch device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP2006183571A JP4755544B2 (en) 2006-07-03 2006-07-03 Vehicle door latch device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
JP2008013932A JP2008013932A (en) 2008-01-24
JP4755544B2 true JP4755544B2 (en) 2011-08-24

Family

ID=39071216

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
JP2006183571A Active JP4755544B2 (en) 2006-07-03 2006-07-03 Vehicle door latch device

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Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107587798A (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-01-16 胡夫·许尔斯贝克和福斯特有限及两合公司 Motor vehicle lock

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5281383B2 (en) * 2008-12-18 2013-09-04 株式会社城南製作所 Vehicle door lock device
CN102864993B (en) * 2012-09-18 2015-08-19 无锡忻润汽车安全系统有限公司 Inside open and two draw opening door lock
US10641018B2 (en) 2014-05-30 2020-05-05 Inteva Products, Llc Latch with spring for bell crank lever
CN105178743B (en) * 2014-05-30 2017-12-15 因特瓦产品有限责任公司 Lock bolt with the spring for bell crank lever
US10415275B2 (en) 2016-04-15 2019-09-17 Hyundai Motor Company Trunk latch module for vehicle
KR101795252B1 (en) 2016-05-11 2017-11-08 현대자동차주식회사 Trunk latch module for vehicle
KR20180071435A (en) 2016-12-19 2018-06-28 현대자동차주식회사 Switchger of tailgate for vehicle
KR20180071434A (en) 2016-12-19 2018-06-28 현대자동차주식회사 Switchger of tailgate for vehicle
KR20180072013A (en) 2016-12-20 2018-06-29 현대자동차주식회사 Switchger of tailgate for vehicle

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107587798A (en) * 2016-07-07 2018-01-16 胡夫·许尔斯贝克和福斯特有限及两合公司 Motor vehicle lock

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