JP4738823B2 - Zoom lens and imaging apparatus having the same - Google Patents

Zoom lens and imaging apparatus having the same Download PDF

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JP4738823B2
JP4738823B2 JP2005022560A JP2005022560A JP4738823B2 JP 4738823 B2 JP4738823 B2 JP 4738823B2 JP 2005022560 A JP2005022560 A JP 2005022560A JP 2005022560 A JP2005022560 A JP 2005022560A JP 4738823 B2 JP4738823 B2 JP 4738823B2
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lens
zoom
image
lens unit
telephoto
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JP2006208889A5 (en
JP2006208889A (en
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則廣 難波
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キヤノン株式会社
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Description

  The present invention relates to a zoom lens, and is suitable for an imaging apparatus using a solid-state imaging device such as a digital still camera, a video camera, or a surveillance camera.

  A photographic lens for an imaging apparatus using a solid-state imaging device is required to be a zoom lens having a small size and a high zoom ratio as the imaging apparatus is downsized. As a zoom lens, a negative lead type zoom lens in which the lens group closest to the object has a negative refractive power is easy to reduce the diameter of the front lens and is advantageous for miniaturization.

  In addition, in an image pickup apparatus using a solid-state image pickup device, a zoom lens whose image side is telecentric can make the image plane illuminance uniform. As such a zoom lens, a zoom lens having a positive refractive power in the lens group closest to the image is preferable.

  As a zoom lens in which the most image side lens group is a negative lead type and has a positive refractive power, a four-group zoom lens comprising four lens groups of negative, positive, negative, and positive refractive power in order from the object side to the image side Is known (patent documents 1 to 5).

  Patent Document 1 discloses a zoom lens in which the fourth lens unit moves greatly toward the object side during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end.

  Patent Documents 2 to 5 disclose zoom lenses in which the second lens group moves greatly during zooming, but the fourth lens group does not move much.

  On the other hand, when vibration is accidentally transmitted to the zoom lens, the photographed image is blurred. Therefore, various zoom lenses having a mechanism (anti-vibration mechanism) for compensating for image blur due to the accidental vibration have been proposed. . For example, zoom lenses that obtain a still image by compensating for image blurring by moving a part of a lens group constituting the zoom lens in a direction substantially perpendicular to the optical axis are known (Patent Documents 6 and 7).

  In Patent Documents 6 and 7, the vibration of the zoom lens is detected using an acceleration sensor or the like, and a still image is obtained by vibrating a part of the lens group of the zoom lens in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis according to a signal obtained at this time. Have gained.

The method of performing vibration isolation by decentering a part of the zoom lens in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis does not require any extra optical system for image stabilization, There is a feature that the lens group can be minimized, and the actuator for vibration control can be reduced in size by suppressing the driving torque.
JP-A-8-152558 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 10-333034 JP 2003-131130 A JP 2004-69808 A JP 2004-205796 A JP-A-1-116619 Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 2-124521

  In recent years, zoom lenses for digital cameras are strongly required to have a high zoom ratio, a wide angle of view, and a high image quality of the captured image.

  In the negative lead type four-group zoom lens described above, the zoom ratio can be increased by widening the distance between the second lens group and the fourth lens group during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end.

  Further, if the third lens group is moved independently of the other lens groups so as to have a zooming action, a higher zoom ratio can be easily obtained.

  In Patent Document 1, since the fourth lens unit moves greatly toward the object side during zooming, a high zoom ratio is difficult and the zoom ratio is about 2.3.

  In Patent Documents 4 and 5, the first lens group is fixed for zooming.

  If the first lens unit is not moved for zooming, it is necessary to correct image plane variation accompanying zooming by using a lens unit other than the first lens unit. The second lens group is a main zoom lens group and is not suitable for the image plane correction lens group. When performing image plane correction accompanying zooming with the fourth lens group, the zoom lens moves with a convex locus on the image side during zooming, requiring a long back focus and reducing the size of the entire lens system. difficult. In addition, when correcting the image plane variation accompanying zooming with the third lens group, it is not always compatible with the movement for enhancing the zooming effect, and it is difficult to achieve a high zoom ratio.

  On the other hand, in an optical system that obtains a still image by correcting a part of the zoom lens group as a correction lens group for image stabilization and correcting image blur by decentering parallel to the optical axis, it is relatively easy. There is an advantage that image blur can be corrected.

  When correcting the image blur by moving the third lens group in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis as a correction lens group for image stabilization in the zoom lens having the four-group structure described above, the lens structure of the third lens group is a driving torque. In order to reduce the size, it is preferable that the size is as small as possible.

  As the lens configuration of the third lens group increases, a large torque drive means is required to displace the third lens group, and the entire lens system increases in size.

  In addition, it is important to set the lens configuration of the correction lens group for image stabilization appropriately. If it is inappropriate, a large amount of decentration aberration occurs during image stabilization, and the image quality deteriorates.

  For this reason, a zoom lens with an anti-vibration mechanism has little optical performance degradation when correcting image blur, and at the same time, the lens configuration of the anti-vibration correction lens group must be set appropriately in order to obtain good correction characteristics. Will be needed.

  The present invention provides a zoom lens suitable for an image pickup apparatus using a solid-state image pickup device as an image pickup means having a high zoom ratio, high optical performance over the entire zoom range, and an exit pupil position sufficiently far from the image plane. With the goal.

  Another object of the present invention is to provide a zoom lens having an anti-vibration function that is compact and can maintain a good image during vibration compensation.

The zoom lens according to the present invention includes, in order from the object side to the image side, a first lens group having a negative refractive power, a second lens group having a positive refractive power, a third lens group having a negative refractive power, and a positive lens having a positive refractive power. the fourth consists lens group in the telephoto end than at the wide-angle end, wherein the first lens group distance between the second lens group becomes small, so that the distance between the fourth lens group and the second lens group becomes large to, during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end, the second lens group and the third lens unit moves toward the object side, the first lens group zoom lens which moves along the locus convex toward the image side a is, the third lens group consists of one negative lens, the said second lens group and the third lens group each apart at the wide-angle end and the telephoto end d23w, D23t, and the third lens group first The distance between the wide-angle end and the telephoto end of each of the four lens groups is d 4w, D34t, the third lens unit having a negative lens on the object side and the lens surface on the image side curvature radius respectively R3a, R3b, when the ν3a the Abbe number of the material of the negative lens of the third lens group,
1.5 <(d23t + d34t) / (d23w + d34w) <7.0
−5.0 <(R3a + R3b) / (R3a−R3b) <1.0
50 <ν3a
It is characterized by satisfying the following conditions.

  According to the present invention, the zoom lens has a high zoom ratio, high optical performance over the entire zoom range, and the exit pupil position is sufficiently far from the image plane, and is suitable for an image pickup apparatus using a solid-state image pickup device as an image pickup means. Is obtained.

  Embodiments of the zoom lens of the present invention and an image pickup apparatus having the same will be described below.

  1 is a lens cross-sectional view at the wide-angle end (short focal length end) of the zoom lens according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention, and FIGS. 2, 3, and 4 are the wide-angle end and intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens according to Embodiment 1, respectively. FIG. 6 is an aberration diagram at the telephoto end (long focal length end).

  FIG. 5 is a lens cross-sectional view at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens according to Embodiment 2 of the present invention, and FIGS. 6, 7, and 8 are aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end, the intermediate zoom position, and the telephoto end, respectively. It is.

  FIG. 9 is a lens cross-sectional view at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens according to Embodiment 3 of the present invention. FIGS. 10, 11, and 12 are aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end, intermediate zoom position, and telephoto end of the zoom lens according to Embodiment 3, respectively. It is.

FIG. 13 is a lens cross-sectional view at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 1 according to the present invention. FIGS. 14, 15, and 16 are aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end, the intermediate zoom position, and the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 1 , respectively. It is.

FIG. 17 is a lens cross-sectional view at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 2 according to the present invention, and FIGS. 18, 19, and 20 are aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end, intermediate zoom position, and telephoto end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 2 , respectively. It is.

FIG. 21 is a lens cross-sectional view at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens according to Reference Example 3 of the present invention. FIGS. 22, 23, and 24 are aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end, intermediate zoom position, and telephoto end of the zoom lens according to Reference Example 3 , respectively. It is.

  FIG. 25 is a schematic view of a main part of a video camera (imaging device) provided with the zoom lens of the present invention.

  The zoom lens of each embodiment is a photographic lens system used in an imaging apparatus.

  In the lens cross-sectional views shown in FIGS. 1, 5, 9, 13, 17, and 21, the left side is the object side, and the right side is the image side.

  L1 is a first lens unit having negative refractive power (optical power = reciprocal of focal length), L2 is a second lens unit having positive refractive power, L3 is a third lens unit having negative refractive power, and L4 is positive. It is the 4th lens group of refractive power.

  SP is an aperture stop for adjusting the amount of light, and is located closer to the image side than the lens surface closest to the object side of the second lens unit L2 (when the numerical example is expressed in mm, the position is 0.5 mm closer to the image side than the lens surface). )positioned.

  G is an optical block corresponding to an optical filter, a face plate, a quartz low-pass filter, an infrared cut filter, or the like.

  IP is an image plane, and when used as a photographing optical system for a video camera or a digital still camera, on the imaging surface of a solid-state imaging device (photoelectric conversion device) such as a CCD sensor or a CMOS sensor, Corresponds to the film surface.

  In the aberration diagrams, d and g are respectively represented by d-line and g-line, ΔM and ΔS are represented by d-line meridional image plane, d-line sagittal image plane, and lateral chromatic aberration by g-line. Fno is the F number, and ω is the half angle of view.

  In each of the following embodiments, the wide-angle end and the telephoto end are located at both ends of the range in which the lens unit for zooming (in each embodiment, the second and third lens units L2 and L3) can move on the optical axis on the mechanism. The zoom position when it is positioned.

  In each embodiment, each lens unit moves as indicated by an arrow in the lens cross-sectional view during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end.

  Specifically, during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end, both the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 move independently to the object side. The synthesizing system of the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 always has a positive refractive power during zooming, and both move independently to the object side to change the imaging magnification of the synthesizing system to perform zooming. Is going. The movement of the image point due to zooming is mainly corrected by moving the first lens unit L1.

  At the intermediate zoom position, the lateral magnification of the combined system of the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 is configured to be the same magnification. As a result, the first lens unit L1 is convex toward the image side during zooming. Move along a trajectory. With such a configuration, the movement amount of the first lens unit L1 and the second lens unit L2 due to zooming is reduced as much as possible while ensuring a predetermined zoom ratio. The first lens unit L1 and the second lens unit L2 move as described above during zooming, so that the distance between the first lens unit L1 and the second lens unit L2 toward zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end. Is trying to narrow.

  The second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 having a zooming function are arranged in a telephoto arrangement including lens units having positive and negative refractive powers, thereby shortening the distance to the fourth lens unit L4 and shortening the overall length. I am trying.

  In general, a negative lead type lens system in which the first lens unit has a negative refractive power tends to have a long overall length due to high zooming, but this configuration allows both high zooming and shortening of the total length. I am trying.

  Also, when the lens barrel structure is retracted, and the aim is to reduce the thickness of the lens group when it is not photographed, if the movement stroke from the retracted position of each lens group to the photographed state is shortened, the dimensions of the cam ring in the optical axis direction are shortened and the lens mirror is shortened. This leads to downsizing of the cylinder.

  In each embodiment, the third lens unit L3 has a negative refractive power in order to reduce the size of the lens barrel unit in the retracted state.

  The third lens unit L3 is moved independently of the second lens unit L2 during zooming.

  In particular, the zoom ratio is increased by widening the distance between the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end. Specifically, the third lens unit L3 is moved so that the amount of movement is smaller than that of the second lens unit L2. In this way, the zoom ratio can be increased as compared with the movement amount of the third lens unit L3 being the same as that of the second lens unit L2, thereby increasing the zoom ratio while shortening the total length of the telephoto end. I am trying.

  Focusing is preferably performed by the third lens unit L3 or the fourth lens unit L4 having a small number of constituent lenses. According to this, the focus lens unit is preferably downsized. When the third lens group L3 is a focus lens group, the focus sensitivity on the telephoto side can be increased by setting the image formation magnification so as to greatly exceed the image formation magnification 1 at the telephoto end.

  With the inner focus and rear focus, the lens stroke tends to be larger on the telephoto side than on the wide-angle side for the same subject distance, but the focus stroke increases. There is a merit that the size of the optical axis can be reduced by the tube configuration. Further, in the case of performing the image stabilization with the third lens unit L3, a configuration in which the focus is the fourth lens unit L4 and the image stabilization lens unit and the focus lens unit are separated is preferable in terms of the configuration of the lens barrel.

  Next, the lens configuration of each lens group and the aperture stop SP will be described.

  In order from the object side to the image side, the first lens unit L1 has a negative refractive power lens (negative lens) whose surface on the image side is concave, and a positive meniscus lens with a convex surface on the object side ( (Positive lens). With such a configuration, various aberrations are favorably corrected with a small number of lenses while miniaturizing the entire system.

  It is preferable to use an aspherical surface in the first lens unit L1, and according to this, it becomes easy to satisfactorily correct spherical aberration in the zoom area on the wide-angle side and distortion in the wide-angle side, in the zoom area on the telephoto side. . In particular, various aberrations are satisfactorily corrected by using an aspherical surface with a curvature that becomes gentler toward the periphery from the center of the lens surface to the lens surface on the image side of the negative lens.

  The second lens unit L2 includes, in order from the object side to the image side, a cemented lens having a positive refractive power as a whole and a cemented lens having a positive refractive power composed of a negative lens and a positive lens. . The positive lens closest to the object side in the second lens unit L2 has a convex surface on the object side so that off-axis chief rays emitted from the first lens unit L1 are largely refracted and many off-axis aberrations do not occur. . In order to suppress the generation amount of spherical aberration with respect to the axial light beam emitted from the first lens unit L1 in a divergent state, it is preferable that the object-side surface has a convex shape. Furthermore, it is preferable that the lens surface on the object side is aspherical. According to this, spherical aberration and coma aberration when the aperture is increased can be corrected well.

  Since the second lens unit L2 is susceptible to aberration fluctuations associated with zooming, a relatively symmetric lens configuration reduces aberration fluctuations associated with zooming. Since the second lens unit L2 forms an equal magnification image at an intermediate zoom position, various aberrations are favorably corrected as a lens configuration of a triplet type positive, negative, negative, and positive lens, and aberration variation due to zooming Is also small.

  In particular, when a high zoom ratio is used, such a lens configuration is effective in correcting aberrations. Also, when reducing the number of lenses for the purpose of downsizing, it is preferable to maintain the refractive power arrangement of positive, negative and positive lenses.

  In each embodiment, it may be a general triplet type that does not have a cemented lens in a positive, negative, and positive lens configuration, and has a positive refractive power that includes a positive lens and a negative lens in order from the object side. A three-lens configuration of a cemented lens and a positive lens may be used. In this case, it is preferable to form a triplet-type refractive power arrangement by making the air lens between the cemented lens and the positive lens behind it have negative refractive power.

  Since the aperture stop SP is located on the image side from the apex of the second lens unit L2 closest to the object side lens surface, the aperture stop SP cannot be made a small stop and is mainly used to determine the light beam in the open state. With such a configuration, it is not necessary to provide a space for the aperture unit between the first lens unit L1 and the second lens unit L2, so that the total length at the telephoto end can be easily shortened. In order to adjust the amount of light, an aperture unit capable of small aperture may be provided on the image side of the second lens unit L2, or an ND filter may be provided so as to be detachable from the optical path.

The third lens unit L3 is composed of a single lens.

Specifically, the third lens unit L3 consists Ri by negative lens of one, thereby, are reduced in size and weight of the entire system. Anti-vibration may be performed by moving the third lens unit L3 so as to have a component perpendicular to the optical axis. In this case, it is preferable to use such a small number of lenses in terms of miniaturization and power saving of the image stabilizing unit. It should be noted that the chromatic aberration itself of the third lens unit L3 needs to be sufficiently small in order to reduce chromatic aberration fluctuations during image stabilization.

When the third lens unit L3 is composed of one lens, it is preferable to reduce the chromatic aberration of the third lens unit L3 by using a low dispersion glass material .

  The fourth lens unit L4 includes one lens component having a positive refractive power. The fourth lens unit L4 serves as a field lens so that the image side is telecentric so as to be suitable for a photographing apparatus using a solid-state imaging device.

The fourth lens unit L4 may be fixed or moved during zooming. In Embodiments 1 and 2 and Reference Example 2 in FIGS. 1, 5, and 17, the fourth lens unit L4 does not move for zooming. If it does not move, mechanical members and actuators necessary for driving become unnecessary. Also, when moving during zooming, it is preferable not to move much toward the object side during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end. If the fourth lens unit L4 moves a lot toward the object side, the magnification of the fourth lens unit L4 decreases, so the zoom ratio of the entire system decreases. The slight movement of the fourth lens unit L4 toward the object side can maintain a desired zoom ratio by increasing the magnification change between the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3. If the amount of movement is too large, it is difficult to obtain a desired zoom ratio. Therefore, in order to increase the zoom, it is preferable to increase the distance between the second lens unit L2 and the fourth lens unit L4 during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end. Further, if the fourth lens unit L4 is moved to the image side during zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end, the zooming action may be further enhanced.

  In each embodiment, one or more of the following conditions are satisfied, thereby obtaining an effect corresponding to each conditional expression.

The distance between the wide-angle end and the telephoto end of the second lens group L2 and the third lens group L3 is d23w and d23t, respectively, and the distance between the wide-angle end and the telephoto end of the third lens group L3 and the fourth lens group L4 is d34w, respectively. d34t, the curvature radii of the lens surface closest to the object side and the lens surface closest to the image side of the third lens unit L3 are R3a and R3b, respectively, and the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 in zooming from the wide-angle end to the telephoto end. M2 and M3 (the sign is positive for movement toward the image side and negative for movement toward the object side), and the focal length of the third lens unit L3 is f3, and the focal length of the fourth lens unit. F4, the focal length of the entire system at the wide-angle end is fw, and in the first lens unit L1 and the second lens unit L2, the distances from the lens surface closest to the object side to the lens surface closest to the image side are DL1, DL2, The most of the 4 lens unit L4 And a lens surface of the side, each curvature radius of the lens surface on the most image side R4a, R4b, when the third lens unit L3 is made of touch lens, when the Abbe number of the touch lens and .nu.3 a,
1.5 <(d23t + d34t) / (d23w + d34w) <7.0 (1)
−5.0 <(R3a + R3b) / (R3a−R3b) <1.0 (2)
0.6 <M3 / M2 ≦ 1.0 (3)
3.0 <| f3 | / fw <10.0 (4)
0.5 <DL1 / fw <1.5 (5)
0.5 <DL2 / fw <1.5 (6)
−2.5 <(R4a + R4b) / (R4a−R4b) <0.0 (7)
2.0 <f4 / fw <6.0 (8)
50 <ν3a (9 )
I am satisfied one or more of Do that condition.

  Next, the technical meaning of each conditional expression described above will be described.

  Conditional expression (1) defines the ratio of the values at the wide-angle end and the telephoto end with respect to the sum of the air gaps from the second lens unit L2 to the fourth lens unit L4. If the distance at the telephoto end is too large relative to the sum of the air gaps from the second lens unit L2 to the fourth lens unit L4 at the wide-angle end beyond the upper limit, the total length at the telephoto end is too long and the entire system can be downsized. difficult. If it is too small at the telephoto end with respect to the sum of the air gaps from the second lens unit L2 to the fourth lens unit L4 at the wide angle end beyond the lower limit, the fourth lens unit L4 moves greatly toward the object side. Or the movement of the second lens unit L2 toward the object side is small. In either case, since it is difficult to obtain a zoom ratio, it is difficult to increase the zoom.

  Conditional expression (2) defines the shape factor of the third lens unit L3. If the curvature of the lens surface on the image side is too tight beyond the upper limit, many image collapses occur when the third lens unit L3 is shaken. If the curvature of the lens surface on the object side is too tight beyond the lower limit, the occurrence of decentered coma during vibration isolation increases.

  Conditional expression (3) defines the ratio of the movement stroke of the third lens unit L3 to the movement stroke of the second lens unit L2 during zooming. Conditional expression (3) is 1 when the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 have the same movement stroke. When the upper limit value 1 of the conditional expression (3) is exceeded, the movement stroke of the third lens unit L3 is larger than that of the second lens unit L2. It becomes difficult to achieve a zoom ratio. When conditional expression (3) is 1, there is no contribution of the third lens unit L3 to high zooming, but there is an advantage that the barrel configuration can be simplified because it can be integrated with the second lens unit L2 during zooming. If the moving stroke of the third lens unit L3 is too small beyond the lower limit, that is, if the distance between the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 is too large at the telephoto end, the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit. The telephoto arrangement constituted by L3 becomes too strong on the telephoto side, and it is difficult to secure the necessary lens back.

  Conditional expression (4) defines the focal length, that is, the refractive power of the third lens unit L3. If the refractive power of the third lens unit L3 is too weak beyond the upper limit, the telephoto arrangement formed by the second lens unit L2 and the third lens unit L3 is weakened and the effect of shortening the total lens length is reduced. If the lower limit is exceeded and the refractive power of the third lens unit L3 is too strong, the variation in aberrations when the third lens unit L3 is shaken becomes large. In order to reduce aberration fluctuations during image stabilization, it is preferable to satisfy both conditional expression (2) and conditional expression (4).

  Conditional expression (5) defines the length of the first lens unit L1 in the optical axis direction. If the upper limit is exceeded, the first lens unit L1 is too long, making it difficult to reduce the size. In particular, if the thickness of the first lens unit L1 is large, the outer diameter of the lens is increased accordingly, so that the lens barrel diameter is increased. When the lower limit is exceeded, this corresponds to a case where the air space is reduced by two lens structures or a single negative lens. The former makes it difficult to sufficiently correct the spherical aberration on the telephoto side. In the latter case, it becomes difficult to correct chromatic aberration well.

  Conditional expression (6) defines the length of the second lens unit L2 in the optical axis direction. If the upper limit is exceeded, the second lens unit L2 is too long, making it difficult to reduce the size. When the lower limit is exceeded, the number of constituent lenses of the second lens unit L2 is small, but it becomes difficult to obtain a symmetric lens configuration necessary to reduce aberration fluctuations associated with zooming, resulting in a decrease in optical performance. come.

  Conditional expression (7) defines the shape factor of the fourth lens unit L4. In the conditional expression (7), 0 is that both lens surfaces having the same curvature of the object side lens surface and the image side lens have a convex shape. If the conditional expression (7) is larger than 0, the curvature of the lens surface on the image side is tighter than the lens surface on the object side. If the curvature of the lens surface on the image side becomes tighter than the lens surface on the object side exceeding the upper limit, the incident angle of the marginal light beam on the axial light beam into the fourth lens unit L4 increases, and the occurrence of spherical aberration increases. When smaller than −1 in the conditional expression (7), it means a meniscus shape in which the lens shape has a convex surface facing the object side. If the lower limit is exceeded and the degree of meniscus becomes too strong, the incident angle of off-axis rays on the fourth lens unit L4 increases and astigmatism increases.

  Conditional expression (8) defines the focal length, that is, the refractive power of the fourth lens unit L4. When the upper limit is exceeded and the refractive power of the fourth lens unit L4 is too weak, in particular, the action of moving the exit pupil away from the image plane at the wide-angle end becomes thin, and shading around the screen when using a solid-state imaging device increases. If the refractive power of the fourth lens unit L4 is too strong beyond the lower limit, it is difficult to secure a back focus having a length necessary for inserting the filter.

  Conditional expression (9) defines the Abbe number of the material of the negative lens when the third lens unit L3 is composed of one negative lens. If the lower limit is exceeded and the Abbe number is too small, that is, if the dispersion is too large, the variation in chromatic aberration when the third lens unit L3 is moved so as to have a component in the direction perpendicular to the optical axis and shaken becomes large.

Preferably, conditional expression (9) is expressed as 60 <ν3a <85 (9a)
It is good to do.
By limiting the lower limit to conditional expression (9), the chromatic aberration fluctuation during vibration isolation is further reduced because the lower limit is limited to the low dispersion material. If the upper limit value of conditional expression (9a) is exceeded, it is generally difficult to process the glass material.

More preferably, the numerical ranges of the conditional expressions (1) to (8 ) are set as follows.

2.0 <(d23t + d34t) / (d23w + d34w) <6.0 (1a)
−4.0 <(R3a + R3b) / (R3a−R3b) <0.98 (2a)
0.64 <M3 / M2 ≦ 1.0 (3a)
3.5 <| f3 | / fw <9.0 (4a)
0.6 <DL1 / fw <1.2 (5a)
0.6 <DL2 / fw <1.3 (6a)
−2.3 <(R4a + R4b) / (R4a−R4b) <0.0 (7a)
2.5 <f4 / fw <5.5 (8a )
As described above, by specifying each configuration, in each embodiment, the four-unit configuration including negative, positive, negative, and positive refractive power is small and highly variable, while the exit pupil is sufficiently separated from the image plane. A zoom lens suitable for a camera using an image sensor is achieved.

  In addition, a high-performance zoom lens having a small correction lens group for image stabilization and small aberration fluctuation when correcting image blur has been achieved.

  In each embodiment, a lens unit having a small refractive power, a converter lens, or the like may be disposed on the object side of the first lens unit L1 and / or on the image side of the fourth lens unit L4.

  Next, an embodiment of a digital still camera (imaging device) using the zoom lens of the present invention as a photographing optical system will be described with reference to FIG.

  In FIG. 25, 20 is a camera body, 21 is a photographing optical system constituted by the zoom lens of the present invention, 22 is a solid-state image pickup device (photoelectric conversion device) such as a CCD sensor or a CMOS sensor that receives a subject image by the photographing optical system 21. ), 23 is a memory for recording a subject image received by the image sensor 22, and 24 is constituted by a display element (not shown), on which the subject image formed on the image sensor 22 is displayed.

  Thus, by applying the zoom lens of the present invention to an image pickup apparatus such as a digital still camera, a small image pickup apparatus having high optical performance is realized.

  The zoom lens of the present invention can be similarly applied to a video camera and a single-lens reflex camera.

Next, numerical examples of the present invention will be shown. Numerical Examples 1 to 3 correspond to Examples 1 to 3, and Numerical Examples 4 to 6 correspond to Reference Examples 1 to 3. In each numerical example, i indicates the order of the surfaces from the object side, Ri is the radius of curvature of the lens surface, Di is the distance between the i-th surface and the (i + 1) -th surface, and Ni and νi are based on the d-line, respectively. The refractive index and Abbe number are shown.

  The two surfaces closest to the image side are glass materials such as face plates.

In the aspherical shape, when the displacement in the optical axis direction at the position of height h from the optical axis is x with respect to the surface vertex, x = (h 2 / R) / [1+ {1- (1 + k) (h / R) 2 } 1/2 ]
+ Bh 4 + CH 6 + Dh 8 + Eh 10
It is represented by Here, k is a conic constant, B, C, D, and E are aspherical shapes, and R is a paraxial radius of curvature.

“E-0x” means “× 10 −x ”. f represents a focal length, Fno represents an F number, and ω represents a half angle of view.

Table 1 shows the relationship between the above-described conditional expressions, each example, and each reference example .

Numerical example 1
f = 6.00 to 30.00 Fno = 2.63 to 6.50 2ω = 58.4 ° to 12.7 °
R 1 = 67.813 D 1 = 1.50 N 1 = 1.859610 ν 1 = 40.3
R 2 = 5.631 D 2 = 1.80
R 3 = 9.865 D 3 = 2.20 N 2 = 1.846660 ν 2 = 23.9
R 4 = 30.665 D 4 = variable
R 5 = Aperture D 5 = -0.50
R 6 = 5.381 D 6 = 2.58 N 3 = 1.802380 ν 3 = 40.8
R 7 = -44.328 D 7 = 0.50 N 4 = 1.698947 ν 4 = 30.1
R 8 = 4.238 D 8 = 0.77
R 9 = 9.468 D 9 = 0.50 N 5 = 1.698947 ν 5 = 30.1
R10 = 5.523 D10 = 2.00 N 6 = 1.603112 ν 6 = 60.6
R11 = -25.588 D11 = variable
R12 = -1000.000 D12 = 0.60 N 7 = 1.487490 ν 7 = 70.2
R13 = 24.988 D13 = Variable
R14 = 9.866 D14 = 1.80 N 8 = 1.487490 ν 8 = 70.2
R15 = 100.000 D15 = 2.61
R16 = ∞ D16 = 1.50 N 9 = 1.516 330 ν 9 = 64.1
R17 = ∞

\ Focal length 6.00 17.45 30.00
Variable interval \
D 4 21.40 4.48 0.70
D11 1.33 5.06 8.80
D13 5.73 13.73 21.73

Aspheric coefficient
R2 k = -2.17011e + 00 B = 1.05879e-03 C = -1.45459e-05 D = 2.79987e-07
E = -2.96328e-09
R6 k = -3.13049e-01 B = -1.67442e-05 C = 5.31529e-08 D = -1.50332e-08
E = 0.00000e + 00

Numerical example 2
f = 5.97-24.00 Fno = 2.88-6.45 2ω = 58.6 °-15.9 °
R 1 = 53.440 D 1 = 1.60 N 1 = 1.859610 ν 1 = 40.3
R 2 = 5.598 D 2 = 1.80
R 3 = 9.362 D 3 = 2.10 N 2 = 1.846660 ν 2 = 23.9
R 4 = 25.181 D 4 = variable
R 5 = Aperture D 5 = -0.50
R 6 = 4.645 D 6 = 1.80 N 3 = 1.859610 ν 3 = 40.3
R 7 = 13.686 D 7 = 0.50 N 4 = 1.698947 ν 4 = 30.1
R 8 = 3.760 D 8 = 0.93
R 9 = 10.543 D 9 = 0.50 N 5 = 1.698947 ν 5 = 30.1
R10 = 3.952 D10 = 1.80 N 6 = 1.638539 ν 6 = 55.4
R11 = -12.448 D11 = variable
R12 = -32.000 D12 = 0.60 N 7 = 1.603112 ν 7 = 60.6
R13 = 32.000 D13 = Variable
R14 = 19.516 D14 = 1.50 N 8 = 1.487490 ν 8 = 70.2
R15 = -50.000 D15 = variable
R16 = ∞ D16 = 1.50 N 9 = 1.516 330 ν 9 = 64.1
R17 = ∞

\ Focal length 5.97 15.35 24.00
Variable interval \
D 4 19.70 4.19 0.61
D11 0.58 0.58 0.58
D13 5.31 13.81 22.31
D15 2.98 3.98 4.98

Aspheric coefficient
R2 k = -2.09614e + 00 B = 1.07128e-03 C = -1.20568e-05 D = 2.37375e-07
E = -2.35220e-09
R6 k = -2.54566e-01 B = -8.15332e-05 C = 3.62659e-06 D = -2.02684e-07
E = 0.00000e + 00

Numerical Example 3
f = 6.00 to 30.00 Fno = 2.58 to 6.50 2ω = 58.3 ° to 12.7 °
R 1 = 128.979 D 1 = 1.70 N 1 = 1.859610 ν 1 = 40.3
R 2 = 5.888 D 2 = 1.80
R 3 = 11.096 D 3 = 2.20 N 2 = 1.846660 ν 2 = 23.9
R 4 = 49.826 D 4 = variable
R 5 = Aperture D 5 = -0.50
R 6 = 5.664 D 6 = 2.80 N 3 = 1.859610 ν 3 = 40.3
R 7 = 31.303 D 7 = 0.50 N 4 = 1.698947 ν 4 = 30.1
R 8 = 4.429 D 8 = 0.67
R 9 = 8.741 D 9 = 0.50 N 5 = 1.698947 ν 5 = 30.1
R10 = 3.657 D10 = 2.30 N 6 = 1.638539 ν 6 = 55.4
R11 = -39.098 D11 = variable
R12 = -8.000 D12 = 0.60 N 7 = 1.487490 ν 7 = 70.2
R13 = -13.899 D13 = Variable
R14 = 9.780 D14 = 1.50 N 8 = 1.804000 ν 8 = 46.6
R15 = 27.000 D15 = variable
R16 = ∞ D16 = 1.50 N 9 = 1.516 330 ν 9 = 64.1
R17 = ∞

\ Focal length 6.00 17.34 30.00
Variable interval \
D 4 21.12 4.50 0.70
D11 3.01 4.96 6.90
D13 4.88 14.13 23.38
D15 1.15 0.90 0.65

Aspheric coefficient
R2 k = -2.30176e + 00 B = 9.83321e-04 C = -1.78261e-05 D = 3.69195e-07
E = -4.02137e-09
R6 k = -2.52425e-01 B = -1.54561e-05 C = -6.88624e-07 D = -1.91723e-08
E = 0.00000e + 00

Numerical Example 4
f = 5.99-27.04 Fno = 2.80-6.50 2ω = 58.4 °-14.1 °
R 1 = 86.615 D 1 = 1.50 N 1 = 1.859610 ν 1 = 40.3
R 2 = 5.690 D 2 = 1.80
R 3 = 10.349 D 3 = 2.20 N 2 = 1.846660 ν 2 = 23.9
R 4 = 42.695 D 4 = variable
R 5 = Aperture D 5 = -0.50
R 6 = 5.266 D 6 = 2.58 N 3 = 1.802380 ν 3 = 40.8
R 7 = -36.699 D 7 = 0.50 N 4 = 1.698947 ν 4 = 30.1
R 8 = 4.141 D 8 = 0.77
R 9 = 8.594 D 9 = 0.50 N 5 = 1.698947 ν 5 = 30.1
R10 = 4.397 D10 = 2.00 N 6 = 1.603112 ν 6 = 60.6
R11 = -26.063 D11 = variable
R12 = -1000.000 D12 = 0.50 N 7 = 1.487490 ν 7 = 70.2
R13 = 12.400 D13 = 0.70 N 8 = 1.698947 ν 8 = 30.1
R14 = 16.702 D14 = Variable
R15 = 10.613 D15 = 1.80 N 9 = 1.487490 ν 9 = 70.2
R16 = 100.000 D16 = 3.0
R17 = ∞ D17 = 1.50 N10 = 1.516330 ν10 = 64.1
R18 = ∞

\ Focal length 5.99 16.20 27.04
Variable interval \
D 4 20.91 4.60 0.70
D11 1.33 2.72 4.10
D14 3.67 12.67 21.67

Aspheric coefficient
R2 k = -2.33243e + 00 B = 1.08172e-03 C = -1.61292e-05 D = 2.91295e-07
E = -2.99332e-09
R6 k = -3.19253e-01 B = -2.11634e-05 C = 1.59319e-06 D = -8.65277e-08
E = 0.00000e + 00

Numerical Example 5
f = 6.00 to 30.00 Fno = 2.61 to 6.50 2ω = 58.4 ° to 12.7 °
R 1 = 69.786 D 1 = 1.50 N 1 = 1.859610 ν 1 = 40.3
R 2 = 5.634 D 2 = 1.80
R 3 = 9.879 D 3 = 2.20 N 2 = 1.846660 ν 2 = 23.9
R 4 = 31.531 D 4 = variable
R 5 = Aperture D 5 = -0.50
R 6 = 5.358 D 6 = 2.58 N 3 = 1.802380 ν 3 = 40.8
R 7 = -45.863 D 7 = 0.50 N 4 = 1.698947 ν 4 = 30.1
R 8 = 4.222 D 8 = 0.77
R 9 = 9.483 D 9 = 0.50 N 5 = 1.698947 ν 5 = 30.1
R10 = 5.297 D10 = 2.00 N 6 = 1.603112 ν 6 = 60.6
R11 = -26.063 D11 = variable
R12 = -1000.000 D12 = 0.60 N 7 = 1.487490 ν 7 = 70.2
R13 = 8.000 D13 = 1.00 N 8 = 1.517417 ν 8 = 52.4
R14 = 22.207 D14 = variable
R15 = 9.753 D15 = 1.80 N 9 = 1.487490 ν 9 = 70.2
R16 = 100.000 D16 = 2.58
R17 = ∞ D17 = 1.50 N10 = 1.516330 ν10 = 64.1
R18 = ∞

\ Focal length 6.00 17.45 30.00
Variable interval \
D 4 21.32 4.46 0.70
D11 1.33 5.06 8.80
D14 4.86 12.86 20.86

Aspheric coefficient
R2 k = -2.17029e + 00 B = 1.06699e-03 C = -1.57267e-05 D = 3.21555e-07
E = -3.47495e-09
R6 k = -3.15318e-01 B = -8.59800e-06 C = -2.41408e-07 D = -6.57306e-09
E = 0.00000e + 00

Numerical Example 6
f = 5.97-24.00 Fno = 2.86-6.50 2ω = 58.6 °-15.9 °
R 1 = 191.427 D 1 = 1.50 N 1 = 1.859610 ν 1 = 40.3
R 2 = 6.197 D 2 = 1.80
R 3 = 10.744 D 3 = 2.20 N 2 = 1.846660 ν 2 = 23.9
R 4 = 46.157 D 4 = variable
R 5 = Aperture D 5 = -0.50
R 6 = 4.377 D 6 = 2.00 N 3 = 1.859610 ν 3 = 40.3
R 7 = 10.125 D 7 = 0.50 N 4 = 1.846660 ν 4 = 23.9
R 8 = 3.614 D 8 = 0.60
R 9 = 11.904 D 9 = 1.20 N 5 = 1.882997 ν 5 = 40.8
R10 = -26.353 D10 = variable
R11 = -60.117 D11 = 0.50 N 6 = 1.698947 ν 6 = 30.1
R12 = 8.966 D12 = 0.90 N 7 = 1.487490 ν 7 = 70.2
R13 = 1585.629 D13 = Variable
R14 = 23.900 D14 = 1.30 N 8 = 1.882997 ν 8 = 40.8
R15 = -55.565 D15 = variable
R16 = ∞ D16 = 1.50 N 9 = 1.516 330 ν 9 = 64.1
R17 = ∞

\ Focal length 5.97 14.31 24.00
Variable interval \
D 4 19.12 5.44 1.40
D10 1.00 1.00 1.00
D13 4.39 14.14 23.89
D15 3.24 2.24 1.24

Aspheric coefficient
R2 k = -2.49934e + 00 B = 9.13951e-04 C = -1.23291e-05 D = 1.62042e-07
E = -9.96896e-10
R6 k = -2.73148e-01 B = -1.72318e-05 C = 3.93719e-06 D = 6.93616e-08
E = 0.00000e + 00

Lens cross-sectional view of the zoom lens of Example 1 Various aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Example 1 Various aberration diagrams at the intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens of Example 1 Various aberration diagrams at the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Example 1 Lens sectional view of the zoom lens of Example 2 Various aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Example 2 Various aberration diagrams at the intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens of Example 2 Various aberration diagrams at the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Example 2 Lens sectional view of the zoom lens of Example 3 Various aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Example 3 Various aberration diagrams at the intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens of Example 3 Various aberration diagrams at the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Example 3 Cross-sectional view of the zoom lens of Reference Example 1 Various aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 1 Various aberration diagrams at the intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens of Reference Example 1 Various aberration diagrams at the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 1 Lens sectional view of zoom lens of Reference Example 2 Various aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 2 Various aberration diagrams at the intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens of Reference Example 2 Various aberration diagrams at the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 2 Lens sectional view of zoom lens of Reference Example 3 Various aberration diagrams at the wide-angle end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 3 Various aberration diagrams at the intermediate zoom position of the zoom lens of Reference Example 3 Various aberration diagrams at the telephoto end of the zoom lens of Reference Example 3 Schematic diagram of main parts of an imaging apparatus of the present invention

L1 1st lens group L2 2nd lens group L3 3rd lens group L4 4th lens group SP Aperture stop G Glass block IP Image plane d d line g g line ΔM Meridional image plane ΔS Sagittal image plane

Claims (7)

  1. In order from the object side to the image side, the lens unit includes a first lens group having a negative refractive power, a second lens group having a positive refractive power, a third lens group having a negative refractive power, and a fourth lens group having a positive refractive power. at the telephoto end than at the wide-angle end, wherein the first lens group distance between the second lens group becomes small, and the interval between the fourth lens group and the second lens group becomes large, the telephoto end from the wide-angle end zooming to, the third lens group and the second lens group moves toward the object side, the first lens group is a zoom lens which moves along a locus convex toward the image side, the third lens group consists of one negative lens, the second lens group and the third lens group at the wide angle end and the respective intervals at the telephoto end d23w, D23t, and the third lens group and the wide angle end of the fourth lens group each apart at the telephoto end d34w, d34t, the first When the lens unit of a negative lens on the object side and the lens surface on the image side curvature radius respectively R3a, R3b, the Abbe number of the material of the negative lens of the third lens group and Nyu3a,
    1.5 <(d23t + d34t) / (d23w + d34w) <7.0
    −5.0 <(R3a + R3b) / (R3a−R3b) <1.0
    50 <ν3a
    A zoom lens characterized by satisfying the following conditions:
  2. Each M2 the amount of movement of the third lens group and the second lens group during zooming to the telephoto end from the wide-angle end, M3, the third focal length of the lens unit f3, the focal length of the entire system at the wide angle end fw And when
    0.6 <M3 / M2 ≦ 1.0
    3.0 <| f3 | / fw <10.0
    The zoom lens according to claim 1 , wherein the following condition is satisfied.
  3. DL1 is the distance from the most object side lens surface of the first lens group to the most image side lens surface, DL2 is the distance from the most object side lens surface of the second lens group to the most image side lens surface, When the focal length of the entire system at the wide angle end is fw,
    0.5 <DL1 / fw <1.5
    0.5 <DL2 / fw <1.5
    The zoom lens according to claim 1 or 2, characterized by satisfying the following condition.
  4. The fourth lens group consists of one positive lens, R4a each curvature radius of the lens surface on the object side and the image side of the positive lens, R4b, the focal length of the fourth lens group f4, the entire system at the wide angle end When the focal length of is fw,
    −2.5 <(R4a + R4b) / (R4a−R4b) <0.0
    2.0 <f4 / fw <6.0
    The zoom lens according to claim 1 , wherein the following condition is satisfied.
  5. 5. The zoom lens according to claim 1, wherein the third lens group is moved so as to have a component in a direction perpendicular to the optical axis to perform image stabilization.
  6. The zoom lens according to claim 1 , wherein an image is formed on a solid-state image sensor.
  7. A zoom lens according to any one of claims 1 to 6, the imaging apparatus characterized by comprising a solid-state image sensor for receiving an image formed by the zoom lens.
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