JP4604514B2 - Household fuel cell cogeneration system - Google Patents

Household fuel cell cogeneration system Download PDF

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JP4604514B2
JP4604514B2 JP2004058423A JP2004058423A JP4604514B2 JP 4604514 B2 JP4604514 B2 JP 4604514B2 JP 2004058423 A JP2004058423 A JP 2004058423A JP 2004058423 A JP2004058423 A JP 2004058423A JP 4604514 B2 JP4604514 B2 JP 4604514B2
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fuel cell
reformer
air
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plate
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JP2005251493A (en
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豊 吉田
和弘 安達
精 米田
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パナソニック株式会社
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/10Process efficiency
    • Y02P20/129Energy recovery, e.g. by cogeneration, H2recovery or pressure recovery turbines

Description

本発明は、燃料電池を用いて発電を行う家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムの構成に関するものである。   The present invention relates to a configuration of a household fuel cell cogeneration system that generates power using a fuel cell.
従来の家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムでは、筐体内部には複数の機能部品を有しており、内部の発熱反応で内部温度は熱の対流により上方が暖かくなる。そのために、複数の機能部品である家庭用の給湯器等で使用される部品では耐熱的に使用できないあるいは耐久的に寿命が短くなる問題を有していた。また、機能部品の点数、構成部品の点数が家庭用の給湯器等の約3倍程度あり容易にかつ迅速に部品のメンテを行うことが極めて困難であった。また、脱硫器やイオン交換樹脂は定期的に交換しないと性能維持ができないために容易に交換されることが必然的に求められている。   A conventional household fuel cell cogeneration system has a plurality of functional parts inside a casing, and the internal temperature is warmed upward due to heat convection due to an internal exothermic reaction. For this reason, there is a problem that a part used in a domestic water heater or the like that is a plurality of functional parts cannot be used in a heat resistant manner or the life is shortened in a durable manner. In addition, the number of functional parts and the number of components are about three times that of a domestic water heater, making it difficult to easily and quickly maintain the parts. In addition, desulfurizers and ion exchange resins are inevitably required to be easily replaced because performance cannot be maintained unless they are periodically replaced.
本発明は、前記従来の課題を解決するもので温度的に余裕がない部品を耐久的に持たせることと部品のメンテ性が容易に行える構成を目的とする。   SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION An object of the present invention is to solve the above-mentioned conventional problems, and to provide a configuration that can provide durable components having no room for temperature and easily maintain the components.
前記従来の課題を解決するために、本発明の家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムは原料が供給される原料供給弁と、原料の不純物を取るための脱硫器と、前記脱硫器による減圧を回復させ原料を供給するためのブースターポンプと、原料を制御する流量制御装置と、原料から水素を発生させる改質装置とを順次接続し、前記改質装置の改質反応のために純水を供給するためのイオン交換樹脂と、前記改質装置での一酸化炭素除去のための空気供給の浄化空気ポンプと、燃料電池へ空気を吸引する空気供給ブロワーと、前記空気供給ブロワーからの空気を高温多湿の空気として燃料電池に供給する加湿器と、前記改質装置で得られた水素と前記加湿器で得られた空気を得て発電と発熱を行う燃料電池と、前記燃料電池へ水を供給するための冷却水タンクと純水供給の水関連部品と、前記燃料電池から排出される排熱空気を熱回収し貯湯タンクへ供給する排熱回収装置と、前記燃料電池を制御する制御装置と、前記燃料電池で発電された電気エネルギーを商用電圧・周波数に変換するインバータ装置とを、前板、両側面板及び天板を有する筐体内に備えた家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムであって、前記筐体内の、中央下部に設けられた前記改質装置と、前記改質装置の上方に設けられた前記加湿器と、前記加湿器の上方に設けられた前記冷却水タンクと前記水関連部品と、前記改質装置の左側面前方に設けられた前記制御装置と前記インバータ装置と、前記改質装置の左側面後方に設けられた前記イオン交換樹脂と前記空気供給ブロワーと前記空気ポンプと、前記改質装置の右側面前方に設けられた前記脱硫器と前記原料供給弁と前記ブースターポンプと、前記改質装置の右側面後方に設けられた前記排熱回収装置と前記流量制御装置とを備え、前記筐体の前板、両側面板及び天板を取り外し可能としたものである。 In order to solve the above-mentioned conventional problems, a household fuel cell cogeneration system according to the present invention includes a raw material supply valve for supplying raw materials, a desulfurizer for removing impurities from the raw materials, and recovering the decompression by the desulfurizer. In order to supply pure water for the reforming reaction of the reforming device, a booster pump for supplying the raw material, a flow rate control device for controlling the raw material, and a reforming device for generating hydrogen from the raw material are sequentially connected. An ion exchange resin, an air supply purified air pump for removing carbon monoxide in the reformer, an air supply blower for sucking air into the fuel cell, and the air from the air supply blower is heated and humidified. A humidifier for supplying air to the fuel cell; a fuel cell for generating power and heat by obtaining hydrogen obtained by the reformer and the air obtained by the humidifier; and for supplying water to the fuel cell Cooling A tank and water-related components for supplying pure water, a waste heat recovery device for recovering heat from exhaust heat air exhausted from the fuel cell and supplying it to a hot water storage tank, a control device for controlling the fuel cell, and the fuel cell. A home fuel cell cogeneration system comprising an inverter device for converting generated electric energy into a commercial voltage / frequency in a housing having a front plate, both side plates and a top plate, wherein said reformer provided in the reforming the humidifier disposed above the device, and the cooling water tank which is disposed above the humidifier and the water-related parts, of the reformer and the control device provided in the front left side and the inverter device, the said ion exchange resin provided on the left side behind the reformer and the air supply blower and said air pump, right side of the reformer With said desulfurizer and the raw material supply valve and the booster pump provided towards the reforming the exhaust heat recovery device provided on the right side behind the device and with said flow control device, prior to the housing The plate, both side plates and the top plate are removable.
これによって、筐体の前板を取り外すことで改質装置、ブースターポンプ、脱硫器、流量制御装置、水関連部品をメンテできる。   Thereby, a reformer, a booster pump, a desulfurizer, a flow controller, and water-related parts can be maintained by removing the front plate of the housing.
また、右側面を取り外すことで排熱回収装置、原料供給弁、メンテが可能となる。次に左側面を取り外すことにより制御装置、インバータ装置、イオン交換樹脂、空気ポンプ関連部品のメンテができる。最後に天板取り外すことで、燃料電池、加湿器、冷却タンク等の部品が取り外すことが可能となりすべての部品が容易に交換できる設定にしている。   Further, by removing the right side surface, the exhaust heat recovery device, the raw material supply valve, and maintenance can be performed. Next, by removing the left side, maintenance of the control device, inverter device, ion exchange resin, and air pump related parts can be performed. Finally, by removing the top plate, parts such as the fuel cell, humidifier, and cooling tank can be removed, and all parts can be easily replaced.
また、改質装置への原料供給のブースターポンプと改質装置での一酸化炭素除去のための空気供給の浄化空気ポンプ及び燃料電池への空気供給ブロワーは筐体下部に配置したものである。これによって、特に、温度的な要因劣化の特性を持つ、ブースターポンプや浄化空気ポンプ特に機能部品や構成部品で温度的に持たない部品は下部に設定し筐体内熱対流の影響を受けないようにしている。   The booster pump for supplying the raw material to the reformer, the purified air pump for supplying air for removing carbon monoxide in the reformer, and the air supply blower for the fuel cell are arranged at the lower part of the casing. In particular, booster pumps and purified air pumps that have characteristics of deterioration due to temperature, especially functional parts and components that do not have temperature, are set at the bottom so that they are not affected by thermal convection in the enclosure. ing.
また、摺動による振動を抑制するために、空気供給ブロワー、ブースターポンプは筐体下部に設定し振動による騒音低減と人体の耳の位置とも距離をとることができ騒音に対する効果も出している。   In order to suppress vibration due to sliding, an air supply blower and a booster pump are set at the lower part of the casing, and noise reduction due to vibration and a distance from the position of the ear of the human body can be taken.
また、改質装置の下部には改質装置内部の触媒を間接的に加温し改質反応温度を高めるバーナが設定されているものである。これによって、バーナの故障時に改質装置を取り外さないで、バーナ単独で取り外すことが容易となるわけである。   Also, a burner is set below the reformer to indirectly warm the catalyst inside the reformer to increase the reforming reaction temperature. This facilitates removal of the burner alone without removing the reformer when the burner fails.
以上のように本発明の家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムは前板、両側面及び天板を取り外すことですべての部品が容易に単独でメンテできるようにしたものである。   As described above, the household fuel cell cogeneration system according to the present invention can easily maintain all the components independently by removing the front plate, both side surfaces, and the top plate.
第1の発明は原料が供給される原料供給弁と、原料の不純物を取るための脱硫器と、前記脱硫器による減圧を回復させ原料を供給するためのブースターポンプと、原料を制御する流量制御装置と、原料から水素を発生させる改質装置とを順次接続し、前記改質装置の改質反応のために純水を供給するためのイオン交換樹脂と、前記改質装置での一酸化炭素除去のための空気供給の浄化空気ポンプと、燃料電池へ空気を吸引する空気供給ブロワーと、前記空気供給ブロワーからの空気を高温多湿の空気として燃料電池に供給する加湿器と、前記改質装置で得られた水素と前記加湿器で得られた空気を得て発電と発熱を行う燃料電池と、前記燃料電池へ水を供給するための冷却水タンクと純水供給の水関連部品と、前記燃料電池から排出される排熱空気を熱回収し貯湯タンクへ供給する排熱回収装置と、前記燃料電池を制御する制御装置と、前記燃料電池で発電された電気エネルギーを商用電圧・周波数に変換するインバータ装置とを、前板、両側面板及び天板を有する筐体内に備えた家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムであって、前記筐体内の、中央下部に設けられた前記改質装置と、前記改質装置の上方に設けられた前記加湿器と、前記加湿器の上方に設けられた前記冷却水タンクと前記水関連部品と、前記改質装置の左側面前方に設けられた前記制御装置と前記インバータ装置と、前記改質装置の左側面後方に設けられた前記イオン交換樹脂と前記空気供給ブロワーと前記空気ポンプと、前記改質装置の右側面前方に設けられた前記脱硫器と前記原料供給弁と前記ブースターポンプと、前記改質装置の右側面後方に設けられた前記排熱回収装置と前記流量制御装置とを備え、前記筐体の前板、両側面板及び天板を取り外し可能としたことにより改質装置、ブースターポンプ、脱硫器、流量制御装置、水関連部品は前板を取り外すことで排熱回収装置、原料供給弁は、右側面板を取り外すことで制御装置、インバータ装置、イオン交換樹脂、空気ポンプ関連部品は左側面を取り外すことで燃料電池、加湿器、冷却タンクは天板を取り外すことですべての構
成部品が単独で部品交換できメンテ時間の短縮化ができる。
The first invention is a raw material supply valve for supplying raw materials, a desulfurizer for removing impurities from the raw materials, a booster pump for recovering the reduced pressure by the desulfurizer and supplying the raw materials, and a flow rate control for controlling the raw materials. An ion exchange resin for supplying pure water for a reforming reaction of the reformer, and a carbon monoxide in the reformer A purified air pump for air supply for removal, an air supply blower for sucking air into the fuel cell, a humidifier for supplying air from the air supply blower to the fuel cell as hot and humid air, and the reformer A fuel cell that generates power and generates heat by obtaining the hydrogen obtained in the above and the air obtained by the humidifier, a cooling water tank for supplying water to the fuel cell, and a water-related component for supplying pure water, Emissions from the fuel cell An exhaust heat recovery device that recovers heat from the air and supplies it to a hot water storage tank, a control device that controls the fuel cell, and an inverter device that converts electric energy generated by the fuel cell into a commercial voltage and frequency. A household fuel cell cogeneration system provided in a housing having both side plates and a top plate, the reforming device provided in the lower center of the housing, and provided above the reforming device The humidifier, the cooling water tank and the water-related parts provided above the humidifier, the control device and the inverter device provided in front of the left side of the reformer, and the reformer The ion exchange resin, the air supply blower, and the air pump provided on the left side of the reformer, the desulfurizer, the raw material supply valve, and the booster pump provided on the right side of the reformer. When, wherein the exhaust heat recovery device provided on the right side behind the reformer and a said flow control device, the housing of the front plate, modification by which enables remove both side plates and the top plate Equipment, booster pump, desulfurizer, flow control device, water-related parts are removed by removing the front plate, heat recovery device, raw material supply valve is removed by removing the right side plate, control device, inverter device, ion exchange resin, air pump By removing the left side of the related parts and removing the top plate of the fuel cell, humidifier, and cooling tank, all components can be replaced independently, reducing maintenance time.
なお、本構成は左右が逆の配置であっても同様の効果が得られることになる。   In addition, the same effect is acquired even if this structure is a right-and-left arrangement | positioning reversely.
第2の発明はブースターポンプと浄化空気ポンプと空気供給ブロワーは筐体下部に配置されたことにより特に、温度的な要因劣化の特性を持つ、ブースターポンプや浄化空気ポンプ特に機能部品や構成部品で温度的に持たない部品は下部に設定し筐体内熱対流の影響を受けないようにして耐久性の向上行っている。 According to the second aspect of the invention, the booster pump, the purified air pump and the air supply blower are arranged at the lower part of the casing. Parts that do not have temperature are set at the bottom to improve the durability so that they are not affected by thermal convection in the housing.
また、摺動による振動を抑制するために、空気供給ブロワー、ブースターポンプは筐体下部に設定し振動による騒音低減と人体の耳の位置とも距離をとることができ騒音に対する効果も出している。   In order to suppress vibration due to sliding, an air supply blower and a booster pump are set at the lower part of the casing, and noise reduction due to vibration and a distance from the position of the ear of the human body can be taken.
第3の発明は改質装置の下部には前記改質装置内部の触媒を間接的に加温し改質反応温度を高めるバーナが設けられていることでバーナの故障時に改質装置を取り外さないで、バーナ単独で取り外すことが容易となるわけである。特にバーナには燃焼検知となるフレームロッド、熱電対、点火電極などの燃焼熱の影響を受けて劣化する部品が設けられているために、バーナ単独で取り外しができる効果は極めて大きい。 According to a third aspect of the present invention, there is provided a burner that indirectly heats the catalyst in the reformer and raises the reforming reaction temperature at the lower part of the reformer, so that the reformer is not removed when the burner fails. Thus, it is easy to remove the burner alone. In particular, the burner is provided with parts that deteriorate due to the influence of combustion heat such as a flame rod, a thermocouple, and an ignition electrode for detecting combustion, so that the effect of removing the burner alone is extremely great.
以下に、本発明の実施形態を図面を参照しながら説明する。   Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
なお、この実施の形態によって本発明が限定されるものではない。   Note that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments.
(実施の形態1)
図1は、本発明の第1の実施の形態における家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムの構成を示す正面図、図2は右側面図、図3は左側面図である。
(Embodiment 1)
FIG. 1 is a front view showing a configuration of a household fuel cell cogeneration system according to a first embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 2 is a right side view, and FIG. 3 is a left side view.
図1〜3において1は燃料電池の筐体で内部の中央下部に水素発生装置となる改質装置2を配置している。改質装置2の上部には燃料電池への空気加湿を行う加湿器3を配置しさらにその上方に燃料電池4を設定している。燃料電池への水供給の冷却水タンク5と純水供給の水関連部品6を備えている。   1 to 3, reference numeral 1 denotes a fuel cell casing, and a reformer 2 serving as a hydrogen generator is disposed at the center lower portion inside. A humidifier 3 for humidifying the fuel cell with air is disposed above the reformer 2, and a fuel cell 4 is set above the humidifier 3. A cooling water tank 5 for supplying water to the fuel cell and a water-related component 6 for supplying pure water are provided.
また、改質装置2の左側面前方には燃料電池の制御装置7とインバータ装置8を設けると共に、その後方にはイオン交換樹脂9、燃料電池4への空気供給ブロワー10、改質装置2への空気ポンプ11を設定している。空気供給ブロワー10は筐体下部に設定し、空気ポンプ11は下部近傍に配置している。   In addition, a fuel cell control device 7 and an inverter device 8 are provided in front of the left side surface of the reforming device 2, and an ion exchange resin 9, an air supply blower 10 for the fuel cell 4, and the reforming device 2 are provided behind the control device 7. The air pump 11 is set. The air supply blower 10 is set at the lower part of the casing, and the air pump 11 is arranged near the lower part.
一方、改質装置の右側面前方には原料ガス中の不純物を除去するための脱硫器12と改質装置2への原料供給弁13、ブースターポンプ14を筐体1下部に設定し構成している。改質装置2の右側面後方には貯湯タンクへの排熱回収装置15、流量制御装置16等を備え前板17、左側面板18、右側面板19および天板20は単独で取り外すし可能できるようにしている。   On the other hand, a desulfurizer 12 for removing impurities in the raw material gas, a raw material supply valve 13 to the reformer 2 and a booster pump 14 are set at the lower part of the casing 1 in front of the right side surface of the reformer. Yes. Behind the right side surface of the reformer 2 is an exhaust heat recovery device 15 to the hot water storage tank, a flow rate control device 16 and the like, so that the front plate 17, left side plate 18, right side plate 19 and top plate 20 can be detached independently. I have to.
また、改質装置2の下部にはバーナ21が設定されている。改質装置2内で発生した水素は改質装置2内の反応が安定するまでは燃料電池4へ供給されずにオフガスとして再度改質装置2のバーナ21に循環されて再利用されることになる。そのために、改質装置2と燃料電池4間には経路切り替えの三方弁22が設けられている。この水素には水蒸気を多量に含んでおり水蒸気を除去する熱交換器23がバーナの上流にこの熱交換器23は改質装置2の前方に設定されて構成している。   A burner 21 is set at the lower part of the reformer 2. The hydrogen generated in the reformer 2 is not supplied to the fuel cell 4 until the reaction in the reformer 2 is stabilized, but is circulated again to the burner 21 of the reformer 2 for reuse. Become. For this purpose, a path switching three-way valve 22 is provided between the reformer 2 and the fuel cell 4. This hydrogen contains a large amount of water vapor, and a heat exchanger 23 for removing water vapor is set upstream of the burner, and this heat exchanger 23 is set in front of the reformer 2.
以上のように構成された家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムについて、以下その主要動作と作用を説明する。   The main operation and action of the home fuel cell cogeneration system configured as described above will be described below.
まず、水素の原料となるメタンガスが供給され原料供給弁13、不純物を取るための脱硫器11、脱硫による減圧を回復するためのブースターポンプ14、原料を制御する流量制御装置16等を介して改質装置に供給される。   First, methane gas, which is a raw material for hydrogen, is supplied, through a raw material supply valve 13, a desulfurizer 11 for removing impurities, a booster pump 14 for recovering pressure reduction due to desulfurization, a flow rate control device 16 for controlling the raw material, and the like. Supplied to quality equipment.
一方、改質装置2内部の触媒を間接的に加温するバーナ21にも同様の制御方式で燃料が供給される。改質装置2へは水素発生に必要なまた反応によって発生する一酸化炭素を低減するために純水や空気を供給し燃料電池4に必要な水素を作り出している。   On the other hand, the fuel is supplied to the burner 21 that indirectly heats the catalyst in the reformer 2 by the same control method. The reformer 2 is supplied with pure water or air to reduce the carbon monoxide required for hydrogen generation and generated by the reaction, thereby generating hydrogen necessary for the fuel cell 4.
次に、燃料電池4に供給される空気は制御装置7後方の下部に設定された空気供給ブロワー10より吸引されて改質装置2上方の加湿器3で高温多湿の空気として燃料電池4に供給される。改質装置2と燃料電池4には純水が必要なためにイオン交換樹脂9で処理した水を水ポンプで供給している。燃料電池4に供給され残った空気は、貯湯回路の水を加温するために排熱回収装置15に供給される。   Next, the air supplied to the fuel cell 4 is sucked from the air supply blower 10 set at the lower part behind the control device 7 and supplied to the fuel cell 4 as hot and humid air by the humidifier 3 above the reformer 2. Is done. Since the reformer 2 and the fuel cell 4 require pure water, water treated with the ion exchange resin 9 is supplied by a water pump. The remaining air supplied to the fuel cell 4 is supplied to the exhaust heat recovery device 15 to heat the water in the hot water storage circuit.
一方燃料電池内では水素と酸素による発熱と発生した水を回収するために循環ポンプを回し熱回収を排熱熱回収装置15にて行っている。   On the other hand, in the fuel cell, in order to recover the heat generated by hydrogen and oxygen and the generated water, the circulation pump is rotated and heat recovery is performed by the exhaust heat recovery device 15.
以上のように、本実施の形態において、改質装置2、ブースターポンプ14、脱硫器12、流量制御装置16、三方弁22、熱交換器23、水関連部品6は、前板17を取り外すことで、排熱回収装置15、原料供給弁13は、右側面板19を取り外すことで、制御装置7、インバータ装置8、イオン交換樹脂9、空気供給ブロワー10、空気ポンプ11関連部品は、左側面18を取り外すことで、燃料電池4、加湿器2、冷却タンク5は、天板20を取り外すことで、すべての構成部品が容易に部品交換することができるわけである。   As described above, in the present embodiment, the reformer 2, the booster pump 14, the desulfurizer 12, the flow controller 16, the three-way valve 22, the heat exchanger 23, and the water-related component 6 are removed from the front plate 17. In the exhaust heat recovery device 15 and the raw material supply valve 13, the control device 7, the inverter device 8, the ion exchange resin 9, the air supply blower 10, and the air pump 11 related parts are removed from the left side surface 18 by removing the right side plate 19. By removing the, the fuel cell 4, the humidifier 2, and the cooling tank 5 can be easily replaced by detaching the top plate 20.
また、改質装置への原料供給のブースターポンプ14と改質装置2での一酸化炭素除去のための空気供給の浄化空気ポンプ11及び燃料電池への空気供給ブロワー10は筐体下部に配置したことにより、温度的な要因劣化の特性を持つ、ブースターポンプや浄化空気ポンプ等の特に機能部品や構成部品で温度的に持たない部品は下部に設定し筐体内熱対流の影響を受けないようにして耐久性の向上を行っている。   Further, a booster pump 14 for supplying raw materials to the reformer, an air supply purifying air pump 11 for removing carbon monoxide in the reformer 2, and an air supply blower 10 for the fuel cell are arranged at the lower part of the casing. Therefore, booster pumps, purified air pumps, and other functional parts and components that do not have thermal characteristics such as booster pumps and purified air pumps are set at the bottom so that they are not affected by thermal convection in the housing. To improve durability.
また、摺動による振動を抑制するために、空気供給ブロワー10、ブースターポンプ14は筐体下部に設定し振動による騒音低減と人体の耳の位置とも距離をとることができ騒音に対する効果も出している。   In addition, in order to suppress vibration due to sliding, the air supply blower 10 and the booster pump 14 are set at the lower part of the housing to reduce noise due to vibration and to take a distance from the position of the ear of the human body. Yes.
さらに、バーナ21を改質装置2の下部に設定したことによりバーナ21の故障時に改質装置2を取り外さないで、バーナ単独で取り外すことが容易となるわけである。特にバーナ21には燃焼検知となるフレームロッド、熱電対、点火電極などの燃焼熱の影響を受けて劣化する部品が設けられているために、バーナ単独で取り外しができる効果は極めて大きい。   Furthermore, by setting the burner 21 at the lower part of the reformer 2, it is easy to remove the burner alone without removing the reformer 2 when the burner 21 fails. In particular, the burner 21 is provided with parts that deteriorate due to the influence of combustion heat such as a flame rod, a thermocouple, and an ignition electrode for detecting combustion, so that the effect of being able to be removed by the burner alone is extremely great.
以上のように、本発明にかかる家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステム構成は前板、両側面及び天板を取り外すことですべての部品が容易に単独でメンテできるようにしたもので他の発電装置システムにも応用展開できるものである。   As described above, the home fuel cell cogeneration system configuration according to the present invention is such that all components can be easily maintained independently by removing the front plate, both side surfaces, and the top plate. Can also be applied.
本発明の実施の形態1における家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムの正面図Front view of household fuel cell cogeneration system according to Embodiment 1 of the present invention 同システムにおける左側面図Left side view of the system 同システムにおける右側面図Right side view of the system
符号の説明Explanation of symbols
1 筐体
2 改質装置
3 加湿器
4 燃料電池
5 冷却水タンク
6 水関連部品
7 制御装置
8 インバータ装置
9 イオン交換樹脂
10 空気供給ブロワー
11 空気ポンプ
12 脱硫器
13 原料供給弁
14 ブースターポンプ
15 排熱回収装置
16 流量制御装置
17 前板
18 左側面板
19 右側面板
20 天板
21 バーナ
DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 Case 2 Reformer 3 Humidifier 4 Fuel cell 5 Cooling water tank 6 Water-related parts 7 Control device 8 Inverter device 9 Ion exchange resin 10 Air supply blower 11 Air pump 12 Desulfurizer 13 Raw material supply valve 14 Booster pump 15 Exhaust Heat recovery device 16 Flow rate control device 17 Front plate 18 Left side plate 19 Right side plate 20 Top plate 21 Burner

Claims (3)

  1. 原料が供給される原料供給弁と、原料の不純物を取るための脱硫器と、前記脱硫器による減圧を回復させ原料を供給するためのブースターポンプと、原料を制御する流量制御装置と、原料から水素を発生させる改質装置とを順次接続し、前記改質装置の改質反応のために純水を供給するためのイオン交換樹脂と、前記改質装置での一酸化炭素除去のための空気供給の浄化空気ポンプと、燃料電池へ空気を吸引する空気供給ブロワーと、前記空気供給ブロワーからの空気を高温多湿の空気として燃料電池に供給する加湿器と、前記改質装置で得られた水素と前記加湿器で得られた空気を得て発電と発熱を行う燃料電池と、前記燃料電池へ水を供給するための冷却水タンクと純水供給の水関連部品と、前記燃料電池から排出される排熱空気を熱回収し貯湯タンクへ供給する排熱回収装置と、前記燃料電池を制御する制御装置と、前記燃料電池で発電された電気エネルギーを商用電圧・周波数に変換するインバータ装置とを、前板、両側面板及び天板を有する筐体内に備えた家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステムであって、前記筐体内の、中央下部に設けられた前記改質装置と、前記改質装置の上方に設けられた前記加湿器と、前記加湿器の上方に設けられた前記冷却水タンクと前記水関連部品と、前記改質装置の左側面前方に設けられた前記制御装置と前記インバータ装置と、前記改質装置の左側面後方に設けられた前記イオン交換樹脂と前記空気供給ブロワーと前記空気ポンプと、前記改質装置の右側面前方に設けられた前記脱硫器と前記原料供給弁と前記ブースターポンプと、前記改質装置の右側面後方に設けられた前記排熱回収装置と前記流量制御装置とを備え、前記筐体の前板、両側面板及び天板を取り外し可能とした家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステム。 From a raw material supply valve to which raw material is supplied, a desulfurizer for removing impurities of the raw material, a booster pump for recovering the reduced pressure by the desulfurizer and supplying the raw material, a flow rate control device for controlling the raw material, and the raw material An ion exchange resin for sequentially connecting a reformer for generating hydrogen and supplying pure water for the reforming reaction of the reformer, and air for removing carbon monoxide in the reformer Supply purified air pump, air supply blower for sucking air into the fuel cell, humidifier for supplying the air from the air supply blower to the fuel cell as hot and humid air, and hydrogen obtained by the reformer And a fuel cell that generates air and generates heat by obtaining air obtained by the humidifier, a cooling water tank for supplying water to the fuel cell, water-related parts for pure water supply, and discharged from the fuel cell Heat exhaust air An exhaust heat recovery device that supplies the hot water storage tank, a control device that controls the fuel cell, and an inverter device that converts electric energy generated by the fuel cell into commercial voltage and frequency, a front plate, both side plates, and a household fuel cell cogeneration system comprising in a housing having a top plate, said casing, and said reformer provided at the center bottom, and the humidifier provided above the reformer the said cooling water tank which is disposed above the humidifier and the water-related parts, wherein the control device provided on the left side ahead of the reformer and said inverter device, the left side rear of the reformer and the ion-exchange resin and the air pump and the air supply blower provided in the reformer the desulfurizer provided on the right side ahead of the apparatus and the material supply valve and the booster pump, the modified Includes the exhaust heat recovery device provided on the right side behind the device and with said flow control device, the housing of the front plate, household fuel cell cogeneration system with removable sides plates and the top plate.
  2. ブースターポンプと浄化空気ポンプと空気供給ブロワーは筐体下部に配置された請求項1に記載の家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステム。 The domestic fuel cell cogeneration system according to claim 1, wherein the booster pump, the purified air pump, and the air supply blower are disposed at a lower portion of the casing.
  3. 改質装置の下部には前記改質装置内部の触媒を間接的に加温し改質反応温度を高めるバーナが設けられた請求項1に記載の家庭用燃料電池コージェネシステム。 The domestic fuel cell cogeneration system according to claim 1, wherein a burner is provided at a lower portion of the reformer to indirectly heat a catalyst in the reformer to increase a reforming reaction temperature.
JP2004058423A 2004-03-03 2004-03-03 Household fuel cell cogeneration system Expired - Fee Related JP4604514B2 (en)

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JP4942386B2 (en) * 2006-04-26 2012-05-30 京セラ株式会社 Power generation / hot water cogeneration system
JP5157086B2 (en) * 2006-05-25 2013-03-06 トヨタ自動車株式会社 Vehicle equipped with a fuel cell
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JP5153243B2 (en) * 2007-07-24 2013-02-27 京セラ株式会社 Fuel cell device
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JP6297189B1 (en) * 2017-03-22 2018-03-20 東京瓦斯株式会社 Fuel cell system
CN110741500A (en) 2017-06-30 2020-01-31 大日工业株式会社 Fuel cell device

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