JP4569558B2 - Injector - Google Patents

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Publication number
JP4569558B2
JP4569558B2 JP2006305093A JP2006305093A JP4569558B2 JP 4569558 B2 JP4569558 B2 JP 4569558B2 JP 2006305093 A JP2006305093 A JP 2006305093A JP 2006305093 A JP2006305093 A JP 2006305093A JP 4569558 B2 JP4569558 B2 JP 4569558B2
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Prior art keywords
injector
holding
lead wire
actuator
hole
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JP2007270822A (en
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透 田口
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株式会社デンソー
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M51/00Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by being operated electrically
    • F02M51/06Injectors peculiar thereto with means directly operating the valve needle
    • F02M51/0603Injectors peculiar thereto with means directly operating the valve needle using piezo-electric or magnetostrictive operating means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M47/00Fuel-injection apparatus operated cyclically with fuel-injection valves actuated by fluid pressure
    • F02M47/02Fuel-injection apparatus operated cyclically with fuel-injection valves actuated by fluid pressure of accumulator-injector type, i.e. having fuel pressure of accumulator tending to open, and fuel pressure in other chamber tending to close, injection valves and having means for periodically releasing that closing pressure
    • F02M47/027Electrically actuated valves draining the chamber to release the closing pressure
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M51/00Fuel-injection apparatus characterised by being operated electrically
    • F02M51/005Arrangement of electrical wires and connections, e.g. wire harness, sockets, plugs; Arrangement of electronic control circuits in or on fuel injection apparatus

Description

  The present invention relates to an injector that controls opening / closing operation of a nozzle by an actuator.

A conventional fuel injection device is configured to inject and supply high-pressure fuel stored in a common rail into a combustion chamber of each cylinder of an internal combustion engine via an injector. The injector includes a nozzle that opens and closes the nozzle hole with a needle and injects fuel when the valve is opened, and a piezo actuator that controls the opening and closing operation of the nozzle by controlling the pressure acting on the side of the needle opposite to the nozzle hole ( For example, see Patent Document 1).
JP 2002-257002 A

  Incidentally, there is a fuel injector injector used for an internal combustion engine mounted on a vehicle in which a piezoelectric actuator is assembled from the nozzle side of the injector body in response to a demand for miniaturization.

  Specifically, two lead wires for power feeding are previously joined to the piezo actuator, the lead wire is first inserted into the housing hole of the injector body, and then the piezo actuator is inserted into the housing hole, thereby The wire is pushed by the piezo actuator and advances in the injector body so that the tip of the lead wire is guided to the other end opening of the storage hole.

  However, since the lead wire is long and low in rigidity, when the lead wire and the actuator are assembled to the injector body, the lead wire is easily bent in the storage hole, and therefore it is not easy to guide the lead wire to the other end of the storage hole. There was a problem that the workability of assembling the lead wire and the piezo actuator to the injector body was poor.

  Further, the surface of the storage hole and the lead wire coating are rubbed due to vibration or the like, and the lead wire coating is worn, and there is a possibility that the lead wire is dewed and short-circuited.

  In view of the above points, the present invention has as its main object to improve the workability of assembly of lead wires and actuators to an injector body. Another object is to reduce the wear of the lead wire coating.

  In the present invention, the actuator (2) and the two lead wires (23) are inserted into the accommodation hole (41) of the injector body (4) from one end side, and the other end of the lead wire (23) is inserted into the accommodation hole (41). In the injector configured to be taken out from the other end of the lead wire (23), the holding member (8) having higher rigidity than the lead wire (23) prevents the lead wire (23) from being bent. Is held.

  This prevents the lead wire (23) and the actuator (2) from being bent when the lead wire (23) and the actuator (2) are assembled to the injector body (4). Assembling workability to the injector body (4) is improved.

  In this case, the holding member (8) can be fixed to the actuator (2). If it does in this way, since actuator (2), holding member (8), and lead wire (23) are unified, they will not move relatively. Further, in a state where the actuator (2) is assembled to the injector body (4), the actuator (2) is positioned and fixed to the injector body (4), so that both of them do not move relatively. Therefore, the lead wire (23) and the injector body (4) do not move relative to each other when the injector is in use, and the lead wire (23) coating is prevented from rubbing against the surface of the storage hole (41). can do.

  The holding member (8) can be made of resin. In this case, since the height of the resin is lower than that of the metal, it is possible to suppress the coating of the lead wire (23) from being rubbed and worn with the holding member (8).

  Further, ribs (86) into which the lead wires (23) are press-fitted can be provided in the insertion spaces (82, 85) into which the lead wires (23) are inserted.

  In this way, the lead wire (23) can be easily held by the holding member (8) without using an adhesive or the like.

  Moreover, several ribs (86) can be provided along the longitudinal direction of the holding member (8).

  In this way, the lead wire (23) can be reliably held by the holding member (8).

  In addition, the storage holes (41) are configured by the plurality of storage holes (41a to 41c) arranged eccentrically, the portion where the plurality of storage holes (41a to 41c) overlap is elliptical, and the insertion space is In the case of the two grooves (85), the two grooves (85) can be arranged side by side in the major axis direction of the elliptical shape of the portion where the plurality of storage holes (41a to 41c) overlap.

  In this way, since the distance L1 between the two grooves (85) can be set large, the distance between the two terminals (9) to which the two lead wires (23) are joined is increased. Interference between the two terminals (9) can be reliably avoided.

  Also, the two grooves (85) forming the insertion space can be opened in the same direction.

  In this way, when the lead wire (23) is inserted into the groove (85), the two lead wires (23) can be assembled simultaneously from the same side.

  In addition, the code | symbol in the bracket | parenthesis of each means described in a claim and this column shows the correspondence with the specific means as described in embodiment mentioned later.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Embodiments shown in the drawings will be described below. Among the first to fifth embodiments described below, the embodiments of the invention described in the claims are the first and second embodiments, and the third to fifth embodiments are reference examples.
(First embodiment)
A first embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 1 is a partial sectional view of an injector for a fuel injection device according to a first embodiment of the present invention, and FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional view showing a schematic internal configuration of the injector of FIG.

  First, the basic configuration and operation of the injector will be described with reference to FIGS. 1 and 2. The injector is for injecting high-pressure fuel stored in a common rail (not shown) into a cylinder of a diesel internal combustion engine (not shown). A piezoelectric actuator 2 that expands and contracts, and a back pressure control mechanism 3 that is driven by the piezoelectric actuator 2 to control the back pressure of the nozzle 1 are provided.

  The nozzle 1 includes a nozzle body 12 in which an injection hole 11 is formed, a needle 13 that opens and closes the injection hole 11 in contact with and away from the valve seat of the nozzle body 12, and a spring 14 that urges the needle 13 in a valve closing direction.

  The piezoelectric actuator 2 includes a large number of piezoelectric elements 22 stacked in a cylindrical housing 21 made of stainless steel. The piezoelectric element 22 is connected to a power source (not shown) via two lead wires 23. The lead wire 23 is held by the holding member 8 having higher rigidity than the lead wire 23. Details of the holding member 8 will be described later.

  The valve body 31 of the back pressure control mechanism 3 is driven by a piston 32 that moves following the expansion and contraction of the piezoelectric actuator 2, a disc spring 33 that biases the piston 32 toward the piezoelectric actuator 2, and a piston 32. A spherical valve element 34 is accommodated. Incidentally, in FIG. 2, the valve body 31 is illustrated as one component, but is actually divided into a plurality of parts.

  The substantially cylindrical injector body 4 is formed with a storage hole 41 penetrating from one end side to the other end side in the injector axial direction. The piezoelectric actuator 2 and the back pressure control mechanism 3 are stored in the storage hole 41. Has been. Further, the nozzle 1 is held at the end of the injector body 4 by screwing the substantially cylindrical retainer 5 into the injector body 4.

  The nozzle body 12, the injector body 4 and the valve body 31 are formed with a high pressure passage 6 to which high pressure fuel is always supplied from the common rail, and the injector body 4 and the valve body 31 are connected to a fuel tank (not shown). 7 is formed.

  A high pressure chamber 15 is formed between the outer peripheral surface of the needle 13 on the nozzle hole 11 side and the inner peripheral surface of the nozzle body 12. The high pressure chamber 15 communicates with the nozzle hole 11 when the needle 13 is displaced in the valve opening direction. The high pressure chamber 15 is always supplied with high pressure fuel via the high pressure passage 6. A back pressure chamber 16 is formed on the side opposite to the injection hole of the needle 13. In the back pressure chamber 16, the above-described spring 14 is disposed.

  The valve body 31 is formed with a high-pressure seat surface 35 in a path communicating the high-pressure passage 6 in the valve body 31 and the back pressure chamber 16 of the nozzle 1, and the back of the low-pressure passage 7 in the valve body 31 and the nozzle 1. A low-pressure seat surface 36 is formed in a path communicating with the pressure chamber 16. The valve body 34 described above is disposed between the high pressure seat surface 35 and the low pressure seat surface 36.

  In the above configuration, when the piezo actuator 2 is contracted, the valve body 34 is in contact with the low pressure seat surface 36 and the back pressure chamber 16 is connected to the high pressure passage 6 as shown in FIG. Fuel pressure is introduced. The needle 13 is urged in the valve closing direction by the fuel pressure in the back pressure chamber 16 and the spring 14 to close the nozzle hole 11.

  On the other hand, when a voltage is applied to the piezo actuator 2 and the piezo actuator 2 is extended, the valve body 34 is in contact with the high pressure seat surface 35, the back pressure chamber 16 is connected to the low pressure passage 7, and the back pressure chamber 16 has a low pressure. become. The needle 13 is urged in the valve opening direction by the fuel pressure in the high-pressure chamber 15 to open the injection hole 11, and fuel is injected from the injection hole 11 into the cylinder of the internal combustion engine.

  Next, a specific configuration of the injector of this embodiment will be described. FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along the line AA in FIG. 1, and FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the main part showing the assembly process of the injector in FIG.

  As shown in FIGS. 1, 3, and 4, the storage hole 41 of the injector body 4 includes three cylindrical storage holes 41 a to 41 c. One end of the first storage hole 41 a opens at the nozzle side end face of the injector body 4, and extends from the nozzle side end face of the injector body 4 toward the opposite nozzle side of the injector body 4.

  The second storage hole 41b has a smaller diameter than the first storage hole 41a, and extends from the end on the non-nozzle side of the first storage hole 41a toward the anti-nozzle side of the injector body 4. The first storage hole 41a and the second storage hole 41b are arranged coaxially.

  The third storage hole 41c is provided eccentrically with respect to the first storage hole 41a and the second storage hole 41b, and one end opens on the end surface of the injector body 4 on the side opposite to the nozzle, and the other end extends into the second storage hole 41b. It is connected.

  The piezoelectric actuator 2 is stored in the first storage hole 41a, and the lead wire 23 and the holding member 8 are stored in the second storage hole 41b and the third storage hole 41c. Further, the tapered seating surface 25 formed in the housing 21 of the piezo actuator 2 contacts the stepped portion 41d of the first storage hole 41a and the second storage hole 41b, so that the piezo actuator 2 is positioned on the injector body 4. It is fixed.

  Next, the holding member 8 will be described. 5 is an external view showing the holding member 8 of FIG. 1, FIG. 6 is a view as seen from the direction B of the holding member 8 of FIG. 5, and FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a portion C of the holding member 8 of FIG.

  The holding member 8 is made of a material having a hardness lower than that of a metal, for example, a resin such as nylon, in order to prevent the coating of the lead wire 23 from being worn. In addition, the holding member 8 has a shape, a thickness, and the like set so that the rigidity is higher than that of the lead wires 21 and 22.

  As shown in FIG. 5, the holding member 8 has a columnar fixing portion 81 on one end side, and a through hole 82 into which the lead wire 23 is inserted is formed in the fixing portion 81. Then, as shown in FIG. 4, the fixing member 81 is inserted into the cylindrical tube portion 24 formed in the housing 21 of the piezo actuator 2, and the end portion of the tube portion 24 is caulked so that the holding member 8 is piezo-electric. It is fixed to the actuator 2.

  As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, the holding member 8 is formed with a cylindrical first guide portion 83 that is continuous with the fixing portion 81, and the second flat portion that is slightly flat with the first guide portion 83. A guide portion 84 is formed. The fixed portion 81 and the first guide portion 83 are arranged coaxially, and the second guide portion 84 is provided eccentrically with respect to the fixed portion 81 and the first guide portion 83.

  Here, as shown in FIG. 3, when the injector body 4 is viewed in the axial direction of the injector, the portion where the second storage hole 41b and the third storage hole 41c overlap is an ellipse, and the second of the holding member 8 is within this ellipse. The cross-sectional shape and dimensions of the second guide portion 84 of the holding member 8 are set so that the two guide portions 84 are accommodated.

  As shown in FIGS. 5 and 6, two grooves 85 into which the lead wires 23 are inserted are formed on the outer peripheral side surfaces of the guide portions 83 and 84 so as to extend along the longitudinal direction of the holding member 8. Yes. The groove 85 is continuous with the through hole 82. The groove 85 is set to a size that allows the lead wire 23 to be loosely fitted.

  One groove 85 and the other groove 85 are opened in directions different from each other by 180 ° on the outer peripheral side surfaces of the guide portions 83 and 84. In other words, the one groove 85 and the other groove 85 are formed in an elliptical major axis direction in which the second storage hole 41b and the third storage hole 41c overlap in a state where the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 are assembled to the injector body 4. (See FIG. 3).

  Further, the two grooves 85 are arranged side by side in the major axis direction of the elliptical shape in which the second storage hole 41b and the third storage hole 41c overlap, so that the distance L1 between the two grooves 85 is as large as possible.

  As shown in FIGS. 6 and 7, a rib 86 is formed in the groove 85. The rib 86 is set such that the interval L2 in the direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the holding member 8 is smaller than the outer diameter of the lead wire 23. Therefore, the lead wire 23 is held in the rib 86 in a press-fitted state. Further, a plurality of the ribs 86 are provided along the longitudinal direction of the holding member 8, for example, at intervals of 20 mm. The through hole 82 and the groove 85 correspond to the insertion space of the present invention.

  Next, the assembly of the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 and the assembly of the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 to the injector body 4 will be described.

  First, the lead wire 23 is inserted into the through hole 82. Next, after the fixing portion 81 is inserted into the housing 21, the lead wire 23 is inserted into the groove 85. At this time, the tip of the lead wire 23 is exposed from the groove 85 by about 10 mm. Thereafter, the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 are integrated by crimping the end of the housing 21.

  Next, the integrated holding member 8 and piezo actuator 2 are assembled to the injector body 4 as follows.

  As shown in FIG. 4, first, the lead wire 23 and the distal end portion of the holding member 8 are inserted from the nozzle side opening in the storage hole 41. Subsequently, the piezo actuator 2 is inserted so as to be pushed into the storage hole 41. Here, the lead wire 23 is held by the highly rigid holding member 8 except for its tip, and the tip of the lead wire 23 not held by the holding member 8 is as short as about 10 mm. In the process of being pushed into the storage hole 41, bending of the lead wire 23 is prevented. Therefore, as the piezo actuator 2 is pushed into the storage hole 41, the lead wire 23 and the holding member 8 can smoothly advance in the storage hole 41.

  When the piezo actuator 2 is pushed to a position where the seating surface 25 of the piezo actuator 2 comes into contact with the stepped portion 41d of the injector body 4, the tip of the lead wire 23 advances to the vicinity of the counter nozzle side opening in the storage hole 41. It is like that.

  As shown in FIG. 1, the leading end of the lead wire 23 is joined to the terminal 9 attached to the end on the non-nozzle side of the injector body 4. Thereafter, the connector housing 10 is molded.

  According to this embodiment, since the lead wire 23 is held by the holding member 8 having high rigidity, bending of the lead wire 23 when the piezoelectric actuator 2 is assembled to the injector body 4 is prevented. Therefore, the workability of assembling the piezo actuator 2 to the injector body 4 is improved.

  Further, since the piezo actuator 2, the holding member 8, and the lead wire 23 are integrated, they do not move relatively. Further, in a state where the piezo actuator 2 is assembled to the injector body 4, the piezo actuator 2 is positioned and fixed to the injector body 4, so that both of them do not move relative to each other. Therefore, the lead wire 23 and the injector body 4 do not move relative to each other when the injector is in use, and it is possible to prevent the covering of the lead wire 23 from rubbing against the surface of the storage hole 41 and being worn.

  Further, since the lead wire 23 is held by the rib 86 provided on the holding member 8, the lead wire 23 can be easily held by the holding member 8 without using an adhesive or the like. Further, since the plurality of ribs 86 are provided, the lead wire 23 can be reliably held by the holding member 8.

  Further, since the holding member 8 is made of resin, it is possible to prevent the coating of the lead wire 23 from being rubbed and worn with the holding member 8 as compared with the case where the holding member 8 is made of metal having a higher hardness than the resin.

  In addition, since the two grooves 85 are arranged side by side in the major axis direction of the elliptical shape in which the second storage hole 41b and the third storage hole 41c overlap, the distance L1 between the two grooves 85 is as large as possible. The distance between the two terminals 9 to which the two lead wires 23 are joined can be increased, and interference between the two terminals 9 can be reliably avoided.

(Second Embodiment)
A second embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 8 is a view showing a holding member in the injector according to the second embodiment. FIG. 8 corresponds to the holding member viewed from the arrow B side in FIG. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the same or equivalent part as 1st Embodiment, and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in FIG. 8, in the holding member 8 of the present embodiment, the two grooves 85 are opened in the same direction. For this reason, when inserting the lead wire 23 into the groove 85, the two lead wires 23 can be assembled simultaneously from the same side.

(Third embodiment)
A third embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view showing a holding member and a piezoelectric actuator in an injector according to the third embodiment, and FIG. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the same or equivalent part as 1st Embodiment, and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  The holding member 8 of this embodiment shown in FIGS. 9 and 10 is formed by insert molding. Specifically, the piezo actuator 2 and the lead wire 23 are set at predetermined positions of the molding die, and the holding member 8 is molded by pouring molding resin. Incidentally, the hole 87 is a mark of a pin provided in the mold for positioning the lead wire 23 at the time of molding.

  Since the lead wire 23 taken out from the piezo actuator 2 is embedded in the holding member 8 except for its tip, the coating of the lead wire 23 rubs against the metal injector body 4 and wears. Can be prevented.

(Fourth embodiment)
A fourth embodiment of the present invention will be described. FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view showing a holding member and a piezoelectric actuator in an injector according to the fourth embodiment, and FIG. In addition, the same code | symbol is attached | subjected to the same or equivalent part as 3rd Embodiment, and the description is abbreviate | omitted.

  As shown in FIGS. 11 and 12, a resin seal cap 100 is inserted into the housing 21 of the piezo actuator 2 in order to prevent molding resin from entering the housing 21 during insert molding. Yes. The lead wire 23 extends from the piezo actuator 2 and is taken out of the piezo actuator 2 through a through hole in the seal cap 100. In order to position the tip of the lead wire 23 during insert molding, a resin positioning member 110 is attached to the tip of the lead wire 23.

  Then, the piezoelectric actuator 2 with the seal cap 100 attached is set at a predetermined position of the mold, and the positioning member 110 with the lead wire 23 inserted is set at a predetermined position of the mold, and then a molding resin is poured into the mold. The holding member 8 is formed.

(Fifth embodiment)
A fifth embodiment of the present invention will be described. 13 is a perspective view of the holding member in the injector according to the fifth embodiment, FIG. 14A is a front view of the first holding member of FIG. 13, FIG. 14B is a right side view of FIG. FIG. 15A is a front view of the second holding member of FIG. 13, and FIG. 15B is a right side view of FIG.

  As shown in FIG. 13, the holding member 8 of the present embodiment is made of a resin such as nylon, and has a cylindrical first columnar portion 801 that is accommodated in the second accommodation hole 41 b (see FIG. 4) of the injector body 4. And a cylindrical second cylindrical portion 802 that is accommodated in the third accommodation hole 41c (see FIG. 4) of the injector body 4. The first cylindrical portion 801 is provided eccentric with respect to the second cylindrical portion 802.

  The holding member 8 includes two lead wire insertion holes 803 penetrating from one end to the other end of the holding member 8 in the longitudinal direction, and the lead wire 23 (see FIG. 4) is inserted into the lead wire insertion hole 803. It has become.

  The holding member 8 is configured by joining a first holding member 8 a and a second holding member 8 b which are divided into two at a dividing surface 804 along the longitudinal direction of the holding member 8. Incidentally, the 1st holding member 8a and the 2nd holding member 8b can be joined by what is called a snap fit, adhesion | attachment, or ultrasonic welding.

  As shown in FIG. 14, the first holding member 8 a is provided with a first semi-cylindrical part 801 a having a shape obtained by vertically dividing a cylinder in half, and is eccentric with respect to the first semi-cylindrical part 801 a, and the cylinder is halved. And a vertically divided second semi-cylindrical portion 802a. In addition, two flat lead insertion grooves 803a that are continuous from one end to the other end in the longitudinal direction of the first holding member 8a are formed on the flat dividing surface 804 of the first holding member 8a.

  As shown in FIG. 15, the second holding member 8a is provided eccentrically with respect to the second semi-cylindrical part 801b having a shape obtained by vertically dividing the cylinder in half and the second semi-cylindrical part 801b. And a vertically divided second semi-cylindrical part 802b. In addition, two lead wire insertion grooves 803b that are continuous from one end to the other end in the longitudinal direction of the second holding member 8b are formed on the flat dividing surface 804 of the second holding member 8a.

  And as shown in FIG. 13, in the state which contact | adhered the division surface 804 of the 1st holding member 8a, and the division surface 804 of the 2nd holding member 8a, and joined the 1st holding member 8a and the 2nd holding member 8b. The first cylindrical portion 801 is formed by the first semi-cylindrical portion 801a of the first holding member 8a and the second semi-cylindrical portion 801b of the second holding member 8b, and the second semi-cylindrical portion 802a of the first holding member 8a A second cylindrical portion 802 is formed by the second semi-cylindrical portion 802b of the second holding member 8b, and a lead wire is formed by the lead wire insertion groove 803a of the first holding member 8a and the lead wire insertion groove 803b of the second holding member 8b. An insertion hole 803 is formed.

  Next, assembly of the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 (see FIG. 4) and assembly of the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 to the injector body 4 (see FIG. 4) will be described.

  First, the lead wire 23 is inserted into the lead wire insertion hole 803 from the first cylindrical portion 801 side. Next, after inserting the first cylindrical portion 801 into the housing 21 (see FIG. 4), the holding member 8 and the piezoelectric actuator 2 are integrated by crimping the end of the housing 21. At this time, the tip of the lead wire 23 is exposed from the lead wire insertion hole 803 by about 10 mm.

  Next, the integrated holding member 8 and piezo actuator 2 are assembled to the injector body 4 as follows.

  First, the lead wire 23 and the distal end portion of the second cylindrical portion 802 are inserted from the nozzle side opening in the storage hole 41. Subsequently, the piezo actuator 2 is inserted so as to be pushed into the storage hole 41.

  Then, the piezo actuator 2 is pushed to a position where the seat surface 25 (see FIG. 4) of the piezo actuator 2 comes into contact with the stepped portion 41d (see FIG. 4) of the injector body 4. As a result, the leading end of the lead wire 23 advances to the vicinity of the counter nozzle side opening in the storage hole 41.

  In this embodiment, since the lead wire insertion hole 803 is formed by the lead wire insertion grooves 803a and 803b formed in the dividing surface 804 of the first holding member 8a and the second holding member 8b, the holding having the lead wire insertion hole 803 is performed. The member 8 can be easily manufactured. Moreover, since the lead wire insertion hole 803 is made of one hole from one end to the other end, the lead wire 23 can be easily inserted. Further, since the lead wire 23 is inserted into the lead wire insertion hole 803, it is possible to prevent the coating of the lead wire 23 from being rubbed and worn with the metal injector body 4.

(Other embodiments)
In the first and second embodiments, the lead wire 23 is held by the rib 86 provided on the holding member 8. However, the lead wire 23 may be fixed to the holding member 8 using an adhesive.

  In the first and second embodiments, the holding member 8 is fixed to the piezoelectric actuator 2 by caulking the cylindrical portion 24 formed on the housing 21 of the piezoelectric actuator 2. The holding member 8 may be fixed to the piezo actuator 2 by press-fitting the fixing portion 81 of the holding member 8 into 24.

  In each of the above embodiments, the back pressure control mechanism 3 is driven by the piezo actuator 2 to control the back pressure of the nozzle 1, but the back pressure control mechanism 3 is driven by an electromagnetic solenoid as an actuator to The back pressure of 1 may be controlled.

It is a fragmentary sectional view of the injector for fuel injection equipment concerning a 1st embodiment of the present invention. It is typical sectional drawing which shows the schematic internal structure of the injector of FIG. It is sectional drawing which follows the AA line of FIG. It is sectional drawing of the principal part which shows the assembly | attachment process of the injector of FIG. It is an external view which shows the holding member 8 of FIG. It is a B arrow view of the holding member 8 of FIG. It is an enlarged view of the C section in the holding member 8 of FIG. It is a figure which shows the holding member in the injector which concerns on 2nd Embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing which shows the holding member and piezoelectric actuator in the injector which concern on 3rd Embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing which follows the DD line | wire of FIG. It is sectional drawing which shows the holding member and piezoelectric actuator in the injector which concern on 4th Embodiment of this invention. It is sectional drawing which follows the EE line | wire of FIG. It is a perspective view of the holding member in the injector concerning a 5th embodiment of the present invention. (A) is a front view of the 1st holding member of FIG. 13, (b) is a right view of (a). (A) is a front view of the 2nd holding member of FIG. 13, (b) is a right view of (a).

Explanation of symbols

  DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 ... Nozzle, 2 ... Actuator, 4 ... Injector body, 8 ... Holding member, 23 ... Lead wire, 41 ... Storage hole.

Claims (10)

  1. A cylindrical injector body (4) having a storage hole (41) penetrating from one end side to the other end side;
    An actuator (2) housed in the housing hole (41);
    Two lead wires (23) for feeding, one end of which is joined to the actuator (2);
    A nozzle (1) that opens or closes according to the energization state of the actuator (2) and injects fuel when the valve is opened;
    The actuator (2) and the lead wire (23) are inserted into the accommodation hole (41) from one end side, and the other end of the lead wire (23) is taken out from the other end side of the accommodation hole (41). In the injector configured in
    The lead wire (23) is held by the holding member (8) having higher rigidity than the lead wire (23) so as to prevent the lead wire (23) from being bent .
    The holding member (8) is formed with an insertion space (82, 85) into which the lead wire (23) is inserted,
    The storage hole (41) is composed of a plurality of storage holes (41a to 41c) arranged eccentrically, and when the injector body (4) is viewed in the injector axial direction, the plurality of storage holes (41a to 41c). 41c) overlaps with an ellipse,
    Furthermore, the insertion space includes two grooves (85) and is arranged side by side in the major axis direction of the elliptical shape of the portion where the plurality of storage holes (41a to 41c) overlap .
  2.   The injector according to claim 1, wherein the holding member (8) is fixed to the actuator (2).
  3.   The injector according to claim 1 or 2, wherein the holding member (8) is made of resin.
  4. The injector according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein a rib (86) into which the lead wire (23) is press-fitted is provided in the insertion space (85).
  5. The injector according to claim 4 , wherein a plurality of the ribs (86) are provided along a longitudinal direction of the holding member (8).
  6. The injector according to any one of claims 1 to 3 , wherein the lead wire (23) is fixed to the holding member (8) with an adhesive.
  7. The injector according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the two grooves (85) are opened in directions different by 180 °.
  8. The injector according to any one of claims 1 to 6, wherein the two grooves (85) are open in the same direction.
  9. Of the portion taken out from the actuator (2) in the lead wire (23), the portion excluding the other end of the lead wire (23) is held by the holding member (8). The injector according to any one of claims 1 to 8 .
  10. The injector according to any one of claims 1 to 9 , wherein the actuator is a piezo actuator (2) that expands and contracts by charge and discharge.
JP2006305093A 2006-03-06 2006-11-10 Injector Active JP4569558B2 (en)

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JP2006305093A JP4569558B2 (en) 2006-03-06 2006-11-10 Injector

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JP2006305093A JP4569558B2 (en) 2006-03-06 2006-11-10 Injector
DE102007000128.4A DE102007000128B4 (en) 2006-03-06 2007-03-05 Injector

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JP5079650B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2012-11-21 株式会社デンソー Fuel injection valve and fuel injection device
JP5079643B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2012-11-21 株式会社デンソー Fuel injection valve and fuel injection device
JP5169669B2 (en) 2007-11-02 2013-03-27 株式会社デンソー Fuel pressure detection device and fuel pressure detection system
JP5223555B2 (en) 2008-02-19 2013-06-26 株式会社デンソー Fuel injection device and pressure accumulation type fuel injection device system
JP5383132B2 (en) 2008-03-28 2014-01-08 株式会社デンソー Fuel pressure sensor mounting structure, fuel pressure detection system, fuel injection device, pressure detection device and pressure accumulation fuel injection device system used therefor
JP5195451B2 (en) 2008-04-15 2013-05-08 株式会社デンソー Fuel injection device and pressure accumulation fuel injection system used for the same
JP4983775B2 (en) 2008-11-21 2012-07-25 株式会社デンソー Injector
JP5018762B2 (en) 2008-12-19 2012-09-05 株式会社デンソー Injector
JP5169950B2 (en) * 2009-04-03 2013-03-27 株式会社デンソー Fuel injection valve
JP4735735B2 (en) 2009-04-21 2011-07-27 株式会社デンソー injector

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DE102007000128A1 (en) 2007-10-25
DE102007000128B4 (en) 2018-05-09

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