JP4567494B2 - Whistle - Google Patents

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JP4567494B2
JP4567494B2 JP2005068483A JP2005068483A JP4567494B2 JP 4567494 B2 JP4567494 B2 JP 4567494B2 JP 2005068483 A JP2005068483 A JP 2005068483A JP 2005068483 A JP2005068483 A JP 2005068483A JP 4567494 B2 JP4567494 B2 JP 4567494B2
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whistle
tube
partition
sound
shed
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JP2005316419A5 (en
JP2005316419A (en
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西藤孝夫
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西藤 孝夫
西藤 弘治
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Description

  The present invention relates to a whistle used for music.

Whistle as a Japanese musical instrument has been widely used as a Japanese folk art instrument and a traditional rustic instrument.
Compared with the thick bamboo used for the shakuhachi and the short knot spacing, the female bamboo used for the side flute, such as Shinobu and Ryubu (the horizontal flute), is characterized by a narrow and long knot spacing. This is the main reason.
Both are simple materials that existed in various parts of Japan.

  Bamboo has a delicate balance between the outer skin, inner skin and middle bamboo's unique fiber structure, the shape of the inner circle slightly lacking in roundness, and the inner diameter decreases toward the tip of the bamboo ( The bamboo material as a flute material has long been known as a material that produces a unique sound that is unique and distinctive, and has a wonderful sound, sound, timbre, and tone due to uneven thickness. Has attracted people's hearts.

However, the bamboo material is strong in the length direction due to its fiber-textured nature as a plant, but has a property that it is very easily cracked and easily cracked in the circumferential direction.
In addition, because of the nature of being easily cracked and easily cracked, additional processing for improving operability and decorativeness has been made.

In addition, as a whistle mainly for school children, a whistle integrally molded with a synthetic resin is commercially available.
However, since it is integrally molded, it is necessary to increase the thickness of the tube in order to ensure strength, and as a result, the whistle becomes heavy and fatigue of the blower increases.
Furthermore, since it is integrally molded, it is desired that the processing temperature during molding is low, and as a result, the heat resistance is poor.

The tone of the whistle as a folk performing instrument (hereinafter collectively referred to as “temperament”; for example, it corresponds to the Western style of C, etc.) is a whistle that matches the local folk performing arts in various parts of Japan. It is arranged to be a sound, and the pitch indicating the distance between two sounds is slightly different for each region.
In particular, in the case of a whistle, it is easier to play if you open your fingers at regular intervals, so a whistle that has been opened so that the finger spacing is the same (hereinafter referred to as the “classical pitch”) is produced. I came.
The horizontal flute with a constant opening interval is generally called “shinobue” or “dragon flute”.

There are whistle with different reference to match the pitch of the singer or ensemble instrument (eg, shamisen). Generally, the octave is twelve using a scale consisting of twelve notes. From the low end, single tone, double tone,. . . . . , Twelve tone (hereinafter collectively referred to as "temperament tone" and "temperament display"), the type of whistle.
Expressing an octave with a scale consisting of 12 sounds is the same in Western music that expresses the sound in a staff notation, but in classical intervals, the finger holes are opened so that the finger spacing is the same. Japanese music has a different pitch than Western music.
In addition, it may be caused by the feeling of a pipe-manufacturer who makes a flute, and the reference tone may be different in each region. It is customary, and there is nothing that can be done differently in each region.
Furthermore, the adjustment of the musical scale is extremely difficult because it uses a natural material such as bamboo, because the size of the inner diameter and the degree of depression vary.

  On the other hand, with the spread of Western music in recent years, the opportunity to play music expressed in staves has increased, and since it is necessary to perform ensemble with other instruments, a whistle that can play the pitch expressed in stave is required, and the gap between the holes The so-called “Misato Flute”, which can be played at a musical notation pitch, is becoming widely used.

Shinobue has been made as follows.
The material bamboo is carefully selected, and the cut bamboo is straightened with a fire flame, degreased, cut into coarse dimensions, and dried in the shade for over a year.
Bamboo, which has been dried and can be used for pipe-making, has a node at the top of the pipe, inserts a padding from the bottom of the pipe, fixes the padding with resin or paint, and manufactures a partition wall using clay or paper clay.
Then, it is opened with tuning and completed.
Furthermore, for high-end products, to prevent cracks and distortions effectively, and to give gloss and luster, the deterioration process, reinforcement process, and decoration process of the tanning process, wisteria winding process, painting process, etc. Is given.
Note that circular and elliptical shapes have been used for the shape of the shed.

In pipe making work, the most important issue is how to make the processing dimensions related to the temperament and the processing dimensions related to the pitch.
Since the bamboo material of the whistle material is not uniform, although it is manufactured considering the subtle differences in bamboo material, it is quite natural that the tone and tone of the whistle differ slightly from one another. Although it is tuned with a rhythm measuring instrument at the time of production, it does not go into the tuning by opening the finger holes, but has the fate of being forced to make adjustments and compromises at a so-called intuition.
For this reason, it is very difficult to produce a whistle having the same musical performance, and it seems impossible.

In addition, due to the use of bamboo, which is a natural material, cracks and distortions are likely to occur, so that it should not be overdried during storage and should not contain excessive humidity. Care is constantly taken to keep it wet.
However, since moisture absorption / drying is repeated by the moisture contained in the exhalation of the blower at the time of blowing, the occurrence of cracks and distortion is an unavoidable problem.

  Considering the above in reverse, it means that it is difficult to produce a whistle that is resistant to changes in the natural environment and can withstand aging as long as bamboo is used as the material of the whistle. In addition, since the emphasis must be on ensuring the strength, additional processing for improving operability and decoration has been made.

  In addition, bamboo, which is a natural material, has difficulty in obtaining the material itself, the difference in material itself, the shape of the circle with a slightly lack of inner and outer diameters, the size of the inner diameter, the degree of depression, and the wall thickness are constant. There is also a whistle called a whistle that plays a unique and unique sound unique to bamboo based on the fact that it is not, etc., but on the other hand, due to the above circumstances, the same thing in terms of rhythm and pitch It is difficult to produce and inevitably has an uncertain and ambiguous aspect in terms of rhythm and pitch, and such circumstances have been implicitly understood and used.

  However, in recent years there has been an increase in opportunities for Japanese musical instruments to be played, so it is necessary that the temperament and pitch of each whistle be in place. There were more cases. For this reason, a large number of general blowers need a flute with uniform and uniform musical performance, and with the spread of Western music, it is necessary to display with reference to Western temperament and scale, and Japanese music・ A unified display of Western music is required.

In addition, moisture contained in the breath that blows accumulates in the tube, and if it is at a low temperature, it tends to form condensation and water droplets, and the moisture staying in the tube makes the whistle worse, so a moisture removal process is required.
In order to remove moisture, a method is used in which a lead wire is passed from the spout to the bottom of the pipe, and a cloth tied to the end of the lead is pulled out of the bottom of the pipe through the spout. In some cases.
In addition, with this method, it is difficult to remove moisture accumulated between the shed and the partition wall.

  In addition, due to the use of bamboo, which is a natural material, splitting the whistle into two parts tends to cause cracks and distortion at the fitting part, and the fitting part tends to loosen by repeated attachment and detachment. Except for, the method of dividing the whistle into two parts has not been adopted.

  Furthermore, due to the use of bamboo, which is a natural material, it has been difficult to produce a whistle suitable for each gender or age by uniformly dividing the inner diameter of the tube into multiple types.

I searched the Gazette Text in the Patent Digital Library (public patent gazette) under the following conditions, but there is nothing that can be considered as applicable. "Summary and claims" "Futee" AND "IPC" "G10D9 / 00" "G10D7 / 02" The number of cases found was 23

  An object of the present invention is to provide a whistle that is resistant to changes in the natural environment and can withstand changes over time, and a whistle with improved decorativeness at low cost.

  Another object of the present invention is to provide a whistle with a rich tone, a whistle that can be easily produced even for beginners, and a whistle that is less harsh.

  Furthermore, it is providing the whistle which can remove easily the water | moisture content which stays in a whistle, and a whistle suitable for an elderly man and woman.

  It is another object of the present invention to provide a whistle that can easily enjoy various types of tones and a whistle that is easy to be played by a blower and is less likely to accumulate fatigue.

  In addition, another object is to provide a variety of temperament-like flutes that have the same and uniform rhythmic and pitch.

  As the material of the whistle, a tubular material was used in which a paper base material impregnated with resin was spirally wound in a multilayer manner.

  Further, the tubular material was subjected to heat treatment after roughing or finishing, thereby increasing the strength of the material and drawing out the decorative effect due to aging without waiting for the years to pass.

By applying tapering towards the pipe end direction, it pulled out grain pattern which material encloses with better sound.

A natural tree material or diatomaceous earth was used as a partition wall material for making a closed tube, the partition wall was made movable, and an air hole was provided in a closed tube portion composed of the partition wall and a pipe end.

  As a closed tube structure of the tube head, a plug that can be inserted into and removed from the tube (hereinafter referred to as “tube head plug”) is employed, and a mechanism that facilitates attachment and detachment of the tube head plug is provided.

  In addition, various types of sheds were prepared.

  Divided into two parts, the part that makes up the higuchi (hereinafter referred to as “higuchi part”) and the part that determines the temperament (hereinafter referred to as “temperament part”). In addition, the position of the shed is fixed from the head of the tube so that a number of sheds and a number of temperament-like flutes can be used in combination.

  A hollow for supporting the thumb and little finger was provided to make the whistle easy to play for the blower and less likely to accumulate fatigue.

  A sounding hole was also provided.

  Furthermore, we decided to clarify the unified display of both Japanese and Western music.

  Since industrially produced materials can be used, a plurality of types of inner diameters are adopted as the inner diameter of the pipe, and the present invention is also applied to light metal pipes and wood pipes.

The following effects are obtained from the use of a tubular material made of a paper base impregnated with resin in a spiral manner in a multi-winding manner.
B) A whistle with good strength, for example, heat resistance, moisture absorption resistance, impact resistance and abrasion resistance can be obtained.
Heat resistance, moisture absorption resistance, and impact resistance improve storage and become resistant to aging.
Abrasion resistance is particularly useful in preventing wear at the mouth.
As the strength increased, a lightweight whistle was obtained. Since it is played in a constant posture for a long time, it is lightweight, which helps to reduce blower fatigue.
In particular, because it is a tubular material that is spirally wound into a multi-layered tube, it is a material that is extremely strong in the circumferential direction. Therefore, it is also sufficient for handling when the blower uses several whistle aside. Can withstand.
B) Good dimensionality.
A uniform and constant material, with a constant inner diameter, no dents, good roundness, and a constant wall thickness, the same material is produced in terms of rhythm and pitch. It is possible.
C) Good workability.
It is a tube-shaped material that is a homogeneous material that has been solidified by impregnation with resin, so it can be easily cut thinly into a uniform inner diameter. Improve the sound, improve the sound, and prevent the generation of hard sounds.
Since paper is used as the base material, there is no directionality in the workability, the handwork is easy, and a homogeneous whistle can be obtained.
D) Since it is a factory-produced material, a material with an arbitrary inner diameter can be easily obtained, and the material cost can be reduced compared to processing natural material after drying it for a long time.
E) Since it is a material impregnated with resin, it is not necessary to apply paint such as varnish on the inner and outer surfaces. In addition, the gloss and luster increase with age, and the color becomes more vivid.
Depending on the resin used, it is possible to produce a whistle that is less flammable, useless to the human body, and does not adversely affect the environment.

The tubular material based on the paper base impregnated with the resin used in the present invention changes to amber over time, has a heavy texture, and becomes a whistle with excellent decorativeness, but is subjected to a predetermined heat treatment As a result, it was found that an effect equivalent to the above effect due to secular change can be obtained.
Therefore, a flute with a heavy and attractive texture can be produced by applying heat treatment after roughing or finishing, and can be put on the market.
Moreover, since the said heat processing also has the effect of generating a hardened film on the surface, it can improve wear resistance and can reduce aged deformation.
This is because the half whistle having the fitting portion has an effect of preventing wear and tear caused by repeated fitting and unloading, so that the durability of the whistle can be remarkably improved.
Furthermore, since the effect of hardening can be obtained even on the inside of the whistle, it has become possible to obtain a whistle that excels in the tone and sound of the whistle.

Tubular materials made by spirally winding a paper base impregnated with resin are rolled into a tube, and when taper processing is performed, a wood grain pattern appears, and over time, it has an amber / brown pattern and a heavy texture. A whistle with excellent decorativeness.
In addition, since the strength in the circumferential direction is particularly excellent as a material, it is possible to easily sculpt characters and patterns, and to produce a whistle with excellent decoration.

When bamboo is used, padding is inserted from the bottom of the tube, the padding is fixed with resin or paint, and the partition wall is made of clay or paper clay, but in the present invention, padding is not used, Since it is an empty pipe and a natural tree material (eg cork) separate from the pipe material can be used for the partition wall, a rich tone according to the material, eg, cork. It can be a soft sound.
In particular, when the moisture contained in the breath that is blown is accumulated in the tube, the sound is worsened.
In this respect, since cork absorbs moisture, fluctuations in timbre and reverberation during blowing can be prevented.

In the case of a whistle, if the shape and size of the shed differ, the quality of the whistle's tone varies depending on the slight distance between the end of the shed and the partition wall.
Therefore, it would be advantageous if the position of the partition wall for closing one end of the whistle could be adjusted.
Therefore, in the present invention, the partition wall is made movable so that the optimum distance between the mouth end and the partition wall can be adjusted.

  By providing an air hole in the closed tube portion of the whistle end, moisture leaking through the partition wall can be removed.

Although the degree of moisture removal treatment is greatly improved by using a natural tree material such as cork with good moisture absorption, there is a limit due to the fact that the closed tube structure is fixed. .
That is, it is difficult to remove the moisture remaining between the shed and the partition wall.
Therefore, in the present invention, the closed tube portion is closed by a detachable plug (tube head plug), and if the tube head plug is removed, a straight tube is formed like a shakuhachi, and a cloth or the like is simply formed from the tube head to the tube bottom. Moisture removal became possible just by pushing in .

  An O-ring is provided on the mouth side of the insertion part of the tube head plug to improve the sealing performance of the closed tube part and reduce the influence on the tone. In addition, it is easy to attach and remove the tube head plug at any time. The water staying in the tube can be removed.

The traditional whistle material is bamboo, and it is easy to break, so the shape of the shed has traditionally been round or oval.
In the present invention, since an artificial tubular material having excellent strength is used, the shape of the mouth is an oval, a rectangle with a rounded corner, a triangle with a rounded corner, a triangle with a rounded corner at the bottom, and a trapezoid with a rounded corner Even became a subject.
Since the whistle is a musical instrument (air lead instrument), it will produce sound depending on how you breathe, but it will require considerable effort and time before beginners can produce sound.
In addition, since the vortex state of the breath to be blown changes depending on the lips and teeth of the blower, how to blow, the skill level, etc., and affects the timbre, the optimum shape of the mouth is different depending on the blower.
Accordingly, if there are various kinds of whistle-shaped whistles, the beginner can find out the proper faucet for himself in a short time, and can quickly lead the beginner to progress.
On the other hand, an expert can enjoy a sound that changes slightly according to the shape of the mouth.

In the above, various kinds of shed shapes are adopted, but on the other hand, there are a large number of tone-based whistle based on the twelve.
Providing a whistle that considers all these cases imposes an economic burden.
Therefore, if you divide it into a halves part and a temperament part, make the length of the buttock part a certain length, and keep the position of the buttock from the tube head to a certain position, then the buttock part and the temperament part Can be freely exchanged, so that it is possible to enjoy whistle of various tones and to easily match the tone with other musical instruments.
In addition, even beginners can easily learn sound generation techniques and can quickly master various whistle with various tones.

  Furthermore, since the whistle part and the temperament part can be freely rotated by dividing the whistle into two parts, it is possible to carry the fingertip and finger positions according to the convenience of the blower. It becomes possible, it becomes easy to play and helps to reduce fatigue.

The thumb hole near the shed is used by the horn and the whistle to produce both oto and instep sounds.
If the flutes also serve as a shinobue with a flute, the hole must be closed and closed with adhesive tape or the like, but in that case there is no place for the thumb and the support and posture of the whistle becomes unstable.
Also, if you place a hollow in the whistle as a place to deposit your little finger / thumb, it will be easier to play.
Such a dent has not been processed since it facilitates cracking with a whistle made of bamboo.

  By providing a reverberation hole between the reed opening and a hole adjacent to the reed opening and attaching a reverberation member, it is possible to generate a subtle reverberation sound.

The flute temperament as a folk performing instrument is arranged in various parts of Japan to be a flute sound that matches the local folk performing arts. On the other hand, as Western music spreads in recent years, music expressed in stave music Since there are more opportunities to play, and because it is necessary to perform ensembles with other instruments, a whistle that can play the pitch expressed in the staff notation is required, and so-called “Misato Whistle” is widely used, where the opening interval is not constant. It is becoming.
In such a case, if there is a unified tone display for both Japanese and Western music, it can be handled in a unified manner, which is extremely convenient.

Dividing the inner diameter of the whistle into a plurality of types is not easy with a whistle made of bamboo, and it is even more difficult, especially because the tube diameter is reduced in the length direction.
Since the present invention uses industrially produced materials, it is possible to employ a plurality of types of inner diameters, and it is possible to provide a whistle suitable for a brass player, for example, for each gender and child.
For example, a thick tube requires physical strength, but you can enjoy a powerful sound with a rich volume, and you can enjoy it as an ensemble of a unified tone and volume by using a whistle with a uniform inner diameter. This makes it easy to use different types of whistle that are consistent in tone, and the range of the performance song is widened by using multiple types.

  Furthermore, the present invention has been widely applied not only to tubular materials based on paper substrates impregnated with resin, but also to light metal tubes and wood tubes.

In the following embodiments, a horizontal flute will be described, but most of the description can be applied to a vertical flute.
FIG. 1 shows the entirety of the present invention.
As the material of the tube constituting the main body of the whistle, a tubular material is used in which a paper base material impregnated with a resin is spirally wound in a multilayered manner.
Generally, a phenol resin is used as the resin.
The effect of using this material is as described.
The diameter and length of the tube vary depending on the temperament tone, but in eight tone, the inner diameter is about 13.5 mm, the outer diameter is about 19 mm, and the length is about 400 mm.
From the tube bottom 17, the tube sound adjustment hole 9, the first finger hole (for the little finger) 1, the second finger hole (for the ring finger) 2, the third finger hole (for the middle finger) 3, the fourth finger hole (for the index finger) 4, The fifth finger hole (for ring finger) 5, the sixth finger hole (for middle finger) 6, the seventh finger hole (for index finger) 7, the eighth finger hole (for thumb) 8, and the throat 10 are opened. Yes.
In some cases, the sounding hole 12 is opened, and in this case, the sounding foil 14 is attached and used.
The cylindrical sound adjustment hole is opened when determining the tone of the whistle.
A partition wall or the like is provided between the pipe head 15 and the shed, which will be described later.

  The heat treatment of the tubular material made by winding the paper base impregnated with the resin in a spiral manner in multiple layers is performed after roughing or finishing, and an appropriate heat treatment according to the characteristics of the resin to be impregnated is performed. Done. In the case of a paper base material impregnated with a bakelite resin, it is heated in a constant temperature oven capable of maintaining 120 ° C. for about 12 hours.

As shown in FIG. 2, the whistle of the present invention is provided with a taper of length 21 or length 23 toward the pipe end.
If the tube is thick, the sound will be reduced and the sound will be hardened.Conversely, if the tube is thin, the sound will be increased and the sound will be softened. The length and inclination of these tapers are determined in consideration of the decorativeness of the wood grain pattern and the overall shape of the whistle due to the above.
As described above, the taper processing produces a grain pattern due to the material as shown in FIG. 2, and a dark shade of brown and brown is produced over time.
In consideration of the strength of the tube, the portion of the tube bottom end may be left without being tapered to form the reinforcing portion 34 (FIG. 3), and the reinforcement tube 35 is fitted to the tube bottom end portion. You may fix with an adhesive agent (FIG. 4).
In addition, engraving of characters / patterns can be easily performed mainly on the parallel portion of the length 22, and the decorativeness can be further enhanced.

One example of the structure on the tube head side (Example 1 of the tube head) is shown in FIG.
A partition wall 50 is provided at a distance 31 from the shed 10.
The distance 31 has a very important meaning in determining the quality of the whistling sound.
In the case of the conventional whistle, as described above, the padding is simply made by stuffing with clay clay or the like as described above, and in most cases, special attention is paid to the position of the partition wall with respect to the shed. The current situation is that compromises are made at appropriate positions.
In the present invention, since an artificial tubular material is used, there is nothing equivalent to a female bamboo node, and the distance 31 can be set to an appropriate size while trying tones.
In addition, any material can be used as the material for the partition wall. In particular, by using a natural tree material other than bamboo, the acoustic properties of the natural tree material, for example, an appropriate sound absorption coefficient, can be used to make a conventional whistle. It is also possible to make a sound close to or better than that.
For example, a cork can be used to produce a rich sound with a soft tone.
In addition, cork has the property of absorbing moisture while maintaining airtightness, and thus has an effect of preventing fluctuations in sound during playing.
In the first embodiment, the air hole 58 is opened, the partition wall 50 is fixed with an adhesive 57, and the tube skull 52 is fixed to the pipe end with the adhesive 57.
The air hole serves to discharge moisture that has oozed out from the partition wall and keep the humidity inside the pipe head constant, and can also provide the effect of opening the hole to the sound quality of the whistle.
The thickness of the partition wall is determined in consideration of the acoustic properties of the material used. In the case of cork, a thickness of about 5 mm is used.

Another example of the structure on the tube head side (embodiment 2 of the tube head) is shown in FIG.
When the shape and size of the shed 10 are different, the optimum distance 31 between the shed and the partition wall also changes.
In particular, beginners have a hard time until they have learned the sound generation technique, and they often give up learning the whistle at this stage.
In order to avoid such a situation, first of all, it is desirable to have a mouth that makes sound.
On the other hand, since the vortex state of the breath to be blown varies depending on the lips and teeth of the blower, the optimum throat for beginners is different, and the optimum distance between the throat and the partition wall is also different.
Therefore, in the second embodiment, the partition wall is made movable to cope with this problem.
An O-ring groove (not shown) is provided on the inner surface of the whistle end or the tube-crank rotation knob 62, and the tube-crank rotation knob is rotatably attached to the whistle via the O-ring 63.
A female thread (not shown) is cut at the axial center of the partition wall 60, and the partition wall and the screw are integrated by an adhesive after being screwed with an external thread (not shown) of the screw 64.
A female screw (not shown) is cut in the inner axis of the tube skull / rotary knob. When the female screw (not shown) is screwed onto the female screw, the tube skull / rotary knob is turned. The screw and the partition wall move toward the tube head or tube bottom side, and the distance 31 is changed.
The partition wall and the screw may be fitted and fixed with an adhesive without being screwed together.
A synthetic resin material is generally used as a material for the screw and tube-crank rotation knob, and a metal material is also used for the screw.
Also, in the second embodiment, the air holes 68 are opened, but the size and action thereof are the same as those in the first embodiment.

FIG. 7 shows another example of the structure on the tube head side (Example 3 of the tube head).
In the present embodiment, a volume adjusting hole 71 is provided in the partition wall in the case of the first embodiment of the pipe head so that the opening area of the volume adjusting hole can be finely adjusted.
A partition wall 70 having a volume adjustment hole is provided at a distance from the shed 10, a volume control hole is plugged (not shown), a whistle tone is tested, and the partition wall is fixed with an adhesive 77. This is the same as in the first embodiment.
An O-ring groove (not shown) is provided on the inner surface of the whistle end or on the tube skull 72, and the tube skull is attached to the whistle via the O-ring 73.
A female screw (not shown) is cut inside the tube skull, and a rotary knob is provided so that the male screw (not shown) of the valve rod 74 of the rotary knob 75 is screwed into the female screw. .
When the rotary knob is turned, the valve stem approaches or moves away from the volume adjustment hole of the partition wall, and the opening area of the volume adjustment hole is adjusted.
Part of the breath that has been blown is discharged from the volume adjustment hole through the air hole 78, and the amount of the released air is adjusted according to the size of the opening area of the volume adjustment hole, and the volume level is increased or decreased. Is controlled. As a result, the volume of the annoying sound can be reduced, and it is particularly convenient for beginners to practice as described above.
As a material for the tube cranium and the rotary knob, a synthetic resin material is generally used from the viewpoint of strength.
In addition, the size of the air hole 78 of the third embodiment is recommended to be about one third of the cross-sectional area in the tube because of the relationship with the volume adjusting hole.
In the third embodiment, the tip shape of the valve stem is a straight cone having a straight generatrix, but the generatrix may be a curved cone (eg, a part of a spindle). Any shape that can be easily adjusted may be used.

FIG. 15 shows an embodiment in which a tube head plug 100 (tube head plug 100) is provided on the tube head and is detachable.
In the present embodiment, the tube head plug 100 having a plug structure is constituted by a plug portion 110 and a partition wall member 120.

Further, the partition wall member 120 may be provided with one or more air holes.
The example of FIG. 15 shows an example in which an air hole 121 is provided at the center of the tube axis. The diameter of the air hole is about Φ1.2 mm.
Further, the plug portion 110 may be provided with an air hole 111 having a diameter approximately the same as the air hole 121 of the partition wall member and an air hole 118 orthogonal to the axial direction of the pipe at the center of the pipe axis.
The diameter of the air hole 118 is about Φ2.0 mm, and the axis of the air hole 118 and the axis of the air hole 111 do not need to intersect and do not need to be orthogonal to each other. Furthermore, although it is also possible to provide a gap 117 of about Φ10mm between the air holes 121 and air holes 111, along with reducing the weight of the Kan'atamasen Thus, Ru also FIG prevent condensation by increasing the volume of the space it is Ru can.
The air hole 118 can also be used as a tuft as in the tuft hole 97 shown in FIG. 13. FIG. 23 shows a case where a tuft and a bell are attached.

When the tube head plug 100 is removed from the tube and placed, it tends to be lost or fall down from a desk or the like. Therefore, the portion constituting the maximum outer diameter of the tube head plug can be a square shape.
FIG. 16 shows an example in which the portion constituting the maximum outer diameter of the tube cap 100 has a hexagonal cross section.
As the cross-sectional shape, a hexagon is generally used, but other polygons may be used.

As shown in FIG. 15, the plug portion 110 is provided with an O-ring groove (not shown), and the O-ring 113 provided on the side of the mouth improves the sealing performance of the whistle inner surface and the tube head plug and affects the sounding tone. And is easy to attach and detach.
Furthermore, in this embodiment, another O-ring 114 is provided on the tube head side to enhance the sealing performance.
In this embodiment, JIS-P type is used for the O-ring.
The plug portion is made of wood or plastic, and the partition wall member 120 is made of a soft material made of natural wood material or diatomaceous earth.
By using a soft material, it is possible to avoid deterioration of sound quality due to moisture absorption effect, and it is possible to easily adjust to the correct sound tone in a short time if you adjust the sound quality by scraping the end, Furthermore, since the material is a natural tree material or diatomaceous earth, replacement can be easily performed.
Further, in this embodiment, a ring-shaped recess 119 is provided in the tube head plug to facilitate the attachment / detachment of the tube head plug and enhance the decorativeness.

The shape of the shed that can be applied to the whistle of the present invention is shown in FIG.
The whistle made of bamboo is easy to break, so round 81 and oval 82 are used. However, the whistle of the present invention uses an artificial tubular material with excellent strength. Circular 83, rounded corner rectangle 84, rounded corner triangle 85, bottom two corners with rounded corners 86 (illustration of bottom two corners omitted), rounded cornered trapezoids 87 are also subject to shed shape. It is a thing. As the round corner, about 2 mmR is used.
The vortex state of the breath to be breathed changes depending on the lips and teeth of the blower, skill level, etc., and affects the tone.・ By using a trapezoid with a rounded corner, the vortex state of the breath to be blown changes slightly, and a sound with a slightly changed tone is generated accordingly.
In particular, the bottom two corners of the triangle with rounded corners are also taken into account that a peculiar sound is generated at the upper sharp corner.
Further, by adopting various types of sheds, it is possible to provide sheds that can be easily produced by beginners.

FIG. 9 shows an example in which the joint 40 is divided into two parts by the joint part and the temperament part.
In the above, various types of mouthpieces were adopted, but on the other hand, there are a lot of flutes based on the twelve rules, so if you can rearrange them freely, beginners and others It is also convenient for experts.
In this case, if the length 28 of the throat portion is unified to a certain length through a large number of tone whistle, and the length 24 from the head to the shed is also unified to a certain length, It is possible to freely recombine without compromising the tone of each tone.
It is recommended that the length 28 of the shed portion is about 120 mm, and that the length 24 from the head to the shed is about 60 mm.
Moreover, when divided into two, it becomes compact and convenient to carry.
As shown in FIGS. 10 and 11, the joint employs a structure in which the plugs 41 and 43 are inserted into the receiving jack 42.
The insertion plug 41 (corresponding to what is called “mortise” in the shakuhachi) shows a case where a whistle material is used, and the insertion plug 43 uses a material different from the material, for example, a metal tube. Shows the case.
The receiving jack (corresponding to what is called “fitting” in the shakuhachi) indicates the case where the material of the whistle is used.
At the time of use, the plug and the receiving jack are fitted and integrated.
In addition, the outer diameter of the plug and the inner diameter of the receiving jack and the length thereof are unified to the same dimensions in a large number of tone whistle to ensure compatibility.
Note that the outer periphery of the receiving jack can be reinforced.

Mating portion of the 2 minutes the tube, with excessive force during fitting, since it sometimes results in damage, measures to mitigate the impact force at the time of mating is desirable, as one method for this, in FIG. 17 A situation is shown in which an O-ring 133 is provided at the fitting portion of the pipe divided in half so as to be compressed in the length direction of the pipe.

Although it is desirable to prevent the pipes from falling off while maintaining the mutual adhesion between the pipes, the pipe fitting parts that have been divided into two parts are shown in FIGS. Show.
For the drop-off prevention / fixing mechanism, a method is provided in which the insertion plug / receptor jack is tapered and fitted (not shown), and the insertion plug is provided with a protrusion (FIG. 18) or protrusion (not shown). A method of applying spring pressure between the jacks, a method of tightening and fixing using a cap nut (FIG. 19), a method of fitting a vertical slit (axial slit) in an insertion plug (FIG. 20), and a double pipe configuration For example, there is a method (FIG. 21) using straight suction, in which a plug is fitted into the gap.
In addition, in the method using a taper, it is not necessary to apply a taper over the entire length of the insertion plug / receiving jack, and a slope of 0.1 to 0.2 / 25 is provided on the side of the insertion plug as a gradient for forming the taper. ing.

Moreover, it is desirable to prevent the fall when the louver part and the temperament part are integrated, as well as the temperament part alone.
FIG. 22 shows an example in which a receiving jack 44 having a hexagonal cross section on the outside is fitted to the temperament portion. As the cross-sectional shape, a hexagon is generally used, but other polygons may be used.

  FIG. 12 shows an example in which the depressions 92 and 93 for supporting the thumb and the depression 94 for supporting the little finger are provided.

FIG. 13 shows an example in which a tuft hole 97 for lowering the tuft 96 and a reflection sheet mounting groove 98 are provided in order to enhance decorativeness as a whistle.
Such processing for enhancing the decorativeness has been excluded from consideration in the case of a whistle made of bamboo because it is highly likely to promote cracking.

FIG. 14 shows an example in which a tone display for both Japanese and Western music is provided on the head 15.
In the figure, an example is shown in which the pipe head is provided, but it may be provided in the body of the whistle (tube part).
In particular, in the case of Example 3 (FIG. 7) of the pipe head, it is difficult to provide the pipe head, so it is provided on the body of the whistle (tube part).
“C / eight” means Western C-style / Japanese music Eight-tone, and D / 10, Db / 9, B / 7, Bb / 6, A / 5, Ab / 4, G / There is a third class.

It is possible to divide the inner diameter of the whistle into a plurality of types, but it is also possible to divide the whistle into two types or more than five types. However, in the embodiment of the present application, since the blowing force differs depending on the gender, it is suitable for each blowing force. As shown in FIG.
An inner diameter of 13 mm is produced mainly for weak players, for example, women, children, and elderly people, an inner diameter of 13.5 mm is produced for both men and women, and an inner diameter of 14 mm is produced mainly for men.
Note that an inner diameter of 12 mm may be added to the above three types and used for lower grades of elementary school.
As a matter of course, the temperament tone varies depending on the inner diameter, and the whistle having a smaller inner diameter moves toward the higher sound range.
Therefore, in the present invention, C is used as the standard scale tube, the inner diameter of 13 mm is Bb, B, C, Db, D, the inner diameter of 13.5 mm is A, Bb, B, C, Db, D, and the inner diameter of 14 mm is G.・ Ab ・ A ・ Bb ・ B ・ C and inner diameter 12mm are made so that the tone of B ・ C ・ Db ・ D is produced.

  In the above, the present invention has been described with respect to a tubular material based on a paper base material impregnated with an industrially produced resin, but other industrially produced tubular materials, light metals Since it is very easy to implement to a pipe and a wood tube, and since an Example is the same as that of the above, it abbreviate | omits.

The present invention relates to a whistle as a traditional Japanese performing art instrument, and its applicability in the performing arts field is extremely high.
In particular, it is useful in removing the confusion between Western and Japanese musical instruments expressed in staff notation, so there is a great potential for use in the music field.

  In addition, since the resin used for the material has been used conventionally, it does not impair the health of the blower and is highly industrially available from an environmental point of view.

  Furthermore, since the material produced in the factory is used, and machining is mainly performed by machining, the industrial applicability is high.

It is a top view which shows the whole. It is a side view which shows the wood grain pattern which appears in a whistle by taper processing. It is sectional drawing which shows the case where a taper process is not given to a pipe bottom part. It is sectional drawing which shows the case where a reinforcement pipe | tube is fitted and adhere | attached on a pipe bottom part. It is sectional drawing which shows a partition wall (Example 1 of a pipe head). It is sectional drawing which shows a movable partition wall (Example 2 of a pipe head). It is sectional drawing which shows the case where a volume adjustment hole is provided in the partition wall (Example 3 of a pipe head). It is a top view which shows a shed shape. It is a top view which shows the coupling for dividing into 2 parts. It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of a coupling. It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of a coupling. It is a side view which shows the case where the hollow for thumb support and little finger support is provided. It is a side view which shows the groove | channel for a tuft / tuft hole / reflective sheet attachment. It is a side view which shows the case where the tone display of both Japanese music and Western music is provided in a pipe head. It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of a tube head plug. It is sectional drawing and side view which made the cross-sectional shape of the tube head plug a hexagonal cross section. It is sectional drawing which shows the structure of the coupling which provided O-ring in the insertion plug. It is the side view and sectional drawing which show the case where the cut for protrusion is provided in the insertion plug. It is sectional drawing which shows the case where a cap nut is used. It is sectional drawing which shows the case where a vertical slit is provided in the insertion plug. It is sectional drawing which shows the case where straight adsorption | suction is utilized. It is sectional drawing and the side view which made the outer side cross-sectional shape of the receptacle jack into the hexagonal cross section. It is a side view which shows the case where a tuft and a bell are attached to the air hole of the tube cap.

Explanation of symbols

DESCRIPTION OF SYMBOLS 1 1st finger hole (for little finger) 60 Partition wall 2 2nd finger hole (for ring finger) 62 Tube-cranial turning knob 3 Third finger hole (for middle finger) 63 O-ring 4 Fourth finger hole (for index finger) 64 Raden 5 Fifth finger hole (for ring finger) 68 Air hole 6 Sixth finger hole (for middle finger)
7 seventh finger hole (for index finger) 70 partition wall having volume adjusting hole 8 eighth finger hole (for thumb) 71 volume adjusting hole 9 tube sound adjusting hole 72 tube skull 10 throat 73 O-ring 12 sounding hole 74 valve Stick 14 Sound foil 75 Rotating knob 15 Pipe head 77 Adhesive 17 Pipe bottom 78 Air hole 21 Taper length 81 Circular
22 Parallel part length 82 Ellipse
23 Taper length 83 Oval shape
24 Length from pipe head to shed 84 Rectangular with round corner
85 Triangle with round corners
28 The length of the shed 86 A triangle with rounded corners at the bottom two corners (
No higuchi)
87 Trapezoid with round corners
31 distance
34 Reinforcing part 92 Dimple for supporting thumb 35 Reinforcing pipe 93 Dimple for supporting thumb
94 Indentation for supporting little finger 40 Joint 96 Tub 41 Insert plug 97 Tuft hole 42 Receptacle jack 98 Reflecting sheet mounting groove 43 Insert plug 44 Receptacle jack 50 Partition wall 52 Pipe head 57 Adhesive 58 Air hole 100 Pipe cap
110 Plug portion 120 Partition wall member 111 Air hole 121 Air hole 113 O-ring 133 O-ring 114 O-ring 117 Air gap 118 Air hole 119 Dimple

Claims (6)

  1. A whistle using a tubular material made by winding a paper base impregnated with a resin in a spiral manner in a multi-layered manner, characterized by being subjected to heat treatment after roughing or finishing as a whistle Whistle
  2. 2. The whistle according to claim 1, wherein a tube having the same outer diameter is provided in the vicinity of the singing lip , and taper processing is performed from the same outer meridian end toward the tube end direction.
  3. In claim 1 or claim 2 wherein the whistle, whistle a mouthpiece shape, round corners with triangular-bottom two corners that has a triangular-round corners with trapezoidal circled corners, characterized
  4. The whistle according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the whistle has a length and a length , and a portion constituting the shed and a portion that determines the temperament between the shed and a hole adjacent to the shed. The whistle is characterized in that it is divided into two parts, the length of the part constituting the mouth is made constant, and the position of the mouth is made constant from the pipe head.
  5. In claims 1 to 4, wherein the whistle, by providing a recess for supporting or and little finger support thumb characterized whistle
  6. In claims 1 to 5, wherein the whistle, providing the two tonal display for Japanese music and Western, characterized whistle
JP2005068483A 2004-03-29 2005-03-11 Whistle Expired - Fee Related JP4567494B2 (en)

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Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101502735B1 (en) * 2014-08-14 2015-03-13 최현범 Recorder coupled device
CN106448621A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-02-22 陈小明 Novel detachable Indian flute

Families Citing this family (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100695787B1 (en) 2005-12-21 2007-03-16 송혜나 a small vertical flute with painting on main frame
CN104021778A (en) * 2014-06-17 2014-09-03 河北金音乐器集团有限公司 Mouthpiece of quick-to-learn flute
CN104851417B (en) * 2015-03-27 2019-02-22 徐建平 A kind of duckbilled flute
CN104952427A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-30 融水苗族自治县大浪镇人民政府 Manufacturing method of primary and secondary musical instrument Pengbi

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JP2001154663A (en) * 1999-11-26 2001-06-08 Toyama Gakki Seizo Kk Finger support of recorder
JP2002132253A (en) * 2000-10-24 2002-05-09 Sato Sangyo:Kk Transverse flute
JP2003150150A (en) * 2001-11-09 2003-05-23 Murayama Sangyo:Kk Shakuhachi flute
JP2004058416A (en) * 2002-07-26 2004-02-26 Yamaha Corp Manufacturing method for woody material for musical instrument, woody material for musical instrument obtained by the method, and musical instrument using the same

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JPH0655186U (en) * 1993-01-11 1994-07-26 良夫 古本 Whistle
JP2000089752A (en) * 1998-09-11 2000-03-31 Yamaha Corp Woodwind instrument
JP2000141483A (en) * 1998-11-18 2000-05-23 Kubota Corp Method for curing outer surface of frp tube
JP2001154663A (en) * 1999-11-26 2001-06-08 Toyama Gakki Seizo Kk Finger support of recorder
JP2002132253A (en) * 2000-10-24 2002-05-09 Sato Sangyo:Kk Transverse flute
JP2003150150A (en) * 2001-11-09 2003-05-23 Murayama Sangyo:Kk Shakuhachi flute
JP2004058416A (en) * 2002-07-26 2004-02-26 Yamaha Corp Manufacturing method for woody material for musical instrument, woody material for musical instrument obtained by the method, and musical instrument using the same

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101502735B1 (en) * 2014-08-14 2015-03-13 최현범 Recorder coupled device
CN106448621A (en) * 2016-12-27 2017-02-22 陈小明 Novel detachable Indian flute
CN106448621B (en) * 2016-12-27 2019-01-25 陈小明 A kind of detachable new-type Indian flute

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